Showers probably tonight and tomor
row, slightly wanner tonight; moderate
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ending at 2 p.m. today; Highest, 75. at
noon today; lowest, 55, at 1 ;30 a,m. to
day. Full report - on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 16
XT OO Entered as second class matter
IN O. OJU. post office Washington, D. C.
BOY SLAYERS’ FATE
FIXED BX CAVERLY
IN SEALED VERDICT
Judge Decides Fate of Leo
pold and Loeb After At
tending Church Service.
LAST SUNDAY IN OLD
CELLS QUIET FOR BOYS
“Dickie” Blames Girls Who
Thought Him Devilish for
By the Associated Tress.
CHICAGO. September B.—The fate of
Nathan P. Leopold, Jr., and Richard
Loeb. scions of old Chicago millionaire
families, who kidnapped and murdered
Robert Pranks last May 21, has been
Judge John R. Cavcrly has completed
Ihe decision he will render Wednesday
£is the last act of his connection with
the criminal courts of Cook County.
Upon it rests whether the youths shall
die upon the gallows or grow into man
hood in the Illinois State Penitentiary,
to which counsel pleaded that they be
Bent for life.
Three sheets of ruled manila paper,
containing approximately 1,000 words,
Is the decision of Judge Caverly, writ
ten yesterday after, under escort of a
police guard, he had attended church.
Review of Case Terse.
A short, terse review of the case, the
record of which reached into the thou
sands of pages, and his decision, with
the official form to be added as he pro
nounces sentence, was the result of the
judge’s labor. He has stated that after
his responsibility in the case has become
a matter of record he will fight for at
least three judges to sit in capital cases
where a jury trial has been waived
through a plea of guilty.
Using an ordinary lead pencil and a
few sheets of paper. Judge Caverly sat
at the desk in his library and wrote
out the document which will go down,
according to legal men, as one of the
most important decisions of modem
Today the rough draft will be turned
over to a stenographer, sworn to
secrecy, to be typewritten.
The world will know what the tired
little man wrote soon after 9:30
o’clock, central daylight saving time,
To Require Half Hour.
At that minute in a courtroom de
void of visitors .amj-with only the
defendants, guards, attorneys, rela
tives of the defendants and of their
14-year-old victim, and reporters
present, Judge Caverly will mount '
the bench, pronounce sentence, listen
to what pleas the attorneys may of
fer and adjourn court. It is planned
that the entire procedure shall re
quire about 30 minutes.
After that, the jurist, retiring to
the divorce court from the criminal
branch, will take his first vacation in
It had been Judge Caverly’s inten
tion to retire to some far-removed i
spot to review the Franks case and
■write his decision, buj he explained,
the nervous condition of his wife pre
vented. Mrs. Caverly tvas unnerved
several days ago when a crank tele
phoned to"* her that the judge had
been shot in a cemetery where he
was attending the burial of a cousin.
In the Cook County jail. Loeb and
Leopold spent Sunday listening to an
entertainment by several profession
als. It was the last Sunday they will
spend in their old cells. By next
Sunday they will be either in death
cells awaiting execution or in de
tention cells awaiting removal to the
Loeb Blame* Girls.
Girl friends, who tried to reform
bim, making him "feel so devilish
and mysterious instead of stupid."
was ascribed as the reason for his
downfall by Loeb, it developed yes
terday when a conversation he had
held with a girl schoolmate was
The girl friend, who called at the
county jail to see Loeb recently, re
called today that she had blurted to
the young college student: "your’re
just plain stupid—l'd never have be
lieved it of you. *
"His eyes fell and the most shamed
expression crossed his sac
know, being stupid is the only crime
In Dickie’s lexicon," she said.
“ ‘lf the girls, who tried to reform
me had made me feel as stupid as
you do. I might not be here await
ing to learn whether I’m to be hang
ed or shut away for life. The others'
made me feel so devilish and mysteri
ous,’ ” she quoted Loeb as saying.
GERMAN WAR-GUILT NOTE
NOT RECEIVED IN PARIS
Conviction Grows That Denial of
Besponsibility for Struggle
Will Not Be Made.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, September B.—The note
which it was reported Germany In
tended issuing to disavow her re
sponsibility for the war, has not yet
been received by the French foreign
office, and there is a well defined
opininlon in foreign office quarters
that such a document will not be
Official information given out today,
however, was to the effect that should
such a note reach the Qual D’Orsay
a reply quoting the treaty of Ver
sailles as to responsibility for the j
war should be immediately dispatched j
WOMAN, 102," DANCES JIG.
