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OFFICERS OF NATIONAL GUARD. Men who will be in charge of training a) Camp Humphreys. National Guardi NATIONAL GUARD ON THE MARCH. District citizen soldiers leaving for Camp Humphreys yesterday.
Washington Star Photo. Washington Star Photo. Washington Star Photo. % * >■ r V*~ *cSsjOTßMfek* fiBBaBWCTHBi 1 *9^SwV : '*Si ■r >Jr /' - '^j»l HOME TOWN GREETS JOHN W. DAVIS. Domocr.lic nominee to, President em.es a. Ctabkw* W. 'I jTcTb "» W. mim’d WOMEN MARCH IN KLAN FARADE. A ..men-* di.i.i.n .trim K. Kto Klen. u. fall Klen robes, bn. no. Va., for the official notification, and is given a tremendous ovation by his friends and neighbors. ( farmer, who first put Mr. Davis in politics. They campaigned together masked, at rleasantvule, N. J., in the funeral procession of a New Jersey Ideagle, Andrew Adelhert Andndge. Henry Miller News Picture Service. ( many years ago. Henry Miller News Picture Service. \ Copyright, Underwood 4 Underwood. VETERANS INDORSE DEFENSES PLAN Twenty-Seven Patriotic Bod ies Place Project Above Pol itics, Weeks Declares. • Decision of 27 patriotic and veteran organizations to indorse the Army Defense Test plans for September 12 places the project “above politics and prevents its exploitation for political purposes,” Secretary Weeks yester day wrote Mrs, Anthony Wayne Cook, president-general of the Daughters of the American Revolution. In a letter replying to Mrs. Cook's notification of the attitude of the organizations referred to, the Secre tary said opposition to the test plang was based very largely upon “honest misunderstanding” not only of the War Department’s plans, but “even our defense organization. “The very nature of the opposition proves conclusively,” he said, “the need for the test." Prnonnrl of United State* Army, As to present composition of the United States Army, the Secretary declared it was made up "more than half" of civilians. “The Army will be expanded in an emergency by the addition of more civilians, and civilians will direct this expansion,” he continued, explaining the need for public understanding of the machinery. As a result of the test, he said, the War Department hoped to get from it the information for “an ideal plan” to be recom mended to the States. Referring to the indorsement of the test by the 27 societies, Mr. Weeks said: “Such action definitely places the ‘Defense lest' above politics and prevents its exploitation for political expediency. The co-operation that is forthcoming from the governors of States is of the same praiseworthy character. Every indication is that their support on September 12 will be nearly unanimous. “There is misunderstanding of the War Department’s request that gov ernors and mayors appoint citizen committees to direct and co-ordinate ‘Defense test’ activities in their re spective States and cities. The fact that these are designated as mobili sation committees has led some to Infer that they are to mobilize all our manhood and all our resources on September 12. Real Purpose Outlined. “This, as you know, is far from our purpose. We requested the appoint ment of these committees in order that all might see the machinery by which the skeleton units of the Army of the United States would be ex panded, and that all our citizens might understand that they would conduct their own mobilization in the event of war. “We have requested these commit tees to demonstrate, with the as sistance of such citizens as might volunteer their services, how they would expand the units under their Jurisdiction. It is important that the Federal Government, as well as the people, have information on this subject. ’‘The sacse misunderstanding led to the conclusion that a holiday had been asked for. The War De partment has not attempted to say to any State or city whether a holi day should be declared or not. Each knows its own situation. The War Department, however, has not pro posed a national holiday, partly be cause of the proximity of Labor.day. The National Government would be Just as well pleased if each city held its demonstration late in the after noon. or early in, the evening. As ths President has pointed, out. this is Ml ks a voluntary movement* on (he pact. of -oar citlseay SCIENTISTS HEARHOWMOUNTAINS REAR HEADS AS OCEANS SINK Theory of Viscous Rock Under Surface, Altcays Preserving Balance of World , Is Explained at Toronto. BY DR. EDWIN E. SLOSSON, Director Science Service. TORONTO, Ontario, August 11.