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Fair tonight and tomorrow; not much change In temperature; gentle north winds. Temperature for 24 hours ending at 2 p.m. today: Highest. 71. at 5 p.m yesterday: lowest. 46, at 7 a.m. today (Full Report on I ‘age 5.) Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 26 'V' - on ice Entered as second class matter Zy,ODO. p os t office Washington. D. C. LA FOLLETTE LEAD IN S. D. TRACED TO APATHYOfRIVALS G. 0. P. Drive Finally Starts After State Candidates Get Behind Coolidge. DEFLATION MEMORIES HARD ON REPUBLICANS Manipulation to Get Farmer Vote Is Seen in Produce Price Gains. BV G. (iOl I.D mwcoi-n. Scad I'orrrspondent of The Stir. SIOUX FAMi«, September 24. South Ttakota. if the election were to day, would cast its electoral vote for I.a Follette and Wheeler. This, de spite the fact that the farmers are in hotter condition than they have been for years, and the added fact that the Republican leaders. Gov. McMaster. Senator Norbeck and others, who have maintained a masterly silence until recently with regard to the national ticket, now appear to have climbed on the Coolidge-Dawes band wagon. The election, however, is not being held today, and what will happen on November 4. 1924. is still in a measure is conundrum, largely so because up until now the campaign for the Re publicans has been apathetic, to say the least. Reading Republicans and the more common or garden variety with whom I have talked in this State admit they have a hard row to hoe. They are hopeful, however, that with an intensive campaign they will be able to swing South Dakota for Cooi idge. Hopeful is the word rather than confident. "It is time to stop pussy-footing and to get into this campaign whole heartedly,” one of the Republicans said. He admitted that the candi dates for office, including the Gov ernor. have been too much inclined to deal gently with the Ra Follette and Farmer-Labor supporters and their proposals. The reports coming from all parts of the Slate indicate ■ that Ra Follette is very strong with; the farmers and with the laboring men and women. Ilanm Speech Get* Action. When Gen. Dawes, the Republican ! nominee for Vice President, delivered I a speech here recently, for the first . time Gov. McMaster announced that j he "expected to support" the Coolidge j and Dawes ticket. Also Senator Nor- ! beck, in a speech from the same plat- J form, said be would supjrOri tde'j ticket. Now both of these gentlemen j had supported Hiram Johnson for 1 the presidential nomination and | Hiram Johnson was running against ; Coolidge as a Progressive. The fact j that these leaders have hung back j until so late has been a detriment to j the Republican party and its chances ) in the State, it is said. Furthermore, i the indorsement given at the Dawes 1 meeting here by the governor was . not so enthusiastic as to start a con flagration. However, the Republicans have <been heartened considerably by these statements and hope that both Mc- Master and Norbeck will get into the campaign in earnest now for the na tional ticket. Price Iliac Help* G. O. P. The improvement in prices for ! farm products has helped the situa tion somewhat for the Republicans, there can be no doubt. hen a man has been in pain and the .pain is suddenly removed a tremendous feel ing of relief surges through him. He is content for the moment to leave things alone. This is the feeling that the Republicans are counting on now that the farmers’ troubles have been relieved. But the farm- i ers. many of them, are like children j who have been too close to the fire ! and were burned. They are anxious j not to be bijrned again. And Alley do not mean to be, they say. if they can help it. "If the Coolidge administration is responsible for the improved condi tions of the farmer,” one old farmer remarked, "why in heck didn’t they I turn on the prosperity spigot two or three years ago?” This is the altitude of many. They see better times, but they are not convinced that better times are due to the Republicans. The Non-Partisan Reaguers have preached so often in this part of the country that prices are manipulated by the interests and the speculators that many of the people take stock in the charges being made by Wheeler that a small group of interests has inflated prices temporarily just to get the farmer vote for the Republicans. And if the Republicans arc going to win they have got to eradicate that kind ©f belief. Democratic Chance Slight. The race here is between lhe Re publicans and the independent pro gressives so far an the national elec tion is concerned. The Democrats are making a show of strength ,for Davis, but many of them admit there is practically no chance of Davis and