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$1.15 TOP PAY RATE URGED ON PRINTERS Carter, Refusing Flat sl.lO Scale, Proposes Schedule Ranging From 90 Cents. Declaring’ that the recent -wage scale proposal of printers at the Gov ernment Printing Office for a flat rate of sl.lO an hour "is not to the best interest of the Government or of the employes concerned,” Public Printer Carter yesterday presented a counter-proposal involving a sliding scale ranging from 90 cents to $1.15 per hour. At one point in his reply to the printers' proposal for the flat rate Mr. Carter declared: “While all men may have been cre ated equal so far as their political rights are concerned, even the Al mighty himself never undertook to make them equal physically or intel lectually. Therefore, to assert that all workmen of a certain trade shall receive the same rate of pay. regard less of their individual ability or special training, is out of harmony ■with the divine plan of creation.” Submitted to Committee. The counter-proposal was submit ted to Edward S. Ilantcmnn, Hermann B. Barnhart and William B. Kirby, composing the committee represent ing journeyman printers employed In the hand, monotype, linotype, proof, job and Bibrary sections of the big print shop. Mr. Carter said last night that he did not know when he would receive an answer from the committee. The Public Printer declared that his pro posal. if accepted, means a substan tial increase for a majority of the 900 printers in the Government Print ing Office. The day rates of pay for printers in the Government Printing Office per hour as proposed by Mr. Carter are as follow's; Compositor. 90 cents; increase over June SO, 1924, 5 cents. Job compositor, 95 cents; increase, 10 cents. Monotype assembler. 95 cents; in crease.. 10 cents. Imposcr. 95 cents; increase. 5 cents. Maker-up, $1: increase. 15 cents. Job imposer. $1; Increase. 10 cents. Copyholder, 90 cents; no increase. Proofreader. $1; increase. 15 cents. Job proofreader, $1.05; Increase, 20 cents. <”opy editor. $1.05; increase, 20 Cents. Proposes SlkCfSl Boost. The various classes of linotype op erators and monotype keyboard oper ators. as proposed by the public printer, would receive from 95 cents to $1.15, involving increases of from 10 to 30 cents per hour more than June 30, 1924. ■ The proposal of the printers, made July 3 and 7 last, was that all print ers shall be paid at the rate of sl.lO per hour for the time actually em ployed; that when the employes are compelled to work in excess of eight hours in any one calendar day they Shall he paid 50 per centum in addi tion to their regular pay. and that Jhe rates of pay for night work, Sun days and holidays shall remain the Bame as now provided by law. The hates per hour under the law.- effect ive July 1. 1924, are 90 cents per hour, or 5 cents more than those of June 30. 1924. Including the bonus of $240. in most cases. In view of the permanency of em ployment. retirement, holidays, and at least 44 non-working days every year, for which full pay Is granted. Carter replied to the. committee, “it has been found impossible to approve the rate of sl.lO per hour." Means $3,000 Annually. The proposed rate of sl.lO an hour, he said, would provide a minimum compensation of $2,754.40 per annum for every printer employed in the Government feinting Office at the day rate. “With the usual extra earnings, the sl.lO rate would make an income of more than $3,000 per annum for a large number of night employes,” continued Mr. Carter. “Deducting the non-working hours of leaves of absence and holidays (which total about 15 per cent of the time for which Government employes are the proposed day rate of sl.lO per hour would mean a basic pay of 11.2 S per hour of actual working lime,” Mr. Carter continued j From wage data brought to his at tention “it seems reasonable to con clude that the new minimum day rate of 90 cents per hour (including leave (and holiday time on full pay) is a just and fair minimum for the coming year for compositors employed in the Government Printing Office.” Mr. tarter declares. ; Compensation for 9pecialints. ; "There is still another and even Snore important reason w-hy the flat fate, which has obtained in the Gov irnment Printing Office for only the last five years, should not continue.” he puye. "Owing to the magnitude of work undertaken by the world's greatest Jirinting office, printers employed In the Government Printing Office arc, *nd of necessity generally have to be. Specialists in some particular occupa tion, such as job compositor, maker pp. irhposer, assembler, proof reader, Copy editor, reviser, linotype and monotype-keyboard operator. Bino type and monotype-keyboard opera tors also become specialists in setting certain kinds of copy, such as Patent Specifications, Patent Gazette, or •Document.’ Some operators are spe cially qualified to handle the more difficult copy, such as the Surgeon General’s Catalogue; others have shown marked ability in setting various foreign languages and intri cate tabular matter. Thus it is that the Government Printing Office re quires and has developed printing specialists rather than all-around printers, and it is right and fair that they should he compensated accord ingly. “it is proposed, therefore, to pay compositors, machine operators, im posers. make-ups, proof readers and Other printer specialists according to the relative skill and requirements of their respective occupations. Inas much as machine eompositton is defi nitely measurable and depends upon the skill of the operator, it is plan ned to base the pay of linotype and monotype-keyboard operators upon the quantity and quality of their work. This plan conforms to the practice which prevails in numerous commercial book, job and newspaper offices, and seems eminently fair to the operator. Five Rates Suggested. “The scale submitted herewith con tains five rates of pay for linotype and