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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 16, 1924, Image 1

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Increasing cloudiness and slightly
warmer tonight, followed by showers
late tonight and tomorrow. Tempera
ture for 21 hours ended at 2 p.m. to
day: Highest, 80, at 4:30 p.m. yester
day; lowest, 55, at 6:15 a.m. today.
Full report on page 2.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 12
OQ 907 Entered *.« second Mass matter
UNO. I > post office Washington. D C.
BUT AUGUST 15,1925.
Prepared to Take Soldiers
From Dortmund Area by
30th of Month as Evidence
of Good Faith.
All Territory Not Occupied Under
Versailles Agreement, to Be
Given Up—Nationals to Come
Off German Railways—Dye De
liveries Still in Doubt.
the Associated Tress.
LONDON, August 16.—The French
and Germans finally have settled
their long controversy over the mili
tary evacuation of the Ruhr by an
exchange of letters today, in which |
they agree to the principle that Au- j
gust 15 of next year be fixed as the |
final da£e when the French and Cel-*
gian troops must completely evac
uate the Ruhr territory.
They have also agreed that a par
tial evacuation will begjn on August I
"0 of this year, when the foreign sol
diers will leave Dortmund and the
cities and places outside of the Ruhr
which were not occupied in accord
ance with the terms of the treaty of
nelgion.« Join With French.
The Belgians join with the French
In the letters covering these points.
Both the French and Germans, in
their letters, insist that they have
not altered their opinions about the
legal question involved in the occu
pation of the Ruhr.
The French insist that the occupa
tions were justified by the treaty of
Versailles, while the Germans declare
that the sanctions wore illegal and
voice the expectation that the evacu
ation will be finished earlier than
next August.
Prime Minister MacDonald of Great
Britain also Is preparing a letter in
which he will deny charges that he
coerced the Germans into acceptance
of the French demand that the Ruhr
occupation continue for one year
longer. It is also expected that he
will Issue a statement expressing the
hope that the evacuation may be even
speedier than the agreement provides.
The French and Belgain prime min
isters made a joint statement declar
ing it was obvious that the entire
) *■ sanctions territory would be evacu
ated as soon as the French troops
left the Rhur, in other yords. that
the military evacuation would be ab
solutely complete next August 15.
Brttiah Are Bound.
To this Mr. MacDonald gave his
gproval, thus binding the British,
along with the French and Germans,
to the absolute fulfillment of th.‘
agreement on condition that the Ger
mans live up to the provisions of the
Dawes plan.
Speedy preparations are being made
for the plenary session of the inter
national conference tonight, when the
complete membership will be sum
moned and when the delegates will )
initial the agreement as to how the j
Dawes plan is to be executed. Many
of the delegates are planning to leave
London tonight.
Until the German Reichstag and
the French Chamber of. Deputies in
dorse the action of the Uondon con
ference it will not be possible to have
final signatures to the agreement.
Author of Reparations Plan Has
No Comment on Success.
By the Associated Trees.
CHICAGO. August 16. —News from
abroad that the Germans had ac
cepted a final year of occupation or
the Ruhr and that France had re
ceded from her demand for commer
cial advantages was received with
evident pleasure by Gen. Charles G.
Dawes, head of the American experts
who diew up the Dawes reparations
plan. But the general would make
no comment.
Not since he returned from France,
where his plan was completed and
submitted to the allies, has he broken
his silence on reparations.
He regarded his work as done then,
although he has confidently believed,
his friends say, that the plan would
be accepted as the basis of a settle
ment after six years of delay since the
The only authoritative statement
epitomizing the plan, since the official
announcement at the time the draft
was given to the governments In
volved, came from his brother, Rufus
C. Dawes, who was chief of the staff
of experts, who accompanied Gen.
Dawes and the other American mem
bers of the expert committee abroad.
In an address here several weeks ago,
Rtfrus Dawes said:
“Taking business out of politics on
an international scale is the out
standing feature of the plan as sub
mitted by the committee of experts.”
