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’.THE EVENING STAR
With Sudsy Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
TUESDAY November 4. 1924
THEODORE W. NOYES Editor
fke Erralai Star Xrnupapfr Compaay
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Votes With Power Wanted.
Elsewhere in The Star today elec
tion day i» pictured as the day of
humiliation for the Washingtonian,
though the day of pride for other
Americans. On this day other Ameri
cans than those of the District exer
cise as American sovereigns each his
share of American sovereignty by vot
ing for the executive and legislative
public servants through whom his
will as to national and international
issues shall be expressed. Without a
constitutional amendment Americans
of the District mr.y not exercise their
share of this soverei snti.
The vital feature of the District’s
plea is the demand for its share of
American sovereignty, and for voting
representation in Congress and the
electoral college through which this
right and this power are expressed.
If this voting power in the Nation’s
councils is given or authorized, as
proposed by our pending constitu
tional amendment, it is not necessary
to make the District a sovereign
State. But the District in one way or
the other must have at least the
opportunity to secure by majority
vote of Congress this vital power and
right, and will not be bamboozled into
acceptance of any substitute conces
sion which involves refusal of this
To suggest a voteless territorial
delegate for the District, unless simul
taneously by constitutional amend
ment the power is given to Congress
in its discretion to convert the terri
torial status into that of statehood, is
of dubious benefit. Representation
without voting power is not real
American representation at all. Terri
torial delegates are merely legislative
agents of the territories in the transi
tion period to statehood, whoso main
function is to expedite statehood
through legislation which puts them
out of official existence.
To suggest as a substitute for na
tiortal representation any concession
in respect to the form of local govern
ment which leaves all power in Con
gress and fails to give the District
voting representation in that Con
gress is a form of bunco If we are
convinced that campaigning for
changes in local government can be
conducted without interfering with
the campaign for national representa
tion there is no reason why the two
campaigns before different congres
sional committees should not be
pushed simultaneously. But activity
in behalf of changes in form of local
government should increase and not
abate enthusiasm in pushing for vot
ing representation in Congress and
electoral college. If wc permit the
former to put aside, and substitute it
self for the latter, we swap what is
vital for what comparatively speak
ing is worthless.
After changes in the local govern
ment arc secured the Washingtonian
will find that he is not a sovereign
American citizen; that without repre
sentation in Congress and without
control over the rnunicii>al taxing
power he has not American political
rights and privileges and he is not
If Washingtonians ore political
slaves now they will still be political
slaves after they have the power to
elect a voteless delegate, or even Dis
trict Commissioners or any other mu
nicipal officials if the exclusive power
of legislation under the constitutional
provision still remains in a Congress
not elected by them and in which
they are not represented. Their chains
may b© made a little lighter and may
not clank so loudly; they may be
granted by kind masters a little
greater freedom of movement, but
they are not free. The power to take
away their property, their freedom
end life itself is in others not chosen
by them, and to whose rule they have
not assented. There is no self-govern
ment. when the power to tax one, to
Imprison one and to send one to war
is not in one’s self or in those to
whom one has voluntarily confided it
as one’s representatives. Our appeal
for "suffrage” is not an appeal that is
satisfied by the grant of any kind of
votes. We arc still “voteless” Wash
ingtonians, though we vote for dele
gates to presidential nominating con
ventions, if wo cannot vote for the
President whom wc help to nominate.
We arc still “voteless” Washingto
nians, even though we shall be given
the power to vote for a voteless terri
torial delegate, who is himself Im
potent. We are still “voteless” Wash
ingtonians, though we vote for a
board of education, or even for some
of the District Commissioners, unless
to the latter Congress delegates legis
lative power to a degree now clearly
denied by the highest court of the Dis
trict and apparently forbidden by the
"United States Supreme Court.
We do not ask for votes that are
meaningless, impotent shams. We
ask for votes that stand for legislative
power, for an American right or birth
right, for votes that represent the ex
ercise of our share as Americans in
We ash for the same kind of votes
with power that are being cast ail
over the republic by our feikov Ameri
cans today, and wc should be satisfied
with nothing less.
The Duty to Vote.
Last night Mr. Coolidgc add Mr.
Davis made their concluding speeches
to the American voters by radio,
reaching untold millions of -people
with their voices, though seeing", none
of them. This is a new methe-d of
campaigning, and it has playad a
large part In the canvass whicli is
today ended with the casting of; the
The two speeches made last
were different in character, though
designed to the same end, to aroase
the people to the importance of <1 s
charging the highest duty of oitizrt i
ship and today depositing their vote *
in the boxes. Mr. Davis made an ap
peal for support at the polls. Mr\.
Coolidge appealed to the electorate til
express itself, saying nothing of a.
Far more important than victory'
for one party or the other is the
fullest possible expression of the pub
lic will. Mr. Coolidge pat his plea
iij>on the ground of the maintenance
of the institutions of this country,
lie stressed the point that if the in
dividual fails to discharge the obliga
tion the whole Nation will suffer a
loss from that neglect. The people of
the country are sovereign. If they do
not vote they abdicate that sov
It was the President of the United
States, rather than the nominee of the
Republican, party, who said last night
to his “invisible audience";
I therefore urge upon all the voters
of our country, without reference to
party, that they assemble tomorrow at
their respective voting places in the
exercise of the high office of American
citizenship, that they approach the bal
lot box in the spirit that they would
approach a sacrament, and there, dis
regarding all appeals to passion and
prejudice, dedicating themselves truly
and wholly to the welfare of their
c ountry, they make their choice of pub
lic officers solely in the light of their
own conscience. When an election is so
held, when it choice is so made, it re
sults in tile real rule of the people, it
warrants and sustains the belief that
the voice of the people is the voice of
It was a shocking coincidence that
a bus laden with passengers should
be struck by a train near Hampton,
Va., and II persons killed within 48
i hours of the killing of 10 persons in
j a grade-crossing accident in Chicago.
