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Partly cloudy tonight with showers in early morning or on Thursday; not much change In temperature; gentle south and southwest winds. Tempera ture for 24 hours ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest, 86. at noon today; lowest, 67, at 6 a.m. today. Full report on page 7. doling N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 26 XT OQ OOC! Entered as second class matter iN O. y,<S«7'b poet office Washington. D. C. 0, S, AID STRESSED AS ALUED PARLEY BEGfNSINLONDON Co-Operation Vital td Putting Dawes Plan Into Effect, MacDonald Says. ATTITUDE OF AMERICA EXPLAINED BY KELLOGG Session Adjourns After Election of British Premier as Chairman. Agenda Awaited. By flic Associated Press. LONDON, July 16.—American co operation for putting the Dawes plan Into effect to set Germany on her feet and stabilize the European economic situation was emphasized at the opening here today of the Interallied Reparation Conference, with England's prime minister, Ramsey MacDonald, and Edouard Herriot, bead of the new French government, the leading figures. At the conference table with the delegates sat two American repre sentatives, Frank B. Kellogg. Amer ican ambassador to Great Britain, and Col. James A. Logan,' jr., Ameri can observer with the reparation commission. Refers to V. S. Aid. Premier MacDonald in his opening remarks made especial reference to the presence of the two Americans, who although not full delegates, In dicated by their presence, he said, the good will of the United States and Its co-operation in the effort to give effectiveness to the Dawes plan. Ambassador Kellogg in reply de clared the Americans were present in the same spirit of co-operation and helpfulness as the allied delegates, the American Government and people believing that to make the Dawes plan effective would be the first notable step toward European stabili zation. After Premier MacDonald had been chosen chairman of the conference and committees appointed to work out the agenda the conference ad journed until tomorrow. Opening the formal proceedings of the conference, Premier MacDonald briefly surveyed the reparation prob lem, urging the importance of put ting the Dawes report into effect as a whole, without change of details. Outline* Program. It would be the business of the conference, said Mr. MacDonald, to create conditions for the working of the Dawes report, the first being the fiscal and economic unity of Germany and the second adequate security for prospective investors in the loan for Germany. One great merit of the experts’ ■work, continued the Premier, was the businesslike methods they had adopt ed in preparing it, and he hoped the present conference would follow their example. He pointed out that the Dawes report was not a final solution of the reparation problem, but that it was necessary' to get this scheme into operation before other problems could be solved. Therefore it was his desire that the conference deal solely with the Dawes report. Responding to the British prime rain later's welcome, Premier Herriot of France thanked his colleague for his “noble words.’’ He recognized the ap parent difficulties before the conference, but he thought everybody was ’’imbued alike with love of country and love of peace.” Therefore he believed that the interests of the various peoples con cerned could be conciliated. MacDonald to Preside. M, Herriot proposed Premier Mac- Donald as chairman of the conference, after which the business of organization was begun- Sir Maurice Hankey was named secretary general, and three com mittees were appointed to work out the agenda along the lines of the Herriot- MacDonald communique issued from Paris July 9. This business accomplished, the con ference adjourned until tomorrow. The conference is recognized by the press as the most important gath ering of allied statesmen and diplo matists since the signing of the Ver sailles treaty. Since this treaty there have been fourteen conferences, each aiming at a settlement of weary Eu ropean problems, and hope is earnest ly expressed that the fifteenth will prove the last and result in bringing order out of chaos. Press Not Enthusiastic. While nothing but optimism is heard in conference circles, complete confidence In the happy outcome is not universally held on the outside. Beyond wishing the conference well, few newspapers express themselves today regarding the prospects for a solution of the important reparations problem. One or two, however, re mark that there are serious difficul ties still in the way of a settlement. The Daily Telegraph slys that Premier Herriot Comes from Paris to the conference with certain political commitments which will