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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 23, 1924, Image 1

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Fair and not quite so cool with
light frost tonight, tomorrow fair
and warmer. Temperature for 24 hours
ending at 2 p.m. today: Highest, 52. at
3:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 34, at 7
a.rn. today'.
Full report on page 4.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 28
\‘)o Onr. Entered as second class matter
O. post office Washington, D C.
Borah Agrees to Untermeyer
Request to Summon More
G. 0. P. Chiefs.
NOW PUT AT $2,700,000
Walsh cf Montana Hears SIOO,OOO
Is to Be Spent to
Beat Him.
With a view to determining whether
there have been "concealed” contribu
tions from big business men to the
Republican campaign fund. Samuel I’n
termyer asked the Senate investigating j
< ommittee today to subpoena the Re
publican State chairmen of New York,
New Jersey, Ohio and Illinois.
Chairman Borah of the committee an
nounced that the request would be
ranted, and the State chairmen named
ould be called to Washington.
Walsh Asks Inquiry.
Mr. Untermyer also submitted a tele- i
ram from Senator Thomas J. Walsh, I
i democrat, of Montana, saying that it ]
• as rumored that SIOO,OOO would be j
-cut to Montana to be used against
im in his campaign for re-election. |
The telegram, dated at I’oplar, Mont., I
>■. tobt r 20, and addressed to Frank I’. |
Valsh, said ;
"Humored that SIOO,OOO coming to!
iontana to be used against me, not j
assing, however, through either na- |
ional committeeman or chairman of :
icpublican committee. Kindly ques- .
cion carefully concerning remittances :
.o this state.”
Mr. Untermyer, who is associate j
counsel for Senator La Follette. said 1
it was strange that there were miss- i
ing from the official Republican lists I
the names of such men as Elbert H. !
Jary of the United States Steel Cor- '
poration. J. Morgan, the Rocke- i
fellers and officers "of the great j
Standard Oil interests,” all ‘Tecog- j
nisced Republicans.”
lilstl Names Are Missing.
When Mr. Untermyer called atten- j
lion to the absence of the names of ;
:■ number of capitalists from the list
<>f Republican contributors Senator'
Borah remarked:
"I am mighty glad their names are j
' If they are really missing.” inter- I
y■ fed Untermyer.
"We will try to find that out," re- I
]’H< d Senator Borah.
Fred N. Shepherd, executive man- •
ag*-r i f ihe American Bankers' As- '
>ociation, was the first
day': session.
"W as there any discussion of cam- j
paign contributions at the meeting of j
your association at Chicago recent- I
iy?" asked Senator Borah.
"No," the witness answered.
No Discussion of Gift*.
"Was there any discussion on the j
part of the association to raise cam- j
jiaiern funds?”
Srtepuerd said he knew of no bank- j
ors who had contributed to campaign I
funds except those whose names he
had seen in the papers. He personal- I
Jy had made no contributions, he 1
Walsh then read a letter written by
the league to its members regarding
i lie Mellon tax plan. It said Presi
dent Coolidge had publicly announced i
that he would resubmit the Mellon
plan next month and that the league
- 'C-ing a survey of the situation
with reference to Congress, and asked
.... . a ce u,iu.iS. 'i he letter was dated
last July 31.
\\ alsli Asks Questions.
Frank P. Walsh, personal counsell
for Follette, took over examina- j
lion. lie made reference to the
American Bankers' League, and asked
if it was not the organization that
handled for the bankers political and |
legislative matters.
"I don't know," Shepherd said.
“Do you know whether this league
maintains a lobby in Washington?”
"I don't know.”
"Vou do know that they have an
olfiee in Washington?”
”1 understand so.”
Suepherd said the committee ought
P> question Charles de B. Claiboume of
Pie Whitney Central National Bank of
New Orleans, whom he described as a
"disgruntled committeeman of our as
Walsh asked again about the Chi
i ago convention of the American Bank
ers' Associa lion, but Shepherd insisted |
that bis association did not discuss po
litical contributions. He added that the
association had no control over what
was said by those who addresseJ it.
DiMcuHMion of lei Follette.
“Was there any discussion of curb- j
Ing the activities of Robert M. La \
"Reference was made to La Fol-
Ictte, but I can’t answer categor
ically. You will find the answer in
the file, that is before you.”
