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(TJ. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.) Generally fair tonight and tomor row; not much change in temperature; minimum temperature tonight about 24 degrees. Temperatures: Highest, 47, at 4:30 pin. yesterday; lowest, 2G, at 5 a.m. today. Full report on page 2. Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 24 V n 9Q 470 Entered as second class matter -D* O. iu. post offl ce Washington, D. C. . POSTAL PAY VETO COMING TO VOTE IN SENATE TODAY Administration Leaders Con fident of Sufficient Sup v port to Sustain. PARTY LINES DIVIDED AS TEST IS OFFERED Debate Brings Out Personal Thrusts at President for Use of Influ ence With Senators. President Coolidge's veto of the postal pay increase bill was a direct issue today in the Senate, with admin istration leaders apparently holding sufficient strength to sustain it. A test on the question came last night, when two more than the neces sary one-third of the total vote to prevent an overriding of the veto were mustered in favor of a motion to recommit the bill to the post office committee. The motion was lost. 30 to 52. Friends of President Coolidge in- I sisted that they not only would be ! able to bold their full strength on the j vote that must come today by 4 j , o’clock, but that they would draw j some votes from those opposing the ! motion to send the bill back to the i committee. , As soon as this vote has been taken j Muscle Shoals automatically will lie- j come against the unfinished business, | and the administration measure com- I bining the pay increase with a raise i In postal rates must take its chance ! on the calendar with other general I legislation. There are free predie- ! tions that it will fail of passage at ! this session. Party Linen Split. There was a rending of Republi- ! can lines on the test vote last night, i Such leaders as Jones of Washington, 1 party whip, and Reed of Pennsyl- 1 l vania, Wadsworth of New York, and I Edge of New Jersey, refused to go I t along with the President. Only one j Democrat—Dial, South Carolina—j Joined with the 29 Republicans who i sought to prevent the veto from I coming to a straight-out test. While unusually free from acrimony I and fire, Senate debate before the test j vote was enlivened by frequent al- j lusions to the personal pressure which i J’resident Coolidge has exerted to pre- j Vent his veto from being overridden. There were references to WhHe House breakfasts at which Senators l ate “sausages and buckwheat cakes’’;! to the delicate sensibilities of the ! man in the White House, “and to i the alleged rewarding of “lame duck" j Senators with political appointments: for supporting the Chief Executive ; In matters of legislation. » Charges Inconsistency. Declaring the Executive was incon- j •istent in inviting now increases in I pay which he disapproved iast June j Senator George, Democrat, Georgia, said there was "nothing involved 'out j the delicate sensibilities of the man j In the White House, for whom I en- I tertain the most profound respect.” j Referring to the recent White i Lr House breakfasts at which groups of j Republican Senators were guests, i Senator Copeland, Democrat. New j York, said he was unable to see why 1 “any Senator, just because he has had I sausages and buckwheat cakes at the i presidential breakfast table, should j change his vote.” Senators were urged by Senator | l Johnson, Republican, California, to j vote their “independent judgment, ; veto or no veto.” Asserting that the administration 1 pay and rate increase measure had been brought forward to give Repul)- | lican Senators who supported the I I original pay bill “a soft landing | place,” Senator Norris, Republican, : Nebraska, declared that even if Sen- 1 ators’ constituents should object to ' their “flopping” on the pay raise question, they could find solace in the recollection that “there always is an I avenue of escape—the harbor which \ only ’lame duck’ statesmen may j I enter.” Chairman Sterling and Senator ; Willis of Ohio spoke in support of j the veto. The South Dakota Senator said: ”We should remember the ver- j diet of the people in which this was I a definite Issue,” and he called at- j 'lention that the pending administra- | tion measure provides salary in creases just as they were in the bill • disapproved, but meets the Presi- ; dent's objection on the economic side j by establishing rate increases to I meet the pay advances. Urge* Revenue Proposition. Senator Willis sjaid the only j sensible proposition was to pass a j measure meeting the cost of that in ■ crease. He added that he could «]iot ! subscribe to the theory advanced by 1 > Senator Edge, Republican. New j Jersey, who has charge of the vetoed j bill, that there was no relation be- j tween expenses and income in the j \ Post Office Department. Senator Edge declared, and Sena- | tors George and others agreed w'ith ■ him. that there was no