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(C. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.) Fair and warmer today. Tomorrow rain and colder. Temperature—High est. 45, at 2 p.m.; lowest, 33. at mid night. Full report on page 4. Xo 1 134 —No. 30,1 1 5. SPJ; ere i a * s * c °nd Class matter post office. Washington, D. C. HOPE OF SETTLING ISSUE OE GERMAN ARMAMENTS RISES League Council bourns, But Ministers ,Stay on Today to/Seek Agreement. STRESEMANN GIVES NEW ASSURANCES TO ALLIES Briand's Position Uncertain, While Cabinet in Paris Debates Mili tary Control Plan. B.r the Associated Press. GENEVA,* Switzerland. December 11. •—Though the Council of the League of Nations stood adjourned tonight Without having reached an agreement orv''interallied control over Germany’s armaments, the foreign ministers will reassemble tomorrow morning. The action of the French cabinet with respect to M. Briand's plan for the withdrawal of the military commission haa-not been made known. 'Gustav Stresemann, the German foreign secretary, emerged from the council smiling, and said: “We will etick to Geneva until we settle every thing, even if we have to stay until Christmas.’’ He hoped that the new German as aurances concerning fortresses and the exportation of armaments would sat isfy the ambassadors’ council, but if they did not, he proposed arbitration of the question. The foreign ministers, including M. Briand. approved this plan, which will be submitted to Paris. February Date Favored. It was confidently hoped that prom ises on the armament problem by Germany would convince the council of ambassadors at Paris and the al lied military experts and that the for eign ministers could reach an accord to end the interallied control about February 1. The unsettled problems, such as the dismantling of fortifica tions and the exporatlon of arms, would be left for settlement by a spe cial tribunal of arbitration. A modified plan of league investiga tion into German armaments was adopted by* the council before its ad- 1 Journment. This plan authorizes the council to decide by a majority vote whether an investigation is necessary. Germany won what is regarded as an Important point by a provision that no special control shall be exercised In the demilitarized Rhirfi zone unless this is later agreed upon by France and Germany. / . German General Criticized. In connection with the/iew assur ances which Germany is expected to give in order to Justify the turning over of supervision of Germany’s armaments to thO league, Foreign Minister Streseulann disavowed ex planations given at yesterday's ses- j sion of the council of ambassadors by I Gen. Von Pauwels and said that the ; German cabinet had instructed the general to make a fresh statement to the ambassadors tonight. He charac terized the general's statement of yes terday as clumsy and unclear. While reports were circulated to night that Premier Poincare had re pudiated concessions made by Foreign Minister Briand. and that M. Briand would resign' if he were not supported by the Poincare cabinet, another re- I port was that M. Briand and Foreign Secretary Chamberlain of Great 1 Britain, stirred by their receipt of the Noble peace prize, were felt to have j exceeded the limits of discretion in j favoring the cessation of interallied | control. Nobel Prizes Appreciated. Dr. Stresemann, M. Briand and Sir ] Austen addressed the council in ap- j preciation of their receipt of the Nobel i prizes. Sir Austen especially referred j to the contribution of Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United i States, his co-winner of the 1925 prize, ; in ,the reconstruction of Europe. He j declared that Locarno had led Europe j out of darkness into light, that the j path was still long and beset by dis- ! Acuities, but that he was convinced j that with courage and perseverance i the goal of permanent peace could be I reached. Dr. Stresemann painted a new Ger- I many dedicated to co-operation for j peace, and expressed the belief that Germany thereby would attain her fullest and honorable development. HITCH ARISES IN PARIS. Cabinet Moves Cautiously in Support j of Briand Policy. PARIS, December 11 (4>).