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Unsettled tonight and tomorrow, probably showers; cooler tomorrow; moderate west to northwest winds. Temperature for twenty-four hours ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest, 96, at 3:30 p m. yesterday; lowest, 74, at 6:46 a.m. today. Full report on page 4. i losing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 2i XTrt 9Q 1 Entered as second class matter 1. post office Washington, D. C. DAVIS BACKS BRYAN IN OPPOSING ARMY MOBILIZATION TEST Democratic Nominee Says U. S. Energies Are Needed to Calm War Passions. RETURNS TO NEW YORK AFTER MAINE VACATION Former Indiana Representative to I Have Charge of D. C. Head quarters of Party. Br the Associated Press. NEW YORK, July 31.—John W. Davis, Democratic presidential candi date, announced today after his re turn from Maine that he was in entire accord with his running mate. Gov. Bryan of Nebraska, regarding ‘’Mob ilization day.” Mr. Davis declared that the view expressed by Gov. Bryan that there was no necessity at this time for en couraging civilians to leave their occupations “for the purpose of en gaging in what would be only a ■military demonstration without any practical educational effect Is entirely sound.” Issues Formal Statement. Mr. Davis’ announcement was con tained in a formal statement issued after he had conferred with his cam paign manager, Clem L. Shaver. It said: “Since my return from the State of Maine I have taken the occasion to inform myself fully concerning the views expressed by the Governor of Nebraska in regard to ‘Mobilization Day.’ “I am surprised at the statements which I see in the press to the effect that I am in disagreement with him or that his action has in any way proven an embarrassment to me. On the contrary, I think that the view expressed by the Governor of Nebras ka to the effect that there is no ne cessity at this time to encourage civilians to leave their occupations for the purpose of engaging in what would be only a military demonstra tion without any practical educational effects Is entirely sound. Wants Passions Calmed. *lt Is one thing to keep tjie military organizations of the country in ade quate practice; it Is quite another thing to encourage war demonstra tions, which can be nothing else, at a time when every energy should be bent upon getting the world back to peace and to work calming the preju dices and passions growing out of the World War and encouraging fruitful trade and commerce. In all these America should take the lead.” Mr. Davis arrived In New York early today, and Immediately began to ac quaint himself with the various de tails of the campaign plans as they have been worked out while he was on vacation in the Fenobscot Bay Islands, He went into conference with his field marshal, Clem M. Shaver. Ques tions of organization were discussed chiefly, but several developments In the world of politics since Mr. Davis left for Maine were taken up. Feel* Altogether Fit. Greeted by several friends as he Btepped from his private car, Mr. Davis told them In response to In quiries that he felt “100 per cent fit." Before starting to New York, Mr. Davis completed his acceptance ad dress with the exception of one para graph, the nature of which he has pot disclosed. With this exception the text now is In the hands of the printer, and the candidate will devote part of his time during the remainder of this week in revising the proofs and in completing the Anal section which he desires to talk over with Mr. Shaver and other campaign leaders before reducing his thoughts to writing. Thomas J. Spellacy of Hartford, Conn., will have charge of the Demo cratic Eastern campaign headquarters, It was announced today. Former Representative Lincoln Dixon of Indiana will be in charge of the or ganization bureau in Washington. As sociated with him will be William B. Wilson, former Secretary of Labor, Ritchie Among Callers. Those who called on Mr. Davis at his headquarters this morning in cluded; Gov. Albert C. Ritchie of Maryland, Lieut Gov. George R. Luna of New Y'ork, James W. Gerard, George White and Daniel C. Roper. Mr. Davis made two brief addres ses In Maine last night while home ward bound from Seven Hundred Acre Island, where he has haul nearly two weeks of rest and recreation. The first was at Rockland and the gecond at Bath. Addressing several hundred per sons from steps of the Knox County courthouse at Rockland, Mr. Davis touched upon the subject that Is to be the keynote of his acceptance ad dress-honesty in government He declared that Democrats and Repub licans alike “are seeking an honest and upright and Just government of these United States." and added that each had different methods of obtain ing It but that both were working to a common goat At Bath Mr. Davis had the first experience of the campaign, in having questions fired at him from his audience. Asked Abo at Dry Law. “What do you think of prohibi £ tion?” asked a man in the crowd of a thousand or more gathered in Post Offloa Square. Tm not sure whether that’s a per ; (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.J Fog and Rain Hold V. S. Flyers From Scotlanddceland Jump Forced to Postpone Next Hop of World Trip Until Tomorrotv—Sees Dere licts of Proud German Fleet . BY FREDERICK B. NEELY. Staff Correspondent of The Star. ON BOARD U. S. S. RICHMOND, IN THE SCAPA FLOW. ORKNEY IS LANDS, July 31 (Via Wireless).