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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 19, 1925, Image 2

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Challenges Director to De
fend "Czaristic * Regime”
Instead of “Hollow Laugh.”
“I quote specific cases, giving dates,
names, number of orders and details,
to which Col. Sherrill replies with a
statement which is virtually a gesture
and a hollow laugh,” said Representa
tive Blanton last night after reading
Col. Sherrill’s curt comment upon the
27-page pamphlet Representative Blan
ton compiled and made public yes
terday in exposure of Col. Sherrill’s
“czaristic regime."
“He says I am misinformed,” con
tinued Mr. Blanton. "Isn’t It possi
ble that he is the one who is misin
formed? And so I challenge him to
bold a hearing, and if he will allow
me to swear and examine 12- wit
nesses 1 am willing to leave the de
cision to the judgment of three rep
resentatives of Washington news
Attacks Engineer Corps.
Declaring that he intends "to wage
a determined right to force the Gov
ernment out of private business,”
Representative Blanton quotes the
Democratic party, the Republican
party. President Coolldge and Secre
tary Hoover in support of such a
policy and then attacks the Engineer
Corps of the Army for “accumulating
$50,000,000 worth of construction
equipment, wasting millions hiring
day laborers and constantly enlarging
and pushing into the field of private
endeavor." He cites the big engineer
ing p'ojects done by commissions of
Which Col. Sherrill was executive and
di.slitvrsing officer, and expresses a
susj.viiun that much of the $14,750,000
for !£te Arlington Memorial Bridge “is
to be wasted." On this subject he
“Concerning the $14,750,000 Arling
ton Memorial Bridge which is to span
the Potomac from the District of Co
lumbia! to the State of Virginia, if
any one worked harder for this meas
ure than the Virginia Representative
into whose district it is to be built,
it was you, and you were finally suc
cessful and able to overcome the fight
I made against it for three years.
This should have been called “The
Sherrill Bill.” When it was pushed
through in the closing days of Con
gress with practically no debate I
then called attention to the elaborate,
expensive propaganda booklets that
were opportunely distributed to each
member on the floor. I would like to
know just how much they cost and
who paid for it? *
Assails Bridge Work.
“If your Army Corps of Engineers
are so economical, why didn't you
have them build this bridge? Why
did you take it away from them?
How does your Government equip
ment compare with their $50,000,000
construction facilities? You did pro
vide in the act that when you deemed
their services necessary the President
could detail such of said engineers as
were considered necessary. And this
peculiar act further provides that you
are ‘hereby authorized to employ the
services of such engineers, architects,
sculptors, artists and other jjersonnel
as shall be determined to be necessary
without reference to civil service
"Why employ private engineers at
big salaries when we already have our
big Army Corps of Engineers on the
pay roll with $50,000,000 construction
facilities? With reference to the Vir
ginia shore this act provided that you
were only authorized to buy ap
proaches. Yet the press reports that
you have already contracted for a
body of land on the Virginia side
which you intend to make into a park.
Neither our Constitution nor our
statute laws have ever contemplated
that the District of Columbia should
be further extended over into Vir
ginia. Yet the press reports that
within the past week you have dined
with Virginia and Maryland repre
sentatives discussing further plans of
"I am afraid that much of this
sl4 750 000 is to be wasted in huge
salaries to ’engineers. architects,
sculptors and artists,’ and in the in
different service most day laborers
render when, they are being paid with
Government money- When I remem
ber that the magnificent brands
Scott Key Bridge was finally finished
at a total cost of $2,350,000. I am won
dering Just how all of this $14,750,000
is to be spent. Congress already made
u preliminary appropriation of $25,000
several years ago for plans.
Promises “Man’s Fight.”
Promising a “man's fight” in the
coming Congress to retain the white
bathing beach in its present location.
Representative Blanton said:
"By the act of June 29, 1922, Con
gress appropriated $25,000 to con
struct a bathing beach for the col
ored people. It did not direct >ou
where to put it. And jou spent $14,-
819 attempting to put it in the same
Tidal Basin pool with the white peo
ple's and vou asked Congress to give
you an additional $50,000. which it did
in the deficiency act of December 5,
1924, not knowing of your plan to
thus mix up the two races. When I
remember that during your work on
this colored hathing beach you did
not remove any of the cherry trees,
but merely boxed them up to prevent
Injury by the workers, and let them
continue to grow in the ground right
where they were, I cannot escape the
conclusion that you expected Con
gress to stop you. And Congress did
stop vou. and gave you to understand
that it did not want a colored bathing
beach in the same pool with the white
bathing beach, and in the contro
versy that ensued the chairman of
the appropriations committee suc
ceeded in passing an item of SIO,OOO
to remove both beaches. Notwith
standing the fact that you have until
June 30, 1926 to remove the white
bathing beach, and members of the
legislative District committee have
assured you that they will push legis
lation to retain the white beach where
It Is and to authorized you to build
s-.n adequate colored beach wholly
commensurate with the white one in
every detail somewhere else, you are
threatening in the press to remove it
at once and thus waste almost $200,-
000 the Government has spent on
same, and you are proposing to ask
Congress for $200,000 more to build
pew beaches somewhere else. That
Is not Coolldge economy, and I prom
ise you a man’s fight against your
In substantiation of his claims that
special consideration was shown by
the park police under Col. Sherrill to
bis brother Army and Navy officers,
Representative Blanton quotes a num
ber ol ayecltic cases. He also Includes
In his pamphlet affidavits of two park
policemen, both of whom served hon
orably in the Navy. One of these dis
cusses the K. K. K.-Catholic friction
on the park police force and the
questionnaire circulated to find out
the fraternal affiliations of the mem
bers of the force.
