GATES OF TORREON
Strength of Advancing Force
Put at 30,000 —Escobar
Said to Have 5,000.
(•Continued From First Page.)
possession of the city and that perhaps
the only big enrounter of the rebellion
would be fought here. Retreat to Chi
huahua, it was jxiinted out, could mean
little less than eventual dispersal of the
rebel leaders Into the United States.
The battle promised to bring into use
cavalry, infantry, artillery and aero
planes by the federals. T.ie rebels
possessed smaller similar units, although
not so well equipped.
Occupies Durango City.
Gen. Calles himself was expected to
enter the battle later than Gens. Al
maxan, Saturino Gedillo and Lazaro
Cardona, who were to begin it from
the east. Gen. Calles yesterday estab
lished his headquarters at Durango City,
which he occupied earlier in the day
in another ‘‘bloodless battle.'’ Although
sections of the 150 miles of railroad be
tween Durango and Torreon were torn j
up by the rebels, it. was said, the high- ■
ways had not been destroyed and I
prompt moving into the encounter was i
The rebel force occupying Durango ]
left that city in full retreat over the ,
spur northward out of the city to :
Tepehuanes. the line to Torreon having :
been rut by the federals. This appar
ently removed them from the action at
Torreon. since to reach that city they
would have to cross 100 miles of moun
tains and desert to reach another rail
road spur which could take them by
way of Parral, Chihuahua, back into
A report of Oen. Calles to President
Emilio Portes Gil said there was still a
small army remaining in Durango,
under Gen. Eulalio Gutierrez (former
provisional President), but that he
hoped to vanquish it in a brief en
Gen. Calles said he believed victory
of Gen. Cedlllo over a rebel band at
Derramadero, between Saltillo and
Torreon. day before yesterday, in which
50 rebels were killed and 105 captured,
had frightened the garrison at Torreon
so they might retreat. He said his
airplanes flving over the city had seen
signs that the way was being kept open
for such evacuation. .
Rebels Withdraw to San Bias.
On the west coast the rebels with
drew to San Bias and the federal forces
reoccupied Cuiliacan. capital of Inaloa.
The drive against Mazatlan apparently
has failed, possibly because of with
drawal of forces to meet defection of
Oen. Olachea from the rebel camp In
Meanwhile reports of the first bomb
outrage since the outbreak of the re
bellion were received here. The train
which left here Thursday night for
Laredo was bombed near Obregon, a
small station in Guanajuato, 250 miles
north of here. No damage was done,
and the train proceeded after some
delay. Arthur Schoenfleld, counselor of
the United States embassy here, who is
going to Bulgaria as Minister, was
aboard the train.
TORREON, CALM, WAITS FIGHT.
Rebels* Proceed With Plans for Drive
on Federal Army.
JAUREZ. Mexico, March 16 <&>.-
With food prices, increased and all banks
closed, but otherwise fairly normal con
ditions existing, the railroad “boom”
town of Torreon, strategic center of the
revolution In the north, awaits with an
attitude of calm fatalism the particular
"manana” when the battle which may
decide the outcome of the revolt will
occur on its doorstep.
“Manana"—tomorrow—is the unoffi
cial password of the vicinity, and when
It comes, and with it the battle, the
citizens of that section undoubtedly will
hear the uncomfortable sound of bul
lets whizzing overhead, but until it does,
they refuse to be greatly disturbed.
Go Ahead With Plans.
Rebel headquarters here, little con
cerned over the reported capture of
Durango, near Torreon. by the federals,
went ahead with plans to start the
drive toward the main federal army.
For hours after the capture of Durango
was reported rebel officials here denied
that it had fallen. Later, however, a
few officers said they had heard the
town had been lost to the rebels, but
had not received official confirmation.
Canltas, the Important railroad cen
ter which federals claim, is occupied by
revolutionists, their headquarters here
asserted last night. The rebels said
Oen. Urbalejo, with several thousand
troops, occupied the town yesterday.
Those familiar with the situation here j
pointed out that the federal army might;
have moved from Canltas to Durango j
before the arrival of Urbalejo.
Scolli at Flight Reports.
Gen. J. Gonzalo Escobar, commander
In chief of the revolutionists, scoffed at
reports yesterday that he would aban
don Torreon when the federal army ar
rived there. He asserted that the city
would be defended and that he was ad
vancing his army to open the attack on |
the federals before they reached Tor- j
Other advices received here yesterday
from Torreon asserted that the federal
army had not been able to get nearer
Torreon than Irapuato, 150 miles from
Escobar last night issued a statement
ordering border points under rebel con
trol to admit all civil or military exiles
into the country should they desire to
MACHINE GUNS MOUNTED.
Olachea Guards Against Surprise Night
Attack at Vaco.
