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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 10, 1925, Image 6

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THB EVENING STAR
WMi Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
MUDAY July 10, 1925
THEODORE W. NOYES Editor
Thr Evening Star Newspaper Company
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Member of the Associated Press.
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tn the use for republiration of all news dis
patches credited to it or not otherwise cred
ited tn this paper and also the news
published herein. All rirhts of publication
B Ppoial dispatches herein *re also reserved.
America’s Foreign Investments.
The United States and its people
•re bound by chains of gold to the
rest of the world. Investments of
private American capital abroad in
1924 amounted to $9,090,000,000, ac
cording to data collected and made
public by the National Industrial Con
ference Board. Foreign investments
in the United States amount to about
one-half of our investments abroad.
In addition to the investments of pri
vate American capital in foreign
countries are the huge war debts owed
the United States by the allied na
tions totaling in principal and accrued
interest some $11,000,000,000.
With these huge Investments abroad
the Interest of Americans in political
conditions in foreign countries has
grown. They are interested on the
material side as well as the moral.
War, with its attendant ruin and de
struction of property, in some of the
nations where American capital is
most heavily invested could not fail
to have its effect on the American
pocketbook. This explains the very
considerable interest which the so
called group of American international
bankers has in European affairs and
in the stabilisation of the world. It
may explain also some of the desire
to have this country enter the League
of Nations.
Loans to foreign governments con
stitute a large part of the investments
of private American capital in for
eign countries. For example, private
capital invested by United States citi
zens in Europe amounts to about
$1,900,000,000, the National Indus
trial Conference Board maintains, and
of this total $1,500,000,000, or nearly
four-fifths of our European commit
ments, are loans to governments.
Here particularly lies a reason for
American interest in the political af
fairs of Europe. The fall of a govern
ment to which hundreds of millions of
dollars have been loaned would cause
more than a gasp to the bankers and
individuals whose money made up the
loan.
Os the total of nine billions of dol
lars plus invested abroad 44.4 per cent
is invested in Latin American coun
tries, indicating the growth of busi
ness and trade between the United
States and other American republics.
While the loans to the
of the Latin American countries are
not. so large in comparison to the
total investment in those countries
with the loans to European govern
ments, they are still considerable,
totaling $840,000,000.
American capital has been gener
ously Invested in the Dominion of
Canada, where the loans to the
Canadian governments total $1,060,-
000,000, which is 43 per cent of the
total American capital invested in the
Dominion.
The Far East still beckons for Amer
ican capital. Our total investments
in Asia and Oceania are set down at
the trifling sum of $690,000,000, or
only 7.6 per cent of the total foregin
investments made by Americans.
Even here the loans to governments
represent 64 per cent of the whole,
serving to emphasize again the inter
est which America has in the mainte
nance of stability and peace in the
world.
The amazing change from the early
days of the Republic, when the na
tions of Europe were lending America
about a million dollars a year, and
America was using what wealth it
possessed for its own development,
has come about in little more than
a hundred years. The United States
has become the banker of the world
with tremendous power.

Col. Bryan is almost as bitter to- !
ward the chimpanzee as he would be I
if the alleged ancestral ape were, in
disdain of the Commoner's indorse
ment, seeking nomination on the
Democratic ticket.
An arrangement to keep Congress
in session through the Summer might
result in more legislative enthusiasm
for bathing beaches.
Styles in Engraving.
A proposal comes from engravers
for a change in the style of the
alphabet once a year. One object, and
a praiseworthy one. is to stimulate
the art of engraving, but there are
other advantages. For one thing, it
would give persons of fashion another
sat of styles to keep up with. No cor
rectly dressed man, wife and daughter
would want to hand to the butler or
drop on a silver platter a visiting card
of last year’s model. They would for
feit their position in society, and per
sons who have not the discretion and
noble feeling to keep their visiting
cards up-to-date ought to be chased
out of the social register. A woman
who would send invitations to a
luncheon, bridge, tea or phonograph
musical on stationery engraved with
last year’s style of letters and figures
is impossible. Every gentleman ex
pects to observe the latest style in
neckties, walking stick*, hat bands and
trousers, and eVerv woman of social
importance observes the latest thing
in skirts, shoes, pearl necklaces and
hair cuts. It la believed that they
could not be so neglectful of social
obligations as not to keep their alpha
bet up-to-date.
There are a few persons in Wash
ington who purposely carry visiting
cards engraved in an old-fashioned
way. The purposes are economy—a
most unfashionable thing—and the de
sire to show that they have owned a
card plate for more than one year.
Everybody of any consequence Is sup
posed to have a card plate that has
been In the family for generations.
For a woman to go calling with cards
engraved in the 1884 style ought to be
thought as bad form as to walk along
F street with a Floradora hat trim
med with two-yard feathers. A woman
who would go a-calling in 1925 with
her card case stuffed with cards of
1924 construction would wear puffed
sleeves and high shoes, and would
carry part of her skirt in her hand
to keep from sweeping up germs.
There are some men so inconsiderate
of the social graces that they carry
printed cards.
One cannot object to an annual
Rtyle in engraving, but the engravers
should be merciful. They should
change the style of the letters on
visiting cards, but keep the letters
enough like the English alphabet that
a man who knows the alphabet rea
sonably well can read the card, if you
gt\je him time.
Another Ship Board Veto.
