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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 10, 1925, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(V. 9. Weather Bureau Forecist.)
Thundershowers this afternoon or
tonight; tomorrow fair; not much
change in temperature.
Temperatures—Highest, 90, at noon
today; lowest, 75, at 5 a.m. today.
Full report on page 7.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 18
\*„ .}Q Entered as second class matter
•e-A O* -itiWy. post office, Washington, D. C.
SCOPES REINDICTED
AFTER TRIAL OPENS
TO CORRECT ERROR
Technical Flaw Halts Case
for Hour While Grand
Jury Acts Anew.
THRONG HAILS BRYAN’S
ENTRANCE WITH CHEERS
Court, Jammed. Is Opened With
Prayer—Local Attorney
Quits Defense.
By the Associated Press.
DAYTON’, Tenn.. July 10.—A new
Indictment, based upon the evidence
responsible for the old document, was
returned against John Thomas Scopes
hv a Rhea County grand jury here to
day. The Indictment charged viola
tion of the recently enacted Tennessee
law prohibiting the teaching of evo
lution theories in the public schools.
The technicality involved was the
question of elapsed time between the
summoning of the special grand jury
In special session and the meeting of
the body. Thirty days should have
separated the two. Reindictment to
day cured this defect, it was said by
attorneys.
First Indictment Quashed.
On motion, of the attorney general,
the former indictment against Scopes
was quashed, having been superseded
by the second official document in the
case. .
The indictment allged that Scopes
“did unlawfully and wilfully” teach
tn Tennessee schools certain theories
that deny the story of the Divine cre
ation of man as told in the Bible. It
charged that the instructor taught
that man was descended from a lower
order of animals. This alleged teach
ing was "against the peace and dig
nity” of the State.
Clarence Darrow, speaking for the
defense, told the court his side had a
number of scientists it expected to
call to testify. The defense would
like to get an Indication when It
might be possible to call them as
they were busy men. and it was hoped
that they would he able to testify
with a minimum of effort.
Jury Seen in Short Time.
Judge Raulston inquired of the
State how long it was likely to take
to get a jury and the attorney sug
gested it would require a short time.
Mr. Darrow said he expected it
might take some tims. The Chicago
lawyer added that he considered
scientists competent within the case.
Judge Raulston indicated that he
would go into this matter when a
Jury was sworn in the case.
A last-minute change in cofrnsel for
the defense was indicated by the fail
ure of John L. Godsey, Dayton attor
ney, to appear with the other lawyers
In court after his absence from a con
ference of defense attorneys last night
had been regarded as significant.
While Judge Godsey told the As
sociated Press he had no statement to
make at this time, he said he would
not appear in court with other de
fense counsel. He said, however, that
h*> did not wish to harm the defense
raae. He declined to discuss his rea
son for the action, although it is
known that Mr. Godsey has desired
from the beginning to have the trial
of the case confined to the constitu
tional questions involved.
Bryan Is Cheered.
"During the first two hours of to
day’s court session one outburst of
cheering came from the hundreds of
spectators crowded into the court
room. It marked the arrival of Wil
liam Jennings Bryan to begin his
■work in connection with the prosecu
tion of Scopes.
Several school boys, former stu
dents of Scopes were called before
fh* grand jury to testify. They were
followed by the presentation as evi
dence of Hunter’s biology, the text
book used by the defendant, and the
testimony of Walter White, superin
tendent of the Rhea County schools
end prosecutor of the case.
Spectators began to find seats in the
courtroom two hours before the trial
began. By 8:20 o’clock the high-ceil
inged room, which will seat approxi
mately 800 persons, contained a hun
dred men, with a scattering of woman
observers.
The lawn and walks outside were
thronged with visitors, who included
mountaineers and khaki-clad tourists.
Motion picture cameras were placed at
strategic points to “shoot” the princi
pals in the case as they approached
the scene of the evolution trial.
A hum of tense conversation filled
the courtroom, and above this sounded
the clatter of reporters’ typewriters
and the muffled click of telegraph in
struments.
Judge Raulston entered at 8:30. fol
lowed by his wife and two young
daughters and mother-in-law. The
Judge's family took seats within the
railing. Raulston was busy shaking
hands with friends.
G. H. West brought in a bunch of
flowers and placed them on the
judge's desk. They were rhododen
drons, sent by friends from Laurel
Falls, six miles from Dayton.
Building Is Jammed.
At 8:45 few seats remained untaken
and the entrance and stairways were
crowded. The attorneys and the de
fendant were slow in arriving. Rules
were lacking for controlling the entry
of spectators. Raulston indicated
that regulations to check the over
flow would be perfected.
