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THB EVENING STAR WMi Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. MUDAY July 10, 1925 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor Thr Evening Star Newspaper Company .... Bniinew Olllre: » __ SI. »nd P#nn*ylv&nia Are. I York Office: 110 East 4*:nd St. fTiioajo Oflßcf: Trvwer Building. European Office: 16 Recent Bt.. London. Enrland. # The Ereninr Star, with the Sunday mnm- Iu r •pinion, is delivered by carrvra within the city at 60 cents rx'r month: daily only. 4o cents per month: Sunday only. 20 cents per month. Orders may bo sent by mail Or telephone Mam 5000. Collection is made by earner at the end of each month. Rato by Mall—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. D«'ly and Sunday. ... 1 rr„ 58.40: 1 mo.. 70c pailT only t yr ._ $«.00: 1 mo.. 50c Sunday only 1 y r „ $-.40: 1 mo.. 20c All Other States. Bail.* and Sunday. . .1 vr.. $10.00: 1 m<V. Ssc p»ll* only 1 vr.. 5 7.00: 1 mo . 00c Sunday only Ivr $3.00: 1 mo.. 25c Member of the Associated Press. , The Associated Pres* is exclusively entit'sd tn the use for republiration of all news dis patches credited to it or not otherwise cred ited tn this paper and also the news published herein. All rirhts of publication B Ppoial dispatches herein *re also reserved. America’s Foreign Investments. The United States and its people •re bound by chains of gold to the rest of the world. Investments of private American capital abroad in 1924 amounted to $9,090,000,000, ac cording to data collected and made public by the National Industrial Con ference Board. Foreign investments in the United States amount to about one-half of our investments abroad. In addition to the investments of pri vate American capital in foreign countries are the huge war debts owed the United States by the allied na tions totaling in principal and accrued interest some $11,000,000,000. With these huge Investments abroad the Interest of Americans in political conditions in foreign countries has grown. They are interested on the material side as well as the moral. War, with its attendant ruin and de struction of property, in some of the nations where American capital is most heavily invested could not fail to have its effect on the American pocketbook. This explains the very considerable interest which the so called group of American international bankers has in European affairs and in the stabilisation of the world. It may explain also some of the desire to have this country enter the League of Nations. Loans to foreign governments con stitute a large part of the investments of private American capital in for eign countries. For example, private capital invested by United States citi zens in Europe amounts to about $1,900,000,000, the National Indus trial Conference Board maintains, and of this total $1,500,000,000, or nearly four-fifths of our European commit ments, are loans to governments. Here particularly lies a reason for American interest in the political af fairs of Europe. The fall of a govern ment to which hundreds of millions of dollars have been loaned would cause more than a gasp to the bankers and individuals whose money made up the loan. Os the total of nine billions of dol lars plus invested abroad 44.4 per cent is invested in Latin American coun tries, indicating the growth of busi ness and trade between the United States and other American republics. While the loans to the of the Latin American countries are not. so large in comparison to the total investment in those countries with the loans to European govern ments, they are still considerable, totaling $840,000,000. American capital has been gener ously Invested in the Dominion of Canada, where the loans to the Canadian governments total $1,060,- 000,000, which is 43 per cent of the total American capital invested in the Dominion. The Far East still beckons for Amer ican capital. Our total investments in Asia and Oceania are set down at the trifling sum of $690,000,000, or only 7.6 per cent of the total foregin investments made by Americans. Even here the loans to governments represent 64 per cent of the whole, serving to emphasize again the inter est which America has in the mainte nance of stability and peace in the world. The amazing change from the early days of the Republic, when the na tions of Europe were lending America about a million dollars a year, and America was using what wealth it possessed for its own development, has come about in little more than a hundred years. The United States has become the banker of the world with tremendous power. ■ Col. Bryan is almost as bitter to- ! ward the chimpanzee as he would be I if the alleged ancestral ape were, in disdain of the Commoner's indorse ment, seeking nomination on the Democratic ticket. An arrangement to keep Congress in session through the Summer might result in more legislative enthusiasm for bathing beaches. Styles in Engraving. A proposal comes from engravers for a change in the style of the alphabet once a year. One object, and a praiseworthy one. is to stimulate the art of engraving, but there are other advantages. For one thing, it would give persons of fashion another sat of styles to keep up with. No cor rectly dressed man, wife and daughter would want to hand to the butler or drop on a silver platter a visiting card of last year’s model. They would for feit their position in society, and per sons who have not the discretion and noble feeling to keep their visiting cards up-to-date ought to be chased out of the social register. A woman who would send invitations to a luncheon, bridge, tea or phonograph musical on stationery engraved with last year’s style of letters and figures is impossible. Every gentleman ex pects to observe the latest style in neckties, walking stick*, hat bands and trousers, and eVerv woman of social importance observes the latest thing in skirts, shoes, pearl necklaces and hair cuts. It la believed that they could not be so neglectful of social obligations as not to keep their alpha bet up-to-date. There are a few persons in Wash ington who purposely carry visiting cards engraved in an old-fashioned way. The purposes are economy—a most