—M. I Briand s peace and disarmament plan ! at Geneva has mot with obstacles. His i proposal to withdraw allied military j control on February 1 and arbitrate j the differences with Germany relative i to that country’s disarmament, if di- ! rect negotiations fail, is believed to he I disapproved in some measure by the French cabinet ministers, who, after a two-hour session this evening, sent him new instructions. The members of the cabinet showed the utmost secrecy, but rumors from Geneva that M. Briand might resign If the cabinet flatly rejected his plan indicated the seriousness of the situa tion. Whether the cabinet did more than suggest a modification, however, Is still a matter of speculation. The rumors that M. Briand would resign if the cabinet failed to back him came during the cabinet meeting, but there was nothing tangible on Which to base the idea that anything ■o serious was imminent, although Briand's record has been one of dramatic action. Prestige Is at Stake. The prestige of the French foreign minister for the moment hangs on his peace work with Germany, and this is In the public eye because of the award to him of part of the Nobel peace prize. His negotiations jointly with Gustav Stresemann, the German for eign secretary, over withdrawal of al lied control was' evidence that he ex pected a settlement, and the blunt re fusal of the Ambassadors’ Council to give Germany a clean bill of health was a bombshell. The cabinet considered the whole matter this morning, and Premier Poincare telephoned to M. Briand an outline of the proceedings and inform ed the foreign secretary that he was calling another meeting this evening, obviously because Berlin has author ized Dr. Stresemann to revise his at titude. M. Briand is believed to have ( on Page 4. Column 6.J - 30-YEAR LOVE, THOUGH PARTED, BARED BY McKINLEY S DEATH Widow of Illinois Senator, Semi-Invalid, Still Living in Southern Pines, N. C. Once Home-Town Belle. Special Dispatch to The Star. CHICAGO. HI., December 11.—To most persons who knew him in Wash ington. United States Senator William Brown McKinley, who was buried yes terday in his home town. Champaign, was a bachelor, or vaguely known as a widower. Mrs. William Brown Mc- Kinley is living, a semi-invalid, at Southern Pines, N. C. She did not at tend the funeral services yesterday. To some persons the fact is known that William B. McKinley was mar ried in 18S1 to Kate Frisbie and that they lived apart for 30 years. This is the story, told for the first time here today, one of the strangest, sweetest stories of marital relations that have ever become public. It is told here as Senator McKinley him self told it and, now that he has passed on, it is told in justice to him and to Mrs. McKinley, for there have been rumors, whispered stories, in nuendoes. about them. Most of these are lies, invented for no reason at all. To begin with, Senator McKinley himself was an unusual man. He developed one of the greatest public utility corporations in the State, the Illinois Power and Light Co., be came several times a millionaire, gave away between $6,000,000 and $8,000,000 GRIDIRON COMEDY SCORES PRESIDENT “Maw” Stearns and “Paw” Butler Get Generous Joshing at Club Dinner. The "Third-Term Baby’’—p husky youngster in swaddling clothes, smok ing a long black intro duced to the National Capital's best political circles last night under the auspices of the Grfdiron Club. William M. Bufler, chairman of the Republican national committee, and Frank W. Steams were presented as the “Pa” and "Ma” of the prodigious infant. In a satirical adaptation of Eugefie O’Neill entitled “Desire Under the Elms of Vermont.” The primary concern of the New England parents of the Third-Term Baby was to protect it against a group of farm hands which Included Vice President Dawes. Speaker Nich olas Longworth, Senator Borah, Sen ator James E. Watson and Frank O. Lowden, all of whom were accused of having desires which meant no good to the child. Members of the famous newspaper club, at their annual Winter dinner, were in a rollicking mood from the moment President Clifford Berryman, artist of The Star, hashed the flaming gridiron until President Coolidge was presented as the guest of honor. Shafts Aimed at President. Their shafts were leveled chiefly at President Coolidge, his fishing exploits and his third-term chances, and Chairman Butler! who was defeated in Massachusetts. President Berryman .did his best to restrain the roasting impulses of the club members, yet they ran riot with the more tender sensibilities of the leading figures in the Nation’s public life, saying and singing to the faces of the heads of the Government things they do not incorporate in their Washington correspondence. The President, the Vice President, the Speaker, the entire Cabinet, Sen ators, Representatives, the bench and the bar. finance, business, professions were present to laugh with and at themselves and their associates. The Gridiron Club announced