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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 05, 1925, Image 6

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6
tCHE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition.
•*—
WASHINGTON, D. C.
ItONDAY. ..».»* .January 5, 1925
SHEODORE W. NOYES Editor
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e=: ; .
Why an Economic Conference ?
Without questioning the good inten
tions which animate Senate Borah in
his proposal for an international eco
nomic and disarmament conference, it
may be possible without offending to
inquire as to what the distinguished
chairman of the foreign relations com
mittee Would expect to he accom
plished by such a gathering, and how.
Altruistic impulses always are to be
commended, and if wishing could
make the world prosperious and happy
misery would vanish overnight. But
the American people have so often
seen it demonstrated that the world’s
notion of altruism is to let America
pav that they have become disposed
to ask for specifications when some
one comes along with a new project
for correcting all the evils that came
In the wake of war.
In the first place, Why an eco
nomic conference? Economics and
armaments are not twin questions.
U hey are, in fact, only remotely re
lated. Ts economics governed arma
ments Europe would not be armed to
day. And the United States might
well be armed to the teeth. Politics
is the twin of armaments, and any
conference which brought about dis
armament in Europe would have to
be a political conference. The Wash
ington conference which brought
about limitation of naval armaments
was a political conference, pure and
simple, and the engagements entered
into by it which made limitation of
armaments possible were political en
gagements. The economic benefits
which flowed from it were incidental
by-products.
Is Senator Borah willing the United
States should enter into political en
gagements with the European powers,
Germany and Russia, as well as our
associates in the late war, which
would be of consequence sufficient to
induce France and Poland and the
little entente to disband their armies?
Would he vote to- ratify such engage
ments if they were submitted to the
Senate? If so, he has changed his
views since Woodrow Wilson brought
back from Paris the proposal that the
, United States should go joint guar
antor with England for the security
of France.
And if the United States is not pre
pared to enter into such political en
gagements, what would vve have to
offer when we took our place the
conference table and proposed that
the European nations disband their
armies? Good advice, perhaps; but we
have deluged Europe with good ad
vice, and thereby have succeeded
chiefly' in getting ourselves heartily
disliked.
There ts; in fact, just one substan
tial thing we could take into such a
conference for the purpose of trading,
and if we refused to take that one
thing in with us and to trade with it
Europe would have a hard time under
standing why we rime at all. Refer
ence is had to the debts owed this
Government by the governments of
Europe. In an advance announcement
of Senator Borah’s intention to pro
pose such a conference is to be read:
"Proponents of an international eco
nomic and disarmament conference
are inclined to regard the war debts
as a particularly strong lever to bring
about agreements for the reduction
of armaments."
There are just two ways the war
debts could be used to bring about re
duction of armaments, by coercion
through threats or by' purchase
through cancellation. It is hardly'
conceivable that Senator Borah in
tends we should go into a conference
with a threat of drastic collection
methods if Europe did not disarm.
Therefore, he must intend that we
should purchase disarmament by debt
concessions, cancellation, reduction or
otherwise. If that is his program it is
as unstable as the -stuff of dreams. No
European nation has one soldier un
der arms today because it owes money
to the United States. Not one of the
••perils" which keep Europe armed
would be removed if every cent of the
$12,000,000,000-debt to America was
wiped out. The American debt has
not caused any nation to arm, and It
has not prevented any nations from
arming, even those which profess in
ability to pay one penpy. on their
debts. The debt owed America has no
relationship to armaments in Europe.
If this is all Senator Borah has to
offer, the only result of his conference
proposal will be to embarrass his Gov
ernment in its efforts to have the
European debt funded and to impede
more practical ways of-bringing about
« reduction of European armaments.
National Tree Plantation.
The American Association for the
JAdvancement of Science takes its
stand for a national arboretum at
"Washington and approves the Mount
Hamilton tract as the site for the
great tree garden. There came be
fore the association from one of its
sections, through the executive oom
' jnittee, a resolution for the creation
Jiere of a, national arboretum* It was
explained to the botanical section of
the association's convention that a
body of botanists named to choose a
site for an arboretum had favored
the Mount Hamilton tract and that
the matter had been presented to
Congress in 1920. Bills for the cre
ation of the arboretum failed at the
last session of Congress. The resolu
tion as adopted by the botanical sec
tion has been approved by the asso
ciation and sets forth that the pro
posed arboretum “will be of great
value to botanical science, to economic
interests and to the general public,’
and also sots forth the reasons why
the arboretum would be of value. The
association says that “Washington is
ideally' located for a national ar
boretum; in a moderate climate,
whore an unusually large number of
Northern and Southern plants may be
grown together.”
The argument of the scientists will
probably ’have weight with Congress.
The scientists have hit upon the
Mount Hamilton tract because of its
size and its variety of soil and sit
uations for a tree plantation. It w’ill
also adjoin the Eastern Branch Park
when it is created and will be part
of a large park sy'stem. Another rea
son is that only a small section of this
land has been built on. and the prop
erty' may be bought at low cost.
Tammany Facing Another Fight.
Tammany' Hall is to face another
fight next Fall in its attempt to elect
the mayor of the city'. Tammany has
fought many a battle In mayoralty
campaigns and only occasionally lost,
through the fusion of opposing polit
ical elements in the greater city. But
the defeats have been temporary; a
mere frost-biting of the tops, with the
roots unharmed and firmly imbedded
in the political soil. Proposed anti-
Tammany plans contemplate going
after the roots.