possibility ; of the rate increase bill becoming a law at this session, and that if the veto were sustained, the postal em ployes would have to wait at least j until the next session of Congress I before receiving pay advances. Opening the debate today, Sen- ! s tor Walsh, Democrat, Massachusetts, ! argued the increase in salaries was j necessary to give postal employes a living wage, reciting statutes showing that increases had been given ern- Sfj jdoyes of almost every other depart- I Inient of the Government. The President's veto was assailed also from the Republican ranks when Senator Dale of Vermont declared for the bill and insisted his action was not to be considered disloyal to the Chief Executive. First defense of the veto came from ♦he Democratic ranks. Senator Dial, Democrat, urging that the bill be de feated for business reasons. Senator Dial reviewed changes in postal pay schedules in the past 20 years, asserting the present rates compared favorably with those of other Government departments. He did not agree with those who were confident the “normal increase in business will soon meet any deficit.” ;i T “Replying to Senator Dial’s ex- Y,‘ pressed hope that the Sterling bill El might become a law. Senator Ashurst. HII Democrat. Arizona, declared that meas ure to be '“a makeshift, conceived In : i cowardice.” ill Succeed McKenna MR? ikrottito r. J . I Jpr HARLAN FISKK STOKE, STONE’S SUCCESSOR TASK FOR COOLIDGE Rugg, Dietrich, Warren, Beck and Wilbur in Forefront of Those Mentioned. i j President Coolidge today for the sec- I on <l time within a year set about find j ing a new Attorney General. I Harlan F. Stone of New York, se | lected as head of the Department of ! Justice nine months ago, after the re- I tirement of Harry M. Daugherty, was | Riven appointment yesterday by the , President to the Supreme Court—con , sidered by the legal fraternity gen ! erally as the highest honor within its j reach. I The nomination of Mr. Stone was | sent to the Senate within five hours ! after the vacancy on the highest court j was created through the retirement of j Associate Justice Joseph McKenna, who i himself was appointed to the court | from the Attorney Generalship 27 years | ago by President McKinley. Coolidge Acts Quickly. j The desire of Justice McKenna to : leave the court was communicated to ! the President several weeks ago. and ! accordingly the formal announcement of his retirement was followed by quick action at the White House. The Kxecu | five evidently had discussed the matter j previously with Mr. Stone, but the final i conference was not held until yester | day afternoon. An hour later the nom i ination of Mr. Stone was sent to the Senate and was referred by that body to tis judiciary committee, in accord | ance with custom. W hile Mr. Stone will not leave the ! Department of Justice until his nom i ination is confirmed by the Senate, ! usually in such cases a matter of ; routine, thought must be given im mediately by Mr. Coolidge to the ap pointment of a successor. All indi : cations of an official nature are that i lie lias not even reached any prelim inary conclusions, but immediately ' after the appointment of Mr. Stone was announced a dozen names were : being mentioned in connection with | the office. , Those Already Mentioned. Among these were some of those mentioned at the time Mr. Coolidge j was seeking a successor to Mr. Daugherty, including Arthur P. Rugg, chief justice of the Supreme Judicial | Court of Massachusetts; Judge Frank i S. Dietrich of Idaho and Charles B. j Warren, former Ambassador to Japan and joint head of the special Ameri , can commission to Mexico. The immediate speculation also in : eluded the possibility of promotion of I James M. Beciv, now Solicitor General ! and who will become Acting Attorney General upon the retirement of Mr. Stone, and of the transfer of Curtis D. Wilbur, former chief justice of the I Supreme Court of California, from the ! secretaryship of the Navy to the De : partment ol Justice. 1 The President decided upon Mr. ! Stone in making his first appointment ■ to tite Supreme Court because of i his confidence in the Attorney Gen eral born of long acquaintance start | ing with the time when they were college mates al AiiiiUi'ai; ii.s belief that the Attorney General was emi ! r.ently fitted by education, experience I and temperament for the work of i-the Nation s highest court, and his j satisfaction with his work as At torney General in the nine months he I has been in the cabinet. Left Good Private Place. Mr. Stone entered the cabinet last i April at a time when he had just retired as dean of the Columbia Law I School and had accepted a place in a i New York law firm with the pros pect of initial earnings, according to his associates, of SIOO,OOO a year. The j office oi associate justice of the i Supreme Court pays $14,500. i The Department of Justice at the J i time Mr. Stone entered it was under ; | investigation by the Senate. It has j been partially reorganized by Mr. j Stone and the prosecuting activities jof the Government extended into a | number of lines, notably including (Continued on Page 5, Column 2.) St. Paul’s Cathedral Dome Unsafe; Structure May Have to Be Rebuilt By th<* Associated Pressr LONDON, January 6.