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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 25, 1927, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1927-07-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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(U. S. Weather Bureau Forecast,l
Fair tonight and tomorrow; not
much change in temperature.
Temperature—Highest, 85, at 5 p.m.
yesterday; lowest, 63, at 5:30 a.m. to
day. Full report on page 19.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 14 and 15
XT QA dAA Entered as second class matter
IN O. oU,tW, post office, Washington, JD. C.
Official Announcement of
Success Awaits Calibration
of Barograph He Risked
His Life to Save.
Piston Reds Completely Tom Out
of Engine as Craft Plunges
Toward Earth—Aviator Lands
Safely in Corn Patch as His
Fellow Flyers Marvel.
Reaching an indicated altitude of
47,000 feet above Washington today
—nearly 7,000 feet higher than the
world’s record, which France has
held for two years—Lieut. Carlton
C. Champion, ir., of the Navy, a
student at the Post-Graduate School
at Annapolis, today battled for his
life as he descended to earth with
his engine afire and partly disin
The pilot carried two barographs
on his flight, one of which was de
stroyed. and the other/it is believed,
either damaged or slightly affected
by the vibration and fire which
licked the little inclosure in which
it was kept.
Has Faith In Mark.
After a hurried examination of the
remaining barograph at the Bureau
of Standards, it was stated that an
altitude of between 37,000 and 38.000
feet was indicated, considerably short ,
of the world record of 40,820 feet.
This, however, is entirely unofficial,
as it will require about 36 hours to
calibrate the instrument. Should cal
ibration either because of damage to
the barograph or otherwise, fail to
substantiate Lieut. Champion’s claim,
he will not get official credit for a
new altitude. I
Lieut. Champion has unquestionable
faith in the accuracy of she altimeter
which he carried in his cockpit and
which pointed to ”47” on his climb
this morning. In past altitude flight
tests the calibrated barograph has
agreed almost exactly, with the read
ings he took of the instrument. The
altimeter is of British /hake and has
l.een subjected to severe tests for ac
curacy and finally was adopted after
it had proven more satisfactory than
other makes of thin instrument.
Lands In Corn Patch.
With several pistons completely <
torn out of the nine-cylinder air-cooled
engine, due probably to the lack of
lubricating oil, Lieut. Champion slid
down from his high perch, where the |
temperature was about 90 degrees be
low zero, and made a forced landing
in a corn patch on the edge of Boll
ing Field, whence the flight started
at 6.47*4 o’clock this morning. On
the downward flight he battled with
four separate fires in his engine.
On the descent, Lieut. Champion’s
engine caught fire on four different
t occasions. At one time the pilot was
half way out of the cockpit prepar
ing to jump when he thought of the
harographs. To jump would have
meant the destruction of the baro
. graphs in the crash as well as the
loss of the plane, so with flames 1
shooting out of the engine in front,
he battled all the way down with
a "dead stick” and made a beautiful
landing in the corn patch.
Fellow Flyers Marvel.
Fellow naval aviators marvelled at
the miraculous escape of Champion,
but they were quick to explain that i
if he had not put up such a battle
against the tremendous odds he
would not have won.
Lieut. Champion took off early
this morning with all confidence that
the record would return to America.
Soon he was out of sight and the
drone of the supercharger on his
little Wright “Apache” plane was
heard for many minutes after. Time
wore on while a handful of personal
friends on the field awaited his re
’ turn. He would have to he back
on the ground after the expiration
of an hour as the fuel supply would
not accommodate a longer flight. .
Suddenly a tremendous drone was
heard and in the sky his plane was
seen diving down with a long stream
of white smoke emitting from the
tail. It looked like a skywriter plane,
and then it disappeared. Those on
the ground did not know that it was
the fourth fire he was battling away
up there in the deep blue. After a
few minutes’ delay his plane was
again sighted dropping toward the
field through the haze, and as though
it were smooth as a table he put it
down in the cornpatch.
Plane Slightly Damaged.
Should the record be substantiated
by the Bureau of Standards Lieut.
Champion would hold the most covet
ed air mark in aeronautics. He al
ready holds the seaplane altitude roc
on], made in the same type of ship
be flew today, at a mark of 37.995.
