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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 27, 1926, Image 2

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DOUGHBOY’S LOT
IS DIFFICULT ONE
Infantry Chief Wants Better
Food and Housing and
Lighter Packs Afoot.
Tly the Associated Press,
Like the* policeman in the old opera,
•he doughboy’s lot is not a happy one
'u the Army if his authorized spokes
man, Maj. Gen. Robert H. Allen, chief
a Infantry, has painted an accurate
picture in his annual report.
It's all very well for “brass hat"
staff studies solemnly to declare that
rho man-behind-the-bayonet is still
the backbone of the fighting machine,
hut these piping times of peace just
mean one Job of work after another
for the foot soldier, the report dis
closed. Disguising it under the Army
name of “fatigue" doesn’t make it
any easier.
liot of Doughboy.
If he 'isn’t plugging holes in leaky
>ofs or otherwise policing up tumble
down barracks, the doughboy is slug
ing around in the dust and heat of
-be drill lot, or perhaps going to
•hool byway of variety, Gen. Allen
related. When .Summer comes and
other folks hustle off to play in the
surf or loaf in the mountains he
turns out ,bv the thousand to fix un i
civilian military training camps with
Glove 1 arid pick and hammer and
nails; then sets about teaching the
oung how tu shoot.
And while he's at the job he even
rets a ration “distinctly inferior" to
that provided his young proteges in
the same camp, which all prompted
Gen. Allen to remark:
"It is noticeable that desertions In
• rease just prior to the training camp
period."
Navy Ration Superior.
N'or is that all, for the report said
that while Uncle Sam paid 49.7 cents
a day to feed each of his Marines flast
tear and 52.3 cents for each sailor,
a 31.5 cent ration was considered good
enough for the Armv.
"This discrimination against the
military service * * * Is conducive
>,) discontentment,” the general ob
served.
Then there’s the queston of clothes.
With eight or ten different shades of
Issue uniforms “of exceptionally poor
material, very poorly made, and all
shades changing color at every wasti
ng," the doughboy finds it difficult to
• ak'c pride either in himself or his
organization."
And finally, when the Infantry goes
into action all these new-fangled ideas
about the things he needs to fight
with have imposed a load to be toted
on his Munson-last brogans over any
kind of going that would make a pack
mule groan.
“Early consideration of the reduc
tion of tin* weight carried by the In
fantry soldier" is essential, Gen. Allen
declared, appending 28 other separate
recommendations for correction of
conditions under which the backbone
f the Army lives.
KING IS IMPROVED,
RUMANIA INSISTS.
DENYING RUMORS
. . i, ued from First Page-)
consequences o|) a return to Rumania
of Prince Carol to take the throne,
which he renounced last January.
The National party, headed by Nich
• das Jorga, and the Peasant party,
v.d by M. Lupus, which are merged
with the Transylvanian Nationalist
group, unreservedly accepted the sue
eession modification, last January, by
which Prince Michael was put in line
for the throne. But they now appear
To he trying to make political capital
out of the situation by subordinating )
•heir adhesion to the Bratiano plan j
.the granting of concessions by the
Bratianos. which would be likely to
• nhanee the power and importance of
■heir parlies.
For the moment the question of
< arol's return is in the background.
Manv persons are of the belief that
be ultimately will return and that his
reinstatement is more than probable,
but that he first will have to over
come, by force or persuasion, the op
nusition of the all powerful Bratianos.
Tt is asserted Carol can only count on
he support of part of the army, and
that his task of obtaining the throne,
while not impossible, would be ex
remely difficult.
Tt is generally reported that all
Rumania Is looking for an early
modification of the constitution with
respect to the regency, and that it
was this situation, rather than the
King's health, that prompted Queen
Marie to cut short her visit to the
T'nited States and return home.
It is asserted that although Gen.
Angelesco will go to Cherbourg to |
meet the Queen tin the arrival of the j
steamship Berengaria, and possibly j
request her to hurr> on to Bucharest.
Marie will remain in Paris long j
enough to talk with Carol, with whom :
she became reconciled before depart I
tng for the United States. At the
time, it was asserted politics was not
discussed, and that it was merely a
reconciliation between a mother and ,
.< recalcitrant son.
May Change Dynasty.
Belgrade dispatches say that Marie, !
according to advices from Bucharest, j
has lost popularity at home and will •
r'ot be allowed to interfere in ques- I
;ions of state when she returns; that I
In the event of -a change in the ■
regency council. Princess Helen, wife I
,f Carol and mother of the heir |
apparent, Prince Michael, and not i
Marie, will he given a place on the J
ounoil. '
The Belgrade advices add that it is,
believed in some quarters of the Jugo- ,
-lavian capital t lie entire Rumanian!
’•robletn may be solved by elimination i
•he present Hohenzolb-rn dynasty and
Placing on the throne a representa- 1
rjve of the old Bessarabian, Moldavian ,
•>r TVallachiati princely families.
V dispatch received in London from '
Bucharest by the Westminster Ga
ntt* describes the Rumanian capital
us “awaiting a coup d'etat."
A dispatch to the London Daily j
Mail from Bucharest, sent by a spe-j
ial correspondent ordered there to ;
ujvestigate the situation, says the!
supreme personal desire of King For
linand is to see Curol. Ferdinand is I
asserted to be willing to rescind ;
i arol's renunciation of the throne if
he shows signs of becoming a worthy j
successor. The correspondent adds ,
that Carol has written his father. j
inking permission p> visit him. but j
nsisiing that his wife, Princess,
Helen, must leave Rumania.
Various dispatches received in Lon- j
rirm from Vienna report a serious dy- *
:.asty crisis in Rumania and sav that
a portion of the arfny and the Peas ;
mil party are supporting the return j
of Carol. These dispatches quote ru
mors of impending civil war with the
various parties accumulating arms ;
and ammunition for the conflict. All j
'he dispatches received ffom London J
assert that Ferdinand’s condition is <
grave. j
A dispatch to the Associated Press (
rom the steamship Kerengaria. how-!
