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THE EVENING With Sunday Morning Edition. • WASHINGTON, D. C. THURSDAY. May 7, 1925 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company Business Office: Xlth St. end Pennejlveniai At». ! New York Office: 110 Eut 42nd St. Chicago Office: Tower Bulletin*. European Office: 16 Recent St.. London. Enrland. The Erenlnr Star, with the Sunday morn- Iny edition. Is delivered by carriers within the city at 60 cents per month: daily only, | 46 cents per month: Sunday only. 20 cent* per month. Orders may be sent by mail or telephone Main 6000. Collection ts made by carrier at the end of each month. ' Kate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. . Pally and Sunday. .. .1 yr., 98.40: l oto , 70c Daily only ... . 1 yr.. $6.00; 1 mo.. 60c Sunday only ....... 1 yr.. $2.40: 1-mo., ~oe AlTOther Stales. Daily and Sunday.. .1 yr., $10.00: 1 mo.. 86c Daily only ........ 1 yr., $7.00: .1 mo.. 60c Sunday only .1 yr.. $3.00; 1 mo., -5c Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republieation of all news til's*. F etches credited to tt or not otherwise ered fed in this paper and also the local news published herein. All rights pf publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. Cutting Costs and Taxes. A further budget cut of approxi mately $300,000,000 is the aim of the President, according to late informa tion. This, if effected, would" bring the total Government expenditures during the fiscal year 1926-7 below $3,000,000,000. It could only be ef fected, however, through a severe cur tailment of appropriations involving all branches of the Government, The process of tax reduction 19 not completed. Further lowering of the rates and lessening of the volume of revenues is contemplated. * A reduc tion of about 12 per cent is consid ered as possible. The present sugges tion of budget reduction is a little less than 10 per cent. Naturally any continuation of the budget cutting brings anxiety to the Government force here at the Capital. Ever since the close of the war the process of lowering Government costs has been In progress, with heavy cuts in the personnel. About- 50,000 per sons have been dismissed from the departments and bureaus in the six and a half years that have passed since the armistice. These department and bureau cur tailment have brought the service, however, down to about a normal con dition. The total of those at work in the Federal service at the Capital is still much higher than before the war, but it is recognized that never again will the Government work call for as small a number as in 1914. Local interest in budget reduction, therefore, is one of some concern, as well as of gratification ~in the low ering of the costs and the taxes im posed to. meet those costs."! It is of no moment to the individual who stands to lose all he has in the way of income if there is a chance that by the force-reductions effected his own income tax payments may be I reduced. The man of the woman 1 whose entire income is taken away is not helped by a lessening of the 1 tax upon his former income. The country at large looks upon 1 these budget reductions .differently. It. welcome* the lowering of the cost of government and the consequent 1 lowering of the taxes. The President. 1 in urging economy, is viewing the sit- ' uation in the broad . aspect. He 1 realizes that reduction may be car- 1 ried tod far, beyond the point of efficiency. It is his Responsibility to I effect the greatest cut m costs and : therefore in the tax burden without making any cut in the effectiveness 1 of the machinery and functions of 1 the Federal service. Hindenburg Is in no great haste to 1 proceed with manifestations of his 1 authority. A little time may be ! deemed desirable to enable the world to recover from the shock of his 1 election. Traffic Director Eldridge says there 1 are mentally irresponsible people driving motors in Washington. More work for the alienist! ■ * The Dawes Campaign. Vice President continues to ( gain recruits among the Senators , themselves in his campaign to amend ( the rules of the Senate so as to pre vent filibusters and expedite public business. In fact,.the array r on the , side of the Vice President is becoming ; formidable, with Cummins of lowa, , Butler and Gillett of Massachusetts, Capper of Kansas, Willis and Fess of Ohio, Pepper of Pennsylvania, Hale of Maine and Underwood of Alabama among those who have declared for modification of the rule regarding ' debate. When the Vice President delivered ' his first attack on the Senate rules, on Inauguration day," he was bitterly ! censured by a number of the Sena- 1 tors. Few voices were raised in his 1 support. At that time The Star ven- ! tured to predict that the sentiment In the States would back the Vice 1 President, and that this sentiment would have its influence in the Sen- ! ate Itself. 1 The Vice President apparently has : str*ck a chord to which the pepple 1 ar* responding. Many of the Senators : thanselves have chafed under the 1 prouent rules and have felt that some- * thing should he done to bring more 1 prompt action in. the Senate. At the same time a rule that proposes to ' limit debate through aotion of a ma jority would result, as one Senator ' has privately expressed it, in “clip ping the wings” of the individual Senator. For that reason the pro posed change will be resisted strongly 1 by some ipembers of the upper house. ! The present Cloture rule of the Sen- : ate, by which debate may be limited by a two-thirds vote of the Senate, was adopted March 8, 1817. after the Senate and the country had been aroused by the filibuster of a small number of Senators against the “arm ed neutrality’’ resolution, which pre vented action on that measure. The Senate prior to that time was without any cloture rule whatever. By a vote of 76 t 0.3 the two-thirds cloture rule was adopted, with 16 Senators absent and not voting. . . While the Senate has held in the past that a two-thirds vote of the Senate is required to “suspend” a standing rule of that body, it was held by Vice President Marshall in 1917 that it required only a majority vote to “modify" or amend a rule. That being the case. Vice President Dawes will have to be backed by a majority of the Senate to bring about the reform which