monotype-keyboard operators, ranging from 95 cents to $1.15 per hour. The assignment of operators and their subsequent transfer from one class to another will b© based chiefly upon their productive ability, both as to quantity' and quality, as shown by the office record*. “All operators, except those whose present records entitle them to clas sification at a higher rate of pay. will be assigned to class B at $1 per hour. If their services are satisfactory and necessary, operators will be continued at the designated rate of pay until their compensation can be readjusted on or about October 1, 1924, in ac cordance with the production ratings then available. “Operators transferred to class A at 95 cents an hour will be retained only M long as their services fire necessary, the assignment of an | ARRANGING OUTING? i.'i' < t -*0 f- jj’vg I py ATWOOD M. FISHER, Trensnrer I’epco and Washington Railway and Electric Company. operator to class A indicating that his work is below the normal re quirement of the Government Print ing Office. “Emergency, probationary and re instated operators will be assigned io class B at $1 per hour and will be subject to reclassification thereafter according to their ratings.” Other Provisions Made. Mr. Carter’s proposals as to night and Sunday, holiday and overtime follows: “The regular working shift of any day or night force shall he eight hours. Employes whose regular shift is between the hours of G am. and 6 p.m. shall lie paid the respective day rate for the time actually em ployed. Employes whose regular shift is between the hours of 6 p.m. and R a-m. shall be paid the respective night rate for the time actually em ployed. In computing rates of pay. fractions of less than one-half eent shall be dropped and of one-half cent or more shall he added. “Employes required to work on a regular night shift shall be paid 15 per cent in addition to the day rate for the time actually employed up to eight hours. An employe whoso regular shift consists of part day anc part night hours shall lie paid en tirely at the rate provided for the majority of the time so employed. No employe will he granted extra pay for night work for which he is allowed overtime, Sunday, or legal or special holiday rales of pay. Adds 50 Per Cent, “Employes required to work on Sunday shall be paid 50 per cent in addition to the day rate for all the time actually employed on said Sun day; Provided. That employes whose regular shift begins on Saturday night shall be paid at the week night rate, and employes whose shift begins on Sunday night at the Sunday rate, for all the time actually employed on such shift. “Employes required to work on a legal holiday or a special holiday declared by Executive order shall be paid at the day rate plus 50 per cent for all the time actually employed in addition to their gratuity pay for the holiday as provided by law; holi- 1 day rate shall apply to all hours of a regular shift beginning work on the holiday, but not to any hours of a regular shift beginning work prior to a holiday and ending on the holi day. Employes required to work more Ilian four hours, but not ex ceeding eight hours on Saturday on which, hy the Executive order of June 13, 1924, four hours shall constitute a day’s work, shall be paid their regular rate for time actually so em ployed In excess of said four hours, in addition to pay for eight hours at their regular rate. “Employes «m (he day or night shifts who are required to work in ; excess of eight hours in any period ;of twenty-four consecutive hours shall receive 50 per cent iu addition to the regular day rate for the period of said overtime work. N'o employe will be granted extra pay for over time for which he is allowed pay at the Sunday or legal or special holi day rate. POLITICAL BATTLE GOES ON DESPITE COOLIDGE VACATION (Continued from First Page.) Navy Denby and former Director of the Veterans’ Bureau Forbes in his speech of acceptance appears to have excited the amazement of some of the Demo crats. Os course. Senator Walsh of Montana and Senator Heflin of Alabama, and others who have criticized the I’resident for this failure, are not seri ous In these criticisms. They know that the names of Fall, Daugherty, Denby and Forbes will be on the lips of the Democrats during the coming campaign, and not on Republican lips. Further more. Mr. Cooiidge pointed out that those who have been accused of cor ruption are out of office, and some of them have been indicted, and that he intends to see Government of the United States kept clean. Mr. Fall retired to private life before Mr. Cooiidge took charge of the administration, and Mr. Daugherty retired to private life at the invitation of Mr. Cooiidge. to pul it politely. Democrats Dejected. One feature of the campaign to date which strikes the attention lies in the confidence expressed by Repub licans generally In the success of their national ticket, and the lack of confidence privately expressed by so many Democrats in the outcome of the race, though when they talk for publication they declare that Davis and Bryan will be elected. In view of what happened at the elections two years ago. when State after State swung into the Democratic column; when the huge Republican majority in the House was cut prac tically to nothing, and the Demo crats made such gains in the Senate that the balance of power was left in the hands of the Ba Follette group, this lack of confidence on the part of Democrats seems particularly strange. Especially Is this true in view of the revelations of the congressional investigations during the last few' months with regard to Republican administration. The confidence of the Democrats was impaired, however, during the bitter factional contest in the New York convention. And the wldejy expressed faith of so many of the people in Calvin Cooiidge as a man and chief executive has added to this impairment. This condition, of course, may change radically