Dudley Field Malone of defense
counsel, followed by Scopes’ attor
neys. Darrow. Hays. Neal, and the de
fendant's father, entered at 8:50 and
took seats at the counsel table to
the left of the judge's seat.
All principals in the case passed
through a group of photographers
at the entrance 1o the courthouse
grounds. Judge Raulston. with a
Bible, and a dictionary under his arm,
posed for them for several minutes.
Scopes, entering the grounds with
Darrow, Malone. Hays, Neal and Rap
pleyea, was held for several minutes.
When they finally pushed their way
through the crowd, disappointed cam
era men scampered ahead and posted
themselves upon the courthouse stepii.
With a prayer by the Rev. Wil
liam M. Cartwright, pastor of the
Dayton Methodist Episcopal Church
South, court was convened.
The opening of the court was
marked by what was expected to be
the first -hf many demonstrations
when the entrance of William _.len
*(C6ntinued on Page 4, Column S.)
Russian Aviators’ Plot to Aid
Chinese Take Shameen Bared
Plan to Capture Canton Foreign Settle
ment and Kawloon Hatched by Com
mander of Cadets , Dispatch Says .
i By the Associated Press
HONGKONG, July 10. Reuter's
1 Canton correspondent announces dis
covery of an alleged Chinese plot to
attempt to capture both Shameen. the
| foreign settlement of Canton, and
I Kowloon, opposite Hongkong, with
i the assistance of Russian aviators.
The correspondent says a plan for
the capture of these places with the
assistance of Russian aviators has
been prepared by the commander of
the Whampoa Chinese Cadets at Can
ton.
(Reports, never definitely substan
tiated or disproved, said these cadets
commanded by a "Russian officer,”
parading near Shameen, started the
trouble on June 23, as a result of
which a French merchant, J. Pas
quier. was killed, and several British
wounded. British and French ma
rines then fired into the Chinese dem.
onstrators.)
The Chinese claim, according to
this dispatch, that Shameen could be
captured in three minutes at the cost
of only 1.000 Chinese lives.
Inquiries made in Shameen. how
ever. confirm the Hong Kong impres
sion that the defenses of the foreign
CHINA REED CAUSE'
OF KELLOGG VISIT
Grew Taking Recent Notes
From Abroad to State Sec
retary in Massachusetts.
By the Associated Press.
Undersecretary of State Grew made
arrangements today t 6 leave for
Swampscott, Mass., to meet Secretary
Kellogg, who is en route to the Sum
mer White House from St. Paul.
The Undersecretary will be the
bearer of State Department exchanges
which have taken place since Secre
tary Kellogg left Washington last
week for an indefinite vacation stay
at his St. Paul. Minn., home, and will
submit them to the Secretary as a
basis for conferences with President
Coolidge.
There is reason to believe that the
two most important subjects to he
discussed between Secretary Kel
logg and President Coolidge are those
regarding the Chinese and debt situa
tions.
Parley on China Opposed.
A certain amount of reluctance has
arisen abroad toward participation in
the proposed conference on the Chi
nese question. Secretary Kellogg has
taken a stand in favor of a discussion
between the powers signatory to the
nine-power treaty of the Washington
conference relating to China and the
governments whose representatives
approved a resolution then dealing
with extraterritorial rights in the Far
East.
While none of the governments. In
cluding Great Britain. France. Italy.
Japan. Belgium, the Netherlands and
Portugal, has actually declined to par
ticipate in the conference, their ob
jections as to the method and time of
such a meeting have been such as to
give Secretary Kellogg more or less
concern.
It is the Secretary's belief that a
conference should be held as soon as
possible to keep faith with China in
carrying into effect the promises stipu
lated by the resolution and to call
upon the various governments to give
assistance toward the attainment by
the Chinese government of its desire
to reform its judicial system and to
obtain freedom from worry over trou
blesome special privileges enjoyed by
foreigners in China. Relinquishment
of extraterritorial rights in China, it
is believed here, would go far toward
the elimination of friction between for
eigners and Chinese, a principal cause
for recent riots in Shanghai. Canton,
Peking and other Chinese centers.
Hold China Unprepared.
Opposition to participation in a
conference dealing with extraterri
toriality has been found on the part
of several governments to be based
on the belief that the Peking gov
ernment, admittedly weak and incapa
ble of enforcing law and order, is un
prepared to assume responsibilities
which would be necessary in the
event limitations upon its political,
jurisdictional and administrative free
dom are removed.
