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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 17, 1929, Image 1

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(V. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast.'
Fair today: tomorrow Increaming
cloudiness, not much change in tem
Temperature—Highest. 45. at 5 p.m.
yesterday: lowest. 31, at 6 am. yes
terday. Full report on page 7.
xr 0 40 xt on (V7O Entered as second class matter
JN O. I', Jio—O. p OS t office, Washington, D. C.
Pity, Stirred by Gangland
Massacre, Awaits Exten
sive Crime Clean-Up.
Paper Attributes Slaying of Seven
to Canadians' Fight for Liquor
Racket Control.
Br the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. February 16.—As a di
rect result of the St. Valentine's day
massacre of seven gangsters. Chicago
tonight was on the verge of what prom
ised to be the greatest dry cleaning and
general crime purging since prohibition
became a law 10 years ago.
The concerted drive by Federal. State
and city officials against crime, vice,
gambling—and particularly liquor—al
most, overshadowed the manhunt for
the murderers of the seven Moran
gangsters who were executed in their
headquarters last Thursday.
Spurred on by general criticism and
the State’s attorney’s admonition to the
police to “clamp on the lid or go to
Jail.” Commissioner of Police William
F. Russell today told his captains and
deputies “booze selling and booze run
ning must be wiped out.”
Blames Prohibition for Slayings.
He blamed "prohibition and booze”
for the wholesale slayings and ordered
ft. 600 policemen that he said had been
battling crime, vice and gambling to be
thrown into the fight to make Chicago
dry—something the police heretofore
have considered a duty of Federal au
Meanwhile the search for the four or
five men who virtually eliminated the
Moran gang with their machine guns
extended along two lines—neither of
which had been productive of results.
The police were searching here and else
where for three members of the “purple
gang” of Detroit, identified from photo
graphs by rooming house owners across
the street from the Moran headquarters
as having rented rooms there shortly
before the killings.
It was the police theory that those
sought spied on the Moran gang, await
ing an auspicious moment to order out
the firing squad. Such tactics are not
new in gang warfare here. Half a
dozen slayings having been traced to
•uch planning.
The other line of inquiry lay in trac
ing trucks found in the garage where
the Moran gang was killed and In an
effort to trace old police squad cars fol
lowing reports that, aach a car was
used by the killer* to escape. "" 1
Dry Administrator Is Rebuked.
A theory expressed yesterday by Maj.
T. D. Sillowav, assistant prohibition
administrator, that real policemen and
not gangsters wearing police uniforms
were the killers remained without sub
stantiation today. Maj. Silloway left,
his office announcing he expected to
meet some one who would help verify
his theory but returned later stating
that he had been “unable to make con
nections.” His theorizing drew a re
buke from Prohibition Commissioner
Doran in Washington.
John A. Swanson, Btate attorney, at a
conference with Commissioner Russell,
blamed the police for conditions which
resulted in the murders and said that
such crimes would not occur unless
there was a ready market for liquor.
Commissioner Russell’s orders were
Issued immediately after the conference
and he admonished his men to stop
selling and traffic in liquor and ordered
any police officer knowing of any con
nection with the killing of any police
men to report the matter to him.
Police Reorganisation Asked.
Police, also were under fire from
other quarters. Alderman John Massen
said he expected to present to the city
council next week a bill providing for
reorganizing of the Police Department
under a non-political civilian board of
control. He said the city’s reputation
had been damaged beyond repair by tl»
killings which would not have occurred
if the Police Department had been or
ganized efficiently.
The Association of Commerce took a
hand in the matter by demanding a
grand jury investigation of the imputa
tions cast on the police department as
a result of the slayings with a view to
clearing the department or ridding it
of those who might be found guilty.
The bodies of the victims of the gang
•laughter have been claimed by relatives.
Funeral services will be held Monday.
For Peter and Frank Gusenberg. prin
cipal lieutenant* of George "Bugs”
Moran, expensive caskets have been
purchased with indications they would
be buried with some of the lsvish dis
play and pomp affected by relatives of
slain gangsters a few years ago. For
the other five.‘however, simple services
were planned.