as the campaign progresses, and the Democratic forces get into action, and attack the Republicans. Meistersingers Entertain. The Meistersingers, who are ap pearing at Keith’s Theater this week, entertained members of the National Press Club at the club, yesterday aft ernoon, with selections of popular, operatic and classical numbers. The singers were guests of the club at luncheon. Tibetan women go through con siderable inconvenience and even pain to attain beauty. THE SUNDAY STAR. WASHINGTON, D. C„ AUGUST 37, 1924-PART I. SERVICE EMPLOYES WILL NOLO OUTING W. R. & E. and Pepco Work ers Will Spend Day at Glen Echo Wednesday. Employes of the Washington Rail way and Electric and the Potomac Electric Power Companies will hold their third annual outing and field day at Glen Echo Park Wednesday. The outing this year has been planned as r testimonial to the honor men on the retired list of the two companies. Everything in the park will be free to the employes and their fami lies that day through the courtesy of Manager Bbonard B. Schloss. Trans portation will be provided by the Washington Railway and Electric Company. In addition to the free use of the various amusement features at the park, the employes will take part in 12 athleMc events for which 42 prizes will be awarded. The athletic contests will be followed by a series of mirth-producing stunts, for which trophies also will be given. Prises for Dancers. Dancing will start at 3 o’clock with Oehman’s Glen Echo Orchestra pro viding harmony for the followers of the terpsichorean art. Another set of prizes will be presented to those who excel on the dance floor. Since Santa Claus is summering at his North Pole headquarters, clowns will be called upon to take his place and distribute toys to the youngsters. The outing is under auspices of the relief association of the two com panies, which provides various forms of protection and assistance for Us 2,(100 members. Oflcrrs of Body. The officers of the relief associa tion are William E. Ham. president: H. A. Brookes, viee president; M. Fisher, treasurer, and V. D. Brooke, secretary. Those in charge of the outing are Melvin Sharpe, chairman; James H. Stephens, reception; W. F. Dement, transportation; H. C. Kimball, danc ing; V. A. Sisler, athletics; A. H. Ferrandou, information; Herbert Jackson, secretary; Miss E. J. Dolan, ladles’ committee; J. M. Beibert. print ing and music; J. B. Blaiklock, stunts, and Fred Schuler, prizes. IDENTITY OF* VESSEL AS FLOATING CABARET PUZZLES OFFICIALS (Continued from First Page.) stateroom for the night; of being ushered into the presence of a jazz orchestra, a staff of busy bartenders and a party of 60 revelers who drank and danced the night away. Higb-Friced Drinks. Hie narrative included the description of a menu of beverages where the cheap est drink was Scotch at sl, and the most expensive was mint Julep at $2.50, with wine at S2O and upward, by the bottle, and champagne to be had in abundance at fat-purse prices. The characters of the story included a j captain in British uniform, who did not drink ; a crew of nattily dressed sailors with cockney accents; numerous and | sundry wealthy men and women, old and young, of polished manners and democratic demeanor; a negro Jasr orchestra, bartenders, waiters, stewards I and stokers. j Only one night was spent aboard the : mystery ship by the Herald-Tribune re porter. He slept for two hours in his $5 stateroom. Then, he chronicled, he returned to land aboard the roaring speedboat that had brought him to the mystery ship, leaving his companions of the night behind to sleep away the ef fects of the festivities. NOT THE VON STEUBEN. Junk Dealers Say Ship Is at Cur tis Bay, Baltimore. BABTIMORE, August 16.—Officials of a local jlink firm, purchasers of the steamship Von Steuben, declared tonight the boat is at Curtis Bay. and has been here since It was brought into the local harbor. RETURN OF RUDOLPH TO SPEED BUDGET WORK Commissioners to Begin at Once on $5,000,000 Reduction in Estimates for 1925. With the return of Commissioner Rudolph to Washington this week the Commissioners will begin the task of reducing their estimates from the original total of $36,500,000 to the limit of $31,551,505. fixed last week by the Bureau of the Budget. Until the three city heads get to gether with Auditor Daniel J. Dono van and Secretary Daniel E. Ganges and carefully go over their prelim inary figures it will be impossible to predict what items will be slashed in order to eliminate $5,000,000. The Budget Bureau has given the Commissioners permission to submit in the form of a supplemental list the important projects stricken from the regular budget and it is prac tically certain that the opportunity will be accepted. The District authorities do not have to submit their revised figures to the budget office until September 15, fol lowing which executive hearings will be held by the budget officials at the Treasury. Grey Squirrel Outwits Otters Who Desire Him for Dinner Surrounded on Three Sides, Intended Victim Has Hairbreadth Escape and Laughs at ’ Disconsolate Meat Eaters . A little grey squirrel dropped into a den of three otters at the Zoological Park yesterday afternoon. With a nut in his mouth he fell from the branch of a tree. The otters, meat eaters, made for him. And a fight for life started. As the fierce otters started for him the little gray rascal scurried around to find an opening. He couldn’t. He knew he was trapped. A high wire fence, with an incurve at its top, sur rounds the den of the otters. The squir rel couldn’t get out that way. Otters Scent Blenl. Teeth bared, hungry. On came the ot ters. The little gray victim-to-be turned and whirled and dashed to escape his pursuers. He looked at them, flirted his tail and jumped completely over one of them to the other side of thslr inclosufe. Ift out spread formation they came for him again. Otters are fierce and quick. Squirrels are