Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR With Sunday Moraine Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. THURSDAY August 7. 1924 Theodore w. noyes Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company Business Office. 11th St. and IVrinsTlrania At*. . v New York Office: 110 I'ast 42nd St. Chicago Office: Tower Building. European Office: 16 Regent St..Loudon. England The Evening Star, with the Sunday morning edition, is delivered by carriers wi*hin the rlty at 60 cents per month: daily only. 47* cents per month: Sunday only. 20 cents per month. Order* may he *ent hr mad or tele phone Main 6000. Collection Is made by car tiers st the end of each month. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday..l yr., >8.40 : 1 mo.. 70c Daily only 1 vr.. $b 60 ; 1 mo„ 50c , gunday only X yr. $3.4 0 ; X mo., 20c, All Other Slates. Daily and Sunday.! yr, SIO.OO ; X mo.. Ssc Daily only X yr, $7.00 ; 1 mo., 60c Sunday only . ...Xyr, $3.00 ; 1 mo.. 25c ■ Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exelusiTtly entitled [ to the use for republics! ion of .ill news dis- I pitches credited to it or not otherwise credited i In this paper md also the local news pub llshed herein. All rights of publication of ! special dispatches herein are also reserved. 1 * The Root of the Parking Evil. So quickly was the suggestion of the transformation of Franklin Square into a motor car parking space re pudiated and withdrawn that it may almost be regarded as having never been advanced. But the fact will re main that it was actually broached as one of the means of "solving” the parking problem in this city, which has become so grave and difficult. Its mere advancement is an indication that the true solution of the problem is not being actually sought, but that palliatives are the objective of official search. The plain fact is that too many cars are now permitted to be stored in the streets, day and night, and the remedy for this condition is to prohibit such storage, to leave the streets open for moving traffic. Most of the cars that are brought down town irt the morning are for the transportation to and from their work of relatively a small number of per sons. Usually but a single person is to be found in the machine, the driver. * Occasionally a car owner gathers up his neighbors and some times strangers met on the way, as a matter of good-fellowship and ac commodation. In proportion, how ever, the morning and afternoon use of machines is utterly uneconomic, considering the space that is required for all-day storage. So long as street space is granted free this habit will prevail and cars will multiply and the problem will in crease. The "congested area,” com prising the blocks between B and K and Seventh and Seventeenth streets. Will be encroached upon, to vfce con founding of the business interests within that area. Time limit rules will remain difficult to enforce, will become indeed more difficult- No at tempt will be made to provide proper off-street storage spaces for the care of machines that must be brought down town for the proper transaction of business. The true solution of the problem will be simply postponed, growing more difficult with each sea son. So long as the streets can be used for all-day parking, or for indefinite parking under unenforced time-limit rules, nothing will he done toward providing suitable off-street parking facilities. At present it is estimated that such facilities, large storage garages conducted as commercial en terprises, would not pay for lack of patronage. But they are being built In other cities—are, in fact, in use in other cities as a means of solving this problem. Washington is peculiar only in allowing the use of the streets and thus lessening the demand for off-street parking accommodations. It has been often said that time limit rules cannot be enforced because of lack of policemen sufficient to cover the ground- Yet it may be easily believed that with discretion and careful planning this rule can, in fact, be enforced through surprise "“raids” upon square after square, not in sequence, with a view to making ail rule breakers uncertain when they may find their cars tagged and them selves summoned to court to meet stiff penalties. Rather than look to such stupid ex pedients as the use of one of the public parks for car storage space, those responsible for traffic adminis tration should conduct a systematic enforcement" of the rules that now exist to make every car owner in Washington realize that those rules are meant to be enforced. And if those rules are not adequate to clear the streets, then others, more drastic, should be adopted. The most dis turbing thing about the Franklin Square proposal is that it Indicates «.'disposition to yield to the problem Instead of seeking a solution at its root. A number of people who declare •n Intention to vote for Mr. La Fol rlette have a disagreeable way of re minding him that they do not en .tirely approve of him. Davis and Gompers. Publication of the correspondence between William B. Wilson, former Secretary of Labor, and Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, shows the part ying of two old friends on a political question. It was Mr. Gompers, if memory is not faulty, who obtained for Mr. Wilson appointment as Sec retary of Labor in 1913. Now Mr. Wilson has come forward as petitioner for the indorsement of Mr. Davis by organized labor as a Democratic can didate for President. Mr. Gompers re -ptles in declination, on the ground that Mr. Davis’ record is not satis ' factory to labor. Inasmuch as the American Federa tion es Labor has already acted, through its executive council, on this matter of indorsement, Interest chiefly centers in the disclosure by Mr. roompers that the Democratic candi date sought an Interview with him shortly after the nomination, and failing to effect a conference, owing “to conflicts of engagements, sought the submission of a statement of questions In which labor is chiefly in terested. Mr. Gompers declined to - submit such questions, which would not be fully submitted to other can didates for the presidency. Nothing ‘further was heard from Mr. Davis on this score. Thus it would appear that about a week after he was nominated Mr. Davis