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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 10, 1927, Image 1

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(IT. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Fair tonight and tomorrow; contin
ued cold. Lowest temperature about
20 degrees.
Temperature—Highest, 30, at noon
today; lowest, 22, at 6 a.m. today.
Full report on page 3.
N.Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 10
xt Filtered as second class matter
JNo. post office, Washington, D. C.
Message to Congress Defends Use
of Naval Force and Support
of Diaz Government.
Says Some Even Bear Indication of Be
. longing to Government and of Having
Been Supervised by Officials.
President Coolidge in a special message to Congress today
Stated the policy of the' United States Government toward
revolution-torn Nicaragua and gave his reasons for using the
armed forces of the Nation to protect American lives and property
The part played by Mexico and Mexican arms in aid of the
revolutionary government of Sacasa is dealt with particularly by
the President.
“I have the most conclusive evidence,” said the President,
"that arms and munitions in large quantities have been on several
occasions since August, 1926, shipped to the revolutionists in
Nicaragua. Boats carrying these munitions have been iitted out
in Mexican ports, and some of the munitions hear evidence of
having belonged to the Mexican government.”
Without charging that the Mexican government has fomented
the revolution in Nicaragua, the President gave in chronological
order the evidence which has come to this Government that the
Sacasa government has been aided from Mexico.
In the House the President's mes
sage was received with applause on
the Republican side, members stand
ing. The applause on the Democratic
side was more limited and only a few
IJorali Withholds Comment.
The Senate heard the message in
silence. But at the conclusion of the
reading Senator Borah of Idaho,
chairman of the foreign relations
committee, who has attacked ad
ministration s policy regarding Nica
ragua. moved that the message be
published as a public document, as
well as in the Congressional Record.
The chairman of the foreign rela
tions committee said that the Senate
was entitled to discuss the Nicara
guan situation, but that he would not
do so at this time because of a tacit
Understanding he had with Secietary
Kellogg to wait until after the Secre
tary had api>eared before his commit
tee’on Wednesday. He did not know
at the time he had thia understanding
with the Secretary that the President
was to send a message to Congress,
Senator Borah said.
Senator Bingham of Connecticut,
Republican, launched into a defense
of the administration’s recognition of
the Diaz government, and replied to
the criticisms of the administration
made Saturday by Senators Heflin of
Alabama and Wheeler of Montana,
both Democrats. Charts that oil
interests were back of American inter
vontion Senator Bingham insisted
were idle since no Nil had been dis
covered in Nicaragua.
President Coolidge said that in some
instances it appears that the ships
carrying munitions to the Sacasa gov
ernment in Nicaragua were fitted out
with the full knowledge of and the en
couragement of Mexican officials.
In one case, he said, an expedition
was commanded by a Mexican reserve
The President recited the fact that
Sacasa, head of the revolutionary gov
ernment, at the end of November,
after spending some time in Mexico
City, went back to Nicaragua and
placed himself at the head of the in
surrection there and declared him
self President.
Quotes Diaz Note.
A note from the government of Pres
ident Diaz of Nicaragua, recognized
by the United States, under date of
November 15, addressed to this gov
ernment is quoted by the President.
In it President Diaz said:
“Upon assuming the presidency T
found the republic in a very difficult
situation because of tile attitude, as
sumed without motive by the-govern
ment of Mexico in open hostility to
Nicaragua. It must be clear to you
that, given the forces which that
government disjioses of. its
of attack are irresistible for this feeble
and small nation.”
President Diaz called upon the
United States for aid in protecting
American and foreign lives in his
Frequently since that date. Presi
dent Coolidge said, the President of
Nicaragua has "appealed to the
United States for support, and has
informed this Government of the aid
which Mexico is giving to the revolu
tionists, and has stated that he is
unable because of the aid given by
Mexico to the revolutionists to protect
the lives and property of American
citizens and other foreigners.”
Mexico Did Not Agree.
