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DRUGGISTS DECRY , TAXONJE SICK President, in Annual Address, Advocates Repeal of Me dicinal Alcohol Revenue. Appeal in the name of humanity for the Government to put taxation on the well and not the sick was made at the opening business ses sion of the twenty-sixth annual conven tion of the National Association of Re tail Druggists, in Convention Hall. Fifth and L streets northwest, this morning. The convention was for mally opened last night when the usual welcoming speeches were de livered at a meeting in the Hall of Nations in the Washington Hotel, so this morning everything was clear tor launching directly into the busi ness of the convention and this was done with the annual addresses of the officers and the presentation of resolutions. The appeal for the relief of the sick from taxation was made in the address of President J. U. Webster, and was made in connection with the tax on medicinal alcohol. “We cannot reconcile ourselves to the injustice of our Government levy ing such a heavy tax on that por tion of the public who need medi cine." he said. "When folk are sick, remedial agents should be obtainable at the lowest possible cost and it is unfair and a real grievance that our country should reap a heavy tax on the alcohol used for the manufacture of medicinal preparations. Taxation we must have, hut, in the name of humanity, tax the well, not the sick." The president found fault with conditions in the drug trade during the past year. Prohibition Perplexing. Discussing prohibition, he said, it •'has brought to the retail druggist a very perplexing problem which we remind you was foreseen at the be ginning. when we sought to avoid the responsibility involved in the han dling and dispensing of liquor, but which obligation our Government saw lit to thrust upon us "While as a profession we should not wish to shirk our responsibilities to the public and the medical pro fession. nevertheless, when certain bad conditions threaten as a result of accepting such responsibility many pharmacists have decided the practical way out is to decline to handle liquor at all and under all circumstances such action is quite justifiable. To those who prostitute the drug business wltn an illegal liquor traffic only condemnation Is due. Our association always has and I trust always will stand for law enforcement, but. at the same time, we insist upon enforcement accord ing to law." < 'pposition to the Cramton bill tak ing away the right of appeal to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue decision of the prohibition commis- i sioner on such matters was expressed, j The proponents of the measure, said j Mr. Webster, unfortunately have seen fit to make this a "wet" and “dry" j issue. "This is absolutely unfair, and when it is taken into consideration that' practically all of the great alcohol using industries, even outside of phar macy. are strongly opposed to the measure as it stands, it is quite ap parent the opposition is based upon the fear of arbitrary enforcement, or, as we might put it, ‘government by prejudices.’ ” Asks Physicians* Help. He urged co-operation by the phy sician in order that the pharmacist might maintain a complete and effi cient prescription service. He said he looked with favor upon the program of the drug manufacturers to sim plify their list of pharmaceuticals. Many items, such as pills and tablets, ! which are of little importance, might well he eliminated. He characterised so-called "drugless drug stores" as “simply an unscru pulous idea of trading under the pres tige of the drug store without assum ing any of its obligations or respons ibilities to the public or the physician." He continued; "Another method of merchandising which appears unfair to the retail druggists and encourages price-cut ting is the system of employing hid den demonstrators in department, chain and large cut-rate stores by toilet goods manufacturers. "With the salaries of woman dem onstrators being paid by the manu facturer, the overhead in the toilet goods section is cut down, and with that advantage goods may be sold at cut prices and still show a profit. Meanwhile the independent retail druggist, who Is giving the manufac turer the distribution he must have to live, apparently is forgotten. This is not a square deal. In all fairness, the small independent druggist should be able to compete on an equal basis with the big buyer. Aside from all that, we do not believe the hidden demonstrator behind the counter stands for integrity or square-dealing with the public. < arnegie Survey Postponed. "At the Boston convention last year a resolution was adopted ask ing the Carnegie Foundation for the advancement of teaching to make a survey of pharmacy similar to that which it did for medicine and dent istry. At the annual meeting of the foundation held last November, the question of a survey of pharmaceuti cal education in this country was considered with some favor, but in view of the fact that a study of pharmacy from the functional stand point Is now being carried on by the Commonwealth fund, the officers of the Carnegie Foundation decided to postpone action until the Common wealth Investigation is completed. "This other study of pharmacy un der the direction of Dr. W. W. Char ters for the Commonwealth fund ap pears to be a very practical proposi tion. The Commonwealth fund, main tained by a wealthy estate for altru istic purposes, contributes the cost of various surveys. Information and atatitglcs of the particular business or jjrofession chosen are gathered, thor oughly analyzed by competent Inves tigators and results announced for the benefit and guidance of those in terested in the advancement of that business or profession. "What does a pharmacist need to know,” is the basis of the present survey of phar macy, and the work, which has been going on for over a year, has reached a point where the co-operation of the N. A. R. D. is desired. I recommend We extend our assistance. Seek Better Public Relations. “Unquestionably the pubjic wants good, reliable drug stores to which they can safely turn with all confi dence when their health and, possibly, life is Involved. Any influence which Is for the progress and development of that business must have public ap proval. “Such an influence the N. A. R. D. unquestionably is, and, we