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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 29, 1927, Image 1

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WEATHER.
fIT. P. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Cloudy tonight and tomorrow; prob
ably rain tomorrow: much colder Mon
day.
Temperature—Highest. 38, at 11 a.m.
today: lowest, 33, at 11:30 p.m. yester
day. Full report on page 8.
. . ■
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 14
XT QA 000 Entered as second class matter
XHO. tO. post office, Washington, D. C.
,11S. MOVES SHIPS
NEARER CHINA FOR
ANY EVENTUALITIES
[Three Cruisers to Proceed to
$ Honolulu, Navy Depart
s ment Announces.
KELLOGG IS HOPEFUL
* OF PEACE NEGOTIATIONS
But Has No Direct Word of Fac
tions Uniting—British Offer
Liberal Terms.
United States naval forces prepared
today to m®ve closer to the theater of
Chinese civil war, in preparedness for
any eventualities.
Secretary of the Navy W ilbur to
day said that three cruisers had been
•®rdered to proceed to Honolulu, which
will put them about 11 days closer to
the Chinese war zone.
These ships are the flagship Rich
mond;' which is leaving Guantanamo;
the Marblehead, which has been or
dered from Nicaragua, where she will
be relieved by the cruiser Milwaukee,
and the Cincinnati, which has just
arrived at Balboa, Canal Zone.
Rear Admiral J. R. Y. Blakely, who
was under orders to command this
cruiser squadron, has been instructed
'to proceed at once to Honolulu and
assume command there.
Have No Marines Aboard.
The ships have no Marines aboard,
nor were their complements increased
before being ordered to Hawaii.
It was said at the Navy Department
that there was a desire to avoid mak
ing it appear that any threat was
Intended by the movement of the ships
at this time, particularly in view of
the. fact that diplomatic negotiations
now are under way. At the same
time it is the desire of the Navy to
be prepared for any eventualities, and
to have its forces as close at hand as
possible without actually appearing in
the war zone.
Secretary Kellogg considers pros
pects for new treaty conferences with
qualified Chinese representatives "rea
sonably hopeful,” although he has not
yet received any direct indications that
the two major political factions in
China are approaching an agreement
to appoint a joint delegation for that
purpose.
Information Not Disclosed.
It was not disclosed at the State
Department on what -
nformation the Secretary based his
hopes of an adjustment between the
two factions. The progress of the
civil war now’ waging in China, it was
said, might have much to do with
determining the question.
The Secretary declied to comment
on the statement issued last night by
Dr. Alfred Sze, the Chinese minis
ter in Washington, asking immediate
steps to abrogate existing unequal
treaties. Dr. Sze, it was said, still is
the accredited Chinese minister of the
Peking government.
If he has any authority to speak
for the Cantonese regime the State
Department is not aware of it.
' Mr Kellogg also refused to say any
thing about the Porter resolution.
Coincident with a reaffirmation by
President Coolidge yesterday of Secre
tary Kellogg’s offer to negotiate, in
concert or singly, new equalization
treaties with China, Great Britain no
tified both the Peking and Cantonese
Nationalist governments that she was
ready to grant a majority of the rights
for which the Chinese have been con
tending.
Note to Both Factions.
Although the British plan was not 1 '
made public at the time it was pre
sented to Marshal Chang Tso-lin and
the Poking northern government and
to Eugene Chen, foreign minister of
<th® Cantonese regime at Hankow, it
Is understood in Peking that it pro
posed virtual abandonment of the
British concessions at Hankow and
Tientsin, setting up in their place
international settlements, in whose
administration the Chinese would be
given large representation.
The territories, it is said, would be
similar in some respects to the old
German concessions in China,
although safeguards w’ould be pro
vided for their efficient administration
Ithrough foreign representation in the
’municipal council*.
The concession problem of the Brit
ish is one with which the United
•States is not confronted, since this
country has no such grants in China.
Many Americans reside in the Chinese
international settlements, however,
and President Coolidge intends to
keep American naval forces in Far
Fastern waters for their protection.
