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Pair and warmer tonight; tomorrow eloitdy and mild; fresh southwest Winds. Temperature for 24 hours ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest. 69. at noon to day: lowest. 47. at 6:15 a.ro. today. Full report on page 4. Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 12 V n ‘ >4 Ui Hnleted as second-class matter -.7.-..) t. post o ffl ce Washington, p. C. HOUSE OVERRIDES PRESIDENTS VETO OF BONUS: PASSES MORE, 313 TO IB - 1 Party Lines Vanish as Back ers of Measure Pile Up Comfortable Margin Over Needed Two-Thirds. SENATE VOTE RESULT LIKELY TO BE CLOSE -debate Before Crowded Galleries Is Short—Cries of “Vote. Vote!” Interrupt Speakers Senators to Be Asked to Take Action Monday. The House today passed the >ol •'Her Hon us bill over President Cool idge's veto. The vote \va s 313 to 78. 53 more! “than the required two-thirds. Party lines vanished as supporters »c' the measure filed up a comfort • able margin over the two-thirds ma jority required on such a vote. Enactment into law or final defeat of the Hill is up to the Senate, where • a closer result is expected. Taken I |> Inimeilinlely. s-hortly after the House convened ;,f noon the bonus bill was taken up with an announcement by Repre- i sentative Longworth that there would be only brief debate. Chairman Madden of the appropria- ' tions committee opened the debate with a plea for support of the veto on economi. grounds. He trot a smat tering oi applause from the Repub lican side. "As chairman of the appropriations committee." he said. "I feel I would Le- unjustitied if I sought to curtail the govern nient expenses and then turned around and voted to override the veto." Passage of the bonus and other . special appropriation bills pending would either destroy plans for tax reduction or bring a huge Treasury deficit. .Mr. Madden declared. The bili would eost the government ! at least $2,280,000,000, he declared. ; and would require an appropriation . In the next fiscal year of $1 02.000.n0D. 1 He previously had supported the bill. 1 Johnson favors Bill. Representative Johnson. Republican. South Dakota, chairman of the new veterans' committee, who served over- i seas during the war. said he realized many opponents of the measure in fongress were following their convic- i tions and disregarding their political | 1 ortunes. (+•• favored passage as “a matter of right and justice." Representative Garrett of Tennes- I see, the Democratic leader, said he I would vote to sustain the veto, “the 1 message of the President notwith- ; standing." He opposed the bill when it was passed by the House two I months ago. “I do not indorse the intemperate I language used by the President in his j message to Congress," he said. “It j ■> was needlessly offensive to millions 1 of service men. T will vote to sustain : the veto because it is in accord with - sound governmental policy and be- j cause it is the true and correct gov ernmental course." Flub trees Veto Reversal. Another former service man, Rep- i resentative Fish. Republican. New Tork, urged the House to override the I veto. increased appropriations un- i «ler the lull, he declared, would in no j way injure business, upset economic * conditions or unfavorably a/Tect govern- | mental securities. He reminded the House that "the i sole reason for President Harding's ! veto of the former bill proved to be I a false reason." "The (’resident was informed that; the Treasury faced a $6,000,000 deficit," i he said, "and that was the only reason i for the veto. That deficit did not re- | suit." Representative R*nkin, Democrat, j Mississippi, assailed the veto mes- ] sage as a “most unusual document." j "Other Presidents have declared ■ against a bonus.” he said, "but no j other President has referred in terms ! like these to our world war vele- I rans." (nils Veto Unworthy. Chiarman Green of the ways and i means committee, sponsor of the bill, j declared the committee, in framing; the measure, had gone fully into the ; costs. "The bill was extremely moderate." i he said, "and one which, from a j financial standpoint. I thought sure. ! !v no one could take exception to. Ho you tell me this country can't as- 1 ord such a bill? Surely it is un v. orthy of so great a nation to take | ' weh a view." Representative Newton. Republican. .Minnesota, opposing the bill, de clared "there is no member of this House who, down in his heart, doesn’t lake off his hat to the President for having the courage to take- the stand he has. 1 ’ Representative Brand. Republican. • Uhio, argued in support of the Presi- | dent, and Representative Da Guardia, I Republican. New York, a former serv- 1 ice man. assailed the veto message as j an unwarranted attack on my for- j mer service mates.” "The President placed a question | mark on every honorably discharged Conner