Auto Tourist Is Killed.
3 5 ( A 3 1.—J. S. Helm, 65, of Warren,
J’a., was killed and six other persons
In a large automobile were injured
When the car went off the road and
overturned in Ute Pass, west of Colo
rado Springs on the Pikes Peak
Ocean-to-Oeean highway last night.
The art of lace finishing is being
taught to Australians by a number
pf experts from England.
High Mactabee Officials Who Take Leading Part in Convention Here.
—— t .— •.-.*<2 -
| n- ~ ' sr^~7^~is
a* " it
Upper, left to right: A. W. Frye,
supreme commander; Henne I*. Kuntz,
chairman, general convention com
mittee; S. \V. Hall, supervising deputy
in cliarge of Washington District.
Center, left to right: J. It. Sawtell,
great commander of Texas and mem
ber of supreme board of trustees; A. J.
Primeaux, chairman of the decorating
committee; E. L. Young, great com
mander of Ohio and member of the
supreme board of trustees.
Lower: Harry Eisenbise, known
throughout the fraternal world as a
past master of degree work, who has
personally drilled the team of 100
picked men who will initiate the
convention class of 5,000 candidates.
Hotels and Tourist Camps Are Filling W ith Members
Os Order Attending What Promises to Be
Biggest Meeting in History of Organization.
ready to leave points in western
all points of the compass, by train and
by automobile, from every important
city in the United States. 10,000 mem
bers of the Maccabees will be in Wash
ington by nightfall today, prepared
to begin the business sessions and
join in the incidental features of a
six-day convention, which is expected
to be the largest gathering of the
fraternal order ever held In the United
States. One twenty-fifth of the 250,-
000 membership of the order will
gather in Washington this week, ac
cording to conservative estimates from
Maccabee headquarters. The more
sanguine members of the order place
the number in the Capital at from
20,000 to 25,000.
Virtually all the delegates have ar
rived and will arrive during the day
in automobiles. Parties were reported
Vready to leave points in V estern
Maryland and southwestern Penn
sylvania. traveling from the Middle
West early today, to be in Washington
before nightfall. Others were com
ing from the South and from New
England and New York State points.
Every hotel in the city will be throng
ed with members of the order tonight,
while thousands more will establish
headquarters in the tourist camps
about the city.
2,000 Autos Registered.
Preparations for the caravan trek
of Maccabees to Washington have been
in progress for more than a year, and
more than 2,000 automobiles have been
registered, with half as many more
that have not registered expected.
Thev will all take part in a parade
on Pennsylvania avenue tomorrow aft
ernoon, which, with its allegorical
floats and bands in motor cars, is ex
pected to be the largest automobile
parade ever known.
Although fewer in number than the
members of the Shrine or members
of the Holy Name Society who held
conventions in Washington in 1923
and 1924, the Maccabees«*ill take pos
session of the city as completely as
did members of those other organiza
tions, scheduling various functions
ranging from the automobile parade,
through an Initiation of the largest
group of candidates ever taken into
a fraternal organization, to boat trips
on the Potomac and, as a finale, a
trip by automobile to Chatham, Pa., to
inspect the International Home and
Relief Association for orphans and
aged members of the order.
As the automobile caravans drew
near the city yesterday they were met
by official automobiles with members
of the reception committee and taken
direct to headquarters in the Raleigh
Hotel, where most of the business ses
sions of the quadrennial convention
will he held. From the Raleigh guides
conducted them to the hotels where
reservations had been made for them
or to the auto tourist camp -where
space had been reserved for them.
The same procedure is being follow
ed today.
The convention will open formally
tomorrow with the automobile parade
at 2 o'clock, which will form on Mary
land avenue northeast and intersect
ing streets from First to Third streets.
The route will be over First street
northeast to B street, to First street
northwest, to Pennsylvania Avenue,
down Pennsylvania Avenue to Treas
ury place, to east Executive Avenue,
to Pennsylvania Avenue, to Nine
teenth street, to the Washington Au
ditorium, at Nineteenth and E streets,
where it will disband. The reviewing
stand will be located at the Treasury,
facing down Pennsylvania Avenue to
ward the Capitol. It will be preceded,
at 11 o'clock, by a concert by the
Caravan Entertainers, and a meeting
of the Supreme Review committee.