—The great dome of St. Paul's Cathedral is declared by the city surveyor to be in such unsafe condition that the municipal authorities, accord ing to the Daily Mirror, have serv ed notice upon the official cuslo dians of the cathedral that they officially regard the dome as “a dangerous structure." The condition of the dome has been a source of anxiety for the cathedral officials for some years, owing to cracks in the supporting pillars, and large sums have been spent in grouting and other reme dial measures. While a recent report by the cathedral's experts recommended further drastic repairs, the experts suggested that absolute safety could probably only be insured by removing the dome and rebuild--. Mbmim irfof. V y J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \~S WASHINGTON, 1). C., TUESDAY, JANU\RY G, 1925—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. BRITAIN MAY URGE NEW DEBT PARLEY, O.S. TAKING PART May Present Proposal for Conference at Present Ses sion of Allied Financiers. WOULD ASK AMERICAN DELEGATE AT MEETING Question of PajTnents to U. S. Most Diflicult for Experts Gather ing in Paris. By tlie Associated Press. PARIS, January 6.—Plans for an interallied debt conference at Brus sels next March, to which the United States probably would be invited to send a delegate, are declared to have been formulated by Winston Church -111, British chancellor of the ex chequer. who is due to arrive here this evening at the head of the Brit ish delegation to the conference of allied finance ministers which opens tomorrow. Mr. Churchill, it was said, will pre sent his proposal*to the allies for a conference during private conversa tions which he will hold with other heads of delegations. He already has an appointment with M. Clementel, French minister of finance, tomorrow morning to discuss, it is understood, the general subject of debts. It is believed that the British chancellor will undoubtedly go over plans for the proposed conference at that time. ISrMiwn Starts Tomorrow. The interallied financial conference begins today, in fact. If not in form. With the official opening set for to morrow, Premier Theunls of Belgium is holding a conversation with Pre mier Herriot this afternoon, and it is understood the British chancellor of the exchequer and the French and Italian finance ministers are also to have a preliminary consultation, at which the question of interallied debts will be discussed. Optimism la Frit. As to the conference proper, while it is fully realized here that it is confronted with a highly complex task, bristling with controversial matters, optimism prevails that it will close its labors next week with a general agreement which will clear the financial atmosphere. Tlie agenda includes consideration of tlie present standing of the allies in respect to cash or goods already received from Germany: preparation of an estimate of the sums available fur distribution from the Dawes plan proceeds as well as the Ruhr receipts, and actual distribution of Germany’s payments among the allied and as sociated powers. Dispute on l', S. Claim*. The great rock In the path of tlie conference is America's insistence upon payment of her occupational army costs and damage claims against Germany out of the Dawes plan proceeds, a claim which Great Britain contests. Both sides are de claring they will not yield, but. in asmuch as the French and Belgians side with the Americans, observers think it may be difficult for the Brit ish to maintain their point. A solution, which finds most fovar, would he to fix a lump sum for the American claims and to arrange for its repayment over a long period of years so as to make as slight a drain on the reparation pool as possible. The composition of the French delegation to the conference has not yet been finally decided, but it is ex pected that Finance Minister Clem entel, as chief, will be supported by M. Seydoux, chief of the commercial section of the foreign office, and sev eral experts, including Jean V. Par mentier. Most of the other delegates and ex perts making up the 40 persons of which the conference will consist are expected to arrive during the course of the day. Thrunlii Comes First. Premier Theunis, with the Belgian delegation, was the first of the allied representatives to arrive in Paris. He was met by M. Clementel and the Bel gian ambassador. It is understood that M. Theunis will have a prelimi nary talk with members of the French delegation before the opening of the conference. Winston Churchill, British chancellor of the exchequer, who is due to arrive here at 4 o’clock this afternoon, is understood to have