Ten Are Taken in Raid.
Nine men and a woman were arrested
In a raid this afternoon in a North Side
garage suspected to be a sub-head
quarters of the Moran outfit. Detective
Capt. William Schoemaker led the
raiders, arriving just as a truckload of
whisky was moving out. In a vault
were found other cases of w'hisky. all
of it believed to be of Canadian origin
shipped from Detroit.
The prisoners were taken to the
fContinued on Page~2, Column ft.)
North Carolina House Memorializes
Congress to Build Roads to Planets
the Associated Press.
RALEIGH. N. C., February 16. —Con-
gress would be called on to build a sys
tem of roads connecting the earth, aun.
moon and stars under a memorial
adopted today by the State House of
The resolution came to the House
from the Senate originally as a memo
rial calling on Congress to take steps
to build a highway system connecting
the capital cities of all States. Repre
sentative Gwynn, Republican, of Rock
ingham County, declared he believed
th* whole proposition a joke, but
that Congress would recognize
At as such unless it was made more nb
tNuous. then offered tb* amend
Fiery Missourian Says U. S.
Held in Reign of Hypoc
risy by Prohibition.
Threatens to Bare Names of
Those Who Flout Law
By th* Associated Press.
A torrent of scorn and derision for
prohibition and the principles of pro
hibition was loosed in the Senate yes
terday by Senator Reed of Missouri.
Delivering one of the few extended
speeches of the session, which is seeing
the Missourian bow' himself voluntarily
off the stage of public service, he
turned upon those who voted dry and
drink, wet with a fury which even he
has seldom approached in the historic
years of his turbulent senatorial career.
So scorching was his attack that the
long-awaited Reed-Borah debate on
prohibition, the dream of those who
lore to listen to sharply-turned forensic
thrust* and counterthrusts, became a
passible oratorical treat for the week.
At the request of Senator Borah the
Senate agreed to remove the limit on
debate, but whether the Idahoan will
decide to reply directly to Senator Reed
tomorrow was not fully disclosed.
Law Held U. S. Worst Crime.
The Missouri Democrat contended
that the United States is in a “reign
of hypocrisy and cant, of violence,
chicanery, false pretense and fraud,’’
and predicted that the time would come
when the American people would
awaken to the view that “the prohibi
tory law Is the worst crime that has
ever taken place.”
He shouted that a man who voted
dry, but nevertheless drinks, is “a cow
ard—a knavish coward,” and said he
might in time make public the names of
members of Congress whose personal
habits are contrary to their sentiments
as registered by their votes on prohibi
tion proposals.
The Jones bill to increase penalties
for prohibition law violators was the
order of bv. -ness in the Senate, and un
der a previous agreement debate on the
measure would have been limited after
4 p.m. yesterday. At the request of
Senator Borah four additional hours of
unrestricted discussion was provided.
As Reed warmed to his subject he
predicted that in time the country will
see the prohibition law come “to an
ignominious end.”
"The day will come,” he thundered,
“when the man who votes for prohibi
tion and who himself violates the let
ter and the spirit of the law will be
held in that kind of contempt which
ought to. be visited upon the knavish
hypocrite who masks himself behind
pretended virtue, and who seeks to hoid
office by virtue of his false pretense.
“The day will come when judges who
have made malefactors of decent boys
and men will sink into that obloquy
which is the just reward of cruelty, op
pression and wrong.
Say* Groups Control Government.
“The day will come in this country
when organized groups will no longer
conduct the Government, but once
more the voice of the people will be
heard, and that voice will pronounce
the knell of those who have yielded
that thrift might follow fawning.”
The Senator asserted he had no
criticism of those men who themselves
observe the doctrines they would force
on others, but, he declared:
“I hold in an abhorrence and con
tempt that cannot be painted in any
tongue that man has ever possessed the
creature who. to keep his place In this
body or in the House of Representa
tives will make that a felony which
he himself connives at in his personal
Acidly the Senator told of drinking
at the Republican and Democratic con
ventions last Summer at Kansas City
and Houston. He said that just prior
to the convention at Houston a boat
was seized and great quantities of liquor
were confiscated.