service man." Mr. La Guardia shouted. "Opposition to this meas ure is not spiritual, but sordidly ma terial.” Debate I.nsfK Hoar. The House came to its decision after j •in hour’s debate, during which some of j iho partv leaders on both sides of the chamber argued that the position taken j bv the President should be upheld on j • conomic as well as moral grounds. | Advocates of the bill not only denied I that it would place a serious burden on ihe Treasury, as contended by Mr. Cool- | jdsm but assailed in unmeasured terms the 'language employed in the veto mes sage with reference to former service j •The surging enthusiasm of those who ' urged for repassage of the measure now and again swept the door and the crowded galleries into hursts of cheering, and as the debate went on there were cries of “Vote, vote " in increasing volume from members who wanted to see the. President overridden without any ap pearance of delay. Senate Way Art Monday. •The present plan Is to ask for ac tion Monday in Hie Senate, where th£ 1 “n'Contlnucd on Page 2, Column 7.) CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL GIRL WINS STAR’S ORATORY PRIZE Hath Newburn, 16-Year-Old Senior, Will Represent District in National Contest to Be Held Here June 6—Will Receive Cash Awards . Ruth New burn. sixteen-year-old 1 senior of the Central High School, ; will represent the District of Colum-^ | bia in the national oratorical contest j to be held here June 6. .Miss Newburn was unanimously chosen today by the board of judges. Justices Robb. Siddons and McCoy, as grand prize winner in The Star’s zone of the oratorical contest to stimulate interest in (he Constitution. Her oration, "The Constitution of the United States." and her delivery of it were adjudged the best among the eight orations and their presen • tations given during the past two weeks. Ruth Greenwood, student in the j junior year at the Eastern High i School, by a majority vote of the judges, was selected as alternate. Her oration was entitled "The Con | stitutiou." She, too, is sixteen years 1 old. Awarded gltoo Prize. | To Miss Newburn will go The Star’s grand prize of S2OO and the j right to represent the District in the national contest, when chosen secon ! dary school orators from throughout j the United States will compete. Pres ident Coolidgo is to preside at the June 6 meeting, which will be held in Memorial Continental Hall. In addition to the grand prize win-" SENATE PROBERS SEEK REMUS’ CHECKS Will Appeal to Courts for Can celed Paper Involved in Liquor Transactions. NO FRICTION WITH STONE ; Prisoner's Confinement Requires Appeal to Judges. The courts will be asked by the Senate Daugherty committee to help j it secure the canceled checks of George Remus. Ohio liquor operator, which he has testified will tend to verify, his story of large money pay ments to the late Jess Smith, com panion of former Attorney General Daugherty, for "protection." After a conference with Attorney i General Stone, the committee held an \ executive session today to arrange for j legal proceedings. There was no fric : tion between Mr. Stone and the com | inittee. Chairman Brookhart said, but ! court action was considered necessary | because Remus is serving a term in 1 the Atlanta, penitentiary. Remus testified yesterday, when ; brought to the committee from At lanta, that his check records of mil , lions of dollars in liquor transactions would throw additional light on his assertion that he paid Smith between | ! $250,000 anil $300,000. He is still un • der guard in Washington and desires to go to Cincinnati himself to get the ! [ papers. Raise* Revolution Question. Resuming its hearings after the j j executive session, the committee call- | I ed to the stand Warren Grimes, spe- ! j ciai assistant to the Attorney Gen- j I eral. and Senator Wheeler asked him j if he did not know that "part of the | SIOO,OOO paid Albert B. Fall by E. L. | Doheny was for the purpose of start i ing a revolution in Mexico.” The witness said he did not know it. Senator Wheeler also questioned | Grimes -about prosecutions against | several committee witnesses, which ; the senator charged were started | "with the purpose of impeding the j investigation.” The committee prosecutor got i Grimes to say that he knew Fred i Dato, a brother-in-law of Estaban I Cantu, former Governor of Lower Cali i fornia. was under subpoena as a • ! committee witness along with former ! Mayor Abbot of Calexico, Calif., and | Fred Gershon. All of the men named. | Senator Wheeler's examination indi- I cated. had sonje knowledge of an en | terprise. for smuggling arms into I Mexico. He dropped the FaJl-Doheny ; inquiry with the single question. Dispute* Wheeler Qrevtlon. Turning then to the question of 1 prosecutions against some of those i named, Senator Wheeler asked: "The reason for this action is be | cause