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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 22, 1926, Image 1

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WEATHER.
(C. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Rain tonight: tomorrow rain, pos
sibly changing to snow and colder. low
est temperature tonight about 35 de
grees. Temperature—Highest, fil at
2:15 p.m. yesterday: lowest, 31 at 6
a.m. today. Full rep rt on page 9.
New York Stock Market Closed Today
V„ 9Q Entered as second class matter
• post office. Washington. D. C.
NATIONWIDE HONOR
PAID WASHINGTON
ON T9ITH BIRTHDAY
Capital Joins Rest of America
in Tribute to Memory of
First President.
ADDRESS BY COOLIDGE
TO BE GIVEN TONIGHT
Various Patriotic and Civic Organ
izations Takino- Part in Celebra
tion—Manv Dances Scheduled.
" !
All America is paying hmnage t<>
dav to the memory of George Wash
lngtnn op the l! l 4th anniversary of
his birth. Neither the passing of tier
sties nor the phrases of slanderers
have served to tarnish the brilliance
of the genius that guided the strug
gling colonies safelv through their .
crucial years, and today, wherever the
Stars and Stripes wave, the name of ;
George Washington is being hailed !
With devoted reverence.
In the National Capital the wheels i
of Government were stilled for the
day and only essential industries-and
business organizations were in opera
tion. Memorial services marked the
opening of both branches of Congress
at noon and during the morning two
outstanding patriotic meetings were
held, at wlnch were represented the
patriotic, civic and social organiza
tions in the city.
Tonight I’iesident Coolidge will take
official cognizance of the day in an
address ixjfore the comention of the
department of superintendence here
which will h 5 broadcast. This after
noon he and Mrs. Coolidge will spend
1 th-dr time quietly at the White House;
with a lew close friends. A score of
dances a-d dinners will mark the ,
close of tn<“ celebration in many ho
tels and private homes this evening.
Wreath Laid At Momiinetjt.
Following a custom of long stand
ing. the Washington National Monti
ment Society placed a wreath at the
base of the Washington Monument
this morning, and a number of patri
otic organizations held similar cere
monies before the equestrian statue
in Washington Circle. Although thf
skies were metcast, no inclement
weather developed to interrupt thest
services. The remainder of the program
this afternoon and this evening will ;
be indoors.
Under the auspices of the District j
an official celebration j
was held this'morning at Unit's- The- i
ater. nearly 100 civic, patriotic and >
social societies part iri plating High
Government officials, members < f con
gress. members of the diplomatic
corps anti high officers of the Army,
Navy and Marine Corps were g'tcsts
of honor. The theater was crowded
ind prominent speakers eulogized the
life of Washington as the genera! of
the Continental Army and as the first
President c.f the United States.
The Sons of the American Revolu
tion. Daughters of the American Rev
olution and Children of the American
Revolution joined in patriotic services
this morning in Memorial Continent®’
Hall. Here. too. the dee.is of Wash
ington were recited and a number of
hitherto unpublished papers and let- j
ters written by th® first President
were read. The Government, diplo
matic corps and the Army. Navy and !
Marine Corps were prominently rep- i
resented at this meeting, ton.
Bingham Reads Address.
Senator Bingham of Connecticut
reed Washington’s farewell address
when the Senate convened in regular
.session this noon, and similar ever- ,
rises were held in the House. Pressed
by important legislation Congress
then continued consideration of its ,
regular business. The chaplains re
ferred to the meaning of the day in
the opening prayers both in the Sen
ate and the House, and it was hoped
that an early recess might be taken
as a further mark of respect.
The Association of Oldest Inhahi- (
tants. the National Capital's oldest,
patriotic organization, held its annual
Washington birthday meeting this
morning. At noon the District of Co- !
lumbia Society of the Sons of the i
American Revolution held its annual
meeting for the election of officers
and a luncheon. This meeting fdl
lowed the joint memorial service in
Memorial Continental Hall.
The Society of the Sons of the Revo
lution in the District of Columbia
placed a wreath at the bases of many
patriotic statues, including those in
memory of Roohambeau, John Paul
Jones, John Barry, Nathaniel Greene,
Lafayette. Pulaski, von Steuben. Ben
jamin Franklin. Alexander Hamilton.
Benjamin Rush. Kdmund Burke.
Kosciusko and Geortte Washington.
Many Visit Mount Vernon.
Delegations from the Veterans of
Foreign Wars and the District organi
zation of Boy Scouts will visit Wash
ington’s home at Mount Vernon dur
ing the day. George Washington
Post of the American Legion and the
Boy Scouts of Alexandria also will go
to Mount Vernon. In addition, the
transportation companies have pre
pared to carrying a large crowd of
other visitors to the historic estate of
the first President. Many persons at
tending th« National education Asso
ciation meeting have arranged to
make the trip.
