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-PACT NO ‘GESTURE,’ , KELLOGG DECLARES ooz Addresses 6. U. Foreign Service School—ls Given Doctor’s Degree. Publicly defending the multilateral treaty for the renunciation of war for the first time since its ratification. Sec- i retary of State Frank B. Kellogg last night declared it to be “'a rallying point for the mobilization of world opinion" 4n replying to critics who held it a "mere gesture" toward peace without the means of enforcement. Secretary Kellogg's address, which was perhaps his most forcible utterance on the peace pact, was delivered at exer cises celebrative of the tenth anniver sary of the founding of the pioneer School of Foreign Service of George town University. In recognition of the pact, which, the author of it said, "will make it more difficult to declare war,” Dr. W. Coleman Nevils. S. J., president of Georgetown University, conferred upon Mr. Kellogg the honorary degree of doctor of laws. Facing an audience composed largely of statesmen, high Government officials .and diplomats,' including the Ambas sadors from France, Italy, Belgium. Mexico, Turkey and Chile, and high dignatories from practically every for eign chancellory in Washington, the Secretary expressed the opinion that the multilateral treaty was accepted by the nations of the world as a means of pre venting another calamity such as the World War. War Changed World Opinion. “It is my opinion.” he said, "that western civilization could not survive another such calamity. World opinion has been changed largely by its results. It is on account of these considerations and the public opinion of the world that it has been made possible to enter into a treaty renouncing war as a national policy and agreeing to settle disputes by pacific means. It. can be made effective if it. continues to be backed by the public opinion of all nations." Without mentioning the resolution of Senator Capppr by name or other sug gestions that have been made with the view of providing for concerted action by economic or armed force against an aggressor nation violating the anti-war treaty, Mr. Kellogg said that "the only enforcement behind any treaty is the public opinion of the people. Ido not believe war will become outlawed and universal peace come to the nations by the maintenance of armies and navies to punish an aggressive.” Secretary Kellogg's reference to the punishment of an aggressor nation was interpreted ip some circles here as a pointed thrust at the League of Nations. Asserting that the treaty was not a "mere gesture," he hailed the pact as the greatest step ever taken for the furtherance of "peaceful adjustment” of international disputes. “I am gratified that nearly every nation in the world has signed the treaty or adhered to it and that the ratifications are coming in almost daily," Secretary Kellogg said. "There is a reason in my opinion why the public opinion and the conscience of mankind have been stirred by this subject. We have just passed through a war the most far-reaching and appalling record ed in history. “For the settlement of international disputes there must be a change not only in public sentiment but in the very principles which lie at the foundation of international co-operation. The legality of war must be denounced." Defends Career Diplomats. The occasion on which Mr. Kellogg fpokd being the tenth anniversary of the School of Foreign Service, the Sec retary, in praising its work, entered upon a defense of career diplomats. He , denied that the professional diplomats ■ of the United States were primarily con- j cerned with attending social events and asserted that they were able, educated and efficient men. “The foreign service as a whole furnishes the best men for chiefs of missions," he said. "The Btate Department and our coun try owe a debt of gratitude to this school at Georgetown,” Mr. Kellogg said, "for blazing the way to a com prehensive service training It is a school now well known all over the world and It has students from nearly every country.” Referring to the work of the State Department in training its personnel, Mr. Kellogg said that 25 years ago it had no specially trained foreign service. "At the present time all officers below the grade of Ministers are from the trained personnel, and 27 out of 52 Ambassadors and Ministers entered the service after examination and have been promoted to their present posi tions after many years of faithful and efflicent service." Secretary Kellogg was presented as a candidate for the doctor of laws degree by Dr. Edmund A. Walsh, S. J., vice president of the university and regent of the Foreign Service School. Presi dent Nevils also conferred the degree of doctor of laws upon Dr. William F. Notz, second dean of the school and professor of economics since its estab lishment. To Dr. Notz the officials of George town were generous in their praise of his sacrificing work in developing the school to its present state of efficiency and world-wide scope. From 60 students only 10 years ago. Dr. Walsh said, the school now has an enrollment of 600 students and 100 courses. Felicitations Extended. Felicitations to the young school were extended by the president and deans of __ the university as follows: Dean R. - Rush Rankin, S. J., of the College of * Arts and Sciences: Dean Emeritus George M. Kober of the School of Medi cine, Assistant Dean Hugh J. Fegan of the School of Law, and Dean William N. Cogan of the School of Denistry. Dr. James Brown Scott, professor of international law and chairman of the graduate committee, extended the felicitations of