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$2,000,000 POWDER PLANTDESTROYED Million Pounds of Explosives I Burned in Old Hickory Conflagration. B» tiic Associated Fresz. NASHVILLE, Tenn.. August 11. — Powder, machinery' and buildings valued ?28,0(i0'000 war-time prices, and at more than $2,000,000 at pres ent valuation, were destroyed in a fire that swept clean a 40-acre tract in the heart of the Old Hickory powder plant at Jacksonville, Tenn., near here, yesterday morning. Approximately 45,000,000 pounds of gunpowder, stored by the United States Government as a war reserve was consumed in the flames. Coat Over £1 Millions. The cost of manufacturing' this powder during the war, according to Maj. Oscar Krupp, United States Ordnance Departme nt officer in charge, was 50 cents a pound, making the total cost $22,500,000. The present market value of the powder is approximately 1 cent a pound, making the total value $450,- 000. Maj. Krupp said. There were no dangerous explo sions and no one was thought to have been injured. A Government gard turned in the alarm at 5:30 yesterday morning, and although the fire spent itself shortly afttr noon. It was impossible, up to early this morning, to approach the area of the fire because of the Intense heat. Worst I.oss Since War, The fire is said to be the greatest single loss the Government has suf fered since the war. The plant, con structed by the Government during the war for the manufacture of muni tions, was the largest project of its kind ever attempted. The plans call ed for an expenditure of $85,000,000 and the plant was divided into nine units, each having a daily capacity of 100,COO pounds of powder each. When the armistice was signed, the plant had produced 35,900.000 pounds of powder and was 13,500,000 pounds ahead of contracts. TWO KILLED,*TWO DYING, RESULT OF COLLISION Five Persons Seriously Injured Also When Interurban Trolley Car Hits Truck. By the Assoc iated Press. ROCHESTER, N. Y., August 11.— Two men are dead, killed outright, a boy and a man are dying, and five persons are seriously injured, as a result of a collision of a light truck. In which they and ten other persons were riding, with an interburban trolley at a crossing about 15 miles east of here late yesterday afternoon. The party in the truck, composed of two women, eight children and ten mep,, was returning from a sodus ber ry farm to this city. According to the motorman. Her bert Murphy, the car had slowed down for the crossing and the whistle had been sounded. There were several automobiles along the road that stopped or slowed down for the car, hut the truck came on at a fast rale. Murphy said he put on the brakes at once, but the truck did not slow down. The trolley was almost at a standstill when the truck hit it, head on. Ambulances from two Rochester hospitals were rushed to the scene. Eight persons were taken to hospi tals and 10 went to their homes. The dead are; Tony Giaguinto, 29, Iron dequoit. and Guiseppe Carqarozzo, 42, of this city. Cannarozzo's 10-year old r. n, Michael, is dying with a frac tured skull, and Michael Russo. 46, of Irondequoit, is expected to die from in ternal injuries. PROBES OIL SITUATION. Missouri Official Investigates Al leged Unfair Practices. JEFFERSON CITY. Rio.. August 11. —lnvestigation of the oil situation In Missouri, directed against the Standard Oil Company of Indiana by Attorney General J. W. Barrett to determine whether proceedings should be brought against the company for violation of the anti-trust law, was under way today. Otkials and rec ords of the company and a number of retail gasoline merchants, tilling station agents and garage owners from over the State have been sub poenaed. Attorney General Barrett, in ask ing for the investigation, said he had been informed that the company “has conspired with other oil companies to control prices," and that it was mak ing illegal discrimination between various communities in the State in the matter of price. HERRIOT MAN DEFEATED. Banker Wins Over Socialist in Al pine Election. GAP, France, August 11.—The gov ernment coalition was defeated in Hautes-Alpes department yesterday in the first special legislative election held since the general election last May. Maurice de Rothschild, a meni of the great banking firm, was chosen deputy over the coalition candidate, Gilbert Planche, son of the Radical Socialist deputy elected in May, who died soon afterward. The result, coming on the day when the cabinet was making its momen tous decision regarding Ruhr oc cupation, causes considerable com ment. WOMAN’S BODY FOUND. Taken From Water 10 Miles From Where Canoe Sank. GLOUCESTER, Mass., August 11. — The body of Mrs. Thomas Galt of St. Louis, who, with Miss Julia Hitch cock of Springfield, Mass., disappeared after going out In a canoe on the Annisquam River last Thursday, was found yesterday 7 miles off Halibut Point, at the tip of Cape Ann. The . body was 10 miles from the point where their overturned canoe was found on Friday. No trace of Miss Hitchcock, a Smith College student, has been found. The wtnen were last seen near the mouth of the river, and a short time later a squall rtjflcd seas dangerous to their small craft . BOY FATAILy INJURED. i Companion Hart in Bead Crash Near Raleigh. RALKIGH, N. C., August 11.