unfashionable thing—and the de sire to show that they have owned a card plate for more than one year. Everybody of any consequence Is sup posed to have a card plate that has been In the family for generations. For a woman to go calling with cards engraved in the 1884 style ought to be thought as bad form as to walk along F street with a Floradora hat trim med with two-yard feathers. A woman who would go a-calling in 1925 with her card case stuffed with cards of 1924 construction would wear puffed sleeves and high shoes, and would carry part of her skirt in her hand to keep from sweeping up germs. There are some men so inconsiderate of the social graces that they carry printed cards. One cannot object to an annual Rtyle in engraving, but the engravers should be merciful. They should change the style of the letters on visiting cards, but keep the letters enough like the English alphabet that a man who knows the alphabet rea sonably well can read the card, if you gt\je him time. Another Ship Board Veto. Like true love, the course of the i Government's merchant fleet “never ! does run smooth.’’ The Shipping Board yesterday rejected the recommenda ! tlon made by President Leigh C. ! Palmer of the Fleet Corporation that • a bid of the Boston Iron and Metal Co. of Baltimore to purchase 200 ships for scrap be accepted, emphasiz ing again the folly of divided responsi bility. President Coolidge has strongly urged on the Shipping Board that the disposal of the merchant' vessels he left to the president of the Fleet Cor poration. Under the law, however, the Shipping Board is supreme. The Fleet Corporation is, in effect, a mere subsidiary of the Shipping Board, where the final authority is lodged by act of Congress. So the Shipping Board retains the power to veto any recommendations that may be made by the head of the Fleet Corporation, whether the recommendations be for sale of ships or for their operation. And yesterday the board again used its veto power. The system is wrong. To lodge with a bi-partisan board of seven men the duty of passing upon the operation and disposal of the great merchant fleet built up by the United States during the war emergency was a mis take. President Coolidge has recog nized that mistake, and has sought to remedy it, urging strongly that the operation and disposal of the fleet be turned over entirely to the Fleet Cor poration. The board haa passed reso lutions seemingly in accordance with the recommendations of the President. But fop a considerable period the board handled the operation of the ships, and it has been reluctant to relinquish Us powers. Testifying be fore a House committee. President Palmer frankly stated that the board continued to interfere, and gave in stances of such interference. Comparatively recently President Coolidge wrote a letter to the board, saying that he believed it would be to I the best interests of the Government i if the negotiations for and sale of j ships were left to the president of the Fleet Corporation. In accordance with this latest request of the President the board has turned over this work to the Fleet Corporation. But it re tains the veto power under the law. The only way this situation can be remedied, apparently, is to change the law. That course may be followed when Congress reconvenes. The President, the Congress and the people generally are desirous that the United States shall have a permanent overseas merchant marine for national defense and for the spread of our commerce. They are desirous, too, that the Government-owned fleet shah be transferred as speedily as possible to private American operation, and that such vessels as are not needed or are not fitted for such operation shall be scrapped. But the difficulties faced by prospective purchasers under the present system are, to say the least, discouraging. Darwin would have died a much richer man if this evolution con troversy could have taken place dur ing his lifetime. The revenues on his writings are only beginning to ma terialize. The seriousness with which eco ! noniie conditions in Europe are re garded depends on whether the Ameri ! can observer establishes his viewpoint i at Deauville or Berlin, i | Overhead Trolley Lines. Announcement is made that the mid street poles will be removed from Con necticut avenue from the Calvert Street Bridge to the Klingle Ford Bridge, and that all overhead wiring save for street car propulsion will be caried underground. This will be a Rreat aid in clearing that important highway of obstructions. It would be far better if the overhead conduction system were abandoned in favor of the underground construc tion. Objection, however, is raised to that, that this would entail a prohibi tive expense upon the street railway company. Just at present there is some question as to the economy railed traction service. Some doubt is felt on the score of extensions and changes in view of the possibility of the replacement of track lines with bus routes. But it is plainly incumbent upon the Utilities Commission to con sider the wisdom of displacing the overhead wire in the urban area, and especially on streets of heavy traffic. The original prohibition against overhead trolley lines related to the space within the "city limits." Since that prohibition was written into the law the urban area has extended far beyond the old boundaries on the north and from time to time the “plow pits” marking the ends of underground con struction have been moved outward. Yet these changes have not kept pace with the development of the city, and THE EVENING - STAR, WASHINGTON, 1). C., FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1925. the increase in street use. On Connec ticut avenue this Is particularly true. Connecticut avenue north of Calvert street is for a long distance strictly urban in condition and carries a very heavy traffic. The objection to overhead trolley lines is not alone due to the presence of poles in the streets. The presence of the wires themselves, charged with high tension currents, is a menace. In case of a Are they are dangerous, im peding the work of firemen. Whether the wires are suspended from poles in the middle of the street or from