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THE EVENING STAR
tVitli Sunday Morning: Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
. MONDAY September 8, 1924
THEODORE W. NOYES Editor
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
Business Office, 11th St. tnd Penus.TlTsnls Are.
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Member of the Associated Press.
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to the use for repnhllrttion of all adis-
Jatchet credited to it or not otherwise eredlted
n this paper and also the local news pub
lished herein. All rights of publication of
special dispatches herein are also referred.
Maine Today.
Maine votes today for State officers.
A bitter Republican fight for nomina
tion for governor was waged, with the
Ku Klux Klan issue dividing factions.
The Democrats have named an anti-
Klan candidate to oppose the Klan’s
candidate of the Republican who
won in the final primary count.
Democratic hopes are high for suc
cess on this score. They look to the
two prior Democratic victories since
the Civil War. that of Plaisted in
1900 and that of Curtis in 1914, as
ground for their present expectations.
In both of those years the Republican
ranks were seriously split. Plaisted
won by 7.500 and Curtis by 3,500. Two
years ago Gov. Baxter. Republican,
won against Pattangall by about
27,000, which is approximately 2,000
over the normal Republican majority.
Pattangall is again the Democratic
nominee against State Senator Ralph
O. Brewster.
The importance of the Maine elec
tion has been perhaps somewhat ex
aggerated in the past by reason of a
saying that was evolved during the
years following the Civil War, years
marked by unbroken Republican vic
tories, that “as goes Maine so goes the
Union.” At present Democratic lead
ers are stressing the adage in antici
pation of a victory for Pattangall to
day, while the Republican leaders are
minimizing it on the ground that even
if Maine should go Democratic it
would be by reason of a local issue.
Maine, voting in September, has not
always been an index to the country’s
political verdict in November. It did
not presage Cleveland’s election in
1884, nor his second election in 1892.
It did not in 1912, despite the deep
Republican split over the presidency,
nor in 1916, when Mr. Wilson was
re-elected. It did not in 1900, while
despite Plaisted's election as Demo
cratic governor in Maine the State
and the Nation voted the re-election
of President McKinley.
Yet a Democratic victory in Maine
today would greatly hearten that
party throughout the country, even
though it were due to a local factional
division. It would afford “talking
ground’’ for Democratic speakers. It
would perhaps serve to make the Ku
Klux Klan question more tangibly a
factor in the national campaign.
Whatever the result, however, today's
fight in Maine remains a local contest
on local issues, In which the presiden
tial contest is not directly Involved
and may not be in anywise affected.
Watei Front Improvement.
The proposal to improve the water
front of Washington channel comes
into prominence once more through
the annual report of the wharf com
mittee to the District Commissioners.
The plan for improving that part of
the city has adequate indorsement.
Water street, in Southwest Washing
ton. could be made one- of the fine
streets of Washington and would give
quick and easy connection between
South Washington and Potomac Park.
The wharf line should be made regu
lar and substantial, and sightly wharf
buildings for the accommodation and
encouragement of river traffic should
be erected. There was a time when
the water front, much busier than
now, was a part of the city that was
only seen by persons having business
there. Now it is on view to everybody
Who lives in Washington or visits the
city. It is one of the principal pic
tures of Washington to everybody who
tours Potomac Park. The wharf com
mittee in its report to the Commis
sioners says: “It is hoped that funds
may be secured in the next District
appropriation act for the preparation
of a plan for the improvement of this
water front.” It ought to be easy
to get money for the preparation of a
plan, and then with a satisfactory
plan it ought to be easy to get the
money for putting it into effect.
The fact that President Coolidge Is
not naturally loquacious may tempt
some campaigner to go too far in as
suming that no matter what is said
there will be no reply.
Had Hen-lot been an American he
might have been a strong contestant
for Mr. Bok’s peace-plan prize.
Base Ball Vagaries.
It is one of those tragedies that are
part- of the game that the largest
crowd that has ever attended a base
ball contest In this city should yes
terday have crowded the Griffith
Stadium only to see the Washington
club lose. If such things could be or
dered, the home team would only
lose before small gatherings and
would win before big ones. But the
elements that make for victory or de
feat are not governed by the turn
stile count. Yesterday was naturally
a big attendance day. It was a fair
and beautiful day, ideal base ball
Weather, and local sentiment had been
roused to the keenest point in the
history of the game In Washington
by the climb of the club to a leading
position, with a bright pennant pros
pect- It had won five games In a
row. There was every reason to hope,
anAMBBh ground for expecting, that
fpta the sixth, closing Uw
regular playing season here triumph
antly.
If everything worked out according
to expectation base ball would be a
dull entertainment and a poor sport.
| There was a team here In Washington
quite a number of years ago that,
shifting from big league company to
a smaller circuit, so outclassed Its
competitors that It won nearly a score
of games In a row. The attendance
dropped off to practically nothing.
People got tired of seeing the home
team win, especially when the circuit
was a minor one. Even so in Balti
more, where for several seasons the
local team has won pennants regu
larly and easily, the attendance has
become sparse and barely profitable
on the home grounds, so habitual are
its victories.
It Is the uncertainty that keeps base
ball alive; the possibility of a miscue
that will cost a game that maintains
the interest. Os course, if yesterday’s
gigantic gathering had been regaled
with a victory, all those who attended
would have been tremendously en
thused instead of being disappointed.
But the fact remains that the team is
still on top, even though it did not
gain in the race while the Yankees
were losing. There was some balm in
Gilead. The Yankees did not win
while Washington was losing.
Somewhat the same thing happened
in Brooklyn yesterday, only worse.