fiercer and quicker. The little chatterer got away and shrieked at them. They finally cornered him. Trapped on each side by an approaching otter, he dived right smack over one of them, flying through the air, to tho op posite side. There ho fan along the lit tle ledge that separates the otters* Cooiidge Lauds Work of Police At Washington President Cooiidge yesterday wrote to Maj. Sullivan, thanking him for the manner in which the police arrangements were carried out at the notification exercises Thursday night. The President’s letter follows: “I want to express to you my thanks for the extremely efficient police arrangements in connection with the notification exorcises. The men under your charge evi dently carried through the plans without a hitch of any sort, and It was an example of competent management of which you may well be proud.” U. S. SHIPSTOSSEO WAITING ON FLYERS Rough Seas and High Wind Encountered Off Greenland by Patrol Vessels. Dy (tie A.wv'istod PreM. ON BOARD U.S.S. RICHMOND. Au gust IS.—Most of the vessels between Iceland and Greenland wallowed in a bleak and deserted sea awaiting the next move of the around the world flyers. Weather conditions reported by the ships Indicated strange uncer tainties in this latitude. The destroyer Reid, which is near est Iceland, messaged that the weath er was fine and clear. The Billingsiy and Richmond, at midway stations, reported a heavy sea gale. The cruiser Raleigh, lying off Ang magsallk, Greenland, reported that last night the wind was blowing 46 miles an hour, with a falling barom eter. Conditions today were worse and the vessel ran out to sea, clearing the Ice. IiOCATEIiIiI IN ICELAND. Italian Aviator Is Catching Up With U. S. Flyers. By the Asoorlsted Pres*. HORNA FJORD. Iceland. August 1$. —Bieut. Bocatelll. the Italian aviator, who is making a trans atlantic flight in (he wake of the American Army world flyers, arrived here at noon today from Thorshavn. Faroe Islands. The Italian aviator made a good landing in the Icelandic harbor and he and ail of his companions were in excellent condition. He declared he had experienced some fog on the trip from the Faroe Islands, but not enough to cause him serious difficulty. MAJ. ZANNI LANDS. BUENOS AIRES, “ August 16.—A dispatch received here from Maj. Zannl. Argentine aviator, says he was forced to land at 11:50 am. today, at Tavoy. Burma, because his gaso line supply became exhausted. Zanni left Rangoon, capital of Burma, at 7:35 o'clock this morning for Bangkok, £lam. JAMES A. MACAULEY DIES AT AGE OF 83 Veteran Pension Office Employe Had Lived in Washington 50 Years. James A. Macauley. R 3 years old. retired employe of the United States Pension Office, veteran of the B'nlon Army during the Civil War and a resident of this city for the last 50 years, died at his residence. 1206 P street, following an illness of several months. Before coming to Washington, Mr. Macauley was for many years promi nent in West Virginia politics. He was at one time State treasurer there and during the transfer of the capital of that State from Wheeling to Charleston, he was a member of the governor's staff as secretary of the State. At the outbreak of the Civil War he volunteered and served with the Ist West Virginia Volunteers, until wounded at the battle of Fort Repub lic. He was captured by the Con federates at that place and taken to the old Blbby prison at Richmond. Va. He remained in the prison for about four months, when he was re leased through an exchange of pris oners, was soon thereafter mustered out of the service and returned home after having been given up for dead by members of his family. While in Washington he was a member of the board of review at the Pension Office until retired about three years ago. under the retirement act Os 1920. He had been prominent in G. A. R. circles here. He is survived by two sons. Rector Hibben Davis Macauley and Alvan Macauley, president of the Packard Automobile Company at Detroit, Mich., and two daughters, Mrs. Henry W. Carter of Toledo, Ohio, and Mrs. B. H. Relchelderfer, wife of Dr. B. H. Rclchelderfer, a retired physician of this City, nine grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Funeral services will be conducted at his late residence Monday morn ing at 11 o'clock. Rev. W. I. Winter, assistant pastor of the First Congre gational Church, will officiate. In terment will be In Glcnwood Cemetery. swimming pool from the edge of the fence. Ah: They had him now. It looked like the last days for Chatterer the squirrel. One stalked him afoot. One swam across the pool. The other stood still ready to cut off any other route of retreat A half dozen bystanders gave gasps. A woman turned her head. FsraUkM Own Climax. Superby, magnificently, the squirrel furnished his own climax. He over leaped the advancing otter on the ledge. He scurried over to the house in which they live. With a wonderful, flying leap he vaulted to the roof. From there he ■oooted over the fence. And then—the little devil —he turned and laughed at them. One could ewear he was laughing. He chattered and squealed his delight from the tree branch. And he still had the nut in his mouth. And three otters, whose palates were whetted for squirrel meat, sat about for lomly. disconsolate, defeated. Great moments like this generally have few to observe the drama they hold. Mies Margaret Quinn of 4327 Third street northwest, however, was on* of the hioky ones, and it ts on her word that this is printed as absolute truth. . SHREWD VETERANS REALIZE ON BONUS < » “Gentleman’s Agreement” Results in Both Getting Im mediate Cash Benefit. Some veterans already have real ized immediate benefits from the World War bonus. Although the first adjusted service certificate, carrying a form of 20-year endowment Insurance, will not be is sued until after January 1 of neat year, and no small cash payments will be due until three months later, reports were made public last