Bryan carrying the State. In fact, they arcs saying privately that many of the progressive Republicans whom they would like to see going to the aid of the Democratic party are heading straight for the Ra Fol lette camp, and. as the State has been strongly Republican, it Is only through Republican votes that the Democrats could hope to win. The Republicans, on the other hand, say that many of the progressive Democrats are going to vote for Ra Follette, and claim, too, that some of the conservative Democrats will support Coolidge. The sum total of the progressive Republicans and the progressive Democrats who will sup port Ra Pollett© will be very consid erable. Problem Economic. The probinm in South Dakota is not only political but economic. This is true of the situation in all the north western States. But it applies par ticularly to this State. The popula tion in South Dakota is largely rural. Os the 650,000 inhabitants, probably only about 90,000 live in cities of f>,ooo or over. The rest live in the smaller towns, the villages and on the farms. Agriculture is the great industry. So, when the farmers, who had been on the crest of the wave, were suddenly "deflated” and farm land values went to pot, many peo ple saw their savings swept away. They were "broke.” Rand values ha* m Page 3. Column 4.) War Over Caliphate Is Vital For 222,000,000 Mohammedans Desert Warriors of Wahabis Are Advanc ing on Mecca—Believed Caused by Hus sein Assuming Spiritual Leadership . BV JtJBHI’S B. WOOD. (Special Correßpondcni’c of The Star and (thlraeo imily News.) That there is now being fought a war ©hat is of vital concern to the 222.000,000 Mohammedans of the world is not disclosed in the bner cables from f’airo that the desert warriors of the Wahabi tribe are advancing toward ! Mecca, the supreme holy' city of the faithful. To European nations that arc mem i bers of the Reague of Nations, espe ' dally Great rßitain, which is chiefly j concerned in that portion of Arabia, I this war is an unpleasant climax to the program of political control of the Arab world which lias been de veloping since the signing of the treaty of Versailles. Apparently it was precipitated by the recent action of King Hussein, protege of the league, in declaring himself caliph, or spiritual head of the Moslems. 4‘an Muster 300.000. To the Wahabis, hereditary enemies of the Sherifian Arabs, of whom Hus sein is the leader, this was all that DPT AND WOMAN HELD WITHOUT BAIL ! Confessed Poisoners Moved i From Mt. Vernon —Mrs. Sweetin Near Collapse. ! fly the Associated Press. j MOUNT VERNON, Ills., September j 24.—A coroner’s jury at Ina today 1 ordered the Rev. Rawrence M. Might ! and Mrs. Elsie Sweetin, confessed j poison plotters, held without bail to ;the October grand jury. As to the death of Wilford Sweetin, i the jury found he "came to his death iby means of arsenic, wilfully and : maliciously administered by his wife | at the instigation of Hight, in con ! formity with an agreement between j them to murder Sweetin.” | Mrs. Hight, the verdict stated. ! “came to her death by arsenic, ad i ministered with malice aforethought I by her husband.” L In Separate Cell*. ! Rev, Mr. Hight and Mrs. Sweetin ‘ today were held in separate jails. Mrs. I Sweetin was transferred yesterday to : the Salem. Ills., prison because the : local jail had no quarters for women. | Fear of violence caused the removal ! of the Rev. Mr. Hight to Nashville. It was reported from Nashville that I Rev. Hight was taking his fate with j a smile and joked with the guards. According to reports from Salem, i Mrs. Sweetin was near a collapse. The strain of an al-night examina tion which preceded her confession, coupled with worry over her three small children, had nearly spent her physical strength. She sobbed audi bly at the mentioning of the three I children, and it was said that she ; had decided to place them in a ! Masonic orphanage. Attendants at the jail said she had intimated she might supplement the confession. She also expressed a desire to engage an attorney, they said. What action the Southern Illinois Methodist Episcopal Conference would take against the minister still was a matter of conjecture. NAMES GIBE IN PHOTO. i By the Associated Press. j CARMI. 111.. September 24.—The photograph of a girl found on the mantel of the home of the Rev. Raw rente P. Hight, confessed poisoner of his wife, at Ina, and which, the pas tor said, he did not remember, was identified by George Elliott, a farmer, j near here, as a likeness of his daugh- I ter Grace. She died two years ago, he said. The picture had been pub lished in newspapers. "Mr. Hight was a great friend of our family, and Grace played the organ in his church.” he said. “He visited us a number of times, and was there during the illness of our daugh ter.” Mr. Elliott said that the picture was taken by his wife at the request of the Rev. Hight, ani that the pastor took the film to be developed, but had never given the family any of the pictures. "I can’t understand why he should say that he didn't remember her name,” he repeated. Tom Taggart HI. BOSTON, September 24.