— Like a last silent warning of the cruel, white dangers that lie In wait just beyond the horizon, the North land dropped a forbidding blanket of fog around this borderland outpost of civilization today, locking America's air Magellans within the bleak safety of Houton Bay for another day, at least. With everything In readiness for their dash Into the north polar wastes, the American flyers waited In vain for nature’s impenetrable cur tain to be drawn aside, and when the radio flashed word from the ships on guard between here and Horna fjord, In distant Iceland, the next stop, that bad weather had set In, Lieut. Lowell Smith ordered the start postponed. Getz Word of Weather. Lieut Smith was up at six o’clock this morning. Upon going on deck and finding Houton Bay completely enshrouded in the mist, he returned to bed for an hour when all hands PERSIA MEETS U. S. DEMKINEULL Reply Says No Ground Will Be Left for Anxiety Over Imbrie Affair. SEEK TO PUNISH SLAYERS Government Promises Protection for Americans and Adherence to Principles. The Persian government has as sured the State Department It will take steps with regard to the Imbrie Jncident that will leave “no ground whatever for any anxiety on the part of the United States Government” Replying to the American com munication demanding full protection for American citizens in Persia and threatening to break off diplomatic relations as a result of the killing of Vice Consul Robert Imbrie and the subsequent attack upon his widow, the Persian government declared It would ’’repair the Incident and fulfill the points that are suggested” by the United States. The reply said also that the Im perial government “is making ex treme efforts in pursuing and punish ing the persons who caused and per petrated the killing of Mr. Imbrie. and it will not hesitate to take any kind of steps In this connection.” Security es American*. Concerning the question of security of American nationals in Persia, and particularly American official repre sentatives, the communication says: “The Persian government has al ways considered, and will continue to consider, this as Its positive duty, and gives assurance that it will by no means hesitate to fulfill this duty.” The Persian note was forwarded to Washington by American Minister Kornfeld at Teheran, to whom It had been addressed by the Persian foreign minister. It apparently was a full ac ceptance of the American demand that reparation be made, that those Involved be punished, that Persia bear the cost of sending an American war ship to bring home the body of the murdered vice counsel, and that here after complete protection be given American citizens. It said: “As your excellency has observed, the government and people of Persia are extremely chagrined and depressed by the lamentable incident of Friday, July 18 (the day on which Vice Consul Imbrie was killed), and have expressed their feelings to that ef fect In numerous instances and in various ways. Friendship of America. “You state that your excellency’s government does not desire to ap proach the situation in such manner on Page 5, Column L) “Dangerous Age” Here'ls 20 to 30, Crime Report of City Jail Shows The “dangerous age" may vary in different parts of the country, but In Washington it appears to range be tween 20 and 30, aooordlng to the annual report of Capt. W. L. PeaJce, assistant superintendent in charge of the District Jail. Out of 7,831 men and women com mitted to the Institution during the last fiscal year the largest number— -2,832 —were within the 20-30 limit. Under 20 there were only 624 prison ers; over 60 there were but IS9. Be tween 30 and 40 years the number was 2,210. Intoxication led the list of offense* wltl) 3,620. an increase of 468 over the preceding 12 month* For viola tions of the national prohibition act 388 were sent to the jail, an Increase of 117. Capt. Peake told the Commissioners these figures Indicate “the watchful ness and 00-op«ration of the police department In dry enforcement.” Capt. Peak* suggests that attention should be given soon tor remodeling the Jail. . Uht