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TESTIMONY IN OIL i PROBE PROTESTED ■ Siddons Sustains Fall's Ob jection, Barring Stenog rapher From Grand Jury. i ; Justice Riddons of the District Su- Court today decided that the ifesence of a stenographer, not a awyer. nor a special assistant to the Utorney Ceneral in the Brand jury ■pom during the taking of testimony a a violation of the secrecy of grand jlqry proceedings, and accordingly sustained the objection of Albert B. Fall, former Secretary of the Interior, to the testimony so far taken before the regular panel of grand jurors in the Government’s second probe into the oil situation. The court, however, declined to tie. the hands of Atlee Pomerene and Owen J. Roberts, special counsel for the Government, in proceeding to make further inquiry into evidence relating to the naval oil leases, to see if there have been other viola tions of law than those included in the four indictments returned here June 30 last. To do so would toe to grant a perpetual injunction against sworn officers of the Govern ment. the court suggested. The court found himself unable to say that from the charges of the petition and the sworn denial of the special coun sel the present probe Is merely a “fishing expedition’’ and not being con ducted in good /alth. Will Recall Witnnun. Mr. Roberts assured the court there would he no need of a formal order. The present inquiry will be discon tinued, he said, and the evidence of the throe witnesses so far examined In the presence of a stenographer would he retaken before the special grand jury and the inquiry again started there without a stenographer. Attorney Henry A. Wise, represent ing Mr. Fall, contended that as the special counsel knew the presence of the stenographer would vitiate an in dictment, his use was proof of the claim that a mere “fishing expedi tion” was in progress to secure evi dence, to support the previous In dictments or for use in the civil suits to set aside the leases to Teapot Dome and other naval reserves. Special counsel denied the charge of abuse of the court process, and as serted that new evidence had come to their attention which they did not have when the first inquiry was in progress, and asserted they would be recreant of their duty if they did not lay these matters before the grand Jury. If the court thought the use of a ’stenographer a mistake, counsel said, they would gladly begin the proceeding anew before the other grand jury panel. TAKE ‘DRY’ SUSPECT AFTER LONG CHASE Police Seize Negro and 37 Gallons of Grain Alcohol—Faces Many Charges. After a chase through alleys and over roof tops in Southwest Wash ington today, Detective Ogle of the fourth precinct and Revenue Agent Rose arrested William Brooks, col ored. 25 years old. of 235 Virginia avenue snuthwest, on charges of transporting and illegal possession of 37 gallons of grain alcohol, having no operators permit and speeding on a motor cycle. The attention of Rose and Ogle was attracted to Brooks at First and D streets southwest on a motor cycle with a aide car which seemed to them to have been heavily loaded. After a chase of several blocks through alleys the motor cycle ran into a wall in O’Sullivan’s Court and Brooks, deserting it, started running through back yards and houses and at one point In the chase scaled a roof, running across It and dropping safely to a one-story Shed with the officers on his heels. He was finally captured in an alley and police allege they found six 5-gallon cans of al cohol and seven 1-gailon cans of alcohol in the side car of the motor cycle. WASHINGTONIAN JAILED IN BOGUS CHECK CASE Student Claims He Passed Checks to Get in Prison for Study. By the Associated Press. NEW HAVEN, Conn., September 9. Forty days in Jail was the sentence meted out In the police court to Dud ley Shannon MacKenzie, 20, who, pos ing as a sociological investigator, was charged with passing fraudulent checks on four local merchants. He claimed that a Yale faculty member had advised him to get arrosted in order to secure intimate experience as a jail inmate. MacKenzie gave his home address as Washington. D. C., and said he had been a student at Oberlln College, Oberlin, Ohio. MacKenzie was arrested at his room In a YaJe dormitory, where he had a card record of lesults of his Investi gation of local institutions. Ho had announced his Intention to enter the Yale Divinity School this Pall. Police found him packing a suit case, which he had obtained by the passage of bogus checks, and making other preparations to leave the city. MAN TAKEN AS WRITER OF THREAT TO PRINCE By the Associated Press WILLIAMSTOWN. N. T., Septem ber 9.—Marcus J. Geroy was arrested in his home here yesterday charged with sending the Prince of Wales an alleged threatening letter last Thurs day. Sheriff Vincent, who made the ar rest, said Geroy admitted writing the letter. The sheriff added that Geroy de nied threatening to kill the royal visitor, but said he "had no use for the British Empire.” Later Geroy was taken to Pulaski for examination by physicians and upon their decision that the man was mentally unbalanced was ordered, committed to the State hospital at Ogdensburg. Sheriff Vincent said authorities had been seeking Geroy for some time, but only a a he was about to board a train for Michigan were they able to approach him. Geroy was born In New York State about 34 yean ago and served in tne Canadian army overseas in the World War. > ■— ■ Virginia Grottoes Sold. HARRISONBURG, Va., September 9. —The grottoes of the Shenandoah, famed for a century as one of the underground wonders of the Valley of Virginia, have been sold to the Pennsylvania Railroad system, it was announced here today by j. JM. and J. S. Pirkey, owners of the caverns for 18 years. The railroad. It was added, plans extensive development of the resort after it gets possession op January 1 nest* ff Fish of 