The French record has withstood
manv attempts in this country made
by Lieut. John A. Macready of the
Army Air Corps.
The plane was not damaged in its
forced landing, other than the en
gine. which had seven cylinder heads
missing and several pistons gone.
Hoover Field, a nearby commercial
flving field, reported the falling of
these parts of the engine on the
The power plant, a 400-horsepower
Pratt & Whitney air-cooled engine, is
the pride of the Navy and has given
brilliant service in the little more than
e year it has been in use. This en
gine was especially developed by the
manufacturers in connection with the
4 Navy Department and has proven
1 Itself admirably suited to the needs of
|hs service. »
It !• particularly suited for high al
tltuda work In pursuit planes and fast
tM»sr>rvaMon ships. It Is more power-
Cil than the well known Liberty and
• Installed weight Is about one-half
| *f that. The fact that It reached what
Is believed to be the highest point
'•'tr touched by man in perfect run-
MJentimied on Page 2, Column 3.A
Describes Desperate Battle Witb Fire and
Difficulty of Breathing When Oxygen
Supply Is Impaired.
Written for The Star and North American Newspaper Alliance.
My flight over the National Capital this morning, on which I reached
lan indicated altitude of 47,0(H) feet, which appears to have shattered the
world altitude record for both balloons and aircraft, was not undertaken
by the Navy as a “stunt,” but to test out the latest equipment it is de
veloping for high altitude work by Navy aircraft.
This test work was begun nearly a year ago, when I was on duty in j
the engine section of the Bureau of Aeronautics, and it fell to my lot to
conduct the experiments. I
This morning’s flight was but a continuation of the work, which |
has proved the new material to lie
entirely satisfactory, and, it Is be- -
believed the best developed today.
After working out several details /
which had previously caused some j
trouble the plane went up Hi is L |||||^
mined that the weather conditions '
were favorable for the high-altitude iff
test flight. For this purpose it was
necessary to have a day on which - -y' Tafe-aifr ; yf
the sky was practically free of cloud ,
formation in the vicinity of the field.
At high altitude the landmarks are L/
not easy to distinguish, even in . ,
weather which appears perfectly
clear from the ground. This is due / "■
to the fact that the layers of vapor / < ;
and dust-bearing air near the ground . % j j
reflect the sunlight to such an extent j
that objects on the ground are gfl HjP , TjjW.
blurred and many of them totally
When there are any clouds at an I :
altitude through which one must *' j",,.. iumpipv
pass, these clouds, while they may Llhl T. ( KAMI ION,
Appear dark from below reflect .be K? , *"* 4
sunlight from above. \\ hen above
such cloud formations, therefore, the clouds become dazzling white, and the
spaces between the clouds appear so dark and murky that it is impossible
to distinguish any landmarks whatever.
In experimental flying it is essential to remain within gliding distance
of the field in order that any failures which may occur will not result in
the loss of the airplane by landing on unsuitable ground.
In similar flights made in the past a great deal of special equipment of
expensive, weighty and complicated nature has been uaed. included in
this might be electrically heated clothing and intricate oxygen breathing
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
Roscigna Suspected of Dem
onstration in Sacco
■ t
By the Associated Press.
• BUENOS AIRES, July 25.—Miguel
Arcangel Roscigna, described by the
police as a noted anarchist, has been
detained on suspicion that he was
connected with the bombing of the
George Washington Statue the
Ford agency in Buenos Aires Friday
Roscigna is said to be a member of
the local Sacco-Vanzetti committee,
and the police believe that not only
was he connected with Friday night’s
outrages, but the bombing some time
ago of the United States legations at
Buenos Aires and Montevideo.
President De Alvear. accompanied
by the minister of war. Gen. Justo.
visited the George Washington Statue
yesterday to view the extent of the
Among papers seized at the head
quarters of the local “committee for
Sacco-Vanzetti." the police announce,
was a message from Boston, signed
Jose Morro of the committee for the
defense of Sacco and Vanzetti, stating
that the execution of the condemned
men would take place August 10, and
that the “situation is desperate.
Argentine workmen were asked to co
operate in an international manifesta
tion of protest on July 31,
Fuller Plans Second Trip to Talk
With Two Men.