George Washington University will
hold exercises at 2014 H street at
ft o'clock tonight. Carmela Ponselle
of the Metropolitan Opera Company
i will sing, and the National String
Quartet, assisted by the Tuesday
Evening Chorus, will participate in
the program. The affair is to be
under the auspices of the board of
lady managers of George Washing
ton University Hospital.
Stuart Wolcott Post has charge of
the American Legion's official cele
bration, to be held in the Hall of Na
tions, of the Washington Hotel, to
night. A most attractive and color
ful program has been arranged. It
will Include a number of tableaux,
depicting “The Spirit of '76,” “Colonial
Soldiers” and “Miss Liberty.” The
Golden Pheasant Orchestra will be
garbed entirely in Colonial uniforms.
Helen Wills Wins Again.
BEAULIEU. France. February 22
U P). Helen Wills and Charles S.
Kingaley of England today defeated
Miu Eileen Bennett of England and
H. M- B. Fisher of New Zealand in
- the finals of the Beaulieu mixed dou*
™ hies, 6—4, 6—B,
W ASHINGTON’S FOREIGN POLICY
STILL STANDS, KELLOGG SAYS
Tells University of Pennsylvania Students Principles
of U. S. Government Demand Measure’of
- Isolation From Alien Nations.
By the Assn.-iatod Press.
I'lll LAD: I ,P1 HA. February 22. !
George Washington's ndnionit’cn I
again t permanent alliances v.V<h for
eign v 1 ’"« was termed “A settled i
rati* r.al po icy” h- Secretary <>f State;
Kellogg at the IV.t < ! tngton's birthday
1 exercises n: the University of Penn- ,
; s' Lania totlrx.
The principle of avoiding foreign en- j
tanglements. he said. “is as important !
today, Witeti the United States is a i
great and povverfu Nation, as when
it was a small and a weak Nation of
15 States, struggling to maintain its |
existence. » * * The principle has ,
‘ b •come the corner stone bf our foreign i
policy.
'This does not mean isolation or re
fusal to co-operate, as we have always
j done, with other nations in all those
HELD AS FIREBUG,
YOUTH CONFESSES;

Three Capitol Heights Arson
Charges Made Against
Robert W. Carr, Jr.
Snp' ia! Dispatch to The Star.
UPPER MARLBORO. Md.. February 1
22.--Three warrants charging arson j
were issued this morning against j
Robert W. Carr. jr.. handsome 17- I
year-old Capitol Heights. Md.. boy. !
who was arrested early yesterday at ;
the scene of a fire he confessed start- i
ing. and made a written confession. I
Finger-prints were taken and the j
youth's handwriting compared with j
that of a note received bv Sheriff Fink j
of Prince Georges County January 1 j
threatening to fire the public school •
anti institute a reign of terror unless
war on bootleggers was discontinued.
The writing did not match in the
opinion of some. The youth signed a
confession in which he said he started
th“ fire yesterday morning which
damaged a hen coop and barn at the
home cf Mrs. John Nolan, who is in [
North Carolina. He said he did not j
realize what he had done until he was ,
preparing to retire, when he redressed
himself and returned to the scene to
help firemen and others extinguish j
1 the blaze.
Tells of Firing Barn.
; “I came to town on a bus from j
, Washington and got home after 12
a.m.,“ said the confession, which was ;
signed at the Marlboro jail in the j
presence of Constable Thomas H. j
Garrison and others. “I went into j
the house, sat down to eat some
thing. and after being in the house ;
about 15 minutes came out and went ,
to the corner of Franklin avenue,
then went back home and sat down
on a chair in the kitchen. I came
out again and started a fire by light- I
ing a small box in the hencoop with !
a match. Went home and started to I
undress, then realized what 1 had J
• done, went out and tried to put out J
the fire, carrying water pots. Robert I
W. Carr. Jr.. September 21, Upper
' Marlboro jail.”
The warrants charge Carr with j
setting fire to the store of Samuel
- Igsgana. the home of E. Jones, be
j sides the Nolan barn. None of the
1 fires was serious. He will he given a
hearing at 3 o'clock tomorrow after
' noon before Tolice Justice Herbert J.
• Moffat. Hyattsville.
Arrested After Watch.
I Carr was arrested at the scene of
the Nolan fire while helping the fire
m°n. Town Bailiff Mark Wood and
• Oscar W. Poore, a vigilant, had been
watching him. following his return
home from Washington, and their |
story of his movements coincides t
with the written confession.
I PORTS OF WHAMPOA
i AND CANTON CLOSED
j :
Cargoes of Five Nations Delayed.
Violation of Treaties by Strik
ers Causes Action.
! By the AsenHated Press.