tried to gel in touch with Mr. Gompers. and. fulling, later sought to elicit from him a summary of the la bor program. A deduction is obvious that Mr. Davis was seeking the sup port of organized labor. As a candi date he was obligated to look to all possible sources of support. Mr. Gompers stands conspicuously as the principal American labor loader, as head of the largest organization. It is natural that he should seek a' con ference with him, but Mr. Gompers was ill at the time and the interview could not be arranged. This was not a “diplomatic illness”: it was genuine, and probably if it had not prevailed a conference would have been had. Would such a conference have of- I fected any difference in the attitude j of organized labor as represented by I the federation toward the candidates? I It is doubtful. For Mr. Gompers, in | Jiis letter to Mr. Wilson, shows why. from his point of view. Mr. Davis is not acceptable to labor. It would have been interesting, however, to know what sort of an agenda, to give it a diplomatic title. Mr. Gompers would have submitted to the Democratic candidate and how far the latter would have been able to answer it satisfactorily. The incident is chiefly of record value. It shows that Mr. Davis held out an olive branch and that it was rejected. The action of the federa tion at Atlantic City was the formal public refusal. Hot-Weather Advice. The Weather Bureau gives some encouragement in its forecast, though there is nothing in the report to in dicate that earmuffs will .be needed. Yesterday the weather made a record in Washington, the mercury going to a higher point than at any time since one torrid day in 1918. Several per sons prostrated by heat were taken to hospitals, and no doubt there were a number of near-prostrations 'which will not get into the official reports. There was suffering among a great number of persons and discomfort to a majority of the people of the city. Such weather will come to the best regulated city now and then, and we must do as well as we can under the conditions. Years ago when such oppressive weather would come upon us there was a great deal of hot-weather ad vice. and much of it was good. It is well to recall some of the things we did to keep comfortable before nearly everybody had an automobile In which one could go to the country and per haps stir up a 20-mile breeze, and be fore so many of us could get away from work and home to rest in the White Mountains, Green Mountains and the Blue Mountains. We can mitigate present conditions by not overworking and by not “fret ting.” We should wear the lightest clothing on the street and not so much about the house. We should avoid exertion. We should keep out of the sun as much as we can. We ought to be abstemious in food. We should eat less and of a lighter food than at other times. We should drink water freely and be liberal in the use of cold wa ter externally. Above all, the use of things containing alcohol is to be avoided. It used to be said that most persons who suffered sunstroke, or “heat prostration,” as it is called now, were habitually hard drinkers, or peo ple who had sought to keep cool by drinking cold beer and iced alcoholic drinks. We used to find it advisable not to drink much ice water. Plenty of cool water was allowed to be good, and big draughts of ice water were inveighed against. At home we should keep the awnings down, the blinds .drawn and the windows closed- We have electric fans now, and they will keep the air moving. One of the old time bits of advice was to keep a calm mind and refuse worry. A public always willing to be in structed or entertained is still waiting for some utterance from Leopold or Loeb that will indicate the extraor dinary mentality so freely ascribed to them. Many boys pass school ex aminations successfully without being heard from afterward. A good school record is a favorable start, but it cannot be accepted as a complete achievement. It has been shown that*more sugar is consumed by people who have ceased to use alcohol. Prohibition makes cheaper sugar an important item in a nation’s economy. In the course of time the bread purchasers may demand Federal aid to prevent the farmer from getting too large a share of the money. Managers who decided not to open the campaign in August are to be complimented on their attainments as weather prophets. The idea of a National Defense day has already been of value In bringing out interesting and enlightening com ment. The Flyers and the Ice. Disappointment over the delay of the round-world aviators, who are how waiting in Iceland for favorable con ditions for a continuation' of their flight to Greenland, will, on the part of Washingtonians, be tempered with a feeling of envy. To think that these airmen are actually blocked by ice! To think that they are afraid of run ning into floes and bergs! It is enough to make half the denizens of the Capi tal take to the air, if planes could be fotmd, and soar - away to those lands of Joy. But probably the airmen are not appreciative of the ice. They would like some of the heat that Washington is now experiencing to melt the bergs and floes and clear their Way to the promise land of safe arrival. They have progressed wonderfully so far, with but two mishaps—one in Alaska and one in the North Atlantic. In each case the flyers themselves have THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON. D. C,, THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1924. escaped injury, though their planes have been destroyed. Four planes started, with eight men, and now two are returning, with four men. From day to day the weather con ditions are being watched, in the hope of a clearance of the -dangerous fogs and freeing of the ic£. Scout ships and relief ships are on station to give aid in case’ of mishap. Only a rela tively short distance remains for the last dash home. Any hour may bring word that a start from Iceland had been made, and then, if good for tune continues, the progress south to the continent and over land to Wash ington will be in order. So while Washington awaits their coming It feels somewhat solaced for the delay In the thought that some people at least are cool these days. Great Britain and Russia. After an announcement