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THE EVENING STAR With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON. D. C. £« SATUBDAY July 26, 1924 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor Ihe Evening Star Newspaper Company Basis*** Office. 11 1 h S». and Paos*Tl»«»'B Avs. Sfw York t'ffi.«: 110 Bait land St. Chicago Office: Tower BufWinjr. , , tupnpe*n Office: Id Ke«ent St. .T.ou4»n, Ka*Und. /he Brenlnr Star, iritii the Sunilsv mutala# edition. Ik Jel’veivJ bT carriera vlflne th* cite at CO rente per month- dally only. 4S ■ ontt per month; Sunday only, ihl .enta »•» month. Orders mar be a*nt by m»>l or tale piiore Main 5000. Collect lor. la road* by car ters at the end of each month. Rale by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. ' 'aily and Sunday..] yr., 81.40 ; 1 mo.. 7#« Dally only 1 yr., $6.00 : I mo., 56c Sunday only 1 yr., $2.40 ; I mo.. 30c All Other States. Dally and Sunday.! yr., SIO.OO ; 1 mo., Sso Dally only 1 yr., $7.00 ; 1 rno., 60c Sunday only .... 1 yr., $3.00 ; 1 mo., 250 Member of the Associated Press. 7he Aaaoctated Press ia exclnaWely entitled to the use for repeblieatloa of all news dl»- ralcbea credited to it or not otherwise credited ’n this paper ami also fha local new* pub lished herein. All rights of poblicat'on as apec.-al dispatches herein arc also reaenred. The Boy Scouts. Calvin GooliUgc spoka by telephone laot night as honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America to a group of 33 Scouts who are sailing today for Copenhagen to represent this country in the international Scout field meets. He holds that office ex • fficio. but it was as a national Scout leader and not as President of the United States that he addressed his youthful fellow Americans. He gave them a message to take away with them to Europe, and, incidentally, gave all ether Boy Scouts a message for daily use and application. The three fundamentals of American insti tutions. ho said, are reverence for na ture, for law and for God. A boy who lives in accord with these three fundamentals will make a good ciU . 20 n. There is a personal touch in the second paragraph of the President's speech, when he said “there was no Boy Scout organization in my boy hood." This is true of most men to day, for the Boy Scout movement is comparatively a recent development. Mr. Coolidgc was a farm boy, and on the farm in Vermont where he was born and reared he learned the three fundamentals of which he spoke last night. It is a valuable heritage which fewer and fewer American boys possess—this direct contact with na ture in the first years of life. Most Boy Scouts are city bred, or at least are now city dwellers. They know nature only through their “hikes." in which they leave the ur ban conditions and get into those 'open places" of which the President spoke. That is one of the most val uable features of the Boy Boout work. “It was an act of magnificent cour age,” said the President to the boys, “when our ancestors set up a nation wherein any boy may aspire to any thing.” And he confessed to a thrill at the thought of addressing an audi ence among which may be a boy who ■ will sit in the White House. That is one of the fundamental thoughts of American boyhood, that the high est honors and the highest opportu ' nities may come to any American youth. This message to our junior repre sentatives who are going overseas to - take part in friendly contest should have its effect in holding them to a high standard of behavior as a living example of young Americanism. These lads have been given a great chance, and it is safe to assume that they will conduct themselves in away to do credit to America and to Justify the faith that was expressed last night by their titular leader. The New ‘'Progressives." The La Follette party, through its , Joint executive committee, has chosen the title of "Progressive” for use In those States requiring a political or ganization to adopt a title and an emblem in order to get candidates' names on the ballot. The liberty bell is to be the emblem of the party. In 1912 the term Progressive was applied to the Roosevelt bolters, until finally upon the dissolution of the Bull Moose party the word covered an ele ment in the Republican party to dis sociate them from the old guard and standpatters. Now the La Follette people take it over for their own use, end under it will assemble the social ists and radicals of all shades who never would have been recognized by the original Progressives nor those who came after them. It must be disappointing to the now party to find that it is not to have the »- support of Senator Howell of Ne braska, one of the leading liberals among the Senate Republicans. He assured President Coolidge yesterday that he will support him and will make speeches for the Coolidge and Dawes ticket. Senator Howell is quoted as saying that the progressives of the country have more to expect -from the Repub lican party than from any other group. Which remark is a political verity. 1 gap i . Now and then there is a rumble in . the distance which sounds as If the old slogan, “Down with the trusts," were struggling for resuscitation. Farmers arc encouraged to hope for liberal profits. The speculators have already gotten theirs. Harp«rs Ferry Toll Bridge. - The chairman of the Maryland State Roads Commission has said . that in line with the commission's policy to do away with toll bridges the attorney general of Maryland will be asked to take over the Potomac- Harpers Ferry toll bridge by con demnation. It is said that the Mary land Roads Commission offered the bridge company $30,000 for the struc ture and that the bridge company declined the offer and asked $70,000. - Maryland has done away with a number of toll bridges, and West Virginia alone, or in co-operation with Maryland, has been active in that _ way. All the toll bridges go back to the time when roads were for horses aud-jmgetWr*®* mw «£ tapa ga back to the time of company-owned I toll roads. In the ease of Maryland, the State took over toll roads, but allowed stock companies operating bridges on the roads to remain. When Maryland began spending taxpayers’ money generously in rebuilding old roads and fostering automobile travel, the business