“It was manifest to anybody but. a
plain, ordinary fool,” the Missourian
declared, “that that arrest was arranged
for. The papers spread it broadcast
that the Democrats wanted to have a
convention where everybody was as dry
as a Sahara Desert camel. Then in the
hotels everybody was Informed the par
ticular room where the liquor could be
Laughter Greet* Sally.
“At. Kansas City,” he went on, turning
to the Republican side of the cham
ber. “leading official prohibitionists
were paying the boys in the hotels from
$7 to $lO a pint “for a class of whisky
that no respectable Missourian would
ever think of drinking.” There was
laughter from the floor and gallery and
attendants shushed down this infraction
of the rules.
"The liquor was across the street,
from the leading hotels and could not
have been there if the Republican con
vention had not been there,” Reed
shouted. “Then these sniveling hypo
crites adopted a plank in favor of pro
hibition enforcement. I have sometimes
been tempted to write a list of the
names of men who vote dry and drink
wet. I do not know but I shall do it
“Prohibition is the breeding place of
crime, because there has been driven
from the open into the dark the liquor
business.’’ he declared. “It has been
taken out of the hands of a class of
people who were law abiding and put
into the hands of people who, the min
j ute they begin to act, are criminals.
• (Continued on Page 4. Column 1.)
ment to include the planets and It was
adopted by a vote of 36 to 20.
The Senate resolution further pro
vided that Col. T. L. Kirkpatrick of
Charlotte be appointed head of a com
mission of five, the other members to
be selected by the governor, to confer
with Congress relative to the matter.
Representative Gwynn's amendment
provided further “that Col. Kirkpatrick
shall be appointed to take the first trip
over this celestial system.”
Representative Nash added a further
amendment that “nothing in this reso
lution shall obligate the of North
Carolina to any expense.” It. was
adopted without a record vote. The
resolution goes back to tw Senate for
1 concurrence m tile House
W\t Jlumtau ptaf.
xßHfer Aft:
f • : R.•
—Associated Press Photo.
Reseating Opposition in
House Is Threat —Comple-
tion of Work Seen.
The Seventieth Congress goes into
the stretch this week, in a final drive to
complete its legislative program by
March 4.
In the two weeks that remain of the
session, much remains to be done. While
the leaders express confidence that they
will be able finally to dispose of all the
appropriations bills, there is still the
chance of a legislative jam at. the close.
Opposition to reapportionment of the
House of Representatives, rolled up in
a bill which has passed the House and
is now on the Senate calendar, contains
a real' threat to the program. Lurking
in the offing, too, is the long-awaited
report of the Reed slush fund commits
tee on the case of Senator-elect William
S. Vare of Pennsylvania. *
The situation in Washington during
the final days before the close of Con
gress promises to be enlivened further
by the return to Washington this week
of President-elect Herbert Hoover. He
is due back here Wednesday or x'hurs
day, according to reports, to polish up
his inaugural address and to put the
finishing touches on his cabinet. In
the absence of Mr. Hoover, the cabinet
makers have been busy. But so far.
there has been no official statement
regarding cabinet places and the word
that has come from Florida is that
Mr. Hoover is not likely to announce
the make-up of his cabinet until he
sends the list to the Senate March 4.
Jardine Out of Picture.
The gossip in Washington now is to
the effect that, with the exception of
Secretary Mellon, none of the present
cabinet is to be retained in office. Mr.
Hoover may put a different complexion
on this report when he returns. But
gradually the rumors have eliminated
the probability that any of the present
heads of the departments are to be re
tained, except the Secretary of the
Treasury. Secretary Jardine took him
self definitely out of the picture, an
nouncing he had accepted a position
outside of the Government. While
Secretary Davis of the Department of
Labor has made no announcement, it
is understood that he, too, has other
plans In mind than remaining in the
Tht offices that are puzzling the
cabinet members in the Capital par
ticularly today are those of Attorney
General. Secretary of Commerce, Secre
tary of Labor, Secretary of Agriculture
and Secretary of War. They believe
that they have the rest of the places
pretty well lined up. with Henry L.