, HONGKONG. February 22.—Effec
tive yesterday the commissioner of
! customs at Canton has closed the ports
of Canton and Whampoa. No steam
ers left here for Canton this morning
| except one. which is sailing to Sha-
I meen, the foreign colony there, with
| provisions, under the protection of
'the British ensign.
As a result of the commissioner's
i action the cargoes of ships of five na
i j tlons are delayed.
The customs commissioner's action
j was reported to the consular body at
■! Canton this afternoon and was unani
• i piously indorsed. Passengers and car
• go are not now adniittable to Canton.
' ' Advices from Hongkong yesterday
i told of a strongly worded protest for
! warded by the commissioner of cus
| toms of Canton to the Canton govern
i ment regarding alleged violation of
| treaties by the strike committee in
seizing and selling cargo. The com
missioner threatened in this protest
to stop shipments from Canton as well
as the landing of import cargo.
Baker, Playing Part of Czar Nicholas,
Brings Near-Riot as People Fear Return
By the Associated Press,
i MOSCOW, February 22. —Extraordi-
nary scenes were enacted at Lenin
grad over the week end, when crowds,
alarmed by a report that Czar Nicho
las had “returned,” rushed to the
square before the Winter Palace and
demanded that he be arrested.
I The clamor was calmed only when
Communist police emerged from the
palace and announced that the “czar”
was only Nicholas Evdakov, a baker,
1 whose extraordinary resemblance to
i the late Emperor caused him to be
. chosen by the state motion picture
authorities to play thejpart of the last
©he pfaf.
V / J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION . L/
WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1926-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. *
I
t non-political activities for the advance- j
ment of science, education,, commerce j
and all other activities so Important
to modern civilization. It simply
means that the United States, through
long experience, has come to the con
' elusion {hat offensive or defensive al- j
jlinnces, political or military, are not
, in harmony with the principles of our
! Government or in the interests of our
j people.'
i Referring to demands for extension
j of Federal paternalism, the Secretary
said:
"The Government should not as
sume to carry on the activities neces
j sary for the prosperity and happiness j
j of the people nor beyond what is ne j
! cessary for good Government, to re
! strict those rights and activities. The
individual caonot he dependent perma
nently and directly upon the Govern
ment for his progress and prosperity."
ALUMINUM PROBE
DEMAND REVISED
Senate Group Considers Res
olution Asking Early Grand
Jury Action.
i
A resolution providing for imrnedi- i
I ate grand jury proceedings against I
I the Aluminum Company of America)
j on the ground that that company had '
| violated a consent decree of the Fed
eral court and anti trust laws proh- ,
• ably will he introduced in the Senate, ;
| Senator Robinson of Arkansas. Demo- j
I era tic leader, said today,
i Such a resolution would he a suh- j
i stitute for the Walsh resolution pro- ;
| riding for a further investigation hy j
j the Senate judiciary committee to de- i
rermine w hether there _ was ground j
for congressional action authorizing i
the employment of special Govern!
ment counsel outside the Department j
of Justice to prosecute the Aluminum \
Co. j
Thinks Course Best.
! ' There are a number of Senators .
| who feel that the better course of ac- ;
tion is to proceed now against the j
Aluminum Co. of America without!
1 further investigation." said Senator l
j Robinson. He said that the record !
! presented to th® Senate hy Senator |
i Walsh apparently shows that there I
has been violation of the consent de- !
I cree against the .Uuntinum Co., ten-;
' dered hy a Federal court In Pennsyl
vania'in 1912. and that the company!
| has violated the anti trust laws.
The action proposed now would he i
1 in large measure similar to that taken i
! hy the Congress regarding the prose- j
jcution of tit® cases against former |
Secretary Albert J. Fall of the In- \
j terior Department. E. L. Doheny and
| Harr.v F. Sinclair In connection with ]
' the Teapot Dome and California naval \
! oil reserve leases.
Senator Robinson said the resolu- J
: tion had not yet been drafted and its
j form, therefore, had not been finally
! determined. It will he a Joint reso- j
j lution. however, providing for artion j
by both Houses.
The President was given the au
thority to appoint the special rmin I
I sel in the oil cases, and undoubtedly i
would he given similar authority in
the aluminum company resolution, it '
was indicated.
Cummins to Speak.
. When the Senate met at noon today !
it was with the expectation that the J
Aluminum >'o. of America would i
he under discussion during a great
part of the day. Senator Cummins of '
lowa, chairman of the Judiciary com-I
mittee. who filed a minority report |
Thursday, urging the Senate was ex- i
feeding its* constitutional authority !