in an opening song it intended to emulate President Coolidge by going fishing. With “Fun as our bait, you men of State, we’ll promise to hook if you will wait.” To the tune, “On the Riviera, the club sang: If von would be a «oort Os the real White House sort. Then vou must be an outdoor man like Calvin Coolidge. • With flshinr rod in hand. And bait that s sure to land. Where trout—and votes —are walttnr you must stand. Almost immediately there was a terrific clatter as a large alarm clock was carried to the stage, a gift which had just arrived for Vice President Dawes. The bearers were rebuked for reviving an old joke about the Vice President having been asleep when he was needed to cast the de ciding vote in the Warren case. “That isn’t the point,” said one. "The Republican majority will be so slim in the next Senate, the Vice President may have to break a tie every few minutes and the sender of this clock wants the Tice President to stay awake.” He was asked who had sent it. He read the card: "Yours hopefully. Calvin Coolidge." ”I)estre Under the Elms of Vermont.” Soon thereafter the sun began to set on the Vermont hills and the farm hands returned from the fields | - Dawes, Lowden, Longworth, Borah and Watson. "Sun’s having a hard time shining I through them clouds,” Borah said, i “Yep. it’s bin cloudy ever since No | vember second.” Longworth agreed. I “Jim” Watson thought the clouds i had a "spooky look." Dawes volun- I teered "they look to Jim Watson like I (Continued on Page 6, Column 1.) . / Father Leaves Estate to 14 Children When He Had Only 12, His Will Reveals By the Associated Press. TOPEKA. Kans., December 11.—The "old woman who lived in a shoe and had so many children she didn’t know' what to do” was in much the same dilemma as Francis Derousseau of Cloud County, Kans.. who failed to keep the number of his heirs straight and made a will which had to be car ried to the Supreme Court for Inter pretation. Derousseau had only 12 children at that. Specific bequest was made to each of five of the children, f and tnstruc tions given for the equal distribution ©he imtthm |flat V—X WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION WASHINGTON, D. 0., SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 12, 1926.-130 PAGES. and died with a fortune that is esti mated to be well under $1,000,000. More than 5,000 students of the University of Illinois have been helped through school by the student loan fund which he established and fi nanced. Upward of 1,000 notes so taken were destroyed hv the Senator when handled personally. He was elected seven terms to the National House of Representatives, and served one term, expiring March 3, next, in the United States Senate. Yet he lived this extremely busy and productive life, hoy and man. under one of the most intense inferiority complexes that any human being ever endured. And McKinley suffered. Every man was bigger in his estimation than himself. He dreaded personal con tact, yet he loved people, and his heart was warm within him. For the last 30 years he lived closely within himself. Kate Frisbie in the early eighties was the belle of Champaign County. Ward and relative of the Griggs and Smith families, social leaders in those days when the Griggs House, a famous hotel in middle Illinois, was the center of every social activity, Kate Frisbie was the center of every thing. Brilliant, intellectual, ambitious for (Continued on Page 11, Column 5.) JAIL MOODY’S GIRL TYPIST AS BANDIT Police Hold Texas Governor- Elect’s Stenographer in Robbery of Bank. By the Associated Press. AUSTIN, Tex., December 11. — Rebecca Bradley, stenographer in the office of Attorney General Dan Moody, and graduate of Texas University, working on her master’s degree, was taken into custody here tonight in connection with the robbery of the Farmers Exchange Bank at Buda, Tex., today. Chief of Police J. N. Littlepage said charges of robbery w'ould be filed against the girl. He said that she has been Identified by Cashier S. A. Jami son, and Bookkeeper Waymon Howe, whom she is alleged* to have locked Into the vault of the bank. Upon learning of the arrest, Mrs. G. E. Bradley, the girl’s mother, In stituted habeas corpus proceedings. The writ was granted by District Judge James R. Hamilton and later dismissed. Mrs. Bradley charged her daughter was being illegally restrained. Yelled “Fire” In Bank. While this legal skirmishing was in progress Tom Nelson, president of the Farmers’ State Bank at Round Rock, near here, revealed that a young woman, answering the descrip tion of the Buda bank