— Thomas Taggart, Democratic leader of In diana. was removed to a hospital here from his Cape Cod Summer home to day threatened with appendicitis. City Heads Select Committee To Plan Welcome for Nats If Stanley Harris and his valiant mates bring home the American League pennant next week they will be greeted by a demonstra tion unique even to Washington, accustomed as it is to celebra tions. Commissioners Rudolph, Oyster and Bell laid aside municipal bus iness this morning and held a spe cial board meeting, at which they appointed a citizens’ committee to i arrange for the homecoming of what appears likely to be Wash ington’s first pennant-winning ball team. Melvin C. Hazen, surveyor of the District, was named chairman of the committee, with the follow ing associates: Harry Allmond, Thomas Bones. Gus Buchholz. Ed-, ward F. Colladay, Isaac Cans, John Ghe.en. John J. Gleissner, Robert N. Harper, former Com missioner J. Thilman Hendrick, Samuel J. Henry'. George Mullen, Newbold Noyes, Norman Oyster, G. Logan Payne. John Poole. Sampel J. Prescott, Gen. S. D. Rockcnbach, Wh e Iti filing Skf. V y J V. > WITH SUNDAY MOENINO EDITION WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1924-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. was necessary to renew the fighting. The Wahabis can muster 300,000 zealots. In the past, British assistance has been needed to save Hussein as well as his sons. Prince Abdullah in Transjordania and King Feisal in Mesopotamia, from being driven from their thrones by the Wahabis. Those were merely local fights for temporal powers, but the present contest is a broader issue which interests ail Mohammedans. Doubtless, other sects will lake sides anil the Mohammedan millions in India and other parts of the world* will raise their voices, now that the Wahabis have started the , opposition. All Outsider* Barred. The desert home of the Wahabis i continues a forbidden land to mis : sionaries, traders or political agents , who have pentrated almost every part of the inhabited world. Their political state, known as Nejd. cov ers almost the entire barren center of Arabia. Its capital at Riad is j reached by caravan from the little I port back of the Bahrein Islands in the Persian Gulf. An American j (Continued on Page 4. Column 2.) I D.C JEN TRIUMPH OVER ARCTIC WASTE I I Fight Way Through Vast Unmapped Area After Food Supply Is Exhausted. , Their food exhausted and with the , compass and the stars their only! guides in an unmapped waste. William T. Koran of Washington and his party of geologists and topographers have ; iat least reached the little Arctic' j settlement of Kotzebue, northern \ Alaska, after one of the most ad- i I venturous expeditions in the annals 1 j of the Geological Survey, according to I ! a brief message received here yes- j 1 terday. I Koran and ids party entered the j great, dreary plain which constitutes i the Arctic shore of Alaska at Wain ! wright Inlet last July. They made ! their way up the short, shallow Kuk i 1 River, the most eastern of the streams ! : that flows from the Arctic Mountains i into the ocean. I C®Y»r Waste on Pool. From the headwaters of the Kuk j they made their way overland, a dis- j lance of several hundred miles, to the I Noatak River headwaters, just below i the great Alaskan canyon, planning to descend to Kotzebue by canoe. This necessitated traveling the entire distance on foot with full packs and surveying instruments. Intervening between the headwaters of the Kuk i ; and the Keotack are the De Rong ' Mountains. ! The territory is practically un ' known. There are no reliable maps, j Probably the desolate waste has been traversed by hunters and natives, but few records have been left. On leaving. Wainwright Inlet the j explorers believed that they had suf- i ficient provisions, but the arduous ! trip through the mountains consumed j two weeks more than had been ex- ' pected. The food gave out. Koran and his men were obliged to trust to their guns.