Fair and warmer tonight: tomorrow
partly cloudy and warmer: possibly lo
cal thundershowers- tomorrow night.
Temperature for 24 hours ended
at 2 p.m. today: Highest. 82. at noon
today: lowest. 64. at 6:15 a.m. today.
Full report on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 18
NOO fil l Entered as second class matter
O. _D,oID. post office Washington, D. C.
I). S. PLANE FORCED
DOWN AT SEA MAY
BE SAVED AND TRIP
British Trawler Reported
Towing Wreck to Port.
Richmond Cut Machine
Adrift After Rescue.
OTHER TWO AVIATORS
MAY START TOMORROW
Commander Smith and Lieut. Nel
son Safe in Iceland —Next Hop
Is From Homafjord to Reyk
javik—Value of Naval Patrol
Shown in Disaster.
By the Associated Press.
REYKJAVIK, Iceland, August 4.
The wrecked airplane which had
been piloted by Lieut. Leigh Wade
in the American round-the-world
flight and which was abandoned
early this morning by the cruiser
Richmond is being taken to the
Faroe Islands by the trawler Rugby
in order to ascertain whether it may
be possible to repair it in time to
continue the flight, it is understood
If it is possible to repair the Bos
ton, despite serious damage to the
plane's wings and pontoons, the
cruiser Raleigh will bring the ma
chine to Reykjavik, where the repairs
will be made and where, if possible,
Lieut. Wade will continue his flight.
It has not yet been decided whether
Flight Commander Lieut. Lowell H.
Smith ard Lieut. Erik Nelson will
start from Hoefn Homafjord for
Reykj ik today or tomorrow'.
CRUISER ABANDONS PLANE.
Richmond Starts to Iceland With
By the Associated Press.
ABOARD U. S. S. RICHMOND, Au
gust 4.—The Boston, the airplane pilot
ed by Lieut. Leigh Wade in the Ameri
can Army world flight, was abandoned
early this morning. The p'ane was taken
in tow by the Richmond yesterday after
Lieut. Wade and his mechanic, Sergt.
Arthur M. Ogden, had been forced down
at sea by engine trouble w'hile negoti
ating the hop from Kirkwall, in the
Orkneys, to Iceland.
The Richmond s effort to salvage the
wrecked plane was abandoned when the
machine, which had been gradually fill
ing while being towed in a heavy sea,
capsized. Seeing the hopelessness of at
tempting further to saVe it. the officers
cut it adrift.
The Richmond. - which today is
steaming for Reykjavik, Iceland, ex
pects to arrive at that port tomor
row morning. Wade and Ogden will
remain on board her for the remain
der of the trip to Boston by sea
along the route of the transatlantic
Value of Patrol Shown.
The Richmond, which has been
making four knots an hour, towing
the wrecked plane, was within five
miles of the lighthouse on Suderoe
Island, in the Faroes, when she was
obliged to abandon the machine.
As the Richmond steamed off, the
trawler, with a whale alongside,'was
still standing by. Her skipper ap
peared to be undecided whether to
follow the drifting plane or remain
with the whale, but finally concluded
to take the latter alternative.
The value of the naval patrol pro
tection for the flyers was amply dem
onstrated in yesterday's search for
Wade and Ogden. After the patrol
ling vessels had been informed that
the flyers had made a forced landing,
the Richmond and the Billingsley con
verged on the position indicated by
the message sent by Lieut. Smith, and
the destroyer, making 31 knots, had
ample time to reach the damaged
plane before the late darkness in
these latitudes. The Billingsley, in
fact, reached the Boston immediately
after Wade and Ogden’s machine was
found by the Grimsby trawler.
Radio Stilled to Search.
The radio w’as stilled, except for
official business, during the search
for the missing airmen.
Lieut. Wade, on board the Rich
mond, was chagrined over the fate
that had brought his plane to grief
and stopped the participation of him
self and Sergt. Ogden in the flight
when it was so near a conclusion,
but he took the disappointment well.
Describing his experiences, Lieut.
‘Tt was the first time we had
had trouble with the oil pump and
our second forced landing in the
19,000-mile flight. The first was on
the Japanese coast when we came
down for water.