4 Flapper 9 Age Is Declared Best for Eating Fish have a distinct "flapper” ago during which their flesh is better for eating purposes than at any other time, according to Lewis lladcliffe, assistant commissioner of fisheries. "Weak fish or trout is at its best when It has rounded out twelve •months, codfish three to four years, and salmon four to five years,” Mr. Radcltffe said. "They are then in what might be called the flapper ages.” Mr. Kadcllffe says it la not diffi cult to tell the age of fish. The indications are plainly marked on their scales by concentric circles. In Hummer, the growth is inure rapid than in the Winter, so the circles are further apart during the warm weather. By counting the circles, the age of the fish may be ascertained. Tlie acting commissioner said, however, he would not recom mend throwing back into a stream a fish either under or over the flapper stage. “After all n bite is a bite,” he added. SHANGHAI FORCES DEFEAT INVADERS; RAIN STOPS BATTLE (Continued from First Fage.) has enjoyed unusual crops during the past two years, and the wealth of the banks under his thumb Is said to be enormous. Devastated by Floods. In China proper the country has been swept by devastating floods, civil strife and the exactions of mili tary governors and the provinces are said to be without the natural re sources to carry on a long struggle. A self-styled anti-imperialistic league gave vent to the thoughts of radical interests said to have been prompted by Moscow, with the pub lication of statements here today at tempting to give a foreign Imperial istic significance to the present con flict. The league statements, character ized by the leading Chinese newspa pers as a piece of bolshevik propa ganda, quoted a Moscow dispatch charging the present conflict was a plot to divide China. Japan, the dispatch said, would dominate Manchuria, and Great Brit ain would hold,sway in South China. DENIES VIEWS UNCHANGED. American Diplomat Says Britain Has Not Been Approached. LONDON, September 9.—Counsellor Sterling of the American embassy to day denied reports which found their w-ay into print that there has been an exchange of British and American views on the Chinese situation with a view to concerted action by the powers in attempting to attend the civil war. The counsellor is in charge of the embassy during Ambassador Kellogg’s vacation in Scotland. The report was given publicity by the Dally Telegraph through its dip lomatic correspondent, who said that the initiative apparently had been taken in America, but it was under stood the subject was to receive the Immediate attention of Prime Minis ter MacDonald and the British for eign office. Beyond routine inquiries at the foreign office regarding what news British officials were receiving from the land of the warring tuchums, the American diplomats, it was declared, have not discussed the Chinese situa tion with the Downing street officials, and have received no such instruc tions from Washington. The writer suggests that any con certed Pacific intervention by the powers Is likely to take the form of endeavoring to induce the central government of China to convene the leaders of all factions at a round table conference, at which a com promise agreement, based on a feder al or federated system of govern ment might be reached, every due respect for Chinese sovereignty be ing observed. American officials who have been In China express belief that a round table conference of Chinese leaders such as the Daily Telegraph corres pondent has suggested, might serve the purpose of harmonizing the dif ferent factions, and that certainly it would not do any harm for the vari ous military governors to meet and get acquainted with their fellow countrymen. It would have to be a peace time session, it was pointed out, for the tuchuns were not likely to leave their armies now. The British foreign office evinces no alarm as regards the Chinese situation. Great Britain has a continuous policy there which is being carried out by the officials on the spot, and there is no In dication in Downing street of any new form of foreign intervention in Chinese affairs at present. The permanent for eign military establishments in China, with the Yang-Tae gunboats and the Asiatic fleets of the foreign navies, are deemed sufficient to handle any situa tion. The only anxiety in England is among commercial circles, who foresee a curtailment in markets if Gen. Chang Tso-Lln, the Manchurian war lord, en ters wholeheartedly into the campaign, as it is regarded this would certainly prolong China’s internal disorders. TAKE OWN INITIATIVE. U. S. Envoys Not Acting on Orders in Chinese Trouble. While American diplomatic repre sentatives abroad have been discussing the now Chinese disorders informally with various foreign office officials, they have acted on their own initiative and with a view to keeping themselves folly informed, not under any instructions from Washington with a view to con centrated action in China. The Washington Government, it was said definitely here today, had advanced nq proposals even in an informal way, and the situation remains as it was with the diplomatic corps in Peking act ing in unison on matters affecting equally all .foraigp nations In China. In such cases the Peking diplomats act very largely on their own initiative In formulating notes to the Chinese cen tral government. Recent developments in China have assumed so serious an aspect with the threatened widening of the local fighting around Shanghai info a full fledged civil war that it may become necessary for the Interested powers ■ to devise new means of insuring protection for their nationals in China. If the Washington Govern ment has any move in this direction in mind, however, it has been un willing to disclose its plans. Snob a conference of Chinese military lords and political faction lets as sug gested in London press accounts might possibly be urged by the Peking diplomatic corps, but no word was available here to indicate that suoh a step had been taken. INTERVENTION UNLIKELY. Britain and America Not in Posi tion to Act. By OaMe to The Star and Chlcaco Dally Newt. LONDON, September 9.