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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 17, 1924, Image 2

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Carter, Refusing Flat sl.lO
Scale, Proposes Schedule
Ranging From 90 Cents.
Declaring’ that the recent -wage
scale proposal of printers at the Gov
ernment Printing Office for a flat
rate of sl.lO an hour "is not to the
best interest of the Government or of
the employes concerned,” Public
Printer Carter yesterday presented a
counter-proposal involving a sliding
scale ranging from 90 cents to $1.15
per hour.
At one point in his reply to the
printers' proposal for the flat rate
Mr. Carter declared:
“While all men may have been cre
ated equal so far as their political
rights are concerned, even the Al
mighty himself never undertook to
make them equal physically or intel
lectually. Therefore, to assert that
all workmen of a certain trade shall
receive the same rate of pay. regard
less of their individual ability or
special training, is out of harmony
■with the divine plan of creation.”
Submitted to Committee.
The counter-proposal was submit
ted to Edward S. Ilantcmnn, Hermann
B. Barnhart and William B. Kirby,
composing the committee represent
ing journeyman printers employed In
the hand, monotype, linotype, proof,
job and Bibrary sections of the big
print shop.
Mr. Carter said last night that he
did not know when he would receive
an answer from the committee. The
Public Printer declared that his pro
posal. if accepted, means a substan
tial increase for a majority of the
900 printers in the Government Print
ing Office.
The day rates of pay for printers in
the Government Printing Office per
hour as proposed by Mr. Carter are
as follow's;
Compositor. 90 cents; increase over
June SO, 1924, 5 cents.
Job compositor, 95 cents; increase,
10 cents.
Monotype assembler. 95 cents; in
crease.. 10 cents.
Imposcr. 95 cents; increase. 5 cents.
Maker-up, $1: increase. 15 cents.
Job imposer. $1; Increase. 10 cents.
Copyholder, 90 cents; no increase.
Proofreader. $1; increase. 15 cents.
Job proofreader, $1.05; Increase, 20
<”opy editor. $1.05; increase, 20
Proposes SlkCfSl Boost.
The various classes of linotype op
erators and monotype keyboard oper
ators. as proposed by the public
printer, would receive from 95 cents
to $1.15, involving increases of from
10 to 30 cents per hour more than
June 30, 1924.
■ The proposal of the printers, made
July 3 and 7 last, was that all print
ers shall be paid at the rate of sl.lO
per hour for the time actually em
ployed; that when the employes are
compelled to work in excess of eight
hours in any one calendar day they
Shall he paid 50 per centum in addi
tion to their regular pay. and that
Jhe rates of pay for night work, Sun
days and holidays shall remain the
Bame as now provided by law. The
hates per hour under the law.- effect
ive July 1. 1924, are 90 cents per
hour, or 5 cents more than those of
June 30. 1924. Including the bonus of
$240. in most cases.
In view of the permanency of em
ployment. retirement, holidays, and
at least 44 non-working days every
year, for which full pay Is granted.
Carter replied to the. committee, “it
has been found impossible to approve
the rate of sl.lO per hour."
Means $3,000 Annually.
The proposed rate of sl.lO an hour,
he said, would provide a minimum
compensation of $2,754.40 per annum
for every printer employed in the
Government feinting Office at the
day rate. “With the usual extra
earnings, the sl.lO rate would make
an income of more than $3,000 per
annum for a large number of night
employes,” continued Mr. Carter.
“Deducting the non-working hours of
leaves of absence and holidays (which
total about 15 per cent of the time
for which Government employes are
the proposed day rate of sl.lO
per hour would mean a basic pay of
11.2 S per hour of actual working
lime,” Mr. Carter continued
j From wage data brought to his at
tention “it seems reasonable to con
clude that the new minimum day rate
of 90 cents per hour (including leave
(and holiday time on full pay) is a
just and fair minimum for the coming
year for compositors employed in the
Government Printing Office.” Mr.
tarter declares.
; Compensation for 9pecialints.
; "There is still another and even
Snore important reason w-hy the flat
fate, which has obtained in the Gov
irnment Printing Office for only the
last five years, should not continue.” he
puye. "Owing to the magnitude of work
undertaken by the world's greatest
Jirinting office, printers employed In
the Government Printing Office arc,
*nd of necessity generally have to be.
Specialists in some particular occupa
tion, such as job compositor, maker
pp. irhposer, assembler, proof reader,
Copy editor, reviser, linotype and
monotype-keyboard operator. Bino
type and monotype-keyboard opera
tors also become specialists in setting
certain kinds of copy, such as Patent
Specifications, Patent Gazette, or
•Document.’ Some operators are spe
cially qualified to handle the more
difficult copy, such as the Surgeon
General’s Catalogue; others have
shown marked ability in setting
various foreign languages and intri
cate tabular matter. Thus it is that
the Government Printing Office re
quires and has developed printing
specialists rather than all-around
printers, and it is right and fair that
they should he compensated accord
“it is proposed, therefore, to pay
compositors, machine operators, im
posers. make-ups, proof readers and
Other printer specialists according to
the relative skill and requirements of
their respective occupations. Inas
much as machine eompositton is defi
nitely measurable and depends upon
the skill of the operator, it is plan
ned to base the pay of linotype and
monotype-keyboard operators upon
the quantity and quality of their
work. This plan conforms to the
practice which prevails in numerous
commercial book, job and newspaper
offices, and seems eminently fair to
the operator.