Stimson to be Secretary of State,
Andrew W. Mellon to continue as Secre
tary of the Treasury, Walter F. Brown
to be Postmaster Grtieral, Stuart W.
Cramerof North Carolina to be Secre
t Continued on Page 3, Column 5.)
- ♦
1927 Romance Strike* Rock* as
Divorce Petition Is Filed.
By th* Associated Press.
CHICAGO. February 16.—A romance
which attracted attention in 1927. when
Jean Francois de Villard. French war
hero, announced he and his bride would
encircle the globe by plane on their
honeymoon, ended in the divorce court
today when Mrs. de Villard charged he
had struck here with a swagger stick.
De Villard. now a Hollywood moving
picture producer, and his wife were
married at Yuma, Ariz., on August 18,
1927. Their proposed air honeymoon
never took place. Mrs. de Villard said
they separated last Thursday.
Four Small Children Look on at
Double Tragedy. •
PALESTINE, Tex., February 16. (/!»).
Four small children of William Thomp
son, 39. tenant farmer, looked on today
while Thompson shot and killed their
mother with a shotgun and the? took
his own life. The shooting occurred at
the Thompson farm north of here.
The oldest, of the children, a 10-year
old boy. told officers his father h*4 been,
acting "emu*’-’ W 0 TfflgHLjj
Department of Justice Agents
Trace Movements of
Checks Involved.
Counsel Bride Says All Efforts Be
ing Made to Speed Trial of
Suspended Officer.
A check up by Department of Justice
agents in all banks in Washington and
vicinity has failed to show the existence
of an account In the name of Capt. Guy
|E. Burlingame, suspended commander
of the second police precinct, according
to a report submitted by the depart
ment yesterday afternoon to William H.
Collins, assistant United States attorney
j for the District.
i The report, the third of a series pre
j pared by Department of Justice agents,
■ who are co-operating with Collins and
! District officials in their Investigation
| into the charges of Mrs. Helen F. Bla
j lock, also goes into considerable detail
| as to the bank accounts of the missing
i palmist, and traces the movement of
! two canceled checks alleged to contain
Burlingame's indorsement, which
Representative Blanton of Texas intro
duced as evidence in the case. One.
for $8,700, was drawn on a building and
loan association and the other on a
prominent local bank. It for for $2,500.
Collins regards the new report with
utmost importance, particularly in view
of the allegation of the palmist that
she had given Burlingame checks for
various sums, and the Department of
Justice investigation reveals he has no
money on deposit in a bank The ques
tion that now puzzles Collins is what
Burlingame did with the money if the
woman’s statements are true.
She Said He Kept It in Safe.
In her affidavit Mrs. Blalock stated
that Burlingame kept "large sums of his
own money” In large sealed envelopes
in the safe at the second precinct sta
tion. "At one time he opened one of
these envelopes that was thus sealed,”
the document declared, "and he counted
out $14,000 that was in bills of the
denominations of SI,OOO and SSOO each.”
Collins is guarding the contents of
the Justice Department’s latest report
with just as much secrecy as he has
the previous two preliminary reports.
He insists it would be “unfair” to
Burlingame to make the reports public
and give the Impression that efforts are
being made to “try the case In the
A copy of the report, Collins said,
would be sent to Corporation Counsel
William W. Bride, who is to draw the
charges which Burlingame will be
called to answer before an extraordinary
trial board. Bride already has copies
of the first two reports of the Depart
ment of Justice, but he declared they
contained little Information helpful to
him in drawing up the charges.
Says Palmist's Presence Necessary.
Despite reports to the contrary. Bride
said every possible effort is being made
to bring the case to trial without fur
ther delay, but he is waiting for M's.
Blalock, who is expected to return to
Washington voluntarily within a week.
The presence of the palmist is abso
lutely necessary, he believes, if the
formal charges are to contain any
specifications based on the serious al
legations of the woman. As the case
now stands, he said, Burlingame could
be cited before the trial board on a
charge of conduct unbecoming a police
officer, in which the love letter would
play the only part. But in view of the
sensational nature of the affidavit, he
prefers to await more developments
from the Department of Justice inves
tigation, and, most of all, the appear
ance of Mrs. Blalock.