The outstanding event of the con
vention, the initiation of 5.000 candi
dates into the order, will be held at
the auditorium Monday night, when
such notables as Gov. E. Lee Trinkle
of Virginia, Gov. A. M. Ritchie of
Maryland and other Government of
ficials will be initiated. Secretary of
Labor Davis, one of the initiates, is on
his way to Europe.
The first business session of the con
vention will be held Tuesday in the
ballroom of the Raleigh, to be opened
with an address of welcome by Com
missioner Penning, with the opening
prayer by Rev. G. S. Johnson of the
Metropolitan M. E. Church. Supreme
Commander A. W. Frye will preside,
and reports will he made by him and
Supreme Record Keeper Thomas
A sight-seeing tour about Washing
ton is scheduled for Tuesday after
noon, with the supreme review at 2
o'clock at the Raleigh. An informal
dance, reception and entertainment
will be held at the Raleigh Tuesday
Program Until Friday.
The program from Wednesday to
Friday follows:
Wednesday morning. July 22 —
9 to 12—Pay off trip winners, Mac
cabee offices, 503 Commercial Na
tional Bank building. Fourteenth and
G streets.
9 to 10—Concert, Caravan Enter
tainers, Hotel Raleigh.
10—Supreme Review, Hotel Raleigh.
10—Sightseeing. Zoological Gardens
and Rock Creek Park.
Wednesday afternoon —
12 to I—Concert,1 —Concert, Caravan Enter
tainers, Hotel Raleigh.
1— Sightseeing, Alexandria, visiting
Masonic Lodge and Christ Church,
and to Mount Vernon. Trip winners
and visitors.
2 Supreme Review, Hotel Raleigh.
Wednesday evening—Concert, Cara
van Entertainers.
7:15 —Maccabee moonlight, steamer
St. Johns, leave foot of Seventh
The Maccabee Entertainers will
broadcast over station WCAP.
Thursday Morning—9 to 10 —Con-
cert, Caravan Entertainers, Hotel
9 to 12—Pay off trip winners Mac
cabee offices.
10—Supreme Review, ballroom,
Hotel Raleigh.
10—Sightseeing. Arlington National
Cemetery. Washington Monument and
Lincoln Memorial.
Thursday Afternoon —12 to 1:30
Concert, Caravan Entertainers, Hotel
I:3<P —Sightseeing, New- National Mu
seum, Smithsonian institution, Botan
ical Gardens, Corcoran Art Gallery,
Freer Art Gallery and others.
2 —Supreme Review, ballroom, Hotel
Thursday Evening Maccabee
theater party, Earle Theater, Thir
teenth and E streets. Caravan Enter
tainers included on the bill as a spe
cial attraction.
Friday Morning—Auto caravan trip
to Maccabee home. Chatham, Pa. As
semble at Maryland avenue northeast,
between First and Third streets.
The District Commissioners, Su
preme Oomdr. Frye and the national
officers wall review the parade tomor
row afternoon from the stand near the
south end of the Treasury Building.
A squadron of motor cycle police will
head the parade, which will be fol
lowed by floats from all the camps
of the Maccabees.
The Maccabees is a fraternal or
ganization, founded 47 years ago. now’
numbering 250,000 persons. It has
insurance benefits, maintaining its
own insurance organization, and a
home for aged and indigent members
at Chatham, Pa. Homes for orphan
children of members of the order are
maintained in various places u.U over
the country! The order huH upward,
of 5,000 members in the District of
National officers of the organization
Supreme officers Supreme past
commander, D. P. Markey, Detroit; su
preme past commander, D. D. Altken,
Flint, Mich.; supreme past commander,
L. E. Sisler, Akron: su-reme com
mander, A. W. Frye, Detroit; supreme
lieutenant commander, S. C. C. Ward,
Portland, Me.; supreme record keeper,
Thomas Watson. Detroit: supreme
chaplain, W. F. Trader, Chicago: su
preme sergeant, R. P. Kuntz, Atchi
son, Kans.; supreme M. at A., J.
W. Sherwood, Portland, Oreg.; su
preme first M. of O J. E. Turner,
Norfolk; supreme second M. of G., F.
O. Croy, Birmingham, Ala.; supreme
sentinel, J. C. Bart ram, Little Rock,
Ark.; supreme picket, Hugo H. A.
Becker, Rochester.
Supreme board of trustees—Edward
L. Young, Norwalk, Conn.; John J.
Volk, Buffalo; W. E. Blane.v, Pitts
burgh; J. B. Sawtell, Waco, Tex.; Ed
win H. Haas, St. Paul, and E. W.
Thompson, Tort Huron, Miqh.
Formation System
Os Maccabee March
The big Maccabee parade
moving tomorrow from Pence
Monument to the Washington
Auditorium via Pennsylvania
avenue, will start promptly at
2 o’clock.
The head of the parade will
form at First and B streets
northeast at 1:30 p.m. and move
off in single file through B
street to First street to Peace
Monument, and will consist of :
Bquad of motor cycle police.
Ohio Band.
National float.