„ver, says Queen Marie has received
• parsonal message from her hus
■ and to the effect that he is feeling
-ter and i* gradually recovering.
Drops to His Deatli
>. 'ss
■j
HSraMfe,*. j
K* ••
jgm
'
FREDERICK 1. HANKS.
Harris & Ewing Photo. _
SUICIDE IS VERDICT
IN HANKS DEATH
Banker Dies After Being
Fcunti Under Trestle Near j
Cabin John by Car Crew, j
Frederick F. Hanks, 41 years old,
assistant treasurer of the American
Security and Trust Co., jumped 60 feet
to the ground from trestle bridge No. 5,
near Cabin John, yesterday afternoon
with suicidal intent, a coroner’s jury
sitting in the death of the banker de
cided at the morgue this afternoon.
George E. Heitkan, conductor and
John I). Johnson, motorman of the
Cabin John Bridge street car, who
found Hanks lying under the trestle,
testified that he had taken off his
overcoat, sack coat and hat, and fold
ed them up before making the plunge.
Capt. Morris Collins of the seventh
precinct, who interviewed Mr. Hanks
at Georgetown Hospital while the
latter was on the emergency table,
said that the banker admitted he had
contemplated suicide, but added “I
thought I had changed by mind.”
Mr. Hanks died at 7 o’clock last
night at Georgetown Hospital, after
the car crew had brought him in for
treatment.
Mr. Hanks, who lived at 710 Ran
dolph street, according to banking as
sociates, had been suffering from
nervous prostration.
He is survived by his wife and a
7-year-old son.
Officials of the American Security
and Trust Co. today voiced regret at
the death of Mr. Hanks, who, they
declared, had been a trusted employe
in their institution 20 years. He rose
from a minor position to the. post of
assistant treasurer about three years
ago.
Had Nervous Ailment.
Mr. Hanks, they declared, had been
suffering from nervous prostration
and on that account had been away
from the bank a great deal lately. He
is said to have returned every now
and then in the hope he had recov
ered, but on this last occasion he had
been absent for some weeks. It was
op a physician’s orders that he took
long walks, such as the one which led
to his death yesterday.
The deceased was a member of the
Masonic order and the Washington
Board of Trade.
Funeral services will be conducted
! at the late residence on Monday aft
j ernoon, with interment in Rock Creek
Cemetery. Rev. John Compton Ball,
pastor of the Metropolitan Baptist
Church, will officiate.
THE WEATHER
District of Columbia—Fair and
colder, lowest temperature about 26
degrees; tomorrow fair with slowly
rising temperature.
Marvland-Virginia Fair tonight
and tomorrow; colder tonight; slowly
rising temperature tomorrow.
West Virginia—Fair and colder to
night: tomorrow increasing cloudiness
with slowly rising temperature.
Records for 24 Hours.
Thermometer—4 p.m., 55: 8 p.m.,
53; 12 midnight, 53; 4 a.m., 45; 8 a.in.,
40; noon, 41.
Barometer —4 p.m., 29.65; 8 p.m..
29.54; 12 midnight. 29.55; 4 a.m., 29.70:
I s a.m.. 29.85; noon. 29.95.
I Highest temperature, 60. occurred
at 4:20 p.m. yesterday.
Lowest temperature, 40, occurred
I a't 8 a.m. today.
j Temperature same date last year—
-1 Highest, 60; lowest, 39.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast
and Geodetic Survey.)
Today—Low tide, 8:22 a.m. and
I 5.53 p.m.; high tide, 1:29 a.m. .and
' 2:09 p.m. ,
Tomorrow—Low tide. 9:10 a.m. and
! 9;46 p.m.; high tide. 2:22 a.m. and
i 3:02 p.m.
The Sun and Moon.
| Today—Sun rose 7:03 a.m.; sun sets j
i 4 -48 p.m. t
j Tomorrow —Sun rises 7:04 a.m.; sun j
l sets 4:48 p.m.
! Moon sets 1:16 pan.
1 Automobile lamps to be lighted one- i
I half hour after sunset. i
' Temperature and condition of tlfe j
I water at Great Falls today at 8 a.m.
: Temperature, 42; condition, very j
j muddy.
Weather in Various Cities.
S Tt nii>erature.
i i **
t t ? _ 8 c Weather.
Stations. g -3 . 5 1.
ST* £** It
? f B
It®
:»!!»!:si-H it it telS
llalt mure 20.H0 DO 42 002 Cloudy
: Kirn imrhum 00 20 74 90 .... tear
; a Emarek 20.00 12 JO 0.04 Cloudy
Mt.rton 29 90 68 50 0.60 Pt.olmtdy
.Huftal ii 20 00 60 24 0.10 Cloudy
;Ssfer -w* a « ,
I '9O 14 58 ZM Cloudy
Col fin i S c 90 (IS 40 .. .near
ninver 20 02 68 a4 ...Clear
Detroit .30 18 54 24 0.12 Snow
Fi Piao 30. 0 H7O 42 ... Clear
30 22 70 02 ...Clear
.*ua 20.50 50 30 ... Cloudy
iHs 'l> 90.08 18 10 .... Cloudy
' Tn,V-anatiiill* 90 28 62 24 0,00 Cloudy
! SS* 90W 70 60 -. .Clear
Kansas 1 it' ' '. |( ; ,n| Cloudy
:l' niaville 30 92 58 92 002 Cloudy
! Miami Fla. - 90.12 78 70 0.40 Clear
1 f nv/ns 30 20 80 52 .... Clear
New York : 20 02 60 42 040 Clear
Citv 30 02 50 42 .... Clear
Omaha ■3O 20 20 20 Clear
' Philadeltihia 20 74 04 44 0.58 Cloudy
Phiveni*' 20 88 70 50 ... Cloudy
Pittsbunrh. 30.08 OP dl) 0.02 Cloudy
i Portland Me 20 30 48 48 040 Cloudy
'Pi rtland.Ore 29.44 64 44 <| 08 Rain
1 Raleiali N.C. 30-ort <0 44 0.44 Clea:
’ 8 I ake City 29 72 62 34 0.50 Snow
1 Ban Antonio 30 14 78 48 . . Clear
‘ Sati Piexo .29 90 70 00 0.28 Ham
S K.am uco 29 70 02 52 1.00 Rain
«t Lome. ..30 30 42 28 Pt .-loudy
St Paul.. . . 30.30 8 .... Cloudy
Seattle .. . 44 5« 4« 038 Rain
snohane 44 57 .18 030 Rain
WASH., b. C. 2U.54 00 lu 0.12 Cloudy
THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 27. 1926.