not make easier the task of attaining an agree ment on all points. This newspaper dwells on the necessity of dealing carefully with the susceptibilities of France. Conceding, as other papers do. that the conference meets under advan tageous auspices denied its predeces sors, and that the Dawes report of fers a better prospect for satisfac tory settlement than was visible in any of the previous conferences, the editorial adds that, nevertheless, “in the light of recent events, the Dawes report can no longer be regarded aa (Continued on Page 4, Column tj -- Dawes Plan Dictatorship Not Even Offered , Young Says Reported Acceptance Is Declared False | By American—Regarded as Certain to Get High Position After Parley . i By the Associated Press. LONDON, July 16. —Owen D. Young, member of the Dawes committee of experts, today declared that neither the position of agent general of rep arations nor any other post under the Dawes plan had been offered him. Therefore, he said, the question of his acceptance does not arise. Mr. Young stated that he had re ceived no intimation of any sort from , the reparations commission or any other source that he would be asked to assist In the administration of the Dawes scheme. It is generally gssumed in British DAVIS WILL NAME CHIEF AIDE TODAY Campaign Manager and Chairman of National Com mittee to Be Chosen. DROPS BUSINESS POSTS Democratic Candidate Withdraws From Law Finn and In dustries Boards. r " 4 By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, July 16.—John W. Davis, Democratic presidential nom inee. today will select his campaign manager and the new chairman of the Democratic national committee. This announcement was made short ly before noon by George White, for mer national chairman, who, with Clem Shaver of West Virginia, spent the morning with Mr. Davis at the home of Frank L. Polk here. Severs All Connection*, Mr. Davis announced today that in order to give his entire, undivided attention to the campaign he had determined to sever all his legal and business connections. His law part ners were notified accordingly of his withdrawal from the tjrm of Stetson, Jenninks, Russell A Davis. Among other employments sur* rendered by Mr. Davis was that of general counsel for the Associated Press. He also resigned the only directorates held by him, namely. In the United States Rubber Company, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company, and the National Bank of Commerce of New York. So far as his townsfolk of Locust Valley and Glen Cove are concerned, the active campaign for Mr. Davis began today. The Locust Valley fire department, which consists of four wagons of the usual diversity, start ed out for the firemen’s tournament of Nassau County at Farmingdale, carrying large banners, reading, "John W. Davis for President.” At the Davis headquarters matters have not yet reached the banner and pamphlet stage. Reception for Candidate» The decoration of the department was part of the preparation for the celebration, a reception In honor of the nominee, which will be held In the local town hall tonight. Though Mr. Davis has been a resident of the county for only slightly more than two years, his neighbors, re gardless of their political predilec tions, obviously are proud of the dis tinction conferred upon him by his party. F. W. M. Cntcheon, who was chair (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) FOUR AMERICANS SUE FOR DIVORCES IN PARIS Husband Charges Wife Refuses to Recognise Authority—Three Women Ask Freedom. By the Associated Press. PARIS, July 16.—-Four American divorce suits were filed in Paris courts today. Royal Ransom Miller filed suit against Mrs. Pattie Chandler Day Miller, alleging refusal to recognize his authority. They were married in New York In 1916. Mrs. Geraldine Adee brought suit against Bradley Adee, to whom she was married in Tuxedo Park, N. T„ in 1920. Mrs. Dorothy Standley Matthews Harrington brought suit against , James Harrington, to whom she was i married in Cincinnati In 1915. Mrs. Gladys Amory brought suit , against Charles M. Amory. to whom she was married in Manchester, Mass., In 1917. MRS. COOLIDGE HONORED. Presented With Hand-Painted Cards by Japanese Children. Mrs. Calvin Coolidge. was presented today with an album of 100 beautiful ’ post cards, hand-painted by the boys and girls of the Sunday schools of ■ Japan, as a token of thanks and ap preciation to the United States for their help In aiding in the Tokio earthquake disaster. The presenta tion was made by members of the National Sunday School Association of Japan who are returning home after attending the Sunday school conwrtioia^ln^Glasgotrj^^^^^^ __ Radio Programs—Page24v IPhe Mtomim Slaf. J V > WITH SUNDAY MOENINO