of the bridge companies Increased. The State was building up business for them. The toll bridge across the Potomac at Harpers Ferry Is the old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad structure. The railroad passed between the point of Maryland Heights and the river and crossed to Harpers Ferry. Then the railroad tunneled Maryland Heights, built a bridge, straightened Us road and elevated Its track through Har pers Ferry. A stock company bought the old bridge and has operated it as a toll bridge for many years. A span Os At was carried away by the May flood, but temporary repairs have been made and automobiles cross it. A large number of Washington oars use the bridge. It is not claimed that the toll is excessive, and there should be no dis position to take the property from its owners without fair compensation. The compensation ought to he gen erous. We owe much to toll com panies. Toll read companies, or “turnpike companies," built good roads when the States were unable and unwilling to do it. Private com panies built bridges when States would not undertake the work. It was private enterprise, represented by these old toll companies, which en couraged traffic and served the peo ple well. Os course, the toll road is out of date, and the toll bridge is nearly so. Most persons who invested funds in turnpike companies lost it, and generally stockholders in toll bridge companies have not grown rich. Just at the time when automobile traffic is paying them handsome re turns the demand is that they go out of business. They should go out of business, but the State should pay them liberally for their property. "» fl « * Hyltn in the Smith-Hearst War. Closely following the outbreak of renewed hostilities between Gov. Smith of New York and William R. Hearst, marked by the former calling the latter, by plain Indication, a “demagogue or a crackpot,” comes the intimation that Mayor John F. Hylan may be a candidate for Governor ot New York “if the progressive element in that State demand that ho run." This may be taken as Mr. Hearst’s re joinder to the governor’s reply. Already La Follette managers— there are many managers by title, but only one In fact, and he Is the Senator himself —are being quizzed on the sub ject of whether Mayor Hylan would be acceptable as a Progressive party candidate for governor of the Stale. They seem to be willing, though there Is some doubt whether the Socialists who have attached themselves to the Progressive party would accept him. Some say that a straight-out Socialist candidate for governor should be named, that Hylan is not a Socialist. But neither Is La Follette, according to his own declarations. Therein lies one of the difficulties with the present third party movement. The intimation that Hylan is willing to take a governorship nomination may be considered as tantamount to abandonment of the third-term mayor alty aspiration. It is a question whether a mayoralty campaign with Tammany dissentient or a Progressive governorship campaign against the Smith candidacy would do the greater harm to the regular Democratic na tional ticket in New York. Neither could aid it. Either would harm it. 8o the Smith-Hearst quarrel is de veloping Into a factor of serious im port for the national Democracy. Hy lan may not be mayor of Greater New York again, or governor of New York State, but he ia likely to be an element of discord costing the presidential nominee many votes in A State which must be won if the electoral majority is to be attained. The smiles of Leopold and Looto are so entirely unwarranted by- the cir cumstances a« to show clearly that whatever their intellectual attain ments may be they are strangely de ficient in a sense of humor. Evan a third party needs a cam paign fund. It must be small enough, however, not to Interfere with the as surance that it is poor but honest. Labor never appears to be over whelmed with sympathetic sentiment for agriculture when the wages of har vest hands are discussed. Imprisonment for life is a vastly more merciful sentence than capital punishment. While there is life, there is hope. A deadlock in the European confer ence may mean a padlock on the bankers’ strong box. Athletes. Luis Angel Firpo attracts atten tion. Returning to this country, he has received many of those marks of recognition reserved for popular men. In New York crowds followed him in the streets. Some of this Interest is because he is a more or less successful prize fighter, but a great deal of the Interest In him is because of his prom inence in athletics and sport. Perhapa in no other time has so large a part of the population been interested in athletics and athletic sports. When John L. Sullivan was in his glory crowds turned out in Washington and all other cities to see him and shake his hand. Our grandfathers made something of a national hero of John C. Heenan, the “Benecia Boy,” after his fight in IB6o' with Tom Sayers, champion of England. Authors have written extensively of James Flgg, John Slack, Tom Cribb and 50 other champions of England. ■ft* do not limit attention to prize fighters. In feet, that form of ath letics. or heroics or brutallcs, accord ing to the point of view, has declined in the past quarter-century, and we new cheer the masters of base ball, flying, running, swimming and row ing, and give considerable attention to THE EVEKXNO STAR. WASHINGTON. P. C.. SATURDAY. JULY 26. 