’He does not believe the 4,000 Amer
icana in Shanghai should be asked
to abandon their property and busi
ness until all danger was passed. A
suggestion that the Americans evacu
ate the city has been made by Chair
man Borah of the foreign relations
committee.
BRITISH SEEKING PEACE.
Generous Terms Offered Ail Factions
in China.
SHANGHAI. January 29 </P).
' Enough was learned from authorita
tive sources today to indicate that the
British proposals for surrendering her
extraterritorial privileges in China
constitute the most significant devel
opment so far in the struggle of the
Far Eastern republic to regain full
control of her territories.
Although the meetings at Peking
between the British Minister, Miles
I and Foreign Minister Wel-
I lington Koo of the northern govern-
I ment. and *he conference at Hankow
I between British Charge d’Affaires
i O’Malley and Eugene Chen. Cantonese
I foreign minister, still are shrouded in
B secrecv, it has become known that
II England has made alike to the north
■* ern and southern Chinese governments
■ a proposal virtually offernig full tariff
■ autonomy and complete sovereignty
P|over all British concessions.
Scope of Proposal.
'* British proposal is understood
onlv minor conditions de
aignea to Insure efficient administra
tion Os the areas which would "be
turned hack to Chinese control and
on Pag® 5. Column 2.)
40,000 Cattle Die,
3 Rivers Dry Lp
In African Drought
B.v the Associated Press.
LONDON, January 29. Forty
thousand cattle have died, three
rivers have dried up, and the
natives are swarming to the towns,
fearing starvation, says a dispatch
from Johannesburg, South Africa,
to the Daily Mail.
The drought is the worst in the
memory of residents of the Piet
ersburg district of the Transvaal.
Lions, because of the scarcity of
food, are constantly raiding the
cattle kraals.
FRENCH SHIP GOLD
FOR LOAN INTEREST
Export of Metal Believed in
Anticipation of Paying on
Advances to Cities.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, January 29. —The repeated
shipments of bar gold from France
to New York are in continuation of
the operations connected with the
purchase of dollars and pounds ster
ling by the Bank of France, it is said
in the best informed circles. The bank
considers it purely a private matter,
and the reasons for it are unknown.
It is surmised in some quarters that
French banks and American banks
with French branches are shipping
the metal with a view to forthcom
ing payments of interest on loans i
made in the United States to French
cities, departments and industries.
French gold valued at approximate
ly |l3,b<>o,ooo has arrived in New' York
in the- last month. The third and
largest of. the shipments, valued at
about $5,680,000, arrived Thursday on
the liner France. There has been much
speculation in financial circles as to
the cause for the transfer of the gold.
A Paris dispatch Monday said the
gold was being forwarded by private
bankers w’ho received it from the Bank
of Frahce in exchange for the gold
coins which it is purchasing under
parliamentary authorization for use
in exchange operations.
SIX KILLED, 16 HURT
IN 3 AUTO MISHAPS
Bus Hits Truck —Ash Truck
Skids to Sidewalk —Train
Strikes Auto.
By the Associated Press.
NEW HAVEN. Conn., January 29.
Two persons were killed and eleven
others hurt, two seriously, early today
when a Boston-to-New York bus col
lided with a truck on the Boston Post
road in West Haven.
One body was partly identified as
that of Joseph Cunniffe, 55, of East
Boston, Mass.
There were between 20 and 25 pas
sengers in the bus.
Two Sisters Killed.
PATERSON, N. J.. January 29
(jp) —Two young women, sisters, were
killed today and another sister and a
man were injured when a city ash
truck skidded and ran on the side
walk.
The dead are Amelia ChJralleo, 18,
and Frances Chiralleo. 23. Both sus
tained fractured skulls.
The young women were on their
way to work with their sister Mary
when the truck struck them and
crushed them against a house. A man
asleep in the building was thrown
from his bed by the impact.
Train Kills Two.
SCRANTON, Pa., January 29 C/P).
Two miners, on their way to work,
were killed and three injured, two se
riously. when a Delaware and Hudson
passenger train struck on automobile
on a grade crossing in North Scran
ton today.