The Brooklyn team has been climb
ing steadily for several weeks, and
Saturday stood In second place, with
only a narrow margin between It and
the New York Giants. Sunday’s game
with the Giants was played in Brook
lyn, and the field was stormed by one
of the largest crowds in the local his
tory of this sport. An overflow crowd
of several thousand fringed the field.
Spectators fought for chances to en
ter the park, and police reserves had
to be summoned. Then the home team
lost the game, 8 to 7. It was a bitter
defeat. If Brooklyn had won the
game it would have led the Giants by
the narrowest possible of margins,
one point. So those 35,000 Brooklyn
ites had a worse jar for their Sunday
experience than the 30,000 Washing
tonians. For Washington is still in
the lead, while Brooklyn failed.
Gov. Smith Under Pressure.
Is Gov. Alfred E. Smith of New
York coy, or are the Tammany braves
simply overpersistent? That question
is prompted by the repeated announce
ments that the governor will positive
ly not allow his name to go to the
State convention for renominatlon, on
the one hand, and the statements that
continued efforts are being made to
cause him to change his mind and run
again. It is indicated that on Thurs
day the governor will definitely make
known his decision, on which day he
will attend the State fair at Syracuse
in recognition of "Governor’s' day.”
He will there confer with leaders who
may be present. It is assumed that
they will bring the strongest possible
pressure to bear upon him to per
suade him that his duty to his party
transcends his personal wishes, and
that he must accept. the call to run
a third time for governor.
There is something most flattering
to any politician to be besought thus
for “the good of his party.” Undoubt
edly in Gov. Smith’s case there is rea
son for the urgency. He is easily the
most popular man in his party today
in the State. He has the prestige of
having been the favorite son of New
York at the national convention for
over a hundred ballots. He has scored
high as governor during two terms.
He would assuredly be a valuable as
set on the Democratic aide this year.
He would greatly strengthen the
Davis-Bryan ticket in the State. All
these considerations add to the de
sirability from the Democratic point
of view that he should go again to
the polls as candidate, notwithstand
ing his urgent desire to return to pri
vate business and rehabilitate his for
tunes, which have been affected by
his political services.
Gov. Smith could yield to this de
mand without inviting criticism on
the score of Inconsistency. Perhaps
he recognizes, good politician that he
is, that the persistence of his Tam
many friends has its unfortunate as
pect in the suggestion which It offers
that the occasion is urgent in the ex
treme, and that he is required as a
sacrifice for the sake of the party.
The Chicago post office inspector,
Fahy, charged with complicity in a
two-mlllion-dollar mall robbery, com
plains that his release on a fifty
thousand-dollar bond has been pur
posely delayed. If he can produce an
exoneration the time and inconven
ience may be regarded as of compara
tively little consequence.
Any plans by G. C. Bcrgdoll for a
return to this country will probably
be postponed until the Defense day
demonstrations are concluded.
The Fascistl are being gently re
minded by a group of Italian poli
ticians that there are two sides to
every question.
Sewer Program.
The sanitary engineer, in his an
nual report to the District Commis
sioners, submits a tentative five-year
program for sewer construction In the
District, and to carry out that plan
would call for a yearly appropriation
of $1,800,000. The report is a fair
and comprehensive presentation of
the case. Washington has grown
faster than its sewer system. It Is
the plan of most American municipal
ities to keep sewer facilities ahead of
city growth, on the theory that build
ing sewers In advance of the city
gives encouragement to the city’s
growth and Is economical, because It
Is cheaper to put sewers through sec
tions not bunt up. Washington grew
ahead of sewer and street facilities.
The sewer builders are making a stern
chase, which is a long one. Appro
priation of $1,800,000 a year for a
period of five years would keep the
sewer system In line with running
needs and would catch up with the
needs that were not met during the
difficult years of the recent past.
The sanitary engineer says: “The
time cannot be far distant when some
preliminary treatment must be given
the sewage of Washington rather
THE EVENING STAR.’ ‘WASHINGTON, D. C.. MONDAY. SEPTEMBER 8. 1924.
than discharge it. as at present, In its
raw state Into the Potomac River.
Based on the latest estimated popu
lation for the District, the dilution
obtained in the Potomac is getting
dangerously low.” That the untreated
sewage of Washington is allowed to
1 flow into the Potomac la one point
1 where the American Capital is be
hind many cities, and especially be
hind many European cities. All pro
gressive citizens inveigh against the
pollution of streams. Washington
talks with horror when upstream
towns pollute the Potomac, yet we
pour into the river the sewage of
half a million people and propose to
1 connect the District’s sewer system
1 with that of a large part of Maryland.
: If we would not have other cities
pollute streams, we should not do it
ourselves.
Watch the Skies Tomorrow!
Some time tomorrow, according to
present expectations, two planes will
come humming through the air from
the northeast over the city of Wosh
' ington and will alight at Bolling
Field. They will have hopped from
Mitchel Field, N. Y„ on the way to
somewhere on the Pacific coast, where
they will complete the circuit of the
globe. There will be other planes with
them, escorting them, but these two
machines will center all attention, for
in those two planes four men have
ridden over mountains and over seas,
across deserts and above cities shelter
ing millions of inhabitants, .In a cir
cuit of many thousands of miles.
The most grievous trials of this
great circuit flight are now passed.
No serious difficulties interpose be
tween them and their objective, a
point on the American continent
traversed by them in their starting
flight in May, whether it be San
Diego or Seattle. They will have to
cross a great mountain range, but
flyers have crossed it hundreds of
times without, mishap. Compared with
some of the difficulties that they have
met that line of giant hills will be a
trifle to them.
Washington regrets that it was not
the real starting point of the round-the
world flight, so that it would be now
the point of finish. The flight would
have been most appropriately begun
here rather than on the Pacific coast.