sup ports on the sides, they remain men acing elements. So it is to be hoped that-eventually all overhead trolley construction will be eliminated from the thoroughfares of the urban area, as long as transpor tation is maintained on a traction basis. No Fool-Proof Grade Crossing. A typical grade-crossing accident occurred yesterday in New Jersey. A man driving a car containing his wife and mother-in-law approached an in tersection with an express train in plain sight down the track. A warn ing bell was ringing at the crossing and the siren of the express locomo tive was blowing. The engineer of the train had seen the motor car ap proaching the tracks and blew his whistle to attract the driver’s atten tion. Realizing that the motorist was bent on crossing in front of him he began applying his brakes. The motor ist rushed upon the tracks, ■ his ma chine was hit and all three occupants were killed. This is plainly a case of foolhardy attempt to beat the train. The nian was familiar with the country. He knew the crossing, and he must have seen the train approaching. Yet he took a chance for which there was no need. He was not bent upon an emergency errand. There was no occa sion for haste. Yet he speeded up to cross the tracks ahead of the train, whereas if he had halted he would have been delayed only a few seconds. Most of the grade-crossing accidents are due to tljis insensate desire to speed, to “beat the train.” As long as tracks remain at grade motorists will continue to do it and will continue to get hit, and they and their pas sengers to There is no “fool proof” crossing. The only safe inter section of tracks and road is at dif ferent levels. While waiting for this cure of the. grade-crossing evil, which will take a long time and an enor mous expenditure, the prayer of all those who are driven on the road must be that the man at the wheel will not be guilty of this homicidal folly. —■ > «»» < ii Foreign markets threaten to boycott American motion pictures, not because of any charge of unfair competition, but because of their superior quality. At last American art is recognized. Europe should be strong enough in the spirit of fair play to accept with grace her films from America, as we so many years accepted our fashions from Paris and our musical comedies from Vienna. Reports indicate that while Ger many may not immediately reassert herself in dominance of chemical science, mathematics and political philosophy, she will soon be in a posi tion to take charge of the Christmas toy market, as usual. The Senate will have a number of investigations on its hands, and in cidentally its presiding officer, Mr. Dawes, is immutable In his determina tion to insist on a rules revision, even if it becomes necessary to investigate the Senate. The assertion that President Cool idge can have another term if he wants it seems to imply the rather absurd inference that he may not de sire the most coveted place that the world has to offer. Scientists respect religion while seeking to understand the ways in which the Creator wrought. A few of our eminent religionists positively refuse to show any reciprocal respect for science. A bathing costume is considered complete if there is enough of it to be clearly discernible in a photograph. SHOOTING STARS BT PHILANDER JOHNSON. Influence in July. Goin' flshin ! Fare you well! Where the waves are swishin’ For a little while we’ll dwell In a calm condition. Goin' fishing’! If you seek Favor or position You must wait another week; Boss has gone a-flshin'. The Political Ring. “Why don't you make one of those old-fashioned speeches that made the welkin ring?” “If you want votes now,” answered Senator Sorghum, “you've got to seek them from house to house. Politics is not so much a matter of ringing the welkin as of ringing door bells.” Jud Tunkins says money talks, but in the case of a large international indebtedness it mostly listens. Sapient Silence. Though evolution now haaßtirred Our intellects to dizziness. The monkey never says a word In all this monkey business. Concealment. “Women never talk of wearing masks in a parade.” “We wouldn’t have to put on masks to conceal our features,” said Miss Cayenne. “All we’d have to do would be to wear our cloche hats.” Law of Averages. On Fashion still we frown ' And bitter is life's cup. * Girls roll their stockings down; The bootleg still goes up. “De world is gettin’ better,” said Uncle Eben, “but some o' 4a people In It is gettin' wusa.” THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACE*ELL. Did Marcus Aurelius, Emperor, of Rome nearly 2,000 years ago, foresee this column? In all modesty I submit this ques tion to the readers of This and That during this week, which marks the first anniversary of this column. Marcus Aurelius said, in the third book of his "Meditations”: “A man should use himself to think of those things only about L which if one should suddenly ask. What hast thou now in thy thoughts? with per fect openness thou mighest immedi ately answer: This or that.” So there you have a marvelous in stance of prophecy; and It pleases me a great deal to feel that in the words following Marcus described the read ers of this column: “From thy words it should be plain that everything in thee is simple and benevolent, and such as befits a social animal, and one that cares not for thoughts about pleasure or sensual enjoyments at all, nor has any rivalry or envy and suspicion, or anything else for which thou wouldst blush if thou shouldst say that thou hadst it in thy mind. “For the man who is such and no longer delays being among the num ber of the best, la like a priest and minister of the gods, using, too, the deity which is planted within him, which makes the man uncontaminat ed by pleasure, unharmed by any pain, untouched by any insult, feeling no wrong, a fighter in the noblest fight.” To Marcus Aurelius, over the years, let us send greetings; for we, too. have tried to be fighters in the noblest fight. We have written of people (especially In the home), of animals (particularly cats and dogs), of b*»oks and literature In general, ethical pieces, of places (notably streets, parks, etc.), of gardens. Estey alley, conditions, reviews