robber, had "hung around" his bank for several days this week. She represented her self to be a Waco, Tex., newspaper woman. Nelson said that yesterday after noon she came into the bank and yell ed "fire” several times, but that he and the bank employes paid little at tention to it. A vacant house did burn In Round Rock yesterday after noon. This morning she again came to the bank and was questioned <Uia,ut the fire, but denied all knowledge of it. While in the bank the young woman asked customers about, crop conditions and several times .ques tioned bank employes on what they did in case of fire, whether they “dashed out of the bank." Smiles When Arrested. Miss Bradley merely smiled when taken to the police station. Chief Littlepage said. She was noncom mittal. Police said they turned the girl was not at work today in Governor elect' Moody’s office. Her automobile is declared to correspond to that used in the robbery, which occurred at the noon hour. . The girl was taken from the county to evade service of the writ of habeas corpus. The girl's mother is employed in the State insurance department. The girl’s father is dead and the family is said to have been in financial straits. Attorney General Moody was in San Antonio tonight attending a meeting of the State American Legion. L. C. Button and W. C. Wheeler, as sistant attorneys general, waited at the sheriff’s office for the habeas cor pus proceedings set for 11 p.m. John Cofer, jr., was retained by Mrs. Brad ley to represent her daughter. Laughs and Jokes. - Officers said the gfrl laughted and joked as her name vyas entered on the docket at police headquarters. No charges were filed against her here, but she was later formallly accused of robbery in Hays County. , (Continued on Page 4, Column 5.) of the remainder of the estate among the "nine” remaining children. Two daughters, among the five ob taining specific bequests, brough suit to share in that part of tfte estate not specifically devised. The District Court, in attempting to construe the will, eliminated the word "nine” and substituted “seven," rendering Judg ment against the two daughters. The State Supreme Court today re versed and remanded the case, de claring that "in construction of a will, excision is a dangerous remedy and should only be used as a last resort when all efforts to reconcile the inconsistency of construction have failed. " FRIENDS OE M’NARY BILL SAY PRESIDENT HASLEFTDOOROPEN Not Price-Fixing Measure, as Opposed in Message, Proponents Claim. FARM RELIEF LOOMS AS BIG ISSUE IN 1928 Legislation Has Little Chance of Passage This Session, But Arguments Continue. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN Is the McNary farm relief bill, with its equalization fee, a price fixing measure in the meaning of the President's annual message to Con gress, when he banned price-fixing legislation as an aid to agriculture? Senator McNary of Oregon, chair man of the Senate committee on agriculture: Representative Haugen of lowa, chairman of the House com mittee and sponsor for legislation embodying the same principle, and Senator Capper of Kansas all stoutly insist that the legislation is not “price-fixing.” "Stabilizing,” they say, is the proper term to apply to it. Not only do they insist that the proposed legislation is not price fixing, but they say they believe that the President in his message to Con gress did not close the door against this character of legislation. Question Up to President. President Coolidge alone can settle this question. He cam settle it only after he has seen the proposed farm relief measure. So far none has been introduced at this session in the Senate or the House. The revised McNary bill, however, has been practically agreed upon by those particularly interested in the measure. It may be introduced dur ing the present week. It differs slightly from the bill of the last session, which In turn w r as dif ferent from the Haugen bill as it was laid before the House. Chairman Haugen of the House committee said yesterday that he be lieved a bill w'ould be drafted and introduced in the House within a short time, a couple of weeks at the outside. It will be discussed not only among the members of the House from the agricultural States, but also with representative* of farm organizations expected here within a few days. He made it clear, however, that it was his purpose to seek legis lation at this session. Speech Hailed As Repudiation. The President’s discussion of the farm problem, particularly the sur plus crop problem, has been hailed in many quarters, however, as a di