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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 10, 1924, Image 1

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Fair and slightly cooler tonight; to
morrow fair, moderate northwest and
north winds.
Temperature for 24 hours ended at 2
p.m. today: Highest, 69, at 3 p.m. yes
terday; lowest. 51. at 6:30 a.m. today.
Full report on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bends, Page 24
vr t)(-v oe.) Entetert as second class matter
-NO. JyODI, post oltice Washington, D. C.
Caverly States No Minor Ever
Was Executed in Illinois
After Guilty Plea —Ignores
Insanity Theory.
Franks’ Slayers Unmoved as
Verdict Is Pronounced—Order
Hearty Meal “That May Be |
Last"—Great Precautions Taken j
to Avert Disorder.
Ity the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. 111., September 10—Sen
tences of life imprisonment for the
murder of 14-year-old Robert Franks
and 99 years’ imprisonment for kid
naping the boy were meted out to
day to Nathan F. Leopold, jr., and :
Richard Loeb by Judge John R. !
Caverly. The youth of the defend- j
ants, 18 and 19 years, was all that j
saved them from the noose. The i
separate sentences were passed to j
meet legal technicalities.
Judge Caverly said no minor ever I
had been sentenced to death in Illinois j
on a plea of guilty, adding that such J
action was contrary to all the tend
ency of criminal law.
“The court finds no mitigation in
the crime itself in the defendants’
personalities or their antecedents,’’
Judge Caverly said. He then ac
cepted “full responsibility for declin
ing” to impose the death penalty on '
persons who are not of full age.
C«o to Prison Today.
At the office of the county sheriff I
In the Criminal Courts Building it j
was first announced that Leopold I
and Loeb would not be sCSrted for !
Joliet today, but probably would be
held in the local jail until Friday.
There was, however, a persistent
rumor that the start would be made
within a few hours, and in the midst
of conflicting reports Hheriff Hoff
man definitely announced that Leo
pold and Loeb would be taken to
Joliet penitentiary within an hour.
Despite Sheriff Hoffman's announce- .
ment, uncertainty continued as to
when the boys would start for Joliet,
and it appeared that several hours I
might elapse before the necessary j
legal papers would be executed. j
Crowd Watches Jail.
An immense crowd gathered about I
the entrance of the Cook Countv j
Jail when the decision became known.
A score of motor cycle policemen, :
lined up on both sides of the street,
held the people in check. The crowd
was silent and merely stood a'bout,
watching the jail doors.
Finally the crowd was convinced
that it would see nothing and it dis
solved. Meanwhile Sheriff Hoffman’s
office was busy preparing commit
ment papers for the warden of the
Joliet penitentiary.
State’s Attorney Crowe said that I'
the boys probably would not start !,
for Joliet before 2 p.m. Should it I ’
take more time to execute the papers j
be said that the start would not be \ 1
made before 4 p.m.
The sheriff said that within a few i
hours after the sentencing he had re
ceived several anonymous telephone
warnings that preparations were being
made to waylay the prisoners and their 1
ei- cor I en route to the penitentiary.
Order (iiMid MraU,
Leopold and Loeb ordered steaks
two inches thick, with every side
dish they could think of. for their
dinner, the sheriff said.
It may be the last {rood meal we
will get in our lives,” they said.
Judge Caverly remained in his
chambers after delivering his sen
tence for about three-cjuarters of an
hour. AN hen he left it was by a pri
vate corridor and elevator. He was
again surrounded by guards and went
away from the building so swiftly
that onlookers in the street were not
aware of his identity.
Not a muscle moved in Leopold’s
face as Judge Caverly indicated life
Imprisonment was to be his fate.
*Loeb rapidly blinked his eyelids, gulp
ed almost unnoticeably and slightly
contracted his lips. Net a portion of
their bodies moved. Court was *n
session but ten minutes.
“The testimony has been detailed
and elaborate, and has been given
such wide publicity that it would be
useless to repeat any now,” said Judge
Caverly. "Hut the court feels it his
duty to say that the defendants are
abnormal, otherwise they would
not have cdtnmitted the < rime.”
"Judgment cannot be affected by
the tests brought into the record,”
said Judge Caverly.
“The crime was abhorrent, although
there was no abuse of body.
Hold* Pair Abnormal.
"It would have been the path of
least resistance to impose the ex
treme penalty of the law," said the
gray-haired judge in his decision.