WHITE SEAR LINE
SALE CONCLUDED
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co.
to Acquire Control of
Fleet January 1.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, November 27.—The Royal
Mail Steam Packet Co. announced to
day that arrangements have been con
cluded to acquire the whole share
capital of the White Star Line as of
the date January 1. 1927.
The International Mercantile Ma
rine, owners of ■she White Star fleet,
confirtned the announcement. Trans
fer of the shares wilk not affect the
continuity of the White Star Line
organization.
P. A. S. Franklin, president of the
International Mercantile Marine, who
negotiated the deal, declined to make
a statement.
STOCK RISES IN NEW YORK.

Price of Line Reported at About
$35,000,000.
NEW YORK, November 27 OP ).
Wall Street is convinced that the In
ternational Mercantile Marine has
practically completed renewed ne Ko* i
tiatiojis for the sale of its British
registry White Star Line fleet with a
view to developing an all-Ameiican
I merchant fleet.
Preferred stock and 6 per cent bonds
lof the International Mercantile Ma-
I rine, which has been operating at a
l loss for years, rose nearly 6 points
on the strength of the reports.
The sale price is given as approxi
mately $35,000,000 for the 500,000-ton
fleet, which includes some of the finest
liners afloat, and the Royal Mail
Steam Packet Co. is named as buyer.
Part of the price would be paid in
cash and the balance by notes ot
debenture of the Royal Mail.
President in Jjondon.
P. A. S. Franklin, president of the
1. M. M.. is in London.
Last Spring he had negotiations in ;
London with Furness, Withy & Co.
for the sale, but the deal fell through
with the advent of the British gen
eral strike.
J. P. Morgan and Charles Steele
of the Morgan company withdrew
as directors of the International Mer
cantile Marine during these negotia
tions because the London branch of
the Morgan firm was interested in the
transaction. Later they resumed
their places as directors, and yester
day Mr. Steele attended an Interna
tional Mercantile Marine board meet
ing here, at which, it was reported,
the sale was decided upon. Directors
said, however, that only routine busi
ness was completed.
May Bid on United States Fleet.
The stockholders of th? Oceanic
Steam Navigation Co., the White Star
organization, have been notified that
the line must either sell the ships or
finance an extensive building program.
Among the ships of the White Star
fleet _are the Homeric, Majestic,
Olympic, Adriatic, Arabic, Baltic,
Cedric and a dozen others. The In
ternational Mercantile Marine also
has other vessels under the British
and other flags.
Wall Street speculation is that com
pletion of the White Star deal may
he followed by a bid for the United
States lines. The International Mer
cantile Marine recently bid for the
Leviathan, but the hid was rejected
by the Shipping Board in the absence
of a bid for the entire fleet.
GOULD IS CLEARED
OF SLUSH CHARGE;
ELECTION PREDICTED
(Continued from First Page.)
Ball ruled that “the proof must be
full, dear and convincing. The proof
introduced here falls far short of the
standard. The claim of the complain
ant’s attorney that there is common
talk about the State is not proof.”
The Klan is charged by Goulds
supporters with an attempt to defeat
him and throw the election to Red- j
man. The organization supported an- \
other candidate in tjie primary, but
In answer to a charge that he was a
member. Gov. Brewster denied any
connection with the Klan and said he
had never conferred with Imperial
Wizard Evans concerning prosecution
of the charges.
Monday’s election will he for the
seat of Senator Bert M. Fernald. who
died last August.
Gould Railroad Huilder.
Backers of Gould have stressed his
qualifications as a lawyer and a rail
road builder. Redman has attacked
his opponent's record in connection
with the building of a railroad in the
Canadian Province of New Brunswick,
Introducing the record of a royal in
vestigation showing Gould gave a
former premier SIOO,OOO.
Gould has contended the money was
a forced political campaign contribu
tion while the presiding justice char
acterized it as a “bribe.”
Redman in a speech at Portland
last night charged that President
Coolidge has withdrawn his moral
support of Gould, as shown by the j
action of Secretary Herbert Hoover in \
canceling his engagement to speak in
Portland tonight.
At Mr. Ball’s hearing three news
{ paper publishers took the stand but
j were not permitted to testify concern
' ing cost of advertisements inserted in
] their paj>ers unless it could be shown
j the space had been contracted with
| Gould’s knowledge and consent.
Attempts were made to show the
| advertisements were placed by Frank
j J. Kenyon, publicity representative of
i Gould.
DENTES PART IN DISPUTE.
Message Signed “H. XV. Evans” An
swered Charges Against Klan.
The Associated Press today received
a telegram from Calverton, Va., sign
ed “H. W. Evans,” denying state
ments relating to the Ku Klux Klan
made in connection with the dispute
over expenditures in behalf of Arthur
R. Gould, Republican candidate for
the Senate in Maine. Hiram W.
Evans is the imperial wizard of the
Klan.
The telegram said:
“I have sent the following telegram
\ to the Secretary of State, Augusta,
Me.: ’The Associated Press today
j quotes Frederick W. Hinckjey as say-
I ing 1 had conferred with the Gover
nor of Maine and Mr. DeForest Per
kins concerning political imbroglio in
your State I have never met the
Governor of Maine and have never
consulted with any one concerning
political matters in Maine. Hence,
the statement is entirely without
foundation in fact. The governor
will support this statement. I ask
that you write it into the record.' ”
Thieves Take Strong Box.