of books old and new. in praise of Washington, D. U., our home town: stories from old rec ords and stories of manners. In this work we have tried to hold fast to the best, and the hundreds of kind letters in the letter box make us feel that we have succeeded, to some extent, at least. ** * * Aurelius, in his third book, gives a piece of advice that was old when he wrote it, but is always worth while: “A man must stand erect, not he kept erect by others.” The whole trend of education, both in the home and schools, is to furnish out the child so he may stand erect, on his own feet, as the saying is, and not be dependent upon others. The ability to take care of one's self is something that many have natural ly, whereas others have to learn it by painful degrees, some in the so-called school of hard knocks, others in the ordinary evolution of the personal life. Here is one place where there can he no doubt of evolution at all. Every life is an evolution, a beginning, a go ing forward, an evolution of some thing, a resolution into something. Evolution, in this sense, does not necessarily mean improvement. It simply Implies something evolving from one thing into another. There Is many a splendid little boy of today whose evolution will be downward in the days to come. It is too bad, of course, but the years will show that to be the case. On the other hand, let us consider a more hopeful example, that of some ugly duckling, who is regarded with more or less secret chagrin by his parents. His will be an evolution worth w’hile! By easy stages —so easy, some times. he himself will not be able to note them—he will progress until he becomes the pride of his community, a BACKGROUND OF EVENTS BY FALL V. COL LOSS. "Where doctors disagree, who shall decide?" The redecoration of the White House, by authority of an act of Congress appropriating $50,000 for the same and the authorizing of the President' to accept donations of early American furniture looms in impor tance almost with the great issues of economics and statecraft. The situa tion has potentialities equal to the in citing cause of the Trojan War, which war would never have been justified by modern standards of beauty. Art ists concede that beauty is a matter of taste, and "there is no accounting for | taste." ** * * in the early days of the United .States the people were sharply divided between the French party and the English party, and the lines of de marcation applied not merely to poli tics. but to every phase of life. Prior to the Revolution practically all im ports of furniture came from England, but the bitterness of the war stopped English trade for a quarter of a cen tury and the enthusiasm for the coun try of Lafayette stimulated admira tion for everything French. The continued war between England and France made commerce almost im possible, so that Americans were forced to rely upon American-made furniture. With English models and patterns American cabinetmakers gradually developed a style in furni ture not English, but heavier and stronger than the graceful but weak English Sheraton. It was this Ameri can furniture which first furnished the White House—largely, but not wholly, the property of the successive Presi dents. ** * * The impression that all furniture in the White House was private prop erty until Monroe’s administration is erroneous. Official records show that in 1797 Congress appropriated $14,000 for White House furniture, and au thorized President Washington to sell such pieces already in the White House which, in his judgment, were unfit. Hence, the old furniture to be discarded must have been public prop erty. In 1800 an appropriation of $15,000 was made for similar use; in 1805, $14,000; in 1809, $14,000, and with each term of the presidency appropriations for refurnishing ranged from $6,000 to $20,000. In the years 1833 to 1837 the furniture appropriations amounted to $46,000, and thereafter up to the days of Lincoln, each administration fresh ened the furnishings with appropria tions usualv about $14,000. In 1866 Congress gave $24,000 for the purpose: in 1867, $35,000, and 1869. $25,000 —a total of $84,000 in three years. The total appropriations for White House furniture up to 1873 amounted to $529,641.76. The signifi cant incident in the Monroe adminis tration was the radical change from English to French style, for Monroe had been Ambassador to France before his presidency, and upon his return home he brought a great shipment of furniture, which he put into the White House as his private property, and later sold to the Government. This produced a mixture of English, Amer ican modification of English models, and French, from which, it is now contended, the Executive Mansion never recovered until the general overhauling in the Roosevelt adminis tration, 23 years ago. ***** According to the standard history of the White House, by Esther Single ton, "during President Roosevelt's ad ministration, the historic mansion has undergone complete repair and resto ration —so complete, in fact, that the rVexed question of an appropriate-home ‘‘big man,” a man who does things, and who does them because he thinks them first. lie stands erect. ** * * “If thou findest in human life any thing better than Justice, truth, tem perance, fortitude, and, in a word, anything better than thy own mind’s self-satisfaction in the things which it enables thee to do according to right reason; if, I say. thou seest anything better than this, turn to it with all thy soul, and enjoy that which thou hast found to be the best.” So says Marcus Aurelius, continuing: “But if nothing appears to be better than the deity (the best) which is plant ed in thee; • * * If thou findest everything else smaller and of less value than this, give place to nothing else, for if thou dost once diverge and incline to it, thou wilt no longer with out distraction be able to give the pref erence to that good thing which is thy proper possession and thy own.” These words constitute, of course, a counsel of perfection, which perhaps no one in this world can live up to; but it is worth while, now and then, to stop in the midst of our daily life and to consider them. All the