1924. way, but the American population, or any other population, is more out spoken In regard for the athlete. It wag so when the world was younger. The scholars of Greece got much of their praise because they set down well the achievements of strong men and told of the marvelous, too mar velous, feats of men in fighting other men and monsters, slaying dragons, hurling spears, swimming seas and riding through the eky. Hew York’s Hew Taxi Hates. New York Is engaging in another taxicab war. Several of the leading companies have adop.ed a rate of 10 cent* for each half mile, with a start ing charge of a dime. Instead of a loss of revenue the companies are re porting increased returns. One finds an advance of 20 per cent and another of one-third. Moreover, the "dead mileage,” which means the operation without passengers, has been reduced from 60 per cent to 20 per cent, one company reporting a drop even to 8 per cent. In other words, the cheaper rate taxis are kept busy, while the higher-rate taxis arc idle for longer periods than they are profitably active. In the case of a taxicab idle time is waste. Whether It is cruising or parked there Is a loss when the ma. chine in not carrying passengers. If the dead mileage amounts to 60 per cent as a total day’s travel the ma chine is certainly not economically employed. Taxi service at 10 cents a half mile is likely to find greatly increased use. That rate means about a quarter for a mile's ride, which would include a tip. Before the war, In London taxi cabs were to be had even leas than at this rate, with the consequence that they were constantly occupied and yet always available. People got Into the habit of using them for com paratively short runs, and they would in this country, and in this city par ticularly, If the rate were comparable. Observation- of the streets of Wash ington leads to the conclusion that there is a heavy taxicab wastage here. Machines for hire are constantly cruis ing In large numbers, and the ranks of waiting motors are always well oc cupied. This is, in the main, because of the relatively high rates. Adoption of a ten-cent rate, which has just gone into effect in New York, would in crease the local taxi uee and decrease the idling percentage. So well satisfied are the companies in New York with the results of the new rates that they are expressing their belief that the old schedule will never return. « So long as the public enjoys prize fighting there will be ring contests. The fighters are pretty well safe guarded from physical danger and the pecuniary inducements are strong. If there is an clement of brutality in volved it revts more with the popular demand for knockout pugilism than with the men who submit themselves to a beating because it promises more money than they could earn in any other way. A convict in a Pennsylvania peni tentiary sang so sweetly that auditors combined in a petition which secured his release. He saved three years by his stroke of fortune, which may sug gest to any inclined to a wayward life that a preliminary course in voice cul ture would be prudent. There are always enough political forecasters representing all shades of opinion to make every candidate feel that he has a chance. Taking the pre vious voting of States as a basis Os calculating how they will vote next is one of the most fascinating, but un reliable, forms of mathematics. The gentlemanly ultimate consumer who buys a loaf of bread from the corner grocer is likely to be left In surprise as to why the farmer should not have derived pecuniary benefit from anything so valuable as “the makings.” SHOOTING STABS. BT PHILANDER JOHSBCN. The Favored Many. Each page that you read Has some wonderful screed On how to be happy in life, With friendship so true And a home never blue Through any suggestion of strife. It is joyous to know That so many can show Such very slight cause to complain, If all who thus write Find this placid delight Which they’re teaching as how to attain. New Demands. “You have had a great deal of ex perience in politics.” "I’m not bragging about it,” an swered Senator Sorghum. “People are inclined to look around for a man who can talk kind of innocent and act os if he didn’t know so terrible much about the game.” Selectivity. The candidate will soon draw near To tell us glorious news. His messages will promote good cheer. Applause we can’t refuse. And if we do not get a thrill From one oration strong. We won’t have long to wait until Another comes along. Jud Tunkins says with all its faults the old-fashioned duel was more gen tlemanly than the way bootleggers and dry agents shoot at each other. And Maybe So Will Ha. “I don't see why she ever thought of marrying him?” “Probably.” said Miss Cayenne, “in a short time, as those matters now go. she'll be as much mystified about it as you ore.” No Mora “Bah.” Short locks are now quite dignified And are assumed with proper pride. A nickname soon must pass away. My hair is "Roberted" she’ll say. “Procrastination is de thief of time,” said Uncle Eben; “but dar’s a little lime aavin' in de fact dot ol* Prana THIS AND THAT BY C. E. TRACE WELL. “Tis rushing now adown the spout. And gushing out below. Half frantic in its joyoutmess. And wild in eager flow.” THs bathroom is tho finest room in a home. It Is about time some one stood up In meeting to sound the praise of the bath, that place where a river is harnessed for the delectation of us moderns. If you ever sat in a wash tub on Saturday night next to the big drum stove you will agree that no room In .the modem home la so welcome as the bathroom. No ancient Roman, rolling in the luxury of his great bathing estab lishment, had anything on jhe most humble resident of city or town, or even farm, for the latter has a river compressed into a pipe, eager to do his bidding. ** ♦ * “There la no small pleasure in sweet water," said Ovid. Mankind has held much that same thought ever since. Down through the decades, with the unfortunate exception of the so-called dark ages —also the dirty ages—men have liked their “bawths.” Ducks, birds, animals of all sorts showed early man the pleasures of bathing. In those far distant times when Omo, the first man-like oreature, probably sporting a long toll, stood on the river brink he looked out from craggy brows upon his fleeting prey as It plunged into the stream to es cape him. In he went after it, but he had a brain such as the mere animal did not possess, and so was able to enjoy the water in Itself and for itself. From that time on he must have bathed for pleasure a a well as profit. Such a guess as the above is Just about as good a* that of a scientist who was pot there, either. ♦« * ♦ "With ail duo respect to the Eliza bethans, one cannot help but have the sneaking suspicion that they must have been an odorous lot. No wonder they had plagues in the days when they had no baths, or baths such as we of a moro favored age are wont to call such. The modern bath, of course, is an evolution. It is but the last word, however, in a surprisingly short final period of Its evolution from river