Ratification by the French Parlia
ment of the Washington conference
treaties, which was accomplished to
day, while not relating directly with
the extraterritorial issue, would have
an influence on clearing away pre
liminary obstacles to a final agree
ment.
- .
GIRL AND DETECTIVE
FOUND SHOT IN AUTO
Married Man Killed With Own Gun
by Companion in Sedan,
Police Say.
By the Associated Press.
RUMSON, N. J., July 10.—Sergt.
Detective Henry D. Walling of Long
Branch and Miss Mary A. Linsmayer
of Atlantic Highlands were killed
early today in Walling’s limousine at
Walnut street and Hartshorne road
by bullets through the heart, which
police said were fired by the girl from
Walling’s service revolver.
Both bodies were powder burned
and Walling's gun was found on the
floor of the car to the left of the
girl.
Walling was 28 years of age. mar
ried and the father of one child and
the son of William D. Walling, chief
of Long Branch police.
Miss Linsmayer was 22 years of
age and was graduated from the
Nurses’ Training School of Mon
mouth Memorial Hospital, Long
Branch, this Spring.
Police said that finger prints on
the barrel and butt of Walling's re
volver proved conclusively that Miss
Llnzma.yer shot Walling and then
/-tiled herself. Police expressed the
belief that the double shooting was
the culmination o{ a suicide pact
brought on by Wailing's attachment
for the girl.
©he IBueniim Sfctf.
V J V X WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
settlement at Canton are sufficient to
make it impregnable against any
attacks possible by forces at present
available to the Chinese.
Two bombs were thrown Into the
offices of Wing Kee and Co., ships
compradores, today. Chairs, windows
and desks were demolished, but there
were no casualties.
A strong force of European.
Chinese and Indian police, supported
by armed volunteers, raided various
places and arrested three Chinese.
FOREIGNERS WARNED.
Women and Children in Canton Told
To Leave.
CANTON, July 10 (4*l.—All foreign
women and children here were
warned today by the British consul
to leave for Hongkong Immediately.
The Chinese flareup against foreign
ers has developed into a contemplated
atttack on Shameen. the foreign con
cession. the consul said yesterday
while he was addressing a gathering
at the foreign concession. The con
(Continued on Page 5. Column 3.)
HARD COAL MINERS
SPURN ARBITRATION
Will Win Demands by Sep
tember 1 or Strike, Union
Leaders Decide.
By the Associated Press.
ATLANTIC CITY. N. J.. July 10
Anthracite miners will not listen at
this time to proposals of operators to
agree upon arbitration in event of
deadlock in the coming scale negotia
tions, or to agree to remain at work
after September 1. whether a contract
has been signed or not.
The miners' subcommittee of six
reached this decision at a morning
qieeting in advance of the opening of
actual negotiations this afternoon.
No official statement was made, but
it was learned from a responsible rep
resentative of the miners’ union that
the objection to the proposals was
based upon two grounds.
Scent Operators’ Plot.
First, the miners were said to feel
that with seven weeks until Septem
ber 1, there was still plenty of time
to reach an agreement, if one were
possible. Second, according to this In
formation, the miners frowned upon
arbitration in a belief that operators
would try to make It the substitute for
the present negotiations. Once the
miners agreed to submit any differ
ences to arbitrators, it was said, they
would be uncomfortable for fear the
mine owners would block a decision
being reached here at Atlantic City
in a play for a judicial decision
later on.
Operators today declined to discuss
this disclosure, other than to say they
stood upon the proposals made by
Samuel D. Warriner, chairman of the
anthracite operators’ conference. Ar
bitration and a non-strike pledge were
simply measures calculated to serve
public interest, they said.
Having heard a denunciation of arbi
tration by John L. Lewis, a conference
of representatives of the United Mine
Workers and mine owners has re
ferred the union’s demands to a sub
committee which meets this afternoon.
Operators “Amazed.”
The operators object strenuously to
the miners’ demands for a 10 per cent
wage increase for contract men and
$1 a day for day men and the reten
tion of the check-off. the collection of
miners’ union dues by the operators
for the union. They expressed “won
der and amezement” at the terms.
John L. Lewis, president of the
United Mine Workers, denied at an
open conference yesterday the exist
ence of justification for arbitration.
Samuel D. Warriner, president of the
Lehterh Coal and Navigation Co. and
chaiftian of the operators’ general
committee, suggested arbitration to
prevent injury to the industry by sus
pension of work.