But It is most suitable that the flyers
should come here on their way West
to ge greeted officially, probably by
the President of the United States,
and, though their arrival .will be
marked by no ceremonies, they will
be hailed by the Capital as victors in
one of the most astounding feats of
man.
A Broadway comedian is generously
doing his best to help along any as
pirations the Prince of Wales may
cherish in the line of American pub
licity.
When Republican and Democratic
speakers assail each other’s parties
the La Follette supporters merely say,
“I told you so.”
The farmer Is being assured that if
he will vote judiciously he can say,
like Monte Cristo, "the world is
mine,”
Few campaigns have developed so
much Industrious prominence on the
part of vice presidential candidates.
SHOOTING STABS.
BT PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Next Holiday.
‘‘Thanksgivin’ always comes along,”
Said Hezekiah Bings.
“Although we’re tellin’ what is wrong
About a lot o’ things.
We say the situation’s grave,
With morals very queer;
This old world simply won’t behave—
We say It every year.
"We hear a speaker, wise Indeed.
In thoughts we are immersed.
We turn another one to heed
Who contradicts the first.
But discord’s bound to leave the song
A nation boldly sings.
Thanksgivin’ always comes along,”
Said Hezekiah Bings.
Deskology.
"A man isn’t always useful and im
portant because he has a roll-top
desk.”
“No,” agreed Senator Sorghum:
“much depends on whether he keeps
his mind on it, or his feet.”
Different Aims.
Some people love their fellow men
And seek good gifts to bring ’em;
And there ore others now and then
Who simply try to sting ’em.
Jud Tunklns says the plain tiller of
the soil has got to face the sad fact
that the pigs an’ pumpkins at a coun
ty fair never get as much serious at
tention as the harness races.
Deadly Imitation.
"Any gunmen left in Crimson
Gulch?”
“No,” answered Cactus Joe. "The
effete East has put guns out of fash
ion with us rough an’ ready west
erners, same as it did wrist watches.”
Hypertrophy.
Perhaps it is a new disease
That leaves so many ill at ease
As many a moron bravely tries
To handle words of mammoth size.
Disdaining toll for house and food
As too materially crude.
In diagnosis, why negiect
Enlargement of the intellect?
Intelligence, of course, must grow;
But disproportion causes woe.
The symmetries should be complete
In minds as well as bands and feet.
We grope among the words immense
That mystify our common sense.
Let’s call the doctor to correct
Enlargement of the intellect!
Wonderful Invention.
"Radio is a wonderful invention.”
"It is, indeed,” answered Mr. Meek
ton. “I can’t get over being surprised
at the way Henrietta will sit quietly
and let it monopolize the conversa
tion.”
“It’s kind o’ discouragin’ to plain
usefulness,” said Uncle Eben, "when
you notice data good work boss never
gits near as much applause as a trick
mule in the circus.” j
I THE TRAFFIC PROBLEM I
BY ERNEST GREENWOOD
Secretary of the Conference on Street sad Highway Safety
ARTICLE L
Twenty-fire years ago the motor
vehicle was little more than an ex
periment conducted by persons, who,
according to the public, might find
better ways of wasting time. Today
there are over 15,000,000 motor
vehicles In use, and the automobile
Industry Is adding to this total at a
rate of over 4,000,000 a year. No
wonder Secretary of Commerce
Hoover asks the question: “Are we
consuming new living conveniences
faster than we can digest them?”
Yesterday traffic officers were a class
of community officials unknown. Today
the budget of practically every police
department In the United States con
tains a plea for more of them. New
York city alone has 2,200 and needs
an additional 1,000. Yesterday those
who admitted the possibility of a
practical motor car predicted that In
any event the motorist would always
be In a small, comparatively unimpor
tant class which would have to submit
to the most drastic restrictions. Today
the control and restriction of the pedes
trian is receiving almost as much at
tention as legislation for the control of
the motor vehicle.
♦* ♦ ♦
Twenty-five years ago a driver could
hitch the old gray mare to any post
and let her slumber peacefully and In
definitely. Today the streets are dotted
with signs containing such legends as:
“No parking here,” “Park parallel,”
"Park at an angle of 45 degrees.” “Park
six Inches from the curb,” or “Parking
limit 30 minutes,” while fat policemen
armed with tape measures, calipers and
stop watches, instead of the good old
fashioned gun and billy, perspire as
they measure, calculate and make an
endless record of the passing of Father
Time. One came and went as he pleased
In those good old days, while now we
are discouraged with abrupt commands
such as "One-way street,” “No left
hand turn,” “Detour” and a variety of
other Instructions in the law of the
road.
In those days an accident in the
street made the front page of the
daily papers. Today, unless It results
in a fatality or happens to an im
portant personage, it Is fortunate if
It gets a paragraph somewhere near
the classified advertising section.
More frequently It is thrown out en
tirely by the news editor. Yet 18,000
persona were killed in traffic acci
dents last year. It has been predicted
that there will be 30,000.000 cars in
use In 1935. Calculating with a sort of
rough geometrical progression, and
assuming the present situation will
continue, traffic fatalities will then
run to approximately 50,000 a year.
** * *
The traffic won’t stand It. The toll
at the present lime is appalling. Our
city streets are congested to a point
where it is no longer a pleasure to
drive on the main thoroughfares, and
the business man would rather use a
street car. a motor bus or a taxi
cab than go through the agony of
finding a place to park. There are
corners in more than one city that
require the services of live policemen
to keep the Immediate vicinity from
looking like the results of a success
ful air raid. It is no uncommon thing to
hear of a pedestrian being seriously
injured while walking on the side
walk several feet from the curb.