side to filed bathroom. Not so many years ago. Indeed, cer tain Stales in this country went on record against the pernicious influ ence of the bathtub. It was held evil In intent and purpose and doc tors frowned upon it, much as at a somewhat earlier period there were these who spoke against the “exces sive speed” of railroad trains going 12 miles an hour. ”ls God had in tended man to go at the frightful speed of 12 miles an hour,” read reso lutions solemnly adopted. “He would have said eo in the holy writings.” ♦» * * The bathtub and bathroom have passed through the test period. They are here to stay. The thing for us to do is tb enjoy them. The living room, which superseded the old "parlor" with most people, is, or should be. one of the finest rooms in a home. There gather all after dinner; there music wings its way into hearts. The radio Is making the living room mope than ever live up to its name. The dining room is a great place, too. Whether It be stately paneled walled or small dining alcove, it bolds a place of highest esteem in any home. “Ah, sleep, it is a blessed thing. Beloved from polo to pole; To Mary, queen, let praise be given Who sent the gentle sleep from heaven That slid Into my soul.” 44 * ♦ But to (he good old bathroom goes our sinccrest tribute. "I’m very fond of water; It ever'must delight Each mother’s son and daughter When qualified aright.” Getting up in the mornln’ is some what of a task, Sir Harry Lauder melodiously tells us. It is worse than a task. It is a bur den to the soul and a trial to the spirit. Show me the lad who says he enjoys “springing out of bed” and I wilt show you a liar. The bathroom is the saving grace. In the genial flow of its waters, warm and cold, lies healing for the heavy lids of sleep and the general murkiness of spirit which encum bers one. Every person has his own system of Using a bathroom. Some wash their face first, then take a bath, others reverse that, some do it all at once. *♦ A ♦ The enthralling thought In the en joyment es one’s bath is that here, within the confines of one small room* lies a great river, thanks to the art of the plumber. “Rivers are roads that move and carry us whither we wish to go,” wrote Rascal, a plumber of the soul of man. “He who does not know hls way to the sea should take a river for hls guide,’’ said Plautus. We of this day and age may rest easily In our bath, content that the bathtub ia a river in little, a sea in miniature. British Force Chinese Respect for U. S. Dead It is announced by an Associated Press dispatch that the commander of the British gunboat Cockchafer, lying in the Yangtze River off the town of Wanhslen, forced the Chi nese authorities to attend the fu neral of Edwin S. Hawley, the Amer ican killed by Junkmen. The com mander told the authorities that unless they put on uniform and walk ed to the cemetery behind the coffin the town would be bombarded. An action like this may not please the gaciflsts. but others will be pleased y it. It was of the forthright de scription that says more than many pronouncements, and than elaborate diplomatic compliments. Moreover, it has good precedents. In 1889 Commodore Tatnall of tho American Navy made hls famous re mark that “blood is thicker than water,” a remark that was not counted against him by hls govern ment. He had offered the services of some of his surgeons to the Brit ish who had been wounded in tho attack on the Taku forts, but some of his men l who had accompanied him he found had served one of the for ward guns of tho British flagship. This was clearly a breach of Inter national lav, but Tatnall did not regard It as more than technical. All know what was the action of Chlohester In Manila Bay when he ran hls ship between Dewey and the Germans. It was an operation that did not take very long, but its conse quences have lasted to this day. Here in the case that has just been re ported was an American who died far away from home. Where tho tneldent occurred there were few to honor the last rites to this stranger in a land where funeral ceremonies have a peculiar importance. It would appear that the Chinese mili tary authorities Intended by their omission to show disrespect and the British commander saw to It that they did nothing of the sort. It la a pleasure to recall hls action and thank him for it As well. It is an appropriate occasion to point out ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREOEIUC J. HASkIN Q. Is money secured on first trust notes on real estate subject to per sonal tax in the District? —G. E. A- It is subject to personal tax and must be declared. Q. Are most of the books pub lished those of liction? —A. V. E. A. Among the books published in 1921 in the United States, TBB were fiction. Religious books were second with 551; poetry and drama third with 469; juvenile books fourth with 461; then sociology, 390, and history, 861. Q. Hew many men swam the English Channel last year?—M. E. K. A. Three men accomplished the feat. The first was Henry Sullivan of Lowell, Mass. Enrique Tirabocchl of Argentina wan next and set a now time record with 16 hours and 35 minutes. Later Charley Toth of Boston won across. Many trials were made but only the three were suc cessful. Q. How many Secretaries of State wore thfcre in the Wilson administra tion?—H. M. S. A. There were three. William Jennings Bryan served from March, 1911, until June 5, 1915. Robert leansing held office from Juno .33, 1915, until February 13, 1920, and Bainbrldge Colby from March 22, 1920, until March 4, 1921. Q. Are most of the things a man does dona consciously or uncon sciously?—B. V. H. A. Dr. William J. Mayo of Roch ester Is authority for the statement that man, when most alert and moat alive to hls physical condition, is only 20 per cent conscious of what his body is doing. Q. Isn’t it true that Mount Mc- Kinley is the only mountain in Alas ka that is over 20,000 feet in height? —A. L. D. A. It is the only peak in North America that exceeds 20,000 feel. Q. When a talesman is questioned for service on a Jury In a first degree murder trial. Is he asked whether he believes in capital punishment?