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Generally fair tonight and tomor row: somewhat cooler tonight. Temperature for twenty-four hours ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest, 71, at noon today; lowest. 59, at 5 a.m. today. Full report on page 7. Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 28 X' OQ O'v I Entered as second-class matter IN O. post office Washington. D. C. PILE'S CHANCE TO OUST MILLERAND SHAKEN BY BALLOT ■ r Vote on Presidency of Cham ber Reveals Unexpected Strength of Latter. , FORMATION OF CABINET TO COME UP TOMORROW Herriot Pleads for Co-Operation of America and Britain in In terest of Peace. Ty T ho Associated Press. PARIS, June 4.—l*resident Millerand Mimmoned Paul Painleve, a former ■ premier and newly elected president *>f the Chamber of Deputies, to the Elysee Palace today for a consulta tion in regard to the formation of a jiew cabinet to succeed the outgoing cabinet headed by Raymond Poin ca re. The consultation at the Elysee will tiiUe place at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning, arter which the president of the republic will receive in audience Oaston Doumergue, president of the nate. Painleve was elected president of the Chamber of Deputies, 296 votes having been cast for him as against • for Andre Maginot, former niin ist<T of war. Andre Martey, Communist, who *"■ rved a i>rison sentence for his part iu the Black Sea fleet mutiny before Sebastopol, received twenty-seven ■voles for the presidency of the Chamber. Painleve Chances Shaken. The chances of M. Painleve for the presidency of the republic are thought to have been somewhat shaken by the i • suit of the voting in the chamber. f.s his vote for the presidency of that body represents only a majority of twelve of its full strength. On the other hand the friends of President i.illorand are much encouraged by the unexpected strength shown in op -1 ■ sing the former premier. "The coalition of the left," M. Mil- I lerand's friends said after the bal- j , loting, “took their victory too sav- I iigely. The reaction was bound to j come. M. Herriot is suite as likely as | M. Millerand to be a victim of the unprecedented situation brought about about by the campaign of the Socialists against the present occu pant of the Elysee.” President Millerand made known to his friends today that he was deter mined to remain in office under any circumstances unless there should be a majority vote in both the Senate ;.iul Chamber of Deputies asking him in retire. Furthermore this vote must be in open session with the vote of cacti senator and deputy recorded. Ilerriol Ask. Co-Operation. Edouard Herriot, leader of the Radical Socialists and potential pre mier of France, in a luncheon address before the Anglo-American Press As sociation of Paris today, made a ringing plea for British and Ameri can collaboration and sympathy to aid him in the task of directing the * new government. He asked the press of both countries to assure their readers that he was “not exactly an anarchist or even a Communist— Radical Socialist does not mean what you think, but merely is the equiva lent of Democrat. “I know," M. Herriot declared, “that there are many democrats in your two countries who think as I do. that the one thing we want to work for! is peace. We want to develop all j peace-making activities for peace and i for preserving the league of nations. ! ■the international labor bureau, the I Avorld court and The Hague tribunal. I want your active support and that of the democrats in the Anglo-Saxon * countries to help the French demo crats’ move for Europe-wide peace. Assures Honest Rule. ‘1 know that peace cannot be made by resolutions of congresses and con ventions, but the principal thing is to want peace and to wish for it ardently and continuously. Whatever may happen 1 want to be direct and open—to work on Anglo-Saxon lines —to conduct public affairs with the same regard for honesty and morality as I would my private affairs.” M. Herriot, stressing the fact that he was devoted to the principle of balancing the budget, said his first great task would be to stabilize the linance.s of France. Herriot urged the newspaper men * to be frank with him, as he intended -to be with them. “When the moot question arises," he continued, “come and see me, or see those to whom I delegate interpreta tion of our policies before sending out any news. 1 need your help, and that of your two great democracies, , iu the task before us. Don’t worry; ' we will not be intoxicated by our power. That happens only to feeble heads.” Sheldon Whitehousc, counselor of the United States embassy, and Wil lis H. Booth of New York, president of the International Chamber of Com merce. were in the audience which applauded M. Herriot’s remarks. Demand Resignation. One hundred and twent-two senators of the Democratic left, which is the most important group in the Senate, adopted a resolution yesterday declaring that M. Millerand