Five Rates Suggested.
“The scale submitted herewith con
tains five rates of pay for linotype
and monotype-keyboard operators,
ranging from 95 cents to $1.15 per
hour. The assignment of operators
and their subsequent transfer from
one class to another will b© based
chiefly upon their productive ability,
both as to quantity' and quality, as
shown by the office record*.
“All operators, except those whose
present records entitle them to clas
sification at a higher rate of pay. will
be assigned to class B at $1 per hour.
If their services are satisfactory and
necessary, operators will be continued
at the designated rate of pay until
their compensation can be readjusted
on or about October 1, 1924, in ac
cordance with the production ratings
then available.
“Operators transferred to class A
at 95 cents an hour will be retained
only M long as their services fire
necessary, the assignment of an
i.'i' < t -*0 f- jj’vg I py
Trensnrer I’epco and Washington
Railway and Electric Company.
operator to class A indicating that
his work is below the normal re
quirement of the Government Print
ing Office.
“Emergency, probationary and re
instated operators will be assigned io
class B at $1 per hour and will be
subject to reclassification thereafter
according to their ratings.”
Other Provisions Made.
Mr. Carter’s proposals as to night
and Sunday, holiday and overtime
“The regular working shift of any
day or night force shall he eight
hours. Employes whose regular shift
is between the hours of G am. and
6 p.m. shall lie paid the respective
day rate for the time actually em
ployed. Employes whose regular shift
is between the hours of 6 p.m. and
R a-m. shall be paid the respective
night rate for the time actually em
ployed. In computing rates of pay.
fractions of less than one-half eent
shall be dropped and of one-half cent
or more shall he added.
“Employes required to work on a
regular night shift shall be paid 15
per cent in addition to the day rate
for the time actually employed up to
eight hours. An employe whoso
regular shift consists of part day anc
part night hours shall lie paid en
tirely at the rate provided for the
majority of the time so employed.
No employe will he granted extra
pay for night work for which he is
allowed overtime, Sunday, or legal or
special holiday rales of pay.
Adds 50 Per Cent,
“Employes required to work on
Sunday shall be paid 50 per cent in
addition to the day rate for all the
time actually employed on said Sun
day; Provided. That employes whose
regular shift begins on Saturday
night shall be paid at the week night
rate, and employes whose shift begins
on Sunday night at the Sunday rate,
for all the time actually employed on
such shift.
“Employes required to work on
a legal holiday or a special holiday
declared by Executive order shall be
paid at the day rate plus 50 per cent
for all the time actually employed in
addition to their gratuity pay for
the holiday as provided by law; holi- 1
day rate shall apply to all hours of a
regular shift beginning work on the
holiday, but not to any hours of a
regular shift beginning work prior
to a holiday and ending on the holi
day. Employes required to work
more Ilian four hours, but not ex
ceeding eight hours on Saturday on
which, hy the Executive order of June
13, 1924, four hours shall constitute
a day’s work, shall be paid their
regular rate for time actually so em
ployed In excess of said four hours,
in addition to pay for eight hours at
their regular rate.
“Employes «m (he day or night
shifts who are required to work in
; excess of eight hours in any period
;of twenty-four consecutive hours
shall receive 50 per cent iu addition
to the regular day rate for the period
of said overtime work. N'o employe
will be granted extra pay for over
time for which he is allowed pay at
the Sunday or legal or special holi
day rate.
(Continued from First Page.)
Navy Denby and former Director of the
Veterans’ Bureau Forbes in his speech
of acceptance appears to have excited
the amazement of some of the Demo
crats. Os course. Senator Walsh of
Montana and Senator Heflin of Alabama,
and others who have criticized the
I’resident for this failure, are not seri
ous In these criticisms. They know that
the names of Fall, Daugherty, Denby
and Forbes will be on the lips of the
Democrats during the coming campaign,
and not on Republican lips. Further
more. Mr. Cooiidge pointed out that
those who have been accused of cor
ruption are out of office, and some of
them have been indicted, and that he
intends to see Government of the United
States kept clean. Mr. Fall retired to
private life before Mr. Cooiidge took
charge of the administration, and Mr.
Daugherty retired to private life at the
invitation of Mr. Cooiidge. to pul it
Democrats Dejected.
One feature of the campaign to
date which strikes the attention lies
in the confidence expressed by Repub
licans generally In the success of
their national ticket, and the lack of
confidence privately expressed by so
many Democrats in the outcome of
the race, though when they talk for
publication they declare that Davis
and Bryan will be elected. In view
of what happened at the elections
two years ago. when State after
State swung into the Democratic
column; when the huge Republican
majority in the House was cut prac
tically to nothing, and the Demo
crats made such gains in the Senate
that the balance of power was left
in the hands of the Ba Follette
group, this lack of confidence on the
part of Democrats seems particularly
Especially Is this true in view of
the revelations of the congressional
investigations during the last few'
months with regard to Republican
administration. The confidence of the
Democrats was impaired, however,
during the bitter factional contest in
the New York convention. And the
wldejy expressed faith of so many
of the people in Calvin Cooiidge as
a man and chief executive has added
to this impairment. This condition,
of course, may change radically as
the campaign progresses, and the
Democratic forces get into action, and
attack the Republicans.
