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COURT DENIES BAN ON MRS. FERGUSON Sweeps Aside Ancient Bar rier to Women in Office in Decision. By thP Associated Press. At’STI.V. Tex. October IS. —The last vestige of the ancient bar against women in oiflce was swept away by the Texas Supreme Court in holding Mrs. Miriam A. Ferguson of Temple and a'l other women in the State eligible to elective posi tions. Attempts to bring out of the dim past and establish as present-day law the figments of an old otder were east out by the highest court of the State, which pronounced women as independent entitles on an equality with men. While holding that Mrs. Ferguson is qua itied to vote, the court also held unconstitutional that part ot the statute which seeks to confer on a private citizen the right to bring suit testing the qualilieations ot a candidate for government. This right belongs to the legislature, the court said. I Chance for liehenring. The plaintiff. Charles M. Dickson of San Antonio, has fifteen days in which to file a motion for rehearing and it was stated the ease will not be sent back to the court of civil appeals for issuance of the decree until expira tion of that time. It would then be too late fer any action as all ballots would have been printed. In a 33-page opinion written by As sociate Justice Thomas <l. Greenwood and concurred in by Chief Justice Cureton anil Assistant Justice Pier son, file court held that; Charles M. Dickson, plaintiff, had no legal authority to bring suit, since the law under which the case vis brought is clearly unconstitutional. That the fifty-third district court, Judge George C. Calhoun, did not have jurisdiction to hear the case, thus overruling Judge Calhoun on these jurisdictional points. That Mrs. Ferguson is not disquali fied either by her sex, by her married status or by the fact that she is the wife of James E. Ferguson, who has been declar* d by the Slate Senate to be ineligible henceforth to hold office in Texas. Victory Is .Complete. The decision is regarded as a com plete and final victory, not only for Mrs. Ferguson, not only for the women of Texas, but for women throughout the land, as ft was one of the first cases to directly test the effect of the suffrage amendments. The suffer,ge amendments to the Federal Constitution and the State constitution were interpreted as giv ing women not only the right to vote, but also the right to hold office. To hold to the contrary would be to create a rule out of accord with the customs of the time and the morals of the people, the court held. The statute under which Dixon brought his suit is an amendment to a previous statute attempting to de fine those eligible to office in Texas. “In so far as this act related to offi cers such as the governor, whose qualifications had been particularly and carefully and differently enu merated in the constitution, it cannot he doubted that it was utterly void, said the opinion. Halter for I.cgiNlatnrc. The mailer is for determination by the legislature, said the court, con tinuing: "No one can be inducted into the office of governor without a legisla tive determination of his election. Not only must the legislature deter mine that he received the highest number of votes, but section 3 of article IV of the constitution re quires a legislative adjudication of his constitutional eligibility. Should the election be contested on the ground of lack of constitutional elig ibility or on any other ground, such contests may be determined only by both houses of the legislature in joint session. In reference to the eligibility of women to hold office, the court said: “Wh re the competency of women to hold office in Texa 1 Is challenged the fundamental inquiry Is as to the extent of restrictions on the people in their sovereign capacity with respect to freedom of choice of their public servants. No further authority need be cited to demon strate the correctness of this posi tion than the lag which this court, through its great justice. Reuben R. Gaines, quoted with approval in Kteuoff against State as follow*): 'Eligibility to office is not declared as a right or principle by any ex press terms of the Constitution, but it results as a just deduction from tho express powers and provisions 1 of the system. The bads of the principle is the absolute liberty so the electors and the appointing authorities to choose and appoint any person who is not made ineligi ble by the Constitution. Eligibility to office, therefore, belongs not ex clusively or speciaJly to electors en joying the right of suffrage. It be longs equally to all persons whom soever are not excluded by the Con stitution.’ " SHENANDOAH SAILS BACK EAST TODAY (Continued from First Page.) and forest beneath stood out in relief. To an aeronaut the Shenandoah's refusal to come to its mooring mast when the mantle of low-lying fog broke is easy of explanation. For the benefit of others Lieut. Coradr. Zachary Lansdowne, the Shenan doah's commander. explained the delicate operation involved when the ship was able to sight the tip of the mooring mast at Camp Lewis, thrust ing through the fog which covered tree tops and houses. Gets 3,000 Poand* Lighter. The Shenandoah was light, due both to the loss of gasoline which had been consumed In forty-eight hours battle against headwinds after leaving San Diego Thursday morning and to the heat of the early morning sunshine. For each degree that the sun's rays raised the temperature of Us gas bags, the Shenandoah became 3.000 pounds lighter. An ideal landing condition exists when the ship is In equilibrium between its weight and the buoyancy of its gas, said Com mander Lansdowne. The Shenandoah this morning was about 5,000 pounds light, gauged by the angle at which it was necessary to tilt it at a given speed to keep It from rising as it approached within 600 feet of the ground, traveling 30 miles an hour. The drop toward ths earth brought ' the airship Into a colder air stratum, which increased the Shenandoah's buoyancy, and the 30 miles an hour speed was not suf ficient to bring it into position for the instant necessary to drop the guy ropes to the mooring mast. Snow Falls in Quebec. QUEBEC, October 18. —A snow storm here today lasted for an hour and a half. A chilly mist soon melted the snow. Snow in the Lake Magantle injuntrjt baa covered the ground, _ New York Official Asks Removal of ‘Mrs. 9 on Ballots By tlie AHHOvistrd Pre*». NEW YORK, October 18.