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BAPTIST $2,000,000 G. W. U. BID REJECTED Xocal Institution'* Action Will Not Unit Chnrrh Effort to Regain Control. CONVENTION O. S.'S OFFER Refuses to Discuss Probability of Legal Action. Et the Associated Press. ATLANTA, May 17.—An offer of 52,000,000 by the Southern Baptist convention for the return of George ■Washington University, Washington. D. C„ to Baptist ownership and con trol. and its subsequent rejection by the trustees of the university, was revealed today when a committee ap pointed lust year to conduct the negotiations made its report to the annual meeting of the convention here. Notwithstanding the summary rejec tion of the proposal by the trustees, the committee recommended that efforts to regain control of the uni versity, which was lost in 1904, be continued. The convention unani mously adopted the committee report and approved its recommendations. The terms under which the $2,000,- f>oo would be paid included payments at the rate of $300,000 per annum into a trust fund, the income of which would become available im mediately for the needs of the insti tution. The convention would par ticipate equally in control of the university upon payment of the, first $200,000. When the $2,000,000 was paid in full the university would pass totally under Southern Baptist con i rol. Outline Reasons for Bid, The committee outlined these rea sons why the convention seeks such a relation with the university; The desire to round out an educa tional program of standard colleges and secondary schools in the south ern states with an institution of uni versity grade. The fact that George Washington tnitersity is vitally related by virtue of its foundation, history and princi ples to the origin, growth and ideals of the organized activities of Bap tists. The purpose of the convention in the ownership and control of the university upon avowed evangelical < hristian and true American princi ples is in harmony with the ideals and spirit of Luther Rice, its founder, and of the present board of trustees. In a resume of the situation which prompted the move on the part of the convention to reclaim the control of the university the committee said that a "survey in 1919 of the educa tion field in the Capital City of the nation revealed, “among other things, that the cause of higher edu cation had been practically surren dered to Catholicism; that no univer sity was functioning under Protestant auspices, and that George Washing ton University, founded by the Bap tists in 1821 and fostered by them from its organization to 1904, had ibeen let out of the denomination un der the leadership of a Baptist presi dent and a board of trustees, two thirds of which were Baptists, fol lowing the persistent failure of the Baptists, north and south, to provide the funds necessary for the Institu tion to continue to function.” ITiml Causes Ilejeclon. One reason given by the trustees of the university for its rejection of the convention’s proposal, according to the report, was that a $1,000,000 fund now is being raised on the ground that the university is un denominational. and that to turn the university over to the convention un der these circumstances would be to break faith with the people of Wash ington who had subscribed to the mUlion-dollar fund. It is said a sug gestion that those donations be re funded was not deemed a solution to the problem by the trustees. The committee tonight would not discuss the probability of bringing legal action should financial and dip lomatic overtures fail. It was stressed, however, that the $2,000,000 offered is in no sense to be regarded as a purchase price, but simply a fund to be added to the assets of the university. Modernism Stand Asked. C. P. Stealey of Oklahoma City In troduced another resolution today, which was designed to put the con vention on record as defining its stand < n the modernist-fundamental ist question. Mr. Stealey moved a suspension of the rules for immedi ate consideration by the floor, which was refused. The resolutions com mittee again adversed the resolution iind its Judgment was upheld by the convention. This is the third time the convention has refused to make any doctrinal statement, a privilege which, it is said, rests solely with the individual churches. Fred E. Britten of Lake Worth, ria., presented a resolution this aft ernoon which would have the con vention approve the world court. He also sought the short route bv a sus pension of the rules, but fai'led and the proposal went to the resolutions committee. MILITIA GUARDS NEGRESS AGAINST DELAWARE MOB Slaying of Aged Police Matron Causes Hundreds to Gather About State Prison. By the Associated Press. WILMINGTON. Del.. May 17.—Fully equipped for field duty Battery H, organized militia of Delaware, arrived at ihe New Castle County workhouse at Greenbank from New Castle early tonight to relieve city and country police, who for the last two day's have been guarding Anna Lewis, a negress, who killed Mrs. Mary T. Davis, a police matron of this city, a week ago, after her arrest. The battery, numbering sixty-seven men and equipped with eight machine guns, was ordered out at noon by Gov. Denney. City officials asked for the soldiers when workhouse officers reported that they felt they would be unable to cope with a mob. The past two nights, hundreds of men have gathered on the roadways about the prison, discussing the kill ing of the aged police matron. The negress was arrested last Sun day night on a charge of carrying a pistol. She beat the matron into un consciousness and escaped. When caught the next day, dressed in male clothing, she said she did not mean to kill the matron, but only wanted to escape. She has been indicted for murder and will be arraigned this month. EDWARD T. THAW DEAD. PASADENA, Calif., May 17.