NACO, Sonora, Mexico, March /16
OP).—Gen. Augustine Olachea fortified
here with 1.200 federal troops, announc
ed today that he had mounted 12 ma
chine guns in strategic positions, and
was preparing to erect three spotlights
to guard against any night surprise
attack from rebel troops.
Rumors that a large rebel force was
approaching Naco were declared by
American authorities to have been with
out foundation. Persistent reports of the
approach of rebel troops under Gen.
Fausto Topeta had been prevalent,
Travelers arriving from Cananea said
positively there were no rebel troops
in the vicinity.
Americans who have watched at the
border for the past four days in the
hope of witnessing a clash between
rebel and federal Mexican forces, were
promised some action today. The mil
itary maneuvers, however, were to be
conducted by American troops at Bis
bee, Ariz.. where Maj. O. G. Hazeltine,
commanding. announced American
troops would take a "position.” but
that the maneuvers would bear no mil
itary aspect other than acquainting
American soldiers of action to be fol
lowed out in case of a border battle
between Mexican troops.
PREPARE FOR NACO ATTACK.
Federal Troops Await Rebels—Mazat
lan Fight Soon Unlikely.
NOGALES, Ariz.. March 16 i/Ph—De
spite a lull in the border situation to
day, Mexican federal troops at Naco,
Sonora, continued preparations against
a possible attack by rebel forces. Re
ports of the progress of the revolution
ary forces heading toward Mazatlan,
Sinaloa, strategic West Coast city, held
by loyal troops, indicated that there
was no prospect for a major engage-
there for several days.
FLOOD W ATERS HALT BUSINESS IN GEORGIA TOWN
Telephoto of the Alabama. Georgia floods which caused loss of life and property damage. This aerial view shows
the business section of West Point. Ga. —Associated Press Photo.
WAR ORDERS TO U. S.
RUSHED BY MEXICO
Government Indicates Plan
of Quickly Suppressing Re
volt With U. S. Aid.
Rush orders for large quantities of
war materials are being placed in the
United States by Mexican officials,
further indicating the intention of the
Portes Gil government, which has the
support of the Hoover administration,
to quickly suppress the revolution.
Arms and ammunition and kindred
war materials were ordered out of the
surplus stocks of the War Department,
and orders w r ere placed with a private
manufacturing concern for tear gas
bombs. Ambassador Tellez, who ordered
the bombs on behalf of the Mexican
government, explained that the federals
did not desire to use poisonous gas, be
cause they wished to conserve human
life as much as possible in the war
fare against the rebels.
State Department officials, following
custom, flatly declined to disclose
whether licenses for the shipment of
the supplies ordered by Ambassador
Tellez have been issued. In view of
the administration’s attitude, however,
which has been stated to be that the
Mexican federals should be accorded
privileges in their desire for supplies
from American concerns, little delay
is expected in getting the war materials
to the Portes Gil troops.
Policy of U. S. Formulated.
Coincident with the announcement
that large amounts of war materials
had been ordered. It was made known
at. the State Department that the
administration had formulated a policy
with respect to the treatment of any
rebels crossing the border line into the
United States. The details of this
policy were not formally announced
but they are expected to be made
There appears little doubt that the
policy will consist of a set of rigid
regulations w-hich will tend to give lull
support to the Mexican federal govern
ment. These regulations will be strictly
enforced by the Immigration author
ities and such military commanders as
may be on the border, and will deal
effectively with the entrance into the
United States of any rebels.
Developments Closely Watched.
While the trend of the revolution has
been interpreted by American officials
as indicating the rebels were losing
ground, the administration here is
watching all developments closely. Such
information as has reached President
i Hoover through the State Department
i has led him to believe that the tendency
j is for many of the rebel forces to lay
! down their arms and return to Fed
| eral allegiance.
! Among the dispatches received at the
! State Department today was one from
Ambassador Morrow, which denied a
report published in San Antonio news
papers that American aviators were
dropping poison gas bombs in Sonora.
The Ambassador Informed the State
j Department that the aviators flying
; over were Mexicans and that he had
been advised by Mexican officials that
only newspapers and other propaganda
; had been dropped.
j The use of poisonous gas has been
denounced by the United States, which
entered into a treaty with Great Britain
and Japan, expressing disapproval of
this practice. This treaty, while rati
fied by the Senate, has not been put
into force, but the attitude of the
United States in this respect is con
sidered to be unchanged.
: IN MIDDLE WEST
i j Wisconsin Towns Menaced as
> Swollen Streams Go
s on Rampage.
’ ! By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, March 16.—Floods ha
! rassed new sections of the Middle West
1 ! today as others were recovering from
’ I the ravages of swollen, Ice-choked
■ 1 Rivers in Nebraska, lowa and Illinois
1 I were clearing themselves of ice and
* | slowly returning to their banks, while
’! their Northern cousins, who had taken
* longer to awaken from Winter’s inao
' ! tivity, started on rampages of their own.
