. Pair tonight; tomorrow partly
cloudy, followed by local thunder
showers; not much change in tem
perature. Temperature for 24 hours
ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest. 92.
at 3 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 71, at 6
a.m. today. Full report on page 7.
Hosing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 14
XT OQQIQ Entered as second class matter
-IaUL post office Washington, D. C.
U. S. FLYERS REFUSE
TO GIVE UP; STILL
Air Service Heads Here Re
, fuse to Consider Abandon
ment of Flight.
MAY ASK 750-MILE HOP
TO COAST OF GREENLAND
Airmen Spurn Alternate Proposal
to Take on Fuel From
By the Associated Press.
REYKJAVIK, Iceland, August B.
A conference called by Rear Admiral
Thomas P, Magruder on the flagship
Richmond today decided to make a
final effort to And a feasible landing
place for the American Army world
S.’s ers on the east coast of Greenland
before reaching a final decision as to
whether the remainder of the flight
for .the present season would have
to be called off.
The cruiser Raleigh of the patrol
fleet has been ordered to leave to
morrow morning to investigate the
ice conditions on the Greenland coast
and find a possible alternative for
Angmagsalik as a landing place, the
supply steamer Gertrud Kask being
Ice bound and fogbound in that
Lieut. Lowell H. Smith, the flight
commander, who is assisting Lieut.
Eric H. Nelson of the airplane New
Orleans in bringing the two flight
planes ashore for overhauling, left
this work, to attend the conference
with Capt. William C. Watts of the"
Raleigh and Maj. Clarence E. Crum
rine of the Army air service on the
The New Orleans was beached safely
this morning for the overhauling
Early this morning Admiral Ma
gruder sent for Capt. William C.
Watts of the cruiser Raleigh, Lieut.
Smith and Maj. Clarence E. Crumrlne
of the Army Air Service, after the
receipt of further discouraging news
! from the Danish government's
L steamer Gertrud Rask. with supplies
for the airmen, off the east Greenland
port of Angmagzalik.
The report that a safe landing place
for the flyers on the cast coast of
Greenland had been found was de
clared to be without foundation, and
the advancing season makes further
delay dangerous. The flyers declare'
they are willing to remain at Reyk
-4 Javik until September 1, but refuse
to consider the possibility of fueling j
at sea from a cruiser.
Supply Ship Flit Ip Ice.
A wireless message from the sup
ply ship Gertrud Rask on August 5
reported her stuck fast in the heavy
polar ice 15 miles from shore near
Angmagsalik. Fears were expressed
that unless a westerly wind scattered
the ice the steamer would not be able
to free herself for several weeks. The
ice conditions were disclosed as worse
* than in many years.
On August 6 a report reached
Reykjavik that the Gertrud Rask had
succeeded in freeing herself and
reaching Angmagsalik, but this was
rot confirmed, and later reports have
been that the Ice conditions in that
vicinity had not improved appreciably.
AIR SERVICE FIRM.
Refuses to Abandon Flight—Con
template Long Hop.
The Army Air Service has no inten
tion of abandoning the world flight,
and unless the ice barrier around
Angamagsalik is penetrated soon the
American airmen will make a 750-
mile non-stop hop direct to the south
4Coast of Greenland, where there is
plenty of open water, it was an
nounced from the office of Maj. Gen.
I’atrick, chief of the Air Service, to
In anticipation of such an emer
gency officers of the Air Service staff
are rushing plans for the immediate
preparation of a base near Cape Fare
well, the southernmost tip of Green
land. After careful figuring it was
announced that such a trip is “easily
within the cruising radius” of the
of Lieut. Lowell Smith and
Lieut. Erick Nelson.
May Have Floating Base.
To further safeguard the passage
to Cape Farewell, it is thought that
it will be possible to establish an in
termediate floating base midway be
tween that point and Reykjavik
through the use of Navy vessels which
are now in the Danish Straits to
guard the aviators on the hop across
that body of water. Should the planes
give out of gas It will be possible for
them to land on the water and re
fuel from the war craft,
j' "The world flight will not be much
further delayed.” the statement said,
“and within a short time the planes
will be on their way to Greenland.”