This crossing is in a settled section.
; and is “blind” in that the view of the
i tracks is obscured by houses built
I close to the four corners so that an
i approaching vehicle may be driven
upon the rails without any warning
whatever of the approach of the train.
There are, it would seem, no gates or
other safety provisions. Several acci
dents have occurred there in the past
few years, yet it has remained un
guarded. Now gates will probably be
1 provided, those being the first move
j toward security, yet, as the Chicago
tragedy illustrates, by no means de
The maintenance of the Hampton
crossing is not so flagrant a neglect
as that which has occurred in Chi
cago, where the traffic is undoubtedly
very much heavier and the risk there
fore much greater. In Chicago gates
at least were provided, whereas in
Hampton nothing was done to insure
any degree of safety. There arc hun
dreds of just such crossings in the
small towns of this country, where
responsibility is placed exclusively
upon the drivers of vehicles. That re
sponsibility should not rest wholly
upon them, although in the conditions
they must bear it.
Those wholesale sacrifices at the
points where streets and roads inter
sect at grade with rail lines are cost
ing enormously. Within two days 21
lives have been destroyed at two
points for the lack of effective safe
guards, that might have been in
stalled for a slight cost. In Chicago
there were, it is true, gates, but in
charge of a drunken watchman. At
Hampton there was nothing. In both
places the highways might have been
carried over or under the tracks, at.
of course, a considerable expense, but
one not to be compared with the cost
Wall Street betting odds are con
spicuously announced. But the small
speculator who would like to risk a
two-dollar bill for some reason does
not find it easy to get in touch with
John W. Davis has made a gallant
fight, and has at least attained the
distinction of succeeding Mr. James
Cox of Ohio as the “titular head” of
the Democratic party.
Everything is now over except the
shouting. If all the details are attend
ed to as well as this particular one
there can be no doubt of its unquali
President Coolidge can be depended
on to keep cool, but it remains to be
seen whether ho can persuade Con
gress to do the same.
The Election Returns.
A wide variation occurs in the
hours at which the ballot boxes close
in this country today. The range is
from 4 o’clock to 9 p m., in terms of
the local time prevailing at the voting
regions. In terms of Washington time
that means a range of from 4 to 11
o'clock. South Carolina and Kentucky
close their polls at 4, which is 4 o’clock
here for the former and 5 o’clock for
the latter State. In Florida, North
Carolina, Vij-ginia and West Virginia,
which are in the same time zone as
Washington, the voting ceases at sun
down, which is about 5 o’clock. In
Massachusetts and Rhode Island, in
this same time zone, the closing is at
S. which is the hour of closing also
in Michigan and Nebraska, 9 o'clock
hero; Utah, 10 o’clock here, and
Oregon and Washington, 11 o’clock
here. The latest hour of closing is
that in Minnesota, where the boxes
are sealed at 9 o’clock, or 10 o’clock
The voting in the West will deter
mine the result of the election at
present reckoning. Mr. Coolidge,
carrying every Northern State as far
West as the Mississippi, must secure
TOE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C„ TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1924.
electoral votes from such Western
Slates as Kansas, lowa and California
in order to win a majority. The polls
in those States close, respectively, in
terms of Washington lime, at 8 and
10 o'clock. Returns from them can
not be expected in any significant
volume Iwfore 9 o’clock from the two
first named and 11 o’clock from the
last named. Indications itiay, of
course, be given earlier by the reports
from small numbers of precincts, but
It has frequently happened that re
ports from one part of a State are at
a later hour checked by those from
more remote parts which report leas
It is therefore impossible to foresee
the hour at which the result of the
election will be definitely known to
night. Should a landslide occur evi
dences of it may be apparent fairly
early in the evening, yet in view of
the uncertainly of the volume of
third-party voles in the area where
that movement has Us greatest
strength a forecast is purely specula
tive. Should the election be close,
turning upon the returns from a sin
gle Western State, the result may
conceivably not be known until to
morrow. Eight years ago the belated
ilcturns from California decided the
*\ lie death of former Senator Cor
nell is Cole at Los Angeles at the age
of fio2 years causes many persons to
feel *i sense of regret. For one thing
be wv.a an actor in periods of our na
tional life which to nearly all of us
arc as ancient history. He was a man
of the times we read of in 1 looks, and
generally even the books arc old. Mr.
Cole was born at Lodi, N. Y.. in 1822.
James Monroe of Virginia was Presi
dent. Mr, Cole read law in the office
of Wllliant H. Seward, who long aft
er that became prominent in national
affairs and wan a member of Lin
coln’s cabinet. Mr. Cole in 1843 went
overland to California, and lived
through that hoc tic and heroic |>art of
our history. Most Americans of to
day know that period very dimly, and
millions of thorn n*>t at all. While the
Civil War was going on Mr. Cole was
a member of the House of Representa
tives. and in 1860 California chose
him as one of its members of the
United States <3enate. He remained a
member of the Senate until 1873.
A great many persons will make
mental note of the remarkable fact
that Mr. Cole lived so long and that
he was quite active and healthy near
ly to the day of his death. According
to the report his memory was sound
and vigorous, and he was interested
in present-day matters ciose up to
his last moment. Mr. Cole was an
authentic centenarian, and although
centenarians are reported in the press
from time to time few of them can
establish the da bn to that length of
life. Beside that, a large proportion
of centenarians, as a large iwoportion
of non-centenarians, have done noth
ing to make themselves interesting to
other people. TBie case of former
Senator Cornelius Cole is different.