Like true love, the course of the
i Government's merchant fleet “never
! does run smooth.’’ The Shipping Board
yesterday rejected the recommenda
! tlon made by President Leigh C.
! Palmer of the Fleet Corporation that
• a bid of the Boston Iron and Metal
Co. of Baltimore to purchase 200
ships for scrap be accepted, emphasiz
ing again the folly of divided responsi
bility.
President Coolidge has strongly
urged on the Shipping Board that the
disposal of the merchant' vessels he
left to the president of the Fleet Cor
poration. Under the law, however,
the Shipping Board is supreme. The
Fleet Corporation is, in effect, a mere
subsidiary of the Shipping Board,
where the final authority is lodged by
act of Congress. So the Shipping
Board retains the power to veto any
recommendations that may be made
by the head of the Fleet Corporation,
whether the recommendations be for
sale of ships or for their operation.
And yesterday the board again used
its veto power.
The system is wrong. To lodge with
a bi-partisan board of seven men the
duty of passing upon the operation
and disposal of the great merchant
fleet built up by the United States
during the war emergency was a mis
take. President Coolidge has recog
nized that mistake, and has sought to
remedy it, urging strongly that the
operation and disposal of the fleet be
turned over entirely to the Fleet Cor
poration. The board haa passed reso
lutions seemingly in accordance with
the recommendations of the President.
But fop a considerable period the
board handled the operation of the
ships, and it has been reluctant to
relinquish Us powers. Testifying be
fore a House committee. President
Palmer frankly stated that the board
continued to interfere, and gave in
stances of such interference.
Comparatively recently President
Coolidge wrote a letter to the board,
saying that he believed it would be to I
the best interests of the Government i
if the negotiations for and sale of j
ships were left to the president of the
Fleet Corporation. In accordance with
this latest request of the President
the board has turned over this work
to the Fleet Corporation. But it re
tains the veto power under the law.
The only way this situation can be
remedied, apparently, is to change
the law. That course may be followed
when Congress reconvenes.
The President, the Congress and the
people generally are desirous that the
United States shall have a permanent
overseas merchant marine for national
defense and for the spread of our
commerce. They are desirous, too,
that the Government-owned fleet shah
be transferred as speedily as possible
to private American operation, and
that such vessels as are not needed or
are not fitted for such operation shall
be scrapped. But the difficulties faced
by prospective purchasers under the
present system are, to say the least,
discouraging.
Darwin would have died a much
richer man if this evolution con
troversy could have taken place dur
ing his lifetime. The revenues on his
writings are only beginning to ma
terialize.
The seriousness with which eco
! noniie conditions in Europe are re
garded depends on whether the Ameri
! can observer establishes his viewpoint
i at Deauville or Berlin,
i |
Overhead Trolley Lines.
Announcement is made that the mid
street poles will be removed from Con
necticut avenue from the Calvert
Street Bridge to the Klingle Ford
Bridge, and that all overhead wiring
save for street car propulsion will be
caried underground. This will be a
Rreat aid in clearing that important
highway of obstructions.
It would be far better if the overhead
conduction system were abandoned
in favor of the underground construc
tion. Objection, however, is raised to
that, that this would entail a prohibi
tive expense upon the street railway
company. Just at present there is
some question as to the economy
railed traction service. Some doubt is
felt on the score of extensions and
changes in view of the possibility of
the replacement of track lines with bus
routes. But it is plainly incumbent
upon the Utilities Commission to con
sider the wisdom of displacing the
overhead wire in the urban area, and
especially on streets of heavy traffic.
The original prohibition against
overhead trolley lines related to the
space within the "city limits." Since
that prohibition was written into the
law the urban area has extended far
beyond the old boundaries on the north
and from time to time the “plow pits”
marking the ends of underground con
struction have been moved outward.
Yet these changes have not kept pace
with the development of the city, and
THE EVENING - STAR, WASHINGTON, 1). C., FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1925.
the increase in street use. On Connec
ticut avenue this Is particularly true.
Connecticut avenue north of Calvert
street is for a long distance strictly
urban in condition and carries a very
heavy traffic.
The objection to overhead trolley
lines is not alone due to the presence
of poles in the streets. The presence
of the wires themselves, charged with
high tension currents, is a menace. In
case of a Are they are dangerous, im
peding the work of firemen. Whether
the wires are suspended from poles in
the middle of the street or from sup
ports on the sides, they remain men
acing elements.
So it is to be hoped that-eventually
all overhead trolley construction will
be eliminated from the thoroughfares
of the urban area, as long as transpor
tation is maintained on a traction
basis.
No Fool-Proof Grade Crossing.
A typical grade-crossing accident
occurred yesterday in New Jersey. A
man driving a car containing his wife
and mother-in-law approached an in
tersection with an express train in
plain sight down the track. A warn
ing bell was ringing at the crossing
and the siren of the express locomo
tive was blowing. The engineer of
the train had seen the motor car ap
proaching the tracks and blew his
whistle to attract the driver’s atten
tion. Realizing that the motorist was
bent on crossing in front of him he
began applying his brakes. The motor
ist rushed upon the tracks, ■ his ma
chine was hit and all three occupants
were killed.
This is plainly a case of foolhardy
attempt to beat the train. The nian
was familiar with the country. He
knew the crossing, and he must have
seen the train approaching. Yet he
took a chance for which there was no
need. He was not bent upon an
emergency errand. There was no occa
sion for haste. Yet he speeded up to
cross the tracks ahead of the train,
whereas if he had halted he would
have been delayed only a few seconds.