—John R. Voorhis. chairman of the State board of elections, today declared tho title "Mrs.” to be null and void as a prefix to names on election ballots. Mr. Voorhis has appealed to the State attorney general and the Democratic State committee to compel Mrs. Martin Vogel and Mrs. Eleanor Morgenthau to use their first names without the title In the list of Democratic presi dential electors. ‘ The law recognizes no such per sons as Mrs. Eleanor Morgenthau and Mrs. Martin Vogel,” Mr. Voorhis said. “We have never ac corded such titles to anybody be fore on ballots. They have all ap peared in their own names. AVe don't call them Mr. or Mrs., Colonel, General or Honorable when we put their names before the voters.” BISHOPS U.TTOUR TO AID CATHEDRAL Dr. Freeman to Deliver Se ries of Addresses in Various Cities During Winter. For the purpose of carrying the message of the National Cathedral Foundation not only to cities along the Eastern seaboard, but also to the far West, Bishop James E. Free man will deliver a series of import ant addresses during the Fall and Winter in principal cities of the country, it was announced last night. He will speak at the annual meet ing of tl\e National Association of Commercial Secretaries in this city, October 21, at the annual visit of Masons of New York City to the Cathedral of St. John the Divine on Sunday, October 26; on the aniversary of the Theodore Roosevelt's birth at Roosevelt House, New York, October 27, and will deliver Roosevelt mes sage that same evening over Station IVOR, Newark, N. J. Other places where the bishop will speak include Detroit, Providence, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland and San Fran cisco. More than 100 invitations to address chambers of commerce, rotary clubs and conventions of banks and manu facturers have been received by Bishop Freeman. The* number of visitors to the cathedral and to tho curator's office, recently erected at the entrance to the Bethlehem Chapel, continues to average about 4,000 a week regard less of weather conditions. Many of the visitors express amazement at the size of the cathedral, which will be larger than Westminster Abbey, and at the fact that even though the com pleted portion contains the Bethle hem Chapel, where services are held regularly the cathedral proper Is scarcely one-tenth finished. JAPAN MAY*MAKE DYES. Germans Concede Nation May "Un der Bid y. S. in Trade. COLOGNE, Germany, October 18. — Japan's ability to counteract German or American competition in dyes, through the establishment of home industry, is admitted to be feasible in German chemical circles, where It Is pointed out that Japan Is fully equipped to finance such an industry and would only require the active assistance of German scientists and the necessary techincal equipment. If Japan is able to construct the coke ovens required, distill coal tar and other by-products. It is admitted that she will eventually be able to under bid American and German com petition by virture of the cheaper labor at her disposal. THE WEATHER District of Columbia —Fair and slightly warmer today; tomorrow fair and cooler; moderate northwest and north winds. Maryland—Fair today and tomor row; somewhat cooler tomorrow; moderate northwest and north winds. Virginia—Fair and slightly warmer today; tomorrow fair and cooler; moderate northwest and north winds. West Virginia!—Fair today and to morrow; mild temperature. Record for Twenty-Four Hoorn. Temperature—Midnight, 61; 2 a.m., 57; 4 a.m., 54; 6 a.m., 50; 8 a.m., 51; 10 a.m., 59; 12 noon, 65; 2 p.m., 70; 4 p.m., 73; 6 p.m., 66; 8 p.m., 61; 10 p.m., 59. Highest, 73; lowest, 50. Relative humidity—B a.m., 59; 2 p.m., 30; 8 p.m., 69. Rainfall (8 p.m. to 8 p.m.) 0. Hours of sunshine, 10.0. Per cent of possible sunshine, 90. Temperature same date last year— Highest, 74; lowest, 44. Tide Table*. (Compiled by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today—Low tide, 7 a.m. and 7:13 p.m.; high tide, 12:03 a.m. and 12:37 p.m. Tomorrow —Low tide 7:50 a.m. and 8:07 p.m.; high tide 12:51 a.m. and 1:26 p.m. The Son nod Moon. Today—Sun rose 6:11 a.m.; sun sets 6:21 p.m. Tomorrow—Sun rises 6:09 a.m.; sun sets 6:22 p.m. Moon rises 10:22 p.m.; sets 12:17 p.m. Automobile lamps to be lighted one-half hour after sunset. Weather la Various Citlea. , —Temperature—, Precip- Max. Min. itatlon. Sat- Fri. Sat.,B p.m. to unlay, night 8 p.m. 8 p.m. Asheville, N. C 74 48 84. Atlanta. Ga 80 82 74 Atlantic Clti, N. J. 68 4« 82 .... Baltimore. Md 74 48 64 .... Birmingham, Ala... 86 58 74 .... Bismarck. N. Dak.. 70 42 60 .... Boston. Maia 00 38 58 .... Buffalo, X. y 58 42 58 .... Chicago, 111 80 50 74 .... Cincinnati, 0hi0.... 80 48 70 .... Cheyenne. Wyo 62 44 52 .... Cleveland. Ohio 72 40 70 .... Davenport, 10wa.... 82 50 72 .... Denver. Colo 70 54 60 .... Des Moines, 10wa... 82 58 74 .... Detroit Mich 70 40 60 Duluth. Minn 04 56 54 .... K1 Paso, Tex 84 62 80 Galveston. Tex 80 70 76 ...<ai Helena. Mont 04 42 50 .... Indianapolis. 1nd.... 80 52 74 .... Jacksonville. F1a.... 74 08 72 .... Kansas City, H 0..,, 82 64 70 .... Little Bock. Ark.... 84 68 78 .... L>« Angelea, Calif.. 