—Toward T. Thaw, sixty-one, a brother of Harry K. Thaw, died here today. Thaw Is said to have come to California three months ago from Milton, Mass.. In an effort to regain his health. The body will be sent to Pittsburgh for burial. About State Prison Standing on Bridge, Traffic Whirling, Girl Orator Trained for Victory i ' i ’ 111 Til AKWm u.\, Slurs at V. S. Constitution Fired Central Miss to Par ticipate in Contest—Happy to Represent D, C. in National Event. Standing on the Connecticut avenue bridge reciting her oration to Rock Creek was the method used by Ruth Newburn of Central High School, selected yesterday as grand prize winner of The Star's oratorical con test. in memorizing the address with which she hopes to win the national contest June 6, Every one envies a winner, but not every one realizes the work necessary to be one. Miss Newburn. sixteen years old, today is the envy of thou sands of Washington school children, who would like to change places with her. Here is what she did to win. Her story carries a lesson for every school pupil, and every one else. How she emulated the example of Demosthenes, who learned to speak amid the roar of the sea shore, herself using Hock Creek in place of the sounding surf, is an interesting story of a real modern American girl. Not at First Interested. “When I first heard about The Star oratorical contest.” said Ruth New burn, “I was not intensely interested. But I told my family about it.” Her mother urged her to take part, because she felt that public speaking would enlarge the experience of her daughter. It was not until that evening, when they discussed the latest attack on the Constitution that had just been made by a public speaker, that Ruth Newburn was really aroused. “People ought not to be allowed to talk about the foundation of their country, the Constitution, in dis paraging terms,” was the way she reacted to the comments about the uselessness of the Constitution. Then she saw that by putting all her efforts into the contest to increase interest in and respect for the Con stitution she could do her bit toward discouraging such attacks on the Constitution. Ruth Newburn haunted libraries for several days. ”1 used for my bibliography over fifteen books, and it took a good deal of time to make notes on them all," she said. From the National Association for Constitutional Government she se- TWO GIRLS AMONG 7 ORATORY WINNERS (Continued from First Page.) zone, to formulate a plan for present ing The Star's check to Miss New burn. She already has received, as has each of the other seven competi tors, a check for SIOO from this paper, as winner in her district of the local zone. It is probable that some special period will be set aside this week during a school day, so that the pres entation may be made in the presence of the entire school body, and the prize, orator be cheered on by her associates to meet the test of the national competition. Selection of Miss Newburn by the ljudges was universally applauded last night, it being declared by many that the successful contender repre sented what is said to be the latest “fashion” in oratory, the calm, even presentation of facts, with reliance placed upon intellectual conviction rather than “arm waving." K. Russell Lutz, teacher of history at Central, who was chairman of the committee on the oratorical contest at that school, said last night; “The fact that Miss Newburn won the oratorical contest was not a sur prise to Central nor to her friends, both in and out of the school. Miss Newburn has put every ounce of her energy into the battle and she was fighting for Central. . “Miss Newburn is on'e of Central's best students in every sense of the word. There Is no task which does not receive her hearty support. Cen tral is willing to place her fate in the hands of the District of Columbia winner, and wishes to assure the peo ple in this zone that she can be trust ed to bring honor and fame to Wash ington. “Oratory has its various phases and passes through diverse stages. Public speaking which appeals not so much to the emotions as to reason now claims the front. To convince with facts and logic rather than to sway with sentiment seems to be the fair est way, and Miss Newburn, a clegg. concise speaker, is an exponent of this style in orautory.” National Director Coming. Randolph Leigh, national director of the oratorical contest, will come from New York early this week to make preparations for the final meet. He is a member of the staff of the Los Angeles Times. Large newspapers of the country co-operating in the movement to in crease respect for tMte Constitution, and which have piloted the contest, are, in addition to The Evening Star of this city, the following: New York World, Los Angeles Times, Chicago News, Indianapolis News, Phila delphia Bulletin. Pittsburgh Gazette- Times, Cincinnati Times-Htar, Bir mingham Age-Herald, Spokane Spokesman - Review, Montgomery Journal, St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Kansas City Star, St. Paul Dispatch and Mobile Register. More than two hundred smaller pub lications participated in the work. For the purposes of the. national contest, the United States was divid ed into seven great geographical zones, centering in the cities pre viously mentioned. Each zone was divided Into seven districts, each dis trict corresponding to a city. Each district was divided into seven groups, each group approximating a high school or other secondary edu cational institution, such as private or parochial school. The District of Columbia was re garded as of such Importance, being the National Capital, that it was con stituted zone three in the national contest. THE SUNDAY STAR. WASHINGTON, i>. Q„ MAY 18. 