Most of the grade-crossing accidents
are due to tljis insensate desire to
speed, to “beat the train.” As long as
tracks remain at grade motorists will
continue to do it and will continue
to get hit, and they and their pas
sengers to There is no “fool
proof” crossing. The only safe inter
section of tracks and road is at dif
ferent levels. While waiting for this
cure of the. grade-crossing evil, which
will take a long time and an enor
mous expenditure, the prayer of all
those who are driven on the road
must be that the man at the wheel
will not be guilty of this homicidal
folly.
—■ > «»» < ii
Foreign markets threaten to boycott
American motion pictures, not because
of any charge of unfair competition,
but because of their superior quality.
At last American art is recognized.
Europe should be strong enough in
the spirit of fair play to accept with
grace her films from America, as we
so many years accepted our fashions
from Paris and our musical comedies
from Vienna.
Reports indicate that while Ger
many may not immediately reassert
herself in dominance of chemical
science, mathematics and political
philosophy, she will soon be in a posi
tion to take charge of the Christmas
toy market, as usual.
The Senate will have a number of
investigations on its hands, and in
cidentally its presiding officer, Mr.
Dawes, is immutable In his determina
tion to insist on a rules revision, even
if it becomes necessary to investigate
the Senate.
The assertion that President Cool
idge can have another term if he
wants it seems to imply the rather
absurd inference that he may not de
sire the most coveted place that the
world has to offer.
Scientists respect religion while
seeking to understand the ways in
which the Creator wrought. A few
of our eminent religionists positively
refuse to show any reciprocal respect
for science.
A bathing costume is considered
complete if there is enough of it to be
clearly discernible in a photograph.
SHOOTING STARS
BT PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Influence in July.
Goin' flshin ! Fare you well!
Where the waves are swishin’
For a little while we’ll dwell
In a calm condition.
Goin' fishing’! If you seek
Favor or position
You must wait another week;
Boss has gone a-flshin'.
The Political Ring.
“Why don't you make one of those
old-fashioned speeches that made the
welkin ring?”
“If you want votes now,” answered
Senator Sorghum, “you've got to seek
them from house to house. Politics is
not so much a matter of ringing the
welkin as of ringing door bells.”
Jud Tunkins says money talks, but
in the case of a large international
indebtedness it mostly listens.
Sapient Silence.
Though evolution now haaßtirred
Our intellects to dizziness.
The monkey never says a word
In all this monkey business.
Concealment.
“Women never talk of wearing
masks in a parade.”
“We wouldn’t have to put on masks
to conceal our features,” said Miss
Cayenne. “All we’d have to do would
be to wear our cloche hats.”
Law of Averages.
On Fashion still we frown '
And bitter is life's cup. *
Girls roll their stockings down;
The bootleg still goes up.
“De world is gettin’ better,” said
Uncle Eben, “but some o' 4a people
In It is gettin' wusa.”
THIS AND THAT
BY CHARLES E. TRACE*ELL.
Did Marcus Aurelius, Emperor, of
Rome nearly 2,000 years ago, foresee
this column?
In all modesty I submit this ques
tion to the readers of This and That
during this week, which marks the
first anniversary of this column.
Marcus Aurelius said, in the third
book of his "Meditations”:
“A man should use himself to think
of those things only about L which if
one should suddenly ask. What hast
thou now in thy thoughts? with per
fect openness thou mighest immedi
ately answer: This or that.”
So there you have a marvelous in
stance of prophecy; and It pleases me
a great deal to feel that in the words
following Marcus described the read
ers of this column:
“From thy words it should be plain
that everything in thee is simple and
benevolent, and such as befits a social
animal, and one that cares not for
thoughts about pleasure or sensual
enjoyments at all, nor has any rivalry
or envy and suspicion, or anything
else for which thou wouldst blush if
thou shouldst say that thou hadst it
in thy mind.
“For the man who is such and no
longer delays being among the num
ber of the best, la like a priest and
minister of the gods, using, too, the
deity which is planted within him,
which makes the man uncontaminat
ed by pleasure, unharmed by any pain,
untouched by any insult, feeling no
wrong, a fighter in the noblest fight.”
To Marcus Aurelius, over the years,
let us send greetings; for we, too. have
tried to be fighters in the noblest
fight. We have written of people
(especially In the home), of animals
(particularly cats and dogs), of b*»oks
and literature In general, ethical
pieces, of places (notably streets,
parks, etc.), of gardens. Estey alley,
conditions, reviews of books old and
new. in praise of Washington, D. U.,
our home town: stories from old rec
ords and stories of manners.
In this work we have tried to hold
fast to the best, and the hundreds of
kind letters in the letter box make us
feel that we have succeeded, to some
extent, at least.
** * *
Aurelius, in his third book, gives a
piece of advice that was old when he
wrote it, but is always worth while:
“A man must stand erect, not he
kept erect by others.”
The whole trend of education, both
in the home and schools, is to furnish
out the child so he may stand erect, on
his own feet, as the saying is, and not
be dependent upon others.
The ability to take care of one's self
is something that many have natural
ly, whereas others have to learn it by
painful degrees, some in the so-called
school of hard knocks, others in the
ordinary evolution of the personal life.