The statement in full follows:
"On account of unusual Ice condi
tions In the Danish Straits between
Iceland and 'Greenland, Air Service
officers making the necessary ar
rangements for bases on the east
coast of Greenland are experiencing
considerable difficulty. Throughout the
entire year the east coast of Green
land Is bordered by a belt of floe Ice,
varying in width from 18 to 100 miles,
lee ViUHlIy Heavy.
"This year, on account of the un
usually late Spring* this ice is paiv
tlcularly heavy and the Danish
steamer Gertrude Rask, which is
carrying supplies and fuel for the
(Continued on Page 3, Column 2.) “
Worst Ice Barrier in 15 Years
Threatens to End Army Flight
Flyers at Reykjavik Eagerly Await Word
From Steamer Seeking to Reach Port in
Greenland—Work in Cold Drizzle,
BY FREDERICK R. NEELY.
Staff Correspondent of The St*r.
ON BOARD U. S. S. RICHMOND,
REYKJAVIK HARBOR. Iceland, Au
gust 7 (by Wireless). —Blocked by
the worst ice barriers Greenland has
seen in 15 years, the American round
the-world flyers found themselves
marooned here today, face ’to face
with the possibility of having to
abandon their adventure within but
-6,000 miles of their goal.
It is the first time since they
hopped oft on the first leg of their,
historic journey that the Americans
have been so helplessly stumped.
Old Boreas, grim sovereign of the
Northland, seems to have them at
his mercy, temporarily at least.
Fought to a finish in the epochal
battle across the North Pacific, he
has trapped the flyers in a prison of
shimmering ice in the home stretch.
Decide on Delay.
Rear Admiral Thomas P. Magruder.
commander of the light cruiser
squadron, held a conference with
Lieut. Lowell Smith, the flight com
mander, on board the flagship Rich
mond today to discuss future plans.
It was decided to hold the American
TORNADOES KILL 5.
Scores Injured by Twisters in
By the Associated Press.
EAU CLAIRE, Wis., August B.—Re
i lief measures were under way today
: in three central western Wisconsin
I counties, struck last night by two
• tornadoes which took a toll of at
| least five dead, with a score or more
I injured, and caused property damage
which may reach a million dollars.
Many farmers were left destitute as
a result of the storms.
While no definite plans had been
formulated today, it wgs expected an
appeal would be made to the State
and the people of Wisconsin for as
sistance in rehabilitating the devas
Restoration of wire communication
In the three counties hit —Chippewa,
Trempeleau and Jackson —was ex
pected to bring news of added
I Black River Falls was one of the
| towns hardest hit. Two persons are
j known to be dead there and two
[ seriously injured.
Baby Among Victim*.
George Nash, 50, and Alice Oarwin,
3. were killed at Black River Falls.
Julius Baglien, 16, perished near
Osseo, and Richard Secora. 19, met
death at his father s farm near New
Percy Walter of Bloomer, a sailor,
who was visiting relatives while on
furlough, was fatally injured, and he
died at a Chippewa Fa’lls hospital late
The first of the two tornadoes ap
peared early in the evening In the
vicinity of Osseo,'in the upper north
cast corner of Trempeleau, crossed
over into Jackson County and swept
down to Black River Falls. It appar
ently spent its force just outside that
place. The entire northeast section
of Black River Falls bore the brunt
of the storm there, while the rest of
the. city escaped with shattered win
dows and other minor damage.
Farms Laid Waste.
Scores of farms lying In the path
of the twister between Osseo and
Black River Falls were laid waste.
Homes, barns and ojitbulldings were
reduced to splinters.
The other tornado made Its appear
ance near New Auburn, in Chippewa
County, and swung down the coun
tryside to Bloomer, continuing for
about five miles beyond that place. It
cut a swath nearly half a mile wide.
Bloomer suffered great damage, a
number of buildings being destroyed
and many automobiles wrecked when
picked up by the wind and hurled
against buildings and trees.
Ecuador Opens Swiss Legation.'
BERN, August B.—Ecuador has es
tablished a legation In Switzerland,
appointing as minister Robalino
Davila, who has been granted an
exequater by the Swiss government.
Dry Sleuths Are Forbidden to Use
Lodge “Distress Sign” to Buy Liquor
By the Associated Frees.