84 50 72 .... Louisville, Ky 83 00 74 .... Marquette, Mich 58 50 40 Memphis, Tenn...... 80 04 70 .... Miami, Fla 86 72 72 9.20 Mobile, A11......... 84 58 76 .... New Orleans, La.... 82 08 74 .... New York. N. T.... 64 46 62 North Platte, Nebr. 82 52 72 .... Omaha, Nebr 84 62 70 .... Philadelphia, Pa.... 70 48 «2 .... Phoenix, Alia 84 48 78 .... Pittsburgh. Pa 74 44 68 .... Portland, Me 38 34 32 .... Portland. Ore 64 46 04 .... 3. Lake City Utah. 52 44 40 0.01 St. Lools, Mo 84 64 78 .... St. Paul. Minn 74 00 70 San Antonio. Tex.... 84 «2 78 .... San Diego, Calif.. .73 52 08 8. Francisco. Calif.. 72 64 60 Santa Fe. N. Me*.. 70 54 04 .... Savannah, Oa 70 02 TO .... Seattle, Wash 02 40 00 .... Springfield. 111. 82 58 72 .... Tampa. Fla. 74 70 68 1X36 Toledo. Ohio 70 4« 70 .... Vicksburg. Miss..... 84 *4 70 JUaB'OXQSa As & li 4* ftL naan THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., OCTOBER 19, 1924.-PART 1. DAVIS SEES SPUT rains Declares G. 0. P. Cannot Get Congress, and Deadlock Will Ensi:e. By the Associated Press. ST. LOUIS, Mo, October 18. — Speaking in East St. Ijouia, 111., this afternoon and in St. Louis, Mo., to night, John W. Davis, Democratic candidate for President, declared that "unless all the signs of the times are playing false, there is no possibility of the election this year of a Re publican Congress and a Republican Senate.” "And if there were.” he said, "you would find repeated in both these bodies as soon as they were called in session, either regular or special, the same sorry spectacle of party di vision nnd party impotence that has rendered this country rudderless and leaderless for the last three and one half years. “I suggest to the American people.” he said, "that there is hut one avenue through which you may secure, lor the next quadrennial period, a gov ernment acting in harmony, in uni formity and in unison; there Is but one party today that stands before the American people harmonious and undivided. There is but one party that marches in serried ranks and military order, and that party is, be yond peradventure. the Democracy." Mr. Davis expressed the hope ttiat If a Democrat be elected to the presi dency he would be given a Demo cratic Senate and House. “And.” hf continued, “it is not a matter of pure partisanship, for ail experiences prove in this country that our government can only func tion well when one and the same political party is in control at both ends of Pennsylvania avenue. Strength Only In Unity. "No single man or woman in this country is potent or strong enough, standing alone and unaided, to fix the course or conduct of this gov ernment. We must associate our selves into party groups. "We must give not only authority, we must place responsibility on them. And if It is your purpose to have party government In this country, you must place parties In power and you must hold them to strict responsibility for the use they make of It.” For the last three and one-halt years. Mr. Davis told his audience, the wheels of government have been running in the opposite directions. Congress, at one end of Pennsylvania avenue, has been pulling one way, he said, and the Executive at the other end has either been marking lime or working in a contrary way to that of the legislative branch of the gov ernment. "And," the nominee said, that is not good government." He reiterated his opinion that there is no possibility of a Republican President and Congress being elected and asserted If the country wanted to get away from the "sorry specta cle” it has experienced since March 4. 1921, the only recourse Is to vote for the Democratic nominee and Dem ocratic candidates for the House and Senate. Mr. Davis stressed his willingness to be held responsible for the con duct of the Government. •T would still insist that the rule must prevail,” be said, "and that you hold the Democratic party—not some individuals among it—but the party as a whole is responsible for the record that It and Us representatives had made.” Between the afternoon and night address. Mr. Davis made a two-mln ute talk to the Missouri State Demo cratic Press Association. Confident of fiacres*. ••I have great confidence in Demo cratic success in this State,” he said. “I can use a stronger adjective—l have entire confidence In Democratic success. Day-by-day, as I have gone up and down the United States, from the Rocky Mountains on the West to the shores of the Atlantic, New England, on the East, my confidence In a Democratic victory on a nation wide scale has daily grown and strengthened. I feel sure that vic tory Is within our grasp, and that nothing Is needed on the part of the Democracy except the will to take advantage of the opportunities that are already clearly right at their front door.” Mr. Davis spoke in the Coliseum where the Democratic convention of 1916 renominated Woodrow Wilson. Every one of its 10,000 seats was oc cupied. Late paraders who had participated in a torchlight procession from the city’s Democratic wards arrived and the aisles and other spaces which had been held open by the police were Jammed to capacity. "Thirty days ago,” Mr. Davis said, “I attended what I belie-ved was the largest political gathering ever held in the United States. It was not until tonight that the 'Battle of Bunceton’ was surpassed in numbers.” Mr. Davis reminded the audience of the responslbilties which rested upon Woodrow Wilson during the war period and said the electorate In No vember of 1916 little realized what was transpiring when they voted then. "The same sorb of responsibil ity still is yours," the candidate said, "and I want you seriously to think of the coming November contests" Praise for Wilson. "Throughout the ages,” he said, “men