— The new theory of mountain-build ing, known at “isostasy,” had the floor this morning in the geological section. We used to think that the earth’s crust floated upon a sea of molten rock and that the contraction of the earth in cooling occasionally thrust up wrinkles of mountain ranges. But nowadays the earth is regarded as solid all the way down, hut increasingly plastic under pres sure at lower depths, so, as a moun tain wears away from erosion, as all mountains do, it gradually rises, since the pressure is removed, while the sea. where the eroded rock is deposited, subsides, until the two areas are balanced. That is, there is an undertow of viscous rock many miles underneath that adjusts tjie equilibrium whenever It is disturbed by superficial shifts. Weight of lee Pile*. One of the causes of the rise and fall of land is the mountainous ice sheets that have piled up and melted off In the successive glacial periods. Prof. A. P. Coleman of the University of Toronto said today that ice was once piled up on Labrador thousands of feet high, while the ice sheet over the central States was only a few hundred feet thick. As the ice melt ed along the margins of river, lake and sea, these beaches were pushed up from under by isostasy. Such raised beaches can be seen in On taria and Quebec, Newfoundland, Labrador and the maritime provinces, often elevated hundreds of feet. The slow process of readjustment from the last glacial period is still going on underneath parts of Canada. jThe eastern end of Lake Ontario is ris ing more rapidly than the western, and this floods the mouths of the Don and Humber rivers of the To ronto district. Prof. Reginald A. Daly, of Harvard also discussed the effect of the great load of Ice for merly covering Labrador and Kee watln. The depression of this weighted area caused the rise of a ring of land around it beyond the edge of the glaciated region. * From the structure of a worm to the constitution of an empire was the scope of the presidential address of Pfof. F. W. Gamble of the Uni versity of Birmingham delivered be fore the zoological section of the British Association for the Advance ment of Science this morning. His guiding theme was the new theory of bodily control, worked out by Prof. C. M. Child of Chicago, which has captured the imagination of the younger generation of zoologists and opened to them a promising field of experimentation. Child worked most ly with planaiians, the flat, soft, slimy, worm-llke creatures that you find when you turn over a stone In the stream. They are the simplest of creeping things, but a head and a tail can be distinguished, -and Child found that the head was the point Shenandoah Keeps Searchlight On Vessels Loaded With Liquor By the Associated Pres*. LAKEHURST, N. J., August 1L— Following the successful test of a mooring mast in the U. S. S. Patoka in Narragansett Bay which proved, according to Commander Zachary Lansdowne, that the dirigible has an “unlimited cruising range,” the Shen andoah returned'to the naval air sta tion'here at 6:36 a.nu after an all .sight cruise. £osuuiq4c9 njorttd THE EVKfmrg STAR. WASHTOGTON. D. V., MONDAY. atrgUST If. 1924 wTTere the chemical processes of life were mos't active and that the activ ity tapered off toward the tail. But when the planarian pets too long for the head to keep the whole length in due subordination, a new center of activity starts up in the hindward half, which finally breaks away from the parent body. Then the tail end grows a head and the head end grows a tail, and so the one becomes twain. Now It seems that Child's “Hypothesis of Metabolic Gradients.” to give its proper name, is applicable to higher organisms and groups of organisms, perhaps even to human society. In the develop ment of an egg into an embryo the articular point in the protoplasm that is most energetic ggta ahead of the rest and eventually becomes the head of the creature, while the more slug gish masses fall into their power sta tions and become the various organs. Among the coral colonies the head or apex, so long as It remains strong enough, keeps the other branches from budding oft, but when the shoot grows too long for such centralized government, a remote bud may start up and secede to form an independent colony. But although the apex in all cases is the most vital center, yet it is also the most susceptible to