Bride appears to be certain that Bur
lingame will go to trial before Congress
adjourns, which contradicts reports that
District officials are deliberately “stall
ing” in the prosecution of the case
until Blanton passes out of Congress
and becomes a plain citizen. If the
palmist comes back to testify against
(Continued on Page 3, Column _ 2l)
General News—Local, National and
Schools and Colleges—Page 10.
Serial Story, “The Ragged Princess”—
Page 24.
Editorial Section—Editorials and Edi
torial Features.
Notes of Art and Artists—Page 4.
Review of Winter Books—Page 4.
Financial News—Pages 7, 8 and 9.
News of the Clubs—Pages 8 and 9.
Clubwomen of the Nation—Page 10.
Y. W. C. A. Activities—Page 12.
Parent-Teacher Activities—Page 12.
i D. A. R. Activities—Page 14.
At Community Centers—Pages 14 and
Amusement Section—Theater, Screen
and Music.
’ News of the Motor World—Pages 5. 8
and 7.
Aviation Activities—Pages 8 and 9.
Col. Lindbergh’s Story—Page 9.
1 Veterans of Great War—Page 10.
Spanish War Veterans—Page 10.
Marine Corps Notes—Page 10.
1 District National Guard—Page 12.
Cross-word Puzzle —Page 12.
Army and Navy News—Page 13.
District of Columbia Naval Reserve—
Page 13.
Fraternal News—Pages 14 and 15.
Organized Reserves —Page 15.
Radio News—Pages 16 and 17.
Pink Sports Section.
Classifled Advertising.
, Magazine Section—Fiction and Humor.
World Events in Pictures.
Mutt and Jeff: Reg'lajfc Fellers; Mr. and
Hski rnu - i
can be recomputed
Steamer Reaches Position
Given in S 0 S, but Can
not Find Ship.
By th* AssociatPd Pre»*.
NEW YORK, February 16—The
Radio Marine Corporation at 10 o’clock
tonight received the following message
from the steamship London Corpora
tion: “Now in latitude 41:30 north,
longitude 49:50 west: found no trace
of S. S. Padnsay: now going to search
to leeward.”
The position given by the London
Corporation is the same as that report
ed by the Padnsay when she broadcast
her SOS this morning.
The message from the London cor
poration was the first word received here
that any ship other than the President
Harding of the United States Line had
heard the S O S or was going to the
distressed steamer's assistance.
Harding 3M MHe* Off.
Capt. William Rind of the President
Harding messaged early this morning
that he did not expect to reach the po
sition of the Padnsay before 4 a.m. to
morrow morning. He was about 300
miles away when he received her mes
sage of distress. Effort* to communicate
with the Padnsay have been unavailing.
One of the worst North Atlantic
storms of the Winter was raging when
the President Harding plowed toward
the Padnsey. rudderless and helpless
with at least 35 persons aboard.
The liner immediately departed from
it* course for Europe when the freight
er’s SOS was picked up about 10 a.m.,
and expected to reach the vessel about
4 a.m. tomorrow.
The general position of the vessel was
given as 300 miles south of Cape Race.
Newfoundland, and 1.000 miles east of
New York. The President Harding had
been making only about 12 knots, pre
sumably because of heavy seas.
The steering gear of the Padnsay
presumably was broken some time dur
ing the 36-hour storm that had been
sweeping the Atlantic Steamer lanes.
Rain and snow, driven by winds which
had approached gale force, were abat
ing. although weather continued thick
and a heavy sea was running.
Five Passenger* Aboard.
The offices of the Barber Line, oper
ators of the Padnsay, said the vessel's
captain might be able to rig up a jury
rudder and fight the storm safely. The
freighter had two passengers bound for
Monrovia, Africa, and carried a crew
of about 35 or 40 hands.
The Padnsay, owned by the Amer
ican West African Line, is 380 feet long
and 2,977 tons net register.