these men had been called here, | and you and W. J. Burns wanted to arrest them and prosecute- them to in | timidate them?" I "That isn’t true,” Grimes retorted. "The truth is that there was in yotlr office a record of violations of the I neutrality law, a conspiracy includ ing Fred Dato, that was still going on. and there were no prosecutions?" pursued Senator Wheeler. "That isn’t true. There were a lot of matters in the files as to Dato. Our files will show that Gen. Cantu, Dato and others went to New York, came to Washington and have attempted j to get money to start a revolution.” “Now, Gershon was the man who got | the information to stop the muni i tions?” “Our later files show exactly the re ' verse." Prosecutor* Wouldn’t Act. "Now, after Gersh’on got these guns Burns ordered them returned to the people who had them and Gershon was fired?” "That isn't true. Two United States ' attorneys refused to prosecute, and (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) t Millerand “ Wasted 99 Money Advanced To Stabilize Franc 9 Socialist Says By the Assoriated Press. PARIS, May 17.—Georges Boris, one of the editors of Quotidien, organ of the radical Socialist coalition, in an article today charges that two-thirds of the amount placed to the credit of France by American bankers to sta bilize the franc was “wasted” by President Millerand, Finance Minister Francois-Marsai and M. Robineau, governor of the Bank of France. The writer says that the three of ficials used the money to manipulate exchange for a political object just Munim pkf. V, V J- V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION ner and the alternate, the following . took part in the finals in this city: Frank I. Winant of the McKinley 1 Manual Training School; Edith Miley of the Business High School, Rozier Gaddis of the Armstrong Manual Training School, Lillian L. Washing- | ton of the thinbar High School. Ruth ■ Craven of the Holy Cross Academy [ and Dorothy B. Smith of the Western 1 High School. Miss Newburn, who is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Newburn of Wardman Park Annex, and Miss Greenwood, who is the daughter of Representative and Mrs. Arthur H. Greenwood of 601 14th street north east. were the recipients this after noon of congratulations from high school officials, their fellow students and the other contestants. Grand Prize Winner. I In congratulating the grand prize winner. Principal Stephen E. Kramer ; of Central High School said that as , a direct result of The Star’s ora- j torical contest a new course will be | opened at his school in public speaking s next year. The grand prize winner is regard- j ed as a representative Washington j high school student, being active in athletics, debating and other en deavors at the Central High School, aa Well as having earned "Es,” the mark for "excellent." in 75 per cent of her studies. Miss Newburn was born in Cleve land. Ohio, and came to Washington 1 in time to attend the eighth grade at I (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) PRESIDENT HAS COLD,| SPENDS DAY IN ROOM Cancels All Engagements and Re mains Away From Execu- , tive Offices. SUFFERING FROM WEATHER Stood Bareheaded Two Honrs at Recent Garden Party. Because of a slight cold. President Coolidge canceled his engagements | for today and remained away from his office. H wag said at the White House that 1 he was not confined to bed. but had ! decided to spend the day in bis room | on the advice of his physicians. Mr. Coolidge contracted a coiq sev- ! eral days ago, and his recovery has j been retarded by an unusual succes- j sion of May showers, which have kept j the Capital enveloped in dampness al most continuously. On Wednesday, j when the weather was chill but com- ■ paratively fair, the first of the sea- ! son's garden parties at the While i House took place, and the President stood bareheaded on the lawn for two hours in the late afternoon, shaking i j hands with the long line o i gxivsxs. | Conwolt* Throat Specialist. Yesterday he consulted a throat i j specialist, to whom he has made \ j periodical visits since, he entered the j j W hite House. At the executive offices I I H was said no alarming symptoms 1 j had been noted, but that as a precau- i j lion it had been decided to keep the i i President away from his desk at least I during the morning hours when call- I i ers usually are received. It is pos- j | stble he may go to his office this aft ernoon to attend to some correspond ence. It was the first time since he be- j came President that Mr. (’oolidge has 1 been kept away from work by illness. One of the engagements that had to I be canceled was with Republican leaders from Indiana, who have come ! to Washington to talk over the tan- i gled political situation in that state. ' Brig. Gen. Charles E. Sawver. White i House physician, after a call at the