By Radio to The Star and Chicago Dally
News. Copyright, 1024.
BERLIN, August 16.—Acceptance
Os the Ruhr occupation and provision
for a definite time of evacuation is
expected to take the form of a proto
col signed by the contracting parties
in London. The acceptance by the
German government of prolonged oc
cupation of the Ruhr has net had any
appreciable effect in-Germany. The
moment had been well chosen to
reach an agreement because political
apathy is at its deepest level in
If sueh a decision had been reached
a few months ago, both the Nation
alists and the Communists would have
loosed their wrath against the gov
' ernment, organized monster demon
strations or insurrections, tried to
overthrow the government and armed
* to eject the French from German ter
ritory. But the Germans seem to
have bowed to fate. They accept the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 57)
Marx Makes Peace at Parley;
Slresemann Acts as Fighter
_ a
Logic and Courtesy
of Former Smooth
Bad Differences .
Foreign Minister
Argues to Last on
Every Point .
By Cable to The fitnr and Ch cago Daily
News. Copyright, 1924.
LONDON, August If. —Scenes lead
ing up to the last ac; of the London
conference found Germany’s dele
gates playing prominent and at times
almost heroic roles. Upon Marx and
Slresemann falls the onerous duty of
accepting with qualifications the
French and Belgian plan for evacuat
ing the Ruhr within 12 months. Both
have played their parts with courage,
dignity and patriotism, knowing that
their political lives may be forfeited
for their actions here, but firm in the
belief that success of the Dawes plan
with its great loan for Germany and
its undoubted solution for the com
plex reparations problems leaves them
no other course than to accept with
whatever reservations they feel are
Marx made a remarkable impression
on all the allied statesmen. His
pacific, sincere demeanor and his
keen analytical powers often smooth
i ed over passages made turbulenh* by
j national fervor. Wearing a soft felt
I hat and with his mild eyes blinking
) behind rimless spectacles, he entered
the informal exchanges with the
French, Belgians. British. Italians and
Americans with exactly the right
spirit, avoiding formalities, but ex-
* *
Herriot’s Policy Leaves
Them Undefended for Slurs
to Germans in Past. .
By Radi* to The Star and Chicago Dally
News. Copyright, 1024.
PARIS, August 16.—The change in
the French- post-war policy exhibited
by Premier Herrlot at the London
conference in concessions made to
Germany is greatly alarming the
states of the little entente, which,
following the advice of French poli
ticians, have been even more catholic
than France In their drastic treat
ment of Germany.
Poland and Rumania seem more
alarmed than Jugoslavia and Czecho
slovakia, on account of their precari
ous position, not only toward Ger
many, but toward Russia as well. The
Polish representatives at Paris arc
almost panic stricken.
Since 1919 Poland has followed al
most to the letter France’s Instruc
tions and has not missed an oppor
tunity to humiliate her western neigh
bor. banking on the fact that her
treaty of alliance with France offered
ample security against any possible
German attack. Poland's intran-
I sigeant attitude toward Russia was
j based on the same feeling that she
was fully protected against her east
! ern neighbor in any case of emergency.
Premier Herrlot’s policy, however,
disturbed the Polish leaders consid
erably, and the worry was transform
ed into alarm when It was learned on
Thursday that the Polish Ambassador
to London, who had asked M. Herrlot
for an audience to discuss the Polish
situation and asked him what would
be France's future attitude toward
Poland’s security, was dismissed by
the French premier after a discussion
that lasted only three minutes.
Polish official circles are at a loss,
for they realize that eventual protec
tion by the League of Nations against
a German attack is illusory and that
the league is absolutely powerless in
case of a Russian attack.
They fear that between these two
mighty neighbors Poland's Independ
ence will be short-lived, despite all
the assurances that the league might
give them.
Rumania's position is less acute,
since she Is threatened only with a
Russian attack. But that danger will
become more menacing when France
withdraws her actual support and
contents herself with sending diplo
matic notes to Moscow.