—Alarmist reports that the landing of British and American marines at Shanghai means another foreign intervention In China were discounted in British offi-, THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C.. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1924. SCORES 10 GUARD CAVERLY’S COURT Orderly Sentencing of Loeb and Leopold Wilt Be Insured. By the AnitnrialMl brew. CHICAGO, September 9.—Final pre cautions were being taken today to Insure the orderly sentencing to death or life Imprisonment tomorrow of Na than V’. l.e.opolrt, Jr., and Richard lairl), for the kidnaping and murder ing of Bobbie Franks. Fifty policemen and scores of plain clothes men will be on duty outside and In the corridors of the Criminal Courts Buildings, to keep the crowds away. The courtroom will be closed to spectators, only relatives of the defendants and deceased, and attor neys, bailiffs and newspaper men will be present. , Utinnk for Jadgr. Because of the many threats re ceived by Judge John U. Caverly, who will pronounce sentence at 9:30 a,m.. central daylight saving time, special precautions for safeguarding him will be taken. Judge Caverly Issued a statement last night In which he requested that public notice be given that his opinion will be given first to newspaper men In written form, and that newspapers will appear on the streets with the sentence long before any of those outside could hear from the court room. This, he hopes, will keep away crowds of curious. Far away from the drone of the courtroom will be the father and mother of one of the defendants —Mr. and Mrs. Albert H. I»eb. On their Summer estate, near Charlevoix, Mich., the father and mother will sit await ing the tinkle of a telephone bell which will tell them whether or not their son shall forfeit his life. They will be absent from the courtroom because their physician has warned them that to be present might prove too great a shock for them to bear. Nathan F. Leopold, ar., and Fore man I.copold. a brother of Nathan, Jr., will be in court to represent the other defendant. They will be at tended by Clarance Harrow and Ben jamin and Walter Bachrach, defense attorneys. Members of the prosecutor’s staff who have been handling the case with State’s Attorney Crowe have been at work laying plans for com bating any move the defense might attempt tomorrow. RELEASE CORRESPONDENT Representative of Star Receives Apology From Chang Tso-Lin. By Cable to The Star and Chicago Daily News. PEKING, September 9.—News from Mukden states that William H. Giles, tho correspondent of The Star and the Chicago Daily News, was arrest ed by a frontier guard and subse quently released after appealing to Chang Tso-Lin, who reprimanded the local officials. Mr. Giles was well treated during the 24 hours of his confinement. Apologies were made for the mistake, his photographing of the troops giving rise to the mis take that he was an agent of the Chihli party. (Copyright, 1824, by Chicago Dally News CO.) clal circles today. Too many difficul ties would have to be overcome be fore either Great Britain or America could lake part in real Intervention at the present stage of affairs in the revolution- in torn China. British industrialists, aroused by the prospects of collapse of the deli cate machinery with which all busi ness In China is conducted, desire quick action designed to restore or der, but the politicians will avoid ac tion of any kind if possible. The most extreme action considered so far has been the use of marines in holding one or two Important point* on the Yangtse River. Prime Minis ter MacDonald received complete re ports from the foreign office on the Chinese situation before he left for Scotland on V nlay. He Intends studying the va». s proposals made by other nations with a view of es tablishing international control. If the situation becomes more threaten ing than at present it is possible that Mr. MacDonald may make some prop osition to the other powers. Little, if any. hope exists in Great Britain of getting the rival Chinese chiefs to gether for the purpose of establish ing a new federal state. Therefore, foreign powers are faced only with the task of protecting their nationals and avoiding disagreements among themselves. (Copyright, 1924, by Chicago Dally Newa Co.) HAS SUFFICIENT FORCES. U. S. Admiral Reports on Condi tions at Shanghai. Naval forces now at Shanghai are considered ample to handle any situation which may arise. Admiral Washington, commanding the Asiatic fleet, reported to the Navy Depart ment yesterday in a dispatch which apparently has been delayed several days in transit. The message described the estab lishment of headquarters by Gen. Chi at Kta Chang and added: 'No fighting yet and possibly Gen. Ho, defense commissioner, will ac cept an offer of $2,000,000 and quit Railroad and telegraph communica tion broken by Chi’s force ten miles from Shanghai. “Am informed that the generals have appointed representatives to lay out neutral zone pending peace in China, representatives to act with peace commissioner. He would not begin fighting but only defend Klangsu against Gen. Lu. He has also guaranteed safety of foreign lives and property. U. S. S. Pigeon Informed by Admiral Tu that no orders had been issued against ships opening hostilities but he would not do so until military forces clash. The admiral further stated that he would Inform U. S. S. Pigeon upon assuming offensive; that he did not intend attacking Kiang Nan at all, and that there would be no danger to foreign settlement." ALARM IN SHANGHAI. Noise of Battle Heard From Nanziang Sector. By Cable to Ike Star sad Chicago Dally Newa. SHANGHAI, September 9.