night from at least two ambitious and en terprising boys who already had benefited. There is a well founded story of one World War veteran who set him self up in business, and another bor rowed funds sufficient to reinstate his SIO,OOO government insurance. How did they do it? Briefly speaking, through a “gentle man's agreement” using the bonus as a kind of security. Cetii Business Interest. One lad applied for adjusted com pensation and named a friend as his beneficiary, to receive the proceeds of his bonus-poliry, should the vet eran die. For this consideration, the veteran was given a half interest in a gasoline station, with the under standing that he was to operate it and pay from its profits 150 per month to his friend. At this rate it will take about a year and a half to pay for the half Interest, and during that time the friend is protected in case of the vet eran's death. If the veteran should die, his widow would receive the one half interest in the business, and the net balance of the insurance, after deducting the purchase money due the friend. As a matter of fact, the soldier’s wife is now doing a good deal of the sales work around the station while the veteran attends to other work, such as repairing tires and oiling. This little enterprise is earning money and the transaction will prove satisfactory to both par ties. The strength of the whole affair rests upon the gentleman's agree ment. There are no papers yet from the Government to change hands as security. As a matter of fact, there is a weak link in the affair. If the veteran, for instance, should lire of his bargain, or If for any reason he should become dlssatisfled. he could change the beneficiary of his policy without consulting his partner in the business, but with the consent of the director of the Veterans' Bureau. The veteran could not assign any interest or right he may have to ad justed compensation, but there is nothing in the act, according to inter pretations so far, to prevent him from entering into a gentleman's agree ment with a friend. Another veteran named a wealthy aunt as beneficiary of his adjusted compensation certificate, which will be Issued to him some time after January I. 1925. but which is payable to his beneficiary in cash upon his death, and then borrowed from the aunt $1,200. With this money he rein stated a SIO,OOO insurance policy at the Veterans’ Bureau which had lapsed on account of failure to pay premiums. And he paid the premiums for four years in advance. >o Official Sanction. Agreements such as those will not be sanctioned officially by the Gov ernment. They will he considered as the personal affair of each individual veteran, Legally.. a veteran cannot assign hilt interest, rights or bene fits in his adjusted compensation cer tificate, but there is nothing in the law to prevent him from using his credit and honesty and ability, backed up by his insurance should he fall to make good on account of death. Generally speaking, the use of ad justed service certificates as a quick asset or security is limited only by the state of each particular veteran's credit standing in his own community. Opportunity afforded by such agree ments as these do not seem so far to have made it possible for crooks to swindle veterans out of their bonus. Such danger was much feared, ac cording to general discussion shortly after the act was passed. But so far a nation-wide search has revealed no attempt of any importance by any company or persons to take the bonus away from veterans. The law Is very definite. The restrictions arc such that it would not pay a corpora tion to go into the business of lend ing on bonuses. So undoubtedly the service men who wish to do so will find away to help themselves indi vidually through friends and rela tives. Benefits such as have already been found by the two veterans mentioned can be reaped immediately. Entrance into contracts such as these will not impair the loan values of the cer tificates, according to expert Inter pretation of the law. but it would be advisable, according to this same source, not to secure a loan on poli cies which are made to beneficiaries under a contingent personal under standing until all obligations first have been cared for. Should the example of the veteran who reinstated his SIO,OOO Govern ment 1 ife insurance by borrowing from his amount on security of his bonus, be followed by a large num ber. there would be a rich field of opportunity among veterans to pick up their insurance. For out of the 5,000.000 persons in the service, who during the war carried Government insurance, there are today not over 400,000 veterans continuing to carry the same Insurance. How much of this insurance could be renewed, however, is an indeterminate factor. COME TO VIEW NEW CAR. Toronto and Baltimore Men In terested in Automatic Door. The Washington Railway and Elec tric Company's one-man car with the self-supporting rear exit has at tracted the attention of traction Of ficials in other cities. Several members of the Toronto Transportation Commission of Toron to. Canada, came to Washington re cently to inspect the car personally, and arc reported to be considering the remodeling of a number of To ronto cars in the same way. Baltimore street railway men also have visited the city to see how the automatic rear door operates. The door opens whenever a passenger stands on the treadle in front of It. It will only open, however, while the car is at a standstill. The pur pose of installing it is to eliminate the necessity of a passenger going to the front of the car to get off. GIVES DEAUVILLE THRILL. Irene Castle Walks Beach With Husband on Each Arm. Special Dispatch to The Star. NEW YORK, August !«.