BOSTON, July 25 UP). —Gov. Alyan
T Fuller plans to pay a second visit
to Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Van
zetti, whose trial and conviction he is
The executive sprang one of the
most dramatic surprises in the seven
year history of the celebrated case
when he went to the State prison iast
week and was closeted for more than
an hour with the internationally
known radicals, who have been con
demned as murderers.
Whether the governor would visit
the men today or tomorrow had not
been definitely decided.
He will find Vanzetti stronger than
when he saw him last, for the prison
er yesterday broke the hunger strike
he and Sacco started a week ago Sun
day. Vanzetti partook of the prison
breakfast. Sacco, however, continued
to decline all food.
The Sacco-Vanzetti defense commit
tee announced that the men preferred
to starve to death rather than to die
in the electric chair on “false" evi
dence which, it was said, they be
lieved was being introduced at the sec
ret investigation which Gov. Fuller
had been conducting.
The governor's advisory committee,
which he named to make an independ
ent investigation,, began hearing con
cluding arguments in the case today.
Sacco and Vanzetti originally were
sentenced to die the week of July 10.
A respite has been granted till August
10 to allow completion of the joint re
view of the case.
Counsel Attend Meeting.
When the advisory committee met
this afternoon it was apparently pre
pared to listen immediately to the ar
guments of opposing counsel. Two
stenographers, instead of the custo
mary one, were on hand. The mem
bers of the committee did not an
nounce what procedure would he fol
William G. Thompson and Herbert
jo. Ehrmann, counsel for Sacco and
Vanzetti, and Dudley I’. Ranney, as
sistant district attorney of Norfolk
County, where the two men were tried,
entered the committee room, and it
was believed the defense lawyers
would be heard first.
Radio Program— 24
fEhe lamina Jfe*.
Unions Threaten walkout
if Recognition Is Not
By the Associated Pres*.
NEW YORK, July 25.—New York
today prepared to face a tie-up of Its
subway and elevated lines ns a re
sult of the threat of a strike at mid
night tomorrow'.
Emergency conveyance measures
were worked out by city officials. The
Interborough Rapid Transit Co., the
Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Co. and
the Brooklyn City Railroad Co.,
against which the strike will be di
rected, arranged to keep their lines
open with strike-breakers if necessary.
Cooks, stewards and waiters W’ere
engaged, commissary supplies stored
and cots transported to temporary
lodgings. Some newspapers said to
day that strike-breakers had already
arrived, but this the officials of the
company denied.
Strike Call Expected.
The situation arises from efforts of
the Amalgamated Association of
Street and Electric Railway Em
ployes to unionize the employes who
now are members of company unions.
The strike call is expected after an
Amalgamated meeting tomorrow night.
Mayor Walker, whose previous efforts
to avert a tio-up have been frustrated
by refusal of the heads of the transit
companies to meet with the union of
ficials, invited the opposing interests to
meet with him tomorrow.
Between 25,000 and 28,000 men would
be affected by a complete walkout of
the three companies, two of which
operate all the elevated and subway
systems in New York and Brooklyn
and the third, the Brooklyn City Rail
road Co., operates a surface car sys
tem in Brooklyn.
Predicts Tie-Up.
James IT. Coleman, organizer of the
Amalgamated, said “when the strike
call comes it will be a 100-per cent tie
Transit company officials said that
the number of Amalgamated men in
their employ was negligible.
The Amalgamated, in addition to de
manding recognition of the union, asks
arbitration on readjustment of hours
and wages.
The Interborough system was crip
pled for several weeks last year when
motormen and switchmen struck un
der the leadership of the Consolidated
Railway Workers.
Evidence of the preparation the
transit companies are making to meet
the emergency were found today by
reporters who visited railway yards.
At the Interborough's yards several
hundred men, recruited from park
benches, according to guards, were
being examined for possible duty.
Many of the men carried overalls in
Officials of the Amalgamated Asso
ciation and A. J. Portenar, chief ar
bitrator of the State department of
labor, bad a brief conference this
morning. Mr. Portenar offered his
service, but said that while the matter
was still in the mayor’s hands he
could do little. The union executives
assured him they were willing to ar
Following a consultation with Police
Commissioner Warren, Chief Inspec
tor William J. Lahey issued an order
notifying members of the department
that all pending vacations were can
celed until further notice.
