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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 23, 1926, Image 5

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Committee Charged With Re
vision Cites Needs of Ele
mentary Pupils.
Jpffacement of superstition, preju
dices and sentimentality from the
minds of the elementary school chil
dren of the country Is recommended
by the Washington comfnittee charged
with the duty of revising the cur
“ riculum of elementary science and
nature study for consideration by
educators throughout America.
The local committee, which has
carried on this significant work, head
ed by Dr. Frank W. Ballou, superin
tendent, and Mrs. E. K. Peeles. in
• ■barge of nature study in the local
ehools, will make a formal report
•>f its findings at a meeting of the
ommission on the curriculum of the
Tepartment of superintendence of the
National Education Association to be
held at the New Willard Hotel to
morrow afternoon.
Should Control Fears.
"Pupils should be taught,” says
the local committee, "not to fear
foads, harmless snakes, spiders and
bats. They should be instructed that
these ate helpful creatures which
have been ignorantly persecuted and
destroyed. •
•'On hte other hand, certain forms,
such as the house fly and the
mosquito, must be controlled to in
sure health to human beings. Fear
of lightning should be discouraged,
r but the use of ;t lightning arrestor
' should be understood.”
The Washington teachers who have
helped make up the national curricu
lum reform on elementary science
and nature study, comprising more
than 60 pages in the fourth annual
yearbook of the department of su
perintendence, are as follows:
P. J. Rayford, Miss L>. M. Allen,
.Miss A. A. Backus, Miss E. M.
Baltuell, Miss G. L. Burke, Miss S.
F. Clokey, Mrs. F. R. Dorsey, Miss
F. M. Fulton, Miss H. F. Gillem, Miss
NT. C. Harrington, Miss M. J. Haw
kins. Miss D. J. Kemble, Miss Elsa
I/ohman, Miss M. K. McCauley, Miss
T. R. Meloy, Mrs. I. M. Pearson, Mrs.
3. I. Ruediger, B. W. Murch, Miss P.
T j. Patterson, Miss A. M. Spender,
Miss M. Standiford. Miss Augusta
Swan, Mrs. G. C. Turner and Miss L.
, W. Wilkinson.
On invitation of Dr. Ballou the fol
lowing specialists became advisers to
the local working committee:
Dr. Paul Bartsh, Dr. Otis Caldwell,
Dr. L. C. Corbett, Dr. Percy L. Ricker,
Dr. E. H. Shinn and Dr. Herbert A.
First Grade Pupils.
The committee concerned with re
vision of the handwriting curriculum
reports that in .Its opinion a first
grade pupil should be able to write
h!s name correctly and easily and to
make ligures up to 20.
The committee on spelling states
that the elementary school child
should have a vocabulary of 3,000
The committee on arithmetic voices
• the belief that first and second grade
pupils should have no formal drills in
The committee on health and physi
cal education recommends that ele
mentary school children "should be
given an annual health exajnination,
end bo weighed once a month."
Work-Study-Play Type of Organi
zation to Be Discussed by
500 Educators Here.
More than 500 public school super
intendents and principals represent
' ing the school systems in over 100
of the largest cities in the country
opened a two-day conference of the
.National Association for the study of
the platoon or work-study-play school
organization in the Hotel Washington.
Educators from 33 States are taking
A feature is an exhibition from 30
cities showing the great advantage de
lved from the platoon or work-study
play type of school during the past
15 years. This is the most compre
hensive educational exhibit of its
kind ever presented In the United
States. It is on view in the rose
oom of the Hotel Washington today
end tomorrow. In consists of charts
showing the advantages of the
platoon type of organization, draw
ings of buildings for platoon schools,
graphic representation of work In the
• auditorium, and diagrams giving
costs, capacities of buildings, etc.
At the meeting this afternoon the
speakers listed are William Wirt, su
perintendent of schools of Gary, Ind.,
who originated this type of school;
Dr. Stuart A. Courtis, Department of
Education, University of Michigan;
C. B. Glenn, superintendent of
schools, Birmingham, Ala. and f\ H.
Bair, superintendent of schools, Colo
ado Springs, Colo.
Another Man and Woman Made 111
From Fumes Escaping From
Urban A. F. Cosh, 62 years old, who
has worked in the vicinity of the Gov
ernment Printing Office a number of
years and who was regarded by police
of the regular force as an able as
sistant, was found dead in a gas-filled
room in his home yesterday afternoon
by his son, Ernest Cosh, 17 years old.
oroner Nevitt gave a certificate of
iccidental death.
Thomas E. Greene, 62 years old,
• 2601 Connecticut avenue, was found In
his bedroom yesterday suffering from
the effects of illuminating gas that
had escaped from a fixture in the
room. He was taken to Galllnger Hos
pital for observation, police reported.