Supreme Commander Frye
and the national officers.
Each of the eight divisions
of the parade will be headed by
division commander and offi
cers, and will include floats,
automobiles and degree teams
from various tftates and
Canada, and also floats from
local business houses, as fol
lows :
Head of column on First
street north of B street north
Floats and cars from Mich
igan, New York, Ohio, Pennsyl
vania, Illinois; float by Lans
burgh & Brothers and first
section of degree team.
Head of column on First
street south of B.
Floats and cars from Cali
fornia, Ontario. Missouri, Indi
Head of column of B street
at First street northeast.
Caravan Entertainers' Band,
floats and cars from lowa,
Minnesota, West Virginia,
Kentucky, Wisconsin, Maine:
second section degree team and
Woodward & Lothrop float.
Head of column on Maryland
avenue at First street north
Floats and ears from Quebec,
Tennesee. Washington, Oregon,
Mississippi, Colorado, Louisi
ana, Kansas.
Head of column on Maryland
avenue at A street northeast.
Annapolis Band, floats and
cars from Virginia, Alabama,
Arkansas, New Jersey, Connec
Head of column on Second
street and Maryland avenue
Floats and cars from North
Dakota, Delaware, Rhode
Island, District of Columbia,
New- Hampshire, Utah, South
Dakota; S. Kann Sons Co.
float, and degree team, third
Head of column—resting on
Second street and Maryland
avenue south.
Floats and cars from Georgia,
Oklahoma, North Carolina,
Montana, Manitoba; Saks Com
pany and Palais Royal floats.
Head of column on Maryland
avenue at Second street.
Harmony Band, Maryland.
Floats and cars from Wyom
ing, Vermont, Nevada, Florida,
Idaho; degree team, fourth sec
tion; Peoples Drug Store float.
Inhabitants Circled by Kootenay
Forest Blaze Believed Rescued.
NELSON, B. C., July 18 OP)— Forest
fires in various districts of the Koote
nay and boundary regions continued
unabated today after a period of ris
ing winds and low humidity.
In the lower Arrow Lakes region
and toward the boundary the situa
tion was reported dangerous, one fire
creeping to within four miles of the
town of New Denver.
An unconfirmed report said that six
persons were marooned on an island
in Summitt Lake, surrounded by fire,
but other dispatches said it was be
lieved a Canadian Pacific train crew
rescued all inhabitants of the island.
The situation in the Slocan district
was said today to be improved.
. ♦
Ape’s Descendant
Found in Paris by
His Own Confession
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, July 18.—“ I’m the man
that descended from the monkey,"
chattered a man walking on all
fours in a crowded business street
of Paris today when a policeman
questioned him. He refused to
walk normally and was taken in
a taxicab to a police station, where
it was found he was the chief
administrative officer of an insane
asylum in the Orne department.
Too close association with his
charges and not the reading of the
daily reports from the evolution
trial at Dayton, Tenn., Is believed
to be the cause of his condition.
U. S. Policy Is Enforcement
of Washington Treaty Terms
at Early Date.
By the Associated Pres*.
Re-examination of the Washington
conference commitments regarding
China In the light of present condi
tions in that country and the continu
ing efforts of the Washington admin
istration to give effect to those com
mitments through inauguration of the
customs commission and the extra
territorial inquiry, throws into sharp
relief the broad basis worked out here
in 1921 upon which to found a per
manent solution of the Chinese
problem for all signatory or adhering
The Washington policy turns on the
effort to convince other governments
that recent disturbances in China are
merely symptomatic of the same gen
erally unsatisfactory relationships
with that country which the Wash
ington conference recognized and pro
posed to remedy.
Desirability of Pact.
It is held here that the Shanghai,
Canton and similar incidents only
serve to impress upon officials the
desirability of getting the Washing
ton conference machinery to work as
soon as possible to assist China in the
establishment of a strong central gov
ernment to which foreign nationals
could look with assurance of protec
tion in their legitimate commercial
and other enterprises there.
Recent developments in London and
Paris as well as Tokio have indicated
that there is substantial agreement to
set up with little delay the customs
commission provided for by the nine
power treaty. The American pro
posal to inaugurate simultaneously
the extra-territorial inquiry commis
sion still awaits a definite answer
from any of the 12 powers to which
it has been communicated. At the
moment difficulties in the way of
working out a program for settlement
of tire local Shanghai case and the
Canton matter appear to be holding
up final answers from London and
Paris on the wider and more far
reaching policy President Coolidge has
Indorsed and is pressing.
The China commitments were all in
the form of conference resolutions
when adopted. It was recognized and
carefully explained by Secretary
Hughes, as chairman of the confer
ence, however, that the customs re
vision program required legislative
sanction by each government involved,
as the revision commission would have
plenary powers to work out details
within the provisions adopted by the
conference. The costoms resolutions
were therefore drafted in treaty form
and that treaty now has been ratified
by all signatory powers.
Provides Import Duty.