I White House, said: "The President is indisposed with j a cold and it is deemed advisable that he remain in his room and keep quiet, t until he can return to his duties with- I out liability.” Read* Morning Paper*. Dr. Sawyer said he hoped the Presi- i dent would be out soon, but declined ! to set any time when he might be ex pected to return to his office. White House officials, however, said 1 several federal appointments to office would be sent over to Mr. Coolidge for action, so that the nominations might ' oe sent to the Senate. Secretary Slemp saw the President ! during the morning, and it was largely upon his advice that the day’s engagements were canceled The secretary said the President’s indis position consisted entirely of a slight in H»e bronchial tubes, that he had no cough and no fever, and at the time he saw him was re- j clintng on a couch reading the morn ing papers. ] COOLIDGE AND McNARY WIN OREGON ELECTION By the Associated Press. PORTLAND. Oreg.. May 17.—Calvin Coolidge was indorsed for the Re- i publican nomination for President in J’*«* erday ’. s Oregon primary, 597 of 1,703 precincts having reported 31,360 i® 1 ® 8 f » r him early today, against I 8,881 votes for delegates pledged to , can , dldacy of Hlram Johnson. 1 California senator. William G. Me- I Adoo was unopposed for the Demo- I craUc nomination. Senator Charles L. McNary scored a two-to-one victory in the race for the Republican nomination for sen ator, available returns showed The count in 624 precincts: 25,061 to 12 - 062, with the other candidates trail ing. On the Democratic ticket, W. H. Strayer of Baker was leading with 2.378 votes in 263 precincts, against 2.234 for his nearest opponent, M. A. i Miller of Portland. - preceding the recent parliamentary elections. He adds that immediately after the elections the franc again depreciated as a result of declarations made in official circles regarding the financial situation of France. A leading official of the Bank of Prance, after seeing the article, de nied that any political consideration entered into the operation by which the franc was improved, and added: “Good political policies are required in order that exchange may be healthy, but finance can never be brought to manipulate exchange for the benefit of politics.*’ WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, MAY 17, 1924—THIRTY PAGES. MILLERAND OUSTER. DEMAND OF FORCES SUPPORTING BRI AND I Republican-Socialists Refuse Otherwise to Back Any New Government. INTERNATIONAL ACCORD IS PLAN OF MAJORITY Early Summoning of European Parley Expected—Dawes Report Favored. I By the Associated Press. j I’ARIS. May IT—The executive | committee, comprising forty rnem i bers of the Republican-Socialist I Party. °f which Aristide Briand. for | mer premier, is a member, today rc | solved to refuse to participate in any I ftovemment which does not promise | to realize a program, the first point of which is the resignation of Presi j dent Millerand. Back. Dhkm Report. I The committee called on all the senators and deputies of the party | to carry out its program, t\hich in i eludes reform of the electoral law. | widespread amnesty for political of i fenders, repeal of the tax on bust* | ness turnovers and substitution of a 1 tax on acquired wealth, a balanced budget without the aid of loans i “resumption of cordial conversations I with the allies to regulate speedily j th e reparation .and national security | problems on the basis of the experts' reports." j The committee does not necessarily i represent the views of Former Pre : miers Briand and Paul Painleve and i "ther prominent members of the I party, who may well refuse to be I bound by the committee’s declaration LEADEESHIP IN DOUBT. . Herriot Wants Assurance of So cialist Support, m P\l I, SCOTT VOWRKH. : By Radio to The Star and the Chicago Dailv News. Copyright. 1921, PARIS, May IT.—lt is once more I uncertain whether the next French i government will be headed by Edou j ard Herriot or Aristide Briand. Herriot. as recognized chief of the i largest majority group, is the logical j man. and could have the premiership | f° r the asking, but Herriot yesterday j still was dodging publicity in the south of France. He confided to ! some of his intimates that he hesi i tated to take the responsibility un | less the socialists who were his al lies in the ‘electoral battle will re i main his allies and accept some port i folios in the new government. The socialist leaders already had 1 decided to support the new govern (Continued on Page 2, Column S.) PAYMENT OF*!!. S. DEBT I TO BE MADE BY POLAND Premier Grabski States That His Nation Intends to Profit by Improved Finances. By the Associated Press, j WARSAW', May IT.