Munim V > J V y WITH BTJHDAY MORNING EDITION were summoned to breakfast. Then the United States destroyer Billings ley, standing guard 26 miles west of the Faroe Islands, flashed word that heavy fogs and rains were prevalent. A few minutes later, the cruiser Raleigh, anchored just off Horna Pjordr, reported adverse climatic conditions, and when the destroyer Reid, midway between the two, con firmed similar conditions there the flyers realized that their entire route was in the throes of a northern storm. Lieut. Smith, after carefully scanning local conditions again, or dered the start for Iceland postponed until morning. Go Sightseeing Today. Carrying out to the letter their custom of never resting until their ships had been made ready for an In stantaneous start, the aviators had taken on fuel and oil immediately upon their arrival here late yester day from Brough, England, a hop of 450 miles. As a result, they had nothing to do today but go sight seeing and rest up for the test they expect to face early tomorrow. Soon after hr akfast the Amerl (Continued on Pago'4. Column 2.) WALSH CONFIDENT OF DAVIS’CHANCES Honest Government, Tariff, Tax Cut, European Aid Main Issues Outlined. DENIES FARMERS WAVER Senator Says They Have Suffered Too Much to Be Placated by Price Rise. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. The Democrats are going to the bat strongly In the coming campaign on four principal, aggressive issues, ac cording to Senator Thomas J. waUh of Mofitan* permanent chairman of the Democratic national convention. These Issues are: 1. Clean government. 2. The tariff. 3. Revenue-tax reduction. 4. Better co-operation with Europe. Senator Walsh, who is to deliver the speech formally notifying John W. Davis of his nomination for the presidency at Clarksburg, W. Va., August 11, frankly does not take much stock in the claims of the Re publicans that the Increased price of wheat will “take the curse” off the Republican party In many of the big agricultural States. He said today that the farmers, who have been suf fering from low prices for years, are not apt to forget those sufferings be cause of sudden betterment of the situation. Cite* Hl* Owm State. In his own State, he said, one-third of the banks have had to suspend In the last few years—and their suspen sion has carried with It a long trail of misfortune for depositors and for the stockholders of the banks. It is pointed out also by Senator Walsh and by others who have been familiar with the distressed condi tions of the farmers of the West that even If the present upward trend of prices continues in agricultural prod ucts and the farmers benefit thereby, the money they receive will have to be used to help wipe out debts In curred long since by the farmers. In other words, there will be little immediate prosperity for them. In the Northwestern States where the Non-Partisan League has flourished, the farmers have been told many times also by the league spellbinders that the so-called gamblers In grain frequently permit the Increase In prices of wheat, only to knock them down again. And should the prices tumble at all later, the situation of the party in power would be worse than before the Increase began, It is argued. In reply to assertions made by Republican adherents that the (Continued on Page 2, ColumnX) “The methods in force for safe guarding condemned prisoners are sat isfactory, In so far as security Is con cerned," the superintendent said, “but over 1 ? n * periods It is Irksome both for prisoners and officers, it is diffi cult, however, to do otherwise with out new construction, and at some propitious time this matter should re ceive the attention of the board." The reclassification of salaries, Capt. Peake reported, has been dis appointing to o'fficers ‘and employes, and will be made the subject of ap peal. The total number of prisoners re ceived during the year, including those held July 1, 1923. was 8,074, and the daily average population was 355, or 35 more than the year previous. It was necessary to serve 36,000 addi tional meals. There were no escapes from the cell blocks, and the number of short term men detailed to work in the OeXUnger Hospital who fled during ■the year was leas than the average. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1924-FIFTY PAGES. CROWES OWN CASE USED AGAINST HIM INLEMSPUTE Darrow Cites Instance When Attorney, as Judge, Allowed Depravity Evidence. PROSECUTOR INSISTS CITATION WAS WRONG Legal Battle on Admission of Testi mony Resumed While Wit ness Waits. By the Associated Pres*. CHICAGO, July 31.