“On yesterday's flight, when the
trouble came, we signaled Lieut.
Smith by waving that we were forced
down: also that the engine was out
of commission, requesting him to ad-
Vise the patrol. We expected to re
main in the water until the Richmond
arrived. We saw a merchant vessel
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, but
could not attract its attention. An
hour later the trawler which rescued
■us was sighted. We had to signal
her with pistol and rifle before she
Lieut. Wade said he* and Ogden
were afraid at first to eat the sand
wiches and drink the water they had,
(Continued on Page i, Column 3.)
Aviators of Wrecked Plane
Game as Storm Dashes Hopes
Lieut. Wade and Sergt. Ogden See Ma
chine Cut Adrift After Cruiser’s
Heroic Effort to Save It.
by FREDERICK R. NEELY,
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
ON BOARD U. S. S. RICHMOND,
UNDER WAT TO REYKJAVIK, Ice
land. August 4 (via Wireless). —
Forced down with a dead motor In
the heart of the untamed North,
Lieut. Leigh Wade and his mecha
nician, Serpt. Henry H. Ogden, virtu
ally counted themselves out of the
world flight today—the faithful ship
that carried them safely three-quar
ters of the way around the earth,
having been abandoned in polar sea.
Barely snatched from death in an
Arctic hurricane that lashed the
ocean with staggering fury a brief
hour or two after they had been res
cued, the two intrepid American
aviators are hurrying to Reykjavik,
on board the light cruiser Richmond,
Ito meet Lieut. Lowell H. Smith and
I Lieut. Eric Nelson, who have reached
! Homafjord, Iceland, safely.
Take Accident Gamely.
“It's all in a lifetime," was the
philosophic exclamation of Lieut.
Wade a few minutes after his plane
had been abandoned while officers of
LITTLE HOPE IDE
CAN fINIS| FLIGHT
Out of It Unless Wrecked
Plane Is Repaired, Say
| Unless the wrecked airplane of
i Lieut. Wade, Army flyer, can be re
| paired at Reykjavik, he is definitely
| out of the world flight, it was said
I today at the War Department.
I Spare parts are available at Rcy
j kjavik and repairs can be made there
unless the Boston was completely
I smashed. Army officers were not op
| timistic on this score, however, and
| held out little hope that the united
; squadron could fly home.
One possibility still discussed was
i that a naval plane might be furnished
j to replace the wrecked craft.
May Not Send Snbstifnte.
! It was indicated that consideration
i of a plan to send a new craft to re
place the Boston would not be pur
j sued because it was found to be im
i On arrival of the Richmond at
Reykjavik, unless Lieut. Wade's ship
j is in better condition than reports
have indicated, he will be instructed
I to continue to the United States on
I the cruiser Richmond, which took him
aboard in midocean.
Army Air Service officials received
I wireless reports from the Navy
patrol force that the Richmond nad
recovered the wrecked Boston and
.that there still was some hope that
'it might be salvaged. If not too
'badly smashed, facilities aboard the
cruiser are available for repair
The advices gave no details and
did not make it clear whether they
were forwarded before press ■ dis
patches telling of the abandonment
of the craft.
One Airship Accessible.
There is one airship in easy access
capable of taking the place of the
wrecked Boston. It is a Douglas
machine now at Langley Field and is
similar to the one in which Maj.
Martin, first commander of the flight,
flew to Alaska on the first part ot
Weather conditions, possible ways
in which to expedite the delivery of
a plane to the far North and other
i considerations first must Jie taken
into account. Delay to the other
members of the squadron also must
be borne in mind.
Army and Navy officers expressed
keen disappointment that Lieut.
Wade's machine had been put out of
commission with his goal of complet
ing the flight almost in sight.
Rear Admiral Magruder, command
ing the cruiser squadron protecting
the travel lane, has authority. Navy
Department officials said today, to
turn over to Lieut. Leigh Wade one
of the special cruiser planes to re
place the Boston, if this plan is found
Cruiser Plane's Powers.