—Desper ate fighting throughout the night in the Llubo sector and on the railway near Nansiang, from which point the firing was seen and heard, was alarm ing the .western district of Shanghai last night Marines were landed, and have taken up their quarters in ths settlement boundaries of Shanghai. A volunteer corps was mobilized at 8 o’clock this morning, and is working in three shifts Police reserves dre being called out A municipal council proclamation says that “whereas a state of war exists near the foreign settlement notice Is given in view of the possi bility of encroachment of the forces of either side upon the settlement the council shall proclaim a state of emergency and authorise the adop tion of the requisite measure*” (Copyright UM. to Chicago Daily Nows OS.) EXPECT TO SELECT AMERICAN REPARATIONS MEMBER SOON James A, Logan , Jr, 9 Al most Certain to Be Cho sen Young 9 s Assistant . Anxiety Continues Over Issuance of German “Unresponsibility By the Associated Preen. PARIS, September American member of the reparation commission, under the terms of the Itawes repara tion plan, will be appointed at a meet ing of the commission on Beptember 19, and It Is considered almost certain that the nominee will be James A. Logan, jr„ who has been unofficial American observer with the commission since the departure of Roland W. Boyden. The American appointee will be nominated by the members of the com mission, which Is now sitting, and will not have any official connecton with Washington. He will have a vote on every question coming before the com mission which relates to the execution of the Dawes plan. Reports reaching the commission from Owen D. Young, agent-general ad interim for reparation payments, that a full-fledged American member of the commission would greatly assist his work. Is said at the Hotel Astoria to havb been responsible for advancing the date of the election of the Ameri can member, which originally was scheduled to take place on Septem ber 26. Buzzard Loops Loop , Nose-Dives And Spins Like Planes , Says Marine Special Dispatch to The Star. HAGERSTOWN, Md„ September 9. —Marine flyers at the aviation field of the Marine Corps force near Boonesboro are at their wits' end trying to capture what they believe is the only trained buzzard extant. The huge bird emulates the stunts done by airplanes. It soars above* the planes as they loop the loop, nose-dives and goes through the various other antics, and, after the planes’ stunts, goes through the same motions with re markable exactitude. MaJ. Calhoun Anorum. ornithol ogist. said such a bird, if captured, would be worth Us weight in gold, whereupon Majs. Thomas S. Clarke COLLECTORS PREPARE FOR TAX INSTALLMENT Bills for the third installment of the Income tax, due -on or before midnight of September 15. are being mailed by collectors of internal reve nue to taxpayers who are paying on the installment plan. The bill shows the net amount due, after allowing for the 25 per cent reduction on in come received by individuals in the calendar year 1923, provision for which was made by the 1924 revenue act. The amount paid in September, plus the amount previously paid, must equal three-fourths of the total tax liability, after the 25 per cent reduc tion has been taken. / For example, an individual who re ported on his return a tax of *IOO owed under the new act, *75. If he paid *25, or one-fourth of the amount reported when he filed his return, he was required to pay on or before June 15 one-half of that amount, or *12.50, the two payments equaling one-half of the total amount due. On his Sep tember 15 payment he is required to pay *18.75, which, in addition to prior payments, equals three-fourths of the amount due. The remainder must be paid on or before December 15. Many tax payers, in view of the 25 per cent reduction, paid on or before June 15 the remainder of the total amount due. It is expected a larger number of full settlements will be made on or before September 15. Taxpayers who paid in full at the time of filing their returns the amount shown on the face of the re turn are receiving, without the re quirement to file a claim, refunds of 25 per cent. To date 1,723.000 re funds. totaling more than *12.989.- 000, have been made, and the re mainder are being made as fast as practical. Failure to receive a bill does not relieve the taxpayer of his obliga tion to pay the tax within the time required. Failure or willful refusal subjects the delinquent to heavy penalties. To avoid danger of loss In transmission by mail, payment should be made by check or money order made payable to the collector of internal revenue for the district in which the return was filed—for example, "Collector of Interal Reve nue, Baltimore, Md." Residents of the District of Co lumbia may send their payments either to the collector of internal revenue at Baltimore or make them at the office of the local deputy col lector, 1422 Pennsylvania avenue. FREEZING IN NORTHWEST. Low Temperatures Reported From Minnesota and Dakotas. CHICAGO, September 9.