hope, al ways will be. Public welfare is pro moted by a healthy condition in the retail drug trade and looking after the health of our business is the pur pose of the N. A. R. D. "When we oppose legislation we think Is detrimental we have in mind that it is not good for our customers, and, likewise, when we seek legisla tion It *» such that is intended to benefit our customers. Who better than, the aiaq daily, -active jja. business, assuming, of course, his honesty, can understand and glimpse the needs, of that business? “The N. A. R. D. crystallizes these sentiments into action and thus jus tifies its existence with the public as well as with the trade. "Upon invitation, we joined in this federation of national retail asso ciations, as there seem to be possi bilities for constructive work of im portance in the solution of problems common to all lines of retailing. Nine national retail associations are rep resented in this council, with a com bined membership of 150,000 retail merchants. “The druggists of New York State have pointed the way to the limita tion of ownership of pharmacies to pharmacists by securing the passage and enforcement of State legislation to that end. It does seem that public health and public interest are in volved in this proposition and that a restrictive law is not only logical but desirable from the public standpoint. “When the pharmacist owner has to meet high requirements in order to qualify as a pharmacist, why should unqualified men enjoy the same privi leges merely because they are in a position to hire regisß>red pharma cists? Pharmacy for pharmacists is entirely logical. Other States should follow the example set by New York." Cut Rate Evil PeraUt*. No abatement in cut rate evil has been noticed and there will not be until some legal means may be> found whereby this serious situation may be remedied, said the report of the executive committee, read to the con vention by its chairman, Julius H. Riemenschneider. The other members of the committee, who signed the report, are James F. Finneran, C. P. Gladding. Ambrose Hunsberger. Charles H. Huhn and J. J. Possehl. This committee also found busi ness conditions bad, adding that lack of employment in the larger cities and industrial centers and the low price of farm products in agricultural districts have all had a distinctly harmful effect upon business In gen eral. The committee recommended that the full force of the association be directed against the cut-rate evil. "The action of the Boston conven tion, condemning that pernicious sys tem known as co-operative or subsi dized advertising, has had a decidedly helpful effect in curtailing this par ticularly obnoxious form of unfair competition,” said the report. "We arc pleased to report that most of the larger manufacturers who were using this form of advertising jiave follow ed your wishes, as expressed in the resolution adopted at the Boston meeting, and discontinued this prac tice. For the benefit of those who are still going contrary to the expressed wish of the retail drug trade. we re peat; Why should any manufacturer having general distribution single out any individual, chain or depart ment store, permitting such concerns to advertise his products at cost or less, while he pays the advertising bill? Again we say, this is grossly unfair to retail distributors in gener al. and the practice cannot be 100 se verely condemned. The manufacturer who continues this policy after hav ing his attention called to the matter cannot expect nor should he receive the co-operation of other retailers. Work of Advisory Board. "Regulations 60, revised, became ef fective May 1. 1924. That these reg ulations as revised did not carry ad i ditional burdens for legitimate busi ■ ness is due very largely to the sound judgment of the commissioner of in ! ternal revenue. Mr. David H. Blair, 1 in appointing the alcohol trades ad | visory committee, on which the retail i drug trade has able representation in I the persons of Dr. J. H. Beal and Secretary Henry. This committee has been untiring in its efforts to relieve the trade of all unnecessary burdens, and. while the relief obtained to date cannot be said to be Complete, we at least secured many modifications which but for the work of the ad visory committee could not have been hoped for, and. what is of even greater moment, heavier burdens would have been imposed upon ail alcohol-using Industries. “Among the outstanding accom plishments we desire to mention the fact that 'H* permits are now per petual and no longer require annual renewal as heretofore. The question has been asked, why was a similar concession not granted to holders of "I” permits? The answer will he found in section 6 of the national pro hibition act. which specifically pro vides that i>e emits to sell intoxicat ing liquor may be issued for one year and shall expire on the 31st day of December next succeeding the issu ance thereof. We were also given assurance that the regulation requir ing the physician to place the name of the druggist on the official pre scription blank would be rescinded, but for some unexplained reason the prohibition unit experienced a change of heart, and this unusual and un reasonable requirement- is still effec tive. "A determined effort was made to remove from the intoxicating liquor class the official preparations so classified, and. while these efforts mot with but partial success, we at least prevented any extension of the list, there being two deletions and one addition, a net gain of one in the right direction. "As the legislative committee will later report in detail concerning leg islative matters, this report will but briefly touch upon a few of the out standing features. Stay Out of .Narcotics Fight. “You are doubtless all aware of the amendment to the Federal nar cotic imports and exports act, passed in the last session of Congress, which prohibits the importation of opium for the production of heroin, in re gard to this amendment we would advise you that the legislative com mittee, with the advice and approval of the executive committee, declined to participate in the discussion be fore the ways and means committee of the House, holding that the ques tion as to the use or non-use of heroin in the treatment of disease was purely a medical one and, as the medical testimony was largely to the effect that it