Charles D. Hilles,' Republican na
tional committeeman for New York,
is the proponent of a plan which con
templates attacking Tammany', not
alone by fusion methods, but, as sug
gested by Mr. Hilles, by an “infusion.”
He says the Republican party in New
York should cultivate the body of
high-minded citizens, not necessarily
affiliated with it nationally, but anx
ious for good municipal government.
In a statement issued last Saturday
Mr. Hilles deprecated the kind of fu
sion “made up in part of a number
of mushroom organizations, some of
which are under the aegis of Tam
many Hall, set up in other cases for
the sole purpose of getting office for
some of their members.”
Mr. Hilles advises that the Repub
licans should organize immediately
and begin a campaign of education
to impress upon the people the “in
efficiency and dishonesty so charac
teristic of Tammany’s record and to
keep before the public the hypocrisy',
waste and stupidity of the Hylan ad
ministration.”
He points out that this cannot be
done in a day', nor can it be done
effectively in the heat of the cam
paign. He counsels the nomination of
a ticket of such caliber as will make
a general appeal, not alone to busi
ness interests, which regard efficiency
and economy as of paramount impor
tance, but also to those who
desire above all things an adminis
tration pledged to devote attention to
the humanities and to the making of
the life of the average city dweller
healthier, safer and happier. Mr.
Hilles concedes the magnitude of the
task ahead. He likens Tammany to
a great army, with trained officers and
zealous enlisted men subject to daily
training in discipline.
If Mr. Hilles can raise an opposing
army betimes, he and his forces may
render the greater city a vast service
and,also put a crimp into an organi
zation charged with having a baleful
influence in national politics.
The favorable business outlook so
confidently announced for the U. S. A.
indicates no condition in which the
world at large cannot share if plain
common sense can prevail to ef
fect organizations and readjustments
contemplating an abandonment of
grudges and a practical participation
in commercial enterprise and intellec
tual interchange.
Personal conference with repre
sentative scientists is now sought by
William Jennings Bryan. The monkey
and-parrot time at Madison Square
Garden may have convinced him that
this evolution theory is worth looking
into.
Among nations, as well as individ
uals, matters are regarded as pro
gressing favorably so long as it is
possible to mention a long-standing
debt without risking a show of ill
feeling.
Radio and the Theater.
Certain theatrical people are report
ed to be disturbed by recent events in
radio. About three weeks ago one of
the phonograph and phonograph rec
ord making companies put “on the
air” a concert by several of their “re
cording artists,” among them being
Florence Easton and Mario Chamlee
of the Metropolitan Opera. The affair
was such a success that the recording
company will radio a weekly concert.
Thursday night another, and perhaps
the largest of the phonograph and rec
ord companies, put on a concert by
two singers of renown, John McCor
mack and Lucrezia Bori. The concert
was radioed by so many stations that
it was receivable by every crystal set
owner in the Eastern half of the
United States, and, of course, by all
tube-set owners. It is estimated that
six or eight million people heard the
singers. Without doubt it was the
largest concert audience the world has
known.
The transmission of this concert
caused one of the important theatrical
producers to say: "Radio constitutes
the greatest menace that the theater
has ever faced.” The theater of the
spoken drama faces a “menace” in
the moving picture. The moving pic
ture is reasonable in price, and pic
tures and titles often tell a great
dramatic Btory in a dramatic way.
The radio “menace** will increase. The
THE EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON, D. 0., MONDAY, JANUARY 5, 1925.
users of radio will multiply, and more
and more will they expect nearly per
fection in their sets. Radio is to be
come one. of the great educational
agencies. Already it is giving short
lecture courses to more people than
half a dozen big universities can reach
in the traditional way. Already plays
are sent through the air. One of the
radio theater companies, the General
Electric Players, at Schenectady, per
forms regularly, and when one of the
local broadcasting stations' relays a
play- the “radio audience” is large.
The results are good. Every word
spoken by the actors is heard, and the
plot and situations are easily followed.
It is not possible that radio and mo
tion pictures will destroy the “the
ater,” but it will probably reduce the
number of theaters and actors. The
spoken plays will be those that are
really worthy paying a fair price to
see, and the actors will be those who
haye sufficient understanding of the
dramatic art to speak their lines so
that people will not have to guess at
what they- are talking about. Motion
picture and radio competition will he
good for dramatic art and for actors
of talent.
Motors by the Million.
The automobile industry is now cele
brating its silver jubilee. In 1924, a
quarter of a century- from the begin
ning of motor car use in this country,
there were registered in the United
States 17,700,179 motor cars, which
was an increase of 2,000,000 cars, or
16.28 per cent, over the total number
registered during 1923.
Such a development means that
traffic control presents the most seri
ous problem that is faced by the
municipal and State authorities. It
means that in a very few years the
mere matter of moving traffic will be
one of the greatest difficulty-. In eight
and a half years at this rate the num
ber of cars in the United States will
have doubled.
One of the most difficult aspects of
this question is that of the parking
and storage of cars. In the cities car
storage has become so grave a prob
lem that motor manufacturers are
fearing the loss of a considerable mar
ket for machines. Yet the/total con
tinues to mount. In cities where a
large percentage of the people live in
apartments individual garages cannot
be had for perhaps as many as half of
the motor cars in use. In Washing
ton this condition prevails to some ex
tent, and many of the motor cars are
left at night in the streets at the
mercy of the elements and in danger
of being stolen.