—Hu bert Drew, 18, was fataly injured and Ludlow Moore, 19, was seriously in jured when a motor cycle on which they were riding collided with an automobile driven by Harvey Under weed of Bailey, on the Mllburnie road, fi mil on from Raleigh, last night. * MRS . FERGUSON ASSURED HELP OF SIX SHE BEAT IN TEXAS RACE Enters Second Primary With Good Chance to Be Governor, Vindication of Husband , Barred From Office, Sole Objective, By Consolidated Press. TEMPLE. TVx., August II.—A quiet son of a woman, stamped all over from aureole of graying dark brown hair to the soles of simple black low shoes, with the certain trade mark of the good wife and the thrifty home maker, is demonstrating conclusively in Texas the old adage that though "Man may work from sun to sun, woman's work is never done.” Ten years of political cyclones rag ing forever about the head of James K. Ferguson. Bell County farmer and banker, who became governor over night on the crest of a wave he cre ated by the force of his own person ality, and who last the office over night in the undertow that came along, failed to discover Mrs. Miriam Amanda Ferguson as anything but the hospitable wife, attentive mother and perfect foil for Jim Ferguson. Husband Barred. But a court decision that said her impeached husband could not be a candidate for office in Texas dis covered Miriam Amanda Ferguson to Texas Democrats and to herself. "Jim" and "Mamma" Ferguson sat in the spacious living room of their home here two months ago and pon dered over the court decision. “I ll tell you what, Jim," she said, “there isn’t a law’ in the world that will keep me from running for gov ernor and fighting for the vindica tion of our name.” "And there isn’t a force under heaven that can keep you from win ning." came back Jim Ferguson, who thinks he knows a thing or two about Texas voters. That sealed the bargain and on July 26 146,777 Dem ocratic voters in the primary said they wanted Mrs. Ferguson to be Governor of Texas. As there were nine candidates, none of whom got a majority, the two highest—Felix D. Robertson, Dallas judge, support ed by the Ku Klux Klan, and Mrs. Ferguton—will make a second contest for the nomination, which is equiva lent to election. Six F*f« to AM Her. With seven candidates eliminated frofi the race. Mrs. Ferguson has received proffers of support from six of them and the other has said pri vately that he will vote for her. In addition, she has won to her side practically all of the leaders of the forces who have continually opposed her husband, including State sena tors. who voted to impeach him in 1917. and former Attorney General M. M. Crane, chief of the prosecutors in the impeachment contest. For a week, while returns were coming in, there was doubt as to whether Mrs. Ferguson would finish second in the race and so gain a place in the “run-off" primary. Dur ing that time her most common posture was one clutching a telegram of congratulation in one hand and a broom or paring knife in the other. A Ferguson friend from Dawson sent the broom, to be used "in clean- STATE HITS BACK AT GLAND DEFENSE (Continued from First Page.) tal condition?" asked Mr. Bachrach. “He could not," was the reply. Several x-ray pictures of Leopold and Loeb were submitted as exhibits, and then Robert E. Crowe. State's attorney, began cross examination. "What other criminals in murder cases did you ever examine?" was the first question. The defense objected, but Mr. Crowe was sustained after a slight argument. Examined 8 Slayer*. "A great many," Dr. Hulbert re plied, "eight since the World War.” Mr. Crowe insisted that the doctor enumerate the tests he applied to all other criminals. "Did you ever make examinations as elaborate in any other case as you have in this one?” Mr. Crowe asked. "No. sir." "I have never heard It defined.” said Dr. Hulbert, when asked for a defini tion of a “normal person.” Early he began to fence with Mr. Crowe, assisted by objections from the defense. Normal In China. "What is normal in China?" asked Mr. Crowe, and the defense objected that Dr. Hulbert had not qualified as an expert on Chinese normality. “There is nothing in the physical examination of a man which would indicate a man Is a criminal,” Dr. Hulbert said. "Did you find anything in Loeb’s physical examination to Indicate he was a criminal or abnormal men tally?" asked Mr. Crowe. “Yes. the fact he injured his leg in a base ball game in jail would indi cate he was a criminal,” replied the doctor half humorously. ' "Seriously, the doctor replied, after the question again was asked, that a physical examination could not re veal mental abnormality or criminal istic tendencies. "Then you have come to your con clusions from what these boys and their friends have told you?" pursued the prosecutor. "No,” was the answer. "I reached my conclusions also from laboratory examinations.” Intolerance to Sacar. Dr. Hulbert said Leopold’s Intol erance to sugar Indicated the pltulary gland does not function normally. He said none of the tests of Leopold and Loeb were made by him alone, or by any one man. Mr. Crowe was so insistent that Dr. Hulbert "name names” that Judge Ciaverly, gently reproved the prosecutor for urging after Dr. Hulbert grew red-faced and insisted he could detail the names of ail assistants, although the tests were made under his personal supervision. “If these boys wanted to cheat you on these tests couldn’t they have done so?" asked Mr. Crowe. “No. I am brighter than they are,” replied Dr. Hulbert. "Do you mean intellectually