was non-essential, the amendment was adopted. The supply of heroin for future medical use is, therefore, limited to the stock on hand. "We are considerably disappointed in not being able to report more def inite progress in the campaign for price standardization legislation. At the time of the Boston convention we were assured of early hearings on the several bills then pending, but conditions changed as the session pro gressed. The Teapot Dom.e investi gation and similar activities com pletely disarranged the entire legis lative program, so that the revenue and bonus bills and several measures hacked by the administration con stituted the sum total of legislative progress during the recent session. However, we now have every reason to believe that hearings upon the four bills now pending will be grant ed early in the approaching session, and with the general elections then out of the way we may reasonably hope for calm and deliberate consid eration of the entire matter. Your committee feels that our efforts should be directed toward the adop tion of the principle Incorporated in these several bills rather than in sistence upon any particular bill, and we are of the opinion that a conference should be arranged be tween all parties at interest In the hope that out of such a conference a measure may be produced which would prove acceptable to all, thus enabling the friends and advocates of price standardization to present a solid front. Oppose Cramton Bill. The legislative committee will doubtless have much to say regarding the Cramton bill. We will, therefor*, make but brief reference to it. ' The Cramton bill* as £Ou know*, proposes THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1924. NEW MARINE BASE BEGUNONPACIFIC Quantico to Be Pattern of Outfit at San Diego—Denial of Early Use of Men. Organization of a Marine Corps force at San Diego, Calif., similar In composition and purpose to that maintained at Quantico, Va., for emergencies on the East coast, has been ordered by corps headquarters. Using the old 7th Regiment *s a nucleus, the new unit will absorb the 4th Regiment, withdrawn from Santo Domingo last August, and probably will take that designation. During the past week men and of ficers have been moving to San Diego from various posts to effect the new concentration. Speculation as to the purpose of these activities was de clared today by officials of the corps to he groundless, and it was asserted that they were not due to any pro spective early use of the West coast force. It is expected that the provisional regiment at San Diego will be brought to the peace-time strength of two battalions. TRANSPORT MADE READY. Naval Officers Decline to Comment on Orders. SAN FRANCISCO, September 23. Four marine officers and four gun nery sergeants stationed at the Mare island navy yard, near here, received telegraphic orders yesterday to pro ceed to the marine base at San Diego and "bold themselves in readiness for anythin g.” Naval officers here declined to com ment on the orders, which Were worded similarly to the order re ceived Saturday direct, that work of transforming the transport Argonne into a submarine tender be halted and that the transport be held in readi ness. The Argonne was docked today for fueling and “voyage repairs." in ac cordance with orders received from Washington. to separate the prohibition unit from the Internal Revenue Bureau. You also know that it has frequently been necessary for us to appeal to the com missioner of internal revenue for re lief from unreasonable restrictions that the prohibition commissioner has attempted to place upon legitimate business. The right of appeal has frequently been the salvation of men honorably engaged In the practice of pharmacy. Your committee offers no objection to the prohibition commis sioner being clothed with absolute power in the enforcement of the pro hibitive features of the national pro hibition act. We do, however, most vigorously protest against the at tempt to clothe that official with like power in the enforcement of the per missive features of the act for the simple reason that the methods em ployed in running down smugglers, il licit distillers, bootleggers and other lawless elements should not be ap plied to the supervision of a lawful industry. “Your officers have consistently op posed the Cramton bill from the time of its introduction in the House. Its passage by the House was accom plished by means that brought forth vigorous protest from the chairman of the committee on judiciary. It is now on the Senate calendar by virtue’ of the employment of similar tactics, We now demand that the bill bo taken from the Senate calendar and referred back to the proper commit tee for further consideration and a fair hearing, in order that the pur pose of the bill may be clearly estab lished and its defects made known and remedied. “We take it that you are all duly thankful for the repeal of the spda and jewelry taxes, more commonly known as nuisance taxes. While we are ready to give credit to all who assisted in the removal of these ob noxious taxes, we nevertheless feel that it was largely due to the good work done by the N. A. R. D.. backed by the several State associations, that these splendid results were accom plished. “It is to be regretted that similar results did not crown our efforts to bring about the removal of the war time tax on alcohol. Failure in this instance is directly traceable to divi sion in the ranks of the drug trade, full details of which will be given you by the legislative committee. Secretary Makes Report. Secretary Samuel C. Henry deliver ed a lengthy report showing growing progress of the organization, to the success of which he gave great credit to all and not to any one individual. He went into detail as to the office work, correspondence, the journal of the or ganization and State and local as sociations. He spoke of business con ditions in the following vein: “It is perhaps unnecessary to re mind you that conditions in the field of retail merchandising have been far from ideal during the year just closed, though it may in all frankness and candor be said that the drug business has suffered less during this period of retrenchment than other lines of retailing. Hence it would seem that we still have much to be thankful for.’’ The report of the treasurer, pre sented by William A. Oren, gave de tails of the receipts and disburse ments from all sources, including the dues by States. After the reading of reports greet ings were received from the ex hibitors’ association and resolutions to be considered during the conven tion were received without debate. There will be a session this after noon at which the chairmen of the various State organizations are an nouncing their committeemen. Re ports also will be received from the auditing, advertising, fraternal rela tions, public relations, form of or ganizations and pharmacy law com imttees. John W. Gamble will de liver an address on "The Merchant of the Future Through the Eyes of the Banker." Tonight will be a stag night at the City Club. The convention was formally opened last night with a meeting at the Washington Hotel. It was called to order by President John H. Webster and the Invocation was pro nounced by Rev. John C. Palmer. East Night’* Opening. B. A. Browne, chief of the Bureau of Chemistry of the Department of Agriculture, in an address, appealed to the delegates to aid the bureau in maintaining the standard of drugs and driving quack nostrums from the market. Clarence A. Phillips took the dele gates on a tour of Washington by way of the stereopticon. The dele gates were welcomed to Washington by Robert N. Harper and Paul Pear son, the latter president of the Dis trict Druggists’ Association, and their addresses were responded to by Charles N. Huhn. Mrs. A. V. Burdine, president of the Capital chapter of the women’s order of the National Association of Retail Druggists, wel comed the women, and was responded to by Mrs. Alfred W. Pauley, presi dent of the national auxiliary. The sessions concluded with a re ception and dance. Motorist, Driving Car From Running Board, Saves Child By the Associated Press. EMPORIA, Kans., September 23. —Raymond Stelnmetz, a quick witted motorist, yesterday saved the life of a 5-year-old girl by snatching her from In front of a moving train at a crossing while driving his motor car from the running board with one hand at 30 miles an hour. The child, daughter of the Rev. and Mrs. R. H. Oesrhart, had wandered onto the tracks directly in front of a train. Seeing the child's plight and throwing his legs over the side of the car. Stelnmetz stood on the running board, opened the liras throttle, and while holding the wheel with one hand, grabbed the child with the other. He jerked her to safety just as the train whizzed by. So close was the rescue that Stelnmets's oar bears a small dent on the rear fender where it was grazed by the locomotive. EVANS IS TRAILING IN AMATEUR GOLF 7 Down at End of First 18 to Rudy Knepper—Gardner Leads Corkran. By the Ansnpiiferi Press ARDMORE, Pa.. September 23 —Two British Walker cup players were leading Americans after playing IB holes in the first 36-hole round of match play in the national amateur golf tournament today. Another In ternational match was even. The great surprise was a lead of seven holes which “Rudy” Knepper, former Princeton and Sioux City star, had over his fellow Chicagoan, Chick Evans. Chick Evans won only two holes and pulled out but four halves in the morning round, Knepper in Western golf has always had an inferiority com plex. while playing the eight-times Western champion, but overcame it today, taking a 75 for the round. Evans had four three-putt greens, was short with chip shots, erratic with irons and drove into trouble seven tifnew. Knepper. who won the play-off to qualify, took few chances after piling up an early lead. Buck helped him some, for on the tenth, after his second had found a trap, he chip ped out for a birdie 3. Evans was out of bounds three times. He bad an approximate 89 for the round Gardner I/eads Corkran. "Ham" Gardner of Buffalo, who has been prominent in upper New York State golf, sprang a surprise on “Ducky" Corkran, who broke the record In the qualifying round with 142. Gardner jumped info a two-hole lead when they had played four holes and was 1 up at the turn. Corkran squared the match at the twelfth and took the next with a par 3, but lost the last two holes of the round when Gardner played them in par. Gard ner's medal was 78 to 79 for Corkran. Francis Ouimet, with medal of 74. was never down to Willie Hunter after the fiftli hole. Hunter won the first, but did not take another until after the turn, where he was 3 down. He won two holes coming home, the same as Ouimet. Hunter's approxi mated medal was 2 strokes higher than Ouimet. The Bostonian did every one of the incoming nine holes in 4. His medal to the turn was par 36. and his lead was due largely to his putter. , Other Res nits. Dexter Cummings of Chicago was 3 up after his morning round with Karl E. Mosser* of Boston. Bobby Jones of Atlanta and W. J. Thompson of Toronto were oven after playing 18 holes today in their 36- hole match in the first round of the National Amateur Golf Tournament. Frftncls Ouimet of Boston was 3 up after his morning round with Wil liam J. Hunter of Los Angeles, for mer British amateur champion. Ellsworth Augustus of Cleveland, who is registered from Hinsdale. 111., was 6 up after his morning round with Meridith M. Jack of Philadelphia. Arthur Yates of Rochester, N. Y., went to lunch 2 up on Chris Dunphy of Washington. W. H. Hope of the British Walker cup lean* had Capt. R. A. Gardner of the Amejican team, 4 down. McKensle 7 Down. Jesse P. Guilford of Boston, was 4 up after his morning round with R. T. Wintringer of Rteubenevllle, Ohio. Eddie Held of St. Louis, was 5 up on F. J. Wright, jr.. of Boston. J. Wood Platt, Philadelphia, and T. A. Torrance, Scotland, went to lunch all square. Maj. Charles O. Hezlet of England, was a hole ahead of Max R. Marston of Philadelphia, the defending cham pion, when they went to lunch. Mars ton had been 3 up at the ninth. L. M. Watts of St. Bouts, was 1 up after his morning round with A. C. Ulmer of Jacksonville. George Von Elm of Loa Angeles, was 7 up on Roland McKenzie, school boy of Washington. D. C. E. H. Driggs, Jr,, of New York, was 6 up and playing 18 holes with H. Chandler Egan of Portland, Oreg. Eddie Lowery of Boston, went to lunch 1 up on C. H. Paul of New York. THOMAS F. HARRIS DIES; LONG IN PRINTING OFFICE Assistant Purchcaslng Agent for United States Department Was Prominent Mason. Thomas P. Harris, 51 years old, 1716 North Capitol street, assistant