The common menace Is bound to
draw Poland and Rumania closer to
gether, and the correspondent learns
on high authority that both govern
ments already have started discus
sions of The new situation and are
searching for means of averting the
impending dangers by closer co
Leave Afghanistan When One of
Number Is Sentenced for Po
liceman’s Murder. -
By the Associated Tress.
PESHAWAR, British India, August
16. —The Italian colony of Kabul.
Afghanistan,. Is in a state of excite
ment and a number o's Italians have
left the country because of an Inci
dent involving an Italian engineer
who has been sentenced to death, ac
cording to advices reaching here.
It is' stated that the engineer was
summoned before the police because
of a brawl in the Kabul post office.
Refusing' to attend, the police went
to his house to arrest him. He is
said to have refused them entrance,
and when they attempted to break In,
he shot and killed one of them.
Later, the engineer, with two com
patriots, surrendered. .He was tried
and sentenced to death by two lower
courts, bus the sentence still awaits
confirmation by the third highest
court. It is reported that negotia
tions are under way for a settlement
by "blood money” in accordance with
a tribal custom. The Italian resi
dents assert that the engineer did not
have a fair trial according to the
Italian ideas of justice.
W]t Munim Jlkf.
jpJTx. /
: .BBB£3I ■
i pounding Germany’s national vlew
i point with every argument he could
• command.
Slmrmona Was Fighter.
Slresemann, during the final parleys
| with the French, bore himself with
, a more aggressive air than Marx. His
[ military bearing, his saber slashed
face and his prominent pugnacious Jaw
(Continued on Page 4. Column 4.)
. -. i
Ice, Wind and Bad Currents
Force Postponement,
Smith Reports.
By the Associated Tress.
HORNAFJORD, Iceland, August
16.—Lieut. Locatelli, the Italian
aviator, who is making a trans
atlantic flight h> the write of the
American Army world flyers, ar
rived here at noon today from
ThonPvn, Faroe Islands.
Departure from Reykjavik of the
American Army airplanes around.the
world may be delayed indefinitely to
await Improved conditions. It was in
dicated by a message from Lieut. H. ]
Smith, flight commander, received to
day by Maj. Gen. Patrick, chief of the
Air Service.
The message, dated yesterday, told
of new delays due to ice and other
circumstances and added:
"Will leave here as soon as practi
Lieut.‘Smith’s message was sent via
the cruiser Milwaukee, and said:
“Schulze (Lieut. Schulze, advance
officer) reports impossible to reach
new base today because of ice, wind,
ocean currents. Amomagsalik full of
ice at present, Indications are for
improvement. Will leave here as
soon as practicable.”
Hoped to Start Thursday.
Earlier in the week the flyers had
hoped to get started on the next lap
on Thursday. Weather conditions
caused a postponement to Friday, and
on that day a report reached Lieut.
Smith from Lieut. Schulze that an
open bay had been selected by the
officers scouting to find a landing
place. Until the new base can be
provided with-moorings, hdwever, the
flyers will remain in Iceland.
Transatlantic Flyer Leaves Faroe
Islands for Iceland.
By the Associated Press.
THORSHAVN, Faroe Islands, Au
gust 16.—Lieut. Locatelli, Italian
transatlantic aviator, left here tor
Iceland at 8:55 o’clock this morning.
Lieut. Locatelli’s plane passed the
Island of Myggenaes at 9:19 o'clock
this morning, with everything ap.-‘
parently going smoothly. -
The Italian aviator, who is at
tempting to overtake the American
Army wortd filers, is heading for
Hoefn Hornafjord, as he. Has insuffi
cient petrol to reach Reykjavik by di
rect flight.
