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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 19, 1924, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Generally fair and warmer tonight;
tomorrow partly cloudy; local thunder
showers tomorrow afternoon or night.
Temperature for 24 hours ending at 2
p.m. today—Highest, 92. at 3:30 p.m.
yesterday; lowest. 67, at 11:30 p.m. yes
terday. Full report on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 28
V *)Q OGQ Entered as second-class matter
• 'O. pG st office Washington, D. C.
GAS ROUTS SENATE
IN RHODE ISLAND; 19
I MADE 111 BY PLOT
. Victims, Republican With One
i Exception, Refuse to Re
| turn to Chamber.
. DEMOCRATS SEE MOVE
TO END THEIR FILIBUSTER
lieutenant Governor Orders Arrest
of "Striking'’ Members—Sheriff
, Defies Him.
By the Associated Press.
PROVIDENCE. R. 1., June 19—As a
result of the loosing of poisonous
fumes in the state Senate chamber,
> the Republican members who consti
tute a majority, today refused to
attend the Senate session and were
fcrrested on a warrant obtained by
Lieut Gov. Felix A- Toupin, the Dem
ocratic president of the Senate.
Senator A. A. Sherman of Ports
mouth, Republican floor leader, was
in a hospital suffering from the
effects of the gas, and High Sheriff
Jonathan Andrews refused to force
the eighteen other Republicans to
enter the Senate chamber.
Kind Gas-Soaked Wad.
A large wad of gauze soaked in a i
liquid thought to contain chlorine was |
’ found wrapped in newspapers in the j
curtains behind the rostrum after the j
fumes had spread through the cham- j
bcr. The persons nearest the parcel |
w ere Mr. Toupin and other Demo- j
crats, but, with one exception, the j
* eniy senators who complained of the
effects of the gas were Republicans, j
Mr. Toupin declared that he was "in j
first-rate shape," and other Demo- ,
crats asserted that the Republicans j
were “bluffing” as to their condition j
*so as to absent themselves from the ,
chamber and hold up the Senate pro- -
ceedings.
Gov William S, Flynn declared j
that “an attempt has been made to j
poison the lieutenant governor." His ;
lieutenants joined with the local po- j
lice in an investigation to discover |
who had placed the impromptu |
••bomb."
Defied by Sheriff.
Sheriff Andrews, in support of his j
refusal to compel attendance by the J
Republicans, produced a certificate
signed by Dr. Herbert E. Harris stat
ing that the' senators he had exam
ined were unfit for doty. Mr. Toupin
then obtained a warrant for their ar
rest, and the Republicans were es
corted from the building under police
guard. The lieutenant governor de
clared a recess, and a meeting of
Democrats was held in the governor’s
office to discuss legal steps to meet
the sheriff's refusal.
. An ambulance took four senators to
a hospital, but shortly after noon the
authorities there said that Senators
Harry A. Sanderson of Johnston, Wil
liam L. Sharpe of East Greenwich,
Republicans, and John H. Powers of
Cumberland, Democrat, had left in an
automobile. Senator Sherman, it was
aaid, was “resting comfortably.”
Senator Powers was the only Demo
cratic senator to be treated by a
physician.
Session Lasts 48 Honrs.
When the gas episode halted pro- |
ceedings, the Senate had been in ses- j
stem continuously since 2 o’clock last I
Tbesday afternoon, when an attempt
by Senator Sherman to take control
cf the Senate led to a free-for-all
light in the chamber.
The Senate has been in a virtual
deadlock since the beginning of the
present session last January. The
Democratic minority has been try
ing to put through a measure for a
referendum for a constitutional con
vention. but the Republicans have re
fused to pass it. Mr. Toupin adopted
a policy of refusing to recognize Re
publican senators, and the Democrats
lave been engaged in lengthy fili
busters to prevent the consideration
cf Republican business.
When the fumes of the gas became
apparent senators and spectators be
came groggy. Soon Senators Sher
man Sanderson and Sharpe, Repub
licans. and Powers. Democrat, sank
• into coma and were carried out.
Presiding Officer Pale.
Lieut. Gov. Toupin, pale and nau
seated. mounted the rostrum after
the recess, and announced that the
Senate would proceed with business.
The four stricken senators were not
Jn their places.
The Republicans agree to vote upon
but refuse to pass the constitutional
convention resolution. The Demo
crats have offered to vote for an
emergency appropriation bill, which
the Republicans claim would not re
lieve the needs of the state employes,
many of whom have not been paid
ifor months.
When the Senate reconvened and
the lieutenant governor noticed the
absence of the three Republicans who
were overcome by the gas he ordered
the deputy sheriffs to bring them into
the Senate chamber. The deputies re
ported that they were unable to do so.