1924-PAKT 1. cured a large number of pamphlets, which were marked and remarked before she finished with them. Her Work on Oration. Then the beginning was made on the oration. "The outline was the easiest tiling to make.” she recalled, "for I had formed the general scope in my mind during my reading. Then I took all my notes and tilted them into the. skeleton. The main trouble was 1 had so much to say and only twelve minutes to say it all in. I cut and cut, and every time 1 wanted to add more.” In order to have the right word to express just her meaning Miss New burn took a book of synonyms and spent one evening just checking up on ail the words. Her mother said it wouldn't have been so hard, although it took time, but Ruth was busy getting copy ready for the Central High School Year Book and had to do most of her work on her oration late at night. “You have to keep busy all the time if you want to do everything in high school nowadays.” is what Ruth New burn said. "I must have had 200 pages of scrap paper before I felt that 1 had done my very best in writing an oration about our Constitution,” she went on, “and then the hardest thing was memorizing it. Speaks ns Cars Knee By. ”1 used to stand out on the Con necticut avenue bridge and say the lines between the passage of the ma chines. I didn't want any one to think I was crazy so I just walked along when a machine came by, but when the road was clear I began my speech again. You can get good voice control from the Connecticut avenue bridge. "I never even hoped to. be the Central High School winner, but I was proud to represent my high school In the District of Columbia eliminations. If the other students at Central learned as much about the Constitution as I did the contest lias certainly been a success at Central. “I feet as if I had a tremendous responsibility now in representing the District of Columbia. But when I know that every person in the Dis trict is cheering me on. I feel that 1 must make an oration which will be worthy of this beautiful city.” HOWARD SEES DRIFT TO WORLD TRIBUNAL British Envoy Says Attitude of Mind Is More Important Than Methods Themselves. By the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA. May 17. Sir Esme Howard. British ambassador, speaking tonight before the American Academy of Political and Social Science on factors in the mainte nance of world peace, said that "the establishment of peace on a perma nent footing really depends more on the mentality, on the attitude, on the heart of mankind generally with regard to the methods of dealing with international affairs than on those methods themselves.” •‘Now. I trust that I am not going to be considered as throwing cold water on any plans or proposals for world peace that may be put forward tonight.” he said. “It seems to me,” he continued, “that this mentality, this attitude, this feeling of heart, will he regu lated only by the two great primitive passions of love and fear.” Law Instead of War. The ambassador said that one way to end war would be for the nations, out of a real desire for peace spring ing from the passion of love for hu manity. to submit their differences to some process of law rather than to war. "So far as I can judge," he said, after so short a sojourn In this coun try, the principle of legal settlement of disputes which cannot be settled by diplomatic negotiations, a princi ple for the maintenance of which the United Slates have always taken a. leading part, is becominj: increasingly accepted. The majority of leaders of public opinion in America undoubt edly prefer the process of law for settling disputes to ordeal by battle. There may be divergences of opinion as to how this should be done, but the principle at any rate Is very widely accepted. “I cannot, therefore, but feel that once this great country, which can perhaps do more than any other to promote world peace, is agreed on the principle, a practical solution will not be long in coming and that we may hope that with the strong help of the United States, another world war may be avoided.” lie*, Bliss Favors Coart, Acceptance of the world court “as the first step toward international peace” was urged by Maj. Gen. Tas ker H. Bliss, retired. A spirited discussion arose when Arthur Bullard, editor of Our World, New York, asserted that a previous speaker. Prof. Philip Marshall Brown of Princeton, “had turned a purely philosophical discus sion into a campaign speech in sup port of the Washington administra tion." Miners’ Strike Halted. SCRANTON, Pa.. May 17.