President Coolidge is a man of re
straint in language- If today’s elec
tion returns aeera to demand some
thing in the line of special emphasis
it may be decided by the Republican
managers to let Dawes say it.
Many of the British voters evident
ly regarded Ramsay MacDonald's
cautious attitude toward radicalism as
an inferential indorsement of still
more conservative policies.
Street demonstrations on election
night occasion surprise at the as
sumption that there is any such thing
as a "silent vote."
Enough has been said of the fa
vorite son. "Ma" Ferguson of Texas
will demand due attention for the fa
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
On the Way.
We’re on the way to llappyland
Where all the skies are fair.
With blossoming on every hand
And music in the air.
The voters now get into line.
We’re told that we have caught
For such a journey fast and fine.
The proper train of thought.
We're on the way to Happyland.
Resplendent la the scene.
The map wo clearly understand;
The outlook ia serene.
There is no longer any doubt.
We travel undismayed—
So simply pull the throttle out
And let 'ef make the grade!
Choir Will Please Sing “Tammany.”
“Don't you think there are some
dumbbells In New York politics?*
asked the slangy girl.
“I haven’t observed any dumb
bells,” answered Senator Sorghum.
“The most prominent Implement In
the Manhattan gym appears to be the
Jud Tunkiqs says footwear is
mighty important these days. Many
a woman wouldn’t be wearin* high
heel shoes if her husband wasn’t a
The victory’, of course, will make me
The cheering I shall promptly join—
I’ll sometimes think, and feel a little
On what I might have won If I
Optimism in the Air.
“Everybody 1» predicting pros
“Yes,” answered Miss Cayenne.
“Even the fortune tellers are telling
most of the girls that they will marry
wealth and position.”
The frosty winds are shifting!
Like the ballots on display.
The Autumn leaves are drifting
And they mostly drift one way.
“De only man in dis life dat’s suro
of not gittin’ disappointed,”, said
Uncle Eben, “Is d© one dat goes out
lookin’ fob trouble,”
THIS AND THAT
BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
Jenny kissed me when we met.
Jumping from the eh»lr she sat in.
Time, you thief, who lore to get
Sweets Into your list, put that In.
Say I’m weary, say I’m sad;
Say that health and wealth hare missed me;
Say I’m growing old, but add—
Jenny klaaed me!
Tills reward of affection, deeper
than love, ia tho crowning glory of
many a man whose name never ap
pears in the papers, whom no crowds
applaud, who goes his way day by
day unknown to fame.
Much a man will never get his
picture in the American Magazine as
a “successful executive,” hut as long
as he has Jenny’s faithful kiss he
can let the publicity go where it
You have read about all sorts and,
conditions of famous men, politicians,
statesmen, princes, writers, business
Let us consider a .man who “has
never done anything.” in the popular
sense, a man totally, completely and
utterly unknown to fame or fortune,
the kind of chap I am afraid Mr.
Mencken would label unfavorably.
You kriow hlnv, though. He Is a
Government clerk. Probably he lives
on your block, and it has taken you
five years to find out what he does.
Let us follow his life through a
typical day. when we will find why it
is that he is fooling all the smart
* * i-
The rust will lind the sword of fame.
The dust will hide the crown:
Aye, mine shill na:i so high his nine
Time will not tear it down.
’Hie hippiest heart thil ever licit
Was 4n some quiet hreist
That found the common daylight sweet.
And left to Heaven the rest.
Methlnks John Vance Cheney was
as correct when he wrote that as
Leigh Hunt was when he indited his
lines about Jenny.
After all, life is largely tho way
we take it. The castor oil of child
hood was not so bad if we bravely
looked up at the big sunflowers and
swallowed the dose before the hum
ming bird disappeared.
Jim Jones, our Government clerk,
did not see his name on a screen on
election night, but that did not
worry him a bit. His S6O a year in
crease in salary, as the result of re
classification, has not unduly elated ,
He is a simple, practical, happy ]
chap, who enjoys life as it comes
along and leaves the rvst to Heaven.
I. for one, have never been able to I
feel, because he makes but $2,000 a '
year, that lie is just half as good as i
a man who draws down $4,000 peri
annum, and only one-fourth as good !
as the man who makes SB,OOO.
If life were mathematical. that j
might be an efficient way to measure
But life is romajice, absurd, happy, i
carefree, full of woe, sunshiny one
moment and gray clouded the'next,
explicable, unexplicabl.-. a thing of j
dreams and shadows, filled with good ;
and bad. peopled by tail-wagging i
dogs, purring cats, atrocious villains. I
evil men and women, and real saints,
good decent men and lovely, good
Life is so complex that, the measur- !
ing rod of money js 100 short for it.
That is why the American Magazine, !
wonderful publication that it is, tends :
to bore one with its eternal stressing
of How.- to be a SIO,OO a year man’’’’ i
Who in the thunder wants to be a j
man who has got to be labeled like ,
Maybe this is playing into the ;
hands of the capitalists—maybe it is. !
Maybe it allows smart writers to cal! )
BY FREDERIC R ILLIAM WILE
Williarri M. Butler of Massachusetts !
is almost certain to be a member of 1
the Coolidge cabinet, if such there is i
after March 4. 1925. Appointment of
the victorious G. O. P. national chair- |
man to a cabinet post is a Hopubli- I
can tradition of many years stand- ,
ing. The Postmaster Generalship is |
the portfolio usually assigned him.