the university to Dr. Notz and in discussing the anti-war treaty the noted internationalist pre dicted that Secretary Kellogg would be recorded among the greatest Secretaries of State the country has known. Dr. Notz replied feelingly to the praise extended to the school and its faculty and mentioned particularly the work of individual members, including Rev. | John B. Creeden, S. J., former president of Georgetown, under whom the school was established, and Dr. Roy S. Mac- El wee, its first dean. Declaring that the opening of the school 10 years ago followed the George town tradition, President Nevils in his address of welcome referred to the sig nificance of the school’s motto. "Inter national peace through international understanding.’' "We must learn to love one another better, to know one another better,” he said in commenting upon the conduct of nations. Applause was evoked when Dr. Nevils said that were it not for Father Walsh the School of Foreign Service never would have been established. The exercises were attended by many Government officials, including Attorney General Sargent, District Commissioner Proctor L. Dougherty and Assistant Sec retaries of State William R. Castle, jr„ and Nelson T. Johnson. A colorful academic procession preceded the exer cises and was headed by a color guard of the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps unit. Music was furnished by the Georgetown University Glee Club. Nearly two-thirds of the imports into the Dominican Republic iia the past • year were from the UnitecjßStates, i . i.— SECRETARY KELLOGG HONORED AT GEORGETOWN y IK liEJr ssf »- * \J- Sr * -■ K -rvIHH H cla iff •? JIM fia Mm ,'wJPtiif 1i •* unyi -* m * Jl ■ ! A hhhpv j|P§! |i|i 9 IBS fH The Secretary of State photographed at anniversary execises of the Georgetown Foreign Service School. In photo, left to right: Rev. Edmund A. Walsh, vice president of the university; Secretary Kellogg; Rev. W. Coleman Neville, presi dent of the university, and William F. Nets, dean of the Foreign Service School. MELVILLE L STONE FUNERAL IS HELD Many Prominent Persons At tend Rites for Late Asso ciated Press Founder. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. February 19 —ln a gray stone church, made bright with thou sands of blossoms, funeral services •re held yesterday for Melville E. SWie, the grand old man of American jour nalism. As the services began the 120,000 miles of telegraph wires of the Asso ciated Press, of which he was general manager for more than a quarter of a century, fell momentarily silent and throughout the world the men and women who work in the news organi sation which grew under his leadership stood in silent tribute to his memory. Dr. Fosdick Officiates. The funeral services were held in the Park Avenue Baptist Church, with Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick, the pastor, officiating. They were simple and brief, but solemnly impressive. A quartet sang “Abide With Me" and "Lead, Kindly Light.” Dr. Fosdick read pas sages from the Old and New Testaments and read a prayer In which he spoke of Mr. Stones notable career: and then the casket, covered with roses, was borne out of the church. The pall bearers were men who had been con nected with the Associated Press under Mr. Stone's managership, the majority of them still being with the organization. After Mr. Stone died last Friday night, the family planned to have burial in the family plot, at Woodstock, Vt„ but yesterday Bishop James E. Freeman tendered the right of sepulture for his ashes in the Washington Cathedral, where such figures as Woodrow Wilson and Admiral George Dewey are en tombed. The Stone family accepted this offer in realization that so promi nent a figure belonged to the Nation as much as to his own kin. The date of burial was to be decided by the family, the Bishop of Washington and Frank B. Noyes, president of the Associated Press. Dr. FaaAick’a Prayer. At yesterday's services, which were attended by men prominent in many fields. Dr. Fosdick spoke of Mr. Stone in his prayer as follows: "For thy servant whom Thou hast given to the world and now hast taken to Thyself, for his spacious influence, his dedicated ability, his memorable achievements, his high-minded charac ter, we thank Thee. Here where death comes, victory comes also and our hearts are lifted up. "We who see youth die in the Spring time of their years, all their waiting blossoms spoiled and thefr promised fruit denied, praise Thee for this life fulfilled. Three score years and ten, and. by reason of strength, four score years. “We who see sorrow' that is unclean, tainted by sin and laden with bitter memories, praise Thee for this sorrow clean and beautiful full of memorable usefulness, a sanctuary to which our reminiscent thoughts may turn with reverence. "We who see death endure without hope, thank thee for the undiscourage able faith which this life inspires, that one who wrought so largely here will find other tasks awaiting him. that life is ever lord of death and love can never lose its own.” Dr. Fosdick's prayer dealt not only with Mr. Stone himself, but also with the profession in which he stood so high for half a century. "For the great cause with which Thy servant’s name is interwoven,” Dr. Fosdick said, “for all who gather, in terpret and dispense the news, we pray Thee grant them boldness to turn the unwelcome light on those who love darkness because their deeds are evil. Put into their hands the shining sword of truth and make them worthy suc cessors of the great champions of the people who held truth to be a holy thing by which nations love and for which men should die. Since the peo ples may be saved by their courage or undone by their cowardice and silence, may they cast their mighty Influence with the forces that makes the people strong and free. And as this good soldier falls in sleep, raise up leaders to follow him, ‘Elijah’s mantle on Elisha cast.’ ” Members of Family Present. Members of Mr. Stone's family pres ent at the services were the widow, who was escorted by Mr. Stone’s brother, Ormond Stone, astronomer of Clifton Btatlon, Va.: a daughter. Elizabeth C. Stone; two grandsons, Herbert Stuart Stone and Melville E. Stone. 3d. and a granddaughter. Mrs. James Tourney, jr., and a niece. Miss Marian Stanford of Albany, Oreg. Mr. Stone's two sons, Herbert S. and Melville E„ jr., pre ceded their fatb;r in death. The funeral services were attended by representatives of many American and foreign newspapers, of the Associated Press and other w'orld-wide news agen cies, of publishers’ associations and of many foreign news agencies. Among the foreign agencies represented were Reuters of London, the Havas Agency of Parts, the Wolff Bureau of Berlin, the Tass Agency of Soviet Russia, p. A. T„ the Polish news agency; Rengo, the associated press of Japan, and the Ca nadian Press. E. H. Butler represented the American Newspaper Publishers’ Association and Victor Ridder the New -York City Pub- the EV-KVrvtr STAR, ArASTTINGTOK. TV C.. \Y.~ FEBRUARY 19, 1929. Gratitude of Stone Family for Tributes Is Conveyed by A. P. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, February 19 The thousands of tributes and messages of sympathy that have come elthpr directly to the fam ily of Melville E. Stone or through the Associated Press will be ac knowledged formally at a later date. At this time, however, the As sociated Press, on behalf of the Stone family wishes to thank all . for their tributes and expressions of sympathy. RAIL LEADERS QUIT “FOUR-PARTY” DEAL Van Sweringens and Balti more & Ohio Cite 3-Year Parley Failure. By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND, February 19—The Cleveland Plain Dealer says today that the Van Sweringens and the Baltimore <fe Ohio Railroad have withdrawn from the “four-party” conferences of the Eastern rail systems looking toward a division of the lines into a four-trunk system, and that a brief will be filed with the Interstate Commerce Commis sion this week advancing new plans for | railroad consolidation. Failure to arrive at an agreement with the New York Central and the Pensylvania Railroads after three years of negotiations have compelled the Van Sweringens and the Baltimore St Ohio action, says the newspaper. In the negotiations, which they in augurated, the Van Sweringens advo cated establishment of a “four party" agreement giving the Pennsylvania and the Baltimore & Ohio a gateway to the Atlantic Seaboard through Pittsburgh, leaving Buffalo as the gap through which the New York Central and the Van Sweringen lines were to reach the East. The Pennsylvania opposed these over tures, it was said, through a desire to maintain all roads at their present ratio of strength. The Van Sweringens, with a number of un-unified roads, and the Baltimore St Ohio with a smaller sys tem, sought to create a balance. No official confirmation of the move could be had at the Van Sweringen offices, says the Plain Dealer, nor were any of the proposals reported to be filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission announced. lishers’ Association. Lit Nacion, of Buenos Aires, was represented by its New York correspondent, and pews were reserved for the American correspond ents of several British papers. Roy W. Howard and W. W. Hawkins represented the United Press and Frank Mason the International News Service. Other organizations represented by delegations were the Advertising Club of New York, the Century Club, Kane Lodge, A. F. and A. M., and the Lotos Club. Ushers at Services. The ushers at the funeral services were Col. William Rand, James M. Pratt, Frank Ludlam and James Boyd. The pallbearers were J. R. Youatt, Jo seph J. Jones, M. F. Moran, Arthur S. Thompson, Jackson S. Elliott. Fred erick Roy Martin. Charles H. Boynton, Charles Stephenson Smith. W. J. Mc- Cambridge. Byron Price, Maj. Robert McLean and J. A. Bates. 3y order of the Stone family, the flowers decorating the church and those sent by friends of Mr. Stone and organi zations paying tribute to his memory were sent after the services to the city’s hospitals. Kent Cooper, general manager of the Associated Press, was in Florida and unable to attend the services, but Mrs. Cooper and Miss Jane Cooper were present. Frank B. Noyes, president of the Associated Press, was prevented from attending the services by the Ill ness of his wife, with whom he is in the South. YOUR INCOME TAX. Na. l«. The cost* of capital assets, less adjustment for depreciation and salvage, may be deducted from gross income if their usefulness suddenly is terminated and they are disposed of. For example, a manufacturer may be compelled to scrap machinery because it has become inadequate or obso lete. He may deduct the loss sus tained if he has sold, abandoned or otherwise permanently parted with the machinery. Such loss must be charged off on the books of the taxpayer and fully ex plained in his income tax return. If a taxpayer demolishes a building used in his trade or busi ness and replaces it he may de duct the loss sustained, but if he buys, as the site of a new build ing, land upon which is located an old building, demolition of the old building is not considered a loss and therefore is not deducti ble. The