The lieutenant governor then depu
tized fifteen civilians to compel the
attendance of the Republicans. He
ordered them to break down the doors
of the committee room where the
stricken senators were. A squad of
fifteen Providence police was pre
pared to resist such violence.
Doctor Certifies Hines*.
Dr. Herbert T. Harris sent to the
lieutenant governor a certificate stat
ing that he had examined nineteen
Republican senators and found them
physically unfit to return to the
chamber at once because of gas
poisoning.
The lieutenant governor made a
speech in which he ridiculed the Re
publicans and said that he had stood
in the midst of the gas throughout
the period and that he had been ex
amined by a physician, who stated
that he was all right.
Contrasting the statement of Dr.
Harris with that of another physician
whom he did not name, the lieutenant
-overnor said the latter had exam
l ined Senators Sherman, Sharpe and
Sanderson and pronounced them fit.
Senator Greene of Newport then
moved that the Senate recess, and
thea began to discuss his motion, flay
ing the Republican party.
| Drops 1,800 Feet. |
LIE IT. JOHN MACREADY.
SAVES LIFE BY NIGHT
LEAP IN PARACHUTE
Macßeady Jumps 1,800 Feet From
“Dead" Plane Through Dark
ness Above City.
LANDS NEAR FLAMING SHIP
I
! Startles Horrified Crowd Watching
Burning Wreckage.
| By the Associated Press,
DAYTON, Ohio, June 19.—Lieut, i
| John A. Macßeady, veteran Array j
I tiler, last night added the most ;
j thrilling chapter to the story of his ;
I aerial exploits. He has flown across I
[ the continent in a day. He has as
j cended to a height of more than
| 24.000 feet, and come down stiff as an !
| automaton from the intense cold.
Last night he crawled out on the j
wing of his airplane, the motor of j
which had gone dead, jumped and i
pulled the rip cord of his parachute, j
and started down through 1.800 feet )
of blackness.
He landed without a scratch. The ;
story of the flight and the jump, as
told by Macßeady today, sounded I
like the most imaginative of'fiction, i
One of the strangest features came I
after he landed. When his plane
came down with a crash ft was im
mediately enveloped In flame*.
Crowds congregated and stood in
horrified anxiety, helpless to make a
move to extricate the aviator, who,
they felt sure, was trapped In the
flaming wreckage.
Walk* Into Crowd at Plane.
Macßeady suddenly walked into
their midst. He had landed a short
distance away and had seen the plane
crash as he glided through the air.
Macßeady was returning from a
night airways flight from Columbus
when the motor of his plane, a de
Haviland, stopped. After he had de
termined his ship was “dead” he said
his first thought was to land, if pos
sible, where no lives would be
endangered.
So he headed for the outskirts of
Dayton, finding his position bv means
of the city lights. "Then I prepared
to jump.” he said. “My altimeter
showed I was between 3.000 and 3,400 1
feet from the ground. I loosened mv
safety belt and threw one leg over
the side of the ship, keeping one hand
on the control stick.
Plan* Leap Carefully.
“Finally I crawled out on the wing
and attempted to nose the ship up,
so I could leave without any danger
of having the parachute catch. I had
to work fast. I let go of the plane
and let the wind blow me free. I
decided to count two before I pulled
the ripcord of the parachute, so as
not to foul the plane.
“I don't know in what position I
was in when I left the ship—whether
I was upside down or not. But I
heard the parachute open with a snap
and I knew I would land safely some
place."
Edward A. Wuichet of the Dayton
Chamber of Commerce, walking down
below in the summer darkness, was
startled to hear a voice from the sky
say: “Hello below! Hey down there!”
Macßeady had decided to call out to
preclude. If possible. Injury in land
ing.
“I kept carrying on a conversation
with those below until 1 felt a slight
bump. They told me later I had land
ed on the edge of a 100-foot cliff.
Not a scratch or even a good bump.”
Air officials here believe Macßeady
is the first person ever to make a !
night parachute lean.
THIRD TO PERFORM FEAT.
Two Other McCook Field Pilots
Have Seen Saved by Jumps.
Lieut. Macßeady is the -third
McCook Field pilot to be saved from
death by a parachute. Several
months ago Lieut. Harold R. Harris
jumped to safety when his plane be
gan to fall to pieces, and Lieut.
Eugene Barkesdale floated to earth
under a parachute when he saw an
imminent crash of his plane.
Lieut. Macßeady, recognized as
one of the leading Army air service
pilots, has been honored many times
with difficult flight assignments. He
is the former holder of a world
altitude record and is planning again
to wrest the title from Prance, mechan-
IcaJ failures having halted his last
two attempts.
