Newspaper Page Text
ftJ. 8. Weather Bureau Torecaat.)
Partly cloudy tonight and tomor
row; not rhuch change in temperature;
moderate jortheast and east winds.
Highest. 98. at 2:15
p.m. yesterday; lowest. 76. at 5 a m.
today. Full report on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 22
\7_ 9Q CXO Entered as second class matter X
post office, Washington, D. C.
NEW SEES DEFICIT
OF Ml IN
PAST OFFICE FUNDS
Increase in Pay of Workers
and Change in Rates
JUNE BUSINESS SHOWS
BIG GAIN IN 50 CITIES
New Schedule Fails, However, to
Bt the Associated Press.
A deficit of approximately $40,000,000 j
for postal operations for the fiscal!
year of 1925 was estimated today by i
Postmaster General New.
The deficit was attributed by the ,
Postmaster General to ibe increased i
pay of postal employes and the change !
In postage rates.
In announcing total postal receipts ,
of $2,832,682 for June at 50 industrial j
city post offices he said:
"The receipts of the 50 selected post i
offices for June show an increase of j
14.72 per cent over June, 1924, and
those of 50 Industrial cities, with 16.45
per cent, show even a better average.
"There are two most gratifying cir
cumstances in connection with these
figures, the first of which is the fact
that every one of the larger cities
shows an increase, and the same is
true of all but one of the 50 industrial
cities. The month’s business Is there- i
fore quite satisfactory from the stand- |
point of the post office.
"Os course, any estimate based on i
these figures as to how nearly the i
postal receipts will balance expend!- j
tures for the current year Is the !
merest guess. But the figures quoted ]
would Indicate a deficit of something
like $40,000,000, which is due, of
course, to legislation passed by the
tast Congress affecting both pay and
Rate Hearings to Begin.
A special Joint congressional commis
sion soon will begin hearings in vari
ous of the country on postal
rates and must submit recommenda
tion to Congress during the first week
of the December session for a perma
Considerable opposition to the re
cently increased rates has been voiced
by business organizations and large
mall users, who have declared they
have curtailed postal revenues.
From the two and one-half months'
operation of the new rates postal
officials have found it almost impos
sible tp determine Just what effect
they hove had toward increasing the
revenues.. Experts calculated they;
would, produce about $50,000,000 in i
additional funds, but the officials now
say Indications are they are not pro
ducing anything near that amount.
Total revenues for the fiscal year of
1*25 / are expected to approximate
SBOOjWK>,OOO, compared with $572,000,-
000 for 1924. Expenditures totaled
$5975000,000 for 1924 and the deficit
Estimates of expenditures for 1925
have not been made up, but they are |
not f smaller than last year. In ad-j
dition to the normal expenditures 1
there was added about $34,000,000 by I
the. Increase in employes’ pay which ■
became effective January 1.
CHAOS IN NEW YORK
i SEEN IF LAW FAILS
Home Rule Act Voided,!
$300,000,000 Bond Is
sues May Be Illegal.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. July 8— Legislative 1
chaos in the government of New i
York State and in 41 of its 60 cities i
is feared by the home rule commis- j
sion If a court decision invalidating j
the home rule amendment to the |
State constitution and its enabling j
act is upheld.
t Laws passed under constitutional
amendments dating back 31 years to
♦he adoption of the present constitu
tion must be found void. James J.
Hoey, chairman of the commission,
says, because the amendments were 1
submitted to the people by the Leg- '
islature in the same manner as the
home rule amendment. Included are
those dealing with the $45,000,000
soldiers’ bonus, working men's com
pensation and $300,000,000 in bond
Issues. Bond specialists say. how
ever, that even if the issues should
be technically invalid, there is legal
precedent to compel payments of in
terest and principal.
City Elections May (io.
Third-class cities are left without j
any provision for holding elections
this year, Mr. Hoey says, and he re
gards the legal entanglements in
prospect for them as almost hopeless
Corporation Counsel George P.
Nicholson of New York is to seek a
stay of execution of the decision and
/lie an appeal to the Court of Ap
peals. The home rule commission
also plans proceedings.
The appellate division of the Su
preme Court held that the Constitu
tion required two successive Legisla-1
tures to pass a proposed amendment '
in the Bgme form before ratification :
by the people. The home rule amend- j
Vnent. the court declared, was slightly
changed before its second passage by ;
the Legislature. The home rule en |
abllng act went into effect January!
X. 1924. The amendment prohibited
the Legislature from passing laws
Applying specially to one city, but
permitted such legislation when ap
plicable to all cities.