Special courts organised to handle
cases Involving traffic violations are
clogged. Hundreds of millions of dol
lars are being spent on the construc
tion of roads which will accommo
date the motor vehicles and at the
same time remain Intact for a rea
sonable length of time under the
pounding of the traffic.
The gypsy has once more taken his
place In the social life of the nation.
Today he Is represented by countless
thousands of American citizens and
their families touring through the
country. Every community has large
areas set aside and labeled “tourist
camp" for the use of these temporary
nomads. Fortunes are being made in
special equipment for the traveling
vacationists, such as tents, folding
cook stoves, chairs and other para
phernalia designed to give the family
all comforts of home at any time of
Press Pays Tribute to
Lucy Page Gaston
Lucy Page Gaston is gone, and the
war she waged upon the cigarette for
more than 25 years Is over. It is
felt that no reformer, no worker for
the welfare of mankind was ever
more sincerely whole-hearted.
"The sheer futility of the life of
Lucy Page Gaston only adds. If any
thing, to the pathos of her death,”
the Minneapolis Morning Tribune de
clares. "Emaciated, poorly clothed, a
64-year-old spinster, who for 20 years
had subsisted only on crackers and
milk, she died in poverty, recognizing
that her ‘work,’ as she called it, was
as far from completion as it was
when she began. The founder and
superintendent of the Anti-Cigarette
League, her whole life had been aimed
at the abolition of the cigarette.”
When she began her crusading
against the "cigarette evil,” the Chi
cago Daily Tribune recalls, “the cig
arette was just coming into use. and
her patience in her work is indicated
by the fact that “year by year the
sales grew, but Miss Gaston did not
falter.” The question of whether or
not “the agitation against Its use by
Miss Gaston and the organization she
perfected” might not have had “some
thing to do with the establishment
of the cigarette fashion” is raised by
the Waterloo Tribune, which com
ments that “It seems the ‘thou shall
not’ command these days has a con
trary effect.” Or the cause of the
growth In popularity of the cigarette
may be Just that "modern smokers
are lazier than their predecessors,
and so want their smoke with as lit
tie trouble as possible. Hence the
cigarette,” the Peoria Transcript sug
gests.
♦♦ ♦ ♦
It is probable, the Grand Rapids
Press admits, that “a certain amount
of good would accrue If society would
be persuaded to drop all use of to
bacco,” and certainly "homes would
be neater. Those who object to the
strench of tobacco smoke would be
treated more decently and probably
health would benefit.” The cigarette
Is, the Davenport Democrat and
Leader allows, "a bad and costly
habit, maybe, and yet they are sold
because people want them and be
cause they object to other people dic
tating what they shall do in little
mattters like cigarettes,’’ Moreover,
It is true, in the opinion of the Sioux
City Leader, "those who do not like
to use tobacco on their own account
are at liberty to abstain, but the fact
of their abstinence does not give them
the moral right to protest against
the Indulgence for the rest of man
klnd.” _ _
The work of Lucy Page Gaston
“counted, no doubt, according to her
efforts, as work always does,” and
she was “the Carrie Nation of nico
tine,” according to the Alpena News.
Certainly “she was a persevering
hater, unremitting In her efforts to
break the spell of nicotine,” the New
York Herald-Tribune concedes. And
"legislation against the cigarette in
certain Western States Is said to be
due. at least In part, to her efforts,
while even In the world war, when
the cigarette reached a new popu
larity, she refused to relax her ef
forts,” the Manchester Union points
out. v
“Admiration for the superb spirit
of the woman who could starve that
night or day. There are more gaso
line filling stations to the square
mile than there were saloons In pre-
Volstead days. On many highways
i one can find a telephone at intervals
• of a mile or so, with which the mo
• torlst In difficulties can summon help
quickly from some nearby garage.
♦♦ ♦ ♦
State after State is giving more
i and more attention to the traffic
! problem, adopting the latest fashion
i in street and highway practice, add
ing to their motor cycle patrols,
passing drastic legislation. Inflicting
’ penalties of Increasing severity, and
t yet the fatalities mount higher and
higher. Cities add each year to their
traffic forces and try a 'variety of
i expedients, such as special markings,
> rotary systems., Isles of safety, safety
zones, segregation of traffic —yet
i more and more space Is required of
i tfye police blotter to record the dally
list of accidents.
A large portion of the Inventive
genius of the country seems to he
engaged In drives on legislatures to
make this or that device compulsory
on automobile manufacturers, deal
ers and on the car owners them
selves. There are devices for traffic
control, speed control of the car
Itself, patent bumpers, rear signal
lights, brakes, grade crossing warn
ings and a host of other special
equipment, all designed for accident
prevention.
Our cities are faced with the prob
lem of making street facilities de
signed for the little creek accom
modate the flow of the mighty river.
In very few cities are the main tnor
oughfares. particularly In the busi
ness districts, susceptible of very
great change Here and there will
be found cases of wide sidewalks
which can be narrowed to give the
roadway greater width, but they are
rare in comparison with the number of
streets where this possibility docs
not exist. Rural highways present
no such problem. It Is simply a
question of widening the surface
and constructing it to stand the
strain of traffic It Is In the city,
where block after block is faced with
narrow sidewalks and valuable build
ings, that any change for securing
greater width seems almost impos
sible. Is It conceivable that the time
is coming when great business blocks.
In spite of their value, will be cut
back? Or will the situation be met
with simpler expedients, such as
arterial or boulevard streets, no
parking In congested districts, rout
ing of special classes of traffic, de
central izatlon, distribution of suen
buildings as theaters, which add
heavily to the congestion at the pcaK
hour, and the like?