pur chasing agent at the Government Printing Office and a resident of this city 25 years, died at Garfield Hos pital yesterday. Mr. Harris has been in failing health four years. Death was due to paralysis. Mr. Harris began work as a printer at the Government Printing Office soon after coming here, and con tinued to earn promotions. He be came assistant purchasing agent about two years ago. He had long been prominent in Masonic circles here, being a mem ber of Columbia Commandery, No. 2, Knights Templar; Columbia Chapter, No. 1, Royal Arch Masons; Almas Temple of the Mystic Shrine, and Esther Chapter, O. E. S. He was also a member of the United Brethren Church. Mr. Harris was a native of lowa. He is survived by his widow. Mrs. Rose W. Harris, and father, Robert P. Harris, both of this city, and two sisters. Mrs. Jessie H. Vigars and Mrs. Rose H. Horner of Minneapolis, Minn. Funeral arrangements have not been completed. Master Sergt. Miller Retired. Masteot Sergt. John Miller, 13th En gineers, at Fort H'uftiphreys, Va., has been placed on the retired Hat of the Army on account of ago. U. S. Files $267,000 Tax Lien Against Means* Property Oaaton B. Means, one of the witnesses against former Attor ney General Daugherty in the Wheeler inquiry and who recently Is said to have repudiated that testimony, is charged in a paper filed today in the District Su preme Court with "repudiating" or falling to pay his income tax for the past three years. Galen L. Tail, collector for the Baltimore district of the Internal revenue, today filed a tax lien judgment with the clerk of the court against the property of Mr. Means at 903 16th street northwest for a total of 3267,614.40, said to have been his Income tax for the three years with the added penalty for non-payment. - —„ Tlie amount of the tax assessed against Means is 1214,091.52 and the penalty for failing to pay is 353,522.88. The law provides that the collector may place a Hen on the real estate of a delinquent taxpayer, which is entered on the judgment book of the clerk of the court and forms a cloud on the title to the property. VALVETO CUT OFF GAS NOW REQUIRED Commissioners Act to Help Firemen lnstallation Must Be Outside. An Important stop in fire preven tion was taken by the Commissioners today when they adopted a set of regulations requiring the it stalla tlon of valves on the exterior to per mit the cutting off of gas from build ings. The regulation provides that such valves must be installed by the Washington Gas Eight Co. in front of ai’ premises served by a gas supply pipe of one and one-half Inches In di ameter or larger, or In which more than one gas meter is operated. This will apply to practically all large business establishments, apartment houses and similar structures. An official of the Fire Department said today that he believed the regulation might also affect some of the newer residences where the gas supply pipe is being installed larger than in old dwellings. Work Year on l*lan. For nearly a year Fire Chief Wat son has been at work with engineers of the Washington Gas Eight Com pany to provide some means of en abling firemen to stop the flow of gas into a burning building in cases where the flames are so fierce in the cellar as to make-it impossible for a fireman to reach the gas meter. Some time ago firemen had difficulty in fighting a blaze in an apartment house because of illuminating gas. There Is a penalty clause attached to the new regulations providing that any person, firm or corporation vio lating any of the provisions of this article or refusing or neglecting to comply with any provision thereof shall be liable to a fine of not less than 35 nor more than 340 for each offense and each day's failure to comply with the regulations shall be deemed a separate offense. FIELD OF FLOWERS AWAITING FLYERS from First Page.j eagerly scanning the qrowd, saw his mother and father wildly waving tiny American flags to attract his atten tion. Jumping from the plane, Smith rushed into his mother's arms. Mens. Smith Weep*. "My boy, my wonderful hoy'.” she whispered, as she kissed the flight commander repeatedly. Smith's fa ther, reaching the only spot on the Army aviator's face, that was not be ing smothered with kisses by his wife, reached his arm around both and planted a resounding smack on his boy's right ear. It was more than Eieut. Smith could stand and not give vent to his feelings. The man noted throughout the American air service for his steel nerve, his stoical de meanor in the face of greatest dan ger, wept. Another mother wept, too, for joy at the homecoming of a globe airman. She was Mrs. Hard ing. mother of Eicut. John Harding, relief pilot and mechanician with Eieut. Nelson. "God bless you,” she said, as she flung her arms around her boy's neck. Despite the triple patrol of blue jackets, marines and cavalrymen. Col. Frank Ixthm, air officer in charge of the 9th Corps Area, who flew here from San Francisco to greet the avi ators. and Maj. Fitzgerald had a diffi cult time fighting their way to the flag-draped reviewing stand. Eieuts. Nelson, Ogden, Harding, Arnold. Wade and Smith, the fliers and their mechanicians, with their relatives and members of the reception com mittee, finally were grouped together for the official welcome. WAR DELAYS ARGENTINE. By the Associated Press. SHANGHAI. September 23. The flight of Maj. Pedro Zannl, the Ar gentine round-the-world flyer, to Shanghai from Hongkong, where he arrived yesterday, has been postponed as a result of a communication from Gen. Lu Yung-Hsiang. military gov ernor of Chekiang province, it was disclosed today by A. del Carrll, the Argentine consular representative here. The request from Gen. Lu urged postponement of the flight to Shang hai because of the war. Del Carril, In a protest presented to the bureau of foreign affairs, rep resented that Maj. Zannl intended to alight on the Whangpoo River at a point very remote from the fighting, and insisted that a permit had already been granted for the Hongkong- Shanghai flight by the central gov ernment at Peking. Del Carrll has telegraphed to Maj. Zanni to delay hi* departure from Hongkong, but said it was probable Zanni would proceed despite the pro test by Gen. Lu. MRS. M. WHYTE EXPIRES. Burial of Lifelong D. C. Resident to Be in Mount Olivet. Mrs. Margaret Whyte, 62 years old and a lifelong resident of this