The President pointed out that he j
placed an embargo on the shipment
of arms to Nicaragua when a con- I
ference at Corinto was begun between j
the factions looking to an adjustment. ■
He said that the other central Ameri- ]
can republics had agreed to co-operate i
in this matter, but that "the Mexican |
Government did not adopt the sug- j
gestion to put on an embargo.”
“Rather," he said, "the Mexican 1
Government had informed the Ameri- |
can Ambassador at Mexico City that |
In the absence of manufacturing i
plants in Mexico for making arms j
fciid ammunition the matter had little |
practical importance.” I
President made it clear that he j
had recently raised the embargo on J
the shipment of arms from the United
States to the Diaz government be- (
cause he was convinced that the !
revolutionists were receiving arms
from Mexico. .
“I deemed it. unfair, ’ he said, to
prevent the recognized government ;
from purchasing arms abroad, and ac- j
cordingly the Secretary of State has
notified the Diaz government that
licences would be issued for the export ;
of arms and munitions purchased in
this country.”
The frank statement yi the Presi
dent regarding the activities of Mex-j
~lContlnue4 «» Rage 4, Column 1.) I
Text of Message
By President on
Nicaragua Crisis
The President’s message to Con
gress on the Nicaraguan situation fol
low's in full: «
“While conditions in Nicaragua and
the action of this Government per
taining thereto have in general been
made public, I think the time has ar :
rived for me officially to inform the
Congress more in detail of the events
leading up to the present disturbances
and conditions which seriously threat
en American lives and property, en- i
danger the stability of all Central
America, and put in jeopardy the
rights granted by Nicaragua to the
United States for the construction of
a canal. It is well known that in 11112
the United States intervened in Nica
ragua with a large force and put
down a revolution, and that from that
time to 1925 a legation guard of
American marines was, with the con
sent of the Nicaraguan government,
kept in Managua to protect American ]
lives and property. In 1923 representa
tives of the five Central American
countries, namely, Costa Rica, Guate
mala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Sal
vador, at the invitation of the United
States, met in Washington and enter
ed into a series of treaties. These
treaties dealt with limitation of arma
ment, a Central American tribunal for
arbitration, and the general subject
of peace and amity. The treaty last
referred to specifically provides in ar
ticle II that the governments of the
contracting parties will not recognize
any other government which may
come into pow'er in any of the five
republics through a coup d’etat or
revolution and disqualifies the leaders
of such coup d’etat or revolution from
assuming the presidency or vice pres
Quotes Article 11.
"Article II is as follows:
"Desiring to make secure in the re
publics of Central America the bene
fits which are derived from the main
tenance of free institutions and to
contribute at the same time toward
strengthening their stability, and the
prestige with which they should be
surrounded, they declare that every
act, disposition or measure which al
ters the constitutional organization in
any of them is to he deemed a menace
to the peace of said republics, whether
it proceed from any public j lower or
from the private citizens.
“Consequently, the governments of
the contracting parties will not recog
nize any other government which
may come into power in any of the
five republics through a coup d’etat
or a revolution against a recognized
government, so long as the freely
elected representatives of the people ;
thereof have not. constitutionally re
organized the country. And even in
such a case they obligate themselves
not to acknowledge the recognition if
any of the persons elected as presi
dent, vice president or chief of state
designate should fall under any of the
following heads:
“(1) If he should be the leader or
one of the leaders of a coup d'etat or
i revolution, or, through blood relation-
I ship or marriage, he an ascendant or
i descendant or brother of such leader
{ or leaders.
“(2) If he should have been a sec
{ ret ary of state or should have held
■ some high military command during
; the accomplishment of the coup d’etat,
! the revolution, or while the election
| was being carried on, or if he should
; have held this office, or command
! within the six months preceding the
coup d’etat, revolution, or the elec
! tion.
j “Furthermore, in no case shall
j recognition be accorded to a govern
| ment which arises from election to
, power of a citizen expressly and un
i questionably disqualified by the Con
j stitution of his country as eligible to
j election as President, vice president
| or chief of state designate,
j “The United States was not a party
(Continued on Page 4, Column 3.)
