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THE EVENING STAR With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. WEDNESDAY July 30, 1924 a,,TH£ODOB£ W. NOYES Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company t Business Office. 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. New York Office; 110 E«(t 42nd St. Chicago Office: Tower Building. . European Office: Id Regent St.,Loudon, England. The Evening Star, with the Sunday morning edition, ie delivered by carrier* within the eity at 00 cent* per month: dally only. 45 renta per month: Sunday only. 20 cent* per month. Orders may be sent by mail or tele phone Main 5000 Collection is made by car riers at the end of each month. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Daffy and Sunday_l yr., $8.40 ; 1 mo., 70c Daily only 1 yr.. $6.00 ; 1 mo., 50c Sunday only 1 yr., $2.40 ; 1 mo., 20c All Other States. Daily and Sunday.l yr., SIO.OO ; f mo.. 85c Daily only 1 yr., $7.00 ; 1 mo., 60c Sunday only 1 yr., $3.00 ; 1 mo., 25c Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all new* dis patches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news pub lished herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. An Echo of Brother William. Away back yonder in pre-war days •—that is, pre-American war days— Mr. Bryan said something about a million men leaping to their feet over night In national defense. That was William Jennings Bryan, then, if memory fails not. Secretary of State. At any rate, whether he was Secre tary of State then or not, he was much in evidence, as he had been for some- years. He was arguing against a large military force and extraordinary measures of raising an emergency army. Give the people merely the word of national need and they would arise as by a single im pulse and stand like the embattled farmers of Lexington against any foreign foe. Not long after Bryan—William Jennings—made this remark it be came necessary to raise an army for service over seas as a measure of na tional defense. Did the million men leap to their feet over night? They did not. Some thousands of aspirants "for commission went into training camps, and a certain percentage—not a majority, but a fair number —quali- fied for command. Had It not been for the selective service act, better known as the draft law, the American contribution to the man power of the allied nations on the fighting field of France would have been pitiful, neg ligible. Germany would have won the war. would have crushed through the allied lines and reduced all Europe to subjection, with this country to be punished at pleasure. Never was a phrase more effectually “knocked into a cocked bat” than the utterance of Mr. Bryan—Brother William. Events proved it to be a fallacy, and a most dangerous one at that. But now comes another Bryan, Charles W., brother of William, who, by a set of curious chances, has be come the nominee of the Democratic party for Vice President. Defense day, provided for by law as a test of the people’s readiness for defensive serv ice, is anathema to him as governor of Nebraska. Something has hap pened to him, it would seem, since the 31st of May, on which day he ex pressed his desire to the command ing officer of the 7th Corps Area to ‘‘co-operate with the department to the fullest extent.” That was before the national convention of the Demo cratic party. Would he have changed his mind if he had not been nomi nated at New York? It is impossible to forget the “million-men-over-night” incident in connection with Brother Charles’ pro nouncement against a “military holi day” and a “war-inviting mobiliza tion.” It is impossible to forget the fraternal relationship. Brother Wil liam has now indorsed Brother Charles’ statement. But no word has yet been received from Democratic headquarters on the interesting ques tion of whether the Bryan statement is to be viewed as gubernatorial or candidatorial. There is an awkward horn of the dilemma to be grasped either way. ’ Predictions that Carpentier will re tire from public life need not be re garded as absolutely reliable. There is nothing to prevent him from get ting a good monologue and making the transition from ring to footlights. A pugilist who has attained any prom inence at all is regarded as worth listening to. Many citizens who do not exactly teympathize with La Follette may be tempted to give the small sum of a dollar merely to help him insure the campaign against apathy. J Germany’s Secret Army. One of the basic principles of the Versailles treaty, upon the terms of •which Germany was allowed to retain her sovereignty, was that that coun try should not be permitted to main tain a large army, or the makings of a great fighting force. The numbers of the men enrolled for military duty ■were strictly limited. The store of munitions was set at a low point. The naval and air equipment was reduced to the minimum. It was the design of the treaty makers to keep Germany to the point of Incapacity. ~ Ever since the treaty was signed, however, the Germans have been seek 'ing to evade its terms in this, as In other respects. Large forces of armed men have been brought into being, in _one guise and another, as “police” and as “reserve police.” Upon the pretext that they were needed to prevent the overturning of the government they -maintained veritable armies. A mili tary control commission representing the allied powers was given power un der the treaty to inspect the German military forces from time to time and observe the matter of munitions. De spite the watchfulness of this commis sion the process of increasing the mili tary machine has continued. It is now reported from Berlin that the commission has broken oft rela tions with the German war depart ment* Gen. von Seeckt, minister of war» demanded that the- commission a give 48 hours’ notice before inspecting any German military organization or plant, plainly to prevent the observa tion of items that might be camou flaged or hidden. He also demanded that the commission post a notice at every place inspected to the effect that it would be the last inspection of the German military .forces the entente