Recalling that 1,000 miners were
killed and 40,000 maimed since the last
wage conference in 1923, Mr. Lewis
said that an arbitration commission
virtually determines what price a
miner may die for. Arbitration is de
manded only of the man who works
with his hands, he said, and neither
the professions nor capital surrenders
to others the right to fix what fees or
profits should be. He defended only
arbitration of disputed interpretations
of contracts already signed.
Retail Price at Peak.
Mr. Warriner said inroads on the
hard coal market by oil, gas. elec
tricity and bituminous coal had so im
periled the industry that a reduction
of labor costs was needed. The miners’
demands, he declared, would add SIOO,-
000,000 to the existing labor bill of
1300,000,000, an Increase which oper
ators cannot afford to absorb even in
part, and which cannot be passed on
to consumers without curtailing the
demand for anthracite, already selling
at peak prices.
He warned the miners* representa
tives that insistence on the wage in
crease would force the same condi
tions that exist in bituminous fields,
where non-union operators have taken
over 70 per cent of the production. He
rejected demands for retention of the
check-off.
Mr. Lewis declared the world would
stand aghast if the crippled miners
and widows and orphans of the dead
could pass in review on the Board
walk.
“Every bit of anthracite produced is
smeared with blood," he said. “We
hold that t*e interest of human life
and limb iff superior to that of the
dollar.”
FRENCH RATIFY TREATIES
Senate Passes Washington Pacts
Relating to China.
PARIS, July 10 (4b.—The French
Senate today ratified without discus
sion the two Washington arms con
ference treaties pertaining to China.
The Chamber of Deputies already has
ratified them.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, JULY 10, 1925-TWENTY-SIX PAGES.
NEW SEVERE QUAKE
FEET IN MONTANA;
LOUR TOWNS ROCK
Helena, Manhattan, Butte
and Three Forks Tremble
in Temblor Today.
PEOPLE SEEK STREETS
AS BRICKS SHOWER DOWN
Shock Rivals in Intensity One
That Occurred on June 27.
Damage Slight.
By the At&ociatfd Press.
HELENA. Mont., July 10. —South
western Montana again today was dis
turbed by earthquakes that were felt
here, at Great Falls. Three Forks.
Manhattan and Billings. No wide
spread damgge was reported.
The quake was most pronounced at
Three Forks, where it lasted for two
minutes.
At Manhattan and Three Forks pen
pie rushed into the streets as bricks
began to fall from the ruins of chim
neys left by former quakes.
Although the quake Rl Great Falls
lasted but a few seconds it was com
parable to that of June 27 in intensity.
At Billings many inhabitants were
unaware that the city had been visit
ed by quakes, workmen on buildings
being the first to report the earth's
inward convulsions.
Butte also was rooked by a temblor
of short duration at 7:45 o'clock. No
damage was reported.
GREAT FALLS ROCKED.
Intensity of Quake Comparable to
Shock June 27.
GREAT FALLS, Mont., July 10 (4b.
—Great Falls was rocked at 7:45 this
morning by a short but pronounced
earthquake, whose Intensity was com
parable to that felt here June 27. The
tremors lasted about three seconds. j
TREMORS DECREASING.
Earth Under Santa Barbara fretting
Firmer and Settling.
SANTA BARBARA. Calif.. July 10
—For two days past the earth
tremors here have been growing light j
er. and the two or three felt yester- j
day were so slight as to cause little or j
no excitement. Seismologists have said ,
that these slight tremors might be ex
pected for several days as the settling
earth readjusts itself.
With the new Santa Barbara zon
ing ordinance and building code. City
Manager Herbert Nunn announced
that there will be no more faulty con
struction in the city, as the two orders
will be followed rigidly.
SHOCKS RECORDED HERE.
Slight Tremors Registered on George
town Seismograph.
Slight earthquake shocks were reg
istered on Georgetown University seis
mograph today, beginning at 9:56
a.m. and lasting until 10:05. Director
Tondorf placed them probably in Mon
tana.
BOY KILLED BY WAGON
UNSEEN BY ITS DRIVER
Run Over While Going' to Deliver
Packages From Store With
Express Cart.
W’hlle en route to make a delivery
from a store with a spial! coaster
wagon. Russell Vance, colored. 7 years
old. of 320 Florida avenue, was run
over and killed by a horse-drawn
wagon in front of 125 Florida avenue
today.
The wagon, owned by Galliher ft
Huguely, Sherman avenue and W
street, was driven by James H. Par
ker of 1559 Kraemer street northeast.