It is the keystone of the Chinese re
adjustment planned by the conference,
t*ecause it affords the method by which
revenues would be provided with
which u strong central government
might be set up and maintained. It
provides that the Peking government
ultimately receive a 5 per cent ad
valorem duty on Imports, the customs
collections to remain in the hands of
the international commission which
now receives and turns over at Peki/ig
funds derived from Import duties. At
present the customs duties are the
only revenues to which it is entitled
by the Chinese constitution that reach
the Peking government on a 100 per
cent basis, and even these funds are
obligated in advance against such
claims by foreigners or foreign gov
ernments as the Boxer indemnities.
It was realized, however, that the
establishment of the 5 per cent rate
as a measure of financial relief for the
Chinese government would take con
siderable time in the adjustment of
specific duties. For that reason the
Washington conference included in the
treaty a provision for an emergency
special conference, to meet in China
within three months after the coming
into force of the treaty, and to pave
the way for the speedy abolishment of
“likin,” the vexatious Chinese provi
sional transit tax system and the real
ization of other customs duty treaty
commitments with China on the part
of the United States, Great Britain
and Japan.
Readjustment Plans.
This special conference was designed
to consider "interim provisions to lie
applied prior to the abolition of likin,”
to authorize the levying of surtaxes
on dutiable imports at a uniform 2%
per cent rate, or even up to the 5 per
cent limit in the case of articles pf
luxury, which the conference believed
"can bear a greater increase without
unduly impeding trade.”
A further step to assist the Pekin
government financially through the in
crease of custom levies lay In the
treaty stipulation that revisions of
I rates should take place, after comple
tion of the first revision, at 7
vear intervals instead of the 10-year
intervals previously provided for.
To round out this primary step in
the Chinese readjustment the confer
ence adopted 10 separate resolutions,
the most important of which provides
for the constitution of a commission
of inquiry into Chinese judicial prac
tices with a view to recommending to
the powers steps to be taken toward
relinquishment of extra-territorial
rights in China. It is based on the ex
isting treaty agreement with China on
the part of the United States. Great
Britain and Japan separately; that
each nation is prepared to surrender
its special rights when warranted in
doing so by necessary changes in
Chinese legal practices to make them
suitable for application to foreigners.
The inquiry commission would be
authorized also to assist the Chinese
government in getting through a ju
dicial reform program to this end.
The resolution, known as No. 5, pro
vides, that the commission shall report
its recommendations to the powers
within a year after it is set up and
each signatory power, including China,
specifically reserved the right to ac
cept or reject any of the recommenda
Study of Evacuation.
Another of the resolutions author
ized the diplomats of the signatory
powers in Pekin to begin a Joint study
with the Chinese government of the
practicability of withdrawal of all for
eign troops stationed in China as rail
way guards or otherwise, some of
them without treaty sanction or other
authority from the Pekin government.
Still another dealt with the grad
ual relinquishment by the four pow
ers maintaining postal agencies in
China of these services when an effi
cient and adequate Chinese postal
service should have been set up: one
had to do with the uniflcatlon-of Chi
nese railways into a single system
under Chinese control; another ex
pressed the view of the conference
that China, should take steps to reduce
the uncoordinated military forces
maintained by the provincial military
chieftains as a move toward Chinese
unity and financial rehabilitation.
A sixth provided for complete pub
licity of all treaties and other interna
tional obligations affecting China, the
signatory powers other than China to
file all such documents, including
notes and treaties they regarded as in
effect with China, with the secretariat
of the conference, and another is in
the form of an “open door” declara
tion regarding establishment and
maintenance of radio communication
in China.
The others would create a board of
reference, sitting in China, to which
questions arising out of the customs
Frances Sullivan Is Found in Florida ;
Suicide Note Girl Made Trip With $2
The climax of the greatest adven
ture in venturesome Frances Sullivan’s
18 years of life probably came yester
day afternoon, when just a week after
she had disappeared from Washing
ton leaving 10 suicide notes behind,
she bobbed up at Jacksonville, Fla.,
after a "hike’’ through all the South
ern States en route.
Word of Frances’ discovery arrived
here in the form of a telegram from
the Y. W. C. A. at Jacksonville, to
L. A. Bennett, her stepfather at 2922
Tenth street northeast, which stated:
‘‘Frances Sullivan here without
funds. Hiked to Jacksonville.”
It was signed by an official of the
Y. W. C. A.
Thus, within a week, and with less
than $2 in her pocket when she started
Frances made her way through the
South to Jacksonville, by walking and
Wilson to Be Dominating Fig
ure on Chimney Rock Cliff,
According to Plan.
By thft Ap&cy'iatPd Press.
A.SHKVII.LE, N. C., July 18.—The
Asheville Citizen will say tomorrow
morning that it has learned from of
ficials of Chimney Rock, Inc., that
(Jutzon Borglurn, the sculptor, plans
to carve on Chimney Rock an inter
national memorial with the League of
Nations as a background and an
heroic figure of Woodrow Wilson will
be engraved on the sheer granite wall
of the mountain. Officials expressed
surprise at the report from Raleigh
of a Confederate memorial.
