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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 15, 1925, Image 1

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(l T . S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair tonight: tomorrow increasing
cloudiness with rising temperature.
Temperatures: Highest, 71, at 4
p.m. yesterday; lowest, 52, at 6 a.m.
Full report on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 30
XT on -TOO Entered as second class matter
IN O. post office, Washington, P. C.
Notable Fighter Famed in
Military History of Na
tion for Years.
Subdued Hostile Indian Tribes.
Disappointed When Unable to
Serve in 1917.
Hen. Nelson A .Miles, retired, who
commanded the American Army in the
war with Spain, and who won fame
as a soldier iu the Civil “War and In
dian campaigns, died of angina pec
toris at the Barnum & Bailey and
Ringling Bros.' circus today.
The end came without warning,
when he collapsed in his seat. He was
86 years old.
He was retired in 1903. His resi
dence here was at the Roehambeau
End Came Suddenly.
Gen. Miles was sitting in the third
row with Mrs. \V. B. Noble. 1761 N
street, whose daughter married the
general’s son. and they were accom
panied by their grandchildren. Just
after the completion of the opening
pageant, Gen. Miles fell over back
wards into the arms of Dr. A. E.
Craig, 1330 Thirtieth street.
He was removed immediately under
neath the seats and outside the tent,
lut his heart had failed before aid
could be gii'en.
The illness came so suddenly and iie
was carried out so quietly that Mr...
Coolidge. who was sitting nearby, and
the thousands of other spectators knew
nothing of the tragedy.
Afterward he was removed to
Casualty Hospital.
Gen. Miles lived at the Roehambeau j
apartments here with a daughter.:
Mrs. Samuel M. Refcer, wife of Col. ]
Samuel Reber, U. S. A., retired. He I
spent most of his time at the Army ;
and Navy Club, however, and only i
• recently returned to the Roehambeau.;
Where he has been living alone.
Boy General of Civil War.
Lieut. Gen. Miles was one of the i
“boy generals” of the Civil War. At j
the age of 35 he had risen from the.
rank of first lieutenant of Volunteers
to that of major general, and was com- j
nianding an entire army division of j
25.000 men.
Gen. Miles, who at the peak of his j
military career was commanding gen- j
■ eral of the Army, was one of the few ‘
high ranking officers of the regular j
establishment to attain his position j
without West Point training, and also)
enjoyed the distinction of being among j
the still smaller group to be honored i
with the rank of lieutenant general.
From a clerical position in a Boston
business house, he entered the Army
at the age of 22, participated in more
than 30 of the severest engagements
of the Civil War, was four times at
the point of death from wounds, and
emerged from the great struggle the
possessor of many enviable citations j
for bravery and distinguished serv-1
ice. Continuing in the Army, he
fought and pursued Indians on the i
great plains for more than 20 years. I
led the army of occupation in Porto i
Rico during the Spanish-American j
War, and although long retired when |
, the United States entered the World j
War, he was ready and eager to par- .
tieipate once again in the service to
which his life had been devoted.
Sought World War Service.
It was the saddest disappointment
of a long and adventerous career
when, despite his best efforts, Gen.
Miles was not recalled to active serv
ice in 1917. He'had been retired in
1903 upon reaching the age limit, but
when the United States entered the
1 European war he asked to be sent to
Siberia with the American troops. It
was decided, however, that an ex
ception could not lie made in his
case, hence his last military service
was in 1916. when he presided over
the medal of honor board, which re
viewed the list of officers and men who
had been honored by the Nation with
that decoration.
Gen. Miles received his first military
training at the hands of a former offi
cer of tl\e French army who eked out
a livelihood in Boston by teaching a
number of young men the tactics em
ployed by the French army. It was
quite natural that his ambitions should
center on the army, for he sprang
from a long line of fighting colonists
on the paternal side. The family
traced its ancestry back to Rev. John
M vies, a "fighting parson." who. upon
the outbreak of "Kina Uhillip’s War,"
in 1675, girded on his sword and led
the colonists the Indians.
Fapt. Myles’ home was fortified by
the pioneers, and from there he led
‘ * many subsequent forays against the
red men.
Ancestors at Yorktown.