SIX KILLED IN CRASH.
Street Car and Auto Collide Near
. Genoa, Ohio.
TOLEDO, June 19.—Six' persons
were killed today when an inter
urban car struck an automobile and
demolished it near Genoa. Two men,
two women and two children, all un
identified, were the victims.
A witness said the automobile was
being driven at a terrific speed. The
interurban motorman had no oppor
tunity to stop his car. So great was
the impact that the bodies of four of
the victims were stripped of their
clothing. •
W[]ft lEtoeratm Sfof.
Vw/ J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \^/
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, JUNE 19, 1924-FORTY-EIGHT PAGES.
PARTY ORGANIZED.
REDS DEFEATED AT
ST. PAUL SESSION
Minnesota Farmer Delegates
Succeed in Delaying Adop
tion of Platform.
*
1 MEETING MAY END TODAY
!
| Foster and Cohorts Agree Not to
Split—La Follette Blocks
Use of His Name.
By ite A«so< iatecl ProK*.
ST. PAUL. Minn.. Juno 19. Adop
tion of a platform and nomination of
| a provisional national ticket remained
I before the new national Farmer-Ln
| bor party convention when it con
vened today for what Us leaders
hoped would be the final sessions.
This stage was reached In a ses
sion which lasted until midnight list
night, the greater part of the eve
ning being consumed in a successful
fight by the farmer delegates from
Minnesota to delay adoption of the
platform.
Formation of the party went
through practically without debate
when the convention learned that the
Communists had given up their plaui
for immediate launching of a right
national organization. This left the
plan fathered by William Mahoney.
St. Paul union laborite, the only one
in she field.
Word From La Follette.
Senator La Follette blocked all
thought of direct indorsement by
this convention last night when he
sent word through John F. Sinclair
of Minneapolis that he would no;
consider any action in bis behalf by
the new party. Word of this was
passed around the convention, but was
not announced openly.
The new party is to start out on
a provisional basis, with state and na
tional conventions set for some time
after the November election. The
1924 campaign Is to be devoted to or
ganized work in the states under the
general plan of “enrolled member
ship" in the Farmer-Labor co-opera
tive organizations, and district polit
ical units, used in Minnesota. The or
ganization committee declared its
creation “should be free from any al
liance with or subject to the control
of any organization existing in or
controlled by any foreign country. It
was equally emphatical in declaring
the party apart “from any organiza
tion serving the Interests of those
who profit from the private owner
ship of the great monopolies." . Both
the Republican and Democrat!* par
ties were placed In this class.
Economic, industrial and occupa
tional groups were declared the
proper foundation units upon which
the structure might be built.
Give* I p Own Plan*.
Foster told the convention that he
and his followers had given up their
own idea of organization in order to
promote harmony and prevent a split
in the convention. The abandoned
plan would have created an Inde
pendent organization, functioning on
its own behalf and accepting af
filiations from other bodies only
when they conformed to its tenets.
The organization scheme was mod
eled upon the rural and municipal
communes and district and national
Soviets of the Russian system. It
provided that 25 per cent of the
per capita tax collected from mem
bers of the party should go to the
national committee. This committee
will be selected by a national con
vention, called once in four years if
the committee deemed such action
advisable. Opponents of the plan had
pointed out that this provision might
make a national committee self-per
petuating.
“We gave up our plan to promote
unanimity here," said Foster, “but I
want to assure those who favored it
that we did not yield a single prin
ciple in doing this.”
Morning Sens ion Delayed.
Delay in delivering printed copies
of the platform Held up the start of
the morning session. It was thirty
minutes late In convening and then
found itself without business. Speech
making filled the gap.
John Curtis Kennedy, former So
cialist alderman in Chicago and here
as a delegate from Seattle, said that
the Washington delegation would not
withdraw on any pretext whatever.
“You may be too conservative to
satisfy us, but we will stick, any
how,” he said.
David A. Gorman, delegate from the
Central Labor Council of Los Angeles
and chairman of the nomination com
mittee, presented the following brief
report from that committee;
“The committee on nominations
recommends to the convention that it
shall proceed with nominations for
President and Vice President of the
United States in accordance with the
provision of the organization report,
which was unanimously adopted.”
Favoni La Follette.
W. J. Taylor of Nebraska offered
a minority report, as follows:
"We favor Robert M. La Follette
for President if he should become
candidate.”
“Please note,” he said, "that this is
based upon a condition and a hope
on my part that the Cleveland con
ference will result in some action
that will give the basis for a real
party that will truly represent
farmers and laborers.”