—Danger of a general strike of 22.000 employes of the Hudson Coal Company, passed today when the general grievance committee In special session here agreed with the company on several disputed points and voted to remain at work until ail others are adjusted. ARMY BILL PASSES AS RAIL RIDERS FAIL Senate Votes |330,000.000 —Fight Centers on Long-and-Short- Hanl Issue. THREE AMENDMENTS LOSE Plan to Bring Freight Rates Up in Senate Tomorrow. Aft nr all efforts to add the long and-shot-haul railroad rate measure to the Army appropriation bill had failed yesterday in the Senate, Sen ator Gooding, Republican, Idaho, called the bill up on Us merits, and had It made the unfinished business of the Senate tomorrow. The Army appropriation bill itself, carrying a total of $230,000,000, was passed after three unsuccessful at tempts had been made to have the Senate declare it the policy of Con gress that the Interstate Commerce Commission should discontinue the practice, except in emergencies, of permitting rail carriers to charge less tariff for freight on a long haul than on a short haul over the same line or traveling in the same direction. The Homy bill now goes to confer ence. Pittman Plan Beaten. The first proposal by Senator Pitt man, democrat. Nevada, was to add as an amendment to the Army bill the Gooding measure proposing amend ment of the Interstate Commerce act. Senator Wadsworth, Republican, New York, in charge of the Army bill, made a point of order against the plan and the Senate sustained, 49 to 25, the ruling of ITesident Cummins, throwing out the Pittman provision. Senator Walsh, Democrat, Montana, then proposed an amendment which would have made unavailable any of the $37,000,000 appropriation for riv ers and harbors until Congress had disposed of the long and short haul questions. This amendment was re jected without a record vote. The new amendment later was of fered by Senator Pittman declaring that none of the appropriations car ried in Army bill for the power plant at the Milafores lock, Panama Canal, could be available as long as the iong-and-shorl-haul principle re mained in effect in domestic com merce. This met the same fate as the Walsh amendment. Although Senator Gooding had his measure made the unfinished business of the Senate, it probably will not be considered tomorrow because of the expected debate on the soldier bonus bill. BACK DEFENSE TEST, GEN.PERSHING URGES Asks Nation to Support War De . partment’s Project to Be Held September 12. Harking back to the days when he "sat on the lid” in France while the United States extemporized an Army to fight in the great war, Gen. Pershing yesterday asked the nation to support the War Department's “defense test” to be held September 12. “Nobody is more deeply interested in this plan than I,” he said in a signed statement, “because nobody saw the picture under the stress of war as I saw it. Nobady sat on the lid longer and harder than I did under very adverse circumstances. Only those near me could really fully appreciate it.” The defense test project was designed Gen. Pershing said, to indicate to the nation at large just what would be re quired in a war mobilization under the plans that have been devised since the war. to obviate some of the delays and confusion of 1917-18. Oar Plaaa Not Secret. “Our plans are not secret, as the methods of organization and the success of the system require the co-operation of communities and the voluntary ac tion of individuals.” he said. “We want the people to realize the expediency and wisdom, in fact the necessity of having some sort of foresight in this matter. "In the world war, after enormous ex penditures, and serious loss of time, we eventually concentrated masses of un trained individuals in a few centers, distant from home ties and associations, where they were segregated and trained with utmost difficulty. "Profiting by these experiences, a policy exists today which contemplates skeleton units partially trained In ad vance, which can be concentrated locally when necessary.” , Regulars and Guard. For the Regulars and National Guard, as first line troops, the state ment continued, actual war prepara tions would mean recruiting, to war strength and completion of training and equipment. The ability and fore sight of officers to handle these questions will be observed during the proposed tests, but the bulk of a war army would com© from the reserves, and for these units the tests will be "a trial of their knowl edge of the duties which will auto matically devolve upon them to re cruit, shelter,, equip, supply, train and otherwise cure for their respec tive organizations.” “We hope by this defense test to impress upon the Individual officer and soldier his particular functions if war comes,” Gen. Pershing said. “We have never before undertaken such, a step In instruction. When we went into the world war every thing was confusion; nobody appre ciated the task, and It Is little won der that there was so much lost motion before we really got under way.” SAVED IN 10-FLOOR DROP. 14 Passengers on Elevator Owe lives to Cool Operator. NEW YORK, May 17.—Ernest Nova, negro elevator operator, calmly worked at the emergency appliance In his elevator this morning as it plunged at breakneck speed down ten floors, and brought it to a stop a foot below the level of the first floor, saving its four teen occupants from serious injuries. The fourteen persons—eight women, five men and a boy—suffered nothing worse than minor injuries to backs and feet and a few cases of hysteria. They were taken to a hospital In a com mandeered motor van. The accident was caused by the break-, ing of a cable. FIRST LADY PRESENTS CUP AT HORSE SHOW Thrilling Spill in President’s Steeplechase at Arling ton Park. ABYDON WINNER OF EVENT Mrs. Coolidge Center of Interest Among Crowded Boxes. Topped by a thrilling spill in the President's steepleeha.se and several close calls in the Jumping events, one of the finest and most spectacular cards ever presented by the National Capital Horse Show entertained a brilliant gallery of uevoral thousand persons at Arlington Park yesterday afternoon, the second day of the spring meet. Mrs. Calvin Coolidge was the center of attraction in the boxes. Accom panied by C. Bascom Slemp, the President's secretary and his military and naval aides, Col. Clarence O. Hhorrilt and Capt. Adolphus