Daniel Miles and Joab Miles, great- j
grandfather and grandfather, respec
tively, of Gen. Nelson A. Miles, fought
in the Revolutionary War and were
. "in at the death” when Yorktown
fell. His father Daniel, also was a
The elder Daniel Miles at one time
possessed a large landed fortune,
which he had built up through long
years of unremitting toil. Just as the
i-ountry was settling back after the
'War of Independence, Daniel Miles!
was one of those who reposed enough
confidence in the Government he had
aided in establishing to convert his
farms and treasure into Colonial cur
rency. There was a great wave of j
counterfeiting sweeping the'land at
that time, however, and hardly had
the Miles fortune been counted out in I
paper money when the Government
suddenly repudiated the entire issue,
and the family, along with many oth
ers, was reduced almost to poverty.
Young Nelson himself was a fighter
and Indian vanquisher from his earl
iest youth. While at school he was
never so happy as when leading his
comrades against imaginary "In
dians," who were always uppermost in
the young soldier’s mind. His elder
brother, Daniel, who taught him in
school, used this military predilection j
to calm the boy’s prankish moments, i
He was sore pressed to discipline Nel- j
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) I
End Comes Suddenly
1 Selk)
U. S. TO THROW rum!
Success Off Atlantic Leads
to Plans to Extend War
on Liquor Smugglers.
! By tlie Associated Press.
NEW YORK. May 15.—With the:
efficacy of the Atlantic rum row I
blockade demonstrated. Federal pro- !
hibition officials are laying plans to [
j guard the Gulf of Mexico, the Missis- j
j sippi River and tlie Canadian border !
! more carefully than. ever.
| The one weak spot in the great j
! drive against liquor smuggling is ad- j
• mitted to be the Pacific coast. Off ;
! southern California particularly rum j
I runners are doing a good business, j
| Two large steamers dropped anchor j
| about 40 miles from San Pedro yes- j
j terday. making five rum vessels ir. i
i that vicinity. Whisky is reported to |
! be as cheap as 545 a case in Los An- !
! geles. Prohibition officials are hope- |
I ful of stopping tiiis leak.
Twelve Ships Lcaie Row.
f'.Ttr-'yortf's rum row continues to I
i dwindle. Coast Guard officials report'
I that 12 schooners hauled anchor yes
j terday, leaving only two schooners j
} and two steamers. At Jackson, Miss., j
! E. C. Yellowley, prohibition field agent. !
! indicated that extensive plans were \
j afoot for a rum blockade, in which j
j 100 dry speed bouts on the Mississippi :
{ will be utilized.
The seizure of SIO,OOO worth of l
! champagne, liquor and candy filled |
with cordials on the Belgian steamer j
Mercier at New York yesterday in- j
dieated that customs officials were
closely watching the crews of foreign |
ships to forestall any attempt on their )
part to defeat the blockade. No one |
claimed the beverages and no arrests j
were made.
Border Guarded Carefully.
j About 100 agents are now on the;
I Canadian border seeking to prevent
i land running of rum into Northeast
I and Northwest border points,
j The Coast Guard’s activities off '
j rum row are criticized by W. H. Stay- 1
• ton, head of the Association Against I
the Prohibition Amendment. He re
! gards these activities as "futile and a 1
j waste of money.”
Officials Unable to Stop Liquor Flood
From Pacific.
LOS ANGELES. May 5 OP).—With •
reports of liquor landing coming in j
from an ever-widening territory, the j
activities of southern California’s rum
row today continued to annoy county j
and Federal prohibition enforcement
officers anad harbor police.
Through San Pedro, ocean gateway i
to Los Angeles, still poured a stream I
of whisky valued at from SIO,OOO to j
520.000 daily and law enforcement •
authorities frankly admitted this con- I
dition would continue'so long as thev I
were handicapped by lack of small, j
fast boats with which to patrol the
harbor. 'That landing places north
and south of the harbor also were
-being liberally utilized by the rum
smugglers was indicated in an appeal
of Orange County authorities yester
day for Federal aid to block liquor
landings at Laguna, Newport and
other points on the Orange County
The five vessels comprising “rum !
row” are said to be hovering in the j
general vicinity of the United States
battle fleet’s target range off San j
Clemente Island. One is an ocean- )
i going freight steamship, the others j
j are smaller vessels.
Expected to Become Meeea for At-'
lantie Rum Roats.