"In choosing imprisonment Instead of
death, the court Is moved chiefly by
the age of the defendants, boys of 18
and 19 years.
"It is not for the court to say that
ho will not in any case enforce cap
ital punishment, but he believes it is
within his province to decline to im
pose the sentence of death on per
sons who are not of full age.
“This determination appears to be
in accordance with the progress of
criminal law all over the world and
to the dictates of enlightenment of
humanity. More than that, it seems
to be in accordance with the prece
dents in this State. The records of
Illinois know only two cases of
minors who were put to death by
legal process, to which number the
court does not feel-inclined to make
an addition.”
Judge Caverly added that while
life imprisonment “may not strike
the public imagination as forcibly as
would hanging," yet "to the offend
ers, particularly of the type they are,
the prolonged suffering of years of
(Continued on Page 4. Column 1.)
Arctic Explorer
Says Gulf Stream
Is Getting Cooler
«y Cable to The Star and Chirajo bally
CHRISTIANIA. September 10
The Spitzbergen expedition, led by
the famous Arctic scientist, Hoel,
has returned after a tour of ex
ceptionally interesting results.
Hoel attributes this year’s mild
Arctic Summer to scanty rain. He
made another interesting discov
ery. that the temperature of the
gulf strean is diminishing. It is
impossible to decide yet, he said,
whether the phenomena Is limited
to this Summer or if a real cool
ing process has begun.
While mapping, the expedition
found that the glaciers of Spitz
bergen were returning from the
coast to the inner country. One
glacier In Vankeylan Bay has re
treated 31* kilometers since 1898,
and King’s glacier, 51 Vfc kilometers
since 1907. Some minor glaciers
have totally disappeared in the
last 12 years.
(Copyright. IBM. by the Chicago Daily
Ne«f Co.)
Village Taken 90 Miles West
of City—Peking Expects
Move to Collapse.
I By the Associated Press.
i SHANGHAI, September f 10.—Cessa
i tion of the deluge which halted fighting
| along the front south and west of
I Shanghai was the signal for resump
j tion of firing along the whole line this
j morning between the forces of rival
j piilitary governors battling for pos
session of Shanghai.
Reports from the Lungwha head
quarters of the defending forces this
morning said that additional advances
were made against the invading forces
in the Ihing sector, west of Taihu
Lake, 90 miles west of Shanghai. The
i Chekiang troops reported the capture
j of the village of Susan in their drive
to take Ihing.
I The drive on Ihing is part of the
j campaign to take Changchow, the
i point from which the defending forces
! hope to attack the Kiangsu troops
from the rear line on the Shanghai-
Nanking Railway.
IVn Open* Offensive.
A force of Chekiang troops pene
trated beyond Anting today, although
that town remained in iKissesslon of ]
Kiangsu forces, Lungwha announce
ments said.
Gen. Wu Pei-Fu has opened a new
offensive against Gen. Lu Yung-
Hsiang, the governor of Chekiang, who
is busily engaged holding back the
army of Kiangsu. which has been at
tacking his troops west of Shanghai.
According to advices reaching
i Peking, Gen. Sun Chuan-Fang, who
has been holding Foochow, in Fukien
Province, for Wu, has arrived at
Chuchow, in the south of Chekiang,
with a strong force of Fukien troops.
His opponent, Gen. Pang, with a di
vision of the Chek\ang army, is with
out much hope of receiving reinforce
Peking Experts Change.
The second and third divisions of
the Chekiang army, under Lu Yung
hsiang, which has been opposing the
Kiangsu army, near Shanghai, have
declared their independence, under
the civil governor, Chang Tsai-yang,
according to reports received here.
The Chinese war office credits the
reports and predicts that the disaf
fection of the troops will bring about
a complete alteration in Lu Yung
hslang’s plans.
Gen. Chang Tso-Lin, Manchurian
war lord, who has been mobilizing
his forces since Sunday, intends to
open an attack on Shanghaikwan to
morrow against the Wu Pei-Fu
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
OF $250,000 IN JEWELS
Lady Mountbatten, Member of
Prince of Wales Party, Among
Victims of Thieves.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, September 10. —Jew-
elry valued at $250,000 was stolen
from the home of J. S. Cosden,
wealthy oil man and race horse own
er, at Sands Point, Long Island, on
Monday night, it was announced to
day by Gerard Luiai, head of the In
vestigating company which is In
charge of the search for the robbers.