In New York parking is absolutely
prohibited during the business hours.
This militates against the value of
motor cars for individual transport.
Washington has no such rule, but im
poses certain time limits, which are
not effective.
It is impossible to foresee the future
in respect to a utility of such wide
use and such rapid increase. Present
efforts to cure the traffic evils in
Washington may- result in effective
laws and means of enforcement. But
in the framing of such laws and the
provision of such means thought must
be had for the high rate of increase in
motor use.
This silver jubilee year of the motor
industry has its causes of question as
well as gratification.
Preparations for the presidential in
auguration have had the advantage of
a fine opportunity for rehearsal in
handling a heavy- snowfall.
Dong jail sentences for all reckless
motorists might create a new phase
of the housing problem.
SHOOTING STARS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Sight and Hearing.
It is a saying, far from new
We’ve heard from day- to day,
The less a feller has to do,
The more he has to say-.
You cannot judge a man by sound
As surely as by sight.
The person who just stands around
May holler day and night.
And yet with usefulness so small
When measurement you try,
There’s nothing visible at all
Unto the naked ey-e.
So let loquacity be gay.
The silent friend is true.
The more a feller has to say,
The less he finds to do.
Political Harmony.
“Statesmen no longer wear beards.”
“We defer to feminine standards,”
answered Senator Sorghum. “Most of
us haven’t enough hair to be worth
bobbing, and the least we can do is to
keep our whiskers cut.”
Who?
When we are through with war so
rough
And bills through billions range,
Who shall be generous enough
To murmur, “Keep the change?”
Jud Tunkins says he’s sorry he
made fun of the neckties his wife
bought. Last Christmas she took him
seriously and didn’t give him any.
Advantage.
I'd like to be one of the artists
To whom I have listened with glee—
But I'd rather be one of the public
And have ’em all working for me.
Polite Pretext.
“How did daylight-saving work out
in Crimson Gulch?”
“We kind o’ thought it was a good
thing,” answered Cactus Joe; “the
time o’ day was somethin’ fur the
boys to fight over without castin* no
reflections on one another’s char
acter.”
Ancient Sources.
“Where did the plot of that new
play come from?”
"I don’t know where they got the
plot,” said Miss Cayenne, "but I have
it on good authority that the dialogue
originated on one of the early canal
boats.”
“Os course, de world is gittin’ bet
ter,” said Uncle Eben; “but in all my
days I never knew a time when dar
was so many things a man could git
arrested for.”
THIS AND THAT
BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
Be yourself.
This is one of life's hardest lessons
—placed seventh in our list of 10 —a
lesson that all too few even realize
exists.
There can be no personal consider
ation of a matter until one realizes
that tile problem is an actual prob
lem. Theory Is one thing, practice
another, personal application another.
I‘Yes, that is good advice, to be
one's self.” yau say, reading here,
probably sublimely unmindful of the
fact that the shoe fits you. It fits
me, it fits most of your friends and
acquaintances, but that it really fits
you—well, that is another thing!
Yet it does fit you,- even a.s it fits
me. Most of us fail to be ourselves
a great deal of the time.
We are never ourself when we
think one thing and say another.
We are not ourself when we do
something that we do not want to
do.
We are not ourself when we say
one thing and do something else.
We are not ourself if we sit
through a symphony concert when
we crave jazz.
We are not ourself when we drag
out to dances and shows, all the
time wishing we were home with a
godd book.
Conversely, we are not ourself if
we stay in the big chair with a book,
no matter how good It is, if our soul
wants bright lights and the up-tiddv
up-tiddy of the saxophone and the
bass horn. •
No, we are not our own self if we
allow others to talk us into actions
against the inner self, that colorful
personality which, for right or
wrong, is the best we have to offer
to the world and to ourself.
4= * 4= *
After all, is not that the gist of the
matter?
It is what I have to offer myself
that counts In the long run. And what
counts in the long run is what really
counts.
If I feel ashamed of myself at any
time I am terribly ashamed. Indeed.
This is not like that shame felt when
the bum soprano comes onto the
stage.
Tou feel a guilty something spread
over your entire being as the lady
opens her rather large mouth and lets
out a few blasts.
She cannot sing. That is the simple
fact of the matter. You know It;
every one else in the audience knows
it; her friends know it; her enemies
are painfully- aware of it.
The world seems to know it. with
one exception. That one large excep
tion continues to emit awful sounds
at accurately spaced intervals. When
the music calls for a sustained note —
which is about every other bar—her
voice quivers in that tremulo known
to the art and science of singing as
“vibrate."
Some of the most noted music
critics have dubbed this spasm of the
epiglottis "the vicious vibrato." It
is worse than vicious, if that were
possible, it is criminally- negligent.
You feel terribly- ashamed for the
lady. You particularly fear that final
high C which experience tells you the
singer surely will-attempt to reach.
They always do!
Sure enough, here she goes—
whe-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-and-the-o-00-o-o-o-
--o-o-o-o-oo! She slips and slides on
the note, her \-oice doing everything
from a handspring to a Jack Demp
sey shift.