would undertake. Naturally these demands were re jected. The French government, In particular, refused to accede to what would be tantamount to abandoning all rights of supervision over the Ger man military machine under the treaty. It has likewise charged that serious breaches of faith have been committed. The Berlin war office has adopted the system, it is asserted, of granting leaves of absence to thou sands of commissioned and non-com missioned officers for from three to nine months, these officers not being counted as part of the force of 100,000 men the treaty permittf. To replace them an equal number pf men were taken into the army. Thus there is, it is declared, a system of sub stitution whereby officers are being trained for an army of not leas than half a million men, or five times the treaty allowance. These infractions of the treaty are brought to light, or rather brought to the point of issue, precisely at the time when Germany’s financial fate is in the balance in the London confer ence. Whether the coincidence is a matter of French maneuvering or of German blundering is to be left to speculation. Hylanic Howdy-Do! “Here's a howdy-do!” Hylan, hunched bY Hearst, hints at Democratic hiatus. Smith says savage things about dem agogues and crack-pots. Hylan hustles homeward, halting at Chicago. Inter viewed on intentions, he intimates In tense interest in the New York gov ernorship. He expresses eagerness to exercise the executive office if the peo ple want him. He pledges perform ance as a progressive. Waiting en lightenment he withholds indorsement of Davis, but says sweet things about La Follette and Wheeler. Hearing of Hillquit’s harsh hints of Hylanic short comings. his honor halts his tongue and leaves Hillquit to the people. Now all this is not particularly im portant to the country at large, but it is giving serious concern to the Tammany family and its political friends. Hylan withholding Indorse ment of the Democratic ticket, while ho pays compliments to the “progres sive nominees,” is not what would be called a sound campaign asset. No body knows exactly how much of a figure Hylan would cut in an inde pendent campaign, or how much of a following he would take over to the La Follette tribe. Nobody seems to believe that if he should land the nom ination for governor at the Demo cratic State convention he could pos sibly be elected. Even Smith, the most popular Democrat in the State, is hesitating about making the campaign because he is not at all certain of success. The other day one of Mr. Davis' most ardent admirers said that he would probably show his political abili ties in a marked degree In the way of compromising differences and har monizing factions. It looks as if he will have an early opportunity to exer cise his talents in this direction when he gets to New York on his way to Clarksburg to receive the news of his nomination. The two Chicago youths upon whom public attention is now focused, though posing as “intellectuals,” were not sufficiently brainy to avoid taking their newsstand fiction in all serious ness. France and Germany at least re frain from confusing the discussion by pretending to talk sentiment when their minds are strictly on business. All the Democratic party can ask of Mr. McAdoo is that he will work as hard for a West Virginian as he did for a Californian. The political mesages of John W. Davis would acquire added charm if usage would permit his accomplished host, C. D. Gibson, to illustrate them. Under certain circumstances a plea of “guilty” instead of ending the argu ment only serves to get it under way. Law and the Theater, A story that is a mixture of court news, theater news, lack of police gallantry and press agent stuff comes from Evanston, 111. A judge, a police man and two ladies called com ediennes are in the cast, and the scene is not a courtroom, but a the ater. . One of the comediennes, dainty and bewitching, of course, charged a po liceman with having broken her nose and a rib and having kicked "her on the shins when “she attempted to argue with him after he had ar rested her brother for violating a traffic rule.” There was such public interest in the case that the judge conceded that his courtroom was too small to hold the citizens who wanted to attend the performance, or the trial, so he rented the theater in Evanston and set up his woolsack on the stage. The house was crowded. The courtroom was packed. As the “fair plaintiff” gave her testimony the audience broke out in wild ap plause, wild applause being more em phatic and a little wilder than ordi nary applause. The ushers handed up bouquets of roses to the com plainant. When the policeman gave his tes timony, the audience , ‘booed. ,, and some hoots and hisses were prob ably heard. The grave and reverend seignor rapped on his desk for order, but the enthusiasm of the audience would not be repressed. An usher handed over the footlights to the policeman a floral offering, consisting of a bunch of onions tied with pink ribbons. The State’s attorney was applauded at times and greeted quite the contrary at other times. The at torney for the plaintiff was given what popular and careless writers call an “ovation,** which the Latin dictionary defines as “a kind of lesser THE EYENUrq BTS-R. WSSHINgTOK, P. C;, WEDNESDifP. TOBY -SO; 992 - triumph in which the victorious gen eral proceeded to the capitol on horse* back or on foot.” The case was not ended in one session of the court, but was ad journed, and the Judge invited the audience to attend the next session, or the next act of the court. This is Summer, often called the silly sea son, and funny things happen while the dog star shines. Off for Home. This morning the American globe flyers started from Brough, in Eng land, for Kirkwall, in the Orkney Is lands. This is the beginning of the last series of hops homeward for these airmen, who have made their way in trepidly so nearly around the world. With but a single serious mishap, which cost a plane and the presence on the flight of the fleet commander, they have flown northward from San Diego to thence across byway of the Aleutian Islands to the Asiatic