The cruiser plane, carried as regu
lar equipment by the Richmond class,
is capable of six hours’ continuous
flight, at from 75 to 90 miles an hour,
giving it ample radius, according to
naval experts, to enable the Ameri
can flyer to complete the trip. The
plane is a two-seater and is not es
sentially different in operation from
that which carried Lieut. Wade
19,000 miles before his mishap,
j Lieut. Wade before the flight served
ias engineer officer at Bolling Field,
: D. C., and was one of the pilots chos
len to represent the Army in the
bombing maneuvers which resulted in
the sinking of the three old German
warcraft oft the Virginia Capes last
Summer. He has flown all types of
airplanes, American, British. French,
Italian and German, acting in the ca
pacity as test pilot at McCook Field,
Dayton. Ohio. He has held the alti
tude record for the Martin bomber
type for more than a year.
Staff Sergt. Henry H. Ogden, his
mechanic, is the son of E. B. Ogden
of Woodville, Miss. He is 23 years
old and is regarded as one of the
most expert motor engineers in the
erUisted ranks of the Army Air Serv
iil. He enlisted at the aviation re
rJjr depot at Montgomery, Ala., and
tSn, Tex., and with the 57th Service
tJquadron, Selfridge Field, Mount
V J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. MONDAY, AUGUST 4, 1924-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. *
the Richmond were straining every
energy to reach a port in time to
make some effort at repairs, at least.
“We are out of it, that’s all. If our
pontoons had sprung a leak sooner
we would have gone down at 2
o'clock this afternoon."
A broken oil pump and the fickle
climate of this treacherous land of
ice and fog combined to rob Lieut.
Wade and Sergt. Ogden of the fruits
of victgry just when they seemed so
close, at the very hour they seemed
straightened out down the home
stretch. And their game, “never-say
die” spirit nearly cost then* their
lives, when they fought bitterly to
take the air again in the face of the
It was the heart-breaking end of
one of the most heroic battles in the
history of the sea. The start from
Houton Bay. near Kirkwall, was
made under weather conditions un
usually favorable for the Orkney
Islands and the promise of success
seemed more assured than it had for
The four aviators—Smith. Arnold.
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
Federal Troops in Mexico
Seek Murderers of Mrs.
Evans Near Puebla.
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY. August 4.—Federal
forces are searching for the slayers
of Mrs. Rosalie Evans, who was shot
dead from ambush near Texmelucan,
Puebla, Saturday night.
The widow of a British subject,
a former president of the Bank of
London in Mexico, Mrs. Evans was
ono of the central figures in the re
cent international affair between
Great Britain and Mexico, culminating
in the withdrawal of the British
charge des archives, Herbert C. Cum
mins. Mr. Cummins was accused by
the Mexicans of undue harshness in
his communciations concerning Mn.
Evans' dispute with the Mexican gov
ernment over attempts to divide her
estate under the agrarian program.
Accompanied by John Strauss, the
German manager of her estate. Mrs.
Evans was driving homeward, when
shots came from the left and she
fell from the wagon. Her hair be
came entangled in the wheels and
the body was dragged some distance,
badly mutilating the face, Strauss
made a desperate effort to defend his
employer, but was wounded In the
arm and forced to abandon the fight.
He managed, however, to release her
body from the wheels and summon
help before collapsing.
I'. S. Envoy in Case.
American Charge d’Affaires Schoen
field last night conferred with For
eign Minister Saenz. He said later
that they discussed the details of
the attack, but he was otherwise un
communicative. Representatives of
the British consulate general have
gone to Texmelucan to bring the body
to Mexico City.
Mrs. Evans' six-year fight to hold
her hacieYda, consisting of 1,080
hectares (about 436 acres) and called
San Ptdro Coxtocan, has been fol
lowed with intense interest in diplo
matic circles and in both the British
and American colonies. Mrs. Evans
was formerly of Brownsville, Tex.
The question figured in the pre
recognition conferences last Summer,
when the American delegates' unoffi
cial efforts succeeded in bringing
about a meeting between Mrs. Evans
and President Obregon. Several
months ago, when word reached the
capital that the hacienda was sur
rounded by armed agrarians, volun
teers from the British colony visited
Puebla to help protect the owner.