The witness was referring to the
minutes of the convention of the
Bankers’ Association. ,
Walsh then read a letter written to
Senator La Follette by T. Carolan of
Philadelphia, in which the writer
said he had been informed by a
banker attending the association’s
convention that a suggestion was
made that trust companies give to
the Republican campaign funds sums
equal to one-twentieth of 1 per cent
of their capital and national banks
one-tenth of 1 per cent of their capi
ta 1.
“f regard that as pure fiction,” Shep
herd said.
Fund Totals $2,200,000.
Approximately $500,000 was added
to the Republican campaign fund in
the five days from October 10 to Oc
tober 15, bringing the total to with
in ssoo,ooo of the $3,000,000 maximum
.-olivet by the Republican national
i .no is shown by official reports re
ceived today by the committee from
National Treasurer William V.
Hodges. Os the nearly $500,000 total,
the New York office reported $303,812
nnd the Chicago office $178,215.
Individual contributions ranged
from 10 cents to $12,500, there being
one subscription of the latter amount
from William Nelson Cromwell of
New York City. One donation of
$20,000 was received from the Union
i.eague Club of Philadelphia, which,
the eommlttee was told yesterday by
TContlnued on Page 2, Column 6.)
J. ' ' '
French Face Moroccan War
If Riffians Drive Out Spanish
Abdel Krim , Chieftain , Ambitious to
Create Moslem State—Poilus Deal
Him Severe Blows.
By Radlft to The Stor met Oliieaeo Hally News.
23.—Not only is Abdel Krim, the fa
mous Rifflan chieftain, driving the
Spanish victoriously out of Africa,
but he is engaged in something like
war with the French along his south
ern frontier. His aspiration to cre
ate a strong Independent Moslem
state in north Morocco inevitably
brings him into conflict with the
power which already controls most of
North Africa.
French troops are operating on a
large scale on the southern slopes of
the Riff. These rich lands lie within !
the French protectorate, hut Abdel !
Krim nevertheless considers them a •
part of his territory. The French i
blockhouses perch like eagles’ nests I
on the high hilltops facing the great
Riff divide. Convoys move tranquilly' j
up fresh made wagon trails. French
airplanes soar to and fro above the 1
tawny mountain sides.
KifDanH Miller Heavily.
Battles unknown to the outside
world have been fought with ill re
sults for the Riffian raiders. The yel
low crags resound to the crackle of
the rifles of outposts and the guns of
the beleaguered Spanish forces at
Chechouan are echoed at no great
distance by the guns of the vigilant j
1 French.
| Yet between Spain’s unfortunate i
1 Moroccan campaign and the brilli- I
| antly successful French operations
\ there is no direct relationship. Exist- |
! ing treaties make Morocco a Joint [
I protectorate of France and Spain. In \ .
; the Sultan's name, the Spanish are |
Attorney General Holds Com-|
pany Is Monopoly in Re
straint of Trade.
| By the Associated Pro's.
| ST. PAUL, October 23.—“ Effective
j dissolution” of the international
i Harvester Co.'s alleged monopoly j
|of the farm machinery business !
i is sought by Attorney General Stone
i in a brief filed in his behalf in federal i
\ court here today by the United States j
| attorney in proceedings supplemental i
; to the consent decree in dissolution I
1 entered in the same court in 1918.
Mr. Stone contends that greater j
| competitive conditions in the farm j
i machinery trade should be afforded. (
\ The consent decree did not go tar |
i enough, he said, demanding that I
| action be taken to give "proper pro-
I tection to the farmers and land
owners who are dependent upon agrl
! cultural machinery and implements
i obtainable at reasonable prices."
Outline* Two Steps.
| “One of two things ought to be
| done.” the Attorney Genera! suggests.
! "Eithet the great judges who decided
i this case ought to be reversed upon
the ground that their decision was
wholly erroneous, or else an effective
dissolution should be decreed.”
The consent decree failed to effect
| “any substantia! competition, ’’ the
brief adds, during a test'period which
ended 18 months after the declaration
of peace. On the contrary, it says,
eight of the Harvester Co.'s com
petitors went out of business in
| that time and the -defendant com
| pany's percentage of the total busi
| ness actually increased in 1922—the
j last selling season under the test pe-
I riod. which was established to per-
I mit an accurate survey of the results
lof the consent decree under peace-
I time conditions.