he seeks. The mi nority leader of the Senate, Senator Robinson of Arkansas, in a recent statement spoke disparagingly of the Dawes proposal. If he is lo be fol lowed generally by the Democrats in | opposition to the proposed plan, the rules fight in the Senate may be pro tracted. Under the existing rules- it would requlrea two-thirds vote of the Senate to limit debate on a proposed amendment ts the rules, and a debate might run for a. long period before a vote could be reached. Collateral matters frequently have great influence on senatorial action — or lack of action. The proposal that the United States adhere to the World Court is to come up for consideration at the next session of the Senate. This fact may have an important bearing on the rules fight. Senators who are strongly opposed to adher ence to the World Court may look with great disfavor on a rule that would further limit debate. On the other hand, those who favor the court pro posal may be influenced in part to support more drastic cloture of debate. All the opposition to an amendment of the rules will not be found on the Democratic side of the chamber. Sen ator Moses of New Hampshire, Repub lican and President pi*o tempore of the'Senate, is aligned against further cloture. Senator La Follette of Wis consin was one of the three Senators who voted against the two-thirds clo ture in 1917. So far Vice President Dawes has not put into concrete form his pro posal for revision of the Senate rules. The discussion has been general in character. Even the Senators who are supporting him, except Senator Underwood, who has a resolution be fore the Senate to bring about ma jority cloture, have not settled in their own minds just how far the revision should go. This Is a matter which will *be given consideration during the recess of the Senate, and when the- Senate reconvene* undoubt edly sdme plan will have been shaped up by the proponents of the change. The Oratory Finaliati. Washington is the magnet which is drawing six young Americans with families and friends from different parts of the country. They are com ing here, these six young people, to take their places tomorrow night on the stage at the Auditorium and com pete, with a seventh representing the Dtetrict of Columbia, for the prizes in the national oratorical contest. These Beven young Americans, five boys and two girls, represent 1,400,000 school <4illdren in the United States who have participated in all stages of this great contest. They are the sus vivorß of city, county, State and grand division eliminations. They are the best in the country. : Not only to the audience imme diately present tomorrow night, but to the greater audience reached by radio, the proceedings will be of the keenest interest. These seven young people will deliver brief orations upon the Constitution, representing months of study and preparation. Those who heard the'discourses last year’kre pre pared for the excellence with which these seven dlss'ertations will be glvep tomorrow night, for the manner of presentation and particularly the mat ter. It gratifying to The Star, as a participating newspaper, last year to find the product of the competition of such merit. It was particularly grati fying that the competition Jiad been engaged In by more than a million students, and that a far-reaching stimulus of Interest In the Constitu tion had been effected. This year's record Is even more satisfactory and indicates a livelier interest In the.sub ject* and consequently a wider influ ence for good citizenship. Many Senators rely on the assump tion that the inauguration ceremonies gave Vice President Dawes his only chance to be heard effectively. A man in a Helen Maria frame of mind can usually find means of breaking through any, formal restraint, how ever strict. - Reports concerning the deadliness of tetraethyl are likely ,to tempt people who have survived synthettc gin and wood alcohol to‘ want to £ry it as a -beverage. •- - Sea Tips. •The controller general of the United Stajes has made a decision In the mat ter of ocean travel tips. The question arose over an expense account, and the account must have contained the item of $lO as a tip to'a table steward and the same sum as a tip to a room steward. The Secretary .of State repre sented to the-coiHroller that before the war a $5 tip to a table steward on a transatlantic trip was a decent thing, but that the cost ot tips has gone up, and that a $lO bill is now needed to cross the palm of a fable steward and to bring a nod of recognition from a room steward. It is to be borne ,in mind that a transatlantic voyage in the average sort of passenger ship is a short one, and that on longer voy ages tips - must be —not may be, but must be —in proportion to the length of the voyage. The controller is to be congratulat ed. raUly he fs to be enthusiastically iwtted on the back, for his effort to keep down the' cost of tips, but it might be remarked that the courage of the controller has not been put to a real test. It is easy to sit conyfort ably at Washington and decide how much a man traveling on official busi ness should give a steward, and if is easy to rule that the usual antebellum tip of $5 is enough in these days of soaring prices. It would call for more determination Ui the controller gen eral-were he to put his tip conceptions into practice at sea. It should also be noted that the decision of the control ler general bears only on tips given by voyagers on Government business The rule is not binding on and gives no protection to common travelers. Any seagoing table steward can flout THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D.' C., THURSDAY, MAY 7, 1925. his napkin in the face of the controller general's decision ahd any room stew ard can fling a sheet at the opinion. If a steward sets |lO as the size of a proper tip he can give more force and authority to his opinion than the controller to his. Only a callous ana thick-skinned cuetpmer can hold out against the tip schedule. So far as published the deciaion decides nothing as to how much of a tip is due the head waiter and a passenger's deck steward, nor does it govern as to the tribute which the boot's boy should levy. It is felt that though the control ler general's opinion is disagreeable reading to the Government