The American avUftors, who did nlft
stop here, had intended to present
their supply of fuel here to Locatelli,
but It was peshipped to Iceland by
orders from Copenhagen before his
arrival, j
Becajlse of the rough weather
around the Orkneys yesterday, Loca
telli 'had not intended to take the air
as all, but upon conditions improving
later, he decided to fly here instead of
direct to Iceland. The Journey from
Stromness was completed without in
cident, most of the distance being
covered at a height of 200 meters.
The aviator encountered only occa
sional patches of fog.
Ohlp That Crashed With Flight
Chief Shattered.
By the Associated Press.
PORT MOLLER, Alaska, August 15.
—The plane, the wrecking of which
caused Maj. Frederick L. Martin-to
drop out of the United States Army
round-the-world flight, has been
found, it was repdrted today.
The report came to the Paciflc-
American fisheries cannery station
here from William Sullivan, fireman
(Continued on Page 4, Column..!.)
Gambler’s Slayer Hanged.
SAN QUENTIN, Calif.. 'August 16.
H. F. Champion, vho shot and killed
James F. Goldy at Los Angeles in a
quarrel over a dicergame, was. hanged
at the State prison there yesterday
morning. He yftift to nls death bravely
In the present* of IS witnesses.
- I %
Witness Tells Police She
Heard,Shot, Saw Two Flee.
Neither Was Accused.
Witness Positively Sets Time of
Killing—Fighter Plans to
. Write of Life.
By the Associated Pm».
LOS ANGELES, August 16.—An en
tirely new aspect has been given to
the Theresa Mors shooting investiga
tion. police announced today, by the
testimony of a woman who says she
heard and saw two’ men SMing from
the apartment occupied by |lrs. Mors
and Kid McCoy, former pugilist, a
few minutes after the shot was fired
that ended the life of the wealthy
divorcee early Wednesday iporning.
The new witness, police say, lived
in the apartment directly under that
in which yie shooting took place and
saw one'of the fleeing ynen so clearly
and at such close range that she was
able” to give detectives a complete de
i scription of him.
Testimony Important.
, The testimony of -the new witness,
Mrs. Iva Martin, Is of supreme Im
portance for two reason, police point
It fixes the time of the slaying defi
nitely at 12:03 a m. Wednesday.
It completely disproves the suicide
theory of Mrs. Mors’ death.
Mrs. Martin was in hed, she said,
when she was awakened suddenly by
voices In the apartment above.
Oh, my God. don’t do that!” were
j the first words she heard, she said.
Twice more, in anguished tones,
these words were repeated.
No reply was heard, only the
sounds of a scuffle and then again
a woman’s voire pleading.
Finally, said Mrs. Martin, came the
last words she heard:
”Oh. my God. don’t do that!” "Oh,
this will be terrible,” a woman’s voice
screamed. Then a shot, a brief si
lence; the thump of some object fall
ing: again silence.
“Some one was moving about
stealthily on the floor above.” con
tinued Mrs. Martin. "When the shot
rang out, I Jumped out of bed, and
looked ut the clock. It was 5 minutes
after midnight.
Heard Steps oa Stairs.
"I was frightened and nervous and
immediately put out tbe light and
listened. There was a full moon
“A few minutes later, certainly not
more than 5 or 7 minutes, I heard
foot steps down the stairway—the
back stairs.
"I am certain there were two
persons running down the stairs.
They crashed through the back door,
making a loud noise. I ran to my
kitchen window, which overlooks the
back part of the apartment and as
I reached It, I could distinctly hear
the sound of running feet on the con
crete of the back yard. There were
perhaps 10 or 12 steps.
“I was still listening to these foot
steps when I heard some one brush
up against something right in front
of me. There is another building
Just west of the concrete walk on
the w r est side of the apartment and It
Is there that I heard very plainly
the noise made by some one dashing
>”My kitchen has three windows, one
of them facing toward the front of
the apartment house. As I reached
this window I saw. Just a few feet
away from me, a man crawling on
hands and knees toward the street.
Saw Man Stand Up.
"The man passed my window and
then he straightened up. 1 saw him
standing there for Just a brief mo
“He hesitated a second, and then
staggered toward the front of the
apartment where he leaned against
the brick archway.
