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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 29, 1924, Image 6

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WUh Sunday Morning Edition.
MONDAY September 29. 1924
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
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Japan’s Amendment.
Japan's proposed amendment to the
League of Nations protocol of arbitra
tion *wul security has precipitated a
crisis at Geneva, which in the lan
guage of dispatches from there is
viewed as grave and as threatening a
breach in the international alignment.
Specifically, Japan demands such a
phrasing of the protocol as would pre
vent the naming of that country us
nn aggressor if it should “take steps
to defend her legitimate interests."
According to her interpretation of the
protocol the state which refused
supremacy to international justice
would be protected, and the state
which only demands impartial appli
cation of that justice would be con
The whole question is extremely
complex an<l difficult of understand
ing, save upon the assumption that
Japan refuses to be held to arbitration
on matters which she considers to be
tis a strictly domestic character, and
in this she includes questions arising
out of foreign relations such as immi
gration restrictions and other discrim
inations. In other words. Japan de
clines to be placed in a category that
would rate her as an aggressor nation
if she should move to protect her na
tional rights.
Herein lies the whole issue of
League of Nations membership and
obligation. The league is an agency
to prevent war by holding its mem
bers to strict accountability for ob
servance of the principle of arbitra
tion. There is no form of compulsion,
only a moral force prevails. Japan is
seeking now to weaken that moral
force by proposing, with a very dis
tinct hint of refusal to remain in
league membership if the protocol is
not modified in accordance with her
It does not follow that Japan con
templates reprisals against the United
states for the recent restriction placed
upon Japanese immigration into this
country. Indeed, her representative
at Geneva indicated that there was a
greater cause of national resentment
in British Columbia and in Australia
than in the United States, and a mem
ber of the Japanese delegation, ex
plaining the objection s to the arbitral
protocol, is quoted as saying; "When
you consider how the Japanese are
mistreated in South Africa, we are
treated very well in the United States
*s a nation.” But whether this pres
ent objection is intended to relieve
Japan of liability under league and
world court jurisdiction in case she
should elect to settle her differences
by military means, or is merely an
academic protest against the limita
tion of national initiative, it stands as
m example of the weakness of the or
ganization, which can function for
world security only with the unani
mous consent of all member nations.
Secession is always possible under
Japan proposes an amendment in
due form, but she proposes it with
plain signs of determination to abide
by the decision only if it should be
favorable to her. Should she sub
scribe to the protocol in a form un
satisfactory to her she presumably
Gelds her point, but without guaran
*ee of future accession to an unsatis
factory arrangement.
Every assurance has been givert
Gov. Charles Bryan that however
admirable an attitude of retiring
modesty may be under sonic circum
_ ■‘tances it is not expected from him
oy fellow Democrats in this campaign.
Handshaking is proceeded with by
John TV. Davis with the evident
•onfidence of a man wlio feels that
ne may as well get into training for
the New Year receptions at the
White House.
The League of Nations calls atten
tion to the possibility of a line of
distinction between two classes of
governments, the members and the
.! Civic Association lleeting.
There will be useful discussion of
plans for the benefit of Washington
at the session;;' of the American Civic
Association which will begin its
annual avaetifif la this city October 7.
The American Institute of Park
Executives and the American Park
Society will meet jointly with the
American Civic Association. In the
membership of these associations one
finds the names of many persons who
Have been prominent advocates of
making Washington the greatest
Capital. The creation of the Capital
Park Commission by Congress was
due in part to the influence and in
terest of the American Civic Associa
tion, and it is the Capital Park Com
mission which will aid greatly toward
extending the park area of Washing
ton and preserving for park uses de
sirable tracts of land in Maryland and
Virginia adjacent to Washington.
A number of important things are
in prospect. There Is sentiment for
acquisition by the public of lands
along the Potomac River between
' Ivey Bridge and Gnat Falls, as It is
Idl MBA this scenic section is a
tlonai asset which should be held in
perpetuity for the benefit of the
Capital. Acquisition of the upper
valley of Rock Creek and the vales of
some of its important tributaries Is
on the program, not particularly for
the extension of Rock Creek Park but
primarily for the prcse.rvsunon of Rock
Creek and the protection cue of the
great features of the park. North
east of the city are large tracts of
land which may be added to the park
system of the city. The land is no
doubt cheaper now than it will ever
be again, and the growth of the
Capital is understood by every one.
It is said that at this joint meeting
of representatives of city betterment
“not only will the activities in the
parks of Washington bo discussed but
the alms and purposes of the Capital
Park Commission will be presented.”
There is a marked tendency to make
parks attractive for other purposes
than walking and driving. They are
becoming play places in the modem
sense of the term. While an increas
ing number of people are joining
country clubs where golf and tennis
are the principal sports, an increas
ing number of our people are play
ing golf, tennis and other games in
public parka, and the authorities find
difficulty in keeping pace with the
recreational demands of the public.
Coming to Grips in New York.
This week will witness the opening
of a tight between the Democrats and
Republicans in New York over the
national and State tickets. New York
; prefers a short campaign, but a lively
one, and there is every indication of
the impending campaign over the
presidency and governorship being
lively enough to suit the most exact
ing. Col. Roosevelt, the Republican
candidate for governor, is to be noti
fied of his nomination next Wednes
day night at his home at Sagamore
Hill, and in his speech of acceptance
he is expected to outline the issues
upon which he will make his cam
Next Thursday night the Demo
crats will fire their opening gun at a
monster gathering in Madison Square
Garden, which will be addressed by
John W. Davis, the presidential can
didate, and Gov. Alfred K. Smith,
gubernatorial candidate. October 15
Secretary of State Hughes will lead
off for the Republicans on both na
tional and State issues.