—Freeatng temperatures were reported from five weather stations in Minnesota, and North and South Dakota to the Weather Bureau today, with reports of frost In Minnesota, North and South Dakota and lowa, but only killing frost in Northern Minnesota. The lowest temperature was 28, at Jamestown, N. D. I MARLBORO ENTRIES Entries for Mar boro September 10: First race, claiming; purse, *500; 3-year-olds and up; about 6H fur longs—Conscript, 111; Rekab, 111: Capt. Bob. Ill; No Lady, 108; Legal Tender, 108; Elizabeth Bean, 115. Second race, claiming; purse, *500; S-year-olds and up: about 5Vi fur longs—Last Girl, 110; Silks and Satins, 110; Gold Mark, 109; Tenons Bon, 108; Stanthony, 106; Rosie H.. 105; Castilla, 102. Third race, claiming; purse, *500; 8-year-olds and up; about 6% fur longs—Star Court, 118; Service Flag, 113; Freedoms Call, 111; •Bodansky, 108; Kerensky, 108; Merry Feast, 108; Fluff, 108. Fourth race, claiming; purse, *500: t-year-olds and up; about 6 furlongs —Utah, 117; Mack Garner, 117; Humpy, 117: Bvadner, 115; Olive May, 114. Fifth race, claiming; purse, *700; 3-year-olds and up; about 7 furlongs —Stone Jug, 112; Captain Costigan, 112; Mabel K, 110; Racket, 109; Ste vens, 107; *Muohado, 101. Sixth race, claiming; purse, *600; 8- . year-olds and up; 1 mile and 70 yards— Saltpeter, 112; Invigorator, 108; Ducks and Drakes, 108; Stockpin, 10*; •Thriller, 100; Lady Longridge, 98. Seventh race, claiming; purse, $600; S-year-oida and up; 1 mile and one sixteenth —Caesar, 114; George Wash ington, 114 t All There, 114; Doyle, 114; •Rita B„ 106; Antiquity, 108. •Apprentice allowance claimed. Weather cloudy, track fast, , First iraca, 8 p.m. s JAMES A. LOGAN, JR. Reparation quarters were greatly exercised today over the imminent Ger man note In regard to war responsi bility. There was no attempt to hide the fact that the receipt of a note, advertised from Berlin as forthcoming, would create a most deplorable im pression in reparation quarters as i being both ill-timed and ill-advised. ITivate telegrams went forward from Paris reparation circles to influential persons In Germany asking that pres sure be brought upon Chancellor Marx to prevent him from sending the “unresponsiblllty’’ note. and Peter R. Horton Immediately offered *2OO to the flyer who brings down the winged marvel alive. Capt. Walter E. McCughley, in charge of the field, is going to have Lieut. Harmon J. Horton, champion stunt flyer of the Ma rines. try the buzzard out on the Immelmann loop originated by the famous German ace. Lieut. Norton is one of the few American flyers able to do this stunt, which consists of a half loop and half barrel turn, and he thinks that if the intelligent buz zard tries this it will flop over on its side and drop to the ground, thereby becoming prisoner of the flyers who will be standing ready to grab it. QUESTION OF WAR GUILT DISCUSSED IN GERMANY Marx and Stresemann to Have Cabinet Settle Issue of Submit ting Disclaimer to Powers. By the Aaaociated Press. BERLIN, September 9.—Chancellor Marx and Foreign Minister Strese mann will decide at a cabinet meet ing next week whether the proclama tion retracting Germany’s admission to war guilt, contained in the treaty of Versailles, shall be sent to the world powers and, if so, when the step shall be taken. An official statement given out yester day announces that the government attaches such importance to the ques tion that Dr. Marx and Dr. Strese mann will interrupt their holidays in order to decide it at the cabinet meet ing. The statement adds that the government has received numerous suggestions, especially from economic quarters, regarding the form and time of the dispatch of the note. The press continues an acrimonious discussion on the question of the ad visability of sending the note. MAGNUS WOULD PITCH HAY WITH COOLIDGE Farmer-Labor Senator Plans Chal lenge for Contest With President. By the Araoeiated Frees. ST. PAUL, Minn., September 9. Magnus Johnson, Farmer-Labor can didate for re-election as United States Senator from Minnesota, announced in an address here last night that he is planning to issue a challenge to President Coolldgt for a hay-pitching contest. Later he declared he was only “joshing." "You know I have been campaign ing for three months," he said. "I have been doing so much talking that I was afraid the people would say, ‘Why, he isn’t a dirt farmer after all.’ So I went back to the farm one day and pitched oats. "Then I read in the papers that President Coolldge was up in Ver mont on the farm. He raked a little hay and I guess he pitched some. So I am going to challenge him. I might come out better with the Presi dent than 1 did with Secretary Wal lace In our milking contest. You know all about that.” August Circulation Daily 88,427 Sunday - - 95,6991 District of Columbia, at.: FLEMING NHWBOIJ). Boaimas Manager of THE BVBNING and SUNDAY STAR, doca sol emnly swear that the actual number of copies of tbe papers named, sold and distributed dur ing the month of August, A.D. 1924, was as follows: DAILY. Days. Copies. Days. Copies. 1 92,089 16 ssToas 2 83J547 18 00,491 4 91.641 19., 00.950 6 9L343 20 89.622 6 90*15 21 90.834 7 89,540 22 80,404 8 00JS09 23., 82*87 9 82,875 25 89,712 II 90,818 26 01,276 12 90.000 27 90,844 13 01,083 28 '91.017 14 01/008 29 92,535 15 90,007 30 82.803 2*20,677 Less adjustments 21,460 Total daily net circulation.. .2*90/111 Total average net paid circu lation 87,543 Daily average number of copies for service, eta.... 884 Dally average net circulation. 88*427 SUNDAY. Days. Copies. Day*. Copies. 3 97,014 24 96/007 10 96*01 31 90,710 17 96,476 —i , . 482,188 Leas adjustments 3*92 Total Sunday net circulation. 478*466 Average net paid Sunday cir culation K4tf Average number of copies for service, etc MS Average-Sunday net circula tion wr gin FLEMING NBWBOLD, Business Manager. Subscribed and sworn to be fora me this 9th day of September, A.D. 1924. (■ML* KLMEB r. YOUNT, Notary Puhtta. a PAHS’OWN PEACE PLAN PjJTFORWARD Most Elaborate Proposal Yet Drawn to Be Submitted to League Tomorrow. BY PAUL SCOTT MOWKKII. Special Piip«t<-b to The Star and the rhic«*o Daily Non. GENEVA, September 9.—France has taken the lead in formulating a com pute peace plan, French plans are affirmative and constructive. They will be formally presented to the commission on Wed nesday and they will almost ce.®l ily form the basin of all further diecus -1 sion. Meanwhile it is being expound ed informally to certain assembly leaders and a large measure of sup port already is assured. This plan, which certainly is the most pretentious peace project ever fostered by any government, has been explained to the correspondent by the French delegate, Paul Boncour, as follows: Three Problem* Inseparable. 