GULFPORT, Miss.. May 15 (A 3 ). j
Waters adjacent to Gulfport, Biloxi, j
Pass Christian and other poiftts on .
the Mississippi coast will be watched I
closely for the expected advent of i
the scattered rum fleet, reported leav- j
ing the North Atlantic coast after
' failure to break the blockade of the
United States Coast Guard. Edward
C. Yellowley, chief of Federal field
forces, and M. H. Daily, director of
Federal prohibition forces in Missis
j sippi, are here surveying the situa
"The Mississippi coast is the great
-1 est rum importing point in the j
United States today,” said Mr. Yel- ;
lowley. “And with the coming of ves- j
sels from the Jersey coast there :
seems little doubt of the smuggling
fleet's departure for the Gulf. We ex
pect to be prepared to meet the situ
ation, by land and by sea.”
Gas Tax Held in Force.
HARRISBURG, Pa., May 15.
Gov. Pinchot has signed the Wheeler
i bill, containing the 2 cents a gallon L
j tax on liquid fuels until June 3, 1927. ;
I It is estimated to yield the State j
l $10,000,000 within the biennium. •
Uhc 4fctJeiiirta
French Cabinet Authorizes
Action —Payments May Be
$100,000,000 Yearly.
'Half of DaKWAnnuities Believed
Likely to Be Applied to
Refunding of Loans.
f By the Associate,] Press.
PARIS, May 15. —Finance Minister
j Caillaux and Foreign Minister Briand
were authorized by the French cab
I inet today to study the interallied
I debt question in an attempt to find an
i acceptable solution.
Finance Minister Caillaux has ex
j pressed the view that the interallied
debt problem must be solved to re
establish French credit, and he told
the finance commission of the Cham
ber of Deputies on his recent appear
ance before it that part of the Dawes
reparation plan receipts must be de
voted to this purpose immediately.
I even though France were hard pressed
! for money.
M. Briand as foreign minister is
j known to have been considering the
j debt question as part of his foreign
) policy and. although his views have
i not been revealed, it was said recently
• in authoritative quarters that the ne
! gotiations for settlement of the debts
|to the United States would be re
1 sumed during the present month.
Washington Parley Center.
The American Government has
j made it so clear that the negotiations,
j when they take place, will be in the
; hands of its debt funding commission.
1 that it is felt the diplomatic exchanges
| must be made in Washington, rather
l than in Paris.
j This decision of the cabinet was
I given out officially after a long dis
j cussion of the problem this morning
j and the delivery of opinions by both
! M. Caillaux and Briand on what they
j thought should be done,
i The documents on the subject which
j will be supplied to M. Briand by the
i ministry of finance comprise an enor-
I mous mass of material, which, how
-1 ever, has l>een analyzed and reduced j
|to an understandable form for the
! convenience of the new finance min- 1
j ister and his colleagues. These docu-1
nients cover the whole history of the |
j uebi and include exact figures on
| various alternative plans—that is. !
I what the annual payments would be j
on almost any conceivable scaling of j
j the total.
Jusserand Papers Useful.
Probably the most important of i
j these r>at>ers are the memoranda '
| brought by former Ambassador Jus-j
i set-arid from Washington, giving the j
I results of his conversations with Sec
, retarv of the Treasury Mellon and Mr.
' Hughes, then Secretary of State.
I The substance of these is that the j
I funding commission would he willing i
! to consolidate with the war debt the i
! $400,000,000 received for army stocks.
: M. Jusserand was told, it is said, that
I if France would agree to amortize the
| principal at one-half of 1 per cent
j yearly the commission on its side
! would be prepared to deal with the j
’ interest in a mest liberal spirit.
France has been paying the Amer- i
i ican Treasury $20,000,000 annually as j
I 5 per cent on the $400,000,000 since j
i the Army stocks were bought. By j
j merging this with the principal of all j
I the debts, France would have released
i the $20,000,000 as part of the annual
i amortization of the total and interest.
1 which would be at a lower rate than
I 5 per cent.
j M. Caillaux has not said exactly
what proportion of the receipts under
the Dawes plan France is willing to
j devote to the payment of her debts, j
hut it has been suggested that half I
j might be available. The Dawes plan |
j for the coming fiscal year calls for
) the payment of 1,200.000,000 marks, of
i which the French share is 52 per cent.
I or about $158,600,000. "
May Pay $100,000,000 Yearly.