George B. Cortelyou, who piloted the '
Roosevelt campaign of 1904 to sue- i
cess, was rewarded with it. Frank 1
H. Hitchcock, who conducted the first !
Taft campaign in 1908, became Post- '
master General in the succeeding!
March. History repeated itself In !
1921, when President-elect Harding
named Will H. Hays to take charge
of the Post Office Department in the
incoming administration. Whether
Butler would supersede Postmaster
General New or be given some other
berth in the presidential household
remains to he seen. Sweeping
changes ia the make-up of his cabi
net are inevitable if Mr. Coolidge is
perpetuated in the White House.
♦♦ * ♦
Since its establishment in the first
Cleveland administration, the Secre
taryship of Agriculture has always
gone West. Henry C. Wallace's sue- i
cessor is not likely to be taken from i
any other region. Wallace was the
seventh Secretary and the third |
lowan to hold the office. Nebraska, ■
Wisconsin and Missouri are the other i
States that have had the portfolio.
Missouri obtained the first Secretary
ship in 1889, when Norman J. Col
man was appointed, and David F. :
Houston of Missouri was Woodrow
Wilson’s first Secretary of Agricul- j
ture. Edwin T. Meredith of lowa
established the precedent of an “ink !
farmer” as head of Uncle Sam's rural
affairs, and Wallace, a fellow pub
lisher of Des Moines, succeeded him.
If Pennsylvania were less rock
ribbed Republican, and therefore en
titled to cabinet favors, a Philadel
phia “ink farmer." Charles F. Jen
kins, proprietor of the Farm Journal,
would be strongly in the running for
the Agriculture Department.
♦* ♦ ♦
W. H. Moran, veteran chief of the
United States Secret Service, enjoys,
among his other claims to fame, an
amazing physical resemblance to
Bainbrldge Colby, former Secretary
of State. Once upon a time they were
both giving testimony at a congres
sional hearing. The day Moran turn
ed up the chairman of the committee,
waving him aside, said: “Thank you,
Mr. Secretary, but we finished with
you last evening.” A little later in
the day Colby put in an appearance
and was greeted by the chairman
with: “Good morning, chief, but I
don’t think we'll'need to call you,
** * *
Western newspapers during the last
week before election published a five
column display advertisement enti
tled, “Why I am for Coolidge—by
Henry Ford.” The near-billionaire
begins with this confessions “First
let me state that this advertisement
is written, inserted and paid for by
me to explain my support of Calvin
Coolidge tor President.” Then follow
the statements given out by Ford at
Detroit a week or ten days ago. It
seems to have escaped the notice of
the Borah investigating committee
that the motor king was financing
some extensive pro-Coolldge public
ity on his own account. The lowa
papers were liberally patronized, for
every second Hawkeye farmer pilots
a flivver or steers a Ford tractor.
Director Allen of the Institute of
Public Service, at Boston, vouches for
the following answers sent to the in
stitute by persons interrogated on
American politics and foreign af
What Is the Ruhr? A German army
trying to keep the French out of Ger
many. ■' ”■
What was Pinchot before he be
came Governor of Pennsylvania?
one a “dull hind,” or “high-class
moron.” Maybe so.
But the capitalists, if they take ad
vantage of it—and Uncle Sam. if he
takes advantage of it —will end up
life poorer In spiritual things than
when they began It.
That is where Jim, Jones wins.
*♦ * *
Jim Jones gets up in *th© morning
with a smile on his $2,000-a-year face,
which is more than some |IO,OOO-a
--year men do.
Ho goes down—in his pajamas and
bath robe, poor wight—and shakes
the furnace, so that Jenny and tho
kids may get up In a warm house.
He derives exquisite pleasure—
simpleton—from the contemplation of
ids full coal bin. He always thought
he might like to have a real Rem
brandt in his living room, some day,
but he feels that four tons of anthra
cite In tho basement also ia artistic.
For this base feeling he shall bo
duly censured later in an article in
tho American Mercury, written by
some guy who really can write, but
who rather overdoes the u*e of the
Jim comes up out of his base
ment, and go on to th© bathroom,
where ho proceeds to enjoy the luxury
of a shave with his favorite safety
razor and shaving soap. This is an
enjoyment befitting a bovine, of
course, rather than a man, but Jim
j actually gets a “kick” out of it.
Th© only thing that troubles Jim
is what to do with the old safety
razor blades. He has tried wrapping
them up in a cracker box, but since
tho trash man nearly cut his hand
off he has stopped using that method
of disposing of them.
Then down to breakfast, where Jim
disposes of two eggs, some cereal, and
a cup of coffee. With a hasty kiss,
he leaves Jenny and the kids for the
Once at his desk his daily toil be
gins. Letters must be answered,
computations made, problems inci
dent to all this must be considered
He is only a cog in a big wheel,
but, after all. Uncle Sam owns the
whole shebang, and directs tho chauf
feur who drives th© outfit as well as
i the mechanic who greases the wheels.
Like the historic fly that sat on
I th© axle of a chariot and cried. “See
■ what a dust I kick up,” Jim Jones
j gets some real satisfaction out of his
■ low and hind-like Job.
j Pity the poor hind, friends. Also
! the oafs, the wights and the morons.
| Theirs is a grievous burden.
** * v
Home in th© evening Jim Jones
! goes, home through th© beautiful city
without a “thunderer," whatever that
| is, home to wife and little ones. Who
1 in the thunder wants to thunder any
[ Jim eats h:.s supper, listen© in on
I his radio, goes to bed. His name has
; never been in the papers, and it
i projably never will be, yet ho is
1 happy, nevertheless.