—Premier Orab- I ski declared today that Poland in tended to profit by the present finan- I cial improvement by attempting to I make a payment on the debt to the | United States, mostly incurred for , food relief during the first years of j Poland's independent existence and j now amounting to $13".<100.000 plus I accrued interest. The Polish mints | ter to the United Syttes, M. W'rob ! lewski. has arrived from Washington i for a conference on the' subject of j funding the debt. POINCARE CONTINUES NOTES TO MACDONALD Exchanges Understood to Aim at Facilitation of Progress of Dawes Plan by Allies. By the Associated Tress. PARIS. May IT. —The correspond ence between Premier Poincare and Prime Minister MacDonald of Eng land is continuing, it was announced i at the foreign office today. The French premier has sent a sec • ond letter to the British prime min | ister, in reply to Mr. MacDonald's re j sponse to the announcement of his I French colleague that he could not ■ go to Chequers Court for the confer- I ence that was arranged before the i FYench elections. It is understood these exchanges |of views are intended to facilitate I the uninterrupted progress of the | preparations for giving effectiveness ]to the Dawes reparation settlement plan pending the formation of a new I government in FTance. RUSSIA AND RUMANIA AGREE TO COMMISSION Body Will Control Movements of Refugees Across Dniester Frontier •and Handle Repatriation. By the Associated Press. BUCHAREST, May IT.—Rumania and Russia have agreed to the ap pointment of a mixed commission for control of the movements of ref ugees across the Dniester frontier and repatriation of Russians in Bessa | rabia desiring to return, it is an nounced. The commission s powers are such that it can assert authority along the whole length of the fron tier, thereby diminishing the pos sibility of the disturbances and raids which have been rife there, as well as the sniping across the Dniester. Appointment of the commission fol lows a meeting at Kamenetz-Podolsk early this month which it is understood was of the friendliest character and at which the Bassarabian question, bone of contention between the two countries was not discussed. . v i ■■—.— THIS IS DKRBY DAY 1\ KENTUCKY. BIT WAIT TILL THK REAL MV EXT J.\ JUNE. M’ADOO CONFIDENT FACINQ.CHIEF FOES Times Arrival in New York Clev erly—Emphasizes His Assets to Democratic Leaders. CITES LA FOLLETTE THREAT Warns of Third Party Menace if Conservative Is Nominated. nv DAVID I.AWRKVd., NEW VORK, May IT—Willem ! Gibbs McAdoo has come to town at ! just the psychological moment. There are conferences now among Demo cratic leaders which may influence the whole trend of events at the Democratic national convention six | weeks hence. Mr. McAdoo ami his associates are confident of the outcome. They | neither look doubtful nor talk that way. Arrangements are being made ! for the convention itself—that is what has brought several national committeemen here—but the under current of conversation is not who shall be temporary or permanent chairman, but what the strategy of 1 the convention will be. The McAdoo men arc sure of more | than 400 votes on the first ballot. ; They say they have more votes in store on subsequent ballots. If they get a majority they believe the whole convention will swing toward them and furnish the necessary two j thirds. We Oil Talk Kick Back. On what is all this confidence based? iou can't talk five minutes with any of the McAdoo men before learning that they are absolutely con vinced that the dragging in of Mc- Adoo's name in the oil conslroVersy has been a boomerang, that it is the kind of thing which Republicans will think harmful, but which* the Demo cratic party will not. For. in the first place. Mr. McAdoo feels he has done nothing wrong; that nobody has ac cused him of any legal wrongdoing, and that his activity as a lawyer aft er he left the Treasury Department is no different from the activity of Charles Evans Hughes after he left the Supreme Court of the United .States. Mr. Hughes,'it is pointed out argued before his former associates j and was highly paid for his services. But the McAdoo men say the oil 1 discussion is "old stuff" and that the people in several slate primaries have 1 passed on it and given McAdoo their support. Point t» I.a Follette Threat. Far more significant at the moment is the course that the McAdoo gen j erals are taking in mapping out their 1 campaign for the nomination which is the first hurdle to be crossed. The McAdoo men point significantly to the statement by Senator Da Follette that he would run independently if i both parties *iame a conservative. The inference which the McAdoo strategists draw from this is that he I may not run if a radical or liberal ] Democrat is nominated. Anyway, the ! whole basis of the McAdoo campaign I is that there must be a difference be i tween two candidates and the parties |in the forthcoming contest, that the i west and south can be counted upon j to support