1. France considers the three problems, arbitration, security and disarmament wholly inseparable. There can be no question, for example, of accepting an arbitration scheme unless security and disarmament also are assured. 2. Prance desires to keep entirely to the covenant and to erect no super structure on the existing League of Nations. At the sam etime she in sists that it is necessary to have a supplementary text developing and clarifying the principles of the cove nant. / 3. The league's draft of the treaty of mutual assistance on which two years laborious effort have been ex pended is accepted by 18 States and rejected by 9; therefore, it Is by no means defunct, although It obviously requires radical revision. France proposes several fundamental changes in this treaty, which it hopes will then be acceptable to every one. Paris Accepts Arbitration. 4. Prance accepts and desires to Insert in the treaty the principle of compulsory arbitration. 5. Por the complicated section of the treaty which attempts to define aggression Prance would substitute the feature of the so-called American plan, desrigrating the aggressor sim ply as one who refuses arbitration. 6. Sanctions against the aggressor must be collective. Immediate and automatic, but all states need not participate in them to the same de gree. Indeed, Prance proposes three categories of signatories those willing to intervene with their army ard navy, those willing to employ only the navy for purposes of eco nomic blockade and those willing merely to give financial and economic support. This suggestion. It is felt, meets the principal objections hither to made to the draft of the treaty and enables each state to contribute to the cause of world peace in accord ance with its resources ard desires. Publicity for Treaties. 7. States which consider them selves particularly menaced may con clude particular defensive treaties, but these treaties would bear abso lutely no resemblance to pre-war al liances, for they would be registered publicly with the league and would be required to have the approval of the league council. They would be open to any one to Join. Thus Ger many may, after entering the league. Join the Franco-Czech treaty or the Franco-Polish treaty. 8. Regarding disarmament, three stages are foreseen by the treaty of Versailles: first, disarmament of for mer enemy states under supervision of allied military missions; second, after final inventory showing dis armament has been properly exe cuted, transfer of this supervision to the League of Nations: third, conclu sion and execution of a disarmament convention between other states and members of the league, thus remov ing special servitude from former enemy states, making all equal again. 9. The provisions of the draft treaty regarding arbitration and se curity are to become effective only when a general agreement has been negotiated and executed. Such is the French peace plan. All who have been privileged to hear It pay tribute to its logic and clarity. Some delegates believe its success al ready is assured, but the assumption seems premature. (Copyright, 1924, by Chicago Dally Neva Co.) AMERICANS PRAISE DRAFT. Cause of Peace Makes Big Strides, Say. Committeemen. By the Associated Press. GENEVA, September 9.—Belief that the cause of peace has been advanced during the year In Geneva is ex pressed in a statement made here to day by Prof. James Shotwell, David Hunter Miller and Gen. Tasker H. Bliss, whose draft project of security and disarmament, providing for out layry of war, is forming an impor tant element in the disarmament dis cussions of the League of Nations as sembly. The three Americans will leave Geneva tomorrow, going by motor to Paris, whence Gen. Bliss and Mr. Miller will return to the United States Immediately. “There is a spirit in the discus sions and purposes of the countries represented here which gives every promise for the future of the world,” the statement says. “There is already general agreement that International aggression is hereafter to be a crime: that arbitration Is to be developed under agreements satisfactory to all nations so that peaceful settlement shall take the place of force; that disarmament of Germany is only a part of world disarmament: that the details of world disarmament are to be worked out by all countries in common agreement, and that Ger many is to be a peaceful and equal partner at the council board. Accord With C. S. Ideal. "Nothing could be more in accord with the American ideal. Americans who have been here observing the work of the League of Nations feel that it Is on the road of progress contemplated by Us founders. “We are leaving Geneva in accord ance with plans made before coming to Europe. We are gratified that the principles of the so-called American plan gre being favorably considered by the statesmen In Geneva.” Without causing any weakening of the general faith at Geneva that something concrete and helpful will emerge from the present League of Nations assembly on the problems of arbitration, security and disarma ment. the debate has indicated to all the delegates the stupendous task confronting them. Two years were required in build ing up the draft pact of mutual as sistance, which sprang from the brain of Lord Robert Ceoll, and In getting the views of the world governments on the draft. Mach Work Ahead. Now the assembly not only pro poses to fashion a new pact of guar antees, but to link it up with some suitable form of compulsory arbitra tion and proceed far enough along the road of general agreement to warrant convocation of a general conference on disarmament. Hence the idea Is beginning to grow that the delegates cannot hope quickly to construct some 00-ordlna- Progress to World Peace Slow 9 Says | British Premier DUNDEE, Scotland, September 9-—Premier MacDonald, speaking , at a reception given In his honor . last night, and making reference to his work at Geneva, warned his hearers not to expect that everything could be achieved in a day. The man who thinks he can do everything in a day, said the prime minister, is a quack doctor. To make the great changes needed by humanity a man must work humbly, patiently and faith ’ fully, dealing with the harvest as it ripens and never cutting green corn. The great thing needed was sus ! taining faith. HUNDREDS SEEKING PASSAGE ON ZR-3 Many American Tourists in Eu rope Anxious to Get Home by Air. l By the Associated Press. 