preaching is not done from the pulpit. Many a man gets a better sermon from some chance remark of his little child than from all the ministers he ever heard, with all due respect to them and their holy calling. Sometimes the searching question of a little one strikes deep into the heart and a man gets a lesson that sticks. “Never value anything as profitable to thyself which shall compel thee to break thy promise, to lose thy self-re spect, to hate any man, to suspect, to curse, to act the hypocrite, to desire anything which needs walls and cur tains,” says our old Roman. “Thou hast embarked, thou hast made the voyage, thou art come to shore; get out.” he says, succinctly describing the life of man. He warns us not to spend too much time in thoughts about others, "What is such a person doing, and why, and what is he saying, and what is he thinking of, and what is he contriving, and whatever else of the kind makes us wander away from the observation of our own ruling power.” The preceding paragraph shows the intense practical nature of this dreamer. The great ancient writers had what I call Innate brains; their thinking powers were not du* to the piling of century upon century, but came to them naturally, in astonish ing force, sufficient to compel us to admiration after a lapse of thousands of years. Marcus tells us plainly to cease poking into other folks' business, and to mind our own a little better. It is good advice still. “First aid” was familiar to him, but not exactly in the modern sense. “Conie to thy own aid,” he said, paraphrasing the later. “Heaven helps those who helps themselves.” No matter what virtues or vices men share, our author says, conclud ing the third book, "there remains that which is peculiar to the good man, to be pleased and content with what happens, and with the thread which is spun for him: and not to defile the divinity which is planted in his breast, nor disturb it by a crowd of images, but to preserve it tranquil. “And if all men refuse to believe that he lives a simple, modest and contented life, he is neither angry with any of them, nor does he devi ate from the way which leads to the end of life, to which a man ought to come pure, tranquil, ready to depart, and without any compulsion perfectly reconciled to his lot.” for the President of the United States is. in all probability, settled forever." That restoration was made under the direction of McKim, the leading architect of his day. Mr. McKim de ferred, naturally, to the first lady of the land, Mrs. Roosevelt, who was "to the manner born," and according to a member of the Fine Arts Com mission, was "more familiar with standards of taste than any other oc cupant of the White House in the history of the country." It is charged by critics that the state dining room Is marred by many Rooseveltian heads of animals'he had met—lncluding that of a bull moose— and that it resembles a museum. Also that the President’s bedroom and Mrs. Coolldge’s room are spoiled by massive rococo cornices over the windows. "If it was so, it were a grievous fault,” which the new committee of dis tinguished artists will aid Col. Sherrill, superintendent of public buildings and parks, in eliminating. Also, the colors of the red room, the blue room and the green room are too vivid: they will be toned down, as present decora tive tendencies turn toward pastel tints. No actual details of any general scheme have yet been worked out, for all plans must be submitted to the general committee next October. ** * * In general, it is hoped bv the ex perts to restore the furnishings to the style in vogue about 1800, so that they will be in keeping with the archi tecture of the building, and with the historic traditions of early America. That, too, was the thought in 1902 when the Roosevelt restoration was made at a cost for repairs and re furnishing of $475,445. The official re port of the architects stated: "The first aim, therefore, was to discover the design and intention of the original builders and to adhere strictly thereto so far as the public or state portions of the house were con cerned, and then to make the apart ments reserved for the private or family uses comfortable, according to modern requirements and standards.” ** * * A member of the Fine Arts Com mission says: "It would certainly be the acme of foolhardiness for any one to attenlpt to define what must be the eternal principle of beauty, whether in furniture, in paintings or in architecture, but few would dispute that suitableness for the purpose in tended is a prime test. An Eskimo’s igloo would not be good architecture in Panama, nor a Victorian cottage, with its whirligigs, accepted as a substitute for the Parthenon in Greece.” Pompous Roman style without mod ern baths might not please a mod ern mistress of the White House. In the century and a quarter since the White House was first furnished, what changes have come in taste! Are all to be condemned which are not "early American?” As time goes on. will there be no worthy suc cessors to the styles which now bring scorn but which in their times were lauded? In the garrets of Time are the Victorian and the mission relics. No one would dust them off today, but how old must a period be before it becomes classically “antique?” Within 25 years after the Declara tion of Independence American cab inet makers had evolved an excellent style of 'furniture, so that even that great protectionist, Alexander Ham ilton, told Congress that our cabinet work was equal to any in England and needed no protective tariff. Did American genius petrify a century ago, so that only what was accepted in 1800 is worthy today? Is Amer ican art dead? These are not Idle questions, tmt Jail Sentence the Best Cure for Recklessness To lh« Kditor of Tho Star: More than ordinary care is required of a railroad company to avoid in jury to persons and animals. More than ordinary care should he required of drivers of automobiles on account of the greater danger. It is not sufficient that the driver avoid ex ceeding the speed limit. He should drive slowly unless he can see a long distance ahead and to the sidewalks and cross streets. He should never drive at anything like