—One of the cases which Robert E. Crowe, now State's attorney, heard when he was a judge, and Clarence S. Darrow, at torney for the defense, was cited to day In the Pranks trial when the State tried to maintain that evidence of depravity was not admissablc in mitigation of punishment for Nathan Leopold, Jr., and Richard Loeb. The citation brought a heated ex change between Messrs. Crowe and Darrow today, the former maintain ing he had not heard such evidence In mitigation of punishment. “Oh, yes, you did,” asserted Mr. Darrow. “But the defendant was hanged,” said Mr. Crowe. “Yes, but you sentenced him,” re torted Mr. Darrow. The courtroom rang with laughter, Leopold and Loeb Joining. The dem onstration faded quickly under the frown of Judge Caverly. Just before the Incident Judge Caverly had turned a State argument Jnto a query against the prosecution’s ! own position. Thomas Marshall, legal scholar of the State’s attorney’s staff, had read a decision which held that moral depravity was not an evidence of Insanity. “Then if It Is not such evidence and does not tend to prove it, can it not ; be heard in mitigation?” asked the court, adding; “It seem* to me It would be com petent for a court to hear it and con stitute reversible grounds if It were rejected.” Defendants Smile. Leopold and Loeb sat quietly through the reading and argument. Once, however, they whispered and smiled when Darrow moved into a chair alongside them and haaded a newspaper clipping to Leopold. Leo pold wrote a note on the margin and laughed as he handed it to Loeb. They smiled again with Dr. White, whose appearance on the stand pre cipitated the debate, when Mr. Marshall read a decision which men tioned the “seal of medical science” In Investigating mental disorder* Letter Hearing Time. The hearing was set today for-an opening 30 minutes later than previ ously. This served only to increase the crowd clamoring for entrance and a possible view of the millionaire youths as they marched in and out of the courtroom guarded by the usual three bail Iff* The early part of the session prom ised little more than that to ap pease the Interest of the visitors, since Thomas Marshall, indictment and legal research expert for Crowe, left unfinished yesterday his citing of precedents from other common wealths to prevent Judge Caverly hearing as a mitigating circumstance the testimony of various alienists called by the defense. Dr, William A. White of Washington, D. C.. rested comfortably four and a half hours on the witness stand yesterday while the State and the defense argued as to the admissibility of the evidence the prosecution thought he would he called upon to give. A chilly lake breeze sprang up overnight and the day promised to be the first one cool enough for comfort since the hearing opened eight days ago. Only a few men were in the court room or the long line that wound down from the courtroom on the sixth floor, women predominating in a ratio of about nine to one. Brings Law Book* Court convened at 10:33 a.m. Judge Caverly brought several law books into court Dr. White climbed Into the witness chair and the attorneys grouped themselves in front of the bench preparatory to a resumption of the argument Judge Caverly told the prosecution that all the cases cited yesterday were cases in which a plea of not guilty had been entered and the cases tried by Juries and that therefore they were not applicable in the pres ent instance. The court cited a Pennsylvania decision which he held ran along lines similar to the Franks case so far, and indicated that alienist testimony In mitigation of punish ment had been heard by that court. Chaaee for State. Judge Caverly said that in the Pennsylvania case It was held that a plea of guilty automatically made the crime second degree murder. He said it was held that the State might then introduce testimony to raise the offense to first degree murder. “Well, we have raised the offense in this case,” Interjected Robert E. Crow* State’s attorney, “and under stand it.” *T Just wished to make that point clear,” said the court. Clarence S. Darrow, chief counsel for the defens* wanted a time limit put upon the arguments as to ad missibility of alienist testimony, say. inar that eases the State thought (Cpn >lnn sd on Page 6, Column 2.) Radio Programs—Page 41. \ ' cl AGAIN “THE GOOD STORY.” FOUR SHOT, 23 HELD IN K 0 MATTEL Meeting of Massachusetts Klansmen in Haverhill Cause of Fighting. By til. Aswjted Pre»*. HAVERHILL, Mass., July 31. Four men were shot here early today when hostile crowds clashed with between 3.000 and 5,000 members of the Ku Klux Klan who held a meet ing lasting into the early morning on a hill in the neighboring town of Groveland. State and local police at length quelled the disordeis, taking Into custody 23 men. Including three of the wounded men, and confiscating six shotguns, several revolvers and .quantities of. ammunition. The