1 FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, Germany, • September 9.—Hundreds of telegrams ; and letters which could be measured ' by the bushel are pouring in upon the American commission and the Zep , pelln officials from persons In various parts of Europe who are desirous of ; having a Joy-ride in the dirigible air ship ZR-3, which has been construct ed here for the United States Navy, . when It cruises across the Atlantic Ocean to Lakehurst. N. J. Many of these requests are coming r from American tourists in Swltzer ’ land and other countries who have been reading of the flights of the ! big airship. One of these telegrams was sent by the chef of the Hotel Adlon, in , Berlin, who is anxious to work his ' way across the Atlantic. He promised , if permitted to embark on the ZR-3 that he would provide delectable dishes for every meal that is served during the voyage. Another tele » gram was from a Hamburg fortune ' teller who assures those in charge of the flight that the airship will ’ have a good passage to Lakehurst if . he is taken aboard as a passenger. . The flight which had been planned , for today was postponed because of . high winds. It had been the inten tion of the contractors to try out the , motors for maximum speed and alti- I tude and put the airship through . various 1 other tests. Among the disappointed ones who , had intended taking a trip today on ; the ZR-3 was Countess Hella von Brandenstein-Zeppelin, daughter of the late Count Zeppelin, who 15 years ago. was the first girl taken aloft in \ a dirigible. The countess is living ’ with her husband in Castle Biberach, : near here. Capt. Ernest A. Lehman of the Zep ■ peltn expert force said that if there had been a mooring mast here the 1 airship would have been sent out to day regardless of the winds, which make the airship's exit from and en trance into the hangar difficult. DEMPSEY’S FILM GIRL FRIEND FACES SUIT Husband of Estelle Taylor Wants Her to Accept Service in Divorce Action. By the Anoeiated Press, PHILADELPHIA. September 9. Kenneth M. Peacock of New York, husband of Estelle Taylor, motion • picture actress, announced that he ■ had instructed his Philadelphia at -1 torney to notify counsel for Miss I Taylor to have her come to this city • to accept service in a divorce action. ■ He denied reports that Jack Dempsey. • heavyweight champion, was to be t named in the suit, which, he said, • would be based on desertion. r Miss Taylor is visiting her grand i mother in Wilmington. Del. Reports that she was engaged to marry 1 Dempsey recently were denied by the t champion. “I knew she came East with • Dempsey,” said Mr. Peacock, "and I i knew they met in Wilmington recent ly and went to Atlantic City to see 1 the beauty pageant. If she wants to marry Dempsey, it's all right with me." Mr. Peacock said he was married to the actress in 1911. They agreed sev eral years ago to separate and have since been living apart, he added. POLO GAME POSTPONED. Rain Compels Second Delay in In ternational Event. NEW YORK. September 9.—The opening game of the international ' polo series between the United States and Great Britain, scheduled at the Meadow Brook Club, Westbury, L. L, this afternoon, has been postponed because of rain. The game will be played tomorrow afternoon starting at 4 o’clock, if the weather permits. Today’s postponement was the sec ond successive time that the weather has interrupted the start of the series. Wet grounds forced the can cellation of the original opening last Saturday. tive project and that a much longer time than was first expected will be required to bring order out of the complex problems before them. A commission meets today to con sider the question of revising the statute of the World Court of Justice which provides for obligatory arbi tration. Whether Germany will apply for admission to the league this year continues to be a topic of eager dis cussion. South Africa yesterday made a plea for Great Britain and Prance to get together on this question and invite Germany to submit an application for membership. The desire that Ger , many enter the league as a neces sary element in the discussion of dis armament is general. Italy’s Stand Surprise*. • Italy’s declaration yesterday before , the disarmament commission of the League of Nations assembly that she ' accepted with reservations the idea t that all disputes between states should be settled by obligatory arbi tration was the dominant subject of ; discussion in Geneva last night. It clearly caused a chill In the hopeful atmosphere which last week’s . memorable proceedings In the assem i bly had created. Italy’s position was presented by » Signor Schanser, former foreign min ister, and many delegates last night were comparing it with Italy’s atti tude at the laat assembly, when she questioned the right of the council • to pass upon the Corfu affair. i Signor Schanser’s whole argument . was that disputes of a political na r ture should he left to the council, and > that only questions of Jurisdiction i should be submitted to the World Court of Justice, which, in the pact > proposed by the Americans, virtually i decided which state was the ag gressor. STONE WILL HEAD;] LABOR’S WORKERS Engineers’ Chief Seeks to Co-Ordinate Activities for La Follette-Wheeler Ticket. Co-ordination or organized labor’s campaign