will warm themselves by the fires Woodrow Wilson lit.” Among other things the people would get if he were elected, Mr. Davis said, * would be a "reduction of taxes all along the line.” Assailing the Republican campaign leaders he declared: "There seems to be a conspiracy of silence on their part. Now and then you hear a discourse on non-political things. But what is there in the rec ord of the Republican party in the last 18 months for the nominee of that party to tell unless It be about the failure of his subordinate offi cials?" Mr. Davis set forth tho record of the Wilson administration during the war, declaring thait “rivers of moulten gold had run then, but none had been diverted to private property.” He concluded with a challenge to the au dience to name a “single man, in the • Army, Navy or the civil service who J served under the commission of that great man and to whose fingers had stuck a single dollar of dirty money.” Secretary Hughes' reference to "debris” which had been inherited by the Republican administration when It took over the Government was characterized as a “smoke screen” py the candidate. “Why,” Mr. Davis asked, "did 189 banks fall in the last year of Wood row Wilson’s term of office and 1,649 fail in the last three and one-half years under the succeeding Republi can administration?” Weather Wi*e. From the London Patting Show. Widow Waffles—Yes, three times I've dreamed you and me was going 'and in 'and down the church path. 1 wonder wot it do mean? Widower William (a laggard In love) —A-ah now—l shouldn’t wonder if it don’t mean we be coin’ to ’five a drop o’ rain. _ - ' ... - « LAYING OF CORNER STONE OF WISCONSIN AVENUE BAPTIST CHURCH .v - • § I fl %£ y*'•*****•*"lP ■#> I •> T . .♦ vfim ~ ML^rg mSSKtSSSßj^f' Ckarln K. Kobrrln, errand mantrr of thr tirand Codm. K. A. A. M. of the Uintrlrt of Columbia, nhoivu ln>lnK rornrr atone of atnirtiirr brine rrrrtrd at -42nd and Fnwrndrn utrrftn. BOLLING FIELD SPECTATORS SEE BIGGEST D. C. AIR SHOW Fast Fighting Planes in a Formation Flight, Destruc tion of Sausage Balloon . and Parachute Jump Striking Features . Foregoing two major foot ball gsmes and an international horse race, thousands of Washingtonians went to Bolling Field yesterday afternoon for the annual Army Relief Association's benefit aerial perform ance and were well rewarded for their choice. The show had the "edge" on the one produced at the field a year ago, and which at that time was the greatest ever staged about Wash ington. For two hours the crowd lined the field from one end to the other and was kept busy watching whirling airplanes run the gamut of aero nautical activities. There were three events on the program which managed to shove this year’s show ahead of that staged last year. They were the formation flight of three Curtiss PW-8 pursuit planes, the latest in fast fighting planes; the destruction of an observa tion "sausage" balloon by the fore going planes and the parachute jump of Sergl. Bearson of Mitchel Field, N. Y. The three pursuit planes from the Ist Pursuit Group. Selfridge Field, Mount Clemens, Mich., were flown by the Army's outstanding aerial fight ers—Lieuts. "Cy” Bettis, T. K. Matthews and G. P. Tourtellot. In little planes that are capable of mak ing 175 miles an hour without effort, they flew various battle formations which included changing ot positions by means of dives, wing-overs and other maneuvers. It was the finest exhibition of formation flying ever seen about Washington. Attack on “Sausage." Upon conclusion of this perform ance. the three planes separated and stunted for many minutes, and then, forming in a “V” and with consider able altitude to assist them, dived for the "sausage" at the south end of the field. The 12-cylinder motors were wide open, and the penetrating roar, coupled with the screaming noise made by the wind through the planes' wires sent a chill throughout the field. The planes were supposed to carr: machine guns and incendiary bullet:- were to be fired at the balloon. I)u the large number of people on th< ground prevented any shooting, by these ships, which were diving at their objective at a speed of not less than 200 miles an hour. A time fuse within the big sausage had been set, but officers at the field did not figure the balloon would break away from Us moorings, which it did. As it floated idly toward the east, smoke emitted from its tail and suddenly it burst into a cloud of red flames. Then it began to settle, this huge ball of smoke and fire, but It burned rapidly and just before it struck the woods back of the field and not a great distance away, the fabric and hydrogen were about con sumed. As far as could be learned, no damage was Inflicted by the burn ing cloth. Two Martin bombers were flying over the field at an altitude of about 2,000 feet, one of them carrying Sergt. Johnson of Langley Field, Va., on the left wing, and the other plane conveying Sergt. Pear son in the cockpit. All eyes were skyward waiting for the men to Jump. Soon a human form was seen to fall from one plane, feet first, and then swerve Into a horizontal posi tion. There was na parachute to be seen, and everybody thought It had failed to open. Just then, however, Sergt. Pearson pulled the rip-cord and in a*n instant the chute opened, Jerking him violently in a large semi circle. It was remarkable that the* dell cate-looking fabric and guy-cords withstood the strain, but If they had collapsed, Sergt. Pearson had another chute strapped to his chest. He floated slowly down to earth and made a perfect landing on the south end of the field. Just at this time the other Martin bomber maneuvered into a favorable position, and Sergt. Johnson "pulled off” the wing—a term given when a jumper opens his parachute by the force