You feel terribly- ashamed, and so
does every one else. All cover their
shame with tremendous applause,
while the innocent cause of it all
accepts the plaudits with great smiles
of triumph.
Most men and women are pretty
decent, after all!
Editors View With Suspicion
Mussolini’s Proposed Election
Benito Mussolini, premier of Italy
and man of surprises, has sprung a
new surprise. From a virtual dic
tatorship gained by revolution he
suddenly arises in the Italian House
of Deputies and proposes to revise
the election statutes and seek popu
lar opinion at the polls under vir
tually the old election laws of his
nation. In making this move, many
American editors believe, he has dis
armed his opposition of its strong
est weapon against him. The press
of this country, like the people of
Mussolini's own country, are wonder
ing what the motive is and what the
outcome will be. '
“It Is now a little over two years
since the Fascisti seized control of
government In Italy,” observes the
Baltimore Sun, "and during this
period it has been impossible to as
certain what the Italian people
themselves think of the o\-erthrow of
constitutional rule.” Tho elections
last May were no index, the Sun
holds, because of Mussolini’s manipu
lation of the election laws through
his hand-picked deputies. “Since
those elections,” the Sun adds, “have
occurred the murder of Deputy
Matteotti, the exiling of ex-Premier
Nitti- and a number of other inci
dents which indicate a growing
undercurrent of unrest. So serious
hatJ this become that it is said Mus
solini no longer dares to exercise
censorship powers for fear of launch
ing an organized revolt. This free
dom of the opposition to express
opinions, coupled with the fact that
in the election scheduled for- next
March each constituency will return
its winning candidate, indicates that
a real test of the popularity of
Fascism is now coming.”
4= * * *
“The abstention of the opposition
parties from Parliament weakened its
representative character,” in the
opinion of the New York Herald-
Tribune, “the bitter attacks of the
opposition press seemed to have
shaken the premier’s position, and
what he himself characterizes as ‘the
stupid and idiotic violences’ of his
own supporters was undoubtedly
bringing him into an impasse. The
transition from the dictatorship was
being ruined for a very obvious
political purpose. Mussolini has ap
parently decided to checkmate his
enemies by going the whole way.”
While the Providence Tribune thinks:
“Mussolini is taking a big chance.
Either he will prove that even on the
basis of democratic principles, which
he despises, he has the confidence of
the Italian people, or Fascismo will
pass out of existence as a powerful
political force.”
“There may be many mutterings
against the Fascisti today,” in the
opinion of the Boston Transcript,
“but if Mussolini should be forced
out of office, the call for his leader
ship is likely- to be soon renewed.
Tho great contributions of states
manship which Mussolini has made
will come to be assessed at their true
value, if the Parliament ever again
becomes a mere wrangling house for
small factionists. Let a new govern
ment come in with a weak fiscal
policy, let the budget and the bonds
of the consolidated loan go crashing,
let the lira begin a new process of
depreciation, and quickly enough the
Italian people will be heard clamor
ing for a restoration •of good fiscal
government. Blessings are most be
loved when they are lost.”
** * *
According to the Cleveland Plain
Dealer: "The Facclst plan was sup
posed to assure the Fascists a perma
nent majority, but Mussolini finds a
permanent majority somewhat awk
ward as long as the minority declines
to take any part in the affairs of gov
ernment. He hopes by., .restoring the
No. this is not the shame experi
enced when one is untrue to him
self.
Even the most careless person has
had times when he realized, if only
lor a moment, that he was being un
true to the best in him, and so has
experienced that personal sense of
shame which comes when he is run
ning counter to that colorful inner
personality which is the best he has
to offer both himself and the world.
It may be only for a second that
this light from the dim beyond il
lumines the dark recesses of his being,
but its flare, brief though it may be,
shows him for once just what he
stands for, and what he stands
against.
* * * 4=
A man has to be at least 30 years
oldi before he comes to tills realiza
tion. Younger men may think they
understand, and perhaps a few of
them do, but it is a safe estimate
that one must be of the age men
tioned before he can begin to get
hep to himself in this matter of being
true to himself.
This is such a complicated world,
with such a mass of detail and al
most inextricable interwoven social
relations, especially in our modern
civilization, that almost every man
finds himself now and then making a
monkey out of himself simply be
cause some one else is thus revert
ing to type.
If a man is a big, bluff fellow, he
ought not condescend to drink tea
simply because a friend of his drinks
tea.
He ought to stick to what he likes
to drink.
Here again we can go to our ani
mal friends with real profit to our
selves. Think how we visit friends
and manfully consume oysters,
which we loathe, simply- because the
good hostess has placed them be
fore us!
Put an oyster In front of a cow.
Bossy- will turn her nose up at it.
You see, the cow is true to herself.
Set a saucer of orange juice before
a cat. See how much of it the feline
laps up. The cat simply remains
itself.
An animal is placidly and eternally
itself. It does not read a certain
book because Its friends read it and
pronounce it good, nor does It yield
to the bullying phrase that “Not to
have read So-and-so is not to be well
read.”
* * 4= 4=
Yi'p have become so standardized,
as Sinclair Lewis pointed out. that
wo live like sheep. We buy houses in
flocks, go to the same shows in herds,
wear the same sort of clothes in
groups and probably will float to
heaven on airplanes cut exactly alike.'
In these externals, of course, it
does not make so much difference.