Here is one place where there can
he no doubt of evolution at all. Every
life is an evolution, a beginning, a go
ing forward, an evolution of some
thing, a resolution into something.
Evolution, in this sense, does not
necessarily mean improvement. It
simply Implies something evolving
from one thing into another. There
Is many a splendid little boy of today
whose evolution will be downward in
the days to come.
It is too bad, of course, but the
years will show that to be the case.
On the other hand, let us consider a
more hopeful example, that of some
ugly duckling, who is regarded with
more or less secret chagrin by his
parents.
His will be an evolution worth
w’hile! By easy stages —so easy, some
times. he himself will not be able to
note them—he will progress until he
becomes the pride of his community, a
BACKGROUND OF EVENTS
BY FALL V. COL LOSS.
"Where doctors disagree, who shall
decide?" The redecoration of the
White House, by authority of an act
of Congress appropriating $50,000 for
the same and the authorizing of the
President' to accept donations of early
American furniture looms in impor
tance almost with the great issues of
economics and statecraft. The situa
tion has potentialities equal to the in
citing cause of the Trojan War, which
war would never have been justified
by modern standards of beauty. Art
ists concede that beauty is a matter of
taste, and "there is no accounting for
| taste."
** * *
in the early days of the United
.States the people were sharply divided
between the French party and the
English party, and the lines of de
marcation applied not merely to poli
tics. but to every phase of life. Prior
to the Revolution practically all im
ports of furniture came from England,
but the bitterness of the war stopped
English trade for a quarter of a cen
tury and the enthusiasm for the coun
try of Lafayette stimulated admira
tion for everything French.
The continued war between England
and France made commerce almost im
possible, so that Americans were
forced to rely upon American-made
furniture. With English models and
patterns American cabinetmakers
gradually developed a style in furni
ture not English, but heavier and
stronger than the graceful but weak
English Sheraton. It was this Ameri
can furniture which first furnished the
White House—largely, but not wholly,
the property of the successive Presi
dents.
** * *
The impression that all furniture in
the White House was private prop
erty until Monroe’s administration is
erroneous. Official records show that
in 1797 Congress appropriated $14,000
for White House furniture, and au
thorized President Washington to sell
such pieces already in the White
House which, in his judgment, were
unfit. Hence, the old furniture to be
discarded must have been public prop
erty.
In 1800 an appropriation of $15,000
was made for similar use; in 1805,
$14,000; in 1809, $14,000, and with each
term of the presidency appropriations
for refurnishing ranged from $6,000 to
$20,000. In the years 1833 to 1837 the
furniture appropriations amounted to
$46,000, and thereafter up to the days
of Lincoln, each administration fresh
ened the furnishings with appropria
tions usualv about $14,000.
In 1866 Congress gave $24,000 for
the purpose: in 1867, $35,000, and 1869.
$25,000 —a total of $84,000 in three
years. The total appropriations for
White House furniture up to 1873
amounted to $529,641.76. The signifi
cant incident in the Monroe adminis
tration was the radical change from
English to French style, for Monroe
had been Ambassador to France before
his presidency, and upon his return
home he brought a great shipment of
furniture, which he put into the White
House as his private property, and
later sold to the Government. This
produced a mixture of English, Amer
ican modification of English models,
and French, from which, it is now
contended, the Executive Mansion
never recovered until the general
overhauling in the Roosevelt adminis
tration, 23 years ago.
*****
According to the standard history of
the White House, by Esther Single
ton, "during President Roosevelt's ad
ministration, the historic mansion has
undergone complete repair and resto
ration —so complete, in fact, that the
rVexed question of an appropriate-home
‘‘big man,” a man who does things, and
who does them because he thinks them
first.
lie stands erect.
** * *
“If thou findest in human life any
thing better than Justice, truth, tem
perance, fortitude, and, in a word,
anything better than thy own mind’s
self-satisfaction in the things which it
enables thee to do according to right
reason; if, I say. thou seest anything
better than this, turn to it with all thy
soul, and enjoy that which thou hast
found to be the best.”
So says Marcus Aurelius, continuing:
“But if nothing appears to be better
than the deity (the best) which is plant
ed in thee; • * * If thou findest
everything else smaller and of less
value than this, give place to nothing
else, for if thou dost once diverge and
incline to it, thou wilt no longer with
out distraction be able to give the pref
erence to that good thing which is thy
proper possession and thy own.”
These words constitute, of course, a
counsel of perfection, which perhaps
no one in this world can live up to;
but it is worth while, now and then, to
stop in the midst of our daily life and
to consider them.
All the preaching is not done from
the pulpit.
Many a man gets a better sermon
from some chance remark of his little
child than from all the ministers he
ever heard, with all due respect to
them and their holy calling.
Sometimes the searching question of
a little one strikes deep into the heart
and a man gets a lesson that sticks.
“Never value anything as profitable
to thyself which shall compel thee to
break thy promise, to lose thy self-re
spect, to hate any man, to suspect, to
curse, to act the hypocrite, to desire
anything which needs walls and cur
tains,” says our old Roman.
“Thou hast embarked, thou hast
made the voyage, thou art come to
shore; get out.” he says, succinctly
describing the life of man.
He warns us not to spend too
much time in thoughts about others,
"What is such a person doing, and
why, and what is he saying, and
what is he thinking of, and what is
he contriving, and whatever else of
the kind makes us wander away
from the observation of our own
ruling power.”