Miss Jean Harker, 20 years old,
apartment 1, 1665 Lamont street, was
made ill last night by fumes of gas
that had escaped from a kitchen stove
In her apartment. She was treated at
Garfield Hospital, where it was said
she was not dangerously affected.
Billet Head of Constitution Re
turned by Society.
BOSTON', February 23 UP). —The
billet head 'f the United States frigate
Constitute .• has been returned to Its
rightful "v ner—the United States
Navy. The Veteran Fusiliers’ Associa
tion presented the relic to Rear Ad
miral Philip Andrews, commandant of
lie Charleston navy yard, at exercises
vesterday. The Constitution Is berthed
here while school children of the
• tuntry are raising funds to preserve
her from disintegration.
The billet bead, which bears the in
wription. “Her white wings flying
rover from her foes.” was recovered
.from a rubbish heap years ago by
sergt. 1 ’itngt Woodbury of the
Experiment of Year Produced Good Results, V. E.
Dickson Says. Use of Reproducing Piano
Emphasized by Intelligence Test Director.
All new school buildings under con
struction should be provided with con
duits for wires to lead from a central
receiving set to a loud speaker con
nection in each classroom, Virgil E.
Dickson, public schools, Berkeley,
Calif., declared in an address before
the Educational Research Association
at the Masonic Temple yesterday aft
ernoon. Mr. Dickson conducted an ex
periment lasting one year in class
room Instruction by radio.
“It has now been almost two years
since the experiment began,” he said.
“What are the results and prospects?
In the first place, I wish to say that
opinions differ. Certain facts, how
ever, stand out to guide those who
wish to consider them. It Is perfect
ly possible to get reception so that
a class of any reasonable size can hear
every word and every direction of the
instructor who is broadcasting. It
also is possible to plan a lesson that
will interest and keep active any num
ber of classes that have been proper
ly prepared for its reception. Certain
lessons taught before the mircrophono
produce class and individual results
that cannot be distinguished from
those gained by the same Instructor
teaching in person before the class.
"As I look ahead, I predict an ex
tensive use of radio in class room in
struction. It should not supplant reg
ular class-room teachers in any sense.
I look upon radio as the most effective
means now available to educators to
bring about desirable changes in class
room instruction and supervision of
The modern reproducing piano of-
Exports Drop 4,750,000 Tons
In Six Months—Report Is
Anxiously Awaited.
By Cable to The Star and Chicago Dally News.
LONDON, February 23.—The Brit
ish government’s attempt to rescue
the coal industry from disaster by
granting a subsidy amounting to over
20,000,000 pounds sterling has proved
an utter failure, according to detailed
figures published today.
When Premier Baldwin decided to
lend government aid in order to avert
a general strike last Summer he as
sumed that the coal industry would
increase Its exports and decrease
prices, hut latest statistics disclose a
steady decrease in sales abroad.
Exports Drop 4,750,000 Tons.
During the six months from Au
gust to January British coal exports
actually dropped by 4,750,000 tons,
compared with the same period a
year ago, despite the fall in price of
three shillings six pence per ton.
The whole country is anxiously
awaiting the report of the commis
sion approved last Summer, which
h;is completed Its \york, and probably
will make known its findings next
week. Upon this report Great Brit
ain’s Industrial stability for next year
depends. If the commission advo
cates continuance of the subsidy,
workers will likely continue under
the present arrangement without pro
test, but if the subsidy is removed
they demand immediate wage In
creases, which cannot be granted.
Germans Withhold Action.
Meanwhile German mine owners
are withholding action on their fu
ture plans, realizing that the report
of the British commission either will
foreshadow a fierce trade war be
tween the great coal producing na
tions or negotiations leading to an
international system of regulated
production -with each country- supply
ing its apportioned share to Europe’s
One report hints that the British
commission will recommend a sys
tem of export bounties on British
produced coal. If that plan takes
effect German exporters will t>e forced
to retaliate, but they believe at the
moment that the British government
will use the bounty system as a
weapon to force Germany into a coal
truce, followed by a division of world
(Copyright. 1926, by Chicago Daily News Co.)
Bureau Federation and Grange Is
sue Joint Statement Against
the Measure.
The American Farm Bureau Fed
eration and the National Gralnge
came out in a joint statement last
night in opposition to the Watson-
Parker bill for the settlement of rail
road labor disputes, which is sched
uled for consideration in the House
today. The measure is unique, in
that it has the support of both rail
road operators and employes.
The statement, which was ad
dressed to the members of the House,
declared that “with the primary pur
pose of that measure—securing un
interrupted train service—we have
great sympathy, but that can be
secured without depriving the public
of protection against new transporta
tion charges which the present form
of the bill threatens to impose.