traveler who put $lO tips in his expense ac count, it will not go far toward mak ing the seas safe for travelers. Lull in Political Turmoil. According to political observers in the field and “on the road,” there exists throughout the country a lack of political thought and activity. The crystallization of opinion among these observers is that agitation is at the lowest ebb noticed in many years. It is commented upon that, speaking generally and for the Na tion, there is nowhere agitation ui>on any subject of sufficient degree to be called an “issue." Even the desultory sputterings over suggestions for reorganization within the Democratic party hardly rise above the crackling of thorns under the pot. There is no beating of t6m toms among the political “reformers” and no leaders of reformers are mak ing the welkin ring with their sug gested panaceas for existing or imag inary evils. The political horizon re flects no glow of the political prairies afire in any section. All of which is gratifying to thought ful men everywhere. Even for an ! off year In -national and congressional j elections, the season is classed as l>eing unusually quiescent in polities. Political philosophers analyzing this situation find cause for satisfaction in It. They may well agree that it is a hopeful sign that the people are turning from the turmoil of politics to contemplation of domestic and busi ness affairs. It is to be taken as reflecting a satisfactory condition of prosperity in the country at large. After the feverish excitement of re cent years the country welcomes a period of respite. Old Madison Square Garden was the scene of groat events, in politics, art and athletics. It had not only a long life, but a merry one. The dry armada off the Atlantic coast is expected to put an end to the ancient custom of serving grog to seamen. mmm • _ A reduction in the annual budget compatible with requirements of pub lic service Is one of the forms of economy expected from President Coolldge when he was elected. The famous old Prohibition party, though aggressive in political demon stration, would never have dreamed of the methods of warfare now con templated by the Government. The Prince of Wales can spend his time more usefully and possibly more agreeably by making long tours than by remaining in London to listen to speeches. A little general handshak ing is useful, even to a king. SHOOTING STARS. BI PIIILANPgR JOHNSON. Traffic Accident. Over there, out in the street. Where the motors buzz and blow. Is a spot with memory sweet Os a time of long ago. In that place where all the town Seems its fiercest pace to strike, Dear Aunt Hannah was knocked down By a small boy on a bike. Dear Aunt Hannah stamped her feet, Smoothed her skirts and shook her head: Her resentment was complete. “Boy, come here," she sternly said. Tears were in the youngster’s eyes, And her anger cooled, when site Found, with sorrowing surprise, That the boy had bruised his 'knee. A policeman took a tone, Which, to say the least, was rough; Said my aunt, “Let him alone! He’s had punishment enough!” Vanished are those days so fair When the object of dislike Worst upon the throughfare Was the small boy on a bike. - Working Both Ways. "Are you in favor of a further tax reduction?” "Certaihly,” answered ' Senator Sorghum: “There are two things my constituents have always expected me to be in favor of—tax reduction and more liberal expenditure of Govern ment money.” Maftime Chill. Some suns In space a million times than ours more hotly glow; I told this to the Janitor not very long ago. He said when he. had listened to the things that figures prove, "If the heat is so abundant, I should think you’d want to move!” Jud Tunkins says the stock market is no indication of prosperity except for the people who guessed the right way. Speciitl Point of Merit. “Who is your favorite oiator?” "Cicero,” answered Miss Cayenne, "although I must admit I don’t care much for orators in general.” "But he is silent now!” ”That's what I admire about him.” “De longer de said Uncle Eben, “de more things is ginter be thought up to make it longer apd longer.” Congressional Oversight. From the Ohio State Journal. The public reaction to our Congress men’s quiet little salary grab seems to be such that we shouldn't wonder if they'd better vote themselves old age pensions also in case they might be out of work. THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. There Is something about this city that has never been put into print. It Is an intangible something that needs the seek for words of an H. L. Mencken. If one may phrase it that way. • These paragraphs today, then, are only an approximation. Some day I. am going to get \f., and then you will say, reading, “Yes, this Is Washing ton.” For the nonce, however, we must be content With the best we can do. • Yet there is one thing about the Na tional Capital we can day at once, and that is simply that it is beautiful in the Springtime. Not a new obser vation, truly, yet one that comes fresh to each one of us once a year. It comes when rains green up the grass and start the flowers on their way to souls of blossoms, as the poet said; it refreshes us, this feeling, much as the rains bring food to the inquir ing flowers. There are other beautiful cities in the world, and all of them, undoubted ly, are prettier in the Spring than at any other time of the year; yet those of us who live here may be forgiven for thinking that not a one of those cities is us beautiful as Washington, D. C. We have the word of far travelers for It that we are right. Nor can we overlook the possibilities of Washing ton. Extensive plans for improve ments over the years make It certain that the Capital of the Nation will go right ahead growing beautiful. It will not be able to achieve this result, however, If It ever dares to for get the trees and the grass. a* * * After all, is It not the green we love in the Spring? Is not this mantle of nature thrown over us from above and this carpet of green spread for us below the chief factor In making our city beau tiful? To say this is but to acknowledge the supreme fact that man can never make anything beautiful unless he follows and works with Nature. Just as health is beauty f in man, so green Js loveliness In a cltv What is the most stupendous