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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 19, 1925, Image 1

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(U. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair and continued cool today; to
morrow Increasing cloudiness and
warmer, followed by showers.
Temperature—Highest, 76.5, at 6
p.m.; lowest, 58.8. at 4 a.m. •
Full report on page 6.
\T n 1 on 1 ‘>Q Entere <i as second class matter
IJ/U1 I>Q. —LDP-t. p OSt ofßce Washington. D. C.
Alarming Conditions Dis
closed in Investigation by
Justice Officials.
Shipment of Liquor Over Railroads
Said to Have Been Facili
tated by Employes.
By the Associated Press.
New evidence of corruption in the
enforcement of prohibition has been
disclosed to Federal authorities in nu
merous instances as a result of the
efforts of Assistant Secretary An
drews of the Treasury to rebuild the
enforcement system.
Tiie disclosures came in reports
from United States attorneys to the
Department of Justice, which had re
quested of them a statement detailing:
for their confidential information an
accurate perspective of conditions
within the jurisdiction of each pros
ecuting: officer.
While Department officials declined
to discuss the contents of the reports
except in a general way, the infor
mation contained in some of them was
described us alarming and as indica
tive of a need for concerted Federal
and State action. No official would
hint, however, as to the possible
course of the Federal Government, but
the statement was made by a high
Department of Justice official that
that department had been given no
funds by Congress with which to make
such investigations.
Charge Failure to Congress.
The department’s requests of the
United States attorneys, to which all
except a very few have replied,' were
made in order to provide for Mr. An
drews a definite outline of the weak
spots in the country’s prohibition ar
mor and to supply him with an inti
mate knowledge of facts concerning
the Federal forces which he is to di
rect. It was suggested to him that
with this data available he then would
know the particular problem with
which each of his new appointees is
to be confronted.
On Department of Justice officials
who studied the reports the deepest
impression was made by the general
inference that State and local au
thorities were not co-operating with
Federal officials in a majority of in
stances. Some of the attorneys felt
the Federal Government was playing
a lone hand in their Jurisdictions. On
the other hand, it was expiainetTWaft
“fine help" was being accorded the
Government officers in many other
Instances and that where such help
was had the dry law was being well
It also was shown in the reports
that a considerable number of Fed
eral prohibition agents were winking
at violations. It was indicated that
Mr. Andrews would be supplied with
the names of agents to whom sus
picion was attached in the reports
and their services ended when the re
organization becomes effective.
Some Rail Officials Help.
Railroads in some sections of the
country were mentioned in about two
dozen of the reports, and officials
made no effort to conceal their belief
that in some instances minor rail
officials were willing to assist in mov
ing the contraband. This was said to
constitute a new problem for enforce
ment officials, who generally had felt
in months past that railroads were
co-operating by making known
planned or actual liquor movements.
The requests to the United States
attorneys were drawn up in the form
of a questionnaire by Mrs. Mabel
"Walker Willebrandt, Assistant Attor
ney General in charge of prohibition
matters. She is convinced that the
information already turned over to
Mr. Andrews will enable him to find
some of the cogs that have slip
ping in the present enforcement ma
chinery. and make the necessary re
pairs. The Assistant Attorney General
was not prepared, however, to say
how far the process of rebuilding this
machinery should go.
Ports Principal Problem.
It appeared from the Information
gathered at the Department of Jus
tice that officials there regarded their
greatest problem as confined to half
a dozen spots. Several Great Lakes
cities were known to have been men
tioned in the attorneys’ reports, and
the conditions depicted by them were
accepted at the department as being
"generally accurate."
The Mississippi River also has
proved a channel through which much
liquor has moved from the Gulf of
Mexico, and some of the railroads
serving river points were reported by
several of the attorneys to be offering
the Federal authorities little or no aid
in their efforts to run down liquor
Another section of the country men
tioned in the reports as increasing
enforcement difficulties was Florida's
countless inlets and bayous’ where
refuge for the rum runners is avail
able with the minimum of effort.
“Mail Order” Bootleggers Hail Cus
tomers in 29 States.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
NEW YORK, July 18.—A John Doe
Inquiry into bootlegging activities in
70 cities in 29 States will be begun
Monday by the United States attor
ney’s office here as a result of the raid
made by Federal prohibition agents on
offices at 1123 Broadway. The seizure
of business files of the raided offices
revealed, according to the Government
agents, the names and addresses of
more than 20,000 customers in various
parts of the United States.