Afterward She Eats Pickled Beets;
Has 183 Descendants.
BALDWIN, N. Y., September B.
Mrs. Hannah Eldred entertained 80
of her 183 descendants yesterday
In honor of her 102 d birthday by j
dancing a Jig with which they used
to enliven the Virginia reel when
she was young.
She said she could dance like
several times a s week If birthdays
only came often enough. After the
jig she ate pickled beets and cold
World Flyers Reach New York
After Flight From Boston
Forecast of Rainstorms Moving Toward
Capital From Ohio May Delay
Start From Gotham.
By the Associated Presa.
MITCHEL FIELD, N. T., Septem
ber B.—The Army’s round-the-world
flyers reached the aviation field here
at 3:30 p.m. today from Boston.
BOSTON AIRPORT, September B.
The Army’s world flyers took off
from the airport here today at
12:02:30 p.m., beginning the series of
jumps that will complete, at Seattle,
the circumnavigation of the world.
Weather conditions were good. They
expected to arrive at Mitchel Field
at 3 p.m.
The flagplane Chicago, with the
flight commander. Lieut. Lowell H.
Smith, in the pilot seat, was first
away. With the new wheeled under
carriage that replaced pontoons here
yesterday, the Chicago sped down the
long shank of the “T” runway of the
airport and had gained the air and
flying speed at 12:02:30. Lieut. Smith
was off with a wave of the hand, 43
seconds in advance of the Boston 11,
commanded by Lieut. Leigh Wade.
The New Orleans came down the run
way to take the air at 12:03:43. The
world cruisers flew off for New
their course taking them again over
Boston Common, where they assumed
the formation for the 225-mlle flight.
Maj. Gen. Mason M. Patrick, flying
MAINE VOTE TODAY
Democrats Fought Campaign
on Klan Issue —Balloting
May Set Record.
By the Associated Press.
PORTLAND, Me., September B.
The largest vote In the history of
Maine is expected to be cast In to
day's biennial State election in which
the contest for governor, waged
largely on the Ku Klux Klan issue,
overshadows all other consideration.
As a result of the spirited campaign
Just closed and the fine weather
promised for polling day, party lead
ers expected all records to be broken
in numbers voting.
Officers of the Democratic State
committee today predicted that Wil
liam R. ’Pattargall, former State at
torney general and Democratic can
didate for governor, would carry oft
_j._gl.uraiity of from 15,000 to 30,000.
In his campaign speeches Mr. Pat
tangall denounced the Klan, point
ing to the fact that State Senator
Ralph O. Brewster, his Republican
opponent, was supported by the Klan
in his primary campaign.
G. O. P. Equally Confident.
Chairman George L. Emery of the
Republican State committee, on the
other hand, predicted for Mr. Brew
ster a victory by from 25.000 to
40,000 votes. The Republican candi
date in his campaign made no men
tion of the Klan, but emphasized
national issues and his support ot
Leaders of both parties declared
that a careful canvass of the State
Indicated that thousands who never
before took an interest in political
affairs would appear at the polls to
day-. The largest vote cast previous
ly In Maine was 205,400, in the 1900
United States Senator Bert M. Fer
nald and all four Congressmen from
Maine have been renominated by the
Republicans. Considerable inteest
attached to the result of the congres
sional elections, because of possible
bearing on National politics.
Rare* Closely Watched.
Recalling the old political proverb:
“As Maine goes so goes the country,”
Democrats everywhere watched the
result of today's voting with keen
interest. Two years ago when Mr.
I’attangall was Democratic nominee
for governor he was defeated by Per
cival I’. Baxter. Republican, by a
plurarity of 28,457 votes in a total
vote polled of 178.969. In 1920 the
Republican candidate for governor
was elected by a margin of 65,346
and the State gave Harding for Presi
dent later in the year a pluarlty of
The Closest vote in the congres
sional contest of 1922 was in the
second district, where Congressman
Wallach H. White, Jr., received a
plurality of 3,569 over Bertrand C.
Mclntlre, who also is the Democratic
candidate this year. Senator Fer
nald is opposed by Fulton J. Redman,
who once was elected to the State
Legislature as a Republican.