that nego tiations between the Russian mission and the London government had failed came suddenly the statement by Arthur Ponsonby in the House of Commons that a final settlement with the Soviet representatives had been reached and the two treaties had been negotiated, one commercial and one general. This sudden last-minute suc cess caused surprise in London, as elsewhere. It does not necessarily follow, however, that the treaties which have been negotiated and the later agreements that will be effected through the work of a commission on confiscated property will meet parlia mentary approval- Indeed, yesterday, when Ponsonby told the House he was greeted with ironical jeers and many expressions of dissent, both with the procedure itself and with the result. Undoubtedly, however, the confer ence at London will be hailed in Rus sia as tantamount to a full recogni tion of the Soviet government, and much capital Will be made of it. The fact that Great Britain has conferred and reached an agreement with the Soviet will be held up to the United States as an evidence that the gov ernment at Moscow is a going con cern. virtually admitted to the family of nations. The London negotiations may later give serious trouble to the British government, but the outcome is for the present all to the good for Moscow. New York journalism should take an opportunity to explain some time why one or two musical shows suc ceed in gathering all the incidental stage publicity when a dancer or a show girl becomes involved in per sonal tragedy. According to report, entertainments at Venice would make the plain American prohibition agent feel that after all a hip-pooket flask represent ed a comparatively mild form of culpability. Lenin's tomb is now open to visi tors. who regard it with more interest than they do that of King Tut. So far as immediate world thought is concerned, one is as Important as the other. Scientists continue to announce ex , periments whose object is to restore youth to old men. Every generation seeks to add a chapter to the story of Faust. An energetic determination is evinced by Mr. John W. Davis to show Mr. Calvin Coolidge that he has been parking overtime in Washington. As the psychoanalytic testimony unfolds it becomes clear that Judge Caverly insists on listening to it as a matter of duty and not of pleasure- Friends Os Mr. McAdOo agree that he got a square deal, although a few intrude the qualifying suggestion that it was a Madison Square deal. Prosperity is largely baaed on the law of supply and demand, which fortunately 'asserts Itself Independent ly of politics. Lawyers usually refer in court to one another as "learned” without always meaning it. SHOOTING STARS. Bt PHILANDER JOHNSON. Reprehensibility. “My memory is very bad," Said Hezekiah Bings. “Ignoring in a manner sad The more important things. It won’t retain the counsel wise That might assist me best. But cherishes, to my surprise. Each idle song or jest. “It overlooks events so great In history’s affairs. But never lets me miss a date Which jollity prepares. - It has a fancy for the glad. But shuns the serious things. My memory Is very bad,’' Said Hezekiah Bings. Constructive Deliberation. “Rome wasn’t built in a flay." ' "No," added Senator Sorghum;, “nor in a year either. No doubt the build ers even in those classical tinSes found it desirable to lay off once in a while and wait for more appropriations.” Differences of Opinion, The locust tells of heat severe. ’ The katydid’s on frost Intent; And even in the woods you hear Long, unavailing argument. Jud Tunkins says “moron” : isn’t in his dictionary, and he’s glad to know there’s one place he can be i sure of not meeting it. Mental Estimates . The alienists were on the stand A client queer to save. The client smiled behind his hand 1 And murmured, “Let’em rave!” Bathing Hour. “Why don’t those girls go into the water?” , , “It’s too early,” answered Miss Cayenne. “There’s a photographer , due here at 11 and It’S now only half past 10.”, _ . .. . . "A bad conscience,” said Uncle Eben, *Tb liable Yd tty to sdbare 4t«eif by havin’ a good-lawyer.* ' ' J RUSSIA SINCE LENIN the truth about that country as it is today, in a series of uncensored , articles by an observer who spent months in Russia studying conditions. | BY SEYMOUR B. CONGER. ARTICLE V. The Kremlin has ceased to be the mecea for the stranger In Moscow. In the old days every new arrival , ma de a beeline to see the crenelated and towered walls of the hoary old Moscow citadel, heart of Russian history. Now he usually devotes his first day in Moscow to an endeavor to get a room at the Hotel Savoy, the highest priced hostelry in the world, considering accommodations, and a Bolshevist diplomatic Institution, run by the Soviet foreign office for its °* n financial benefit and the accom modation oT the stranger within the gates. He is attracted by the promise of rooms with running hot and cold water, telephone and a good dining r ?i?i ll \. serv *’ :e an< * the certitude, of which he Is usually able to convince himself shortly after his arrival, that tb* other so-called hotels in the Bolshevist capital would have been found too primitive for the back woods American village a quarter of a century ago. Hence he makes every effort to get Into the Savoy, and considers himself “IT nßr th * highly fortunate If he is able to secure even the smallest single room without bath at the mini mum rate of $5 a day plus taxes of from 15 to 20 per cent. From this minimum the rates mount as the sparks fly upward, the half dozen rooms with bath of which the Savoy proudly boasts being held at fabulous charges, possible only to representa tives of American oil and other wealthy syndicates seeking con cessions. Our Government, deviser of the justly noted passport gouge, which makes the American traveler abroad *lO *very time he crosses on 6 of the multitudinous European frontiers in order that our State Department may collect a similar fee from the foreigners visiting our shores, has missed another money-making oppor tunity for the State Department by failing to gro into the hoto| business for visiting foreigners at Washington. Moat of FanUahlaga MUalng. The Bolshevist diplomats, however. nM»s no bets. They have taken over the