** * *
With It all the automobile Is here
to stay and in constantly Increasing
numbers. It has completely altered
the social life of the Nation. It Is
no longer a luxury; it Is a necessity.
It has made us a Nation of outdoor
people. It brings the recreations of
the country to the city dweller and
the recreations of the city to the
farmer and his family. It has simpli
fied transportation and makes pos
sible the decentralization of great
industrial centers Into smaller com
munities where life is certainly
healthier and more pleasant for the
workers. The benefits which It has
conferred on the American people
can hardly be measured in terms of
wealth, comfort, convenience, health
or relaxation.
But its rapid development has been
followed by the crisis In the traffic
situation with which we are faced
today. In this series of articles it is
hoped that some practical sugges
tions may be made for the solution
of the problems Involved. At least
they will be suggestions which will
serve as a basis for discussion. They
are based on the personal opinions
and conclusions of the writer after
talking to scores of men who have
been devoting much of their time and
thought to the subject. They are not
offered as specifics or cure-alls. They
are merely Ideas based on the ex
perience and observation of author
ities.
(Copyright, 1924, by Current News Features,
Inc.)
she might better carry on. to whom
death, nothing less, could bring sub
mission, is not the only sentiment
kindled by her demise,” the St. Paul
Dispatch believes. “Lucy Page Gas
ton represents a spirit in all of us,
dormant in some, tempered by judg
ment in others, but for her the rul
ing motive, which Impels us to re
mold the world in accordance with
our own ideas. She was rampant,
unashamed and militant Idealism.”
Tracing the course of her career, the
Ann Arbor Tlmes-News maintains
“she must be respected for her con
victions and for having the courage
to fight for them against heavy odds,”
for “In away It was patriotism,” and
“at least there was no personally
selfish motive back of her crusade.”
But, beyond all that, and in spite
of her failure to secure the passage
of laws against the use of tobacco,
and particularly cigarettes. “Miss
Gaston was an outstanding Influence
for good, and by example and action
contributed to the establishment of a
higher plane of thinking and living,”
says the Lafayette Journal and
Courier.
Further, the Rockford Morning Star
objects to hearing Miss Gaston called
the “Carrie Nation of nicotine,” char
acterizing that as “an estimate wholly
unfair to the memory of the kindest,
sweetest of woman crusaders, who
almost never failed to win the respect
of those she met.” To prove its point
the paper states that “when she came
to the editorial workshop of this pa
per the men put away pipes and
cigarettes out of respect for the
woman who felt that tobacco was a
curse to humanity,” and Insists she
won similar regard wherever she
went. “No one who knew her fine
spirit and devotion will ever speak her
name In scorn.”
Corn on the Cob.
What Is the typical American dish?
This question is uppermost now, and
now is the silly season; yet It is not
a silly question. Let us array a few
answers. American civilization, says
an English novelist, is founded on
wheat cakes. A variant of this opin
ion appears on occasional London
menus, where buckwheat cakes and
poached eggs are featured as our na
tional dish. Enrique Blanco made a
tour of this country and, he reports,
“reached the firm, unshakable conclu
sion that America’s typical dish is
mashed potatoes and gravy.” The
Elmira Star-Gazette thinks it is hot
dogs.
There is merit In all these answers,
and they carry evidence of acute ob
servation and straight thinking.
What they lack, one and all, is an
adequate and indigenous historical
background. The typical American
dish of today Is Just what It was a
hundred, a thousand, perhaps ten
thousand years ago. It is sweet corn
on the cob. The aborigines served
it with antelope fat, bear grease,
buffalo trimmings and llama tallow,
where we use cow butter. Otherwise
the present day American continues
the dietary tradition of a remote past
unchanged. Just now. you most have
noticed, the so-called roasting ear,
which, however, people boll In the
pot. is about right. — Cincinnati Times
r —-
Ithis and that
BTC.E. TRACEWELL.
Lovers of poetry In Washington
should by no means miss the treat
to be afforded them In "The Janitor's
Boy,” by NatMalla Crane, and pub
lished by Thomas Seltzer, New York.
Here Is some astonishingly hue
verse, all the better for having been
written by an IX-year-old child.
I am one who has no patience with
the Idea that children cannot think
as deeply as their elders. While
knowledge is a growth, brain power
Is an Inheritance. You either have
It or you have not. The ability to
write Is In one, or tt is not. Much
may be done by cultivation, but the
“divine spark” cannot be coaxed.
Children often have a depth of
feeling and Insight Into the nature
of things that men and women often
are unwil.mg to credit them with,
in the pride of maturity and intellec
tuality. Little ones often see more,
and know more, than their bright
elders, especially when It Is taken
Into consideration that many fathers
and mothers have never developed
mentally a day since the age of 15.
William Cullen Bryant wrote his
"Thanatopsis" when he was 16.
Alexander Pope turned out a line
philosophical poem on the blessings
of poverty when he was but of a
tender age—lo, X think.
The Brooklyn girl, whose book of
verse is delighting poetry lovers
here and throughout the land, Is the
latest of the bright ones, if not "the
youngest of the seers.” Unlike the
English child who wrote—or is sup
posed to have written —the famous
"Little Visitors,” Nathalie Crane
gives promise of even greater things.
The liking for poetry, too, is some
thing that is either in you or not
in you. The schools do the best they
can to cultivate this taste. Teachers
heroicly cram "Hiawatha” and “The
Illlad” down the throats of incipient
bricklayers, in the sacred name of
education, and beat out the ryhthms
of Walter Soctt’s "Lady of the
and “Marmion” before boys and girls
who later will take to the fox-trot
In preference.