During the past three months Mr.
Borglum and friends have visited
Chimney Rock several times and re
cently have spent several dayH at the
mountain. They have been in frequent
consultation with the owners of the
mountain and officials of the com
pany had expected to make their full
plans known within the next 30
days. Premature publication of the
plans brought forth a statement from
the publicity agent of the concern
( hi limey Rock to Re Similar to Project
Started in Georgia.
RALEIGH, N. C.. July 18 OP).—
The Raleigh News and Observer to
morrow will say that a memorial to
the Confederacy along the lines of the
memorial started on Stone Mountain,
Ga., by Gutzon Borglum has been
planned for the granite cliffs over
looking Chimney Rock gorge in Ruth
erford County, N. C. The paper will
state that the plans are well under
way and have the backing of a num
ber of influential men. Gutzon Borg
lum, who was deposed as sculptor of
the original memorial at Stone Moun
tain, is to carve the North Carolina
memorial, says the paper.
Man Sentenced in Theft Now Ac
cused of Murder.
JOLIET. 111., July 18 </P).— Otto
Malm, 30. serving a life sentence in
the penitentiary here, will face an
other murder charge for the killing of
Jack Mack, 27, negro, who died today
in the prison hospital, after being
struck on the head with a wrench.
Malm, husband of ‘Blond Kittie
Malm,” who is also serving a life sen
tence, quarreled with Mack.
Malm and his wife were convicted
for robbing a warehouse in Chicago,
at which time they killed the night
watchman. Mack was serving a sen
tence of 3 to 20 years for robbery.
Airplanes Transport Gold.
Correspondence of the Associated Pres*.
LONDON, July 3. Britain’s air
transportation company, the Imperial
Airways, which came into existence
May, 1924, recently completed 1,000,-
000 miles of flying. During the past
12 months airplanes carrying jio,-
000,000 worth of bullion, 15,000 pas
sengers and 1,000 tons of freight have
flown across the channel at 100 miles
an hour.
revision treaty could go for examina
tion, the board being given rather
wide powers of investigation with re
gard to all efforts to "stabilize condi
tions in the Far East”; provide for
diplomatic negotiations to select per
sonnel for operation of the Chinese
Eastern Railway with greater care,
and reserve the right to insist that
China accept responsibility for her
obligations toward foreign stockhold
ers in the road.
While the effort of the Washington
Government has been centered thus
far on the customs revision and ex
traterritorial Inquiry phases of the
general Chinese program, it appears
certain that all aspects of Chinese re
lations covered by the treaty or resolu
tions must be touched upon sooner or
later. If that policy finally wins the
approval of other powers and the two
commissions are set up.
It would cause no surprise in some
informed quarters if the ultimate re
sult, after a customs revision program
had been worked out and recommenda
tions of the inquiry commission been
submitted as to extraterritorial relin
quishment, would be the calling to
gether of a general Chinese confer
ence with full plenary powers to iron
out disagreements and give effect to
all phases of the readjustments pro
posed. When, where or under what
circumstanoes this might be done,
however, is a matter now of pure
speculation and no official will hazard
even a guess.
Confusion In China Laid to Row of
Envoys and City Officials.
PARIS, July 18 (A s ).— Most of the
confusion over the situation at Shang
hai, it was said in official circles to
day, comes not from the conflict be
tween Chinese and foreigners, but
from a clash between the Interna
tional municipal authorities at Shang
hai and the diplomatic corps.
The commission sent from Peking
to Investigate the situation in Shang
hai found the municipal police in de
fault and made a report to that ef
fect, which was to have been com
municated to the Chinese government
with a statement of the penalties de
cided upon. The penalties which the
diplomatic corps recommended were
communicated to the international
municipal authorities, who refused to
accept them. Before they could be
communicated to the Chinese govern
ment, as Intended, the British govern
ment intervened to prevent their de
This conflict of authority between
the consuls, composing the interna
tional municipality of Shanghai, and
the diplomatic corps still Is subject to.
negotiations, and it Is hoped here that
it will be settled shortly, as there now
seems to be an agreement that the
superior authority of the diplomatic
corps over the international munici
pality should be recognized.
obtaining rides in automobiles and
other vehicles, her mother, Mrs. Ben
nett stated as her belief last night.
Mrs. Bennett immediately wired H.
L. Tycer, her brother affii Frances’
uncle at West Palm Beach, to go to
Jacksonville and look out for the
girl. She also wired the Y. W. C. A.
authorities at Jacksonville to detain
Frances pending the arrival of her
If it can be arranged, Frances will
reside in West Palm Beach with her
uncle for the immediate future.
The Jacksonville Y. W. C. A. of
ficials are keeping Frances under
close guard, and last night refused
admittance to anyone to see her, ac
cording to a message received here,
until they had questioned her closely
arid investigated the circumstances of
her run-away trip.
$2,135,743.68 TAXES
District Got $1,397,718.09
This Year; Government,
The public utility companies of the
District paid a total of $2,135,743.68
in taxes to the District and Federal
Governments last year, according to
a statement made public yesterday by
MaJ. W. E. R. Coveil, assistant to the
utilities commission.