Meistersingers Entertain.
The Meistersingers, who are ap
pearing at Keith’s Theater this week,
entertained members of the National
Press Club at the club, yesterday aft
ernoon, with selections of popular,
operatic and classical numbers. The
singers were guests of the club at
Tibetan women go through con
siderable inconvenience and even pain
to attain beauty.
W. R. & E. and Pepco Work
ers Will Spend Day at
Glen Echo Wednesday.
Employes of the Washington Rail
way and Electric and the Potomac
Electric Power Companies will hold
their third annual outing and field
day at Glen Echo Park Wednesday.
The outing this year has been planned
as r testimonial to the honor men on
the retired list of the two companies.
Everything in the park will be
free to the employes and their fami
lies that day through the courtesy of
Manager Bbonard B. Schloss. Trans
portation will be provided by the
Washington Railway and Electric
In addition to the free use of the
various amusement features at the
park, the employes will take part in
12 athleMc events for which 42
prizes will be awarded. The athletic
contests will be followed by a series
of mirth-producing stunts, for which
trophies also will be given.
Prises for Dancers.
Dancing will start at 3 o’clock with
Oehman’s Glen Echo Orchestra pro
viding harmony for the followers of
the terpsichorean art. Another set
of prizes will be presented to those
who excel on the dance floor.
Since Santa Claus is summering at
his North Pole headquarters, clowns
will be called upon to take his place
and distribute toys to the youngsters.
The outing is under auspices of
the relief association of the two com
panies, which provides various forms
of protection and assistance for Us
2,(100 members.
Oflcrrs of Body.
The officers of the relief associa
tion are William E. Ham. president: H.
A. Brookes, viee president; M. Fisher,
treasurer, and V. D. Brooke, secretary.
Those in charge of the outing are
Melvin Sharpe, chairman; James H.
Stephens, reception; W. F. Dement,
transportation; H. C. Kimball, danc
ing; V. A. Sisler, athletics; A. H.
Ferrandou, information; Herbert
Jackson, secretary; Miss E. J. Dolan,
ladles’ committee; J. M. Beibert. print
ing and music; J. B. Blaiklock, stunts,
and Fred Schuler, prizes.
(Continued from First Page.)
stateroom for the night; of being
ushered into the presence of a jazz
orchestra, a staff of busy bartenders
and a party of 60 revelers who drank
and danced the night away.
Higb-Friced Drinks.
Hie narrative included the description
of a menu of beverages where the cheap
est drink was Scotch at sl, and the most
expensive was mint Julep at $2.50, with
wine at S2O and upward, by the bottle,
and champagne to be had in abundance
at fat-purse prices.
The characters of the story included a
j captain in British uniform, who did not
drink ; a crew of nattily dressed sailors
with cockney accents; numerous and
| sundry wealthy men and women, old
and young, of polished manners and
democratic demeanor; a negro Jasr
orchestra, bartenders, waiters, stewards
I and stokers.
j Only one night was spent aboard the
: mystery ship by the Herald-Tribune re
porter. He slept for two hours in his
$5 stateroom. Then, he chronicled, he
returned to land aboard the roaring
speedboat that had brought him to the
mystery ship, leaving his companions
of the night behind to sleep away the ef
fects of the festivities.
Junk Dealers Say Ship Is at Cur
tis Bay, Baltimore.
BABTIMORE, August 16.—Officials
of a local jlink firm, purchasers of
the steamship Von Steuben, declared
tonight the boat is at Curtis Bay.
and has been here since It was
brought into the local harbor.
Commissioners to Begin at Once
on $5,000,000 Reduction in
Estimates for 1925.
With the return of Commissioner
Rudolph to Washington this week
the Commissioners will begin the
task of reducing their estimates from
the original total of $36,500,000 to the
limit of $31,551,505. fixed last week
by the Bureau of the Budget.
Until the three city heads get to
gether with Auditor Daniel J. Dono
van and Secretary Daniel E. Ganges
and carefully go over their prelim
inary figures it will be impossible to
predict what items will be slashed
in order to eliminate $5,000,000.
The Budget Bureau has given the
Commissioners permission to submit
in the form of a supplemental list
the important projects stricken from
the regular budget and it is prac
tically certain that the opportunity
will be accepted.
The District authorities do not have
to submit their revised figures to the
budget office until September 15, fol
lowing which executive hearings will
be held by the budget officials at the
Grey Squirrel Outwits Otters
Who Desire Him for Dinner
Surrounded on Three Sides, Intended Victim Has
Hairbreadth Escape and Laughs at
’ Disconsolate Meat Eaters .
A little grey squirrel dropped into a
den of three otters at the Zoological
Park yesterday afternoon. With a nut
in his mouth he fell from the branch of
a tree. The otters, meat eaters, made
for him. And a fight for life started.
As the fierce otters started for him
the little gray rascal scurried around
to find an opening. He couldn’t. He
knew he was trapped. A high wire
fence, with an incurve at its top, sur
rounds the den of the otters. The squir
rel couldn’t get out that way.
Otters Scent Blenl.
Teeth bared, hungry. On came the ot
ters. The little gray victim-to-be turned
and whirled and dashed to escape his
He looked at them, flirted his tail and
jumped completely over one of them to
the other side of thslr inclosufe. Ift out
spread formation they came for him
again. Otters are fierce and quick.