Mr. Hoey says that no amendment
adopted since 1894 has been read in
full and without change to two suc
Tetrazzini to Tour TJ. S.
NAPLES, July 8 \/P). —Mme. Luisa
Tetrazzini, the coloratura soprano,
has decided to make a farewell tour
, of the United States knd Australia,
commencing the latter part of this
Japanese Quake Zones Active;
Every .District Is Rocking
Vacationists in Mountains Find All Sum ■*
, mer Resorts Trembling—Several Lives
Lost in Vicinity of Nagoya,
BY 4. RUSSELL KENNEDY.
Bv Radio to The Star and Chioapo Daily News.
TOKIO, July B.—A report of the
meteorological department says all
the earthquake zones of Japan are
now active. This is especially in
triguing to Summer vacationists,
who this week are deserting the. cen
ters of population for mountain re
sorts. All of these resorts have been
restored to activity as in 1923.
Nagoya holds the center of the
stage today. The entire district
around that city is reported to be un
dergoing a severe rocking process. So
far. however, no loss of life has been
reported, and the damage Is compara
tively small. Nagoya is famous in
i the earthquake history of Japan, but
I is was rebuilt some 20 years along
| more modern and substantial lines,
j Tokio. Yokohama and Osaka are
! resting easy.
(Copyright. 1925. by Chicago Daily News Co. >
i SEVERAL KILLED IN QUAKE.
Yiolenf Shocks l>o Property Damage
In Nagoya District.
j TOKIO. July R (/P). —Dispatches
I from the town of Nagoya report that
j a severe earthquake shook the Na
goya district yesterday and there
were several casualties. A number
t TAX FIGHT EARLY
Counts on Public Aid in Get
ting Surtax Rate
BY DAVID LAWRENCE.
SWAMPSCOTT, Mass.. July B.
President Coolidge has fired the open
ing gun in the battle for tax revision
! and he has fired early enough so that
j opinion may crvstalize long before
Congress convenes In December.
Usually the administration does not
disclose its recommendations so far in
advance, fearing the attacks of the
opposition or the cooling of the ardor
of advocates through protracted de
bate. But there is significance to the
bold declaration by the President of
his belief in as low a surtax rate as
possible. When it Is disclosed that the
; President will sign a bill carrying
maximum surtax rates of less than
25 per cent, even 12 per cent if the
Treasury experts say the surplus can
stand It, this means that the admin
istration has taken stock of the
strength of its opponents and finds
them diminishttl in numbers as well
as influence since the Mellon plan of
25 per cent maximum was first pro
posed nearly two years ago.
Surtax Crux of Reform.
The truth about surtax rates is
I that the President still feels they
(constitute the crux of scientific tax
reform. He believes his position,
j which was. of course, taken on the
' advice of Secretary Mellon, that un
less surtaxes are equitably dlstrib
| uted the Indirect burdens of taxa
| tlon are not reduced, is a thoroughly
The presidential references to the
cases of the man of small Income,
who might get five dollars taken off
his total tax bill of $35, as contrasted
with more employment and financial
opportunity in a business world
stimulated by lower surtaxes, simply
i mean that the battle will be waged
j along the same lines as it was when
the Mellon plan first came out. ex
' cept that now the Treasury is fortl-
I fled by facts and figures taken from
i the returns that have come In within
I the last two years.
It sounds fallacious, but the whole
j argument of the administration, that
the lower the surtaxes on great
' wealth the more revenue the Govern
; ment gets. The reason is that under
j high surtax rates there is avoidance
j of taxation and a turning to invest
; ments that are exempt from taxa-
I tlon, whereas under low surtax rates
I securities and investments that are
: taxable really prove better invest
ments even when the tax is deducted.
In other words, since it has proved
impracticable to abolish tax-exempt
securities by constitutional amend
ment, because of the length of time
j it would take to have such a pro
vision enacted and because thts could
not affect the billions of dollars of
tax-exempt securities already issued,
the onlv policy that can be followed
is to make the taxable securities
more attractive than they have been
to men of wealth.
Congress’ View Changed.
Some revenue is better than no
revenue, according to the tax experts,
) and the furnishing of capital for pro
-1 ductive enterprises by men who would
! under high surtax rates withhold
their funds is a better stimulus to
business and the prosperity of the
average man than any single reform
that could be applied in taxation.
That is the line of thought which
the President is endeavoring to in
calculate in the minds of the Ameri
can people. And he is doing it thus
early because he and his advisers
have been visibly impressed by the
change in the attitude of individual
members of the Senate and House,
who two years ago wouldn’t think of
| a surtax maximum of 25 per cent, but
' who today are frankly conceding it
i would be wise legislation.