The preceding paragraph shows
the intense practical nature of this
dreamer. The great ancient writers
had what I call Innate brains; their
thinking powers were not du* to the
piling of century upon century, but
came to them naturally, in astonish
ing force, sufficient to compel us to
admiration after a lapse of thousands
of years.
Marcus tells us plainly to cease
poking into other folks' business, and
to mind our own a little better.
It is good advice still.
“First aid” was familiar to him,
but not exactly in the modern sense.
“Conie to thy own aid,” he said,
paraphrasing the later. “Heaven
helps those who helps themselves.”
No matter what virtues or vices
men share, our author says, conclud
ing the third book, "there remains
that which is peculiar to the good
man, to be pleased and content with
what happens, and with the thread
which is spun for him: and not to
defile the divinity which is planted
in his breast, nor disturb it by a
crowd of images, but to preserve it
tranquil.
“And if all men refuse to believe
that he lives a simple, modest and
contented life, he is neither angry
with any of them, nor does he devi
ate from the way which leads to the
end of life, to which a man ought to
come pure, tranquil, ready to depart,
and without any compulsion perfectly
reconciled to his lot.”
for the President of the United States
is. in all probability, settled forever."
That restoration was made under
the direction of McKim, the leading
architect of his day. Mr. McKim de
ferred, naturally, to the first lady of
the land, Mrs. Roosevelt, who was
"to the manner born," and according
to a member of the Fine Arts Com
mission, was "more familiar with
standards of taste than any other oc
cupant of the White House in the
history of the country."
It is charged by critics that the
state dining room Is marred by many
Rooseveltian heads of animals'he had
met—lncluding that of a bull moose—
and that it resembles a museum. Also
that the President’s bedroom and Mrs.
Coolldge’s room are spoiled by massive
rococo cornices over the windows. "If
it was so, it were a grievous fault,”
which the new committee of dis
tinguished artists will aid Col. Sherrill,
superintendent of public buildings and
parks, in eliminating. Also, the colors
of the red room, the blue room and
the green room are too vivid: they
will be toned down, as present decora
tive tendencies turn toward pastel
tints. No actual details of any general
scheme have yet been worked out, for
all plans must be submitted to the
general committee next October.
** * *
In general, it is hoped bv the ex
perts to restore the furnishings to the
style in vogue about 1800, so that they
will be in keeping with the archi
tecture of the building, and with the
historic traditions of early America.
That, too, was the thought in 1902
when the Roosevelt restoration was
made at a cost for repairs and re
furnishing of $475,445. The official re
port of the architects stated:
"The first aim, therefore, was to
discover the design and intention of
the original builders and to adhere
strictly thereto so far as the public or
state portions of the house were con
cerned, and then to make the apart
ments reserved for the private or
family uses comfortable, according to
modern requirements and standards.”
** * *
A member of the Fine Arts Com
mission says: "It would certainly be
the acme of foolhardiness for any one
to attenlpt to define what must be
the eternal principle of beauty,
whether in furniture, in paintings or
in architecture, but few would dispute
that suitableness for the purpose in
tended is a prime test. An Eskimo’s
igloo would not be good architecture
in Panama, nor a Victorian cottage,
with its whirligigs, accepted as a
substitute for the Parthenon in
Greece.”
Pompous Roman style without mod
ern baths might not please a mod
ern mistress of the White House. In
the century and a quarter since the
White House was first furnished,
what changes have come in taste!
Are all to be condemned which are
not "early American?” As time goes
on. will there be no worthy suc
cessors to the styles which now bring
scorn but which in their times were
lauded? In the garrets of Time are
the Victorian and the mission relics.
No one would dust them off today,
but how old must a period be before
it becomes classically “antique?”
Within 25 years after the Declara
tion of Independence American cab
inet makers had evolved an excellent
style of 'furniture, so that even that
great protectionist, Alexander Ham
ilton, told Congress that our cabinet
work was equal to any in England
and needed no protective tariff. Did
American genius petrify a century
ago, so that only what was accepted
in 1800 is worthy today? Is Amer
ican art dead?
These are not Idle questions, tmt
Jail Sentence the Best
Cure for Recklessness
To lh« Kditor of Tho Star:
More than ordinary care is required
of a railroad company to avoid in
jury to persons and animals.
More than ordinary care should he
required of drivers of automobiles on
account of the greater danger. It is
not sufficient that the driver avoid ex
ceeding the speed limit. He should
drive slowly unless he can see a long
distance ahead and to the sidewalks
and cross streets. He should never
drive at anything like full speed near
a row of parked cars. But many
drivers will not use such precaution
unless under fear of a Jail sentence
for colliding. Nearly every case of
collision should be followed by a jail
sentence.
Fines will not materially diminish
the number of accidents.
THOMAS W. GILMER.
Frenchmen Are Shaving
As Never in History
Among Frenchmen the fashion is
coming to be to follow the example
of American men and have beards and
mustaches shaved off. In government
offices, banks and shops foreigners
now meet the new type of Frenchmen,
clean-shaved young men, wearing
horn rimmed spectacles. French ar
tists and writers, however, do not fol
low this fashion. They continue to
wear waved, short beards and pointed
mustaches. “The tradition of French
literature demands it,” says Tristan
Bernard, one of the most popular
French playwrights. "All our prede
cessors have cultivated long hair
on their faces. Can you imagine
Victor Hugo, Verlaine, Zola, Jules
Verne, Alphonso Daudet and all the
other great writers of the last cen
tury without their manes or their
beards'” Modern French writers
want to keep the tradition and look
as much as possible like their famous
predecessors.