or mentally 7' asked Crowe. “Both,” replied Dr. Hulbert. Leopold and Loeb grinned. Had Sapervfsed Test. “As a matter of fact, you have re lied on others whose names you do not know to tell you the results of these tests” asked Mr. Crowe. The witness said he had supervised the tests. Mr. Crowe tried to bring out that the placing of a finger on a wet x-ray plate might indicate a condi tion not present In the Individual photographed. How did you estimate the emo tional age of Leopold?" aaked the State’s attorney. Dr. Hulbert said Leopold's emo tional age of less than the average boy of 13 was arrived at because of his morbid fear of physical pain, be cause his emotions of awe and rever ence were shallow and not matured, had no love affairs with any apprecu, ativq deseeq-ot emotional XeeUn& THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. 0., MONDAY, AUGUST H, 1924. MRS. MIRIAM A. FERGUSON. ing out the statehouse." Mrs. Fergu son gave it a thorough tryout on the Ferguson kitchen and back porch. Did Summer (’anaiag. And while the election returns were still uncertain In their choice, Mrs. Ferguson and her comely daughter Dorrace, aged 20, peeled two bushels of Texas peaches for Winter pre serves, which they hope will be con sumed in the governor's mansion. After a week of campaigning with “Jim” she was back home this past week end putting her house in shape and looking after the flowers in the yard. Two daughters. Dorrace and Mrs. George Nalle of Austin, and a 3-year old grandchild. Ernest Nalle, are Mrs. Ferguson's chief interests in life, but she has developed suddenly into a real campaigner and likes it. It is still the magic of Jim Fergu son's "homespun" phraseology that holds audiences spellbound and ap plauding for two hours, but Mrs. Fer guson prefaces the speech with a few crisp words, thanking the voters for their presence and support. "Jim’s a much better speaker than I am,” she says, "but you can trust me to be the doer.” Never Had Made Speech. When it began. Mrs. Ferguson had not made a speech in her life. She had never belonged to a woman’s vlub. "When they told me I had to speak." she says, "my knees became weak and I felt I'd never live through the or deal. But the campaign swing has got me and I like it now." Mrs. Ferguson is about 45 years of age. but she won't tell her exact age. She was born of stock that came from old Kentucky and Tennessee In the early days of the Texas republic and has lived all her life in Bell County. She is a little old-fashioned in ap pearance, with large dark brown eyes, hair a little streaked with gray, and a multitude of deep lines well distributed about her strong, force ful face. They are lines that change quickly to battle lines. . and his attitude towards his family. Lack of awe and reverence is true of all atheists isn't It?" asked Mr. Crowe. "If there is no belief in God and the hereafter you don't expect them to show awe and reverence? Wouldn't you expect ridicule?” "Ridicule is childish,” replied the witness. Adoration for Mother. In further describing conditions upon which he had based his theory that Leopold was not advanced be yond 12 years in emotional age, Dr. Hulbert said; “He had a childlike, uncritical adoration of hla mother, and then, his aunt, who assumed the mother’s place in the household upon her death, and a childish attitude towards his father as a person too distant to be regarded as a confidant, but whose wishes were law in the household. He never made a pal of his father or older brothers.” "Do you regard it as childish for a boy to have an uncritical love for his mother?” asked Mr. Crowe. “I did not mean that," said Dr. Hul bert. “When she was alive he had a childish attitude towards her. He confused the picture of the madonna with his mother.” Qwextlomed ox Letter. Mr. Crowe questioned the doctor about a letter written to Loeb two years ago by his former nurse, and sought his opinion as to whether the nurse was addressing Loeb as one emotionally matured. The cross-ex amination became an argument. In terspersed with defense objections and rulings by Judge Caverly, and but little ground was covered. The cross-examination then turned to a discussion of Loeb's sex life and Judge Caverly ruled that if the mat ter was gone into it must be done quietly. The Subject was dropped after Dr. Hulbert said he regarded his 11-page discussion of the matter in his report as brief. During the 15-minutc period when Mr. Crowe and Dr. Hulbert sparred over questions and answers as to Loeb's emotions and life, that de fendant hung over Leopold’s shoulder and the two whispered and smiled. Difference Between Blushes. More than five minutes was taken up with trying to ascertain the dif ference between a blush on Loeb’s cheek and a similar -glow on that of Leopold. “Will you point out one physical de fect In either defendant which ac counts for this crime,” asked Mr. Crowe. “No, sir,” responded Dr. Hulbert. “What is the function of the pineal gland?" asked the prosecutor. “It regulates the balance of other endocrine glands,” said the witness. “Is that all?" pursued the prose cutor. “That is enough; I’ll stand on that,” replied the witness. “How do you know what age the pineal gland should calcify?