poisons and easily killed. In that case a new head may arise from the reserve and comparatively inactive basal sub stance, as in the case of worms, but in the case of highly organized and differentiated bodies or societies this is impossible and so the whole per ishes. As Prof. Gamble puts it: “Life under dominance tends to exhaustion, whereas isolation leads to a renewal of activity at a lower level of com plexity.” He calls attention to in stances in the history of the world where a primitive people long iso lated in remoteness or caught in some backwater, has come forward to give new life to a decadent civilization. REPORTS CAUSE ARRESTS Two Men Suspected of Collecting Money Unlawfully. . Two men claiming they are con nected with the American Rescue Workers, headquarters of the organi zation being in Philadelphia, were arrested Saturday night by Detective Harry G. Wilson of Capt. E. W. Browne’s first precinct command as they were leaving, a Chinese res taurant on Ninth street. .Both were wearing the uniform of the organiza tion they said they represented, one of them styling himself Capt. Thomas W. Brophy and the other Private Thpmas A. Anderson. . . Arrest of the men resulted from re ports received by the detective tell ing of collections of cash the men had made at many Chinese restaurants and laundries. Capt. Broplty“ said he formerly was in charge of the work o's the organisation he represents in Wilmington, N. C. Police are await ing word from the Philadelphia head quarters before deciding what to do with the prisoners. that, during the early morning crtilse, while the. ship's .searchlight played upon the surface of the ocean, three vessels which were unmistakably loaded to the rails with liquor were sighted. From its blhJ’a-eye position I the Shenandoah was able to keep the boats in sight for some «4bne, al though the crew reported that they continually maneuvered in an effort ♦ft ttl fry u . ,_ .j, 4 • ST YOUfl BONUS I Questions That Bother You Will Be Answered in This Column. Addrrmt; Room 722. News De partment. The Evening Star, Washington, D. C. Q. I am going to name my estate as my beneficiary of the adjusted compensation to which I am entitled. If 1 should die before the 20-year period for which the certificate runs and the Government should pay ray estate.' would any indebtedness I might leave have to be paid off be fore the persons I named in my will would receive the cash payments? I have some debts, and I want to di vide the compensation due me be tween my wife and mother, but I do not want debts I may now owe or owe hereafter to be paid out of the proceeds of the policy I will receive. Thanks for your answer.—T. A. If you name your estate as your beneficiary, then such part of the proceeds as may be required to pay your debts will be used by your ad ministrator before any payments w’ll or can be made to the persons you wish to share the benefits of your adjusted compensation upon your death if it should 09cur before the expiration of the 20-year period for which the certificate runs. When a man dies and leaves his property to his estate every claim against his estate must be settled before the beneficiaries under his will receive any benefits. When the proceeds of your policy upon its maturity on ac count of your death are paid to your administrator then the . Government's interest ceases, and such proceeds are subject to all State laws of inherit ance. During your life though no person can levy or seize any benefit or money you may receive from the Government for any reason whatso ever. Q. What department of the gov ernment will pay me the value of my policy upon its muturity or upon its becoming due when I die? What ac tion does the War Department take upon a claim and what are the duties of the Veterans’ Bureau? I have had a little difficulty in the past with the War Department and if you will an swer this question for me I will ap preciate it.