mar ble building worth, as a work of art, unless It is properly landscaped, sur rounded by green lawns, it founda tions planted with shrubs, hedged in with trees? Artifice, though it may be great in Itself, when placed outdoors demands the crowning glory of God's green, just as a beautiful woman has her crowning glory. This "crowning glory” of a wom an’s hair may be allowed to grow long, or it may be bobbed—but it must be there in some form. So, if we regard Washington as ”she,” we love her crowning glory of trees, parks, grass, flowers. My point here is that ordinarily we do not stop to consider just the part played by nature in our great city. We are proud, and justly so, of our monuments, our broad avenues, our imposing bridges, our great public buildings, including the Capitol, the White House, the Washington Mon ument. the Lincoln Memorial. Sometimes we are apt to Imagine that these things, beautiful In them selves. make our city beautiful alone. They do not. Without the green of nature, which the city planners and their succes sors, through the decades, made am ple provision for' retaining every where. Washington would he no love lier than any other city. Marble may be cut and hewed into forms of art, but these art works by themselves become cold and forbid BACKGROUND OF EVENTS BY PAUL V. COLLINS. The most expensive blunder in busi ness is eooksureness, according to high scientific authority. That state ment applies to whole trades, and may even become epidemic in a na tion—the United Htatfta, for instance. Wall Street is said to be shocked at the discovery that since February Germans have been deluging our markets with methanol. During all of she year 1924 the total amount of methanol imported into this country was 48 gallons. Last January we re ceived 40 gallons; February. 62,971, and March, 69.886 gallons. We can produce methanol only at a cost of necessitating a retail price of 75 cents a gallon, while the Germans are now making it at 18 cents a gallon, paying our tariff of 12 cents a gallon and making such a profit that their complete possession of our market is a question of but a few weeks. That means not merely our market for methanol, but for wood alcohol, or industrial alcohol, for that is what methanol means. It is nonsense to talk about methanol as endangering the Volstead law, for it is the most poisonous kind of “wood alcohol.” It is deadly in its effect—producing immediate blindness followed by horrible death of its vic tims. It is not the danger to the lives of bootleggers and their victims that so agitates capitalists of Wall street; it is the life of $100,000,000 capital invested in industrial alcohol manu facture—perhaps also including the other millions invested in the gasoline and by-products enterprises. Our chemists have known some thing of the possibilities of the Ger man basic patents for producing methanol, for the patents were seized in the World War, but they did not contain directions in detail for pro ducing methanol, hence the vital im portance of thei danger was belittled. When the House of Representatives was holding hearings on the Fordney tariff bill last Winter, one of the largest refiners of methanol appeared before the committee on ways and means and with a, great patriotic flourish testified: “We are not particularly interested in protection, in the common accepta tion of this word, tjecause we believe this country is biff-enough in natural resources and has the technic, skill and ability to enable us to compete with any other country having the same labor costs. Conditions existing in all other countries except Canada are such that there is little to fear from their competition.” As a result of such views, the tariff on methanol was put at 12 cents. Under the elastic clause the President may order It increased 50 per cent, making the highest rate possible, un til Congress acts again, 18 cents, which wholly fails to protect American man ufacture against the German competi tion. ** * * While the competition with our $100,000,000 wood alcohol enterprises is serious enough, the demonstration of the importance of scientific re search as an adjunct of all great busi ness is counted by experts as even more important. According to Dr. H. E. Howe, editor of the official maga zine of the American Chemical So ciety, the time has passed when manu facturers can rely upon America's superiority in raw materials. 'Even in the case of chemistry, wherein the labor cuts less figure than in most in dustries, since chemicals are produced in large quantities with comparatively little manual labor, raw materials are in danger at all time* of being super seded by synthetic substitutes, equally satisfactory in practical manufactures. The reply of the famous artist to the English lord who asked what he mixed with his paints to make them so brilliant was, "Brains!” The same reply is the secret of synthetic chem istry. In an editorial in the April number ding unless softened by the kindly smile ot Mother Earth. There is scarcely a place in Wash ington that one may go where this lesson is not borne home on him with compelling force, although he may not always realize Just what it is that impresses and pleases him. Take the Capitol. What would that great hall, or, rather, three Joined halls, be if it were not for the wide-spreading lawns that surround It, and the great old trees that wave their leafy benedic tions over the approaches? We* need but contrast the Treasury, set amid buildings, to realize that the Capitol is what it is, in our eyes, be cause of its setting. Some, Including the present writer, regard the Treasury Building as per haps the finest example of pure architecture in Washington. Yet, be cause it is huddled among other structures, It Is not commonly so re garded. Had the Treasury been set in a broad park, with proper approaches, then its massive columns, Its pure Greek aspects, would have charmed the visitor even' as the Capitol and Library of Congress do. Small plots of green at north and south help somewhat in setting off the Treasury. They strive mightily, and fall, simply because Nature works with a lavish hand and needs space to do her best art work. Space, however, need not be un limited The White House presents an excellent example of this truth. The Executive Mansion