must resign from the presi dency. The Senate numbers 300. The republican union at a caucus, which M. Poincare attended for the first time since he assumed the premiership two and a half years ago, adopted a motion deprecating the agitation 'against the chief of state and affirming the principle that the president ought to be allowed to fill out his term of office. M. Poin care supported the motion. M. De Jouvenel, minister of public instruction, opposed the adverse reso lution at the caucus of the democratic left and proposed that * committee wait on the president and confer with him regarding the situation before action was taken. An overwhelming majority, however, sympathized with the radical socialist movement.' APPROVES BEACH FUND. House, at Same Time, Refuses to Ban One-Piece Suits. The House approved today a pro vision In a second deficiency appro , prlation bill which would make available $50,000 for a negro bathing beach for the Capital city. It, how ever, refused by a vote of 39 to 15, to accept an amendment by Repre sentative Blanton, Democrat, Texas, which would have prohibited the use of one-piece bathing suits on the proposed beach. Daugherty Afraid To Appear in Probe , Wheeler Declares By the A«soriated Prem. ST. LOUIS. Mo.. June 4.—Former ' Attorney General Daugherty “did not care to lay himself open to the rigorous examination that would have awaited him," Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana as serted here today in commenting on Daugherty’s refusal to appear be fore the Senate Investigating com mittee. “It’s no surprise to me," said Sen ator Wheeler. “Daugherty didn’t dare submit himself to cross-ex amination by myself and other members of the committee. He could not explain to the country his incomplete statements given to the press. “Nor does he dare to submit to the country his bank account or the names of various people from whom he has drawn money, either as at torney or otherwise, since he be came Attorney General. Nor does he dare submit to the country a list of his holdings, or to tell about his connections with Jess Smith, Howard Manington, William J. Burns, Urion, Thomas Felder and others in the coterie of his friends and companions. "I am sure the country would have been Interested to hear Daugh erty’s story, under oath, of confer ences held with Lockwood of the Republican national committee and some of the rest of the Republican gang in Washington wjien they framed up the conspiracy to indict me on a trumphed-up charge In Montana.” Senator Wheeler will address a Democratic gathering here tonight SUICIDE WATCH PUT ON FRANKS’ SLAYERS Guard Over Leopold and Loeb Doubled, Food Inspected, to Balk Self-Destruction. GALLOWS IS SEEN CERTAIN Murdered Youth’s Father Willing to Spring Trap. By the Associated Prem. CHICAGO, June 4.—Nathan Leopold. | jr., and Richard Loeb, millionaires’ sons, I admitted kidnapers and slayers of Rob i ert Pranks, schoolboy son of wealthy Jacob Franks, have signed no confes ; sions of guilt, it became known today, I and the state, which has asked the ) grand jury for murder indictments, must | rely on testimony of witnesses who ! heard their statements. Double guards have been placed to watch the county Jail cells of the pair day and night until they are tried. Fear ful that either may attempt to carry out previously expressed suicide plans, all food taken to them is rigidly inspect ed, and jail employes have been cau tioned to prevent smuggling to them of any means for salf-destruction. The pre cautions were taAcen after a conference of jail officers with state’s attorneys, when the grand jury completed its first day's inquiry yesterday. Will Not Speed Indictments. Robert E. Crowe, state’s attorney, said he would not hurry the indictments against Loeb and Leopold, and that every available witness would be called before the grand jury. Eleven witnesses went before the jury yesterday, and more than a score remain to be heard. That the defense will be made by the most brilliant attorneys in the country is considered certain by prosecutors because of the reputed $15,000,000 represented by the par ents of the youths. "All the money In the world won't save these boys, however,” declared Michael Hughes, chief of detectives, i "It's the most nearly complete case j over gotten together. Upon the in- I formation given solely by Leopold ! and Loeb, we have unearthed too I much corroborative evidence involv- 1 ing them to permit them to escape. I am certain they will receive the death .penalty." Millions to Fight Millions. Samuel A. Ettelson, former corpo ration counsel and friend of the father of the slain boy, declared “there’ll be millions to fight millions." He said the prosecution would be forced. "A confession means nothing,” Prosecutor Crowe said. "It might easily be ruled out by a trial Judge. It is in the witnesses to the incrimi nating statements that the state places most reliance. I am confident that in that manner we will