Andrews, Mrs. <'oolidgt- arrived at the park just in time to witness the classic events of the day. The President was to have attend ed and presented a loving cup to the winner of the event for the Olympic team horses, but he was confined to the White House by a cold. In his absence Mrs. Coolidge graciously presented the cup to Bally McShano, who was picked by the judges as the finest appearing horse of the team. Steeple, hr»e Thrill. The thrill of the day came in the President's steeplechase. Scratches narrowed the event, which was over a course of about two miles, down to four contestants—Radio, owned by S. T. Greene: Gold Bar, owned by S. T. Greene; joe Mulligan, owned by William F. Downey, and Abvdon. owned by W. H. Bowes. Oft to a good start, the jockeys unfortunate ly extended their mounts at the outset. Flashing past the first quarter post, all four took the first hedge so close that a blanket could have been spread over them. Apparently the four were maneuvering for position, and as the second jump was reached the already burning pace was in creased. Gold Bar and Abydon took it together, with Radio close behind. The former pair landed safely, but Radio slipped in the soft going, skid ded fully five yards and went sliding along on his side with his jockey a dangerous few inches in front. Jockey and horse leaped to their feet unhurt, however, and Radio started around the track riderless. Gamely cutting across the field, the jockey caught his mount, leaped into the saddle and attempted to overtake the flying trio that had left him al most a lap behind. He was obliged to take fourth place, however, al though he was touted as the favorite at the beginning. Abydon Strong Winner. Turning into the stretch a neck ahead, hold Bar failed to answer the challenge of Abydon and the latter flashed past the judges' stand winner by a good half length. Joe Mulligan was third. It was an exciting race from start to finish and kept the grandstand gallery on its feet yelling excitedly throughout. The race was worth $230 to the winner, $175 to the second horse, and SSO for show. Aliss K velyn Walker guided her pony. Rabbit, to a sensational vic tory in a four furlong race with half a dozen other Ponies. It was. how ever, a race purely for sport s sake, was not listed as an official class on the card and, of course, there was no prize. Rabbit, however, went off the track with a blue ribbon flapping proudly from his halter, testifying to his superiority a s a sprinter in this class. The outstanding feature of the day was the marked superiority of the Olympic horses, shown by Maj. John A. Barry, captain of the Olympic team, over all competitors. If the American Olympic team is as suc cessful in Paris this summer as it " as at Arlington Park yesterday af ternoon, where some of the finest horseflesh in these parts was on ex hibition, it seems that every eques trian prize of the Olympiad will be brought back to the L’nited States. Rlank Cheek Winner. Blank Check started things going for the Olympic team by winning the hunter class for the Warder Cup. He was followed in order by Little Can ada. who won the class for local hunters: Bally McShane. who took in the handicap event for hunters and I jumpers, both of which are Olympic contestants. Their victories were ilj a "; and , ea 'l y and th « applause of the stands showed that thf» rrAttn u“„V' ,h ,h ' J«*». “tftlrEK? ♦ „I h irtf ther was Perfect. Although the track was more or less heav\ ng dav mU The' m t Pro H Ved ° Ver ,ho open* mg oav. The stands were filled earlv rails SC and a end ndr ? U t ? Prsonfi lined the ais and ends of the arena, while several more hundreds sat in auto whth eS ,h OV i er i' n the f,e,d around noticed t ,C ack . runs - Among those noticed in the boxes ami grandstand were The Secretary of War. Mr. eeks, accompanied by his daughter, Mefion°ll n 'i.; David se; Miss Alisa Mellon, daughter of the Secretary of the Treasury who had with her Miss Craigie Mackay of Pittsburgh, who is visiting Miss Anna Hamlin, and Miss Olyve Graef; Senora de Riano, wife of the ambassador of Spain: the minister of Hungary and Coun tess Szechenyi, Senator and Mrs. David A. Reed, Mrs. Peter Goelet Gerry, Representative and Mrs. John Phillip Hill, the counselor of the British embassy and Mrs. Henry Getty Chilton, the assistant secretary of the Treasury, Judge McKenzie Moss; the Commissioner of the Dis trict and Mrs. Cuno H. Rudolph; the miltary attache of the British em bassy. Coi. Charlton. Admiral and Mrs. Cary r t. Grayson. Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Tuckerman, Mr. and Mrs. George Adams Howard, Mr. and Mrs. Hampson Gary, Mrs. Alice Maher and Miss Katharine Turck: Mrs. Russell B. Harrison and her daughter, Mrs. Harry A. Wil liams. jr.. and the latter’s house guest. Mrs. Collier; Col. and Mrs. Robert M. Thompson. Mr. and Mrs. Larz Anderson. Mr. and Mrs. Francis White, Mr. and Mrs. Peter A. Drurv. Mr. and Mrs. Rafael R. Govin, Miss May Govin, Mr. and Mrs. E. Francis Biggs. Mrs. Delos A. Blodgett, Mrs. Charles G. Matthews, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Parsona Erwin. Mrs. James L. .Sullivan, Mr. and Mrs. James L. Walsh, Mrs. Kenna Elkins. Mrs. .1. Maury Dove, jr.. Mrs. Allan Hume, Mrs. Charles Bougton AVood, Miss Mary Morgan. Mme. Kkengren. Mr. and Mrs. Horace AVestcott, Mrs. Walter Chiswell, Gen. and Mrs. George Barnett, Miss Ann Gordon, Mr. Woodbury Blair, Mrs. Harold Walker, Countess Gizycka, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Meyer, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Sylvanus Stokes, jr.. Capt. and Mrs. FTederlc