shore, down through Japan to China, to India and into Europe to England, which they are now leaving. This last flight homeward is hazard ous in that the greater port of It will be over the sea. From Orkney Islands they will fly to Iceland, to Greenland and thence to liabrador. The “hope” are not very long, but they are over rough waters. Thus far in their over sea flying these airmen have had no mishaps. A fleet of naval ships will be in attendance to render aid in case of trouble. This, of course, is not an absolute test of round-world flying. If ever planes are put to these long distance flights they must proceed without chains of rescue ships. There may be floating supply stations for them and maybe repair ships. It cannot be doubted that the day of transatlantic airplaning as a regu lar service will come. The experience gained by these Americans in their world-circling tour will undoubtedly hasten that day. A motor collision in New York State brought Senator Caraway into another of those situations in which a national legislator finds his training In parlia mentary practice of no value what ever. A few Pennsylvania citizens are be ginning to betray annoyance at the discovery that Smedley Butler was positively serious In undertaking to reform Philadelphia. The viqe presidential candidate is encouraged to work hard during a campaign in view of the rest ahead of him if he is successful. A feeling of gratitude is due Gov. Bryan from the public for having taken up so little of the time of the Democratic convention in attaining a highly important result. The new party demands another emblem for the zoo in which the donkey and the elephant have so long figured in traditional prominence. Only a fierce fighting animal would typify the mood of Robert La Follette. The bobcat might not be inappropriate. SHOOTING STABS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Relativities. The man in his pride plowed his acres for corn. He rose for his duties at earliest morn. The grunt of the porkers, the low of the kine Inspired him to boast, “All these crea tures are mine!” But the pig ate his fill and the cow was content. They toiled not, but fattened by com mon consent. And they said of their -owner, in ac cents so free, “He is working for me. He Is working for me.” The man, to superior attitudes bred. Simply got what was left when the others were fed. The grub and the moth and the rodent so sly Each gathered his tribute, which none could deny. The man with bis problems sat up overnight. His charges observed all his care with delight. And even the crow joined the chorus of glee; “He is working for me. He is working for me.” Eternal Feminine. “Don’t you think more women ought to run for office?” “Yes,” answered Senator Sorghum, “but it looks os if a girl who saw any votes coming her way would rather use 'em in a beauty contest.” Art and Nature. The lady wears a gem in splendid state. She spends a fortune, but to imitate What may be found in any Summer bower; The beauty of a dewdrop on a flower. Jud Tunkins says about the only filial respect some men show is in votin’ all their lives the same way their fathers did. Outdone,. “Do cowboys shoot up Crimson Gulch any more?” “No,” answered Cactus Joe. "The bootleggers an’ dry agents has kep’ High street so full of bullets that all us desperadoes has took to cover.” Homicidal Disadvantage. When Cain with human life made free Swift punishment he met. The psychoanalyst, you see. Was not discovered yet. Differently Financed. “It ought to be possible this season to make money out of agriculture." “Some fellers In Chicago has man aged It,” said Farmer CorntosseL “But they were working on margins and not mortgages.” “No matter how you tries to ten de truth." said Uncle Eben. “you ain’ gineter do It to de satisfaction of a .iavryez; data croffis-exaxainia’ you,” > '■ V Answers to Questions BY FREDERIC J. HAS KIN Q. Do many Americans tour In Canada during the summer? —S. J. A. Tourist traffic into Canada has trebled In the last three years. In 1921 the number of Americans enter ing Canada was 617,387; in 1922 it was 966,329, and in 1923 the number reached 1,942,387. Q. Are the five and seven leaf woodbine poisonous?—G. B. A. The Department of Agriculture says that they are not poisonous. Poison ivy, or oak. Is three-leafed. The old saying, “Leaflets three, let it be. is still a slogan of safety. The fruit of the poison ivy is white and waxy, resembling to some extent the mistletoe berry. Q- Where, when and by whom was Stanley Ketchell shot?—J. McH. A. He was shot and killed by Wal ter A. Dipley at Conway, Mo., October la. 1910. Q- What kinds of factories are Tl*s in thC Dlßtr,ct of Columbia?— A. There are about 500 manufac turing establishments in the District, and they turn out over a hundred different articles, including autimo bile bodies and parts, druggist’s prep arations, furniture, lumber products, marble and stone work, chemicals electrical machinery, tools and leath er goods. The value of the finished products Is over $67,500,000 annually. Q- Is there a religious newspaper A J C K reW publißhed in Jerusalem?— A. The Dear Hyam, the largest and most comprehensive Hebrew newspa per in the world, is published in Jeru salem. J' I ’?* American city was called The Pans of the Colonies?”— A. M. O. A. From a little settlement on the Severn in 1664. Annapolis grew in size and importance until it became the capital of Maryland. By 1750 it was famed for its gayety and luxurv and referred to as “The‘Paris of the Colonies.” Q. Can yon tell me whether I can stamp? aI Q It^ lian “Propaganda Fide” A. These commemmoratlve stamps for the colonies were bought up in Rome in one day. The Nanzinl and Fas cist! sets were sold in two days. Af ter speculators had gained entire control of the issues, they resold them to the public for ten times what they paid. Q. Who was the original of the character Falstaff?—C. C. G. A. It is said that John Oldcastle, a boon companion of Henry V in his young days, was the original of Shakespeare’s Falstaff. Oldcastle met his death, condemned as a traitor and heretic, during this monarch’s reign. Q. Is the author of “Dorothy Ver non of Hadden Hall” living?"