*’ was the next question. “By statements of other eminent au thors,” was the response. Left la Abeyance. Then ensued a long wrangle over whether the witness could state specifi cally at what age the pineal gland should have calcified in either of the de fendants. The matter finally was left in abeyance. “Is it not a fact that medical men know practically nothing of the func tion of the pineal gland?” asked Mr. Crowe. • "Some of them, yes,” said Dr. Hulbert, "But. as a group Is that not true?” urged the State’s attorney. "No,” was the response. “Isn’t It a fact that there is some question that the pineal is a gland at all?" asked Mr. Crowe. "Yes, In some people’s minds?” re plied the witness. "Mr. Crowe asked the doctor If he thought that he had answered the State’s questions as readily as he had those of the defense. Dr. Halbert denied, that, he^wilfully, had withheld ”~rVMrg t- £ourt than mre—fl hntlLJ p.rfc , WALES WILL VISIT COOLIDGESJN D. C. Prince to Be Entertained In formally at White House. May Have Reception. The first official act of the Prince of Wales on his arrival In this coun try to attend the international polo matches at Meadowbrook next month will be a visit to this city to pay his respects to Bresident and Mrs. Cool- Idge, it was announced today. The State Department has been ad vised of the proposed visit and la now making arrangements for hla recep tion and entertainment. Sir Esme Howard, the British Ambassador, who is at Manchester, Mass., for the Sum mer, is expected to arrive here to night to consult with officials at the State Department on the subject. Informal I.nxcheoa Planned. Although the heir to the British throne is coming in his official ca pacity, his visit is described by the State Department as “purely In formal” In view of the fact that the President and his family are in mourning. The official functions will be confined to a private luncheon at the White House, where the prince will be a house guest. The President and Mrs. Coolidge will Invite a few friends, and it Is probable that a re ception for high officials of the Gov ernment, to meet the prince, may be held later in the day. The prince and his party will ar rive at New York City on the Heren garia and will be officially welcomed there on behalf of President Coolidge by J. Butler Wright, First Assistant Secretary of State, and Maj. O. N. Solbert, the President’s military aide, and also by the British Ambassador and the members of his staff. The entire party will come direct to Wash ington. He will reach New York on August 30. HUSBAND, 88, KILLS WIFE, WHO WAS 87 Tragedy Ended, by Suicide of Slayer, Found With Arm Around Victim’s Neck. By the Associated Trcse. PHILADELPHIA. August It.—Ed ward Bub, 88 years old. shot and killed his 87-year-o)d wife yesterday and then committed suicide. Their bodies were found by their only sur viving son, Charles Bud. The old man's left arm encircled his wife’s neck, while in his right hand he still clutched a pistol. Death had taken five sons of the aged pair during the last year, and this, together with the fact that both he and his wife suf fered with cancer, is believed to have affected Bud's mind. \ HOLDS WAR ESSENTIAL TO HEALTH OF NATION Admiral Rogers Predicts American Fight of Aggression in Few Generations. By the Azsoritted Pres*. WILLIAMSTOWN. Mass., August 11-—While deploring the fact that some had been inclined to Interpret his remarks Saturday as advocating a war of aggression on the part of the United States and not as a mere prediction of such an event within two or three generations. Rear Ad miral W. L. Ropers, in a statement of explanation made here yesterday, refused to abandon his position that America must be armed to protect the standard of living of her present population and their descendants. Speaking again of the stimulus given to war by density of popula tion, the admiral went on to say that a strong navy is essential to protect our immigration policy against those nations which complain of their own over-population. “Peace is no nearer In this genera tion than it has been in the past,” Admiral Rogers said, and added that those who advocate generosity to ward other nations less powerful than ourselves, "do not perceive that such generosity must be limited in extent or we will lose our power to be generous.” BOY SLAYERS PERFORM. FOR PRISON VISITORS Leopbld Flays Piano and Loeb Sings Ballad to Stage Group. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, August 11.—A group of theatrical folk finished a program of entertainment In the county jail yes terday and were about to go when a guard Informed the visitors that the prisoners desired to sing for them. ■With Nathan Leopold, jr., at the stained keys of the jail piano, Rich ard Loeb led the singing of "Where the Lazy Daisies Grow,” a favorite With Mrs. Wesley Westbrook, wife of the Jailer, who was present. As the singing stopped Loeb, the younger of the two boys on trial for the murder of Robert Pranks, pre sented the warden's wife ’With two faded daisies. SELF-STYLED EMIR OUT OF D. C. PRISON ON BAIL Prince Zerdecheno Still Fanes Hove by IT. S. to Deport Him as Undesirable Alien. Prince Zerdecheno, self-styled Emir of Kurdestan, has the freedom of the city today, following? his release yes terday on 9500 ball from the District jail, where be had been an enforced guest of the government pending dis posal of charges that he should be de ported as an undesiable alien. The prince's release was accom plished on a writ of habeas corpus filed by his attorney, Abner Siegal, and granted by Justice Hits of the District