- Fortunately, there is a plentiful supply of game in the De long Mountains during the Summer, including a few carabou, great bears, foxes and birds. There are also plenty of fish in the mountain streams. As a consequence the party did not suffer from hunger. After reaching the headwaters of the Noatak their troubles were ndt over. They had expected to make the coast In ca noes by easy stages. It was found that the water was unusually low. Rocks tore out the bottoms of the canoes. They were obliged to com plete the journey on foot to Kotzebue. Considerable worry had been felt for the men at the Alaskan division of the Geological Survey. No word was heard from them since they left Wainwright until yesterday. Their troubles are not yet over. They expect to sail from Kotzebue to Nome about October 1 if they can get a ship. This, however, is by no means certain. The ice in Kotzebue Inlet is more serious this year than has been the case for years. It was there that the Coast Guard cutter , Bear was wrecked early in the Sum mer. Foran and his party may be obliged to plan on another overland trip. Fire Sweeps Town Block. Ml DDRESEX, N. C., September 24. —Fire, which broke out in the main 1 part of the town at 1:30 this morn ing, destroyed an entire block. Three grocery stores, a pressing club and a barber shop were destroyed. The loss was estimated at $30,000. Roland Robbins, Lieut. Col. Clar ence O. Sherrill, C. Bascom Slemp, secretary to the President; John J. Spurgeon, H. H. Stansbury and Gen. Anton Stephan. The nature of the- demonstration probably will be announced fol lowing a meeting of the commit tee this afternoon, but the tenta tive suggestion Is that the team be escorted up Pennsylvania ave nue in automobiles, followed by a great caravan of gayly decorated machines, with sirens shrieking and crowds cheering. The team is expected to return to Washington next Wednesday, so that probably will be fixed as the date of the welcome. District officials realize that the fight for the coveted banner is not yet over, but they pointed out that the time In which to arrange for the kind of a homecoming the team de serves is short. The committee this afternoon will discuss the advisability of having the victorious march up the Avenue end on the Monument grounds or the Ellipse and re viewed by some high official. I ; • I - - - ■ - - ■ - - - ■ ■ - ■ ■ ■ - - EDGE OVERWHELMS KEAN IN PRIMARY Senator Decisively Renom inated, Has 52,418 Margin Over Dry Candidate. By the Associated Preas | NEWARK, N. J.. September 24. — ! United States Senator Walter E. Edge ! decisively defeated Hamilton F. Kean, I national committeeman, for the Re ; publican nomination for United States Senator in yesterday’s primaries. lead- j ing his opponent by 52.418 votes when j returns from 2.327 out of 2.559 elec tion districts were tabulated. The ! vote was: Edge. 211,490; Kean. 159,072, j Edge’s supporters had openly de- i ! dared that had the General fol- I 1 lowing of the Ku Klux Klan. Mr. i i Kean, however, had never- admitted"! . that this was true. I Senator Edge also was opposed by I j the national non-partisan campaign ; j committee of the American Federa- I tion of Labor. Mr. Kean bad fre- j i quently asserted in the campaign that 1 Mr. Edge had failed to stand by j President Coolidge and that a change i of party control was necessary. _ Criticised Kean Race. Senator Edge, however, asserted that he had supported President Cool idge and criticized his opponents for the sort of campaign which he assert ed Kean’s adherents waged. Senator Edge’s victory was general ly considered today as a victory’ for i the so-called liberal elements. Mr. j Kean was supported by the Anti i Saloon League. The fight was a bit j ter one, with the prohibition ques tion as perhaps the foremost issue. Representative Francis F. Patterson, jr.. was renominated on the Republi can ticket in the first district, de feating Charles A. Wolverton by ap proximately 500 votes. John J. Eagan of the eleventh dis trict, the only Democratic Represen tative to face opposition for renomina tion, apparently was defeated by- Oscar L. Auf der Heide, who ran on a light wine and beer platform. SMITH TO BUN AGAIN. Leaves No Doubt of Stand as Con vention Opens. th* Associated Press. SYRACUSE, N. Y., September 24. Renomination of the entire Demo cratic State ticket at the convention, which opens here on Thursday, gen erally was accepted last night as be ing assured, and the scores of party chieftains, including Gov. Alfred E. Smith, who had arrived during the afternoon, busied themselves with discussion of tho platform upon which the party is to stand during the coming election. An anti-Ku Klux Klan pronounce ment and a plank seeking modifica tion of the prohibition laws arc def initely to be included in the party's program, leaders who arrived with the governor admitted. The curtain which had been drawn over the attitude of Gov. Smith toward acceptance of the guberna torial nomination for the third time (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) BUTLER’SCONDmON HELD “NOT SO GOOD” Takes