—B. T. E. . A. The author, Charles Major, died in 1913. Q. What is the record time for changing a tire of a racing car on a board track?—F. T. McG. A. The Indianapolis Motor Speed way Company says that the record tire change on a board track which stood for a long time was made by Howard Shank of Cincinnati on Labor day, 1916, when he changed a right front tire on a car driven by the late Johnny Aitken in 9 1-5 seconds. So far as we know, this record stood until June 14 this year, when Jimmy Murphy’s pit crew changed a right front tire In a fraction less than 8 seconds, at Altoona, Pa. Q. What proportion of the popula tion of the British Indies speak Eng lish?—J. S. J. A. Out of a population of 240,000,- 000. about 1,500,000 have, at least, an elementary knowledge of the English language. Q. Were addresses delivered on the occasion of the burial of the unknown French and English soldiers? —H. A. W. A. Addresses were not made upon these occasions. Q. What is the distinction between warm and cold blooded animals? —A. L. O. A. Cold-blooded animals are those (mostly of vertebrates of classes be low birds) whose body temperatures vary with that of the water or air in which they live. Warm-blooded ani mals are those, such as birds and mammals, which have a relatively high and constant body temperature, usually considerably above that of the surrounding medium. Q. Does the Government or the railway company own a mail car? — F. A. B. A. The Post Office Department says that the railroads own the mail cars. Q. Does the trade rat actually leave something for everything it takes? —L. A. The common wood rat, fre quently referred to as the “trade rat, does make a practice of leaving some thing in place of food, etc., which it frequently steals. This is not. how ever, an intelligent act on the part of the rat, but is due to the fact that the rat sees the food when it is car rying bits of sticks or paper in its mouth, which it naturally drops upon finding the food. Q. What are the five points on the shields in the center of the Portu guese flag?—W. J. H. A. These five points signify the five wounds of Christ. Q. Can an ostrich run as fast as a horse? —G. A. E. A- At full speed an ostrich is said to make 60 miles an hour and for a limited time can outrun a horse. Os triches can be run down by men on horseback, because the ostrich runs In more or less of a circle, and the .horseman can take advantage of the fact. q. if a cubic foot of Ice is allowed to melt of its own accord would the water overflow the container, one cubic foot In dimension? —J. L. A. The Bureau of Standards says that the water thus obtained will oc cupy about one-eighth less space than Ice. Q. When was the first railroad oper ated In Germany?—R. W. V. A. The first railway built In Ger many was the Ludwigsbahn. connect ing the cities of Nuremburg .and Furth. It was baout four miles long and was opened to traffic in Deceifaber, t-835. Q. What are the largest universities of the world? —H. F. N. A. The United States Bureau of Edu cation states that there are no com parative statistics on the subject* It says that among the co-educatlonal colleges which have proved most, pop ular are the Columbia University, In New York City; the University of California, al Berkeley, and the Uni versity of Pennsylvania,, at Philadel phia. The famous British universi ties are Cambridge and Oxford..- In Prance the Academy of Science is ex tremely well known. In Germany Heldelborg 1* , the country’s best known university, and the music schools of Munich and Dresden are also internationally famous. The Uni versity of Rome, Italy, is the lead ing university of that country. Among the oldest universities of the world is that at Cairo. Egypt. (Any reader eon get the answer to any question by -writing The Star In formation Bureau, Frederic J. Baskin, Twenty-first and C streets northwest, Washington, D. C. This offer applies strictly to information. The bureau can not give advice on legal, medical and financial matters. It does not attempt to settle domestic troubles, nor to un dertake exhaustive research on any sub ject. Write your questions plainly and briefly. Qitoe full name and address and inclose t cent* tit stamps far return IN TODAY’S SPOTLIGHT BY PAUL V. COLLINS The United, States Government has notified Persia that unless that coun try makes prompt and adequate repa ration for the mob murder of Vice Consul Robert Whitney Imbrie and for the attack later upon his widow, Mrs, Katherine Imbrie, diplomatic re lations will be severed and measures will be taken to enforce redress. We demand indemnity and that Persia shall pay the cost of our sending a warship to bring away In state the body of our dead consul. We further more demand that the leaders of the mob shall be punished and that a guard be maintained by Persia around the American legation and consulate. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ What if Persia, by neglect, permits this country to carry out its threat? There is not the slightest thought of our going to war with that country. We would be justified, however. In international law in making reprisals, such as seizing the property of Per sians within our junrisdlction and let ting the owners look to their country for reimburstment, or by a naval demonstration we might take posses sion of some port upon the Persian Gulf or Arabian Sea, and hold it as security until the Indemnity is paid, though that act might be frought with danger of International compli cations. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ Our treaty with Persia was made in 1856. The Introduction of that document gives an Insight into the psych6logy of the present situation. It is solemn diplomatic verbiage, be ginning: “In the name of God, the Clement and the Merciful.” The opening paragraph names the con tracting parties: “The President of the United States of North America.” and “His Majesty as exalted as the Planet Saturn; the Sovereign to whom the Sun serves as a standard; whose splendor and magnificence are equal to that of the skies; the Sublime Sovereign, the Monarch whose armies are as numerous as the stars; whose greatness calls to mind that of Jem shld; whose magnificence equals that of Darius: the heir of the Crown and the Throne of the Kayanlans; the Sublime Emperor of all Persia. Next comes the announcement of the representatives authorised to ne gotiate the treaty: “The President of the United States, Carroll Spence,. Minister Resident of the United States near Sublime Porte, and His Majesty the Emperor, of all Persia: His Ex cellency Emil ul Molk, Ambassador of His Imperial Majesty the Shah, decorated with the portrait of the Shah, with the great cordon blue and bearer of the girdle of diamonds,” etc., etc., etc. The purpose of the treaty—the sec ond treaty we had made with an Asiatic country, the first being with Siam —was to arrange for diplomatic and consular service and trade rela tions ajul for extraterritorial rights giving our diplomatic and consular officials exclusive Jurisdiction oyer Americans in Persia in place of juris diction by Persian courts or officials. It is that treaty which may now be abrogated. ♦♦ * ♦ ■ Persia is dependent upon the Amer ican commission of financial experts who manage her finances. She craves American enterprise and loans. If we cease all diplomatic relations, our trade with Persia will suffer, but Persia will lose more than six times our loss. In the fiscal year ended June 30, 1923. we sold to Persia $606,- 798 and bought from her $4,271,722. Hughes’ London Speech Backed By Many Editors as Right Policy The address of Secretary Hughes at the dinner of the Pilgrims’ Society in London is regarded as no less significant because of its technical unofficial character and the informal nature of the occasion. It is accepted by the American press as an exposi tion of the American Government’s attitude toward the whole London parley situation and the Dawes plan in particular. “Secretary Hughes’ speech was the clearest-cut definition of the es sential attitude of America toward Europe that has come under our ob servation” says the Springfield Union (Republican) and, “if there has exist ed any misunderstanding of America among those who listened or among those who may read, his explanation should remove it.” The Buffalo News (Republican) thinks the Secretary made it clear tha't “if his Govern ment has not taken part officially in the several conferences on problems growing out of the war, it was- not for want of a spirit of helpfulness but it was because the United States wished to be free to decide upon con tingencies as they arise.” The Manchester Union (independ ent Republican), suggests that “Mr. Hughes brought out a point it will be well for our foreign friends to bear in mind when he told them that had the attempt been made to make the American contribution to the plan of adjustment a governmental matter, we could have been involved in a hopeless debate out of which could have come nothing of benefit to anybody.” The real America "speaks more freely in the unfettered initiative and energy of its citizens than in official outgivings,” continues the Philadelphia Bulletin (independ ent Republican) so “it was worth while for Mr. Hughes to go overseas to impress this truth on the Old World.” ♦♦ ♦ * “The European conferees in Lon don thus have been given an oppor tunity to understand the true Ameri can attitude toward Europe,” In the opinion of the Sioux City Journal, while the Kansas City Journal <*Re publican) declares "Europe must gain an added if not new understanding that this country will help in every possible way that is not out of tune with the spirit of the nation, in every effort to promote the happiness and the prosperity of the floundering and burdened powers of the Old World.” The Chicago Tribune (Repubblican) Is inclined to believe the address lowered a little the temperature of the occasion, “if so. It was the greater benefit to all concerned, for the pe culiar sort of enthusiasm generated under the Influence of Pilgram din ners and similar occasions is neither conducive to sound judgment of American opinion nor to the forma tion of durable understanding; be tween the British and American peo ples.” If anything were lacking after the address, the Albany Knickerbocker Press (Independent Republican) is sure "that need has now been sup plied by the official word emanating from the White House that the Sec retary of State reflected the view of the President.” The Brooklyn Eagle (independent Democratic) feels that the “speech was notable for its restraint, good taste and felicitous expression.** An other Democratic dally, the. New Tork Times, says no one can read what Mr. Hughes has been saying in London “and any longer question the fact that the Washington administration, no matter what political platforms and speeches for home consumption may say,- is sincerely desirous of leading American aid to troubled Eu rope. As a matter of plate fact, the New York World. Democratic) Persia la a member of the League of Nations, which league undertakes "In principle’.' to arbitrate between contending nations, even when one of the parties is not a member of the league. It Is reported that to that league will appeal "His Majesty, as exalted ae Saturn, whose greatness calls to mind that of Jemshid (also called Yima and Yama), king of the golden age, hero of Zend-Avesta, in whose reign there was neither cold nor heat, neither decay nor death, nor malice produced by the demons.” Perhaps the present shah Is like his predecessor of 1856 and will not scare the United States, ho being so mag nificent and anti-malicious. ** * * This would not be the first Instance of our severing diplomatic relations. There have also been many Instances of threatened severance, to enforce demands of Justice, either to the United States, or, under the Monroe doctrine, toward other nations of this hemisphere. Diplomacy failed with the Algerian pirates, until. In 1803, a naval and land demonstration brought the pi rates to terms, and released their American captives. In 1815 the Russian consul general was arrested In Philadelphia charged with a heinous felony. He pleaded diplomatic immunity, which was not recognized. Russia thereupon has tily severed