an appointment with M. Clementel for tomorrow morning to talk over the debt question. Premier Theunis was accompanied by former l’remier Delacroix and Ca mille Gutt, Belgian member of the reparations commission. In accordance with a decision of the Belgian cabinet, it is said that Premier Theunis’ delegation will re sist any discussion of the Belgian priority claim to 2,500,000,000 gold marks in reparations, which, contrary to the views of the reparations ex perts, the Belgians contend has not been entirely paid. Claims of Belgium. The British viewpoint is that there remains little, if anything, of that priority and that, in any event, if i Continued on Page 4, Column 1.) ing it. This, it was estimated, would cost at least £500,000, and entail closing the cathedral for 30 years. Consequently, they advised leav ing this expedient for some future generation, meanwhile expending another £150,000 In strengthening the pillars. The city’s surveyor, however, ap parently takes the view tha't dem olition is the only way and that the present hollow pillars must be replaced with solid ones before the dome is re-erected. While urging expedition in mak ing it safe, the surveyor, accord ing to the paper, does not suggest that the dome is in immediate danger of falling, but thinks such collapse Is likely within a few years unless his advice is followed, as the crushing of the pillars by the immense weight of the dome, amounting to many thousands of tons, has gone alarmingly far. . THE NEW MEMBER OF THE STATE FENCIBLES OF PHILADELPHIA. D. C, OFFICIALS FACE ! GASOLINE TAX GRILL 1 House Subcommittee to Call i Commissioners, Auditor and Collector of Taxes. i The District Commissioners, the auditor of the District and the col lector of taxes will be (frilled by the special subcommittee of the House District committee, which is investi gating: the failure of the gasoline tax to yield at least $1,000,000 for street improvements as was esti mated by the District authorities when this legislation was being con sidered by Congress. Members of the subcommittee at a hearing today expresse<l themselves as unable to understand why with the number of cars known to be ; using the streets in the National j Capital and with estimated consump- I tion of 10 gallons a week per car, why J the gasoline tax has not yielded i twice the amount that it has pro | duced. Regard Cheeks Insufficient. I The members of the subcommittee ! are not satisfied that the District offi ! clals have made as careful check as they should on returns made by the 13 ; big oil concerns wholesaling gasoline , lin the District, it was brought out i that some of these concerns have a number of retail stations and that they check their own accounts. Representative William C. Hammer of North Carolina was particularly insistent that the District authorities should check the reports of the large concerns wholesaling in the District against their source of supply. The District auditor, Daniel J. : Donovan, was expected to testify be i fore the committee today, but did not | put In an appearance. The hearing j will We resumed at the earliest pos | sible date on which the District au | rlitor and District collector of taxes j can be present. v ' Inspector Headley Huestloned. j Inspector Albert S. Headley, in l charge of traffic, was questioned on \ his previous testimony before the ! Senate committee and regarding his I estimate of the number of machines ! to operate on the streets of the j National Capital. Inspector Headley j said he believed that there are be- I tween 130,000 and 140,000. Representative Zihlman pointed « out that the tax yields a sum of I which a consumption of only 4 | gallons a week per car would yield, j He said that investigation made in | other States and among motorists i here show that an average consump | tion of 10 gallons a week is a fair j estimate per car. Mr. Zihlman em ] phasized that the taxes yielded about I $300,000 less than the Commissioners’ i estimate. He cited reports he has received ! that some of the taxicab companies i average 10 gallons per car a day. Inspector Headley said that there ! W ere about 10,000 cars parked at one I time on streets in the congested sec j tion. Oil Company Official Heard. Paul Himmefarb, president of the Penn Oil Company, which operates in the District, Virginia and Maryland, : an( j which has some filling stations, was questioned by the committee. He i | testified that his company sold be- ! tween 42.000 and 43,000 gallons of j kerosene in November to grocery ] stores and filling stations. About 20 | per cent of this was to filling stations. The most of this was used for heat- I ing purposes on account of the high I cost of fuel. He declared that no i kerosene was being used in motor en- I gines and that even if mixed with ! gasoline it would have to pay 2 cents j a gallon tax. He said his company reports to District officials and State officials of Virginia each month its