rect repudiation of the McNary and Haugen bills and of the equalization fee principle contained therein. He said in his message: . "Discussions both in and out of Congress during the past few years have given us a better understanding of the subject, and it is my hope that out of the various proposals made the basis will be found for a sound and ef fective solution on which agreement can be reached. In my opinion co operative marketing associations will be important aides to the ultimate solution problem. It may well be, however, that additional measures will he needed to supplement their efforts. I believe all will agree that such measures should not conflict with the best interests of the co-operatives, but rather assist and strengthen them. In working out this problem to any sound conclusion it is necessary to avoid putting the Government into business of production or marketing or attempting to enact legislation for the purpose of fixing prices.” Fess Believes Door Closed. Senator Fess of Ohio. Republican, author of the Fess farm bill, which was regarded as an administration measure in the last session and which was beaten along with the McNary bill, is one of those who insist that the McNary bill, as long as it contains (Continued on Page 13, Column 4.) WOMAN DIES AS CAR STRIKES GUARD RAIL Driver Held for Maryland Au thorities After Crash Near Waldorf, Md. Mrs. Florence V. Specht, a. widow of Ballston, Va., is dead, and Miss Alice Jones, 23 years old, 600 Mary land avenue northeast, is slightly in jured, and Charles Joseph Tennyson, 41 yeaps old, SO I street, is held at the ninth precinct for Maryland authorities, as the result of an auto mobile accident about 10:30 o’clock last night on the T B road near Wal dorf, Md., when he lost control of his car, while en route to Washington, striking a culvert guard rail. Police stated that Tennyson de clared that he was attempting to avoid a culvert, but lost control of his machine and hit it with terriffle force. The car was not turned over, but the left side was shattered by the impact. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Disney, 600 Maryland avenue northeast, were fol lowing in their car and took the in jured victims to Casualty Hospital. Physicians stated that Mrs. Specht was probably killed instantly, as her head was crushed. Mr. and Mrs. Disney, police stated, corroborated the story told my Tenny son, saying that he appeared to lose control of his machine just as it neared the culvert. Although the ex act manner in which Mrs. Specht was injured was not definitely ascertained, it is believed that the Impact of the collision caused her head to strike against the framework of the closed Lieut. S. J. Marks of the ninth pre cinct informed Sheriff Fink of Prince Georges County of the accident and requested Sheriff Fields of Ballston to locate relatives of Airs. Specht. She was aboyt 50 ycarf old, _ , FEATURES OF THE FALL DINNER OF THE GRIDIRON CLUB. FALL AND DOHENY TO KNOW FATE SOON Case Likely to Go to Jury by Middle of Week—Each Side to Get 6 Hours. Albert B. Fall and Edward L. Doheny, charged jointly with con spiracy to defraud the Government in connection with the Elk Hills, Calif., naval oil reserves, may know their fate next "Wednesday at the hands of the jury in Criminal Division 1 of the District Supreme Court. For the defendant Doheny an acquittal at this time probably will mean the end of Government's prosecution of its criminal indict ments against the 70-year-old former prospector and multimillionaire oil man. With his son. Edward L. Doheny, jr.. and Fall, the picturesque oil magnate is under an indictment for alleged bribery, but it is not cer tain that the Government would press this case against the three defendants in the event the conspiracy charge collapses. For Fall, however, acquittal or con viction in the conspiracy case means only a temporary respite from crim inal prosecution. Across the hallway from Criminal Division 1, where the former United States Senator and Secretary of the Interior has been on trial for the last three weeks, is Criminal Division 2, where Justice Jennings Bailey presides. Soon after New' Year or before January 15 the defendant Fall must stand a second trial on a conspiracy charge, this time with Harry- F. Sinclair, to whom the Government leased the famous Tea pot Dome reserves in Wyoming. Will Soon Go to .Jury. When counsel for Fall and Doheny. rested yesterday, after one of the most dramatic weeks of criminal court history in the District,-ft was the consensus on both sides that the case would be ready foj>the