It is understood to bo the strategy
of the Democrats to make their main
issue in the State campaign a com
parison between the record of Gov.
Smith in his two terms as executive
of the State of New York with what
they will assert is the inexperience in
State affairs, and national affairs as
well, of the Republican candidate.
They also threaten to seek to hold
Col. Roosevelt in some measure re
sponsible for the oil land leases. The
Democrats contend that they will
make a showing on Gov. Smith's rec
ord in office which by contrast will
put Col. Roosevelt at a serious disad
It is evident from the disclosure of
the Democratic proposed line of
strategy that the colonel will be put
upon his mettle to convince the voters
of New York that they are warranted
in making a change in the office of
governor. Politicians realize that it is
quite within the range of possibili
ties that New York may go for Cool
idge for the presidency and at the
same time retain the present execu
tive at the head of the Slate.
Budget and Estimates.
Officials of the Budget Bureau arc
making an investigation of the needs
of the city as set forth in the supple
mental estimates of the Commission
ers. and they will have direct, per
sonal knowledge of the matters for
which provision would be made in
those estimates. Many of the items
which the Commissioners were forced
to strike from the original tentative
estimates because of the reduction in
the whole sum ordered by the budget
are covered by the supplemental esti
mates. and this is proof that the Com
missioners, knowing the needs of the
city and the sentiment of the people,
consider them of high importance.
It is well that the director of the
budget shall have reports on these
matters from his assistants. There is
no disposition on the part of the local
authorities or the citizens to exag
gerate the city's needs. Generally a
city need is not sharply stressed by
the authorities until the popular de
mand for meeting it becomes very
strong. An important part of the sup
plemental estimates has to do with
the schools. The people arc greatly
disturbed on the subject of insufficient
school room, and their first thought
is that public school facilities in
Washington shall be brought in line
with the needs of the school popula
According to expert students of
air craft and submarines, the old
fashioned battleship would be chiefly
important as a something to shoot at
byway of a signal that another war
had begun.
Means may yet be found for re
minding bootleg motorists that there
la no excuse for the employment of
smoke screens in time of peace.
Mrs. La Follette and Mrs. Shaver.
This present presidential campaign
is presenting several novelties. Take,
for example, the appearance on the
stump of the wife of one of the presi
dential candidates speaking in his be
half. This is the first time such a
thing has happened in this country.
Women have spoken for their hus
bands on the English hustings in par
liamentary campaigns, and perhaps
wives have addressed meetings here
for husband-candidates for Congress.
Down in Texas recently a woman was
nominated for the office of governor
of the State as proxy for her husband,
who was debarred from candidacy by
an impeachment. But Mrs. La Fol
lottc Is, so far as known, the first
woman who has directly campaigned
for her husband In a presidential race.
She spoke at Mountain Lake Park
last night, and rendered a very good
account of herself as a speaker.
The major burden of Mrs. La Fol
lette's speech, it would appear, was
pacifism. She attacked Defense day
and all other measures of prepara
tion for national protection against
aggressive enemies. This raises an in
teresting question. Why should not
Mrs. La Follette debate with Mrs.
Shaver, wife of the Democratic na
tional chairman, who recently caused
a considerable stir by writing a letter
condemning the attitude of Qov.
Bryan of Nebraska on the Defense
day proposition? Mrs. Shaver’s letter
wus written. It would seem, without
the knowledge and consent of her hus
band, Mr. Davis’ campaign manager,
and therefore Gov. Bryan’s campaign
Such an encounter would he ex
tremely interesting. Nothing is known
as to Mrs. Shaver's powers of speech.
Those of Mrs. la Follette are now
amply attested. Perhaps Mrs. Shaver
is better as a letter writer than as a
speeehmaker. Certainly she caused a
sensation with one epistle, and she
ought to be able to take care of her
self in a joint debate. The suggestion
Is offered in the interest of enlivening
the campaign.
Admission to Moscow.
An Associate Press dispatch says;
“Visitors to Moscow will hereafter be
obliged to pay from SSO to $l5O for
the privilege. The money will go
toward building homes for the work
ing people. It is not yet clear whether
the now regulations will apply to
Americans and other foreigners visit
ing Russia.”
Americans will* receive this ini- 1
! portant message with calm. If the
Soviet government should make the
charge $l5O. on SSO, or two bits for
entering Moscow few of us would bat
an eyelid. Not many Americans are
inclined to spend money that way.
Moscow may be a very interesting
city. In any first-class encyclopedia
a man can read that it is quite an
old town and that a number of prom
inent persons have lived there and
some have been assassinated in the
same, place. All that is necessary j
to be known about Moscow and 1
Leningrad, formerly Petrograd. orig :
inally St. Petersburg, can be learned .
without paying an admission fee. Not |
many of our people would plan trips 1
to Moscow, even if the Soviet bosses '
should send them engraved passes to {
the town. Our Sunday trips to Fred- !
eriek, Hagerstown, Harpers Ferry,
Leonardtown, Benedict, Occoquan.
Fredericksburg and are per
fectly satisfactory. Nobody in Wash
ington is getting a sore throat from
shouting “On to Moscow!”