of the* wind through the wings of the plane, and then releases him self from the ship. Before he had descended half way to earth, John son opened the second parachute he carried, and he likewise landed on the south end of the field. The bombers were flown by Capt. “Red” Black and Lieut. Grisham, both of Langley. Free Balloon Dtanppenm, The show opened promptly at 3 o'clock with the ascension of a big hydrogen-filled free balloon, under command of Col. Ira Frav*). chief of the lighter-than-alr section of the Army Air Service, and carrying Maj. Linklns as observer. It arose verti cally to an altitude of about 800 feet and then slowly drifted to the east. Finally It disappeared over St, Elisa beth’s Hill and late last night had not been heard from. Lieut. Batten of McCook Field then took the air In his sky-writing plane, only he wasn't able to do any aky writing owing to a protest made by a i private concern holding the patents ■ on airplane penmanship against such : operations by Army pilots. He, how ever, traced his movements in the i air with white smoke emitted from ■ a long exhaust pipe, extending from i the motor to the rudder, and provided an interesting spectacle. A series ot 1 ; loops by Lieut. Batten left an im > presslon by several hug , e hoops, or s circles. ' Then five De Havilands from the 99th f Squadron, commanded by (.’apt. Uey - nolds and flown by Lieuts. Burgess, r Heyl. Mrßeynoids and White, took i off in "V" shape 1 formation and flew r about the field for several minutes, • changing - into column, then into line, - then eschelon and back to the origi nal “V.” The formations were per • feet and beautiful in every respect 1 and required extreme caution on the i r , part of each pilot to avoid collisions ( - in midair, from which few pilots have survived. ? Piloted by Lieut. Howard K. Barney, i Sergt. George Matos, regarded as 1 about the beat enlisted aerial Qho i tographer in the Army Air Service, t snapped the crowds on the field, and f within 45 minutes after the pictures - had been ‘'shot” prints were sold to i - the spectators at 25 cents a copy. The ) proceeds from this sale also went to - the relief fund. s An exhibition, by the Sperry Mes . senger, the Air Service's smallest r commissioned and active plane, then ■ was given by Capt. Robert Oldys and . Capt. Wooten, both of the office of j i chief of Air Service here, which was i • followed by balloon "sniping” by | , i Maj. Richards and Capt. Snow in two I ) SE-5 pursuit planes. These little, ; 1 ships chased small meteorological 1 i balloons through the air and in most t cases burst them with their propellers, i • This feature, although not brand-new to Washington audiences, proved one of the most exci.ing events on the program. Just after the "sausage" balloon i had been fired, three Martin bombers , from Langley flew over a miniature : ■ village at the south end of the field r and dropped two aerial bombs, scor ? Inga 100 per cent hit. After the ? smoke cleared away there wasn't , anything left standing. : Hardly had the smoke drifted away than Lieut. Schilt, U. S. Marine Corps. ; of Quantlco, Va„ shoved off a Marine Corps Martin bomber and laid a moke curtain down the field. This urtain, familiar to airplane enthu siasts, was formed' after a thick stream of smoke had been sent out from the tail of the bomber. It ap i peared almost transparent, yet it was s able to shut off the sun’s rays from ' the field and completely obscure the ; Martin, which was flown with much I skill through the curtain time and I again. i The exhibition was concluded by an • aerial parade of the ships participat -1 ing in the entertainment, augmented I by nine Martin bombers. They were i flown by the following pilots from t Langley Fields: Capt. Willis Hale, t Capt Black, Lieuts. Grisham, Cole, 1 Davies, Haywood, Wilson, Kauffman s and Brady. Just as the sun disappeared for , the day, Capts. Oldys and Wooten, • who had tagged along behind the big Martins in their tiny Messengers : and had remained aloft until the last I ship was down, side-slipped and ; wobbled down to the field, closing , the enjoyable aviation spectacle. The crowd was Informed of the ■ events from time to time through > amplifiers strung along the field. > Capt. Louis G. Meister of McCook i Field. Dayton. Ohio, was the an l nouncer. Louis is the man who, ■ while flying a De Haviland from > Boston to Washington, as escort to I the world flyens, turned hla ship . over to Lieut. Eric Nelson at Hale l thorpe. Md., after the latter had had . a forced landing, enabling the globe clrclor to land at Bolling Field with his colleagues. He has been official ■ announcer for the last two annual ' International air meets at St. Louis 1 and Fairfield. Ohio, and was brought to Warliington especially for the j occasion. He Is the airways’ officer 1 at McCook Field and holds several 1 weight-carrying and duration records made In a Martin bomber. i [ VOLUNTEERS*IN BRAILLE ; WORK AID RED CROSS l Many From Qovernment Depart » ments Attend Meeting Held 1 at Headquarters. The Braille classes of the District , Chapter of the American Red Cross were held at chapter headquarters. Many women volunteers from Gov ernment departments were present, • and the meeting was presided over ; by Miss Anna C. Koerper, chairman of [ the clerical corps of the local chapter. L Any woman anxious to assist in i this work is invited to attend these • free classes, according to the an ’ nouncement, every Tuesday at 8 p.m„ t at 16 Jackson place northwest. The • work of shellacking and transcribing ■ Braille pages Is for the sake of war 1 blind, who are thus enabled to have reading material. ‘ Last year eighteen volumes were . prepared by this organization, and f many hundreds of pages shellacked t In addition. All