ctly, died at her residence, 11 R street northeast, yesterday, after an illness of six weeks. Mrs. Whyte waa the widow of William Whyte, and the daughter of the late Mr. and Mne. James Hart nett. She is survived by a daughter. Miss Florence Whyte, and a grand daughter, Miss June Shaw. Funeral services will be conducted at the residence tomorrow morning at 8:30 o’clock, and at St. Aloyslus Catholic Chur'fch kt 9. o’clock, where niass will be said. Interment ’will be In Mount Olivet Cemeterjr. FOUR CARDINALS. IN SESSION HERE First Time This Number Has Met in U. S. —Hierarchy Convenes Tomorrow. An epoch-making assembly in the history of the Catholic Church in America gathered today at the Catho lic University, when for the first time four American cardinals met. Amid an assembly of distinguished ecclesiastical dignitaries and as mem bers of the board of trustees of the university, the four princes of the church gathered in Caldwell Hall with the other members of the board to discuss the affairs of the center of Catholic learning in this country. No ceremony marked the meeting. Each of the cardinals quickly walked Into the board room, where under the chairmanship of William Cardinal O'Connell, the senior American cardi nal. and the leadership of Dennis Car dinal Dougherty of Philadelphia, George Cardinal Mundelein of Chi cago and Patrick Cardinal Hayes of New York the meeting qutrkly got down to business. I'rrcrdm Aiui.nl Oenferniw. This gathering today precede* the opening tomorrow of the annual confer ence of the hierarchy of the Catholic Church in America. Tomorrow’s meet ing will be a brilliant gathering of the 4 cardinals and 61 of the archbishops and bishops of the country. They will meet in secret conference to discuss the affairs of the church l/i the United States. Those members of the board of trus tees who were at the meeting this morning, besides the cardinals, were Archbishop Curley of Baltimore. Arch bishop Moeller of Cincinnati, Archbishop Messmer of Milwaukee, Archbishop Glennon of St. I>iuia. Archbishop Keane of Dubuque. Archbishop Hanna of San Francisco. Archbishop Dowling of SL Paul, Bishop Hatty of Omaha, Bishop I.illis of Kansas, Bishop Muldoon of Rockford. Bishop Molloy of Brooklyn, Bishop Shalian, titular bishop of Ger manicopolis and rector of the univer sity; John Joeeph NelUgan of Balti more, treasurer; James J. Ryan of Philadelphia and John Girard Agar of New York. Stadium Opens October 4, Announcement is made that on Oc tober 4 the new Catholic University .Stadium will be opened. The huge oval will hold nearly 60.000 persons. It will be the only structure of its kind in the National Capital, and it is expected, will be the scene of many interesting events. A colorful ceremony has been ar ranged for the dedication of Me sta dium, which will he concluded by a foot ball bame between the Catholic University team and the United States Marine Corps. Delegates from prac tically every civic organization in the city will form a citizens' committee of 250 to attend the opening exercises. Secretary of the Navy Wilbur will deliver the principal address, and in the midst of delegations from many of the leading scholastic institutions in the country. Maj. Gen. Lejeune, commandant of the Marine Corps, will perform the flag-rasing ceremony. High ecclesiastical authorities, lead ers of the Federal Government, dip lomats and persons prominent in civic life will attend the ceremony, which will be broadcast by WCAP. Ampli fiers will also be installed, so that persons all over the stadium can hear the addresses. Curley to nlnm Seminary. The stadium is placed directly be hind the gymnasium and is on the top of a hill, which provides a natu ral waterway for the drainage of the playing field. The structure has been erected so that it will be possible to enlarge it at any time. After the meeting of the trustees Archbishop Curley of Baltimore, chancellor of the university, at 4 o'clock this afternoon will bless the foreign mission seminary at Harewood road near the Catholic University. The seminary is in charge of the Or der of the Holy Cross. Here are trained the young priests who dedi cate their lives as missionaries in the Orient and in secluded and uncivilized spots of the world. A colorful procession will escort Archbishop Curley from the Catholic University to the seminary, which also will form a part of the university. Dressed in armor and with the ban ners of the crusaders of the Middle Ages, representatives of all the Cath olic educational institutions of high er learning and Me Catholic Student Mission will form part of the pro cession. Several of the priests who will take part In the ceremonies will leave soon for India. Bishop McDev itt of Harrisburg will make the ad dress. CHANG IS PUSHING ON WITH 180,000 TROOPS (Continued from First Page.) the same business men hope he is de feated in his forthcoming clash with Peking government forces. Mukden business men don't want Gen. Chang to leave, because as long as he stays here they enjoy lucrative business. If he defeats the Peking army of Oen. Wu-Pei-Fu they fear he will decide to move to Peking— and that would be bad for business. Consequently they are wishing that he will lose and be forced to stay 4n Mukden. Chang's victory, if he is to have one, must be quick. The arctic se verity of North China winters and his unpreparedness for a hard winter campaign would tell against him in a drawn-out struggle. His unprepar edness for Winter fighting is proof that he did not want to make war on the Peking government this time. His plans were apparently not to open hostilities until Spring. Chinese do not like fighting In cold weather and become sullen and re bellious when the mercury drops. Both sides know this, and as a con sequence, both Gen. Chang and Gen. Wu-Pei-Fu are making every effort to score a quick victory. (Copyright, 1924, by Chicago Dally New# Cb.) SOVIET LENDS AID. Agreement Reported With Gen. Chang. By the Associated Press. TOKIO, September 23.