I when It sought to continue the in- j
vestigations was to address the Senate,
i He called attention in his minority re- |
; portjo the fact that the Department of 1
Justice itself had completed an invest
igation of the acts of the company!
and had reached the conclusion that ;
proceedings against the company on :
charges alleging violation of the con- I
sent degree could not he sustained ;
successfully. Senator Cummins holds
that if the Senate Is to so encroach j
upon the functions of the executive .
branch of the Government, the system i
of Government itself will be upset. I
Senator Walsh of Montana, chief i
investigator bf the Teapot Dome case !
and acting now In the same capacity !
with regard to the Aluminum Com- !
pany of America, is the only Senator j
who so far has addressed the Senate '
on the Aluminum Company caae. A !
number of Senators in addition to Sen- I
ator Cummins, are expected to join I
in the debate, which may run for sev
eral days before action is taken oil
the Walsh resolution, or ori n suhsti
(Continued on Page 2, Column <*.)
PRIESTS FORCED TO GO.
Three More Prepared for Deporta- j
tion From Mexico.
MEXICO CITY. February 22 (/*>).— j
Two French priests and one. Italian '
priest were sent to Vera Cruz yes
terday for deportation. They were
charged with violating the Mexican
constitution, which forbids the func
tioning of foreign-horn ministers.
The officials today made public the
names of the 49 Catho'ic schools and
convents which have been closed re
cently in and around Mexico City.
Ten were in the capital and 39 in the
suburbs.
reigning Romanoff in a new and anti
monarchical film.
The plot is based on the 1905 revo
lution, and former generals, states
men, princesses, princes and members
of the imperial court are playing the
roles they once lived. For instance,
there is a chamberlain who held that
position under the Czar, a lady-in
waiting who server the Czarina and
36 former officers.
Only one character is a professional
actor, the others being recruited from
the public. The role of Plehve, the
Czar's famous minister of the interior,
who was assassinated, is played/by
one of Plehve's associates.
83&L Safe- itia&iu.
CHERRY TREE TRIMMING.
: COUNTESS. IN U. S.,
I WILL FACE COURT;
Admitted Under Bond. She
Must Appear Before Fed
eral Judge Tomorrow.
| By th* Pr*««
i NEW YORK. February 22.- The
I Countess of f’athcart. after 12 days'
: exclusion from the United States be
. cause of her elopement with the Karl
( of Craven In 1922. was in New York
j today under a 10-day leave from the
' Department of I,ahnr.
! She was released unexpectedly from
| Ellis Tsland last night under a *son
j personal bond. Tomorrow in Federal
! Court here w ill be arguments on her
; habeas corpus proceedings seeking ad
mission over the ruling of the De
partment of I>abor that she be ex
-1 eluded on grounds of '’moral turpi
j tilde."
Theodore O. Rlsley, acting secretary
inf I,ahor, after ordering her release.
| left Washington for New York,
i The telegram authorizing the re
; lease said: 'Amend previous order ex
-1 eluding Vera Cathcart to read—'Ex
'eluding decision affirmed, hut release
j temporarily for 10 days under her
•own personal bond —$500.' Notify
United States attorney at once of
action taken. ' The message arrived
' after ferry service had been discon- .
tinned, but Commissioner of Immi- j
gration Curran ordered special service :
i provided. She came ashort at 11:45
p.m. with three trunks.
"I have been praying for this for
i days." she remarked,
i Reason for Action Unknown.
| Immigration officials expressed ig
j norance of how the order came to be
1 Issued, especially so late at night,
i “You can search me why,” said Com
-1 missioner Curran.
| The countess said “I don't know a
: thing of how it came about.” ■
1 She was met at the pier by Mrs.
! Cordon Carr, a friend, who has visited
1 her nearly every day since she ar
rived, February 10. at Ellis Island.
! They went to the Hotel Ambassador.
The countess said she wanted to
j thank American women for their sym-
I pathv.
"I want to see your great buildings,
i the Woolworth and other skyscrap
i era.” she said, shortly before she
i landed at the Battery. It was too dark
I in the downtown section to see much
' of the Woolworth tower, but the Fed
! eral Building, where she Is to appear
1 tomorrow, is Just across the street
1 from it.
I Arthur Garfield Hays of her counsel,
- will argue that her admission of elope
i ment with the Earl of Craven does
' not constitute admission of crime or
I misdemeanor involving moral turpi
I tude under the laws of the United
i States. England. France or South
I Africa. _ •
I United States Attorney Emory- R.
I Buckner has not indicated what argu
■ ment he will advance for the Govern
! ment’it case, but he wired to the De
partment of I>abor for a specialist in
immigration to come from Washing
tClt develops that when she a-rived
from England a board of three immi
! gration inspectors asked:
“Did vou. while still married, have
! relation's with the earl?"
j "I most certainly did.' she replied.
THREE SENT BACK.
i Two English Women and Irish
Womsp Deported From Boston.