a liberal and progressive 1 while the east will naturally vote to ' a large extent for a conservative. McAdoo’s speeches in the west are exactly In line with that doctrine, While he himself would probably say that to describe his doctrines as radi i cal is erroneous because he thinks a j radical is essentially an extremist, | nevertheless the utterances are not in ; the least conservative. For instance, j he has been advocating the repeal of i the much-mooted section 15-A of the i transportation act which limits the ! earnings of the railroads, he has been I favoring the repeal of the labor clauses so that the present labor 1 board may be abolished. He has also I been talking in favor of a cash bonus while the present soldier insurance bill does not appropriate money for that immediate purpose. Wilson Klnskip Help*. i As for foreign affairs, tlje man i whose great liability in 1920 was his I kinship with the fete Woodrow Wil son is today finding it his biggest asset. Mr. McAdoo has been careful not to come out in favor of any particular formula of co-operation between nations, but says he would call an international conference if elected. In such a conference would, of course, be discussed all formulas, and it goes without saying that Mr. MtAdoo is not hostile to an amended and revised covenant of the Deague of Nations. The Democratic national platform will chart the course of the (Continued on Page 2, Column «.) SEA’S CONFUSIONMAY WEATHER OF TWO CONTINENTS ■" Warmth of Grand Banks Indicates Arctic Current Might Be Blocked , W hich Would Shift Areas That Control Storms. mm—mm—mmmmmmmmmmmm-mm Soniewheie in the north Atlantic j Ocean something has happened—just , 1 what is nuzzling local scientists— I that may have a vital bearing on the I weather geography of the world and | on the lives of millions of people, in- j f eluding everybody in the District of j Columbia. The Arctic or Dabrador ; current, a great, frigid stream that j sweeps out of the Arctic Ocean. | • through Davis Strait, between Green- ! land and the North American con- j i tinent, down the coast of Dabrador . and over the Grand Banks of New- i foundland until it finally flows under j the warm drift of the gulf stream , and vanishes or is turned back north | —either has disappeared, changed its | course, is greatly reduced in volume j or did not come down so far this j i Tear. Dieut. Edward H. Smith of the I United States coast guard cutlers i operating on the international ice i • patrol out of Halifax, one of the foremost experts on oceanography in SINCLAIR TO EXPLOIT I ITALIAN OIL 50 YEARS [ Premier Mussolini Announces Con-, elusion of Convention in Emilia and Sicily. ■ I 1_ RV HIRAM K. MODEUWEI.I.. I r.y Radio to The Star and Chicago Daily • News, fopy right. 191*4. ROME. May 17.—Premier Mussolini ! I has announced conclusion of a fifty- j year convention with the. Sinclair Oil | Company for exploitation of the oil i ; resources of two of the principal oil- j producing provinces of Italy, follow- | ing a series of conferences with Mr. j : Veitch, representative of the Sinclair \ interests. The provinces involved are i Emilia and Sicily. The convention provides for a pre- i liminary ten-year study period, with a minimum expenditure by the oil | ‘ cqptpany of more than 100,000,000 lire. For the exploitation, it is provided' that an Italian society shall be form- j ed with a capital of 40,000,000 lire. 40 I per cent of whose stock shall be open ! to Italian subscription. The society is to have a governing board of twelve I members, six of whom shall be for ■ eigners and six Italians, two of the | latter representing the government. , The government grants ten years’ ex- ■ i emption from taxation and exemp- ' J tion from duties on importation of j ' i working machinery, in the event i j Italian manufacturers, to whom pref- I erence is to be given, are unable to 1 : furnish the required material. 1 i The concession relates to produc ' tion and elaboration of minerals, oils, j gases and derivative hydro-carbon- , j ates. excluding bituminous rock. .lUKtifles t io n. ■ A detailed statement Justifying the | concession, prepared by Premier Mussolini in person, sets forth the : great importance of the problem of liquid combustibles for Italy, the ; financial inadequacy of Italian firms Ito solve it and the heavy expense ; •' ito which , the government would be j ; put in encouraging them. The strategic necessity mentioned j is understood in political circles to ; ; refer to the aviation and naval pro- : grams which are a cardinal factor ■ • | with the Fascist! government in i assuring the whole-hearted support i of military circles, where the ex- i i istence of the Fascist! militia long 1 has been the subject of professional chagrin. The elaborate defense made of the concession implies the importance i which is attached to it. The Banca i Commerciale. agent of rival foreign oil firms, has protested against the concession. American commercial j ■ opinion here is congratulating the , 1 Sinclair interests on their “long . | sighted foreign business policy." i 100 Quakes Recorded. By the Associated Press. • HIDO, T. H.,, May IT.