jury next Wednesday, if not Tuesday evening. In the latter event, it is the under standing that" Justice Adolph A. Hoehling wduld prefer to give the I*> jurors the benefit of a nights rest and sleep before finally intrusting the case to their judgment. So 'Wednesday at the latest is the day the case is expected to go to the jury. For the 12 jtlrors, also, the end of the trial will come as a great relief. Since it opened, November 22. three weeks ago, they have been kept under lock and key in temporary quarters above the courtroom. During this time they have not been permitted to communicate with the outside nor directly with their families. At the conclusion of yesterday's brief session, after counsel for Fall and Doheny had rested their cases and the Government had ended its rebuttal, Justice Hoehling announced that court stood adjourned until to morrow morning at 9:30 o’clock. Be fore doing so he consulted with coun sel for both sides relative to the time that would be required for the presen tation of their prayers and the general summing up of testimony. Each Gets Six Hours. It was announced that each side would be given six hours, or prac tically a whole court day, in which to sum up or review. Under this ar rangement It is hardly probable that the case will get to the jury until shortly before noon on Wednesday. Attorney Owen J. Roberts, who has borne the brunt for the prosecution, as Frank J. Hogan has done for the de fense, will open for the Government tomorrow morning. He will not con sume all of the six hours allotted to the Government, reserving time for former Senator Atlee B. Pomerene, his associate, in rebuttal. After Mr. Roberts has concluded tomorrow-, Mark B. Thompson of New Mexico and Wilton J. Lambert, coun sel for Fall, will Sum up for the for mer cabinet officer. They will be followed by Frederick Kellogg of New (Continued on Pa* e 4, Cgjumn TODAY’S STAR PART ONE—6O PAGES. General News —Local, National and Foreign. News of the Clubs—Pages 34 and 35. Around the City—Page 37. Veterans of Great War —Page 38. Clubwoman of the Nation — Page 39. D. A. R. Activities —Pag* 40. Boy Scouts—Page 41. Army and Navy News—Page 43. Parent-Teacher Activities—Page 50. W. C. T. U. N#wa—Page 50. Serial. "The Girl In the Second Cabin” —Page 51. Radio News—Pages 55, 56 and 57. Fraternities—Pages 53 and 59. Community Centers —Page 60. PART TWO—I 6 PAGES. Editorials and Editorial Features. Washington and Other Society. Notes of Art—Page 4. Book Reviews—Page 4. Tales of Well Known Folk—Page 12. Y. W. C. A. News—Page 13. 1 PART THREE— I<V PAGES. Amusements—Theaters and Photo plays. Music^—Page 5. Automobile Section—Pages 6. 7 and 9u District National Guard—Page 8. Civilian Army News—Page Spanish War Veterans—Paa/ 8. PART FOUR—jJ/'f’AGES. Pink Sports Sectiorf! PART FfVE—B PAGES. Magazine Section—Fiction and Fea tures. The Rambler—Page 3. PART SIX—R PAGES. Classified Advertising. Financial News—Pages 8,9, 10. 11 and 12. GRAPHIC SECTION—I 6 PAGES. World Events in Picftfires. COLOR SECJIOX—4 PAGES. Mutt and Jeff: Reg’lar Fellers; Mr and Lights of History. ItETNOIS SEAT IN DOUBT. Governor Holds McKinley Succes , sor Not Yet Selected. KANKAKEE, 111., December 11 (/P) —ln spite of reports that Col. Frank L. Smith of Dwight. 111., Senator-elect from Illinois, would be appointed to fill out the vacancy caused by the death of Senator William B. McKin ley, Gov. Len Small said today that he was not ready to announce whom he would appoint. "I am not ready to say just when I can make an announcement,” said the governor. Col. Smith at his home in Dwight, has refrained from making any state ment. - # Cheatum Admits Robbery. PRATT, Kans., December 11 OP). There may be something in a name Charles Cheatum pleaded guiltv here today to robbing the Byers, kans.. State Bank on August 4, and was sentenced to serve from 10 to 50 years in the state prison. —- ■ Test Tank Built to Duplicate Conditions Found by Aviators at 30,000 Feet in Air Some of the sensations of an air plane ascent to 30,000 feet or more now can be experienced without leav ing the ground. In the aircraft instrument section of the Bureau of Standards a low pressure tank has just been con structed, the interior of which is de- ' signed to duplicate conditions in the upper atmosphere, such as would be experienced by the pilot. The chamber is a steel cell to which is attached an air pump. But there is also a vent in the roof, which can be regulated with considerable exactness by the operator inside. The pump is set going when the operator enters and closes the door, but that