1 •
King Ferdinand Better.
j BUCHAREST, Rumania, January
ilO OP). King Ferdinand appeared in
! much better health than on his last
public appearance when he left the
I royal palace today to review two regi
! moats. On his way to the review he
j chatted animatedly w ith members of
i his entourage.
©he {belting Jlkf.
.. -- ....... ■ .... - —.——■■■■ - ' ■ ■' -
15,400 MORE TAGS
D. C. Officials Halt Plans to
Let Auto Plates Con
tract to Maryland.
With definite assurance that all of
i the belated 1927 automobile identifiea
j tion tags would be delivered early in
j February, Distriet officials today halt
ed plans to turn the contract over
to the Maryland Suite Penitentiary,
the second low' bidder.
According to the latest reports,
which have been verified by the of
ficials, a shipment of 15,400 pairs of
tags is now en route from Ohicago
and promises have been given that
shipments of equal amounts would be
delivered every 10 days thereafter un
til the contract., which called for
100,000 pairs, has been completed. The
tags on their Way are due to arrive
tomorrow, but the supply will not
then be adequate to start issuance
to motorists, according to Wade H.
Coombs, superintendent of licenses of
the District.
Assurance that the tags would be
delivered without further delay was
given District officials by Representa
tive-Elect James T. Tgoe of Illinois,
who has taken over the contract, and
agreed to complete it at a possible
personal loss ranging from $5,000 to
$6,000. Mr. Igoe conferred this morn
ing with Mr. Coombs, Maj. James R.
Lusby, District disbursing officer, and
M. C. Hargrove, purchasing officer.
Story of Delay.
An intriguing story of the delay in
the delivery of the tags was told by
Mr. Tgoe who came to Washington
especially to give personal assurance
to the officials that he “would be a
good sport” and complete the project,
despite an already sizable financial
loss which undoubtedly w'ould mount
because he is producing the tags at a
cost of 18 cents a pair, whereas the
contract price calls for 11.75 cents a
Mr. Igoe explained that he had
financed tfie original contract up un
til last month, when the manufac
turer departed. Then he undertook
to turn out the tags under his per
sonal direction.
Work in Small Shop. ,
Although the tag manufacturer
who was given the contract by the
District had one of the largest shops
in Chicago several years ago, Mr.
Igoe said he was attempting to
manufacture the tags for the District
in a small, one-room shop.
Mr. Coombs now' has received 36,-
000 of the 100,000 pairs of tags or
dered. The 15,400 expected tomorrow
will increase this figure to 51,400, and
the additional shipment which Mr.
Igoe has promised would arrive 10
days later will make it possible to be
| gin distribution to Washington mo
torists, Mr. Coombs pointed out As
I a result, be has set January 20 as
I the tentative date for starting the
issuance of the tags for pleasure ve
By the Associated Press.
ED PASO, Tex., January 10.—
Physicians attending Albert B. Fall
today planned to continue the use of
heart stimulants to maintain a normal
blood pressure. The former Secretary
of the Interior, who has been ill at
bis home here with pneumonia for
two weeks, was reported in a serious
condition Saturday.
Dr 11. T. Safford, who has attended
j Mr. Fall throughout his illness, said
that, considering the patient’s age,
I his c ondition may be called satisfac
! tory. A heart stimulant was admin
| istered last night and early today
j his condition was reported as un-
| changed.
’ ■ Automobile operators’ permits num
; i bered from 1 to 00.000 will be auto
s matically outlawed February 1, and
motorists caught using them will be
subjected to a maximum fine of S4O,
. Traffic Director M. O.’ Kldridge again
warned today.
Applications for the new permits
are coming in too slow, Mr. Kldridge
said, with the possible result that
many drivers are likely to be without
' legal permits February 1.
t Applications for the new permits
j should be made as soon as possible.