He accented the word “farmers.”
Fred Fraley, Kansas, speaking for
the majority report, said he was
originally for the idea presented by
Taylor.
“But after the nominating com
mittee did not want a nomination we
did not wish to place cither ourselves
or him In an embarrassing position,”
he said.
Start of Platform.
The proposed platform started with a
preamble which referred to the Declara
tion of Independence and asserted the
rights to life, liberty and pursuit of
happiness had been denied by the
"financial oligarchy, with its head
quarters in Wall street.”
It called the farmers and industrial
workers to throw off “the grip upon
the government of the privileged
classes.” The existing powers were
accused of having looted the national
Treasury and by legislation deprived
farmers and laborers of a cbance for
a "decent standard of living.”
The Supreme Court of the United
States, it said, was used to protect
property Interests and the Army and
Navy maintained “to protect invest
ments In foreign lands.”
(Continued on Pace 2, Column
l
BRITAIN BREAKS OFF
MEXICAN RELATIONS
American Embassy Intrusted With
Protection of Imperial
Interests.
ANGERED BY TONE OF NOTE
U. S. Task One of Most Delicate
in Recent Diplomacy.
BY HAL O’FLAHERTY.
By Cibp to Thf Star «nd Clilrtgo Dally
News, Copyright. 1924
LONDON, June 19.—Breach of dip
lomatic relations between Great Brit
ain and Mexico has come as a result
of the indignation aroused here by
the tone of Mexico’s note explaining
the recent controversy.
British Representative Cummins in
Mexico has been recalled as a result
and Great Britain's interests in Mex
ico Intrusted to the American em
bassy there.
Affront to Dignity.
In view of the harshness of the
wording of the Mexican note, further
steps toward an amicable settlement,
it was decided, would be incompatible
with Great Britain’s dignity.
Prime Minister MacDonald confer
red today with Ambassador Kellogg
regarding the necessary formalities
surrounding the departure of Mr.
Cummins and assumption of his du
ties by Americans.
Very Delicate Task.
No more delicate task has been in
trusted to American diplomacy in re
cent years, involving, as it does, pro
tection of vast interests, mines, oil
wells, land, commerce and shipping.
The fact that in many cases Ameri
can interests compete directly with
the British adds complications to the
situation, but at the same time offers
a remarkable opportunity to the new
ly constituted American foreign serv
ice to show its adaptability.
The American ambassador in Mex
ico City will require the utmost co
operation from every consulate to
safeguard British Interests.
Some hope exists that the period of
broken relations will terminate at an
early date.
AMERICAN TAXES CHARGE.
Handed Over British Archives in
Mexico City.
The archives of the British em
bassy in Mexico City, which have
been In the custody of Herbert C.
Cummins, the British agent whom
the Mexican government has re
quested London to recall, have been
taken in charge by the American
embassy, presumably as “an act of
courtesy.”
Premier MacDonald discussed the
situation at Mexico City this week
with American Ambassador Kellogg
at London, and it is assumed that the
transfer is one result of that con
ference.
The request that the American
embassy lake charge of the archives
was transmitted to Washington
through Ambassador Kellogg and in
structions went forward today to
H F Arthur Schoenfeld, American
charge at the Mexican capital. He
directed to inform the Mexican
foreign office of his action as a
matter of courtesy.”
No information as to the ne * l
development in the caste was avail
able at the State Department.
Mexico Stand* Firm.
The Mexican embassy here issued
a statement today announcing the: de
termination of the Mexico City gov
ernment not to recede from its posi
tion In demanding the recall of Cum
mi A S reply to the British government
was dispatched yesterday, the state
ment said, disagreeing with the view
that the request for the recall con
stituted a discourteous act. The
reply, the embassy said, declared it
to be an elementary principle that
any government s-t any time hai>
the right to request other govern
ments to recall diplomats or official
agents and that it is> the duty under
international comity to withdraw
them "and not to endeavor to impose
them on other countries.’
Defense of Mexico-
The department of foreign relation*
likewise informed the British gov
ernment. the statement said, that it
could never permit 'Mr. Cummlnr
discourtesies toward the Mexican
authorities in the discharge of his
duties.” adding that “to obviate fur
ther difficulties it would consider as
a sincere demonstration of his maj
esty’s government the immediate re
call of Mr. Cummins."
It was fully realized, the state
ment said, "that this attitude of de
fense of the national honor would
mean the cancellation” of the pro
posed mission to Mezioo headed by
Sir Thomas Hohler, “leaving to his
majesty's government to determine
as it may deem oonvenient for Its
Interests the future relations since
on Pace 2. Column
Canadian Liner
And Italian Ship
Hit in Dense Fog
By the Asrooiated Pre.i*.