be able to get the two youths’ statements to the trial jury in the event thoy re pudiate their confessions and plead not guilty to the crime." Investigation of possible connec tion of Leopold and Loeb in the shooting last fall of Freeman Louis Tracy, University student, whose body with a bullet through the head was found near the school campus, has developed that the bullet kill (Continued on Page 5, Column 5.) WALSH IS FAVORED FOR CONVENTION POST Strongly Indicated Montana Sena tor Will Preside at Demo crat Farley.. * Strong indications were apparent In Democratic circles her® today that Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana probably would be selected as per manent chairman of the party’s na tional convention in New York. Some Democratic leaders in Con gress said the questioif of Senator Walsh’s selection virtually bad been settled. The Montana senator, how ever, declined to comment on the re ports. v Walsh la gVwefnt Senator Walsh has been fttn several days In the forefront of those men tioned for the place. Democratic party chieftains met here yesterday to consider minor convention assign mexits, and at that time it was said the question of the permanent chair manship had not been brought up. Later, however, George Brennan, na tional committeeman for Illinois, issued a statement urging the selection of the Montana senator. The selection of Senator Walsh, Brennan said, seemed inevitable in view of his distinguished record in the oil Inquiry In disclosing to the country scandals without parallel in the history of the nation.” Wc\t xtomirm ifef. J V > WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION DAUGHERTY FLATLY REFUSES TO HEED INQUIRYSUMMONS Also Notifies Senate Commit tee He Will Withdraw Coun sel at Once. BROOKHART TO REPLY TO ATTACK ON PROBERS Former Attorney General Denies Charges, Declares Court Held In vestigation Illegal. Former Attorney General Daugh erty today notified the Senate com mittee, which has had his official con duct under investigation for nearly four months that he would neither testify as a witness nor be repre sented farther by counsel in Its pro ceedings. The committee had asked the for mer Attorney General to take the witness stand on Friday, as the last witness before a preliminary report ,1s submitted to the Senate. No for mal subpoena had been issued for him, however, and committee mem bers have indicated that they would take no steps to compel his appear ance. Paul Howland, attorney for Mr. Daugherty, read the committee a statement by his client declaring that “certain members of the' committee” had made a desperate attempt to "blacken" his reputation, and deny ing that he had "profited in any il legal, corrupt or unethical way” from his tenure of office. Mr. Daugherty's statement also de clared the federal court in Ohio, in the litigation between the committee ajtd M. S. Dougherty, had held the committee to be engaged in “an il legal proceeding.” He therefore gave notice that his lawyers would with draw. Chairman Brookhart declared the statement was a “reflection" on the committee, and said that he intended to reply before letting matters go further. "We have proved the existence of a criminal conspiracy in Mr. Daugh erty’s household," Senator Brookhart said. "We have proved that tax re turns of Mr. Daugherty when he took office showed he had no money, but that before he left office he had $75,000 on deposit in his brother's bank.” The chairman added that under the circumstances he would ask the com mittae to proceed with its plan of making a partial report, and then ad journ “for some time.” It Is a part of the plan to rename sessions, how ever, at some date late in the sum mer. Chairman Brookhart also referred to the indictment of Senator Wheeler, the committee prosecutor, as a “frame-up," and said Mr. Daugherty had sought to attack others instead of defending himself. Senator Moses, Republican, New Hampshire, said he wanted to ex press “some dissent” from the chair man. and Mr. Howland, with George E. Chamberlain, his associate, then left the committee room. Statement by Dangherty. Former Attorney General Daugh erty's statement to the Senate Daugherty committee follows: ,“I beg to acknowledge, through my counsel. your verbal suggestion of the 31st ult. that I appear before your committee on Friday, June 6. This is the first intimation I have had from your committee that I was to be accorded the privilege of a hear (Continued on Page 5, Column 2.) ASKS COURT TO HALT PAYMENT OF BONUS New Yorker, Seeking Injunction, Says Bill Provides Mere Gift, Not Debt Payment. Benjamin Catchings, who describes himself as a taxpayer of the United States, residing at 144 West 57th street, New York City, this afternoon filed in the District Supreme Court a suit for an injunction against John Wingate Weeks, Secretary of War; Curtis Wilbur, Secretary of the Navy; Andrew W. Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury; Prank T. Hines, director of the United States Veterans’ Bureau;' George H. Carter, public printer, and Frank White, treasurer of the United States, to prevent the accomplish ment of the provision of the world war adjusted compensation act, com monly known as the soldiers' bonus. The plaintiff asks the court to decree the public revenues of the United States are a public trust and to hold that the bonus act is In fact and truth a mere bonus gift by the federal Congress and not a pro vision for the payment of any debt or compensation owing in money by the United States of America. Sees Waste as Basalt. The court is also asked to say that the bonus act, if executed, would ac complish a waste and unlawful diversion of the public fund. The plaintiff sets out that during May, 1924, without the approval of the Chief Executive, the Congress pur ported to enact the compensation bill, the ostensible and declared purpose of which was and Is “to provide ad justed compensation for veterans of the world war and for other pur poses." When the war Congress found It necessary to summon the world war veterans to make the world safe for democracy, the plaint iff says, certain schedules and rates of compensation were fixed and set tled for the services rendered, which were very greatly in excess of the rates and schedules allowed to the soldiers and sailors of every other nation. The true purpose of the act, it is asserted, is not, as stated, to “pro vide adjusted compensation, but to make a gift from the public Treasury to that particular class of those who helped to win the war, who wore the public uniform. The intent of the sixty eighth Congress, It is claimed, is not to adjust and pay compensation to the veteran army, but to grant a bonus to past soldiers for services rendered and fully paid for five years ago. Mr. Catchings declares that the sovereignty of America lies in the people. The judges, the President and the Congress are but agents and servants, he states Mr. Catchings appears as his own counsel. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4, 1924-FORTY PAGES. . * fjdf LEGISLATIVE JAM AFFLICTS CONGRESS Adjournment Vote Eesnlts in Sen ate Conflict of Two In terests. ONE SEEKS VOTE ON SHOALS Other Wants Only Farm Aid to Have Right of Way. Congress, with adjournment set for 7 p.m., Saturday, suffered today from acute legislative congestion. The Senate side was the more af fected of the two. one group, headed by Senator Underwood, Democrat, Alabama, being determined to get a vote on the Muscle Shoals question, and another, led by Senator Da Fol lette, Republican insurgent, Wiscon sin, being on record as opposing any action not designed for the relief of agriculture. The House was not without its troubles, but it appeared to be in a much easier situation than the Sen ate. Its chief tasks centered about farm relief and the reclamation bill reported yesterday by the irrigation (Committee and embodying recom mendations made by the Interior De partment's fact finding commission. Urge Roles Suspension. While farm bloc members speeded up preparation of a compromise measure to take the place of the Mc- Nary-Haugen bill, which was elimi nated yesterday, supporters of the reclamation plan moved for its quick disposal through suspension of the rules in both chambers to permit ac tion on it as an amendment to the pend ing deficiency bill, providing funds for operation of the bonus law. This program, which would bar amend ments, limit debate to forty minutes and require a two-thirds majority, was said to have the approval of the leaders of both parties. In addition to the major problems confronting the Senate, indications were given last night after Senator La Follette left the chamber that many members had not given up hope of action on numerous local bills regarded as “unobjectionable.” The omnibus pension bill, embodying more than 100 private measures, had right of way today in the Senate, but was confronted by the plans of the Ford bid advocates to get action on a motion for immediate considera tion of the Muscle Shoals bill. Party Leaders Unite. The resolution calling for adjourn ment Saturday evening was adopted yesterday afternoon by a vote of 53 to 36, when Republican and Demo cratic leaders united to put it through. Before the vote was taken confer ences were held, at which an agree ment was reached looking to action on farm relief and reclamation legis lation. The fate of Muscle Shoals, however, remains in doubt. After failing In two attempts to obtain unanimous consent for con sideration of the Muscle Shoals ques tion Senator Underwood of Alabama is expected to renew his efforts in that direction today. La Follette Group Defeated. Headed by Senator La Follette, Re publican, of Wisconsin, the opponents of adjournment made two unsuccess ful attempts to defeat the Joint reso lution for the closing of the session Saturday. One motion called for a recess of one month. The other sought to continue the session until June 