EDITION WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 16, 1924-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. * and American circles that If the Lon don conference, which begins today, Is successful and the Dawes plan Is put Into effect. Mr. Young will be asked to take one of the most Im portant posts, probably that of chair man of the transfer committee, other wise known as agent ageneral of rep arations. The appointment will be made by the reparation commission, but officials consider it absurd to assert that such an appointment has been made before the London con ference has started Us deliberation. It had been reported that Mr. Young had already accepted an offer of the position. NEW TAX APPEALS BOARDORGANIZED Charles D. Hamel, North Da kota, Is Chairman—Pro cedure Mapped. WILL ACT IN NINE CITIES Members Urged to Expedite De cisions to Prevent Upset in Federal Budget. Machinery created by the new tax law for adjustment of tax claims was formally set in motion today with the organization of the Board of Tax Appeals. The 12 members already named elected Charles D. Hamel of North Dakota chairman, and proceeded to work out rules of procedure govern ing the disposition of claims, which in the past have aggregated as high as half a million dollars a year. Present plans contemplate division of the board into committees of three, each committee to be assigned head quarters in some city central to the communities from which its cases come. Taxpayers thus will be spared the necessity of making trips to Washington to handle their claims. Pities tm Be Selected. • Cities where the committees will sit, excepting the group remaining here, have not been definitely de termined, but Chicago. St. Paul, At lanta, Boston, Kansas City, Dallas, Salt Lake City and San Francisco have been under consideration. Obvi oualy, only three In addition to Wash ington can be chosen at the start, but the other cities will be selected im mediately upon appointment of the remaining 16 members of the board. When the full membership of 28 has been named, nine committees can work in nine different cities. Acting Secretary Winston of the Treasury, addressing the board im mediately upon its organisation, de clared It had a “heavy responsibility" In acting as an independent agency of the Government. He urged that hearing and decision of cases begin immediately. The law provides that the board shall hear argument on all claims In public. When the amount Involved is above SIO,OOO the evidence must be reduced to writing and written opin ions must be handed down. Treasury to Assist. Although the board is entirely out side of the Treasury except that the Treasury must pay all of Us expenses, Mr. Winston said the utmost co-oper ation between the Treasury and the board was necessary or “there is great danger that your board may be over whelmed.” Ho explained that the Bu reau of Internal Revenue would at tempt to settle as many cases aa pos sible without the necessity for ap peal to the tax board, but even with this preliminary work the board faces a task that insures heavy work continuously. "For the next few years,” he con tinued. "back taxes will be a very material pert of the Government’s receipts. Daring the last fiscal year they probably ran as high as $400,- 000,000. We were averaging between $30,000,000 and $40,000,000 a month when the revenue act of 1924 was passed. In Jane our receipts from this source dropped to $3,000,000. Special Artiom Necessary. "You can readily see therefore that unless your board acts with prompt ness and with fairness to the Govern ment, our revenues will not be suf ficient to carry us through the next fiscal year, the surplus of which is now estimated at under $60,000,000. “I think your duty to your Govern ment and to the public is a prompt decision in all cases. You should not permit yourselves to be lost In In volved and tedious law suits. Make yourselves an administrative body to settle taxes. Give speedy decisions. To delay Is to deny justice—both to the government and the taxpayer.” The board will be located in the Investment Building; Fifteenth and K streets northwest, and It Is ex pected will begin occupancy of its quarters this week. KLAN CANDIDATE WINS, FLINT. Miclu, -July 16.—Judson I* Tran rue, running with Ku Klnx Klan rapport, wgs elected mayor of Flint by a plurality of 1,800 votes in yes terday's election, necessitated by the recall of David R. Cuthbertson. Tran sue based his campaign on - promises to clean up the citjb < I ■ ticketJ WSr\\ It. m fIA nl <r AW EtCNEMT »\\ \ OF GREAT— \ DEMOCRATS BUILD ALL NEWpiNE Lack of Organization Since 1912 Makes Complete Party Reorganization Vital. BY ROBERT T. SMALL. NEW YORK. July 16.