“Under the present law,” it con
tinued, "the Railroad Labor Board
cannot make a wage award without
the approval of one of the repre
sentatives of the public on the board.
If the railroad managers and their
employes make an agreement about
wages the board can suspend the
agreement until it finds out what
effect it will have upon railroad
"That is a clear-cut, definite pro
tection which Congress gave six years
ago to prevent new and excessive
burdens being put upon railroad serv
ice. Now- in the bill you are about
to consider it is proposed to abolish
the Rill road Labor Board and per
mit the parties signatory thereto to
make wage agreements without any
public body having control over such
Culpeper Summer Home Sold.
Spe- ial Dispatch to The Star.
WARRENTON, Va.. February 23.
The Lomax place, Culpeper street.
Summer home of Mr. and Mrs. Waddy
B. Wood of Washington, has been
sold to Mrs. Florence Wlnmill Bass
ford of New York. Mrs. Bassford is
a native of Warrenton and sister
of E. AW and R. C. WinmilL Mrs.
AVood inherited the property from her
aunts, the Mlases Lomatu
sere many possibilities to students of
the piano, to piano teachers and to
psychologists who are interested in
studying the technique by which
great artists produce their effects,
Guy M. Whipple, director of national
intelligence tests. National Research
Council, told the meeting. Mr. Whip
ple threw on a screen pictures of the
music and of the recording rolls for
the “Tenth Hungarian Rhapsody,” as
played by Paderewski and Friedman
and pointed to the differences In the
Interpretation by these pianists.
Arthur I. Gates, professor of edu
cational psychology, Teachers' Col
lege, Columbia University, declared,
“if the deaf could be taught very
early to read, their lives could be
immeasurably enriched and enlight
ened.” Investigations have revealed
that deaf children are rarely able at
the age of 15 to read ordinary prose
readily enough for either information
or enjoyment, he said.
Don C. Rogers, special secretary of
the Chicago Principals’ Club, dis
cussed the pupil failures in Chicago’s
elementary schools, which, he said,
range from zero to 71 per cent. The
cases for failure were poor health
conditions, poor administrative con
ditions, bad environment, low men
tality of pupils, race and nationality
difficulties and holding too high
standards of achievement.
John G. Fowlkes, University of
Wisconsin, and Harold O. Rugg, Co
lumbia University, also spoke. Presi
dent M. R. Trabue of. University of
North Carolina, presided, and H. A.
Greene of lowa State University,
lowa City, Iowa; served as secretary.
Four Prominent
Educators Named
For Presidency
Fcffir nationally prominent edu
cators were this afternoon nom
inated for the presidency of the
department of superintendence.
National Education Association, at
a business session held in the
Washington Auditorium. Dr. Frank
W. Ballou, superintendent of
schools, is the outgoing president.
They are:
Edwin C. Broome of Philadelphia,
E. E. Oberholtzer of Houston,
Tex.; Charles B. Glenn of Bir
mingham, Ala., and Randall J.
Condon of Cincinnati, Ohio.
David A. AVard of Wilmington,
Del., was the only nominee for
the vice presidency. There were
two nominations for the vacancy
on the executive committee —E. E.
Lewis of Detroit and W. A. Sut
ton of Atlanta, Ga.
Balloting will take place tomor
J. M. Gwinn of San Francisco,
Calif., the first man placed in
nomination for the presidency, and
who received the acclaim of the
members, declined to be a 1 candi
date, as did E. E. Lewis of Flint,
Accused of Setting Fire to
Apartment House —Many
Others Face Trials.
Harold S. Marsh, 19 years old, was
indicted today by the grand jury on a
charge of arson. It is alleged that he
set fire to the Victoria Apartments at
Fourteenth and Euclid streets north
west, January 31. Estimated damage
of 5150,000 was sustained by fire and
water to the apartments and many of
the residents were driven Into the
street by the conflagration. Marsh
lived with his parents In the apart
Margaret Gantt, a young woman re
siding at the Roosevelt Hotel, was In
dicted on a charge of false pretenses.
It is claimed she purchased a cloth
coat January 16 last and wrote the
name of Alvin O. Portner on the
“charge slip,” which had been made
out in the name of Mrs. Alvin O. Port
ner, Portner Apartments. She also
left her old coat and wore the new
one from the store, it is said. Detec
tive Sergt. Scrivener arrested the
young woman after an investigation.
She is said to have seen Mrs. Portner
make a purchase at another depart
ment and saw her sign the Blip.
Murder in the first degree Is alleged
in an indictment against Charles H.
Baker, colored, in connection with the
death of Ilelly Saxton, also colored,
June 12 last. Saxton is said to have
sustained 10 or 12 stab wounds as the
result of a quarrel with the accused
in a house on Pierce place.