United States Attorney Buckner,
supervising the inquiry, announced to
night that the raided offices had fur
nished data that may lead to the
homes of thousands of persons prom
inent in political, social and profes
sional life. It is with this list—termed
"customers” —that the Federal au
thorities hope successfully to prosecute
what they call the biggest bootleg ring
uncovered in this part of the country.
Eight were taken prisoners Friday,
i barged with conspiracy to violate the
l, roh Ibltion law. Other arrests are
(Continued on Page 4, Column 6.)
Destroyers Rout Rum Runners
Hovering Off Swampscott
Drive British Schooners , Defiantly An
chored Off President's “Doorstep”
Far Out to Sea.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
SWAMPSCOTT, Mass.. July 18.—
Rum Row along the North Shore, visi
ble from the piazza of White Court,
the Summer White House, is now de
serted. The 12-mlle limit, between
Cape Ann and Nahant Point, which,
until very recently, harbored five or
six English boats loaded with rum,
has been cleared of these vessels
seeking to land their supply on the
shore filled with Summer residents.
President Coolidge has taken a per
sonal interest in seeing that the Gov
ernment activities were concentrated
here. Two British schooners, the
Grace and Ruby, sighted 20 miles off
Cape Ann yesterday, were driven to
sea by four destroyers, the McCall,
Beale, Patterson and Cummings,
which, with two cutters of the Coast
Guard, have vigilantly combed the so
called rum row. Reports which have
been received here axe to the effect
that the British schooners have gone
Finds Him Recovering—Will
Receive Curtis —Coal and
Special Session Talk.
By a Staff Correspondent of The Star.
SWAMPSCOTT, Mass.. July 18.—Pres
ident "'Coolldge visited Secretary of
War Weeks this afternoon at the lat
ter’s seashore home on Colee Island,
about 28 miles north of here, and he
found him greatly Improved in health
and eager to return to his desk at the
War Department.
The last time President Coolidge
saw Mr. Weeks in Washington no one
then thought the Secretary would
ever be able to resume his duties in
the cabinet, but after seeing him to
day and talking with him for nearly
an hour the President is convinced
that his cabinet officer is on the road
to rapid recovery.
Mr. Coolidge was represented as
saying that he was delighted to note
this marked change, and that he was
glad to witness Mr. Weeks' high splr
ifV and to hear him speak so deter
minedly about returning to work. The
resumption of duty depends entirely
upon the decision of his physicians.
Mr. Weeks is said to have told the
Although greatly reduced in weight,
the President found Secretary Wetks
looking fine, as he expressed it-. He
has discarded his cane and walks with
a firm, sure step. His color is good,
his eyes are clear, and his voice is
that of the John W. Weeks of old.
That was the impression the President
gave as he spoke of Mr. Weeks’ ap
Expect Return to Duty.
Those who are in a position to know
feel very certain that Secretary
Weeks' return to the War Department
in the early Fall is a certainty, but
they, of.course, do not expect him to
remain long. His physical condition
would not permit that. They are sat
isfied that his return to his desk is
merely for the purpose of disposing of
several of the more Important pending
matters in his department, and to
clear out his desk, preparatory to re
tiring officially to private life for all
time. They look for his resignation
before December 1.
President Coolidge rlecided sudden
ly, after lunch, to make this visit. He
sent for Hecretary Sanders, and the
two slipped away from White Court
and were gone for four hours. An
hour of this time w-as spent in the
library of the Weeks home.
Take Wrong Road.
Because of the remote location of
Coles Island, the White House auto
mobile got on the wrong road several
times en route, and each time it was
difficult to obtain the correct informa
tion from persons along the road.
However, it was a beautiful afternoon
and the President fully enjoyed the
scenery along the way.
Mr. Weeks is represented as stating
that he has virtually recovered from
his illness and that he is beginning to
feel like a new man.
Several times during the long talk
matters dealing with military affairs
and the department presided over by
Secretary Weeks came up. and each
time Mr. Weeks spoke with unmis
takable assurance that he would
shortly be going to Washington to
work. The President admired this
evidence of spirit, but is said to have
warned Mr. Weeks not to be too
Uurtls To Be Guest.