As the French debt to Great Britain
j roughly equals the French debt to
! America, it would be possible for
j France to devote half of this $158,-
I 600,000, plus about $20,000,000 now
| paid for Army stocks, toward Amer
! ican debt payments—or a total of
about $100,000,000 annually. •
However, a large proportion of the
Dawes payments is certain to be in
merchandise, and it remains to be seen
how much of these goods France can
sell, and at what prices.
This estimated sum of $100,000,000.
although insufficient to pay interest
and amortization on the French debt
at the rate Great Britain is paying
j America on her debt, should never
j theless he enough to make a begin-
I ning toward a settlement of the debts
I question, it is believed here.
I Another point at issue is France's
' disposition to make her debt payments
j dependent upon her receipts from
| Germany.
Press Comments.
The Temps, commenting upon the
French cabinet’s decision to open ne
: gotiations for the settlements of inter-
I allied debts, says:
; Ambassador Herrick, during the
j course of the past few days, has con
- ferred successively with Premier Pain
| leve. Foreign Minister Briand and
j Finance Minister Caillaux, the eon
jversations having been entirely un
official, but they nevertheless dealt j
exclusively with the conditions for a
preliminary meeting, during the course
of which official resumption of con
tact between Paris and Washington
concerning interallied debts would be
Regarding this statement. Ambas
sador Herrick confirmed his meetings
: with M. Painleve and M. Briand, but
'said he had seen M. Caillaux only once
{ since the finance minister took up his
: position, and that was upon the occa
sion of returning the minister's cour
tesy call.
Officials Here Willing to Grant France
Same Terms as Britain.
By the Associated Press.
. The one-half of 1 per cent amortiza
! tion rate mentioned in Paris advices
j as a mark for adjusting the principal
i (Continued on Page 4, Column 4.)
| -
W. G. Lee Seeks to Bring
Employers and Workers To
gether for Discussion.
| By the Associated Presi*.
! CLEVELAND. Ohio. May 15.—A
j railroad labor peace table, around
! which the presidents of 50 trunk line
: transportation systems, representing
j approximately 2,000,000 union railroad
j employes, heads of the 16 principal
| railroad labor organizations, members
l of railroad veterans and pension svs
| terns and a number of prominent citi
| zens will discuss the railroad labor
J situation, probably will be brought to
! Cleveland June 29. William G. Lee.
i president of the Brotherhood of Rail- j
j toad Trainmen, announced today. j
Plans, for the proposed conference ;
j alrgady are well under way, and let ,
j ters of invitation to attend the con
: ference probably will be sent out with
| in a week to more than 100 persons,
| Mr. Lee said.
j The invitation probably will point
j out that a study of the lalmr situa
i tion when there is nothing in dispute j
j might be productive of some good: |
I that it is to be distinctly understood
I that no action of the. conference will
be taken as binding upon any railroad
or organization; that it is purely an
! educational move and that it is hoped
that from the conference may come
some suggestion which may lead to
later conferences where something
definite may be adopted.
Time Held Opportune to launch
Peace Move.
I CHICAGO. May 15 (A 3 ).— The Chicago
I HeVald and Examiner today, in a story
I of the forthcoming rail conference in
Cleveland, said it had been informed
that the conference is designed to
be one of the most comprehensive ever
attempted in the railroad field.
“The time has arrived to make a
start toward permanent peace in the
Nation's transportation plant.” the in
vitation from W. G. Lee, president of
j the Trainmen, to those participating
I will say, according to the newspaper.
"Apparently the railway employer
and employe are separated by what
appears to be a huge, thick gray
granite wall.
“If we could start, however, a
breeze of good will, it would blow away
this seemingly impenetrable wall, for
it is nothing but a fog bank of mis
understanding. It would leave us.
the employer and the employe, stand
ing together on the same spot.
"If this conference does nothing
more than clear away the fog, I
shall he satisfied.”
Chicago railway executives are
quoted by the newspaper as express
ing themselves in favor of the con
ference. Bruce V. Crandall of Chi
cago, an executive of the Western
Railway Club, has been named by
President Lee as secretary of the
movement, the newspaper says.
The unions to be invited, says the
account, will include the “Big tour
—engineers. conductors, trainmen
and firemen and enginemen—switch
men. carmen, boilermakers, sheet met
al workers, machinists, electrical
workers, blacksmiths, maintenance of
way men, clerks, stationary firemen
and telegraphers.