Supreme Court. Immigra tion officials are preparing to seek the Emir’s return to federal custody, so that they may proceed with their efforts to send him out of the coun try. INFANT HIT BY ARROW. Weapon in Boy’s Hand Nearly Causes Loss of Eye. An unidentified boy with bow and arrow yesterday afternoon came near cansing the loss of the sight of an eye of the 2-month-old child of Mr. and Mrs. Herman Kabik, <29 Seventh street southwest. The child was in the father’s automobile, near Sixth and O streets southwest, when struck by the arrow. The child waa treated by De. k C, SUJUontgonerai* __ , _ INK FREIGHT RAIL (MDD®IW Publishers Here and In Balti more Ask I. C. C. for Re vision Downward. Present rates on shipment of news print Ink from points of origin to W’ashtngton and Baltimore are “un reasonable, Inconsistent and indefens ible” and commodity rates should be established on a reasonable fate basis, the Washington Newspaper Publish-, ers’ Association claimed today In a brief filed with the Interstate Com merce Commission supporting oral testimony offered a month ago. The existing fifth class rates on Ink In Iron and steel drums from points of origin In the North to Bal timore and Washington are unjust and unreasonable to the extent they the proposed rates asked by the complainants, the brief declared. The brief further asserted that the seven complaints have been damaged and will continue to be damaged by assessment and collection Os the rates complained of. Reparation la Asked. In view of this the brief asked that by reason of the assessment and col lection of the “unreasonable rates” complained of by the complainants, seven publishing companies In Wash ington and Baltimore are entitled to reparation on all shipments of news print ink that have moved or may move during the time the Case is be fore the commission. At the same time sttorneys for the Algoma Central and Hudson Bay Rail way Co. of the Pennsylvania system filed & brief attacking claims of the same complainants on shipment of steel cores from consumers back to mills. The two proceedings involved the same complainants and are anal ogous In their bearing on rates of commodities used in the making of newspapers. The brief of the de fendant's attorneys claimed the rates iu issue are not unreasonable as claimed by the complainants, and de clared the complaint should be dis missed and the requested reparation denied. The brief further added that ship ments of the complainants on steel cores are not “returned shipments” and that the return element and char acter of the commodity carried has no bearing on the rate or rating properly applicable to the carrier. FIVE MORE SURRENDER IN ALLEGED LIQUOR PLOT Three Others Indicted in Florida Expected to Appear Before U. S. Commissioner. Patrick H. Barteman. formerly Deputy United States Marshal, Claude McNeill, Wallace Barcsdale, Joseph E. Bouldwin and his son. Joseph K., Jr., five of the 15 local nun mentioned in the Tampa, Fla.. Indictment for al leged conspiracy to violate the pro hibition law. appeared today before United States Commissioner Turner and gave bail of 11.000 each to appear for a hearing August 20. Seven of the accused furnished ball Saturday leaving only three more to be heard from. If they do not sur render later hi the day Marshal Sny der will send a deputy for them. MRS. W. G. SCHAFHIRT DIES FROM PISTOL SHOT Wife of Dentist Had Lingered Since Self-Inflicted Wound Last Friday. Mrs. Mollie Smith Schafhirt, wife of Dr. William G. Schafhirt. dental surgeon, who shot herself through the head Friday afternoon In her home at 1850 Wyoming avenue, while alone In the houi»e. died at Emergency Hospital last night at 9:05 o’clock. When the wounded woman reached the hospital her condition was so critical that surgeons were unable to hold out hope for her recovery. Death of Mrs. Schafhirt 1s mourned by a large circle of friends. She was prominent in society circles and en joyed the love and friendship of many members of Calvary Baptist Church, where she had been a worker since childhood. Coroner Nevltt conducted an Investl. gation and gave a certificate of death from a self-inflicted wound. The body was taken to Wright’s under taking establishment. MEETS FivE CHARGES. Veterans’ Bureau Messenger Pleads Guilty of Larceny. Jesse Butcher, a young man who has been employed as a messenger for more than a year in the claims division of the Veterans’ Bureau, was defendant today In Police Court be fore Judge Schuldt on five charges of larceny of pocketbooks and their con tents and other personal property of the young woman employes of that division. The complainants are Miss Anne- Long, Miss Bessie Kenyon, Miss Annie Reid, Miss Lulu Mlllstead and Miss Edwina Malcolm, all clerks In the division. Some of the young women had been robbed of cash In small sums, others of their monthly pay checks and others of their railroad commutation tickets. He pleaded guilty to each charge. His case was referred to the proba tion officer, but the court said that there seemed little hope that he could bo extended probation. BOY HELD HERE ESCAPES. Alleged Housebreaker Flees From Detention Home- Using & file, Lee Gibson, 18, held at the House of Detention for a hearing in Juvenile Court, last night broke a bar of his room window on the third floor, descended the fire escape and dis appeared. His absence was discovered shortly afterward. The boy is thought to have