value of real estate, ex clusive of the old Improvements, is presumed to be equal to the purchase pri<;e of the land and i building, plus the cost of remov -1 ing the useless building. r 1 HENRY R. JONES RITES THURSDAY Former Managing Editor of Post to Be Buried in Colorado; Funeral services for Henry R. Jones, former managing editor of the Wash- j ington Post, who died in Garfield Hos- 1 pital yesterday, will be conducted in. the W. W. Chambers funeral home. Fourteenth and Chapin streets, Thurs day afternoon at 2 o'clock. Rev. G. E j Lenski will officiate. The body will be : taken to Longmont, Colo., for burial. Mr. Jones, who was 63 years old, had ■ wide newspaper experience. He went to work as telegraph editor of the Post in 1903. Prior to then he had served as reporter, city editor and managing editor of the Des Moines Leader; had covered lowa for Chicago dailies and also served as managing editor for some time after the Des Moines Leader and the Des Moines Register had con solidated. As a consequence of his decision to come to Washington, a number of other newspaper men of the Middle West, following his example, came East. Among them were Judson C. Welliver, Jackson S. Elliott, Robert Philip, Ira Patchin, Charles Smith. John Snure and Oliver P. Newman, former District Commissioner. Mr. Jones held various executive positions on the Post. He was news editor and then acting managing edi tor until three years ago, when he was named managing editor. He remained in the latter position until last Sum mer, when Illness forced him to re | Unqulsh his work. Although his life was devoted to i newspaper work, Mr. Jones took an i active interest In scientific subjects and was a constant reader. Although a bachelor, club life never appealed to him. He was, however, a charter member of the National Press Club and maintained his membership in that organization up to the time of his death. He is survived by a brother, George Jones, of Longmont, Colo. Mr. Jones was born on a farm in Illinois. HLs family moved to Scran ton, low’a, when he was 11 years old. He entered the newspaper profession ; shortly after being graduated from lowa t State College. i * PEACE IN MEXICO PUT UP TO CHURCH BY INTERIOR OFFICIAL | (Continued From First Page.) , tack on the presidential special Feb j ruary 10. Nobody, the acting secretary said, could offer serious reason to withhold his address when his conduct has been f lawful. The statement then saya that ( the government does not consider the . suspension of religious services by orders of the Catholic episcopate In 1926 an act of rebellion. The government has al- I ready stated, he concludes, that if the ! law is obeyed prelates and priests may exercise their ministries. [ Church’s Position Given. , Close cm the heels of a statement yes terday by Bishop Miguel de la Mora that Roman Catholic clergy have had nothing to do with recent disturbances, the attorney general’s office tonight de i dared that in accordance with the in . structions of the President, it would . proceed to nationalize the properties of . all persons convicted of rendering aid . to insurgents. The statement of the bishop, which . was made in the name of the Catholic • Church authorities, maintained that the . clergy had not adopted a subversive attitude, had not participated in the ■ recent disturbances and had nothing to i do with rebellion. He admitted four or five priests might have participated in ’ the insurrection and said that the i church condemns violence such as the recent dynamiting of the presidential ' train. I The bishop announced (hat priests are at. liberty to obey the instructions to inform the government of their ad dresses. but the church refused to com ply with the demands for registra tion unless the government is willing to state that it Is merely a police regu lation not involving spiritual authority. The office of the attorney general said that it would follow the Instructions of President Portes Gil and that confis cations would be carried out only after an Investigation of charges against ] accused. REVOLT RUMORS DENIED. Nogales Officials Disclaim Impending Move Against Government. NOGALES. Ariz., February 19 o^. Mexican officials of Nogales, Senora, last night again denied rumors of an im pending Mexican revolt here, which arose Sunday following the arrival of Gen. Francisco Manzo, commander of the Federal troops in Sonora, and his staff and attaches. Manzo came from his military headquarters at Ortis. Sonora, to hold conference with Arturo de Saracho, personal friend of President Portes Gil of Mexico, and ex-President Calles. Gov. Fauston Topete of Sonora also was present at the conference. It related to internal affairs of Sonora, according to an announcement by Mexican Consul Y. M. Vasquez. “My name has been linked with mental revolts on many occasions.'' said Gen: Manzo when he. Gov. Topete and Senor Saracho paid a visit to the office of the Nogales Herald today. “I deny ♦he allegations being rumored and sav that my conuaajd 4« -In .perfect accord . REPORT OFIAINE ON MERGER FILED «* f Senator Says Burdens on f Public Outstrip Benefits in Proposed Matter. Declaring that the benefits to the publlc\ln. the proposed street railway mer®er'“are outstripped by the burdens imposed upon the public,” Senator Blaine. Republican, of Wisconsin, today filed his minority report on the subject in the Senate. He said in his opinion approval or' the pending legislation Is “indefensible." The\ majority of the District commit tee reported the merger favorably about 10 days SjKo in the form in which it was revise6i by Dr. Milo R. Maltbie, and