Squirrels are fiercer and quicker. The
little chatterer got away and shrieked
at them. They finally cornered him.
Trapped on each side by an approaching
otter, he dived right smack over one of
them, flying through the air, to tho op
posite side. There ho fan along the lit
tle ledge that separates the otters*
Cooiidge Lauds
Work of Police
At Washington
President Cooiidge yesterday
wrote to Maj. Sullivan, thanking
him for the manner in which the
police arrangements were carried
out at the notification exercises
Thursday night.
The President’s letter follows:
“I want to express to you my
thanks for the extremely efficient
police arrangements in connection
with the notification exorcises.
The men under your charge evi
dently carried through the plans
without a hitch of any sort, and
It was an example of competent
management of which you may
well be proud.”
Rough Seas and High Wind
Encountered Off Greenland
by Patrol Vessels.
Dy (tie A.wv'istod PreM.
gust IS.—Most of the vessels between
Iceland and Greenland wallowed in
a bleak and deserted sea awaiting
the next move of the around the world
flyers. Weather conditions reported
by the ships Indicated strange uncer
tainties in this latitude.
The destroyer Reid, which is near
est Iceland, messaged that the weath
er was fine and clear. The Billingsiy
and Richmond, at midway stations,
reported a heavy sea gale.
The cruiser Raleigh, lying off Ang
magsallk, Greenland, reported that
last night the wind was blowing 46
miles an hour, with a falling barom
eter. Conditions today were worse
and the vessel ran out to sea, clearing
the Ice.
Italian Aviator Is Catching Up
With U. S. Flyers.
By the Asoorlsted Pres*.
HORNA FJORD. Iceland. August
1$. —Bieut. Bocatelll. the Italian
aviator, who is making a trans
atlantic flight in (he wake of the
American Army world flyers, arrived
here at noon today from Thorshavn.
Faroe Islands.
The Italian aviator made a good
landing in the Icelandic harbor and
he and ail of his companions were in
excellent condition. He declared he
had experienced some fog on the trip
from the Faroe Islands, but not
enough to cause him serious difficulty.
BUENOS AIRES, “ August 16.—A
dispatch received here from Maj.
Zannl. Argentine aviator, says he was
forced to land at 11:50 am. today,
at Tavoy. Burma, because his gaso
line supply became exhausted.
Zanni left Rangoon, capital of
Burma, at 7:35 o'clock this morning
for Bangkok, £lam.
Veteran Pension Office Employe
Had Lived in Washington
50 Years.
James A. Macauley. R 3 years old.
retired employe of the United States
Pension Office, veteran of the B'nlon
Army during the Civil War and a
resident of this city for the last 50
years, died at his residence. 1206 P
street, following an illness of several
Before coming to Washington, Mr.
Macauley was for many years promi
nent in West Virginia politics. He
was at one time State treasurer there
and during the transfer of the capital
of that State from Wheeling to
Charleston, he was a member of the
governor's staff as secretary of the
At the outbreak of the Civil War
he volunteered and served with the
Ist West Virginia Volunteers, until
wounded at the battle of Fort Repub
lic. He was captured by the Con
federates at that place and taken to
the old Blbby prison at Richmond.
Va. He remained in the prison for
about four months, when he was re
leased through an exchange of pris
oners, was soon thereafter mustered
out of the service and returned home
after having been given up for dead
by members of his family.
While in Washington he was a
member of the board of review at
the Pension Office until retired about
three years ago. under the retirement
act Os 1920. He had been prominent
in G. A. R. circles here.
He is survived by two sons. Rector
Hibben Davis Macauley and Alvan
Macauley, president of the Packard
Automobile Company at Detroit,
Mich., and two daughters, Mrs. Henry
W. Carter of Toledo, Ohio, and Mrs.
B. H. Relchelderfer, wife of Dr. B. H.
Rclchelderfer, a retired physician of
this City, nine grandchildren and one
Funeral services will be conducted
at his late residence Monday morn
ing at 11 o'clock. Rev. W. I. Winter,
assistant pastor of the First Congre
gational Church, will officiate. In
terment will be In Glcnwood
swimming pool from the edge of the
Ah: They had him now. It looked like
the last days for Chatterer the squirrel.
One stalked him afoot. One swam across
the pool. The other stood still ready to
cut off any other route of retreat A
half dozen bystanders gave gasps. A
woman turned her head.
FsraUkM Own Climax.
Superby, magnificently, the squirrel
furnished his own climax. He over
leaped the advancing otter on the ledge.
He scurried over to the house in which
they live. With a wonderful, flying leap
he vaulted to the roof. From there he
■oooted over the fence. And then—the
little devil —he turned and laughed at
them. One could ewear he was laughing.
He chattered and squealed his delight
from the tree branch. And he still had
the nut in his mouth.
And three otters, whose palates were
whetted for squirrel meat, sat about for
lomly. disconsolate, defeated.
Great moments like this generally
have few to observe the drama they
hold. Mies Margaret Quinn of 4327
Third street northwest, however, was
on* of the hioky ones, and it ts on her
word that this is printed as absolute
truth. .
< »
“Gentleman’s Agreement”
Results in Both Getting Im
mediate Cash Benefit.
Some veterans already have real
ized immediate benefits from the
World War bonus.