■ the traffic director pointed out, in
- order that any delay in the issuance
: I will not inconvenience motorists liold
‘l ing the permits numbered from 1 to
Gain in Weight Causes Physician to Order
Lighter Diet —Executive Clings to Cakes,
However, and Adds Ham to Menu.
President Coolidge has eliminated
sausage from the breakfast menu at
the White House. This was learned
to the disappointment of most of the
14 members of the Massachusetts del
egation in the House who were the
President’s guests at breakfast this
In the place of fried country sau
sage, for which the White House has
attained a certain national promi
nence, at least since the President in
augurated 4 his early morning break
fast conferences, the President has
substituted fried ham. The President
is represented as having banished sau
sage from his table, at least tempo
rarily, upon the advice of the White
House physician and other intimates
of the President, who attributed his
I increase in weight to certain things
which he was eating in an unsparing
manner, sausage being among them.
Hot buckwheat cakes, which have
always occupied a prominent place on
the Coolidge breakfast menus during
the Winter season, were suggested for
elimination, but the President still has
them for his breakfasts each morning.
Although the President confined his
breakfast guests today to the con
gressional delegation from his own
State, no especial business was dis-
Conditions Growing Steadily
Worse in Upper Yangtze
By the Associated Press.
PEKING, January 10.—Official for
eign dispatches from Hankow reach
ing here today said anti-foreign con
ditions, while somewhat easier locally,
were growing steadily worse in other
interior cities alopg the Yangtse. All
American women and children were
being moved from Ichang, 200 miles
up the river from Hankow, and the
British were evacuating all mission
aries from accessible points in three
states Hupeh, Hunan and Szechwan.
Although the Cantonese soldiers had
left the British concession at Hankow,
they were in an ugly mood because of
not having been paid for several
months, and it was feared they might
run amuck. More American women
and children were ready to leave Han-
Ivow as soon as transportation was
All foreigners bad left Kiukiang,
150 miles down the river from Han
kow, some of them still being aboard
the American gunboat Penguin there.
Kiukiang refugees reaching Hankow
were being put aboard ships which
were to turn back down the river to
ward Shanghai.
Business at Standstill.
The Kiukiang concession was en
tirely in Chinese hands, all barricades
having been destroyed.
The Hankow British concession was
being ruled by a provisional commis
sion of five members of the National
! ist government, with a special Chinese
police force for keeping order. Both
troops and pickets were withdrawn.
But foreign representatives refused to
trust the Cantonese assurances for
their safety. The non-British foreign
banks had reopened and the British
finance houses Were hoping to resume
business soon.
The entire city, including the Chi-1
nese section, is suffering from a com
plete economic paralysis. There is
much unemployment among the na
tives, and readjustment necessarily
will be slow and painful if it comes
'at all.
American Woman Self-Posses
sion in Face of Mob.
SHANGHAI. January 10 GPI.-The
first graphic story of how the British
marines held their bullets and their I
temper in the face of gibes and in-;
suits from the howling mob of Chinese
on Page 5, Column 2.)
cussed. The company was brought
together in this manner merely for
social and goodfellowship purposes.
Those who were in this company
were Representatives Treadway. Foss,
Stobhs, Rogers, Andrew, Connery,
Ballinger, Underhill, Douglass, Tink
ham, Lure, Frothingham, Martin and
Gifford. This included the Democrats
in the Bay State delegation as well
as the Republicans. The only mem
bers of the delegation not on hand
were Representatives Bowles, who
represents the President’s home town,
and Gallivan, Democratic member
from Boston, both of whom were
absent from the city.
Despite the fgvv extra pounds he
has acquired in the past month or
so, the President is considered by
(hose about him to be in splendid
physical shape. The President him
self very recently expressed himself
as feeling in the very best of health.