The United States Liner America,
under command of Chief Officer Harrv
Manning, who directed the rescue in a
lifeboat of 32 men of the crippled
freighter Florida on the liner’s last
westward voyage, was again bound for
America and was 700 miles from the
position given by the Padnsay. No mes
sage from the America had been re
ceived within the first hour following
the S. O. S. call, however.
The President Harding is a sister
ship of the President Roasevelt. which,
under command of Capt. George Fried,
rescued 25 men from the stricken
freighter Antinoe in midocean three
years ago. Capt. Fried was in com
mand of the America when the Florida
crew was rescued.
William C. George, colored. 25 years
old, who was recently appointed secre
tary to the American Minister to
Liberia through the State Department,
is a passenger aboard the American
freighter Padnsay, reported in distress
in a Midatlantic gale, 300 miles off
Cape Race.
George, whose local residence is 1319
Q street, sailed Sunday to begin his new
duties as secretary to Minister Francis
of Liberia at Monrovia. He intended
to serve two years at this post and then
return for further study in foreign serv
ice here, his family declared last night.
He was employed as a secretary for
the Republican nation*! committee dur
ing the recent campaign and prior to
that was employed at the office of the
recorder of deeds. George was graduat
ed from Dunbar High School, later en
tertaining Howard University, where he
matriculated in 1927.
His mother. Mrs. Margaret George: his
father, John S. George, employed as a
mall carrier for 42 years, and seven
brothers and sisters live at the Q street
Satchel Holds No Bomb.
BUENOS AIRES, February 18
(JP). —Polio* today have a thorough
soaking to a satchel found in the gov
ernment palace in the belief that it
might contain a bomb. It was opened
with due care and revealed a pair of old
ihOM ißd ittttft ffWhtofta
Horse Race Betting
Causes Telephones
To Be Ripped Out
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA, February 16.
—Telephone booths were ripped
out on three floors In City Hall
today because they were used to
place bets on horse races. Mayor
Harry A. Mackey issued the
order after he had received com
plaints from wives of City Hall
employes who said their hus
bands had been losing money on
the races.
It was reported that book
makers had the telephone num
bers of the booths and sent rac
ing results on them.
“Lone Eagle” Halts Flight at
Hatteras Inlet, on North
Carolina Coast.
By tht Associated Press.
RALEIGH, N. C.. February 16.—The
"Lone Eagle’’ tonight nested at the
Hatteras Inlet Coast Guard Station
awaiting better weather.
Forced down on the beach 15 miles
south of Cape Hatteras this afternoon
by fog and rain, Col. Charles A. Lind
bergh added another to the anxious
periods of search that have marked sev
eral of recent flights. For the second
time in two days, friends, officials and
fellow airmen were given anxious mo
ments when the New York-to-Paris
flier failed to show up in Washington
t,pn his return from inaugurating the air
mail route to Panama.
The colonel left Charleston, S. C.. at
6 o'clock this morning en route to
Washington. He was due in the Capital
City about noon and after he was an
hour or more overdue, an Intensive
search was started by the Government
lighthouse service and other agencies.
A check of Eastern North Carolina
landing fields and coastal points brought
forth little information. A yellow and
black plane had passed over Southport,
N. C., at the mouth of the Cape Fear
River at 8.30 o'clock this morning and
over Wrightsville Beach, east of Wil
mington at 8:45 am. The Southport
Pilots’ Association office reported him
flying northeast along the coast line.
It was not believed that he would
attempt to swing as far east as Cape
Hatteras. but apparently the low visi
bility overland and a heavy rain that
started during the. morning led him
to attempt to fly around the storm.
In No Hurry to Take Off, Plana
Uncertain, He Says.
NEW BERN. N. C.. February 16 </P>.
—Col. Charles A. Lindbergh, who was
forced down at Cape Hatteras this
afternoon, was comfortably quartered
at the life-saving station at Hatteras
Inlet Station as the guest of Capt.
Walter Yeomans, station commander.
Col. Lindbergh is "in no hurry” to
take off for Washington and his im
mediate plans are uncertain, he told a
representative of the Associated Press
over long-distance telephone tonight.
Telephone communication with the
isolated station was established from
here after several hours of effort.
Alloway Piled on Alaskan Beach,
With Chance of Salvage
By th« Associated Press.
