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RAIL MEDIATING BODY SCORED AND BACKED Burlington Official Criticizes Pro posed Labor Board Substitute as Impotent. i SEES STKIKES LEGALIZED Union Leader Charges Misrepre sentation by Opponents. i nr n win la whence. The controversy over the abolition of the United States Railroad Labor Board and the substitution of a board • f mediation and conciliation has de veloped some sharp differences of opinion between the railway execu tives and the railway employes. In order to obtain a statement of the views of each side, the writer asked W. W. Baldwin, vice president of the Burlington railroad. and Donald Richberg, counsel for the organized railway employes, to prepare a com nent on the principal phases of the liowell-Barkley bill. Mr. Baldwin says: ■The exact language of the Howell* Berkley bill is as follows: "The said board shall use its best efforts by conciliation to bring them to agree • in. If such efforts to bring about n amicable adjustment shall be un sijci'i-ssful, the said board shall at one** endeavor to induce the parties to submit their controversy to arbi t r a i ion.' ■Th'-re is no other language defining 1 the seupe of their authority. If thisj i .... ni of conciliation t; ndo nothing but ' •> l" persuad. .is it not really a repeti- I ‘■"it of the boards of adjustment. I q* Hj* IS WE CLOSE OURIi II DOORS JUNE Ist I !fjl£j $S Our 25 years of satisfactory service to the people of Washington is ffl® ** drawing - to a close. In order to show our appreciation of the past pat- y|||l ronagc, we are now ottering startling reductions on all of our high- sk Sfibfi .Grade inerchandise —values which mav never again be dujilicated—in J|lJ| the closing davs of our Sfilfi tfi* ' ifc| H Going Out of Business || I S-A-L-E | S3 aits Every garment must go—-MUST BE SOLD BEFORE JUNE Ist! If vou SS nee( l a raincoat or gabardine to guard against the rainy weather for which Wash- W. LC ington has lately taken a great liking. NOW is the time to get these necessities! iclr" jg| Sw yiSfi Closing Out Our Remaining Stock of Men’s I gabardines! Sin ir»p Even' man needs a gabardine. It's the all- pmm mm S 3 ifiifi year-round coat for rainv seasons and cool J j weather. Here is your opportunity to secure Ecu* S2O and $25 values while they last at this extra- Mppward? LTilfi ordinary low price of T * lBlO jfiS HitfS ™ II MEN’S TOPCOATS i jf|Ss Of,imported cloth in an assort ment of colors that are all the fad CU M \ right now. splendidly tailored and H * V I I Hjlp nicely finished. These coats were W ® made to sell at S3O and $35. We j ifiifi HlPl are c^os ’ n & th em out while they SS last, at this unheard of low price of ip Men’s Raincoats Men’s Raincoats |||jj Well made of good /\ A higher grade ■> mm || CBUR $7.95 E:Hr-~ $0.75 ■ 3131 clear out the stock. Clearing out the M IfMf yi reduced to JttKm by reducing- to jyjy 3131 || Women’s Raincoats Women’s Raincoats xHI Well made and /K pm mm Highest grade of /♦* tanr wm g~\ S 3 good-looking. \ 1 ladies' Raincoats. |L r i k|| U 9 fjjiJj Values $7.50 to $9.00, %[/ #\3 Values 512.50 to M |£ir Reduced t o clear _ S 520.00. Clearing out M ICIX ° ut *** at a Si || Women’s Silk Capes s*l |"| 50 || ItliS Light-weight and rainproof, nipelv tailored. Clear ing them out at Ujlfj SS || Children’s Raincoats Now Selling llli! SS at 25c on the Dollar!!! || 33 3jlli SSE ss Ca P s Vsl MAN F 6 Furniture i* 10c 903 F Street N.W. For «p Re 3f rtr 2 DOORS FROM CORNER OF NINTH SSj jpa whose powers are limited to persua sion? The only difference is that the boards of adjustment are equally di vided and not likely to agree in any important controversy, while the board of conciliation consists of all neutral members. Defends Labor Board. “Now. under the Cummins law, both the persuasive duties of the boards of adjustment and the board of concilia tion and the power of iinal judgment are vested in the Hooper board, 1 whose composition is absolutely fair. If it cannot persuade, then it will de cide. Instead of requesting the par ties to please be good ajid arbitrate, the board arbitrates. It combines every element of neutrality and fair composition that is provided in the Howell measure, and the three repre - sontatives of the public are the medi i ators and arbiters from start to fin | ish. Are three not as good as five? | We know that the Hooper hoard will function, will mediate and will ar bitrate. and