It is thought In official circles here
that initial steps looking toward the
adoption of the administration’s legis
lative program for the next session of
Congress will be taken tomorrow,
when Senator Curtis of Kansas, Re
publican leader of the Senate, arrives
at White Court for a long conference
with the President.
Senator Curtis will remain over
night as a guest at White Court, and
it is felt certain that a very wide va
riety of subjects will be discussed be
fore he leaves. First of all, the Presi
dent no doubt will want to obtain the
Senate leader’s view upon what is
(Continued on Page 4, Column 8.)
Former Hungarian President Ad
mits Loss of Valuable Gems.
PARIS, July 18 G4>). —Count Michael
Karolyi, former provisional president
of Hungary, who recently visited the
United States and now is staying at a
Paris hotel, today was robbed of his
traveling bag. While admitting the
loss of Jewelry valued at more than
50,000 francs, Count Karolyi declined
to share the belief that the theft was
organized with a view of securing
vrrious documents of political Impor
IPhe pt af.
' ' with daily Evening edition
in the direction of the Grand Banks,
and probably will land their supply In
Nova Scotia.
The Volstead act, since the coming
of the President to Swampscott, is
probably better enforced here than in
any other community of similar size
In the country. Two months ago the
rum runners landed their supply in
the deserted promontory near White
Court, and, under the alleged protec
tion of the local police, the runners
were easily able to deliver their con
traband inland. This scandalous con
dition was broken up Just before the
President came here, with the result
that the chief of police was indicted
along with others Involved In the vio
lation of the law. This chief of police
was succeeded by William Callahan,
who on several occasions has con
ferred with President Coolidge about
rum conditions.
Acting upon his own initiative, but
with the knowledge of President Cool
idge. Chief Callahan yesterday made
a trip along rum row, and today re
ported It entirely dry.
_ Mr. Callahan was in a high-powered
(Continued on Page 4. ColumnTH.)
Bowdoin, Spare Propeller
Fitted, Will Leave Hope
dale Today.
A radio message received last night
by the National Geographic Society
said the MacMillan Arctic ship Bow
doin is again ready for the sea and
that she probably would leave Hope
dale, Labrador, this morning. The
message filed yesterday and picked
up at Manchester, Conn., was signed
by the explorer. It read:
"The Bowdoin is again ready for
the sea and if the thick fog clears
we will leave Hopedale at dawn to
morrow (Sunday) morning.
"This morning Engineer Jaynes
and Second Officer Robinson fitted the
spare propeller. The deck's cargo.
Including three Liberty engines and
gasoline, has been rrjoved back from
the foredeck, where It served to lower
the bow and so lift the stern.
"Water has been taken aboard and
we are ready to sail. All are well and
happy at the thought of resuming our
voyage. It is still earlier In the sea
son than I have hitherto sailed north
from here.”
Planes Leave Next Month.
The naval planes of the expedition
probably will not take off for their
flight over the polar sea in search
of unknown land until after the mid
dle of August, but should complete
their work by about September 1, ac
cording to advices to the Navy De
partment from Lieut. Comdr. Byrd,
head of the Navy section of the ex
The department, in an announce
ment embodying advices from Comdr.
Byrd, said that while the main base
would be at Etah, Greenland, it w'as
uncertain whether the advance flying
base would be at Cape Columbia, in
Grant Land, or at Cape Thomas Hub
bard on Axel Helburg Island. An in
termediate base also will be establish
ed midway between Etah and the base
on the polar sea where supplies will be
kept for emergency use.
Plans of Expedition.
After Etah is reached it was esti
mated that more than two weeks
would be required to assemble the
planes, give them test flights and form
the advanced base. Plans of the ex
pedition and the scientific prepara
tions that have been made were out
lined by Comdr. Byrd as follows:
"The base on the polar sea will he
either at Cape Columbia. Grant Land,
or Cape Thomas Hubbard. Axel Hei
burg, depending upon which seems to
afford the best landing places en route.
It is known that there are landing
facilities at the two above-mentioned
“To load an airplane to the limit is
hard on its engine, as too many revo
lutions per minute are required to get
the proper speed of the plane, causing
lessened reliability of engine perform
“Therefore an intermediate base
will be formed between the main base
at Etah (or near Etah), and the base
on the polar sea. This case should be
midway between the two bases or
about 150 miles from Etah. Ammuni
tion, firearms, engine fuel and food
will be put at both bases, and In addi
tion the base on the polar sea will
have a small tent, some food and
spare parts, radio operator and radio
set, smoke bombs, field glasses, primus
stove, kerosene, planes’ stakes and
lashing for bad weather, and one
Eskimo and dog. The Eskimo and
dog are taken along as an emergency
measure, in case it becomes necessary
to live on the country. At least two
months’ supply of food will be taken
to the base on the polar sea.