grounds oc cupy but a few acres, yet the total result is charming, because the best use has been made of the space avail able. It must remain a question whether the office buildings which cut clear across the grounds from east to west improved the appearance of the Ex ecutive Mansion. Yet, as a whole, the general aspects of this place are alto gether artistio How much majesty would the Washington Monument have left, think you, If It attempted to rear its aluminum cap from between office buildings? Much of Its striking simplicity comes about because It rises alone from its own hill, in the center of spaces, which are adequate. ** * * This sense of the joy of living, which we in Washington enjoy prob ably more than the inhabitants of less favored cities, comes about, it seems to me, because of our grass afid trees. We are in tune with green. The eyes, the very nerves, of man demand green as part -of our daily life. We of Washington, for city folk, are infinitely lucky. In that we do not have to think much about this demand, only now and then, as here. Even in our business districts we find trees, and the public parks, and the generally adequate approaches to the public buildings. Even recent developments In row houses have provided for unusually wide lawns. • We take our green in along with sunshine and fresh air, and these three constitute the Immortal trio which the life of man demand*. It is because Washington has this trio in abundance that it Is really beautiful in the Spring. For art is not bunk; the appreciation of beauty is not inimical to commerce. We are like the contented cqws of the advertisement; we browse In green pastures, though in the city, and enjojy our sunshine and our fresh air all the more for it. of Industrial and Engineering Chem istry. Dr. Howe said: "We have frequently contended that the only insurance against the dis aster which comes with the loss of markets because your competitors know more is to be found in the proper support of scientific work. For some time we have heard of methods for synthesizing methanol from car bon monoxide and water. These re ports were at first regarded as rumors. They could not he confirmed. • • • The incident not only emphasizes the importance of underbaking research well in advance of the time of need, but provides an excellent illustration of how, in some fields at least, the laboratory may be counted upon to supplement our fast-disappearing nat ural resources. Synthetic methanol is .not the first blow to he received by the wood distillation Industry. * • '• The synthesis of methanol and the diminished importance of charcoal would seem to indicate that concur rently with the curtailment of natural resources therb has come an im provement in laboratory procedure without which many important manu facturing processes and products might have been discontinued." ** * * Methanol is made In Germany of carbon monoxide—a by-product—while in America it is made of wood. Some is made of sawdust, which itself was a d. scarded By-product of saw mills until a few years ggo. Soon there will be no more sawdust, for our forests are nearing destruction. With continued progress the chemists will find new "raw materials,” but not by assuming with the self-suf ficiency of the witness before the congressional committee that we are beyond world competition. Until recently It was thought neces sary to use food —grain—to produce "grain alcohol" or “ethyl alcohol." Now it is made from the cellulose, and the chemists look for the day when the world will annually grow the materials from which all its fuel will be produced. Gasoline will be exhausted, but, with the manufacture of dehydrated or absolutely ethyl alco hol, which can be mixed with gaso line. the supply will be extended many years. Ordinary alcohol cannot mix with gasoline, but ethyl alcohol can, in any percentage—2o or 30 or 40 per cent alcohol. In J. 921 we pro duced 85.000.000 gallons of ethyl (grain) alcohol; in 1928, 122,402,850 gallons. If a methanol could be pro duced which would mix with gasoline as well as does ethyl ‘alcohol, the demand would exceed the present use hundreds of times. *# * * American dyes are already the eqaat '■of any produced in Germany, although- at the outbreak of the war we Wei% in panic because we pro duced no dyes and our textiles were at the mercy of the German dye manufacturers. Until recent years ail the world depended upon vegetable indigo as the basis of all blue, purple and black dyes. Now synthetic In digo is universally substituted. Within the memory of if\en still active aluminum was a cariosity; today we, use 100,000,000 pounds of it annually. We have found away to mine the great deposits of sulphur below the quicksands of Louisiana, so that we could close all the sulphur lndustrtes of the world, if so disposed toward merciless competition. We shall soon cease shipping milk that is 96 per cent water, and shall dry out the water, ship the dry milk powder and add the water at its destination. We do so now, but imperfectly. The ,future of nearly all industry may be synthesis. (Copyright, 1923.( by Taul V. Colllaa.) THE NORTH WINDOW BY LEILA MECHLIN. 4 l One hundred years ago a group of artists, chiefly painters and engravers In New York, came together and form ed a professional art organization, which they styled the National Acad emy of the Arts of Design. The title, historians tell us, was carefully se lected on the ground that the arts of design were painting, sculpture, archi tecture and engraving, while the fine arts also Include poetry, music, land scape gardening and the histetonlc arts. Another reason for the choice of the name undoubtedly was that there ex isted in New York at that time an or ganization, of which Trumbull was president, styled the American Acad emy of the Fine Arts. The National Academy of the Arts of Design was formed by the younger men headed by Morse as a protest against the ultra conservatism of the old academicians, and we are told that "strong feeling arose against them, fostered by the eminently respectable, conservative gentlemen connected with the rival Institution.” *t » t History repeats itself, and by 1877 another younger set came forward, and deeming the taste in art of the academicians "though honest and in evitable, yet too narrow for the