Nellson, Mrs. J. Borden Har riman. Miss Anna Hamlin, Miss Ko mana Lefevre, Miss Virginia Ed wards, Miss Virginia Selden, Miss Elizabeth Hitt, Miss Katharine Suth erland. Miss Julia AVhitlng, Miss Frederica McKenney, Miss Dorothy Mondell, Miss Cecil Lester Jones, Miss Bessie McKeldin, Mrs. Robert How ard, Miss Beatrice Beck, Miss Neville Johnson, Miss Florence Worthington, Miss Helen Campbell, Mrs. Theodore Tiller, Miss Flora AVilson, Mrs. Har ley Calvin Gage, Miss Margaret Gage, Mrs. Elsie McKeon, Miss Louise Lacey, Mr. William Bowie Clark, Mr. Frederick Stevens, Commander Thomas, C apt. Biddle, Mr. O'Brien, Silenzi of the Italian embassy. Summaries, Class 18, troopers' mounts full government owned) —First, Sir Barton, ridden by Corp. William Scbuetse; second. Snowbird: third. Geu. Snow; fourth, Miss Ann, Battery A, lath Field Artillery. Class 4t, hunters, foe the Warder cap— First. Blank Check, F. P. Garin, owner, rid den by Maj. Poak; second. Edward F, owned •and ridden by Miss Marlon du Pant: third. 'Tbe Brown Boy, owned and ridden by Mrs. HORSE SHOW ATTRACTS MRS. COOLIDGE I ■ " The photograph ebons the First Lady arriving nt the National Capital Horse Show t.rounds yesterday, accompanied by Col. Robert M. Thompson. Army Flyers i Over the Hump" As Kurile Goal Is Attained Marks Termination of Most Hazardous Part of Voyage Around World, Now in Volcanic Region. nr i/r. ai.kaa adrr williams, jr. a. s„ o. n. r. NEW YORK. May 17—AA’hen the three world flyers of the United States Army Air Service sighted Kashiwabara. Bay in Paramushiru Island, one of the Kurile group, after -their gruelling trip of S7S miles, dur ing which they bucked the upper air currents of the Bering Strait, they were, in sailor parlance, “over the hump.” The flight up to this point has been due north and then east, and when it is considered that nearly all of the prevailing winds of the world are westerly, the difficulties so far encountered other than the natural hazards of such a flight are explained. The United States flyers chose to take the most difficult part of the trip first, and while they have been held up by fog and blizzards and have been subjected to all of the rigors of a semi-arctic climate, the European aviators. French. British and Portu guesse have had ail of the best of it. Favored by the prevailing winds, flying over well mapped out and known country, and with good weath. er, they have made the most of their opportunity, but their advantage over our men is more apparent than real. From the time the three airmen of the American expedition took off until they sighted the Kuriles, there was little or nothing to guide them. There was no land visible and the only vessel patrolling the great waste of waters was the little Eider of the United States Fish Commission. After tshe was passed, the pilots had nothing to depend upon but their GLOBE FLYERS MADE PACIFIC HOP BY NIGHT (Continued from First Page.) of the American airmen at Paramash iru Bay. Preparations for receiving the American aviators in Japan proper have been given an impetus. it was announced from Kasumi gaura, the Japanese flying base, fifty miles from Tokio, that the American flyers arc expected there May 20. GIVES SCHOOL $25,000. World Zionist President Aids He brew University. NEW YORK, May 17.—Establish ment of a $25,000 endowment fund for the Hebrew University of Jerusalem hy Dr. Chaim Weismann, president of the World Zionist Organization, was announced today by Solomon J. Weinstein, president of the American Zion Commonwealth. Inc. Dr. Weis mann recently received from Samuel Zemurray, a merchant of New Or leans, La., a gift of $25,000 in Ameri can Zion Commonwealth land cer tificates, as a token of esteem. Dr. Weismann decided to use them to give the university its first endow ment. P. N. Lee: fourth, Ponchetle, Benton Sables entry, ridden by Miss Alice Jones. Class 7. saddle horses, heavyweight class— First, Buddy, Eugene Meyer, jr.. owner, rid den by AA'illiam Carter: Ke,-ond. Col. Kohert Thompson's Gallantry: third. Slums Nil. own ed and ridden by John L. Sweeriey: fourth. Brig. Gen. AVllliam A. Mitchell's Red Hackle, ridden by Miss Madelaine Alesblre. Class 36. hunters, owners up—First, Little Canada, Lieut. F. H. Benteeou; second. The Brown Boy, Mrs. P. N. Lee: third, Ponehette. Benton Stables entry, ridden by Miss Alice Jones; fourth, Jessie Pear, ridden by Mr. Glasacak of Mount Airy Farms. Class 2. saddle ponies—First, Radio, owned and ridden by Peggy Keith; second, Johnny Walker, owned and ridden by Evelyn Walker: tljird, Jenny AVren. owned and ridden by Jes sie Rollins; fourth. Contrary Mary, owned and ridden by Conrad C. Smith. Class 43, open to all hunters—First, Bally Mac Shane, owned and ridden by Lieut. F. H. Bouteeou; second, Little Canada, owned amt ridden by Lieut. F. 11. Bontecou; third, Ir mond, owned and ridden by Capt. N. J. Mc- Mahan; fourth, Roulette, owned by United States government, ridden by Lieut. F. H. Bontecou. Class 9, novice road horses—First, See qnanda, Eugene Meyer. Jr., entry; second. Miss Jimmy. Maj. L. Scott entry: third. Pollyanna, E. L. Redman entry; fourth, Mar garet H.. Melvin C. Hasen entry. Class 38. horses suitable to be hunters, three years or under, shown In hand —First, Temp tation, E. L. Redman entry; second. Prls mont. Mrs. P. N. Lee entry: third. Goldfish. Mrs. P. N. I,ee entry: fourth. Welcome, Brig. Gen. AVllliam A. Mitchell entry. Class 26, green hunter*, middle and heavy weight—First. Buddy Tucker, ridden by Miss Alice .Tones, Benton Stables entry: second. Fortitude, ridden by Mis* Mildred Oreble, Benton Stables entry; third. Mayor