air vent is left fully open. Then the man inside slowly closes the vent,Jetfing In less and less air, and & » xiMum * (Jf) Means Associated Press. ASKS NAVY BE KEPI AT FULL STRENGTH Secretary Wilbur, in Report to President, Urges Person nel Allowed by Law. By the Associated Preei. A plea for a loosening of the Gov ernment’s purse strings so that the Navy may maintain the full strength provided by law was made by Secre tary Wilbur in his annual report to President Coolidge, made public last j 1 night. t .7 ■ ' The question o£' officer personnel had developed Into a dilemma, the Secrefcys^Bald, and with limited funds I at Jyffmit had been necessary to con-, on repairs rather than on ! alterations required to keep first line ! ships up to essential military stand- i ards for fleet service. | In 1925, Mr. Wilbur said, the Navy got along with an undersized person nel, 5,160 line officers being on the rolls when the report was compiled. The authorized strength is 5,499. Lack of funds also made impossible the maintenance of the "required’’ 86,000 enlisted strength, the Average for the year being nearly 4,000 under -that figure. The Secretary gave it as his view 1 that reduction of the Naval Academy enrollment had brought the Navy to face a serious question as to how it could function with an insufficient number of officers. He urged that j appointments to Annapolis again be j made on the basis of five for each 1 member of Congress instead of the | three necessitated by recent cuts in the budget. Limit on Appointments Cited. "The present limit of appointments j to three for each member will notj provide sufficient commissioned per- i sonnel for maintaining the strength of ; the line of the Navy on a proper j basis,” the report said, "even if no ap- ! pointments are made to the various j staff corps from graduates of the! Naval Academy.” Destroyer Squadron No. 2 was men- 1 tioned as one in which improvements ! had been deferred because of the cost, j Economy also was exercised by strik-! ing from the list small craft and j wooden vessels acquired in 1918 and I 1919 which "required extensive re-1 pairs.” Except for the fact that th» proper! enlisted strength could not be afforded "the enlisted personnel situation dur ing the year has been uniformly ex cellent,” with three out of every four men whose enlistments expired re enlisting or extending their enlist ments. the report continued. The shortage of manpower in the fleet was mitigated somewhat by delay in the completion of the aircraft ‘ carriers Saratoga and Lexington. On their (Continued on Page 4, Column 3.) as would be the ease of the pilot of an ascending: airplane or balloon. This "ascent” should be taken bv an operator familiar with the subject. If it is too rapid—that is, if the air pressure in the tank is reduced too quickly—the operator is likely to suf fer the ill effects that come with great heights>-rsuch as dizziness and temporary deafness. This low-pressure tank is expected to prove valuable in tests of all sorts j of aeronautical instruments and of , pilot balloons, such as are used by the Weather Bureau. It will serve to show just how the Instruments ac- , tually will vary from normal at great heights and allow the pilot to make the necessary corrections in his obser vations. 1 . The tank is constructed to hold two 1 '««» »t ft.Mm*- y “From Press to Home Within the Hour ” The Star is delivered every evening and Sunday morning to Washington homes at t>o cents per month. Telephone Mam 5000 and service will start immediately. TAX RELIEF PLANS DEFINITELY VETOED BY GROUP IN HOUSE Ways and Means Committee Votes to Table All Bills on Rebates and Reductions. MELLON PLAN TO APPLY SURPLUS TO DEBT WINS Option Offered in President’s Mes sage Made Use of by Repub lican Majority. Prospects for tax reduction at this session went glimmering late yester day afternoon, when all proposals for tax relief, including President CeoY ldge’s suggestion of a tax credit, were vetoed by the House Ways and Means committee. In adopting a resolution by Repre sentative Hawley of Oregon, ranking Republican member, to table all tax bills, the Republican majority in the committee voted as a unit, and stood by the President's alternative pro posal that a more businesslike way of disposing of the surplus for this fiscal year would be to apply it to the pub lic debt. The committee, had before it not only the President’s two-way surplus plan of debt reduction, or tax credit, but- the Democratic tax plan of a $350,000,000 out-and-out slash, with changes in the 1926 act. Vote Forecast by Tilson. Action