Although the first adjusted service
certificate, carrying a form of 20-year
endowment Insurance, will not be is
sued until after January 1 of neat
year, and no small cash payments
will be due until three months later,
reports were made public last night
from at least two ambitious and en
terprising boys who already had
There is a well founded story of
one World War veteran who set him
self up in business, and another bor
rowed funds sufficient to reinstate his
SIO,OOO government insurance.
How did they do it?
Briefly speaking, through a “gentle
man's agreement” using the bonus as
a kind of security.
Cetii Business Interest.
One lad applied for adjusted com
pensation and named a friend as his
beneficiary, to receive the proceeds
of his bonus-poliry, should the vet
eran die. For this consideration, the
veteran was given a half interest in
a gasoline station, with the under
standing that he was to operate it and
pay from its profits 150 per month
to his friend.
At this rate it will take about a
year and a half to pay for the half
Interest, and during that time the
friend is protected in case of the vet
eran's death. If the veteran should
die, his widow would receive the one
half interest in the business, and the
net balance of the insurance, after
deducting the purchase money due
the friend. As a matter of fact, the
soldier’s wife is now doing a good
deal of the sales work around the
station while the veteran attends to
other work, such as repairing tires
and oiling. This little enterprise is
earning money and the transaction
will prove satisfactory to both par
The strength of the whole affair
rests upon the gentleman's agree
ment. There are no papers yet from
the Government to change hands as
security. As a matter of fact, there
is a weak link in the affair. If the
veteran, for instance, should lire of
his bargain, or If for any reason he
should become dlssatisfled. he could
change the beneficiary of his policy
without consulting his partner in the
business, but with the consent of the
director of the Veterans' Bureau.
The veteran could not assign any
interest or right he may have to ad
justed compensation, but there is
nothing in the act, according to inter
pretations so far, to prevent him from
entering into a gentleman's agree
ment with a friend.
Another veteran named a wealthy
aunt as beneficiary of his adjusted
compensation certificate, which will
be Issued to him some time after
January I. 1925. but which is payable
to his beneficiary in cash upon his
death, and then borrowed from the
aunt $1,200. With this money he rein
stated a SIO,OOO insurance policy at
the Veterans’ Bureau which had
lapsed on account of failure to pay
premiums. And he paid the premiums
for four years in advance.
>o Official Sanction.
Agreements such as those will not
be sanctioned officially by the Gov
ernment. They will he considered as
the personal affair of each individual
veteran, Legally.. a veteran cannot
assign hilt interest, rights or bene
fits in his adjusted compensation cer
tificate, but there is nothing in the
law to prevent him from using his
credit and honesty and ability, backed
up by his insurance should he fall
to make good on account of death.
Generally speaking, the use of ad
justed service certificates as a quick
asset or security is limited only by
the state of each particular veteran's
credit standing in his own community.
Opportunity afforded by such agree
ments as these do not seem so far to
have made it possible for crooks to
swindle veterans out of their bonus.
Such danger was much feared, ac
cording to general discussion shortly
after the act was passed. But so far
a nation-wide search has revealed no
attempt of any importance by any
company or persons to take the bonus
away from veterans. The law Is
very definite. The restrictions arc
such that it would not pay a corpora
tion to go into the business of lend
ing on bonuses. So undoubtedly the
service men who wish to do so will
find away to help themselves indi
vidually through friends and rela
Benefits such as have already been
found by the two veterans mentioned
can be reaped immediately. Entrance
into contracts such as these will not
impair the loan values of the cer
tificates, according to expert Inter
pretation of the law. but it would
be advisable, according to this same
source, not to secure a loan on poli
cies which are made to beneficiaries
under a contingent personal under
standing until all obligations first
have been cared for.
Should the example of the veteran
who reinstated his SIO,OOO Govern
ment 1 ife insurance by borrowing
from his amount on security of his
bonus, be followed by a large num
ber. there would be a rich field of
opportunity among veterans to pick
up their insurance. For out of the
5,000.000 persons in the service, who
during the war carried Government
insurance, there are today not over
400,000 veterans continuing to carry
the same Insurance. How much of
this insurance could be renewed,
however, is an indeterminate factor.
Toronto and Baltimore Men In
terested in Automatic Door.
The Washington Railway and Elec
tric Company's one-man car with the
self-supporting rear exit has at
tracted the attention of traction Of
ficials in other cities.
Several members of the Toronto
Transportation Commission of Toron
to. Canada, came to Washington re
cently to inspect the car personally,
and arc reported to be considering
the remodeling of a number of To
ronto cars in the same way.
Baltimore street railway men also
have visited the city to see how the
automatic rear door operates. The
door opens whenever a passenger
stands on the treadle in front of It.
It will only open, however, while
the car is at a standstill. The pur
pose of installing it is to eliminate
the necessity of a passenger going
to the front of the car to get off.
Irene Castle Walks Beach With
Husband on Each Arm.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
NEW YORK, August !«.—Mrs.
Irene Castle McLaughlin, wife of the
Chicago millionaire, who arrived on
the liner Paris today, said she gave
Deauville a thrill by walking on the
beach with her former husband, Rob
ert Tremaine, on one arm, and her
present husband on the other. She
said they met casually In Paria and
all were very friendly,
Chief in Tax Arrears Di
vision to Retire at
Age of 88,
Has Served as Official Dur
ing Period of Big
After fifty-four years of active
service in the municipal government,
James T. Petty, chief clerk of the
tax arrears office, will close big desk
in the District Building soon and go
out to enjoy the beauties of the city
he has worked for so long.