COUZENS IN HASP FIGHT.
Michigan Primary Election Tomor
row Has Coolidge for Issue.
By the Associated Press.
DETROIT, Mich., September 8.
President Coolidge will be an issue
in the Republican vote for a United
States senatorial candidate when
Michigan residents ballot tomorrow
in a state-wide primary election.
On one side Federal Judge Arthur
J. Tuttle is aligned strongly behind
Coolidge and Dawes. On the other
Senator James Couzens, seeking nom
ination for the first time (he went to
the Senate by appointment of Gov.
Groesbeck) has stated he also favors
Coolidge, but he has been attacked
during a strenuous campaign because
his vote on several measures was
registered against the President. His
| political adversaries also have sought
| to make capital of his failure to give
I positive indorsement to the Repub
lican vice presidential candidate,
stress being laid on the possibility of
the presidential election being thrown
Wet and Dry Issne Up.
An effort to inject the wet and dry
issue has been made through the en
dorsement by the Anti-Saloon League
of Judge Tuttle and an attack by the
league on Senator Couzens’ wet lean
; ings, although Senator Couzens has
declared he favors prohibition en
On the State ticket seven men are
seeking the Republican gubernatorial
nomination, with Gov. Alex Groes
beck asking a third terra.
Democratic candidates generally
are unopposed. i
V J V V WITH SUNDAY MOENING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER’S, 1924-TWENTY-SIX PAGES. *_
the first of three escorting planes,
was up and away a few moments
later, and when the world flyers re
turned over the airport after circling
the city proper, he was up to join
In the wake of the world cruisers
was an escorting fleet of three De
Havilands, two Martin bombers, and
a Navy De Haviland plane, piloted by
_Lleut. H. A. Brow.
This escort by the Navy was In
tended as Its last act In Its participa
tion that had taken the Navy ships
and men much of the way around the
world with the men of the Army. The
getaway from the airport here by the
world cruisers was accomplished
quickly. Returning from a box lun
cheon, Lieut. Smith and his fellow
flyers clambered into their cockpits,
got the word from On. Patrick that
all was ready, taxied out and were
They passed over Boston again and
then took up the flight to New York
via Providence and along the Con
necticut shore of Long Island Sound.
AIRMBN TO AVOID RISK.
Although Maj. Gen. Patrick, chief of
the Army Air Service, notified members
of his staff here today that the world
flyers should be expected to reach
(Continued on Page 3. Column 2.)
NATS LEAD A'S, 4-1,
END OT 2D INNING
Walter Johnson and Baum
gartner Oppose on Slab
in Opening Tilt.
How They Stand.
W. L. Pet. Win. Lose.
Washington 78 56 .582 .585 .578
New York 76 58 .567 .570 .563
McNeely. es. Hale, 3b.
Harris, tb. Lamar, If.
Klee. if. Miller, rs.
Goslin. If. Hauser, lb.
Kuel, 0. Simmons, cf.
Bluege. 3b. Dykes. *b.
Keck. ss. Galloway, it.
Shirley, lb. Perkins, o.
Johnson, p. Baumgartner, p.
Umpire* Messrs. Hildebrand and ConnaQy,
BY JOHN B. KELLER.
SHIBE PARK, Philadelphia, Sep
tember B.—Pilot Harris named Walter
Johnson, premier hurler of the
American League, for the mound as
signment in the Bucks* opening game
of their swing around the circuit.
Connie Mack, lean tactician of the
Athletics, started Baumgartner, left
hander of the Quaker City aggrega
Whether the fighting Griffs start West
Thursday night for their all-im
portant swing through the outposts
of the American League as front
runners or trailing the Yankees prob
ably will be determined by the out
come of the series of four games to
be played with the Athletics starting
Judged by past performances this
season the Nationals while here
should have little difficulty in retain
ing the advantage of two games they
now hold over‘New York in the race
for the pennant, as the records for
the 18 contests staged to date be
tween the Washlpgton and Phila
delphia clubs show a wide margin in
favor of the visitors, a wider margin,
in fact, than New York holds over the
Red Sox, who are being played in
Boston by the Hugmen while the
Grlffmen are engaged here.