disorders broke out at the conclusion of a Klan initiation cere mony on Perry Hill, Groveland, and continued as nearly 1,000 automobiles bearing klansmen from Worcester, Boston, Springfield and other cities traveled from the meeting place to- : ward Haverhill. Shots were fired and many missiles were thrown at the passing cars, but so far as is known only four men were injured. None of the injured men, all of whom suffered buckshot wounds in the leg* was believed to be dangerously hurt. Say Klanamrm Fired. The wounded men—James Connolly, Francis Cotter, Edmund Lucey and a fourth named Buckley, all of Ha verhill —were In one automobile. They alleged they were fired upon by klansmen in a large truck when they attempted ot pass the vehicle after State police had signaled them to move abcad. Approximately half of the score of men arrested were Haverhill resi dents, and the others were from Mas sachusetts cities, as far west as Worcester. All were charged with disturbing the peace. Guard* Around Field. About 300 armed guards surround ed the 10-acre field in Groveland in which the ceremonies were in prog ress last night, witnesses said. A crowd of about 400 men collected outside the field, but although hos tile, no disturbance arose until about X o’clock this morning, when the meeting ended and the klansmen, openly armed, witnesses said, marched out of the field beside the cars as a measure of precaution against at tack. Largd numbers of the Klan group were apparently former serv ice men, wearing Army uniform* Stones were hurled at the machines and occasional shots were fired as the Klan members, riding in their car* drove toward Haverhill. The firing and stone throwing increased as the klansmen entered Haverhill, and it was in Haverhill that all of the arrests were made, before the last of the Klan cars had disappeared. Arrests appeared to be approximately evenly divided between persons at tending the Klan meeting and the op position. RIOTERS ABE SOUGHT. By the AwocUted Ptew. LANCASTER, Mass., July 31. Spurred on by the order from Gov. Channing H. Cox to exert every ef fort to find the persons responsible for the clashes between the Ku Klux Klan members and the antl-Klan sym pathizers in Spencer and Lancaster which broke out shortly before mid night Tuesday night. State police co operating with the authorities of the town were centering their activities last night on placing responsibility for the use of firearms In the Lan caster affray. Both towns have been quiet since the pitched battle which resulted in injury to more than fifty persons and extensive damage to property. The Klansmen at the Lancaster meeting were besieged by the antl-Klan sym pathisers for nine hours when State police escorted them from the field amid the jeers and hoots of more than 500 men and boys who bad gathered in the vicinity. MAIL BANDIT KILLED; POSTAL CLERK SHOT Federal Employe Frustrates At tempted Bobbery of Lacka wanna Train. By the Associated Pres*. EAST ORANGE, N. J.. July 31.—One bandit was killed, one escaped and a mall clerk was wounded twice when he frustrated an attempted mail rob bery at the Lackawanna Railroad sta tion at 5 o'clock today. Eugene Stack. 23, mail clerk, em ployed at the local post office, is in a hospital with bullet wounds in the right thumb and the right leg as the result of his repulse of the bandits, who, it is believed, tried to steal a mall pouch. The escaped bandit got away In a taxi, which is believed to have been driven by a confederate!. Stack went to the station to meet the 4:58 o’clock a-m. train and had taken off six pouches, when two men got off the train, and limped toward him. They opened fire without warning and the shots were returned by Stack. One bandit fell dead at the top of a stairway and plunged to the bottom. The other fled to the street, where Stack saw him enter the taxi. BROKER SHOT HIMSELF, GIRL COMPANION SAYS Claims He Placed Revolver Against Head to Prove It Was Not Loaded. By the Associated Pres* NEW Y'ORK, July 31.—Harry Mack, a stock broker, was killed in his room in the theatrical rooming dis trict early today following a party which had lasted until after mid night. A young woman who was alone with him when he was shot and who described herself as Peggy Cook, a hairdresser of Philadelphia, was questioned by the police. Miss Cook, who gave her age as 19 years, declared the shooting was accidental. She had remained after the other guests left, she said, and when she noticed a revolver in the room she asked Mack to put it away because it frightened her. He took the weapon, she said, and open ed the chamber, allowing several cartridges to fall to the floor. Then he placed the revolver against his temple, she said, and after pulling the trigger, remarked; “See, it isn’t loaded.” Then he pulled the trigger again and there was a loud report, she as serted. Mack was dead when an am bulance surgeon arrived. JAPANESE RAISE CUSTOMS Duty on Certain Luxuries to Be 100 Per Cent, Effective at Once. By the Associated Pres* TOKYO, July 31.