George Bernard Shaw 111.
LONDON. May 15 OP). —George Ber
nard Shaw is indisposed and confined
to his London residence.
Traces of Century-Old Cemetery
Found in Grading Playground

{ Grading: the playground space in
1 the rear of the Garrison School, on
Twelfth street between R■ and*S,
workmen today had uncovered a
line of ancient graves, apparently
in the midst of a century-gld ceme
tery. In all six were found.
Traces of bones, ready to fall ihto
| dust, were discovered by William
Butler, colored, of Brooks court, in
charge of the workmen. Only splin
ters of moldy old wood, forming
the caskets, were to be seen w’hen
the first three were uncovered, but
these were sufficient in their gen
eral characteristics to identify the
graves. No name plates were
found. Later today another row
of three graves was uncovered.
I The wood of the coffins fell to
dust when the shovels and picks
1 touched it.
1 Margaret Holmes, graylialred.
Y pharr a guerre’s
Name Worth $5
In Traffic Court
William Ypharraguerre. charged
with overtime parking on H street,
is $5 richer today because of his
Although tho defendant pleaded
guilty to the charge of Policeman
if. H. Hoke of the Traffic Bureau,
he was released on his personal
bond by Judge Isaac R. Hitt, when
the judge said that the traffic offi
cer would have to pronounce the
name. *
When Policeman Hoke smilingly
made no attempt even to begin,
Judge Hitt ordered the defendant
to l»e placed on his personal bond
not to repeat the offense of which
he stood charged.
The defendant was paged by the
bailiff as “Mr. Y” prior to being
brought up for trial.
Woodlawn, Once Owned by
Washington, Passes to
Senator - Oscar W. Underwood of
Alabama, prominently before the
j country on several occasions as Dem
ocratic candidate for the presidency,
has bought Woodlawn, the 160-
acre country estate near Mount Ver
non. it was learned today.
I The transaction was handled, it is
understood, by H. W. Hilleary and
■Louis S. Scott of the Hilleary Real
Estate Agency. The price is not re
vealed. but is believed to have been
around SIOO,OOO. The sum set on it
some time ago when it was quietly
offered by a number of Washington
dealers was $150,000. The owners
were the heirs of Miss E. W. Sharpe
of Germantown, Pa., and elsewhere.
The purchase is taken by friends of
Mr. Underwood to mean that he will
make Washington his permanent
home, and quite possibly retire, at
least for a time, from the political
Several months ago it became known
that Mr. Underwood would probably
have opposition for re-election at the
expiration of his present term, which
ends March 3. 1927. His strong anti-
Ku Klux stand before the Democratic
convention last June and July at New
York created a strong back-fire of sen-.
timent against his return among cer
tain elements at home.
Thompson Mentioned.
The name of Frederic I. Thompson,
Shipping Board commissioner repre
senting the- Gulf States, was put for
ward, and Thompson is regarded as
a likely candidate because of his ex
perience of affairs at Washington and
the backing of four of the largest
daily newspaiiers of Alabama, which
he owns or controls. However, Thomp
son has giveh no indication of a deci
sion. It has been accepted for quite
a while that he would retire from the
Shipping Board, as he has been forced
into a minority in his fight to keep
the maximum number of Government
owned vessels in regular service.
Others who may be candidates
against Senator Underwood are E. T.
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
hut in good health, who said she
could not remember her age, lives
in a house in the alley that flanks
the school. She said that she came
there in the administration of Har
rison; she did not remember the
year. At that time, she said,
houses around were occupied by
members of the Societies of Friends,
from which, evidently, the alley
took its name as Quaker court.
Looking up from her ironipg
board, Margaret said that the folks
who lived there when she came had
told her that the plot of ground on
w r hich colored school children now
play was the old St. John’s Ceme
tery, used by “white folks.”
Old residents of Washington were i
queried regarding the existence of
such a burying ground, but could
not remember it.
Radio Programs—Page 40.