Savoy Hotel, the famous "Guest House.” once the home of a Moscow millionaire, on the Soluble Quay, and two or three smaller hotels, and are running a hotel syndicate with a tight monopoly on all accommoda tions for visiting foreigners. The Savoy, as explained above, is the first goal of all foreigners and is always full. Guests who complain of out rageous rates or missing facilities are invited to go farther and fare worse. As the bourgeois visitor to Moscow cannot get a furnished room without pajing a premium of from SIOO to S2OO. he usually submits to the hotel gouge. Furnishings, comforts and conveni ences at this Soviet hostelry are of a sketchy character. Curtains, for in stance. disappeared from the windows some time during the era of the Bolshevist upheaval and never have been replaced. Their absence is per ■ haps not so seriously noticed during the Winter, when the nights are long and dark, but during the Summer when the sun almost never goes to bed and it Is broad daylight the clock around, except for two hours, of semi twilight at midnight, sleeping be , comes rather difficult. I IN TODAY’S SPOTLIGHT BY PAUL V. COLLINS ■ I The pacification of Ulster or “North ern Ireland" and its reconciliation with Great Britain and the Irish Free State are problems which continue to puzzle both London and Dublin, and i are not without their worries in Prot i estant Belfast and Catholic London derry. The world had hoped that the Irish struggle of the centuries had ended. “Our feurt is fleid,” the Irish said, "And this shall be our *lfn" — Then straightway began the fray On where to draw the line! —John Bull (London). Northern Ireland insists not so much on remaining loyal to Great Britain (whose authority to carry out the Irish treaty of 1921 it resists), as It does in refusing adhesion to the rest of Ireland in the Irish Free State —the Saorstat. ♦* * * The treaty of 1921 gave Ulster the option of becoming a part of the Irish Free State or of remaining a part of Great Britain. That option became effective under certain conditions — ( that Ulster decide within 30 days and indicate its decision to remain in Great Britain as of the status prior to the Irish rebellion, a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or otherwise it would be in cluded automatically as a part of the Irish Free State, upon the assump tion that the treaty covered all Ire land. That month’s option expired two years ago. On December 22, 1922, the parliament of Northern Ireland, ignoring the specific treaty, voted for its exclusion from the Irish Free State. By the terms of the treaty that decision involved the question of the boundary of the jurisdiction of Northern Ireland —a complicated question, as to what part of Ulster wants to adhere to England and what part prefers the Irish Free State. Only six of the nine counties of the province of Ulster had any doubt as to preferring the Irish Free State. It is claimed that of these six counties the population of two of them gives a majority in favor of an All-Ireland Free State, with 34 per cent of the six counties, 'being Catholic, prefer ring the Irish Free State. Some 430,- 000 Irish Catholics are said to be domiciled In Protestant Ulster among 900.000 Protestants. These Protestants are divided—they are not all adherents of the Church of England. Being of Scotch descent, most of them are Presbyterians, whose an cestors were exiled from the lowlands • of Scotland by Cromwell at the time he sent other prisoners of battle to the farth?f exile of New England and the I Barbados. ,*♦ ♦ * Ever since the treaty of 1921 be tween the Irish Free State and Great Britain the English government, under Lloyd George and later under Mac- Donald, has sought to carry out the pro visions of that treaty. Including the ap pointment of a commission to define the boundary between Ulster or "Northern Ireland," with its separate Parliament. 1 and the Irish Free State, s The Irish Free State has appointed its member of the commission ; the British government has recently appointed its member —the chairman —but Ulster stub bornly refuses to appoint Its representa tive. The chairman, representing the empire, la Mr. Justice Feetham, a mem ber of the South African Supreme Court, and therefore eminently qualified and unbiased. The ground for Ulster’s refusal Is that the treaty was forced on Ireland by Great Britain, while the Irish-British ! war was on, and was never recognized by Ulster. The Irish' Free State con tends that in making the war-ending 1 treaty it represented all of Ireland ■ Ulster especially refuses to recognise any act of a boundary commission.so long as the commission proposes to take under consideration not merely the ad justment of minor details of a boundary i but the slicing oft from Ulster of whole ■ counties and parts of other counties, on the basts'of -a- ptclwsdeer of a preference lof the- TnhablUuita. "Hence ~Bha war not The plugs In the wash bowls dis appeared about the same time and s have never been, replaced. Every other removable or unscrewable flx , ture has been removed, leaving only the bare room, bed, table, chairs and I wardrobe. The advertised hot water 1 runs only semt-occaslonally. , Food charges, except for the table d'hote dinner at $1.25, are skied to a ' point to make an American bonlface ■ green with envy. A pot of tea with , good butter and miserable bread costs $1.50. A modest meal of steak, po ■ tatoes, salad, so-called coffee and a small bottle of the most inexpensive , Russian wine costs $4. The arriving stranger sometimes yields to the 1 suggestion of the restaurant manager —the only Individual In the restau rant who speaks anything but Rus sian—and orders caviar or some of the delicacies of the season displayed at the buffet. Usually only once. He 1 finds that a portion of fresh radishes ; costs from $1 to $1.50. a small fresh cucumber from 50 cents to sl, while caviar i» well above the New York or Philadelphia price. , Tipping Abolished—But Lives. ; But tips have been abolished In Bolshevia. Shortly before my arrival In Russia last Winter the hotel and , restaurant workers’ associations l solemnly resolved that acceptance of • tips was unw’orthy of the status of . enfranchised labor and abolished and ! interred the