A better method, one which would
get better results because it would
not disgust so many children with
poetry, would be to tell school chil
dren about the poets, make their
poetry available, and then let the
children take to them or not, just
as they chose. When one thinks of
the children who were satiated with
Pope’s brilliant but flourishing
translation of the Illaid, or forced to
read Dickens' "Tale of Two Cities”
when they were not equal to it, he
feels like exclaiming. "Oh, English
Literature, what crimes are commit
ted In thy name!”
The instinctive poetry lover, then,
will be attracted by the slender vol
ume under the rather dubious title,
“The Janitor’s Boy.” Such a one
will not open to the first genuine
poem in the book, "The Vestal," read
with a frown until he comes to the
line, "barricaded vision,” then ex
claim, "What does that mean?”
Such is the invariable exclamation
of one who does not care for poetry.
"What does It mean?" True poets
have been messed over so by scores of
well-meaning persons, who have got
the idea, somehow or other, that to
like poetry is a sign of culture, and
so form "Browning Clubs” and what
not to delve Into the "meaning" of
a poet.
If you instinctively ask yourself.
"What does this mean?” when you
read verse, know that you are by na
ture not a poetry lover. You might
as well close the volume and go back
to golf, or the sporting page, or Con
rad, or your automobile, or gardening,
or anything else in the world that
men and women do. Poetry is not
for you.
This introduction is necessary fn
considering "The Janitor’s Boy,” for
some of its verse, quite frankly,
would be hard put to it to offer any
answer at all to that terrible ques
tion, "What does it mean?”
One of the charms of true poetry
Is that the meaning is often nothing,
the intent everything. If a poem puts
in beautiful words a thought, a feel
ing, and does it In away to delight,
its mission is fulfilled. Poetry, ever
since the days of Homer, has had
one mission—to entertain. If, at the
same time. It states something in an
unforgettable way, with true music
of—in our language—English phras
ing, it is real poetry.
That is what Miss Crane has done
in the poem. “Tomorrow.”
The sun shill shine In axes yet to be.
The musing moon illumine pastures dim,
And afterward a new nativity
For all who slept the dreamless Interim.
The starry brocade of the summer night
Is linked to us as part of our estate;
And every bee that wings Its sidelong flight
Assurance of a sweeter, fairer fate.
The Masoned humming-bird hath made It
plain—
It seeks ravines where wildings wreathe
each wall:
And there succeeding broods are marked again
By rainbows o’er a rambling waterfall.
When you return, the youngest of the seers.
Released from fetters of ancestral pose.
There will be beauty waiting down the
years—
Revisions of the ruby and the rose.
There are unforgettable phrases
there. Need we be astonished that
a mere baby in literature could turn
out such a line as that third from the
last, “Released from fetters of an
cestrt ; pose”? Certainly she refers to
the old, old instincts, customs, habits
that tie the hands and brains of men!
In the new day, which is the hope
and faith of Christian peoples,
“There will be beauty waiting down
the years,” new changes rung by the
Creator on the eternal things visioned
to us in the ruby and the rose.
Addison, in his “Cato.” said the same
thing, but not as well:
The stars shall fade away, the snn himself
Grow dim with age, and nature aink in years,
Hut thou shall flourish in immortal youth.
Unhurt amidst the wars of elements.
The wrecks of matter and the crash of worlds.
♦♦ ♦ ♦
It takes a true poet to handle so
tastefully and musically the theme of
her “The Vestal,” telling of a young
lady who was afraid of colors barri
cading her eyes against the glorious
hues of this world, until at last she
was led to see the truth.
Then the gates were opened;
Miracles were seen;
That instructed damsel
Donned a gown of green.
Wore it In a churchyard.
All arrayed with rare;
And a painted rainbow
Shone above her there.
The young poet’s first book really
begins on page 32 with this poem.
Those previous are amusing examples
of a clever child’s verse. The real
poetry la in the remainder of the
book. Even poetry publishers, evi
dently, are falling for the creed of
"make It snappy.”
"The Reading Boy," •'Prescience.*’
"The History of Honey,” and “My
Husbands" are among the best in
the slender volume. The poet dis
plays an astonishing knack with
words, an appreciation of liquid
phrasing that U amazing.
According to the mandarin, the oriental bees
Were the first to hoard their honey in the
mountain cavities.
In the ages of antiquity, each summer after
noon.
They flew in golden convoys to the mountains
of the moon.
Something of Poe is there, and la
the lines;
The angels grow quite wistful over worldly
things below; . _
They hear the hurdy-gurdies In the Candle
Maker's Row.
Angels at last may get orders to
lower the great drawbridge. And
then—
A wingless one may be the first to stumble on
the scene
And vision earth and heaven, with a rustic
bridge between.
How could any one put better the
Men, that when (led at last reveals
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BV FREDERIC I. BASKIN
Q. Is it against the law to kill
reed birds?—G. B.
A. By order of the Secretary of
Agriculture, issued January 17, 1919,
bobolinks, commonly known as reed
birds, or rice birds, may be shot from
September 1 to October 30, Inclusive,
in the States of New Jersey, Penn
sylvania, Delaware and Maryland and
In the District of Columbia, and from
August 16 to November 15, Inclusive,
In the states of Virginia, North and
South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
Q. When is Golden Rule Sunday?—
w. w.
A. Golden Rule Sunday will be ob
served December 7 this year. Last
year It was December 2.
Q. Has the Washington Monument
ever been struck by lightning?—T.
H. S.
A. It has been struck by light
ning on several occasions, but no
damage has resulted except the first
time, in 1885, before lightning pro
tection had been Installed.