Although he will celebrate bis
eighty-eighth birthday anniversary
November 3, Mr. Petty still Is hale
and able to take advantage of the
leisure retirement will bring.
The memories of old Washington
that come back to this veteran pub
lic servant as he prepared to leave
office furnish a striking illustration
of the progress the National Capital
has made In one man's lifetime.
“I can remember.” said the octo
genarian, “when the District govern
ment spent only a few million dollars
a year.”
Today the anndal expenses of the
municipality run close to $30,000,000.
Appointed fey Mayor.
When Mr. Petty became a munici
pal employe the present commission
form of government had not been
started. He was appointed “book
keeper to the corporation” by Mayor
Emery on September 20, 1870.
Washington then was not the City
of “Magnificent Distances.” Many
sections that are now thickly settled
residential neighborhoods were open
stretches. The task of building a
city beautiful was Just beginning.
Mr. Petty saw the territorial form
of government and the board of pub
lic works tried out until 1874, when
the commission form began.
In May, 1888, Mr. Petty was ap
pointed auditor of the District, which
office he held for 15 years, until Au
gust, 1903.
Review of Half of Encamp
ment Period Shows Fine
By a Staff Correspondent.
16.—Half of their annual training
period over, members of the 121st
Regiment of Engineers and 29th Mil
itary Police Company. National Guard
of the District of Columbia, today are
enjoying a well earned rest, rrmlnisc
| Ing over the past week and put
ting it down as a most profitable
one for themselves In improving
physically and mentally and for the
country in tightening up the national
These men. civilians most of the
year, who give their time to fit them
selves for immediate service 'and
without the delay of further training,
have had few idle moments during
the weak. .Every minute of the of
ficers and men during the day has
been taken up in some military in
struction or camp duty, and at night
the officers have burned the midnight
oil In their quarter* solving some of
the war game problems laid down for
them by the Regular Army instruct
ors assigned here
Tomorrow will he open house and
the citizen soldiers will be permitted
to entertain their friends and rela
tives in camp. There will he no du
ties. except necessary military ones.
After a short close order drill to
day. followed by battalion inspection
and a general policing of the camp
so that is will show a spfe and span
appearance when the relatives and
friends arrive tomorrow, the troops
were turned loose to use their time
as they saw fit. Many of them headed
for Washington to invite guests
down tomorrow, while many of them
stayed In camp and participated in
games of various kinds. The ath
letic meet, which had been planned,
was postponed until Wednesday aft
ernoon. and Chaplain A. L. Smith of
the 121st Engineers, and also tem
porarily acting as post chaplain, has
mapped out an elaborate program,
which includes running races, jumps,
wall scaling and other military com
Free For Sandey.
The troops will be free until to
morrow afternoon, and then will be
required to perform duty only for a
short time, when they will be as
sembled to put on. for the benefit of
the visitors, a parade and review.
The close-order drill work was de
clared to be so efficient as a result
of the Intensive armory training they
received during the Winter that their
schedule was modified during the
week, upon the recommendation of
Maj. Coveil, so that they would get a
maximum of engineering work such
as the construction of field fortifica
tions. construction of trestle and pon
toon bridges and their demolition.
The entire program has been put
on the basis of performing the nec
essary engineering work for an entire
division, for the 121st Regiment of
Engineers of the District of Columbia
are the only engineer troops in the
29th National Guard Division, com
prising the militia troops of this city,
Maryland and Virginia.
CMUiulfr to I aspect.
Maj. Oen. Anton Stephan, com
manding the District of Columbia
Militia and the 29th National Guard
Division, Is expected to come to camp
early In the weak to make an official
All of the troops who have never
fired on the rifle range will be de
tached at periods during the week
and sent to the Fort Humphrey
range, about a 7-mile march from
their headquarters, where they will
fire the usual range course. Col.
Oehmann has assigned Maj. Julian 8.
Cliff, commanding the 2d Battalion of
the 121st Regiment, and Lieut. Dunn
of the Headquarters and Service Com
pany, to take charge of this work.
Thursday night the enlisted men of
the regiment will give a dance, at
which are expected a large number
of friends and relatives from Wash
ington. Free bus service will be pro
vided between Alexandria and the
post. The following night the offi
cers of the regiment will give a
Week’s Schedale.
The modified schedule for the re
mainder of the encampment follows;
August 18—7:30 to 9:30 a.m., wire
entanglements: 9:40 to 11:30 a.m.,
demolition demonstration, all com
panies: Companies A and D will com
struct fool bridges and have tool
wagon demnostratlon and Companies
C and F will build heavy pontoon
bridges on Gunston Cove. In the aft
ernoon there will be musketry for the
enlisted personnel and saber drill for
the officers.
August 19 — Companies C and F,
7:80 to 9:80 a.m., srrlo entanglements;
9:40 to 11:80, demolition wltfc high
explosives. Companies E and B, 7;30
/ y
r ilk
V fy
He then was made an assistant as
sessor and later became chief of the
arrears division, which handles all
delinquent tax bills. In that position
he has located hundreds of persons
whose property was sold for taxes
at the annual sales, causing them to
redeem their holdings.