21. Those voting for the House resolu tion were: Republicans—Ball, Brandege?, Bur sum. Cameron, Colt, Couzens, Cum mins, Curtis, Dale, Edge. Ernst, Fer nald, Fess, Hale, Harreld, Keyes, Lenroot, Lodge, MeKinley, McLean. Moses, Oddie, Pepper, Phipps, Reed of Pennsylvania, Shortridge, Smoot, Spencer. Sterling, Wadsworth. War ren, Watson, Weller and Willis—34. Democrats —Bayard. Brassard, Brace, Caraway, Dial, Edwards, Ferris, George, Gerry, Glass, King, Over men, Ransdell. Reed of Missouri, Robinson, Simmons, Smith, Stephens and Swanson —19. Total —53. Those voting against: Republicans—Borah, Brookhart, Cap per, Frazier, Gooding, Howell, John son of California, Jones of Wash ington, Ladd, La Follette, McNary, Norbeck, Norris and Stanfield —14. Democrats —Adams, Ashurst, Cope land, Dill, Fletcher, Harrison, Heflin, Jones of New Mexico, Kendrick. McKellar, Mayfield. Neely, Owen. Pitt man, Sheppard, Shields, Trammell. Underwood, Walsh of Massachusetts and Walsh of Montana.—2o. jnajTner Labor —Johnson of Minne sota and Shipotead.—2. Total. 36. Radio Programs—Page 26. UPHAM WILL RETIRE AS TREASURER OF G. 0. P. Decision Announced After Confer ence With Butler—Has Been in Poor Health. By the Associated Pres*. CLEVELAND. Ohio. June 4.—Fred W. Upham of Chicago has decided to relinquish his place as treasurer of tho Republican national commit tee after a service of many years. Announcement of Mr. Upham’s de cision was made today after he had conferred with William M. Butler, manager of President Coolidge’s con vention campaign, and incoming chairman of the national commit tee. There was no indication as to hi> probable successor. Mr. Upham has been in rather poor health for some months.' With the retirement of Mr. Upham a new set of officials must be chosen when the national committee is re organized. Besides Chairman Adams, Secretary George B. larckwood also is to retire. Mr. Upham Is offering for election as national committeeman of Illinois. He is opposed by Rep resentative Alien F. Moore of Illinois WORLD FLYERS AGAIN DIVIDED IN FLIGHT Flag Plane Obliged to Stay Be hind, While Two Others Hop to China. By the Associated Pres*. SHANGHAI, June 4.—The American round-the-world aerial expedition, pursued by the 111 luck which robbed it of its flagship, the Seattle, to gether with the commander, again was divided today and once again it was the flagplane which was the laggard. Last Monday in plane Chicago which succeeded the Seattle, experi enced engine trouble going from Kushimoto to Kagoshima, Japan, which resulted in a forced landing. Today a refractory engine—a new one installed at Kasumigaura—was unable to raise the machine from Kagoshima harbor. Two Planes Go On. The two other planes went on with out it. The expectation here is that the Chicago, with Lieut. Lowell H. Smith, now commander of the flight, and his mechanician, Lieut. Leslie P. Arnold, will make the 500-mile jump across the China sea to this port to morrow, if the weather permits and the. engine can be reduced to a more tractable condition by that time. Arrival of the two planes here at 3:05 o’clock this afternoon, under the pilotage of Lieuts. Leigh Wade and Eric Nelson, with Sergt. A. M. Ogden and Lieut, John Harrington, as mechanicians, was dramatic. Great throngs, ranging from coolies to high Chinese functionaries, greeted the visitors as they swooped down off Black Point, near the mouth of the Whangpoo River, on which this city is located. The Americans immediately pro ceeded up the stream about six miles and came ashore. D'OISY NEAR GOAL. French Flyer Within Few Hours of Tokio. By the Associated Press. TOKIO, June 4.—Capt. Georges Pel letier D'Oisy, French aviator, hopped off from Taiku, Korea, where he had arrived this morning for Hiroshima, Japan, at 3 o’clock this afternoon, but was forced to return to Taiku after a short flight. Weather conditions were too stormy for him to venture passage across the Korea channel, he said, on returning. D’Oisy now is within a few hours’ flying of Tokio, goal of his long journey from Paris. Portuguese Flyers Progress. By lh<> Associated Press. AKYAB, Burma, June 4.—The Por tuguese aviators, Lieuts. Belros and Paes, who are attempting a flight from Lisbon to Macao, China, arrived here today from Calcutta. 