started South. His home is in Atlanta, Ga. He was held on a charge of house breaking, police reported, and when he made his escape he wore House of Detention clothing and white shoes. He was bareheaded. ARRESTED IN HOLD-UP. Negro Denies Bobbery of Pedes trian at Sixteenth and H. John Joseph Foley, 27 years old. of 1166 Neal street northeast, was ar rested yesterday afternoon on a charge of holding up Minority M. Owens, colored, 1902 Ninth street near Sixteenth and H streets north west, and robbing hlfn of $23. Foley was arrested by Detective B. W. Thompson, who fired a shot Into the air Foley denied the charge and told police of. having lost money in a game of diee. Police are seeking an other man in their lovestignthw «f the- affair - ______ . AMERICANS IN LONDON REGRET TRANSFER OF CONSUL GENERAL Skinner Valued Aid to Countrymen in Great Britain. Played Active Part Dur ing Trying Days of World War, BY HAL OTLAHERTY. By Cable to The Star and Chicago Dally News. Copyright, 1924. LONDON, August XI. —News from Washington of the impending trans fer to Paris of Consul General Skin ner arouses a keen feeling of regret among Americans in London. From the moment of his arrival here dur ing the feverish days of 1914 he has been connected with every creditable American activity in Great Britain’s capital. There is probably no living Ameri can who has had such varied oppor tunities of favoring his countrymen under war conditions. Those who toured Europe tn the summer of 1914 will remember vividly the hasty or ganization of a committee in London to care for stranded Americans. Mr. Skinner directed not only the work of the first relief committee, but scores of others made necessary by the vlsslcltudes of war. Took Leading Hole. Whatever good relations between the United States and Great Britain were being fostered, one always found the American consul general taking the leading role in explaining the American viewpoint, pointing out to the British how to avoid treading on American sensibilities and pre venting his dwn countrymen from offending those on this aide. Through out the trying period of the war and the even more trying post-war days DRY FINE INCREASE for mourn More Than Two Millions Over Last Year Due, Reports Indicate. Prohibition Commissioner Haynes today announced that fines totaling more than $7,000,000 had been imposed In cases Involving violation or the national prohibition act. according to only part of the reports or United States attorneys for the fiscal year 1924. Reports for the last two months of the year are still coming in. The present figure shows an in crease in fines of nearly $2,U00.000 over the preceding year. Jail sentences imposed also show a decided increase, in so far as reports have been received, a total of 3,148 years, 3 months and 11 days having been Imposed as compared with 2,003 years and IS days last fiscal year. In 1922 fiscal year sentences aggregated 1,523 years, 2 months and 19 days. Reports show that a total of ap proximately 41,000 criminal cases were opened last fiscal year, resulting in over Sfe.OOO convictions, with indica tions that the number will be well over 50,000 when all have been re ported. In 1923 fiscal year, 49,021 criminal cases were reported, with 34,067 convictions. The percentage of convictions during the fiscal year just closed was higher than during the previous year. In the fiscal year 1922, 34.984 criminal cases were reported, with 32,749 convictions. Reports show that about 800 cases were opened during the last fiscal year under the criminal code for con spiracy to violate the National pro hibition law, resulting in the imposi tion of $751,358 in fines and sentences of 536 years, nine months and 28 days. Since July 1, 1923, a total of 2,760 injunction suits have been instituted of which 1,484 were won. Os the 80 injunctions against breweries during the last fiscal year, 26 have been granted, and in 12 cases the breweries have beep actually “padlocked.’’ APARTMENT FIRM SEEKS TO ENJOIN RENT BOARD Whitelaw Company Asks Court to Restrain Fixing of Bents in Its Building. The Whitelaw Apartment House Company, through Attorney A. Left wich Sinclair, today filed a bill in equity in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia asking the court to issue an injunction against the District Rent Commission, enjoining and restraining it from fixing rents for the apartments in the Whitelaw apartment house. It is explained that the apartment house, which is located at the southeast corner of Thirteenth and T streets northwest, contains 23 apartments, used for resi dence purposes, and 30 rooms used for business purposes. The tenants are also sued. The plaintiff further informs the court that the Rent Commission gave notice that it would meet July 30 and begin the hearing of evidence pre paratory to fixing rents In the apart ment houso mentioned: that the plaintiff, thfongh Attorney Sinclair, appeared before the commission and objected to and protested against the proposed fixing of rents for the apartment house, but the commission overruled the plaintiffs protest, pro ceeded to hear evidence concerning the apartment house, and now has the same under investigation and consideration and is preparing to fix rents, rates and charges for the apartments therein. The plaintiff declares that the emergency in the local housing situ ation which was held by the Supreme Court of the United States to justify the food control and the District of Columbia Rents Act, has ceased to exist. FEW CENTS BUY PERMIT TO DRINK FILL OF WINE Cellar Privilege in Italy Extended to Thirsty, Due to Oversupply of Beverage, By tke Associated Prew. • ROME, August 11.