The attitude of Gov. A1 Smith
toward young Mr. Roosevelt is a
trifle patronizing. Tammany warfare
has never disdained a little war paint
and tom-tom as a preliminary dem
onstration with a view to striking
When a man announces with great
publicity how he is going to vote, he
should refrain from doing so in a
manner that indicates an impression
in his mind that he is a hero or a
It might be considered a shade ;
uppish in Uncle Sam if he were to f
abstain from joining an association of
’ nations some of whose members al
! ready owe him considerable sums.

According to several economists.
China's present war is only a training
bout for future contests in the arena
-of nations.
Listening In.
For old-time orators I sigh!
Although these words are fair, !
I want to see the glittering eye
And watch them paw’ the air.
I want to see them halt and think i
As in the days of yore.
And from a pitcher take a drink
Os water —nothing more.
Their hair I went to see them toss j
Back from a lofty brow.
There is today a sense of loss
Truth moves me to avow.
The phrases which resound In space
Are forcible and neat;
And yet. without athletic grace.
The style is incomplete.
“Did you convince your audience?” j
“Not exactly,’’ admitted Senator |
Sorghum. “It looked as if my re
marks had started an argument '
among the folks that hadn't been do- j
cided when It was time for my train j
to pull out.”
The Two Big Words.
The lexicon with words is filled
With which our minds are often j
Yet, when decision we would show,
The two that count are "Yes” or
Jud Tunkins says they’re gettin’
him so excited over politics that some
times he almost doesn’t care who
wins the base ball pennant.
The Let Alone Policy.
1 “Let well enough alone.”
“That’s what I was meanin’ to do,”
answered Uncle Bill Bottletop. “But
the whole barrel of cider turned hard
and entirely illegal.”
The Tireless Legislator.
Our Congressman today we view
With an increasing pride,
For there is always something new
He’s called on to decide.
He counts the cash that he’ll allow
To run our Government,
And maybe next he’ll tell us how
To choose a President,
“Os course you have a great deal
of sympathy ”
“Can’t use it.” interrupted Farmer
Comtosscl. “If sympathy could be
crated or baled and sent to market.
I’d have had the mortgage paid off
years ago.”
“Good advice,” said Uncle Eben,
“mostly don’t git near de respectful
attention dat’s showed to mos' any
old kind of a boss race tip.”

Dupont Circle is a park gone to
Like some of the F. F. V.s who
have come to Washington to run'
boarding houses and put on airs, it
has seen better days.
Some years ago Dupont Circle was
fresh and green, with benches sprin
kled through the park. Then chil
dren ran at will over the thick green
sward, frisked around the big statue
of Rear Admiral Dupont and had a
good time in general.
Today all that is changed. Now the
park Is dirty looking. Its tone set
by the circular race track around the
circumference, along which all the
benches are grouped, facing inward,
looking at the wired-off grass plots
and children's sand piles.
I suppose it Is all for the better.
The Dupont memorial fountain, with
its falling water, certainly Is an im
provement over the old wooden
bronze statue. The placement of the
benches allows mothers and nurse
maids to watch their charges easily.
Those who remember the park of
the old days, however, will wonder
at the forms progress takes, and sigh
for the return of the old. unprogres
sive, beautiful days.
** * *
Standing at the famous intersection i
of Massachusetts, Connecticut and
1 New Hampshire avenues. Dupont Circle
j has mothered many generations of!
children Beneath its hospitable trees j
still walk men and women, many of I
them! famous, who onee toddled along
these paths or ran ami played across I
this grass
Surely the grass was greener in \
those days! Then the Schneider block. ]
between 17th and 18th streets on Q
street, was new. Two solid rows, and
very long rows at that, of brick and
stone houses, of somewhat varied ap
pearance. this block was one of the first !
of its kind in Washington.
The entire neighborhood was rest- ;
dential. Dupont Circle was the natural ■
center of the entire section, with its i
’ beautiful entrance adown the avenues !
■or the other intersecting streets. Os '
1 these gateways none was—-or is—so \
: lovely as that along New Hampshire i
j avenue from the north,
i In Summer New Hampshire avenue, j
\ looking down from Q street, is a per- 1
i feet bower, the great trees forming a |
I complete arch over the wide thorough- '
j fare. If t hose who advocate destruction j
|of Washington's unique feature, her '
trees, would only stand for a while on |
New Hampshire avenue, surely their
esthetic sense would be stirred. I do
not believe any one is so darn practical j
that he would be willing to see these
trees cut down. And if not here, why
*** * *
Yes, the grass was greener in those
days. Grass is like children in one
respect. Too much coddling is not
good for it.
When the little ones were allowed to
run at will on the grass in Dupont
Circle, the sward was fresh and green.
There was more green in the whole
Perhaps the grass Is growing old.
Certainly it is bare and worn-out
looking, carefully fenced off, every
single plot of it, by wire stretched on
iron stakes.
Even the play spaces, technically
known as sand piles, are wired off.
Little feet are no longer welcome on
the grass. Dupont Circle is old and
Or shall wc say it is simply growing
up? Men and women lose their fresh
i ness and charm when they grow
s older, why may not a park suffer in
the same way? This green circle
stands at the peak of a great change.