That is where those readers made a
mistake who took “Babbitt” too seri
ously-. Basically, George F. Babbitt
was a pretty decent chap.
I met him the other day- on F
street and we greeted each other
with mutual admiration.
It is the internals of the situation
that count. It is standardization
applied to the mind and soul that
irons all the pleasing wrinkles out
of a man and smoothes him down
like a piece of starched linen, so
that 10 men met together are only
10 samples of 1 instead of 10 dif
ferent men with 10 different minds.
A man ought to be himself if the
heavens fall because of his temerity-.
Look back over history, over life as
we live it today, and you will find
that those who amount to something,
all those colorful personalities that
we read and talk about, are what
they- are because they have dared to
be themselves.
old constitutional method of voting
to coax the minority- parties if not
into co-operation at least into partic
ipation.” The proposed new bill, in
the opinion of the Pittsburgh Ga
zette-Times, “would apparently give
the people more freedom in choosing
their legislators. But it is believed
that in case they ‘misuse’ their free
dom to the disadvantage of Fascis
mo’s position in absolute control of
the government, Mussolini will over
rule the decision.”
“This referendum,” declares the
Louisville Courier-Journal, "may ap
peal to the public and increase Mus
solini’s popularity. It may mean the
end of Mussolini. Nevertheless, its
dramatic suddenness was typical of
the man and perhaps the only remedy
for the parlimentary- tangle in which
Italy has found itself following the
growing opposition to Mussolini and
his followers.” The evident aim of
Mussolini, thinks the Muskegon
Chronicle, "is gradually to re-estab
lish the reign of law and order that
he has had to shatter as he advanced
to power, and the difficulty that even
a man of his dynamic force finds
in undoing a thing that he once con
jured, only Illustrates again what a
demon is lawlessness when once It is
loosed.”
* * 4: *
"It was but natural.” declares the
Waterloo Tribune, “that rulers—die*
tators, in fact—would split up into
factions. Ruthless in their dealings
with the Communists, they become
ruthless in their dealings with dis
senters in their own ranks. They are
said to have murdered one deputy
who became unruly-. This deputy had
his friends and supporters. There Is
a clamor, now for an end to the dic
tatorship and return to representa
tive leadership, and so strong is this
demand and so broken is the Musso
lini party that the dictator himself
is for return to ‘rule of the people.’ ”
The San Antonio Express, however,
believes “Mussolini obviously con
siders that the Fascist organization
could vanquish its foes in a general
election or he would not have Intro
duced a bill radically modifying the
election law.”
In the opinion of the Portland
(Mnine) Express: “Mussolini has been
Italy's savior.” It declares: “He
saved it from toppling over into the
maelstrom of bolshevism. He sub
stituted a strong government-for one
that was weak and futile.”
Feeding the Brutes.
From the Birmingham Age-HeraM.
It is said that the White House
breakfasts are having a soothing ef
fect upon many Congressmen. The
woman of yore demonstrated that she
knew something of man’s tempera
ment when she advised: “Feed the
brute.”
Not to Be Overlooked.
From the Red Wing Eagle.
Coolidge never split any rails to
speak of back In Vermont, but he did
swing a mean sap-bucket. The im
portance of this fact at the opening
of the buckwheat cake season cannot
be discounted.
Latest Higli-Brow in Favor.
From the Philadelphia Public Ledger.
He who was once derided as a walk
ing dictionary Is now consulting en
gineer to the cross-word puzzler.
For Speed Limit Only.
From the Los Angelw Time*.
They do not need parking restric
tions on tho road to^la,
VITAL THEMES
The President's Oil
Commission.
BY IDA M. TARBELL,
Historian of the Standard OH Co.
President Coolldge probably was
listening to his wise Secretary of
Commerce when he appointed a cab
inet commission to consider oil con
servation. For a good many months
now Mr. Hoover has been worrying
over the multiplying and growing
drains on the national petroleum
supply.
Some .two years ago he called a
conference of oil men, urging them
to economize at home and extension
into foreign fields.
Old oil men—those who started in
the 60s or 70s and are still wild
catting in California, Texas and
Mexico laughed at Mr. Hoover.
They have been hearing at intervals
all their producing lives these cries
of approaching exhaustion and they
quote Nature’s answer to every
alarm. Their figures are startling.
In 1900, they will tell you, we were
producing, in round figures, 64,000,000
barrels of oil; 10 years later produc
tion had risen to 210,000,000; five
years later, 1915, to 302,000,000 bar
rels; in 1920 to 443,000,000, and now
it is over 700,000.000 barrels. Why
worry with such a record? There is
always more where this came from.
Mr. Coolidge’s commission will face
one difficulty at the start, and that
Is the instinctive hostility of much
of the oil trade. For over 50 years
a powerful group in the Industry has
fought every attempt to curb its
recklessness, to force it to better
service of the public. The oil gam
blers have been on the side of this
leadership; so have most of the oil
trade journals. *To read them one
might suppose that the Government
was the malicious enemy of the In
dustry! This element can now be
depended upon to do what it can
to hamper Mr. Coolidge’s commission,
but the day is past when it is all
powerful. There is an altogether
modern spirit growing up in the oil
world enlightened, sensing that if
the industry is to be stabilized they
must aid, not hinder, attempts of the
Government to. find out whaj regu
lation is wise and what unwise.