institution. The tip, i however, refused to stay dead and ’ buried, ’ A few weeks after my arrival the • servants were posting in the rooms a • table of rules for guests In three lan guages—one of these the antl-tlpplng s rule —-and the floor waiter who tack i ed up mine took pains to point it 1 out and remark: “That only refers ’ to tips under a ruble. We are glad i to take anything from five rubles L ($2.50) up.” And In other restaurants j It Is quite customary to have the i waiter say when making change for • the bill: “Shall I take out so and so - much for the tip?” or, less crudely. "I i haven’t quite enough change.” men . tioning an amount corresponding to a 10 to ID per cent tip. The hotel se--v --ants at the Savoy said quite frankly that they had to have tips because, ’ despite all the preachments about the dignity of labor and the prices charg ed by the Foreign Office Hotel Bu reau. they were not paid a living , wage. 1 Moscow- used to be a good hotel I town, with at least two de luxe hotels i of international rank and all mod ern comforts and conveniences, and a flock of smaller hotels In which even ‘ the spoiled Ajnerican tourist could find himself very decently put up i But all these good hotels have been nationalized and converted into quar s ters for higher Soviet officials, who , are able therein to test out in luxury , 1 the orthodox Bolshevist theories i about the breakup of the home and i family life In communal houses, with , communal kitchens and dining rooms and education and rearing of the children in communal Institutions. i Hugo Stinnes tried to get a con . cession from the Russian government , to erect and run a good modern hotel . in Moscow, but foreign office Influence . for its hotel monopoly was 100 strong . even for the all-powerful Stinnes. , When, if ever, Russia is really open - ed up commercially and the hoped ! for development of foreign trade and , concessions sets in. the absence of hotel accommodations in Moscow will ; he one of the big handicaps to com . mercial progress. Copyright. 1924, by Public hedger Co.) recognize the commission now to be ap pointed under the treaty. There are threats and intimations from all sides that the crisis may lead to a renewal of hostilities. *♦ ♦ * In behalf of progress in settlement the MacDonald government hag submitted to the judicial committee of the privy council certain questions of law as to its powers to enforce the treaty against the opposition of Northern Ireland, and whether in the absence of a member from Ulster the British government could instruct the Ulster governor—an appointee of the crown—to make such an appointment in spite of his ministry. Or whether the commission could go ahead In defining the final boundary by the two members —those of the Irish Free State and the imperial government alone. If the government finds a lack of plenary’ power it is proposed to have Parliament revise the treaty to endue the British government with unquestion able authority to enforce the settlement upon recalcitrant Ulster. In that direc tion. we are warned, lies bloodshed—if England and the Iri9h Free State, unite to coerce a million Protestant Scotch- Irish. ♦* ♦ ♦ The disagreement between North Ireland and the Irish Free State rests not alone upon religious differences. It is alleged that racial and economic divergences are fundamental. North Ireland, with Its linen, is industrial; the rest of the island is agricultural. North Ireland protests that an all- Ireland parliament would have the power to discriminate against her particular industries, by unequal tar iffs and transportation rates. But history has not recorded when an agricultural people has been able to oppress organized Industrial in terests. In splth of superiority of numbers in the present Irish Free State, it is not certain that Ulster would not hold her own. In protec tion of her local manufacturing in terests, while strengthening the all- Ireland prosperity and power. Such Is the argument of British statesmen, whose affiliations have nothing in common with Irish Catholicism, and on that basis is founded the united in fluence of the Lloyd George and Mac- Donald governments. In a final let ter from Prime Minister Lloyd George to the prime minister of Northern Ireland, Sir James Craig, was pointed out the option open to Northern Ire land, and Lloyd George added: "Under the second alternative, she will still retain her present powers, but in respect to all matters not al ready delegated to her, will share the rights and obligations of Great Brit ain. In the latter case, however, we should feel unable to defend the ex isting boundary, which must be sub ject to revision, on one side and the other, by a boundary commission, un der the ’terms of the' Instrument.” There have been many instances in other countries where the several parts have united, in which parts there were strong local, racial and re ligious." differences. Our American federation of States, after the Revo lution, comes naturally to mind when an American studies historical com parisons. Each State wanted to retain all its independence, and protect its State interests, and only after reach ing the verge of ruin was it discover ed that “in union there Is strength.” The union of Italy of Germany, of Austria-Hungary and above all, for this comparison, the union of South Africa, only four years after the Boer war. point to the strengthening of particular interests through the sinking of racial, religious or local differences In a common government oi the whole, so Jar as general in terests are concerned. "How much stronger and more peace able is Canada united, than was either Catholic Quebec or Protestant Ontario while they were apart and in~ rivalryt Aug trail* Bad several Ib -4-aepemlent coloatey-CTch with. Its own-* THIS AND THAT BY C. K. thackwkix. "Familiarity contempt," sold Thomas Aquinas So It is with ouf Washington streets and street corner*. Thorough fares we tread dally, corners we pass, become to us who live, here things of no consequence whatever, except as public utilities. Yet there Is distinctly another side to the streets of the National Capital, and it is the side the tourist sees. Washingtonians, In their hours of ease, needs must envy the sightseers; they see so