Born at Kalmouth, Va., in 1836, Mr.
Petty moved to Washington in 1851,
and lived here for ten years before
the Civil War. When the conflict
between the Stales began he went to
Front Royal, Va., and joined the
Warren County Rifles, In the Confed
erate army.
In the fighting at Frazier's Farm,
Petty was wounded and taken pris
oner. Later, in 1865, he was shot
again at Dlnwlddie Courthouse, nine
days before the surrender.
The war over and the States once
more reunited, Mr. Petty returned to
Washington and began the long
period of service in the local govern
ment. which he is now about to leave.
White Wings Dare
Death Daily 9 But
Few Are Injured
The White Wings who sweep the!
streets of Washington must carry :
the left hind foot of a rabbit as part '
of their equipment.
It may be that they have become
experts in the modern art of dodging
traffic, or possibly the traffic has be
come accustomed to their presence
and has learned to dodge them.
But, whatever the reason, the fact i
remains that while 175 of these
sweepers work day after day in the |
perilous streets, only seven of them J
have been hit by automobiles In a j
From morning until evening they j
push their brooms over the busy j
thoroughfares, while roadsters and |
limousines, street cars ’and heavy j
trucks breeze by their elbows. But •
seldom are they bowled over.
The pedestrian steps off the curb i
nervously and swings his head like!
a pnedulum to watch the oncoming]
1524 models as he makes for the op- ]
posite shore. But the White Wing j
slays out in the stream of moving, j
chugging cars ail day, and seems to
get away with it.
Perhaps the bravest of the White]
Wing army are the men who clean
the territory from Third to Fifteenth
street and from the Mall to 1 street.
They occupy the front-line traffic

Beware of rolling drowning per
sons over barrels to expel water
from their lungs. It is almost as
certain of dealing death to nearly
drowned persons as a dose of poison
is to a determined suicide. This is
the warning issued at the American
Red Cross headquarters.
Several cases where youths ap
parently could have been easily re
vived but died after having been
rolled on the barrel are said to have
been the reason for issuing the above
warning. Often the time spent In
hunting for a barrel has been a far
greater detriment than any possible
good that the barrel might do, it
was pointed out.
“Prone pressure, which is applied
with the hands to the small of the
back with the subject lying face
downward, effectually exudes the
water and bad air from the lungs
and stimulates heart action. It has
revived many persons taken from the
water after immersion as long as the
boy in question. Cases have been
known where left was restored after
Immersion as much as 20 minutes.”
Therefore the Red Cross has issued
the foliowing statement:
“Forget the barrel. . Waste no
time. Lay the victim on his stomach;
extend one arm directly over the
head: bend the other arm at the el
bow and rest his cheek on the hand
to keep nose and mouth off the
ground. Knee, facing forward, strad
dling his legs. Place palms of hands
on each side of back just above belt
line. With arms straight, lean gradu
ally forward, pressing downward and
forward and counting slowly, one,
two, three. Swing your body bark,
counuting slowly, four. five. Straight
en arms and repeat pressure. Keep
up work steadily until breathing be
gins. Unless a doctor takes charge,
remove victim, well covered, on a
stretcher to a hospital or to his
home. Don’t get discouraged; stick
to It for two or even three hours if
to 9:30 a.m., construction of foot
bridges, and from 9:40 to 11:30 a.m.,
tool wagon demonstration: Companies
A and D, 7:30 to J1:.'!0 a.m.. construc
tion of heavy pontoon bridges. In
the afternoon there will be musketry
for all companies and a lecture for
the officers.
August 20—All companies, 7:30 to
11:30 a.m., field exercise;, all com
panies, 1:30 to 3:30 p.m., supervised
athletics; all officers, 3:45 to 4:15
p.m., lecture.
August 21 —All companies, 7:30 to
11:30 a.n>„ field exercise; all com
panies. 1:30 to 2:30 p.m., making
packs, display equipment, pitching
tents; all companies, 2:45 to 0:30
p.m., company atid battalion close
order drill; alt officers. 3:45 to 4:15
p.m., equitation.
August 22—A1l companies. 7:30 to
S a.m.. mass games; all companies,
8:15 to 9:15 a.m., extended order drill;
all companies, 9:30 to 11:30 a.m.. gas
instruction; all companies, 1:30 to
2:30 p.m., making packs, display
equipment, pitching tents: all com
panies. 2:45 to 3:30 p.m., company and
battalion close order drill; all of
ficers, 3:45 to 4:15 p.m.. saber drill.
August 23—A1l companies. 7:30 to
8 a.m., mass games; all companies.
8:16 to 9:15 a.m., extended order drill;
all companies, 9:30 to 11:30 a.m., bat
talion inspection; afternoon, athletics.
August 24—Leaving camp.
District Sportsmen Will Find
Much Nearby Ground Now
Closed to Them.
There was a time when thousands
of Washintonians hailed with delight
the advent of September 1. They were
the sportsmen who found enjoyment
on the local marshes shooting reed
birds. ortolans, and blackbirds. The
number has now decreased to hun
dreds, according to some of the en
thusiasts already making prepara
tions to start the warfare the first
day of the approaching season.