"He was facing me. I did not get
a good look at his face, but I will
know bis figure and gendFal appear
"He was a thickish man, about 5
feet 9 Inches in height, heavy chested
and with a heavy waistline. He
wore no hat. It looked to me as
though he were either drunk or un
nerved. He stood there leaning
against the building for fully 5 minutes.
“Then he Staggered to the street.
Shortly afterward I heard the sound
of a car driving away.”
This man, she said positively and
repeatedly, was not Kid McCoy. She
was able to furnish no description of
the other man, whom she knew only
as the dark, vague shape of a man
running swiftly from the building.
WIU Write Autobiography.
McCoy today had so far recovered
from- the shock of his arrest last
Wednesday on suspicion of murdering
Mrs. Theresa Mors, divorced wife of
a wealthy antique dealer, that he was
preparing to write the customary
autobiography expected of a person
of his past prominence and present
predicament. “As soon as they will
let me have my typewriter,” he an
nounced from his cell In the city Jail,
“I’m going to get started. Maybe will
help some one else—l don’t know.”
McCoy’s contention that Mrs. Mors
shot and killed herself despite his ef
forts to prevent her received some
corroboration at yesterday’s coroner’s
inquest, when the county autopsy
surgeon testified' that the bullet
which ended the woman's life ap
peared to have been fired from a
weapon held close to her head.
Predicts Isdlctumt. -
Despite this testimony and the ver
dict of the coroner’s Jury, which
admitted Itself "unable to decide
whether this wound was self-inflicted
with suicidal intent, or by some per
son with homicidal Intent,” the dis
trict attorney says he is confident
that the grand Jury will indict Mc-
Coy for the murder of Mrs. Mors
when it meets again next Tuesday.
Mrs. Mors, he pointed out, was
right-handed; the bullet entered her
left temple. Further, the alleged
confession of McCoy to bis sister, Mrs.
Jennie Thomas, that he “Just had to
kill that woman,” - still weighs heavily
* (Continued onJ*age 2. Column 8.)
Radio Programs—Page 10.
• a- -*
Geological Survey Ex
perts Menaced by Un
usual Weather .
Conditions at Wr angel
Also Threatened;
Straits Blocked .
An unprecedented Ice jam in Behring
Straits and irj the Arctic Ocean Just
north of Alaska threatens to leave two
expeditions to the Far North stranded
this Kail.
The first is that of Dr. Phillip S.
Smith of the United States Geological
Survey and a party of Washington en
gineers. who are now making their way
down the Meade and Quipp Rivers
from the interior of the Arctic slope of
Alaska. v
The Washington men In Dr. Smith's
party are J. B. Mertle, Jr., and William
T. Koran, geologists, and Gerald Fitz
.gerald and R. K. Lynt, topographers.
The second is the Canadian expedi
tion to Wrangel Island, where the
tragedy of a year ago promises to re-
Will Concentrate on One
Block at Time to Nab Park
ing Violators.
Concentration of the automobile
parking squad In one or two blocks
of the congested district at a time
was favored today by Commissioner
Oyster as the most immediate means
of solving the parking problem.
The Commissioner declared he
would advise MaJ. Sullivan to take
such action in order to strictly en
force the one-hour parking limit, and
to catch every motorist who leaves
his car In one spot all day within the
restricted area. * •>
A survey published in The Star yes%
terday brought out the fact that with
8,099 machines parked at one time in
the congested area, the Traffic Bu
reau lias only twenty men available
to check up on cars that overstay the
one-hour limit.
Inspector Albert J. Headley, chief
of the Traffic Bureau, skid these fig
ures indicated the need for a larger
number of men In the- Traffic Bureau,
but the police force is so limited in
size that too many men cannot be
taken from patrol duty for traffic
Commissioner Oysfer also has gone
on record frequently In the past In
favor of enlargement of the police
force In the Interest of better regula
tion of all phases of the traffic situa
The Commissioner said today, how
ever, that even with the present
limited number ofbluecoats ho be
i lieves the parking regulation can be
more rigidly enforced by concen-.
tratlng the available squad in a small
area each day.