—The act passed by both houses of the Diet on July 17 raising the customs duty on luxuries to 100 per cent advalorem, was pro mulgated this morning and becomes effective immediately. The new tariff applies to about 250 articles classed as luxuries. It does not apply to goods in transit before July 5 if application was made for such exemption before the act was promulgated. BUI to Bar Evolution Teaching In Schools of Georgia Favored By the Associated Pres*. ATLANTA, Ga., July 31.—The Geor gia House of Representatives had be fore it today a favorable report from its committee on education of a bill to withdraw all state funds from any school or other institution at which the Darwin theory or any other simi lar theory of evolution is taught. The bill Is a copy of the Kentucky law. Representative Pope styled the the ory of evolution as “rotten stuff.” Representative McCrory, speaking be fore the committee, bald if he was descended from a monkey he was ashamed of It, but didn't think bs waa He said he believed God created man an'd monkeys entirely separate. “From Press to Home Within the Hour ” The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday's Circulation, 92,193 ALL SERVICE TIME COUNTSFORBONUS Stone Decides Veterans Can Include Periods Spent A. W. 0. L. or in Guardhouse. Liberal Interpretation of the term "active military service" as used In calculating bonus under the adjusted compensation law has been made by the Attorney General In response to requests by the War and Navy De partments. The position of the Attorney Gen eral, which came to light today, was understood to ailow for bonus pur poses any and all service, Including: time spent in the guardhouse or while "absent without leave,” pro vided the veteran was finally sepa rated from the Army or Navy under honorable conditions. Engniins Work Begun. At the same time It was revealed today at the Bureau of Engraving ard Printing that the model for vet erans’ adjusted service certificate has been returned to the bureau from other departments concerned with final O. K. and that the work of en graving has begun. The engraving task will take about six weeks, it was estimated by Maj. Wallace W. Kirby, director of the bureau. Following that the bureau will arrange for printing the certif icates. Pour million have been or dered. No estimate on the time re quired to print them has as yet been made. The first one may be issued by the Veterans' Bureau after Janu ary 1, 1925. The War and Navy Departments were troubled with the matter of in terpreting the term “active military service,” for computing the bonus, partly on account of the fact that there was one Army of the United States, all service In which was ac tive service, while the Navy had two classes of service, active and reserve. Difference In Service*. The American Army included the Regulars, the National Guard and the National Army, which for the most part was drafted. During the war these several classes of men in the Army were by law declared to be the American Army. The Navy had no such difficulties of grouping several kinds of navies, and adhered to its old customs. If you were in the J*avy, you were either,on activts service or inactive service. In the tVar and Navy Departments theje JKcre arrayed on the one side those who thought active service meant reveille, call to quarters and taps each day, against those who thought active service meant any and all kinds of service, including time spent on furlough, or in hospital, in Paris, after the armistice, without the permission of a superior officer. Several hundred thousand men at various times during the war had social or business engagements which could not be explained, and which re quired attention regardless of the Articles of War. One officer said to day that he thought almost every man at some time during his service (Continued on Pago 2, Column 4.) and he didn’t believe “they had ever mixed and hoped they never would.” Representative Covington said "the only thing wrong with those two Chi cago youths, Loeb and Leopold, is that they went to schools and col leges where they were taught pagan philosophy. If those old alienists told the truth they would tell that too.” He said he didn’t believe a wagon load of mud could be left in the road and "by its own Inherent evolutionary powers "become some thing “all dressed up and running for the legislature.” “Do you think it would have to evolute far?” asked Chairman Elders. Judge Covington did not reply. TWO CENTS. PARLEY’S SUCCESS SEEMS ASSURED BY FRENCHPROPOSALS Committee Unanimously Ac cepts Compromise Upon Security for Loan. MACHINERY FOR FIXING DEFAULT COMPLICATED Some Modification of Dawes’ Plan Involved—Conference Must Approve Scheme. By the Associated Press. LONDON, July 31.