time,” formed the "Society of American Art ists.” Half of the members of this society at least were academicians and continued to exhibit with both bodies. There was nothing violently radical in the exhibitions which the Society of American Artists annually set forth and as the years went by the differ ence in point of view grew less and less until finally. In 1906, it having been discovered that the one organiza tion was duplicating the other, the offshoot went back to the parent stem. #* * * * Again there is revolution and out cry. The National Academy of De sign has lately announced Its cen tennial exhibition, to open next Octo ber here at the Nation's Capital in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, and to include representative examples of the work of Its members during the past 100 years. It has also announced a program of expansion. As a result, the lawless outsiders are up in arms. Acting as spokesman for this group. Mr. Forbes Watson, in the May num ber of The Arts, which he edits, a magazine published in New York largely as an exponent of the mod ernist movement, berates the Corcoran Oaliery of Art for hospitably shelter ing this great retrospective exhibition, and would make the public believe that for this reason "Washington, in Its encouragement of cotemporary art, is probably the most backward Capital in any country of importance.” Furthermore, he makes out the Na tional Academy of Design to be a fearsome monster, controlling, through Intimidation, the destinies of art. "Ex actly why,” he says, "Mr. C. Powell Minnlgerode and his board of directors should be frightened by a private in stitution posing as a national institu tion. why the gallery does not dare to present an unbiased exhibition of co temporary American art, is a little difficult to understand." And so It Is. What is there In the National Acad emy of Design to frighten any one? How absurd to suggest that the Cor | coran Gallery of Art would not dare [ to do as It pleases under any circum ! stances In the matter of Its exhibl i lions! What would happen If it did or | did not? Mr- Wats&n suggests that "unless the Corcoran Gallery of Art does something draatlc to prove that it is not affiliated with a private or ganization of reactionary artists, its position among the serious museums of tha Country will be severely threat ened." Extending these complimentary comments. Mr. Watson said: "The timid and conventional exhibitions taking place periodically at the Cor coran Art Gallery give only the faintest glimmering of what the ar tists are doing today In America. Oply a few of those painters who do not play the game according to the rules laid down by the National Acad emy are represented In these exhfbl- I tions." How absurd! The rules which the Corcoran Gallery have ob served In assembling its exhibitions are merely those which have governed the best art in all countries and all times —the same standard of merit which generation* have agreed to ac cept. Mr. Watson suggests that the National Academy of Design exercises a system of censorship over the Cor coran Gallery's exhibitions. Could anything be more ridiculous? He claims that Os the younger painters less than half a dozen are represented in the Corcoran shows. It Is inter esting to note, however, that Mr. Wat son doe* not name the excellent paint ers whose works should have been In cluded and who have been left out. "The inventive and adventurous artists of the day,” he terms them, but he does not say who they are. The Corcoran Gallery Is admonished to "step forward like a man and de clare Its freedom from the domination of the National Academy of Design" —that hydra-headed beast, before which those of hardiest courage are supposed to shrink and tremble. ** * * Who are these fearsome monsters controlling the art interests of Amer ica? The president of the National Academy of Design today is Edwin Howland Blashfleld, one of the most distinguished mural painters that America has produced, one of the most gallant and courtly gentlemen. He in his turn succeeded 'Herbert Adams, the sculptor of the MacMil lan Fountain in this city and other notable works. The late John W. Alexander at one time held this posi tion. John S. Sargent—who, by the way, Mr. Forbes - Watson designates as one who devoted his later years to •‘glittering worldly success," one who "gave up association with serious artists and went after the duchesses,” one whose ‘‘extraordinary domination over the world of fashionable portrait painting" was a detriment to his fel low artists —was a member of the Na tional Academy of Design. So also were Edwin A. Abbey, George Bel lows, Robert Blum. William M. Chase, Kenyon Cox,- Frank Duveneck, Thomas Eakins, Winslow . Homer, George Inness, John La Farge, Francis - Millet, Rembrandt Peale, Howard Pyle, Homer Salnt-Gaudens, Abbott Thayer, Vedder, J. Q. A. Ward. Weir and Wyant, and among the architects Henry Bacon. Karl Bitter. Carrere, Goodhue. McKlm and George B. Post. Among the present academicians are: Cecilia Beaux. Rey nolds and Gifford Beal, Frank Benson, Louis Betts, George de Forest Brush, Emil Carlson, Thomas Dewing. Frederick Frleseke. Daniel Garber, Jules Guerin. Childe Hassam, Charles Hawthorne, Eugene and Victor Hig glnn, Ernest Lawson, Garl Melchers, Jerome Myers, Maxfleld Parrish. Robert Reid, Gardner Symons. Ed mond Tarbell, D. W. Tryon, Frederick AVaugh, Charles Woodbury; among the sculptors Robert Altken, Paul Bartlett, James Earle Fraser, Daniel Chester French, Charles Grafly, Frederick MacMonnifs. Hermon Mac- Neil, Paul Manshiip, Mahonrl Young and among the architects Cass Gil bert, Thomas Hastings, Charles A. Platt and John Russell Pope, and among the etchers Joseph Pennell — a fairly representative company of producers of fine art, to whom our Nation Is indebted. Are these the plotters and villains? ** * * As to the Corcoran Gallery’s exhi bitions, not only have they rep resentative of the , best cotempo rary art, but they have consistently set forth works by the leading modern ist* —at tlmss to the bewilderment of the public, which does not admire half- ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN Q. Where Is ‘‘Temple Heights,” the place the sunrise meeting wa« held on Easter morning;—D. W. R. A. It Is the site which has been chosen for the building of the local Masonic organization. It »as known as the Dean estate and is a noted landmark of the District of Columbia, located at Connecticut and Florida avenues northwest. Q. Has Maryland a law making vaccination against smallpox compul sory?