Hollis to Court Decree.
“That the International Harvester
Co. is a combination in restraint of
trade and a monopoly in violation of
the Sherman law,” the brief asserts,
“is conclusively established by the
decision and decree of the court,
which stands unreversed and un
Citing the Sherman, Clay. Wilson,
Federal Trade Commission and Pan ■
ama Canal acts, the brief continues:
"It is very clear that Congress has
never departed from the policy of
competition first ordained by the
Sherman act and since reiterated and
I reaffirmed. . . . Not only has Con
gress pursued an unswerving course,
hut the Supreme Court has at all
times given full effect to the policy
thus established.”
The original petition of the Fed
-1 eral Government was filed in April,
1 1912, and in this case Federal Judges
I Hook. Sanburn and Smith handed
down a far-reaching decision. The
Harvester Co. appealed to the Su
preme Court, but dropped that action,
when arrangements for the consent
decree were worked out with the De
partment of Justice.
The Government began an investi
gation in May, 1923, shortly after the
end of the test period, to determine
the results of the decree, and fol
lowed this with supplemental court
proceedings at St. Paul in July of last
In these proceedings, of which to
day's brief is a part, the Government
seeks dissolution of the concern in
accordance with a detailed plan
worked out by the Federal Trade
Commission. Representatives of the
Government and the company have
been taking testimony in this case
for more than a year before a special
I examiner In Chicago, and the record
iof the proceeding is said to have
j reached unprecedented proportions.
|* *
The United Stales
Every American
to Do His.
ft : —— r*
supposed to pacify and administer
the northern coastal zone and France
all the rest.
But Spain does not recognize the
present Sultan. Moulay Youssuf, who
is under French control, and co
operation between France and Spain
is rendered impossible by several
other political-psychological factors.
•Spanish Zone Small.
The Spanish zone comprises less
than one-twentieth of Morocco, with
a population of considerably less than
a million. The French zone is equal,
roughly, to the area of France itself,
with a population of over five mil
lions. The French in the last 14
years, despite their participation In
the World War, have subdued practi
cally all their complicated zone,
opening roads with regular auto-j
mobile services, building towns, lay- |
ing railroads, imposing hygelne anil j
devo’oplng commerce. Spain, though j
she did not participate in the World «
War, has not succeded in occupying.
1 to sav nothing of civilizing, her re- 1
latively small zone.
The French, with 60,000 troops. \
mostly colored, maneuver practically j
as they please. The Spanish, with j
160,000 troops, mostly white, have j
suffered one disaster after another i
and are threatened today with utter j
defeat by the primitive Riffian and ;
Djebala mountaineers. Four years |
ago, the only portions of the French j
zone remaining unpacified were parts ;
of the Atlas Mountains anil a strip.
20 miles broad and ISO miles long, {
contiguous to the Spanish zone. When ;
the Spanish in 1920 occupied Chec- I
bouen, the French occupied Ouezzan, |
thus establishing contact of the 1
(Continued on Page 4, Column 3.) I
DOHENY 1100,1 |
Witnesses Describe Move
ments of “Little Black
Satchel” in Trial.
By I lie Associated Press.
IX>S ANGELES, October 23.—De- J
tailed movements of the “little black I
satchel," which figured prominently]
in the Senate oil investigation last I
Winter, came up today in the Federal I
Court trial of the government’s suit
to cancel Elk Hills naval oil reserve I
leases granted Doheny interests by
A. B. Fall, former Secretary of the
Whether minute and comprehensive i
scrutiny of the trail of SIOO,OOO al- i
leged to have been placed In the I
satchel and carried to Fall by E. L. j
Doheny, jr„ would substantiate the 1
government's charge that the pay- |
ment was part of a plot to put Do- j
heny interests in control o's the Call- j
fornia oil reserves remained to be i
seen as court convened today. The j
announced intention of government !
counsel was to examine ns many wit- i
nesses as necessary to detail the j
SIOO,OOO transaction from all angles.
Young Called'to Stand.
Near the close_,of yesterday’s ses- i
sion former Senator Atlee Pomerene !
of government counsel called to the i
witness stand Graham Young, treas- ;
urer of Blair & Co., New York invest- |
ment securities firm, with which the ]
elder Doheny and his son had ac- j
Over objection of defense counsel,
Mr. Pomerene drew from the witness
a description of how E. L. Doheny.
jr.. had notified him on November 30,
1921. that he would call that day to
draw $100,000; how this SIOO,OOO in
currency was turned over to the
younger Doheny in a conference room
of Blair & Co. and how Doheny "put
it in a little black satchel, a sort
of overnight traveling bag.”