Congregation Backs Kaitlin,
Arrested Here as Dry
The sacramental wine issue, which
’ | has disturbed many sections of the
United States and resulted in wide
difference of opinion among religious
leaders, particularly those of the Jew
ish faith, has been precipitated into
I Washington, with prospects of a stiff
fight between the Government and the
defendant, Semuil Kaitlin, 64 years
of age, of Ohev Sholorn Synagogue,
who was arrested last night at his
home, 1404 Fifth street northwest,
charged with illegal sale of sacra
mental wine.
While Rabbi J. T. Loeb of Ohev
Sholorn Synagogue today stoutly pro
tested .Mr. Kaitlin was entirely inno
cent of violating the law and the
congregation would fight to get back
possession of the 851 quarts of wine
seized at Kaitlin's home, the Gov
ernment moved ahead not only toward
the prosecution of the defendant, but
also toward investigation of the syna
Karly Probe Seen.
Assistant Prohibition Commissioner
Jones said the Government had had
so much difficulty in enforcing pro
hibition in connection with the use of
sacramental wines that it had had to
resort to a check-up of the member
ships of certain Jewish synagogues in
other cities. Under this general pol
icy. he said, the Government probably
would go ahead “shortly” with its in
vestigation into the wine lists of Mr.
Kaitlin and the membership of the
synagogue of which he was a member.
Mr. Kaitlin. Rabbi Loeb explained,
is not a Jewish rabbi, but had been
designated by the congregation to
handle the sacramental wine, which,
under the prohibition law, Jewish peo
ple are allowed to have for sacra
mental purjx)ses.
Lucked Leads Raid.
Mr. Kaitlin was arrested last night
at his home by prohibition agents un
der the leadership of Harry M. Luck
ett, chief of general prohibition agents,
after Kaitlin. according to Mr. Luck
ett, had sold the last installment of 14
gallons of sacramental wine to an
(Continued on Page 5, Column 2.)
Oklahoma Man Is Named Tempo
rary Deputy Commissioner
by Coolidge.
By the Associated Press.
Winfield Scott of Enid, Okla.. who
is said to be selected for appointment
in the near future as commissioner of
pensions, today was named tempo
rarily to the deputy commissioner
As deputy commissioner Mr. Scott
succeeds Hays Haymaker of West
Virginia, whose resignation, tendered
some weeks ago, has been accepted.
The present commissioner, Wilder S.
Metcalf of Kansas, took office only a
few weeks ago under an agreement
that he would be absent but a short
time from his private business. Mr.
Scott's temporary appointment as
deputy commissioner was decided upon
to familiarize him with the work of
the Pension Bureau before succeed
ing Commissioner Metcalf.
Mr. Scott is a Spanish War veteran,
and has held the rank of colonel both
in the Oklahoma National Guard and
the Reserve Corps. He is a practicing
Secretary Work, in a letter today to
Mr. Haymaker, expressed appreciation
of his long service in the Pension Bu
reau, where he served as chief clerk
before being promoted to deputy com
missioner in 1923.
Jugoslavia Irritated by Attack of j
Machine Gunners.
BELGRADE, Jugoslavia, Mav 15 j
OP).—-The ministry of the interior l
hears that 30 Bulgarian soldiers with I
machine guns crossed the frontier of j
j the Timok district of Jugoslavia and !
I rushed the village of Tsernochavtse
I near Negotin.
The villagers drove out the invaderß. I
The incident to causing much lrrita- I
I tlon here.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 100,316
(A 1 ) Means Associated Press. T’WO CENTS.
Earthquakes Kill
Ten in Philippines;
Damage Buildings
By thr> Associated Press.
MANILA, May 15.—Weather Bu
reau officials today reported that
len persons were killed by a series |
of earthquakes in the Province of
Oriental Negros. Many concrete
buildings which were not reinforced j
by steel collapsed and frame dwell- j
irjgs were seriously damaged.
A number of the Muscavado su
gar mills were badly cracked, but
only the central building was
damaged to any extent. All steel
reinforced structures were undam
An earthquake of moderate in
tensity was recorded today on the
seismograph of Georgetown Uni
versity. It began at 7:07 and fasted
until about 8 a.m., and Director
Tondorf placed its distance as
4,500 miles from Washington, with
the direction not definitely deter
Administration Declared Bent
on Getting Rid of Burden
of Cost of FleeL_ .-j
The beginning of the end of Gov-}
j ernment ownership of shipping is in j
I sight.