Mrs. Theresa Cady, 1467 Irving
street northwest, reported last night
that some one had entered her apart
ment yesterday and had stolen a $5
bill and a strong box containing a will,
a certificate ol deposit for S3OO, a deed
to a lot at Mount Olivet Cemetery and
three life insurance polici"^
! HUTCHINSON WILL FILED.
Leaves $5,000 and Other Estate to
Sister, Mrs. Collins.
The will of John R. Hutchinson,
I who died November 21. has been filed
| for probate. He leaves $5,000 and his
I household and personal effects to his
I sister. Mrs. Emma D. Collins. A
I legacy of $3,000 is given to his broth
j er-in-iaw, Dick W. Grandstaff; $2,000
! to a nephew, Charles R. Collins, and
| $2,000 to Estelle Clagett, if still in his
I employ. A trust fund of $3,000 is
i provided for Eugenia Cuvillier and
two similar funds of SI,OOO for the
benefit of Charles R. Collins, jr„ and
Lewis Cuvillier. The remaining es
j tate goes to Mrs. Collins. The Wash
' ington Loan and Tyust Co. is named
; as executor.
i MRS. HALL TAKES
STAND; CALM AS
SHE FACES JURY
1 j (Continued from First Page.)
' Timothy N. Pfeiffer, member of de-
J sense counsel, was on the stand. The
! heat of the debate grew so intense at
j one phase of the arguments that the
! jury was sent from the room.
] The arguments began when de
i sense tried to introduce letters to j
show that the defendants had made
efforts to solve the mystery of the
murders. The letters were sent State
officers.
After Senator Simpson had accused
Senator Case of making a "stump
speech” and defense had retorted that J
!it \vas compelled to “defend itself
I against the calumnies of Senator
j Simpson,” Justice Parker restored or
der, but excluded the letters. Pfeiffer
I continued his testimony between
j clashes that followed the first general
! outbreak of invective and accusation.
I>i Martini Recalled.
At one time, with Felix di Martini,
private detective employed by the de
fense, on the stand, Senator Simpson
demanded the names the witness,
after investigation that cost the de
fendants more than $5,000, had "turn
|ed up" as the real murderers. After
1 another storm of argument had
| cleared, defense counsel said it would
| not name any one suspected by them
| selves or Di Martini, Anless com
| manded to do so by the court.
When the sincerity of this offer, and
also that of an offer to reveal to the
attorney general evidence collected by
defense investigators, was challenged
by Senator Simpson, defense attorneys
broke in to assert "we have come
nearer finding the real murderers than
the State has.”
Di Martini, recalled by request of
the prosecution, offered a general de
nial of accusative questions by Sen
ator Simpson insinuating he had
offered money to George Sipel, another
witness, to controvert the story of
Mrs. Jane Gibson. He was followed
by Mrs. Henry Carpender, who said
her husband, Henry Carpender, cousin
of the three defendants, was in New
York the day he was supposed ,to be
in New Brunswick removing letters
and papers from the Hall home and
the church of which Dr. Hall was
pastor.
j John Solon of the New Jersey at
| torney general’s office was called as
! the first witness for the defense this
morning.
Solon produced two letters which
had been written by Pfeiffer to At
torney General McCran concerning
the investigation.
Solon said he had searched the at
torney general’s offices for other let
ters written to Mr. McCran offering
! suggestions for the investigation, but
I these could not be found.
Simpson announced in court this
I morning that handwriting experts
| were examining the diary of Henry
j Stevens, which was presented when
j he was called as a witness last week.
A bill for $5,000 presented by Di
Martini, private detective, to Mrs.
Hall for his services following the
double slaying, also would be studied
by the handwriting experts, the pros
ecutor said.
Mrs. Carpender Testifies.
Mrs. Henry Carpender, whose hus
band is now in jail on an indictment
similar to that on which the three de
fendants are being tried, was the next
witness. She testified that she took
her husband to the 7:55 train for New
York on Saturday, September 18, and
met him at 1:20. This places Car
pender in New York at the time the
i State alleges he took papers from the
! Hall home.
j Mrs. Carpender said she and her
; husband spent the following day at
the shore and that her husband did
not go to the Hall home on that day.
She was not cross-examined.
Simpson announced that he wanted
to question Felix di Martini further
and the detective was recalled.
“Did you ever see this letter of
George Sipel?” Simpson asked, read
ing: ‘Our country doctor has a story
! afloat of having seen Henry Stevens
| in New Brunswick on the night of the
killings.’ Was that shown to you?”
“Yes,” said Di Martini.
“Did you ask Sipel for an explana
tion?” asked Simpson.
“I only saw him with reference to
compensation.”
"Did you ask for the name of the
doctor?”
“No.”
“Why not, if you were actually try
ing to solve the case?”
“When he asked to be compensated
I thought it better for Pfeiffer to go.”
"Did you ever pay or offer Sipel any
I compensation?" asked Case.
! “No.”
j Pfeiffer was sworn next.
Says He Hired Di Martini.
j Pfeiffer said he was employed by
| Mrs. Hall on September 26, 1922, 12
I days after the slaying. He said that
he employed Di Martini, and that the
detective worked under his directions,
being employed to find out who com
mitted the murder.
“Did you ever have any knowledge
of the existence of Mrs. Mary Dema
rest?” asked Case, referring to a
State witness who said Di Martini
had offered her a $2,500 bribe to "keep
i quiet' about what she claimed to
j know.
! “i never heard of Mrs. Demarest
: until 1926," answered Pfeiffer.
Regarding Sipel’s letters, Pfeiffer
j said he sent Di Martini to thank
I Sipel for whatever help he had been
j to Mrs. Hall by telling his story at
! the original grand jury investigation,
| and to explain to Sipel that Mrs. Hall
could pay him nothing, because it
might be misconstrued.
“We never paid anything to Mr.
Sipel nor anyone else.” said Pfeiffer,
referring to witnesses.