Turn for Worse, But Phy sicians Expect Recovery Within Week. By the Aasoeiated Trees. PHILADELPHIA, September 24. The. condition of Brig. Gen. Smedley D. Butler, whose resignation as director of public safety is reported to have been requested by Mayor Kendrick In a letter, the delivery of which has been withheld awaiting his recovery, took a turn for the worse late last night and was said early today to be “not so good.” Director Butler became very weak last night while conversing with George W. Elliott, assistant director of public safety, and for a few min utes was unable to speak. Specialists hastily summoned diagnosed his case as a severe attack of bronchitis, "bor dering on pneumonia,” and ordered a complete rest “mentally and physical ly” for 48 hours. While they de scribed his condition as serious, the doctors expressed belief that he would be able to return to his office within a week. Radio Programs—Page 24. DENIES KING WAS SLAIN. Sofia Says Bumor of Boris' As sassination Was False. PARTS, September 24. Reports that King Boris of Bulgaria had been assassinated, circulated here and in other European capitals overnnight. were given unqualified denial today by the Bulgarian legation in Paris. "We received news this morning direct from Sofia,” the legation stated, ‘‘which enabled us categori cally to deny the reports that King Boris had been assassinated.” ZACHARY, SOX JINX. WILL PITCH TODAY i I i Thurston to Oppose South paw as Nats End Cam ['^■^pargrrTnWesir^ HOW THEY STAND, i Game* W. Z. Pet. W. X. to play Washington S!> 60 ..%»7 .600 .SKI 5 i New York.. 87 62 „554 .587 .s*o 5 BY JOHN* B. KELLER, CHICAGO, September 24.—The Na tionals were to make their final ap pearance of the year in the western part of the American League this afternoon in a tilt with the White Sox. who have been bowled over twice in the current series. The Bucks were more than anxious to score over the Eversmen in the concluding battle of the set. for it not only would give them a record for their last western invasion of nine wins against three defeats, but would assure their re turn to the East for the wind-up of the championship campaign with at least a two-game lead over the sec ond place Yankees. The White Sox, heretofore, rather easy for the Bucks to beat, have been playing in splendid form in the pres ent series, forcing the league leaders to the limit in both engagements. The White Sox pitching selection for this afternoon probably means that another hard fight is ahead of the pennant seekers. Manager John Evers plans to send to the slab Hollis Thurston, young right-hander, who lias pitched sensationally this season and has been quite effective against the Bucks. Opposing Thurston probably will be Jez Zachary, southpaw, who has registered so many victories over the White Sox since he came into the American League. He is regarded as their pet Jinx. Weather fair, but cool, is promised for today’s game. The Bucks have been fortunate so far in the matter of postponements during their final trip, but one double-header having been necessary because of an enforced lay-off. i. P. HILL INDICTED FOR MAKING LIQUOR Federal Grand Jury Acts After Bepresentatlve's Cider Party. By the Aasoeiated Press. BALTIMORE. September 24.—John Fhilip Hill, Representative from the third district of Maryland, who tested the prohibition laws with a cider party at his home, 3 West Franklin street, last Saturday night, was in dicted by the Federal grand jury to day on a charge of illegal manu facture and possession of liquor. The indictment also , contains a count accusing him of maintaining a nuisance at his home. No bail was fixed for the appearance of the Con gressman for trial. There is a temporary. Injunction al ready pending against Mr. Hill. It has never been taken up for final hearing, but It has many of the pad lock elements as applied to ordinary saloons and places where stills are found. Six counts In the indictment go as far back as September 27, 1923, when Congressman Hill, with notification to the prohibition authorities in Washington, made 25 gallons of grape wine. The second count accuses him of possession after manufacturing. -The third count accuses him of the manu facture of cider September 18, 1924, prior to the party Saturday night. A third count charges him with the illegal possession of 30 gallons of cider. The fourth count charges him with maintaining a nuisance because of the first manufacture. ZANNI, IN CRASH. NEARLYDROWNEDi Boats Collide and Flyer, Un able to Swim, Is Hurled Into Water Unhurt. i By the Associated Preas. HONGKONG. September 24.