Chairman flapper has been promised an opportunity vto call up the question in I lie Senate A> llowln ® the House rea P’ portionment Will. Senator Blaine argues for adoption of | his establish the prudent 1 investment method of valuation as a i part of the merger resolution, on the | ground that the meVger is being accom plished in the formVof a contract, and i that legislation enacted later could not , deprive the car company of contractual rights conferred by Congress at this time. The Wisconsin Senator*.also urged in clusion of his other • amendments, namely: One requiring the newr company to carry over to its books the accrued de preciation reserves of the existing com panies, and another stipulating that the franchise rights created by this resolution would terminate at \ the end of one year following repeal', of the merger resolution, If It should t ever be repealed. Asserts Points Overlooked. Asserting that the majority of the committee overlooked two main propo sitions when it was considering the merger, Senator Blaine said: “Dr. Maltbie and the majority con ceived; the merger as an end. By so limiting their conception and their con sideration of the they entirely overlooked.,the two outstanding (and the major) problems—namelyr "(1) Thar the mergw is almost ex clusively a financial set-up for the com panies and then' stockholders. “<2> That the merger is nbt one cre ated under llmitatlpns and restrictions imposed by law\ but'is a merger created by contract between the* Capital com pany, the Washington company land the bus company. All that Congress Is asked to do is to appaove %t such con tract as modified by thg resolution. When the three companies approve of the modifications made by the resolu tion. the merger still remains a metier by contract and not a merger unfit r limitations and restrictions by law. “The only changes in the substantive law made by the resolution are: V "(1) The provisions of section 2, re lieving the merging companies of a substantial part of their fair burden for street and bridge maintenance and improvements, as well as the cost of' policing street car intersections. These costs, which are said to aggregate in excess of $400,060 per year, are at present borne by the companies in ex change for the right to operate in the public highways and to use public bridges. “(2) The establishment of a practl-i cal monopoly in mass transportation for' a perpetual period. “(3) Permission is granted to the Public Utilities Commission to establish reduced rates for school children. Cer tain of the concessions demanded by the companies and approved by the resolution are in the nature of contracts with the United States, establishing property rights In the companies which' may not be subsequently diminished by act of Congress. Cites Contractual Provisions. “Therefore, if this merger is approv ed. the future regulation of the new company will depend, not mainly upon substantive regulatory laws, but upon the provisions of the contract with each other and with the United States. The inviolability of that contract will be sustained by the courts under our Con stitution. Whenever an attempt Is made to determine depreciation, valuation, considerations affecting the capital stock and the capital invesment, or the franchise to use the streets, reference must at all times in the future be made to the contract, and the contract will be binding as against any provision of the District utility law that may be contrary to the contract. “It is true that the resolution, in section 11. provides: ‘That Congress reserves the power to alter, amend or repeal this resolution.’ Since this merger is one by contract, that re serve power is of no value. Congress may repeal the enttre resolution, and in such case the status of the new compenv will be exactly what It would be If the resolution were not repealed, except in the instances ! have pointed out.” * Method Called Incongruous. Senator Blaine told the Senate, in support of his valuation amendment, that the existing utilities law In the District is unlike the law in *any other jurisdiction, and that it “is the most incongruous method of valuation that can be conceived.” His amendment, he explained, pro poses to put the regulation of utilities, as to fads, entirely under the Jtriadic tion of the commission. "The commission." he continued, “is equipped, through its experts, to \caary on It* regulatory administrative hmV tions. The court, as every one know!., is not so equipped. It cannot be so equipped. Congress has never intended' to equip courts as administrative bodies! And. therefore, while the prudent in-) vestment plan has been written into the 4 amendment, the main purpose of the! amendment is to meet the practical de-l mands and to overcome some of the ob-1 structions in the way of proper regula tion of utilities.” Baltimorean Dies in Florida. PALM BEACH. Fla., February 19 (fP). —Robert C. Kolb, 55, Baltimore busi ness man. who, with his wife and son John, arrived here last Wednesday for a Winter vacation, died yesterday. The body will be sent tomorrow to Philadel phia for burial. It is understood a sec ond son. R. Wallace Kolb, is en route from Baltimore. with the Mexican government.” Gov. Topete declared that his State was “peaceful and quiet,” and was prosper ous and busy. Gen. Manzo and Gov. Topete will, return to their Sonora homes tomorrow. Senor Saracho, who was mayor of Mexico City three times, also will leave here in a few days for the Mexican capital. A denial of reports that lines of the Southern Pacific Railroad had been, seised south of here also was officially