WASHINGTON—McNeeIy tripled to
right. Harris sacrificed to center,
McNeely scoring after the catch. Rice
filed to Simpson. Goslin singled to
right. Ruel out, third to first. One
PHILADELPHIA—HaIe filed to Mc-
Neely. Bluege tossed our Lamar.
Miller beat out a hit to deep short.
Hauser went out, Johnson to Shirley.
. SECOND INNING.
WASHINGTON Bluege walked.
Dykes threw out Peck, stopping
at second. Shirley bounced a triple off
the left field stands, scoring Bluege.
Johnson singled over Hale’s head!
scoring Shirley. McNeely scratched a
hit through Dykes, Johnson pulling up
at second. Johnson scored and Mc-
Neely took third on Harris’ single to
right. Rice rolled to Dykes, who
touched second, forcing out Harris, and
got the ball to first ahead of the
batter. Three runs.
to center. McNeely lost Dykes’ fly to
deep center in the sun and It became
a double, scoring Simmons. Galloway
fanned. Perkins fouled to Bluege. One
HUSBAND DIES OF GAS,
WIFE IS NEAR DEATH
Police Believe He Turned On Jet
in Despondency While
Hubert Randolph, 28, died today
frrffn gas poisoning at Casualty Hos
pital, where his wife is In a serious
condition and unconscious from the
Randolph and his wife, Mrs. Gladys
Rand.olp.ij,. were, found In .their, room,
at 154' East Capitol street, yesterday
morning by a roomer in the house,
who had smelled gas. Two notes were
found, both apparently written by
Randolph, in which he stated that he
had come’home’at 12:46 and Ms wife
had just gotten in.
One note declared that he loved his
wife “better than anything else in
the world,” and-indicated despondency
as the reason for suicide In the words,
“I am tired.” Police believe that he
turned on the gas while his wife slept
and then went to bed himself. Mrs.
Randolph has a slight chance to re
cover, it was said at the hospital.
OF NEXT WAR STIRS
Chemical Devices Will An
nihilate Civilians Like Sol
diers, Say Experts.
LONDON, PARIS, NEW YORK
WOULD BE DEVASTATED
MacDonald Believes League Has
Begun Move to Head Off Dis
aster to Nations.
BY PAUL SCOTT MOWRER.
By Caftlp to The Star and Chicago Daily New*.
GENEVA, September B.—A terrible
picture of destruction of great cities
like London, Paris and New York, by
chemicals In case no effective agree
ments are reached for preventing a
new war, la drawn in a report just
presented by the special commission
on chemical warfare of the League of
This report is not considered fan
tastic or exaggerated. It Is based
on consultations with the following
experts: Professors Cannot of Har
vard, Zanettl of Columbia Univer
sity, Mayer of Paris, Angel of
Florence, Pfeiffer of Breslau. Bordet
of Brussels, Madsen of Copenhagen
and Paterno of Rome.
The experts agree that the next
war will treat civilians the same as
soldiers, and that It will strlks at
great cities by long-range guns and
aircraft. They fear peoples fail to
realize the awful dangers by which
they are threatened. Protection of
combatants against gases will be
difficult, and protection of civilians
No Limit to Devastation.
While there is no conceivable limit
to the power, efficacy and variety of
chemical warfare, the principal chem
icals already used are tear gas, which
blinds temporarily; sneeze gas, which
causes uncontrollable sneezing, in
tolerable headaches and fits of suffo
cation; mustard gas, which blisterjj
the skin, eats away the mucous mem
branes, and penetrates the earth and
clothing and is dangerous for days;
asphyxiating gas. which kills by
hemorrhage of the lungs, and syncope
toxic gas, which kills by instant
All of the gases are fatal if highly
concentrated, and, even In cases that
are not fatal. If the lungs are affected
the bad effects are lifelong.
Furthermore, the possibility is seri
ously considered of dropping disease
germs In glass globes on cities from
aircraft, and Prof. Caginot thinks
whole harvests could be ravaged by
similarly scattering parasites. All of
chemicals are easy to produce,
and factories can be turned from peace
to war overnight, which fact, says
Prof. Zanettl, "Introduces an element
of fear and distrust toward a chem
ically powerful neighbor that can
easily be understood by those famil
iar with the possibilities of chemical
Give* Vast Superiority.
Prof. Mayer adds; "It gives Immense
superiority to a power with hostile
intentions. An Injurious substance
studied in secret and manufactured in
large quantities, launched unexpect
edly against any unprepared popula
tion, can completely destroy every
shadow of resistance.”