His eyes are clear and the color of
his cheeks and lips is good and his
work and cares seem to have little if
any effect upon his appearance and
general physical condition. Never
theless, since getting himself in such
fine physical trim last Summer w r hile
in the Adirondack Mountains, he has
given considerable concern to his
weight and has been rather faithful
m an attempt to keep it below 160
Accused of Being “Paid Lob
byist” Before Interstate
Commerce Committee.
of rumors that Sen
ator-elect Smith W. Brookhart of
lowa is “a paid lobbyist” of Cyrus
E. Woods, nominated for the Inter
state Commerce Commission, was or
dered today by the Senate.
The inquiry will he conducted by
the interstate commerce committee,
which now is holding hearings on Mr.
Woods’ fitness for office. Efforts to
have the investigation by the judici
ary committee were defeated, 49 to 33.
Senator Steck, Democrat, lowa
called the attention of the Senate to
the rumors by reading a telegram
which he sent to Col. Brookhart at
his -home in Washington, lowa, last
Saturday. > In this he said that
Brookhart s campaign manager and
the president of the lowa Federation
of Eabor had sent him telegrams
urging that he support Woods. “These
telegrams give color to these reports ”
Senator Steek’s telegram said.
Before the matter was brought up
in the Senate Senator Brookhart
made a statement that he was op
posed to the nomination of Woods,
and that if his campaign manager!
Maj. Frank ,T. I,und, and the labor
federation president, J. c. Lewis, had
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
Request for Review of Contempt
Proceedings Grow ing Out of Oil
Investigation Is Refused.
Harry F. Sinclair was denied a re
view today by the Supreme Court in
his contempt of the Senate case, grow
ing out of his refusal to answer in
quiries of tlve Senate oil committee.
In refusing today to consider the
appeal, the court gave no explana
tion of its position, merely announc
ing that his petition for a review was
Whiile the action of the court will
force Sinclair to go on trial in the
local courts ou the contempt charge,
it will not preclude him from later
asking a review' should he lie con
It is the practice of the United
States Supreme Court to refuse to
j pass on constitutional questions, until
all avenues of relief have been dosed
in the lower courts,
Front Royal Institution Scene
of Thrilling Escapes and
$250,600 Loss.
Only Gymnasium Remains of Huge
Structure Ravaged by Flames
Starting in Basement at 5 A.M.
By a. Staff Correspondent of The Star.
FRONT ROYAL, Va., January 10.-
Ten boys were injured, five of them
seriously, In a lire which destroyed
Ihe main building of Randolph Macon
Academy early this morning, entailing
a. loss estimated by school authorities
to be $250,000.
Those badly injured were taken in
automobiles to Winchester Memorial
Hospital, 30 miles from here. They
Frank Whalen, Lyon Village, Va.;
broken leg.
Henry Weaver, son of Henry B.
Weaver, 1346 Ingraham street, Wash
ington; twisted ankle and injured
Jack Johnson, New York, leg and
arm broken.
Kenneth Giles of Ilollins, N. Y.,
badly burned.
Joachim Navia of Nicaragua, face
injured when lie missed a blanket in
a leap from his story dormitory.
Other students are being attended
, by volunteer nurses at a hotel. They
Fred Shirtenleibe, New York.
James Valentine, New York.
Worthington Seese, Philadelphia.
Edward White, Pittsburgh.
Reginald Ettlinger, New York.
These boys, most of them about 15
years of age, are suffering from minor j
burns and sprains.
Principal I'nder Treatment.
Hr. Charles L. Melton, principal of ;
the school, is under treatment of a
physician suffering from the effects of
smoke and heat sustained when he
aided in rescuing students from the
burning building. The fire was dis
covered about 4 o’clock this morning, j
1 and the big building was destroyed J
within two hours. Firemen could do
little except to place ladders against
the building, enabling many' of the
boys to escape who were trapped in
; the third story. About 20 students
dashed through the front door to
safety, while others were forced to
, climb to the roof to escape the chok
ing smoke and were taken down by
. firemen. Several of the hoys overcome
by smoke were dragged to safety' by
their companions, other cadets made
their exit from the building by leap
ing from the windows and sliding
> down links of bed clothes hastily
knotted together.