. Held on Four Charges.
Four charges of false pretenses
are contained in indictments against
Charles W. Rowlands. He Is said
to have cashed four checks, three for
$75 each and one for S9O, last De
Eight persons were indicted for
violations of the national prohibition
act and five were exonerated of that
charge by the grand Jurora. Those
accused of whisky transactions are
Edward A. Hawkins, Ham VVertlleb,
Thomas Delaney, Jr.; Brutus Lane,
Leroy Parker, Alphonso Benedettl,
Henry Simms and Louis Rosenthal.
Those exonerated are Isaac Jacobs,
Marshall E. Duckett, Edward Duck
ett, Thomas J. Chapplear and Brutus
Lane (another charge). The grand
jurors also acquitted Peter Stathopu
los of a charge of homicide. He was
driving an automobile which ran
down Henry Eberbach at Ninth and
H street northwest August 27, last.
A clArge of forgery against Pearcd
E. Hales was ignored.
Many Others Indicted.
Others indicted and the charges
against them are: Philip Baker, rape;
Harry S. Epps, assaut to rob; Robert
Jefferson, Aloyslus Nelson, alias
Aloyslus Neveson; James R. Steele,
Carl Ellis, Charles R. Henderson,
alias Joseph Henderson; Leon Adams
and Earl Lee, housebreaking and lar
ceny: Morris Brown and James R.
Shields (three cases), grand larceny;
Louis Perkins and Lester Moore, joy
riding; John H. Edmonds, assault with
dangerous weapon, and Wade Lynn,
Morton Brown, Joseph E. Piazza and
John L. Preston, non-support.
Canton Fort Is Closed.
HONGKOXOi China, February 23
UP). —Forty ships today were tied up
at Canton unable to discharge car
goes because of a ruling by the port
commissioner, which closed the port
to cargoes and passengers. The clos
ing of the port w as in protest against
action of the strike committee in
seizing and selling cargoes. Mer
chandise seized by the strikers in
cluded American and Gera** flood*-
Detroit Educator Describes
Organization at Principals'
The house system In the schools
was declared to be the "best and most
efficient plan of high school organiza
tion" by William R. Stocking, Jr., as
sociate principal of high schools,
Detroit. In an address before the
National Association of Secondary
School Principals today.
Mr. Stocking said the system, which
is found in six of the Detroit high
schools, consists of the organization
of the entire school Into groups of
three to four hundred, In assembly
hall, four or five for the boys and a
like number for the girls. Here are
gathered pupils from every grade,
ninth through twelfth, under the
supervision and direction of men for
the boys and women for the girls.
These teachers are called house
"The duties of the house principal,"
he continued, “are In most respects
like those of the principal of a small
high school except that he has little
real authority over the other teachers.
He has complete charge over his
pupils, gives them excuses for absence
or tardiness, and keeps a record of
them. He plans their course of study
and places them in the right classes.
He directs their study during vacant
hours and controls their non-academic
activities. The teachers report to him
the poor scholarship of his boys, poor
deportment In class, or any other bad
conduct. Likewise, they bring to his
attention noteworthy achievements.”
The meeting also was addressed by
Michael H. Lucey, principal, Julia
Richm&n High School, New York
City; Lucy L. W. Wilson, principal.
South Philadelphia High School for
Girls, Philadelphia, Pa.; Louis P.
Slade, principal, public high school,
New Britain, Conn.; Earle U. Rugg,
University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo.,
and Richard D. Allen, Providence,
Provision Also Made for
Damage to Property Near
Printing Office.
Provision for payment of $48,092.38
to the owners of property adjoining
the Government Printing Office on
the west. Including the damages al
leged to have been caused by the en
croachment and underpinning of the
walls of the Government Printing Of
fice and Including the purchase money
for the acquisition of this property,
was passed by the Senate yesterday.
The bill now goes to the House for
consideration and action.
At the time the Government Print
ing Office Building was erected and
since then the property In question,
with a frontage of 44 feet on O street
and a depth of 175 feet, has been
owned by the owners of the Yale
Laundry. The bill provides fur the
payment of the money to Mrs. Belle
H. Walker, widow of Frank H. Walk
er. and Frank E. Smith.
The acquisition of the property has
been recommended by Secretary Mel
lon of the Treasury Department on
the ground that it would provide a
fire protection to the Government
Printing office and would prevent the
erection of any objectionable struc
tures on the site.
A similar bill passed the Senate In
the last Congress.