Under this plan each officer could
keep an exact check on the length
of time a certain number, of cars re
main parked and would be able to
prosecute those who stay more than
one hour or all day.
The following day the squad would
move into the adjoining few squares
and single out the violators in that
area. In the course of time they
would reach every violator within the
restricted zone, which extends from
Seventh to Seventeenth streets and
from B to K streets.
Meanwhile, the traffic board, com
posed of MaJ. Wi H. -
nspector Headley and Assistant Cor
poration Counsel Ringgold Hart, will
meet and formulate a report to the
Commissioners, giving their views for
improving the parking situation.
Os course, the concentration of the
parking squad in a small territory
each day will leave other streets
temporarily unguarded against' vio
lators of the one-hour limit, but the
motorist will probably find it more
expensive to take a chance on violate
ing the regulation, not knowing what
day the check-up men may swarm
down on the block In which his car
usually elands.
. j
■ 1 * /
peat itself unless some way is found
to reach the party in the few fleeting
days of Summer that remain before
the Arctic becomes a solid sheet of ice.
(Continued on Page 4, Column 2.)
Cartwheels in Employes’ Pay
Envelope First Move to
Restore Circulation.
i • The Treasury embarked today on
a campaign to restore the sllv«(r dol
lar—the "cart-wheel,” which was so
1 widely used 20 years ago—to general
■ circulation.
The initial step was taken when one
of the coins was placed in the pay
1 envelope of each of 5.000 Treasury
employes. Similar action will be
suggested to other Government bu
: reaus.
During the, past 20 years a steady
stream of silver dollars has flowed to
the Treasury as the use of paper
money supplanted them on the re
ceding frontiers of trade. The move
ment was furthered by the Govern
ment because of the expense and
danger of transporting the heavy
specie in making necessary settle
ments between banks.
It has been estimated, however, that
the upkeep of paper money costs the
• Government agound 3 per' cent of its
total face value, while maintenance
of silver dollars costs practically
nothing. Arrangements have been
; made whereby various reserve banks
will hereafter bear the expense of
, shipment of silver dollars.
. There are about $509,000,000 cart
wheels available, of which some $439,-
000,000 now are required by laW to
be held In the Treasury against silver
certificates and silver Treasury notes
outstanding. Officials said about
$30,000,000 might be considered as
available for immediate distribution
if the public demand requires that
’ amount.
Official Charged With Wrecking
Bank in Putnam, Conn., Still
Suffering Self-Inflicted Wounds.
By the Associated PrAs.
WATERBIIKY, Conn., August 16. |
G. Harold Ollpatrlc, whose mysterious
financial operations have wrecked the
First National Bank of Putnam, of
which he was cashier, resigned today
as State treasurer. Gov. Templeton,
at his heme here, received a shqrt
letter of resignation from Gilpatrtc,
who is in a hospital at Put Ram as
the result of self-inflicted wounds.
The bank, which Is in a receiver
ship, has suffered a loss of about
$262,000, and a warrant .is .out accus
ing Oilpatric of embezzlement. It is
estibnated that losses auttered through
his operations,. Including embezzle
ments from estate* of Which ho was
trustee, total $600,000.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour”*
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block ami the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 90,027
President Stops at Little
Cemetery on Way to Old
Home for Vacation.
By the Associated Press.
PLYMOUTH. VL, August* 16.
President Coolidge arrived here this
morning from Washington for a va
cation at his father’s home.
With Mrs. Coolidge and their son
John, the President began his first
vacation as Chief Executive, in the
home of his father, where a year ago
he took the oath of office.
Swinging oft the main gravel road
leading to thig hamlet, in their motor
trip from Ludlow, the family stopped
here first at the little hillside ceme
tery, where a month ago they buried
young Calvin, jr.