Parker claims, according to police,
that he did not see the boy at all be
fore the accident and learned that he
had run over the child when Chaun
ce.v Waller. 9 years old, 212 S street,
who was with the boy killed, called to
the driver. It is thought, police say,
that Russell was sitting on his little
express wagon, guiding it while being
pushed by Chauncey. The boy killed
was taken to Freedman’s Hospital by
a passing automobile. He was dead
when he reached the hospital.
——— •
BRUSSARD NEW MEMBER
OF TARIFF COMMISSION
President Appoints Utah Man to
Succeed William S. Culbertson,
Named Minister to Rumania.
By the Associated Press.
SWAMPSCOTT, Mass., July 10. —
The President has appointed Edgard
Bernard Brussard of Utah to be a
member of the United States Tariff
Commission, succeeding William S.
Culbertson, recently appointed minis
ter to Rumania.
Mr. Brussard had the indorsement
of Senator Smoot of Utah. His ap
pointment fills the only vacancy on
the Tariff Commission.
RICH YOUTH SOUGHT.
Soldier. College Graduate, Linked
With Murder.
MTNEOLA. N. Y„ July 10 <4>).—
Philip Knapp, graduate of Cornell
University and son of a retired manu
facturer of Syracuse, N. Y.. is being
sought as the murderer of Louis Pe
nella, a taxicab driver who was killed
on the night of July 3. Knapp was a
soldier stationed at Mitchel Field. He
has been missing several days and was
last heard from on July 8, when he
was in Albany. His family believed he
had committed suicide, police said.
Penella's body was found buried in
rubbish at Camp Mills on the morning
of July 4. His taxicab had been stolen
and the police learned in their investi
gation that it had been sold in New
York city. Knapp was positively iden
tified as the man who sold the car po
lice announced.
EVOLUTION IN TENNESSEE.
HOPES OF TAX COT
ARE GIVEN IMPETUS
Federal Revenue Receipts
Far in Excess of Estimates
for Past Fiscal Year.
Possibilities of generous tax re
duction by the next Congress re
ceived a big Impetus today with reve
lation by the Bureau of Internal
Revenue that the tax cut last year
resulted in a reduction of actual re
ceipts by only about half what had
been expected.
Although the new revenue law had
been anticipated to slice receipts by |
about $400,000,000 for the six months
of the fiscal year 1925 during which
it was operative, the actual reduction
for that period was only $212,168,409.
Treasury officials feel that re
turns have more than borne out their
predictions that a cut in taxes to
give more freedom to working capital
would not only be beneficial to the
Industry of the country, but would
continue to support amply the Gov
ernment with revenue.
Surtax Cut Likely.
Much speculation was expected to
be engendered by the revenue re
ceipts published today, on the mat
ter of the top bracket of the surtax
in the next tax bill, with probability
that there might he an inclination
now to favor a smaller maximum.
Secretary Mellon has contended con
sistently that lowering of the maxi
mum surtax would bring out huge
funds from tax-free securities to go
to work in the business of the coun
try. not only stimulating business it
self, but providing revenue to the
Government, which formerly was hid
den in tax-free investments.
While the Treasury so far has re
frained from naming a specific figure
for the new maximum surtax, there
has been free discussion of the mat
ter among members of Congress and
others. Maximum surtaxes ranging
from 13 to 25 per cent have been ad
vocated, the higher one being spon
sored by Chairman Smoot of the Sen
ate finance committee and Chairman
Green of the House ways and means
committee. Senator Underwood of
Alabama has suggested a 13 per cent
maximum surtax, and Frank W. Mon
dell. retiring member of the War
Finance Corporation, has favored a
15 per cent limit. Senator Glass of
Virginia favors 20 per cent.
Favored by Both Parties.
Although Democratic speakers have
made some attacks upon the so-calletf
Mellon plan of the last Congress, and
Senator Glass, in particular, has taken
occasion to reiterate he Is in favor of
“outmelloning Mellon.” so far there
has been no sharp political line drawn
in the prospect of cutting down the
tax burden of the American people.
Both Republican and Democratic lead
ers are in favor of a substantial tax
cut, while there has been no indica
tion of obstructive tactics of any kind
from adherents of the third party,
headed by the late Senator La Fol
lette. It has been said at the Treas
ury that this year there is no “Mellon
plan."
There has been some optimistic dis
cussion. hoping that with the House
ways and means committee getting
hearings under way early in the Fall
before the opening of Congress in
December, there would be a possibility
of passing a new revenue law before
the Ist of January. 1926. This, how
ever, has been discounted by many
close observers of the situation, who
feel that to rush the revenue bill
would lead to ill considered legislation.