Q. Isn't Morocco a French colony?
—M. O. C.
A. Morocco Is a French protecto
rate with the exception of Tangier
and the Spanish zone along the north
coast.
Q. How long has the Boston Sym
phony Orchestra been in existence? —
J. M.
A. The Boston Symphony Orches
tra completed its forty-second year
last spring.
Q. How many desertions are there
from the Navy in the course of a
year?—E. R.
A. During the year 1923 the gross
desertions from the Navy totaled 5,-
280, of whom 2,337 surrendered or
were apprehended—leaving a total of
3,483 men, a marked increase over
the preceding year.
Q. What were the "Republican
Methodists?”—L. V. R.
A. Ministers and laymen who with
drew from the Methodist Episcopal
Church in a protest against what was
considered the autocratic powers of
the bishops in the church were first
known as Republican Methodists, but
in 1794 they chose the name Christian
as their organizational designation.
Q. Are there Indians in every state
in the United States? What states
have the most and what the fewest?
—T. S. M.
A. Census reports -show that there
are Indians in every State and in the
District of Columbia. Oklahoma, Ari
zona, and New Mexico have the
largest Indian populations, ranking
in the order named. Delaware has
the fewest with but 2. West Virginia
coming next with 7 and Vermont next
with 24.
Q. What is the College of Indus
trial Arts? —R. S.
A. The College of Industrial Arts
is an institution of higher learning for
women, awarding the degrees of B. A.
and B. S., founded in 1902 and located
at Denton, Tex. It is supported by
legislative appropriations, and in 1923
had 1,515 students enrolled.
Q. When did Turkey become a
republic?—O. E.
A. On October 27, 1923, the Na
tional Assembly declared that “the
form of the Turkish State is Repub
lican, its religion Moslem and its
official language Turkish.
Q. Just what is meant by the ex
pression “the hair of the dog that
bit me”?—S. T. E.
A. In old receipt books it is in
IN TODAY’S SPOTLIGHT
BY PAUL V. COLLVSS.
"The rights of fish do not lend
themselves to emotional declamation
like the rights of man," announced
1 Secretary Herbert Hoover at the
sixth annual convention of the United
States Fisheries Association, as he
grew eloquent over the woes of the
crab fisheries of the Chesapeake and
Delaware watersi Those fisheries
1 yielded 50,000,000 pounds as late as
1915. and less than 25,000,000 pounds
In 1921.
The serious-minded Secretary fur
' ther pictured the situation: “Other
littoral fishes—river herring, striped
bass, sea-run trout—are decreasing
rapidly, and oysters and clams are on
the same road to destruction at a
rate that promises the end in a gen
eration. And all this is rank folly.”
♦* ♦ ♦
Secretary Hoover well says there
is as much reason for conservation
of our fish as there is for conserva
tion of our timber. Scientists tell
us that more food is produced in the
i waters than upon the land. It has
been demonstrated that the fish sup
ply can be squandered and destroyed;
also, that by proper care it can be
i protected and increased. Conserva
tion is the key to the policies of the
Department of Commerce, under
which is the Bureau of Fisheries.
Not only is it important to protect
our food supplies in the fisheries, but
also to conserve the game fish, that
the increasing millions of outdoor
recreationists may not lose the
greatest of all lures to the wilds of
nature. There are now 2,000.000
licensed anglers upon our streams
and coasts. In one State alone,
200,000 fishing licenses have been is
sued this year. So enthusiastic a
Waltonlte is the Secretary of Com
merce that he is charged with having
begun regulating the fishing by rules
and rulings before Congress had
adopted the laws, but the laws have
since caught up with him and legal
ized his “czarism.”
Much is to be done yet, through
State governments co-operating, not
only with the Federal government
but, rather, with each other. The
protection of fish cannot be effected
by one State acting independently of
adjoining States. Co-operation must
be secured between all States border
ing upon the coast or rivers in which
the particualr species of fish breed
and swim, if that species is to sur
vive, says Secretary Hoover. He
explains that there are no State
lines for fish, or "if there are, they
do not know it.”
♦♦ ♦ ♦
Atlantic salmon! Where are they?
No "doughboy” of the A. E. F. can
be held responsible for their destruc
tion, for never did he turn away from
his favorite "goldfish” to feed upon
mere salmon. Besides, all Atlantic
salmon had been consumed before the
war.
The salmon fisheries of Alaska have
come most directly under the federal
government, since Alaska is a ter
ritory. Salmon are both river and
ocean fish. The young are hatched
himself fully to man, a “wingless
one”—a man—may be the first to dis
cover the miracle?
♦♦ ♦ ♦
There is a finality of phrasing to
the work of this child that has a
great appeal. Speaking of “Her Hus
bands,” she says.
To Home I rave devotion.
To some 1 kicked the knee.
But there was one old wizard
Who laid hia spell on me.
He showed me like a master
That one rose makes a sown;
That looking np to Heaven
Is merely look ins down.
As for me, I think that this child
knows more about marriage than
most married women, for she has
the true writer’s ability to take her
self out of herself and be, for the
time being, what she is not. Where
fore she speaks, not with the tongue
of a child. hut with the words of a
master hersMCj
variably advised that an inebriate
should drink sparingly in the morn
ing some of the same liquor which
he had drunk to excess the night be
fore. and Heywood in his “Prov
erbs" has the lines, "I pray thee
let me and my fellow have a haire
of the dog that bit us last night."
Q. Is the use of snuff dying outt—>
p. a
A. The quantity of snuff used In
this country is three times the bulk
sold 30 years ago, but the demand
has not increased so rapidly as for
other forms of tobacco, the per capita,
consumption of which has increased
from 4 pounds prior to the Civil War
to 8.5 pounds at the present time.