COLD WAVE ON WAY.
Cooler Weather Not to Reach Here
Before Monday, However.
Another spell of cold weather is
heading toward Washington, but it
isn’t expected to reach here much
before Monday.
Forecaster Mitchell says that a
“high-pressure area,” with accom
panying low temperatures, is mov
ing southward from the Mackenzie
basin and the prospects are that it
will bring “much colder” weather
here late tomorrow night or Monday.
Meanwhile, the moderate tempera
ture will continue, with rain sched
uled to drench the landscape most
of tomorrow.
President Gets Lincoln Limousine;
.Adopts It at Once as Official Car
With the arrival at the White
House yesterday of a Lincoln auto
' mobile for the President speculation
has arisen as U/ the probability of J
this being the forerunner of the
banishment of the fleet of Pierce
Arrow cars which have been used
by the White House. It has not
been learned yet whether other Lin
coln cars are to be installed in the
White House garage in place of the
! cars now being used.
The arrival of the new car was not
only a surprise to those about the
White House garage, but it has been
associated with some little mystery,
it cannot be learned definitely whether
this new car, which is of the latest
limousine model, was a personal pres
ent to the President from Henry Ford
' or whether it is to be rented as are
1 the five Pierce-Arrows in the White
House employ. The fact that the car
%bm\m Jfe.
J WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1927 -Till KTV-SIX PAUKS. *
BECK CHALLENGES 1
POWER OF SENATE
IN BARRING SMITH:
Illinoisan Has Day in Court
at Elections Committee
Hearing.
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
IS BASIS OF CONTEST
Reed Is Invited to Sit In and Take
Hand in Investigation
Into Seating.
BY G. GOULD LINCOLN.
Col. Frank L. Smith of Illinois,
whose right to a seat in the Senate
lias been challenged, had his day in
court today.
Before the Senate privileges and elec
tions committee, his counsel, James
M. Beck, former Solicitor General of
the United States, argued that Col.
Smith had been guilty of no wrong
doing. He contended that the only
charges against Col. Smith were based
on innuendo. He pointed out that
Col. Smith had been overwhelmingly
elected by* the people of his State and
then appointed by the governor to
fill the McKinley vacancy.
Challenges Senate Act.
Turning to the constitutional side
of the case, Mr. Beck insisted that
I the Senate had no right to deny Col.
Smith, the choice of a sovereign State,
the right to taj<e the oath of office as
I Senator, provided he met the qualifica-
I tions specified for Senator, in the Con
stitution.
"If you had submitted to the Con
stitutional Convention a projwisition
that Senators should he chosen by the
Legislatures of the States, by and
with the advice and consent of the
Senate, would there ever have been a
Constitution?” Mr. Beck demanded.
Mr. Beck ventured the prediction
that if today an amendment to the
Constitution was proposed providing
that the election of Senators should
be by and with the advice of the Sen
ate, even though the preamble of the
proposal was filled with denunciation
of corruptions in elections, no State
would accept the amendment.
Caraway Asks Question.
“If an amendment were offered that
no man should be permitted to buy a.
seat in the Senate, would it receive
any votes?” asked Senator Caraway,
Democrat of Arkansas.
"That’s begging the question, Sen
ator.” was the reply of Mr. Beck.
The contribution of $125,000 by
Samuel Insull, public utilities magnate
to the primary campaign fund of Col.
Smith, which has been the base of the
charges of unfitness against Smith,
does not disqualify Col. Smith from
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.f~
IG BATTLING MINE
EIRE HURT IN BEAST
Explosion Rocks West Vir
ginia Shaft, Where Flames
Periled 245 Yesterday.
By the An6oelated Press.
MORGANTOWN, W. Va., January
29.—Sixteen men were burned, some
seriously, by an explosion early today
in the Connellsville by-products mine
which was swept by fire yesterday.
At least 25 men were in the mine
at the time of the blast, but all were
reported by company officials to have
made their way to safety.
General Manager Burned.