—The seismo ■ graph at Kilauea volcano registered i ■ more than 100 slight earthquakes yes -1 terday, although no shocks were felt - in Hilo. All except scientists have ' been barred from approaching Hale ; maunau, "the house of fire" of Ki lauea. * TWO CENTS. ( the world, was the first to notice 'his i phenomenon which already has i brought about startling changes in 1 the weather of the north Atlantic j Coast and which promises to cause j s.till more sensational changes at far ' distant points. Deductions Fine Drawn. The deductions drawn by experts j here are intensely complicated and j the possible effects indirect, but. as • one prominent Washington sclenti** j said in discussing them, "just as vita, in the lives of the people as if they were very direct and with no math- I eroatics or formulas about therrt," j Lieut. Smith in his official report | for last month states that the tem -1 perature of the sea covering the 35,- j 000 square miles of the Grand Barks, j is seven degrees higher than normal !at this time of the year. Similar j conditions are found In neighboring I waters. Icebergs and ice floes are i almost non-existent this sirring south j , 000 square miles of the Grand Banks j is a submerged promontory normally j 1 (Continued on I’age -4. Column 3.) HARRISON TO SOUND I DEMOCRAT KEYNOTE # » , Senator Is Chosen Temporary Chairman for National Convention. By the Associated Press. , NEW YORK. May XT.—Senator Pat J Harrison of Mississippi today was j | unanimously chosen temporary chair- 1 | man of the Democratic national con- j i vention in New York next month. Leaders for each of the prominent | candidates for the presidential nomi- j j nation expressed themselves as satis- | I bed with the choice, which was said j ! to have been unanimous, j “I am deeply pleased with the I | selection of Senator Harrison," said | William G. McAdoo when the com- ; ' mittee’s action was announced. Jh ; i friends all supported him." HARRISON IS PLEASED. Says Convention Will Nominate j Next President. j ‘Tt is naturally pleasing to be honor- I ed to preside over a convention that J will assuredly nominate the next i President of the United States*.” Sen ator Harrison said today when ad vised of his selection as temporary : chairman of the democratic national ( convention. WISCONSIN AVE7cARS ROUTED DOWNTOWNj Order Issued for Four Cars an Hour to Lincoln Park Carbarn. An order establishing through street car service between, the su- ! | burbs of Wisconsin avenue and down | town Washington was issued today | ! by’ the Public Utilities Commission. ' | The same order grants the petition | of the Washington Railway and Elec- j j trie Company for the abolition of 1- ! 'cent transfers between that company - and the Capital Traction Company at j M street for persons going to or ! | coming from Tenleytown. Trans- [ 1 fens will continue to toe sold to per- j j sons desiring to cross the Key bridge. I j Under the new Washington Rail- j j way and Electric Company schedule 1 ! there will toe four through ears per j hour from Lincoln Park to Wis- | | consin avenue. One of these cars j | will turn off at Macomb street and | I the other three will continue out | Wisconsin aveuue. This service is! granted at the request of the North west SuburbsnTCitizens’ Association. ; For the time being extra cars put ion during the rush hours on the Wis consin avenue line will terminate at M street, hut if observation of Waf fle warrants a change later, some of these rush hour cars may be routed downtown. “From Press to Horne Within the Hour" The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday’s Circulation, 97,695 ARWIY FLYERS SPAN PACIFIC FIRST IE ! IN 878-MILE JUMP Fight Snowstorms to Make History by Flight From Aleutians to Kuriles. I WATCHERS ARE AMAZED AS GIANT PLANES LAND Lap Was Longest on Schedule in 27.000-Mile Voyage Around World By til* Associated Press. PAIIA.MASHIRC ISLAND. Kuriles, -'lay J7.—Blazing the traii through skies never before invaded by an air plane, the three United .States Army world flyers readied this ice-fringed remote bay bordering the Artie this morning, thereby gaining for then country and themselves the distinc ! tion of being the first to have crossed the Pacific by air. In negotiating the hazardous hop of 878 miles from Attu Island, in tie Aleutian group, the pilots, LieuU-:. Smith, Wade and Nelson fought through chill Artie winds and snow - storms that whipped their faces with lacerating icy grains. Two of the planes landed in Kashi ,-wabara Bay. and the third descended , J -h<' water off the nearby Island o. ; fihimshu. Matchers Arc Amazed. Amazement was written on Um : faces of those aboard an America? and Japanese destroyer waiting her. to receive ttie expedition, as the firs* of the giant air cruaers was dise,»-n«-. through the mislv . loads to ih north. for a week, the weather on Par mashiru had been ideal tor flying, am daily the skies hail been scanned to. - tile planes. In view of tile favoral, • weather reports he bad sent to Atm the commander of the American d. si rover John I>. Ford was puzzled a them failure to appear. Karly this morning, with overc-a?’ s.