—T. C. A. In States where murderers are executed, a man summoned for jury duty is asked whether he is opposed to capital punishment. Q. Is the Actors Equity Associa tion affiliated with the Federation of Labor ? —A. C. A. This organization of stage and other performers was founded May 26. 1913, and affiliated with the Amer ican Federation of Labor July 19. 1919. John Emerson Is the president of the association and Ethel Barry more ia vice president. Q. How loltg have bananas been imported?—C. E. R. A. Bananas have been brought to this country for about 40 years. In this time the importation of this tropical fruit has cost $400,000,000. The people of the United States con sume about 4,000,000,000 bananas an nually. Q. How much did Alsace and Lor raine add to the territory of France? —T. W. A. The districts added consisted of Lower Alsace. Upper Alsace, and Lor raine, and their area is 5.605 square miles with a population of about 1 1.860,000. The total area of France j is 212,(89 square miles. Q. How long has it been possible j to send wireless messages overseas? —n. y. A. Marconi first succeeded in tele graphing certain signals across the Atlantic in 1901 and the first com plete message wan sent in 1903. Transoceanic telephony was first ac complished in 1915, when speech was transmitted from Washington to Paris and to Honolulu, the latter dis tance being almost 5,000 miles. Q. How many oil refineries are in operation in this country now?— D. T. W. A. During May 258 operating re fineries reported to the Bureau of Mines. The average daily production was 1,831,017 barrels of crude oil. Release of De Valera Held i Indication of Waning Threat In the release of Eamonn De Valera, political prisoner for nearly a year Os the Irish Free State, the American press see* evidence of the strength of the new government, which no longer has cause to fear the freedom of its former enemy. Recalling the record of De Valera, the Dayton News says; “A New Torker by birth, Do Valera went to Ireland while still a young man, teaching mathematical science in the school* In tho outbreak in the spring of 1916 he suddenly loomed as tho leader of tho Republican* Tho organisation of the Irish Free State did not meet with De Valera's approval. He wanted a ‘republic’ separate and distinct in Itself, and he refused to adherd to the government which came Into existence, on the ground that it did not give Ireland the liberty and freedom from tho British which the Republicans felt was their country's due. The result of all this industry on the part of De Valera was his repeated exile. His career was cut short about a year ago when he was arrested by the Free State government. The months in prison may have served to let in the light. Or on the other hand they may have awakened anew his lighting spirit.” ♦s* * ' In releasing De Valera, “the gov ernment of the Irish Free State acts with wisdom," in the opinion of the Springfield Republican, which de clares "the Free State is firmly enough established to risk his con tinued enmity in case he should elect to remain unreconciled and it blunts the criticism of those who may have thought it harsh in its treatment of its armed foes In the field while, by showing clemency to such assailanis, it also expresses to the world its con fidence in its own strength.” His re lease, the New York Evening Post be lieves “is further evidence that the ‘die hards’ and the ‘wild boys' of Erin have gone back to work and. that there is less of dread and more of hope In Ireland than there was 12 months ago.” Though De Valera "has been a thorn in the side of the Irish government,” the Cleveland Plain Dealer claims, "his courage has been dictated by motives of patriotism,’ moreover, “keeping him in prison in definitely could not help the Irish Free State, and it might, by making De Valera a ‘martyr,’ prove actually detrimental to Free State Interests.” Anyway, the Buffalo News is con* fident, "the government could well afford to do this, for it now is firmly established, and appears to have the confidence of the great majority of the Irish people." As the New York Sun secs It, t alera Is being released “because the gov ernment has reason to believe he Is not disposed to launch a new revolu tion or Is Impotent to do so,” and “in either case tho event is hopeful for Ireland.” The Louisville Courler- Journal suggests “now his opposition will be negligible; for open violence he will be held accountable,” further more, “the hope of being the whole show himself has passed away and he remains a sorry figure, an egotist and dreamer whose ego has been blasted and whose dream has practi cally been realised without him and in spite of him.” Observing that Valera will be free in “an Ireland to vhieh he la a stranger, an Ireland Sm ssss* < a> t si’ssra££ Q. Is the McMillan expedition to the North Pole for purpose of discov ery or scientific observations? —B. C. A. It was undertaken for the sci entific purpose of making' geographi cal observations. Q. Did any other biff league player make aa many home runs as babe Huth last year?—H. T. A. C*y Williams of the Philadelphia Nationals led Ruth in home runs with 41. Q. How many people live at Gib raltar?—O. O. A. The area, of this British colony is but square miles. The fixed civil population in 1931 was 17,160, with 1,400 aliens in addition. The military population ia about 3,000. Q. Why is George Harvey known as Col. Harvey?—C. H, K. A- He was colonel and aide-de-camp on the staffs of Oova. Green and Ab betl of New Jersey and honorary colonel and aide-de-camp on staffs of Govs. Heyward and Ansel of South Carolina. Q. How far is it from Paris to Geneva. Switzerland?—H. F. P. A. The shortest generally traveled route from Paris to Geneva Is 390 miles. Q. If a person driving an auto mobile damages his car by running into a tree in order to avoid collid ing with another car will his in surance policy cover such an acci dent? —It. P. P. A. in a recent court decision in Now York it was held that lie could recover If his policy had provided for damage to the car by reason of col lisions. A collision may be with a stationary' as well a-s a moving object. Q. What magazines lead in total value of advertising?