ST. JOHNS, N. F.. June 19. —The
Canadian Pacific liner Metagama
collided with the Italian r.leamer
Clara Camus seven miles off Cape
Race during a dense fog yester
day. The Metagama’s stokehold
is reported full of water, and the
Camus was badly damaged Both
vessels are heading for this port.
The Metagama is a steel, twin
screw passenger vessel operated
by the Canadian Pacific railway.
Her gross tonnage is 12,420. She
left Glasgow on June 13 for Mon
treal.
The Claxa Camus, registering
4,416 tons, w*as last reported as
having arrived at Montreal from
London on June 9.
Wireless messages from the two
vessels said that they hoped to be
able to reach St. Johns tonight.
The steamer RocaJind. bound from
New York for St. Johns, has gone
to their assistance.
SKIPPER TO CLAIM
WRAN6EL FOR U. S.
Capt. Louis Lane, Noted in Arctic,
Leaves Nome to Raise Flag
on Island.
SEE TROUBLE WITH RUSSIA
Soviet Government Seeks to Hold
Grim Region.
BY D. M. LEBOI RDAIS.
Correipendenre of The S*»r »nd the North
American Newspaper Alliance.
ABOARD THE SCHOONER HER
MAN. OFF NOME, Alaska. June IS.—
The American schooner Herman, com
manded by Capt. Louis Lane of San
Francisco, put out from Nome for
Wrangel Island at noon today, open
ing another chapter, perhaps the
most thrilling, in the island's grim
history.
Capt. Lane will raise the Stars and
Stripes over Wrangel and claim it for
the United States. It is known that
the soviet government is also plan
ning to send a ship to Wrangel this
season to reaffirm its claim to the
island. “Sourdough” Hans, a Nome
seaman, who was with Capt. Harold
Noice on his relief trip to Wrangel
last season, and who was frozen in
off the coast of Siberia later in the
year, corroborated this fact. He
ZW * he governor of north
eastern Siberia, who told him of the
Russian plans and expressed great
indignation that Noice had failed to
secure permission from the Russian
government to land on the Island.
Prepare for Straggle.
Asked what he would do if he en
countered Russian opposition. Capt.
Lane made a gesture that indicated he
would not leave the Island without
attempting to carry out his plans at
any hazard.
The Herman is chartered by Lomen
Brothers of Nome, who control the
Alaskan reindeer industry. They have
taken over the interests of Vllhjal
mur Stefansson who, for three years
has fought a losing fight to save
*V range! for the British Empire. Both
the Canadian parliament and the Brit
ish government have repudiated the
claims he established for them.
Capt. lane is one of the best
known skippers in the Arctic. He
has sailed among the ice floes for a
quarter-century and took the first
merchant ship to Wrangel in 1910.
Harold Noice, who headed the relief
party to Wrangel last year, and Lome
Knight, who died there, made their
first Arctic trips with Capt. Lane. The
latter found Stefansson on Banks Is
land in 1914, after hopes for the
Canadian explorer had been abandon
ed.
Plana Dash la Angiut
The Herman will enter the ice fields
almost immediately and skirt the
edges until ice opens up enough to
permit setting a course for the island.
At this time of year the ice is
drifting north and west. Great herds
of Walrus follow 1L The Herman’s
clew will hunt these walrus until
conditions are right for the dash to
Wrangel Island. Captain Lane ex
pects this to be early in August.
The Herman plans to take off
Charles Wells and thirteen Eskimos
left on the Island last year by Capt.
Nolce. This party was well cqquipped,
and Is composed of men inured to the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
Radi? Programs—Page 36.
TOWN IS TERRIFIED
IN MINE GUN BATTLE
Strikers in Hills Stage Fight With
Guards at Brady, W. Va..
Establishment.
WOMEN, CHILDREN PERILED
Homes Shot Fnll of Holes—One
Man Is Wounded.
By thr Arenriited Pres*.
MORGANTOWN. W Va.. June 19
One man was wounded, the union hall
was destroyed by fire, and a number
of houses occupied by miners were
fired upon during a battle early to
day between mine guards and a group
of union miners at Brady, near here.
Sheriff W. M. Tost reported on his re
turn from the scene. The battle,
which began at midnight, terminated
shortly attar dawp,
Four men arrested by the sheriff
and his deputies and brought to the
county Jail here sold they were
union miners formerly employed by the
Erady-Warner Coal Corporation,
owners of the mine, which resumed
operations recently with non-union
labor, after the union men refused to
return to work under the 1917 scale.