Shrapnel Shell Kills Four.
WARSAW, Poland, July 25 OP).—
Four persons were killed and five
wounded today by the explosion of a
shrapnel shell found after artillery
maneuvers by • workman in the vil
iags of Clcbe. The workman carried
ths shell to bis home, where the ex-
VloSlsii OC'otiT'*'!/
Conciliatory Attitude Report
ed Rejected as “Die-Hards”
Get Upper Hand.
I Baldwin and Advisers Hold Final
Review of Work of Geneva
By Cable to The Star and Chinatro Daily
New*. Copyright, I'X'.'i.
LONDON, July 25.—1 t whs believed
in well informed quarters today that
First Lord of the Admiralty Bridge
man would he instructed by the cabi
net to return to Gevena on Wednes
day and stand by his guns.
The last two cabinet councils have
discussed ways of explaining to the
world that the naval disarmament
council has failed on account of
America’s intranslgeant attitude
more than they discussed ways of
finding a solution to reconcile the
American and British viewpoints.
Although both Prime Minister
Baldwin and Foreign Minister
Chamberlain are trying to induce
their colleagues to adopt a concili
atory attitude, it is understood the
“die-hards” got the upper hand, con
sidering that Mr. Bridgeman had gone
as* far as possible in the way of con
The main argument was raised by
Chancellor Exchequer Church
ill, who pointed out that Great
Britain was willing to sacrifice na
tional pride at being ruler of the
seven seas, if she were able to effect
substantial economies in the navy
budget. But he pointed out that
“adoption of the American plan
would not save the country a cept,
and would place the Empire in a
condition of inferiority.” Conse
quently. he argued, that it would be ,
preferable to let things stand as they '
are now, allowing each country to
build as much as it needed and its i
financial resources would permit. <
Will Not Change in Opposition to j
British Restrictions.
GENEVA. Switzerland, July 25 1
OP).—The British delegation to the <
three-power naval reduction confer- j
ence was awaiting with complacency ,
today the return of its two principal ,
members, W. C. Bridgeman and Vis
count Cecil, confident that after to- !
day’s cabinet meeting in London they 1
would bring meeting in London they
for serious discussion with a view to
effecting a real compromise.
According to the latest word, Mr. <
Bridgeman and Lord Cecil will not :
arrive before Wednesday morning and
arrangements are being made for con
tact among the delegates that after
The American delegates are not as
optimistic as the British, and so far as
is known have not changed their atti
tude of opposition to an arrangement
which would restrict the construction
of 10,000-ton cruisers and call for 0
inch instead of 8-inch guns, as advo
cated by the British.
The British delegation, in the ab
sence of the principal negotiators
and hampered by the loss of Admiral
Field, who had to leave for London
because of illness, is seeking expres
sions of the American viewpoint from
every quarter. It has hailed the ar
rival here of a group of American
newspaper men from the Middle West.
who are not regular attendants at
Geneva gatherings, as a good omen
that tlie people of the great Western
spaces are ready to hear the pleadings
if the British cause in an impartial
spirit and are honestly concerned
about the success or failure of the
The end of the conference is not
expected before August 15.
Chamberlain May Make Statement to
Commons Tonight.
LONDON, July 25 (A 3 ).—A special
conference of mefnbers of the Baldwin
cabinet wasjield at No. 10 Downing
street this morning to make a final
review of the progress at the Geneva
tripartite naval conference.
A formal cabinet meeting was sched
uled for later in the day, while W. C.
Bridgeman, first lord of the admiralty
and chief of the British naval delega
tion, and Lord Cecil, both of whom
left Geneva last week to report to
their home government, planned to
leave for Geneva.
Whether Sir Austen Chamberlain,
British foreign minister, will make a
statement on the Geneva situation in
the House of Commons tonight de
pended upon today’s cabinet session.