Jim tikes those verses of John
Burroughs, and so do I. that is why X
j place them hero:
Serene I fold mj hand* ami wait.
Nor rare for wind, or ride, or eea:
I rave no more gainst Time and Kate.
Kor 10. my own shall ,'otue to me.
I stay ray haste. I make delays,
I'or what avails this eager pace?
■ I stand am;d the eternal ways.
And what ts mine shall know my face.
I What matter if 1 stand alone?
I wait with joy the <.om:ng years;
My heart shall reap where it hath sown.
And gamer up its fruits of tears.
The stars come nightly to tho sky;
The tdal wave unto the sea;
j Nor time, nor space, nor deep, nop high.
Can keep my own away from me.
j President of the conversation com
i What were Harding's achievements?
; Tlu ’ most important one was the limi-
I tation of ornaments,
j M hat is the electoral college? A
, place for boys to learn electricity.
] " *>at I s an ambassador? A man
; who takes the costumes of one coun
, try to another, and compares them.
How was our Constitution first
After the Constitution was
I adopted, it did not just suit the peo
. Plo, so they passed th© Ton Com
j mandments, to fix it up.
was the greatest American
was the direct cause of th©
r ivi 1 War? Taxation without medi
** * *
A\ aen th© travail of his re-election
campaign is behind him. Senator
James Couzens plans to resume tho
investigation of the Internal Revenue
Bureau. Couzens was minded to press
the inquiry before election, but evi
dently tho opposition prevailed, which
Senator Watson of Indiana offered to
that plan. The muddle over publlca
i tion of income taxes is not likely to
: c sc ape tho attention of Couzens and
his probers. The senior Senator from
Michigan has not concealed his par
-1 Lality for tax-exempt securities, but
probably never expected that Mr.
Mellon and Commissioner Blair would
expos© the exact dimensions of his
own investment habits to the pitiless
gaze of a captious universe. Somoad-
I yoeates of income tax publication jus
j , principally on the ground that
it pillories capitalists who prefer
I "municipals” and such like to tax
; bearing securities.
* *• * *
Diplomacy i a next to godliness,
judging by the aspect which Six
teenth street, Washington, is steadily
assuming. The time seems measur
ably near when every legation and
embassy of importance will stand in
that noble thoroughfare, cheek by
Jowl with the handsomest churches
in th© Capital With the British and
Japanese both contemplating embassy
buildings on Sixteenth Street Heights,
incl u<3* the official
habitats of France, Mexico, Italy,
Spain, Cuba, Poland, the Netherlands,
Persia and Jugoslavia. In the imme
diate proximity of the diplomatic
mansions are clustered the imposing
national Baptist and Unitarian
™“ rc „s? s ;, opposite which the new
soo° 000 Mormon tabernacle is to rise
block or two away is the Roman
Catholic Basilica of the Sacred Heart.
Soon a. stately Jewish community cen
ter will take its place on Sixteenth
street. In the midst of this inter
denom.national array, like a symbol
of tolerance, in bronze, Bishop Fran
cis Aabury, Methodist, holds eternal
watch and ward on horseback.
They re talking of re-christening Six
tcenth street “Avenue of the Am
bassadors.” but “Avenue of the
Churches” would be almost as ap
Africa has the biggest copper mine,
but campaign year indicates that
America holds all records In brass.—
; : 11 J* a question of time until
), the higher civilization must stop and
I for th© courts to catch up.—
What the fellow who calls it a fur
nished house really needs Is a diction
How can any one possibly tell
whether the ZR-3 and Shenandoah
have any military value until we are
advised whether the crew wear spurs?
And now it is only a question of
time until the barber shops must have
male manicurists.—Jersey City Jour
“YOU TAKES YOI R CHOICE.” Clin
ton \V. Gilbert. G. !’. Putnam's
And you takes it now. By the
clock, on this very special Novem
ber 4, you takes your choice right
now in fact, and not in some vague
and uncertain future. Indeed, by the
clock, you are pretty sure to have
taken it already. The present hour
is one of waiting and suspense for
the entire Nation. An hour in which
every citizen possessed of the right
to vote and quick in his conscience
toward this right is holding to him
self the prideful thought that he has
today exercised the Warwickian
power of president making. Only
twenty-five millionth part, or there
about, of the sum total of this power,
to be mire, but a precious and deeply
cherished potency, nevertheless. And
now it is all over. The shouting and
the tumult will in a few hours come
to an end. The temporary madness
of a presidential campaign will sink
back again into the minor lunacies
of everyday existence. Moments of
quiet and leisure will again appear
as they used to do in the calmer days
prior to election and its immediate
and equally mad predecessor, base
bail. Maybe tomorrow or next week
or next month you wili take up a
book again. And, just maybe, you
will come upon an hour’s diversion
byway of "You Takes Your Choice."
a volume clearly intended for pre
election days, but one that, with a
slight change in the angle of ap
proach and in the method of han
dling, serves post-election uses with
the good entertainment of a special
point of view coupled with a tine
economy of words set together in a
** * *
Any time after today, November 4.
the practical and vital interest in
t'linton Gilbert's "You Takes Your
Choice" will bo confined to just one
third of its contents. Oh, yes. there
will be plenty of interest in the re
maining two-thirds, but this will
be of the academic sort, or personal
to the writer himself as an observer
of training and experience as a jour
nalist of easy and interesting habit.