Some of the gems belonged to Lord
and Lady Mountbatten, who accom
panied the Prince of Wales to this
country, and who were guests at the
Cosden home.
Senator Glass Indignant Over Pub
lication of Private Letter.
Senator Carter Glass expressed in
dignation today over a press dispatch
from Richmond, published in The Star
and other newspapers, in which he was !
made to appear as a critic of John W. !
Davis because of the latter’s "swing
around the circle" in the presidential
Senator Glass’ indignation was
aroused in the first place because a
private letter had been given out for
publication, and, secondly, because its
contents had been so twisted as to
place him in a false position. His let
ter was in reply to one from a con
stituent expressing regret that Sen
ator Glass had not been made the
Democratic nominee, and the follow
ing Is the exact language the Vir
ginia Senator used;
"It was certainly providential that
I was not nominated as the candidate
of the party for the presidency, inas
much as I have been ill since return
ing from the convention.
“The nomination of Mr. John W.
Davis was so good an achievement'
that I scarcely hoped it could be
brought about. In my Judgement he
was easily the best furnished man of
them all for the place, and I am grat
ified to know that he is acquitting
himself finely on the stump, although
I am not much of a believer in presi
dential candidates touring the coun
try for votes.** -
Wj/t Mtimim Jsfef.
Mogridge and Heimach Toe
Slab in Second Game
of Twin Bill.
Gray and Zachary Stage Pitchers’
Battle, With the Former Hav
ing Better of Argument.
, Vs. t. Pet. W. L. to play
nshlngton 79 57 .s*l .5*4 .577 1*
New York . 7S 5S .574 .577 .573 18
McNeely. cf. Hale, 3b.
I Hams. Bb. Lamar. If.
5i Ue *> °* Simmons, cf.
1 Bluer*. 3b. Oykoa. 2b.
«» Galloway, ss.
Sbirloy, lb. Perkins, c.
Mogndye, p. Heimach, p.
Umpires —-Messrs Hildebrand and Connolly.
Attendance— 4,600.
SHIBE PARK, Philadelphia, Septem
; her 10.—Both clubs sent left-handers
j 1° the mound to start the second game
;of the day. George Mogridge was
1 Manager Harris’ pitching choice, while
. (.Connie Mack detailed Fred Heimach
; | to the firing line.
I WASHINGTON—McNeeIy popped to
’ } Dykes. Galloway threw out Harris.
' | Rice doubled to left. Goslin beat out
1 a roller to Galloway, Rice stopping
jat third. Simmons went to left cen
, j ter for Ruel’s high one. No runs.
. | PHILADELPHIA—HaIe fanned.
. j mar grounded to Shirley. Miller
1 j rolled to Bluege and took second
1 | base when the latter threw wildly to
i I Shirley. Hauser lifted a high foul to
1 i Rue). No runs.
i WASHINGTON Bluege hit past
I Galloway. Peck doubled against the
' ; left field bleachers. Bluege pulling up
(at third. Shirley singled to left,
j scoring Bluege and Peck, and going
Ito second on the throw in. Lamar's
heave was wild, allowing Shirley to
continue to third. Mogridge fanned.
McNeely tripled between Miller and
Simmons, Shirley scoring. Meeker
replaced Heimaih on the hill. Harris
j doubled to the right field wall, scor
ing McNeely. Rice drove a hot one
through the box for a single, count
ing Harris. Hauser ran far hack for
Goslin’s foul. Rice stole second. Ruel
popped to Hauser. Five runs.
PHILADELPHIA—Simmons doubled
against the left field bleachers. Dykes
flied to Rice, Simmons taking third
after the catch. Galloway singled to
right center, scoring Simmons. Per
kins doubled down the left field line,
sending Galloway to third. Meeker
fanned. Hale fouled to Shirley. One
Gray and Zachary
Stage Mound Duel in
Opener; A’s Win 9 2-1
SHIBE PARK, Philadelphia, Sep
tember 10. —The Athletics defeated
Rucky Harris’ league leading Na
tionals this afternoon in the first
game of today’s double-header by a
2-to-l score.
Joe Zachary, veteran fork-hander
of the GrifTmen, worked on the slab
for the visitors. Opposing him was
Sam Gray, a righthander, who was
wild, but effective with alien runners
on the base paths. .
Cold weather held the attendance
to about 3,000 for the dual attraction.
Joe Judge, who had been out of
the game since last Thursday nursing
a sore ankle, returned to the lineup
in his regular job at fljst base.