Connecticut avenue already is giving
way to commerce. Who knows but
Massachusetts avenue, even New
I 1—
There is a care pending in the Dis-
I trict Supreme Court, and to be car
] ried, ultimately, to the United States
* Supreme Court, to determine whether
i a Filipino is eligible to become a
I citizen of the United States.
♦* ♦ *
1 A young Filipino who has resided
! in the United States for several years
* registered as available for service in
! the United States Army in the World
I War, but. not being drafted, he served
in a munition factory At that time
j he look out his first papers, indicating
j a desire to become a citizen. Now
j that he applies for his final papers
1 the Department of Labor, by its
i naturalization bureau, intervenes an
i objection—or rather, two objections.
This young man. Ambrosius Javier,
* is a Filipino by birth, therefore, he
j is not a "free white" person, accord
-1 Ing' to the bureau's reading of the
I law. Section 2163 (K. S., 1878. p. 380;
II Comp. Stat. 1901. p. 1333) reads;
i "Tlie provisions of this title shall
! apply to aliens being free white per
-1 sons; and to aliens of African na-
I tivity and to persons of African de
According to this law, if this ap
plicant had been born in the Sudan,
in Morocco or in darkest Africa, or
even if his parents had been so born,
he could, unquestionably, claim the
I right to acquire American citizcn
! ship; but, as a Filipino, his right is
i disputed.
** * *
The law defining the rules of
j naturalization in the act of 1306,
j creating the Department of Labor,
I provides in section 4, clause 7: That
a Filipino of the age of 21 years and
over, who has served three years in
the Army, Navy or Marines, and- has
resided three years in the United
States, may file his petition for natu
That rule does not apply to the case
in dispute, because Javier was not
drafted nor did he volunteer, he only
registered for draft and then worked
| in a munition factory throughout the
I war.
Section 30 of the same law pro
"That all the applicable provisions
of the naturalization laws of the
United States shall apply to and be
held to authorize the admission to
citizenship of all persons not citizens
who owe permanent allegiance to the
United States, and who may become
resident of any State or organized
territory of the United States.
Does nationality in the Philippines
constitute "permanent allegiance” to
the United States? Under the Jones
law organizing the government of
the Philippines, after we took them
from Spain, it was stated in the
preamble that some day, when this
Government sees fit, we are to set
the island free. The question now
arises for the court to consider
whether that pledge in the Jones'
law does not throw a doubt on the
"permajient allegiance" of all Fili
pinos to the United States.
♦♦ * *
True, the Jones law does not in
dicate when we shall release the is
lands from allegiance to this coun
try- It will be when Congress and
the Executive of the United States
Judge that such an act is expedient
and to the best interests of both the
Filipinos and the Americana. Many
generations may pass before that al
legiance will be broken; but. It is
argued, since it may be broken some
dav, can anybody say it is, legally,
Hampshire avenue, will go the same
*• ♦ ♦
Sand and dirt mix in Dupont Circle,
being tracked out of tho pjay spaces
on to the race track around tho cir
cumference. The Introduction of this
circle, 15 feet wide, marked the pass
ing of the old park. It has never
been the same since.
Tho old charm of walking through
tho circle and dropping down on a
bench almost anywhere disappeared
overnight with the new arrangemtnt
of seats. Now you sit around the
track or you stand. The track fea
ture really reduces the park to Its
own dimensions. Whereas formerly
residents had the use of the entire
park, now all they use is the rirn.
Children may skate on the other
walks, of course, and their elders
may walk through, but the walks are
cracked and in bad condition, so that
roller skating on them Is not good.
Walkers find nothing to look at in
side, except the memorial and beds
of roses.
This park Is a good demonstration
of tho tendency, in late years, to cut
down and reduce privileges once
granted. With success seems to come
a withdrawal of old privileges. 1 in
tend to take this up later in another
article in this column, as its extent
is surprisingly large.
Tlie memorial fountain is a pretty
I thing, a vast improvement over the
i old statu*-. The figures, in bas-relief,
urea good example of how the nude
mac be used in America without af
i Uout to any one. The lady, for in
i stance, is not so decided!} without
clothes as the faun girl of the Dar
| lington memorial in Courthouse
i Square.
** * *
"For Children Only,” says a sign
stuck in the sand pile. One wonders
| if this is a warning to mothers to let
their kids play unmolested, or a
gentle bint to grown boys and girls
i to stick to the benches,
j Over in the piles, now leveled by
use over months, small children dig
! methodically, in the painful way some
• children have of enjoying themselves.
Tired mothers and harassed maids
i make themselves comfortable on the
! A* white dog, gleaming as if just
* from a hath in flea soap, runs into
j the park under the wires, halts on
! the poor grass. Man-made regulations
I and inhibitions are not for him.
lull shrubs and hushes are placed
i behind the lunches, so that the circle
lis somewhat shut off from the ap
! preaching streets. Men, women and
| children come along, now and then,
from all directions.
Where do the people come from, and
whore are they going?
They come from the 90,000 homes
of tlxe city, and they are going to
some of the other homes, or some
of the thousands of stores or theaters
or other places of amusement. "They
are on their way." that is about all
on© can say. It is life in a big city,
that is all.
** * *
1 see away to help solve the traffic
problem, sitting here on one of the
comfortable benches placed out on
the sidewalk, facing the Mount I’leas
and and Georgetown car lines.
It is to make street car riding
pleasant, Such an easy thing—but
I II bet that all the official solvers
of Washington's traffic problem never
thought of it!