Long-Covered Beauties
of London Revealed
Experiments carried out by an archi
tect have restored to light long-cov
ered beautjes in London's oldest build
ings. many of which have become sad
specimens in their drab coverings of
stucco or plaster. Lincoln’s Inn Hall
was stripped of its sheath of dirty
gray stucco by an architect who was
seeking a new method of exterior
adornment. To his delight, the archi
tect found the warm red brickwork
underneath as fresh and colorful as
It was hundreds of years ago. The
same method was adopted with the
famous old gatehouse of Lambeth
Palace, believed by antiquaries to be
the oldest specimen of red brick in
London. Its rich color had been hid
den for more than 300 years under a
thick covering of plaster, which, when
removed, left the gate as it was de
signed by Archbishop Morton in J 490.
Main Street Joy-riders
Bother lowa Observers
Down in Shenandoah two repre
sentatives of the older generation ob
served young couples riding up and
down Main street on Saturday and
Sunday evenings and came to the con
clusion that much of the motor traffic
was as purposeless as a ride on the
merry go-round. They decided to re
duce their findings to figures and a
count was made. In 42 minutes one
car passed them 27 times, another 17
times.
From this report comes the sugges
tion that a limit be established for
aimless joy-riding, but this hardly
seems feasible. Pleasure riding on
the whole is one of the real values
made generally and frequently avail
able by the automobile and it would
be an awkward thing to have to
designate officers to keep tabs on the
young folks who thus innocently
make nuisances of themselves.
It should be sufficient to urge the
youthful automobile merry-go-rounders
to widen their circle, to go occasion
ally on side streets. It might be well
to repeat in their hearing the words
of the public speaker, who complained
of people who ride 5,000 miles a year
without ever going anywhere. Per
haps they will take the hint, go to
the parson and then settle down. —
Lies Moines Tribune-News.
Mind Versus Adipose.
Marshal Joffre of France, whose
name during the World War was on
many tongues that could not pro
nounce it, has his own method—or is
It Coue's—of getting thin. The
method is simple and should not be
Ignored by the fat people of Canada
—of whom there are quite a few.
Marshal Joffre at one time weighed
225 pounds. Too much, thought he.
Then he proceeded to reduce. The
process Is not a secret. “I’m growing
thin; I'm growing thin.” It requires
& character and a suppression of na
tural risible faculties for a man to
stand up, and tell himself that he is
growing thin. But the distinguished
French gentleman and soldier did not
laugh himself into growing fatter, or
perhaps to death. Instead he con
tinued the method for a considerable
time. Every day he would repeat:
"I’m growing thin; I’m growing thin.”
And he is. It is truth, not legend.
From 224 pounds he is down to 18(1
and 180 from 224 means that 44
pounds have been sloughed off.
The fascinating feature of this
great soldier's process of reducing Is
that it requires no physical effort, no
fasting, no dieting. It is a clear
enough case of the triumph of mind
over embonpoint.—Vancouver Prov
ince.
The Left-Hand Farrow.
From the Manufacturers' Journal.
The cover of the Department of
Agriculture's new year book shows a
plowman turning up a left-hand fur
row. This brings up the desk farmer’s
old-time problem, which end of a cow
arises first.
Buried Under Debt.
From the Detroit Free Press.
Archeologists are finding many
sunken cities. Many modern cities,
sizing up their outstanding bonds and
lamenting their present tax rate, also
feel considerably sunken.
Speculation That Scores.
From the San Franciaco Chronicle.
Very often a sound Investment is
just a bit of speculation that turned
out all right.
they express the attitude of the
American Society of Architects,
which accepted the admonition of
President Roosevelt that it protect
the White House In the restoration
accomplished under Mr. McKim,
wherein the Ideal was expressed ex
actly as it is today, for simplicity
and chasteness of standards. Suita
bility to the purpose intended is the
prime test, but that purpose changes
with the decades, as customs change.
Nevertheless, the greatest mark of
bravery seen since the war is shown
by the superintendent of public
buildings and his committee in facing
the avalanche of second-hand high
boys or “whatnots,” which one may
reasonably expect soon to be drayed
into the front yard of the White
House, in response to the congres
sional Invitation. The unsuitable
will be refused. While Col. Sherrill
speaks softly, does he carry a big
■Uak for the Junk man?
fQeprriftit. 1925, b» Paul V. Coillail 1
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. H4SKI.\.
Q. How tall is the highest mooring j
mast for airships?—W. W.
A. The highest one in the world is j
nearing completion at the Ford air
port. The steel work for this 210-
foot mast is already in place.
Q. How many buffalo and elk are
there In Yellowstone Park?—E. H. L.
A. There are 780 tame buffalo and
76 wild buffalo in Yellowstone Park.
The number of wild elk is about 2,000.
Q. When did Prince Henry visit this
country?—J. S.
A. He visited the United States in
February, 1902.
Q. When was the present style of
home plate introduced into base ball?
—F. P. S.
A. The present style of home plate
was introduced into base ball in 1900.