Braille work of this • nature Is counted on the number of t hours required of Red Cross workers • for registration In the Volunteer s Service Corps of the District chapter, i and gives the right, after a certain t number of hours have been given, to 1 wear the attractive pin of the f clerical corps. * ’ 'll B’NA) B’RITH PLANS RECORD INITIATION Religious Lines to Be Brush ed Aside—Members of All Sects to Attend. Religious lines will be brushed ! aside when Protestant, Catholic and j Jew gather next Wednesday night at I a public initiation of Argo Lodge, In- ( dependent Order of B'nai B'rith. in I Eighth Street Temple. It will he the | first public fraternal initiation in the history of Washington and will be | attended by many leading representa ] lives of church and fraternal organ- i iaations and the genera! public. Dr. Abram Simon, rabbi of the Eighth Street Temple, is to preside,] and among the speakers will be ; Bishop James E. Freeman, Roe : Fulkerson, representing the District j Grand Lodge of Masons; Assistant j United States Attorney General Leo ! A, Rover, representing the Knights j of Columbus, and H. A. Alexander of i Atlanta, Ga., grand president of Dis trict No. 5, B'nai B'rith. which in cludes the District of Columbia and the entire Atlantic seaboard. The purpose of the ceremony, it i was said last night by Dr. Simon, is to "show the American public that J | there is nothing secret or selfish in j the B'nai B'rith and that its purpose ■ Is to inculcate in its membership the j highest conception of duty to country, i | God and fellowman, through the • teaching of patriotism, benevolence* and brotherly love. It Is a desire of . the B'nai B'rith to bring about a 1 closer understanding between Gentile | and Jew." Class to Number 100. The largest Washington class in I B’nai B'rith history will be initiated, | ; numbering, it is expected, close to j 100 candidates. Forty-seven of these were elected at a recent meeting of Argo Lodge, | during which arrangements were j made for Wednesday night's program. 1 It was the largest and most en- 1 thusiaslic meeting Argo Lodge has j ever held. While the public has been included ] in a general invitation, specific in- , vitations have been extended to more 1 than 1,000 leading citizens of the ! Capital, including members of the j cabinet and judiciary. President j Coolidge may attend. It Is said. The B'nai B’rith is international in * its scope, but the bulk of its member- I ship is in the United States, where it j hopes to have soon a membership of i 80,000, a thousand for each year in the life on the order's revered grand [ president. Adolph Kraus, who shnr-ly i will celebrate his eightieth blrthdav. I Organized on October 14, 1843, in New York City, by a small group, the order of ’B'nai B’rith grew rapidly. In 18*3 the movement traveled across the Atlantic Ocean and Is now se curely established in nearly every country. Its motto is: " Benevolence, Brotherly Love and Harmony.” The preamble to its constitution ! sets forth that the order "has taken upon itself the mission of uniting Israelites in the work of promoting I their highest Interests and those of ! humanity; of developing and elevat- I Ing the mental and moral character i of the people to our faith; of incul- ! eating the purest principles of phil- I anthropy, honor and patriotism; of ! supporting science and art; alleviat- i ing the wants of the poor and needy; ! visiting and attending the sick; com- ! ing to the rescue of victims of perse cution: providing for, protecting and assisting the widow and orphan on the broadest principle of humanity.” The committee on arrangements for Wednesday night Include: Hyman M. Goldstein, general chairman; Joseph A. Wilner, membership; Julius Reis, music and program; Dr. Abram Simon, reception and Invitation; Louis E. Spiegier, publicity; A. Shef fermab, ritual; Sol Herzog, entertain ment; S. Shapiro, speakers, and Leo Simon, Dave Wiener and William Mazo. 10,000 KLANSMEN HOLD NEW ENGLAND MEETING Gathering at Worcester Has Pro gram Which Continues All Day and Into Night. By the Associated Press. WORCESTER, Mass., October 18.— More than 10,000 members and sym pathizers of the Ku Klux Klan came here from all parts of New England today for a great gathering, which lasted from morning until late into the night. Possible disturbances which authorities feared might de velop failed to occur. Early in the evening excitement spread through the crowd Inside the inclosure when a speaker announced that a plane, engaged by the Klan for the day, had been forced to de scend as a result of a shot which punctured the fuselage and crippled the engine. The plane earlier had been seen to descend in an abrupt spiral. Interviewed tonight, the aviator said that he had been forced down by an accumulation of dirt in the engine. A hole discovered In the hood had been there for some time, he said. Repairs were made and later !q the night the machiae flew over the city with red lanteraa displayed In the form of a see—. - _ - CHINESE FALLS VICTIM OF FEUD IN DETROIT Police Hold Eight Orientals After Killing in Tong War. By the Associated Press. DETROIT. Mich., October 18.