1 If public opinion can bring * a
■ change so quickly—and two years is
! considered a short time for such a re
i versal of attitude—then something
more can be accomplished in the same
direction In the few months that
elapse before Congress really comes
to a vote on the next tax bill. It is
confidently expected that the Treasury
will recommend a surtax maximum
of from 15 to 18 per cent. While the
administration would be satisfied with
a compromise of 25 per cent, the pro
posals of the Treasury will be made,
not with the idea of trading but be
cause of a conviction that the coun
try’s finances can actually stand a
lower surtax maximum.
It will be the consistent effort of
those who favor this school of
thought to keep hammering away for
low-er surtaxes even after the new law
V J V x WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1925—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. on mA.«ci.t.d Pr.„.
of tall chimneys collapsed. j
The quake is described as the most j
severe shock felt in the region since j
Honolulu Records Quake.
* HONOLULU. July 8 OP).—An
earthquake of considerable magni
tude was registered at 3:51 a.m. yes
terday on the seismograph at the
United States magnetic station at |
1 Ewa, this island. The shock con- i
tinued about 3 hours. The distance
! away of the disturbance could not
• he estimated- hut it was said that the
record resembled that made by the
' seismograph on the Santa Barbara
1 Felt at Georgetown.
; A pronounced earthquake, the sec
ond recorded during the day, left its
, record yesterday afternoon on the i
, Georgetown University seismograph
: It lasted from 12:49 p.m. to 1:53 p.m j
Eastern standard time, and was most ,
| intense a few minutes after 1 p.m. j
Father Tondorf estimated the distance ■
! at 2,300 miles from Washington.
PORTUGAL IS ROC KED.
Several Earthquakes Are Felt In
J LISBON, July 8 <A>). —Earthquake j
shocks were felt in the northern j
provinces of Portugal today.
POST FOR MONDELL I
IN CABINET HINTED
! Resignation From War Fi-j
nance Body Is Held
BY 4. RUSSELL YOUNG.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
SUMMER WHITE HOUSE,
i SWAMPSCOTT, Mass.. July B.—An-!
nouncement late yesterday by Frank j
: W. Mondell, after lunching with the -
President, that he had tendered his'
resignation as a member of the War j
, Finance Corporation to practice law
, in Washington was the principal !
! topic of conversation here last night.!
j Gossip has It that President Cool- 1
ldge would like to have Mr. Mondell!
; in his cabinet, and there are some
, who are Inclined to think that this
, is likely and that it had something
, to do with the latter's resignation. It
is known, also, that Mr. Mondell
would very l'eadily accept a cabinet
place and that his friends frequently
have suggested his appointment as
Secretary of the Interior if Secretarv
; Work retires. The President makes
1 no secret of the fact that he is per-!
; sonally fond of Mr. Mondell and that j
he has a high opinion of his ability, j
Work Inclined to Stay.
Some of the President’s close friends i
have said that it would please hint if !
i Dr. Work would retire, hut apparent
ly Secretary Work is not of a retiring ‘
disposition. If Work should get out I
his going would be the last of the I
! cabinet members who figured in the
Teapot Dome oil scandal, but since
the Teapot Dome lease had been ex
- ecuted before Work was named Sec
retary of the Interior he sees no par
ticular reason why he should drop
out of the cabinet and revive the oil
scandal for the present.
' Mondell's defeat for the Senate, to
compete for which he left the House,
was due in no small measure to hts
defense of the Teapot Dome lease.
Mr. Mondell’s visit to White Court
indicates the thought President Cool
idge is giving during his “vacation”
to agricultural questions which, ac
cording to Washington reports, prom
ise to become an important issue be
fore the next session of Congress.
Mr. Mondell was a director of thp I
War Finance Corporation to act as 1
an expert on farm matters.
Agrees With Mulvane.
Mr. Mondell, it is understood, agrees ,
with the' view of David W. Mulvane. j
Republican leader of Kansas, that eco
nomic conditions in the Middle West j
are Improving, and that in conse
quence thereof the farmers are en
| thustastic about Coolidge. He would
not. however, discuss the Mulvane as
sertion that the farmers want the
President to have another term.
It is understood upon good author
ity that another farm program to have
administration support next Winter
is in the making, but it will not be
tinged by the radicalism of some of
the Western members. It. rather, will
fellow such conservative precedent as
was established In the report of the
| President's agricultural commission.
