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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 05, 1925, Image 5

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SOVIEI POLICE NIP
I LUXURIOUS LIVING
Officials Who Spend Too
Much Are Hustled to Jail
* for Investigation.
(Following is the first of several
nrtielrs dc ali no with the cruel meth
ods by irhieh the red rulers of Soviet
Russia. seek to yei'petuate communism
oud ilriee out of existence oil classes
b’d the proletarian.)
11V I'. \. >1 ACIiKS7.I G.
Corrcsponu-uce of The stiir aud tin* Chicago
Daily News.
IjUXUON, England. December I f>.
M vv, toward the end of 1922,
presented strange sights for tlie
capita! o. a ('omniunist country. A
® l, ew class had sprung up like a
fungous growth, the "nepmen” (new
economic policy men). They were the
speculators who found in the part
r revival of private business their hour
* of opportunity. They took big risks,
made much money and spent freely.
Ono group dealt in currency, and two
big “curb” exchanges were not enough
» to accommodate them. Some speculat
' od in grain, otliers in cattle. The
1 wisest were careful promptly to
__ smuggle their surplus gains out of
fbe country. Their ostentation and
extravagance became a byword.
Never, even in Berlin at the en'd of
have T seen sucli fat men as in
t Moseou hi that time. Maybe it was
the reaction from the days of famine.
To eater to them -Moscow had
several expensive restaurants, while,
to provide for their amusement, a
number of official gambling saloons
were kept open from early evening
until 9 or lo o’clock in the morning.
These gambling saloons, such as the
Hermitage and tho Praga, were
among the sights of Moscow. In a
single year the city made a profit of
SBOO,OOO out of them. If there was
gold nowhere else, one saw gold in
plenty on the tables of the inner
rooms of these gambling resorts.
How V. E. P. Palled.
The extremists used the nepmen as
an awful example. Town working
men. who are the main strength of
Russian communism, were greatly
discontented, for their lot had im
proved very little. “Did our brothers
* die by thousands.” they asked, “that
nepmen'Miight grow fat stuffing them
selves in the new restaurants?”
Jn the mind of the Communists every
private trader became a neptnan.
The extremists urged that the new
t economic policy had failed in another
way. One of the reasons for starting
it was the expectation that foreign
governments would thereupon recog
nize Russia. But the powers whose
recognition Russia most wanted, the
United States, Great Britain and
France, were still as coy as ever.
Attitude of Benin.
* Benin had been the first to see the
necessity of the new economic policy.
Hut he was the first to decide on its
modification. When Mr. I rquhart, the
British mining expert; obtained a con
tract for the return of his enormous
properties in and around the Urals,
with the addition of the advance of a
largo sum of money to enable him to
set them going again, the concession
came before Lenin for his signature.
"Absurd,” Lenin wrote across the
document.
This was the beginning of the end.
for the time, at least. The political
police gradually received back their
old power, and the publication of the
famous exile decree enabled them
again to arrest and imprison whom
they pleased, without open trial.
There were months of long struggle
inside the Communist party. But the
> extremists, the men led by Zinoviev
and Stalin, gained ground all the
time.
They meant to revive the class war
in its most bitter form. Lenin was
dying and there was no one to con
trol them. They resolved on two
things: First, they would do away
with the nepmen. Next, they would
a fresh campaign against
private trade. For a beginning, a
resolution was passed by the Moscow
Soviet, the city council, demanding
the cleansing of the capital from
speculators.
The political police, strong in their
renewed power, w r ere told to take
action. Dzjerzinsky, their chief, was
’ longing to move. For some time he
had been watching the effect of the
new economic policy on officials and
was much alarmed. There was
wholesale corruption among them.
’ In some ways Dzjerzinsky may be a
cruel fanatic, but he is honest, and.
in his fashion, a patriot. He had
been following with much interest
the doings of some heads of the staff
of the navy. These men dined to
gether night after night at different
houses, in luxurious fashion. Dzjer
zinsky’s spies brought him the menu
of each meal.
Dinners Cost Too Much.
One evening these men were all
quietly led away from dinner, each
to a separate cell in Loubyanka,
Moscow’s great political prison. Then,
one after another, they were brought
up for cross-examination. “Where
did you find the money to pay for
your dinners?” they were asked.