Among thofje most seriously burned
was Stephen Arkwright. general
manager for the James A. Paisley in
terests of Cleveland, ow'ners of the
by-products mine, which is situated in
the Scott’s Run district.
Several local doctors and ambu
lances were sent to the scene.
The men were working in the main
straight heading when the explosion
occurred. They were fighting a fire
at the mine which yesterday cost the
life of one man and endangered 245
others.
Mine Called Gaseous.
The mine is one of the largest work
ings in this county, and is considered
by Mine Department officials as
gaseous.
Fear of an explosion in the event
of any accumulation of gas had been
menacing the fire-fighting work all
day, it was said.
Influenza Alarms Belgium.
BRUSSELS, January 29 OP).—'The
influenza epidemic in Belgium is as
suming a more serious the
death rate from the disease now' iieing
20 per cent over the normal for this
time of year. Many cases are follow
ed by quick complications, death oc
curring within 48 hours.
has the presidential shield painted on
the side of either door is taken to indi
cate that it is not the private property
of the President. It is thought that
the car is to be given a trial, and if
found suitable, other cars of this make
will be subsituted for the remainder
of the Pierce-Arrows in the White
House garage.
Immediately upon notification that
the automobile had arrived President
Coolidge gave orders for it to be put
into active service at once. The
President's own automobile tag, No.
100, was removed from the limousine
the President had been using and at
tached to the new arrival. It is un
derstood that the President and Mrs.
Coolidge will take their first ride in
the new car when they go to Conti
nental Hall tonight, where the Presi
dent is to address the business or
ganizations of the Government.
The President’s old car was turned
over to Secretary Sanders for his use.
“COOLIDGE, THE OPPRESSOR,” BY A DISTINGUISHED SENATORIAL PAINTER.
MAYOR LINKS AIDES
IN RUM CONFESSION
Police Guarded Shipments to
Chicago, Executive of
Suburb Admits.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, January 29.—A confes
sion by the mayor of Summit, a sub
urb, involving himself and numerous
others in the shipment of illegal beer
from a Pennsylvania brewery to Chi-,
eago gangsters, today supplied addi
tional evidence in the Government’s
exposure of the operations
Mayor Elias H. Wilson not only de
tailed the participation of himself and
his chief of police, but tdd Federal
operatives that after the liquor ship
ments were unloaded from freight cars
at Summit they were trucked to Chi
cago under police protection.
Split $2 a Parrel.
For every barret of beer transferred
at the suburb the Saltis gang of Chi
cago paid down $2, he said, and the
sum was divided between himself and
other Summit officials.
Special Intelligence Agent Converse
declared that the Government has “an
open-and-shut case” against Joe Saltis,
reputed leader of a South Side beer
gang, who is alleged to have con
tracted with Robert F. Adams of
Scranton, Pa., for illicit output of a
brewery near there.
Arrested in Cleveland.
Adams was arrested in Cleveland
a few days ago and was alleged to
have admitted that beer shipments
were sent to Waverly, N. Y., re
routed there for Summit, and thence
delivered into Chicago.
The Government is investigating
the handling of the beer by railroads
operating here and in New York, and
already has started action for the re
moval here of a Waverly railroad
employe.
ENEMIES MURDER
KIN OF PRESIDENT
Brother or Brother-in-Law of
Smetona of Lithuania Killed
With Wife and Children.
By th* Associated Press.
KOV.N'O, Lithuania, January 29.
The Eastern Press Service today re
ported that President Smetona’s broth
er, with his wife and two children, had
been murdered, by unidentified per
sons on their country estate near Kel
dany as an act of political vengeance
against the President. Only the
charged bodies of the victims were
found in the villa, which had been set
afire.
Antanas Smetona was elected Presi
dent of Lithuania by the Diet on De
cember 19, succeeding Dr. Kazimir
Grlnius, who formally resigned the
office after lie and his ministers had
been overthrown by a military coup
d’etat. Changes that Ills government
was too friendly with Soviet Russia
were one of the chief causes for the
downfall of Dr. Grlnius.