President Coolidge. it is understood,
realizes that the state of mind of the j
farmer as well as his future economic, i
condition depends upon the harvest j
and the prices which will prevail when
he sells his products. Therefore, ther* j
is real concern here as well as in j
Washington over the crop outlook. On
the other hand, the opinion is ex
pressed in some well Informed quar
ters that the worst of the farm crisis
Administration officials are confi
dent that the income of the farmers
•Ms year will be larger than It was
' 1924, which is expected to be re
flected in a further expansion of busi
It was learned today that President
Coolidge has no intention at this time
(Continued on Page 2. Column 4.)
JUDGE ROSS INDICTED
IN BANK FAILURE CASE
By the Awociated Press.
JACKSON. Tenn.. July B.—The j
Madison County grand Jury, investi
gating the failure of the Peoples’ Sav
ings Bank of Jackson, today returned
indictments against Judge J. W. Ross
of the Federal District Court for West
ern Tennessee, Thomas B. Carroll,
former cashier of the bank; his son,
John Carroll, and W. L. Cawthorn.
T. B. Carroll, John Carroll, who
acted as assistant to his father as
cashier of the bank, and Judge Ross
were named in a joint indictment con
taining 22 counts.
Judge Ross also was named in an In- j
dictment charging forgery and an- j
other alleging fraudulent breach of |
IN N. D. AT STAKE IN
' LADD’S SEAT FIGHT
Political Lines Drawn For;
Out-and-Out Battle of
SORLIE MAY MAKE BID
FOR G. 0. P. LEADERSHIP
Republican Success in 1924 Sus
pected of Arousing Ambition
BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
BISMARCK. N. D.. July B.—Edwin j
j F. seat in the United States |
: Senate Is the object of the same sort'
|of scramble as there Is for the toga !
iof Robert M. l,a Kollette. In Xorth '
: Dakota, as In Wisconsin, there are
I many aspirants and numerous cross
j currents. At Bismarck, as in Madi
son. 100. there is a governor who is
j sparring for time and confusing the
j situation by refusing to Indicate his
i intentions. Whether Gov. Arthur G.
Sorlie, the so-called conservative Non
j Partisan League ruler of the State. !
; will appoint a successor to Ladd or
! call a special election is at this hour
| the acme of uncertainty,
j Today at Bismarck a rump conven
j tlon of the Non-Partisan League,
j called by some of its extremist lead
l ers. is in session. Its purpose is to
' force the governor's hand by indors
j ing a Leaguer whom it would be em-
I barrassing for him to ignore. But
i Sorlie has given no sign that he is'
! ready to be stampeded,
j North Dakota's laws on the subject j
;of a senatorial vacancy are highly!
complicated. They make no direct j
' provision for appointment by the gov- :
■ error. He has certain constitutional i
’ rights to fill vacancies in State offices. 1
\ The question over which the best
| lawyers in the State are differing is j
whether the United States senalor
: ship is a State office or a Federal (
| office, with which the governor has j
| nothing to do.
Sorlie Urged to Act.
| Soriie is being urged to take a
i chance on the law and appoint at
j Senator without delay. Contrary to |
the advice of his attorney genera), j
: he has indicated his purpose of doing
iso in due course. It would then he 1
| for the Senate to say whether the i
I man the North Dakota governor sends I
Jto Washington is entitled to Senator)
j Ladd's seat. It is admitted there |
I are the seeds of a bitter fight on the :
floor of the Senate in this program. !
| Sorlie is in receipt of plenty of ad- j
I vice on the subject. One piece of j
! such counsel is that if he appoints !
; a conservative who would be accept-1
able to the Coolidge admlristration j
i and Chairman Butler of the Itepub- !
| lican national committee, there would |
!be no doubt that the precarious Re- I
j publican majority in the Senate would
: welcome him with open arms.
Such a man would go to Washing
ton on the understanding that he
\ would support Coolidge policies on ma- 1
i Jor occasions, domestic and foreign.;
! and concur in presidential appoint-|
Iments. His reward for such “regu
! larity" would he control of North Da- :
! kota patronage and the consequent i
lability to build himself an effective'
machine in the State. This is the 1
sort of s|*eeulation rife in Bismarck, I
Fargo and other North Dakota polit. j
ical centers. What Gov. Sorlie's ac- j
tual intentions are no man knows He 1
is a brother in silence with Gov.
Blaine of Wisconsin, under almost i
Suspected of Conservatism.
Although elected governor as an out- j
and-out Non Partisan Leaguer, Sorlie
is suspected by the most stalwart radi- !
cals of being conservative. If he ex
(Continued on Page 3. Column 2.)