—The Demo crats have undertaken the building of a national political machine for the first time since 1912. With the exception of the control exercised over it by Wood row Wilson, the party has had no or ganisation for the past 12 years. Nom inally there has been a national com mittee, but it has seldom functioned- In the campaign of four years ago it was virtually of no aid whatever to the presidential candidate, James M. Cox. It seemed lacking in financial and all other resources. Gov. Cox fought the battle of 1920 practically alone. Wher ever he went —and he traversed the country from one end to the other—the members of his party were astounded at the complete lack of direction In Demo cratic affairs. This year it is claimed all this is go ing to be changed. The breakdown In 1920 was ascribed largely to the lack of funds. The Democrats were penniless at the start of the campaign and in debt at the finish. The breakdown also was attributed in some quarters to the fact that the Democrats had for eight years placed their destiny completely in the hands of one man—President Wilson. Mr. Wilson never was much of a be liever in party organisations as such, and he did little or nothing to keep the national Democratic machine Intact Democrats generally were willing to ac cept Mr. Wileon as their dictator. Then came his collapse, and for the campaign of four years ago organization was all but completely lacking. Let Organisations Go. Mr. Wilson did comparatively little to foster even the state organizations of his party. Notably, he flaunted Tammany Hall here in New York City and also ig nored Charley Murphy In matters of state patronage. One reason for the enmity held by the late leader of Tammany Hall against William Gibbs McAdoo was the latter's activity in saying where the federal offices In New York State should go. Tam many's feeling was so bitter In the matter Mr. McAdoo realised he could never be New York’s choice for the Democratic nomination and he moved away to California, where the politi cal atmosphere was not only friendly, but wildly enthusiastic. The friends of Mr. Murphy, however, still formed an anti-McAdoo bloc and declared more than once at the recent -conven tion that the late President’s son-in law should not pass. The task of building before the Democrats Is an enormous one and that Is why John W. Davis, the can didate, is thinking of advising a change In the Democratic form of organization. He realizes the burden will be too heavy for one man. There is too much ground to cover. There fore, In addition to the national chairman, yet to he chosen, there will be a sort of board of directors in touch with headquarters, with re gional directors scattered throughout the country. Ihvor Republican Plan, The Republicans adopted this form of organization in 1920, but are gen erally discarding It aa unnecessary this year. Under the regional plan one man has general supervision' of the campaign in five or six adjacent states. Some of the Republican "best minds" were not satisfied with the scheme and felt that better Vesults were to be obtained by leaving each state organization supreme in its own ‘ territory and subject only to the gen eral "advice and consent” of the n an tional committee and the candidate. There is so ranch work to be done by the Democrats, however, that it is felt regional assistance not only is needed, but will be welcomed by the . sagging state machines. , Mr. Davis is going to call upon the “very heat minds” of the party in each state. He has been promised co-op eratlon all along the Una Prominent 1 (Contihued on £age 2, Colasas 14 ~ MacLaren 6 Hours Overdue; Japanese Ship Begins Search By the Ainoritted Pre»«. TOKIO, July 16. —A. Stuart Mac- Laren, British aviator. flying around the world, is six hours overdue at Paramashiru Island, Kuriles, where he was to have landed today, and a Japanese de stroyer has set out in search of his airplane, according to a re port received here from I’axama shiru late today. WHEELERTOVOTE FOR LA fOLLETTE Democratic Senator Declares He Could Not Ask His State to Back Davis. Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Mon tana, Democratic prosecutor of the Daugherty investigating committee, said today he probably would support Robert M. Da Follette in this year’s presidential campaign. “I do not see how I can support John W. Davis.” said Senator Wheel er. ‘Tn view of my past position, I could not ask the people of my State to vote for Mr. Morgan’s personal at torney.” Asked whether he would accept a nomination for Vice President on the La Follette ticket, for which he has been widely mentioned, Mr. Wheeler replied that he would not. The Montana senator added that he was not "quitting the Democratic party,” but merely was unable to con vince himself that he could consist ently support the nominee chosen at the New York convention. He would not commit himself defi nitely regarding his support of the La Follette ticket, but when he was asked directly whether he would do so, replied that such a course was "probable.” SILENCE LEADS ARNSTEIN BACK TO PRISON CELL By the Associated Press, NEW YORK, July 16.