—Reports re ceived by Japanese newspapers from their correspondents in Harbin as sert that an agreement has been reached between Gen. Chang Tso-lln, war lord of Manchuria, whose troops are advancing toward Peking, and the Soviet government of Russia, by which Chang accords recognition to the Soviet. A thousand “white Russians” have volunteered in Chang's armies and many former Czarist officers are al ready at the front for Chang, accord ing to a dispatch from Mukden to the Osaka Mainichl Commander Warner Transferred. Commander Richard A. Warner of the Naval Medical Corps has been re lieved from duty at the recruiting barracks at Hampton Roads and or dered to duty at the Naval Hospital, Philadelphia. Pastor Scores Use of Powder Puffs in Church Bpeci*l Dispatch to The Star. MARTINSBURG, W. Va., Rep tem 23.—Preaching on "Are Mod em Girls Likely to Make Good Wives?" Rev. W. T. Hall, pastor of the First Baptist Church here, warned his congregation against intrusion of the powder puff into the life of the modern girl.’ He declared he had seen them in action even during prayers in the churches and Sunday schools. Scoring also the adoption of men’s clothing by women, the minister said there is specific Bib lical prohibition which makes those practicing it "an abomina tion unto the Lord." GREEKS PAY HONOR TO SOLDIER DEAD Ahepans Include Exercises in Tribute to Unknown Hero. Banquet Tonight. Committee meetings during the morning, a visit to the tomb of the Unknown Soldier this afternoon and a banquet in the Raleigh Hotel to night were features of today's pro gram of the Ahepa, holding a conven tion in this city. A wreath will be placed on the grave of the Unknown Soldier and also the graves of Greek- Amerlcan soldiers by George Deme ter, supreme president of the national organization of Ahepans. Initiation ceremonies and the ap pointment of committees were the outstanding ceremonies at exercises held in the Raleigh Hotel last night. Personnel of Committee, The committees appointed were as follows: Legislative—Nicholas Psaki, Brook lyn, N. y. ; C. R. Nixon, Tulsa, Okla.; James Cotsakis, Atlanta. Ga.; Them. Potrou, Boston, Mass.: Harry Miller. Dallas. Tex ; G. S. Rmitzes, Tampa. Fla.; Caran icooias, New York City, and N. D. Chotas. Atlanta. Ga. Finance —Torrey Walker. Jr., Phila delphia. Pa.; N. J. Botsacos, New York, N. Y.; George Devakos, Wash ington, D. C.; P. M. Witherspoon, Shreveport, 1.a.; A. Dedopoulos, Waterbury, Conn., and George Tzou gros, Boston, Mass. Ritualistic —Michael Doris, Brook lyn, N. Y.; Nicholas Doumos. Boston, Mass.; A. Coioccusis, Haverhill, Mass.; C. J. Coventams, Baltimore. Md.; A. Vamvas. Manchester. N. H.; Bert Adams, New York, N. Y„ and Theo Polemanachns. Houston. Tex. Nominating—G. M. Raliba. Savan nah. Ga.; Pantages, Tulsa. Okla.; P. F. Stathas, Milwaukee. Wis.J G. Camp bell. Atlanta. Ga.; N. G. V. Nestor. Springfield, Mass.; Nicholas Doumos, Boston, Mass.; Charles T. Rowland. Fort Worth, Tex., and Charles Kirby, Philadelphia. Pa. Would Bar Foreign-Language Pres*. At a meeting in Pythian Temple yesterday afternoon. Dr. Gabriel M. Raliba. supreme vice president, urged the enactment of legislation which would do away with the printing of papers in foreign language in this country. He urged also the eradica tion of the city slums, saying that the dwellers in them ought to be sent to farms in the West. Closer restriction on Immigration and Americanization of foreigners was urged. The sugges tions will, perhaps, be acted upon when the convention considers resolu tions at a meeting Thursday. Other business included the reading of re. ports by the supreme president, Mr. Demester; the supreme secretary, Nick D. Chotas. and by the supreme treasurer, Harry Coroneos. List of Grand Officers. Grand officer* of the organization are George Demeter. Boston. Mass., supreme president; Gabriel Saltba, Savannah, Ga., supreme vice presi dent; C. R. Nixon. Tulsa, Okla., su preme councilor; Nick D. Chotas. At lanta Ga. supreme secretary: Harry Coroneas. Philadelphia. Pa. supreme treasurer; George Campbell. Char lotte. N. C., supreme warden, and P. Constantlnldes, Memphis. Tenn., supreme chaplain. The "supreme board of governors'’ consists of the following: C. R. Nixon. Tulsa Okla; Charles Kirby, Philadelphia, Pa; Arthur Greenwood, Birmingham. Ala.; George Polos. Atlanta Ga; Ben Davis. Birmingham. Ala., and C. M. Cookinos, Charlotte, N. O. GERMANY TO SEEK LEAGUE ADMISSION AT AN EARLY DATE (Continued from First Page.) ted to the disarmament committee of the League of Nations assembly yes terday. will automatically bring sanc tions into play against any aggressor state, but France, with the memory of 1914 vividly before her and with active support from Belgium, fought tenaciously for the inclusion of re gional alliances and agreements in the general protocol. The British delegates now have admitted that the absolute prohibi tion of the enforcement of sanctions unless and until these have been de cided upon by the league council largely lessens the British objections to special accords, when they operate as part of the machinery of thd entire protocol. Glad of United States Vlem. The league’s military' experts hope so to prepare the program that the delegates to the disarmament con ference to be held next June will have a definite scheme before them when they arrive here for the disarm ament conference. Newspaper dispatches Indicating that the United tSates is likely to at tend the conference have created the greatest satisfaction in Geneva The assembly today authorized the foundation in Paris of an interna tional Institute for intellectual co operation to be conducted under the auspices of the Deague of Nations. The assembly adjourned until Thursday morning. President Motta announcing that it would be impossi ble to complete the work of the as sembly this week because of the gen eral desire to obtain definite action on the draft protocol for arbitration and security. "As the solution of the reparation question achieved at the Dondon con ference opened.” the statement con tinues, "in the opinion of the nations chiefly concerned, the way for Ger many to the practical treatment of the question of Germany’s entry into the league, discussions in this re spect were begun after the conclu sion of the Dondon conference. The result of these soundings has been taken as the basis of today’s deci sion of the government. "In execution of this decision, the government will, through the for eign office, seek definite enlighten ment from the nations who axe mem bers of the league as to whether the guarantee required by Germany prior to her application to enter the league will be given relative both to Germany’s position in the league and to the other questions