44 MEN FACE MURDER CHARGE IN KLAN RIOT By the Associated Press. JOHNSTOWN, Pa., June 4. —True bills charging murder and riot were returned by the grand jury at Bbens burg late last night against forty four men, who were arrested in con nection with the fight between visit ing Ku Klux Klansmen and residents of the village of Lilly, Pa., two months ago. A number of the hills charged manslaughter and unlawful assem blage. Twenty-five alleged members of the Klan were charged with car rying concealed deadly weapons. The cases will he called for trial at Ebensburg next Monday morning. SON OF IMMIGRANT HONORED AS ORATOR George Chumos, Entry in National Contest, Greeted by Kansas Members of Congress. RECEIVED BY PRESIDENT Army, Navy and Marine Flyers to Entertain Visitors. The son of a Greek immigrant to the United States was met at Union station today by Senator Capper of Kansas and other members of that state's delegation in Congress. He is George Chumos of the To peka High School, who came to Washington to take part in the na tional oratorical contest to be held Friday night at Memorial Continental Hall, when seven high school orators of the land will speak on the Consti tution. It was a picture from the real ro mance of American life when the dis tinguished members of Congress met at 9 o’clock the representative of the fifteen great states which comprised :he mid-westem zone of the ora torical contest. The boy’s father is to arrive here this afternoon, having been prevented by the crowds which gave young Chumos a great “send-off” in Topeka from getting to the train to accom pany his son. Presented to Coolidge. Senator Capper presented the To peka school boy to President Cool idge shortly after his arrival, the presentation following a brief visit to the Memorial Continental Hall, the scene of the contest Friday night. At 1 o’clock this afternoon Senator Capper was host to Mr. Chumos at a luncheon at the Senate restaurant. The young orator is staying at the Arlington. Besides Senator Capper the delega tion which met the midwestern rep resentative today included Repre sentatives D. H. Anthony, Homer Hoch, James G. Strong, Hays B. White and W. H. Sproul and R. A. Roberts, Dr. J. M. Scott, Mrs. Scott, Charles Whitmer and Mrs. Hays b! White. Miss Carmie Wolfe, instructor in English of the Topeka High School, and coach to Mr. Chumos, arrived with the Topeka delegation. Once Carried Papers. While riding to the White House with Senator Capper the young orator recalled to the senator that he Tiad delivered the Topeka Capital. Senator Capper’s paper, getting up many a morning at 5 o’clock to do so. The Kansas City Star is the sponsoring newspaper. The visit to the President was Im promptu. The boy had been taken to the D. A. R. Hall to look over the scene of coming action, and on the way back past the White House he wondered if he might see the President Senator Capper Immediately stopped (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) CABINET CRISIS ENDS WITH MARX AT HELM Reappointment as Premier Follows Union of People’s, Clerical and Democratic Parties. By the Associated Pres*. BERLIN, June 4.—The most stre.nu ous of parliamentary crises in Ger many since the formation of the re public has come to a close with a decision by the German people’s party to rejoin the Clericals and Democrats In a revival of the Marz-Stresemann government, which recently resigned. President Ebert last night reappoint ed the Marx cabinet, which is to re appear officially before the reichstag today. Numerous attempts were made to coax the Nationalists Into a non socialistlc Republican cabinet, but In view of their demands, including sponsorship of Admiral von Tlrpltz for the chancellorship, it was found impossible to bring about pn •align ment of the parties. There were desultory attempts to reopen the negotiations yesterday, but Chancellor Marx, becoming con vinced that further parleys would only force the middle parties Into an ignominious position, finally announc ed his determination of reviving the retiring ministry of resigning the mandate glvoa him by President Ebsit. “From Pres* to Borne Within the Hour 99 The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Japanese Take Lives in Protest Against U. S. Ban By the Associated Free*. TOKJO, June 4.—Provincial cor respondents of the vernacular newspapers report four cases of suicide. In emulation of the Japa nese who himself near the ruins of the old American embassy building May 31, in protest against American exclusion of Japanese immigrants. In at least three cases, however, the attributed mo tive of anti-Americanism is unsub stantiated. The cases are reported from Choshl, Hamrflitsu, Odawara and Toyamagahara. In the last-named the police said they found a letter on the body addressed to Cyrus E. Woods, retiring American ambas sador. It mentioned the exclusion measure as a "racial insu 1' and referring to the "indomitable Jap anese spirit.” The tendency of the vernacular press seems to be to interpret each of V'te cases, in a manner, as »up po ting the anti-exclusion agita tion current here. REALTY DISCUSSED AS HIGH PROFESSION Speakers at Convention Point Progress and Predict Great er Strides. EDUCATION BIG FACTOK Dr. Balph £. Heilman and Others Address Gathering. Raising of th<» practices in the real estate to the highest plane of the profession, along with medicine, en gineering and law. was discussed by speakers before the National Asso ciation of Real Estate Boards at the second general session of its seven teenth annual convention held this morning at Keith’s Theater. Speak ers sketched the progress that the profession has made during the past few years, and