much more of our own city than we do. The latter get a great deal more out of this city than we who live here, to whom custom has made stale It* buildings, streets, trees and other points of Interest. The man from Podunk sees Wash ington with fresh eyes. Did we go to Podunk we might see beauties he does not know exist there, too. * '* * * The thing for Washingtonians to do, however, is not so much visit Podunk, that charming village on Sugar Creek, but better sec Washing ton on the Potomac. Instead of burying one's nose In his newspaper In the morning on the way down town, sit up and look about. Washington on a hot summer morn ing has much to offer him—or her— who will make a slight effort to see. Os course, there are some who do not care for this thing of seeing the familiar, and with them there is no quarrel. It is perfectly possible and perfectly proper for one to ride down town without once glancing up except when some lady steps on \our toes. But to the other 95 per cent of the populace, those who like to find amusement on a street corner they thought barren of such entertainment, the habit of really looking at things is commended. possible, for instance, to pass the Treasury as If it were a mere pile of stones, heaped one upon the other On the other hand, as the preacher says, that classic structure niay be given a glance or two by any one, even he who passes St dally I know a government employe who has been walking in and out the Treasury building for 30 years, who tells me that never once has he gone out or in without finding something new to admire. ** * * “A man does not wonder at what he sees frequently,” Cicero said. There is no particular occasion for wonder, however. Interest is the main thing. Let a man have interest in anything and all the rest shall be added. Without interest enthusiasm dies, or never Is born, and work and P la >’■ * corne *tale and unprofitable. ihis is why Washingtonians, more than visitors, need to hold fast to their ability to really see men and places here. It will not do to let the fine things of this fine citv become to us merely places to be passed. The man who has come to the point where that tremendous engineering feat, the Washington Monument, is merely a trick structure for the edi fication of visitors, is in imminent danger of losing his enthusiasm for «hrM^L h n 5 " stal,sd by frequence, shrunk by usage into commonest commonplace.” ** * * Take a certain street ‘•corner" for an example. Thousands of persons pass it daily, upon business and pleasure, yet how many look at ft close enough to rec ognize it if it were described to them? rM«.J*L jUSt , an . av 'crage Washington uVI 1 business section corner, like many others, vet with rtis tmctlve features of Iti own Nothing worth describing? True, 1 are no monuments, no great be^ ln Th , ma gn.!(jcence. of slwuL ciatert wmT*!.' 8 Kreal nsmt as*o- U ',. e * the , r living or dead, let men work here everv dav Here ground * comedy have their plav wh-°re every other corner gregate if"* 1 ! woman P a!is a nd con gregate. Life is no respecter of cor ♦* * * This corner has the usual paved streets, curbstones, sewers. On the northeast corner of this intersection stands an automobile filling station There Is a small red-topped house, a er the fashion common to such 0 " 8 ’ . Tt ls made of graystone a c r ,nk 'y red tile roof * ' around*t w«f sldiTs” w*hll^nex* 0 door*is that the'towering* beyo f n ' d bU Two nK of in uS r c? C °?^-nstr^t n .o 0 n f 2 tJ boxes - a sized one for letters /land* sHahm- B. »» ireen « 1 1 fT e uarded by a little Picket - On the northeast corner of 'this intersection, just across the slooinc of r dark St ye n noVb^c U k' BAbr 8 A b re b t Ui,,,inß la on the fim floor k A r ° staurant On the southeast corner is an s”ck r bSMst. cor d SSTo“; trash l *box* BtaUrant- There ,s a,so a on^^s^ot^r^ru^u^es/^relTn^ the. corner? ~ * * * V The description is. accurate, so that any one of the thousands who pass here dajly ought to be able to place this corner. The point Is, of course, that most of us simply do not look at any thing !'^ h ™ kic . h y e . come in daily contact. ,s to ask a friend to at S one b * & dime with °ut first looking Not one person in a hundred can *wJ t- Similarly with one's watch. Although a man, on the average, will ♦ l ? ,s wat bh perhaps as many as fifty times a day, he often cannot even teil you, if you pop the question at him, whether it has Roman or Arabic numerals. Washington streets are common’- place if we are content to look at th *m in a commonplace manner, which means not looking at all. really. When we actually take a look something interesting always is seen. 11l a Few Words. , No ideal has yet been found which •* capable of serving as a bond of Union for a majority of minds. Demo cracies seek this ideal, but do not find it. Not one of those suggested his been able to draw together enough adherents to Impose itself upon the world. —GUSTAVE LBJ BON. Nothing can imperil our democracy so much as not keeping Congress and the judiciary permanently and clear ly apart. —GEORGE W. WICKERSHAM. Youth Is a spiritual energy and. properly 'speaking, there Is no old age, but rather spiritual decay. De cadence, disillusion and weariness are the things we . mean when we speak of gelling old. DR. W. L. RANSOM. interests and prejudices, and by rea son of the vast area of that contli. nent not even in close intercommuni cation. The pressure of Oriental com petition drove the Australians into a union, for mutual welfare. Not in a single case cited was there less divergence, less, community of economic-or-rellg}oua interests than." exist today in the land of the sham rock and the oraaga JOepyzigkiUh. tp Tv* », Oomna* ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ■' 11 i ■■ in .1 i ■ BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN Q. How much shorter would the t Maine coast line, be if it were not so ' irregular?—E. E. R. t A. If the coast line of' "hundred- it harbored Maine” were regular It J would be about 200 miles long. Owing to the sinuosities of its con- r tour, the actual coast line is nearly j 3,000 miles in length. Q. Does the pilot of an airplane In * the mail service carry a mechanician , with him?