This author’s approach to “You Takes
Your Choice" and "The Mirrors of
Washington" is the same—a charac
teristic approach, one lakes, it. Both
volumes are based largely upon a
consideration of men prominent in
political life. Each approaches*, its
subject from the standpoint of lim
itations, from the inherent inability
of each personality to fill the bill,
to round the Program, to come up
to the standard requirement. An at
titude, a point of view, calculated
to emphasize inadequacies, even fu
tilities, in texture of common human
nature. The savor of both books is,
therefore, a little bitter to the
longue. A considered turning away
on the author’s part, no doubt, from
the familior overpraise of rampant
•■nthusiasms. This attitude makes
both studies fine for sauce, not quite
•so good for nourishment. Fair
enough, this writer, since he hits all
of his subjects with an equal hand—
a flat hand, whose fingers sting a lit
tle. He expresses his detachment
and unbias about the whole matter
by saying that he doesn’t "give two
pins" for any of them in the way of
a personal liking—save for one ex
ception, which he names.
** * *
Tomorrow we shall know which of
the three pairs set dow;n here will
command our firs.t attention. 'Will it
be Coolldge and Dawes? ' Or Davis
and Eryah ? Or La Follette and
Wheeler? No one can hope to say
anything new about any one of the
six. It must at the moment be
chiefly a new arrangement of words,
a fresh allocation of phrases. Let’s
see. Starting off with our- President,
Mr. Coolidge, we meet again the man
of "silence” and "luck," the ’good’,
man "walking humbly,” the man of
faith, faith in our institutions, faith
in democracy. Wait a minute—here
we are past the overfamiliar phrases.
We come to the President’s first mes
sage to Congress. "He becomes in
teresting. He was willing to take
sides. Ho wasn’t trying to get peo
ple of all shades of opinion to vote
for him. At one stroke he made his
party definitely conservative. The im
portant thing is that he has been
consistent. He has given the coun
try, so far as a President can, an
instrument for the carrying out of
one well defined view of public pol
icy. The country hasn’t had one for
25 years. He made a party out of noth
ing, for nothing but a political panic
existed when the presidency descended
to him.” And more in this strain along
with a few of the purely personal
thrusts so much in use in these days of
political dementia expressing itself in
bad manners and general brutality.
Gen.' Charles Dawes? A perfectly
regular man, who obeys all the con
ventions, with "such dash and aban
don that he seems a blithe, free
spirit, and so he is the darling of the
herd” —but regular, mind you. He is
a regular Republican. He was regu
lar on the war. Regular on bolshev
ism. "He has the regular philanthro
pies.” "He is a conformist with such
zest that he seems to be following
his own sweet will."
* * * - *
We must be getting on. "There are
men born to feel that they are cap
tains of their soul. And Mr. Davis Is
one. He is one of life’s fair-haired
boys. He has never had reason to
be afraid.” And John Davis, too, is
a conformist, not from weakness or
timidity, but because he is so sahe,
so reasonable —a safe man. Can he
make a party? For that is his job.
as it was Mr. Coolidge’s job. quite
successfully achieved. We shall see.
Charles W. Bryan—"Ho believes in
William J. as William J. believes in
Genesis. All the rest of it is manual
confidence. If necessary', he would
produce men not descended from
monkeys to prove that William J.
was right. In Nebraska they call
him the rainmaker, for whatever hap
pens, he did it.”
*♦ ♦ ♦
Robert M. La Follette—"a man of
the purest personal and political
character”—"always at odds with
the world”—just a shade too heroic
for the rest of us. An interesting
and spectacular and useful career,
whose original bent was toward
the stage. A significant fact, this,
accounting in no small measure for
the dramatic cast of Mr. I<a Follette’s
political course. In defining La Fol
lette’s progressivism Mr. Gilbert gives
here a most illuminating exposition
of the progressive, both of the La
Follette kind and all the other kinds
that flock under this banner. A re
gressive progressive, La Follette, de
nouncing abuses that starting thirty
years ago have long since passed
away or been corrected, save in the
mind of this ardent, accusing, highly
dramatized personality. An excep
tionally fine analysis as a whole, this
Burton K. Wheeler—“a sort of
vigilante, regulator, law and order
man. Now, a vigilante Is a rough
fellow. He does not waste much time
in making up his mind. Ho has
nerve. He has decision.” Trans
planted from New England, he comes
finally from a mining camp in Mon
tana to Washington “and looks out
on tae mining camp of the United
States." "There are men who have
a constant sense - of life’s habitual
Injustice. Perhaps Mr. Wheeler is
one of them.” Well, we shall see
what he will do about It as the Vice
President of the United States.
Completely interesting, all of it,
despite Its slant against the ‘limita
tions’’ of these men. For here is
material that Is In the main fresh
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. BASKIN.
Q. What arc the names of the bat
tleships that the British government
is building?—A. l a. J.
A. The now British ships Rodney
and Nelson are 35,000 tons each and
are to be completed iu 1925 or 1936
and will necessitate the scrapping of
Thunder, King George V, Ajax and
Centurion, as provided by the agree
ment reached at the limitation of
arms conference. The total tonnage
to be maintained by the British Em
pire will be 558,950 tons.
Q. When was the largest year's j
production of cotton in the United
States? —A. J. B.
A. The cotton crop of 1914 was the
largest ever produced in the United
States. It amounted to 16,134,930
bales. Thaeworld crop for that year
was also the largest recorded,
amounting to 28,687,000 bales.
Q. What horse won the Kentucky
Derby in 1924 and what one in 1922?
—H. C. N.
A. Black Gold won the Kentucky
Derby in May, 1924. He paid 85.50 to
win with a purse of $51,000. Zev
won the Kentucky Derby on May 19,
1923, and won $53,600 for the race.