—Jules W. (“Nicky”) Arnsteln, engineer of Wall street bond-theft schemes, and his chief lieutenant, Nick Cohen, were ordered returned to the Federal prison at Leavenworth today on their continued refusal to tell the authorities the mum of a local man who has a million doU lars’ worth of the stolen securities. District Attorney Banton and United States Attorney Hayward declared their patience bad been exhausted. None the wiser for their several days’ question ing of the pair, the attorneys obtained an order from Federal Justice Rnn T f o r the immediate return of Arnsteln and Cohen to Leavenworth to complete two sentences imposed on them in Washing ton for having transported the stolen bonds to that city. DRY AGENT DECLARED SLAYER OF BOY IN RAID By the Anoeia ted Press. DETROIT, Mich., July 16.—Prank W. Rickey, federal prohibition officer, on trial tn United States district court In connection with the slaying of Phillip Kalb, during a raid on Kalb’s father's farm near Monroe, Mich, January 13, was pointed out by three witnesses yesterday as the man who shot and killed the boy. BEAR FREE FROM ICE. Coast Guard Cutter Du i to Beach Nome Tonight. By tbs Associated Press. NOME. Alaska. July 16.—After fighting Ice floes, which put several dents In her hull, and encountering Arctic weather in the Bering Sea since May 14, the United States Coast Guard cutter Bear will arrive In Nome late today, according to a wireless re port received her* , MAN OF 50 SOUGHT AS m SLAVER Few Clues Found in Brutal Killing of Son of Po liceman. By Hi. Associate.'. Press. NEW YORK. July 16.—Police on Staten Island today continued search for the slayer of eight-year-old Francis McDonald, son of a police man, whose mutilated body was found late last night In a hastily constructed grave of brush and leaves near the child’s home. The boy's suspenders, knotted tightly about the throat, had been used to strangle him. Nearly all the clothing had been torn from the body and was scattered about. A neighbor saw the boy Monday afternoon walking toward some woods. Just ahead of the boy was a man about fifty years old. The scene of the boy’s murder is three-quarters of a mile from the spot where Mrs. Maude Bauer was shot and killed last March after her car had stalled on a lonely road. Harry Hoffman, motion picture operator, is now serving a twenty year sentence for her murder. The crime has aroused Richmond County and' last night more than 5,000 persons are said to have visited the scene of the murder. police have found but little physical evidence of a struggle. They believe the boy was set upon sud denly and quickly overpowered by his assailant. A guard has been thrown about the scene in order to prevent the destruction of evidence by the curious throngs. More than sixty detectives have be gun the task of gaining preliminary information. One of those who volunteered information to the police was Jacob Stein, who lives on the same street as the family of the murdered boy. SAUNDERS’ INJUNCTION SUIT IS MODIFIED By the Associated Press. COLUMBUS, Ohio, July 16.—The United States Circuit Court of Ap peals today modified the injunction suit against Clarence Saunders, founder of the Plggly Wiggly chain stores corporation, and held that Saunders may make use of any im provements of patents or systems not included in the organization of the Plggly Wiggly corporation. “Aw, I Can Do It” Leach Scoffs; Ready to “Shoot 99 Niagara in Ball . 6 5-Year-Old Daredevil Confident of Making Trip Successfully in Huge Rubber Sphere . Went Over Before, By Consolidated Press. . NIAGARA FALLS, N. T., July 16. Secretly guarded in some ramshackle | barn or other unsuspected place near here is the Immense rubber ball that is to bounce 66-year-old Bobby Leach , of this city to added fame and for tune or to death when he attempts I his second trip over Niagara Falls. I July 26 or August 6. ( Though several have tried and failed, Leach is one of the only two | persons who have ever gone over the , falls and lived to tell the tale. The other was Mrs. Anna E. Taylor, who accomplished the feat In a steel bar rel In 1906. She died a few years ago. “Aw, I can do It," scoffs Leach on L the eve of his second perilous under taking. "I made It the last time in a steel tube. It'll he a lead-pipe cinch to do It now in my rubber foot ball. ' Shell ride the big