—Mrs. Irene Castle McLaughlin, wife of the Chicago millionaire, who arrived on the liner Paris today, said she gave Deauville a thrill by walking on the beach with her former husband, Rob ert Tremaine, on one arm, and her present husband on the other. She said they met casually In Paria and all were very friendly, y JAMES T. PETTY TO QUIT DISTRICT SERVICE ATFER FIFTY-FOUR YEARS Chief in Tax Arrears Di vision to Retire at Age of 88, Has Served as Official Dur ing Period of Big Development. After fifty-four years of active service in the municipal government, James T. Petty, chief clerk of the tax arrears office, will close big desk in the District Building soon and go out to enjoy the beauties of the city he has worked for so long. Although he will celebrate bis eighty-eighth birthday anniversary November 3, Mr. Petty still Is hale and able to take advantage of the leisure retirement will bring. The memories of old Washington that come back to this veteran pub lic servant as he prepared to leave office furnish a striking illustration of the progress the National Capital has made In one man's lifetime. “I can remember.” said the octo genarian, “when the District govern ment spent only a few million dollars a year.” Today the anndal expenses of the municipality run close to $30,000,000. Appointed fey Mayor. When Mr. Petty became a munici pal employe the present commission form of government had not been started. He was appointed “book keeper to the corporation” by Mayor Emery on September 20, 1870. Washington then was not the City of “Magnificent Distances.” Many sections that are now thickly settled residential neighborhoods were open stretches. The task of building a city beautiful was Just beginning. Mr. Petty saw the territorial form of government and the board of pub lic works tried out until 1874, when the commission form began. In May, 1888, Mr. Petty was ap pointed auditor of the District, which office he held for 15 years, until Au gust, 1903. GUARDSMEN COUNT! WEEK PROFITABLE Review of Half of Encamp ment Period Shows Fine Results. By a Staff Correspondent. FORT HUMPHREYS, Va., August 16.—Half of their annual training period over, members of the 121st Regiment of Engineers and 29th Mil itary Police Company. National Guard of the District of Columbia, today are enjoying a well earned rest, rrmlnisc | Ing over the past week and put ting it down as a most profitable one for themselves In improving physically and mentally and for the country in tightening up the national defense. These men. civilians most of the year, who give their time to fit them selves for immediate service 'and without the delay of further training, have had few idle moments during the weak. .Every minute of the of ficers and men during the day has been taken up in some military in struction or camp duty, and at night the officers have burned the midnight oil In their quarter* solving some of the war game problems laid down for them by the Regular Army instruct ors assigned here Tomorrow will he open house and the citizen soldiers will be permitted to entertain their friends and rela tives in camp. There will he no du ties. except necessary military ones. After a short close order drill to day. followed by battalion inspection and a general policing of the camp so that is will show a spfe and span appearance when the relatives and friends arrive tomorrow, the troops were turned loose to use their time as they saw fit. Many of them headed for Washington to invite guests down tomorrow, while many of them stayed In camp and participated in games of various kinds. The ath letic meet, which had been planned, was postponed until Wednesday aft ernoon. and Chaplain A. L. Smith of the 121st Engineers, and also tem porarily acting as post chaplain, has mapped out an elaborate program, which includes running races, jumps, wall scaling and other military com petitions. Free For Sandey. The troops will be free until to morrow afternoon, and then will be required to perform duty only for a short time, when they will be as sembled to put on. for the benefit of the visitors, a parade and review. The close-order drill work was de clared to be so efficient as a result of the Intensive armory training they received during the Winter that their schedule was modified during the week, upon the recommendation of Maj. Coveil, so that they would get a maximum of engineering work such as the construction of field fortifica tions. construction of trestle and pon toon bridges and their demolition. The entire program has been put on the basis of performing the nec essary engineering work for an entire division, for the 121st Regiment of Engineers of the District of Columbia are the only engineer troops in the 29th National Guard Division, com prising the militia troops of this city, Maryland and Virginia. CMUiulfr to I aspect. Maj. Oen. Anton Stephan, com manding the District of Columbia Militia and the 29th National Guard Division, Is expected to come to camp early In the weak to make an official inspection. All of the troops who have never fired on the rifle range will be de tached at periods during the week and sent to the Fort Humphrey range, about a 7-mile march from their headquarters, where they will fire the usual range course. Col. Oehmann has assigned Maj. Julian 8. Cliff, commanding the 2d Battalion of the 121st Regiment, and Lieut. Dunn of the Headquarters and Service Com pany, to take charge of this work. Thursday night the enlisted men of the regiment will give a dance, at which are expected a large number of friends and relatives from Wash ington. Free bus service will be pro vided between Alexandria and the post. The following night the offi cers of the regiment will give a dance. Week’s Schedale. The modified schedule for the re mainder of the encampment follows; August 18—7:30 to 9:30 a.m., wire entanglements: 9:40 to 11:30 a.m., demolition demonstration, all com panies: Companies A and D will com struct fool bridges and have tool wagon demnostratlon and Companies C and F will build heavy pontoon bridges on Gunston Cove. In the aft ernoon there will be musketry for the enlisted personnel and saber drill for the