Will Keep Radio Busy.
"If the polar sea base is put at
Cape Thomas Hubbard the first long
flight over the polar sea probably will
be 319 degrees true course. This
rhumb line is a spiral but it does not
get very ominous until very near
the pole. It passes over problematical
Crocker Land —the land which Feav
thought he saw from Cape Thomas
Hubbard, but which has been called
a mirage. The second course will
probably be 294 degrees true. From
Cape Columbia the first course will
probably be 281 degrees true, and the
second 305% degrees true. It Is not
practicable to attempt to predict any
course other than those due to the
impossibility of foreknowledge of con
ditions to be encountered. \
"Great attention will be given to
ward Informing the department by
radio of the character and course 'of
every flight prior to its start.
“In order to steer the rhumb line
given above, variations as high as 180
degrees will be encountered and
changes of variations of about 5 de
grees will have to be made every 20
miles of travel. The ground speed
therefore will have to be carefully
calculated with the course ’and dis
tance Indicator disc after having ob-
IContinued on 4, Columu 4.)
Immigration Committee to
Meet on November 1 to
Form Action.
Chairman Says Exclusion of Japa
nese Has Proved an Un
qualified Success.
Staff Correspondent ot Th<» Star.
SEATTLE, "Wash., July 18.—Repre
j sentative Albert Johnson of Wash
| ington, author of the Immigration law.
has summoned the House Immigra
tion committee to assemble at the
Capital on November 1 to lay the
foundations of "the alien code,” which
will be submitted to the Sixty-ninth
Congress. The "code’’ is to serve the
purpose which its title Indicates,
i Proceeding on the theory that the
| new law fixes American immigration
policy with finality as far as the
I restrictive principle is concerned, Mr.
j Johnson and his colleagues are not
| bent upon "codification” of the law.
It is desired to dispense with “the
' hodge-podge" of both the immigra-
I tion and naturalization statutes by
j simplifying them all along the line,
j Representative Johnson Is under no
■ illusions as to the difficulties in pros-
I pect. He knows these will be numer
j ous and hard to overcome. He
| doubts whether the proposed legisla-
I tlon can be accomplished in two years,
j The Washington Htate legislator,
j who is putting In the Summer explaln
i Ing to the people In his huge district
and elsewhere what the new law Is, is
an avowed opponent of the plan to
dilute it with immigration.”
He has no’ sympathy with the project
to that end which the National Asso
ciation of Manufacturers is sponsor
ing. and will fight it tooth and nail if
it reaches the stage of a congres
sional measure.
Ignored hy Manufacturers.
Johnson says that the manufac
turers’ association, in its anxiety for
j plenty of cheap labor in boom times.
' wholly Ignores the fact that the new
| restrictive law was mssed to assure
j sound racial and political conditions
lin America. "The association.” says
! Johnson, “talks a lot about deporting
radicals, hut says nothing about de
porting the hordes of laborers whom
It would allow to enter the country
when the d#mand for unskilled labor
is brisk. The manufacturers propose
to let them stay here when business
is slack, to become a charge upon
the community and a menace to our
institutions. I am opposed to letting
down the bars in that way. I am con
vinced Congress is opposed. It would
undermine the whole fabric of the
immigration policy which has become
an accepted part of the organic law
of the land.”
The proposed "alien code” Repre
' sentative Johnson expects will be con
j tested mainly because of the provision
i for registration of aliens. "There are
I between 13 and 14 million aliens now
| in the United States,” Mr. Johnson
| said. “Possibly half of these have
I taken out their first papers.
I “No one contemplates registration
for revenue purposes.
Registration Cards.