plunge like a bub- I ble and I won't even get a Jar." The rubber balloon which Bobby 1 bets his life against $50,000 for mo ; tion picture rights is shaped exactly . like a rugby foot ball. It measures -7 feet 4 inches from end to end, and • has a width of 4 feet at the center. It is made Os the same materials as 6 Killed , 100 Hurt In Religious Row In British India By the Aiaoclated Frees. DELHI. British India, July 16. Sl* persons were killed and more than 100 wounded in rioting yes terday between Mohammedans and Hindus. The dlsturbanbe was caused by what is described as the aggressive attitude of the Mo hammedans, who persisted in car rying cows for sacrifice through the prohibited area where the Hindus live. The Mohammedans are declared to have entered the Hindu streets, breaking open and setting fire to the houses and desecrating idols. The military was called out with armored cars and forced to fire on the mob. There were no casu alties from this fire. The casual ties occurred in the street disturb ances. Order was restored after four hours. Cavalry reinforced the police pickets. U. S. WORLDFLYERS ARRIVEINENGLAND Landing Made at Croydon After 225-Mile Flight in 3 Hours From France. MRS. MACLAREN ON HAND Wife of British Globe Ginfler Ex presses Thanks for Aid Ameri cans Gave Him. By the Associated Pres*. CROYDON. England. July 16.—The American Army airmen on their world flight landed here at 2:08 o’clock this afternoon. The three machines taxied easily into the Croydon airdrome after an uneventful flight across the channel from Paris. Lieut. Lowell H. Smith, the flight commander, was the first to land, and one of the first to greet the American airmen was Mrs, Stuart MacLaren, wife of the British world flyer, who asked news of her hus band, now in the far east. The aviators made the distance be tween Le Bourget and Croydon, esti mated at 225 miles, in 3 hours and 3 minutes. "I am sorry we missed him, but am glad we could help him,’* Lieut. i Smith replied to Mm MacLaren, re ferring to the new machine with which the American expeditionary forces were able to supply the Brit ish aviator in India last month. Immediately following the flagship Chicago, in which Lieut. Leslie P. Arnold accompanied Lieut. Smith, were Lieut. Eric Nilson and Lieut. John Harding, Jr., In the New Or leans, and Lieut. Leigh Wade and Sergt. A, M. Ogden in the Boston. As the three planes swept up the field the crowd, which had gradually Increased from a score or so to sev eral hundred, burst Into loud ap plause and hurried to clasp the hands of the airmen and have them write something In autograph albums, on the backs of envelopes or on anything else handy. “We are all well and feeling fine,” Lieut. Smith said. Rrcepdoa by Officials. The aviators, tanned by the sun, were lean and brown, but In splendid health after their 18,000-mile flight, two-thirds the way around the world. “It is an experience I wouldn’t take a million for, but I wouldn’t start over again for a million,” Lieut. Ar nold said. There was an informal reception when the aviators landed. Frederick A. Sterling, counselor of the American embassy, and MaJ. Howard C. David son, assistant military attache, repre sented the embassy; Air Commodore C. A, H. Lonncroft represented the British air ministry, and Air Commo dore R. Webb-Boren the royal air force. These officers and many others of military and civil prominence con gratulated the airmen upon their suc cessful flight and wished them luck (Continued on Page 2. Column 2.) balloon tires, according to Bobby, and cost him $3,400. Its weight, sans passengers, is 284 pounds. In the Interior is a compact, oblong space, just large enough to aoom modate a man of Mr. Leach’s diminu tive proportions. It is hero that Bobby will repose, on a hammock suspended at each end by swivel fix tures, so that old mother gravity will keep him right side up. no matter which way the ball turns in its mad flight. Air compartments are at each end of the ball. Just like its smaller brother and sister foot balls, the opening is laced up from the outside. "Everything’s all set,” gleefully confided Bobby to the correspondent today. "But s’help me. I’ve had a devil of a time. Now there’s the authorities. They'll try to stop me. But I’ve outsmarted them every time before, and m do it again. Then that airplane company where I en gaged a pilot to tote me out and drop me into the rapids above the Horse shoe Falla Tou’d think they was being asked to be a party to a mur der plot. "Well, we drew up my 'death war rant.