intimately oonnecte^therewith-" BROOKHART PASSES CASETOASHURST Daugherty Committee Chair man Wires Colleague to Call Hearing if He Desires. By the Asmoristed Press. CAMP PKRRY. Ohio, September 28 ■ —Senator Smith W. Brookhart. chair man of the Senate Daugherty in vestigating committee, today said he had wired Senator H. F. Ashurst of Arizona, the only member of the committee in Washington, that he might, if he desired, call the com mittee together to hear additional testimony. Senator Brookhart. who Is here at tending the National Rifle matches, said lie expected to return to lowa before going to Wa-shington. WHEELER MAKES ISSUE. Candidate Drops All Others to Capitalize on Means’ Repudiation. By the A.Mnriated Preaa. BLOOMINGTON, Til . September 23. —Dropping for the lime being all other campaign issues. Senator Wheeler, independent candidate for Vice President, has seized as mate rial the recently published letter of former Attorney General Daugherty to John W. Davis, Democratic presi dential nominee, and the statement of Gaston B. Means for new thunder to back his repeated allegation of corruption in the Republican national administration. His audience last night which heard him loose the attack was the first encountered on his tour in which farmers predominated. After many days of talking to city dwellers and industrial workers he found himself at last in territory where the strength of the countryside Is claimed by the 1m Kollette boosters. Rrlates Conversation*. He described Gaston B. Means, whose affidavit sa.id Senator Wheeler bad coached witnesses to give fake evidence, as “the trusted employe of Burns and the associate of Daugher ty,” and pave the substance of sev eral conversations he said he held lately with the man. Means told turn endeavors were being made to get him to repudiate his original stories of bribe-taking. Senator Wheeler said, and professed now to be in posses sion of "important new documentary evidence’’ which he desired to bring to resumed hearings of the investi gating committee. "What the people wanted was \ our testimony under oath, Mr. Daugh erty,” ho ejaculated, letting Mean* drop. “At the time we asked you to come before the committee you were not afraid to be questioned by the farmer Senator from lowa (Senator Brookhart) and myself, were you? You should have given your state ments under oath at the time you were called and have subjected your self to cross-examination. "We can’t cross - examine you through the newspapers.’ Asks Hangherty Question*. In a list of oratorical questions di rected at Mr. Daugherty he cited again every charge of misconduct, di rect or Indirect, which could be pre pared from the long record of the Senate Investigation. "If you had stepped forth and un der oath to arswer these questions." he concluded, "instead of shouting ’common liar’ and vicious woman at every witness, I am sure the public would have more faith in you and the attempted defense of the corrup tion of the Republican party.” "On the showing of the Senate in vestigation," he said, "a vote for Mr. Coolidpe is a vote for the Republican or ganization which has fallen into the hands of grafters and booth ggej-s, and who are now taking refuge be hind the Constitution, the flag and the Declaration of Independence to hide tho nakedness of the corruption we have exposed to public gaze ” LETTERS MADE PUBLIC. Democrats Give Out Correspondence Between Daugherty and Felder. By the Associated Tress. CHICAGO. September 23. —Copies of letters purporting to have been writ ten by former Attorney General Har ry M. Daugherty and Thomas B. Felder. New York attorney for Gas ton Means, issued by Demo cratic Western headquarters here last night to add to the Daugherty-Means developments in the aftermath of the Wheeler Senate committee investiga of tho former Attorney General. Cue of the letters purported to be from Daugherty to Felder and was quoted in the Democratic announce ment as follows: "One of the most important things that could be done now would be to have Means tell the true story of Duckstein so that I can have it. That having been done by Means, a certain man in Washington will insist upon Duckstein, so htat 1 can have it. That they came to tell the story they did. It will be of inestimable value and benefit if done immediately. Take this up, please, immediately." Duckstein was a witness before the Senate committee, and his wife was one of the feature witnesses. Another letter by Daugherty to Felder, the Democratic announcement said, urged that Felder use his in fluence to have Means repudiate all his testimony before the Senate in vestigating committee. This letter is dated August 28. 1924, at Mount Sterling. Colo., the announcement says, and signed in ink by Daugher ty. A paragraph of the letter which it is said Daugherty emphasized by brackets in ink was quoted; "The people to whom he lied to help out today will not be in much of a position to deliver anything to him. Practically all of the witnesses have sent retractions to me. I have them.” Together with a repudiation by Means of the statement which Daugh erty gave out over Means’ signature Sunday night, the Democratic an nouncement says that Means is pre pared to testify that W. O. Duckstein, mentioned in the Daugherty letter, approached him several weeks ago and urged him to issue a repudiation of his testimony against Daugherty. The statement also brings out the Means "curbstone conversation” with "a person formerly closely connected in an official capacity with the for mer Harding administration in front of the famous house on K street." Means was then said to have received additional assurances of protection in his prosecution for liquor law vio lations if he would repudiate his Senate committee testimony. A copy of a letter from Felder to a certain prominent Washington resi dent, unnamed, was quoted in the Democratic announcement as accom panying an affidavit of Means in sup port of his Senate committee testi mony. Emigrant Eules Modified. MADRID, September 23.—A decree has been Issued modifying emigrant traffic regulations. It requires that Spanish and foreign shipping com panies shall make provisions for the repatriation of emigrants, either by issuing them tickets at half price or giving them cash grants aggregating 20 par cent of the outward-bound fare which prevailed during the pre ceding year.