—P. D. A. Only one man, the pilot, flies r la a mail plane. c Q. Does a Government employe ( who is an officer in the Reserve • Corps draw his salary while In a t training camp?—F. H. j A. He is granted military leave i and draws both salaries—one as a Government employe and one as an officer in the United States service. ; ■ I Q. Who founded phrenology?—V. RE. s A. Chambers’ Book of Days names c Dr. Joseph Goll (born March 9, 1757) ' as founder. * Q. What will remove tea stains?— a R. S. O. A. Soaking in milk and warm j water la effective, or immersing in a strong solution of sugar and water. After a few minutes rinse the spots in soft water. * Q. Where is the smallest college in t America?—R. T. L. h A. Probably it is DrOpsle College F In Philadelphia. It is a co-educa- £ tlonal school, and has 23 students and •* 6 teachers. Q What substitute oil is nearest « like olive oil? —M. G. A. The Association of Official Agri- . cultural Chemists includes among > edible vegetable oils and fats of suffi- “ dent importance to warrant stand- * ardlzing. the oils of cotton seed, pea- t nut, sesame t?eed, poppy seed, cocoa- r nut. rape seed, sunflower and maize. Os these peanut oil bears the closest resemblance to olive oil in its chemi cal and physical properties. Q Will Virginia creeper cling to I stucco?—R. E. V. A. Virginia creeper will cling to a stucco building when the plant is _ old enough to obtain a hold. * Q. Are the original columns on the Fifteenth street side of the Treasury still in place?—E B. T. A. The original columns on the east facade of the Treasury were of sand- ’ stone and were completed in 1812. In 19A8, these columns >vere replaced by granite columns like those on the c other sides of the buildings. They are lonic monolithic pillars 36 feet . inches in height and the diame- f ter at the base is 4 feet. ( Q. To- whom was the estate of Sir . Francis Drake left? A. E. T. ( A. It was inherited by his brother, i Thomas. < f Q. When was Mary Baker Eddy . born and when did she die? —H. P. N. A. She was born at Bow near Con cord. N. H.. July Ift. 1821. and died De- i eember 3, 1910, at her home at New ton, Mass. Q. How can ink spots be taken off a walnut table? —T. L. A. In order to remove ink spots from a walnut table put a few drops of spirit of niter (nitric acid) in a teaspoonful of water, touch the spot with a feather dipped in the mixture, and as soon as the ink disappears rub immediately with a rag wet in cold water or it will leave a white mark. The spots should then be pelished. Q. What are Roman cements? —N. M. I. A. In Europe natural cements are called Roman cements and they were first manufactured in England in 1796 bv James Parker. Natural cements began to he manufactured in France about 1825; in the United States nat ural - cement rock was discovered w hile building the Erie Canal in New York in 1818. Q. May Alaska become a State whenever it chooses? —W. C. A. A territory is admitted into the Union of States by act of Congress. When a territory has gained sufficient population and importance, it peti Little American Sympathy For Criticism of Olympics Criticism of the Olympic games by British newspapers on the ground that the result has been injurous to sport and international amity is view ed by most American editors as en tirely unwarranted.and due to exag geration- <yf the seriousness of dis turbances created by overzealous partisans among the spectators at the games, “So far as the American team is concerned there is no evidence that it is bringing home any unpleasant recollections,” declares the Steatle Times, which feels that “ft the European audiences could-witness a few of our base ball games, when umpires and visiting teams are ropnd ly denounced in a spirit of good-na ■tured partisanship, little importance would be attached to the expressions of an Olympic audience.” The games furnish America every four years an opportunity to show the rest of the world the kind of people we breed, the ’Detroit' News points out. "In stead of causing international strife, as the London press fears, these con tests work in favor of peace,” this paper adds, because, “the, quadrennial American victory in the games cures the world of the impression of our folly and ineptitude which it gains from our election campaigns.” It is significant, the Springfield Union sug gests, that “nearly all this criticism comes from London, where France has not been in high favor for the last two years,” and "the anti-French feeling may have caused the British press to magnify both the seriousness and, importance of the Incidents at the Olympic games.” ** * * To conclude that the games create a positively bad spirit, the St. Paul Pioneer Press insists "is to despair too easily-of realizing what was, one of the very objects of the revival of the games—the athletes must try again.” It may take time, the Chicago Tribune, “to extinguish all the national antipathies in a peaceful league of sports,” but “pos sibly the comity of athletes will teach a nation to take a licking at foot ball without starting a massacre.” If the .Olympic games are to be made en duringly popular, the New fork Sun claims "they must be made very sim ple,” which “may be accomplished by cutting down In the kinds of sport, or in the individual contests, or in both..” A probable cause of the discord, the Christian Science Monitor holds, is that “the competitive side of the games is being stressed altogether out of . proportion to what was in tended when they were revived,” but “so long as the promulgation of the ideal of true sportsmanship is the dominating motive of the games, nothing, but good it would seem canl eventuate from them.” Wherever there Is athletic rivalry, the Wor -osstsr Talas ram is sure -“unpleasant 1 Incidents wilt-happen once in a while, no matter how friendly the rivals may “be,” as “shown every year on college and professional fields in America,- ” but “nobody except a few learned extremists wants to abolish foot ball or professional base ball.” m- * * * At. the.. Kelt Aork World puts lu. “There is no question of withdrawing. The London Times gives counsel of despair. XX the nations of the earth tions Congress for admission and when it has convinced that body that it is worthy of a place Ip the great sisterhood, it Is admitted. The time at which Congress will consider Alaska is impossible to forecast. Q. How ca» J tell whether a water melon is ripe without plugging"—J. R. C. A. To decide -whether a watermelon is ripe note the condition of the ten dril or "curl” opposite the fruit on the vine. It usually dries up and dies just about the time the fruit is ripe. A safer way is to note the color of the underside of the fruit. It gen erally'turns from greenisli white to cream color. Another way is to "flick” or "snap” the fruit with the middle Anger. If It gives a dull thud it Is ripe. The akin of the ripe melon is somewhat dull and firm. Q. When was the earliest date that the Erie Railroad ran trains from New York to Chicago?