Q. What is wood wool? —G. G.
A. Excelsior is graded according to
the thickness and width of the strand,
the kind and color of the wood. The
thinnest grades are often called wood
wool and bring the highest prices on
the market if they bear other neces
sary qualifications. The finished prod
uct is baled in a power press such
as is used for baling hay, and reaches
the market in this form. The best
grades of excelsior are made from
basswood, but on account of its
scarcity it is not the leading wood in
the industry.
Q. What portrait of George Wash
ington is it that is reproduced on
one-dollar bills?—S. B.
A. There is no authoritative state
ment concerning this, but it is thought
to be an engraving of the painting
called “the Boston Athenaeum" por
trait of Washington by Gilbert Stuart.
Q. When lightning strikes a house
protected by lightning cables and rods
is the charge carried into the ground
or is it discharged through the points
on the rods?—O. P. L.
A. The function of a lightning-rod
system is twofold, the first function
being to relieve the earth and* the
building, keeping the building in a
discharged condition, the accumulat
ing electricity being passed off silentlv
from the points. However, it isn't
always possible for a lightning-rod
system to take rare of the situation
in this way. When a congested con
dition comes about a disruptive dis
charge will take place, in that case
the stroke as a rule is from the cloud
to the earth and the discharge will
follow the line of least resistance,
striking one or more of the points
and being carried off into the earth.
Q. How Jong has Texas been a cat
tle-raising State? —A. N.
A. Cattle raising has been an im
portant industry in Texas ever since
her admission in 1845, but great
changes have taken place in the busi
ness. Texas cattle raising in its pres
ent form dates from about 1880. when
barbed wire was introduced into the
State and the days of free grass came
to an end.
Q. What kind of grapes are used
for grape juice?—M. H. T.
A. The Concord grapes are used
more in manufacturing grape juice
than any other variety. The Salem
grape is probably the best variety
for the manufacture of grape juice.
This variety is not self-fertile, how
ever, and must be planted with an
other variety such as the Concord.
The Concord grapes will produce ap
proximately two tons to an acre, the
Salem a little less. They will grow'
well in sandy soils, provided the soil
is fertilized often.
Q. in colonial times were ther®
woman shopkeepers?—C. T. T.
A. Throughout the Northern Colo
Coal Strike Threat Laid
To Expansion of Industry
Threat? of a coal strike in both an
thracite and bituminous fields have
turned public attention to the ques
tion of wages and to competition be
tween union and non-union mines.
Some observers believe that there are
too many mines for the good of the
industry, and that better conditions
for the miners and for the public
would be made possible by diverting
a certain proportion to other indus
tries.
“As if it were not enough that a
world-wide coal slump faces the an
thracite field,” says the Philadelphia
Bulletin, “the demands of the mine
workers for 10 per cent increase of
wages, on top of the biggest increase
of wages that any industry in Amer
ica has enjoyed as a result of the war,
come very close to being reckless. The
leadership of the United Mine Work,
ers is strangely blind to the economic
i conditions significant to their indus
try. Persistence in the demand for
higher wages is simply courting dis
aster.”
** * *
Doubt as to the purpose of the
union leaders to force a strike is ex
pressed by the New York Journal of
Commerce, which declares: “Certainly
there is not the slightest warrant for
any such action. In the first place,
the men are already receiving hand
some wages. Rates are so high, in
point of fact, that they have materi-
I ally helped to curtail consumption and
render employment, even in the an
thracite field, none too abundant. And
fully as important in the second place
is the fact that employment condi
tions in the soft-coal mines are such
that the unions there are tending to
disintegrate seriously, and that the
union leaders, accordingly, are hav
ing their hands full to deal wtih the
situation as it stands. A more chari
table interpretation of the words of
the union officials would be that the
workers suspected the operators of
planning a drive for lower wages."
** * *
“The mere suggestion of a strike in
the anthracite fields,” declares the
Baltimore Evening Sun, “is enough
to arouse such nervousness among
consumers as will insure accelerated
movement of the stocks on hand. But
this sort of galvanism may or may not
be beneficial to the industry in the
long run. A certain proportion of the
consumers will hasten to fill their bins,
but others will take steps to substitute
some other fuel, and if the substitute
proves satisfactory, they will never
again become customers of the anthra
cite producers.” A demand that if
either side disregards its responsibil
ity, “all of the forceful agencies
through which public opinion makes
itself heard ought to be marshaled in
defense of the interest of the con
sumer” is made by the Providence
Journal, which also remarks: “The
public demands that both operators
and miners qjiall keep in mind through
out their negotiations that the anthra
cite industry is essentially a public
enterprise.”
A suggestion that there are too
many mines and too many miners is
made by the Lynchburg News, which
asks: “Since the Federal Government
has been able to dissolve trusts,
should it not have the equal right to
compel amalgamations?” Some such
action, the News believes, might offer
the solution of the troubles of the coal
business.
** * *
Another phase is emphasized by the
Morgantown New Dominion. “It is
significant,” says this paper, “that
no other large union whose members
produce a commodity attempts to im
pose a Nation-wide scale. The United
Mine Workers’ leaders steadfastly re
fuse this local autonomy. The largest
coal producing companies in tha coun
nles there were many woman shop
keepers. They were called "she mer
chants."
Q. Will you kindly tell me how ihe
t'hrlslian Endeavor differs from the
Kpworth League?—F. R. P.