$2,584,010,847.50 Income.
The Internal Revenue Bureau in
its figures for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1925. shows total tax collec
tions of $2,584,010,847.50, as compared
| (Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)

FORBES AND THOMPSON
APPEAL CONSPIRACY CASE
Former Veterans' Bureau Head and
Contractor Convicted of Scheme
to Defraud United States.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. July 10.—Appeals in be
half of Charles R. Forbes, former di
rector of the Veterans’ Bureau, and
J. W. Thompson, wealthy St. Louis
contractor, convicted last February of
conspiracy to defraud the Government
through hospital contracts, were filed
today iij the United States Circuit
Court of Appeals.
Radio Programs—Page 12.
Shoivers to Cool
City Tonight , But
Only for Moment
Thundershowers this afternoon
and probably tonight will supply
Washington with temporary
splashes of cool weather, but any
one who looks for permanently
cooler conditions in the immediate
future is destined to be disap
pointed. Forecaster R, Hanson
Weightman announced today.
After the showers have gone
their way tonight the atmosphere
will begin to clear up once more,
and by tomorrow' the citizens i
should be shedding as much cloth- j
ing as self-respect will permit, ac
cording to the weather man.
The 50.000 spectators at the hig j
automobile race near Laurel to- '
morrow', consequently, had better !
prepare themselves for an exceed- j
ingly warm afternoon, Mr. Weight- '
man advised.
("No, I don’t see any hope of j
permanent relief in sight right now !
at all.” he concluded.
CONN. AVE. SAFETY
HALT IS ORDERED
Removal of Center Poles
From Street Also Consider- ,
ed as Traffic Aid.
Two definite steps toward making
traffic-congested Connecticut avenue a
safe thoroughfare for motorists and
pedestrians were taken today by offi
cials of the District government.
Rules were drafted to require all
traffic to come to a full stop before i
entering or crossing the avenue from j
S street north to Chevy Chase Circle, j
while, in the meantime, the Public ;
Utilities Commission considered the
advisability of removing the center
poles between the Calvert street and
Klingle bridges and reduce the num
ber of side poles to a minimum by
requiring that electric transmission
wires be put underground.
The order requiring vehicles to come
to a complete halt before entering or
crossing the avenue, will become ef
fective as soon as painters emblazon ;
the word "Stop” 1n bold white letters
on the pavement at all intersections
north of S street. The work was
started today.
MolJer Explains.
Col I. C. Holler, engineer in charge
of traffic, explained that the new rule,
which is the first move toward the es
tablishment of the boulevard stop sys
tem in the District, does not give mo
torists moving north and south on the
avenue any special speed privilege,
but was promulgated merely in the in
terest of safety. The existing speed
regulation will remain.
The "stop” system has been in ef
fect for some time at Thirteenth street
and Florida avenue, the foot of a dan
gerous hill, but this is the first timp
the rule has been applied to a long
stretch of thoroughfare.
Col. Holler indicated the stop rule
would be applied to certain other
streets in the near future. Two other
placed under consideration an>:
Eighteenth street, from Pennsyl
vania avenue to Columbia road, and
Sixteenth street, from Newton street
north. The stop signs will not be
used at intersections on Sixteenth
street south of Newton because the
new' traffic signal lights will be in
stalled on that part of Sixteenth
street.
“Road Hogs” Blamed.
In a statement yesterday afternoon
Traffic Director Eldridge characterized
the "road hog” as a menace to safe
driving. Mr. Eldridge believes many
accidents are caused by drivers who
take up more than their share of the
road and refuse to move in when an
other car indicates an intention of
passing. Vehicles moving slowly
should keep near the curb, Hr. Eld
ridge said.
Although the Public Utilities Com
mission has taken no definite action
on the proposal to rid Connecticut
avenue of the dangerous center poles
betw-een the Calvert and Klingle
bridges, it is understood that it looks
with favor on the idea. Only the
trolley wires necessary to carry the
overhead current for the street cars
would be exposed between these two
bridges if the plan is approved.
The commission hopes to have
these overhead trolley wires strung
from thin poles along the curb line
that could also be used as street
lighting posts. Final action prob
~~ (Continued «n Pars *. Column I.)
♦ C4 5 ) Means Associated Press. TWO C'E^NTS
DRIVERS FIGHTING
TO PLACE IN RACE
Elliott Makes Average of
126.6 Miles an Hour in
Time Trials.