WASHINGTON—GaIIoway threw out
McNeely. Harris went out. Hale to
Hauser. Rice singled to center. Goslin
lifted a fly to Miller. No runs.
PHILADELPHIA—HaIe hit Zachary’s
first pitch to left for a base. On the
next pitch Lamar flied to Rice. Miller
fanned. Hauser flied to Goslin. No
Washington—Miller made a fine
running one-hand catch of Judge's
liner to right. Lamar took Ruel’a
fly. Hale threw out Bluege. No runs.
Philadelphia—Simmons clouted a
single off Judge's glove. Dykes sac
rificed, Bluege to Judge. Galloway
also sacrificed, Zachary to Judge.
Perkins flied to McNeely. No runs.
WASHINGTON-VA third strike was
called on Peckinpaugh. Zachary
walked. Perkins went out to the box
for McNeely’s pop. Harris sent a
long single past Hale, Zachary stop
ping at second. Rice walked on four
, pitched balls, filling the bases. Go»-
lln walked, forcing Zachary home.
A third trike was called on Judge,
i One run.
threw out Gray. Hale bounded the
ball in front of the plate and did
not run. Ruel grabbed the sphere
and touched out the batter. Lamar
singled over second. Miller scratched
a single off Zachary’s glove, Lamar
stopping at second. Hauser doubled
to left, scoring Lamar and Miller.
Simmons popped to Judge. Two runs.
WASHINGTON —Ruel walked. Bluege
was called out on strikes. Peck popped
to Dykes near the box. Dykes threw
out Zachary. No runs.
PHILADELPHIA —Dykes flied to Mc-
Neely. Galloway singled to right Per
kins fouled to Judge. Gray singled to
center, sending Galloway to third. Hale
walked, filling the bases. Peckinpaugh
threw out Lamar. No runs.
W ly I'ned to
Galloway. Harris took * third
strike. Rice was safe on Dyke's
fumble. Goslin forced Rice, Dykes
unassisted. No runs. •
PHILADELPHIA Bluege stopped
Millet's hot grounder and threw him
Now, is it
AB. H_ H. O. A. m.
I McNeely, cf 3 0 0 2 0 0
j Leibold, cf 2 O O 1 O O
1 Harris, 2b 3 O 2 11 O
| Rice, rs 4 0 110 0
j Goslin, If 3 O O 2 O O
j Judge, lb 3 O 1 IO O O
l Shirley, lb O O O O O O
j Ruel. c 3 0 14 O O
j Bluege. 3b 4 0 0 1 3 0
! Peck, ss 4 O O 2 3 O
Zachary, p 2 1 O O 2 O
Taylor O O O O O O
Tate 1 O 1 O O O
Totals 34~ , T ”» 24 1 ~O
Taylor ran for Jadgr la the eighth laalag.
Tate hatted for Zachary la the ninth Inning.
AB, It. H. O. A. K.
Hale, 3b 3 0 1 0 3 O
Lamar, If 4 11 2 O O
MHler. r 5..., 4 1 2 3 0 0
Hauser, lb „ 4 0 2 7 0 0
Simmons, cf 4 0 110 0
Dykes, 2b 3 0 0 4 2 1
Galloway, ss 3 0 2 2 2 0
Perkins, c 3 0 0 8 2 0
Gray, p 3 O 1 O O O
Totals 31 2/ 10 27 1 ~
1 2 1 4 t I 7 8 • R.
Washington O O 1 O O O O O 0— 1
Philadelphia 00200000 *- 2
Twn-hase hits—Haaser. Left aa bases—Washington, 8; Uhlla
* delphis, 9.
Sneriflee hits—Dykes, Galloway. Bases en bait*—Zachary. It Gray, A
Doable playa—Harris to Peek to oat—-By Zachary, 2 1 by Gray, 0.
\ I atpires—Messrs. Connelly and Hllde-
Jadgc. brand.
out. With a three-and-two count against
him, Hauser singled to left-center. Sim
mons forced Hauser, Zachary to Peck.
Goslm ran far to his right to get Dykes'
liner near the foul line. No runs.
WASHINGTON —Judge singled to
center. Huel popped to Dykes. Bluege
died to Simmons. Peck fanned. No
PHILADELPHIA —Galloway singled
to center. Perkins, attempting to sacri
fice, popped to Judge, Gray rolled into a
double play, Harris to Peck to Judge.