—H. R. A. If you served with the Army your application should be sent bo the War Department. It merely de cides whether or not you are the veteran entitled to the benfits and if so whaf the total amount of the credit due is. Then it certifies its findings to the Veterans’ Bureau. In other words, the duty of the War Department is simply to ascertain and verify whether or not you are the veteran and what you should be paid. Then the Veterans’ Bureau takes up the case. If you owe aome branch of the government money you will have to settle with the Veterans’ Bureau. If a dependent has filed ap plication the War Department pro cedure Is the same. Then the Vet erans' Bureau must decide whether or not the applicant is dependent if dependency Is not presumed. It will probably, in a great many Instances, have to check the figures of the War Department against its own, which records it has accumulated In deal ing with allotments and allowances compensation .and insurance, of over a million veterans or dependents, who will apply for an adjustment of compensation. Most of the detail and most of the troublesome cases will have to be settled with the Veterans’ Bureau. , , V, M. E,—You are entitled to the benefits of ■ adjusted compensation. We will mail your brother in India an. application blank, if you send us his full name, address and necessary postage. Author Dead at 73. ORANGE. N. J., August 11.—Mary Stewart Cutting, author, died yester day at her home here. Among her better known bodks were 'The Way farers," “Levers of Sanni” and "Heart of Lynn." She was 7S years old and ,1« survived bjr cWiUrer* ___ CONSTITUTION DAY FIZZIISINBERUN Few of Populace Inclined to Celebrate Anniversary of Present Regime. By the A*sociited Press. BERLIN, August 11.—" Constitution day.” as it was outwardly observed in Greater Berlin yesterday, once more suggested that in Berlin, Ger many is "a republic without Republi cans.” The sturdy efforts of the cham pions of Democracy to turn the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the Weimar constitution into a rousing demonstration for the young Republic and a militant challenge to the Na tionalists and the Bavarian Fascist© met with only a sluggish response. Republican colors were only sparoe ly displayed and a scant 5,000 joined in a parade. Opposition Pres* Active. German Democracy’s apparently rocky road affords the Nationalist organ, its opportunity for caustic edi torial chuckles. The Republican form of government and the parlia mentary system are totally unsuited to the needs of the German people. In the opinion of the Kreuz Zeitung, the venerable monarchlal journal, which calls for a return to the methods of Bismarck. Staunch optimism is reflected In the editorials appearing in the Liberal and Socialist organs, which axe anything but disheartened at the uphill task confronting German democracy. These newspapers see the republic’s salvation In the nation’s youth. President Ebert and the members of the Prussian ministry led the cele bration In Muenster, Westphalia, There were numerous demonstrations staged by the new Republican league of "Black, Red and Gold” through out Germany. Reports received in dicate that these were liberally at tended, especially one In Munich, Bavaria, where the Clerical, Demo cratic and Socialist parties united In observing the day, notwithstanding the police embargo on open-air meetings. The German government will offi cially commemorate "Constitution day” today in a series of public ceremonies in which President Ebert, members of the cabinet and mem bers of the Reichstag will take part. Chancellor Marx has abandoned his intention to return to Berlin from London for the event, owing to the necessity for him to be present at the International conference. One of the chlaf celebrations of today took place at Weimar, where former president of the Reichstag Loebe and President Hugo Preuss de livered addresses. INSPECTS WORK ON BONUS Secretary Weeks Visits Office Where Applications Are Filed. Secretary Weeks this morning made a personal inspection of the large section of the Adjutant General’s of fice of the War Department, which is handling applications for the World War bonus, located in the temporary building at Sixth and B streets south west. He was accompanied by Maj. Gen. Robert C. Davis, the Adjutant General of the Army, who has direct charge of the work. Veteran Hit by Ante. BOSTON, August 11.—John Contle, age 81, of Bradentown, Fla., a dele gate to the national encampment of the G. A. R.. which convened here today, was knocked down by an auto mobile at a street crossing last night, receiving a fractured leg and .wrtst aba miiifif ininriitiL ~ ““ I . ■ ■■■a ■*.■■■*—- PROGRAM OF BAND CONCERTS Today, 5 p.m., at the Capitol, by the United States Navy Band, Charles Benter, director. March, “The Lure of Alaska,” Benter (Dedicated to the late President, W’arren G. Harding) Overture, "II Guarany”... .Gomel Two songs for cornet, (a) "I Passed by Your Win dow" Brahe (b> "The Rosary” Nevin (Bandmaster G. De Giorgio) Suite, “Scenes Pittoresque,” Massenet (a) “Marche,” (b) "Alrde Bal let.” (c) "Angelus,” (d) "Fete Boheme.’ Grand scenes from the opera, "The Bohemian Girl”... .Kiotow Characteristic, "Cinderella’s Wed ding Procession” Decker Excerpts from "The Rose of Algeria” Herbert Valse de concert, "Venus on Earth” Lincke Popular, selected. "The Star Spangled Banner.” Sylvan Theater, today at 7:30 p.m., concert by the United States Marine Band. William H. Santel mann. leader; Taylor Branson, second leader. March, "Italian Riflemen.” Ellenberg Overture, "Euryanthe” ....Weber Sursum Corda Elgar Solo for cornet, “Willow Echoes,” Simon (Musician Arthur S. Wlteomb) Grand scenes from "Manon Les caut” Puccini Waltz, "Estudiana”... .Waldteufel A Moorish snite, 'The Court of Granada” Chapl (a) Introduction, (b) Medi tation. (c) Serenate, (d) Finale. Grand march. "Entrance of the Guests at Warthburg”. .Wagner ‘The Star Snangled Banner.” The United States Army Band, W. J. Stannard, director, at Frank lin Park, Fourteenth and K streets northwest, today at 7:30 p.m. March. "Troopers’ Tribunal.” _ Fillmore Overture. "Morning, Noon and Night in Vienna” Suppe Excerpts from "The Rainbow Girl” Hirsch Waltz, “Dream of Childhood,” Waldteufel Grand selection, "Carmen”.. .Bizet Popular hits: (a) "O Me, O My"..Arnold-Barr (b) "Big Boy” Yellen-Ager Characteristic, "Cocoanut Dance,” Hermann March, "Flag of Victory” Blon "The Star Spangled Banner.” United States Soldiers’ Home Band. John S. M. Zimmerman, bandmaster, at the bandstand, to day at 5:45 o’clock. March, "Washington Post” (re quested) Sousa Overture, "Arelde”. .Verdi Morceau, "Claire de Lune’’ (“Moonlight”) Thome Scenes from comic opera, “Pi rates of Penzance” Sullivan Fox-trot popular, “Mandalay,” Arnhelm Waltz petite, "On the Blue La goon” '. Frlml Finale, "After the Storm”. .Nelson ‘The Star Spangled Banner.” The United States Army Band, W. J. Stannard, director, at Wash ington Barracks bandstand, tomor row at 7:30 p.m. March, “Flag of Victory" Blon Overture, VMllltaire”. .Mendelssohn Ballet suite, ‘The Queen of Sheba,” Gounod 1. Introduction and ensemble. 2. Solo. ‘3. Duetto. 4. Allegretto. 5. Finale, valse. Excerpts from "The Chocolate Soldier” Strauss Valse concertante, “Wedding of Winds” 1....- Hall Popular hits: (a) Driftwood Kahn-Gold (b) "Where Is that Old Girl of Mine” .: Kahn-Gold Selection, “H. M. S. Pinafore,” Sullivaii March, "Mother* of Democracy,” - ■ panel la Spangled BMJKM.’i Concert by the United States Marine Band. William H. Santel mann, leader; Taylor Branson, second leader, conducting-, at Wal ter Reed General Hospital, tomor row at 6:30 p.m. March, "Shenandoah'-t. Stephan Overture, “Military”. .Mendelssohn Solo for trombone, “May Blos soms" Clark Musician Robert E. Clark. Master Melodies from Light Operas, Safranek Characteristic dance, “Charme D’Espagne” Mezzacapo Waltz, “Girls of Baden”.. .Komzah Selection, "Eraani" Verdi “The Star Spangled Banner.” The Army Music School, Wash ington Barracks, D. C., at Mount Alto Hospital, tomorrow at 7:30 senior bandleader students con ducting; R. G. Sherman, comman dant; William C. White, principal. Wedding march, from “The Rat charmer of Hameln" .... Messier Conducted by John B. Veronneau. Overture, “Masaniello” .. Auber Conducted by William E. Rice. Extra; Fox trot, “June Might,” Friend Selection from “The Firefly,” Friml Conducted by Robert W. Muller. Waltzes, “Casino Tanze”... .Gungl Conducted by Horace E. Nichols. Solo for trombone, “The Grena dier” Hardy Played by Lawrence R. Tankersley. Fantasia, “Reminiscences of Scot land” Godfrey. Conducted by John A. Grable. (a) Fox trot, “Maytime” .. Rose (b) March Characteristic, “The Bells of the Metropolitan Life Tower” Muller Conducted by Kenneth B. Watts. “The Star Spangled Banner.” SOVIET PLOT SEEN IN IMBRIE MURDER American's Name Was Listed as “Undesirable,” Russian News paper Asserts. LENINGRAD, August 11.