will render judgment. It has done it too often not to know that. That is why the labor leaders , want to get rid of it. “But you never can know under the Howell bill that ofle thing will be done except talk in any dispute of real moment like a material reduc tion in wages. Nothing will result in such cases except a strike, because not one of the Howell boards has authority to render judgment, and strikes are invited and legalized by clause 8 of section D. Conspiracy Not Legalized. “There is nothing in the Constitu tion granting a right to any class to combine and to conspire in order to destroy the public transportation service of the people, and forbidding courts to issue process to prevent such conspiracy to inflict universal injury. If railroad managers should undertake such a conspiracy they would soon learn there is no consti tutional provision authorizing their action, or paralyzing the arm of the courts from restraining them. “I know that the shopmen’s strike |in 1922 was called by the unions in I spite of the Cummins law. and was ja refusal to obey the decision of ' the Labor Board, but that strike was a failure and no important strike ! has since occurred, while in 191 v» THE EVEN INX i STAR. WASHINGTON, I). (J., KKiDAY. MAY 16, 1924. there were said to be 248 strikes on 103 different railroads. 1 also know that seventy disputes were settled by ‘mediation’ in six years—that Is, from 1913 to 1919, hut none of them were really important. “What was done under the New lands act is a poor criterion of what will occur if the laibor Board is abol ished. Why was the New lands act repealed? Why was ’mediation’ then called a failure? Why go back to it when we already have an efficient, neutral board in which the public has the controlling voice, with far more power and authority to preserve railroad peace than is contained in the Howell hill? Calls Tribunal Fair. "The Cummins law provides a per manent tribunal fairly constituted in which the publiq is represented, whose duty it is to inquire into controversies that threaten to interrupt commerce, it is the duty of the parties to refer their disputes to this tribunal. In all our history there has 1 never before been a tribunal with duty to inquire into the merits of a dispute, unless ' both parties were willing to arbitrate. I “Paragraph I! of section 307 of title j 111 of the transportation act is ex -1 pressly framed so that employer and | employe are not free to make agree- I ments for raising wages that may re quire increases in rales to meet the I increased expense. i “It seems to me every good citizen j should oppose the repeal of these pros, i visions enacted in the public interest, j and which do not appear in any form in the Howell bill, j “The provision that no labor mein i her of any board of adjustment wtll j be eligible unless nominated by the ‘nationally organized crafts’ is not a I fair provision, because only about half j of all railroad employes now belong j to those crafts.’’ Labor Charge* Misrepresentation. Mr. Richberg says: "Persistent misrepresentation of Hie Howell-Barkley bill indicates that its opponents are unable to attack it I successfully on its merits. “It is claimed that the proposed j board of mediation and conciliation. ! consisting of live public members, i will b< ineffective, compared to the I present Isehor Board, consisting of throe public members and six par ' tisans, for which it is substituted. The present board cannot mediate because of its partisan membership, so it has no powers of persuasion. It sits as a board of arbitrators and issues so-called decisions, which arc not enforceable. The railroads have violated decisions frequently. Up to November 15. 1923, violations of 355 decisions had been officially charged against tho railroads. “The Labor Board has no power to enforce a settlement of any dispute. But the proposed board of mediation can either bring about an agreement or an arbitration and an arbitration award becomes a legally enforceable judgment. “It is claimed (hat boards of ad justment. being equally divided, are not likely to agree. Corresponding boards of adjustment agreed on de cisions of over 6,000 controversies in side eighteen months, 1918-1919. with less than twelve disagreements. Under the present law. decisions of grievance disputes. which comprise more than three-fourths of the l,abor Board’s ’decisions,' are not enforce able and have been frequently vio lated by the railroads. Under the liowell-Barkley bill decisions of ad justment boards are enforceable as arbitration awards, a point which the t aJ ?rzr$ r &\ m ■ tf,i A— . ■ I — 1 11 ■ " ' ■ i;* |M colorful \ogue that gains impetus ft 7) j j(\|§ Abl with the arrival of summer sports. Color- -i (r, ful glos—stunning Homan striped radium M a A I _ _ , . fjA/jt . || a* scar f*" f o vory* costume*i repe d * Ch ‘ he ~ JtjLVVfT V AdVQTICe SkoWißg OTld fjg l J $ I $2.95 $5.00 $7.50 0 merit aw. / * 1 sofea f TlAn „ TO -€\ M P *—■ r | I f S: % Misses’New Georgette Frocks : ;•-v V Black— P 535.00 |-.