There is even an element in the
oil trade today that goes so far as
to talk out loud of regulation in the
industry's inner sanctum the Na
tional Petroleum Institute. The most
stirring feature of recent meetings of
this fine organization has been an
attempt to persuade the industry to
a far larger degree of regulation
than Mr. Coolidge's commission will
probably dare to advise. And the
institute listened, and a good number
of its members applauded!
Tlie suggestion came from Henry
U iJoherty, one of the big men
in oll„ He proposed that henceforth
the petroleum world pledge itself to
do no drilling except by State permit
and that it seek and adopt a plan
of development which will result in
a true community interest.
To be sure, the old leaders have
so far successfully sidetracked Mr.
Doherty’s proposal, but the member
ship has shown its interest by cheer
ing the idea of its open discussion.
It is pretty certain that it will not
be long, if Mr. Doherty sticks to his
guns, as he has the reputation of
doing, before we will have the Na
tional Petroleum Institute openly
considering how so to harness oil
as to produce according to needs,
prevent waste and serve not only
the individual company but the whole
community.
(Copyright, 1924.)
Diplomacy as a Career.
The death of Edward Bell, Ameri
can charge d'affaires at Peking, has
evoked widespread expressions of
tribute. They are well deserved. Mr.
Bell’s career gave peculiar proof of
the value of continuous and compre
hensive experience in the Nationa’s
professional diplomatic corps. After
serving in Egypt, in Persia and in
Cuba, Mr. Bell was a secretary dur
ing six successive years, including the
whole war period, in that most inten
sive training field of diplomacy, the
embassy at bomion. In Tokio he was
counselor, and charge as well, be
fore undertaking the same posts at
Peking. The concentration and con
tinuity of his work in the Far East,
combined with his fine native ability,
made it possible for him to take
over the full responsibility of these
missions during the Ambassador’s
absence, and to discharge that re
sponsibility with entire excellence and
aplomb.
That is the type of competence
whffch this Nation’s foreign service
most urgently requires. Since the
chiefs of American missions abroad
come and go with each change of the
administration at home, it is vital
that at each embassy and legation
there should be members of the per
manent diplomatic corps deeply
versed in the affairs and practice of
the mission concerned, and able to
serve the chief with expert advice
at every critical turn. More young
men in the American foreign service
should be given the advantage of
specialized training which Edward
Bell had. Thanks to the new law
governing the diplomatic corps, more
young men are likely to benefit by
Just such an opportunity. The youth
of today, who decides to devote him
self to the Nation’s foreign service,
has at least the assurance that his
country will pay him a living wage
for his work as secretary, and that
his tenure wil be permanent. He
may reasonably expect that the De
partment of State will so plan his
assignments as to provide him not a
scattered and unrelated experience,
but an assured field of special com
petence, permitting him to attain, if
his character and capacity are equal
to the attainment, a place of dis
tinguished importance in the diplo
matic world.—Boston Transcript.
A Plea for Chlorine
Gas Treatment
To the Editor of The Star;
I noticed in a recent Star a state
ment from one of the scientists, now
holding their convention, that the gas
treatment had little or no real qual
ities for the cure of colds. I would
not, of course, dispute such a distin
guished authority, but here are the
facts in my own case:
Last May I had a cold which had
become really serious. My cough was
so bad that I could not sleep. Night
after night I coughed the entire night.
I was treated by a first-class special
ist, but my throat continued so in
flamed from constant coughing that
the treatment did not seem to do any
good. My specialist doctor suggested
that I try the gas treatment. I took
three treatments and the effect upon
me was wonderful. My cold entirely
disappeared, and my throat was so
much improved upon the elimination
of the cold that I was in a compara
tively short time relieved from my
throat trouble. I did not see my phy
sician any more, but used the sprays
he had given me for my throat, which
seemed to become effective after the
cold was removed. During the last
month I have taken the gas treat
ment for another cold, and It did me
lots of good, though, unfortunately, I
developed a new cold afterward, ow
ing to the frequent changes in the
weather, and have not been able to
take the gas treatment again. There
is no doubt that the gas certainly
was wonderful la my cold.
J.K.IL NORTON,
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. HASKIM
Q. What year was it that the rail
road across the Mall and the Sixth s
Street station were abandoned?—-W. f
H. D.
A. The first train was operated in f
Union station on October 23, 1907. at t
which time the Sixth Street station c
ceased operation. This station was c
torn down a year later.
Q. With what material is the Capi- t
tol in Washington built?—R. W. A.
A. The center part is of sandstone, t
painted white. The wings are mar- r
ble. The dome is of cast-iron coated i
with copper, and painted white. t
Q. How was the name "New Or- t
leans” selected for one of the airships j
making the recent trip around the ;
world?—J. M. F. i
A. Maj. Gen. Mason M. Patrick per- (
sonally selected the names of the ;
planes which made the round-the- (
world flight from a representative t
city of each section of the country, j
New Orleans was picked as a city of ,
the South; Boston, of the East; Chi
cago, Middle West; Seattle, West.
Q. What is the name of*the disease
which causes the feet to grow to
enormous proportions?—W. L. B. t
A. It is known as acromegaly. !
Q. When is the bridge between
Buffalo and Fort Erie to be built?—
W. S. P.
A. The proposed bridge between
Buffalo and Fort Erie is still under
consideration by the War Depart
ment. Both Canadian and congres
sional authority have been obtained.