—So much wine is in the possession of the producers that, lacking empty casks into whldh to put new wine, they have adopted a system of charging a few cents for the privilege of entering their cellars and drinking as much wine as de sired. Although the vintage of this year is from 15 to 20 per cent below that of last year, it is still above the aver, age of the last 20 years. Last year saw the greatest production and what is left added to this year's vintage, according to estimates, brings the present mpply to IMM.Ofrd hecto litres ofwlno. |iHH ROBERT SKINNER. Skinner was ably helped by Mrs. Skinner, who has taken her full share In the endless social duties connected with the rapidly growing American colony here. Years of patriotic work abroad have made no radical change in Mr. Skin ner’s Americanism. He speaks today with the same clear-cut accent as when he worked as a reporter on the Chicago Daily News. His departure is viewed as a real loss by the Amer ican correspondents, who for ten years have found him the most un failing news source In London as well as a most sympathetic friend. DAWES PLAN FINAL 0. K. IS AFFIXED BY ALLIES AND GERMANS (■Continued from First Page.) disbandment of German military units were Imperative, he said. This measure, while not giving complete security to France—this is impossible—will allow France to breathe freely for a few years, said Nollet, and would also give a good chance to the few genuine Socialists like Marx in the German government to get rid of the militaristic and na tionalistic elements which are now ruling Germany and allow them to try to co-operate sincerely in the scheme for world disarmament. If Germany's secret army and concealed armaments were not seriously con trolled today, the Dawes plan, and especially France’s future security, were imperiled. These were the main points In Nollefs statement Saturday night before the cabinet meeting, which ended with the sentence. “This is the situation as I see it, but I will not oppose any other de cision you may deem wiser or more necessary to take for the future of France.” Impresses Ministers. Nolletfs statement did not fail to impress the other ministers, but in the end Herriot’s opinion that it was vital for France to follow the desire of other big nations and come to an agreement with Germany, prevailed, especially when the premier pointed out that control by the League of Nations cannot fail to be effective. Today’s newspapers refrain from making any detaild comment, but the nationalist press continues bitter against MacDonald. It is emphasized that both Herriot and MacDonald emphatically announced that the question of military evacuating of the Ruhr, which -was not touched on in the Dawes report, would not be discussed at London. Despite the undertaking the British delegation is accused not only of permitting dis cussion, but of favoring opening de bate on this delicate subject and of bringing “gentle but firm pressure” on Herriot to induce him to yield to German demands for early depar ture of French soldiers from the Ruhr. BLOODHOUNDS TRAILING SLAYER IN SWAMPS Farmhand Who Killed Woman Employer, Girl and Youth Sought by Citizens. By the Asaoeiated Press. SUMMIT, Miss., August 11.—George Mackey, farmhand who ran amuck yesterday, killing Mrs. William Bolian, his employer, the widowed mother of eight children; wounding her 15-year-old daughter Fannie and Henry Carver, a neighbor youth, is being hunted by a large posse with bloodhounds. The daughter on whom Mackey is said to have attempted to force his attentions, and Carver were in a Mc- Comb hospital with slight chances of recovery, according to attending physicians. Both were shot through the stomach. Gov. Whitfield arrived here today and took, personal ■ direction of the operations of the search for the mur derer and offered a reward of SSOO for his arrest. Feeling against Mac key is intense and many residents of the countryside have joined the posse headed by Sheriff Guy. Bloodhounds arrived here and were immediately taken to the Bolian farm, a few miles from here. They at once picked up a trail that led through the Bogu Chltto swamps, 10 miles northwest of Summit, to the home of a relative of Mackey, and from there to a church, some distance away, where the trail was lost. Word re ceived here tonight said the pursuit was still in progress. Funeral services for Mrs. Bolian Were held here. THREE KILLED IN CRASH. Newlyweds Among Victims of Crossing Accident. LAPORTE. Ind., August 11. —Alvin Rush, aged 26 his wife, Myrl, 25, and John Jeffrey, jr., 27, all of Three Oaks, Mich., were killed yesterday, when an automobile in which they were riding was struck by a Chicago, Lake Shore and South Bend Traction car at Hudson Lake, Ind., near here. John, S-year-old son of Jeffrey, was serious ly injured. The party was en route to a family picnic. According to witnesses, the automobile stalled on the tracks. Mr. and Mrs. Rush had been mar ried only a few weeks. Army Court, Funds Gone, Adjourns By the Associated Press. MANILA, August 11.