She personally waged a fearless
fight, several times driving invaders
off her land at pistol point. She in
sisted on living in the ruined ranch
had been burned, and,
besides her employes, was protected
by George Camp, a Texan, who aban
doned his contracting business here
several months ago to go to the ha
cienda. His present whereabouts Is
Official admission that the Evans
case had been taken over by the
American embassy came several
weeks after Charge Cummins' de
parture, when Ambassador Warren
said Mrs. Evans had laid the entire
question before him. The Mexican
government’s stand has always been
that Mrs. Evans was making obsti
nate and unjustifiable resistance to
its plans for the division of her es
tate under the governmental agra
rian program, with proper remunera
tion to her.
BRITISH AWAIT REPORT.
Leave Case Entirely in Hands of
U. S. Embassy.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, August 4.—The British
government is leaving the case sur
rounding the killing of Mrs. Rosalie
Evans entirely in the hands of the
American embassy in Mexico City,
which has been handling British af
fairs there since the withdrawal of
Herbert C. Cummins as charge des
Recommendations will be made
from London as to the course to pur
sue as soon as full details have been
GERMANS TO STAND
FIRM FOR FREEDOM
Delegation Headed by Marx
Outlines Plan of Battle
OBJECTIONS TO DAWES
PLAN PROGRAM HINTED
Herriot Places Success of Economic
Recovery Squarely on
BY EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER.
By Ksilio to The Star and Chicago Daily
New*. Copyright, 1924.
BERLIN, August 4.—The German
delegation, which leaves Berlin to
day for London, comprises some 15
persons, led by Chancellor Marx, For
eign Minister Stresemann and Finance
Minister Luther. The Germans were
surprised at the tone of the in
vitation and its peremptory request
that the delegation reach London
Monday, but It was suggested that
perhaps the English were unaware
that Berlin was 24 hours removed
The German program is naturally
to obtain the best possible terms.
More specifically, the Germans will
maintain that it is impossible to
modify any portions of the Dawes re
port against other concessions from
France. This especially applies to
transfers, which, as foreseen under
the Dawes plan, remain the exclusive
competence of the agent.
German* to Stand Firm,
Furthermore, the Germans will sug
gest that the system of arbitration
tribunals desired by the French be
extended further to include such
matters as deciding whether German
economic unity is really restored.
Other technical points involve pay
ments in kind and the superseding of
the Micum agreements.
But most important are three or
four political points. The principal
one of these undoubtedly is the mili
tary evacuation of the Ruhr. Here
Germany expects to stand firm and
obtain a definite promise of evacua
tion within a limited time if she
maintains her new obligations.
The question of French control of
certain Rhineland railways and the
continued presence of French railway
men must also be negotiated. The third
point is the evacuation of the Rhine
land zones, as the Germans consider
the French viewpoint that the time
of the Rhineland occupation has not
begun to run, is simply outrageous.
STRESSES BERLIN PACT.
Herriot Says Dawes Plan Success
Rests on Germans.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, August 4.—The ultimate
success of the interallied conference
on reparation now depends upon the
attitude of the Germans, Premier
Herriot of France told the Associated
“If the German delegates are wise,”
said M. Herriot. “we shall have a
good peace, not only for Europe, but
for the entire world. Everything
now depends upon a proper under
standing by Germany of the part she
is to play. The allies have reached
a complete agreement.
“In the attainment of the happy re
sults we have achieved France has
not made a bargain but has merely
proposed a thesis of justice, founded
upon full recognition of the princi
ple of arbitration, which is the basis
of the London agreement.”
Praise* American* Work.
The French premier paid tribute to
the helpful co-operation of Frank
B. Kellogg, the American ambassa
dor, and the other American partici
pants in the consultations, James A.
Logan and Owen D. Young, In bring
ing about the agreement. He ex
pressed also his gratitude to Presi
dent Coolidge for the friendly interest
of the American Chief Executive.
"We have reached a complete
agreement and America has been very
helpful,” he added. "It is only nec
essary now for Germany to under
stand her duty.”
From a French source it is learned
that M. Herriot has spent the great
er part of his time since Saturday
discussing with members of the dele
gation the procedure to be followed
at the conference after the arrival
of the Germans tomorrow. The na
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
DAVIS TO MEET SMITH
IN CONFERENCE TODAY
Democratic Nominee for President
and New York Governor Ar
range for Parley.