The Earl of Balfour, one of the
chief advisers to the cabinet ofi the
disarmament problem, celebrated his
seventy-ninth birthday anniversary to
day. He arrived at Downing street
looking in much better health than
Foreign Minister Chamberlain, who
presided over the morning conference
of ministers. Sir Austen, who was
at his desk early, has not yet fully
recovered from an Indisposition which
kept him indoors several days last
week. He walked across Downing
street today limping slightly and ap
peared pale and wan.
The Earl of Balfour, despite his
years, played tennis during the week
end and today was spending his birth
day anniversary helping to untangle
tho disarmament problems, besides
taking over the post of colonial secre
tary in the absence of L. S. Amery,
who is on a tour of the empire.
The conference lasted for two hours.
The Earl of Balfour remained at No.
10, after the departure of Sir Austen
and the other ministers.
Crowd Outside Court Cheers Deci
sion of Magistrate.
By the Associated Press.
DUBLIN. Ireland. July 25.—George
Plunkett, son of Count Plunkett, and
the nine men arrested with him on a
charge of conspiracy in connection
with the assassination of Vice Presi
dent Kevin O'Higgins on July 10, ,
were discharged this morning, no evi
dence being offered against them.
There was no demonstration in the
court room, small crowd out
side cheered lowjK on hearing the
decision es the presiding magistrate.
, . i . i. • .
Stunt Aviator Accused of En
dangering Lives in North
west Section.
While two separate investigations
were under way today to determine
the identity of the aviator who terri
fied residents of homes and apartments
in the vicinity of Sixteenth street and
Columbia road by flying low over
dwellings in the neighborhood yester
day afternoon, Commerce Depart
ment officials made it plain that
prompt disciplinary action will be
taken in this case. Assistant Secre
tary of Commerce MacCracken assign
ed one of his aids to make an inquiry
into the matter today, aroused by re
ports that residents of the neighbor
hood, in addition to the aviator him
self. were endangered by his stunt
Meanwhile the Police Department
had under way a separate investiga
tion of its own, acting under authority
of a police regulation which prohibits
stunt flying at a low height over con
gested areas.
Regulations Broken.
According to the Commerce De
partment aeronautics branch, the
unknown aviator broke four distinct
regulations promulgated by the de
partment for guidance of aviators
early in the year. He flew below 1,000
feet over a congested area, indulged
himself in stunt flying and broke two
other regulations. According to resi
dents of the neighborhood he flew be
tween two of the large apartment
buildings in the vicinity, at about
the height of the sixth story. A
District regulation forbids flying
below 3,000 feet.
Four clues to the identity of the
plane were being run down by the
department today. g!thc?”gh witnesses
of the affair differed widely in their
vision of the identification numbers
on the plane. One report said the
plane had vertical red, white and
blue stripes painted on the tail.
This, according to the Commerce De
partment. would identify the machine
as an Army plane. There was little
unanimity in the reports of the iden
tification number.
Commerce Department air regula
tions place a civil fine of $5()0 on the
aviator who breaks one of the four
regulations the mysterious airman is
said to have broken. His license-may
also be revoked, although revocation
is not mandatory under the law.
Former Case Recalled, i
A similar case came up five years
ago when Donald D. Fahey, a civilian
aviator, flew low over official cere
monies in Potomac Park, causing
revocation of his license.
Had the engine of the stunting
plane yesterday cut out while the
machine was at a low height, nothing
equld have averted a crash which
would probably have cost the aviator
his life and might have killed others
in the neighborhood, officials of the
aeronautics branch said. The case is
the first major infraction of the flying
rules in Washington since the regula
tions of the Commerce Department be
came effective.
$150,000 AIRPORT TAX
Commissioners Will Consider Mrt
ter at Meeting Tomor
row Morning.
The District Commissioners will j
meet tomorrow morning to take final :
actioh on recommendations to include
in the District budget an estimate of
$150,000 tax as an initial payment I
toward the construction of a munici
pal airport at Gravelly Point on the
Viriginiu side of the Potomac lliver
across from Ilains Point. Action was I
postponed until tomorrow on account
of the absence of Commissioner Tab
liaferro, who is due back then.
The Commissioners will have before
them a report from Maj. W. hi. 11.