sales. His company was checked up once by District officials. He estimated a eonsurrM>tion per car of 7 gallons of gasoline per week and said that instead of 10,000 cars being parked in the con gested section there were 20,000. (iasolinr Sale* Drop OR. Mr. Himmefarb said that sales of gasoline dropped off In the District about 500,000 gallons last year, due to the fact that previously gasoline had been selling 2 cents a gallon cheaper than in Maryland and 3 cents a gallon in Virginia on account of the gasoline tax in those States. Now gas oline is wholesaled 1 cent cheaper in Virginia, so that the retail price is uni form in the three States. Radio Programs—Page 20.. Warm in Day . Cold | At Night Forecast For Next 48 Hours Continued wirm weather is in prospect for Washington for the next day or so. the Weather Bu reau announced today. The nightly freezing process will recur every 24 hours to undo much of the work of the sun durng the day, however. Cast night the temperature dropped to 26 degrees, but a bright sun today heralded a rise to near ly 50. Forcaster Welghtman said. Tonight there will be another freeze, probably to the twenty fourth degree. Fair weather is the outlook to morrow and in the immediate future. COMMITTEE TOLD NEEDS OFLIBRARY Officials Present Figures Showing Washington’s Poor Standing. Needs of the Public Library were explained today to members of the i subcommittee on the District appro priation bill of the House committee on appropriations by Theodore W. Noyes, president of the board of di rectors of the library: Dr. George F. Bowerman, public librarian, and Miss Clara W. Herbert, assistant public librarian. The budget estimates for the ficsal year of 1926, totaling $251,940. were strongly defended by the library offi cials. who analyzed how this pro posed sum would be expended in building up the public library system in the National Capita* and presented salient figures showing that Wash ington's Public Library has been re ceiving much less in appropriations than the average for some 35 other comparable American cities. Mr. Noyes pointed out that the American Library Association be lieved that the public libraries should receive appropriations annually at the rate of not less than SI.OO per capita. He presented data showing that half a dozen cities appropriate more than tjpat ratio each year, Cleve land being quoted as giving $1.30 per capita for libraries. Washington Average l,o*v. Washington, on the other hand, has averaged but 55 cents per capita in pub lic library appropriations, the commit teemen were told, less than the aver age of 35 cities cited. The percentage of total appropria tions for all District activities given the local public library, it was stated was only seven-tenths of one per cent, whereas cities generally allo cate 1.2 per cent of the total for library purposes. Dr. Bowerman explained that the increased sum over the $170,588 ap propriated for the present fiscal year was necessary in order to carry on the regular w-ork of the library, pro vide for some increases in salaries of the staff provided for under reclassi fication. and especially to complete the stocking of the new Mount Pleas ant branch library, soon to be opened. For the purchase of hooks $50,000 is asked, of which half is needed for filling the shelves of the Mount Pleas ! ant branch. $4,000 for books at the j Eastern High School branch and 1 $4,000 for the colored Deanwood and I Bell School branches. The remainder is desired for other book replenishing. More l‘*e of I,lbrnry Here. The subcommittee, in response to questions, was told that Washington makes much greater use of its Pub lic Library than some other cities be cause of the large number of Govern ment employes, scientists and educa tional institutions here. Dr. Bower man presented a resolution adopted some time ago by the American Library Association and the National Educa tion Association, in which the dec laration is made that the local library system is not up to the standard of a city of this size. He emphasized that educational authorities are manifest ing considerable concern over the in adequacy of the local library, hold ing that the situation is one of na tional concern. The member's of the subcommittee who heard the pleas for the library were: Representatives Charles R. Davis, Minnesota, chairman ; Represent ative Frank Murphy, Ohio: Represent ative Frank H. Funk, Illinois, all Re publicans, and Representative William A. Ayres, Kansas, Democrat. Representative Murphy said he wu , (Continued on Pagq 1, Column V) GOMPERS’ WIDOW FIGHTSNEW WILL Charges Fraud in Seeking to Bar Document Leaving Her Only Dower. Mrs. Gertrude A. Gompers, 41-year old widow of Samuel Gompers, presi dent of the American Federation of Labor, who died recently at the age of 74, today started a contest over his estate by filing in the District Supreme Court a caveat against the probate of a will of the labor leader, dated November 