Used Automatic Rifle*.
Special mine guards employed to
patrol the Brady property defended the
mine a«ain*t the attack of the men, who
secreted themselves in a hill over
looking the operation. Automatic
rifles were used. Sheriff Tost reported.
When the battle started women
and children of the working miners
took refuge in the basements of their
homes, which were in the line of fire.
These houses, the sheriff said, were
“shot full of holes.”
The prisoners, A. Huber. Byron
Costlo. John Hutchinson and Ray
Cottrell, were questioned by R. P.
Posten. prosecuting attorney. Huber,
who suffered shotgun wounds in she
back and legs, was found in the
miners’ hall. He will recover.
The prisoners said the shooting
began when an organization known
as “the regulators” burned a large
cross on a hillside. As soon as the
cross was lighted a large number of
shots were fired. This was followed,
according to the miners, by volleys
from a house in which seven mine
guards were o.uartered. In a mo
ment, the prisoners continued, the
entire village was engaged in the
battle.
The Brady mine has been the scene
of a number of outbreaks since the
operation was placed on an open
shop basis. ■
RAH, WORKERS BALKED.
Unable to Place Cars at Mine Un
der Fire.
UNIONTOWN, Pa.. June 19.—Mo
nongahela railroad men who returned
from Brady, W. Va., to Uniontown
this morning, reported they were un
able to place empty cars at the mines
in that region because of a battle be
tween men guarding the Brady-War
ner property and other men in the
hills surrounding the mine. When the
railroaders reached Brady at mid
night. they said, they were forced to
stop their trains about a mile from
the mine, as shots were being fired
by the guards and the men in the
hills. They waited until 4 a.m. to
spot the cars, but the battle contin
ued and the empties were brought
back to Uniontown.
According to reports received here
the union miners who refused to go’
So work at the Brady mine under the
1917 scale met on a hillside late last
night. Shortly after this meeting
ended, the battle started. The rail
road men said that in addition to rifle
and pistol shots they heard a number
of heavy explosions. The mine
guards, it was said, were barricaded
along the railroad near a water tank,
resisting the efforts of the men on
the hills to fight their way down to
the mine.
AMERICAN SLAW IN CHINA
Killed in Attack by Junkmen.
Kadio Message Says.
By Cable to The Star and Chicago Daily
News. Copyright. 19Z4.
SHANGHAI. June X». —A British
naval radio from Wahnsien confirms
the killing by Chinese junkmen of
Edwin C. Hawley, an American man
ager for the British import and ex
port firm of Arnhold Brother*; last
Tuesday. The message says that Mr.
Hawley died aboard the British gun
boat Cockchafer after the attack by
the Junkmen. It gives ao details of
tk# attack.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
$19,500,000 Fines
Imposed in Dry
Law Violations
Since prohibition became a law
approximately 119,500,000 In fines
have been imposed in federal
courts for its violation, prohibi
tion headquarters here has an
nounced in a recapitulation of its
work. In addition, nearly 6,300
years in jail sentences have been
levied in 150,000 cases.
Since July, 1922, when the con
spiracy section of the criminal
code was invoked in enforcements,
nearly a million dollars in fines
and 450 years in sentences have
been imposed in federal courts in
a thousand cases.
Offers to compromise aggregat
ing approximately 13,500,000 have
been accepted in adjustment of the
civil liability of breweries which
have violated the law.
SEEKSTO REFUND
TAX OVERPAYMENTS
Mellon Asks McCaU for Ruling on
Use of Cash Now in Treasury
to Meet Million Claims.
; FUND IN DEFICIENCY BILL
Decision by Controller General to
Be Given This Week.
On behalf of more than a million
taxpayers who overpaid their Income
' tax this year, and arc now waiting for
I their 25 per cent refund authorized
I by Congress. Secretary Mellon today
I asked Controller General McCarl if the
Treasury, under the law, may pay
these refunds immediately, in spite of
the failure of the second deficiency
bill, carrying for the purpose an appro
j priation of $16,000,000.
Cash is in the Treasury for the pur
! pose of paying tax refunds, but there
, are millions of dollars in claims pend
' ing which are older than the 25 per
I cent refund claim, dating back only
ito March of this year. A decision by
i the controller is expected before the
j end of the week.
Failure of the second deficiency bill
I also is still holding up the prospect
I of the coast guard’s new war on rum
| runners, althougn it had been an
| nounced by Chairman Madden of the
appropriations committee following a
I conference at the White House Satur
day that available funds could be used.