Deposits Grew Again.
Next the government counsel
brought out from Charles L. Little
assistant teller -of the firm, that one
month later the younger Doheny’s
account with Blair & Co. was above
SIOO,OOO again and that most of that
amount came from Doheny, sr.
Cross examination brought out '■
that it was not unusual for Doheny, I
jr., to have on deposit considerable 1
sums which came from his father.
The testimony relating to the SIOO.- !
000 was taken after Judge Paul J. ;
McCormick said he would strike it’
from the record if the government j
failed to connect it with the Elk 1
Hills leases.
French and Spanish Business Men
Yield to Tax De
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY, October 23. The
expulsion order recently issued
against eight French and Spanish
business men of Puebla City because of
their refusal to pay the income and
corporation profits tax will not be
carried into effect, the secretary of
foreign affairs is quoted’ as saying in
an Interview. An announcement from
the head of the treasury department
in regard to the case is expected
The foreign secretary added that
negotiations with the French and
Spanish ministers had resulted In
payment of taxes by those ordered
expelled and modification of the ex
pulsion order. *
Minnesota Cities Swamped by
Shipments of Wheat.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., October 23.
—An embargo stopping every grain
car from moving into Minneapolis or
Duluth will have to be enacted within
10 days unless country shippers co
operate by holding back their grain
shipments, said a bulletin Issued here
today by the Northwest Regional Ad
visory Board.
Listed as “of New York” on
Ballot—“ Had to Be,” Says
G. 0. P. Official.
Democrats Counting on Drawing
Republican Votes—Bryan
Hurts Ticket.
Staff Corre»]s>nilent of The Star.
WHEELING. W. Va„ October 23.
ils “John W. Davis of New York”
■ as strong in this Slate as Mr. Davis
iof West Virginia? They Democrats
; say he is. Te Republicans . deny it.
On the official ballot. Mr. Davis ap
i pears in this State as John W. Davis
|of New York. Whit, ask the Re
i publicans, becomes of State pride and :
' the native-son appeal under such con- |
j ditions?
| West Virginia has been a Hepub- ;
lican State. To elect Mr. Davis, the
! Democratic nominee for President, a J
j considerable number of Republicans |
j must desert their party ticket in
' this State, or La Follette must draw ■
Iso heavily from the Republican I
| ranks—without damaging materially !
1 the Democratic party—that the ■
1 Davls-Bryan ticket will prevail. |
1 Democratic leaders hare are confident
I that many Republicans will vote for
j Mr. Davis because they like him and
• the cause he represents. They as- |
j sort also that La Follette is drawing
' the greater part of his strength from .
] former Republican voters,
i The placing of Mr. Davis on the
j ballot as a New Yorker, white it may
i seem a trivial thing, is being talked
j about in the State. Protests against
; this designation have been made to
j the Secretary of State of AVest Vir
-1 gfn'ia by various Democrats, but the
j reply has been that Mr. Davis was
; certified by the Democratic national
1 convention to the Secretary of State
as coming from New York Stale. The
j Republicans have charged widely
j that Mr. Davis preferred to have
j himself designated as a New Yorker,
I with the 45 electoral votes of New
j York State in view. AVest Virginia
i has only 8.
Ci, O. P. Attacks Rend.
j Another factor that is militating
against Davis is the manner in
whtgji tie attacked the Republicans,
first In 'bis address at Clarksburg,
when he accepted the Democratic
i nomination, and since then during the
i campaign. It came as a cold water
i douche to some of the Republicans
j who were figuring on voting for Mr.
; Davis because he was a West Vir
-1 ginian. AA’hat they expected a Demo
| cratlc candidate for the presidency
t to say is somewhat of a mystery. But
■ they did not like and do not like
I the harsh things which Mr. Davis
j has said about their O. O. P. The
j coupling of Gov. Bryan with Mr.
j Davis on the ticket has not been
■ helpful here.
| The La Follette candidacy in West
1 AMrginla is not regarded seriously,
; except as it may affect the relative
, standing of the two old parties. Os
i course, the La Follette supporters
; make no such admission, and are In
j tent, they say, on rolling up a big
; vote. Some of the newspaper polls
I indicate he will receive substantial
| recognition. But the Democratic and
I Republican managers estimate that
the Independent Progressive ticket
will receive not more than 30,000 votes.