CHICAGO, Aurust B.—A "code of
ethics” for Illinois prohibition
agents, which, among other
things, prohibits them from giving
the sign of distress to a lodge
brother a* a preliminary to pur
chasing liquor from him, have
been issued by- Maj. Percy Owen,
In the list of “dont's” agents
are asked to refrain from becom
ing intoxicated in obtaining evi
dence; from feigning sickness to
buy from druggists; from mak
ing bootleggers, l saloon keepers and
rum runners their associates, and
cabarets and barrooms their
lounging places off duty, and from
using evidence obtained because
the- sale - waa made on the ground*-
V > V WITH SUNDAY MOBNINQ EDITION L/
planes here a few more days in the
hope that the Gertrude Rask, their
base ship, may succeed in smashing
through the ice packs that have
locker her out of Angmagsalik, the
next stop on the journey home.
Desperate efforts are being made to
get In touch with the Quest, the
stanch little ship used by Shackleton
on his last polar expedition. If any
ship can break through the floes that
have swept around the coast of Green
land, it is the Quest. But thus far
the tireless wireless, calling without
has failed to get a response
from the veteran little explorer, and
her present location is unknown.
Ship kecks Opeslsg.
The last heard from the Gertrude
Rask she was still nosing around, 15
miles from shore, for an opening Into
the harbor of Angmagsalik. Her skip
per has been making voyages into that
port once a year for the past two dec
ades. This time he arrived two weeks
earlier than usual, to be there as a
supply and base ship for the American
flyers when they landed.
He sent word by wireless that the
ice conditions are the worst he has
(Continued on Page 3. Column 2.)
War Debt Parley
In Paris Broached
At Allied Meeting
By the Associated Press,
LONDON, August B.—The allied
delegates to the international con
ference this afternoon, in the
presence of the American repre
sentatives to the conference, dis
cussed the feasibility of holding
a conference in Paris in the - future
to discuss the question of inter
allied war debts.
The proposed conference would
be entirely separate from the
other Paris pourparlers, which will
concern themselves with the al
location of the reparation pay
ments. Observers at the Interna
tional conference believe It will
be definitely decided to hold the
debt discussions in Paris at an
Traffic Board to Decide if
Added Facilities Should Be
The District Commissioners are ex
pecting a report from the Traffic
Board as to whether the municipality
should buy ground for parking areas
and automobile storage facilities and
also as to what steps might be nec
essary to enforce strictly the down
town parking regulations.
This was made known today by En
gineer Commissioner Bell following a
board session attended by himself
and Commissioner Oyster. The park
ing situation was discussed Inform
ally, but the major said no action
would be taken ttoward a solution
until the above-mentioned report Is
Maj. Bell said that the Commission
ers should decide promptly whether
It is advisable for the city to under
take to provide parking garages or
areas. He made it clear that he has
not made up his mind on the ques
tion. He said that If the District de
cides not to buy ground for parking
purposes the decision should be
reached soon, so that private capital
that might be considering such a
move would know the status of the
W*«l< Detail Mrs.
The parking problem in downtown
Washington can bte solved without
new legislation by detailing sufficient
men to enforce strictly the one-hour
rule, In the opinion of Assistant Cor
poration Counsel Ringgold Hart, a
member of the Commissioners' traffic
Mr. Hart takes the position that
the real evil In the parking situation
Is the practice of leaving cars on the
busy streets all day, and he believes
the breaking up of this practice is
a "practical police problem.” He said
he realizes it will take men, time and
The motorist who leaves his car
(Continued on Page 2. Column
that the offender is an old friend
of the agent.
After taking two or three drinks
of high-proof liquor, an agent is
advised -to allow live to seven
hours elapse before taking another.
Agents may use any disguises con
sidered necessary. They should
keep diaries in which drawings
are to be made of locations where
violations are found.
Oun play is especially cautioned
against. There are times when a
display of arms is necessary, Maj.
Owen said, but nothing la to be
gained, in his opinion, by turning
a machine gun on a suspected
Radio Programs—Page IX.
WASHINGTON, D. 'C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 8, 1924-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES.
U. a TO TAKE PART
IN CONFERENCE ON
Date of Meeting of Allied
Finance Ministers to Allo
cate Funds Not Set.