denied today. The Mexican superin tendent of the lines and the Arizona general agent both pronounced the re ports are entirely untrue. SITUATION IN SINALOA. Governor Wires Capital Denying Par ticipation in Insurrection. MEXICO CITY. February 19 M»> The governor of the State of Sinaloa, which borders Sonora on the south, has wired the government here he has not been Invited and, in fact, ha* not thought of participating In any rebel lion. Although there are many rumors cur rent in Mexico City in respect to the situation in tire State of Sonora, there Is no reliable report that any overt act has been commit#!,, - * 1 i WILL COMMAND REGULARS IN INAUGURAL • #:, ' . % B 9 JR dm BRIG. GUN. HERBERT O. WILLIAMS. Who will command the Regular Army section of the inaugural parade. Coolidge Considers Writing Occasional Articles for Press By the Associated Press. President Coolidge ha* not yet ar rived at a decision as to his occupa tion after retirement from office, al though he ha* been approached by sev eral person* with proposal* that he write syndicated article* for the news papers. v The President regards thi* field as a fine one. but hesitates to bind himself by the urgency of regular production. However, he may write occasional ar ticles dealing yith his experiences and observations in public office. The President has told callers that, he is not in a position to make a posi- j tive decision at this time. This is in , conformity with a previous assertion that he does not feel that his duties as President, permit him,to enter into any arrangement with 8n outside Interest I before his retirement. VATICAN ANSWERS 1 CRITICS OF ACCORD S jPope Has Not Subordinated His Authority, Editorial Declares. , the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY, February 19 Osservatore Romano, used bp the Vati can for the publication of official an nouncements. tonight prints a lengthy editorial declaring that the Pope has in no wise subordinated his own sovereignty to that of Italy by the re cent conclusion of the lateran treaty. The editorial, entitled “Impertinent Doubts," is designed as an answer to iseveral critics, mainly French, who fear lor profess to fear that the Pope has compromised the churchtls independ ttnee by concluding the accord with King Victor Emmanuel and Premier MRussolini. Ut refers questioners to the Pontiff's speech to Lenten preachers and the Ropian parish priests on February 11 amt remarks that the Pope has no need of international agreements on the part of cither powers to safeguard his inde pendence. small Pontifical State.” the paper says, "is already international or. better, super-national; free, independent and neutral by its own nature and not by viittue of accords among other powers which are necessary for establishing the sovereignty, independence and neutral ity ofj other small States. * * * This international, super-national natuna of the FJontiflcal State was violated and negated by the Italian State; the latter. k the only one which ought and could .make reparation, has in tact repaired! this with the necessary recog nition; what then is lacking to tfee churchy, liberty?” Osserwatore continues that until now the Pontiff had his residence in the territory of the King of Italy, but that now he, has his own territory and “will know w(ell how to defend the church's liberty fin the new order of thing* as he knew so well how to defend it dur ing thej captivity.” In concluding Osservatore cites the words iof Leo XIII to a certain de ceased (cardinal: “If even we should be obliged* to finish in prison, we should not loss courage; in every cell otf pris ons, thare is a stool and upon that stool the Pcg>e would continue to govern, the church.” ' —+ —... ■ EVERY DETECTIVE IN CHICAGO QUIZZED IN GANG MASSACRE i (Continued From First Page.). Ihis first public statement concamlng Sthe crime yesterday, saying; 1 "Representatives of the Federal, Gov ernment, State’s Attorney Swanson and ofther county officials. Commissioner of Pdlice Russell, the Police Department antt city officials are working in close haqmony that the people will be given eveiur possible protection against crime.” BAHES UNKNOWN IN CLEVELAND CLEVELAND, Ohio, February 19 (>«. —Jctm Bates, former member of the. Dion O'Bannion gang of Chicago beer, runneirs, who is sought for questioning in the massed killing of seven gangsters there (last week, is unknown to local po.- lice. Although he is reported to have come Up Cleveland after leaving Chicago. Cleveland detectives said they never heard of him. They had no Bertillon records of him. The Private Life of the Prince of Wales Tnlis intimate biography of Great Britain's future ruler will be published in 15 chapters, beginning in i i &!ar of ! February 24 HOOVER PUBLICITY CURB IS FEARED Correspondents Alarmed Over Possibility of Scarcer White House News, ■>, BY FREDEKIC WILLIAM WILE. ’ Will White House news services under Herbert Hoover be subjected to stricter ; control? That is the nut the corps of i Washington correspondents is busily trying to crack. It is the question which chiefly stirs their emotions, now that the President-elect is In Wash ington to stay and on the eve of enter ing the White House. Fears are wide spread among the political writing craft that Mr. Hoover may be an even more uncommunicative President than Mr. Coolidge. These anxieties are based upon the President-elect's press prac tices during the 1928 campaign and particularly his methods since his election. The correspondents reaching Wash ington today with Mr. Hoover are prob ably the most disappointed brigade of news-gatherers who ever “covered” a big story. They admit that their dis patches from Florida, with few excep tions. were distinguished by their news lessness. Several men who accompanied the Hoover party to Miami abandoned the assignment after they'd been there a while, having reported to their edi tors that it wasn't worth expense ac counts for them to telegraph from day to day that the wells of Information at Belle Isle resolutely refused to yield even an occasional bucketful of news. The correspondents found themselves unable even to extract morsels of intel ligence from the persons who gained access to the President-elect. They came to the conclusion that visitors were placed under an embargo to say nothing to anybody. Tightening of Rules Feared. There is no reason to expect that Mr. Hoover will abolish the so-called semi weekly press conferences which were held throughout the Harding and Cool idge administrations. But an intima tion has become current that even the inflexible rules now prevailing at press conferences are to be tightened to the newspaper men's disadvantage. It has been suggested, for example, that writ ten questions will have to be handed in a full day in advance, instead of a few minutes before the Tuesday and Fridav conferences, as at present. The ex planation for this alleged prospect is that Mr. Hoover, being strongly addicted to preciseness of statement, desires to have ample time to supply Information on given occasions. Until he was nominated for Presi dent. Herbert Hoover was probably the Washington correspondents' favorite "news naan.” He not only received them at fixed intervals In the Depart ment of Commerce, but was always ac cessible to any reporter who wished to see him privately for some specific news purpose. The Capital writers acquired a fondness for Hoover because the “stuff” he gave them was always im portant, Interesting and up-to-tbe-min ute. Eight times out of ten it was “front page stuff.” Hoover’s publicity assistants in the Commerce Department generally selected Monday mornings as “release dates” for the Secretary’s out givings. The result was that Herbert Hoover “made” the conspicuous place in the newspapers of the country oftener than any otfer man in the administra tion. not excepting the President him self. May Have T. K. Plan in Mind. , The President-elect, It is suggested, may*■ have in mind the usefulness of reverting to the news system which President Roosevelt had. "T. R." was accustomed to send for certain favored Washington correspondents on occasion and supply them with scoops of the first magnitude. Hoover includes several leading Capital political writers in his inner circle of friendships, just as 'Teddy’’ did. This writer doubts whether the incoming Chief Engineer is seri ously considering any such procedure, for in his past dealings with the local news fraternity Hoover has been punctiliously fair all around. He’ has never been very strong for the direct quotation system, and is not likely, on the record of the past, to allow very much latitude in the use of the “offi cial spokesman” idiom. Be these things as they may. a little perturbation fills the souls of the men and women who make their living at Washington by reporting the Nation's business from hour to hour. Amid tlveir qualms they are consoled by a belief that Herbert Hoover realises, as all Presidents must, that the fourth estate is a very vital factor In the White House scheme of things. For the present, they are waiting to see. (Copyright. ISM.) BAND CONCENT. By the United States Soldiers’ Home Band Orchestra, at Stanley Hall. Tues day, February 19, at 5:30 o'clock: , "The U. S. Field Artillery” Sousa “Italienne” Zerco “Romance In P Major".. .Tschalkowsky “The Three Musketeers” Friml ' “Doin’ the Raccoon” Coots “Bijou Adore” Charles "My Little Bimbo” Donaldson “The • Star Spangled Banner.” ■ ■■— ■■ • ■ $25,000 Damages Claimed. Mary De Oviatte. residing at the Ar lington Hotel, has filed suit in the Dis trict Supreme Court to recover $25,000 damages from the Dulin & Martin Co. for alleged personal Injuries. She says i the company permitted a staircase at its i place of business to become out of re- i pair and that her foot caught in a metal H stripping on the stair tread and caused i her to fall and sustain aerlons Injury. < She is represented by Attorney Alvin i L. NewpAer, - ’ BRUCE RAPS IDA|O LIQUOR CQNDITIBNS # of Reed-Borah Qash Over Prohibition Sound in Senate Chamber* ‘.By the .VvsoeUted Press. %' Echoe.k of the Reed-Borah MMhihi ' tion sounded in the Senile to | day as Sec tor Bruce. DrmocratflUan - land, described prohibition ronditans in Borah's Sts. U of Idaho as "shining Borah. wiy> defended prohibMbn in an hour's yesterday in imply to an attack by' Reed of Missoim, sar smilingly silent Bruce read sCnewf paper article t% hose headline® said "Idaho Dry Problem in Moonshine." Cara'dlan declared, flowed fr'et’ly into Idaffi) and other border States. "That’s why so miifh liquor is being* produced in Canada." ,he asserteff. "not only to satisfy the mVids of Anßriran tourists but to supply tM' large amounts that are exported into* the enitrd States." / 5 % He praised the Quebec system as one founded on true Jeffersonian [ principles of democracy. | \ Dill Says Congressmen Sdyber. As debate proceeded on the JOjws bill to Increase prohibition violator penal ties, Senator Dill, Democrat. Washing ton. contended that the majority of members of Congress are “sober When one is seen intoxicated, he sale!, it is considered an exception. "At any rate.” he added, "it is not a question as to whether a member takes a drink; it is whether he