Coveil, assistant Engineer Commis
sioner, and one from the Citizens’ Ad
visory Council, both indorsing the
Gravelly Toint site. Maj. Covell is
not disturbed by opposition expressed
by Senator Smoot of to Con
gress appropriating any funds for an
airport at Gravelly Point. He said
the Senator undoubtedly was under
the impression that the site is on
Viriginia territory, when, as a matter
of fact, it is situated within the bound
ary of the District of Columbia.
lina Cavalieri Gets Divorce.
PARIS, July 25 (/P). —Lina Cava
fieri, noted grand opera singer, has j
been granted a divorce from Lucian j
Muratore, opera singer, U was made j
known todsvi - ,
Australia Premier
Stores Airplane
In Cellar Hangar
By the Associated Press.
MET.BOURNE, Australia, July
25.—Stanley Bruce, premier of
Australia, one of the latest private
owners of an airplane, has intro
duced an innovation in the form of
a hangar in the cellar of his house,
similar to a garage, for storing his
He expects to use his flying bus
for hops from Melbourne to Can
berra, the new capital, 250 miles
Virginia Trio in New Sedan
With District Tags Escape
With $2,000.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
WINCHESTER, Va., July 25.—The
Mount Jackson National Bank, Mount
Jackson, Shenandoah County, Va.,
was held up and robbed of $2,000 to
day by a man and two women, all
armed. The robbers fled in a new
automobile after scooping up all the
cash in sight. C. I. Dellinger, book
keeper, told the police he recognized
the man as a cousin, formerly of
Mount Jackson. He did not know
the women, who were described as be
ing between 30 and 35 years old. They
were not masked. The bookkeeper
said his cousin came into the bank
and asked him to change a bill of
large denomination. While they were
chatting the women came in. Then
all three whipped out revolvers and
covered the bank employes.
The bookkeeper snid his cousin,
standing near a partition door, quick
ly stepped behind the counter with re
volver in hand and took all the money
in the cash drawer.
The robbers sped away before bank
officials could give an alarm. A. L.
Burkett, assistant cashier, and Miss
Mildred Burkett, clerk, were in the
banking room at the time. They
said the man and two women were
traveling in a new sedan bear
ing a District of Columbia license
tag. The hold-up occurred at 10
O'clock. Police of surrounding cities
and towns were notified. It w r as
thought the party left the Shenan
doah Valley pike in the vicinity of
Woodstock and fled toward the moun
The Washington police are examin
ing local records In an attempt to
identify the persons to w hom two adto
tags on the bandit cars were issued,
endeavoring to determine whether
addresses given here by applicants
for motor vehicle licenses may
incorrectly recorded.
Flood Town to Salute Dawes.
GREENVILLE, Miss., July 25 (4*).
—Vice President Dawes will receive a
salute of 19 guns when his train
passes over the famous protection
I levee and enters Greenville Thursday
I afternoon, when Mr. Dawes is to ad
j dress the State convention of the
i American Legion. Artillery guns
j will be mounted on the protection
j levee and drop their shells into the
J Mississippi River.
| *
i Black Hops Off for London.
) AMSTERDAM, Holland, July 25 (/P).
1 —Van Lear Black, Baltimore publish
! er, who has just completed a 20,000-
! mile round-trip flight in a chartered
! plane to the Dutch East Indies.
I hopped off for London this afternoon.
i Woman Blind From Infancy Sees Europe;
___ i
After Her Companion Tires of Travels
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, July 25. A blind
woman who climbed the Alps and
“did" all the big art museums of Ger
many, France and Italy, returned to
day aboard the Cunard liner Aurania
after “seeing” Europe from one end,
she said, to the other.
1 Mrs. A. U. Adams, blind since in
fancy, a teacher in Cleveland, Ohio,
of piano and voice, said she “in
spected” the battlefields, entered into
the boulevard life in Paris, attend'd
the operas in Milan and Paris, and
spent much time in the Vatican Ll
• brary at Rome.
I “I am hlgf in vision, but not In
feeling," sh*s4rrlain®d. "I sow with i
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city btock and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
(/?) Meant Atsociated Prett.
Pledges Printed by The Star
Available for Business
Houses of City.
Automobile Editor of The Star.