By the Associated Frew.
NEW YORK, August 4.—John W.
Davis announced This morning that a
conference with Gov. Smith had been
arranged for later In the day. The
two will meet in the Democratic
headquarters of the Murray Hill Ho
Mr. Davis came to New York from
his home In Locust Valley and held
further conferences with his cam
paign advisers. Gov. Smith arrived
in town after a week-end cruise in
Those who called on Mr. Davis to
discuss the campaign today included
Carl Vrooman, former assistant sec
retary of agriculture; Charles R.
Crane, former Ambassador to China;
W. R. Pattangall, Democratic candi
date for Governor of Maine, and An
drew 8. Peters, former mayor of Bos
ton, , _ _
LA FOLLETTE HAILS
BACKING OF LABOR
Declares Indorsement Wi#
Make Achievement of Inde
pendent Aims Likely.
PRAISES UNION CREED
Asserts Expression of Non-Parti
sanship High Example of
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Welcoming the aid to the indepen
dent progressive ticket for President,
and Vice President, accorded by the
American Federation of Labor
through the action of the executive
council in indorsing the candidacy of
Senator La Follette and Senator
Wheeler, Senator La Follette in a
telegram to President Samuel Gompers
of the federation, today expressed
his appreciation of that action.
Senator La Follette declared in his
telegram that with the aid of organ
ized labor, the farmers, business men
and professional men “and all other
men and women whose sole interest
in government is that of good citizen
ship," it would be possible to achieve
the great object of the progressive
movement, which is “to break the
combined power of selfish interests
Text of Telegram,
His telegram to Mr. Gompers fol
“I desire to express my deep ap
preciation for the action taken by
the executive council of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor in indorsing
the independent candidacy of Sen
ator Wheeler and myself. In taking
this step after deliberate judgment,
the American Federation of Labor
has adhered. to its traditional non
"The .importance of the support by
the American Federation of Labor
for the progressive ticket cannot be
overestimated. Your executive com
mittee In stating the American Fed
eration's political purpose says: 'Or
ganized labor owes allegiance to no
political party or group. It is not
partisan to any political party or
group. -It is partisan to principles—
the principles of freedom, justice and
Praises Labor Creed.
“It seems to me that in this brief
paragraph you have set forth a creed
of citizenship which, if accepted and
acted upon by the great body of
common citizens, would rapidly make
the government of our country what
it was intended to be, the people's
own instrument of service. I have
in my public record attested my ac
cord with the aspirations of Ameri
can wage earners as represented by
the American Federation of Labor.
1 welcome this indorsement.”
"To break the combined power of sel
fish interests upon government ia the
paramount issue of this campaign, and
with the support of organized labor, the
farmers, business men, professional men
and all other men and women whose
sole Interest In government is that of
good citixenship 1 feel confident we
WAR MATERIAL ORDER
140,000 Machine Guns and Spe
cial Type Motor Lorries Bought
From English Firms.
By the Associated Frees.
LONDON, August 4.—Japan has or
dered 140,000 machine guns from the
British Vickers Company which is
working on the order night and day,
according to the Westminster Gazette.
The paper adds that another firm,
the Scrutton Company, Is executing
a large Japanese order for a special
type of tractor lorry, to be shipped
at an early date.
Radio Programs—Page 23.
Famous Author Dies
|Ka^.' Mk y jßjl^^’^^^ik.-a
Bws m | Jr
wi am Sk
JOSEPH CONRAD, ~
Genius of Modern Literature
Regarded by Many as
, Day’s Greatest Writer.
By the Associated Press.
BISHOPSBOURNE, England, August
3.—Joseph Conrad, considered by many
the outstanding figure in modern Eng
lish letters, died at his home here to
day. He was 67 years old.
Conrad's death was most Sudden.
He was apparently in normal health
Saturday morning, but w r as taken ill
about noon and died this morning at
Friends, who were spending the week
end at the author’s home, Bishops
bourne, said that the novelist had a
cheerful breakfast Saturday, although
he complained of having slept badly.
After breakfast he wrote until 11
o’clock, and then took a motor ride
with friends. During the drive he
complained that he was not feeling
well. When he returned home a doctor
was summoned, but the physician ap
parently did not regard the author’s
condition as serious.