—A court martial trying 20» Filipino Scouts on charges of mutiny was forced to ad journ today on account of lack of funds with which to pay the official stenographer. Before adjournment the court overruled a defense motion for acquittal. POUCE DOUBT TALE OF POMNEEDtE Believe Marine Merely Stung by Insect—Boy Witness Disputes Story. Another story of the alleged use of a "poison needle” came to the atten tion of the police yesterday. John R. Rutledge, a marine, on leave from Quantico. Va., related to Detectives Mansfield and Thompson the story of an experience he had while looking in a store window at Pennsylvania avenue and John Marshall place about 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Rutledge expressed the belief that a man who passed him at the store window, brushing against him and excusing himself, used a needle on him, but the police think he is mis taken in his conclusion. The marine told of the stinging sensation and scratch on his finger, and Dr. F. A. Geier, Emergency Hospital, told of treatment he had given. Rutledge said he was accompanied by a son of the proprietor of a room ing house at 317 C street at the time. The boy, Julius Wasco. 12, told tie detectives he saw nothing of the man described by the marine, nor did he hear anybody ask the latter to ex cuse him. Rutledge, who had gone to Penn sylvania avenue to get polish for his belt, returned to the rooming house when he suffered pain. He went from there to a drug store, where his finger was painted with iodine, and later visited Emergency Hospital. Capt. Walter Emerson, acting chip* of detectives, says he has not the slightest idea that a "poison needle” was used on the marine. Detetective Mansfield, who questioned several persons in connection with the in vestigation of the affair, expressed the belief that Rutledge was stung by an insect. GILPATRIO BOOKS PROBEjSPUSHED Connecticut Treasurer’s At tempt to End Life Impels State to Act. By the Associated l*reas. PUTNAM, Conn., August 11.—In quiry into trust funds and estates which have been handled by State Treasurer G. Harold Gilpatric as trustee under appointment of the Probate Court was continued today and Federal bank examiners resumed tnvestigation of the First National Hank of Putnam, of which Gilpatric is cashier. Gilpatris, who shot himself at his i home last Thursday, remained in a critical condition at a hospital. Among the estates in Gilpatrlc’s fare was that of the late Mary Gard ner of Putnam, who left $£5,000. Nc accounting appears on record at the Probate Court. Mr. Gilpatric is Joint owner of an island at Juniper Point, Mo , with the Rev, Harry Fosdick, of New York. A $1,500 motor boat known as the Mary Gardner runs to the island. Gilpatric was trustee of a $40,000 fund bequeathed by Joseph Cutler for an incompetent relative. It is learned that $35,000 of this was invested in real estate in Hartford unprofitably. Wife Wealthy In Own Name. Mrs. Gilpatric, the daughter of a wealthy mill owner, was left a fortune by her father. Whether her estate has been involved in any of the State treasurer’s financial opera tions is a matter of speculation. Among the many ventures of the State treasurer was the purchase of on interest in the Hill Top Stables, which ran trotting horses on New England tracks. Mr. Gilpatricfs family and the bank officials have maintained silence on the subject of any possible shortage in Mr. Gilpatric’s accounts or any financial reasons which might have impelled his attempt on his life. The general sentiment of Putnam people Is that if his financial affairs have become involved it Is due to his generosity to his friends. He had been reputed to be dnable to refuse a friend who came to him sos finan cial or other assistance. GERMAN SEED COMPANY GETS SOVIET CONCESSION Given Use of 54,000 Acres of Best Land in Caucasus for 31 Years. By the Associated Press. MOSCOW. August 11. —The Soviet government has given a German seed growing company, the Deutsche Saat bau Gesellshaft, a concession of 31 years to 54,000 acres of the best land in the Caucasus. The terms of the aggrement provide that the entire area must be sown by 1927. The concessionnaire undertakes to pay the Soviet Government 20 per cent of the income from the total annual harvest, and after the expira tion of the* concession to turn over the entire estate to the government in good condition, including livestock and implements. G. 0. P. WOMEN TO ATTEND COOLIDGE NOTIFICATION National Committee Membeyp From Every State to Have j Part in Ceremonial. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, August 11.—National committee women from every State in the union will attend the formal notification of President Coolidge In Washington August 14, it was an nounced yesterday by Mrs. Alvin T. Hert, vice chairman of the Republican national committee. The following women, she declared, have accepted invitations to attend; Mrs. John B. Russ of Connecticut; Mrs. W. K. du Pont of Delaware; Mrs, George N. Williams, Georgia; Miss Gladys Terhume, Idaho; Mrs. Ruth H. McCormick, Illinois: Mrs. Mary Booze, Mississippi; Mrs. Grace S. Burllngham. Missouri; Mrs. Chas H. Sabin, New Yolk; Mrs. John Gordon Battelle, Ohio; Mrs. Anna Wolcott Veile, Col orado, and Mrs. W. Claden Lownbes, Maryland. 72 Killed in Japanese Mine. By the Associated Press. TOKIO. August 11.—The death list in the Iriyama coal mine in Fuku shima Province, where a gaa explo sion Saturday evening entombed na tive workers, had reached 72 today, of which number 56 bodies have bees recovered.