BOSTON. February 22 Wl. —Selina
Chippendale, an English girl, who
had been detained several weeks at
Immigration headquarters here, was
on her way to England today. She
was deported yesterday on the steam
ship Aurania. The girl was excluded
from entry into the United States be
cause of admissions she mad# before
a board of special inquiry involving
moral turpitude.
Mias Annie Thresher Rogers, an
Englishwoman, and Mtas Della Can
non a native of Ireland, also were
deported on the Aurania. They
were barred on the ground that they
might become public charges.
PLAY JAZZ IN CHURCH.
Dance Hall Orchestra “Goes Biff”
at Los Angeles Services.
LOS ANGELES, Calif., February 22
OP).—Jazz music played by a dance
[ hall orchestra went over ‘ big” when
introduced as a part of the services
at the Wilshire Congregational Church
here last night.
The pastor. Dr. Frank Dyer, said
that he wanted to show that much of
the current music Is easily reconcil
able to church attendance.
t * , 1- l V. .- . V -. . 4
i s - j £#fe s & :i-v v
NUNS OUT OF CONVENT
FIRST TIME IN 40 YEARS j
Emerging From Institutions Closed i
by Mexican Government Are Be
i
wildered by New Environment. j
j By the Associated Prr«*.
MEXICO CITY. February 22. —Some j
j of ihe nuns from isolated convents
closed bv Ihe government have ap- 1
I peared in the streets for the first time
lin 40 years. They literally entered a i
new world and appeared amazed and
mystified at the changes thev saw.
Never before had they seen autnmo
biles or street cars. They appeared
to he rather helpless
They also were confused over the
changes In the style of frocks and
bonnets during their 40 years of se
elusion, and It was only with the as
sistance of lav friends that they were
able to purchase wearing apparel.
7 BURNED 10 DEATH
IN HOTEL BLAZE
26 Others Hurt in Fire in New
York State Winter Resort.
* Victims Waiters.
! By the Associated Press.
MIDDLETOWN. N. Y., February
j 22.—Seven bodies had hern recovered
|at noon today from the ruins of
Schindler's Prairie House, at Htir i
levville, w hich was swept by fire early
this morning. Because of the charred
condition of the bodies, only two were
Identified. They- were waiters em
ployed at the hotel.
Twenty-six others are in a hospital 1
at Monticello suffering from injuries i
received in the fire.
The Monticello Hospital reported i
that of the 2fi persons taken there:
several are believed to be fatally |
burned. Doctors and nurses were |
sent to Hurleyville from here shortly j
after the fire began and aided In re- j
moving the injured to Monticello. j
Property damage was estimated at i
1150.0(H).,
It was reported that virtually no
one in the hotel escaped injuries. The
structure, a. three-storv modern Win
ter resort, burned to the ground with
in an hour. Approximately 40 guests
were asleep in the hotel when the fire
broke out. The flames spread so
rapidly that many were trapped In
their roooms before they could be
awakened. Many were forced to jump
to the ground and suffered broken
bones.
president! better,
RETURNS TO OFFICE
Spends Morning at Work—Calls
Mellon In for Long
Conference.
Apparently greatly improved. Presi
dent Coolldge went to his office short
ly before 9 o'clock this morning and
remained until after the noon hour.
He said he was feeling more like
himself again. His spirits appeared to
he good and his voire stronger. It
was the Impression of those who saw
him, however, that he is still a “lit
tle under the weather,” but he an
nounced definitely he .would speak
before the Department of Superin
tendence of the N. E. A. at the Audi
torium tonight. «
As soon as the President arrived at
hie desk he sent for Secretary of the
Treasury Mellon, with whom he con
ferred for more than an hour. The
rest of hie time was devoted to the
disposal of papers that have accumu
lated during hi* illness. Before enter
ing upon hie tasks today the Presi
dent, accompanied by Mrs. Coolldge,
motored to the specialist who has
been treating his sinus trouble for
several years, received a brief treat
ment and said afterward that he felt
greatly relieved. He underwent a
similar treatment yesterday.
The President was greatly bene
fited by the mild weather and warm
sunshine yesterday. He did not at
tend church service, as is his custom,
but several times during the day he
, went to the south portico of the
White House and warmed himself In
the sun. Early in the afternoon he
’ took a brief stroll about the grounds
and later walked about the downtown
streets for 20%r minutes.
Radio Programs—Page 22.
/ a * -«»v . *
INTER DEDICATED :
BEFORE BIG THRONG
Walsh Scores Intolerance in
I
Speech in New Jewish
•5400.000 Building.
I
i
Before a gathering that filled to |
1 capacity its spacious auditorium, the
Jewish Community Center, at Six
teenth and Q streets, was formally
dedicated last night by leaders of the .
movement that has been crowned hv
the erection of the imposing $400.00n
strticrure as the center of Jewish enm
-1 inunity life in the Capital.