—Maj.! Pedro Zanni, the Argentine aviator. : who arrived here Monday on his | ’round-th-world flight; Felipe del | Trame, his mechanician, and E. Rouil- i lon, the Peruvian consul, narrowly ’ escaped drowning in a collision be- j tween motor boats in the harbor here • today. Zanni was at the point of exhaus- I tion when picked up. The aviator has | been guest of the Peruvian consul I i.-rd Kowloon, across the harbor, at 8:15 : this morning to resume his flight to | Foochow. When off the naval yard, 1 the motor boat in which they were j proceeding collided with the govern ment steam launch Victoria. loaklr to Swim. | The impact caused the motor boat | to heel over. Zanni and Rouillon be- i ing thrown into the water, while Del ' Trame jumped aboard the Victoria. | Zanni disappeared and. as he cannot | swim, his friends gave him up as ; lost. A motor boat picked him and Rouillon up, however, and placed them on the Victoria, which returned to Kowloon. Zanni lost his pocketbook. letters of credit and notes, but held his charts. He retained his composure and after the accident was none the worse for his immersion. Del Trame was very anxious for his chief, whom he did not see for five minutes after the col lision. Zanni hppes to hop off for Foochow i tomorrow morning. WELCOME IN JAPAN. v Nipponese Flan Fete for Argentine ! Flyer. By the Associated Press TOKJO, September 24.—Japan was : prepared today to extend a warm welcome to Maj. Pedro Zanni. Argen tine aviator, -ort , a world air cruise, when he lands,' at Kagoshima, his first stop on Japanese soil. The municipal officers at Kagoshima announced the formal program for receiving Maj. Zanni. Thousands of school children will make up a chorus and sing the national an them of the Argentine. Bouquets' and gifts from the city will be bestowed upon Maj. Zanni after he hears an address of welcome by the Kagoshima mayor. “Zanni’s visit will undoubtedly present an opportunity to strengthen relations between Japan and the Ar gentine Republic just as the visit of the American world flyers to Japan helped to ameliorate United States- Japanese relations during the ex clusion crisis,” General Gaish Nagao ka, president of the Imperial Avia tion Society, said today. The society is taking the lead in arranging the Toklo program and reception. SENATOR MAY LOSE FOOT. Hubert D. Stephens, Mississippi, Victim of Blood Poisoning. MEMPHIS, Tenn., September 24. Senator Hubert D. Stephens of Mis sissippi, ill at a hospital here, was reported today resting more com fortably after a somewhat restless night which followed the trip from his home in New Albany, Miss., to Memphis. Senator Stephens was brought to Memphis for- treatment late yester day when symptoms of blood poison ing developed as a result of a cut on his foot, Inflicted when an ax with which he was cutting a branch from a tree on his farm at New Albany slipped and struck his left foot. Physicians stated today that am putation of the foot might be neces sary. DEMOCRATS FOR PRIMARY Method of Choosing Virginia State Ticket Next Year Decided. Special Dispatch to The Star, RICHMOND, Va., September 24. The State -Democratic committee at the meeting here declared for a primary for the nominatiori of the State ticket Best year. / The committee formally gvre notice, though, only M days- la requ^-cd. - 1 - »■ •* ■ GERMANS PRESS CLAIMS. Demands Due to Franco-Belgian Occupation Taken Dp. DUESSELDORF, September 24. I A non-political organization has been | formed by German civilians at Aix-la | Chapelle to handle the claims of all j of those persons who suffered physi cal or property damage through the Franco-Belgian occupation of Ger man territory through the Upper Silesian disturbances or through the Rhineland separatist difficulties. CHANG AGREEMENT WITH REDSCHARGEO Accepts Soviet Terms Re garding Railway to Prevent i Hostile Move by Russia. By the Aiwocitted Pre»*. PEKING, September 24.—Chang Tso-Lin is alleged to have signed an agreement with the Soviet govern ment on th© condition that the latter does not take hostile action regarding the Chines© Eastern Railway while Chang is engaged in war against the Peking government. Apparently Chang, fearing Soviet pressure from the north, agreed to i accept an agreement regarding the Chinese Eastern Railway similar to that negotiated at Peking between j the central government and Karak- j han, which he had previously refused j Ito recognize. Chang denies that he | has recognized the Peking agreement, ] | declaring that he has made one more i j favorable to his interests. It is ap [ parent, however, according to the | dispatches from his capital (Mukden) that he has bought off the Soviet In this manner. Under the agreement reached at I Peking* on May 31 Russia agreed to permit China to redeem the Chinese Eastern Railway, built by Russia, largely with foreign capital, during the