FOR ARMY OF OCCUPATION
London Farley Will Eun Into Next
Week—Herriot Goes to Paris
The United States expects to par
ticipate in any meeting- of allied
finance ministers which may be called
to consider allocation of German rep
arations payments as a result of the
decisions reached at the interallied
conference now in progress in Lon
Following instructions from Wash
ington, Ambassador Kellogg has so
indicated to the London conference,
which has under consideration a reso
lution for a meeting of finance minis
ters in Paris in the near future.
I'. S. Has Large Claims.
Under the Dawes plan provision is
made for the allocation of all moneys
j paid in reparations by German
through an agreement among the
"allied and associated powers." The
matter becomes imuortant to the
United States because this would
form the only means of obtaining
payments from Germany on such
claims as may be adjudicated by the
German-American Claims Commission
or even of receiving reimbursement
j for the cost of the army of occupa
• The provision in the Dawes plan
! has to do with allocation of money
j paid on reparations accounts by Ger
! many since 1923. during which period
I the agreement between the United
States and the allies covering Amerl
j can Army cost reimbursements was
I The State Department has not been
I fully advised as to the status in Lon
! don of the proposal for the Paris
! financial meeting. The notification of
1 a desire to participate transmitted by
Ambassador Kellogg Is regarded by
the Department as in a measure a
routine step to protect the right of
the Washington Government should
the conference actually be callad. t-.
PARLEY TO END NEXT WEEK.
Germans Still Insist Ruhr Evacua
tion Date Be Set.
By the Associated Frees.
* LONDON, August 8. —Despite the
rapid progress being made toward an
agreement with Germany, the inter
national conference to arrange for
putting the Dawes reparation plan
Into effect is not likely to end before
the middle of next week, it was stated
by a British spokesman today.
Prime Minister MacDonald has
given up hope of getting further
away from Downing street than his
nearby official country residence at
Chequers Court during the week end.
The conference experts, including
the Germans, got to work early to
day. One group met at 9:30 o’clock
and another group an hour later to
continue the task of explaining the
results of the allies’ labors during
their preliminary conference here to
the German representatives and of
harmonizing the German views with
| the allied program for launching the
It was decided to call a session of
the "big fourteen." the leaders of the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
FILIPINOS TO FIGHT
Circular Warns “Proletariat” of
Capitalists and Landlords Con
By the Associated Press.
MANILA, August B.—What purports
to be the attitude of the central ex
ecutive committee of the Communist
Workers’ party toward Philippine in
dependence is disclosed In a circular
received here from the party’s Chi
The committee urged Filipino la
borers and tenant farmers to partici
pate in the independence movement
as members of the working class,
carefully avoiding making common
cause with landlords and capitalists,
whether native or foreign. The cir
cular asserts that “Filipino capital
ists and landlord classes" are "even
more dangerous to the Filipino pro
letariat” than “American imperialists
and exploiters.” It urges that a re
lentless war be waged by the work
ers against landlords and capitalists.
The circular urges that Filipino
workers and tenant farmers organize
a farmer-labor party and that the
Filipino members of the Workers’
party be reorganized Into a Filipino
communist league. It also advises
the Filipino workers to take measures
to prevent capitalists from gaining
control of sugar, coal and other in
dustries or resources.
Auto Kills Eailroad Han.
CHICAGO, August B.—William E.
Mitten of Goodland, 111., railroad man
and brother of Thomas E. Mitten,
Philadelphia traction magnate, was
killed in an automobile accident in
the Canadian Rockies. Thomas es
caped without serious injury, acoord
tag to Information received h«rs to
LA FOLLETTE HITS
KU KLUX BY NAME
Politicians Wonder if Other
Will Follow Lead.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Without qualification, Senator Rob
ert M. La Follette, candidate for the
presidency on the Independent Pro
gressive ticket, today announced his
opposition to the Ku Klux Klan. He
predicted that the Klan could not long
survive. He quoted from Abraham
Lincoln and from Thomas Jefferson
In support -of his opposition to any
organization which preached religious
and racial intolerance.
One of the three principal contest
ants for the presidency has made his
position on “ the Klan so cieir that
there can be no misunderstanding.