The negotiations between Chairman j
O'Connor and Henry Ford, out of ;
I! which the latter might obtain 400 j
11 ships and scrap them, are resented by )
'other members of the Board. The j
j action of the chairman, however, was I
j not of his own initiative. He acted |
1 1 with full knowledge of the adminis- .
1 tration and in pursuance of a policy j
I which is gradually coming to the'
j surface, namely, to get rid of the
I ships, either by sale or scrapping.
The cost of maintenance is visual- j
j ized by the administration as a drain I
jin these days of rigid economy. A!
1 j subsidy plan having been defeated, I
' ! the Government is inclined to turn 1
■ j the ships over to private owners at I
i j rates low enough for them to oper- )
. i ate.
, ; Two objections to this course are '■
; expressed by minority members of
j the Shipping Board. One is that the j
! surplus of shipping is an insurance j
• 1 against excessive freight rates on the -
j ocean, and the other is that American !
i , merchant ships will slowly but surely ;
| fall into the hands of foreign ship- j
’ I ping corporations if ever turned loose j
!by the American Government. Thus j
I the auxiliary in time of war would be j
diminished and a new fleet made
; necessary.
1 Insurance As Burden.
\ The whole thing in a nutshell is j
1 whether the United States Govern
( I ment can afford to take the view j
| that a cost of twenty million I
I dollars a year—the present appro- j
! priation—for maintenance and oper- I
| ation of the existing fleet is good in- j
j surance to pay for the future of j
; national defense, or whether it is an ■
j unnecessary burden,
i The private owners who endeavored
.: to get hold of the Government fleet
j under the Harding administration
1 i found themselves balked time and
i again because the Shipping Board in
-1 sisted on guarantees that once the
’ i ships were sold certain routes would
:be maintained. Also the Government
' 1 required real cash to back up any
' j offers instead of promises of partici-
I pation in profits, or deferred pay
’ | ments out of expected profits under
| | private ownership.
( j It begins to look now as if the
I policy of the past is slowly being
; | broken down and that the fleet will
| pass out of Government hands with
j in the next few months, so that the
j Shipping Board will really be de-
I prived of a job. Already there is talk
j of cutting down the board to a com
- : mission'of three, to consist of cabinet
• ! members, so that the whole thing
• j will be in the control of the Exeeu
• J live. It has always been contended
■ heretofore that when the ships were
j turned over to private owners the
> j Shipping Board will remain as a sort
j (Continued on Page 3. Column 5.) j
■ | Forty Philadelphia Patrolmen
Suspended in Biggest But
ler Shake-Up.
j By the Associated Press.
> | PHILADELPHIA, May 15.—A se
- j eret investigation by a special, squad
of police, known as the “four cor
porals,” has revealed a conspiracy be
j tween a number of Philadelphia brew- I
I ery owners and about 400 patrolmen
| detailed to prevent the breweries from
i violating the prohibition law.
Director of Public Safety Butler so
j declared after his suspension of 40
i patrolmen charged with accepting ;
. bribes from breweries and in aiding
j brewery employes in loading illegal
j beer on trucks for delivery to saloons.
' | The suspended men comprise more
I than one-half of the personnel of one
! police district and include the captain
|in charge of the district. They have
i been ordered before the Police Trial
j Board to answer the charges.
Begins Biggest Shake-up.
| Officials of the Police Department !
said the suspensions marked the be- I
ginning of the biggest police shake-up
since Gen. Butler started his cam
paign of law enforcement, 16 months
ago, the history of the city.
Director Butler in making the in- I
vestigatlon selected a squad of picked i
men, some of whom he stationed in 1
the breweries as laborers, while others j
were set to work on nearby buildings j
as carpenters and painters. Their re- I
port said patrolmen had aided brewery
employes in loading beer on trucks,
acted as “lookouts” to warn the brew
ery officials of the presence of un
friendly police officials, accepted
bribes from the brewery officials and
employes and disobeyed imperative
orders to change the "quarantine"
guard ordered for the breweries dally.
The investigation employed several
I squads of detectives, but the report of
j only one squad has been submitted to
Director Butler.
NEAR J®,000,13
District Commissioners Get
Department Head’s Pre
liminary Figures.