czarist regime, and will transfer to China ail its shares and bonds. The amount to be paid for these and | the procedure of transfer remained | to be adjusted. Russia assumed responsibility of ■ j the claims of stockholders, bond- i ! holders and creditors of the road j arising prior to the Russian revolu | tlon of 1917. China and Russia, un \ der the agreement, are to determine j the railway's future to the exclusion lof other nations. The present man | agement. where non-prejudicial to I either party, is to be continued tem j porariiy. > DEAD WITH JAPAN SEEN. I i Chang Believed Seeking Aid in War on Peking. By the Associated Prei*. » VOfUOt ?r—Col.' Taken f : Machida, a retired Japanese army : ■ officer, now employed by Gen. Chang i Tso-lin in Manchuria, as a military; adviser, arrived in Tokio today from I Mukden, admittedly on an important j mission, the exact nature of which j was undisclosed. ■w Col. Machida told newspaper men j ' that "it would be useless to deny that ) I my visit is politically significant.” j The vernacular press today sur- j I mlsed that Col. Machida carried a re- ! I quest from Gen. Chang Tso-lin ask- j | ing positive aid from Japan in the I j Manchurian’s conquest against the | Peking government for control of i the central government of China. Col. Machida intended to consult t with leaders of the general staff of the Japanese army, where sympathy for Gen. Chang and his purpose was generally believed to he strong. Policy Condemned. The visit of Col. Machida came after the government's policy in the j Chinese internal situation was con- i demned today in resolutions passed by the leading opposition party in the Diet. The government policy also was criticized at .a meeting held un der the auspices of; 4*he Imperial Re servists’ Association and East Asiatic Union. The basis of the censure against the Japanese government was that it was following a policy toward (Continued on Page 5, Column 3.) POLITICAL REVOLT I RAGES IN GUADALUPE i French Colony Seething, Reports to Paris Say—Governor's Life Attempted by Foes. By Radio to The Star and Chicago Daily News. PARIS, September 24.—Persistent, though unofficial, reports received here claim that a state of dangerous political agitation has sprung up on the Island of Guadalupe, the French West Indian colony* noted for its rum. Bombing, rifle f*hots. explosions and attempted assassination arc said to be more and more of frequent occur ence. an attempt on the life of Gov. Jocelyn Robert this week having un loosed a vertiable reign of trouble, aedbrding to one version. The cause of the trouble apparently lies in the result of the last elec tions which ’caused a violent dispute between two of the post prominent local politicians, Boisneuf and Can dace, as to who was chosen deputy to the national chamber at Paris. Candace won and Boisneuf went to prison. The present disturbances are alleged to be manifestations in favor of the latter. Intervention by the home govern ment is demanded by Lawyer Da brousse, a colleague of Boisneuf. Guadalupe and Martinique are the oldest colonies in possession of the French nation. Both are inhabited by colored people, officials as well as taxpayers. (Copyright, 1924, by Chicago Daily News Co.) D. C. RUNAWAY ARRESTED. Baltimore Police Hold Adrain Kloczewski for Parent. Special Dispatch to The Star. BALTIMORE, Md„ September 24. Adrain Kloczewski, 9-year-old son of A. M. Kloczewski of Washington, D. C., was arrested here today follow ing advices that he had run away from bis home. The police were asked to hold him pending word from his father, who is expected to seat for him. “From Press to Home Within the Hour ” The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers arc printed. Yesterday’s Circulation, 98,556 GOVERNMENT MUST SERVE TO SUCCEED. COOLIDGEASSERTS Pledges Lower Taxes, Satis factory Foreign Relations, to Druggists. RAISING OF BUSINESS ETHICS IS EXTOLLED President Declares Merchants No Longer Attempt to Thrive on Trickery. The successful merchant no longer attempts to thrive on sharp dealing but on service and mutual considera tion, according to President Coolidge, in an address today to the several thousand delegates attending the twenty-sixth annual convention of the National Association of Retail Drug gists, assembled in the rear grounds of the White House. It is the realization of just such truths as service and mutual con | sideration, the application of the | common interest between the mer chant and customer, the sense of re i sponsibility on both sides, that has j in recent times introduced more and I more the moral element into business transactions, the President went on to explain. Profit Not Sole Aim. He reminded his audience that it has