8, 1924, about six weeks before his death. Mrs. Gom pers also questions the validity of i an attempted revocation by her hus band of a former will, made Septem ber 21, 1921. shortly after their mar riage. in which the wife was given the bulk of his $30,000 estate. Under the later document, the validity of which the widow also attacks, she is to have only the minimum dower pro vided by law. Mrs. Gompers charges that the at tempted revocation of the will which was in her favor and the making and publishing of a new will disinheriting her as far as possible under the law were the result of undue influence of Samuel J. Gompers, son of the labor leader, and named as executor in the proposed new will. She asserts that the new will is not the voluntary act of her late husband, but results from "fraud, coercion and undue influence of Samuel J. Gompers or some other person unknown to her.” The widow, through Attorney Julius I. Peyser, asks the court to refuse probate of the later will, to set aside the attempted revocation of the ear lier document and to admit the will of September, 1921, to probate. Jack son H. Ralston, who is named as ex ecutor of the earlier will, has left the jurisdiction, Mrs. Gompers tells the court, and for that reason she offers that document for probate in place of the executor. MINERS’ VICE PRESIDENT IS MURDERED NEAR HOME • j By the Associated Press. ’ SCRANTON. Pa.. January 6.—Sam . uel Spachia, vice president of Ewen Local Union, United Mine Workers, . was shot and killed early today near I his home in Pittston. near here. Four teen bullets penetrated his body. Five 1 men were arrested on suspicion in connection with the shooting. Whether the killing had any con nection with the strike of the mine workers of the Pennsylvania Coal Co. has not been determined. | Spachia's wife said her husband left [ home saying he intended going to a miners' meeting. So far as can be [ learned there was no meeting of miners last night. World Flyers Can Become Majors In 18 to 25 Years by Promotion Plan The proposal of the War Depart ment to advance Capt. Lowell Smith 1.000 flies on the Army pro motion list and Lieuts. Eric Nel • son. Leigh Wade and Leslie P. Ar- I nold F.OO files each, as part of the 1 Nation's reward for flying around the world, would mean that Capt. Smith would become a major in about 18 years, Lieut. Wade a ma , jor in about 20 years, Lieut. Nelson i in 25 years and Lieut. Arnold In 24 years, if the present system of Army promotion remains in effect. The foregoing conclusion is ar rived at after a study of the Army promotion list as of November 1, 1 1924. The advance in files would mean no increase in rank for any officer and no increase in pay would be carried with the ''pro motion.'' President Coolidge has let it be known he is not entirely satisfied with the War Department’s recom mendations for reward, which in clude distinguished service medals for the participants in the flight, 1 permission to accept decorations offered by foreign countries and special retirement privileges. In the Army list of November 1, the name of Lowell Smith appears in Italics under the heading "First 1 Lieutenants." His standing on the promotion list is 6,763. The Italics [ mean that he was a captain and , waa reduced under the reorganise “From Press to Home Within the Hour ” The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes . as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday’s Circulation, 99,130 British Authority Wants Showdown On French Finance By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, January 6. — France owes the world a complete statement of its financial condi tion. and the French people are deluding: themselves in not mak ing such a statement, Sir George T’aish. British financial authority • and editor of the lamdon Statist, said today upon arrival on the steamship Adriatic. "The French debt is an unset tled problem, but I wanl to see it paid,” he continued. ”1 favor an investigation to determine wheth er or not France can pay without injuring herself. There is no wis dom, however, in destroying a na tion just to make her pay. "We, the British nation, have lent money to France as have you. The two nations should come to an agreement as to what should be done.” FRENCH DEBT NOIE RAISESFjNE ISSUE Personal Character of “Feel er” Makes Question of Sum moning Committee Difficult. The administration was confronted today with the difficult and delicate problem of what to do in the matter of the French debt communication forwarded by Ambassador Herrick from Paris and admitted in official circles here as a decided departure j from more direct methods which heretofore have been employed in handling such questions. 