Each dinner had cost more than their
l xveek’s pay. A big naval scandal was
thus nipped in the bud.
My Russian friends sometimes un
kindly ask me if America would not
like to borrow Dzjerzinsky for a
week or two.
The Empire restaurant, one of the
most fashionable in Moscow, boasted
gill!
| We Pay You |
on your M
j DAILY BALANCES 1
|H 9J A/ Interest on checking accounts on |||
E= \S/g\ daily balances compounded =
=5 OH g\J monthly. =§ I
Hi Interest on ordinary savings §=
== %f j7 accounts compounded quar-
| Oyo fer/y - I
j * Interest on special savings cer - Hf
= /f/ tificates compounded semi- ||§
annually. ’ jH
,1 The Munsey Trust Co. |
Munsey Building
Pa. Ave. Bet. 13th & 14th Sts. N.W.
' lllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
The Events Leading Up To The Tragedy. —By WEBSTER
*
\ " . C "SAY, CONPOC.TOK, ( PLCASCi )
l PcCASCM / VA/HAtV A S CeTTEfe. y - \
O'OJS S6OUV ) '
\~it-H5 FUMIMy OG ( \ hfeAC> AOOUT f>KjKOe«s. \
( Th' S.\S ? "Thu CohOuCToR. I —J WHAT'S a **■ ceTTEfZ.
SAVS Th' VICTIM HAD »T / s £)KP u
So—J
its band of dress-coated musicians,
its rich palms, fine food and old-time
waiters- One evening some men en
tered, went up to the manager and
engaged him in earnest conversation.
Afterward they examined waiters'
checks for the dinners. A few min
utes later these men went from table
to table, stated that they were mem
bers of the Gay Pay Oe (political
police), and ordered all present to
produce their documents. Every man,
of course, carries his identification
papers always with him in Russia.
Some of the guests brought out
certificates showing that they were
members of different commisariats
and government departments. These,
they thought, would be enough. But
the policemen consulted little note
books and turned to the diners. “Your
salary is 10 chervontzi a month,” said
the police. “Your dinner tonight is
costing 5 chervontzi. Will you please
come with me and explain how you
can afford to pay so much?’’ (One
chervontz. the unit in the stabilized
Russian currency, is equivalent to 10
gold rubles, or $5.)
Guest after guest was led straight
away to prison.
Paying High for Fashion.
It is little wonder that after this
happened once or twice the restau
rants emptied as if by magic.
There is a famous dressmaker in
Moscow, formerly the favorite of the
empress and the court. When the
revolution came she managed to
avoid trouble, and, later on, Luna
charsky allowed her to resume her
business as a department in art of
the commissariat of public Instruc
tion. Commissars' wives came to her.
The difficulty she had was that for
a long time she could obtain no new
material. Se she became expert In
adapting the old. She could turn an
old window curtain Into a bewitching
costume, and a tablecloth Into a robe
of beauty. One day she showed me
some beautiful hats that her girls
had designed. They were made from
the straw matting used around pack
ing cases dyed and trimmed.
The “nep” soon brought her once
more customers who could afford to
pay handsomely. They came in num
bers. Then, one day, the political
police paid her a visit and demanded
her books. Every woman’s outlay on
dress was carefully-noted. Women
who were thought to® have spent too
much were summoned to very painful
interviews with the police. One good
dame, who had spent most of all,
niiiiiiiiiM
Griffith I oal f orporation
ood vlean V/oal
lllllillllll!l!i;;;illll[l!llllll!lllllllllllltll!l!lllll!lll!lll
THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. U„ MONDAY, JANUARY 5,
treated her cross-examiner with
great haughtiness. "Before you trou
ble me,” she said, “you had better
consult Citizen .” The man she
named, one of the most powerful
commissars, was her cher ami, who
had paid her bills. She was not in
terfered with further.
The Gay Pay Oo were preparing
for still more serious measures. In
December, 192.1, they suddenly ar
rested about 1,000 persons in Moscow
alone —speculators, gamblers, keep
ers of cocaine kitchens, dojle ped
dlers and the like. Most of these
deserved to be arrested and Moscow
was better rid of them. There were,
however, many cases of mistaken
identity, and the seizure of indi- j
viduals without real reason. I know, i
for example, one lad who was carted '
away to Siberia before his family
could Intervene. But his family had j
political influence and obtained a re- .
investigation of his case. Then it-j
was found that the boy had been mis- |
taken for another of the same name, i
a croupier in one of the gambling j
saloons.