Fared with the certainty that only
16 of their number could enter the
contest, IS dare-devils of the motor
speedway began the elimination con
test today in preparation for the 250-
mile classic automobile race that is
to open the Baltimore-Washington
Speedway tomorrow afternoon.
The first driver to be clocked in the i
elimination test today was Frank El
liott of Los Angeles, who made an J
average speed of 126.6 miles an hour
and whose highest point showed 32
seconds per lap for an average of 140
miles an hour. Ralp De Palma fol
lowed Elliott, but his time had not
been accurately checked by early as
ternoon.
Storm Halts Tests.
A small crowd occupied seats in the
grandstand and watched the elimina
tion. During a second test by De
Palma a severe electrical storm halted
the proceedings for a half hour and
thoroughly drenched all in the grand
stand. who were unable to seek shel
ter in time.
The eighteen candidates who are
striving for unsua! records in order to
be among the 16 in tomorrow's race ;
follow:
Earl Cooper. No. 2. Junior 8 Spe
cial: Harry Hartz, No. 6, Miller Spe
cial: Tommy Milton. No. 4. Miller
Special; Bob McDonough. No. 14. Mil
ler Special: Jerry Wonderlich. No. 10.
Miller Special; Jim Hill. No. 19, R. J.
Special: Bennie Hill. No. 3. Miller Spe
cial; Fred Comer, No. 5, Miller Spe
cial; Phil Shafer. No. 9. Duesenberg:
Ralph De Palma, No. 8, Miller Spe
cial; Peter De Paolo, No. 12, Duesen
berg; Dr. William Shattuck; No. 15.
Miller Special; Ralph Herburn, No. 17,
Junior 8 Special; Wade Morton. No.
23. Duesenberg: Earl Devore, No. 24,
Miller Special: Frank Elliott, No. 27.
Miller Special; Leon Duray, No. 28.
Miller Special; Peter Kriess, No. 35.
Duesenberg.
Two Will Be Propped.
Although it had been announced that
an average of 110 miles an hour would
qualify candidates for the big contest,
it wilLbe necessary to drop the low
est two after the elimination tests
have been tabulated. Only 16 cars
will enter the race and as result the
pilots are striving for far higher
marks than they would ordinarily try
to attain in an elimination test.
Earl Cooper set a high speed mark
in the preliminary runs yesterday
afternoon, when he flashed around the
mile-and-one-eighth oval in 31.22 sec
onds—a rate of 129.8 miles an hour.
Harry Hartz, who is one of the
youngest racers in the field, nego
tiated the track in 31.3 seconds, or
128.2 miles an hour. Tommy Milton,
who holds the world championship
for 1921, was clocked at a speed of
126.6 miles an hour: Bob McDonough.
125; Jerry Wonderlich, 121.6, and Jim
Hill, 119.8 miles an hour.
Fifty Thousand Expected.
Fifty thousand persons are expected
to travel to the Speedway tomorrow
morning and afternoon to witness the
titanic struggle of steel and fire,
brains and brawn, for supremacy on
the high-hanked track of the new aero
drome. To prevent accidents and
facilitate the movement of traffic both
Maryland and District police officials
are working together for the strict
enforcement of special regulations.
Despite the fact that the closeness
of the new Speedway to both Balti
more and Washington will tempt thou
sands of motorists to drive to the
(Continued on Page 5, Column 1.)
U. ST. REQUEST “STRANGE.”
| London Paper Reports Britain ~Tas
Vetoed New Attache Post.
LONDON. July 10 (^l.—Under the
caption: “A Strange Request,” the
Daily Telegraph today says that Great
Britain has declined a proposal from
the United States to appoint here a
customs attache, one of whose duties
would be to investigate the prices
asked of American buyers by British
exporters, claiming the right to in
spect the books of the British firms
concerned.
Spain and Belgium previously have
refused to give diplomatic status to
American customs officials sent abroad
to Investigate production costs for
tariff making purposes, and similar
action by Great Britain was forecast
some time ago.
The request was sent to all countries
under a provision of the last tariff act.
Its refusal is not expected by officials
to greatly embarrass Teasury agents.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regu’ar edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 95,200
HEADLEY DEMOTION
FAIR, MUST STAND,
C. OF C. INFORMED
Commissioners, Replying to
Resolution, Assert Action
Was Justified.
REFUSAL TO MAKE PUBLIC
CASE DATA REITERATED
j Good Administration Requires
Silence on Many Points,
Board Says.
Reiterating the statement that the
demotion of Capt. Albert J. Headley
from inspector in charge of the Traf
fic Rureau to captain of the fourth pre
cinct was in the interest of good police
administration, the Board of Commis
; sioners today replied to the letter of
; s he Chamber of Commerce and told
j the chamber there were good reasons
j why the change should have been
i made.