LONDON, January 29 (A*). —The
Lithuanian legation here said today
that President Smetona had no
brother, but that the President’s wife
had a brother named Cliodakauskaes,
who lived with his wife and two chil
dren at Kledany. 40 miles from
Kovno. . ,
legation officials said they had not
received any reports of the deaths
at Keidany mentioned by the East
ern Press Service at Kovno.
41 CAMELS ARRIVE.
NEW YORK, January 29 (A s).—Forty
one globe-trotting Bactrlan camels,
shivering and silent, have arrived In
New York, completing a 14,000-mile
trip from their native Tibet, which
took them more than a year to make.
As they came up the harbor on the
freighter Homestead and looked over
the ice-filled water, their hairy cover
ing seemed inadequate for the wintry
chill of New York.
The animals began their journey
from Tibet in 1925 and traveled on foot
to Shanghai, whence they were taken
by ship to Port Said. From there they
came to New York. It is expected the
1 animals will be assigned to circus
, troupes or menageries.
Ci
Cold Feet Blamed
For Some Errors
Os Parliamentarians
B.v the Associated Press.
LONDON, January 29. “Hot
heads and cold feet” may account
for some of the mistakes of the
House of Commons.
Prof. Leonard Hill, in an address
on “Heating and Ventilation” at
Gresham College, described the
system of Seating and ventilation
In the House of Commons as all
w'rong.
In newer buildings, such as the
Liverpool Cathedral, he said,
errors of the past have been cor
rected. The floor of the cathedral
is kept at a temperature of about
70, which assures the worshipers
of warm feet while open windows
keep the air fresh.
CHARLOTTE HALE
BARRACKS BURNED
$65,000 Damage Done by
Blaze at Military School.
D. C. Boy Slightly Hurt.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
CHARLOTTE HALL, Md., Janu
ary 29.—After standing unharmed
through the era of coal oil lamps,
the main barracks of Charlotte Hall
School, 86 years old, caught fire last
night from a short circuit in the elec
tric power plant and was destroyed
within a few hours. The damage,
estimated by Maj. James B. Bentley,
principal of the school, will approxi
mate $65,000. The loss is virtually
covered by insurance.
While cadets were making merry
at their Midwinter dance in the gym
nasium about 9:30 o’clock last night,
one of the visitors attending the
dance discovered the fire and sounded
an alarm. The boys rushed from
the gymnasium and, while the girls
in evening dresses looked, on, a
bucket brigade was formed under
the direction of Maj. Bentley and a
futile effort was made to put out the
fire. The flames originated in the
old barracks, which were erected in
1841, and then destroyed two wings
of the building built about tw'enty
years ago.
Realizing that the fire was beyond
control the volunteer fire fighters
temporarily held it back by closing
doors and windows leading to the
wings, and were thus enabled to res
cue personal property, bedding and
the school records.
Two Are Injured.
Two boys received slight injuries as
they salvaged property. Lacey Zaps,
16 years old, 3417 Quebec street, Wash
ington, twisted his ankle, and Guy F.
Stonestreet, 18 years old, of New York,
cut his leg when he fell through the
glass door of a bookcase he was
carrying to safety.
School activities were suspended to
day and the 70 students w'ere sent to
their homes. Maj. Bentley said he be
lieved that classes will begin in about
10 days, and that a meeting of the
board of trustees will be held within
the next few days to decide upon a
future building policy. Most of the
boys of the school live In Maryland
and the District of Columbia, and the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
RESIGNATION OF PANI
IS REPORTED AGAIN
El Universal Declares Mexican
Treasury Secretary, Often Ru
mored Out, Has Given Up Post.
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY, January 29.—El
Universal says it is able to announce
categorically the resignation of Al
berto J. Pani. secretary of the treas
ury.
Several times since Secretary Pani
concluded the agreement for resump
tion of payments on Mexico's foreign
debts, in 1925, there have been reports
of his resignation. One rumor a few
weeks ago said he was to be appoint
|ed head of the Mexican legation at
Paris, but subsequently the Mexico
City newspapers printed stories that
his resignation had been withdrawn
and he therefore would not go to
Paris.