predicted great strides in the future when schools are established, and the profession I of real estate is made the base of a four-year course in the colleges of the country. The subject for discussion today was "Building the Real Estate Pro fession,” and the speakers included: I>r. Ralph E. Heilman, member of the joint commission on real estate education and dean of the School of Commerce, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111.; Maj. Max Murdock. Chicago, formerly assistant director department of registration and edu cation, state of Illinois; A. H. Barn hisel, Tacoma. Wash., chairman of the association’s committee on ethics, and Dr. D. D. Luckenbill, professor of Semitic languages and literature, University of Illinois. Educational Program. Dr. Heilraaji said that the far reaching progress of real estate edu cation, initiated by the National Asso ciation of Real Estate Boards last April and already included, or about to be included, in the curricula of twenty-two leading colleges and uni versities, is a tremendous forward stop, both from the standpoint of real estate Itself and from the stand point of American coleges. He said that the colleges and universities must not be institutions apart from the world, but must be a part of the world. They must train, he con tinued. for every important field of human endeavor; for every field where highly trained intelligence is needed, or for every field that is important to mankind. "I believe.” he said, “that there is no field of study more important to I mankind than that which has to do : with the utilization of land and the | improvements thereon. I should not I be surprised if the most noble con- | tribution of our colleges in the next century will be that which they can I furnish through their machinery for scientific analysis and research to j serve as a basis for the solution of j our problem of land and its utiliza- ' tion. Correspondence Feature. Development by realtors of a cor- j respondence course embodying the j organized experience of their calling j evidences recognition of another I great educational truth, the speaker continued, and went on: "Today we have come to recognize in American colleges that education by correspondence—education in ab sentia —is perfectly feasible, practi cal and effective me-thod of instruc tion, particularly when pursued by men of serious minds interested in their subject. The educational pro gram which this Joint commission has outlined, I am convinced, is large visioned in its conception; gi gantic in its proportion, tremendous in its potentialities for real estate and for education and characterized by real educational statemanship. If it is executed on a scale commensu rate with its importance during the years immediately before us the real estate profession will attract many of the most able minds among our young men, and the real estate call ing will come a larger instrumental ity for service for the investor, for the home owners and for all who own or occupy property. Value of Uraue Lam. Maj. Max Murdock, Chicago, for merly assistant director of the depart ment of registration and education of Illinois, spoke on the value of real es tate brokers’ license laws to the real estate profession. “If any right-minded man doubts the value of such legislation that man Is uninformed,” said Maj. Murdock, • “There are those who have expected of 'these laws that they should be the means of limiting competition in the real estate business, and that the laws are special legislation for the benefit of those who obtain licenses. It is true that the effect of the law is to elim inate a certain type of competition which has been a serious handicap to honest brokers. "But if the benefit to brokers were the principal purpose of the law it could not stand the test of constitution ality nor hold the support of public opinion. The true function of these laws is to protect owners and purchas ers of real estate from the machina tions of dishonest operators, and these measures must stand or fall by that test only. But the accomplishment of that purpose inevitably results in a substantial benefit to the honest broker. "Although the soundness of this legis lation Is established beyond cavil, much remains to be developed in its practical application. The problems are of two kinds —first, administrative procedure (Continued on Page 4, Column 2.) Yesterday’s Circulation, 97,634 SENATE SENDS D. t RIND MEASURE TO CONFERENCE AGAIN Continued Advocacy of 60-40 Ratio or Lump Sum of $14,000,000 Ordered. CONCESSION BY HOUSE IS HELD UNACCEPTABLE Only Three Days Left in Which to Adjust Differences—Phipps Defends City. The Senate this afternoon voted to send the District appropriation bill back to conference with instructions to its conferees to continue to advo cate the Senate provision on fiscal relations which provides for reten tion of the 60-40 principle or a lump sum of 114,000,000. This vote was taken when Senator Phipps of Colorado reported the in ability of the conferees to agree and made a motion that the bill be sent back to the conference with the sam.