No runs.
WASHINGTON —Dykes threw out
Zachary- Leibold batted for McNeely
and let a third strike go by. Harris
singled to right-center. Rice bounced to
Hauser. No runs.
PHILADELPHIA —Leibold now play
ing center for Washington. Hale bunted
and was thrown out by Bluege. Lamar
took a third strike. Miller singled to
left. Leibold came fast for Hauser's
fly. No runs.
WASHINGTON—GosIin fouled to
Perkins. Judge walked. Taylor went in
to run for Judge. Ruel drove the ball
down left-field line. It hit the bag and
bounded over Hale’s head for a single,
sending Taylor to third. Bluege ground
ed to Hale, and Taylor, who attempted
to score was run down. Hale to Perkins
to Galloway to Hauser. Ruel took third
and Bluege second on the play. Peck
flied to Lamar. No runs.
PHILADELPHIA—ShirIey now play
ing first for Washington. Harris made
a leaping one-hand catch of Simmons'
liner. Dykes fouled to Ruel. Galloway
fouled to Bluege. No runs.
WASHINGTON—Tate batted for
Zachary and singled to • left. Leibold
bunted and forced Tate, Perkins to Gal
loway. Dykes made a splendid running
catch of Harris’ foul far behind first.
Rice flied to Miller. No runs.
SMOLENSK. Russia, September
10.—The eight passengers in an air
plane on the route between Moscow
and Koenlgsberg. East Prussia, had
a narrow escape from death today
when the plane, a 'big Fokker,
crashed near here.
All the occupants, including M.
Lozovsky, general secretary of the
International Trade Unions allied
with the Moscow organizations, were
painfully injured. The machine was
Ruhr Customs Collections Cease.
DUESSELDORF, September 10.—
The collection of customs on the
Eastern frontier of the occupied zone
in the Ruhr, ceased at midnight last
night. The cessation of collections
by the Franco-Belglan authorities
was in pursuance of the terms of the
accord for a reparation settlement
under the Dawes’ plan reached at l
the London conference last month.
Will Stay Over for Polo
Matches, Secretary Says.
Eye Is Better.
By the A*sooi«tod Press.
SYOSSET, N. Y., September 10.—The"
ktng Island visit of the Prince of
Wales will be extended into next
week if the second international polo
game is played then, and If the hon
ors should be even between the Brit
ish and Americans after the second
game he will stay for the final con
test, It was learned today.
Capt. Lascelles, Wales' secretary,
said Wales was determined to see at
least two of the three games, since
that was one of the chief purposes
of his visit.
The future British sovereign play
ed another polo game this morning
at the J. S. Phipps field, in Westbury.
his injured eye having almost en
tirely recovered. Dr. Richard Derby
called again just before the prince
left for the polo grounds. The swell
ing had almost entirely disappeared
and the inflammation had gone. The
prince will no longer wear his eye
shade or his yellow glasses.
Bids Howard Good-Bye.
Sir Esme Howard, the British am
bassador, and Lady Howard called
at the James A, Burden home today
to bid the prince good-bye. They
will return tomorrow to Manchester
•Mass., their Summer home.
The prince danced last night with
a small party at the home of Mrs.
Ronald Tree, after dining as the guest
of Harrison Williams in Gen Cove
_The prince has been deluged with
gifts of almost every* conceivable
variety. Firms and Individuals have
sent him • w alking sticks, dgars
cigarettes, neckties, belts, paper
knives and small pieces of statuary.
Half a dozen such presents arrive
daily, but inasmuch as the prince has
a rigid rule ojT never accepting pres
ents from persons with whom he Is
not acquainted, all such gifts are
promptly sent back by registered
mail. Capt. Lascelles said.
Many of the prince’s feminine ad
mirers, he added, wrote to request
autographs and photographs. From
10 to 40 such letters come daily from
many parts of the world. The prince,
Capt. Lascelles pointed out, could not
comply with such requests unless he
spent much of his time signing his
name, and so a form letter explain
ing this is sent to each correspondent
Radio Programs—Page 23.
Strong Grip’of Coolidge on
Own State Held Reflected
In Primary.
The selection of Speaker Frederick
H. Gillett by the Republicans of Mas
sachusetts as their candidate for the
senatorial seat now occupied by Sen
ator David I. Walsh, Democrat, was
regarded here today as another evi
dence of the strong grip which Presi
dent Coolidge has on the people of
his own State, and in a more limited
way. of the grip which he has on the
people generally.