Prof. Robert P. Darden aroused
many of the younger boys and took a
leading part in the rescue work. The
students, numbering 186, most of them
clad in their night clothes, stood about
with bare feet on the snowy ground
as the school burned. A new gymna
sium. but a few feet from the main
building, escaped damage.
Trustees to Meet.
F. S. Chalmers, secretary-treasurer
of the school, announced that a meet
ing of the trustees will be held Thurs
day at Ashland, Va. It is planned to
start construction on a new building
as soon as possible.
In the meantime, the boys are bil
leted in the town, citizens of which
are lending every assistance to the
school authorities, and it is planned to
hold classes temporarily in the Meth
odist Church. Private homes will
shelter the cadets until the new dormi
tory is completed.
The fire aroused virtually' the entire
population of this town, 2,500 persons
and volunteer committees of citizens
hastened about with automobiles tak
ing the half-clad boys to their own
homes. Officials of the school, as well
as the students, are warm in their
praise of the kindliness evidenced
toward them by the townspeople.
Stories told by the boys indicate
many instances of individual heroism.
Roommates risked injury to save each
other, it was said, and several of the
boys injured could have escaped un
marred had they not paused to aid
comrades groping blindly in the smoke
filled building.
Mr. Chalmers stated that the build
ing was valued at $250,000, and car
ried insurance amounting to $106,000.
School authorities made a definite
check on the student body early this
morning to make sure that none was
missing, and another assembly has
been ordered for 4:30 o'clock this
The academy, a preparatory' school
for boys, Is one of five affiliated insti
tutions in Virginia constituting the
Randolph-Macon sy'stem of colleges
and academies. It was established
in 1892, being under control of a self
perpetuating board of trustees under
auspices of the Methodist Episcopal
Church South. It prepares its stu
dents for the Randolph-Macon College
at Ashland, Va. The academy last
June had a teaching staff of 11. The
buildings and grounds were valued at
$250,000; the scientific apparatus,
$15,000, and the endowment fund,
Parents Kush to Scene.
Hr. Henry S. Gamble, 1329 Gallatin
street, is on the way to meet his 16-
year-old son Billy, who escaped the
fire which destroyed Randolph-Macon
Academy at Front Royal, Va., by'
sliding from his third-story room,
on a rope made of bed clothes.’
Young Gamble’s roommate, Henry R.
Weaver, jr., 16, son of Henry B.
Weaver, 1346 Ingraham street, in
jured his ankle*dropping to the ground
from the end of the bed clothes,
about 20 feet, it is reported. Mrs.
Weaver is hastening to her son, ac
companied by another son, John, who
also Is a student at the academy.
John had a had cold, which won him
a week end leave at home.
Washington boys at the school be
sides his brother and Gamble include
Charles F, McKehney, son of Harry
McKenny, Takoma Park; Arthur
Wesche, Eddie Burdette, Charles
Wood, George Jftmes, Carl Zanner, L.
Kimball, H. Kimball and Cadet Van
Radio Programs—Pages 22 & 23 ‘
i '
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press news
UP) Means Associated Press.
Musi Serve Year
1 ■" i&MH
jjp j
%U*m W:
I •.
U. S. Court of Appeals Says
He Must Serve Year —Sorry,
Says Producer Here.
B.v the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, January 10.—Earl
Carroll, theatrical producer, lost his
appeal today from a sentence of aj
year and a day in Atlanta Peniten
tiary for perjury committed in con-,
; nection with grand jury investigation !
of a “bathtub party” in his theater, j
United States Circuit Court of Ap-;
peals today affirmed both the verdict
of guilty and the sentence imposed j
| by the lower court,
j Carroll was brought to trial last j
j Spring after newspaper stories had j
! been printed saying that at a Wash- j
I ington birthday party at the Earl j
| Carroll Theater Joyce Hawley, a show I
i girl, had served champagne to male
j guests from a bath tub on the stage
> in which she was seated undraped.