* X sign my own name ’Bobby (Continued on Page 4. Column TJ “From Pres* to Home Within the Hour n The Star's carfier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday’s Circulation, 93,940 RECLASSIFIED PAY SCALE WORKS FEW HARDSHIPS IN D. C. Post Office Workers Com plain—Many Charwomen Are Affected. INTERIOR EMPLOYES SAY OFFICIALS ARE FAVORED Procedure of Board in Handling Cases Hot Defined—Faithful Messenger Seduced. While government employes who received a raise in salary under the first reclassification pay scale yester day were congratulating themselves today throughout the city, a few who suffered cuts in salary were making protests to their chiefs, and in some instances were being strongly backed up by chiefs in a fight for higher salaries, promising Interesting de velopments. A large block of employes, it was revealed when the pay was received, had no change at aJI in their remu neration. The majority were raised. Some were cut. A few protests were filed by em ployes formally with their chiefs, while It was understood a greater number planned to send their com plaints direct to the classification board itself. Beard's Stand Cnknmrn. No word was forthcoming from the board as to the procedure which it would adopt toward these protests. Among complaints generally heard was one which charged that the higher paid officials in some depart ments received higher percentages of increases than lower paid employes. This was a general complaint in the Interior Department. The answer made to this was said to be that such changes were effected to make up discrepancies between the chiefs’ sal aries and those of clerks which were nearly equal before. A very few protests were lodged at the Department of Commerce, De partment of Labor and the Interstate Commerce Commission. rinunroma Suffer Lou. At the Post Office Department it was revealed that charwomen, al ready getting the lowest wages in the government service, were further reduced by reclassification, suffering a total loss of M. 40 a year from their already meager salaries of 8384. Under the old wage scale women who clean the Post Office Depart ment buildings for three hours a day received 8240 salary, plus 81*0 bonus, a total of 8384 a year. Under reclassification the wage scale for charwomen is 40 cents per hour, which, being applied, means that each worker get 81-20 a day for her three hours. This sum, multiplied by 313, the number of days they are employed, counting out Sundays and holidays, gives the new yearly earn ing of 8375.60. About 100 Fife Protests. Just how far this condition extends in the federal departments was a matter of doubt today, reclassification officials pointing to the fact that whole-time charwomen under the War, State and Navy offices are class ed in the custodial service, at higher wages. More than 100 protests were received by Chief Clerk Regar of the Post Office Department from clerical and other employes dissatisfied with their gradings under reclassification. Only four persons in the department, other than charwomen, suffered a loss in salary by reason of reclassification, it was declared. The greatest loss was under 8200. »w*» Assistants Raised. It was pointed out today that the four assistants to Postmaster General New were Included in grade 14 of the clerical and administrative grade, which gives them 87,500, under classi fication, as opposed to the 85,000 sal aries each formerly received. Chief clerks and other officials of the State, War and Navy Departments were averse to discussing the administration of t hft reclassification law on the ground that they had no jurisdiction. It was ad mitted that many employes had com plained privately about the re ratings, and some had alleged favoritism and discrimination in certain cases. One of ficial said that as the Classification Board had final Jurisdiction the policy had been adopted of referring all ap peals received from employee against their new rating direct to that board for consideration. At the Treasury, it was asserted, although not officially announced, that many of the employee in the of fices of the Secretary and his assist ants were either reduced In salary, or remained at the same level. This, however, was not authenticated. Older Employes Benefited. Fewer raises were understood to have been received at the more re cently organized bureaus of the gov ernments, such as the Veterans’ Bu reau. than among the older estab lishments, in view of the fact that the salary scales in the newer branches had already been more nearly brought up to the proper level to meet the cost of living. In one of the major government departments the case of a trusty special messenger who has been em ployed in confidential work for the head of the department for 38 years has roused the indignaiton of officials there. This man, declared to have given honest, conscientious service ail the long period of his employ (Continued on Xj TWO CENTS.