In the evening Conrad wis in much
pain, suffering from asthma and
breathing with difficulty. The doctor
was hastily summoned again and ad
vised the administration of oxygen.
The noveltist’s condition grew worse
through the night. In the morning,
when resting in a chair, he suddenly
fell dead. His heart was unable to
withstand the strain of the severe
rn ' n an inland country, yet lov
(Continued on Page 5, Column 27)
Infantry Unit As
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., August 4.
An infantry regiment, to be
composed of two battalions, one of
police and the other of firemen<-is
being organized by Director of
Public Safety Butler. The pri
mary purpose of the regiment, the
director said today, was to instill
public interest in the police ath
letic games by holding parades,
but he added that it would also
serve as emergency units in case
of serious outbreaks. Each bat
talion will be made up of four
companies, 100 men to a company.
"As soon as we receive rifles and
bayonets," said Gen. Butler, “the
men wilt'start intensive training.
The manual-of-arms of the Marine
Corps will be used.
The director said that nearly SO
per cent of the poltea and firemen
were turner service men,
V. . ...
“From Press to Home
Within the Bout**
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Saturday’s Circulation, 83,547
Sunday’s Circulation, 97,014
WILL ASK COOLIDGE
TO REVIEW PARADE
Defense Day Committee Also
to Urge Pershing to
President Calvin Coolidge and Gen.
John J. Pershing will review a
parade and address those who have
been enrolled at the Washington
observance of National Defense day.
September 12 next, according to the
plans of the committee named by the
A committee of three, consist
ing of E. F. Colladay, president
of the Washington Board of Trade:
Isaac Gans, president of the Wash
ington Chamber of Commerce, and
R. P. Andrews, president of the Mer
chants and Manufacturers’ Associa
tion, has been designated by the com
mittee to extend the invitation to the '
President and Gen. Pershing in per- |
The plans of the citizens; commit
tee appointed by. the District Com- 1
missioners as revealed today further
contemplate a parade of all those en
rolled for National Defense day. This
will be the one and only exercise
or function of the day.
May Broadcast Speeches.
The President and General Per
shing will be invited to review the
enrolled men from a stand to be erect
ed at the Sylvan Theater, in the Mon
ument Grounds. After the last of the
marchers has passed the stand this
formality of the day will take place.
It is also planned to broadcast the
proposed addresses of the President
and Gen. Pershing from this stand.
These exercises will Conclude the ob
servance of National Defense day in
E. F. Colladay. chairman of the
committee on co-operation, announces
that his committee is prepared to re
ceive the enrollment of groups or
units from all organized bodies in
Washington. This committee has to
do with the enrollment of commercial,
civic, patriotic and the units from
large employment centers, such as
governmental departments, factories,
stores or societies. Each unit so par
ticipating will be permitted to carry
a banner designating the place or in
stitution from which the enrolled
men come. The banner will be of a
uniform size, to be announced later by
All individuals filling out the enroll
ment blanks as well as the unit that
will participate in Defense day will
be notified of the point of formation
for each particular unit as well as
the approximate time they are to
The citizens' committee appointed
| by the District Commissioners has
heretofore announced that the Na
tional Defense day program will be
carried out with the minimum of dis
ruption of the activities of business,
governmental and private, as far as
possible. The carrying forward of
the exercises in the afternoon will
make it possible for those who par
ticipate to put in a half day of work
with sufficient time available for
lunch followed by formation.
Only those who are to enroll will
be excused from their place of em
ployment for the afternoon of Friday,
While Chairman Colladay of the
committee on co-operation will mail
letters to organizations, he announced
today that heads of organizations of
ail kinds, including individual gov
ernmental departments and business
firms, are publicly advised that they
should proceed at once to canvass
their establishments to permit those
who decide to lend their services for
National Defense day to enroll.
It has already been announced by
the committee that the enrollment
will involve no responsibility what
soever other than participation in
the day’s exercises.
Those deciding to enroll may do so
by mailing direct to room 306, Dis
trict Building, for the committee on
enrollment, of which MaJ. Wheeler is
chairman. Organizations or institu
tions participating should advise
Chairman E. F, Colladay.