— V. S. 11. A. The latest compilation is for 1923. Then the first ten in order of money spent for piaco In their adver tising columns were: Saturday Kvo ning Post, Ladies Home Journal, Literary Digest. Pictorial Review Woman’s Home Compinlon. American, Good Housekeeping. McCall's, Coun try Gentleman and Delineator. Q. How are candied rose petals prepared?—A. C. S. A Detach petals from fresh, full blown, fragrant roses and lay on dishes for about an hour to dry, but not to wither. Make a sirup of a half pound of sugar, and legs than a half pint of water, boiled until it spins a thread. Set on ice to cool, and when the sirup begins to crystallize dip the petals In with a pair of wire tongs, a few at a time, then take out and spread on oiled paper. When they begin to dry or harden, dust I heavily with powdered sugar on one side and then on the other. Q. Who Invented the sewing needle? —H. A. U A. The sewing needle date? back to antiquity, and it is not known who invented this implement. It is evi dent from relics that stone needle-s were used in the Stone Age. The Chinese are believed to have been the first to use needleg of steel. They gradually spread westward until brought td Europe by the Moors. Q. What is the Civil War medal and on what conditions is it awarded? I —O. F. j a. The War Department says that the Civil War medal has a ribbon of ! blue and gray, and Is awarded for i service In the Federal forces during i the period of the Civil War. Only ! those men who were in the Army on or since January 11, 1905, are I eligible for this medal. A bill is now i before Congress making it possible ! for ail Civil War veterans honorably I discharged from service to get this I medal. The medal is of bronze and about the size of a half dollar. The profile of Lincoln Is engraved on one side, with the motto: ith malice toward none: with charity toward all." <li€t The Star Information Bureau., Frederic J. Baskin, Director, Twenty, first and C streets northtocst, answer pour qiu’ftion The only charge for tfcis service is i cents in stamps for return ; postage.) I Press points out that he_ has th ree courses from which to choose; “He can delude himself with visions of a 1 revivified Sinn Fein, waging new civil war. If he does that he is doomed to ridiculous failure. He can quietly re sume his place as the leader of the extreme party of Irsh freedom. He can accept the Free Stale for what it is and become the leader of the poli tical opposition. If he does this he will be a power in Ireland. Or he can withdraw from public life alto gether to live in obscurity with his memories, and to pass his declining years in a greater or less degree of dignity. But he does not fit into such a picture.” ** * * "Probably the move will be fol lowed by some slight revival of ex tremist agitation, and may tempo rarily prove a setback to the eco nomic and political improvement which has been marked in Ireland since tho Republicans were forced to abandon guerrilla warfare," continues the Baltimore Sun, “but in tho long run De Valera, and the rest of the dwindling handful of rebel leaders will have little effect on Free State stability,” for, "as potential martyrs i in prison cells they have had more of a disturbing Influence than will be : the case when they are set at liberty.” Regardless of any difficulties that may arise, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch is sure the risk is justified, for “De Valera has served the cause of Ire land wonderfully,” and. “grievous as his mistakes have been. De Valera has won his place in history and is de serving of the broadest leniency com , patible with peace and the safety of the Free State government” The Rochester Herald feels the release of , De Valera “Is a hopeful proof that the young Irish republic is magnanimous, 1 I virile and convinced of the essential 1 principles of freedom and indc -1 pendence.” I Lived for 93 Years I In Same Virginia House To the Editor of The Star: In a recent issue of your valuable paper you had an item headed “No Use for Moving Van,” and stated that Ernest 1 Young of Kansas claimed the record of Kansas for the longest time lived In one house. 1 cannot speak for Kansas. However, If it is of any interest to you. I might , state that my grandfather. Samuel D. Carr of Albemarle County, Va., died at the age of 93 years, and he was born, reared, lived all his life and died in the same house, and was burled in the family graveyard on hie home place. I now own the place. A, H. ROGERS. I Luther’s Letter Sold. An event unique In German auction 1 rooms has been the recent sale of one of Martin Luther's important let ters, date 1533, two and a half folio I sheets, and addressed to the Elector ! | Frederick of Saxony. The letter 1 shows clearly that Luther urged his i determined and energetic sovereign 1 I to adopt a conciliatory attitude to ‘ | ward the Pop.e Taking the stand -1 point that peace Is more beneficial to humanity than Justice, Luther main tained that a war must follow if the elector protested further against the papal coronation of the recently ' elected Charles the Fifth as emperor. 1 The Utter vu sold for 1.000 gold | 9Xm •omol «• The Library Table BY THE BOOKLOVKR Readers of this column have prob ably noticed that comment Is not con fined to the newest books. Occasion ally the Booklover manages to dodge the engulfing flood of books of the moment sufficiently to reread an old favorite or to read for the first time an earlier book which esxaped his attention when published and has survived by its excellence. I have | just completed the reading of such j a book which has been so delightful an experience that I wish to ps.ss on my enthusiasm to others. The book is “The Greek Commonwealth; I Polities and Economics in Fifth- Century Athens,” by Alfred E. Zim- | merit us Oxford University. Kim published in 1911, it appeared in a third edition in 1922. 