Q. How much food must be car- j
ried for dogs that pull sleds in the
Far North?—H. M. F.
A. Each dog will eat two pounds
of food per day. A team of 15 dogs,
pulling a load of from 1,000 to 1,500
pounds, will eat the equivalent of its
load in from 35 to 50 days.
Q. Is it true that a person dream
ing of falling from a great height
will die from the shock if he does
not waken before he hits the ground
in his dream fall?—S. I. D.
A. Physicians say that such an
idea is ridiculous, although this is
not susceptible of absolute proof, for
If any man has ever died from the
shock of landing at the bottom of a
dream fall he has never had a chance
to tell the world about it.
Q. What is a copyright, and what
the earliest instance thereof?—O. M.
A. Copyright is a right given by
law for a limited number of years (in
the United States 28 years from the
date of first publication) to the author
or originator of an intellectual pro
duction, or to his assignee. It is in
tended to secure to him the exclu
sive right to his writing or other
production, and to make reproduc
tions thereof. According to Justin
ian, a law was passed securing to the
scribes by whom books were writ
ten the property in the materials
used; and in this way, perhaps, he
traced the first germ of the modem
law of copyright.
Q. When was an effective police
system established in England?— J.
C. H.
A. Sir Robert Peel established a
system in 1829 which resulted in a
great diminishing of crime.
Q. How much did the population
of Chicago increase in the 60s?—C
N. A.
A. The population of Chicago in
1860 was 109.260 and in 1870 it had in
greased to 298,977.
Q. What is meant by an "absolute
adjective?" Is “straight'’ one?—S. McN.
A. Some equalities are incapable
of comparison because they already
are so absolutely expressed that one
cannot think of them as greater or
less. For example "round,” "square,”
unique.” Straight can be compared,
hence it is not an absolute adjective.
Q. Under what circumstances did
Verdi write “Aida?”—N. V.
A. Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Tur
key. commissioned Guiseppe Verdi to
write "Aida" for the opening of the
Cairo Opera House.
Q. How does the new republic of
Germany compare in size with Texas?
—A. C.
A. The area of the present republic
of Germany is estimated at 185,889
square miles. Texas comprises 265,896
square miles. Germany is larger than
any other State in the Union. Cali
fornia is nearest in size, having an
area of 158,297 square miles.
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE
James J. Davis, Secretary of Labor,
Is gratified on his return from South
America to find so astute a leader as
William Green wearing the mantle
of Samuel Gompers. "Green Inherits
a going concern,” says Davis. "He
takes command of the federation
when all its great periods of stress
and storm, whkh Gompers weath
ered, are behind It. Yet Green has
grown up with the labor movement
and is by no means ignorant of Its
39 years of struggle and what they
mean.” Secretary Davis predicts an
uninterrupted career of constructive
achievement for the Federation of
Labor under its new captain. He sees
a guarantee of perhaps even more
conservative leadership in the cir
cumstance that Green was one of
Gompers’ four chief associates who
opposed the indorsement of La Fol
lette by the federation.
** * *
John Coolidge, whose acquaintance
Washington society is making for
the first time, has developed into a
youngster of great charm and poise
during his first term at Amherst. He
has lost all the shyness of boyhood,
and comports himself as if he’d been
out in the great world for years.
John favors his mother in type. He
is dark, rosy-cheeked ajid affable.
The President is immeasurably proud
of the way in which John is shaping.
The other night a couple of senatorial
friends were at the White House for
"pot luck” dinner the Coolidges
often invite intimates for a meal by
telephone at short notice. The Pres
ident knew that John was on his way
to a party, and he was anxious that
his guests should have a look at the
boy. So he left the table and pres
ently tripped down the corridor leading
into the state dining room, hand in hand
with John, in a very natural and affec
tionate sort of away.
** * *
D. R. Crisßinger, governor of the
Federal Reserve Board, was asked
by a group of prominent Japanese
newspapers to cable them a message
of economic forecast for the new
year. Keeping step with the admin
istration’s desire to omit no oppor
tunity of exhibiting our friendly
spirit toward Nippon. Gov. Crisydnger
readily complied. Incidentally, he
paid a fine tribute to Japan. “The
Japanese Empire,” he said, "has again
demonstrated its financial strength
and recuperative powers by the re
markable recovery from the earth
quake disaster which inflicted so
enormous human and property loss
In 1923. Not many decades ago such
a disaster would have necessitated
drafts on economic reserves, which
would have had a depressing effect
in all financial quarters. Thanks to
the soundness of Japan's credit and
the courage of her people, this shock
has been absorbed without interfer
ing with the general movement to
ward. rehabilitation of financial sys
Q. Has the term fait accompli any
special significance in diplomatic lan
guage?—F. A. K.
A. Fait accompli, an accomplished
fact, denotes in diplomacy an event,
that has happened and must be ac
cepted or recognized as definite, how
ever disagroebale.
Q. Do they have snow in Aus-
M.
A. Snow falls in southeastern Aus
tralia during the Winter months, and
occasionally lies on the ground as far
north as Melbourne and Sydney. On
the mountains and in northeastern
Victoria and southern New South
Wales, the snowfall is very heavy.