—S. B. S. A. The law of Maryland requires that pupils before entering the public schools shall be vaccinated. Q. What 20 articles are most asked for in 5 and 10 cent stores?—Of L. A. The buyer for one large store of this kind made the following list: Jumping ropes, artificial flowers, cur tain material, glass percolator tops, glass nursing bottles, vltrophane, vegetable brushes, mothproof gar ment bags, rubber stair treads, pea cock incense, chore boy mits, carbona, celluloid teething rings, mendlts, oil, egg and beet silcers, steel wool, party bonbons and baskets, waxed paper, hand-dipped candles. Q. What is the German national hymn?—F. E. P. A. The German embassy says that at present, "Deutschland, Deutsch land Über A lies” is regarded as the anthem of Germany. Before the war it was ‘‘Heil dir im Slegerkranz.” Q. Do radio stations NAA and NBS transmit Eastern standard time? Is it based on solar or sidereal time? —A. H. C. A. The Naval Observatory says Arlington and Annapolis radio sta tions transmit time signals at East ern standard noon. The transmitting clock keeps mean solar time. How ever, it is set daily from comparison with the standard sidereal clock whose error is determined frequently by star observations. Q. From what circumstances did the Ovis poli, hunted by the Roose velt brothers, derive its name?—T. G. F. A. “The grandfather of all sheep” gets its name from its discoverer, Marco Polo. It was not until 500 years after he discovered the animal that his assertion that the anim-1 ex isted was substantiated. Q. How many children attend Sun day school?—W. C. D. A. According to the Year Book of the Churches for-1923. the total num ber of Sunday school members was 25.189,419. Q. Does the United States have to pay foreign countries for the delivery I of our mail in their countries?—A. R. A. The Post Office Department says that this country does not to pay foreign countries for the delivery of our mail. It, however, does pay to some foreign countries fees for each parcel sent to those countries in ex cess of the number they send us. Q. When a storage battery i 6 fullv charged, is there any electricity in it? A. There is no electricity In it. It is merely chemical action. Q. What is meant by a “superior complex”?—H. G. C. < A. Psychologists are not quite agreed as to the definitions of superi ority and inferiority complex. Accord ing to some, a superiority complex re fers to the innate feeling of an indi vidual that he is superior to his fel lows. According to others, it desig nates the condition of in reality feel Do Horses Meet ..Competition In Days of Motor Transport? Something is always starting anew the argument over the future of the horse in the face of competition of the motor. Recent suggestions that this friend of man is a passing ad junct of modern life have drawn from his champions various remind ers of the many klnde of work in ■which the horse more than holds his own and of the old-fashioned com fort in riding and driving which still may be enjoyed. "In this modern day of airplanes, radios and automobiles.” observes the Dayton News, "the general public pays little attention to the horse, with the exception of the various races that are held. Yet the horse Jias a place in business life, and, in certain lines. Its use cannot be improved upon. But its value is not confined to business. In recreation, the horse furnishes great sport for men and women alike, either for a canter through the park—in the saddle —or for a pleasant ride in a carriage where one does not have to' worry about crashing into a telephone pole or constantly keeping the eyes on the road. The present horse population of the United States is answer in it self to the horse question.'’ The Memphis News Scimitar adds its testimony ’'h this tribute: "The horse Is round to come back as the dominant form of recreation. Man must regain his equilibrium: he must quiet his nerve; he must govern his temper: he must- reduce his blood pressure: he must quit toppling over dead from diseases of the heart. He must get a horse." Attention is called by the Saginaw News Courier to a Warning from the Department of Agriculture that there will be an acute shortage of horses unless breeding is Increased. "Work must be done on farms and roads— work- that can be done to best ad vantage by the animals despite all the machinery in vogue.” adds the News Courier. "Evidently the situ atidn Is all wrong, and the best way for the farmers to get relief is to give consideration to and act upon the warning given by the department. It is one of the instances where agricultural relief must come from agriculture itself." ** * * "To match the pride with which every American notes the increased output of rubber tires." says the Cincinnati Times Star, "comes a little pang at the news that the United States Steel Corporation has quit making horseshoes. In this Item one sees the fires of the village smithy dimming and a procession of huge cart horses passing over the horizon rim in the wake of the dinosaur, the glyptodon, the gigantosaur and othei* extinct animals. But, whatever hap pens to the draft horse, the thor oughbred, the saddle the polo pony remain with us, and iron footing they must have.” "In one field, Dobbin’s prestige is gone forever,” remarks the Columbia Missourian. "He used to trot between baked art, nor understand artistic gropings. ** * * How strange it is that the revolu tionists are always the more intol erant. Feeling themselves outside by their own will, they make assault, and declaring* themselves persecuted, be come the persecutors. The cry of the bolshevist in art is not dissimilar to that of the bolshevist in politics or in government. It is against 411 order, all- standards; It fronkly encourages and applauds vulgarity, and it is so loud apd so bold that it often de ceives the uninformed, who by its volume and violence are led to sup pose that the adherents are numer ous, the occasion called for. Neither Is the case. . ing .Inferior, but endeavoring to ap pear superior in order to hide the for mer feeling. Q. What day of the week did Co lumbus set sail and what day did he land?