—E. P. A. The connection was completed and the first train ran over the line on June 17. 1883. The Erie System ' was made up of the New York, Lake Erie and Western: New' York. Penn sylvania and Ohio, and the Chicago and Atlantic Railroads. Q. What caused Ralph W’aldo Emerson to resign his pastorate in Boston?—A. B. T. A. He resigned because he was un willing to administer the Lord’s sup per in the form that was followed by the Unitarian Church to which he belonged. According to his belief, the communion was purely spiritual, and he refused to partake of the bread and wine. Q. Are there any winds that blow constantly in the same direction? — W. H. W. A. The trade winds, which prevail in equatorial regions, blow in the same direction the year through. North of the equator they blow from northeast to southwest and south of the equator from southeast to northwest. Q. Is a naturalized citizen entitled to hold any office that a born Amer ican may hold?—J. G. H. A. The naturalized citizen mail hold any office but that of Presldenf or Vice President. Only native-borfl Americans, under a provision of the Constitution, are eligible to these posts. Q. On entering .a train does the man or the woman go down the aisi « first?—A. L. D. A. The escort usually permits th* woman to precede him. Q Did Shakespeare ever act in any of his plays?—E. C. S. A. In the list of the principal actors of Shakespeare's plays, pre fixed to the folio, the first collection of his plays, published in 1623. tb name of the famous dramatist i placed first. He was an actor by pro fession, but the extent to which IV played in his own productions is nr clear. He is said to have imp r sonated Adam in ”As You Like 1 and "the ghost" in "Hamlet." Q. How can I prevent my kitch© sink stopping up? When I use caus tic lye the odor around the kitcln is disagreeable.—A. R. A. Once a week a pound of ortV nary washing soda should be p!ar«- in th© sink and plenty of hot wai• poured over It. This will obviate th danger of stoppage. Q. How far from Ghizeh are th famous pyramids built?—C. O. A. A. The Pyramids of Ghiz©h a about five miles west of Ghizeh. Th> city was on the left bank of the Ni t about three miles from Cairo. Q. How large was our Navy whei the war stopped?—T. M. A. The Navy Department says that upon the signing of the armistice, oi November 11. 1918, there were 216.42. men enlisted in the Regular Navy anil 280.000 enrolled In the Naval Heservr Force, thereby making a total of 437.- 221 in the naval service. (Readers of The Evening Star shoujd send their questions to The Star In formation Bureau. Frederic J. Haskm. director. Twenty-first and C streets northwest. The only charge far this serv ice is 2 cents in stamps for return .post age.) cannot compete in athletics without rousing disastrous ill feeling, we may as well give up all hope of ac- . cord in graver matters. The only answer to the attitude of the crowd at Colombes is continued participa tion with unaltered equanimity." The New York Herald-Tribune hopes Americans will not share in “such pessimism." because “the games wtr not held in Utopia. There were bound to be disagreeable incident* in the keen athletic rivalry of many nations, but these were small in num ber compared with the friendly con tacts of the great meeting. It would be childish to give up the Olympic games- because the art of losing has not been acquired perfectly." In truth, the New York Times is con fident "the success of the Olympic games has been such that the' real question is not whether they should be discontinued, but how they can be expanded." ■ On the other hand the Buffalo News , believes that “after . the Paris Olympics it may well he debated whether It is wise to continue the games." for “disturbances such as marked the’ contest there are likely to culminate in open expressions of national hostillity. The peace of the world Is of too much concern to jeopard it in the name of inter national sport.” ’Ware the Mothers Os Birds I To the Editor of The Star: I take this means of warning the walking public in this city of the fierce fighters which may be encoun tered occasionally on the streets these Summer days. For fierceness and In tensity in fighting, they run the apaches of Paris a close second. A few days age I was walking in a northwest suburb which used to be way out In,the country, but is now only midtUfng far out since the city has expedited. My attention was attracted by a baby catbird on the ground which was trying to fly. He was so cunning with his little bobbed-oft tail, but was not making much progress as an avi ator. 1 stopped to talk to him to cheer him up as he seemed to be alone, and youth and Innocence always touch my heart. He evidently did not care to have “po white folks” that he didn't know talk to him, because he gave a few little baby chirps and suddenly out of the thin air his mother came dashing at my face like a comet., I inherit the characteristics of the giants from whom X descended, -but size meant nothing to that firebrand of a cat bird mother.. She-dashed at my face and only my large hat kept my eyes from getting pecked. We read In the gospel of "one putting a thousand to flight and two ten thousand.” Since my encounter with that mother bird I believe It. Bhe was fury personified and utterly fearless. Discretion being the better part of > valor, I hastily took my departure, with her squawking raucously at my heels, from the range of her keen eye. in the future I shall have nothing to aay to baby birds 1 meet on the road sides ih the morning. ISABEL MELLEN.