I The Commissioners also stated in
j their letter to the chamber that in di
i recting the affairs of the District of
j Columbia it sometimes becomes neces
j sary to take action without making
j public al! of the facts in connection
with it. They stated that it would not
ibe in the public interest to depart
j from this well established policy.
Text of City Heads’ Reply.
The complete text of the letter, writ
i ten by Daniel E. Garges. secretary to
i the Board of Commissioners, to A. E.
\ Seymour, secretary of the Chamber of
!Commerce, follows:
! "Mv Dear Mr. Seymour:
| "The Commissioners of the District
'of Columbia are in receipt of your
■ letter of June 8. forwarding copy of
ja resolution of the hoard of directors
! of the chamber, reading as follows:
I “ Resolved, that the Commission
| ers of the District of Columbia, he
| requested to rescind the order of June
19. 1925. demoting Inspector Headley,
•and that the inspector be not demoted
unless charges publicly made be so
I clearly esablished as to justify such
I punishment,’ with request that the
resolution be given careful considera-
I tion. •
j "In reply. lam directed by the Com
! missioners of the District of Columbia
i to state that it is their feeling that
j they are charged with the administra
: tion and control of District govern
' ment affairs, and in doing so. it some
times becomes necessary to take ac-
I tion in matters without miking pub
' lie all the facts that were considered
by them before taking such action.
; To depart from this well established
policy and make public all facts con
cerning matters presented to them, on
which their administrative acts are
based, would not, in their opinion, be
in the public interest.
Was “Good Administration.”
"In the matter of the demotion of
Inspector Headley to captain and his
reassignment, the facts and circum
stances of the case were given more
i than usual attention. As you well
j know, an Act of Congress was
' recently passed with the object of
■ improving traffic, conditions, and it
. was the earnest desire of the Commis
; sioners to have, traffic law carried out
: in the most effective manner, as they
i felt it was the desire of Congress that
: this should be done. In carrying out
j this purpose, the Commissioners felt
j that the interest of good police admin
istration required a change in the
i head of the Police Traffic Bureau.
I There were good reasons why this
j change should have been made, and
the Commissioners weel that the action
taken by them in making the change
was in the public interest and that
it would have been detrimental to
public interest to have a trial pro
ceeding in the matter.
"The Commissioners hope that you
will appreciate their position in the
matter.”
The letter was made public this
afternoon following the regular Fri
day board session of the Board of
j Commissioners.
D. C. YOUTH KILLED,
FIVE HURT BY AUTO

Joseph Caranfa Dead in Crash With
Pole on Boulevard at
Elkridge, Md.
«
| Special Diapatch to The Star.
I BALTIMORE. Md., July 10. —Joseph
| Caranfa. 19 years old, 322 F street
northeast, Washington, was killed and
I five others injured early this morning
when the automobile in which thev
i were riding crashed into a telegraph
pole on the Washington boulevard
1 near Elkridge. overturned and rolled
I down an embankment.
Leonard Caranfa. brother of the
' dead youth and alleged driver of the,
I car. is being held by the police pend
j ing an investigation.
Lawrence McNally. 22 years old, 210
K street northeast, who was slightly
injured, is being held as a material
witness. Three girls who were In the
car were injured and taken to St.
Agnes' Hospital.
The girls in the hospital are Carrie
Wheeler. 19. of 109 Third street north
west: Margaret Smith, 19. of 1321
T’nlon street southwest, and Mrs.
Alice Donnelly, 23, of 619 First street
southeast. None is seriously hurt.
S According to Leonard Caranfa the
| accident occurred when he became
blinded by the lights of an approach-,
ling machine. The party was returning
i from Baltimore to their homes in
J Washington about 2 a.m. As the car
| rounded a curve near Elkridge a tour-
I ing car bound for Baltimore sped into
j view.
j Caranfa lost control of his machine,
which swerved sharply into a tele
I graph pole, overturned and hurtled
down a steep embankment. The other
! machine continued on its way, he told
| police.
LAWYER SAVES 4 LIVES.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
MORGANTOWN. W. Va„ July 10.—
j Charles T. Herd, member of the Mo
nongalia County bar. prevented no less
than three drownlngs in Cheat River,
here, within a few days. He dived,
fully dressed, into the river at Rock
lev and rescued a man who gave hie
name as Frankhouser and stated he
lived near Uniontown. Later he went
to the resetie of two girls and & bojL

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