This is one of the few places in
Washington where the waiters for
street cars are given benches where
on to rest themselves.
If every car stop had its bench, if
every car was only comfortably full,
if there were more cars, if conductors
and motormen were always courteous
and polite, if people would start
"taking a ride on a street car for
fun,” as they once did, wouldn't that
help solve the traffic problem?
I "permanent allegiance,” entitling the
the living generation to acquire the
• right of franchise so precious to na
tives and Africans that 48 per cent
of them still actually exercise iL
The law describing the limitations
of qualified citizens of the United
States was adopted in 1790, revised
and extended in 1870. and revised as
to errors and omissions in 1875.
In the original act of 1790. the lan
guage referred to "free white” per
sons: not because at that time there
were white slaves, but because in
the earlier times, when our fore
fathers came as immigrants, some
were too poor to advance their pas
sage money, and bonded themselves
to work it out after arrival; they
were not “free” until they had dis
charged that service. No Filipino is
a bonded servant nor a slave.
Is a Filipino “white?” What con
stitutes a "white” man? That is the
question for the Supreme Court to
decide. It is not his complexion
alone, for there are many Spaniards
and other Mediterranean peoples who
are darker than many negroes, but
they are "white,” and no negro is
“white.” Many Chinese are lighter
than many Italians or Greeks. But,
Spaniards, Italians and Greeks be
long to the white, or Caucasian race.
Ethnologists recognize an early race
upon the Mediterranean as "dark
The term •'Caucasian” is popular
ly misunderstood. The Encyclopae
dia Britannica (eleventh edition)
"The ill-chosen name of Caucasian,
invented by Blumenbach, in allusion
to a South Caucasian skull of special
ly typical proportions, and applied
by him to the so-called white race is
still current; it brings into one race
peoples such as Arabs and Swedes,
although these arc scarcely less dif
ferent than the Americans and Ma
lays who are set down as two dis
tinct races.”
$* * ♦
In the October term, 1922, the Su
preme Court rendered an adverse
opinion in the case of Bhagat Singh
Thind, a Hindu. Two questions were
J. Is a high caste Hindu of full
Indian blood, • • • a white person
within the meaning of section 2169,
Revised Statutes?
2. Does the act of February 5.
1917 f 39 Stat. L. 875, section 3) dis
qualify from naturalization as citi
zens those Hindus, now barred by
that act. who had lawfully entered
the United States prior to the pas
sage of said act?
In the decision ruling against the
Hindu, the court said concerning the
law of 1790, now known as section
2169 K. S.:
“The provision is not that any par
ticular class of persons shall be ex
cluded, but it is, in effect, that only
white persons shall be included with
in the privilege of the statute. The
intention was to confer the privilege
of citizenship upon that class of per
sons whom the fathers knew as white
and to demy it to all who could not
be so classified. It is not enough
to say that the framers did not have
in mind the brown or yellow races of
I Asia. It is necessary to go farther
and be able to say that had these
| particular races been suggested the
I language of the act would have been
so varied as to include them within
its privileges.”
♦* ♦ ♦
It is far beyond the province of a
layman to trace the genealogy of the
Filipinos, with all the intermingling
through the centuries, of the origi
nal natives with the Spanish «•■-
For the Living
Mrs. Roosevelt
When Mrs. Roosevelt was mistress
at the White House the newspaper
men were requested not to write
about her and the photographers
were requested not to take her pic
ture. The limelight, in which she
should have shown to such advan
tage, has always been distasteful to
her. and always—on her travels, at
Sagamore Hill and in the White
House —she sought to avoid it.
Wherefore I venture in this case to
offer an unauthorized bouquet. Were
I to ask permission I fear that it
might be refused.
The refusal would come in a little
note so tactful as to leave me feel
ing not at all rebuffed, but very
friendly with myself—more so than
1 shall feel when, having dispatched
this little nosegay, I face the fact
that I have failed entirely to make
it worthy of her.
Once, long ago, when I was writing
of Theodore Roosevelt and his life at
Sagamore Hill, I was asked if I
. might mention her, and after plead
ing, was allowed a meager para
] graph. Vet every one who in those
days visited Sagamore Hill must
'have perceived that Mrs. Roosevelt
! with her dignity and graciousness,
I her infallible tact, her faculty for in
! teresting herself in others instead of
j expecting others to be interested in
j her. the gentle humor reflected in her
! quick, beautiful smile, and. above all,
i that w isdom always so much heeded
|by her husband, was no whit less a
j personage than the master of the
house. Nor was there any one who
I gave her greater deference than he
| j No less than her husband Mrs
j Roosevelt has been a companion to
her children and to her children’s
I children, and a participant in their
1 i multifarious interests and activities,
j To have seen them ail together is to
| have seen American family life at its
j best. Into the household books pour
ed in a steady stream, and they con
tinue to pour in, forcing their way
! by the pressure of their numbers
through the library, up the stairs into
halls and bedrooms, and on the third
floor. I do not know of any house
' j containing a larger or better select
ed library, nor one more constantly
' used, nor do I know any one more
w idely read and of more delicate and
sure appreciation than Mrs. Roose
1-a.st year the widow of a soldier
showed me a note of condolence Mrs.
Roosevelt had written her, each line
freighted with the Roosevelt four-
I age. “We must take it, standing."
she wrote—" Afterwards we can live
w ithout memories.”