It Is claimed that In constructing
the Government Printing Office the
footing of Its west wall was not con
fined within the limit of the west
boundary of the Government site, but
was extended 4 feet 11 inches upon
the adjoining property, belonging to
Walker & Smith, the bottom of the
footing being about 16 feet below the
first floor of the Walker & Smith
Building. Furthermore, a 6-inch drain
was Installed for the use of the Gov
ernment FTintlng Office above the foot
ing of the west wall and within the
building line of the Walker & Smith
Building. The main cornice of the
Government Printing Office was con
structed with a projection 4 feet
inch over the property of Walker &
The owners of the property declare
that these things were done without
their permission; that the underpinning
has caused their building to settle and
the floor to crack; that they have not
been able to dispose of. use or rent
their building advantageously because
of the conditions created. They have
not used the building for laundry pur
poses since 1906, and except for a
couple of months In that year it has
not been rented except In 1920 and
Time Limit Drawing Near for Ap
plications for Damages From
Punitive Expedition.
By Cable to The Star and Chicago Daily Newa
MEXICO CITY, Mexico. February
23.—The foreign office has asked all
municipalities In the State of Chi
huahua to file all of their claims
arising from the Pershing punitive
expedition to northern Mexico.
This action Is taken because the time
for lodging claims is about to ex
The notice divides claims into two
groups. The first provides for dam
ages caused by the American troops to
Mexican properties In skirmishes or
engagements and also those caused by
requisitions of cattle, arms and other
The second provides for personal
damages suffered by Mexican citi
zens at the hands of American mili
tary authorities through wounds, ar
rest, or personal service without
Mexican widows are especially
asked to support claims of the deaths
of husbands killed by foreign troops.
(Copyright. 1926. by Chicago Daily Nows Co.)
Traffic, Just Back to Normal, Again
Partly Tied Up.
NEW YORK, February 23 UP). —
New York, its traffic back to normal
after struggling with two unusually
heavy snowstorms of the past few
weeks, was mantled In white again
Snow began falling shortly after
midnight, and by morning, when it
began to dwindle, several inches had
The snow removal bureau, which
had been cleaning up the drifts left
from the previous storm, went back
to work on main traffic arteries.
The storm was general along the
North atlantic Coast, the Weather
Bureau reported.
Upper, left to right: M. C. Lefltr, superintendent of schools, Lincoln, Nebr.; William J. Bogan, assistant super
intendent of schools, Chicago, I1L; Lawton B. Evans, superintendent of schools, Augusta, Ga.; E. E. Oberholtzer,
superintendent of schools, Houston, Tex.
Lower, left to right: W. T. Longshore, principal of Greenwood School, Kansas City, Mo.; C. G. Sargent, presi
dent, department of rural education, N. E. A.; George R. Staley, superintendent of schools, Rome, N. Y.; Ide G. Kar
geaut, president of department of elementary school principals; Dr. Augustus O. Thomas, State commissioner of
education, Augusta, Me.
Superintendents Unanimously Indorse Measure to
Create Cabinet Post—Vote Approval of $50,000
Efficiency Fund Campaign.
(Continued from First Page.)
Foundation and the commonwealth
fund for consideration. The com
mission Is of the opinion that the
funds will be provided and the In
quiry Inaugurated during the ensuing
A third Important action taken by
the convention in business session
this morning was the decision to con
tinue the commission on school cur
riculum for another year.
C. B. Glenn, superintendent of
schools of Birmingham, Ala., and a
candidate for the presidency of the
Department of Superintendence for
the ensuing year, made one of the
outstanding talks of the morning. He
told of the particular objective in
school work this year—“ The Develop
ment of Character Through Work.”
“Work Is not a disgrace,” Mr. Glenn
told his fellow educators, and the
sooner we Implant this in the minds
of elementary school children the
“Many a father willingly would
have his boy serve as a porter in a
store or drive a dray In the village
Admiral Says Nearly All
Branches of Service De
sire Passage of Bill.
Practically unanimous support by
all units of the naval service of the
equalization bill, giving the same op
portunity for promotion at precisely
the same time for all officers of the
Navy, line and staff, who are con
temporaries was voiced by Admiral
Campbell, Judge Advocate General,
who was the principal witness today
when hearings started before the
House naval affairs committee.
Admiral Campbell stated that prac
tically every one in the Navy is be
hind this measure except the Bureau
of Naval Construction. He brought to
the committee the indorsement of Ad
miral Shoemaker, chief of navigation,
who thought that the bill ought to be
passed as soon as possible, and of Ad
miral Eberle, chief of operations, who
approved of the general principles of
this bill.
Other corps which are supporting
the legislation are Medical, Supply,
Chaplain. Civil Engineers, with one
minor change, and the Dental Corps.
The promotion of staff officers, it
was explained, is controlled by the
flow of promotion In the line. The
officers of each staff corps who are
behind their cotemporaries in the
line would be Immediately promoted
under this bill in the same proportions
that their line cotemporariee are to
be promoted. The staff officers who
are ahead of their line cotemporary
officers would be held in the position
they now hold until their cotempo
rariea, both line and staff, catch up
with them, after which time they will
all have the identical opportunity for
promotion at the identical time.