Almost simultaneously it was an- !
•Oronyt/ie AVENUE aj NINTH*
w e’*e k.pl 1
January Clearance
*4 and $5 P-B Soft Hats
$2-85
Look at the liat you bought the first of the
season —then look at the price of the hat you
can buy now —the middle of the season.
All sizes in grays, tans, browns and blacks.
It’s January clearance time—we’d rather
see you wear the hat now at $2.85 —than to
see it in stock next Summer.
January Clearance
H -50 P-B Caps, 65c
A large assortment to choose from several
colors, in all sizes.
the Avenue at Ninth
•NATIONALLY KNOWN STORE *
k m.
nounced that the government meant
to take more effective measures to
encourage state-owned trade and co
operation, as against private trade.
The fine restaurants closed their
doors. . Tlie Empire Is now a bank.
The Praga, when I last passed it
early in December, was a motion pic
ture theater. The Hermitage strug
gled hard to keep open, but its old
customers dared not go there.
The class war had rebegun in
earnest.
(Copyriifl't. Ilt'-T,. hr Chicago Dully News i'». I
Rheumatism Prescription
Refilled a Million Times
Prescription A-2851 for rheumatism
was first filled In 1664 and has been re
newed over a million times. A teaspoon
ful of A-/Msl taken three times a day
stops rheumatic pain and quickly relieves
painful muscles and stiff swollen joints.
Buy a bottle from your druggist, or send
SI.OO for a week’s supply. EIMER &.
AMEND, 205 Third Avenue, New Y’ork.
OtD fiUrCHM AttKST
The Food Sale That All Washington Waits For!!
ALL THIS WEEK—OUR GREATEST
ANNIVERSAR Y SALE
Pork is higher, due to the recent ex- EXTRA SPECIALS
treme cold—for this week’s sale we offer _*-- p _ _ _
at less than the wholesale price—4 car- .S / /*, >4 /C //> 34(2
loads of Fancy Corn-fed Pork.
CHUCK ROAST. lb.,' 15>
Half or Whole Finest Center Cuts
FRESH HAMS. . lb., 21c BEEF. . lb., 7'Ac
Half or Whole 7
FRESH PICNICS. lb., 14c SHOULDER VEAL, lb., 14c
sPAREmr:: L :k, m veal chops > ib -
Fred, and Meaty SMOKED TONGUES, lb -29 C
PORK CHOPS . . lb., 17c Fancy Sugar-Cured Beef Tongues
pnP rrHnP? /a ?? SMOKED PICNICS, lb., 15c
PORK LnUPO . . lb2oC 3to S Lb. Average
Center Cuts ' _ _ _ _ _ _
SAUERKRAUT, 2qts., 19c SMOKEDHAMS - lb - 19c
BARGAINS NQ QNE CAN MATCH
Sugar . ... 10 lbs., 67c Milk Quart, 9c
No Limit
Bread Loaf, Sc Batter • •, Pound - 42c
-
Apple Butter .2 for 29c Apricots, Fancy Lb., 29c Navy Beans Lb., 7c Del Monte
Apple Sauce Can, 14c Dried. Choice Lb., 23c Lima Beans Lb., 15c Blackberries Can, 29c
Rumford 5 lbs., $1.19 c*j / . J 4 Kidney Beans. . ... . . Lb., 12c Cherries, No. 2 1 /o can. . .-.30c
Rumford.. . 1 lb., 28c ’ Black Eyes Lb., 12c No. 2 can 27c
Rumford Vz lb., 17c Peaches, Fancy Lb., 21c Yellow Split 2 lbs., 15c No. 1 can 21c
Rumford Vi lb., 9c Dried. Choice Lb., 14c Green Split.. .■ Lb., 10c Fruit Salad, No. 2 1 /g 37c
Royal 12 oz., 43c Std Lb., 12 1 / z c Pice 2 lbs., 15c No. 1 .....22c
Royal 6 oz., 24c p„ T „„ K ?/).?/) //, 97V n > . Loganberries. ...15c
Davi. 5 lbs., 89c P ™ €S ’ Del M °"“ Peaches, No. 2*4 24c
Davis 12 oz., 19c Lallf * Lb * IBc Apricots, No. 2V 2 can. . . .27c No. 2 .19c
Davis. .... .6 oz., 12c 60-20 Lb., 10c No. 2 can ..19c No. 1 .. .15c
Davis 3 oz., 7c Raisins, Sunmaid. . Pkg., 10c No. 1 can 15c Short Stop Peaches 3 for 50c
Grapefruit . . . 3 for 10c Grapes .... Pound, 25c
Oranges . . . Dozen, 15c Kale 3 lbs., 25c
Apples . ... 3 lbs., 25c Lettuce .... Head, 10c
Potatoes ... 10 lbs., 19c
DEL JdONTE
CANNED VEGETABLES Pears, 2V t can .. 28c
2 can .*.21 c
Asparagus, 2Vi can ...... 37c Campbell*s Beans 8c String Beans -2 for 45c J can ... . 17c
Del Monte. D . , D n Wayne. Pineapple, 2 1 /z can.... ..27c
Asparagus, 2% can. .... .28c Peer's Beans. .. . .Can, 7% c Lima Becns . ..... , 2 for 35c 2 can. . . 23c
Eagle. Van Camp*s Beans 7c r . Curtice. Treasure Island.