OF LEOPOLD’S MIND
Dr. Heaty, Defense Expert,
Corroborates White’s Find
ings on Loeb.
SEES ABSURD CHILDISH
PACT FACTOR IN CRIME
Court Prevents Elaboration of
Physiatrist’s Theory as Un
fit for Publication.
B.r the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. August 4—Dr. William
Healy of Boston, testifying in the
* ranks hearing this morning, testified
that in his judgment there was some
steady impairment of own
judgment concerning his ownself, par
ticularly his relationship to life. Pre
viously Dr. W. A. White of Washing
ton testified Richard Loeb's personality
was undergoing a process of disintegra
Dr. Healy asserted "an incredibly ab
surd childish compact bound the boys
together and had a bearing on the ulli
niate acts of the youths.”
Dr. Healy testified both boys had
told him they would again go through
with the Franks murder if their asso
ciations and the conditions were the
same. He said I»eb told him he ’’found
nothing to deter him," and that Leopold
had said he would commit the crime
again “if it gave him pleasure."
Court Halts Report.
As to the conditions of the "child
ish compact” which had influenced
the later lives of Leopold and Loeb,
nothing was said in open court,
Judge John R. Caverly ruling with
Dr. Healy that the matter was un
printable and having him recite it to
the court stenographers for the rec
"Nothing that is unfit for publica
tion is coming out here." Judge Cav
Dr. Healy was the second alienist
to testify for the defense and his
testimony went in over State ob
jection, Judge Caverly again ruling
that the court had a right to listen
to evidence in mitigation of punish
ment, as he had ruled Friday when
the testimony of Dr. William A.
White was permitted, marking a new
departure in Illinois jurisprudence.
Healy to Take Stand.
Another of testimony by alien
ists was in prospect today.
Dr. Healy said he would take the
stand and, using the recently pub
lished Hulburt-Bowman physical re
port on the conditions of Leopold and
Loeb, would testify to conclusions
similar to those drawn by Dr. Wil
liam A. White of Washington, the de
fense’s first expert witness, Who ad
vanced the "childhood phantasy"
theory with a merger of the person
alities of Loeb and Leopold as a rea
son for the murder.
It was the eleventh court day.
The defense changed its plans when
it was decided to have Dr. James
Whitney Hall and Dr. William J.
Hickson testify. It had been an
nounced that the testimony of alien
ists would be coneludcd with Dr. Wil
liam J. Healy of Boston and Dr. Ber
nard Glueck of New York City.
Crowe Prepares Rebuttal.
State's Attorney Robert E. Crowe is
preparing a rebuttal of the alienists’
testimony with a view of showing
that the prisoners are intellectually
capable of plotting just such a de
fense as is being offered.
Mr. Crowe says he believer it pos
sible that these two "intellectual su
permen,” realizing that their lives de
pended on "mental irresponsibility, ’’
had concocted such a series of re
action as they knew an alienist might
seek as a basis for a finding of ab
Clarence Darrow, chief defense
counsel, said yesterday that his two
clients are being tried by extraju
dicial agencies, not for the murder
to which they have pleaded guilty,
but for their wealth, their intellect,
their social position and a score of
other contributing circumstances
wnich would not weigh down an ob
He said the public demand for the
blood of the boys was unfair.
REINHARDT HOME BURNS.
Fire of Suspicious Origin Damages
VIENNA, August 4 (Jewish Tele
graphic Agency). Fire said to
be of suspicious origin last night
seriously damaged the castle near
Salzburg belonging to Max Rein
hardt, German theatrical producer.
The blaze was discovered several
hours after Mr. Reinhardt and Mor
ris Gest, American theatrical pro
ducer, had left for Venice. The castle
was greatly damaged and many rare
pieces of furniture and other treas
ures were lost.
Agreeing to Pay-
Debt to Britain
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, August 4.—The Anglo-
Russian conference here was reported
this afternoon to have concluded an im
portant economic and financial agree
ment. Official confirmation of the re
port was not obtainable.
It is understood that the soviet gov
ernment has agreed to pay Great Brit
ain £28,000,000 of the Russian debt,
which It wu unofficially estimated was
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