1 The "personal and unofficial" char acter of the communication now in the hands of Secretary Mellon seems to have raised the question as to whether a formal meeting of the American Debt Commission properly should be called to formulate this Government’s policy. It was admit ted. however, at the Treasury Depart ment that the French statements were of such a nature as to require at least an informal reply. Up to noon today Chairman Mellon of the Debt Com ■ mission had issued no call for a meeting of that body. Officer* Are Gratified. Jit was clear that American officials j were gratfiied that the French had j seen their way clear to opening up j discussions, at least, concerning the j war debt to this country. The Her- | ■ rick communication, which included the personal and unofficial observa tions of Minister Clementel, generally discussing an 80-year term, mora torium of 10 years, with interest of 114 Per cent during the 10 years, was ■ understood to have added practically ’ nothing to the conversations which j for some time have been proceeding between Secretary Mellon and Am bassador Jusserand. The net result of the much-discussed memorandum, therefore, has been, according to 1 close observers, not so much any ad * vancement toward specific considera • tion of a funding agreement between ’ the two governments as a prolonga ' tion of the discussion. Reason for Discussion*. t t In fact, the opinion exists in certain ] ! quarters here that the Clementel dis- ] . cussions with Ambassador Herrick, and - his "personal and unofficial" memoran dum concerning the debt were brought 5 about largely because of the reaction > when the recent celebrated balance ? sheet of France was made public, re - vealing the fact that no provision had 1 been made therein for taking care of the debt to America. Inasmuch, however, as the new t memorandum gives definite indications 5 that the French do not intend to abro - gate their obligation to this country, i It is accepted in official quarters here as a hopeful and sincere gesture. In unofficial circles here, sympa thetic with the French point of view, it was set forth that perhaps Clem entel's government, In consideration | ; of the present economic status of j > France, the temper of the French peo ple and the pending meeting of finance ministers in Paris, did not feel justified in coming out with a flat offer of terms, which might meet with refusal in Washington. Perhaps Clementel did not want to take the risk of such a possible refusal, it v as suggested, but rather decided to put out an unofficial feeler to lay a basis for conversations, which eventually might lead to negotiations and under standing between the two powers. The question of whether France might, with any degree of hope, ex pect better terms than were accorded the British, who funded in 1922, has been raised by the mention in the Herrick memorandum of an 80-year ; > period, and the moratorium with in- ; (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) I tion act, but he would receive his captaincy back ahead of lieuten ants. Smith now is a full-fledged cap tain. he having received an extra silver bar shortly after landing in America from his trip around the world. But nevertheless his num ber still remains 6.763 in the pro motion list. Lieut. Wade ranks him by 62 files, the former’s num ber being 6.701 on the first lieuten ants' list, because Wade entered the Army a few months before Smith. Disregarding the proposed advance in files in the course of promotions, Lieut. Wade would reach his majority before Capt. Smith, and he always would main tain the 62 file lead. Advanced 1,000 files, however, Capt. Smith's promotion number would be 0,763, while the number of the ranking first lieutenant who had not been a captain and reduced is 5,547, or 216 files great er. Thus this first lieutenant would become a major before Capt. Smith by reason of his stand ing ahead due to longer service. Lieut. Wade, if the proposed re ward is enacted, would then be ranked 438 files by Smith. Lieut. Nelson's promotion num ber is 7,065 and his advancement would bring his standing on the list to 6,555, and Lieut. Arnold’s number would be changed from 6,958 to 6,458, with the increase in files. Both would be a long way ] from the top of the first lieuten- J ants' promotion list. TWO CENTS. CGOLIDGE PROPOSES BANKS AID REALTY PROBLEMLIITION With Housing Owners, They Could Give Renters Relief, Executive Holds. FAILING TO ACT, LEGAL PRESSURE HELD LIKELY Hoover Asserts $50,000,000 Public J Buildings Bill Would Ease Short age of Apartments. Reiterating his stand in favor of rent legislation of some sort for tlie District of Columbia, President Cool idge was represented at the White House today as suggesting that the best way for local real estate in terests to preclude the necessity for rent legislation in Washington is for them, with the aid of the banks, to unite in remedying the abuses of the few whose actions would make neces sary such legislation. Certain abuses have been called to the attention of the White House, and these deal with high rent result ing from the piling up of trusts on property and making the return far beyond the