"Registration cards should be given
without charge. It already costs an
arriving alien $lB for visa fee and
head tax. Nor should registration be
looked upon by the alien as a com
pulsory proposition. It should be vol
untary on his part. It would have
practical and beneficial results for
him. Under the law, an alien must
hand over to the American authorities
all his immigration papers, without
exception. "When he has done so he is
virtually bereft of all official evidence
of origin and identity. We had to
provide for this because of our experi
ence with Chinese immigrants, of trad
ing documents for immigration smug
gling purposes. When the alien, un
der the registration system, is pro
! vided with a card his identity is estab
lished, for his own purposes as well
%s those of the United States. It is
not Intended to Prussianize our coun
try. Registration is not espionage. It
is a mutual protective scheme, from
which all parties concerned can only
benefit, provided always that the alien
Is bona fide in his desire to become an
assimilated element of the people
among which he has come. It will
facilitate naturalization and promote
Representative Johnson was asked
from what quarters he expects oppo
sition to the alien code. “Mainly from
four sources." he replied. "First,
from the manufacturing interests,
which think the United States will
(Continued on Page 4, Column 5.)
Baby Is Dying as Result of Action
Laid to Unreasoning
By the Associated Press.
WINDSOR, Ontario, July 18. —Mrs-.
Mary Hanes. 28 years old. is dead, her
2-year-old daughter Patricia is dying
and two other children are reported
Jp a serious condition tonight as the
result o£,the mother’s effort to poison
herself and children here this morn
James Hanes, one-legged war vet
eran and employe in the Ford plant
here, returned to his home from an
errand this morning to find his wife
standing beside the kitchen table
drinking from an aluminum mug.
The three children were writhing on
the floor in agony.
Hanes called the neighbors and his
wife and children were rushed to a
hospital. The mother died, on the
Hanes explains that his wife ac
cused him of giving his attentions to
other women, which accusation he
I protested. He believes his wife’s mind
was affected by her unfounded jeal
Os the three children, Ronald. 5
j years old. and James Malcolm, 4, are
• expected to recover.
Ready to Strike if Peace
Terms Are Rejected
by Tribes.
By the Associated Press
PARIS, July 18. —Pending the ac
ceptance or rejection of the Franco-
Spanish peace terms by Abd-El-Krim,
the French, by sending Marshal Pe
taln and Gen. Naulin to Morocco, and
the Spanish by their action north cf
Loukkos and in the Larache section
are bringing all possible pressure to
bear to heighten their prestige in the
eyes of wavering tribesmen. At the
same time they are organizing the
situation so as to l>e ready to reply
vigorously In case the Rtffian chief’s
answer is negative.
France's famous Moroccan division,
cited more times than any other sim
ilar wartime unit, is proceeding rap
idly to Morocco, and other important
effectives. Including battalions of Mad
agascar infantry, are on their way.
In the meantime Marshal Petain is
due to arrive soon at Fez. where he
will confer with the general in com
mand and then visit the front.
Natives Impressed.
Rabat dispatches affirm that the
marshal’s arrival has greatly Im
pressed the natives, as his record In
the European war has made him al
most a legendary hero.
Marshal Petain si*ent a busy day
conferring with Gov. Gen. Lyautey.
He was received in audience by the
sultan, to whom he gave assurances
that France would do everything nec
essary to secure peace in Morocco.
The sultan thanked him cordially and
said that his people were united with
the French in defense of the country.
At Fez the sultan caused to be read
a communication in all the mosques
adjuring the faithful to eschew poli
tics and patting them on guard against
mendacious rumors regarding the Rlf
fian operations. It ended with the
warning that the mountain tribesmen
following Abd-El-Krim would soon be
A further sign of the extension of
French activities against the Rijans
is seen in the arrival of a hospital ship
at Casablanca to evacuate the wound
ed and transport them to France.'
French Surrender.
EL ARAISH, Spanish Morocco, July
18 (A>).—The French garrison at Rih
ana, northeast of Quezzan, has sur
rendered to the rebel tribesmen on
account of lack of munitions. Three
French officers, 10 soldiers and 53 Sen
egalese troops, comprising the garri
son, were made prisoners and taken
to Sheshuan.
Two violent rebel attacks In the Fez
sector against Aiu Aicha and near Bab
Morouj were repulsed with the aid
of French artillery and airplanes.
French reinforcements are being
hurried to Morocco. New units are
being concentrated at Casablanca and
Rabat, including native cavalry.