—The first killing in the Chinese quarter j since the beginning of the tong war i here occurred late today when Eng i Sang Cheuy of Flint, Mich., was shot i four times and killed instantly. The shooting took place in the basement of a building in the Chinese j quarter. Police arrested eight I Chinese who are held on a technical | charge of murder, pending investiga tion of the slaying. MASONSLAYSIONE OF BAPTIST CHURCH Program Conducted at Site i of New Structure at Forty- Second and Fessenden. The corner stone of the new Wiscon sin Avenue Baptist Church was laid at ceremonies held yesterday afternoon at the site. Forty-second and Fessenden streets, in the presence of the congre gation and friends of the church, from throughout the District. The stone was laid by Charles F. Roberts, grand master of Masons of i the District of Columbia, assisted by j the members of the staff of the Ma- 1 sonic Grand lx>dge of the District of j Columbia. The ceremony was accord- i ing to ancient customs, and typified I that as the stone was laid square and ) true, so that the spiritual structure ; erected there will be of increasing ! worth. Order of K,ierri«f«. Rev. W. C. Van Horn, pastor of the i Wisconsin Avenue Baptist Church, pre- j sided. The ceremonies were opened | with the singing of “Praise God From 1 Whom All Blessings Flow.’’ The twen- j ty-third pealm was read, after which ] Rev. C. B. Austin of the West Wash- 1 ington Baptist Church, led in prayer. Kev. H. W. Millington, executive sec- j j retary of the Columbia Association of [ j Baptist Churches in the District of Co- ; I lutnbia, made the address, felicitating I the church upon the beginning of its j new building. Rev. John E Briggs, pastor of the ■ Fifth Baptist Church, made a plea for [ ! subscriptions for the work, and a sub- i I stantial sum was subscribed by those i j present. The names of the subscribers | | went into the corner stone. Singing By Quartet. The Scottish Rite Quartet sang. The | quartet is composed of William Ather- ! holt, first tenor; Homer S. Pope, second I tenor; Karl Kerr, first bass ; J. Walter i Humphrey, second bass and director. ■ • Samuel Leech was accompanist. Fraternal greetings were extended by j Rev. John E. Fort of the Tenleytown > j M. E. Church, and Rev. W. W. Shearer I 1 of St. Colombo Episcopal Church, Ten- j I leytown. The benediction was pro- : nounced by Rev. Ray Japhet, former i pastor of the Wisconsin Avenue Bap- ; list Church. NEWiIiPOOL OPEN FOR SPORTS Sherrill Points to Uses of An other Unit in Lincoln Me morial Project. j The official opening last week of j the display fountain in the Rainbow t Pool, Seventeenth street south of the I Navy building, marked another step I forward in the Lincoln Memorial proj j ect, which has been underway by the j office of public buildings and grounds | for several years, Col. C. O. Sherrill j has announced. I “The attention of the public is called I j to the splendid opportunities that will ! j be afforded by these pools for model I j yacht racing which now is growing to ! j be so popular throughout the United j States,” Col. Sherrill said. “It is ; ] hoped by the office of public build- j ! ings and grounds that this sport will | jbe actively taken up and become a | I feature of great interest here in the j future." Col. Sherrill also plans to introduce Into the reflecting basins certain or- j namental fowl, such as swans, to add i •to their attractiveness. “It may be ; ] possible also," he continued, “to allow ' ! the children to enjoy the basins by j wading along the edges during suit- I able seasons, as the water is very j shallow and slopes off so gradually 1 that wading could be done without I any detriment.” i Opportunities for Skater*. j Col. Sherrill also recalled the op . portunity afforded by the pools to skaters in the Winter. There are other posibilities for the pools, he 1 continued, such as canoeing, “but it 1 ' is not desired to promise further ac- I | tlvities than those mentioned above j until careful study is made as to the I effect on the landscape and the re i lation of these sports to the Lincoln Memorial and its surroundings. “The reflection pool has been under construction for five years. This work required the excavation of 135,- 000 cubic yards of earth and the con structing of a drainage system re- I quiring the use of 10,000 feet of pipe j from 6 inches to 36 Inches in diam- I eter. The water supply was taken 1 from the city mains by means of a | 13-lnch pipe 1,000 feet in length. In j order to insure a perfect line and grade on the granite coping sur rounding the pools, it was necessary to construct a reinforced concrete foundation on piles to bed rock. “The length of the coping around the two pools is 5,253 feet, a few feet less than a mile. The water proofing of these pools required the construction of 385,200 square feet or practically 9 acres of waterproofing. To give the walks bordering the pools the proper setting 500 English elms were imported from England and planted adjacent to the walks. The concrete walks around the pools are 8,800 feet in length and cover an ! area of 12,400 square yards. ’The combined volume of the two pools is 7,500,000 gallons, the small pool having 10 per cent of the total capacity. The supply and drainage systems are of sufficient capacity to fill or empty the pools in 24 hours. The maximum depth of the pools Is 3 feet. “The fountain In the Rainbow Pool is supplied by a 16-inch main from the city water supply. The display con sists of a series of 124 side Jets grouped in the form of a perfect ellipse with the water directed toward center, and two groups of center jets with nine jets in each group, sending water in vertical columns. Col. Sherrill announces that during the remainder of the favorable weather conditions the rainbow fountain will be in operation dally, except Supday. from 12:16 to X p.m. and Sundays from t to 3 p.m. WIDOW CONVICTED IN MAN’S MURDER Found Guilty in Second De gree in Killing of Hus band by Youth. i By the Associated Pie**. MIDDLEBURG, Pa., October IS.