A. The object of the Christian En
deavor and the Kpworth League is
the same, namely, promotion of the
interests of the church and Christian
cause by the young people affiliated
with the church. Members of the
Christian Endeavor Society belong to
any or all Protestant sects. The F,p
worth League w r as founded by the
Methodist Episcopal Church, and its
membership is confined to those af
filiated with that denomination.
Q. What is the average life of rail
road ties?—R. A.
A. The average life of a railroad ti»
is 15 years.
Q. What animals are members of
the Canidae family?—W. F. W.
A. The animals comprising the fam
ily' Canidae are as follows: Fox.
coyote, dog, fennec and jackal.
Q. What are the necessary qualifi
cations to become an Armv nurse?
—C. N.
A. In order to qualify as an Army
nurse one must be a graduate from
an accredited nursing school and h»
registered and enrolled in the Ameri
can Red Cross Nurse Service. The
appointment is for three years.
Q. If a lady is seated when she re
ceives an introduction to a gentle
man, should she rise? —L. E. S.
A. When a man is introduced to a
woman she remains seated if she pre
fers to do so. Some women regard
it as more cordial to rise under these
circumstances. If the man who Is
Introduced is elderly, a young woman
always rises when he is presented.
Q. Whst is the largest painting In
I the W'orld?—H. T. B.
A. The "Last Judgment." by Mi
chelangelo. in the Sistine chapel,
Rome, is said to be the largest.
Q When was the first Safety First
Conference held?—R. K.
The first Co-operative Safety Cnn
. gress was held in Milwaukee from
| September 30 to October 5, 1913.
Q. Is Harry' Lauder the Scotch
comedian's real name?—S. D.
A. Harry Lauder's real name is
MacLennan.
Q What was the meaning of R. 1..
Stevenson's Samoan name? —C. B H.
A. His native friends called Ste
venson "Tusitala,” which means
“teller of tales.”
Q. When was Sousa's Rand or
ganized?—C. E. B.
A. While the Marine Band was
play'ing in Chicago in 1892. David
! Blakely said to Sousa: “If you can
I create this enormous success for th*
i Washington Marine Band, why not
ja Sousa Band? I will see that it is
\ financed.” The band was organized
that season.
(Stop a minute and think about thin
fact. You can ask The Star Infortna
tion Bureau any question of fact and
get the answer back in a personal la
ter. It is a great educational idea in
troduced into the lives of the most in-
I telligent people in the world—Ameri
; can newspaper readers. It is a part
| of that best purpose of a newspaper —
I service. There is no charge except
! 2 cents in stamps for return postage
i Get the habit of asking questions.
| Address your letter to The Star In
formation Bureau, Frederic J. Baskin.
| director. Twenty-first and C streets
I northwest.)
try. which have been loyalists in op
erating union, are among those that
have been forced to return to the open
shop or independent union plan."
The Pittsburgh Gazette Times says <>f
that situation: “The Pittsburgh opera
tors. faithful to their agreement with
the union, stand by the Jacksonville
scale, but they cannot meet the co.ni
| petition of the non-union product and
their mines are closed. If all con
cerned address themselves dispassion
ately to studying the problem, a satis
factory solution should he forth
coming.”
** * *
"There is. properly speaking, no
such thing as the ‘industry’ as an m
ganic unit.” explains the Rock Island
Argus. “There are many separate
operators, many separate miners
When the weak brethren are out and
their miners have found other cm
ployment—when, in short, the defla
tion process is done—we may have an
industry which can run itself effi
ciently.” Viewing this situation, the
Detroit News says: "The people had
an idea that something in the nature
of a solution would come from all th«
palaver that has gone on, and they
are likely to feel quite disgusted if
the same old unremedied causes bring
on another tie-up of a basic industry.
They will place the . responsibilitv
squarely where it belongs—on the coal
owners, who have not tried to solve
the problem of mining and distribu
tion, and on Congress, which failed to
give the President powers he re
quested.”
Rome Beggars Rich;
Own Valuable Properly
Beggars in Rome are few, at least
in comparison with the number .in
j years ago. But despite the excellent
| work of the municipality of Rome,
begging remains a business and is
sometimes profitable. A friend re
cently missed his "pet” beggar at th«
corner where for years he had givec
him a penny a day. Later he met
the old man by chance on the street
"Why don’t I see you any more?”
“Oh. hadn’t you heard? I have retired
from business. I have just bought a
villa at Frascati. Do come out some
Sunday and dine with me”
There Is a certain famous cripple
who occupies the post at the entrance
to the Missionary exhibition. Doubt
less he has some special permission
to occupy his lucratfce post. Anyway,
no other beggar gets there. It is said
on credible authority that he is owner
of three apartment houses.
The successful beggar in Italy reaps
the rewards that the present economic
system awards to superior brains. He
works the market scientifically. He
does the Summer resorts in Summer
and the Winter resorts in AVinter, and
the holy city in the holy year. He
even presents himself at the office of
the central committee of the anna
santo to learn the dates of arrival of
the American pilgrims, who some
times give a dollar at a single throw,
Superlative Faith.
From the Ohio State Journal.
Our idea of faith to remove moun.
tains is thinking that a suit brought
by the Government to break up
monopolistic practices will do anj
good.
Worse to Come.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
We wonder what that chap who
fainted three times while he was helm)
married will do wtien the first nmoU) a
bills coma in.

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