1 was led to read it by finding it included in the lists of several literary critics of high standing, who had been asked by the editor of the Dlterary Digest International Book Review to name the ten most significant books pub- ' lished in tho present century. ** * * The presentation of the funda- ; mental facts in the political and | economic life of fifth-century Athens I is made very interesting by Mr. j Zimmem’s method of leratment. He makes us forget that the common wealth of Athens existed twenty-four ■ hundred years ago; as we read we | almost have the illusion that we are ! following the affairs and policies of some nation of today. The famous speeches of Pericles and ' Themistocles and Cleon and the satiric plays of Aristophanes appealed to the same human emotions, idealistic and I materialistic, as the speeches of our i public men and our symbolic and prob- i lem plays today. Questions of taxation, i of immigration, of the navy, of colonial expansion, of foreign trade, of the en- ! Couragement of domestic industries, of j "hard times,” of the franchise, of the 1 currency were just as burning then as ! now, though on a smaller scale, and , were handled by the politicians with about as much expertness. The idea] of Pericles for Athens was to make the ■ city-state ■'most completely self-sufficient I both for war and for peace”—a slogan , which has a decidedly modem ring, i Cleisthenes and Themistocies encouraged I immigration, for Athens needed her 1 aliens "to enable her to sustain the | great burden of her responsibilities, to supply her with tile resources in men \ and things, in labor and capital, without ; which her ideals must be but empty dreams.” Whether, if Athens had en- ' dured long enough to meet the problems I of overxiopulation, non-assimilation and land scarcity, this liberal immigration policy would have been continued is a question. During tho Peloponnesian War housing conditions at Athens became so bad, because of the influx of population ' from the country districts, that the great plague was the result Tho authorities were so busy carrying on the war that they "had no eyes for the difficulty” of housing the population. Modem govern ments handle the housing situation somewhat better in war time. Compari sons might be multiplied between an cient Athens and the modem world, but these are enough to show that politics and economics were not without excite ment even in the fifth century. The idea conveyed by many of the older ancient histories that' Athens j in tho age of Pericles reached a pin- j nacle of civilization and culture never ; touched before or since is not sus tained by Zimmern in the “Greek 1 Commonwealth.” Practical infanti- i tide was common. Tho father of a | new-born child had complete power ! to decide whether it should be al lowed to live. If the decision was un- i favorable, as it often was in the case ! of weaklings and female infants, the I child was packed in a pot and ex- 1 posed in a public place. "It is strange ! and horrible to think that any day on your walks abroad in a Gteek city ! you might come across a ‘pot-ex- 1 posed’ infant • • • in a comer of the : market place or by a wrestling 1 ground, at the entrance of a temple or in a consecrated cave, and that you might see a slave girl timidly peeping round to look if the child might yet be saved, or running back to bear the news t» the broken hearted young mother." To the worn- t an of toda# liva lot of Athenian wives j and mokhuin does not seem a happy , one, anh there are evidences in Greek | literature that they were not satis- j fled with it. “In Periclean Athens there were two different kinds of. free women”—the wives and daugh ters of citizens, whose lives were I closely secluded and restricted to the home and Us duties, and independent professional women, foreign born, j ■whose most conspicuous profession was that of being "companions" to I Athenian citizens. The famous Aspa- j sia was the "companion" «f Pericles. 1 It is no wonder that the last quarter j of the fifth century witnessed the \ rise among the Athenian matrons of a movement for the emancipation of women. The state silver mines of Daurelon, with their slave workers, were another blot on Athenian civi lixation. 'They worked in chains and almost naked and were branded with their master’s stamp. In order to in crease the rale of production, work was continued without interruption night and day.” ** * * The literature department of the General Federation of Women’s Clubs has been conducting an essay con test on the subject “What Two Million Women Want From the Publishers,” the awards for which were made at the recent convention of the federa tion In Dos Angeles. Some of the de- ' mands made in many of the essays j were as follows: Books that are interesting. Fiction that is true to normal life, ! not pathological. Biography that shows a man's soul ( as well as the facts of his life. Autobiography that is not con* j ceited. The advertising of worth-while books, while others are allowed to shift for themselves. Discrimination against the writer ! whose views of life arc distorted either by his lack of understanding, his desire to make money or his love of the grotesque. A revival of the historical and the romantic novel. Poetry that children can memorise for their own future happiness. Stories written by authors with a sense of humor. Stories which may be presented to sick or shut-in friends without fear of depressing results. A strengthening philosophy than the “Pollyanna” philosophy of smiling acceptance of conditions as they are. Better English. ** * * Hatcher Hughes, whose play, “Hell- Bent for Heaven.’’ won the Pulitzer prize for the best American drama written in 1923, was born in the sec tion of country which he has used as the setting for his play—in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Car olina. Mr. Hughes is an instructor in play writing at Columbia University. ** * * Possibly this statement, recently made by Georg Brand ee, the cele brated Danish writer, will afford a suggestion to some Washington writ ers who may receive more books than they know what to do with; "I receive on an average of flfty flvqi, complimentary books per day. As soon as 1 have enough to make a wagon load, 1 drop a card to the Royal Dibrary (.Copenhagen), have them call for the books and they are theirs. When I want them. I can gel them more easily from tho library where they are catalogued, than 1 could In my own house.” ** * * | The moat famous Italian novel ever written—“ The Betrothed," by Ales sandro Manzonl —has been brought out in a new English translation, the Only one based on the'authors final revision of the novel. It is interest ing not only as a picture of seven teenth. century Italian life, but