Therefore, the committee was
shown, the equalization bill provides
for the same opportunity for promo
tion at exactly the same time for all
officers who are ootemporaries. The
sections pertaining to running mates
and percentages to be selected are
simply the machinery for accomplish
ing the purpose of the bill, the com
mittee was assured.
The hearing will be continued
Thursday morning at 10:30 o clock,
when Comdr. McCain of the'Bureau
of Navigation will be the principal
ZAGREB, Jugoslavia, February 23
of>) The newspaper Cbzor learns
from Zera that Gen. who
led the 1922 rebellion in Greece, has
been arrested on Jugoslavian soil.
The paper says he will be interned
In Belgrade, not being extradited to
Greece because of his status as a
political refugee.
Gen. Plastiras was deported from
Greece last October. Subsequently
the military council found him re
sponsible for the disaster to the
Greek army In Anatolia In 192- and
ordered that he be court-martialed.
Potomac Waters Becede.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
CUMBERLAND, Md., February 23.
—The Potomac River and Wills Creek,
which rose 4 feet above normal stage
last midnight as the result of rains
at headwaters and heavy thaw, sub
sided this morning. A slight snow
fall and a sudden drop in temperature
have helped to dispel fears of a flood.
Precautions had been taken in the
lower section of the city by putting
down flood doors and window hatches.
It is thought the snow, which was 4
and 6 feet deep in the mountains, Is
about &4 goo*-
and the boy would willingly do so, but
social custom forbade In past years.
While conditions have In a measure
changed, the effect is still evident.
“We are not unmindful of the fact
that work in Itself may have little
• influence lrt the development of char
acter. We agree with the industrial
leader that the attitude toward work
is the important thing. However,
we are convinced tliat one way, per
haps the best way, to create the prop
er attitude toward work is to work,
and that it is the duty of our schools
to provide systematically for this and
to encourage the pupils to engage
in it.’'
While the department of superin
tendence is holding sessions today, the
executive committee and the resolu
tions committee as busily engaged In
private meetings and 14 allied or
ganizatlons are holding programs in
every section of the city.
The National Society for the Study
of Education will hold a special
twenty-fifth anniversary program at
the Washington Auditorium tonight
at 7:30 o’clock. J. H. Beveridge, su
perintendent of schools, Omaha, Nebr.,
will preside.
I Plan Dropped After Talk
With Attorney—No Clue
in Ohio Killing.
By the Associated Prese.
TROY, Ohio, February 23.—After a
conference with an attorney retained
by Jacob Nesbitt. Detective Joseph
Wilcox and Sheriff Mont Spillman
said they had temporarily abandoned
their plan to question Nesbitt about
, the slaying of his wife, Mrs. Frances
Drake Nesbitt.
i The husband of the dead woman
engaged Attorney L. P. Shipman of
Troy following announcement from
authorities that they intended to
question him after his wife’s funeral.
Attorney Shipman said his client
was in no condition to undergo an
examination, and he informed De
tective Wilcox and Sheriff Spillman
he would advise Nesbitt not to answer
any’ questions.
Through his attorney, Nesbitt is
sued a statement to "offset rumors
that have been going around town and
to make formal declaration of his in
nocence.” He also planned to make
public a complete account of his move
ments on last Thursday and Friday.
Mrs. Nesbitt’s body with the skull
fractured by a blow from a blunt in
strument was found by Nesbitt late.
Friday night in a bathtub In their
home. They had been in Dayton the
night before, returning home around
midnight. Nesbitt said he left for
Dayton at S o’clock Friday morning
and upon returning home that night
discovered his wife’s body.
Authorities indicated they are still
without a clue to the slaying and re
fused to discuss their future plans.
Manor House Chapter Arranges
Concert Thursday Night.
A benefit concert will be given at
the Willard Hotel Thursday night, at
8 o'clock under the auspices of the
Manor House Chapter, Daughters of
the American Revolution, the pro
ceeds to be used for the patriotic work
of the chapter.
The program includes a group of
negro spirituals and solos by members
of the Columbia Male Quartet, violin
numbers by Mrs. Raymond Dickey,
and Impersonations by Mrs. Bruce
McArthur. The program was arranged
by Miss Lillian Chenoweth, chapter
I *
: ioo Bills introduced.
| Last Day Open to Legislation in
i Virginia Brings Deluge.
' Special Dispatch to The Star.
RICHMOND, Va., February 23.
Yesterday was the last day on which
, general bills could be presented In
either branch of the Legislature—save
\ local and revenue-producing measures.