The La Follette platform, like the Re
publican and the Democratic, makes
no mention of the Klan by name. But
Senator La Follette himself, as he says,
"without qualification or evasion,” is
content to make his personal views
on the Klan public. The La Follette
supporters today are wondering
whether the candidates of the Re
publican party and the Democratic
party will also handle the Klan ques
tion without gloves.
Senator La Follette’s statement was
contained in a letter addressed to
Robert P. Scripps of New York, news
paper publisher, and was In answer to
an Inquiry from Mr. Scripps as to his
position on the Klan question.
The Wisconsin Senator in his letter
declares again that the great issue
of the day is "to break the combined
power of the private monopoly sys
tem over the political and economic
life of the America rj people.” No
side issue, he said, should be allowed
to obscure this dominant question.
For that reason, he says, he deplores
the interjection of questions involving
religious opinion and "other ques
tions unrelated to the vital issue.”
His letter to Mr. Scripps, under date
of August 5, follows;
Informs All I ate rested.
“Your letter of August 1 received.
You ask where I stand on the, Ku
Klux Klan. Similar inquiries have
come to me from others. I take the
liberty of making my answer to you
public. This will Inform all those
interested in knowing my attitude on
"But first, and before all else. 1
am bound to say that in my view the
one dominant, all-embracing issue in
this campaign is to break the com
bined power of the private monopoly
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
HURLS STEPSON IN RIVER,
ASKING TO BE HANGED
Woman Tired of Child and His
Father She Says, as Searchers
Seek Victim's* Body.
By the Associated Press.
WATERLOO, lowa. August B.—The
body of 6-year-old Mick Mahariee had
not been recovered today from Cedar
River, into which his stepmother, Mrs.
Marie MahaHes, says she pushed him
about 10 a.m. yesterday.
Police and volunteer searchers
dragged the river and used bloodhounds
In an effort to prove the truth of the
woman’s story, but except for testimony
of a fisherman who saw her go to the
river with the lad and return without
him nothing has been developed. Mrs.
Maharies maintains an attitude of in
difference, and stolidly tells of the
hatred for the lad which urged her to
kill him. She says she has no affection
for her husband, and that the boy’s
presence in her home added to her dis
satisfaction with life, causing her twice
to attempt suicide by poison. When
these failed she says she planned to kill
the little boy. thus satisfying at once
her dislike' for him and, convinced she
would hang for his murder, achieve her
desire for her own death.
The woman’s relatives say she has
been ill several months, and that her
mind has affected* _
U, S. to Give Away
Would you have a little buffalo
in your home?
If you haven't and wish a play
ful little pel for the youngsters,
weighing 800 pounds or more,
bearded like a patriarch and with
an ingrowing disposition, write the
Interior Department. You may get
Out in Yellowstone National Park
officials found the buffalo herd get
ting too large, hence the possi
bility of free buffalo for the Amer
ican taxpayer. All you have to do
is ask for it. pay the coat of catch
ing and transporting the animal,
and you may have a buffalo —lord
of the plains in the days when men
were men and the wind blew free
over the Western "pra-r-e-e."
Not so many years ago. when the
buffalo was facing extinction, a
small herd was taken to Y'ellow
stone National Park and placed on
the high plaUatuof the Lamar, in
the northeastern section of the
park. Under the careful protec
tion afforded the herd, it thrived
and multiplied until today it num
bers about 730.
This Spring the stork came to
114 buffalo mothers in the Yellow
stone, and the feeding problem,
already serious, became disastrous.
So it was decided to thin out the
herd —one of the largest in the
United States. But if you get a
buffalo, says the Interior Depart
ment. you must care for it and
not kill it except in self-defense.
FASCIST HEADS NAMED.
ROME, August B.—The Fascist na
tional council has elected a new di
rectory of 21 representatives from
■ the various districts in Italy. Eleven
of the directors are members of the
Chamber of Deputies.
LONDON, August B.—The Rome
correspondent of the Morning Post
says the new Fascist directory In
cludes Farlnaoci and others stanch
ly in favor of carrying out the Fas
cist program, but also such balanc
ing elements as Maraviglia and Da
VALUABLES # ARE TAKEN.