Radio programs—-Page 36
PEOPLE’S COUNSEL"
CHOICE DIFFICULT
Telephone and Token Users
Eliminated Under Law,
President Suggests.
In the opinion of President C'oolidg®
there are very few people in the Dis
trict of Columbia who would not be
disqualified for appointment as peo
ple’s counsel of the Public Utilities
Commission if the law governing this
appointment Is to be given a fiteral
interpretation.
The President pointed out yesterday
that Congress has gone to such
lengths, making it Impossible for any
one to hold this office w’ho has any
connection with or interest in a public
utility; that there is some question as
to whether a person who has ever
entered into a contract for th® use of
a telephone may not be disqualified
tinder the law’.
While not saying he was going to
assume that the entering into a tele
phene contract would disqualify any
one, the President, after a close study
of the wording of th® law, is satisfied
that such a literal construction' could
serve as the basis for an argument.
If the law is interpreted literally, it
might be taken that the telephone con
tract was sufficient cause to prevent
an appointment to this place, he con
tends.
Tokens Might B« Barrier.
In fact, the President is not certain
but what the purchase of tickets or
tokens on the street railways, which,
he presumes, would be a contract be
tween the person purchasing them
and the street railway corporation to
furnish him with transportation,
would not disqualify. He is
quite sure, though, that it would on
a close interpretation or literal inter
pretation of the statute.
In mentioning these possibilities the
President was represented as explain
ing that he wanted to show to what
length Congress went, and to let the
public know how he has been embar
rassed and handicapped because of the
manner in which Congress has tied
his hands. In making appointments
under the law, he has found it espe
cially difficult because of the restric
tions under the law to obtain the serv
ices of persons who undoubtedly would
be willing to serve, who are of experi
ence and ability, and who, outside of
this statute, are recognized as persons
of high standards. This legislation
has so limited his choice that he is
finding it hard to get a man of experi
ence and outstanding ability, because
he may within a certain specified time
have owned some securities in a cor
poration or may have had some con
tract or other direct or indirect con
nection with some public utility.
Residence Clause Cited.
*
That part of the law requiring the
person to be appointed to this place to
have been a bona fide resident of the
District of Columbia continuously for
a period of at least five years also has
added to his troubles, and has limited
the field to select from, acoording to
the President. However, It is that
part of the law prohibiting a person
from serving in this position who
"shall have during a period of five
years preceding ills appointment di
rectly or indirectly been interested in
any local public utility, or in any
stock, bond, mortgage, security or
contract of any such public utility,”
that has become so Irksome and ob
jectionable to the Executive.
This opinion of the law in question
was given by the President following
a denial on his part that there has
been any secrecy surrounding the se
lection of men to public office in this
city since he has been President. It
being his evident intention to answer
criticism to the effect that hia appoint
ments have been marked by secrecy.
(Continued on Page 4, Column 7.)
\V»iV/I lllliu vvk v*» »■ n » ' * —w tiivii v>
“The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier ** )
-j • ij
One of Three New
Sherlock Holmes Stories
1
Appears in the Magazine of
Tomorrow*s Star
HThe story is complete—a thrilling 1 tale from the pen i
of A. Conan Doyle, creator of fiction’s famous detective. j
| J In Tomorrow*s Star
“From Pre»» to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 105,477
( A> ) Means Associated Press.
Pittsburgh Ballot
Box Seizures Loom
As Difficult Task!
By thr Prs»»
PITTSBURGH, Pa., January 29.
Hundreds of individual court j
orders will be needed, officials j
believe, to obtain possession of
Allegheny County ballot boxes for
shipment to Washington for in
spection by the Senate committee
investigating the Vare Wilson elec
tion in Pennsylvania. Seizure of
the ballots was ordered yesterday
by the committee.
Whereas the Philadelphia boxes
were stored under one roof and
easily accessible, the boxes here
are scattered throughout the city
and county in possession of alder
men and justices of the peace.
After court orders have been j
served on each of these it will be
necessary to send trucks to the
four corners of the county to col
lect the boxes.