Q. How do they measure the hard
ness of the metal in testing tools?—?
E. M.
A. By one method the tool is
struck by a small diamond-pointed
hammer falling freely from a height
of about 10 Inches. By measuring the
rebound of the hammer, engineers de
termine the hardness of the steel.
Q. How many earthquakes are there
in the course of a year?—E. S. K.
A. Scientists say there are at least
10,000 earthquakes a year, or one
every hour. Practically all of them
are, of course, minor disturbances.
Q. Is there any way of telling
how much energy or power there Is
in a bolt of lightning?—M. M.
A. It has been estimated by ex
perts that the energy released in one
two-hundred-thousandths of a second
by the average flash of lightning is
250,000,000 horse power—more than
three times as much as could be de
veloped by harnessing every stream
in the United States.
Q. How many physicians’ prescrip
tions for liquor are issued annually?
—C. S. N.
A. During the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1923, retail druggists of 27
states, the District of Columbia, Por
to Rico and Hawaii, where the law
permits the prescription of liquor for
medical use, filled 11,268,469 such pre
scriptions.
Q. How many quarantine stations
does the government maintain?—B.
R.
A. There are 73 quarantine sta
tions in the continental United States
and 29 in our insular possessions.
,Q. Isn't there a saying about a shoe
maker or his wife always going
barefoot?—O. T. C.
A. Burton, in his “Anatomy of
Melancholy.” says, “Him that makes
shoes go barefoot himself.” and one
of Heywood's Proverbs reads, ‘Who
is worse shod than the shoemaker’s
wife?”
Q. Why was the aerial mail route
between Washington and New York
discontinued? —L. D. F.
A. The Post Office Department
says that there was no further ne
cessity for continuing the New York-
Washington route as an experimental
one because there were better op
portunities for conducting the neces
sary experimental work on the New
York-San Fancisco route.
(.The .Star maintains for the pleasure
and profit of its readers an information
service under the directorship of Fred
eric J. Haskin. The scope of the bureau
is national and international, and no
subject is too elementary or too broad
to enlist the personal attention of a
specialist. Address The Star Informa
tion Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Direc
tor, Twenty-first and C streets north
west.)
in the rivers, far up stream. There
they stay until about one year old.
Then they swim out into the ocean,
where they remain from three to four
years, after which they swim back to
the identical river where they were
hatched, and to the very hatching
grounds; there they spawn and die.
Salmon fishers have been catching
the salmon as they were entering the
rivers ready to spawn: but Secretary
Hoover forbade such a ruinous prac
tice. which, for the sake of catching
one pair, would destroy thousands of
unspawned eggs. Merely establishing
an open season for salmon fishing
would amount to nothing, for the
salmon come near the river mouths
only in June and July, and so can be
caught at no other season. Regula
tion has been secured by licensing
the right to catch to certain
responsible companies only, and for
bidding all poaching. This has
aroused bitter protests from those
who are barred, but it has seemed to
be the only method for restricting the
destruction of the salmon.
♦ ♦ ♦ • *
The Widow Bedott. of old-time
fame, used to write poetry to her
beloved. She assured him: ‘Til never
forsake thee. Oh Shadrack, my Shad.”
Today, the whole shad family is in a
fairway to be forgotten—a decrease
of 70 per cent.
Bass, too, are disappearing. They
can not be caught for market, though
a few may be caught with hook and
line for the consumption of the
fisherman—he cannot sell them. The
reason for the limitation is owing to
the habits of the bass. As the
weather grows cold the bass gather
together, as live stock does, to keep
warm. While they are thus hibernat
ing a conscienceless fisherman with a
seine can sweep in a whole school of
fish in one fell swoop. For example,
Mr. Leach, superintendent of the
Bureau of Fisheries, tells as a true
fish story about seeing one fisher
take in one haul 2,200 pounds of
bass. Just one haul! A long ton!
In the fiscal year of 1923 the Bureau
of Fisheries propagated ajid dis
tributed in the inland waters east of
the Rocky Mountains 39,000.000 bass,
and 27,000,000 sunfish—second cousins
of bass.
♦♦ ♦ ♦
In all the Great Lakes the fisheries
are important industries. Great num
bers of whitefish and trout are caught
in the months of November and Decem
ber—just in their spawning season.
The Bureau of Fisheries sends agents
to these lake fisheries, who accompany
the fishers in their boats. As the fish
are taken they are cleaned upon the
boats, and the agents, who are there for
that purpose, conserve the eggs, which
would otherwise be wasted. The eggs
are sent to hatcheries After they are
hatched and become "fingerlings” they
are distributed to the waters of the
lakes and streams.
♦♦ ♦ *
On the Mississippi River, between
Rock Island, HI., and Hastings, Minn.,
there are thousands of acres of low
Land which In high water is over
flowed. Congress has authorized the
purchase of vast tracts of this land as
fish and game preserves—requiring an
Investment of $3,050,000. Although the
land has not yet been taken over, the
Bureau of Fisheries annually saves the
lives of millions of fish which have been
trapped in its hollows as the water
rises and falls.
Before these rescued fish are put
back into the river they are inoculated
with spores of mussel. The mussel —a
parasite—clings to the fish without
harming it. When it reaches proper age
it drops off and takes up its Independ
ent life as a self-supporting mussel.
The mussel, besides being a food, Is a
producer of rare pearls, some of which
have sold as high as $2,500.
Thus, conservation of fish Interests
milady as well as It does the hunger
stricken male and the brain-weary
novelist of either sex hungering far
brain food and InsDiratloo.
- iOyjrtght. UM, lor M anwnilk /

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