"But vou did to Di Martini,” put in
Justice Par Her. The question then
was modified to exclude money paid
to those employed to work on the
* case. I
Pfeiffer said that he had offered his j
services both to Prosecutor Strieker
of Middlesex County, and to Special I
Prosecutor Mott, four years ago, and
that when Strieker asked for the op
portunity of questioning Mrs. Hall,
he had offered to absent himself dur
ing the questioning.
Offered to Waive Immunity.
“Did Mrs. Hall offer to waive im
munity and appear before the grand
1 jury of 1922?” Case asked.
“Yes, on the last day of the jury
j session she was here in Somerville
j all day waiting to be called, but she
1 was not questioned.”
Pfeiffer testified that after the grand i
jury of 1922 had failed to return an
indictment he entered into correspond
ence with the late Attorney General
Mc-Cran and placed, what evidence he
had before him. ?
The defense theiy produced copies
of a numbei - of which Pfeiffer
I
SHOP-EARLY IDEA
CROWDS STORES
Survey Shows Rush for
Christmas Presents Is
Well Under Way.
The Christmas shopping season was
on in earnest in Washington today.
A survey of the down-town stores by
Edward D. Shaw, secretary of the
Merchants and Manufacturers' Asso
ciation, shows that the “shop early”
movement has proved highly popular
to the purchasing public, he said. This,
Mr. Shaw added, corresponds with re
ports from other cities, where tile
Christmas shopping season was for
mally opened the day after Thanks
giving.
Heretofore the merchants here have
faithfully expounded the plea to
"shop early,” but they have failed to
put their full Yuletide stocks on dis
play. As a result, the usual last- min
ute rush marked the week before
| Christmas. This year, however, those
who heeded the “shop early” plea
found complete Christmas stock oc
cupying the counters exerywhere. *
“Tho great trouble with the shop
early campaign in previous years was
the fact that the stores were not fully
I prepared to meet the public’s early
season demand," Mr. Shaw explained.
“The stores got in a habit of waiting
until the big Christmas rush started.
Surveys by our State and National
retail associations last year proved
to us that thousands of people liked
the idea of making their gift pur
chases in November or early in De
cember.
“Those employed in the stores are
particularly gratified by the new iw'lst
in the Christmas shopping season, for
formerly it meant long hours behind
the counter; of dealing with harassed
customers whose nerves likewise were
frazzled.
“Washington merchants, who this
year are watching with satisfaction
the demand on the part of the people
for an early opportunity to make their
Christmas selections, plan next year
to open their Christmas stocks even
earlier.”
said he had written the attorney gen
eral and which were reported missing
from Trenton files. He also had
copies of McCran’s replies.
"Are you going to offer these in evi
dence?” the court asked.
"Yes,” said Case.
“I shall oppose them as self-serving
declarations,” .Simpson announced.
Arguing for the admission of the
letters, Case said:
“One of the attacks made by tho
State on the defendants was that they
did nothing to help the authorities
nor to apprehend the perpretrators of
this terrible crime. The State has
attempted to besmirch the characters
of the defendants by saying that they
dragged a red herring across the
trail of the Investigation. We seek to
introduce these letters to show that
we sought to reopen the investigation
ourselves.”
Simpson interrupted with the charge
that Case was trying to “throw a
smoke screen" about the trial, and
accused the defense counsel of “mak
ing a stump speech.” Case objected
strenuously to this. The argument
grew more heated, until finally Judge
Parker ordered the jury taken from
the courtroom.
Case then asserted that the situa
tion making it necessary for the de
fense to prove that it sought to solve
the crime was created by the State
itself, and, therefore, the defense had
a right to introduce the letters to “re
lieve itself of the ’onus’ placed on it
by the State.”
“The letters will be excluded,” an
nounced Justice Parker.
The jury' was brought back and
cross-examination begun.
“Were you in the Hall home fre
quently four years ago?” Simpson
asked.
"Yes.”
“You say you were trying to find
the murderers?”
"That’s a fact.”
“Did you offer any reward?”
“I did not.”
Questioned About Inquiry.
"Was Di Martini paid a greater
sum than $5,090?”
“He was not."
“Why, if you were trying to find
the murderer, did you advise your
clients to pay $5,090 for Di Martini,
whose work brought no results? Why
didn’t you offer a reward? Did he find
the real murderers?”
“He came nearer finding the guilty
than you did.”
“Who did he turn up as the real
murderers?”
"I decline to name them unless*the
court commands me.”
The question was excluded.
Answer Stricken Out.
After Pfeiffer had declared he was
still anxious to solve the mystery,
Simpson asked him why he had not
“looked into” Sipel’s letter referring
to the county doctor having heard that
Henry Stevens was in New Brunswick
on the night of the killings. Pfeiffer
said he didn’t bother because he knew
Henrv Stevens had a “perfect alibi,”
but his answer was stricken out.
Pfeiffer said that he advised Mrs.
Hall not to talk to newspaper men
. because he was averse to "trying
cases in the newspapers” and said he
had refused Charlotte Mills, daugh
ter of the slain woman, permission to
talk with Mrs. Hall because she was
emploved by a newspaper at the time
in 1922 that she sought to interview
Mrs. Hall.
Pfeiffer was asked if he knew that
the original grand jury investigation
was "practically a trial behind closed
doors," that jurors had been selected
to prevent an indictment being re
turned and that the “star witness,”
Mrs. Gibson, was the last witness
called. Objections by defense pre
cluded answers to these questions on
the ground that Pfeiffer was not in
the grand jury room and could not
know what transpired there.
Denies Seeing Hall’s Watch.
“You never saw Dr. Hall’s watch
at any time?” Simpson asked.
"No,” Pfeiffer said.
"His cuff buttons?”
“No.”
These articles were never found,
although Dr. Hall was known to
have worn them when he kept his
last tryst with Mrs. Mills.
Senator Simpson asked:
“Did Mrs. Hall tell you, after her
j 1922 interview with newspaper men.
| that she knew her husband carried
j on a correspondence with Mrs. Mills?”
“Not the kind of correspondence
! you think. Just about church affairs,”
I Pfeiffer replied.