full speed near a row of parked cars. But many drivers will not use such precaution unless under fear of a Jail sentence for colliding. Nearly every case of collision should be followed by a jail sentence. Fines will not materially diminish the number of accidents. THOMAS W. GILMER. Frenchmen Are Shaving As Never in History Among Frenchmen the fashion is coming to be to follow the example of American men and have beards and mustaches shaved off. In government offices, banks and shops foreigners now meet the new type of Frenchmen, clean-shaved young men, wearing horn rimmed spectacles. French ar tists and writers, however, do not fol low this fashion. They continue to wear waved, short beards and pointed mustaches. “The tradition of French literature demands it,” says Tristan Bernard, one of the most popular French playwrights. "All our prede cessors have cultivated long hair on their faces. Can you imagine Victor Hugo, Verlaine, Zola, Jules Verne, Alphonso Daudet and all the other great writers of the last cen tury without their manes or their beards'” Modern French writers want to keep the tradition and look as much as possible like their famous predecessors. Long-Covered Beauties of London Revealed Experiments carried out by an archi tect have restored to light long-cov ered beautjes in London's oldest build ings. many of which have become sad specimens in their drab coverings of stucco or plaster. Lincoln’s Inn Hall was stripped of its sheath of dirty gray stucco by an architect who was seeking a new method of exterior adornment. To his delight, the archi tect found the warm red brickwork underneath as fresh and colorful as It was hundreds of years ago. The same method was adopted with the famous old gatehouse of Lambeth Palace, believed by antiquaries to be the oldest specimen of red brick in London. Its rich color had been hid den for more than 300 years under a thick covering of plaster, which, when removed, left the gate as it was de signed by Archbishop Morton in J 490. Main Street Joy-riders Bother lowa Observers Down in Shenandoah two repre sentatives of the older generation ob served young couples riding up and down Main street on Saturday and Sunday evenings and came to the con clusion that much of the motor traffic was as purposeless as a ride on the merry go-round. They decided to re duce their findings to figures and a count was made. In 42 minutes one car passed them 27 times, another 17 times. From this report comes the sugges tion that a limit be established for aimless joy-riding, but this hardly seems feasible. Pleasure riding on the whole is one of the real values made generally and frequently avail able by the automobile and it would be an awkward thing to have to designate officers to keep tabs on the young folks who thus innocently make nuisances of themselves. It should be sufficient to urge the youthful automobile merry-go-rounders to widen their circle, to go occasion ally on side streets. It might be well to repeat in their hearing the words of the public speaker, who complained of people who ride 5,000 miles a year without ever going anywhere. Per haps they will take the hint, go to the parson and then settle down. — Lies Moines Tribune-News. Mind Versus Adipose. Marshal Joffre of France, whose name during the World War was on many tongues that could not pro nounce it, has his own method—or is It Coue's—of getting thin. The method is simple and should not be Ignored by the fat people of Canada —of whom there are quite a few. Marshal Joffre at one time weighed 225 pounds. Too much, thought he. Then he proceeded to reduce. The process Is not a secret. “I’m growing thin; I'm growing thin.” It requires & character and a suppression of na tural risible faculties for a man to stand up, and tell himself that he is growing thin. But the distinguished French gentleman and soldier did not laugh himself into growing fatter, or perhaps to death. Instead he con tinued the method for a considerable time. Every day he would repeat: "I’m growing thin; I’m growing thin.” And he is. It is truth, not legend. From 224 pounds he is down to 18(1 and 180 from 224 means that 44 pounds have been sloughed off. The fascinating feature of this great soldier's process of reducing Is that it requires no physical effort, no fasting, no dieting. It is a clear enough case of the triumph of mind over embonpoint.—Vancouver Prov ince. The Left-Hand Farrow. From the Manufacturers' Journal. The cover of the Department of Agriculture's new year book shows a plowman turning up a left-hand fur row. This brings up the desk farmer’s old-time problem, which end of a cow arises first. Buried Under Debt. From the Detroit Free Press. Archeologists are finding many sunken cities. Many modern cities, sizing up their outstanding bonds and lamenting their present tax rate, also feel considerably sunken. Speculation That Scores. From the San Franciaco Chronicle. Very often a sound Investment is just a bit of speculation that turned out all right. they express the attitude of the American Society of Architects, which accepted the admonition of President Roosevelt that it protect the White House In the restoration accomplished under Mr. McKim, wherein the Ideal was expressed ex actly as it is today, for simplicity and chasteness of standards. Suita bility to the purpose intended is the prime test, but that purpose changes with the decades, as customs change. Nevertheless, the greatest mark of bravery seen since the war is shown by the superintendent of public buildings and his committee in facing the avalanche of second-hand high boys or “whatnots,” which one may reasonably expect soon to be drayed into the front yard of the White House, in response to the congres sional Invitation. The unsuitable will be refused. While Col. Sherrill speaks softly, does he carry a big ■Uak for the Junk man? fQeprriftit. 1925, b» Paul V. Coillail 1 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. H4SKI.\. Q. How tall is the highest mooring j mast for airships?—W. W. A. The highest one in the world is j nearing completion at the Ford air port. The steel work for this 210- foot mast is already in place. Q. How many buffalo and elk are there In Yellowstone Park?