Ashlleld. ridden by Lotlls Leith. Edwin P. Shaftnck entry; fourth. Six O’clock, ridden by lAdiu Leith, Edwin F. Bbattnck entry. compasses, their “air sense" and their nerve. No arrangement for flying over the Kamchatka peninsula had been made with the Russian govern ment, and the expedition being bar red from landing at the only siz able port in this part of the world. Petropavlovsk. had to proceed from the almost uninhabited Aleutian Is lands to the equally wild and desolate Kurile Islands. Paramushiry, where the landing was made, is the second largest of the entire chain of the islands, and is easily distinguishable by its tall mountains, some of which are nearly 7,000 feet high, and by the smoking cone of an active volcano. Here is a small permanent camp of the fish ery guards, who are the only in- i habitants, when the salmon are not j running, and here, a supply base with gasoline, oil, spar* parts and other necessities and comforts for the flyers has been established by the advance officers sent out by the air service. Here the greater part of the haz ards and delays of the trip were over and the subsequent trip from island to island of the Kurile group may be performed with comparative ease and safety. Two other stops will bo made, one at Yetorofu. the largest of the Kurile Islands, and an other at Kunashiri. the southermost of the chain, north of the main chain of the Japanese islands. The name Kurile comes from the Russian and means smoky, and was given because of the haze caused by the volcanoes. These are always valuable landmarks to flyers and in the case of a forced landing or an accident that will make a night trip necessary will act as natural landing flares. (Copyright, 1924. in United States, Canada and Great Britain by North American Newspaper Alliance.) NAVY PLANE TO TRY 27-HOUR FLIGHT HERE Attempt to Be Made Today to Keep CS-2. New Type Craft, in Air More Than Day. The Navy's new fleet scout plane, the CS-2. will be put through a rigid test tomorrow in a flight designed to be continuous between Hains’ Point, Fort Hunt and Marshall Hall and to be halted only when the fuel is exhausted, which should he about twenty-seven hours after it takes the air. While conducted specifically as a service test, there is a very favorably opportunity for the plane to break the continuous flight record of sea planes. which is eleven hours and fifty-five minutes. The CS-2 is a recent product of the bureau of aeronautics and is known as the three-in-one because it can perform the duties of bomber, long distant scout and torpedo carrier and launcher with the efficiency of three separate planes built for this work. This type of plane was to have acted in co-operation with the Shenandoah on its proposed flight to the polar regions this summer, three to operate from Alaska and another trio to be based at Spitzbergen for service. Beat Distance Plane. The CS-2 is the best thing in long distance flying the Navy has and in order to definitely determine just “how long she will go” without a stop this flight was arranged. Com manded by Lieut. K. W. Wead of the bureau of aeronautics and carrying Lieut. John Dale Price of the naval air station as assistant pilot, the, “CS” will be “blown” off the Potomac River tomorrow morning about 9 o'clock and if every part of the ship functions as it is expected the pilots will not set it down on the water until after they have spent the night and part of the next day in the air. Light hundred gallons of gasoline will load the ship so heavily that another plane shall have to assist It in leaving the water. This will be accomplished by “blowing” it off or having it trail another seaplane trav elling on the water at full speed, which will send hack a blast of wind from the propellers and give the CS more resistance. In other words the forward plane would be manu facturing a stiff head wind for the weighted one in the rear. The pilots will fly the ship at watches of four hours on and four hours off. Food supplies for the con templated long stay in the air will he carried and a “sleeping quarter” has been established in that part of the plane, which is usually oc cupied by a third person and extend ing into the rear of the fuselage. The plane will be powered with a 12-cylinder, r>BS horsejiower Wright motor. Tomorrow was selected for the date of test because of the full moon which will give the pilots a moonlight night. “STARS” WILL ATTEND OLYMPIC FUND FETE 440-Yard Hurdles • Champion, World Lecord Holder and Le Gendre Scheduled to Appear. “UNCLE” NICK WILL PERFORM f Coolidge Will Autograph Base Ball for Contribution Prize. Washington will have an oppor tunity to view a gathering of int>--- nationaily famous stars of the fit <i and track Monday just before the Na tionals and United States Marine-: take the diamond for the benefit of the local $20,000 quota of the Olymp fund. Word was received last night I Col. Robert M. Thompson, in charg- < of arrangements, that John K. Nor ton of Leland Stanford University holder of the world record for th 440-yard hurdles, and second plat man in this event in the Antwerp Olympics, will be on hand lor an ex hibition. D. A. Claj-ke, premier relay race man of Johns Hopkins I'ni’- versity, who will probably be another Olympic athlete, also wAi'on th- In addition will be Bob I, c G.-ndr. of Georgetown and eleven others. “Uncle” Mck Will Be There. The features will start at 2:"0. The Marine Band will provide music. .