Mrs. Annie Bading, stenographer
for Ellis Parker. Burgen County de
tective, who was an investigator of
the case, followed Pfeiffer on the
stand. She testified that in 1923 she
went with Parker to the Mills home
and that in an interview with Parker.
Mills said: “She (Mrs. * Mills) said
something about jealousy, and I
made a hell of a house for her, and
she was not that kind of a woman.”
Mrs. Bading said Mills went to the
vestry of Dr. Hall’s church and that
on the pastor's desk he saw clippings
from the New York World about a
divorce and that he carried these to
his home. She also testified that
Mills had told Parker that he noticed
three letters in Mrs. Mills pocket the
night before the slaying. Mills, testi
fying for the State, gave contradictory
evidence on these Aints.
W'
HALL TRIAL SCENE
IS MOST DRAMATIC
Figures at Murder Hearing
Offer Sharp Contrast
in Little Court.
BY DOROTHY DIX.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
SOMERVILLE. N. J., November 27.
—A dreary, dull day at the Hail-Mills
trial, with the defense picking up the
loose threads of their ca.se and trying
to weave it into a cable strong enough
for Mrs. Hall and her two brothers to
walk over to freedom.
The first witness on the stand was
Henry Carpender, who was only per
mitted to say that he did not see
either one of his three cousins who are
on trial either on the day of the mur
der or the day thereafter. - The de
fense had hoped to get in his alibi
that at the time of the tragedy he
was dining with friends, but the court
barred this out.
Most of the morning was taken up
by Senator Simpson’s cross-examina
tion of the fingerprint experts from
the Army and Navy departments and
the New York Bureau of Intelligence.
All of them asserted that the finger
print on the card found at Mr. Hairs
feet was not the fingerprint of Willie
Stevens, and they all declared with
one voice that finger-printing is an
exact science and not a matter of
opinion.
Then came Mr. Sipel, a neighbor of
Jane Gibson’s, who told that Mrs.
Gibson said to him that she would
like him to say that he was coming
through De Russey’s lane and he saw
an automobile witt* two men and a
woman in it, and that he also saw a
woman riding on a horse or a mule.
He said she told him to say that he
had quite a sum of money in his
pocket and when he saw these people
he turned back, and that she further
told him that he wouldn’t have to
identify any of them. He said she
told him she had gotten money from
the newspaper people and she would
give him SIOO if he would tell this
story.
letters Damage Story.
The effect of Mr. Sipel's story, how
ever, was considerably damaged by
the fact that he had written Mrs. Hall
three letters, in which he had dunned
her for money for the time that he
claimed to have lost in going before
the grand jury to tell this story.
Then came Di Martini, the dark and
swarthy Italian detective who has
flitted like a sinister shadow through
all the trial. He is the man who has
been accused of trying to bribe Mrs.
Demarest and of manufacturing senti
ment in favor of Mrs. Hall and her
brothers. Di Martini denied indig
nantly having attempted to bribe any
body or threaten anybody, and of even
having seen Mrs. Demarest or Mrs.
Gibson. In fact, Mr. Di Martini
seemed to have detected nothing in |
the 120 clays in which he was on the!
case, and for which he drew down the i
munificent sum of $5,090. No wonder j
every small boy cherishes a secret |
yearning to be a sleuth.
After Di . Martini came Detective j
Ellis Parker, who went to see Jane j
Gibson, who told him that she had j
gotten S7OO from the newspapers. And ‘
he also examined the famous card j
with a magnifying glass and saw no ;
fingerprints or smudges upon it.
Neighbors Tell About “Jane.”
And after him came a long line of i
neighbors of the pig woman, who all I
testified that Jane Gibson's name was j
not "Truthful Jane,” and that they I
had a poor opinion of her veracity.
So the tedious, dull day dragged j
along, and one fell to watching the j
little drama of the courtroom that is |
always the same, yet always ehang- j
ing.
The judges on the bench—the old
judge and the young one. It is pretty
to see them confer together and how
deferentially the black head bends to
ward the white one—the old judge, so
patient, so painstaking. Several times
when there have been shy and fright
ened witnesses on the stand, so over
awed they could scarcely speak above
a whisper, he has left his chair and
gone and stood behind them, looking,
in his flowing black silk robes as he
was outlined against the white wall,
like the very spirit and substance of i
justice itself.
The jury. A composite photograph
of them would show a middle-aged
man, just beginning to turn bald,
stout, well fed and prosperous looking;
a sensible, hard-headed, horse-sense
sort of a man who would not he stam- j
peded by eloquence nor carried away :
by his emotions, but who would turn
things over in his mind and come to i
a slow decision, from which he would j
not be easily shaken.
Lawyers Plentiful.
The lawyers—dozens of them, ir ■
seems to the onlooker—all busy with j
piles and piles of papers, and each
side huddling together for conferences
every now and then, as they do on
the foot Dali field.
Like Napoleon, Senator Simpson
might almost say, “I am the state,”
so completely does he dominate the
prosecution. A little man, meticu
lously dressed, brilliant, dynamic,
witty, with a tongue that stings like
a whiplash. Next to him, Prosecutor
Bergen, a handsome, brownish-look
ing young man; Detective Underwood,
a handsome, dark giant of a man.
At the defense table Senator Case, j
slim and urbane, a Somerset man ;
among Somerset people; Mr. McCar-1
ter, gray and elderly, slow and pro
found; Mr. Pfeiffer, with a face that
looks like the pictures of Savonarola;
Mr. Neilson is never still, but roams
around like the Wandering Jew.
Back of them the defendants. Mrs.
Hall, always dressed in black, sitting
calm and dignified and still between
her two brothers. Sometimes there is
the fourth prisoner, Henry Carpender.
And back of them the family—Com
mander Carpender, Mrs. Henry Car
pender, Mrs. Edwin Carpender and
, Mrs. Henry Stevens. A fine-looking
| family group—the men all handsome,
| upstanding fellows; the women good
j looking, middle aged, handsomely
dressed in dark clothes, but with no
fluffery, no jewelry, no bobbed hair,
no rouge or lipstick.