Supplementing: its recent campaign
against careless driving and reckless
speeding on the part of operators of
light commercial vehicles—a cam
paign marked by the fullest co-opera
tion by virtually every business house
in Washington—The Star has revised
the operator’s pledge card devised at
that time in such away that it now
contains a digest of the District's
traffic regulations.
Undertaking the step primarily for
its own drivers, The Star has printed a
sufficient number of the cards to
make them available to any business
house In the National Capital.
By presenting to the driver an up-to
the-minute, bird’s-eye view of every
important regulation affecting the
operation of a motor vehicle in tr.e
city it is hoped the new pledge card
will represent a further valuable step
In the effort to rid the National Capi
tal of a traffic hazard of the most
serious proportions.
Gives Safety Rules.
Revised, the card not only pledges
the driver to safety, but also presents
to him in ABC form the rules by
which safety may be achieved.
Drafting of the digest of the regu
lations was doife not only with the
commercial operator in mind. It may
be of definite assistance to every
motorist, since It gives all a brief
version of the provisions of the code,
with which every one is directly con
cerned. A factor in bringing about
this supplementary step is the recent
revelation in connection with the re
examination of many veteran drivers
that so many of them did not have
the exact' knowledge of the regula
tions which is imperative to safe and
sane driving.
Free from the sometimes complex
and confusing verbiage that clothes
the formal regulations, an effort has
been made in revising the pledge card
to present the main points of the code
in unmistakable language. Cast in
the mold of ‘‘musts’’ and “must nots”
—l4 of each—the digest contains the
commandments which, if heeded as
pledged, will place commercial vohi
cle operators definitely on the side of
safe driving.
Under the general heading “When
driving an automobile according to the
traffic laws of.the District of Colum
bia,” the summary of the regulations
which appears on the back of the new
pledge cards reads:
You Must.
You must give tlie right of way to
the car on your right.
You must respect the rights of
pedestrians at cross walks.
You must obey stop signs—stop and
wait for boulevard traffic to clear.
You must drive as close as possible
to the curb at all times.
You must, in case of accident, stop, j
give your name, address, permit and
license numbers.
You must give stop and turn sig
You must drive slowly in school
You must stop on the red light.
You must pull to the curb at the
approach of police or fire apparatus
and ambulances.
You must make all right and left
turns on the green or “go” signal.
You must have brakes that will stop
the car within 50 feet at a speed of
20 miles an hour.
You must give the right of way to
street cars.
You must stop 8 feet behind a
“(Continued on rage 5. Column 1.)
my ears and fingers. When I came
to a great city I got a competent
guide, and I challenge any one to
describe the greut murals of St.
Peter’s or the canvasses of the
Louvre better than myself. I saw
them, just as people with their facul
ties of sight see them, because through
my ears I stamped the image upon
my brain.”
Mrs. Adams went to Europe last
year with a young woman from t'leve
iand as chaperon. But, sin* spid, the
young woman in two months tired of
traveling and tried to persuade Mrs.
Adams to return home. Knowing
Italian and French, however. Mrs.
Adams said she “went it alone,” and if
she hadn’t she would never have
•’se®n" Pompeii or flown from Pails
i to London,
Saturday's Circulation, 91.1*8
Sunday's Circulation, 108.127
Opponent of Administration
Has Lost Hold on State,
Coolidge Told.
Talk of Raid on Tariff Not Making
Headway in Agricultural Sec*
tions. Executive Finds.
Staff Correspondent of The Star.
IHlls, S. Dak., July 25. —N0 matter
what may be the attitude in other
Western States regarding the Re
publican tariff, President Coolidge
sees very little to give him any con
cern about South Dakota.
He has had his ear to the ground,
has been studying conditions, politi
cal and economical, since entering
upon his vacation out here, and from
the vantage point of the Summer
Capital he is known to he fairly
• v;ell satisfied that the farmers of this
State are not interested in making
a raid upon the tariff.
From his own observations and
from advices he has received on this
subject President Coolidge feels as
sured that the farmers of South
Dakota are not interested in the
cries and rumblings heard in cer
tain agricultural sections for an ad
justment of the tariff schedules. He
is convinced that the interests of
this State are not greatly unlike those
of nearby Western States and ho is
represented as feeling that the vast
majority of the farmers in the West
are not radically inclined and that
they are well aware that this tariff
talk is being inspired by political
igitators and professional organizers
in the farm sections.