DUTCH HARBOR, Alaska. February
16—Wrecked on the rocky northeast
ern shore of Ugamak Island, at the en
trance to Unimak Pass, near here, the
ill-fated freighter Alloway has finally
reached the end of her "ghost'' cruise,
Comdr. Ralph W. Dempwolf of the
United States Coast Guard cutter
Chelan reported today.
The Chelan found the Alloway piled
on the beach under a 1,000-foot cliff
after searching in the fog for 36 hours.
The a total loss and salvage
would Comdr. Dempwolf
advised. He next easterly gale prob
ably will Hmplete the destruction of
fee «•*£?«* repgrtedi
“From Pregn to Home
Within the Hour”
The Star is delivered every evening and
Sunday morning to Washington home* by
The Star s exclusive carrier service. Phone
Main 5000 to start immediate delivery.
Personnel Board Finds Some
Employes Receive Less
Than Civilians.
The Government pay scale for some
employes is lower than in private em-
I ployment, while for other groups the
I Government scale Is more liberal than
j outside, according to tentative conclu
' sions submitted to the Senate late yes
terday by the Personnel Classification
Board, when it filed a partial report of
its comprehensive survey of the field
services of the Government.
The board emphasized that its survey
is by no means completed, and that the
comments presented under the heading
of '‘tentative conclusions” are in the
nature of observations as the work
progresses, to be followed by final
recommendations when the survey is
finished. The tentative conclusions re
lating to comparative pay scales in and
out of the Government service follow:
“The Government pay seale, repre
sented by the classification act of 1923
and amendments, for the positions in
the custodial service, is generally some
what lower than the average pay for
similar non-government positions.
"For positions in the other services
the Government psy scale below the
$2,000 level is more liberal than the
average pay for similar non-government
positions, and for those above the $2,000
level it is less liberal.
Pay in Certain Positions.
“For certain kinds of professional and
scientific positions the Government pay
scale is more liberal than the average
pay for similar positions in the larger
colleges and universities, although these
same positions command a considerably
higher rate in some of the institutions
in question.
"There is a considerable number of
employers who pay higher rates than
the Government scale even for the
lower level of positions.”
Although the survey has been under
taken by the personnel board for the
main purpose of enabling Congress to
establish a classification system for the
thousands of Government field em
ployes, it was explained last night that
these tentative conclusions regarding
pay scales and working conditions apply
to the situation in the District of Col
umbia as well. Other comments in the
list of tentative conclusions are:
"The hours of labor in the Govern
ment compare favorably with com
mercial practice.
“The leave privileges in the Govern
ment service are generally more liberal
than outside.
‘Non-government employes do not
generally provide retirement systems,
but in some cases systems even more
liberal than the Government retirement
Jlan are provided and in many instances
other similar advantages are provided,
such as group insurance, and co-opera
tive stock-purchasing plans.
“The civil service tests of fitness for
employment in the Government service
are more exacting and difficult than
entrance requirements generally for
non-government employment.
Difference in Localities.
“There does not appear to be justifi
cation on the basis of comparison with
non-government practice for establish
ing generally a different level of pay for
similar work in different localities.”
In making comparisons as between
Government and private employment,
the board told Congress it obtained in
formation concerning the duties per
formed and the pay received by approxi
mately 500,000 non-government em
ployes. For purposes of comparison the
duties of these employes were allocated
to the several services and grades set
up by the classification act. The de
tailed results of this comparison are set
forth in one large section of the report.
Commenting on the comparisons, the
report stated:
“The outstanding fact disclosed by the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
Vans Begin to Remove From White House
Household Effects of President Coolidge
By the Associated Prase.
The activity that haa prevailed in
the White House since Mr. and Mrs.
Coolidge began preparing to leave the
Capital, yesterday was more pronounced.
Four large vans bore away from the
executive mansion the first of the Cool*
tdge effects to be movwl
Their cargoes conamed largely of
gifts that, have been ■reived by the
PraMant aad Mrs. CooSogs during his
(A*) Means Associated Press.
Sir Esme Howard Declares
He Was Speaking Only
for Himself.