—Accord ing to the Russian daily Russkaya Gazeta (anti-Soviet), there are good reasons for believing that the murder in Teheran of the United States con sul. Maj. Imbrie, was the outcome of soviet intrigues and was directly in spired by Moscow agents. It now ap pears that the soviet government con sidered Maj. Imbrie one of the “most bitter enemies of the soviet republic,” and his name was on the list of “un desirable foreigners,” whom Moscow intended to get rid of at the first favorable opportunity. Maj. Imbrie’s acquaintance with the Bolsheviks dates back to the year 1918, when he was United States vice consul in Petrograd and was forced, in order to save his life, to flee to Fin land. Subsequently Maj. Imbrie was for some time chief of the American Intelligence service in Viborg, and succeeded in visiting soviet Russia unapprehended five times, disguised as a Russian peasant. Later, Maj. Imbrie spent some months In the Crimea at the time of Gen. Wrangel’s attempt to clear Russia of the Bol sheviks. While acting as the United States diplomatic agent at Angora, in 1922 Maj. Imbrie learned that the Soviet envoy there had offered the Turkish police a considerable sum If they would not place any obstacles in the way of bandits hired by the Bolshe viks to murder him. The plot was frustrated, as the Turkish govern ment afforded Maj. Imbrie the neces sary police protection and arrested several soviet agents. The housefly is said to be the clev erest of insects, its intelligence sur passing that of the ant and the bee. One authority asserts that It can khlgfc 100 tines tutor than. * amb. RECKLESS DRUG TAKESHEAVY TOLL Operators of Several Cars Listed in Traffic Accidents Take to Flight. The daily increasing number of traffic accidents on the streets of the National Capital was shown yesterday ■when seven more or less serious ac cidents found their way to the polico records. Several drivers of the cars in collision failed to stop after the mishaps and additional charges wer» placed against them. William Henry Lewis, colored, of 1900 Lament place was arrested fol« lowing a long chase by Capt. C. E. E. Flather and Detective J. L. Biliman of the third precinct, who preferred a charge of reckless driving against him. He was alleged to have been in charge of the automobile that knocked down Isabelle' Dunlap, col ored, 29, 2009 Ninth street, who suf fered injuries about the head and body. The accident occurred at Co lumbia and Ontario roads. Knocked Down nt Crowing. While crossing at Sixth and O streets yesterday afternoon, Percy Jackson, colored, 19, 1420 S street, was knocked down by the automobile of Isaac Goldstein, 510 G street, and in jured about his arm and leg. He received treatment at Freedmen’s Hospital and went home. An automobile driven by Mrs. Charles Sperle, 11 Barney street. Cot tage City. Md., ran into a trolley pole on Rhode Island avenue between Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets northeast about 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon and was damaged. Mrs. Sperle suffered injuries to her left arm, face and body. She was taken to Sibley Hospital. Ten-year-old Thomas Harlin, col ored, rear of Hickey lane northeast, was injured yesterday afternoon, when his skipmobile was struck by an automobile, on Bladcnsburg road northeast. He was treated at Cas ualty Hospital for cuts and bruises to his face and body. Police are searching for colored occupants of the car who failed to stop. Auto In Collision. Charles L. Wilkinson, 617 A street northeast, was driver of an automo bile that collided with the automobile of Isaac Levy, 1334 Seventh street, parked near Seventh and M streets, and also struck and Injured Lloyd Robinson, a 4-year-old colored child, residing near the scene of the acci dent. The boy was treated at Freed raen’s Hospital for possible concussion of the brain. James Kent, colored. 30 Defrees street, was driver of an automobile that collided with the car of John R. Sweeney, parked on the road near Benning bridge, last night about 11:30 o’clock. Sweeney refused hospital treatment for slight injuries. Kent was held on a charge of driving while under the influence of liquor. Francces Lee, colored, 19, 1432 N street, waiting for a street, car, at Fourteenth and U streets this mornr ing about 1:30 o’clock, was knocked down by an automobile and serious ly Injured. Se was taken to - Freed men’s Hospital, and police are search ing for the driver of the automobile to answer a charge of failing to-make his indentity known. 12 HURT IN FIRE. $50,000 Damage Results at Moose jaw, Sask. MOOSE JAW, Sask., August. Ji. — Twelve persona were injured, two seriously, and damage estimated at |50,000 resulted from a Are which started in the basement. Os the'Vifool worth block and spread’ to 'business Pdualaea adjoloOag.here- last nlsmt. 13