Because of the announcements of
Gillett support, first by Frank
Stearns, close personal friend of the
President, and se«K)nd, by William M.
Butler, chairman of the Kepublican
national committee, the Impresslod
was created in Massachusetts that
Mr. Coolidge wanted Gillett nomi
This, although the President him
self made no statement In regard to
the three-cornered race for the sena
torial nomination, with Louis A. Cool
idgo and Representative Dallinger
competing against Speaker Gillett and
each other.
Leads by 50,000.
A few weeks ago. even 10 days ago.
according to reports from Massachu
setts. the result of the senatorial race
was much in doubt. But the returns
now show Mr. Gillett leading his clos
est opponent by more than 50,000.
While the Speaker has been a Na
tional figure for a number of years
by virtue of his choice to preside
over the House, he has not been
widely known personally In Massa
ehusetts, and both Mr. Coolidge and
Mr. Gillett had been campaigning for
many months for the senatorial nomi
The Speaker will have his work
cut out for him In the coming con
test with Senator Walsh. But Re
publicans here from the Bay State
are saying today that Mr. Gillett
will be elected notwithstanding the
popularity of Senator Walsh. They
base their prediction on the fact
that the Republican nominee for
Senator this year will have the
pres’lge of the Coolidge national
ticket to aid him—that thousands
of Republicans and others who will
support Coolidge for President will
vote the straight Republican ticket
rather than split their ballots.
Furthermore, they say, now that Gil
lett has been nominated, the people
of Massachusetts will he entirely !
willing to elect to the Senate 1 a man
who is undeniably of senatorial tim
ber and size. They expect the solid
support of Massachusetts Republicans
for the Speaker.
Butler Statement.
Chairman William M. Butler today
issued the following statement in
regard to the Massachusetts pri
“All available figures from Massa
chusetts. with more than half of all
the precincts reported, show that F
H. Gillet, Speaker of the House of
Representatives, has won the sena
torial nomination by a large margin.
It is gratifying that a stanch sup
porter of President Coolidge. who
has rendered fine public service to
the United States and Massachvjeets.
should be nominated for the United
States Senate.
"1 am confident that he will re
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
Chemist Makes. Sugar From Water,
Carbon Dioxide and Ultra Violet Rays
By the Associated Press.
ITHACA, N. Y., September 10—
For the first time in history man
has succeeded In making a sugar
In away similar to that in which
the green leaves of plants have
been yielding it for countless,
ages, a meeting of the division of
sugar chemistry of the American
Chemical Society at Cornell Uni
versity was told today.
This development, called by
chemists one of the great triumphs
of modern times, was achieved by
Dr. E. C. C. Baly, senior professor
of chemistry In the University of
Liverpool, England. Hej told the
society he had made formaldehyde
from carbon dioxide and water
with the aid of ultra violet light,
and sugar developed from the for
Principal J. C. Irvin of the
Ancient Scottish University of St.
Andrews,- it was announced, by
Independent Investigation, had
proved that the product evolved
Detroit Votes Save Senator.
Speaker’s Victory in Bay
State Sweeping.
Other Primaries Held in Vermont,
Colorado, Washington, Aru.na i
and Delaware.
By the Associated Prezt.
DETROIT. September 10.—Senator
James Couzens took the lead for the
first time in tho race for the Repub
lican nomination for United States
Senator when 291 Wayne precincts
placed him in front of Judge Arthur
J. Tuttle. The vote, withM,BBB of the
State's 2,765 precincts reported, was:
Couzens, 222.374.
Tuttle, 202,812.
Smith, 24,467.
Tusging, 22,618.
Tuttle came into Wayne County
with a lead of approximately 30,000
votes. Returns from Detroit were
for Couzens, 2 to 1.
Couena Is Confident.
Senator Couzens, predicting his
election to the full term in the United
States Senate by at least 30,000 votes
over Federal Judge Arthur J. Tuttle,
his nearest opponent, in a formal
statement to the Associated Press to
day expressed his gratification that
"the unorganized Couzens movement
has beaten the organized anti-Couz
ens movement.”
The short term for the United
States Senate, to fill the vacancy
created by resignation of former
Senator Newberry, and to which Sen
ator Couzens was appointed by Gov.