Boy, Heir to $3,000,000, Con
cealed by Father, Divorced
Mother’s Lawyer Declares.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. July 18. —In reply to
dispatches from Denver quoting John
Wolfe Thorne, jr„ heir to $3,000,000,
as saving that he had not heard from
his mother, Mrs. Mary Case Thorne,
in seven years, her lawyer today said
that her silence was due to the fact
that the whereabouts of the boy had
been concealed from her.
Mrs. Thorne obtained a decision in
the Court of Appeals recently giving
her the custody of the boy. His
father was killed In an automobile
accident a few hours after his decree
of divorce from Mrs. Thorne was sus
tained by the Supreme Court May 29.
“Ever since the boy was taken from
her by stealth seven years ago." the
lawyer said, “Mrs. Thorne has sought
in vain to learn the whereabouts of
her boy so she might communicate
with him. Her efforts in this direc
tion were always balked by the father
in the latter’s lifetime and since the
father’s death by those having charge
of the boy.”
, 9
Woman Artist Wins.
PARIS. July 18 OP).—The first
woman painter to be awarded the
Grand Priz de Rome of the Academy
of Fine Arts was selected today in
the person of Mile. Odette Pauvert, 22
years old. The subject of her prize
winning painting is the "Legend of
Saint Ronan,” based on an old Breton
folklore tale.
General News —Local, National and
Civilian Army News —Page 18.
Boy Scouts —Page 20.
District National Guard—Page 22.
Current News Events —Page 22.
Veterans of the Great War—Page 22.
Army and Navy News—Page 23.
Radio News and Program—Page 24.
Editorials and Editorial Features.
"Washington and Other .society.
Tales of Well Known Folk —Page 11.
Club Notes —Page 12.
Reviews of New Books —Page 13.
Fraternal News — 14 and 15.
Around the City—Page 75.
Amusements —Theater* and the Photo
- Play
Music in Washington—Pave 4.
Serial. "The Wrath to Come"—Page 4.
Motors and Motoring—Pages 5,6, 7,
8 and 9.
Pink Sports Section.
Magazine Section —Fiction and Fea
The Rambler—Page 3
Classified Advertising
Financial News —Pages 9, 10 and 11.
World Events in Pictures.
Betty: Reg’lar Fellers; Mr. and Mrs.;
Mutt and Jeff.
French Troops in Westphalia and
Belgians in to
Leave Tomorrow.
By the Associated Press.
COLOGNE, Germany. July 18.—
Gen. Gulllaumat, commander of the
French army of occupation on the
Rhine, today notified the state presi
dent of Duesseldort that evaluation
of the French zone ir. Westphalia and
of the Belgian zone will be completed
hy midnight Monday and the remain
der of the Ruhr by July 31. when the
whole territory occupied hy the allied
forces in January, 1923. will he -leared.
Regarding the evacuation of Dues
seldorf, Duisburg ani Ruhrort, how
ever, occupied since 1921. the consent
of the British and Italian govern
ments still Is required before evacua
tion can become effective. The last
of the French colonial troops will
leave the Ruhr on Monday.
OIL TANK LOSS $725,000
Blaze Fought by 500 Californians
While Lines of Fire Walls. Two
Miles Long, Are Built.
By the Associated Press.
BAKERSFIELD. Calif.. July 18.—
The loss caused hy lightning firing
a great oil reservoir of the Pacific Oil
Co. near here is expected to reach
$725,000 before the fire finally burns
out. The tank of oil continued to
burn today and probably will not be
extinguished for 12 to 24 hours
Five hundred men, suffering from
the hot weather and heat of the
flames, are fighting the blaze. Last
night they were forced to flee when
the burning oil boiled over. The lines
of fire walls, each more than two
miles In length, have been thrown up.
They are composed of steel barricades
and earth breastworks.
The oil reservoir, which will be a
total loss, is valued at $500,000. The
burning oil has an estimated value of
$225,000. There were 180,000 barrels
In the tank.
Coroner’s Jury Believes Robbery
Was Probable Motive.
GREENSBORO, N. C., July 18 (/s>).
The body of Mrs. Bobby Stevenson.
82, was found swinging by a crude
rope this morning in an Isolated
shack seven miles south of this city,
where she had lived alone for the
past 25 years.
Evidence was that the aged woman
had been murdered, as the rope, made
out of pieces of sack, was not con
sidered of sufficient strength to have
broken her neck. There was a wound
on the head and blood spots were
found in the house.