Billow Speech Draws Fire.
There is every reason to know
thVit the recent declaration by Wil
liam J. Bulow, the Democratic Gov
ernor of South Dakota, that agricul
ture could hold its own with other
industries if it were left to fight it
out on free trade lines, not only
failed to find substantial favor in
the State, hut, much to his discom
fiture, served to draw the fire of
many farm relief advocates who want
farm relief but who have great faith
in the Republican tariff.
Those who have been keeping th*
President posted on developments out
here have assured him that the farmer
in the West is interested in not tear
ing donw the industrial East, but in
bringing his dollar to a parity with the
dollar—a thing that he believes should
be accomplished without pulling down
the temple of American prosperity
about the heads of everybody. Also,
that the farmer out here knows that
the agriculturists cannot prosper when
the rest of the country is not pros
Moreover, the President has had
the pleasure of reading the editorial
comment in a number of the papers
of this State as a result of Gov. Bil
low's proposal of an attack on the
tariff as a means of helping the farm
ers. These newspapers contend that
the general feeling in South Dakota
is that there ought to he brains and
fairness enough in Congress to handle
the disparity between the farm'er's
dollar and that of the industrial East
as a business problem, without temper
and with well balanced wisdom.
Sleets Wheeler's Opponent.
In the isolated Black Hills camp of
Samuel R. McKelvie, former Gov
ernor of Nebraska, President Coolidge
met a man Saturday who expects to
take the lead in the fight to remove
from the United States Senate one of
the most active opponents of the ad
Frank B. I.inderman of Kalispell,
Mont., newspaper man and author,
was a house guest of the McKelvies
and he _ diseolsed to members of
the presidential party an intention to
run next year against Senator Bur
ton K. Wheeler, Democrat, in Mon
ana. Linderman made the race against
Thomas J. Walsh, Montana's senior
Senator, last year, and came closer to
defeating him than any other candi
date has come.
Linderman, a former trapper, cow
boy, State legislator and Montana as
sistant secretary of State, confirmed
the view of Thomas J. Marlow, former
Montana member of the Republican
national committee and a recent White
House visitor, that Republicans of the
Treasure State see an excellent op
portunity to defeat Wheeler. By his
affiliation with the La Follette radical
presidential movement in 1924 and his
alleged sympathy with Soviet Russia,
the junior Senator has lost his hold
on the State. Linderman said, and
many Democrats are prepared to vote
against him.
t’ooliilge's Popularity Increases.
Senator Walsh of Montana speaks
for himself and not the State of Mon
tana when he talks against another
term for President Coolidge, accord
ing to Linderman. and he said there
were unmistakable signs that Presi
dent Cootidge's courage in vetoing the
McNary-Haugen farm relief bill had
increased the President’s popularity in
Montana. He was certain that Mon
tana would give Mr. Coolidge a bigger
vote next year than in 1924.
A visit from relatives marked the
week end of President and Mrs. Cool
idge. In response to an invitation
sent them by Mrs. Coolidge the first
week of her stay in the Black Hills.
Guy Brewer and his daughter Doris,
it) years old. George Brewer. Mrs.
Stanley Mills and her 6-year-old son
Stanley, all of Fulton, S. Dak., and
Mrs. Fred Hasey of a small town in
Wisconsin, arrived at the Summer
White House last night for a stav of
a day and two nights. The adults
are all children of Milan Brewer, a
native of Vermont, who was an uncle
of the late Col. John Coolidge, the
President’s father.
All the house guests accompanied
the President and Mrs. Coolidge to
Church at Hermosa yesterday.
President Coni rut to Remain at Black
Hills Lodge.
RAPID CITY. S. Dak.. July 25 (£>>.—
Ireatly pleased with their Summer res
idence in the Black Hills, President
and Mrs. Coolidge appeared to be con
tent to remain here at least until La
bor day. September 5.
Their son John is expected to reach V
she g4ni° lodge about August 15, or I
(CortMniied on Page *7 Golunrn 1

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