Groesbeck until the time of the No
vember election this year, also may
have been won by Couzens. Returns
from 1.521 precincts in the State at
noon gave him a lead of 5,791 over
Judge Tuttle for the Republican nom
ination for this office, which will ex
pire next March. The vote stood;
Couzens. 165,308; Hal H. Smith,
24,662: Arthur J. Tuttle, 159.517.
Grwibrek Wins Easily.
Mortimer E. Cooley, dean of the
engineering department of the Uni
versity of Michigan, was the only
Democratic candidate for both long
and short senatorial terms.
Gov. Alex J. Groesbeck was nom
inated by the Republicans for a third
term by an overwhelming plurality.
With reports from 1.527 precincts the
vote stood: Groesbeck, 152,223: Her
bert Baker. 51,731; James Hamilton,
62,124; Frederick Perry, 45,711; VV.
W. Potter, 10.929; Thomas Read,
8,347; Charles R. Sligh, 51.656.
Speaker of House Sweeps Massa
chusetts Primary for Senate.
By the Associated Press.
BOSTON, September 10.—An easy
victory for Speaker Frederick H.
Gillett of the National House of Rep
resentatives was the outcome of the
three-cornered contest for the Repub
lican nomination for United States ;
senator in yesterday’s primaries. Re- \
turns from 1,367 of the 1,432 precincts i
in the State, including Boston, com- i
pi etc. gave:
Gillett, 137,022.
Louis A. Coolidge, 87,3 0".
Representative Frederick W. Dal- i
linger. 73.950.
Lieut. Gov. Alvan T. Fuller was [
nominated for governor by the Re- j*
publicans, the same precincts giving j
him 176,659 to 136,196 for State j
Treasurer James Jackson. , j
Tagur In Defeated.
Representative Peter F. Tague,
Democrat, was defeated for renomi- |
nation in the tenth district (Boston) :
by John J. Douglass, the vote of the I
district complete being; Douglas. 11,- j
041; Tague, 9,357, with two other j
candidates trailing far behind.
John J. Cummings, a Boston law- |
yer. won a triangular contest for the 1
“Democratic nomination for lieutenant i
i governor, 1,367 precincts giving him !
56,634 to 36,120 for William A. |
O’Hearn of North Adams, and 20,143 ;
for Thomas J. Boynton.
Senator David I. Walsh was re- )
nominated by the Democrats without |
opposition, and Mayor James M. Cur- (
ley of Boston had no opponent for j
the Democratic nomination for gov- i
Among the Republicans nominated
for the Slate House of Representa
tives was James Lucey of Northamp
ton. the cobbler in whose shop iTesi
dent Coolidge spent much time wnen
he was living in that city and to
whom he once said he owed his rise
to the presidency.
Representative George H. Tink
ham. Republican, against whom Rev.
Herbert S. Johnson of Boston was
a candidate, had no difficulty in win
ning renomination, with 14,199 votes
to 5,139 for Mr. Johnson and a tew
hundred for a third candidate. Mr.
(Continued on I'age 2. Column 4.)
by Prof. Baly was glucose sugar, j
In studying absorption spectra. I
Prof. Baly and his associates de- j
veloped the theory that the sue- t
cess of the chemical reactions oc- |
curring in the leaves es plants Is ;
due to the fact that immense 1
quantities of energy are absorbed
from the sun's rays.
It has long been believed that
the first reaction which occurs in
a green leaf is the uniting of car
bon dioxide and water to form
formaldehyde. So Prof. Baly ex
posed carbon dioxide and water to
ultra violet rays from a quartz
mercury vapor light. In this way
he was able to form slight traces
of formaldehyde, but he found
that the formaldehyde immedi
ately formed sugar and that the
sugar at the same time was re
transformed into formaldehyde.
The reactions Involved In this
synthesis of sugar, it was pointed
out, require energy hundreds of
times greater than that for any
reaction which has so far been
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour**
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 93,729
Thousands Who Failed to
See Arrival Given Chance
to See World Girdlers in Ac
tion Friday.
All Other Planes to Be Kept on
Ground Until Smith and Com
panions Return From Cross-City
Hop, Beginning at 1:30 P.M.
Pilots Sec President.
Washington, disappointed yester
day because the American Army
world airmen were unable to fly over
the city on their arrival here from
New York will have an opportunity
to see them in the air and on the
ground Friday afternoon. Defence
day. Maj. Gen. Mason M. Patrick,
chief of the Air Service, last night
informed the flyers he wanted them
to remain here until Saturday morn
ing when they will hop off for Mc-
Cook Field, Dayton. Ohio, in order
to participate in the demonstration.