: That there would be a deluge was ex
-1 pected, but there was no anticipation
that the number would reach, in the
two houses, to nearly IOC. These cov
ered all sorts of subjects, and many
of them are not expected to emerge
from the committee rooms.
‘There are some measures to be con
sidered which will take a vast amount
j of time. For instance, the bill creating
, the S4ate tax board, the special order
for yesterday, consumed practically all
' of the morning session, with Senator
[ Lambeth of Bedford in opposition. He
' did not conclude his remarks, and will
l take the floor again today.
, : —•
Women are employed as detectives
I in many banks, department stores
s and by the railroad companies in
Japan. «
Merle Thorpe Awarded
SI,OOO for Best Individual
Work—Others Honored.
By the Associated Frees.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.. February 23.
—Announcement of the winners of
the Harvard advertising awards for
1925, founded by Edward W. Bok
and carrying SII,OOO and a gold
medal In prizes, was made last night
by Dean Wallace B. Donham of
the Harvard Business School.
Ernest E. Calkins, president of
Calkins and Holden, Inc., New York
advertising agency, was awarded the
gold medal for distinguished personal
service to advertising.
The $2,000 prize and certificate for
the national campaign most excellent
in planning and execution was award
ed to Young & Rubicam, advertising
agency, of Philadelphia, and the
Postum Cereal Co., Inc., for the cam
paign of Postum. No differentiation
was made this year between institu
tional and merchandising campaigns.
Local Campaign Praised.
Joseph Richards Co., Inc., New
York, advertising agency, was award
ed $2,000 and certificate for the Tide
water Oil Hales Corporation’s “Tydol”
campaign, a8 the most*excellent local
campaign of a manufacturer.
For the best local retail campaign,
Pedlar & Ryan, Inc., of New York,
and Ovlngton’s New York Specialty
Store, wero awarded $2,000 and cer
tificate. H. O. Weaver of the Gen
eral Motors Corporation won a $2,000
prize and certificate for a research
which developed an index of effective
buying power for consumers by coun
ties in the United States. No other
research award was made.
Three awards of SI,OOO cash each
and certificates were made for dis
tinguished Individual advertisements.
Merle Thorpe of "Nation’s Business,”
Washington, D. C., won that for most
effective use of text by an advertise
ment of that journal appearing In va
rious newspapers and periodicals. For
the advertisement most effective in
the use of pictorial illustration, the
award was made to Willard D.
Humphrey of McKinney, Marsh &
Cushing, Inc., Detroit agency, for an
advertisement of the Hay’s Glove Co.
Roy F. Heinrich of Detroit was the
artist. For the advertisement most
effectly combining those two factors,
the award was made to Mrs. Erma
Perham Proetz, the Gardner Adver
tising Agency of St. Louis, for an ad
vertisement of "Pet Milk.” The artist
was Andrew Loomis of Chicago.
Calkins Begins as Printer.
Mr. Calkins, winner of the distin
guished personal service medal, has
been a partner of his firm since 1902.
Trained as a printer, he realized the
importance of art and helped organize
the first art department in any
agency. He has written magazine
articles and books upon advertising
and was given the honorary degree of
Doctor of Literature by Knox College
in recognition of his work in adver
tising. The jury of award met at
Harvard in January. It made recom
mendations for several changes in the
awards, the most important of which
were the inclussion of an award for
the advertising campaign of industrial
products deemed best and an award
for the best local campaign produced
locally in any small city or town.
War Veteran Lost Eye After Oper
ation, Physician's Bight to Prac
tice Will Be Probed.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, February 23.—Franklin
O. Carter, an eye doctor, was In jail
today after his arrest for failure to
pay a $15,000 judgment awarded to a
war veteran who lost an eye after an
operation by Carter.
In addition, th& State Department of
Registration has ordered him to ap
pear before it to show cause why his
license to practice medicine should not
be revoked. He is the first registered
physician against whom such action
lias been taken since a recent expose
of irregular medical practices here.
The $15,000 judgment was awarded
to Max Schreiber, who went to Carter
for an operation to straighten a
crossed eye.
License Issued for 300,000 Horse
power Conowingo Plan.
License for the construction of the
Conowingo hydroelectric power proj
ect on the Susquehanna River to de
velop 300.000 horsepower for use in
Philadelphia has been Issued by the
Federal Power Commission to the
Susquehanna Power Company of
Maryland and the Philadelphia Elec
tric Power Company of Pennsylvania.
When completed the project will be
the largest In this section of the coun
try, with the exception of that at
■Jk Hotel Inn
i I'lione Main 8108-8109
~ 604-610 9th St. N.W.
$7 rooms, $6 weekly: $10.50 rooms. $8;
sl4 with toilet, shower atul lavatory. $10: 8
to room. 50% more. Booms like Mother's.