diplomatic relations, but upon learning the facts, restored re lations, with an apology. In 1852 Japanese authorities re fused to protect citizens of the United States visiting or shipwrecked in Ja pan and a naval demonstration backed up a demand of diplomacy for such a guaranty. In 1858 several Americans were massacred in Turkey. The Turkish government having taken no efficient measures to bring the assassins to justice, the Secretary of State re quested the Secretary of the Navy to issue orders to the commanding of-i slicer of our squadron in the Medi terranean to put himself in communi cation with the Minister of the United States at Constantinople, and after receiving from him such infor mation as he may require, to repair to Jaffa, and to take such measures as may be in his power to induce the Turkish authorities to inflict upop the criminals referred to the punish ment they so richly deserve. In 1873 Russian persecution of the Jews Involved American citizens of Jewish blood. Diplomacy sought for several years to protect them. Rus sia had long been our traditional friend and this Government was re luctant to break the ties of friend ship. It was not until the Taft ad ministration that. In 1313, the treaty of amity and commerce with Russia was abrogated and relations severed. It was with great difficulty and delay that eventually a new treaty satis factorily covering protection to all American citizens was agreed upon. Immediately after our Civil War w© diplomatically called the atten tion of Prance, Austria and their puppet, Kmperor Maximilian, to our Monro© doctrine and requested them to leave Mexico. President Cleveland against Eng land and President Roosevelt against Germany, both Instances Involving protection of Venezuela under the Monro© doctrine, are comparatively recent cases of diplomacy with an open threat of war, but without the ultimate necessity of torce. The case of a mob murder of Ital ians in New Orleans is cited wherein the Federal Government disclaimed responsibility after proving that the police did all in their power to pro tect the victlma Nevertheless, the Government paid 330,000 indemnity to the families of the murdered men as a token of justice. (Copyright, 1924. by P»ul V. Collins.) asserts “the Government is at the conference in full force. This is as it should be, and. If Mr. Coolidge finds it necessary to do the right thing by subterfuge, we can at least be glad that he is doing it.” The Hartford Times (independent Democratic), how ever, finds it “surprising to hear an American Secretary of State admit ting in a speech on foreign soil that his Government is composed of pid dling politicians who can bring noth ing but confusion into a situation re quiring clear vision and intelligence. Even Mr. Hughes’ generous expres sion of American friendliness cannot relieve such a situation as the one which he has described for the edifi cation of a confused world.” ♦* * * The Dayton News (independent Democratic) says: “One might suspect that our distinguished premier were humorous. If we did not know that he is entirely lacking in this saving quality. He is seeking to make the incongruous, incoherent and irration al policies for which he has been re sponsible appear consistent. He at tempts to make an administration as set out of the Dawes report on repa rations. doubtless believing that his countrymen have forgotten that the Federal regime was literally kicked Into this enterprise by the sheer force of public opinion.” If the President cannot pledge the Government, as Mr. Hughes suggests, the Milwaukee Journal (independent) claims “this means that our leaders have not made clear to the people the part wo ought to have, and so cannot command the support of Congress.” The Reading Tribune (independent), on the other hand, is confident the Hughes address accomplished two purposes: “It explained why we are not members of the League of Na tions. and it hinted at American par ticipation in the reparations question. It raised no false hopes and it com mitted this Government no further than the Senate will permit.” The Chicago Daily News (Independent) mentions further that “while assur ing Europe it might count on Ameri can aid, moral and financial, if sound plans were devised, Mr. Hughes frankly asserted that help would have to - come largely from private sources.” . . Airplanfe Picture . Brings Travel Home The photographic survey of 10,000 miles of American scenery recently completed by Lieut Albert W. Ste vens and Lieut John A. Macready of the United States Army Air Service illustrates how aviation is bringing the world to the stay-at-home. When the aviator feets up bis cam era so as to bring into focus both falls of the Yellowstone or the shift ing, desolate sand dunes of Death Valley; the unimanigable extent of “the second live stock and corn mar ket of the world” or the half-mile declivity, equally difficult to envis age, down which.; thye Tosemlte drops like a “qparkllng ribbon,” the air plane becomes the eye of every arm chair traveler. To look down upon a mountain top, even by proxy of the photographic lens, sets the imagina tion climbing. The National Geographic Magazine, which reproduces more than 70 of the 2,000 photographs taken by Lieut. Stevens and Lieut. Macready, includes a subject range from a setting for “The Thief of Bagdad” to a view of Dayton, Ohio, taken from the height of more than six miles—3,ooo feet above Mount Ever est. Paging through these pictures brings the realization that aerial photography has discovered a new world 7 for- the imagination to ex plore r-ißnffslo Evening K*w& Politics at Large BY IV. O. MEMEKGER Mah-jong, stud poker, bridge and other popular forma of indoor sports are threatened with having their nose put ©tit of joint by a rival "diver sion—figuring on the electoral college and ringing the changes on the vari ous combinations which are produced out of arranging the group of States spelling victory to one candidate' and then another. You start with the total number of electors. 531, and then arrange them .as you think—or hope—they will come out In the voting. There is more chance and speculation In it than the moat exciting speculation. Give the Democratic candidate at the outset the “solid South.” 