' Os this total, $1,397,718.09 went to
the District government and $738,-
025.59 was in Federal taxes.
"Few people realize the large
amount of taxes paid by the public
of Washington through their public
utilities,” MaJ. Covell said in the
statement. He explained that the
commission allows the utility com
panies to charge taxes to operating
All From Consumer.
"The more taxes paid, the higher
the rate, so that in the last analysis
practically every cent comes out of
the pocket of the consumer,” the
statement continued. "This is not
quite true, however, of the street car
companies, because they are by no
means earning a fair return on their
fair value. With the other com
panies a substantial reduction in
taxes paid would mean a reduction in
charges to the consumer. With the
two street car companies, however, a
reduction in taxes would mean that
the companies would come a little bit
closer to getting a fair return on their
fair value.
"It is these two latter companies
who can least afford high taxes that
are charged the most. In addition to
paying the usual taxes charged the
other companies, the Capital Traction
Company pays $45,003.95 a year for
crossing policemen to regulate auto
mobile traffic on certain corners,
while the Washington Railway and
Electric Company pays $71,496.05 a
year for the same purpose. This
amounts to $116,500 for the two com
panies. These two companies also
paid $59,448.07 for the Capital Trac
tion Company and $128,064.32 for the
Washington Railway and Electric
Company last year for city paving,
making a total of $187,612.39 for this
"The Washington Rapid Transit
Company fares best in the matter of
taxes, because, under the law, they
are not required to pay the 4 per cent
tax on gross earnings. Their largest
tax Is for gasoline and amounted to
$3,251.86 In 1924, and the second was
their Federal income tax which was
very much less than this.
"The amount of District and Fed
eral taxes paid by the companies was
as follows:
District tax. Federal tax
Capital Traction... .$3?5.19<1.98 $382.587 08
Wash R*v 4 Elec. 440.027 88 69.697.54
C. 4 P Telephone. 250 013.02 102.730 01
Potomac Elec Pow. 183.704.01 210.345.95
Wash. Gas Light. . 170.042.89 80.224.22
Georretown Gas Lt. 14.252 38 207 25
Wash. Rap. Transit 4,580.33 2.180.49
Vigorous Advocate of Labor Cause
for Many Years Suffers
From Rheumatism.
Mrs. Mary Jones, known through
out the industrial world as Mother
Jones, vigorous advocate of the cause
of labor, is ill here of inflammatory
rheumatism. She is 92 years old.
Friends of Mother Jones had felt
considerable concern over her illness
but were told yesterday that her pain
had been considerably alleviated.
Mother Jones is at the home of Mrs.
T. V. Powderly, Col. 2496, widow of
a former commissioner general of im
migration. She sustained an attack
of pneumonia last Winter and the
process of regaining strength has been
a slow one.
Drop to Death in Shaft—Fellows
May Strike Over Indemnity.
MEXICO CITY, July 18 (A 3 ). —Eleven
miners were killed when a shaft rope
parted sending their cage to destruc
tion at the bottom of the pit in the
Cinco Minas mine in Jalisco, Thurs
day. The General Confederation of
Workers made demands for indemni
ties for the victims’ families, but these
were- refused by the mine operators.
It is reported that a strike is con

Officers Ordered Here.
Capt. Ell E. Brown, Medical Corps,
at Dallas, Tex., has been ordered to
this city for duty at the Army Medi
cal School, and First Lieut. Harold
L. George, Air Service, at Phillips
Field. Aberdeen, Md„ has been or
dered here for duty in the office of
the chief of Air Service, War De
■■ •
Cuckoo Egg in Can
Hatches Bird Too
Large to Get Out
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, July 18.—An unusual
bird’s nest has been found by a
forester near Altona, in the vicinity
of Hamburg, consisting of a tin can
in which a cuckoo was imprisoned.
He believes that the can was selected
by a pair of firetails for their nest
and that a cuckoo, in accordance with
the usual practice of depositing its
eggs in another bird’s nest, also laid
an egg in the can. When the birds
were hatched, the firetails discovered
to their dismay that they had a step
son in the form of a young cuckoo,
which, naturally, they reared with the
rest of their family.
When flying time came the foster
parents discovered that the cuckoo
was too large to leave by the opening
In the can. So they continued to feed
the imprisoned bird, who for lack of
exercise soon became so fattened that
he filled the entire can. Not until the
forester opened the can could the
bird’s misery be ended.
Three Say Missing Brother,
Not Man in Death Cell,
Killed Drug Clerk.
By th* Aaoor'i&t#d Prraa.
(HK AGO, July 18.—More letters,
telegrams and witnesses appeared to
day to save Russell Scott from the
gallows. All of them were charac
terized as "fakes” by the State’s at
torneys office while Scott's lawyers
continued to investigate the various
tips, mostly anoymous.