At least 2.000 persons gathered in
the auditorium and gymnasium of the
new building, with hundreds unable to
gain admission to hear addresses flay
ing religious and racial intolerance by
Senator Walsh of Montana and Judge
Irving Dhman of the Court of Ap- ;
peaN. Amplifiers carrieds the words 1
of the speakers to those gathered in
the gymnasium.
Festivities incident to the dedication
of the building will be continued at a
banquet tonight in the auditorium. At
least 500 persons are expected to at
tend. and Morris Garfinkle, chairman
of the banquet committee, said it
might not he possible to accommodate
all who desire places at the tables.
Flag Raised Yesterday.
The dedication ceremonies opened
with flag-raising exercises yesterday
! afternoon, at which Representative
Sabbath of Chicago officiated, and
marked the opening of the five-day
membership drive for the center under
the general chairmanship of Morris
f’afritz. The bugle corps of Vincent
B. Costello Post. American Legion, as
i sisted in the flag-raising exercises.
Senator Walsh declared in his ad
\ dress last night that the "struggle for
i religious liberty in this country 9eems
j to he unending.”
"The spirit of persecution persists.”
he said, "and from time to time flares
i lip with a. virulence that seems to
j transport us hack considerably more
j than a century, directed mainly
against the followers of the faith pro
fessed hy the big-hearted people who
erected this temple and those allied in
religious affiliation with myself.
“The most recent outburst is. it
would seem- waning, hut organized
more perfectly than some of its prede
cessors. it may endure some time.
Eventually it must give way before
the good sense of the American peo
ple.”
Lost Canadian Support.
Senator Walsh declared the Intoler
ant attitude of New England toward
the people of Canada, almost exclu
sively French and Catholic, had cost
the American colonies the support of
Canada in the Revolution.
Judge Lehman, who is president of
the National Jewish Welfare Board,
declared in his address that "we need
fear no bigotry in this country." as
the "spirit of Washington is not dead,
and as long as America endures
Washington's spirit will he the spirit
of America, and in Washington’s own
(Continued on Page 2. Column
LEAGUE REPORT HITS
FRENCH ACTS IN SYRIA
Recommends Another Chance.
Council Expected to Accept
Commission’s Findings.
By Radio to The Star and Chicago Daily News.
ROME, February 22.—Condemna
tion of many details of France's ad
ministration of her Syrian mandate
and recommendation that she be given
another chance —this in substance is
the finding of the mandates’ commis
sion of the League of Nations, which
| now is ending Us session in Rome.
The finding will not be made public,
according to prevalent opinion, but
. will be submitted secretly to the
league council, which undoubtedly will
accept it. The commission had studied
the report of M. De Jouvenel, French
high commissioner, whitewashing the
French administration, and also the
allegations by a Syrian committee
here, charging indescribable barbar
ities, including the destruction with
out warning of whole villages on
1 flimsy pretexts.
Many of these charges are admitted
, to be true, the French claiming that
they were done under the stress of
mllittrjr ni—tty.
(Confcrirht. lOSI. by Chicago Bally jTsws Co.)
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star'? carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
; tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
(A 5 ) Means Associated Press. r J"\\ () C*E!XTS
Girl, 16, Searching
For Thrill, Jailed
In Extortion Plot
By th* A»«oHat*d Pi»««
CHICAGO, February 22. A
for a “thrill” by Helen Rritt, j
16-year-old high school pupil, >
ended in the Juvenine Detention
House today following an alleged 1
attempt to extort SI,OOO from
George Givot, an art or, by threaten
! ing him with death.
"It was Just for fun,” she told
t'he polire after she had been
taken with a girl companion who
subsequently was released. “Ex
eitement —we wanted a thrill, that's
all.
"Os course, I didn't expect to get
the money, but I got a kick out of
it. I have done it before and had
a lot of fun.”
Givot was called to the telephone
at a theater where he Is appearing.
A woman told him she wanted a j
college education but that she had I
no money. She demanded ll.OfiO.
Police traced the call and arrested
Miss Pritt.
DAVE?CHALLENGES
ATTACKS ON RECORD;
Defends Own Work and
Again Demands Reorganiza- j
tion of U. S. Offices.
1 Recognized in the House today on
j a question of high personal privilege.
! Representative Davey, Democrat, of j
I Ohio brought his fight -with Govern
ment employee and their defenders
squarely before the attention of his j
colleagues. He declared that the at- ,
tacks on his personal record in Con- •
I gress made by Repreeentative Moore.
Democrat of Virginia: by former Rep- ;
'•“sentative Ptengle of New York and
by the employes' organization ignore
J the real i?sue. which he says is "ter
s rifle waste in the Government and
; th» appalling lack of efficient service."