After a brief stop at the grave they
proceeded to the Coolidge home, a
half mile up the road, where the
family was met by John Coolidge, the
President's father. He kissed each as
they alighted from the car.
The visit to the cemetery, where
also are buried the President’s mother
and sister, was in private, the family
standing silently at the graves with
bowed heads for a minute.
Simple Neighborly Greetings.
Around the bend in the road, near
the Coolidge homestead, the towns
folk were gathered. These former
neighbors of the President, who only
a few weeks ago comforted him at
the funeral services for his son, were
silent in their welcome, bowing and
nodding in return to similar greet
ings from Mr. Coolidge.
Mr. Coolidge meticulously wiped
his shoes on the old rug on the front
porch before entering the home. The
party had left Ludlow, the nearest
railroad point, quite early and break
fast was waiting when they arrived.
The President and Mrs. Coolidge
were forced to wear overcoaft.s on
their motor drive from Ludlow, with
the sun Just peeking over the foot
hills through the winding road which
led them on the 12-mile journey.
The White House cars, which had
been sent up previously, carried the
party on this part of the trip, while
citizens of Ludlow Joined in affording
transportation to other members of
the party.
Carries Tariff Report.
Mr. Coolidge carried a brief case on
the trip from Ludlow in which were
the reports of the Tariff Commission
on the sugar duty. It was the only
piece of work he brought along. C.
Bascom Slemp, Mr. Coolidge’s secre
tary, said the President expected to
act on the reports "probably next
month,” but Mr. Coolidge also has
made it plain that he was seeking
principally rest and relaxation while
here. His stay is planned for two
Only the most urgent Government
business will be transmitted to him
through the special wire run into the
village store here.
The President’s father left the
house Immediately after breakfast
and joined in the hunt for quarters
for the crowd of newspaper men and
photographers who had accompanied
the President. Standing in the mid
dle of the road in front of the general
store, on the site of which the Presi
dent was born, his father gave direc
University of Chicago Besearch
Student Claims Operation Suc
cessful in Experiments.
CHICAGO, August 16.—Transplan
tation of the human eye has been
brought within the range of possi
bility. according to Dr. Theodore
Kopanyl, research student at the Uni
versity of Chicago. He claims sac
{ cessful transplantations in experi
ments on animals.
Dr. Kopanyi, who formerly studied
in Vienna, said that the operations
were performed ligating the veins
and arteries of the eye and then cut
ting the optic nerve by severing the
eye muscles. In the experiments,
from four to eight weeks brought
about a complete restoration of sight.
White House Closed to public.
The White House has been closed
to the public during the absence of
President Coolidge. It will not be
thrown open again until August 28,
and in the meantime necessary clean
ins and repair wprk Is being done.
. ; »
Imputes Unfairness in Meth
ods of Prosecution’s
Alienists in Hearing.
State’s Attorney Says Loeb and
Leopold Never Forced by
Him to Talk.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, August 16.—The Franks
hearing this morning developed into
a two-hour wlt-and-word battle be
tween Clarence S. Harrow, chief of
defense counsel, and Dr. H. D. Singer,
the State’s fourth alienist, with Rob
ert E. Crowe, State’s attorney, anj
Mr. Harrow also wrangling.
The chief gains *for the defense
were admissions by Hr. Singer that
he asked Nathan F. Leopold and
Richard Loeb. kidnapers-murderers of
Robert Franks, no questions, and) that
his conclusions that they were sane
was based upon observation only,
that the youths’ present age is the
critical time for developing "mental
sickness” and that a "split personal
ity” might be evidence toward mental
A report by James Quinlan, at
torney and investigator for the de
fense, indicating that in 340 murder
cases in Illinois in the past 10 years
in which pleas of guilty were entered,
but one man, Thomas Fitzgerald, sen
tenced by Mr. Crowe, when he was
chief justice, had been hanged, was
admitted as evidence.