original investment. It was indicated today that the White House has been deluged with com plaints of this kind and they ware j responsible for the formation of the law- which has been sent to the House and Senate for consideration. Abuse* Compel Action. M hile the White-House had no gen eral criticism of the real estate men in the District of Columbia, the Presi dent was represented as believing that where abuses have occurred and the group of real estate men gener ally do not take steps to correct them, then some one must step in and ap ply a general rule for correction where the innocent will have to suffer along with the guilty. It is no more pleasant for the President to have to tell Congress of the existence of so-called rental abuses here than it is for the real estate J men to go to those who are practic j ing the matters complained of and tell them to desist, it was pointed out at the White House. It was emphasized that what the I President is trying to do is to protect i the Government employes here, especial | ly from charges for rent not warranted 1 by the investment in the property. The l President himself did not know if this could be adequately done, and for that reason summoned Chairman Whaley of the Rent Commission to the White House and directed him to prepare a bill to be sent to Congress for con sideration. It was indicated that the President does not know whether this bill will adequately meet the situation. Expect* Hearing Soon. The Chief Executive was represented as feeling that the congressional com mittees would hold hearings soon on the bill to develop evidence and make such recommendations for a law as its con clusions would warrant, j The President is understood to have recommended this particular legisla j tion with a great deal of hesitancy, j feeling that there should be greater freedom of action among the business interests without regulatory laws from the Government. However, when it is obvious that such freedom of action is being abused, as seems apparent to the White House from the preliminary review of the local situation, some one must come along and curb this freedom. The President feels, according to White House officials, that this can not be avoided, and many times it will be necessary to injure innocent per sons. The local situation is likened by the President, it is said, in this regard to the railroads when it be came necessary to legislate for them. | It is felt at the White House, it is j said, that there probably are many holders of real estate in the Capital City, especially those built for rental purposes, who have conducted their business in a legitimate way. and while such legislation may be a hard ship on them, the White House feels they will have to suffer unless they hand together and force those who .are alleged to be practicing abuses to mend their ways. Believe* Bank* Can Help. At the White House, it was pointed out, there seems to be no other rem edy at this time, in the face of the facts at hand. The Chief Executive feels, it was said, that a great deal can be done by the banks and real i estate men to correct the conditions I here if they will firmly take hold of j the matter and apply themselves to I making corrections which legislation might compel Uiem to make. The President, it was said by a White House attache, has only one desire re garding the rental situation here, namely, to find out what the abuses are and apply a real remedy. In re gard to the bill that the President sent to Congress it was indicated he feels that it may be a good one and it may not. To determine the condi tions here he is having a survey made. Result* Not Now Evident. But the President does not know at'this time just what results that would bring. It has been represented to him, it was said, that many people want to live in a particular locality and do not want to show a disposition to move into localities where the rent might be cheaper. This he is said to believe may aggravate the situation here, but he is understood to have a firm hoj>e that something may be done to remedy the evils. A declaration by Secretary Hoover today that passage by Congress of the Smoot Building bill, providing for the expenditure of $50,000,000 for | Government buildings in Washington, ! would do much to relieve the rent ! situation here and the release of a I statement by the National Associa i.tion of Real Estate Boards calling i the attention of its membership of 40,000 real estate men throughout the country to the proposed rent legisla tion pending in Congress were two other outstanding developments in Washington’s rent eontrovery. I Citlnjj the use of the departments | of Commerce, Justice, Gabor and the ! Railroad Administration of large i buildings primarily intended for | apartment use. Secretary Hoover said ! today that if Senator Smoot's $50,- j 000.000 building program were cax- I ried through as proposed the housing (Continued on Page 2, Column t.J .