—The members of the experts’ committee of the Inter- Allied conference, after examining: the proposals submitted by the French experts yesterday, as a com promise plan to end the conference deadlock over security for the Dawes plan German loan, declared their be lief today that the French proposals, with minor alterations, would proba bly be acceptable to the conference. The French proposal was accepted unanimously by committee number 1 of the conference, while an amend ment put forward by the British members this morning’ was with drawn, both the French and British delegates congratulating each other on the happy turn of events. One delegate said: ‘TThe great difficulty of the con ference now is over.” Rock-Bottom Proposal. The new FVench proposal, embody ing Premier Herriofs rock-bottom of fer in concessions to break the dead lock in the interallied conference, was handed to Prime Minister MacDonald at 4 o’clock yesterday afternoon and laid before the chief delegates. In cluding American Ambassador Kel logg, who were gathered in the Prime Minister’s room of the House of Com mons. After the adjournment of the del egates Mr. Kellogg declined to com ment on whether the French proposal would be acceptable until the Amer ican experts had studied it. On its face value the FVench pro posal, as authoritatively Interpreted, seems to be a great concession of b>SDch policy. The proposal con i talas three male points, besides some ! features of the original plan for sanctions and defaults. The first point seeks to calm British fears that a sham German default may be de clared by providing for a board of arbitration, which will make a dec laration of default by the reparation commission much more difficult to obtain than at present. Defects to Be Handled. The second point provides for the establishment of machinery to handle defects which may develop in the working of the Dawes plan, particu larly in relation to deliveries in kind. The third provides for guarantees that Germany will not maneuver out of payments in kind. It also enables France to make new agreements ex tending the terms for payments in kind beyond the provisions of the Versailles treaty date, which is 1930. Acceptance of these proposals in volves modification of the Dawes plan. The board of arbitration which the French propose shall be established I for working with the reparation oom [ mission in declaring a default is to have three members, who will be nominated by the reparation com mission as soon as the conference ad journs. If the reparation commis sion can not decide unanimously on the arbitrators, then the appointments will be made by The Hague court. It is assumed that an American, a i Frenchman and a Briton will consti tute the board. Fine Point Involved. A declaration of default under the French plan Involves a very fine point, for the arbitrators themselves will not arbitrate an actual default, but will arbitrate the question of 4 default being considered by the rep aration commission. If a charge of default la made against Germany, the reparation commission will vote on the charge. If its vote is unanimous the allies will consider the sanction to be taken. If the reparation commission’s vote is not unanimous, the minority mem- I her can appeal to the arbitration board which, by a majority vote, will refer the question back to the repa ration commission for another vote. Should this bring about a majority ballot declaring a default it will make the default effective. In away, the board of arbitration will act as a sort of grand Jury which returns an in dictment, upon which the reparation commission will act. . The French proposal supersedes both those of James A. Logan, jr., the American observer, and M. Theunls, the Belgian premier. If the confer ence does not accept the French rec ommendation the American observers believe new compromise arrange ments will be forthcoming from the fertile minds of the men who have been at the business of formula-mak ing at allied conference tables since the Versailles treaty was arranged. ANTHRAX CAUSES BAN. Oklahoma Embargoes Live' Stock Importation. OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla., July 31. A quarantine against the admission of live stock into Oklahoma from the States of Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi, because of the existence of anthrax in sections of those States, was ordered today by John A- White hunt, president of the State Boarl of Agriculture.