126 elec toral votes, which will comprise Alabama. Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana. Mississippi. North Caro. Una, South. Carolina, Tennessee, Tex as and Virginia. That is the "running start" the Democratic party can count upon, al though Tennessee may puncture a tire, as in 1920. ♦* ♦ * The Republicans, figuring their chances in Illinois are better then the Democrats, have a little list they call “Coolidge States.” They include in It Connecticut, Illinois, Maine, Massa chusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire. Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah and Vermont. They foot up 135 votes, more than an offset to the ■Democrat’s solid South. Then you have a wide range of calculation and speculation, arrang ing the States as you desire, always remembering In a close election, the victorious candidate must carry New York, Indiana and Ohio. *♦ * * Gov. Smith of New York is quoted as saying that his chief concern in the coming election Is to promote the fortunes of John W. Davis and do all in hts power to assist Mr. Davis in carrying New York, subordinating to that end his own political considera tions. The two will have a meeting In New York this week which may determine whether Gov. Smith shall boa candidate for renomination, Mr. Davis is insistent that the governor shall run, believing his candidacy will be a tower of strength to the Democratic national ticket. *« * * Sinister reports are current of threats among many Democrats in New York who are of the same re ligion as Gov. Smith of intent to knife the head of the national ticket in reprisal for the rejection of Gov. Smith’s candidacy for the presiden tial nomination by the Democratic national convention. The Democratic leaders profess to be rot alarmed, contending that by the time election day rolls around resentment will have been allayed by the loyal work In Mr. Davis’ behalf by the governor himself. No one questions the sincerity of Gov. Smith's intention to support the presidential candidate and set an ex ample for all Democrats to follow. *♦ ♦ ♦ One argument which will be used in the campaign by the Republicans In appealing for votes for Coolidge and Dawes will be that the presence of the La Follette party in the field should caution voters not to "take a chance” by voting for Davis—that is to say, the chance of the election go ing to the Senate and the Democrats and La Follette pursuing the course which would make Charles W. Bryan the President of the United States. It is calculated by the Republican leaders that there is a lot of good campaign material in that argument, ♦♦ ♦ ♦ Charles W. Bryan’s challenge of President Coolidge’s attitude toward the observance of a day devoted to arousing attention of the country to the merits of military preparedness marks a distinct outburst of pacifism, in which the hand of William J. Bry an is plainly seen, it is thought by many politicians. They reason, however, that the votes of pacifists which may be at tracted by the challenge will be off set by the gain to the President cf voters who will see the incident as another proof of the wisdom of keep ing victory from the Democrats on account of the presence on the ticket of Charles Bryan, carrying his po tential nearness to the presidential office even though the Democratic ticket fails. ♦♦ * * In politics, as among flowers, every rose has its thorn and many assets are offset by liabilities. *♦ ♦ * Reports from New Jersey are that the contest between Hamilton Kean against Senator Edge for the senator ial nomination la growing intense, and that Senator Edge is facing a formidable opponent. The Klan is said to be taking a hand in the flght- That is another case of “asset and liability.” ♦* * * The managers of the campaign for the election of Senators in both par ties are getting in readiness for a bitter fight, the Democrats planning to attack several Senate seats now held by Republicans The*. States In which the Republicans will conduct contests for Senate seats are Maine. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Illinois, Delaware, West Vir ginia, Nebraska, lowa, Michigan, Montana, Colorado (two seats), Min nesota, Kansas, South Dakota, Wyo ming and New Mexico. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ The Klan is making trouble for the Republicans in Maine. The Klan does net discriminate between either of the two parties when it goes after trouble. Things are boiling In In diana, where beyond doubt the Klan is creating a confused political con dition which will have profound re sults upon, the* elections. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ The contest for control of the House of Representatives is classed as very close, with neither side hav ing justification for making elaborate claims Os success. The only element of certainty that appears is that there will be an in crease in the strength in the House which will have to be classed as not strictly bound by party ties and may go to one side or the opposite- upon votes on certain issues. The same condition is seen in pros pect in the Senate. This situation is believed to reflect a wider condition prevailing in the country indicative of live prospective increase in No vember of the vote cast outside of strict party lines. Most statesmen and thoughful lead ers deplore this state of affairs, pres ent s<nd prospective, and apprehend that it will be a blow at the system of government by party, regarded far and. wide as the foundation of; the American system of politics and gov- THIS AND THAT BY CUM. TRACEWELL. Hotel and store doormen present some of the bravest, moat gorgeous sights In Washington. Who would hang around to see a President or a Secretary of State, when he may vision a great figure in a gold decorated uniform that wohtd make a story-book South American general green with envy? Doormen are as colorful and huge as canna lilies, as dignified as fnajor domos are supposed to be, as necessary as the ieidewalk upon which they stand. At a big downtown hotel may be seen, any