Q. What is quartz used for?—M. L.
A. The common variety of crys
tallized quartz is employed in the
arts as an abrasive, principally in the
manufacture of sandpaper. It is also
crushed and used for polishing mar
ble and as a filler for wood. Quartz
sands are of Importance in the manu
facture of glass, refractory brick,
mortar, cements, etc.
Q. I have a crimson rambler grow
ing in a dish. It has bloomed. When
should it be set out doors—H. O. H.
A. The Department of Agriculture
suggests that you plant your rambler
rose out of doors now. just before
freezing weather, cover it up, the top
and all. In the spring after the last
frost remove the earth from the top.
Q. Are weather forecasts sent out
dally?—S. D„ P.
A. Within two hours after the
morning observations have been tak
en the forecasts are telegraphed from
the forecast centers to about 1,600
principal distributing points. These
forecasts reach nearly 90.000 ad
dresses daily and are available to
more than 5.500.000 telephone sub
scribers within an hour of the time
Q. How long, do the native women
of I’apua observe mourning for their
deceased husbands?—G. L>. G.
A. Mourning for a husband in
Papua lasts more than a year.
Widows remove all their clothes and
cover themselves with white pipe
clay. Their costume consists of a
Q. Who is the newly elected lord
mayor of London?—P. O. S.
A. Sir Alfred Louis Bower, the
well known wine merchant. Is lord
.Q- What is fusel oil and what is
rt used for? —P. R.
A. Fusel oil isi an acrid, oily
liquid of unpleasant odor, accom
panying many raw. or insufficiently
distilled alcoholic liquors (as potato
whisky, corn whisky, etc.) as an un
desirable ingredient. It consists of
several higher alcohols, fatty acids,
etc., but chiefly of amyl alcohol. Fu
sel oil is generally removed from or
dinary alcohol by filtration through
charcoal, or by distillation, which is
more efficient, but best by a combi
nation of the two processes. Fusel
oil is used in' making the widely used
amyl acetate, in preparing artificial
fruit essences and in the manufac
ture of alkaloids.
Q. Where did the early Egyptians
gel their gold?—P. K.
A. In ancient times the Egyptians
mined gold in the Red Sea hills. Dur
ing the Moslem period reining was
Q. What is isinglass and how is it
prepared?—L. L. M.
A. Isinglass is the commercial
name for dried swimming bladders
of 'several varieties of fish. The
amount of gelatin in isinglass is
from 86 to 93 per cent and even more
It is prepared by tearing the air
bladder or sound from the back of
the fish, from which it has been loos
ened by striking several blows with
Attitude of Veterans
On Bonus Is Puzzling
In view of the long 1 and bitter fight I
to pass the bonus bill over the presi
dential veto, the recent announce
ment by the Adjutant General that
fewer than one-third of the veterans
entitled to the banus under the na
tional act thus far have filed their j
applications amazes the press.
“With all the clamor raised for
enactment of a Federal bonus," the !
Buffalo News declares, "it must strike
the average citizen as strange that, i
out of 4,500,000 service men entitled
to participate in its payment, only
1.300,000 have filed their claims.” ;
This is a most unexpected develop- i
ment. in the opinion of the Syracuse
Herald, which feels that while “it ■
was known that many service men ;
were opposed to the bonus on princi- i
pie, it was scarcely expected that a
very large proportion of the dissen- i
lists would decline the Government’s
bounty after it had' been actually !
authorized by Congress and had
therefore become a legal obligation
on the part of the giver." The j
Herald adds further, “the most tell- J
ing argument for the bonus was that
a considerable majority of the service
men were urgently In need of the i
proposed aid, but it cannot be said
that this contention Is borne out by i
the status of the work of distribution j
four months after the enactment of
the bonus law." The veterans’ attl- j
tude, the Butte Post points out “con
trasts strongly with that of the vet
erans of previous wars with regard
to public pensions or gratuities, and
contrasts no less with what was rep
resented as the attitude of these
For one thing, “the ex-soldiers are j
beginning to realize that they did not |
get a bonus at all, but a lot of bunk,” i
according to the Memphis News-Scim- j
liar, which says; "The ex-soldiers I
have been bunkoed by a lot of poli- j
tfcians who rodo into office on the |
bonus issue, but now that we have |
the bonus plan it is imperative that j
they make the best of it. It would
be unfortunate if any soldier should |
fail to take advantage of the oppor- |
tunlty the bonus provides, as there ]
Is no other recourse. It is necessary
that prompt application be made for
the further reason that the face value
of the insurance certificate furnished 1
is dependent upon the age of the
veteran at the time of filing his |
"*a * *
The New Tork Times also Insists: 1
"It la their duty to apply for the ;
bonus without delay If they want it.
Those who have decided net to ac- ;
ceift It should make the fact known j
by'notlfylng the Secretary of War or i
the Secretary of the Navy. Failure
to do this will result in the reten
and pertinent. Here Is political his
tory set close to the men who con
tributed to it. And here is an alto
gether robust and clean-cut mode of
putting these truth together for the
sake of an effect that Is stimulating
and vital. L G, 11.
a wooden club, then washing in cold
water. The black outer skin is re -
moved with a knife, again washed
and spread on u board to dry in the
open air. with the white shiny skin
turned outward. To prevent shrivel -
ling or shrinking, the ‘ bladders, mutt
he fastened to a drying board. The
best quality of isinglastl comes from
sounds that are dried in the sun.
After drying, the sound is again
moistened with warm water and the
(interior shiny skin is removed b;
hammering or rubbing. Finally, it Is
rolled between two poiis-had iron
Q- Was Beethovan deaf at the
time of his death?—R. C.
A. Beethovan was hard of hearin;.-
as early as his thirtieth year arf.l
was totally deaf for years before hfs
death. When dying his last
were “I shall hear now.”