This out of a probable total of
Labor Not for Dgvin.
One significant statement was made
by La Follette supporters here. They
believe that Coolldge will run ahead
of Davis. They say further that
while La Follette will draw perhaps
more votes from the Republicans
than from the Democrats throughout
the State, the ratio will not show a
great difference, and will he due to
the fact that there are more Repub
licans than Democrats in the State.
John W. Davis has not made headway
with organized labor to the extent he
might have been expected to do in
this State. His opponents have taken
j out and shaken in the breeze his em
■ ployment as attorney for the non
| union coal mines in West Virginia.
! As a matter of fact, organized labor
jis laboring hard for La Follette. It
' is from the ranks of labor, organized
L and unorganized, that the Wisconsin
i Senator will derive his greatest
| strength here. The railroad men.
! many of the miners, employes In the
j steel mills and the stogie makers, of
whom there are a large number near
' Wheeling, are largely counted for La
• Follette.
i “The stogie makers are better in
! formed than most labor,” said a La
Follette leader here, in explanation of
their enthusiasm for the progressive
cause. “They are allowed to have
readers read to them while they roll
the stogies. That’s part of their
! regular compensation. And so they
know more about what is going on.”
This idea that fuller information
tends to La Folletteism may sound
quaint to Republican and Democratic
La Follette runs in this State as a
Socialist and Farmer-Labor candi
date. The two parties have named
the same presidential electors and a
vote under either designation Is a
vote for La Follette.
Since 1896 West Virginia has voted
Republican In presidential elections,
(Continued on Page 5, Column 2.)
!=.. ■
The United States
Every American
to Have
The Right to Vole, —
Therefore, VOTE
for National
Representation for
the District
of Columbia.
— . i>
• f- » V ♦,* Sr uA • . •' —•- '*» ♦
I W * I
| Sentiment Crystallized Be
hind President —Third
Party Losing.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
J NEW YORK. October 23.—Mingling
with politicians, business men and
i the man in the street, one finds the
i public state of mind to he to “let
j the elections come on; we are ready
|to vote.” Public opinion is pretty
j well fixed by now. This condition
' does not hold out much prospect for
the old familiar "whirlwind finish”
| that always is promised for the clos
i j ing days of campaigns to work mira
i , cles in the popular mind byway of
■ i changing votes.
The voters are byway of playing
| safe. This applies at least here in
( j the East, which is to exercise such
j a weight in actual ballots at the
; polls. The third party apparently
j has overplayed its hand in flashing
' | the menace of radicalism, with the
■ | effect of driving the thoughtful and
| j the conservative to cover.
, i A distinctly unfavorable impres
| sion has been created by Senator La
i j Follette's failure to make good on j
his charge of that big Republican
. ! "slush fund” to corrupt the ballot.
. : The man who charges such a thing
■ I and Cannot substantiate it always
’ loses caste.
Trust Placed In Borah.
' | The public has perfect trust in
1 : Senator Borah's sincerity in probing
I I the charges thoroughly, and in such
I i capable Inquisitors as Senator Cara
t j way. Prank P. Walsh and Samuel
: Untermeyer it is realized that not
1 a bug will be left lurking under any
' I chip—if one is there. But the public
Is rapidly confirming its pre-convic
tion that no such monstrous ones as
Senator La Follette sniffed are there.
The public hereabouts is awaiting
the onrush of the eastward-bound
campaigners. John W. Davis and
Senator La Follette, who are coming
1 to this section to rouse the natives
1 in the closing days, with some in
difference. Politics is beginning to
pall and the people are wondering
what Is left to be said to “get a rise”
out of the voters.
The judgment of politicians is that
oil scandals and all that sort of thing
' failed utterly to operate as an effec
tive weapon against President Cool-
I idge; the public refused to hold him
i responsible, and, while thoroughly
j disgusted with the whole mess, will
not chalk It up against him. The
public also falls to get excited over
Senator La Follette’s charges of the
domination of “the Interests" and
Wall Street, while his policy of
menace to the Constitution and ad
vocacy of Government ownership of
| railroads have proved a decided boom
IlUtnmt Aroused.