I Treasury and budget bureau offi
! dais were in conference today over
the problem of how to meet expenses
of the increased personnel for the
coast guard, which was provided for
in an item of about $5,000,090 in the
second deficiency bill which failed
The coast guard already has avail
able funds from a special appropria
tion of more than $13,000,000 to build
ships and repair Navy vessels to be
turned over to it. But the snag struck
by tbe last appropriation has caused
officials such concern that they are
trying every means to determine how
the campaign authorised by Congress
against the rum runners, may be car
ried on in its full scope.
Tax refunds are usually provided
for each year by Congress in more
or less of a spasmodic manner. In
i the Treasury appropriation bill, it
| has been the custom for years to in
! dude an item of $12,000,000 for tax
j refunds. Each year this has to be
; augmented by supplemental esti
! mates, and deficiency appropriations.
1 The first deficiency bill, enacted
I April 2, 1924, carried $105,000,000.
: which was made available as of that
1 date. In the Treasury appropriation
act for 1925 is an item of $12,000,000,
available July 1, for tax refunds.
So rapidly have the rebates been
flowing out of the Treasury, however,
that only about $30,000,000 remains
out of the $105,000,000 of the first de
ficiency bill. This sum plus the $12,-
000.000' of the Treasury appropriation
| for 1925 had been expected to last
j until December.
The controller general is asked
whether the $30,000,000 remainder
and the $12,000,000 new appropriation
available July 1 may be used to pay
back the 25 per cent tax refund au
thorized by Congress.
Although legislation was pending In
Congress at the time of the tax pay
ments in March looking toward the
25 per cent reduction, a total of 1,-
050,000 persons paid their entire in
come taxes, the Treasury discovered.
The total paid by these persons was
about $64,000,000, of which one-fourth
is to be repaid.
Another government department
feeling the blow of the failure of the
second deficiency bill is the Depart
ment of Justice, which had an item
in it for the war transactions section
of the department. Plans for pushing
this work ahead are being held in
abeyance for the time being by At
torney General Stone, until the fiscal
problem Is adjusted, and the depart
ment can determine Just what law
yers. under the law, it may engage.
POLICE GUARD HOME
AFTER KIDNAPING THREAT
Son of Irvin H. Hartman. Wealthy
Chicago Furniture Dealer, Sought
for fIO,OOO Ransom.
By the Associated Pres*.
CHICAGO, June 19.—Police guards
were placed around the home of Irvin
H. Hartman, wealthy furniture deaJer,
last night after a special delivery let
ter had been received threatening to
kidnap his ten-year-old son Irvin, jr,
unless a SIO,OOO ransom demand was
paid.
The boy is one of several rich men's
sons who were selected by Nathan
Leopold, jr.. and Richard Loeb, in jail
awaiting trial for the kidnaping and
slaying of thirteen-year-old Robert
Pranks, as possible subjects for kid
nßA* short time after the threat was
received a man's voice repeated the
demand over the telephone and said
further communications would tell
how the money was to be dtelivered.
The method of the threats followed
closely that employed In mailing a
sim'lar demand of Robert Pranks'
family after he had been killed. The
Hartman home is within a block of
the FTanks residenc®.
About the time th® ransom demand
was made a large fiery cross was
burned in a vacant lot in the neigh
borhood. It was extinguished by fire
men.
HARRIS GETS* ANNULMENT.
Former Banker Awarded Degree
in New York.
By tbe Associated Press.
NEW YORK, June 19.—Beverly D.
Harris, former banker, today was
awarded an Interlocutory decree of
annulment from Elaine Dee Harris by
Supreme Court Justice Wagner, who
sustained the findings of a jury which
recommended the annulment after a
public trial. ..
Yesterday’s Circulation, 94,255
DEMOC RATIO TREND
IS BOON TO SMITH
AS M’ADQO SLUMPS
Vastly Stronger Force, Led
by Brennan, Unites to De
feat Former Secretary.
HEARS! SUPPORT SEEN
LIKELY FOR GOVERNOR
Peace Reported Near—Two-Thirds
Rule Virtually Certain of
Retention.
BV V O. MESSENGER.
Staff Correspondent of Tbe Star.
NEW YORK, June 19—Here is Wil
liam G. McAdoo, in "the enemy's
country," ready to do battle with his
rival for the presidential nomination.
And it is the enemy’s country, for
a verity. Outside of his own group
of instructed delegates, less than a
majority and far less than the two
thirds vote required to nominate,
every man's hand is against him.
combined in a solid phalanx of votes,
to "head him off" for the nomination
Upon arrival, he found his chief
opponent, Gov. Smith, intrenched be
hind the Tammany breastworks. Co
incident with his reaching town came
George E. Brennan of Illinois, the
great middle west Democratic leader
Before the day was over he heard of
a proposed coalition between Wil
liam R. Hearst and Gov. Smith
hitherto sworn political enemies.