Q. Do animals live as long in cap
tivity as in their native statc?-,-
E. c. r.
A. It is not possible to make an
absolute comparison, but it is known
that foxes and monkeys are so fret
ful in captivity that there lives are
materially shortened, \vhile elephants
snakes and turtles do not -e-m t,
suffer from captivity.
i Q. Why is the » xpression ' f,
;as the Bank of England” u-e.;
j A M. E.
A. The Bank of England was i -
i corporated in 1694, and from its out
set has been closely connect! ,1 with
the English government. Tie r A
•er,ve of its banking departn >nt i
always in coin or In notes again 4
which there is coin lying in lie is j*
department of tie bank. Shiv it
I through the Bank of, England the
other banks “clear.” many of tie
j keep their reserve lying as a depot
i in it. rather than in their own ban I;-.
It is essential, therefore, to the st. ;
I bility of all banks in that county.
I that the Bank of England shall a
- ways bo possessed of coin, and eve:
■ be able to pay on demand, all checks
I of depositors or notes that may
\ presented to it.
Q. How many parts are there u
I a Ford ear?—T. R. J.
A. The Ford Motor Co. says tha'
; there are from 2',400 to 2,500 pans
■ in a Ford touring car.
Q. In the word “vis-a-vis" is th:-
| first “s” sounded?—B. T. W.
A. The first ”s” is sounded, th
word being pronounced a- if spelled
Q. How much of the gold produced
'is used in coinage?—p. T. D.
A. About one-fourth of the annua!
production of gold is used for money
: the remaining three-fourths being
i consumed in dentistry, in the art
such as jewelry, gilding and gold lea
; work, and the making up of the an
nual loss from various causes.
Q. What books are known as tie'
world’s great “Literary Biblcs?’-
A. D. D.
A. There are a few books so pr,
• eminent for content and style that
they have been called "The Literary
Bibies.” They are the “Iliad' and
, “Odyssey” of Homer. “The Divine
[ Comedy” of Dante, the great’, r
dramas of Shakespeare and Goethe •
"Faust.” Each of these embodies
; the ideals of a race, or an age. or a
Q. Are men afflicted with stan.-
j mering as much as women? —H. T. 1!.
A. Statistics show that the pn -
i portion of males to females is 9 to .
j Q. Is South America directly
! south of North America?—F. W. M.
i A. Almost all of South America is
: east of North America in longitud
i The extreme western coast of South
j America is directly south of Florida.
(The Star Information I!urea, u vi.t
ansiccr yo'ur question,. This off*~r np
j plica strictly to information. The l>
en.ii cannot give adeiee mi legal, need
cal and finatirial matters It does rut
| attempt to settle domestic tron-bU-s, no'
i undertake exhaustive research on any
■ i subject. Write your question plainly
| and. briefly (live full name and ad
; dress and inclose 2 cents in stamp
! for return postage. All replies are sent
! direct to the inquirer. AdtLresss Fred -
. '-eir J. H ask in. director. The Star In
, formation Bureau, Tuy.-nty-first and C
i streets northwest.)
! tion of clerical help tliat could be
spared. Veterans who desire the
■ bonus should not postpone filing their
rlann. The taxpayers’ money would
thus be saved.”
Considering the represen tat i on a
i made by the bonus lobby about the
j crying demand among the veterans
1 for a bonus, the Indianapolis News
1 finds the failure to lake advantage of
jit is at least puzzling. It may mean,
i suggests the News, that "the veter
ans were disappointed in the nature
; of the bonus; it may mean that the
| demand for the bonus was greatly
I exaggerated, or it may mean that
some 3,200,000 veterans are putting
I the job off. hut in any case it cannot
mean that there was us much iu
! terest iit the bonus as Congress was
| led to believe, and it may mean that
i the bonus is a matter of small iiu
j portanco in the minds of mis*
The Baltimore Sun agrees "th<*
! facts certainly support the conten
i tion, frequently made when the
; bonus light was at its height, that
1 hundreds of thousands, if not a’ clear
majority, of the veterans do not and
never have wanted the bonus, and
that it was only effective propa
i ganda by a minority which forced ac
| tion.” Moreover, the Sun thinks "the
situation as it is illustrates the folly
| of Senator La Follette’s demand that
the present bonus law be repealed
and another enacted.”
♦* * *
The politician’s picture of the
American ex-service man never
: seemed credible to the New York
Herald-Tribune, “uno always sus
i peeled.” said this paper, “that ther-
I was far less demand than the poli
! tician thought: but that there should
I be so little demand for it, now that it
!is in effect, is surprising. Hundreds
;of thousands of the veterans who
I were willing to take their share it'
I the bonus should be passed were,
nevertheless, opposed to the whole
theory of the plan, so that even those
j who have made out the blanks can
j not all be counted on as active advo
cates of bonus legislation. It is an
( interesting demonstration of the
j politician’s ignorance of his con
Although remarking that "persons
who fought the legislation before il
| became law will be quick to point lo
j this apparent indifference of service
| men as substantiating their contcn
i tion that the measure was largely
! a political enterprise,” the Detroit
i News holds "it is absured to go into
' a discussion of that matter now, ex-
I ceptlng to venture an opinion of the
i indifference of the ordinary veteran
is probably more apparent than real,
for doubtless many veterans are still
somewhat hazy as to the ritual of
applying for bonuses." The Okla
homa City Oklahoman also notes that
"the time for filing will.not expire
till January 1, and no cash payments
will be made before March 1, and il is
probable that the
act figure that there is abundant\linc
to act and, consequently, no need to