DRY CHIEFS FROWN!
ON PUBLICITY PLAN
| Woman Speaker Withdrawn.
$50,000 Poster Campaign
Not Approved by Andrews.
By the Associated Press,
Disapproval by high prohibition i
officials of the policy of building up
sentiment for the dry laws by means
! of propaganda and speech-making has
j seriously threatened the prohibition
' unit’s $50,000 poster campaign.
; Reports have been prevalent In
I official circles for several that
I administration approval or plans to
j spend $50,000 on poster dry propa
i ganda would he withheld and these
I have been revived with the an
| nouncement that the duties of Miss
j Georgia Hopley, woman prohibition
j agent, who has been speaking before
| women’s organizations on the benefits
of prohibition, had been abolished.
Andrews Against Posters.
Under the $11,000,000 prohibition
appropriation for this fiscal year
$50,000 was set aside for the dissem
ination of information and appeals
for observance and enforcement of
the dry law. For more than a month ;
I artistically inclined employes of the '
! prohibition unit have been painting
| posters with catchy slogans appeal
-1 lng for law observance.
The posters have been before As
i sistant Secretary Andrews of the
Treasury for several weeks, however,
and while he has not stated definitely
; whether he would approve, the idea,
Ihe has indicated that he is not
i heartily In favor of it. He believes
the money can be used more effec
tively in some other manner, but
whether this could be done legally
officials are not prepared to say,
since the law specifically provides
for expenditure of the money in the
circulation of appeals for law ob
The $60,000 item was the target for
sharp criticism when the prohibition
appropriation was before the last ses
sion of the House, one member char-
I acterizing the proposal as an attempt
; at "billboard enforcement.” '
' Radio Programs—Page 18.
HOT SPELL 10 IASI
! DESPITE SHOWERS
! Promised Rainfall Fails to
Give Relief and Humidity
Stays at High Peak.
The depressing torrid weather, which
| yesterday took a toll of two lives here.
! prostrated a number of others and
I discomforted every one tvithin its area.
| will continue through today and
j probably tomorrow, the Weather Bit
! reau sorrowfully predicted today.
1 A light shower at 2 o'clock this
i afternoon, however, brought the ther
mometer tumbling from 91 degrees.
; which were registered an hour before,
ito 79 degrees, and forecasters at the
j Weather Bureau predicted that there
I would be some slight relief today.
The shower, predicted for last night
; and which forecasters hesitated to an
nounce again for today, will not, how
ever, bring lasting cool weather, it
i was explained, because ft is only local.
Low-pressure areas moving East
I from the Lake section were expected to
| draw cooling thunderahowers here last
j night, but an unkind fate wafted them
farther north and Pennsylvania and
New York are rejoicing today and the
populace there is letting up on the
furious vibrating of fans in order
* to get a breath of air, made essential
The peak of the heat came yester
day at shortly after 4 o'clock, when
the thermometer registered 98 de
, grees. A stiff breeze, springing up
1 early this morning, brought the mer-
Irurv down to 75 degrees at 5 o'clock,
i With the climbing of the sun to his
; perch, however, the thermometer be
igan to mount without delay and by
! 10:30 the mercury had passed 88 de
grees and was still climbing,
j A temperature of 89 degrees had
j been reached at 12 o'clock and at
! 12:40 the Weather Bureau reported
j the red tube had climbed to 91 de
Two Workmen Dead.
The heat caused the death of two
, workmen yesterday afternoon and
prostrated at least a half dozen other
persons, but a round of calls to hos
i pitals failed to reveal any additional
I casualties today.
Burrell Johnson, colored. 40 years
old. of 327 Clark court southwest, a
' workhouse prisoner, was stricken
: while working on District property at
the foot of Ninth street southwest.
He was taken to Emergency Hospital,
but' died before he reached there.
Coroner Nevitt gave a certificate of
death from heat prostration.
William Washington, colored. 34
years old, 3317 Thirty-seventh street,
was overcome while working on the
street in Georgetown. He died short
ly after he had been taken to George
town University Hospital.
George Cooper of 2650 Wisconsin
avenue fell unconscious on the side
walk at Fifteenth and I streets yes
terday, from heat prostration, but re
gained consciousness at Emergency
Hospital later. His recovery is ex
Howard Willoughby, 1130 Bladens
burg road northeast, was stricken
while at Seventeenth street and
Rhode Island avenue, but was report
ed not to be in a dangerous condition
at Emergency Hospital, where he was
taken. James Russel. 1332 Twenty
fourth street, was overcome while
seated in his motor truck on Florida
avenue. He was given first aid at
Emergency Hospital and later taken
Miss Susan Miller of Wilmington,
Del., suffered a slight attack of heat
prostration at Fifteenth street and
Pennsylvania avenue yesterday and
was taken to Emergency Hospital.