- conferees. They are: Senators Phipps of Colorado, Jones of 'Wash ington, Ball of Delaware, Glass of "V irginia and Edwards of New Jersey. With only three days remaining before adjournment, the outcome of the battle between the Senate and House over the fiscal relations was no nearer a settlement this afternoon. Honae Concedes Little. The House voted on the question yesterday, and the only concession it made was to authorize its conferees, to agree to let the District govern ment have the 40 per cent of miscel laneous receipts which now go to the federal Treasury- This the House proposed to add to its 38,000,000 lump sum contribution from the federal government as a substitute for the 60-40 ratio. It is probable that the Senate con ferees will make further efforts to have the House representatives agree to retain the 60-40 for on.- more year, with an -understanding that a commission be appointed (<• make more careful investigation and report on the Cramton lump sum scheme before the next session. > Only Three Days Left. If this eqort is made and fails tb-- only other solution, in view of the fact that only three days still re main for discussion, is to have a joint continuing resolution passed, which would continue current ap propriations fdr the maintenance of the District government after July 1. This, however, would mean the elimination of all the important new work provided for in the pending bill. After the Senate had voted today to send the District bill back to con ference, Senator Phipps made a bri«-f reply to those who had earlier in the day criticized the amount of tax paid by the people of the District. Senator Phipps declared he was confident the people who own prop erty were willing to pay their share of the expenses of the city, but that they wanted their share to be deter mined in a proper and a constilu j tional manner. Fiscal Dispute Taken Vp, ! As soon as the Senate convened at noon the dispute came up for discus sion. The Senate received notice of the action taken by the House yes terday in authorizing its conferees to concede to the District approximately $1,000,000 of fines, fees and other mis j cellaneous receipts which now go I into the Treasury, 40 per cent to the | credit of the United States and 6” I per cent to the District. It was the I intention of the House that this con ! cession, added to the lump sum of j $8,000,000 advocated by the House, ! would give the District a lump sum j of $9,000,000 as a substitute for the j time honored definite percentage | system. I After the action of the House had j been reported to the Senate. Senator i Phipps of Colorado, reported the in ability of the conferees to agree, and was about to move that the Senate insist on its amendments to the bill, when Senator Norris inquired for the cause of disagreement in conference. Explains House Action.' Senator Phipps then explained that the House voted to destroy the 60-4<* ratio and substitute a lump sum ot $8,000,000 as the,federal government's share in the upkeep of the National Capital. In the course of his explanation Senator Phipps revealed that one of the propositions made by the Senate conferees in conference was that the 60-40 be retained for another year, with the understanding that before the next session of Congress the merits of the lump sum proposal of the House would be carefully investi gated and considered by a joint com mission to be composed of three sena tors, three representatives and three citizens. Senators Caraway -of Arkansas then arose and gave notice that at Un proper time he would move to have the Senate concur in the action taken by the House on the fiscal relations clause of the District appropriation bill. Senator Caraway declared that the taxes in the District of Columbia are about one-fifth what they are in his state. His resolution, however, did not come to a vote. BOAT OVERTURNS; 5 DIE. Three Sisters and Brother, Leaving Church, Among Victims. • BIRD, Ky. t June 4.—Searching par ties today had received the body of one member of a party of five, drowned Monday night when a small rowboat, used as a ferry over the Cumberland River at the mouth of the Rock Castle River near here, overturned. The victims were three daughters and a son of Robert Bol ton, local merchant, and a son of Alex Bolton, who lives across the river. They were en route to the Alex Bol ton home after having attended a church service here. The river was swollen by heavy rains. Italian King Off to Spain. ROME, June 4.—King Victor Em manuel, Queen Helena and Crown Prince Humbert left Rome today bv special train for Spexia, whence they will sail on the battleship Danta Allghelri for Spain, to return the visit paid by the Spanish royal faml ily to Italy last fall. The warship carrying the royal party will be con voyed by an imposing fleet. TWO GENTS.