carrtes out the wishes of the people who send him here." Senator Blaine. Republican, Wiscon sin. opposed the Jones bill, because, he said, it did not discriminate between ’ gangster bootlegging activities and the simple violations by indvduais. Those who hoped that the Seventieth Congress would not end without a de bate between those two mighty orators. Reed of Missouri and Borah at Idaho, have had their wish. The two gave the controversial subject of prohibition an airing yesterday before a gallery that took all the seats and standing room, and an idea of the renown of the speakers could be gained from the fact Vhat almost the full membership of the innate heard the clash. •The anti-climax came after the spek"hes had ended. Senator Reed threatened Saturday to make public a list (A Senators and Representatives who “Wk'te dry and drink wet.” but yes -t terdav W assured his hearers that he was jokiJXT- All the members of the House did* not know of this assurance and some last night spread the news at the Capitol that the names of certain Representatives were on the list that the jJb'ssonri Senator intended* to give out. Theae were many telephone calls and a of hurried visit* to Reed's office before those concerned learned that no was to be issued. Reed for Staff Control. Reed retires to private life at the end of this session, and du.Wg his IS years in the Senate the newsfc that he was speaking has been sufficient to start a movement toward the Senile galleries and to draw absent colleagiys to the floor. Borah’s reputation is no less. Reed is a Democrat and wet. Borah is a Republican and a dry. DLscussyn on the Jones bill to increase penalties for liquor law violations laid the setting .for the clash. Reed argued that control of liguar should fall to the States. Borah in tended that prohibition was a part bt-f the Constitution and should be observed. Around these central themes the speak ers brought wit, sarcasm and logic into play. The Missourian began by describing the prohibition laws as a "hideous crime." "Law." he said, “has been the instru ment of tyrants and the weapon of brutes since time began. By it despots have sought to justify and cloak the villanies that have stained this earth with blood and saturated it with tears and filled It with the groans of the dying. "law. what sir. Is law? It is. I speak now of the proper laws, it is something that springs from custom and is adopt ed by general consent. But it must be / more than that; it must be founded upon justice; it must express equity and right; it must be humane in its operations. It must be something that commends itself to the spirit to be a proper law. the soul of mankind. An improper law, an unjust law. a cruel law must be as much a crime as the act of an individual who assassinates in the dark.” Demands Repeal. He declared that the prohibition law was an unjust law and that there had followed in its train corruption and de basement. . „ . “Let us repeal this law. he tried, "and let us then discharge the snoop ers and spies, the sneaks and the crimi nals, who have been employed without money to haunt our doors, to break open the windows of our habitations, to murder our people upon the streets. Borah, in his reply to Reed, said that there had been corruption and viola tions of the law. “I know that,” he declared. I call ‘ the Senator's attention to the fact, however, that there never has beep a law placed upon the statute book* of anv civilized nation on earth with ref erence to liquor that the liquor forces did not undertake to break down, to violate it. to undermine it. to corrupt the officials. It is the history.-ol liquor legislation from the beginning -untU this hour. It is not within thf„ iniquity of the human mind to law that will be satisfactory to the liquor interests.” Borah termed those who have advo cated that it is every mart's'£|ht to observe those laws which to observe as traitors, and her safcJnihat under the system of State cdflflfflCAhat the dry States had to maintafiChn army of officers to protect from liquor from wet States. Borah .Asks Combined Ob&ftance. * “Probably we cannot ever Jjhfysft the use of alcoholic drinks." he CQiir.lurifd. "but shall we continue or shaChurßur render in the fight? So far «n/A|am concerned so long as it is written Iff the Constitution of the United Ststefthat the sale of intoxicating liquoijiTfll, in jurious to the public welfare and/that that embodies the policy of tfye ,Dft>ple I propose in every way that fee reason able and fair to undertake !W.£ff*tn tain that Constitution. Let us all com bine in that effort. . "The Senator from Missouri will never see the day, I will never are tbepday when the eighteenth amendmew w out of the Constitution of the Unit&^SUtes. In the meantime, using our influence, our moral leadership, our public duty as Senators and citizens, let ÜBtdAf to it that it is enforced in so fmripjt is possible for human ingenuity flv'dtr it." Senator Reed was on his feet ax BOrah ended, but Senator Heflin of Alabama had gained the attention of the/ahalr. Reed stood for a second then walked quickly to where Boran wort. They shook hands warmly and both were smiling. CAMPBELL VIEWS TRACK. British Racer Surveys Path on Which He Will Seek Record, CAPETOWN. South Africa. February 1* (A»).—Capt. Malcolm Campbell has . returned to Capetown after making an ' aerial survey of the track of sun-baked clay at Vemeuk Pan on which he hopes to attain a new world speed record for i motor cars. He said he was confident of breaking the existing record of 206 1 . miles an hour, as he thought tbs track was the best in the world.