• Incidentally. Mr. Davey voiced his
! convictjon that racing from the House
] Office Ruildlng to the House chamber
! like r hell boy to answer a roll call
' does not constitute real service to his ;
constituents.
Mr. Davey challenged any fellow
member to show better service to his |
. district, emphasized that he spent all
of his salary as a member of Congress
for extra clerk hire and expenses,
j that he opens up a special office for i
the service of his constituents in their j
j home cities and gets in some free ad- ■
vertising for his own private business j
as a tree surgeon.
He said people are "thinking in !
terms of the cost of government as .
' they have not thought before” and '
: that “several million American citi- 1
! zens. Including soldiers, taxpayers :
; and others, have had personal experi
ence with the inefficiency of the Gov- ]
ernment at Washington and cannot !
; he deceived by any efforts to throw
I dust in their eyes.”
Defends Record.
"I want to emphasize,” Mr. Davey 1
said, “that anything which may be |
1 said about my own record would not 1
j justify the enormous and inexcusable
j waste in the Government. It is a con
spicuous fact that ihese criticisms of
|me practically all ignore the real
| issue.
”1 have been a member of Congress
for something over five years and have
I never made any claim of answering
j all the roil calls, the vast majority of
which are merely calls to hear some
one make a political speech of no con
! sequence to Congress or to the coun
j try. I am inclined so think that a
member of Congress who answers ail
roll calls faithfully will have little time
left to get important things done for
I his district.
"On the other hand. I do lay claim
, very positively to having given my
i district a most unusual type and
I quantity of service. I do not believe
(that there is another district in the
j country that has had hettpr service,
! and I doubt if there are manv that
equal it.
I “During a little more than live years
j I have given service through mV of-
I fine to more than 25.000 individuals in
j the fourteenth Ohio district. This tn
; eludes every one from the high school
I boy who wants information for an es
j’sav to the agent of an organization or
the head of a great corporation. The
people of my district know from ac-
I tual experience that their matters are
i well and promptly handled. I doubt
j if any member of the House handles
i as much mail unless it might be com
mittee chairmen.
Spends Salary on Office.
- “It might be interesting also to
state that I spend all of my congres
. | slonal salary for extra clerk hire and
i expenses, and have never had a dollar
lof it for myself. It has cost me five
! or six hundred dollars a month out
of my private income to handle my
| congressional work, not counting cam
! paign expenses. My secretary makes
| i regular trips through the district, at
j my expense, stopping at each of the
; Important towns, and giving notice in
i the papers ahead of time that he will
; be there to meet the people and take
| care of their problems with the Gov
; ernment. It is a significant fact that
I a majority of those who come to me
i for help complain that they cannot
\ ( get an answer to their letters or that
; they cannot get a decision from the
[Government, either yes or no.
”1 do take pride in the fact that I
' i get things done for the people of my
! district who have continued to send
| me here. It strikes me that'this is in
> finitely more important than answer
: ing meaningless roll calls and merely
I recording myself present. It would
|be easy to ascertain in my district
the reputation which T hold for
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
; GREEKS FEAR REBELLION.
, Seek Gen. Plastiras, Thought to Be
in Jugoslavia, as Leader.
j : By Radio lo The Star and Chicago Daily Neva.
» | VIENNA, February 22. —Greece has
1 asked Jugoslavia if Gen. Plastiras is
1 in Jugoslavia. Belgrade answered
i that the whereabouts of the general
s were unknown.
s The Greeks think that Plastiras is
t preparing to cross the frontier to
• foment an uprising against the
- dictator, Gen. Pangalos. Recent ar
i rests have not stopped the movement,,
i which is gaining strength, especially
i ! In Saloniki.
i i Gen Pangalos is continuing to ar-
E rest leaders of the opposition and to
| suppress hostile newspapers.
> (Copyright. 1928. iir Chicago Dally News Qo.)

j*/.- . - •
Saturday's Circulation, 102,107
Sunday’s Circulation, 110,917
SCHOOL MUST DRIVE
JAZZ EDOM NATION,
TORT TELLS N.E. A.
Clash of Culture With Modern
Mental Attitude Inevitable,
Educators Here Say.
WOMAN SCORES FATHERS
FOR INDIFFERENT VIEWS
__ _____
i Former Gov. Lowden Says Rural
Education Is Equipping: Farms
With Unfit Types.
I “
Dethronement of America'? pres®nt
, day partiality for jazz, sex novels and
i salacious shows bv instilling worthy
i citizenship, culture and character in
the hearts of elementary school child
ren of the country was the fervent
! plea of United States Commissioner of
! Education John J. Tigcrt before 6,000
| educators, charged with moulding the
: minds of the millions of pupils, who
■ taxed the capacity of the Washington
S Auditorium this morning at the open
| ing session of the fifty-sixth annual
j convention of the Department of
j Superintendence, National Education
I Association.