come to be an axiom of successful 1 business that profit is not the sole end to be sought. In his opinion this marks a long step toward higher and better social purposes and meth ods. He said he was glad to know that throughout the entire structure of business in this country, great and j small, there is evidence of this new I conception. I In conclusion, the President com ' mended his auditors as representing j one of the lines of business that have gone far along the way toward es tablishing the best relationship be tween the business man and his cus tomers, between business and Gov ernment, and he pledged continuance of his efforts toward econo my of administration that there may be a reduction in taxation, and har mony in our foreign relations that there may he peace and prosperity, j He also again declared himself to be j in favor of less Government ir bus ; iness and more business in Govern ; ment j Says Government Most Serve. "Not merely because it was a f pleasure to do so, but because it was | also an opportunity. I invited the I members of your organization to meet !me here today. I extend to you, in j behalf of your Government, the | warmest of welcomes to the Capital | City. I hope that your gathering may j be profitable to all of you as your ! presence here relates primarily to | business concerns. Beyond that, I | trust your visit in Washington may i serve to bring to all of you a little i better realization of the workings of ! the National Government The ma i chinery of Government has been set ! up here to serve all of the people. It ! will accomplish its real purpose just to the extent that it renders such service. "I feel strongly that whenever such an organization as yours brings to Washington a great representative body of business men. it is bringing j a section of the people that much closer to their Government. It is affording the opportunity to familiar ize themselves with the character, the extent and the infinite ramifications of a great political and also great business organization. It cannot but be a reminder of the intimate relation ship which exists between the people and their Government, It is not something afar off, but near and vital to their interests. I hope that your experiences in Washington will be a reminder also of the fact that the Government is your Government, that its agencies are set up to serve you. "It is no part of the theory of our Republic that Government is some thing imported from above. Rather, it is intended and presumed to be a useful part of the social organiza tion, which comes up from the peo ple. and is justified to the extent that it protects, extends and promotes their broadest interests. Finds Object Lesson. "It has seemed to me that in the conduct of business and in its de velopment in recent years may be found an object lesson for those of us who are charged with the respon sibilities of governmental adminis tration. In recent decades it has come to be an axiom of successful business that profit is not the sole end to be sought. Business success, in what ever field, is more and more the re sult of policies which look to giving service to the public. The business which on the whole is likely to pros per most is that business which aims to give the customer something more than the mere commodity which he comes to buy. If he comes with a somewhat indefinite idea of precisely what he wants, he is helped. If he comes imagining that he wants some thing that he would be better off with out, the business man who convinces him of his error, even at the cost of 'a sale, is pretty certain to profit in the long run by his candor and dis interestedness. The successful merchant no longer attempts to thrive on sharp dealing, but on service and mu tual consideration. It is the rtaliza tion of just such truths as these, the application of the common interest between merchant and customer, the sense of responsibility on both sides, that has in recent time introduced more and more the moral element into business transactions. Your own business has been notably touched by the introduction of this element and it is one of the reasons for its prosperity. I am glad to say that throughout the entire structure of busi ness in this country, great and small, there is evidence of this new concep tion. It marks a long step toward higher and better social purposes and methods. len Interference Sought. “Just in. proportion as this new attitude shall effect the relations of the merchant and his customers, it will help to make easier and more satisfactory the relation* between business and Government. Under our complex social and industrial order it is inevitable that Government and (Continued on Rage 2. Column 8.) TWO CENTS.