—W. D. W. A. The 3d of August, 1492, when Columbus embarked upon his first voyage to the Western Hemisphere, fell upon a Friday. The 12th of/Octo ber, when land was found, was also Friday. Q. Who were “the tongue, the pen and the sword of the Revolution?’' R. A. F. A. Patrick Henry, Thomas Jeffer son and George Washington com prised the trio. Q. Are six-masted schooners un common?—A. A. R. A. The United States Shipping Board says that the Edward B. Law rence. built In Bath, Me., is the only six-masted schooner In the world. Q. Where did the apple grow first?—E. B. A. The apple was probably a na tive of central Asia. It was intro duced into America from England in 1629 by the Governor of Massachu setts Bay Colony. Q. What Is shellac?—D. W. A. Lac is a fostnors substance ex uded from an Hast Indian scale in sect. It consists of a granular sub stance forming cells for the shelter of the eggs of the insect and incrusting the twigs of various East Indian trees. I The females are embedded in the mass and certain parts of their bodies cot ' tain a red fluid furnishing crimson and scarlet dyes, which are dissolved out of the stick or “seedlac,” leaxing the shellac of commerce. Q. Who is in charge of Washing ton's Headquarters at Morristown, home of the Carroll family. Carpen ter's Hall and Independence Hall" T. R. A. The following organizations care for the various historic buildings ir qulred for: Doughoregan Mansiot . home of the Carroll family—owned b Mr. and Mj-s. Charles Carroll: Wash ington's Headquarters, Morristown, N. J.—the Washington Association of New Jersey: Carpenter's Hall, Phila delphia—Carpenter’s Company of the City and County of Philadelphia; In dependence Hall, Philadelphia—City of Philadelphia. Q. When did base ball clubs adopt short nants?—B. C. A. The first to wear the present style of uniform with short pants was the Cincinnati Reds, in 1863. Q. Give a short sketch of Hippo crates? —G. E. B. -- A. Hippocrates was a Greek phy sician nicknamed the "Father of Medicine.” He was born on the Is land of Cos. 460 B. C„ died in Thes saly. 357 B. C. He was the author of many valuable writings on the science of medicine, and was the first to put aside all traditions and superstitions and base the practice of medicine on the study of nature, without refer ence to religion or other matters. He was said to be a master of clinical research and the originator of a sys tem of diet and regimen for the cure of illness. He was also a great be liever In benefits from climates suited to the temperament of the patient. (tl ave you a question you until answered? Send it to The Star In formation Bureau. Frederic J Jlaskin. Hector, Twenty-first and C street northwest. The only charge for this tender is 2 cents in stamps for return postage.) I the shafts of a shiny side-bar bugs: . i taking everybody and h?« best giri for ; a spin through the country. Now j everybody* and his best girl go out in i a motor car. Dobbin once pulled the familv carriage to church on Sundav morning with the whole family packed ,in somehow. Now they are packed-*— j somehow—into the familv flivver and I whiz off for-Los Angeles.” The Mis | sdurian, however, concedes that Doh j bin holds his own even in this motor ized age; is still the load mover most common!}- used. I Chauncey M. Depew is quoted by the j San Francisco Bulletin as one who de | piores the passing of “that splendid old : matrimonial agency, the horse and i buggy," and the Bulletin continues: ] ‘ That strikes a responsive chord in | breasts no longer young, hut "hot vet J old. Indeed, yes—the horse and buggy | had advantages. There was a time lor ! contemplation of the sweetness of na j ture and the goodness of the world. J The whole process promoted bv the horse and buggy was restful, reflective and deliberative; and that meant fewer mistakes through haste and the dis turbing effect of mechanical speed upon the judgment. There seems to l>e something comparatively insecure and transient about these gasoline carriages. The horse and buggy kind* were better.” ** * * Many of the editors are more face tious in their comment. “Somebody stole Rex Watson's horse: the police are searching the museums of an cient history,” announces the Lansing State Journal. "People should be kind to dumb animals all the year around; if the Almighty can extend the Golden Rule to the sparrow, an ordinary hu man should be able to be courteous to the last horse," advises the Los An geles Times. "Old Dobbin has passed on; only our good friend Rover is left: so-let's call him up and give him an extra home." is the thought of the St. Joseph Gazette. “While, the horse survives he should be kept in the eon genial country; may he survive there long, to prove to our posterity that life is not wholly mechanical.” is the plea of the Winona Republican-He» aid. * The passing of Buffalo Bill's last Lor.se furnishes the subject for com ment by the New London Day on the disappearance of the old West. ‘‘The cowboy's only surviving counterpart,” declares the Day, “can be found in the movies, and even there the modern picture probably burlesques the brave and picturesque soul that conquered the prairies and the grazing lands of [the Rockies.” Sex Plays Giving, Wav To Comedies in Movies s Humor has succeeded where cen sorship failed, we are told. Corned v has ousted the sex and problem photo play. » If Jesse L. Lasky, film producer, has given us a true report of conditions 1925 should be a good movie year. Reports from California tell of a boom in comedies, not the custard throwing variety, but those dealing with business and industrial life, wherein middle-class characters have th ir troubles and plausible albeit laughable situations are developed Interesting, also, is the survey, in ternational in scope, which disclosed a preference for humorous anil in spirational stories, the type so repug nant to our young intelligents. After all. the happy ending isn’t peculiar to America. It never was. A speaker la,st week before the Kentuckv Edu cational Association spoke of the <■» gerness in humanity to attefid a pliJy in which humor abounds, or witness a iJhotoplay produced in lighter vein, or enjoy a speaker who b+j no mission except to dispel gloom.