Before two grand juries Carroll
swore that no one had occupied the
bath and that the beverage it con
tained was not intoxicating. Four!
j counts of perjury were laid against j
i him and he was found guilty of the j
| tvfo counts which related to his telling ]
the grand juries that no one occupied i
the bath tub. He was found not
guilty in telling the same juries that
no liquor was served at the party.
* Sentenced to Year.
I He was fined $2,000 and sentenced.!
j to a year and a day on each count, j
but the terms were made to run con- j
currently. He was released in $5,000 ]
bail pending the appeal which end- j
ed in his defeat today.
Carroll was indicted about April 1 t
and found guilty on May 27 and sen- j
tenced on June 3.
The bathtub party took place in
the latter part of February shortly
after the Countess Cathchart had
gained admission to this country after
being detained at Ellis Island on a
charge of moral turpitude. Carroll
w r as at the time preparing to produce
her play, “Ashes of Love” and she
was one of the principal guests at
the party. Among other prominent
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.)
| Norwegian Minister's Son
Says He Stepped on Gas
Instead of Brake. *
After waiving diplomatic immunity
and telling a straightforward story of
how his automobile figured in an ac
cident at Connecticut and Florida
avenues on the night of December 22,
Johannes G. Bryn, son of the Nor
wegian Minister, was absolved from
blame in the death of Thomas Seibert,
21, 1817 Nineteenth street, his' com
panion, by a coroner’s jury sitting 'at j
the District morgue in the Seibert
death this afternoon.
Seibert, who, together with David
M. Barkley; 24, 3102 Cleveland avenue,
son of Representative Alvin Barkley
of Kentucky, were passengers with
Bryn on the night of the accident,
died at Emergency Hospital on De
cember 23. Both Bryn and Barkley
were hurt in the accident.
After hearing the testimony *of a
number of witnesses, the coroner’s
jury promptly return a verdict of ac
cidental death.
Testifying in his own Jjehalf, young
on Page 2, Column 1.)
Capper and Zihlraan Measures De
signed to Eetain Engineer "Com
missioner on Duty in Capital.
Bills designed to permit the Presi
dent to keep Col. J. Franklin Bell as
Engineer Commissioner of the Dis
trict, regardless of the military law
under which he would have to Return
to duty with troops some time this
Summer, were introduced in the Sen
ate by Chairman Capper of the Sen
ate District committee and in the ;
House t>y Chairman Zihlman of the j
House District committee today.
Existing law 7 requires that Army i
officers who are detailed to civilian i
positions in the Government must
serve one year out of every five with
some combatant branch of the Army.
Under this law- Col. Bell would have
ty leave the District government in
j J u ne.
| For several weeks there have been j
I discussions of the possibility of having j
• Col. Bell retained In the DtstrloF gov
ernment for a fencer period.
Saturday’s Circulation, 101,395
Sunday’s Circulation, 111,428
Screams End Happy Laugh
ter as Fear-Mad Young
sters Are Crushed in Stam
pede for Door—3s Injured.
Crowded Stairway From Balcony
Becomes • Groaning, Shrieking
Mass as Trapped Boys and Girls
Fight for Safety—Firemen Cut
Hole in Wall to Get Bodies.
By the Associated Press.
MONTREAL, January 10.—Vic
tims of a movie disaster more tragic
than ever flickered on the silver
screen, 77 children lay dead today,
crushed or suffocated by a lire stam
pede Sunday in the Laurier Palace,
a theater in Montreal’s east end.
This morning 68 of the little vic
tims had been identified at the city
i morgue, while 8 others still awaited
j recognition. Autopsies established
! that 60 of the children died from
S asphyxiation, 11 w-ere crushed and
j 5 lost their lives from a combination
! of asphyxiation and burns.
Thirty-five children injured In the
j crush were reported at the city hos
j pitals to be recovering and not to bo
| in any further danger.