PRESIDENT NAMES
CAYTON AS JUDGE
Younger Member of D. C. Bar
Appointed to Municipal
Court Bench.
BY J. BUSSELL YOUNG.
Nathan Cayton. one of the younger
members of the District bar, has been
selected by President Coolldge for ap
pointment' as Judge of the Municipal
Court of the District to fill the vacancy
1 caused by the recent death of Judge
Charles V. Meehan.
Mr. Cayton's selection was made by
the President after a careful study of a
large field of aspirants for the place,
and his nomination is expected to be
sent to the Senate by the President
some time this afternoon. Because of
the favorable comment the President
has received from members of the
local Judiciary and individual citizens,
he is represented as feeling very cer
tain that Mr. Cayton's appointment
will be a popular one.
i Yopngest To Be Named.
Mr. Cayton will be the youngest
man ever to have been appointed to the
, Municipal Court. He is in his twenty
, eighth year, having been born in
I 1899. The question of his age is said
to have been given some little thought
by the President before making the
choice, but the President was advised
• that this young lawyer is thoroughly
trained and experienced.
Mr. Cayton was born In this city and
i had lived here throughout his life. He
■ is single and resides with his parents
> at 294* Macomb street. He attended
l the public schools and graduated from
Central High School In 1916, receiving
> an honorary scholarship to the Na
tional University of Law. He grad
uated from that institution in 1918.
receiving degrees of LL. B. and LL. M.
He did not Immediately enter upon the
practice of law' following his admission
to the bar, but became engaged for
nearly a year on some special work in
connection with surplus sales of the
War Department.
In 1919 Mr. Cayton became asso
ciated with Alexander Wolf, attorney,
and soon afterward became the latter’s
law partner. He is a member of the
District Court of Appeals, the Supreme
Court of the District and the Court
of Claims. He has entire and exclu
sive charge of all Municipal Court
cases for his firm and because of his
familiarity with this court, and his
knowledge of the law dealing with the
kind of cases coming before it. he is
understood to have appealed to the
President and the Attorney General
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
SLAYER GETS 25 YEARS
AFTER PLEADING GUILTY
Bum Bunner Who Billed Man
During Attempt to Hold Up
Lunchroom Sentenced.
Ira R. Gray, colored, 36 years old,
yesterday was sentenced to the peni
tentiary for 25 years by Justice Hoehl
ing in Criminal Division 1 after he had
pleaded guilty to murder in the sec
ond degree.
Gray shot and mortally wounded
Albert Gattas November 27 w r hen
Gattas resisted an attempted hold-up
at a lunchroom near Four-and-a-half
street and Pennsylvania avenue.
Gattas died a day later.
' Gray, who admitted, police say. to
being a Baltimore rum runner, was
charged with murder in the first de
gree, but was permitted to plead
guilty to the lesser offense, carrying
a sentence ranging from Imprison
ment for 20 years to life.
Assistant United States Attorney E.
Russell Kelly prosecuted the case.
ANNUAL FUNDS OF FOUR
DEPARTMENTS PROVIDED
Carrying a total of $83,469,000. the
annual appropriation bill for the State.
Justice, Commerce and Labor Depart
ments was passed by the House yes
terday and sent to the Senate.
Os the amount the State Depart
ment is allotted $11,877,000; Justice,
$26,345,000; Commerce, $36,192,000, and
Labor, $9,643,000.
The measure includes $4,015,000 to
foster commercial aviation and sl,-
063,000 for helium development.
TWO CENTS.
HOUSE COMMITTEE
URGES $38,173,366
FOR DISTRICT, BUT
TAX RATE STANDS
Report Says $1.50 Would
Raise Current Expendi
tures, But Building Projects
Must Be Provided For.
CERTAIN PROPERTIES
FACE ACTUAL INCREASE
Change in Assessment of Three
Classes to Bring Raise —Budget
Estimates Cut $109,623, But
Total Is $1,214,795 More Than
Last Year's Appropriation.