—E. H. L. A. There are 780 tame buffalo and 76 wild buffalo in Yellowstone Park. The number of wild elk is about 2,000. Q. When did Prince Henry visit this country?—J. S. A. He visited the United States in February, 1902. Q. When was the present style of home plate introduced into base ball? —F. P. S. A. The present style of home plate was introduced into base ball in 1900. Q. What is wood wool? —G. G. A. Excelsior is graded according to the thickness and width of the strand, the kind and color of the wood. The thinnest grades are often called wood wool and bring the highest prices on the market if they bear other neces sary qualifications. The finished prod uct is baled in a power press such as is used for baling hay, and reaches the market in this form. The best grades of excelsior are made from basswood, but on account of its scarcity it is not the leading wood in the industry. Q. What portrait of George Wash ington is it that is reproduced on one-dollar bills?—S. B. A. There is no authoritative state ment concerning this, but it is thought to be an engraving of the painting called “the Boston Athenaeum" por trait of Washington by Gilbert Stuart. Q. When lightning strikes a house protected by lightning cables and rods is the charge carried into the ground or is it discharged through the points on the rods?—O. P. L. A. The function of a lightning-rod system is twofold, the first function being to relieve the earth and* the building, keeping the building in a discharged condition, the accumulat ing electricity being passed off silentlv from the points. However, it isn't always possible for a lightning-rod system to take rare of the situation in this way. When a congested con dition comes about a disruptive dis charge will take place, in that case the stroke as a rule is from the cloud to the earth and the discharge will follow the line of least resistance, striking one or more of the points and being carried off into the earth. Q. How Jong has Texas been a cat tle-raising State? —A. N. A. Cattle raising has been an im portant industry in Texas ever since her admission in 1845, but great changes have taken place in the busi ness. Texas cattle raising in its pres ent form dates from about 1880. when barbed wire was introduced into the State and the days of free grass came to an end. Q. What kind of grapes are used for grape juice?—M. H. T. A. The Concord grapes are used more in manufacturing grape juice than any other variety. The Salem grape is probably the best variety for the manufacture of grape juice. This variety is not self-fertile, how ever, and must be planted with an other variety such as the Concord. The Concord grapes will produce ap proximately two tons to an acre, the Salem a little less. They will grow' well in sandy soils, provided the soil is fertilized often. Q. in colonial times were ther® woman shopkeepers?—C. T. T. A. Throughout the Northern Colo Coal Strike Threat Laid To Expansion of Industry Threat? of a coal strike in both an thracite and bituminous fields have turned public attention to the ques tion of wages and to competition be tween union and non-union mines. Some observers believe that there are too many mines for the good of the industry, and that better conditions for the miners and for the public would be made possible by diverting a certain proportion to other indus tries. “As if it were not enough that a world-wide coal slump faces the an thracite field,” says the Philadelphia Bulletin, “the demands of the mine workers for 10 per cent increase of wages, on top of the biggest increase of wages that any industry in Amer ica has enjoyed as a result of the war, come very close to being reckless. The leadership of the United Mine Work, ers is strangely blind to the economic i conditions significant to their indus try. Persistence in the demand for higher wages is simply courting dis aster.” ** * * Doubt as to the purpose of the union leaders to force a strike is ex pressed by the New York Journal of Commerce, which declares: “Certainly there is not the slightest warrant for any such action. In the first place, the men are already receiving hand some wages. Rates are so high, in point of fact, that they have materi- I ally helped to curtail consumption and render employment, even in the an thracite field, none too abundant. And fully as important in the second place is the fact that employment condi tions in the soft-coal mines are such that the unions there are tending to disintegrate seriously, and that the union leaders, accordingly, are hav ing their hands full to deal wtih the situation as it stands. A more chari table interpretation of the words of the union officials would be that the workers suspected the operators of planning a drive for lower wages." ** * * “The mere suggestion of a strike in the anthracite fields,” declares the Baltimore Evening Sun, “is enough to arouse such nervousness among consumers as will insure accelerated movement of the stocks on hand. But this sort of galvanism may or may not be beneficial to the industry in the long run. A certain proportion of the consumers will hasten to fill their bins, but others will take steps to substitute some other fuel, and if the substitute proves satisfactory, they will never again become customers of the anthra cite producers.” A demand that if either side disregards its responsibil ity, “all of the forceful agencies through which public opinion makes itself heard ought to be marshaled in defense of the interest of the con sumer” is made by the Providence Journal, which also remarks: “The public demands that both operators and miners qjiall keep in mind through out their negotiations that the anthra cite industry is essentially a public enterprise.” A suggestion that there are too many mines and too many miners is made by the Lynchburg News, which asks: “Since the Federal Government has been able to dissolve trusts, should it not have the equal right to compel amalgamations?” Some such action, the News believes, might offer the solution of the troubles of the coal business. ** * * Another phase is emphasized by the Morgantown New Dominion. “It is significant,” says this paper, “that no other large union whose members produce a commodity attempts to im pose a Nation-wide scale. The United Mine Workers’ leaders steadfastly re fuse this local autonomy. The largest coal producing companies in tha coun nles there were many woman shop keepers. They were called "she mer chants." Q. Will you kindly tell me how ihe t'hrlslian Endeavor differs from the Kpworth League?