Lieut. Lowell H. Smith, command
ing the world flight, was instructed
by Gen. Patrick shortly before noon
today to be over the Capitol at 1:3"
o’clock with his formation, lly down
Pennsylvania avenue to Highway
Bridge, across to Arlington, drnn
flowers on the National Cemetery and
then retrace their flight down tti<‘
Avenue to Bolling Field and land.
Then, the general said, they are to
get in waiting automobiles Which
will bring them to the Peace Monu
ment toward the close of the parade.
Their automobiles will be marked
with soaring eagles, the insignia or
the world flight. The three planes.
Chicago. New Orleans and Boston 11
will be the only ones in tne air from
1:30 o'clock until their task is fin
ished. Therefore, there should be no
mistake on the part of the pub'i"
in identifying the flyers in the air.
Pilots Meet President.
Arcomanled by Secretary of War
Weeks. Gen. Patrick and Brig. Gen.
William Mitchell, assistant chief of
the Aair Service: the three pilots—
Lieut. Smith, Lieut. Eric Nelson and
Lieut. Wade —called at the White
House shortly after noon and met
President Coolidge for the second
time in as many days. The President
shook hands with the airmen and
again congratulated them on the
success of their mission. He askt i
many questions about the flight
through many countries, inquired
about -how they landed and thei:
contact with air currents and
weather. The meeting lasted only
a short time and then the aviatorj
were taken back to Gen. Patrick's
j office to make further plans for the
| route to the coast.
The itinerary. L’eut. Smith said,
i has not been decided formally. Gen.
1 Patrick will be presented with mate
j rial concerning the proposed airway
j across and it will be for him alone
1 to decide later.
j Lieut*. Nelson who was forced down
■ yesterday at Halethorpe, Md., profi
tably will get out to h's plane soni“
j time this afternoon and if the new
| motor has been in-tailed will fl?. - it
I into Bolling Field. He was to have
| left early this morning, hut a mis
j understanding arose as to the auto
mobile transportation and he was
; forced to wait a few hours before
| aga : n attempting to leave. Then,
j just as he was about to get into a
| machine with Capt. L. G. Meister, in
j whose De Haviland the pilot of the
I New Orleans fini hed the flight yes
j terday, a telephone message was re
ceived stating Gen. Patrick wanted
I to see the pilots in his office after
i they had breakfasted. Back into his
i best uniform Jumped Nelson, while
Capt. Meister went to Halcthorpe.
j Lieut. Jack Harding. Jr., assistant
I pilot of the New Orleans, went to his
j plane early this morning with Lieut.
( E. E. Harmon.
Dine In Hotel Room.
1 The flyers dined in their rooms with
Capt. and Mrs. Burdette S. Wright
and then were driven to Gen. Patrick’s
office. Into the Training and War
Plans section, where the world flight
was planned and directed, the pilots
walked and were immediately stam
peded by brother officers and civilian
employes who had worked and wor
ried for many months as they flew
around the globe.
Maps of the United States were
collected and then they were rushed
up to Gen. Patrick's conference room
where work was begun on getting
up recommendations for the flight
across the continent be submitted to
i the General. Scarcely had this work
been underway when the word was
passed that they were to meet Secre
tary of War Weeks and accompanied
by Gen. Patrick and Mitchell drove
up to the War Department.
While waiting for Secretary Weeks
| to receive them Gen. Patrick asked
questions of Lieut. Nelson about his
I flight over Baltimore yesterday and
| what he would have done if the motor
I had gone bad over the city instead
lof a good field. Lieut Nelson said he
would have tried to make the river
| and drop there but if not he w-ould
(have to take the first street available.
The consequences of such landing
were not discussed.
Lieut Leslie P. Arnold, assistant
pilot of the flagplane Chicago an ,- l
Lieut H. H. Ogden, assistant pilot
the Boston II went over to Bolling
Field this morning to check over the
planes and see that they were In
flying condition for Friday. They en
countered larg- crowds around the *
planes many of whom came by auto
mobile from nearby states.
They seemed especially interested 1 *
the equipment on the ships for the com •
fort of the pilots and mechanics on the
long, weary grind across new. unex
plored countries.
Neither of the two ships now at the
field shows any ill effects of the long
trip, attributed in great part by Army
officers to the specially constructed
(Continued on Page 2, Column I.)

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