NINE DEAD IN EAST.
Dozens Prostrated Second Day of
, NEW YORK, July S (/**).—The sec
ond day of the heat wave which swept
down upon the East from the Middle
West has caused at least nine deaths
directly and Indirectly and dozens of
Violent thunderstorms in most sec
tions yesterday brought only tempo
rary relief. Scores of buildings were
struck by lightning.
In New York City a temperature of
90 degrees, with high humidity, killed
one man and prostrated nine other
persons. Three boys were drowned,
a white youth giving his life In a fu
tile attempt to rescue two negro boys
in the Harlem River. One died in
Hoboken, N. J., and two were over
Lightning killed a motor cyclist who
sought shelter from the rain under a
tree In Medford, Mass. Three women
and a man under the same tree were
j A farmer near Wheatsheaf. Pa ,
| died of heart failure while firemen
I battled a fir* Jn his bam. struck by
Honey Drowns Bees
When Heat Melts
By the Associated Pree*.
FRESNO, Calif., July B.—Many
colonies of bees in Fresno County
have been drowned in their own
honey, the hives melting during
the recent heat wave.
The June report of C. R. Snyder,
Inspector of apiaries, filed with the
hoard of supervisors, revealed the
| PLUNGES TO DEATH
i Former Texas Girl Falls 7
Stories From Hotel
; By the Asaocialcd Prca#.
NEW YORK. July 8. —Baroness
Helen Zur Muehlcn of Java. Dutch
East Indies, was killed today by a
fall from a seventh-story window of
i the Ritz-Carlton Hotel.
She struck on the roof of the hotel's
Japanese garden, which is on a level
with the second floor. James M.
Thompson, at one time a close friend
of Miss Millicent Rogers, now Countess
von Salm Hoogstraeten. was visiting
the baroness, with other friends. He
said she stopped to an open w-indow
for fresh air and fell.
The baroness who Is about 28
years old, was Helen Carruthers of
San Antonio, Tex., before her mar
riage to the baron, who is at present
in Java, where he expected to be
joined by his wife. He is in the Dutch
Had Been Dancing.
According to the hotel management
Baroness Zur Muehlen had gone to her
apartment after dancing until late, be
ing accompanied to the suite on the
seventh floor by a number of friends.
Complaining of' the heat, she went
to the open window and. to the
horror of her guests, toppled over
the sill. Police, after an investiga
tion. said it was believed she had
The young woman was elaborately
gowned and jeweled. Her diamond
earrings were dashed from their set
tings in the fall and were recovered
from the roof by detectives.
Mrs. Gladys Carruthers. mother of
the baroness, was at the hotel during
the evening watching her daughter
and the other young people dance.
She went home when the baroness
retired to her suite with her friends.
Notified of her daughter’s tragic
death, she fainted, but quickly re
vived and directed the plans for dis
position of the body.
Were to Sail Today.
Miss Susan Welen. the baroness’
companion, with whom she arrived
at the Ritz-Carlton June 26. said they
wei4p to sail for Europe on the Beren
garia today and that last night the
baroness gave a farewell party. As
the party was about to break up.
Miss AVelen said, the baroness went
to a rear window in her suite and
stood looking out over the roofs.
Suddenly her companions saw her
press her hand to her heart and
topple forward over the window sill.
They sprang to catch her, but too
Besides the baroness. Miss Welen
land Thompson, the party included Les
ter Conly, connected with a Fifth ave-
I nue concern. The two men told the
l police the party of four had dined at
the Ritz-Carlton together, later they
went to the baroness' suite. Miss
AA’elen left the room and after she re
turned a few minutes later the men
said she whispered something to the
baroness, who in turn left the apart
ment and was gone about 15 minutes.
AA’hen she came back she went into
the living room and leaned out of the
window, remarking that it was very
Thompson said all three saw at the
same time that the baroness was fall
ing. Miss Welen screamed and the two
men ran to grasp the baroness, but
she slipped from their hold and
plunged out of the window, Thompson
An investigation was begun by Act
ing Medical Examiner Llebers and As
sistant District Attorney Ryan, who
questioned Thompson, Conly and Miss
Welen. Ryan and Llebers said they
believed the death was accidental, but
that further investigation would be
Police said that Miss Welen, whose
home is in London, would be allowed
to sail on the BerengaHa today on the
promise of "a British diplomatic offi
cial” that she would be produced if
by the district attorney.
Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Sty’s carrier system covers
every citymock and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the .papers are printed.
Yesterday’* Circulation, 95,209
Destroys National Fruit Plant
and Threatens Whole
j Special Dispatch to Th* «tar
ALEXANDRIA, Ya., July B.—A fire
; (hat started in the warehouse of the
I National Fruit Produce Co. this aft
; ernoon has completely destroyed the
j warehouse and plant, and is threaten
ing: the whole northwest section.
The electric service in the. north
west section has been disrupted by
the fire, one of the transformers going
out of commission shortly after the
fire started. The fire is still burning
furiously, and property damage total
ing SIOO,OOO is feared.
The Alexandria branch of the Hoge
Seed Co. has been saved by firemen.
TO CHANGE EIGHTS
! Prosecution of Those Dis
obeying Law to Start on
Hundreds of motorists whose cars
are equipped with headlight lenses not
on the approved list in the new traffic,
code will have to get approved equip
ment by August 1. Traffic Director
! Eldridge reminded today.
! Mr. Eldridge called attention to the
i matter today so that motor car own
| ers would not forget the requirement
until the period of grace for the un
approved lenses expires.
The traffic director said that while
he had no way of ascertaining how
many drivers have unapproved ienses.
he estimated that 20 per cent of the
cars would have to get new headlight
The new code went Into effect May
3, but Mr. Eldridge said the time for
buying approved lenses was extended
to August 1 in order to avoid working
hardship on owners of cars with un
Motorists will find a complete list
of the approved types of lenses in the
back of the traffic regulations, and all
of them are on the list adopted by
the conference of motor vehicle of
ficials of the Eastern States.
In this connection, Mr. Eldridge
also announced today that Inspector
Brown of the Traffic Bureau, is ar
ranging to have all of the traffic po
licemen given a brief course of in
struction in headlight regulations bv
Maj. R. E. Carlson of the Bureau of
The plan is. Director Eldridge said,
to have Maj. Carlson take the traffic
j officers in groups of 10 and explain to
them the principles of proper head
Mr. Eldridge said that while he still
gets complaints from persons who say
they are bothered by bright head
lights, he believes the headlight
situation has been greatly improved
recently. He again urged drivers to
make sure their headlamps are
properly adjusted so as not to be
Mr. Eldridge said he drove through
Baltimore recently and observed more
glaring lights than he has found in
Washington. The headlights, Mr.
Eldridge continued, should be adjust
ed down on the road and not gauged
so that they light up the trees and
"If a motorist has not obtained ap
proved lenses by August 1 he had
better leave his car in until he gets
them,” Mr. Eldridge said.
Jugoslav Minister Forced Out.
BELGRADE. Jugoslavia. July 8
—The minister of justice. M.
Louktnitch, has tendered his resigna
tion to the premier following attacks
by the opposition parties in connection
with the release from sequestration of
properties owned by the Prince of
Thurn and Taxis, estimated to be
worth one billion dinars (about
Fear Seaplane Flyer is Lost.
MANILA, July 8 (A > ). —A message
was broadcast today to all ships in the
vicinity of the Philippine Islands to
watch for Lieut. J. C. Taylor, who left
the Island of Corregidor Monday for
Cebu In a seaplane. It is feared that
Lieut. Taylor, a member of the Army
Air Service, has been lost.
CRY FOR FAIR TRIAL
OF HEADLEY GROWS
AS CASE IS CLOSED
Board of Trade and Chamber
| of Commerce Reiterate
Demands for Facts.
DEMOTION WAS MADE
• AT ELDRIDGE’S REQUEST
Chamber Takes Exception to Fen
ning’s Explanation to
j Despite the derision yesterday of
| the District Commissioners to take no
further action in the case of former
Inspector Albert J. Headley, demoted
: to a captaincy and placed in command
of a police precinct, those who have
bepn advocating his right to a “fair
! ’rial" showed no inclination today to
drop their pleas for reconsideration of
( the case.
| Following closely the action of the
I Chamber of Commerce last night In
adopting a resolution calling on the
I District Commissioners to reconsider
j Inspector Headley's case, Odell S.
i Smith, chairman, of the Board of
| Trade's committee on public safety,
called at the District Building today
and saw Commissioner Fenning for a
| few minutes. The latter had to at
j tend a board meeting, however, and
| arranged an appointment later with
• Mr. Smith.