day, perhaps the greatest of all local doormen. Ho is a sight for the gods. Tall and statuesque of figure, broad shouldered, an adequate man from everv standpoint, he presides at the, entranci of the hotel, with an eye—nay, two of them—ever open for the eternal pro prieties. '** * * Dignity is perhaps the outstanding characteristic of a good doorman. This he secures by being at least 6 feet tall,-and being th© possessor of a grave countenance, the work of nature and personal cultivation. Years before, ere yet the child knew what was to be his destiny in life, the anxious mother of the future doorman must have taken him on her knee and spoke in this wise; “Johnny, I have been so anxious for you. I want you to cut a figure in life, to be something in the public eye, to do more than just earn an honest living. I want people to turn and look at you as they go by. I have thought of you being President some day. but that lacks color. As a bishop you might be spiritual, but would you attract atten tion? Ah, that is entirely another thing. “You might become a cabinet mem ber, but then you would only have a brief period in the limelight, while the Senate was investigating you. As a member of Congress you might shine, but as a lame duck you would make a sorry figure. “Therefore, It seems to me, every thing bolls down to one job, a position requiring much the same characteristics as those of a good general, at least in outward appearance, anyway. Johnny, I think you had better become a door man.” ♦* * * "Oh, mother, mother, that is just what I want to be!” undoubtedly shouted the child, thrilled at the prospect of getting a position where he would look like a diplomat, yet be able to remain in Washington. Today he stands, in resplendent attire, a credit to himself and to his mother, dignified, worthy, fit for the work he has to do. A modern hotel is something more than a glorified inn. It is a city in itself. The American public has shown Itself willing, when away from home, to pay fancy prices for lodgings. A man would think twice before he would agree to give his wife S2O a day to run his home, yet he will pay that price at a hotel and be proud of it. The gorgeous doorman stands at the entrance of a hotel, the first thing the visitor sees after the building itself. It behooves the hotel management, this being true, to let the doorman cut a figure in the world.. So he does. The doorman cuts it His uniform is of bright green, with cap to match, both trimmed with plenty of gold braid There he stands, a picturesque, bold figure, one to greet the visitor with plenty of ceremony. If the’Greeters of America, official organization of hotel men, do not have a section devoted to the interest of their doormen, they are missing a bet, that's all. The doorman is the real greeter. ** * * Store doormen, as observed in "Wash ington's business section, are not quite so large, nor so dignified, as those at hotels, but still are plenty big enough, with dignity to spare. No matter how hot or cold the day, in Summer or Winter, the doorman gravely opens your automobile door and bows you to the store entrance. When you come back he is there waiting for you. In his unoccupied moments, which are few and far between, the doorman con tents himself with passing the time of day -with a passing acquaintance, or majestically surveying the passing throngs'in a haughty manner. ♦* * * Let no doorman, or relative of such, get the idea that these remarks are made in jest. In the colorful pageant of Washington streets the doorman has his place. He fills it well. One of the finest things to be said of life is that every one seems to have his place. In his own estimation he may be a round peg in a square hole, but to others he appears all right. So government officials, diplomats, clerks, bank runners, bootblacks, doc tors, chauffeurs, tellers, street car motormen and conductors, doormen, ail jhave their proper places in the life of the city. In the operation of a street railway, for instance, the swarthy man in over alls, with a bucket of grease in one hand and a stick in the other, plays his part every day. The rider owes more to his ministrations, in some ways, than he does to the president of the com pany. Observed from the vantage point of a corner, a Washington street seems like a well managed scene on a stage, where all the characters know their entrances and their exits. If any fail to appear he knows it not. nor cares, for there is enough in the drama to keep him in terested. To some it may appear commonplace enough, yet it is of this stuff that tragedy and comedy are woven. Snort ing fire apparatus suddenly may change the entire action, replacing everydar normality with a few thrills not on the program. An accident—pathos is introduced. Something comical, and laughter re sounds. The everyday aspect of the street is the scene for all this. Upon it there are many persons. Among these persons.not the. least interesting are the doormen. - Women Are Invading All Domains of Men The American male is being chased out of the barber shop. When he steps In he finds the American girl getting her neck shaved. He may cut his owo hair, or let it grow. That will have consequences. The women have barber shop hair, shaved necks, the vote, cigarettes and a flask of synthetic in the make-up case. They bever had any timidity, but they did assume it. They have put the as sumption where they put their cor sets. Now they are Invading the smoking cars. The male Is only two Jumps from his last rampart. In male civilization there has al ways , been a refuge ff'ojn women. Spiritually, mfin has wanied to gel away-froth, them sometimes. Prob ably that Is one reason he has locked them up in the harem and invented the barroom. v When man had the upper hand he had hair and whiskers to his belt. If he cannot get into the barber shop any more the hair will begin to Krow. T he halr V a P© may be on his -fray back. If so. there will be a* social revolution which will amount to something. The ladies will be back up. in. the treetops, U will.take « lyagua.pf long-haired *do U. and we used to think they were caka eaters.—Chicago Dally Tribune.