$12,500,000 THOUGHT
Street Lighting Needs Also Held
Certain of Liberal Appro
priation From Congress.
| The preliminary estimates <>f tlie
j various department heads of the
j District Government for the fiscal
j year 1936-1927, now being submitted
j 10 the Commissioners, are expected to
i reach a total of approximately $40,-
000,000, which is about the sum rec
ommended by division chiefs last,-
, year. The preliminary
i were supposed to be in LheTTatids of
i the Commissioners today. All of them
| are not yet hb\vever, and the com
; pleted taiarUmay vary somewhat from
_j_thi.«r_jjgyre. These estimates repre
sent _what the men in charge of vari
| ous activities believe they shot .
: have to carry on their respective,
i functions during the fiscal year.
i- The Commissioners always cut
i these recommendations of bureau
' heads before making even a pre
; liminary report to the Budget Bu
j reau, since they must consider the
j municipal service as a whole.
Many Cuts Probable.
| The city heads have not attempted
jup to this time to determine how
| much they will ask the Budget Bu
; reau to approve, but it is practi
j callv certain to be considerably less
; than the department heads are rec
i omrnending.
, The Commissioners also will give
j consideration this year to the views
j of the newly created Citizens’ Advisory
| Council as to what the total should
jbe before -making up their minds. It
is understood the Commissioners will
! not disclose the estimates of the de
j partment heads to the council, but will
j ask them to make recommendations
| for each branch of the service, based
on the amounts appropriated by Con
gress for the 12 months beginning
; July 1.
Each member of the council has
j been supplied with a sheet showing
; what was appropriated for each de
j partment in the last appropriation
! law. From these figures and informal
j conferences with officials they will de
-1 vide whether more or less should be
I sought for each activity next year.
Progress on the new water conduit
1 and additional reservoirs has reached
j a stage where, it is understood, nearly
| a million dollars less can be asked for
| next year for this project. This situa
j tion may enable the Commissioners to
j seek increases in other directions
$12,500,000 for Schools.
The total estimates of the school
i system, including the building pro
j gram, are approximately $12,500,000,
j or about the same amount requested
I a year ago.
Street lighting needs are' practically
! certain to receive liberal consideration.
| since a definite program for improving
| the illumination of the streets over a
; given period of years has been worked
| out. Traffic officials also regard im
: proved street lighting as an essential
factor in reducing accidents.
Serious consideration will lie given
also to the need for replacing the old
Chain Bridge across the Upper Poto
; mac in the fiscal year 1926-1927.
| The Fire Department, it is reported,
:! will seek one or two new fire engine
| houses.
There has been some discussion of
I reviving the movement for a central
j police building to house the detective
j bureau, police headquarters and traffic
i department, but whether this will be
; achieved next year is problematical.
| The city heads probably will not be-
I gin to consider the recommendations
{ that have been submitted by depart
i rnent heads until about June 1.
Chicago Official Held Up in Own
Garage—Gunman Wounded
in Affray.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, May 15.—Dr. Charles D.
Wall, police surgeon, was probably
fatally shot early today by one of
two robbers who held him up as he
was putting his automobile in his
garage. The assailants fled without
searching him.
While police sought them they also
searched for two men who a few hours
earlier accompanied James Coyne,
gunman, in an attack on Daniel Per
ry, former Municipal Court bailiff.
Perry, under indictment in connec
j tion with a $1,000,000 war savings
stamp counterfeit plot, was wounded
in an exchange of shots with his as
sailants, and shot Coyne, who may
The police attributed the shooting
| of Perry to an attempt to eliminate
\ him as a possible State’s witness in
the coming counterfeit plot trial or to
a liquor runners' feud.
1.000 Free State Troops Start
Mysterious Inquiry.
j LONDON, May 15 i/P). —News
agency dispatches from Cork. Ireland.
| say something of a sensation has
been caused by reports that more than
1,000 Irish Free State troops, operat
ing with civil guards, made an encirc
ling movement over a wide area last
night. They- are closely inspecting
I certain people and premises, the re
port says. It is rumored that the ac
: tion is in connection with the shoot
jing in 1923 of unarmed British soldiers
jat Queenstown.
Dawson Is Flooded.
VANCOUVER, B. C„ May 15 OP).—
A delayed message from Dawson. Y.
T., dated May 11, received by the
Canadian Press last night, declared
that Dawson was experiencing the
worst flood in Its history. The Yukon
River, the dispatch related, had over
flowed its banks and business houses
had been damaged by the advancing

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