The fact Is that the more Senator j
La Follette expounds his theories and
; policies the more distrust of them
he arouses In the great mass of the
| people who still control the destinies
: of the republic through a majority.
News that comes to New York from
various sources continues to be reas
[ suring to the Republicans. The lat
est brings renewed hope of President
[ Coolidge carrying Candidate Davis’
[ own State of West Virginia.
: Not all of the news available here
comes from political sources. All the
1 great Industrial concerns and flnan
' clal institutions keep tab through
their own people on political condl-
L tlons. They have to do so. because if
1 violent changes are to occur, they
have to know It first.
* I have had access to some of these
'• reports and they forecast Coolidge's
majority In the electoral college al
most unbelievably large.
■ in looking over the progress of the
campaign since It started, the sugges
'f tlon comes of how little importance
the public seems to have attached to
the so-called Issues of the campaign.
They have been negligible—League of
Nations, tariff and what not.
One issue alone has stood out —safe
and conservative government, promis
ing stability for the future, and the
character and ability of the man at
the head of the present administration
playing safely.
Consign Admiral’s Ashes to Sea.
PORTSMOUTH, England, October
23. —Without ceremonial of any kind
the ashes of the late Admiral Percy
Saott today were consigned to the
deep *0 miles from shore, where they
had been conveyed by a Britleh
, destroyer.
Trucker Arrested
Using Piece of Flag
For Danger Signal
Edward H. Eaton, 45 years old,
of Congre s Heights, drovd'a truck
load of scrap iron through the city
this morning with a large piece
of the American flag attached to
the protruding metal as a danger
signal. He was arrested in Sixth
street southwest by Policemen
Ilosenberg and Bennett, charged
with desecrating the flag, and re
quired to deposit SIOO collateral
for his appearance in Police Court
The man told the police he did
not know a piece of the flag had
been used. as. he had made ’ar
rangements with a colored boy at
Gieshoro. D. C., from where he was
hauling the iron, to attach a dan
ger signal to the protruding load
as required by law.
Suicide Theory Losing With
Officials in Face of New
i ' '
Findings of an autopsy yesterday
and the failure of new clues threw
a veil of mystery over circumstances
surrounding the death of Russell
Shores. 22. sentry at Walter Reed
Hospital, whoso body was found in a
secluded spot in the southeastern
section of the grounds, not far from
his post of duty, early yesterday
The theory of suicide is gradually
being abandoned by hospital authori
ties for the reasons fSat the autopsy
by Deputy Coroner Herbert E. Mar
tyn yesterday revealed that the bul
let had entered the body immediately
below the lowermost rib on the left
hand side and that its course had
been from left to right, while Shores,
as far as can be ascertained, was
right-handed. Coroner J. Ramsay
Nevitt and Deputy Coroner Martyn,
experts in suicide cases, agree that
for a right-handed man to Inflict
such a wound his position would have
to be extremely awkward or he wouTS
have to push the trigger with his
thumb. /
Wound Rare In Sntrldr,
Granting all other indicat’ons of
suicide, this type of wound. Itself is
rarely found in suicide cases, the
head, the mouth and the heart gen
erally being the region ‘sought, and
sufficient motive for suicide has not
been established.
But considering all these supposi
tions held by officials after the first
day of investigation into the cteath
and its cause, the evidences of homi
cide are Just as meager, according
; to detectives’ who investigated the
| case.
Detectives Springman, Darnall and
Waldron, who have been assigned the
case by Inspector Grant, point out
that there is none of the usual traces
of homicide to be found in the natural
course of investigation.
These facts are emphasized:
The immediate proximity of the
spot where the body was found was
devoid of traces of any sort of a
scuftie, no motive has been ascer
tained, no marks on she body indi
cated violence in a struggle, the cloth
ing was not torn or damaged.
Officials Pnaaled.
“Frankly, we don't know what sort
of a case it Is," declared Maj. Walson,
executive officer at Walter Reed Hos
pital, today. “We hate to think it
was suicide. There has been nothing
uncovered to Indicate homicide. We
are letting the investigating agencies
pursue their respective courses. I can
assure you nothing definite has been
The investigating agencies at work
today comprise the detective bureau
of the local police department and
the board of inquiry at Walter Rfed
Hospital. Maj. Wilson definitely
stated that sopfar as he knew there
was no witness to the death of the
sentry: there was no report of any
one bearing animosity or other simi
lar sentiment toward the sentry; no
one had heard the fatal shot fired.