— Guilty of murder in the second degree, was the verdict of the jury rendered today after five and a half hours deliberation in the case of Mrs. Annie s' Willow, 38, charged with being an accessory in the murder of her hus band, Harvey C. Willow. Ralph H. Shade), 18-year-old boy farm hand, was found guilty in the second degree last week as the prin cipal in the crime, which he testified he committed on a rabbit hunting expedition last December In obedience * to the woman's behests “to work J Harvey out of the way.” I He was given the maximum sen tence of not less than 10 years nor more than 20 years in the Eastern Penitentiary at Philadelphia. Takes Verdict Calmly. Mrs. Willow accepted the verdict in a matter-of-fact manner. The jury had been out five and a half hours, when the ringing of the courthouse bell announced a decision had been ’ reached. Sentence will be pronounced * on Thursday. December 10 last year. Shade], who was employed on the Willow farm, went rabbit hunting with Willow. The latter failed to return that nigh! j and Mrs. Willow and Shadel told | neighbors they feared he had met I with foul play. The next day Wil j low's body was found in a thicket on Ja nearby farm. There was a shot i gun wound in his head, j Open friendship between the widow ‘and the boy, Shadel, served to arouse i the suspicions of the authorities and j the pair were arrested. Both made confession in which, the police said, (they admitted planning to get Willow j out of the way so they could get | married. CANDIDATES NAMED FOR BRITISH RACE • , <Continued from First Page ) I i tershire: Capt. H. D. King. South j Paddington; J. M. M. Erskine, St. George’s, Westminster; Lieut. CoL F. ' S. Jackson, Howdenshire, East RJd | ing, Yorkshire; Lord Stanley. Fylde, i Lancaster: Sir Leslie Soott. Ex j change, Capt. H. Dixon, j East Belfast: T. Mols, South Belfast; Col. T. Sinclair. Belfast (Queen’s) j University; E. F. L. Wood, Rlpon, I West Riding, Yorkshire; E. C. Gben -1 fell and Sir T. J. Bowater, City of i London; Col. Murrough J. Wilson, Richmond, North Riding. Yorkshire; j Sir William H. Davison. South Ken i sington; Lieut. Col. G. Windsor-Clive, » I Ludlow. Shropshire: Sir E. M. lllffe, ■ Tamworth, Warwickshire. | Liberals: Trevelyan Thomson, West j Middlesbrough; Sir A. Sinclair, Caith ness and Sutherlandshire; Scotland; ; J. lan MacPherson. Ross and Cro marty; Sir Robert Hamilton, Orkney ! and Shetland: R- H. Morris, Cardi ganshire, Wales; Speaker J. H. Whit | ley, Richmond. ! Labor; Charles Edwards, Bedwelltv. j Monmouthshire: Vernon Hartshorn! Ogmore, Glamorganshire: G. H. Hirst. (Wentworth, West Riding. Yorkshire; (George Barker, Albertlllcry, Mon i mouthshire; Col. D. Watts Morgan, I East Rhonda; Dr. J. H. Williams, | Llanelly. Carmarthenshire; W. Jen | kins, Neath. Glamorganshire: Evan Davis, Ebbow Vale, Monmouthshire; F. Hall. Normanton, West Riding. Yorkshire. Nationalist: T. P. O’Connor, Scot- , land, Liverpool. FORD SAYS SHOALS IS CLOSED CHAPTER (Continued from First Page.) Coolidge yesterday wrote Mr. Ford that he "trusted" the latter would renew his interest in the property should Congress decide to dispose of it to private interests. Mr. Ford’s withdrawal, made in a letter to the President, again throws 1 open in Congress the entire problem ' i of disposal of the property. In the absence of congressional j leaders from the city, however, the ! next step which will be attempted i there in this connection remains j problematical. ) A bill accepting the Ford offer. | already approved by the House, would ] have been voted on early in the next j session in the Senate by previous agreement. Pending in the Senate ! also is a favorable report by the i agriculture committee of a hill by I Chairman Norris containing optional 1 provisions for Government ownership | and operation or Government owner | ship and private operation of the properties. Mr. Ford in his letter of withdrawal said that “Inasmuch as so much time has already elapsed we are unable to wait and delay what plans we have any longer for action by Congress." President’s Reply. In reply the President wrote that “on account of the delay and probable ' shifting in conditions, I can under j stand how you may feel justified in j not keeping your offer open for a longer period.” Mr. Coolidge made it known recent ly that he still considered, as he sug. gested In his message to Congress a year ago, that a commission or sub committee to be composed of mem bers of the Senate and House should 4 be chosen to work out the best feasi ble proposition for disposal of the property. The recommendations of the commission, according to the President's plan, then would be acted upon by Congress. Representative Kearns, Republican. Ohio, who called at the White House last week, declared he would submit such a proposal to Congress at the next session. He was a member of the House military affairs committee tveo years ago when it studied the Muscle Shoals question and has beeji a constant opponent of the Ford offer. The President’s reply follows in full: “Your letter withdrawing your of fer for the purchase of Muscle ShoaJs has been feceived. On account of the * delay and probable shifting in con ditions. I can understand how you may feel justified in not keeping your offer open for a longer period. “I trust, however, that should the Congress conclude that It Is best to restore this property to private own ership you will at that time renew your Interest in the project." Text of Ford Letter. The letter of Mr. Ford said: "On July 8, 1921, there was sub mitted to the War Department upon their Invitation to the writer, an offer for leasing the Government property at Muscle Shoals. “After many conferences, hearings, etc., this proposal was amended on January 25. 1922, in which form it is still pending in Congress. “Inasmuch as so much time has already elapsed we are unable to wait and delay what plans we have any longer for action by Congress. • and I am, consequently, asking that you consider this as a withdrawal of laid offer.” The Uttar of Mr. Ford was dated October Ik.