1 One can rejoice, now. that she has
for companions her children, her
grandchildren, her books, her memo
ries of the long and happy life of
that extraordinarily congenial and
united family. These and her own
indomitable spirit—a very special
spirit, a kind of luminosity, elusive,
indescribable, which somehow sug-
I gests to me a globe or crystal, clear
and cool, glowing with lovely lights
and images.
(Copyright, ISCM. by the Bell Syndicate, Ine.)
Tomorrow: Herbert Hoover.
Is the World to Explode ?
Dr. John Jolly of Dublin University, j
fellow of the Royal Society of Eng- j
j land, says that every hundred million j
j years or so the earth is due for a j
| blow-up, during which period the j
rocks on the surface are melted, the
oceans turned into steam and every
thing made to seethe and boil like
unto present conditions on the planet
Jupiter of our solar system. He
figures that the next blow-up may
not be the last; that others may fol
low a few hundred million years
This is a disturbing theory that
Dr. Jolly advances, yet he may be
right. Scientists sometimes are. But
don't worry. You’ll not be here to
participate, let it be either a cata
clysm of tire or water. Nor are the
figures given by the distinguished
Dublin scientist, of a hundred mil
lion years, so exereme after all, for
there are other scientists who say
that the earth, in some form, has
existed from five billion to ten bil
lion years. If the latter be true, and
Dr. Jolly's figures are not at fault,
there have been quite a number of
blow-ups of the earth in the past,
each of them perhaps destroying civ
ilizations as advanced and variegated
as our own. —Omaha World-Herald.
Looking Over Our Courts
A Japanese commission is in the
country to study our system of trial
by jury. It appears that Japan has
had nothing in court practice re
sembling the jury trial, and steps are
being taken toward inslilifting the
system there. Advisedly, the com
mission will make an exhaustive
study of the subject all over the
world in order that some of the evils
which attend the practice of the sys
tem may be avoided. Theoretically,
the jury system is ideal, but we have
found at times it does not work so
well in practice. This may not be
the fault of the system so much as of
the jurors.
Certainly there is no demand in
this country for abolishing the jury
system, but there is that the quality
of jurors be improved. We have gone
to the uttermost extreme in provid
ing. especially in murder trials, for
the interests of the accused in select
ing jurors and giving no considera
tion to the interests of society as rep
resented in the prosecution, if Japan !
can work out a system of jury trials
which' eliminates the weaknesses as
we have experienced them, yet pre
serves the principle, we may learn
something from them in the way ol
benefit to us.—Pittsburgh Gazette-
querors. While unquestionably a
pure Spaniard is classed as a "white
man” and an Asiatic or Malaysian is
not a "white man.” at what degree
of intermixture does the descendant
cease to be within the limitation of
our law admitting only “white men
and Africans?"
A "white man” is one belonging to
the Aryan race, according to early
authorities: ethnologists now point j
out that the Aryans were not one
race but that the term referrred to
all peoples of prehistoric times who
spoke a similar language.
♦* * *
If now the court decides that a
Filipino is not eligible to citizenship
in the United States, some interesting
questions will arise for the State De
partment to handle. Is a Filipino an
alien? To what nationality must he
be credited in managing passports
and in deciding as to immigration
quotas? He remains a citizen of
the Philippine Islands, but they do
not constitute a nation. The im
mediate question has nothing to do,
directly with immigration, for it ap
plies only to naturalization, but out
of a decision what new complications
will develop?
** * *
The good favor in which the Fili
pinos are held by the public was
manifested by the hearty applause of
the thousands of spectators of the
Defense day parade aa the contingent
■ of dark-skinned, alert soldiers
marched by, and by that march
pledged patriotic support of this Gov
ernment In case of war.
(OtyrighC 1934, by Paal T. OoDiaa)
1 1- -- '
Q. Are the French Misons athe
ists?—A. F.
A. At the present time the Grand
Orient of France, which Is the title
of the Masonic organization of that
country, is not officially recognized
by Masonic bodies because it excludes
the affirmation of the belief in the
divinity of God,
Q. In judging the merit of a col
lege or university, what facts should
be taken into consideration?—A. K.
A. Generally speaking, a school
may bo judged by the number of
professors who devote all of their
time to the school, by the courses of
fered. by the number of absences al
lowed each pupil in his courses, by
the number of subjects in which a
student is allowed to fail without
being required to repeat the entire
year's course. Entrance requirements
and endowments also figure in the
ranking of the schools.
Q. Why does a feather fall as fast
as lead in a vacuum?—T. B. K.
A. The principle of gravity applies
equally to all objects irrespective of
weight. The resistance of air is the
force which varies the velocity of a
falling body.
Q. Are two words ever synonyms?
—W. It. t
A Strictly speaking, there are no
j perfect synonyms, that is, no two
j words which exactly agree in sense
j and use. There are. however, many
words in English which have mean
ings so closely akin that they are
carelessly used without discrimina
; Q. Who is entitled to hospitaliza
j tion from the Government under the
i law governing the granting of bene
fits to disabled veterans?—R. G. B.
A. All disabled veterans of the
late war who are in need of hospi
talization for their disabilities, and
in addition any honorably discharg
ed veteran of the Spanish-American
"Wax; The Philippine Insurrection;
The Boxer Rebellion; or the World
War who is suffering from neuro- l
psychiatric or tubercular ailments |
or diseases; paralysis agitans. sleep- j
ing sickness or amoebic dysenterv or
the loss of sight of both eyes, whether j
such ailments or diseases are due i
to military service or otherwise. The •
Veterans’ Bureau is authorized, so !
far as; facilities will permit, to fur- 1
nish hospitalization to veterans of I
any military occupation or military
expedition since 1897, not dishonor
ably discharged regardless of the
origin of their disabilities.