I Mayor Martin has issued a message
j of condolence to the bereaved parents
j of the victims and the Montreal The-
J ater Managers’ Association has open
ed subscriptions for a relief fund of
at least SIO,OOO.
The tragedy was caused bv fea.\ as
the fire which started the rush for the
exits was comparatively trivial.
Theater Well Filled.
The Laurier Palace is at No. 1683
! St. Catherine street east. It is a two
j story building, w-ith a stone and brick
■ front, and has been in operation sev-
I eral years. The seating capacity is
I about 1,100, and it was well filled vs*-
terday, with the usual large number
of children in the audience. Adults
also attended.
The place has four exits, two at the
front, into which the stairs from the
I balcony lead, and two at the side,
opening into a lane which leads to a
j side street.
j Sunday’s performance, featuring a
comedy film, “Get Em Young’’—dead
jly irony in the light of the disaster
j that was to follow—was barely under
j way w hen there was a flicker of flame
! and a belch of smoke from the projec
tion room beneath the balconv.
Some one saw it—accounts differ as
to whether it was a small boy or an
usher—and the dread cry of “Fire!”
was raised. Bedlam ensued. The
crowd, drawn from the surrounding
French-Canadian and foreign district,
fled for the exits. Those on the
ground floor seem to have reached the
open without great difficulty.
Stampede for Stairways.
Those in the balcony, terrified by
the billows of smoke and the heat of
the flames below, ran for the two
stairways, down which they struggled,
swaying and shouting. An usher suc
ceeded in restoring some order to
those stampeding down the west side
stairs, but on the east a terrible panic
developed, and it was here that the
worst of the tragedy occurred.
The kide of children and adults flow
ing to the street level was suddenly
halted. Some one had fallen. AVith
panic redoubled, those behind, feeding
the breath of the fire upon them,
surged downward and the stairw’ay
became a near-solid mass of groaning,
shrieking humanity.
Children were borne under foot to
be trampled. Others were caught and
crushed by the pressure of the sur
rounding adults. Still others, simi
larly pinioned, were suffocated. Those
in the rear were caught by the flames.
Firemen, arriving from the St.
Catherine street east station, found
the stairway inextricably jammed,
with the lowermost part of the mass
only a few steps from the main floor.
Attempts to relieve the pressure by
pulling at individual members of the
tangle were unavailing. Firemen tied
i a rope about the body of one child in
the hope that it was the key-log of the
jam, but were unable to budge it.
Smash Hole in Wall.
I Then, as the quickest way through,
they smashed a hole in the street wall
and formed a human chain, passing
the victims through the opening.
In the rear of the mass an usher,
AV. W. Pare, fought heroically, but
futively, in the blinding smoke and
intense heat to save some of the
pinioned children. He dragged nine
little victims to a window over the
entrance canopy and thrust them out
in the hope that some were alive.
None survived. Almost overcome by
the smoke himself, he crawied on to
the canopy and was taken to tho
i street by firemen.
| Meanwhile holes had been chopped
i through the stairs and under the jam
|of bodies. As the victims were taken
out by the firemen and volunteers
they were removed to nearby stores
or dwellings to protect them from the
biting cold. Ambulance surgeons flit
ted from one to another, rendering
first aid. The more seriously injured
were rushed off in ambulances. Fif
teen died in one hospital alone.
The fire was soon extinguished, but
for hours afterward the ambulanoes
raced between the temporary hos
pitals and the general institutions or
lx>re their pitiful burdens to the city
Parents Rush to Morgue. *
Moving scenes were enacted at all
these places, but particularly touch
ing were those at the morgue, where,
through the afternoon and night,
fathers and mothers and elder broth
ers and sisters appeared, passing
along the rows of bodies searching foi
their loved ones.
From the coroner’s court, above the
morgue, those who had been deprived
of ho|»e went to the office of the cor
oner to receive the fatal blue slip al
lowing them to remove the bodies of
their dead.
Almost all of the children identified
(Continued on Paco 3, Column 2.) ~*

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