officers. August 19 — Companies C and F, 7:80 to 9:80 a.m., srrlo entanglements; 9:40 to 11:80, demolition wltfc high explosives. Companies E and B, 7;30 / y r ilk V fy WmSmM H^B JAMES THOMAS PETTY. He then was made an assistant as sessor and later became chief of the arrears division, which handles all delinquent tax bills. In that position he has located hundreds of persons whose property was sold for taxes at the annual sales, causing them to redeem their holdings. Born at Kalmouth, Va., in 1836, Mr. Petty moved to Washington in 1851, and lived here for ten years before the Civil War. When the conflict between the Stales began he went to Front Royal, Va., and joined the Warren County Rifles, In the Confed erate army. In the fighting at Frazier's Farm, Petty was wounded and taken pris oner. Later, in 1865, he was shot again at Dlnwlddie Courthouse, nine days before the surrender. The war over and the States once more reunited, Mr. Petty returned to Washington and began the long period of service in the local govern ment. which he is now about to leave. White Wings Dare Death Daily 9 But Few Are Injured The White Wings who sweep the! streets of Washington must carry : the left hind foot of a rabbit as part ' of their equipment. It may be that they have become experts in the modern art of dodging traffic, or possibly the traffic has be come accustomed to their presence and has learned to dodge them. But, whatever the reason, the fact i remains that while 175 of these sweepers work day after day in the | perilous streets, only seven of them J have been hit by automobiles In a j year. From morning until evening they j push their brooms over the busy j thoroughfares, while roadsters and | limousines, street cars ’and heavy j trucks breeze by their elbows. But • seldom are they bowled over. The pedestrian steps off the curb i nervously and swings his head like! a pnedulum to watch the oncoming] 1524 models as he makes for the op- ] posite shore. But the White Wing j slays out in the stream of moving, j chugging cars ail day, and seems to get away with it. Perhaps the bravest of the White] Wing army are the men who clean the territory from Third to Fifteenth street and from the Mall to 1 street. They occupy the front-line traffic trenches. — BARREL IS USELESS IN DROWNING CASE i j Beware of rolling drowning per sons over barrels to expel water from their lungs. It is almost as certain of dealing death to nearly drowned persons as a dose of poison is to a determined suicide. This is the warning issued at the American Red Cross headquarters. Several cases where youths ap parently could have been easily re vived but died after having been rolled on the barrel are said to have been the reason for issuing the above warning. Often the time spent In hunting for a barrel has been a far greater detriment than any possible good that the barrel might do, it was pointed out. “Prone pressure, which is applied with the hands to the small of the back with the subject lying face downward, effectually exudes the water and bad air from the lungs and stimulates heart action. It has revived many persons taken from the water after immersion as long as the boy in question. Cases have been known where left was restored after Immersion as much as 20 minutes.” Therefore the Red Cross has issued the foliowing statement: “Forget the barrel. . Waste no time. Lay the victim on his stomach; extend one arm directly over the head: bend the other arm at the el bow and rest his cheek on the hand to keep nose and mouth off the ground. Knee, facing forward, strad dling his legs. Place palms of hands on each side of back just above belt line. With arms straight, lean gradu ally forward, pressing downward and forward and counting slowly, one, two, three. Swing your body bark, counuting slowly, four. five. Straight en arms and repeat pressure. Keep up work steadily until breathing be gins. Unless a doctor takes charge, remove victim, well covered, on a stretcher to a hospital or to his home. Don’t get discouraged; stick to It for two or even three hours if neceoeary.” to 9:30 a.m., construction of foot bridges, and from 9:40 to 11:30 a.m., tool wagon demonstration: Companies A and D, 7:30 to J1:.'!0 a.m.. construc tion of heavy pontoon bridges. In the afternoon there will be musketry for all companies and a lecture for the officers. August 20—All companies, 7:30 to 11:30 a.m., field exercise;, all com panies, 1:30 to 3:30 p.m., supervised athletics; all officers, 3:45 to 4:15 p.m., lecture. August 21 —All companies, 7:30 to 11:30 a.n>„ field exercise; all com panies. 1:30 to 2:30 p.m., making packs, display equipment, pitching tents; all companies, 2:45 to 0:30 p.m., company atid battalion close order drill; alt officers. 3:45 to 4:15 p.m., equitation. August 22—A1l companies. 7:30 to S a.m.. mass games; all companies, 8:15 to 9:15 a.m., extended order drill; all companies, 9:30 to 11:30 a.m.. gas instruction; all companies, 1:30 to 2:30 p.m., making packs, display equipment, pitching tents: all com panies. 2:45 to 3:30 p.m., company and battalion close order drill; all of ficers, 3:45 to 4:15 p.m.. saber drill. August 23—A1l companies. 7:30 to 8 a.m., mass games; all companies. 