Q Can the screeching of a pea
j cock be stopped by any simple opera
tion on its wind pipe or vocal cords?
—F. W. C.
A. The Superintendent of the Na
tional Zoological Park says that noth
ing can be done to keep peacocks
from screeching. An operation upon
the vocal cords or wind pipe would
be dangerous, and it is doubtful if
the bird would survive.
Q- Were wrist watches worn be
fore the World War?—F. D. S.
A. Wrist watches were worn by
travelers some CO years ago. They
were incased in heavy leather brace
Q Please explain briefly the Mag
!na Charta?—A. K. J.
A. In 1215 the English barons
rose against the authority of King
j Ji lin of England and compelled him
j tc sign a charter called the Magna
j Charta, guaranteeing to Englishmen
certain rights and liberties which
have been held by the English people
since that day. The charter was
signed at Runneymedo Juno 15.
Q Please name some plants that
catch and eat insects.—R. F. J.
A. The teasel, sarracenia, nepen
thes, and the Venus flytrap are some
of the plants that do this.
Q. Please inform me how salmon
manage to jump up a fall or like ob
struction in a river.—W. E. P.
A The Bureau of Fisheries says that
at the bottom of a fall there is usually
a very deep well. The salmon swim to
the extreme bottom of this well, and
if they have sufficient depth of water to
give force to get the power to jump.
Editors’ Politics Govern Views
On Secretary Wilbur’s Recall
Secretary Wilbur's sudden "recall”
from California causes widespread
comment in editorial circles. Various
interpretations are made, based to
some extent, in each case, upon the
politics of the paper. Although
President' Coolidge denies the report
that the Secretary was recalled be
cause of indiscreet utterances on the
stump, Democratic papers are quick
to point out that his Somewhat nu
merous speeches have been a bit out
of tune with the administration’s
attitude, while the Republican press
for the most part accepts the ex
planation from Washington that Mr.
Wilbur’s presence was desired to dis
cuss with the budget directors the
question of naval appropriations.
"This explanation fell rather flat.” in
the opinion of the New Orleans Times
Picayune (independent Democratic)
which believes "differences over the
Navy budget might very well have
awaited settlement after completion of
the Secretary's California engagements.
The next congressional session is still
some months ahead. There was no need |
for such desperate haste.” Such "stu- i
died explanations,” also do not have a
convincing ring to the Baltimore Sun
i independent), which contends that i
“a strong and silent. calm and i
collected man like Mr. Coolidge (to i
take him at his admirers' estimate) ;
should surely have seen these naval :
problems rising long ago and not
have left them until the eve of his
adviser’s Denver speech for settle
ment.” Tn this speech he was to
have followed a lino of argument,
continues the Dayton News (inde
pendent Democratic), "which only pre
viously he has suggested that the peace
of the world in the future is wrapped
up with the League of Nations and
that the United States sooner or later
will have to take this route if it is go
ing to be of any help to the subject of
world-wide amity. That, of course, was
a terrible thing for a Republican cabi
net member to say." Having closed
that issue, adds the Cleveland Plain
Dealer (independent Democratic) "the
President now closes the Secretary’s
mouth, for any one who mentions the
league except to condemn American
membership affronts the administra
*♦ * *
Echoes of his speeches fretn the
Pacific coast, declares the Milwaukee
Journal (independent). "indicate that
ft is most fortunate this budget prob
lem became so suddenly acute," be
cause “Toklo cannot be blamed for
not being pleased by the Secretary's
statements that ‘marching hosts of
two civilizations stand face to face
across the Pacific,' and ’there’s noth
ing so cooling as a piece of cold
steel.’” If it is also true "that Secre
tary Wilbur criticized the way in
which the Republican administration
is enforcing prohibition,” the Hart- l
ford Times (independent Democratic) I
is sure "he earned the right to a |
quick trip to Washington on another
account,” for "the Secretary ought to |
have known what his chief would
think about any further attention to
holes in the Republican mantle of
righteousness.” But the St. Douis
Post-Dispatch (independent) thinks
they do so by swimming very fast and
rushing out. This forte mechanically
causes them to Jump the falls.
Q. How is fig leather made?—-I'
R. A.
A. Very ripe figs are used for flg
leather. Wash and mash them to a
fine pulp, spread on platters and dry
In the sun or In the oven. Wb»n
dry, dust with powdered sugar and
roll op like jelly cake. Cut In suit
able pieces and pack away in jars.
Q What becomes of “dead let
ters 7“—P. O. S-
A. A postmaster keeps a letter two
weeks in order to try to identify tb»
person for whom it was intended. He
then sends it to the Dead Getter Of
fice, where it is opened. If Idem.fl
oat ion of addressee or sender Is still
impossible, the letter is destroyed.
In the case of valuables, the articles
are kept for a year, and. If not iden
tified, sold, the receipts going to the
Post Office Department.
Q. What shrubs grow well in
shaded locations?—D. S. W.
A. The snowberry, coral berry,
sweet-scented shrub, dogwood and
viburnum are well suited to shady
Q. Is it true that frogs and toads
have been found in freshly broken
marble or granite?—R. R.