The location of the entrance wound
at first led police and hospital au
thorities toward the theory of suicide.
Discovery of the course of the bul
let through the abdomen and back,
however, tended to dismiss this idea.
(Continued on Page 5, Column 3.)
Radio Programs—Page 36.
a •
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour**
Tlic Star’s carrier system corer*
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
- as fast as the papers are printed.
! Dirigible Forced to Lighten
as Helium Expands in
Rarefied Altitude.
By the A««oeisted I’res*.
DOAH. October 23 (via Fort Bliss. !
Tex.) —The last of the Rocky Moun- !
tain harriers was passed by the U. S. I
S. Shenandoah early today, leaving a j
clear course for the return of-the big I
dirigible to her hangar at Eakehurst, i
N. J.
Arizona and the worst of the Rock- i
ies were left behind when Roderf, j
N. M„ was reached at 2:30 o'clock. |
The big ship had groaned and strain- I
ed as ft drove Into the eddies whirl- I
ing over the peaks. The wind cur-:
rents rushed through the mountain
passes like millraces.
The shafthouses of the copper mines ;
of Bisbee, Arlz.. were illuminated like
a Summer amusement park when the '
big dirigible unexpectedly found her- :
seif in a bowl of the mountains over '
the city ht 12:34 a.m. Peaks of moun- j
tains seemed to tower around it on all
sides except the single pass through
which it had entered the pocket in the
Rockies. The moon had been a pale
crescent, and its feeble rays only
faintly touched the bottoms of the
mountain passes.
The ship sped at 50 miles an hour
over the ranges of Arizona at an alti- i
tude of 6.500 feet. Turning south
ward at Benson at 10:40 p.m. last !
night the Shenandoah followed the
railroad southeast toward the Mexi
can border. After a short spurt, Bis
bee was seen glistening under the |
moonlight, and in a few minutes had j
been passed. The bountiful lights of :
the mines, the sketchy outline of its J
two streets, Tombstone Canyon and '
Brewery Gulch, showed that the city j
was Bisbee.
The nose of the ship pointed upward
until It was on a 6,706-foot level and ;
another 175-pound tank of gasoline '
was dropped through the silken btt
tom to lighten the load. The Shenan- ;
(Continued on Page 5. Column IT)
Member of Notorious West Vir
ginia and Kentucky Clan Slain
in Election Dispute. .
By flip A.Boe nted Press.
I BEUEFIEED, W. Va„ October 23.
Another violent death has been re
corded in the family history of the
notorious Hatfield clan of West Vir
ginia and Kentucky. Recalling the
days of the Tug River feud between
the Hatfield and the McCoy clans. :
I veteran officials of Mingo County to- |
, day were Investigating the killing of |
i During an argument over the com- |
1 ing election Alex Hatfield is said to |
have called Thurman Chambers a |
"liar.” Chambers told officials that he !
struck Hatfield with his fist, where- j
i upon the latter drew a pistol, and, in
, a struggle for possession of the ;
| weapon. Hatfield was shot. He died i
i in a Williamson hospital Tuesday,
j Alex Hatfield, former postmaster of i
I Matcwan, W. Va.. was the son of
! Floyd Hatfield, whose suit fojn a lit-
I ter of hogs against the McCoys of
I Kentucky marked the beginning of a
1 feud in the hills along the Tug River,
during which many members of the
two families met death.
Os Special Interest
To Woman Readers
Os The Star
“Washington Shops Pis
play Striking Fall
An illustrated article on
modes of the moment in the
local shops
On Page 41 of
Today’* Star.
Yesterday's Circulation, 96,811
Nations Business, its Chief
Concern, Fundamentally
Sound, He ffdds.
Higher Sense of Obligation to Pub
lic Evident, New York Visitors
Are Told.
Declaring that the economic system
of the United States is fundamentally
sound, president Coolidge. in an ad
dress to several hundred members of
the New York Business Men's Repub
lican Association, assembled today in
the rear grounds of the White
House, warned the people of this
i country to think before they tear
; down a system under which "so much
| has been accomplished, merely be
| cause of minor defects that have not
yet been entirely eliminated.”