Forests are practically buried in snow
and on the plateaus of northeastern
Victoria the- ground is sometimes cov
ered to the depth of several feet from
May to September. This also occurs
on the highlands of Tasmania, al
though there are no mountains bear
ing perpetual snoweaps in either
Australia or Tasmania.
Q. What are the minarets on Mo
hammedan mosques for?—H. R. F.
A. The minarets of Mohammedan
mosques are the towers from which
the officer whose business it is, is
sues the muezzin or call to prayer,
at which signal all true Mohammedans
face toward the East and engage in
devotion.
Q. What kind of a home Is a
“Union” in England?—J. W. P.
A. A very common term for a work
house in England is "The Union.”
Q. How did the privilege, of send
ing and receiving mail free of postage
develop?—M. T.
A. This privilege was once enjoyed
by tic- Pres di - •f t I t< . Stat<
Vice President, heads of d. partments.
Senators and Repri • a- d
other officials of th<- Government dur
ing their official terms. For a time
all former Presidents and widows of
former Presidents also had this right,
but (ft- an act of 1573 the privilege
was abolished. By later acts it was
conferred on all officers of the Gov
ernment in the case of official corn--
spondance. In 1895 members of Con
gress were allowed this privilege iu
their official correspondence.
Q. Why do Protestafits say **l be
lieve in the Holy Catholic Church.” —
C. P.
A. The Apostles Creed is a formula
which has been used as a declaration
of faith at times by practically all
Christian churches. One of tlie arti
cles enumerat* d is. "I believe iu the
Holy Catholic Church.” In this sense
the word "Catholic” is used in Its
original meaning which was the
Church Universal and referred to the
entire body of Christians.
Q. Where did the plan of laying out
city streets at right angles to each
other and at regular distances origi
nate?—D. S. N.
A. Philadelphia was the first of
modern municipalities whose plan
was prepared for a particular site,
and the rectangular plan there adopt
ed has guided city planning in Amer
ica ever since.
Q. What is meant by drinking a heel
tap?—D. W.
A. Drinking a heel tap means to
drain the glass to the bottom. A heel
tap is a shoe peg stuck in the heel
and taken out when the shoe Is
finisihed.
Q. What is a "cost plus" con
tract? —A. V. D.
A. A cost plus contract is one in
which the- contractor agrees to sell
certain things or render a stipulated
service at the actual cost of produc
tion or cost of the service, plus an
agreed percentage of that cost as his
profit.
Q. What does O. H. M. S. on a
Canadian letter mean?—E. H. W.
A. These letters, in lieu of a
stamp, mean "on his majesty's serv
ice."
(ft is certain that you puzzle daily
over questions that we can answer for
i/oi*. You are confronted by problems,
grave to you, which can be answered
easily by us. Our attention is directed
chiefy to matters of fact. In matters
legal, medical and financial we do vat
give strictly professional advice, but
even in these ice can often smoothe your
way and provide the contact you need
vrith technicians. Make a practice of
asking its what you do not know. Ad
dress The Star Information, Bureau.
Frederic J. llaskin. director, Twenty -
first and C streets northwest. Inclose 2
' cents in stamps for a direct reply.)
tems and the resumption of normal
business exchanges throughout the
world.”
** * *
There is said to be a quiet move
ment afoot in the Kentucky delega
tion to secure a presidential pardon
for Representative John Wesley
Langley, Republican, under sentence
to the Federal prison at Atlanta for
fraud. The basis of the appeal to
the White House, if made, will be
that Langley was re-elected on No
vember 4 for his tenth successive
term in Congress, and by the largest
majority ever given him. His friends
and colleagues consider that such a
"vindication” at the hands of the
people who know a man best entitles
him to expect consideration under
the circumstances in which Langley
has become involved. It is not likely
that the Kentuckian would be par
doned before serving a part of his
sentence, however brief. President
Harding laid down the policy of
withholding executive clemency from
a convicted person before the latter
had suffered some imprisonment.
Mr. Coolidge on one or two occa
sions has indicated his adhesion to
this practice.
** * *
Senator Borah's suggestions about
an international conference to deal
with ’’all creation" —a certain White
House spokesman’s description of
them—revives the criticism most com
monly leveled at the brilliant Idaho
an. It is to the effect that Borah
never quite carries a thing all the
way through. It is asserted that he
is a bold initiator, but is prone to
falter along the way that leads to
final accomplishment. Also, Borah’s
friendly commentators point out, his
gift is that of followership rather
than leadership. The Senote's ablest
speaker may break with some of
these attributed traditions in his new
role as chairman of the foreign re
lations committee. There is a hint
along that line in Borah’s article In
the January number of Scribner’s
Magazine, “The Republican Victorv—
What Shall We Do With It?” He
writes:
"In foreign affairs the most Inter
esting questions of a century are
begging for attention. I am just as
much opposed to foreign political en
tanglements or engagements as one
could well be. They seem to me not
only unwise and dangerous, but ac
tually an embarrassment, a hindrance
in the great leadership which may, if
we choose, be ours in the cause of
disarmament and peace.”
** * *
January 29, is Kansas day. It will
bo marked in Washington by the ar
rival of “The Kansas Wheat Girl,”
who is to bring a message to Presi
dent Coolidge. She is being selected
in a State-wide popularity con* eat
now being conducted by 24 of the
leading daily newspapers of the Sun
flower State.
(Copyright, lft&g

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