^;-■::-.] /<|^\ g Dainty and appealing as youth itself are these new G.- jfc •*; Shades f * \ \ arrivals! You’ll love their pleated capes, their allur- - A>iAb||| -., i. <gi i x - . i rt „ / **> Rn* 1 \ P . , /, n r j . r . S/-4. -gr J-r ■•«-*• - wmSg ■%.:* i- 'to, i -New Low f ThAi atari \* ' t . I mg scarfs! Gorgeous flowered printings or more t? WM Prices I iSovicSi ■ l, iiLK demure designs stunning high shades —or cocoa, ' *■■-•■ —'^-- <■*.. i I k@H j Sheer and I ix« this 1 ,|, 10053 I black and navy, the latter sometimes set off with gay - frular V Strjpf. V /■< f’Ußfi/ For afternoons or informal evening wear there’s Boyish Suits Specially Priced V I!| nothing prettier, and with so many new ones from tf*Oy# Ci l tfOO Cfi Cf\ Formerly $2.25 1 which to choose, you’ll certainly find many to please o i£*r •OU ij>d£%7 »OLf ,OU and 52.00 pair " £J you! 14. 16 and 18 year sizes. , t — _ T , , , . *3 '1 correct to the Luxury in the s hapely beauty OI P mmm • » t An, . j cl -i lull-tashiuiied stockings, ’kim-to- Misses NeW Coots . $35 I smallest detail, ohort coats, SingiC tit,” trim at ankle and snug at toe. or double breasted. Snug wrap- Economy through the patented f Pleats, tucks braids and touches of embroidery- RVOxmd skirt 3 that give that trim gold stripe that stops all "runs” that the newest m the smart world of misses fashions— b start above. and surprising for value. tailored look. Braid binding, notch collars, and 1 . ixury and economy combined I g Misses’Shop—Third Floor. slash pockets. Come in and see them. in the pure—it WEARS! . A SKIRT Sale v SUk Glove Sale 1 SL„ P-L-E-A-T-S j g | . 1 ;*W^'' '\ : Gloves Usu- r__ j I ;•!' \ .''ijr \ 1 •( [T| j| j;, Ijj! jJI curt* styles in pongee, gray, beige and 5J 11 J l|| | 1 ill )| I ! j lure ose of Simmor G1 n-cs.—Street Ftx r. I I' 'Tp |\ llii'to I Mjj], I SOP o! the Fin.. Grade ' J\ mIT /PL % Silk Slips 1 5t I ri I \J Uur largest purchase of Slips of this grade r , *1 I ™ I / J I /U IO —made to secure new low prices—now ready fc * = ====== y | iae=s=!—-K-ss— ==saß=-sas—-1 for sale! Slips you w ill want for summer i Demorwtratino the smart- f*U , y€ frocks—remarkable values, nf oanel cleats Rosh- IS7 Bo * and S'd* pleats charm- W . rmir V ss.so to sio sn ps • ■ i ■ —1 ■■*' in Bridal Satin 200 of the Newest $7.50 to $25.00 Skirt Styles ■ i $6.85 . $5.00 $7.73 SIO.OO $13.75 Ift s ’ 2 f?ilc%f"” '> __ # H I Trimmed with real filet or Skirts for Style hemstitched. White, flesh color. J . i/Tf orchid, tea rose and green— \v) Uk U| ]*l Skirts of roshanara and Canton crepe—skirts of the very new crepe alpaca—skin-. \VJ \ 18-inch shadow hems. '■ of flannel and wool crepe, too! Skirts for wear with overblouses, with sweaters with 1 __ sleeveless jackets and shirt-style blouses—skirts for sport and dress—skirts for’every Slips in a Dozen Styles and Materials time, place and occas.on. \L for Every Frock—from SI.OO Upward SMART SPRING. COLORINGS f Mi W?“ te ige Lichen Special Purchase of $8.95 to $12.50 Silver Cocoa Powder Blue Rose All Rose Brown Artichoke Black UVerblOUSeS 9 $7.50 Cl* , C IT I At these savings you are offered the finest />x J fzirts tor V Oltie quality of crept- de chine and smart silk f sdjyf\ \/ /\ . . and English broadcloths in more than a 200 summer skirts in the greatest purchase .of many seasons! Every skirt is of high quality fab- dozen smart stvle-s. / V-l Iwx x ric—all of them have the generous width so essential to the success of a pleated skirt —everv one is r ' _ , .j I W V\ 2 cut and tailored with expert care—finished with scrupulous exactness. ' rmls Embroidery ’ jk- r!r A ■ p These skirts were bought at a saving of $2.50 to $ll.OO each. It is a pur - chase we probably cannot duplicate—and Summer days are just around the n,cse lovely new blouses come in colors Iky J/) 3 corner, when a smart skirt