8:16 to 9:15 a.m., extended order drill; all companies, 9:30 to 11:30 a.m., bat talion inspection; afternoon, athletics. August 24—Leaving camp. MARSH HUNTING SEASON SOON OPEN District Sportsmen Will Find Much Nearby Ground Now Closed to Them. There was a time when thousands of Washintonians hailed with delight the advent of September 1. They were the sportsmen who found enjoyment on the local marshes shooting reed birds. ortolans, and blackbirds. The number has now decreased to hun dreds, according to some of the en thusiasts already making prepara tions to start the warfare the first day of the approaching season. It was pointed out that reclamation of the I’otomac and Anacostta flats has deprived the District of a larger portion of one of the best feeding places in the United States for the migratory birds. Wild oats in the marshes grew just a trifle better here than elsewhere. St was said, and the Utile ones fattened faster than on other marshes. But Uncle Sam's Reclamation Service i» fast depriving the birds of their resting and feeding place here, and soon there probably will be none of the marsh left. Between Anacos tia and Penning Bridges, where oats usually were thickest, most of the marsh has been reclaimed, part of It being occupied by the Potomac Garden Club. Much Ground Closed. On the east of the river the seawall lias been finished practically all the way to Penning Bridge, closing much of the feeding and shooting grounds there, and at other points, it is stated, there is not the 300-yard space re quired by law for hunting purposes. North of Benning Bridge only a com-, paratively small portion of the flatfc has been reclaimed, and there lx plenty of gunning space as far as the Distritt line. There also is gunning space across the line in Prince Georges County. Md.. but the Washington sportsman who crosses the divide without being equipped with a Maryland license, may expect to run afoul of Maryland sheriff, deputy or constable. Licenses may be obtained from the clerk of any county court. Under the provisions of the Mars land law non-resident gunners pay 85 for the privilege of shooting in a sin gle county, the resident fee being $1 State-wide licenses cost $lO to non resident;:. Goal of D. C. Homers. The marshes of the Patuxent River, extending through Prince Georges. Calvert and Anne Arundel Counties, and Marlboro, nearest to Washington, are where most Washingtonians pay their cash for the sporting prlvllege. In addition to the license fee. they are expected to patronize pushers who earn a livelihood In the Fall boating such persons. Their fee is $2 a tide. In the District of Columbia the law provides no bag limit, while the Maryland limitation for a tide is 50 ortolan and 75 reedbirds. There Is no limitation on blackbirds. Sale of the birds being prohibited both in the District and Maryland, the pothunter, is said to be an unknown quantity. Sportsmen still find conditions a trifle dangerous the first few days of the season, some of the careless ones persisting in discharging their guns when something happens to move the oats. That something, in many in stances in the past, proved to be gunners. and they received charges of ;»hot about their faces or bodies. While many gunners were wounded over a number of years, feww fatalities resulted. There is little left of the, marshes | on the Virginia side of the Potomac, I much of the flats having been re -1 claimed, and part of what is left is (said to he within the 300-yard limit jof Key Bridge. Shooting within such I distance of bridges, highways and dwellings is prohibited. The small l area of marsh left on the Virginia j side, it is stated. Is too small to in i tercst sportsmen. Ready for Early Mart. 1 Persons interested in the sport al- I ready are getting their guns condi tioned for starting at daybreak Sep ; tember 1. Many of them will motor j to the Maryland marshes the night ! before, while others will wait until | the excitement incident to the open j ing of the season is over before tak : ing chances of getting shot, j Lieut. H. H. Lehman, in command of I the harbor precinct, will take all the j precautions possible to prevent viola j tions of the law and to care sorer • sons who may be unfortunate enough j to get wounded while on the marshes j Sign posts will be erected for the j guidance of the sportsmen, and one i probably will be erected at the Dia- I triet line to warn Washingtonians I they may get a dose of Maryland law ; if the line is - crossed, j “What about the birds?” was asked ; a boathouse keeper who caters to i gunners. j “Some of them already are here.” j he answered, “and more unquestion j ably are on the way.” I Blackbirds are said to be here in large numbers, and there are some ! reedbirds in evidence. Persons about j the river say they have heard nothing of ortolan being here, explaining that such birds do not come until later. They come when the weather gets cooler and the oats have been tram ! pled. REPORT IN ERROR. Byous' Statement Not Mad* Be fore Reserve Officers. In a report of a statement of Intent, Col. F. B. Ryons of the Reserve Offi cers' Association of the District re garding “Defense day as a business proposition” and published in yester day's Star, it was erroneously slated that Col. Ryons made his statement at n meeting of the Reserve Officers’ Association Friday night. There was no meeting of the organization Fri day night. The mistake was due to a misunderstanding on the part of the local committee In charge of De fense day for Washington, which fur nished information for the article to T'he Star. While the Reserve Officers did not meet, it was stated by an official of I the organization last night, they am wholly in accord with Defense day and with the remarks contained in Col. Ryons' statement. AUTO THIEF ESCAPES. After a chase through downtown streets, u man operating an automo bile listed by police as stolen from Earl Owen of 2022 Sixteenth street drove up to the curb at Fourteenth and H streets, hopped out and got away before his pursuer. Detective Frank Alligood of police headquar ters. could make an arrest. Alligood recognized the operator of the cur as a man well known to the local police and started after him at Seventh and H streets. The little coupe in which the fugitive was rid ing weaved in and out of downtown traffic to Fourteenth and H streets, where it suddenly stopped. A woman who was in the machine was taken la police headquarters. She told the de tective that she had accepted the in vitation of the operator to ride, inas much as she was late for an appoint ment and the man looked respectable. After her statement was verified she was released.