Good Students May Be Total
Failures as Instructors,
Educators Are Told.
Declarations that students may be
pc-rfect as determined by intelligence
tests, and yet be practical failures in
teaching, and if good teachers are to
be obtained they must be picked out
and properly trained, were made be
fore the city teaeher-trainlng school
section of the National Education As
sociation, meeting in the New Na
tional Museum this afternoon.
The speakers were Benjamin R,
Simpson, Cleveland School of Educe,
tion, and Frank W. Smith, State Nor
mal School, Paterson, N. J. Mr. Simp
son said: “If we are to have good
teachers for our children in the ele
mentary schools we must learn to plck>
out and train the right people. This
Implies that we must induce a sur
plus of applicants to apply for admis
sion to our teacher-training schools
from whom we may select the mos’
Mr. Smith declared no one of the
present modes of selection —high
school certificate, examination in
fundamentals, intelligence tests —meets
the case in selecting candidates for the
teaching profession. They are un
worthy of the high calling of the nor
mal school, essentially crude and inef
fective. They tend to deaden interest
toward a normal school course rather
than attract to it. No intelligence test
has yet been developed calculated even
remotely to disclose teaching qual;
“Personality is the ruling factor in
teaching. Hence the urgency to select
teaching personalities, of which
scholarship is only a fragment, and
then train these personalities into ef
fective teaching abilities.”
"It is possible in -a high school
course, so rich In personal and group
contacts, to get fairly accurate ratings
of teaching qualities in the four car
dinal directions that make
unity and wholeness of personality
the mental, the physical, the spiritual
the social, the latter being rather a
resultant of the other three than sep
"It Is possible also to develop an In
telligence test for normal school candi
dates that will be really significant in
helping to determine professional
HI Equipped Schools a “Reproach
on Society,” Says Speaker.
School buildings with poor Illumina
tion and a lighting system below the
standard constitute a “reproach or.
society,” John A. Hoeveler. manager,
engineering department, Pittsburgh
Reflector Co., declared In an address
this afternoon before the department
of school health and physical educa
tion of the National Education As
“The school lighting code, an Amer
ican standard, approved by the Amer
ican Engineering Standards commit
tee, similar to the well established in
dustrial lighting code, defines the con
ditions to be observed in order to pro
tide Illumination which will enable
the child in school to see without eye
strain,” §aid the speaker. “This code
specifies the minimum illumination
intensity to be provided in school
buildings, for the various purposes.
Moreover, it specifies the manner in
which artificial lighting units must
be equipped and Installed in order to
avoid glare, which may cause dis
comfort. annoyance, Interference with
vision or eye fatigue. The code fur
ther specifies that the illumination on
the work plane (the desk tops in the
classrooms, for distance) must be
reasonably uniform and sets specific
limits In this respect."
Extra Curricular Activities in
High. Schools Explained.
The chief justification for extra
curricular activities in high school is
the practice given students in the ac
quirement of desirable citizenship and
character traits, Merle C. Prunty,
principal of Central High School,
Tulsa, Okla., asserted In an address
this afternoon before the National
Society for the Study of Education of
the National Education Association,
meeting in the "Washington Audi
“The administration of the high
school should therefore systematically
provide specific class period assign
ments for these activities, with fac
ulty members equipped by training,
experience and temperament for
skillful instructional leadership,” Mr.
Prunty added.
H. D. Kitson of Columbia Univer
sity, said that in “limiting the term
guidance to the field of vocational
guidance we find that many of the
extra curricular activities have wtih
in them the possibilities of immeas
urable value in assisting pupils to
choose and progress in vocations."
George is. County. Tale University;
Li. V. Koos. University of Minnesota,
and A. L. Threlkeld. deputy superin
tendent of schools, Denver, Colo., also
Chi Teh-Yao Resigns in Protest
Over Tuan’s Attitude.
' PEKING. February 23 (A>). —China
is again without a premier. Gen.
Chi Teh-Vao, minister of war, who
took over the premiership last week
on the resignation of Hsu-Khih-Ping.
today submitted his resignation to
Marshal Tuan Chi-Jui, the chief ex
ecutive. He gave as his reason the
chief executive’s unwillingness to
countersign a mandate calling for the
overthrow- of Gen. Chang Tsung-
Chang, governor of Shantung, and a
supporter of Marshal Chang Tso Lin
of Manchuria.
610 9th—For Lease With
Term of years Commencing March I
Glass Oiling. Tile Floor and Mulls
Hill Make Alterations
Best Business Block In City
S%pjod on
Unitr Supervision U. S. Tuasury
mm H ST. N. W.
|f A USED CAR from
Joseph Mcßeynolds .

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