O. G. Forrer, administrative assist
ant in the narcotic field service, has
appealed to the police to assist in in
vestigating taking of his wife’s trav
eling bag from a Capital Traction
car Tuesday afternoon. The bag con
tained wearing apparel, two SI,OOO
Treasury Department certificates and
Mrs. Forrer boarded the’ car at
Union station, and when she left the
car she forgot about her bag. Two
hours after reaching home, at 1306
Park road, she missed the bag and
started an inquiry.
Herrick Coming Home.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, August B.—Myron T. Her
rick, American Ambassador to France,
accompanied by hla - son, Parmely
Herrick, and the latter’s family, will
sail tomorrow on the Paris for a
two-month vacation trip in the United
Swelterers, Cheer Up! One Year
Without Summer Is on the Way
Cheer up. swelterers. A "year with
out a Summer” is on the way.
At least- that is the prediction of
Herbert J. Browne, master of ocean
meteorology, whose forecasts for the
first six months of this year have
proved more than 95 per cent cor
rect. And he is willing to stake his
scientific reputation that his latest
prediction will come true.
"Unsettled and colder," is the
prophesy for the coming year. A cold
er winter, a colder summer, with
violent and sudden changes from ex
treme heat to extreme cold, from ex
treme drought to extreme rainfall.
And then—in 1926-27—will come the
"year without a summer," like the
memorable 1814, with frosts and ice
in every month in the year. The safe
ty, line of grain production, Mr.
DRY ARRESTS DUE
IN ALLEGED PLOT
Warrants Received Here for
Local Men Named In Tampa
Ten or fifteen persons, including
United States marshals, po
lice, alleged bootleggers and others
probably will be arrested here with
in the next few hours for alleged
participation in a big liquor con
spiracy, in which indictments were
returned recently in Tampa. Kla.
Bench warrants from Florida were
received today by Acting United
States Attorney West, who turned
them over to United States Marshal
Snyder for execution.
The names of those for whom the
warrants arrived today are being
withheld by authorities until after
Local Warrants Soaght.
It was expected local warrants
would be asked of a United States
commissioner for service on those in
dicted, and the arrests would follow
within a few hours.
What procedure will be followed
then has not been definitely determined
upon, but it was understood that those
arrested would be arraigned before a
commissioner for a hearing, and the
Government would ask they be held
for removal to Florida. Removal pro
ceedings will take place before the
The conspiracy is alleged by the
Government to be far-reaching, and to
involve a number of persons in Wash
ington, New York City and several
cities in Florida. Indictments were re
turned by a Federal grand jury late
last month for 36 persons. Already
authorities in Florida have taken into
custody a number of southerners.
The case was made by the special
intelligence unit of the Treasury De
partment from a clue which de
veloped in another case here. The
ramifications of the conspiracy are
charged to lead from the islands off
the Florida coast through a string of
alleged smugglers, confidence men.
paid agents of railroads, Pullman
porters, Pullman conductors, police
and retail dealers into Washington
and New York. Much of the liquor
is said by the Government to have
found a market here.
The exact number of Washing
tonians involved has not been re
ARREST 12 EMIGRANTS.
Paris Police Hold Italians With
False Passports for America.
PARIS, August B.—At the request
of the American consul general the
Paris police have arrested 12 Italians
carrying false passports. When ques
tioned the prisoners said they ob
tained the papers from an associa
tion at Naples for 1,250 lire each.
They were assured, they said, that
the documents would get them across
to the United States without any
Browne predicts, will retreat South
ward, probably as much as 280 to 300
miles and all crops will suffer.
Long range weather forecasting—
telling what kind of seasons we are
going to have, one, two and three
years ahead, is as,easy as falling off
a log, if you know how, says Mr.
‘The heat of the sun controls all
weather,” he explains. “Its heat
varies from year to year and can be
measured by instruments perfected
by scientists of the Smithsonian In
"The sun’s heat was above normal 1
from 1917 until March, 1932. Since
then it has gradually fallen, with
slight occasional variations, until, In
September, 1922, it-reached the low
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
“Prom Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 89,540.
DENSE MAY CALL
LOEB’S MOTHER TO
TESTIFY AT TRIAL
Youthful Slayer Has Seen
Her Only Once Since He
Was Incarcerated in Jail.