So Minors Hanged.
The report was designed to further
the defense’s plea for penitentiary
sentences for Loeb and Leopold in
stead of the gallows by showing no
minor had been hanged in 10 years on
a plea of guilty, Fitzgerald being
nearly 40 years old.
Dr. Singer’s cross examination will .
be continued with only one witness.
Dr. W. O. Krohn, alienist for the
State, remaining to be heard before
arguments will be started.
Mr. Darrow brought out that Dr.
1 Singer had collaborated in writing a
; book about "insanity and the law,-
| leading up to the accusation that Dr.
Singer had examined Loeb and Leo
pold in violation of their constitu
tional rights while they were in the
custody of Robert E. Crow*.
Mr. Crowe arose and engaged Mr.
Darrow in another wordy combat.
The prosecutor maintained that Loeb
and Leopold had not been forced to
talk while he held them, that once
they had started talking he could not
stop them.
“You are not trying to enforce the
1 law; you are trying to cheat it,’’ Mr.
Crowe accused Mr. Darrow.
* Remark Stricken Out.
"Strike it all out, Mr. Reporter,”
said Judge Caverly, ending the argu
Another was on tap. however, as
Mr. Darrow Insisted on a "yes” or
, "no” answer to this question;
"You could not tell by looking at
them whether they had a mental dis
’ order?” repeated four or five times,
with Dr. Singer trying to reply by
qualifying. Mr. Crowe interrupted
with an objection that “Mr. Darrow
is trying to force the witness to say
“Why didn’t you tell them to an
swer our doctors?” Mr. Crowe asked
Mr. Darrow.
"Why didn’t you tell them to get a
lawyer instead of violating their con
stitutional rights?” hurled back Mr.
In his reply Mr. Crowe referred to
Loeb and Leopold as “criminals.”
"Now.” shouted Mr. Darrow, "you
have no more right to call these boys
criminals than 1 have.”
"What’s the matter?” Mr. Crowe
shot back. ,
“They are confessed murderers,
aren’t they? You are not pleading
insanity arc you? If you are let's
call a Jury.”
“I am not calling juries,” replied
Mr. Darrow.
Resume* Questioning.
The defense chief counsel resumed
his cross examination.
“Doctor, you heard questions put
repeatedly to each of the youths and
they answered all by saying they re
fused to answer on the advice of
counsel?” Asked Mr. Darrow.
“Yes, hut not in those words, they
were more precise,” replied Dr.
“1 heard Leopold sgy to the sheriff
that he was in his care but he pro
"You didn’t say anything to thj
sheriff about giving Leopold his con
stitutional rights? Asked Mr. Dar
"No.” replied Dr. Singer.
"Were you able to make up your
mind .whether they had any mental
disorders that day?”
“No, sir.”
"Did you ever see them again until
they came into this courtroom?”
"No. sir.”
"Did you ever them any
Ran Opinion of Boy*.
"Did you have any opinion as to
whether they had any mental disor
der when they were in the State’s
attorney’s office?”
“Yes, I have this opinion—that
what I had observed showed no evi
dence of mental disease."
‘‘When did you first express any
opinion as to their sanity?”
“I really can’t say—long after the
trial commenced.”
Mr. Darrow brought out that Dr.
Singer had heard all the defense
alienists testify, and then asked:
“Do you mean to sfy there was no
evidence to Indicate a diseased
Dr, Singer replied that he had heard
opinions expressed, but that there
was no statement of fact related by
any alienist which indicated any
mental disease.
Mr. Darrow was pounding hard at
the witness, Reading his questions In
a constant stream. His long hair had
fallen forward over his eyes as he
gestured with his fingers, arms, head
and body. At times his voice dropped
to a l.ow, lulling hum. He then was
getting replies that suited him, only
to repeat the favorable replies in a
resounding baritone.
For a <7-year-old man Mr. Darrow
(Continued oa Rage 2. Column 4.)
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