as a romaaae whose efeanutors are human and dynamic figure* CANARY ISLANDS PLEASANIPRiSON Tourists Declare Spanish Exiles Should Not Complain of King’s Decree. STRONG WITH LEGENDS Some Believe Them Fortunate Isles of Greeks ; Others Bemnants of Mythical Atlantis. “Teneriffe, largest island of tlm Canaries, from which the King of Spain recently refused to permit Spanish political exiles to depart, would seem a pleasant enough place to select as a voluntary abode,” says a bulletin from the headquarters of the National Geographic Society. “Some European countries have chosen as places of banishment re gions unpleasant enough to prove a continual punishment,” continues tin bulletin; "but Spaniards sent to Tene riffe, if not confined, must find their sojourn somewhat like a pleasure jaunt. The Canaries are believed to have been the ‘Fortunate Isles' of the Greeks. Today hundreds of tourist., echo the idea, for the Canaries are a recognized haven for semi-invalids. Their climate is mild, dry and health ful, and on Teneriffe one may choose from a number of climates bv the simple expedient of going a great- r or less distance up the huge moun tain that makes up two-thirds of th island’s bulk, the Beak of Teneriffc. Thought Highest Pinnacle. "This mountain rising 12,200 feet is one of the grandest peaks to be seen from the sea in all the world. Early mariners thought it was the loftiest pinnacle of the earth, for most otiier high mountains they knew rose from inland plateaus. It Is made the more majestic by its fluffy cloud girdle that hangs around it a large part of the year, obscuring a x>arl of its slopes, but leaving both base and cap visible. Where this cloud-band hangs grow luxuriant forests and ferns, but above and below vegetation is relatively sparse. “The Canaries lie in the latitud of central Florida, some 200 miles farther south than Bermuda. Ten eriffe is both the largest and the highest of tho seven inhabited islands. It ip (10 miles long and 30 miles in greatest width. On Teneriffe 180,000 people live, while the population of the island group is about 430,000. Gave Prized Son g Bird to World. “Most people associate the Canaries with a bird; they probably do not know that they were named for a dog, from the Datln canis. It is re lated that the name was given be cause early voyagers found a breed of huge dogs on the present Island of Grand Canary. If the giant dogs really existed —and there is a skele ton in one museum to lend support to the story—they have long been ex tinct. The canary bird, however, is a still famous citizen of the islands. Through this bird the archipelago has given several regions of the world a really important industry, the breeding of song birds. “Wild canaries are still numerous ig the islands. But they differ greatly from their captive cousins, being dull greenish in color with darker streaks. Man has developed the caged canary into a larger bird while changing its color. But he has not bettered Us song. The notes that the wild birds pour forth from the trees and shrubs of their island homo are both stronger and sweeter than those that come from behind the bars of their yellow kinsmen. ‘Santa Cruz, on Teneriffe, capital of the group, is a city about the size of St. Joseph, Mo. Palma, capital of Grand Canary, has a population of about the same size. Are Islands Remnant of ••Atlantia f” “When the Spaniards began the conquest of the Canaries early in the fifteenth century they were inhabited by the Guanchos. believed to have been descended from Berbers who crossed the CO-mile channel that separates the islands from northwest Africa. Some students have asserted that there are evidences of a pre- Guancho people, whom they have tried to associate with the legen dary' Atlantis, of which the Canaries are assumed to be a mountainous remnant. All the Guanchos have now been absorbed into the predominantly Spanish population. "The Canaries, like Ireland, are free from snakes. But there is a plentiful supply of centipedes and scorpions to atone for the lack of reptiles.” COURAGE~ “I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of mv soul" —HEM LEV. When E. P. Ripley was graduated from high school and was starting out into the world he did not know what vocation to follow, so he look tho first job offered. While attending the public schools in Dorchester, Mass., he helped in his father’s little store, but did not care for the work, and besides that, the profits were so small that there was not room for another in the busi ness. Without money or influence and having no incinalion toward any particular kind of work, he took the first job be could obtain, that of gen eral boy in a wholesale dry goods house in Boston with salary of $1 a week. The duties were not pleasing, but by diligence he rose in four years to shipping clerk, earning $8 a week. Then a railroad agent offered him a position paying |SO a month. Ripley's employer matched the "raise,” and Ripley remained with the firm. A year later he accepted an offer from the* Pennsylvania Railroad and be came clerk in its Boston office at 3100 a month. The following year he was with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy at a higher salary. He was married at 25. then became New Eng land agent for the road and at 32 was general Eastern agent. Offered the position of general freight agent for the Atchison, To peka and Santa Fe Railroad, he de clined because he thought Boston better than the then frontier town of Atchinson, Kans., In which to rear his children. Two months after that lie was made general freight agent of the Burlington, with headquarters in Chicago; later he became general manager, and at 45 was chosen president of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad. An item in a newspaper first lo!-I him that he had been elected presi dent of the Atchison. He look officer and at 50 started the hardest task of bis life. The road was in a decrepit, condition physically and In disrepute financially: bankers would not help it and only by strictest economy and highest railroad efficiency could he save it. He made it one of the best and most profitable systems in the world, and became Known as one of the greatest executives in the history ot. rmilrem* jOwrirtt.