The report concludes that it may
be said that chemical attacks by
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
ZR-3 ROUTE PICKED
VIA NORTH TO U. S.
Naval Tender to Take Station Off
Greenland—Dirigible to Start
by September 20.
By the Associated Press.
BOSTON, September B.—The dirigi
ble ZR-3, built in Germany for this
Government by the Zeppelin Com
pany, will come to this country by
the Northern Atlantic route this
month, it was learned at the Charles
town navy yard today. The tender
Patoka, which has been serving the
airship Shenandoah with her special
ly designed mooring mast, was pre
paring to leave here tomorrow to
meet the dirigible.
The Patoka’s orders are to arrive
about 300 miles south of Cape Fare
well, Greenland, not later than Sep
tember 15. The ZR-3 is due to leave
Frierichshafen about September 20,
, and the Patoka will be on hand off
Greenland to proffer her services
should the new dirigible's command
ed find a midocean stop necessary.
Commander George J. Meyers is In
command of the Patoka.
Departure of the Zeppelin ZR-3 for
America now depends upon delivery
of her engines with the latest modifi
cations, naval observers at Frledrlch
shafen, where she Is under construc
tion for the American Government,
reported today' to the Navy Depart
ment. Not until then, the dispatch
said, will the airship be taken on the
35-hour flight which Is to be her final
test before starting the transatlantic
■Journey. It was estimated, however,
that the date of departure would not
be later than September 20.
The second trial flight of nine hours
was even more successful than the
first, the report said. Traveling over
Gabenburg, Stuttgarts, Nuremburg
a'nd Munich, the airship “behaved ex
cellently. and there was no trouble
found In any of her equipment.
GLASS HITS DAVIS TOUR.
Does Not. Approve of Candidate’s
Policy, Senator Says.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
RICHMOND, Va., September B.
Senator Carter Glass, In a letter to a
man'in'this city, says that he sees
little chance for getting Into the
campaign this Fall and that his phy
sician Is not at all encouraging along
that line. Senator Glass says he is
delighted with the reports that are
coming In of the campaign being con
ducted by the Democrats, but he says
he does not much approve the idea of
the presidential candidate swinging
around acd makJhg speeches.
League Peace Plan Is Europe's
Desperate Move to Avert War
Visible and Invisible Dangers Marked on
Many Sides—Full Co-operation of
V. S. Held Essential.
BY EDWARD PRICE BEU.
Correspondent of Tlie Star and the Chicago
(For 20 years Edward Price Bell,
an American bom and trained news
paper man. represented American
newspapers in London. He came to
know intimately all of the statesmen
of England and many of those of oth
er countries. Therefore his interpre
tation of events at Geneva and threats
of war In various parts of the world
is that of a recognized authority.>
Even the most stable and tranquil
parts of Europe are shaky and nerv
ous. Not one of the essentials of
peace has been established. Inter
allied debts still threaten.
Five-sixtJUs of the total inhabitants
of the globe, their voices heard
through the delegates of 54 nations in
th% assembly at Geneva, are calling
for a reduction of armaments, but
practical statesmen see the ground
FALL ASKS HALTING
OF NEW OIL PROBE
Declares Grand Jury Inquiry
Is Blind to Secure Evi
dence for Prosecution.
Albert B. Fall of New Mexico, for
mer Secretary of the Interior, today
made an attempt in the District Su
preme Court to halt the Government’s
new probe into the oil situation
which has been in progress before
the Federal grand jury for the past
week. Through Attorney Henry A.
Wise of New York and Cooke & Bene
mann of Washington the former Sec
retary charges that abase of the
process of the court is being made
by Atlee Pomerene and Owen J. Rob
erts, special counsel for the United
States in the oil prosecutions, by
summoning witnesses before the
grand jury on a ‘'fishing expedition.”
In his petition Mr. Fall asks that
subpeonas already Issued be quashed
and the proceedings stopped.
Justice Siddons issued a rule on the
Government’s special counsel to show
cause tomorrow why the proceeding
before the grand jury should not be
Lists Many Complaints.