A. Such tales are not credited by
scientists. They originate in delib
erate misrepresentation or misappre
hension on the part of the original
Q. At what temperature do we pm
liquid air?—G. A. C.
A. Air is liquefied by pressure, but
cannot be liquefied by any pressure
so long as its temperature is abo\e
220 degrees F. below zero ( —HO C i,
but if it first be cooled to a tempera
ture slightly below this it condenses
to a liquid upon the application of a
pressure of 23 atmospheres.
Q. What are the colors of the most
important planets?—A. L. B.
A. The color of the planets arc
| Mercury, pale ash; Venus, brilliant
| straw; Mars, reddish ochre; Jupiter
'bright silver; Saturn, dull yellow,
: Uranus, pale green; Neptune, the
I same.
Q. What do dentists use for filling
1 teeth?—D. C.
A. Dentists use most frequency
| amalgamated alloy for filling teeth. Th:*
alloy is made by melting and casting
silver, tin, copper and sentences zinc
in the approximate ratio of 67:27:5:1
This material is next filed to chips.
These chips are then amalgamated with
mercury and later crystallized into a
solid mass.
Q. What does the expression "Turn
again, Whittington.” refer to?—E. J. S
A. The reference to Whittington
is to Richard better known as Dick
Whittington, an English merchant
and lord mayor of Dondon. Accord
ing to popular romance. Whittington
as a lad went to Dondon and ob
tained work as a scullion. Growing
tired of ill-usage, he started toleax*-
the city when the Bow Bells seemed
to say to him “Turn again. Whitting
ton. Lord Mayor of London. ’* He,
therefore, went back and eventually
rose to the prophesied position.
Q. How can shoes be made water
proof at home?—N. D.
A. The Department of Agriculture
says that either of these formulas is
good: Natural wool grease, g ounces;
dark petrolatum, 4 ounces; paraffin
wax. 4 ounces; or tallow. 12 ounces,
cod oil, 4 ounces. The ingredients of
either mixture should be melted to
gether, warming them carefully and
stirring thoroughly. Better penetra
tion is obtained if applied while
warm, but the grease should not be
hotter than the hand can bear.
(The Star invites its readers to use
this information service freely. An ex
tensive organixat ion is maittfaiued to
serve you in any rapacity that relates
to information Failure to use the tern -
ire deprives you of benefits to which yen.
are entitled. Your obligation is only <i
two-cent stamp, tnelosed with troys in
f/uirit for dir ret reply. Address The Star
Information fiurcau. Frederic J. Has kin.
Director. Twenty-first and C s’rccf s
northwest. )
"it was a pity to interrupt so admir
able a discussion of the issues of the
campaign, but—well, there were rea
sons why Judge Wilbur had to be in
Washington right away.”
"If Secretary Wilbur’s days at the
head of the Navy Department are not
numbered.” the Springfield Repub
lican (independent* insists "they
should be.” for "whatever may hav-*
been the cause of his recall from Cali
fornia by the President, the fact that
he has been recalled is a blessing -
his uncurbed continuance on the
stump would have been a national
misfortune.” The Waterbury Republi
can holds a similar opinion, while the
Worcester Telegram (Republican!
is confident that “even a casual read
er of newspapers must have been im
pressed by the fact that >fr. Wilbur
has done a good deal bf talking,
much of it not remotely concerned
with the navy • • • He doesn’t
seem to have lived quite up to the
Coolidge idea of steady quiet devo
tion to the allotted task.” But, then,
I tlie Knoxville Sentinel (independent
| Democratic) claims “it Is a risk to send
I such men as Jlr. Wilbur or Gen. Dawes
■out to speak for the administration." be
j eause "these men are not politicians
) They are fundamentally honest and
I arc apt to speak out what they think
; and anybody who really thinks about.
; the administration’s record and
■other things as they are can only
think in terms of dynamite and dam
nation for the administration.”
** * *
The real facts about Wilbur's re
call, the Dos Moines Register (inde
pendent Republican) is inclined to
feel are due to the efforts to keep Mr.
Coolidge out of the feud now being
fought out between Hiram Johnson
and Gov. Richardson, because "it is
easy to believe that until Senator
Johnson indicates his attitude to
ward the ticket the leas administra
tion leaders say in California the hot
ter, for what California did in 191 S is
not forgotten.” Although the Boston
Transcript (independent Republican)
admits the circumstances of the recall
may seem to the unsuspecting ytTßllc
somewhat extraordinary, it saya “our
confidence in the common sense and
honesty of purpose of bis people’s
head servant in the White House com
pels us to believe that his summons
to Secretary Wilbur is the outward
and visible sign that President Cool
idge meant what he said in his ac
ceptance address.” In this connec
tion. the Chicago Tribune (Independent
Republican) explains "Budget Director
Lord has cut 20 per cent from the mini
mum estimates for a Navy already op
erating on a curtailed schedule. Avia
tion will be cut by $10,000,000. It
will reduce the total Navy budget to
less than $300,000,000,” therefore “it
is evident the Navy needs saving.”
: For this reason, the Detroit Free
i Press (independent) concludes "suffi
| cient explanation can be found in the
I simple fact that the President wants to *
consult the Secretary at the earliest pos
-1 sible moment with regard to the avi
ation estimates in the naval budget.
In any year, except a presidential
election year, this would be consid
ered a quite adequate reason for the

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