Scott, sentenced to hang yesterday
morning for the murder of Joseph
Maurer, drug clerk, during a hold-up
two years ago, was given a week's
reprieve, six hours before the time
set for his execution. A telegram from
Detroit, signed “Robert Scott," Rus
seli’s brother, and stating that Rob
ert was the slayer and would sur
render, was received at the governor’s
office, and led to the reprieve. Robert
was indicted with Russell, former Ca
nadian financier, but was never ap
Today another message purporting
to be from Robert and addressed to
attorneys for Scott, was made public.
It was mailed in Chicago Thursday
night and read:
Indorsed by Woman.
”1 hereby swear that Russell Scott
is innocent of murder, and that I, his
brother, am the guilty party. You
want to hang him because you think
some one should pay for the murder,
but why hang the wrong party? As
God is my Judge, you will be murder
ers, hanging an innocent man, If you
hang my brother. May your souls rot
in hell.” The note was typewritten
and signed "Robert Scott" In Ink
while beneath the signature was a
postscript signed "Mrs. H. C. R.,” and
“The above was dictated to me by
Mr. Scott, who is apparently near
death. I believe it to be the truth
from what 1 have seen. As soon aa he
is able he promises to give himself
If this letter is not a fraud, at
torneys said, then the message from
Detroit is, for the letter was written
and mailed in Chicago the same night
the telegram, also purporting to be
from Scott, was sent from Detroit.
Three New Witnesses.
Scott's attorneys were pinning most
of their hopes for a commutation on
affidavits they said they had from two
women whose Identities were careful
ly concealed. The women were in the
drug store at the time of the slaying
and both said Robert and not Russel'.,
was the killer, and that the killing
was the result of a liquor party and
not a hold-up. His attorneys also were
looking into a statement made in De
troit last night by James Ball, tele
graph operator, that he was present
when Maurer was shot and that Rolv
ert Scott shot him after an argument
over the payment of a bill.
Scott’s wife and father, Thomas
Scott, continued their efforts in his
behalf today. Detroit authorities, in
vestigating at the request of Chicago
officials said that a Dr. Frank Staf
ford, who had wired a local attorney
asking if he would accept a retainer
to work for a commutation, did not
know the condemned man, but had
acted when his sympathies had been
Doctor's Widow Accuses Predeces
sor of Stealing in Fight
for Estate.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, July 18.—The issuance
of a warrant today for Mrs. Elizabeth
Niven Volbers, named in the will of
the late Dr. Maxim Niven, inventor
and manufacturer, as one of the prin
cipal heirs of his SIOO,OOO estate, is
1 the latest development in the fight
for the estate being waged by his
widow, the former Countess Zicha of
Poland. The warrant charges larceny
of alcohol and household goods val
ued at more than $40,000.
The fight over the doctor's estate
has unearthed alleged scandals dat
ing to his school days in the Uni
versity of Heidelberg, Germanj . The
countess asserts that he was in re
ality Dr. Simon Suth, scion of a
prominent family of Cologne, who
came to Chicago and engaged in the
! manufacture of perfumes following
an affair with the wife of his head
master. Mrs. Volbers. says the
countess, posed as the doctor's sister
for many years in Chicago, following
a meeting with him in Igindon, Eng
land, during his wanderings after be
ing disinherited by his family and
before settling here.
Mrs. Volbers was married in 1922
to William Volbers, officer of a Ger
man raider who was interned in
Guam and released after the armis
Gallantry in Lending Painlere His
Own Suspenders Wins
Minister’s Gratitude.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, July 18. —The gallantry of
Anatole de Monzie, French minister
of public instruction, is just coming
to light. Recently he asked Premier
Painleve for permission to visit his
constituency, Cahors, for besides
being a Senator he is the mayor of
Cahors, and a very active one. Pain
leve, while loath to allow ministers
to absent themselves before the par
liamentary session was over, agreed
on this occasion.
“You deserve the favor in memory
of the suspenders,” he told de Man~».
It appears that when Premier Pain
leve landed at Toulouse late one
evening in June from his air trip to
Morocco, De Monzie was there to
meet him. The premier's first words
after an affectionate greeting were:
“Are the shops still open?”
De Monzie at first believed he mis
understood his chief; then as the lat
ter repeated the query he began to
wonder whether the journey had af
fected the premier’s mental equili
brium, but Painleve explained that a
sudden swoop of the plane had
broken his suspenders and he wished
merely to buy another pair.
With true gallantry of old France
and without a moment's delay de
Monzie slid his hand under his waist
coat and with gestures worthy of a
stage prestidigitator undid his own
suspenders and laid them in Paln
leve's hands.
"My dear friend I shall never forget
this,” said the great man gratefully.
England Plans Long Range Radio.
Oorrerpondenc* of tba AaaocUted Frraa.
LONDON, July I.—ln addition to
the big radio staton now being built
at Rugby, the postmaster-general is
planning to erect another high-pow
er station at Winthorpe, near Skeg
ness, on the east coast. This station,
when completed, is expected to be
used for communication with Aus
tralia- and Indio.

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