Mr. Fall points out in proof of his
claim that the proceeding before the
grand jury is not for the purpose of
securing additional indictments, but
to gather evidence to bolster up the
Government’s charges, both in the
criminal cases against Fall and
others and In the civil proceedings
before Western courts to recover oil
lands held in lease that during the
session of the grand Jury a stenogra
pher has been present who is not an
attorney, nor an assistant to the at
torney general. Any indictment re
ported by a grand Jury when an out
sider was present during the taking
of testimony would not be legal, it is
claimed, and the fact that the services
of this court reporter have been used
by Pomerene and Roberts proves they
do not seek an indictment, but are
looking only for evidence and using
the power of the grand Jury to make
persons bring papers before that body
which the counsel could not otherwise
require to be shown.
Among the witnesses summoned and
whose use Mr. Fall seeks to prevent
are C. E. Crawley, vice president of
the Sinclair Consolidated Oil Corpora
tion; R. W. Stewart, a director of the
Sinclair Crude Oil Purchasing Com
pany and A. E. Humphreys, formerly
president of the Humphreys Mexia
Delay la Proceedings.
Mr. Fall insists that the proceeding
here is similar to one recently con
ducted by the same Government at
torney in New York City, where wit
nesses were called before the grand
jury and no indictment secured.
Attorney Wise had expected the oil
inquiry would proceed today and had
asked the court to issue a rule forth
with, but no learning that no wit
nesses were expected until Wednes
day changed his request and took a
rule returnable tomorrow.
Radio Programs—Page 14.
buried deep in obstructions that must
be removed before this ideal can be
more than an Ideal.
Stirring scenes have been enacted
within the past week at Geneva.
MacDonald and Herriot were given
ovations by the earnest and deeply
moved delegates of the assembly of
the League of Nations. And. both
premiers talked business. They did
not wring their hands In the presence
of difficulties. They did not waste
time talking about difficulties, great
as these are. They propose clear
cut work toward a feasible scheme of
compulsory arbitration, national se
curity and progressive disarmament.
RnMia to Join Later.
Russia was not there, but Russia
will be; it is only a question of time.
Germany was not there, but she will
be—and probably very soon. And al
ready her leading statesmen, espe
cially Chancellor Marx, are reiterat
ing their devotion to the ideals of
(Continued on Page 4, Column l7) ’
LABOR HEADS MEET
LA TOILETTE HERE
Discuss Means of Co-Ordi
nating Forces Behind Ticket
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Senator Robert M. La Follette, head
of the third ticket, today met with
influential leaders of organized labor
at the La Follette-Wheeler head
quarters in the Machinist Building.
The labor leaders, who had gath
ered here for a conference over ways
and means of co-ordinating the forces
of labor in behalf of the Independent
Progressive ticket, gave the Wiscon
sin Senator a hearty welcome and
Senator La Follette addressed the
With much impartiality, Senator
La Follette rapped the Republicans
and Democrats, insisting that the big
question in the presidential cam
“Are the American people strong
enough to possess themselves of the
government originally designed for
“One of the fundamental issues in
this campaign," he continued, “is the
high cost of living, as it was in 1912,
when Woodrow Wilson clearly defined
it in understandable terms.
“Shall the people of America con
tinue to be subjected to the control
of special interests which crack the
whip In the corridors of the Capitol,
swagger in the White House, dictate
appointments in the cabinet and con
trol the markets of the country?
These powers have been in control,
otherwise we would not have had a
Palmer and we would not have had
a Daugherty in the councils of the
Senator La Follette called atten
tion to the false basis ot reckoning
(Continued on Page 2. Column 2.)
Prince Finds Kings Don’t Rank High
In Democracy—Except in Pairs
BY ROBERT T. SMALL.
NEW YORK, September B.
Several mysterious nocturnal ab
sences on the part of the Prince of
Wales lately have led to the sus
picion In some of our best Long
Island circles that the young heir
to tne British throne may have
been studying surreptitiously the
American view of the relative 1m- >
portance of kings and queens—to
say nothing of Jacks and 10-spots .
The prince must be convinced by
this time that a lone king doesn’t
amount to much unless he happens
to partake of the nature of a royal
flush, or unless he chances to help
make things “straight.” Most
Americans prefer their kings in ,
pairs or trios. Some have been
known 'to welcome them moat
heartily when, like angels’ visits.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Saturday's Circulation, 87,472
Sunday’s Circulation, 96,730
OVER BUTLER ACT
Chairman’s Indorsement of
Gillett for Senate Causes
BY O. MESSEXGER.