It was pointed out that reclamation
of the I’otomac and Anacostta flats
has deprived the District of a larger
portion of one of the best feeding
places in the United States for the
migratory birds. Wild oats in the
marshes grew just a trifle better
here than elsewhere. St was said, and
the Utile ones fattened faster than on
other marshes.
But Uncle Sam's Reclamation
Service i» fast depriving the birds of
their resting and feeding place here,
and soon there probably will be none
of the marsh left. Between Anacos
tia and Penning Bridges, where oats
usually were thickest, most of the
marsh has been reclaimed, part of It
being occupied by the Potomac
Garden Club.
Much Ground Closed.
On the east of the river the seawall
lias been finished practically all the
way to Penning Bridge, closing much
of the feeding and shooting grounds
there, and at other points, it is stated,
there is not the 300-yard space re
quired by law for hunting purposes.
North of Benning Bridge only a com-,
paratively small portion of the flatfc
has been reclaimed, and there lx
plenty of gunning space as far as the
Distritt line.
There also is gunning space across
the line in Prince Georges County.
Md.. but the Washington sportsman
who crosses the divide without being
equipped with a Maryland license,
may expect to run afoul of Maryland
sheriff, deputy or constable. Licenses
may be obtained from the clerk of
any county court.
Under the provisions of the Mars
land law non-resident gunners pay 85
for the privilege of shooting in a sin
gle county, the resident fee being $1
State-wide licenses cost $lO to non
Goal of D. C. Homers.
The marshes of the Patuxent River,
extending through Prince Georges.
Calvert and Anne Arundel Counties,
and Marlboro, nearest to Washington,
are where most Washingtonians pay
their cash for the sporting prlvllege.
In addition to the license fee. they
are expected to patronize pushers
who earn a livelihood In the Fall
boating such persons. Their fee is
$2 a tide.
In the District of Columbia the law
provides no bag limit, while the
Maryland limitation for a tide is 50
ortolan and 75 reedbirds. There Is no
limitation on blackbirds. Sale of the
birds being prohibited both in the
District and Maryland, the pothunter,
is said to be an unknown quantity.
Sportsmen still find conditions a
trifle dangerous the first few days of
the season, some of the careless ones
persisting in discharging their guns
when something happens to move the
oats. That something, in many in
stances in the past, proved to be
gunners. and they received charges
of ;»hot about their faces or bodies.
While many gunners were wounded
over a number of years, feww fatalities
There is little left of the, marshes
| on the Virginia side of the Potomac,
I much of the flats having been re
-1 claimed, and part of what is left is
(said to he within the 300-yard limit
jof Key Bridge. Shooting within such
I distance of bridges, highways and
dwellings is prohibited. The small
l area of marsh left on the Virginia
j side, it is stated. Is too small to in
i tercst sportsmen.
Ready for Early Mart.
1 Persons interested in the sport al-
I ready are getting their guns condi
tioned for starting at daybreak Sep
; tember 1. Many of them will motor
j to the Maryland marshes the night
! before, while others will wait until
| the excitement incident to the open
j ing of the season is over before tak
: ing chances of getting shot,
j Lieut. H. H. Lehman, in command of
I the harbor precinct, will take all the
j precautions possible to prevent viola
j tions of the law and to care sorer
• sons who may be unfortunate enough
j to get wounded while on the marshes
j Sign posts will be erected for the
j guidance of the sportsmen, and one
i probably will be erected at the Dia-
I triet line to warn Washingtonians
I they may get a dose of Maryland law
; if the line is - crossed,
j “What about the birds?” was asked
; a boathouse keeper who caters to
i gunners.
j “Some of them already are here.”
j he answered, “and more unquestion
j ably are on the way.”
I Blackbirds are said to be here in
large numbers, and there are some
! reedbirds in evidence. Persons about
j the river say they have heard nothing
of ortolan being here, explaining that
such birds do not come until later.
They come when the weather gets
cooler and the oats have been tram
! pled.
Byous' Statement Not Mad* Be
fore Reserve Officers.
In a report of a statement of Intent,
Col. F. B. Ryons of the Reserve Offi
cers' Association of the District re
garding “Defense day as a business
proposition” and published in yester
day's Star, it was erroneously slated
that Col. Ryons made his statement
at n meeting of the Reserve Officers’
Association Friday night. There was
no meeting of the organization Fri
day night. The mistake was due to
a misunderstanding on the part of
the local committee In charge of De
fense day for Washington, which fur
nished information for the article to
T'he Star.
While the Reserve Officers did not
meet, it was stated by an official of
I the organization last night, they am
wholly in accord with Defense day
and with the remarks contained in
Col. Ryons' statement.
After a chase through downtown
streets, u man operating an automo
bile listed by police as stolen from
Earl Owen of 2022 Sixteenth street
drove up to the curb at Fourteenth
and H streets, hopped out and got
away before his pursuer. Detective
Frank Alligood of police headquar
ters. could make an arrest.
Alligood recognized the operator of
the cur as a man well known to the
local police and started after him at
Seventh and H streets. The little
coupe in which the fugitive was rid
ing weaved in and out of downtown
traffic to Fourteenth and H streets,
where it suddenly stopped. A woman
who was in the machine was taken la
police headquarters. She told the de
tective that she had accepted the in
vitation of the operator to ride, inas
much as she was late for an appoint
ment and the man looked respectable.
After her statement was verified she
was released.

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