1 The Board of Trade received a letter
; yesterday from the Commissioners de
j daring they saw no reason why the
I case should be reopened. The letter was
1 ; In reply to one he had sent requesting
; an interview as a representative of
| the Board of Trade. He said today
|he considered the reply unsatisfac
: tory and that he had been ignored as
j the spokesman for the Board of Trade.
] In the meantime there -was no in
! dleation on the part of the Commis
sionerfc of taking up the case again.
.Commissioner Fenning declined to dis
,cuss today the reasons for Inspector
i Headley's demotion, despite the fact
jthat at last night’s meeting of the
! Chamber of Commerce he was repre
| sented by four directors as having
i explained to them the reasons lying
j behind the inspector’s demotion,
j These, briefly, were that Inspector
j Headley had failed to co-operate with
j Traffic Director Eldridge, the latter
: had threatened to resign if such co
! operation was not forthcoming, and
jthat the change in the office of chief
j of the Traffic Bureau had resulted.
, Commissioner Fenning denied today
i that in talking with certain directors
of the chamber yesterday he had any
• intention of trying to Influence their
action In the Headley matter.
1 'lt was simply a courtesy on my
: part,” the Commissioner said. “1 felt
i they should know that the action In
the Headley rase was taken advisedly
j and after due consideration. I had no
thought of influencing their action.”
The Commissioner expressed the be-
I lief that after mature deliberation the
j directors of the chamber would
| recognize the spirit of courtesy in
i which he talked with certain of the
He said he had not yet received a
! communication from the directors of
| the chamber and that it would be
; placed before the Board of Commis
j sioners when it reaches him.
I The statements of the four direc
' tors fell as a bombshell upon a
j dramatic meeting of the chamber
last night, which finally adopted a res
olution asking that the Commission
ers rescind the demotion and that
Capt. Headley not be demoted unless
charges are publicly made, substan
tiated and clearly established.
The four directors conveying the
message were Martin A. Leese, vice
president of the chamber; J. Manson
j Foote. W. K. Shipley and J. H.
j Hanna, president of the Capital
j Traction Co. Mr. Leese, Mr. Foote
' and Mr. Shipley all declared that they
I had discussed the matter individually
j with Commissioner Fenning, who,
j they said, stated he understood the
I chamber was to discuss the Headley
i matter and wished them to convey a
! message to their colleagues. Each of
1 the directors talked to Commissioner
j Fenning. not knowing at the time
that the Commissioner had spoken to
any other member of the board.
Orders Not Obeyed.
Mr. Foote stated Commissioner Fen
ning told him Traffic Director Eld
ridge had complained that he could
| not function as traffic director as
j long as Inspector Headley was in
j charge; that Mr. Eldridge had cora
i plained of lack of co-operation, and
j that he had given orders to the Traffic
I Bureau that were not carried out. Mr.
1 Foote said Commissioner Fenning told
I him that after investigation he felt.
} “Headley was a square peg in a round
> hole.” He also said the Commissioner
1 I stated that it was natural for Headley
! not to co-operate because he was dis
appointed In not getting the job as
1 traffic director. Inspector Evans, he
said, submitted the name of Capt.
Brown as Headley's successor, and
Eldridge declared that either he or
1 Headley would have to go.
' These messages followed the report
! of Charles W. Darr, chairman of the
1 police and fire protection and public
I safety committee of the chamber.
1 j recommending that Inspector Headley
! i be given a hearing. The report was
1 i finally adopted by the chamber.
As the meeting proceeded and three
j directors rose in turn to explain they
1 had been called on by Commissioner
1 I Fenning individually, surprise was ex
pressed by the other members of the
• j board. Mr. Darr decried the pro
-1 ceedure of picking out certain mem
-1 j bers of the board to discuss the situ
ation with and to bring a message.
! He deplored the fact that the Com
; missloner had overlooked the presi-
I dent of the board. James T. Lloyd.
. : and declared that the Commissioner
• j should have communicated with the
i entire board Instead of calling in pick
i j ed men one by one.
|; All Wanted Change.
; I Mr. Leese declared that he had also
been summoned to the District
Building by the Commissioner, who,
he said, stated that he heard the
chamber was going to discuss the
Headley matter and requested Mr.
Leese to convey a similar message
to the board. Mr. Leese said that
the Commissioner told him he made
a study of the chiefs of the depart
ments under him and was particu
larly interested in the Traffic
Bureau; that he-had learned one of
j the heads of the departmente was
| (Continued on Page 8, Column #.}