(Staff Correspondent of The Star.)
NEW YORK, September 8. —Con-
sternation has been created among Re
publican leaders here by the action of
William S. Butler, chairman of the Re- I
publican national committee, in indors- I
ing sneaker Gillett of the House of j
Representatives for the Republican j
nomination for the T.'nited States Senate j
in the Massachusetts primary election j
to be held Tuesday. The explicit In- j
dorsement of the speaker by Chairman
Butler in face of the candidacy of Rep
resentative Ballinger and of Louis A.
Coolidge. former Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury, not only has caused a
sfensation, but has created alarm as to
the possible effect. It has likewise
served to raise a question In the minds
ot Republicans as to the danger of the
possibility of Chairman Butler “pulling
a bone” under more important circum
It is remembered that Chairman
Butler's course at the Cleveland con
vention gummed up the cards on the
vice presidential nomination. The
thing the Republicans are most afraid
of now is the possibility of tactical
mistakes being made in the campaign,
and Chairman Butler's action does
not serve to abate the apprehension.
A bitter factional fight exists over
the Republican nomination for the
senatorahip in New Jersey, the out
come of which, as has been pointed
out in The Star's special dispatches,
may affect the presidential campaign.
It is thought that New Jersey Re
publicans will not view with equa
nimity the interposition of Chairman
Butler in the Massachusetts primary
Protest Caiaes Attention.
The vigorous protest of Representa
tive Ballinger against Chairman But
ler’s action attracted widespread at
tention here today. Mr. Ballinger ex
pressed the fear that Mr. Butler's
course will drive fair-minded Repub
licans from the party if they believe
"the Republican party has become
boss-ridden." Mr. Coolidge, in his
dignified statement, is quoted as say
ing that Mr. Butler had no authority
to speak for the President, and cites
a recent statement of the President
that it would be manifest impropriety
for him to take side in the primaries.
Republicans here are looking for
ward to the elections in November
with concern, well posted leaders be
ing not at all over confident that Sen
ator Walsh is doomed to defeat for
re-election. They are disturbed by
the suggestion voiced by Mr. Bal
linger that independent Republicans
may resent Chairman Butler's course
and vote for Walsh.
Capital for Foes.
It is expected that New Jersey
Bemocrats and the La Follette men
in that State will seize upon the
Massachusetts Incident to make capi
tal against the alleged “close cor
poration” tendency of the Republican
Today’s balloting in Maine is being
watched with tense Interest by the
Republican leaders here. Getting
down to brass tacks, they are pinning
their hopes of a victory for the State
ticket on an expected landslide of
Last hour reports are conflicting
as to the probable outcome of the
election. While the Republicans are
stoutly claiming that the Maine
(Continued on Page 2, Column 67)
they have arrived four at a time.
It was reported, with all the
trimmings of verisimilitude, before
the prince arrived in this country
for a fortnight’s holiday that he
had expressed a desire to “sit In”
at a real poker game. Poker is
not unknown In England. As a
matter of fact when an English
man once learns poker it is ex
tremely difficult to break him of
the habit. Also it is reliably re
ported that poker is not an entire
stranger to the Western provinces
of Canada, where lies the prince’s
own wild Western ranch.
In any event, the prince has
been rather mysterious about his
poker intentions. When some of
the newspaper men who first •
greeted him asked “how come."
the prince In the best vernacular
of the day replied out of the cor
ner of bis mouth: “Cut that out.*
CIVIL WAR IN CIA
TO GREAT STRUGGLE
Manchuria to Fight Peking
Government and Canton
WORK OF KIANGSU ARMY
Chang Tso-Lin Declares Recog
nized Rulers of Nation Are
By the Associated Press.
SHANGHAI, September B.—Armies
of Gen. Changr Tso-Lin. war Jord of
Manchuria, were in the field today
sweeping down from Manchuria toward
Peking against the forces of Gen. IVu
Pei-fu his old military rival, to create
a new front in China’s civil war, which
has been confined to fighting west and
south of Shanghai, between rival mili
tary governors for \he possession of
the gateway city.
The latest military gesture in China's
internal complications will make the
territory between Mukden, principal
city of Manchuria, and Peking in
Chihli province, an armed camp, 1,000
miles away from the Shanghai line of
Long Front Expected.