-cies. rising wind? and a falling barometer, a warning was sent fro;, the Ford in an effort to dissuade ti. flyers from leaving Attu. Then. 11 ;K0 o’clock, the quart*, i - master yelled, and every one rush on deck. Approaching from the no.: was the plane of Lieut. Smith, tft acting commander. On either sM behind him was another airplane. With the perilous leap from th- North American mainland to th orient safely behind them, the fiv.—- will continue sn-uthward on the leg of the flight, which is to B-ttol, op Yelorofu. the largest island ..f Kuriles chain, although the tin., their departure is uncertain. Think l-'lighl Started Frfi|j»». The difference in time between A Island and Paramashiru island about fifteen hours. The time n. lie flyers' departure'from Attu ha- n | been learned, but figuring from th i lime of their arrival at Paramashii i —11:35 a_.ni. today—and the proba ble flying time of six or seven houxs j 'f is believed the aviators must hat. i left Attu some time before noon j’n-.-. 1 day. j Paramashiru. second largest of "1. I Kuriles Islands, is the home of if | hairy- Ainus. Japanese aborigines who have been driven north b\ th i constant economic anti cultural *pr. sure of the Japanese in the south. The hop from Attu was the lungtv of the 27,000 miles of the flyers’ pla. ned route. From Attu the course wa. i for ( ape Kronatski. on th i Kamchatka peninsula, ti 1 1 miles-from j Attu. Paramashiru is 207 miles di j tant from Kronatski. i ’The three planes remaining afl-r I one of the four that left Sans.. Monica. Calif.. March 17. was wreck ! ed against a mountain in the Alaska | peninsula April 2u are piloted b. i Lieut. la>well H. Smith, acting com j mander in the absence ..f Maj. Fred j erick L. Martin, who was flying tin machine that came to grief; laeu j Erik Nelson and Lien. Leigh Wad. ; They arrived at Attu Island, west ' ernmosi of the Aleutians, a wee: • ago. after a 520-mile flight from Atk , j Island. A welcome from war craft of Japai and the United States awaits tic flyers at the end of the next junto southward to Bettobu. on Tetoroni • largest of the ’ Kuriles group. Tin | Japanese will be hosts and the Ann : 1 ioan craft us carriers of supplies. The Kuriles Islands are all incur tainous. many with active volcano.- Whose eruptions are described as j natural phenomena of fiery beaut;. FEARED AS -SUICIDE.” Trans-Pacific Jump Viewed With Apprehension Here. When the three Army airplanes now circling the globe under com mand of Lieut. Lowell H. Smith crossed the Pacific Ocpan between Attu. Aleutian Islands, and Panama shiru. Japan, yesterday without .. stop they accomplished what was re ; garded here as a suicidal attempt. Aware of weather conditions in that region which could not be pre dieted in advance, officers of the world flight committee here had pre i viously instructed the trio of piano | to accomplish the crossing of the Pa ; Tiflc byway of the Bering Islands (•■ Petropavlovsk. Kamchatka. Russia I and from there jump to Japan ! there was the slightest doubt tba’ daylight or w eather would be again? , them. In fact, it was the definite b« j lief here that the flyers would tak. i this route, although permission bad i not been granted by the Russian got j emment son landing in its territory, i as it had not been requested, due to ! the absence of diplomatic relation? ; between the two nations. I Officers here breathed easier when I learning that these flyers had ac complished a "wonderful’ piece of navigation, although they knew little or nothing of this science before be ing selected to make the trip. They regard the Pacific jump the most se rious of the entire trip, with the pos. sibie exception of the flight from Ice land to Angmagsalik, on the eastern j shore of Greenland. Lieut. Clarence K. Crumrine and | Lieut. L. D. Schulze, advance officers. ! sailed today from New York for these countries to make final arrangemen. for the flyers when they reach this lap in the air voyage. Much difficult' is anticipated at Angmagsalik due t’.> the ice floes. This port, it is under stood. is open to surface vessel traf fic only about two weeks in a year The globe flyers should reach this place not later than August 15, ii is declared, to- avoid difficulties of a dangerous character.