Ambassador Asserts Whole Sitaa
tion to Be Nothing Bnt *‘a
Tempest in a Teapot.”
The impression created here Friday
that Great Britain is preparing to in
itiate a new international conference on
naval arms limitation is a misunder
standing, it was indicated last night.
Sir Esme Howard, British Ambassador
to the United States who issued a state
ment that "there would seem to be every
reason to believe, now that the 15-crui
ser bill has become a law, a further ef
fort before long will be made to reach
an agreement between the principal
naval powers of the world for a limita
tion of naval armaments,” last night
stated that this was his personal opinion
and that in no way was he speaking
for his government.
Sir Esme's supplementary position
came after it had been learned officially
from London that inferences that Great
Britain was about to call an arms parley
were incorrect. He characterised the
whole thing as a "tempest in a tea
pot,” due to a mistunderstanding.
The British Ambassador pointed out
that, although his statement may have
been so interpreted in ‘this country, it
contained nothing to indicate that “I
was speaking on behalf of my govern
Issues Statement.
Sir Esme's statement, prepared at the
embassy last night follows:
"I was recently asked by opinion with
regard to a cablegram from London
foreshadowing early resumption of nego
tiations for the further limitation of
armaments. I authorised the publica
tion Friday of the written answer to this
question, which I had prepared but held
pending the enactment of the naval
construction bill so as to avoid any
possible appearance of attempting to
influence in any way the course of dis
cussion on a matter which in England
we hold to be purely an affair of the
United States Government and Con
"This answer contained nothing to
show that X was speaking on behalf
of my government. I was, indeed,
merely giving the personal opinion
asked for, which was that the present •
situation warranted the assumption
that some efforts in this direction will
be made before long—that is, before the
next Washington conference at any rata.
"I regret that my omission to state
specifically that, on this occasion as on
many others I was not speaking di
rectly for my government should have
led into this misunderstanding.”
Officially Washington was puxeled
when Sir Esme's statement was issued
because no intimation of a renewed
British interest in an international con
ference to be called by the London gov
ernment had come to the State Depart
ment through diplomatic channels.
Sir Esme's clear explanation last
night, together with advices from Lon
don. explain the situation and make
plain that the British government has
no Intention of calling a conference at
the present time or in the near future.
The preliminary commission of the
League is soon to meet in Geneva with
both British and American delegations
around the conference table. Discus
sions here in the opinion of the British
ambassador may lead to some conclu
sion bringing the different naval prob
lems of the two nations nearer to some
agreement. In his personal opinion
there may be ground later upon which
a conference of the principal naval
powers could follow the Geneva parley.
He made it plain that the present mis
understanding over his statement was
something of a “tempest in a teapot”
and unimportant as all such tempests
are. At no time, he Insisted, has ha
sought to mirror the opinions of hia
government upon the naval question
or would he do so in a public statement.
Agrees With Dispatches. .
Sir Esme was in perfect agreement *
with cabled dispatches from London
that there has been no change in the
situation since Sir Austen Chamberlain's
statement in the Commons on Feb
ruary 6 that the government was ex
amining the question of Anglo-Amer
ican relations based on naval condi
tions in both countries, but that noth
ing expected to follow for some time.
Without this information and based
(Continued on Page 4, Column 5.)
Mother Must Serve Four Hours
Daily in Jail for Thefts.
COLUMBUS. Ohio. February 1« *>**). —
Mrs. Emma Steel. 24, mother of three
children, must spend four hours each
day for SO days in solitary confinement
at the city work house, but will be free
the remainder of the day to care for
her children. Municipal Judge Kime
meted out the sentence today. The
woman was adjudged guilty of petit
larceny. She wax charged with steal
ing ap;>arel from a department store.
term In office. For several weeks the
selection of those which are to be taken
to Northampton has been in progress,
and the first consignment was taken
to a warehouse to await shipment.
John Coolidge arrived yesterday for
a short visit with his parents, and pos
sibly to pick up odds and ends of his,
own possessions. . >
He planned to remain at the White S
House for a day nr two before returning.
to work in New Haven, Conn.

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