of the committee followed vain atempts of Representative Gar ner. Democrat, of Texas, ranking Democrat on the committee, to have the committee consider his bill em bodying the combined suggestions of Democratic leaders. The committee vote was forecast earlier in the day by Representative Tilson of Connecti cut, Republican floor leader, who made a statement against any new tax legislation at this time. The Treasury surplus at the end of this fiscal year, ending June 30, 1927, which according to President Cool idge’s latest estimate, will be $383,- 079,095, and which provoked the whole array of tax refund, tax credit and revenue law revision proposals, will now, in all probability, revert to the business of reducing the public debt. The interest on this debt is the larg est single item of Federal expense. In his budget message to Congress President Coolidge warned against tampering with the revenue act now, held up the great advantages of apply ing th 4 surplus to the public debt and said that a tax credit next March and June would be one way to reduce the surplus. But he put it up to Con gress to choose between his two sur plus proposals. The ways and means committee chose the President’s first suggestion. It turned down his second. Emphasized Debt /Situation. Secretary of the Treasury Mellon in his annual report to Congress said substantially the same ' thing as President Coolidge. He emphasized still more strongly, however, the de i sirability of application of reduction |of the public debt as sound public | policy, and the advisability of main i taining the Government on current | revenues. Much of the income during the present and past few years, he pointed out, had come from, prior in vestments of the Government in rail roads, War Finance Corporation, and bonds of the Federal Land Banks. Heavy back taxes now being collected would not bring in so much revenue in the future, the Secretary pointed out. Both the President and Secretary Mellon definitely proposed to Congress the tax credit plan, but it was re | ported last night from sources unde | niably close to the Treasury and White House that the action of tna I Republican majority of the House j committee in rejecting the Mellon j Coolidge proposal was received at the I other end of the A\enue with far | more rejoicing than sorrow, i Prior to the November election both ! Secretary Mellon and President Cool j idge had insistently and regularly re i sisted any suggestions of tax relief iand had clung to the idea that the proper and businesslike way to dis- I pose of whatever surplus may accrue ; this fiscal year was to apply it to ! the reduction of the debt. The 1926 | revenue law. they contended, then had | run less than six months, and there j were too many factors of undetermin- I able character ahead to attempt any j tax cuts now. The proposal for a j tax credit was developed hy the Presi | dent and Secretary Mellon following i the election, but they never abandoned | their opposition to any fundamental j change in the 1926 act. Aids All Classes. j After the meeting of the House | committee. Chairman Green issued a i statement asserting that Republican committee memoers felt the surplus best could be used to reduce the na tional debt rather than for a tax credit to the people direct. “They recognize that there is much to be said in favor of this proposal.'' he said, “but of necessity the benefit of this reduction would be limited to income taxpayers, whereas a reduction of the national debt insures to the benefit of all taxpayers. "Pending the time when the next general tax revision can be under taken with safety, they reached the conclusion that the existing surplus for the present fiscal year should be applied to the reduction of the na tional debt in accordance with the sound plan followed by President Coolidge and Secretary Mellon during the last two years. ’’ Mr. Green recalled that President Coolidge in his message had put it up to Congress to decide whether credits should be extended or the surplus ap plied to debt reduction, and added that the Republican committee mem bers deemed the latter course would "best serve the public interest." Holds Democrats United. Garner asserted that the action showed there was not a, single vote in the Republican membership in favor of the President's tax plan. Declaring that .the. Democrats are “united in support of their bill," he added: “We have been and now are ready to go along with the Republicans in an effort to get a tax reduction* bill at this session. They, are (Continued on Fuse 4, Column 4.) FIVE CENTS.