Out of a series of reports today there
was an indication that military orders
issued from Peking showed that ac
tivities were under way in provinces
dividing the separated fields of battle
and before many hours the area from
Shanghai to Peking would be one con
nected point of conflict, TSO miles in
On the battle lines west and south of
Shanghai, added fury was given to the
fighting over Sunday by *he extension
of the battle line southwest across
Taihu Lake at Changhing, 100 miles
southwest of Shanghai to Lluho, 30
miles northwest of here.
Advances on all fronts, but par
ticularly west of Taihu (Lake) and
near Kiating, in the Liuho sector,
were claimed tonight at the Lungwha
! headquarters of the Chekiang troops
| holding back the Kiangsu advance on
The second army, under command
j of Gen. Chen Yao-san, Including the
1 4th Division and part of the 10th Dl
j vision of the Chekiang troops, as well
| as some forces from Fukien province,
1 south of Chekiang, has been fighting
on the west side of Taihu since yes
terday. attacking northward from
Changhing, about 15 miles south of
the provincial border.
If this move can be carried out the
Chekiang generals plan to attack the
Kiangsu troops simultaneously on
two sides—on the west from Chang,
chow, and on the east from Hwangtu,
a present point of battle contact 03
The objective of this attack is th|
city of Changchow, on the Shanghai*
Nanking Railway and the Grand Ca«
nal. Capture of that city would per.
mit the Chekiang forces to cut the
railway in the rear of the Kiangsu
forces attacking Shanghai.
That campaign, however, still is
somewhat in the future. On the ba
sis of reports from the campaign west
of Taihu today, I’ak Loh. secretary to
Ho Feng-Lin, defense commissioner
of Shanghai, predicted the capture of
Thing, about a ozen miles nort of
i the Kiangsu border, either today or
Llnho-,fader Shell Fire.
Liuho was under heavy shell fire
and continuous machine gun and rifle
fire of both sides. Gen. Ho Feng-
Ling, defense commissioner of Shang
hai under Lu Yung-Hsien. the gov
ernor of Chekiang, spent the day in
this sector, personally directing the
The Chekiang dead and wounded
there yesterday numbered perhaps
200. The number of casualties con
tinues out of proportion to the tre
mendous amount of firing. The eye
witness related the haphazard meth
ods on the front lines, saying that
the soldiers were discharging rifles
and even field pieces utterly regard
less of aiming, often simply pointing
them at the sky.
Lungwha headquarters of the Che
kiang army claimed new gains along
the railway. Desperate attacks were
aimed at Anting.
Driving for Railroad.
Only the meagerest reports were
received of the fighting, west and
southwest of Taihu Lake, where the
Kiangsu troops were said to be driv
ing for the Sungkiang-Hangshow Rail
The Chekiang Lungwha headquar
ters had not confirmed reports that
two whole battalions of Kiangsu
troops had deserted and joined the
enemy, bringing with them their
arms and equipment. Neither were
the Shanghai settlement police able
to confirm the rumor that Kiangsu
supporters were secretly recruiting
in Shanghai a regiment of "riffraff”
to strike at the rear of the Chekang
army as soon as the Kiangsu forces
score gains against Woosung, a su
Although the invading armies of
Chi Shieh-yuan, military governor of
Kiangsu Province, have been battling
for four days against the defending
forces of Gen. Lu Yung-hsiang, mili
tary governor of Chekiang Province,
for possession of Shanghai, no de
cisive battle has been fought.
Inspired by Peking.
Belated official permission of the
Peking government to the Invading
forces of the Kiangsu governor to
proceed announced yesterday, was
said to have prompted the move by
Gen. Chang Tso-lin; an ally of Lu
Yung-hsiang. Wu Pei-fu commands
the military forces of the Peking
The basis of the order against Lu
Yung-Hsiang from Peking was that
he had revolted and rallied around
him outlawed elements of the popu
lation. and that Chi had stood for
the gravest crimes w.<lcb cannot be
tolerated under the laws o< the Chi
From south China reports were re
ceived that Dr. Sun Yat Sen was pre
paring to lend military support to
his friend Lu Yung-hsiang, In de
fending Shanghai and a new army
was therefore expected to bob up in
the field from the south today.
Entrance of the Manchurian War Lord
Chang Tso-lin into the fray against the
Peking government opens anew a
fight for control of the machinery at
on Page 2. Column Li
xml | txt