300 Newspaper Folk.
In the three rows beyond the railing
that shuts in the bar are the news
paper folk—3oo of them, mostly young
men and women, full of "pep,” full of
enthusiasm, keen as mustard, sending
to the four Corners of the world their
impressions, writing the thing as they
see it for the good of things as they
■ are. Here and there an old-timer—
i men and women who have seen a
' hundred murder trials, who wrote the
I bizarre evidence in the Thaw trial,
I who heard Grace Brown’s pathetic
1 1 love letters read in court, who could
j tell you a thousand inside stories of
! the Patrick trial, of the Becker trial,
i j and who years hence will talk of this
j mysterious murder.
; Then comes the audience, that
| strange agglomeration of human be-
I j ings from every walk in life, drawn
j together by a commonty in a strange
j tragedy: Judy O’Grady and the colon
| el’s lady, sisters in their curiosity and
j their desire to see and bear those who
are standing in the baleful limelight,
i All day long they sit on the hard
and uncomfortable courthouse chairs,
i Some bring their lunch, afraitj to
: leave their places even for a few rnin
[ utes. They lean forward, straining
I I every nerve to hear the mumbled re-
Isponses by the witnesses, and they
laugh in strartffe places through sheer
hysteria be-caust: their nerves are
Arrested as Plotter
K'
• JL
RICTIOTTI GARIBALDI,
A grandson of the greaMtalian libera
tor, who was arrested in France for
participation in the recent Catalan
Spanish revolt plot,
MANY OIL GROUPS
BOW TO MEXICO
Embassy Reports Law Pro
vision Fought by U. S.
Accepted by Others.
By the Associated Press.
Conditions imposed by the Mexican
oil and land laws, to which the State
Department has taken vigorous ex
ception, have been accepted, the
Mexican embassy has been advised,
by all British oil interests in that
country, together with an important
Dutch company, La Corona, and
"some American and other corpora
tions.”
The new laws, embodying the na
tionalization policy- of the Mexican
government, provide that foreign
holders of oil, mineral and similar
properties must, by January 1, sign
agreements not to claim the cus
tomary protection of their own gov
ernments for property rights or for
feit their properties to the state, even
though obtained legally prior to en
actment of the statutes.
I\ S. Balks oil Point.
This is the point at which the
United States Government has balked,
I holding that American citizens can
| not, under any circumstances, waive
! their right of Government protection
j and contending that the meaning of
the new laws is that the Mexican
j government claims a right to “con
| vert unqualified ownerships into
i terms for years by The simple device
I of requiring the existing titles to be
| exchanged for concessions of limited
I duration.”
I “In these circumstances,” the State
j Department wrote in a note to Mexi
! co, dated July 31, "American nation
| als who have made investments in
1 Mexico in reliance upon unqualified j
! titles should be obliged to file applica- !
tions virtually surrendering these
vested rights and to accept in lieu
thereof concessions of manifestly less
scope and value.”
Others Arcept Terms.
Despite this situation, which affects
other nationals as well as Americans,
telegrams received by the embassy
say that'Harry Hadfield Hallat, act
ing for the Compania Mexicana de
Petroleo, which embraces all British
oil interests in that country, has filed
papers complying with the law. The
holdings represented by this company
amount to 200,000,000 acres. Less ex
tensive rights are concerned, ap
parently, in the similar action de
scribed in the messages as having
been taken by the Dutch, “American
and other corporations.”
Meanwhile, an echo of the concern
which has been felt here for some
time over bolshevistic tendencies in
Mexico, particularly as they enter
into the international affairs of othA* ;
Central American nations, has come
from the office of Representative Boy
j lan, Democrat. New York, who has
i announced that he intends to seek ac
-1 tion at the approaching session of
; Congress on his resolution calling for
i severance of relations with the Calles
j government. Feeling that Mexico is
"drifting towards communism and
j bolshevism.” he contends that “dip
t lomatic relations should be discon
tinued until Mexico amends her con
stitution of 1917.”
LUNCHROOM MANAGER
IS SHOT IN HOLD-UP
Fleeing Man Nearly Runs Into
Four Policemen; Victim in
Critical Condition.
j Albert Gattas, night manager of a
lunchroom at 117 Four-and-a-half
! street, was shot twice early today as
he grappled with an armed negro
robber. He was wounded in the
abdomen and in the left arm.
Fotir policemen at a nearby patrol
box with u prisoner heard the shots
and ran toward the restaurant. The
negro was captured as he started to
flee. He almost ran into the police
men before seeing them. At the fifth
precinct he gave the name of Ira
j Ralph Gray, 36 years old, 1713 Press
! bury street, Baltimore.
“The devil must have got in me,”
he told the police. He also told them,
i the police say, that he is a rum run
j ner, with a regular route into Wash
; ington from Maryland. Gattas is in
j a critical condition at Emergency Hos
j pital. He was taken entirely by sur
| prise. The first he knew of Gray’s
I presence was at the growled com
j mand, “Throw ’em up and gimme
; your bucks.”
The policemen who captured Gray
! were Kergt. J. H. Davis, Pvts. S. F.
Goggin, A. B. Baker and P. W. Nichol
son. Detectives H. K. Wilson and B.
C. Kuehling questioned Gray-
HONOR HENRY LANSBURGH
Friends to Place Wreath on His
Grave Tomorrow.
A wreath will be placed on the
grave of Henry Lansburgh in Rock
Creek Cemetery tomorrow afternoon
I at 3 o’clock by friends from Almas
| Temple of the Mystic Shrine, headed
by Seton Kent and Harry Bedell.
Mr. Lansburgh was a potentate of
Almas Temple. The ceremony will
mark the first anniversary of his
Jeath.
strung up almost to the breaking
place.
The witnesses, some complacent,
! some surly, some intelligent, some
! stupid and dumb, some honest, some
palpably lying. They come and go
and add their little bit of grist to the
slow-moving wheel that is trying to
grind out justice. j
ejCownxht. ID'.'U j
I
19 CLOSED BANKS
PUN REOPENING
Patrons of lowa Institutions
Aiding Move to Stop With
drawals of Deposits.