—F. R. P. A. The object of the Christian En deavor and the Kpworth League is the same, namely, promotion of the interests of the church and Christian cause by the young people affiliated with the church. Members of the Christian Endeavor Society belong to any or all Protestant sects. The F,p worth League w r as founded by the Methodist Episcopal Church, and its membership is confined to those af filiated with that denomination. Q. What is the average life of rail road ties?—R. A. A. The average life of a railroad ti» is 15 years. Q. What animals are members of the Canidae family?—W. F. W. A. The animals comprising the fam ily' Canidae are as follows: Fox. coyote, dog, fennec and jackal. Q. What are the necessary qualifi cations to become an Armv nurse? —C. N. A. In order to qualify as an Army nurse one must be a graduate from an accredited nursing school and h» registered and enrolled in the Ameri can Red Cross Nurse Service. The appointment is for three years. Q. If a lady is seated when she re ceives an introduction to a gentle man, should she rise? —L. E. S. A. When a man is introduced to a woman she remains seated if she pre fers to do so. Some women regard it as more cordial to rise under these circumstances. If the man who Is Introduced is elderly, a young woman always rises when he is presented. Q. Whst is the largest painting In I the W'orld?—H. T. B. A. The "Last Judgment." by Mi chelangelo. in the Sistine chapel, Rome, is said to be the largest. Q When was the first Safety First Conference held?—R. K. The first Co-operative Safety Cnn . gress was held in Milwaukee from | September 30 to October 5, 1913. Q. Is Harry' Lauder the Scotch comedian's real name?—S. D. A. Harry Lauder's real name is MacLennan. Q What was the meaning of R. 1.. Stevenson's Samoan name? —C. B H. A. His native friends called Ste venson "Tusitala,” which means “teller of tales.” Q. When was Sousa's Rand or ganized?—C. E. B. A. While the Marine Band was play'ing in Chicago in 1892. David ! Blakely said to Sousa: “If you can I create this enormous success for th* i Washington Marine Band, why not ja Sousa Band? I will see that it is \ financed.” The band was organized that season. (Stop a minute and think about thin fact. You can ask The Star Infortna tion Bureau any question of fact and get the answer back in a personal la ter. It is a great educational idea in troduced into the lives of the most in- I telligent people in the world—Ameri ; can newspaper readers. It is a part | of that best purpose of a newspaper — I service. There is no charge except ! 2 cents in stamps for return postage i Get the habit of asking questions. | Address your letter to The Star In formation Bureau, Frederic J. Baskin. | director. Twenty-first and C streets I northwest.) try. which have been loyalists in op erating union, are among those that have been forced to return to the open shop or independent union plan." The Pittsburgh Gazette Times says <>f that situation: “The Pittsburgh opera tors. faithful to their agreement with the union, stand by the Jacksonville scale, but they cannot meet the co.ni | petition of the non-union product and their mines are closed. If all con cerned address themselves dispassion ately to studying the problem, a satis factory solution should he forth coming.” ** * * "There is. properly speaking, no such thing as the ‘industry’ as an m ganic unit.” explains the Rock Island Argus. “There are many separate operators, many separate miners When the weak brethren are out and their miners have found other cm ployment—when, in short, the defla tion process is done—we may have an industry which can run itself effi ciently.” Viewing this situation, the Detroit News says: "The people had an idea that something in the nature of a solution would come from all th« palaver that has gone on, and they are likely to feel quite disgusted if the same old unremedied causes bring on another tie-up of a basic industry. They will place the . responsibilitv squarely where it belongs—on the coal owners, who have not tried to solve the problem of mining and distribu tion, and on Congress, which failed to give the President powers he re quested.” Rome Beggars Rich; Own Valuable Properly Beggars in Rome are few, at least in comparison with the number .in j years ago. But despite the excellent | work of the municipality of Rome, begging remains a business and is sometimes profitable. A friend re cently missed his "pet” beggar at th« corner where for years he had givec him a penny a day. Later he met the old man by chance on the street "Why don’t I see you any more?” “Oh. hadn’t you heard? I have retired from business. I have just bought a villa at Frascati. Do come out some Sunday and dine with me” There Is a certain famous cripple who occupies the post at the entrance to the Missionary exhibition. Doubt less he has some special permission to occupy his lucratfce post. Anyway, no other beggar gets there. It is said on credible authority that he is owner of three apartment houses. The successful beggar in Italy reaps the rewards that the present economic system awards to superior brains. He works the market scientifically. He does the Summer resorts in Summer and the Winter resorts in AVinter, and the holy city in the holy year. He even presents himself at the office of the central committee of the anna santo to learn the dates of arrival of the American pilgrims, who some times give a dollar at a single throw, Superlative Faith. From the Ohio State Journal. Our idea of faith to remove moun. tains is thinking that a suit brought by the Government to break up monopolistic practices will do anj good. Worse to Come. From the Philadelphia Inquirer. We wonder what that chap who fainted three times while he was helm) married will do wtien the first nmoU) a bills coma in.