A coroner’s jury rendered a verdict
that the woman came to her death at
the hands of a person or persons un
known, with robbery probably the
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour”
The Star is delivered every evening and
Sunday morning to Washington homes at
60 cents per month. Telephone Main 5000
and service will start immediately.
i■ ■
OP) Means Associated Press.
Light, Heat and Quarters
Given Civilians Must Count
as Cash, McCarl Rules.
Controller General McCarl gave an
other mighty tug yesterday to Uncle
Sam's purse strings with the result
that the Departments of Agriculture.
Interior and Commerce may find it
necessary to cut down salaries of
many of their workers in the field, be
ginning with the pay day of August
It all came about from the audit of
accounts of disbursing officers, where
the general accounting office dis
covered, according to a ruling handed
down yesterday by McCarl, that some
bureaus were believed to be not only
paying salary to Government em
ployes, but furnishing them with such
extras as quarters, heat, light, fuel,
or household furnishings without au
thorization of law.
In other words, the five-page rul
ing of McCarl sounded a warning to
all Government departments to keep
within their appropriations and the
law in payment of salaries in the
field. It furthered ordered any de
partments guilty of such overstepping
of the law to "make necessary ad
justments in the cash salary of field
positions carrying any item of quar
ters, maintenance or equipment furn
ished in kind, effective with the pay
period beginning subsequent to the
date of this decision."
“Pays Cash Only.”
"In view of the long-standing prac
tice,” continued the ruling, “no objec
tion will be raised prior to June 30.
1026, to contracting for personal serv
ices in the field partly on the basis of
quarters, maintenance or equipment
furnished for personal use by the
Government, but if identical or simi
lar provisions of law to those herein
set forth are enacted for the fiscal
year 1927, and in the absence of ex
press statutory authority therefor,
the practice must be discontinued
June 30, 1926, and thereafter compen
sation paid solely on a cash basis."
Close scrutiny of the laws con
cerned following the discoveries by
auditors "justify the conclusion," said
the ruling, "that Congress does not
intend civilian employes of the Gov
ernment in the field to be furnished
any item of quarters, maintenance or
equipment for personal use, which
would constitute in effect the furnish
ing of an extra allowance in contra
vention of the provisions of section
1765, Revised Statutes, in addition to
the compensation properly payable
for the position, unless specifically so
provided by law', and then only by
reducing the amount of cash salary
paid to an amount, which, together
with the cash value of the quarters,
maintenance or equipment furnished,
equals the proper rate of pay for the
Many Given Heat and Light.
Specific mention is made by the
controller "for the purpose of" illus
tration" of the Weather Bureau. De
partment of Agriculture, “which fur
nishes living quarters, heat and light
for observers and their families in
places where they have no Govern
ment-owned buildings: to the Bureau
of Animal Industry and the Bureau
of Plant Industry, Department of Ag
riculture, which furnish dwellings
and heat for superintendents of field
stations: and to the Forest Service,
Department of Agriculture, which pro
vides by regulations for furnishing
employes cooking stoves, kitchen ta
bles, cupboards, garbage cans, etc.
It is understood also that a similar
practice prevails in certain field serv
ices of the Department of the Inte
rior and Department of Commerce.”
Conference With Pinchot Declared
to Have Been on Proposed
August Fishing Trip.
By the Associated Press.
Pinchot and Gen. Butler conferred
for half an hour in a hotel here
today and afterward each said they
had discussed a fishing trip to Pike
County, Pa., next month. Both said
politics was not discussed.
"This rumor about my running for
governor is not worth denial,” Gen.
Butler added. "I have said time and
again I would not run for public of
“I have 5 months and 14 days to re
main as director of public safety of
Philadelphia. Unless the President
changes his mind I will be through in
that time.”
Press Display of Remark
Held to Leave Court
No Other Course.
Would Not Want to Appear as
Prejudicing Case.
Friends Say.
* SpeHal Dispatch to The Star.
■ DAYTON, Tenn., July 18.—What is
! going to happen to Clarence Darrow
| when he appears in court Monday
j eclipses in interest every other phase
i of the heresy trial situation.
; Judge Raulston is away at his home
; in the mountains, but his friends say
: the only thing that prevented him
j from ordering Darrow into custody
i for contempt of court yesterday, when
| the Chicago lawyer deliberately af
i fronted him. and practically challenged
j him to start contempt proceedings.