activities in behalf of the La Kollette-Wheeler ticket, will be in the hands of a committee, to be appointed by Warren S. Stone, head of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. The committee also will endeavor to conduct a systematic fi nancial campaign, and to turn over to the La Foilette organization the re sources of trade unions in the way of organizers and speakers. Plans for systematizing union la bor’s efforts in the campaign were made at a conference, attended by 21 labor leaders, which came to a close here late yesterday. Senator La Foi lette addressing the group declared he believed he and his running mate. Senator Wheeler of Montana, as the situation now shapes up, have an even chance to win in the coming election. Small Contributions. In a statement issued today from La Follette-Wheeler headquarters, it was announced that 94 per cent of the contributions to the campaign fund received so far had been in sums leas than $5. President Coolidge’s address on Labor day waa attacked in another statement, which quoted T. C. Cashen of the International Switchmen’s Union and others a» saying that, on the showing of the labor Department 1.300.000 men and women in the United States are Jobless, pay-roll cuts have been made and living costs have not declined. A long list of industries, with the number of men Idle in each, was given out, with wage and food price comparisons. Cites Government Figure*. Mr. Cashen said : “The President said that labor now receives more per capita than it did a year ago and that the decline in living coats is far greater than the decline in labor’s wage. "Labor Department experts, after careful study, find, on the contrary, that there has been a sharp decline in pay scales in 32 leading industries, ranging from 9.1 to 18.5 per cent, during the past year, while food prices failed to drop perceptibly. "In six of the principal cities food costs actually increased. "But that doesn’t tell all the story that the President s advisors deliberate ly concealed. While on the one hand the laborer’s pay kept shrinking. and living costs remained stationary, em ployers throughout the country Laid off workers by the thousands. “In 6,057 establishments in 52 lead ing Industries averaged by the Labor Department 14.3 per cent of the workers were thrown out of Job*. “Using this as an index, more than 1.300.000 men and women in America are now jobless and a charge on those who are employed. "This has enabled the employers to cut payrolls 19.3 per cent the Labor Department states, at the same time reducing the per capita pay of those left on the job by 5.9 per cent" ROAD PLAN IS INDORSED BY CLARENDON CITIZENS $700,000 Project Explained at Meeting—sl7s Reward Offered for Prisoners. Special Diapatcb to The Star. CLARENDON, Va., September 9. By unanimous vote the Clarendon Citizens’ Association, ati Its semi monthly meeting at Clarendon Citi zens’ Hall laat night. Indorsed the plan of the Arlington Good Roads Com mission for road development in Ar lington district, of which Clarendon is a part. President J. Thomas Manning presided. The plan of the commission, which provides for the development of ap proximately 20 miles of road, esti mated unofficially to cost between 2650.000 and 2700,000, has been sub mitted for ratification or rejection by the commission to all of the civic or ganizations of the district affiliated with It in whipping the program into shape. The commission will mark time until all organizations are heard from. A majority of the organiza tions approving, the commission’s next step will be to petition the court for a special bond election. The plan of the commission was ex plained to the association by A. B. Eaton, one of the good roads dele gates. The motion to adopt the plan, which was offered by C. R. Taylor, also sets forth that "the association stands ready at the call of the chair man of the good roads commission to meet with the commission to vote upon the proposal when it comes up for final action.” Manning, Taylor and Eaton pointed out that the commission, in formu lating Us road-building program, worked with the idea In mind of sat isfying every community in the dis trict, and they expressed the view that this had been accomplished. A reward of 225 for the arrest or information leading to the arrest of each of the seven prisoners who sawed their way to liberty from the Arlington County jail early yeoter day was announced by the county board of supervisors at its regular meeting at the courthouse. Sheriff Fields stated today that his men are bending every effort to lo cate the prisoners, and .the authorities of Virginia, Maryland and the Dis trict of Columbia have been notified to look out for them. No tangible clue has been received as to their whereabouts. ALEXANDER POPE DIES. Noted Artist Drops Dead at Wheel of Automobile. HINGHAM. Mass., September Alexander Pope, noted painted of ani mals and still life, died suddenly at the wheel of his automobile, while driving near here today. He waa 75 years of age. He waa self-taught in art and orig inated painted game birds carved from pine wood, two of which were purchased by the Emperor of Rus sia. Among his productions were plates of birds, water fowl and dogs. The painting "Our Vanishing Wild Life” received high praise at the San Francisco Exposition. SWANSON ASSUMES POST. Virginia Senator Heads Democratic Speakers’ Bureau. Senator Claude A- Swanson of Vir ginia was appointed yesterday by Chairman Shaver as head of the speaker’s bureau of the Democratic national committee. Senator Swanson succeeds Repre sentative MoCllntio of Oklahoma, who recently resigned the post. He assumed his duties yesterday and im mediately began to outline the Itineraries of Democratic campaign speakers, which will include William G. MoAdoo, William J. Bryan. New ton D. Baker, William B. Wilson, Secretary of Labor in the Wilson Cabinet, and many others.