! "To do so would be a policy of de
j struction,” the President said. He
stated, however, that he does not fear
that the American people will commit
themselves to a policy of destruction,
j inasmuch as it is "the long expressed
i genius of the American people to
[ build up, to construct.”
j President Coolidge said that the
j genius to build up was never more
j vigorous, or more intent on exercis
! ing itself than at this time, and he
j (irmly believes it will continue to be
supreme in the United States.
Wnnt Business (iovernment.
| The President's address in full fol
i lows;
1 "You gentlemen who have come
j here in behalf of business come to
i speak foe. the interest that by far
j surpasses any other in the American
I community. This is a business coun
try. pre-eminent in all kinds of buei
! ness, industrial and agricultural, and
jit wants a business government. 1
I do not mean by that a Government by
i business, nor a Government for busi
-1 ness. But I do mean a Government
that will understand business. I
mean a Government able to establish
the best possible relations between
the people in their business capacity
and the people in their social capac
I “It is not possible in a country like
] ours to pick business up in a ginger
: ly fashion and set it off on one side
! for a careful examination, as if it
I were something rather apart from
the community as a whole. To treat
business in our American life *as If
| it were somehow a thing apart would,
ibe impossible. It is a part of our
! whole national life.
Obligation With Privilege.
t “The primary thing which we ha\e
‘ to do in our country is to preserve
j the initiative and enterprise of men.
I The progress of the community is the
' sum of the progress of the Individuals
! that make up the community. The
| freedom of initiative and of enter
prise carries a stern obligation on the
j part of those who enjoy it. This is a
j three-way obligation. It is an obli
: gallon upon those whose savings are
| Intrusted to our business managers.
■ These savings must be safeguarded,
and they must be made remunerative.
! Only thus will we provide the stirn-
I ulus to saving, and assure the ac
; cumulation of necessary provision for
old age.
| "Then there is an obligation to the
i employes of every business establish
i ment. The conduct of that business
must be so directed as to furnish
! security of employment, to insure an
j Improving standard of living, and to
I provide conditions of labor which
I shall make fundamentally for physl
; j cal and moral Improvement.
' Kfflclency Prime Need.
! "Finally, there is an obligation to
| the consumer that he shall receive
i goods and services of the highest
quality that can be produced. This
i includes the requirement that the
I management of the business shall be
; efficient. It must produce its goods
j and services at the lowest cost. It
! must deliver thes4 in the largest
! quantities and give them the widest
i possible diffusion among the people.
“But the management of business is
responsible for still more than these
i things. It is under obligation to as
i sure that every advance in science,
or in technical process, shall be in
-1 terpreted and applied In the reduc
j tion of labor and the decreased cost
;of production. As the cost of pro
| duction is lessened, the price to the
consumer must also be lowered. For
every advance in skill and in the
processes of production, labor,, the
consumer and the savings account
are all entitled to their just partici
pation in benefits.
“Our economic system is funda
mentally sound. It has provided our
people with the highest standard of
comfort, the greatest security of life,
that is enjoyed by any nation. It has
; assured to us the greatest range of
I opportunities that men have ever en
j Joyed. It does, indeed, contain some
I abuses. But these abuses are fempha
! sired out of al! due proportion by
j those who indulge the habit of ex
i pressing themselves in exaggera
-1 tlons.
Business Leaders Alert.
, “The primary correction of abuses
; lies in the hands of those who ad
i minister .our commerce and our in-
I dustry. It is they who can prevent
the necessity of Government inter
vention. Already they have made
great advances in this direction.
Their sense of responsibility has
made steady growth during the last
two score of years. We no longer
hear expression of an Indifferent at
titude toward the relation of business
to the people. Rather, we hear more
and more the word, and we note in
creasingly the sentiment, that ‘Serv
ice has come Into the business
world.' The merchant and the manu
facturer today are seeking to deliver
something besides their goods, and
they are delivering it with pride.
That new something Is a sense of
service to the community.
“These are the lines of real prog
ress. To tear down a system under
which so much of genuine progress
has been accomplished in so short a
period, merely because of minor de
fects that have not yet been entirely
eliminated, would be a policy of de
struction. We need not fear that the
American community will commit it
self to such a policy. It is the long
expressed genius of the American
(Continued on Page 5, Column l i

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