\ k Altrock will show the audience the latest quirks In shot-putting. <' if special invitations have been -,i for contestants to the Olymp-. this class to l>e present, with tin guaranty that they will never a--a*n see the shot j.ut" as Nick puts u They are assured that they will l-.trr, many- new things about shot putter-. Among features outstanding will he the race between base bail t .;, - era and possibly Doren Mur.h . 1 son. the speedy sprinter of Newark Athletie Club, believed to >» second only to Paddock in the mat*, of fleetness of foot. Maurice Ar. o, deacon, who holds the record in t! • base ball world for traveling t! f bases in record time, has been loa— % to the committee by Johnny Kv, • • of the Chicago White Sox for tl* benefit game. He will show fans th . way to negotiate four bases to ti ( tune of about 13 and 2-5 secern* Slow motion picture photograph. • 1 are expected to be on hand. Formal President ini Arrival. During the intermission Wtwn these features and that of the dac ing horse from Fort Myer, the Marir Band will play selections. The pres . dential arrival will be formal, squad of marines will be th • t;-i r • - guard of honor. As an additional feature, it is an nounced that President Coolidge v. • autograph the base ball that ! throws out to open the fray. Bat this ball will be presented to th- , Robert M. Thompson, unless it * knocked out of the field on the hr pitch. Col. Thompson has promts d ) to present the ball to the person ooi - tributing the greatest amount to tl fund, subscriptions to be sold by bevy of society buds under the gener alship of Janet Moffett, daughter • Admiral W. A. Moffett. In addition to the card receipts for the sub-..ri lions to the fund, the patrons will 1 given an enameled shield for the but tonhole as an Identification mark. Tickets are on sale at the head quarters of the various trade bode s in Washington and ar virtually pi; Irge local hotels, stores and pub! t gathering places. They will also 1 r sold at the base ball park. WIN RIFLE TRYOUTS. Four civilians and eight serve men of the Army, Navy, Marine Con and National Guard won places w: the American Olympic rifle team in the tryouts held last week at Quan tico. Va Official announcement hv the War Department last night of th twelve men who qualified for th team placed Sergt. M. Fisher of th Marine Corps, at the head of the list with an aggregate score for the thr- • days’ shooting of 1.533. The other qualifying contestant«, with their scores, ranked in this or- 9 der: D. Fenton, infantry, 1.S08; C. T. Osburn, Navy, 1,791; W. R. Stokes, civilian. 1.786; R. O. Coulter, Marir- Corps, 1.735; S. R. Hinds. Infantry,' 1.733; R. W. Crockett, District of Co lumbia National Guard, 1.726; R. C. Stokes, civilian. 1,713; C. Landrock. civilian, 1,706; M. Dinwiddle, District of Columbia Natonal Guard. 1.700; .1. > K. Boles, field artllery. 1,690; J. I'.. Grier, civilian. 1,689. Those entered in the final fry-ou * were selected through sectional rifle; matches conducted throughout th* country by the National Rifle Asso ciation in conjunction with the Wap Department's national board for ii promotion of rifle practice. ASSERT WET LEADER WOULD DIVIDE SOUTH Baptists Pt Atlanta Back Report’* Which Says Democrats Must Uphold Americanism. By the Associated Press. ATLANTA, May 17.—Warning that the solid south would break and rhat many southern states would swing iiii .j the republican column at the comh-g election if the Democratic party ■non - inates a wet or a man whose AttHtt canism is In doubt,” was issued tonfgV. t by the Southern Baptist convention upon adopting the report of its social • service commission. The reading of the report by Dr A I. Barton, chairman of the commissi'- . was received with frequent outbursts of applause. . . Emphatic opinions on world and* national political and religions ipies tions were contained in the report. In approving the report of the TVrwi-c commission on reparations, the co-' - mission states it is "a sourc»i (tf.jai-t pride that three eminent Americans were instrumental in bringing tin .first unmistakable gleams of hope.’ t<-r adjustment of Europe's vexing q«*rs tions.” ■ "• u. S. as Big llmthtt. Referring to the United S»a£f ■ big brother in the family of nattens ’ of the world, the commission declaims! that the countries of the earth “strlh mist us in spite of graft In high plm-f*'” “The success of the Dawes • idiuic'.ic sion indicates bow much wo luTgfit have done to untangle the fdcclu <>f world affairs if only we had ndt’fwr a season lost the ideal of service and sunken into the pit of sodden.-scifi-H*. ness.” it added. ' 1 The President, Congress and every citizen are called upon by the com mission to “regain the position of moral leadership” for the United 'States. “Undoubtedly one method of doing this would be found in associating mir government with the world court.'' the document read. Under what it calls “a look at our selves," the commission recognizes that “we must set our own house it, order." “It is impossible for any one to say how much truth there is in the count less rumors that have filled the air of our National Capital," the report con tinues, "but of one thing we are cer tain; public confidence has been be trayed and public trust has been barter ed. As a nation professing integrity and high ideals in public affairs, we have been scandalized before the world.” Declaring that “thieves and criminals” must not dwell in the house of state, the commission calls on the President, Congress and the courts to see to It that every unworthy official is put ovjjf and that every office of public trust is honestly and capably filled. Admitting that a battle is lost here and there, the report declares the fight for law enforcement goes forward and gains have been gained.