The District appropriation bill was
reported to the House today, carry
ing a total appropriation of $36,173,-
366. This amount is $109,623 less
than the budget estimates, but is
an increase of $1,214,795 over last
year's appropriations.
Under the new assessments, a tax
rate of $1.50 would be sufficient to
raise the District’s share of the ap
propriations recommended today.
But because of important building
projects already authorized by law,
and tor which appropriations have
been made and are to be carried in
other bills, there can be no change
from the existing tax rate of SI.BO,
according to the report of Chairman
Funk of the subcommittee of the
appropriations committee of the
House. This means that District
residents will continue to pay the
present tax rate, but it will be based
upon the new assessments, which
will increase the assessed value of
property in the District from $951,-
000,000—as at present—to $1,150,000,-
000.
No Blanket Increaae.
This increaae In aaseaament will not
mean a blanket increase all over the
city, hitting the Individual property
owner and compelling him to really
pay a higher tax bill. The assessment
is broadly divided among three classes,
who share the Increaae about equally:
(1) New buildings, (2) Increases on
newly developed property, and (*) In
creases on certain classes of business
property, it was explained today by
Assessor Richards.
The bill is based on a continuance
of the $9,000,000 lump-sum payment
from the Federal Treasury. It calls
for $23,803,556 to be paid from Dis
trict revenues derived from taxes on
real estate, tangible and Intangible
personal property, public utilities,
banks, etc.; $1,591,210 payable from
water revenues; $1,478,600 payable
from the gasoline tax fund, which is
an increase of $38,600, and $300,000
payable from surplus revenue funds
for school, playground and park pur
poses.
Teachers’ Funds Omitted.
In addition to the fact that per
manent substantive law is ignored in
the continuance of the lump-sum
policy, the District bill reported today
contains no appropriation for new
school teachers.
The limitation of 25 per cent above
assessed valuation on the price to be
paid for school, playground and park
sites is retained in the bill, despite the
emphatic protest fronr District officials
that their hands are tied and they
are unable to purchase under this
limitation the sites that are needed
especially for school buildings. The
committee, however, exempts from
this limitation $154,000 of current
funds for acquisition of school sites.
The present bill also discards the
existing system of purchasing District
supplies, and compels the District to
purchase from the Federal supply
committee schedules, thus putting the
District in this respect on the same
basis as other departments and
agencies of the Federal Government.
The bill stops the printing of the
over-due real estate tax book, and re
quires the information to be prepared
In such shape that interested parties
may visit the tax collector's office and
see the copy that would otherwise go
to the printer.
The bill provides for the manufac
ture of auto license tags at the
Occoquan penal institution and pro
vides money for a small foundry to
produce certain cast iron products,
such as sewer tops, window bars and
grates.
Student Clause Intact.
The provision admitting Maryland
and District school children to the
District schools was not disturbed.
One additional child hygiene station
was provided for, with an increase
of $12,000 in the appropriation.
During the hearings the Funk sub
committee showed itself much exer
cised over the congestion of cases in
the Police Court, and demand was
made as to why these cases are not
brought to trial. The court was
forced to present to the subcommittee
a list of all the delayed cases.
An important omission from the bill
is the removal of the usual item.
$15,000, for repair and heating at
Columbia Hospital. This puts that in
stitution in the same situation as the
other hospitals.
The bill carries the new items rec
ommended by tfie Budget Bureau of
$250,000 for the M street bridge.
In explaining the continuation of
the lump-sum fiscal policy. Repre
sentative Frank Funk of Illinois
stated in his report that "the bill
contemplates a lump-sum contribution
of $9,000,000 by the Federal Govern*
ment in conformity with the practice
Initiated in the District of Columbia
appropriation bill for the fiscal ye&tf
1925, plus approximately $950,000,
representing the Government’s share
of certain miscellaneous revenue,
which it forfeits as a part of the
lump-sum arrangement. In the figure
of $23,803,656 to come from District
revenues is included approximately
$2,760,000 of revenue to be derived
from miscellaneous sources. Elimi
nating this amount, we get the figure
(Continued on Page 9, Column 14
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