By the Associated Press.
DES MOINES, November 27 Ti
“Business as Usual” sign was c<*
cealed again today in Palo Alto ns
Kossuth Counties, while officers as
patrons of the 19 banks which w« t
voluntarily closed yesterday cent!’
ued the drive to reorganize and r>
open the institutions within a f»-
days.
The banks locked their doors i>
agreement to protect depositor
against what were termed umvyrrai:
ed withdrawals.
Business men and farmers hav.
united in the campaign of visiting <l*
positors of the closed banks-, obtain
ing waivers of the right to withdi *
their money until assets can be pr*
itably liquidated. The waivers free
the holders of 75 per cent of the tola'
deposits will permit a bank to reopen
for business under the lowa law.
Banking conditions in the State as
a whole are better than in six year
and “purely local” circumstance
caused the 19 banks to close in Pal*
Alto and Kossuth Counties, L. A A
drews. Ftate superintendent of ban
ing, declared.
HOEHLING TO BLAZE
TRAIL IN OIL TRIAL
BY DOHENY DECISION
(Continued from First Page.)
raised, because no person giving tes
mony before a committee of Congre
has subsequently been indicted, an*!
an effort made by the prosecution t
use his testimony in a criminal triiu
Justice Hoehling has no precedents t ■
guide him in reference to the use o'
such testimony and by his decision
must blaze the trail.
Counsel for Doheny and Fall rely on
the wording of the statute that in*
testimony given before a committee of
Congress may be used in a erimina
case. They assert this statement i
all-embracing, with the sole excel*
tion of a prosecution for perjur
against a witness making false state
inents before such committee. They
claim Doheny was sworn and gave hi
testimony and such testimony tna\
not be used against him.
Government counsel take a difterens
view of the statute and regard it a
granting a personal immunity to tin
witness when required to testify, but
not as covering volunteered stat*
inents. As it is a personal privilege
they contend, the witness may waiv
his immunity and testify or he musi
claim his immunity if he is to be pr*
tected by the enactment.
May Complicate l’. S. Task.
The effect of the decision should .
be adverse to the Government would
be to make it more difficult for tin
prosecution to prove that Doheny
made the loan of SIOO,OOO to Fall
The Government has evidence that tb*
Harris ranch was purchased by Fall
for $91,500 after he had said he did
not have the money. They will als**
show by witnesses from Blair & < *>
j of New York that SIOO,OOO was with
i drawn from the private account of
| Edward L. Doheny, jr. This leaves
a gap as to the receipt of the monc)
jby Fall, which was expected to bo
filled through the testimony of Do
heny before the Senate committe*
that he had made the loan to his
old-time friend.
What effect will the decision ha v.
on future investigations by Congees
should Justice Hoehling hold with tin
Government? Attorney Levi tl
Cooke, for Mr. Fall, claimed that ai
adoption of the Government’s inter
pretation would hamper Congress ii
future Investigations, because wit
nesses would be Inclined to be les
frank if they knew that no immunit.-
attached to their statements la for
the committee.
Trouble Seen in Future.
Attorney Roberts in the course *»*
his argument yesterday pointed ou.
that if the court should hold that ini
munity attached to volunteers appear
ing before congressional committees.
| then persons who feared that evidence
would l*e disclosed against them would
rush to the committee hearings to
make statements in the hope of wan I
ing off i>ossibli* prosecution.
The two defendants spent the
morning and planned to utiliz*
the greater purt of the afternoon anu
tomorrow in consultation with then
counsel. These conferences, it was
explained, involve a continuous recita
tion of the defense case, but als.*
serve to meet any new facts that may
be developed from the Governmept -
tactical moves.
Mr. Roberts left for Philadelphia
this morning, to return tomorrow eve
ning. and former Senator Pomeren*
was in conference with Senator Smoot
of Utah at the latter’s office. Senator
Smoot .accompanied Senator Lenroot
of Wisconsin to Wardrnan Park Hotel
in December. 1923, where they re
eeived from Mr. Fall the declaration
that Mr. McLean had loaned him th<
SIOO,OOO with which he bought th
ranch adjoining his own at Thre-
Rivers, N. Mex.
The jury, meanwhile, is taking the
respite offered from court attendance
in good humor and apparently wit!-
an air of relief. While still chaffing
somewhat over their enforced incar
eeration, they are more or less re
signed to a situation which it is now
too late to alter.
Have Stimulating Walk.
This morning their routine w.*
broken pleasantly by an hour’s brisk
w'alk after breakfast at th*- St
James Hotel, in the custody of their
two constant guardians, Deputy
Marshals Edward J. Sackey anu
William Mullin. They apjieared t<*
enjoy the brief experience of touching
elbows with the public again. While
the file of jurors, two abreast, strod*-
through the downtown section thev
attracted some attention, though most,
pedestrians ignored them in passing
Back in their quarters in the court
house they whiled away the time ui
til their next meal, which furnishes
the only regular break In their dally
routine.
Tomorrow they will l*e given tin
treat of another two-hour bus ride
about the city. Those who prefer th*
phonograph and censored Sundav
newspapers may remain in theb
quarters. There will l*e no oppor
tunity, however, for church attend
ance. Since the marshals are endea\
oring to avoid criticism, it is not
thought advisable to permit any of
j the jurors to go to public services
And as no one is permitted to enter
the jury's quarters except officials **t'
the marshal's office, of course no
clergy can visit them there. Bibles
have been supplied along with other
reading matter.
Former Secretary* Fall, one of tin
two defendants in the case, spent his
sixty-fifth birthday in court yester
day. Despite the tremendous strain
of the conspiracy trial, Mr. Fall is
bearing up cheerfully under the ov
deal.
France has started an extensive d«
velopment of the upper Rhine between
Strasbourg and Bale for power an*l
navigation purposes, the .scheme ♦«.
cost nearly jI'J.uOO.OOU,

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