IDEAS TOLD BY STUDENT
Regarded Himself as “Top-Notch
er," and Companion in Crime as
B.r the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, August B.—Mrs. Albert
H. Loeb, mother of Richard Loeb, may
take the stand in an effort to gain
mitigation of the penalty her son
| and Nathan Leopold, jr.. must pay for
j kidnaping and killing Robert Franks.
| according to defense plans. Nathan
i Leopold, sr.. millionaire box manufac
turer, also will testify, it was said.
Since his incarceration in the
county jail on May 30, after he con
fessed the crime for which Judge
j John R. Caverly will fix the punish
| ment, Loeb has been visited only once
Iby his mother. She has insisted ou
testifying despite physicians’ warn
ings against her leaving the Loch
summer home at Charlesvolx. Mich.,
where she is attending her invalid
Superman Idea Described.
Harry Booth, University of Chicago
student, testifying today, said that
along in last March Leopold, in dis
cussing his superman idea with a
group of friends, asserted that the
man who would commit murder was
not necessarily responsible to society
Herbert J. Weber, 20-year old Har
vard University student, testified he
had known Leopold three years and
had discussed the Nietchian philos
ophy with him and also had discussed
Leopold’s theory of life with him. He
said Leopold based his whole personal
philosophy on the superman and at
all times seriously regarded himself
as a “top-notcher.” Weber said Leo
pold said he regarded Loeb as the
“most wonderful man in the world."
Youth Advises Counsel.
Defense examination of the college
boy witnesses was guided by a small
blond youth of apparently IS or 19,
who whispered to the defense attor
neys. Nobody could identify him. and
Benjamin Bachrach refused to say
who he was. Weber said he thought
Leopold was highly egotistic, and said
he and Leopold disagreed on the in
terpretation of Neitsche. Judge Cav
erly declared a recess until 2 p.m.
Mr. harrow said at recess that he
had completed presentation of the de
fense’s testimony with one possible
exception, a young interne at a Chi
Large Crowd Disappointed.
Drawn by the hope of hearing oth
er girl friends of Loeb and Leopold
testify, the greatest crowd of the 15
days of the hearing stormed the
Criminal Court Building today.
They were destined to meet dis
appointment. however, as Clarence is.
harrow, chief of defense counsel, said
as he entered Judge John R. £av
erly's courtroom that no further girl
witnesses would he called.
Judge Caverly’s bundle of suggestive
letters this morning was considerably
smaller than those received on pre
ceding days. Reading one from an
address nearly 1,500 miles away,
which urged him to bring the youths
swiftly to justice. Judge Caverly said:
“This hearing has been conducted
second to the swiftest of any in the
history of the criminal court of Cook
County. Some people seem to think
I should hear the boys in the after
noon. render my decision at night
and have them hanged next day. It
is my duty to hear evidence in miti
gation, and 1 shall give all the time
necessary to hear ail such evidence.
It is mandatory upon me."
• Fainting Spells Cited.
Dr. Robert Bruce Armstrong of
Charlevoix, Mich., the Loeb family
physician when the family is at its
Summer home, testified that Loeb was
in a hospital several hours after an
automobile accident in 1920, and had
several fainting spells the evening
after he was hurt, which the doctor
said he regarded as unusual. There
were no perceptible injuries, the wit
ness said, although he thought the
fainting spells were attributable to
Robert E. Crowe, State’s anorney.
did not offer to cross-examine.
Leonard Lewy, University of Michi
gan graduate, testified regarding
Loeb’s fainting spells at Ann Arbor,
Mich., saying upon one occasion Loeb
frothed at the mouth and was un
conscious, although his eyes were
open, for ten minutes. Lewy testified
along the lines of other University
of Michigan students on the stand
■ yesterday. Cross-examination was
brief. Bernard Kolb, University of
Michigan graduate and now a Chi
cago clothier, offered much the same
evidence as the other youths.
Tutor Noted N'o Change.
Theodore Schlmberg, student at the
University of Chicago, which Loeb
attended two years before going to
the University of Michigan, gave sim
David Max Wester, former tutor of
Leopold, testified he had tutored him
on the day before and the day after
the murder of Bobby Franks, and
that he noticed nothing unusual in
The trial will cost the prosecu
tion and defense a total near $500,000,
It was estimated today. The fact
'that the Judicial hearing to determine
' (Continued on Pago 2. Column 3.1
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