Asparagus Tips c. .34c Lima Beans 2 for 25c Pineapple, 2 1 /z can...... 32c
No. 1, Del Monte. String Beans 2 for 29c Early Bloom. Del Monte. 2 can...*..28c
Asparagus Tips ,21c Wagner*s. Beets.-.. . . .Can, 19c Plums, 2Yz can?. ..... ...21c
Picnic—Del Monte. c . D , __ Curtice. 2 can ..*..17c
Asparagus Tips 32c Stnn « Beans - - 2 for 25c Beets Can, 2 0c / can 14c
No. 1, Eagle. Booths. Wayne. Strawberries ......... .«*. 24c
SPREADIT 2 lbs., 49c
BREAD’S BEST SPREAD
CANNED VEGETABLES CLEANSERS
Com 2 cans, 25c Mixed Vegetables. 10c Bon Ami, powder. ... . . .10c Clean Easy If) mb** sc-
Maryland Peas—Marcella 18c Cake 9c Star Soon "in u 2*
Com 2 cans, 39c Kingfisher 12V z c Dutch Cleanser ... .2 for 15c K I X C ,* 47C
Maine—Honey Drop Cordova 12c Spotless Cleanser. . . 2 for 9c . _ oap. . . .10 cakes, 44c
Corn, Pumpkin Can, 12 l z c Red Seal Lye 11c tvory Soap, large ..12c
Golden Bantam... Can, 20c Spinach Can, 16c Sapolio w 9c Ivory Soap, small. .- ..7 C
Com, Succotash Can, 17c Gold Dust, large 27c Kirk man’s
Country Gentleman, ,14c Tomatoes, No. 3 . .14c Gold Dust, small 4*/ 2 c Soap Powder .. Pkg., 6' c
Geese .... Pound, 32c
VERY FANCY
TURKEYS. . . lb., 45c
A fresh shipment of fancy little seven and eight pound turkeys—cheap as chickens
65c Brooms 59c FLOUR CONDIMENTS HEINZ
60c Brooms -v..*. . . .53c Gold Medal 5 lbs., 30c Blue Label .» or
35r Gold Medal 121b5.,65c Ketchup, small 15c «"«"•••• * '<”* 25c
39c ts rooms JSc Go/</ Medal .. 24 lbs., SIJ2S Ketchup, large 23c Beans, medium 2 for 25c
DAAJf'Alsrc „ Ritter’s Pickles .Jar, 22c
PANCAKES Small 10c Sweet Mixed
Fig Bars .Lb., 12Y z c Ballard’s .....14c Large -. . 17c Sour Spiced
Ih 10r- PHl*bury j. . . 13c French Mustard ......... lOc Sour Mixed
Ginger 5nap5.......Lb., 10c Alfn t jemima. . 13c L. P. Sauce, small 26c Chow Chow
Jello . 2 pkgs., 19c Virginia Sweet 8c Tobasco 32c Sweet Mustard
COFFEE ... 3 lbs., sl.lO
.. , FOLKS TELL US MANY. COFFEES OVER 50c ARE NOT. NEAR SO GOOD
5

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