is a wardrobe essential. Sizes 26 to 34 waistband. !,° match or harmonize with the new skirts “g Sizes 34 to 44 arc represented, and the sale . SALE ON SECOND FLOOR. start* tomorrow morning. f BLOUSE SECTION, STREET FLOOR.' astute railroad lawyers either over look or purposely ignore. Questions Company Unions. “It Is claimed that company unions may not nominate for national ad justment boards. But company un ions are opposed to national boards. The proposed law leaves them free I to settle all disputes in conference, j through local committees’ or local i adjustment boards. Why should they j be represented on national boards to [ which they do not desire to take their j grievances? What interest have they | in opposing national hoards for na- I tionally organized workers? "It Is important to remember that j these adjustment boards have no au- j thority to make or to change wages | or rules. They only interpret con- | tracts—that is. they decide technical j over the application of I agreements. “It is claimed that the previous j mediation law, the Newland.s act, ! was not successful, and for proof it is | asserted that there were 248 strikes in 1919. Answer (1); The Newlands act only applied to train service men. j ajid not a single strike of these men ) followed federal mediation when the j Newlands act was in force. Answer j (2): The operation of the Newlands' act was suspended by federal con trol throughout the year 1919. Is the j opposition willfully dishonest or in- ! excusably ignorant? Say* Stand Im I.nw-Abiding. “A claim is made, that the Howell- | Barkley hill ‘legalizes strikes.’ be- | i cause it provides that an 'lndividual . ! employe’ cannot be required to ren | der service without his consent. This provision was written in the Krdinau j I act and the Newlands act because it , | was necessary to comply with the j | thirteenth amendment. prohibiting j involuntary servitude. An arbitration award is expressly made enforceable ! I against an organization of employes. | Concerted action to violate an award j | can lie prevented by the courts. But I j no constitutional law can require an individual employe to render personal ■•ervice unwillingly. Every compe tent railroad attorney Knows that under the proposed law organized ac tion to violate contracts or arbitra tion awards would be illegal. Labor’s position is law-abiding and square.” | A document believed to lie the! Roman military order under which j Chritft was tried has just been dis- j covered in southern Tunisia. SHIP BOARD OFFICIALS CALLED IN SALE PROBE j House Committee Seeks Further ) Facts About Martha Washington ' Deal With Italians. Further information regarding the, S .sale of (he steamship .Martha Wash- ‘ j ington t<> an Kalian corporation of 1 j Trieste was nought today by the | j House committee investigating the j I Shilling Board. Among the witnesses summoned ! I were several Shipping Board officials ; I and the clerks of the House merchant} 1 marine and Senate foreign relations ! committees. Representative Davia. Democrat, | Tennessee, committee prosecutor. last Tuesday produced records to show i that St cretary Jlughes, before he be-; came herd, of the State Department, 1 : appeared before the House committee ; ■as counsel for the Italian concern. J The Martha Washington, seized ! from Austria during the world war, i changed its: status with the annexa | lion of Trieste by Italy, and Mr. Hughes contended the question was ; whether the United States should con fiscatc a vessel owned by its as. " I dales in the war. He has denied an; , connection with the actual transP j the .-hip, his interest ending before 1 lie entered the cabinet. G. 0. P. Commends Lockwood The Indiana Republican state com mittec, at its meeting for rcorgai ■ (station at Indianapolis Tuesday unai jimously passed a resolution commend ; *ng George n. I.ockwood, secretary o* 1 the Republican national committee ! for “the unceasing warfare lie hit | been waging upon the party’s foes both from within and without tic I party,” and indorsing "his aide fight j in behalf of Republican principles ' I The resolution wished him “success ii ; his undertaking to help make the Re. j publican party wholly a party i.f 10-. i al American republicans." France Honors Ogden M. Keid. PARIS, May It; —Ogden Mills: Reid, owner of the New York Herald-Tribune, was promoted to be an officer of the Hegion of Honor by President MP lerand trjday.