Mr. McAdoo could hardly blame
other than himself for the unfriendlv
atmosphere in which he found him
self. For months he has been brand
ing other Democrats, including ali
who are not for him, as "reactionary
agents of the predatory interests.'
"oppressors of the plain people," and
that sort of thing, and pointing to
his own disinterested motives, honest'
and progressiveness, and to the halo
of virtue which surrounds his own
head, in his estimation.
Two-Third* Change Beaten.
Mr. McAdoo found, soon after his
arrival, that he is facing strong op
position to his proposal to abrogate
the two-thirds rule and substitute
nomination by a majority. Brennan
of Illinois put his foot down hard
Southern leaders who of course ex
ercise domination in the Democratic
party deprecated the change. It is
an ancient practice in the party and
they do not want to depart from cus
tom. Besides, if that rule should be
abolished, as Mr. Brennan pointed out.
the unit rule must also be changed
the rule which causes the entire vot.-
of a delegation to be cast at the will
of a majority of tbe delegation.
It Is amazing, however, to note the
confidence of the McAdoo boomers in
his campaign. Naturally It is com
posed of a modicum of "bluff," in
uncertain quantity, but one would
think that he had the nomination
clinched and riveted to hear them
talk. The real fight against him has
not opened yet, it is said in the cir
cles of his opponents. They are going
to open fire on him very shortly with
oil scandals and his former connec
tion with Doheny. Effective domasrc
to the McAdoo iateresta is expected
to be wrought by a sub-surface cam
paign along this line.
Causes Brennan Snort.
McAdoo calls attention to one pos
sible element of strength. He say--
that with the exception of Gov.
Smith, all the other potential candi
dates who are allied against him are
more intent upon preventing his get
ting the nomination rather than hop
ing or expecting they may get it. He
has. of course, more delegates in hand
and in sight than any of the others.
He. claims that he is going to be nom
inated on the fifth ballot, whereupon
George Brennan snorts and says it
will not be the fifth nor even the
tenth nor any other ballot, and that
the convention will be here a long
time.
If Charles F. Murphy of Tammany
Hall had lived he would have been
recognized as the leader of the anti-
McAdpo forces. Now, with the Tam
many leader held by a committee of
practically unknown men, the anti-
McAdoo forces and allies are being
generated by Mr. Brennan.
Smith-Hearst Deal Sensation.
The sensation of the day is the re
port of the negotiations said to be
going on to bring about a reconcilia
tion between Mr. Hearst and Gov.
Smith and to swing Mr. Hearst's sup
port to Gov. Smith.
There is a question among some of
Gov. Smith’s friends whether the ac
tive and aggressive snpport of Mr.
Hearst might not be more of a liabil
ity than an asset to the governor,
when all is said and done. So. the
negotiations, which at present are
being conducted by Mayor Hylan. ma>
not result In anything more than Mr
Hearst refraining from opposing Gov.
Smith. Mr. Hearst, although he and
the governor have been at swords
points for a long time, does not bear
malice long. When Charles F. Mur
phy was boss of Tammany, they used
to "fall out” and "make up" at fre
quent interval*, as suited their re
spective exigencies.
As the delegates and leaders begin
to arrive In numbers tbe lines of
the anti-McAdoo allies are being
tightened to oppose him at every
step. The states that have favorite
sons, and same seems legion, are pre
paring to keep in close touch with
others and to lay down the general
policy of opposing everything that
the McAdoo men suggest or seem to
want.
Sweet Boom Started.
The first vice presidential boom to
make its appearance was brought
by the Colorado delegation, who will
present the name of Gov. Sweet of
that state. Colorado, whose delegates
are not instructed, will give McAdoo
nine votes on first ballot, Underwood
one and Smith two. Morrison Shaf
roth. son of former Senator Shafroth
predicts that unless the convention
nominates McAdoo or some other
“progressive” the west will give a
large vote to l*a Follette. Another
‘Tavorlte son’* candidate for President
set up his banner today, Jonathan M
Davis of Kansas.
BRYAN HITS UNIT RULE.
Would Favor Abandonment of
Two-Thirds Vote at Same Time.
By the Associated Pres*.
PITTSBRGH, Pa.. June 19.—Wil
liam Jennings Bryan, leader of the
Florida delegation to the Democratic
national convention in a statement
said today he would favor abolition
of the two-thlrda rule in the con
vention provided the present state
unit rule also was abolished. Mr.
(Contniued on Page 4, Ootum
TWO CENTS

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