I was that he believed Darrow was
j seeking that very thing, to reinforce
[ his unveiled charges that the Rhea
j County court had not functioned as
fan impartial tribunal during the trial
I of John T. Scopes.
j The Dayton Idea is that Darrow
| sought to he singled out for punish-
I ment on the theory that his martyr
j dom would Inflame the country, al-
I ready excited at the Tennessee law.
j So open was Darrow's defiance that
j the Chattanooga Bar Association con
i sidered the advisability of taking of
! ficlal action, on the ground that Dar-
I row’s insult was directed at the whole
I ’Tennessee bench. There was an idea
j that the movement, if started in Chat
| tanooga, would spread and that the
i State Bar Association would come into
i line to discipline Darrow. The only
| penalty they could have enforced
I would have been by a resolution that
j he be disbarred from practicing in the
i courts of Tennessee.
Raulston tan Defend Self.
Before the movement got very far
! the older men of the Chattanooga Bar
5 stopped it. Their argument was that
j whatever offense Darrow committed
was against Judge Raulston. and that
| his honor had ample powers to de
; fend himself.
. The particular utterance by Darrow
j that is quoted as deliberately intended
' to provoke his honor, was his reply to
j the Judge's expression of the hope
I that the chief counsel for the defense
intended no disrespect for the court—
j to which Darrow responded that "the
! court has the right to hope.”
1 There were numerous other exhibi-
I tions of the same sort during Friday's
i proceedings, notably Darrow’s ex
j pression when the judge told him he
j could always expect the court to rule
; correctly and he answered, "No. we
:do not." Another instance was when
Judge Raulston ruled that the de-
I sense's experts, if put on the stand,
i even though their evidence were not
Intended to go to the jury, but merely
Ito make clear what the defense
! sought to prove, would be subject to
j cross-examination. The Judge asked
if the object of cross-examination was
| not to bring out the truth and Dar
row came back—referring to the par
i ticular cross-examination the court
; had in mind—with the declaration
i that it was meant to arouse prejudice.
Tennessee Press Affronted.
The Chattanooga and other nearby
newspapers herAlded their reports
! with eight-column headlines. "Dar
row Insults Judge Raulston.” So It
jls hazarded that while his honor
might have overlooked the actual of
fense, he can hardly ignore it when
j it has been so widely proclaimed.
One theory Is that the judge means
1 to wait until the case has gone to the
i jury and then call Darrow to account.
I thus escaping any accusation that he
: used the incident to further prejudice
the case against Scopes. It is proh
| able that even if the judge does not
j bring it up that some of the attor
neys for the prosecution will spill the
1 beans.
| Darrow today declined to discuss
, the matter.
, There Is expectation that he will he
jno more guarded in his language
I when he makes the closing argument
| In the case than he was yesterday.
| William Jennings Bryan Is almost
i sure to refer to it, as he did to Dar
; row's speech in the Loeb and Leopold
| ease, with the certain result of an
| other flare up.
■ Argument of Counsel in Case to
Start Monday.
i By the Associated Press.
| DAYTON, Tenn., July IS. —The
; "Scopes case” tonight was nearing Us
; end. Well informed observers sug
i gested that not more than two or
j more court days would be required
j to close the "evolution test” with a
| verdict that would either exonerate
| the young school teacher on a charge
of teaching evolution theories in vio-
I lation of the State law or send the
lease on its way to higher courts.
Constant application of scientists,
lawyers and stenographers today
failed to complete the task of pre
paring some eight or ten statements
they will place in the record to show
what experts in fields of science
would have testified had they been
permitted to take the witness stand.
Judge John T. Raulston excluded this
class of testimony as Irrelevant to
the issue.
It was said by defense attornoys
i that a portion of tomorrow would be
l needed to get the statements of the
j scientists In proper form for admls
| sion to the record.
Few Steps Remain.
i With the submission of statements
I expected to be the only testimony
j offered by the defense, disposal of
1 this part of the program Monday
: morning would leave only the argu
ments by the attorneys and charge
of the Judge to be delivered before
it enters the last stage by being
placed In the hands of the jury.
It was understood that eight hours
would be devoted to speech making,
four hours for each side. It was not
considered likely that the court day
Monday would he extended to a
length that would permit aU Ihe
speeches. However, the opening of
court Tuesday was expected to find
(Continued on Page 4, Column !.$

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