Obviously determined to impress
i the educators that in his belief "a
| real invasion cf culture" is imperative
j in the first six grades of elementary
schools. Mr. Tigert said:
j "Illiteracy is such a serious tragedy
I that one hesitates to suggest that it
1 could have any possible virtue, but a
i sampling of some of the popular
■ literary pabulum that is now being
I swallowed by the American people
j would lead one to surmise that il
! literacy may have some compensation
‘and at least serves as a literary vac
cination which renders one immune
; to mental pollution."
Outlines General Aims.
Five general purposes of the ele
mentary schools were outlined by Mr,
Tigert, whose address on “What Is
j Elementary Education for?" sounded
| the keynote of the convention.
The first of these, he said, is health.
The second, a better grasp of the three
! Rs upon which a broader superstruc
ture of formal education may be
erected. The third, inculcating of
good, practical, common sense and
\ skill in action. The fourth, character
! building, and the fifth, worthy citizen
| ship.
j American fathers were flayed as
"very remotely interested in the edu
| cation of their own children" by Miss
i Mary McSkimmon. president of the
i National Education, the second speak
| er. Her subject was “Characteristics
!of an Efficient Elementary School
i Principal."
J lauding the Parent-Teacher Or
ganization as “one of the greatest as
; sets in America today." Miss McSkim
! mon said that when the school prinel
j pal yearns for contact he seems to be
J in a world where fathers are no more
and "begins to wonder if the entire
j population of his school are the chil
i dren of widows."
Says Profession Suffers.
' Our entire profession." she con
tinued. "is suffering today because
those who earn the money for the
taxes by which education is main
tained are only very remotely Inter
es*ed in the education of thir own
children, whose entire future life de
pends in large measure on what we
| are doing to those same children to
j day. The principal must leave th“
walls of his own profession and all
j its activities if he is to cet into touch
i with those whose ignorance of the
i aims and attitudes of education today
j is costing us so much.”
Former Gov. Frank O. Lowden of
Illinois, the third speaker, discussing
"Problems of Rural Life and Rural
Education." deplored the decline of
the “little red schoolhouse on the hill."
which he declared has “fallen into
neglect" and usually found only “a
melancholy memorial of better days."
. Warning that unless educational
j facilities in rural districts are speedily
! improved that the “next generation
will witness a farm population large!*
| composed of the physically and meu
■ tally unfit" was sounded by Mr.
Lowden.
j “Efficiency and culture should not
| he antagonistic, they are allies in our
j educational scheme." Commissioner
' Tigert maintained in continuing hi*
1 speech outlining the five principal oh-
I jectives of an elementary education.
1 "The 'impractical scholar' has too
| long been a byword in the world,
i One of the greatest scholars in a
j university I once attended tried to
| cut a plank to make a shelf. He
j wanted to shorten it 2 feet and went
| through two operations, cutting off
! 1 foot at each end.
Are Not Contrary.
' "Good practical common sense and
1 skill in action has sometimes been loet
■ in scholarship. We are not inveighing
’ ! against learning, but are pointing out
. | that knowing much and doing well
; are not contradictory.
’ | "Higher living implies culture and
also implies character. Character ed-
I ucation certainly should be a fur>da
’ | mental objective of the present-day
; * elementary school. The horrible sta
j tistics of Increasing homicides, di-
I > vorces and crime are shocking and
1 alarming thoughtful persons The
! number of homicides in the United
l states haa trebled in the last 25 years.
I I In 20 veers we have had 170,000; of
| these 34,000 hat e since died. 18,000
! are still in prison and 118.000 walk
j ! our streets free and unmolested. In
,1921 we had 32.844 burglaries. 49.460
I robberies and 10.000 murders.
* I In England and Wales during the
! same rear. 211 robberies were report -
j ed to the police and less than 100
I murders. In all of France, there
j were presented for trial about 88*
‘ j killings and 47 robberies. In 1870 In
i the United States there was one di
> ! vorce for every 18 marriages. Last
i year there was one divorce for every
! eight marriages. The percentage of
i crime now reported among boys and
' I girls of high school age by reputable
I authorities has become almost In
i' i credible and I refuse to give any
i further currency to the statistics on
I I this and other shocking social condi
tions. We have enough to know that
i there has been a *erious breakdown
, in character and integrity. No doubt,
> most of us readily will admit that
’ the social need of character instruc
tion is great, but the difficult prob
’’ lem here is how to teach it.
“The evolution of purpose in edu
. cation is traceable with tolerable
, ease. In ancient times, when clti
tenshlp was the right of a few gn4
('Continued on Page 3, Cohram mi '

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