* i Large areas w'ere under water in Wis
* consin and several small towns in the
J I Northwestern part of the State were in
f I danger. Barron and Birrhwood were
■ ! flooded today, while inhabitants of the
? Indian village of Odanah, 75 miles from
‘ Superior, were preparing to leave their
5 homes. Ice jams in the Bad River
were described as worse than those of
two years ago when the entire village
was under water.
Mason City, lowa, was undergoing
- new hardships today after an ice jam
in Lime Creek had released another
rush of water on the city. The Missouri
* River at Omaha was rising fast last
' night and bridges were being shattered
>• constantly bv large cakes of ice.
* Meanwhile the Mississippi River was
* rising and its levees were receiving con
- stant attention. Although it was be
>■ lieved that the river could carry the
d additional water being poured into 11
e by its tributaries, Red Cross headquar
ters were preparing to administer reliel
in some sections.
THE EVENING STAIR, “WASHINGTON, T). C., SATURDAY, MARCH 16. 1929.
I On Dome of Capitol
To Protect Goddess
' By the Associated Press.
The Goddess of Freedom atop
the Capitol dome is not going
to be toppled from her lofty post
| by a wandering airplane if lights
will protect her.
Four 1,000-watt floodlights,
two on the House side and two
on the Senate side of the Cap
itol. were turned on for the first
time last night to light up Miss
Recently an air mail flyer,
j blinded by fog, nearly crashed
into the dome, and David Lynn,
,! Capitol architect, decided it was
, j time to do something about it.
OIL LEASE SURVEY
! GROUP NAMED BY
tContinued From First Page.)
’ remaining period covered by the permit,
but the holder of the permit will be
called upon when it has expired to
show cause why the permit should not
Holders of permits for prospecting for
; oil and gas on the public domain who
have complied with the law need have
! no anxiety as to retrospective action,
President Hoover said yesterday in
■ reply to questions from newspaper cor
’ respondents as to further details of the
1 administration's oil conservation policy.
5 Some 20,000 permits under the genv
r eral leasing act now are outstanding,
1 and the President said it was obvious
that no large proportion of 20.000 oil
wells are being drilled on public lands
under these permits. Since drilling
must proceed in definite stages, under
: time limits under the terms of the
permits, many persons have not com
plied with the law and in effect have
abandoned their rights.
Mr. Hoover disagreed with suggestions
that Hie people of the West object to
conservation of oil resources. Coming
from the West, the President said the
people of that section knew there was
a limit to oil supplies and that the
time would come when they and the
Nation would need this oil much more
than it was needed now.
“There are no half measures in con
servation of oil,’’ he asserted. “The
Government must cease to alienate Its
oil lands if we are to have conserva
The President's statement was as
“Not only do we propose to stop the
issue of development permits over public
domain and other lands in control of
the Government, which permits consti
tute the first step in the leasing of oil
resources, but Secretary Wilbur proposes
to review all outstanding permits to de
termine their status.
Time Element Explained.
“Where holders are complying with
| the law they need have no anxiety as
to retrospective action, but some 34,000
permits for oil exploration by drilling
have been issued since the leasing law
wav passed In President Wilson's ad
ministration. Os these some 20,000 are
outstanding at the present time. Under
| these permits drilling must proceed in
i definite stages under time limits. It is
obvious that no large proportion of
‘ 20,000 oil w’ells are being drilled on
lands under these permits. Thus, many
‘ persons have not complied with the re
quirements of the law r and In effect
, have abandoned their rights.
“I have approved the recommenda
[ tion of Secretary Wilbur to appoint a
; departmental board representing the
; different bureaus Interested, which will
review the whole situation.
“Being fairly familiar with the senti
ment of our Western States, I can at
once refute the statement that the
people of the West object to conserva
. tion of oil resources. They know that
there is a limit to oil supplies and that
the time Will come when they and the
Nation will need this oil much more
than it is needed now.
s “There are no half measures in con
servation of oil. The Government must
cease to alienate its oil lands if we
are to have conservation.”
HIT HOOVER OIL ORDER.
Californians Protest Withdrawal of
* Public Lands From Use.
' BAKERSFIELD. Calif., March 16 VP.
3 —Glen Aldrich, attorney representing
| independent oil Interests here, an
* nounced yesterday that protests would
; be sent to Washington against the re
cent action of President Hoover in with
drawing some 15,000.000 acres of Cali
" fomia public lands from use by private
l prospectors for gas and oil.
* Aldrich said he must withhold his
clients’ names from publication until
‘ t>e obtained their permission. He added,
* however, that most of them expected
■j to file suits in Federal court to contest
™ the President’s right to make such a
e BAND CONCERT.
E By the United States Soldiers’ Home
* Band Orchestra, at Stanley Hall, at
r 5:30 o'clock this evening.
•j March, “On the Air” Goldman
it Overture, “L’ExuUante Tendresse,’’
tj j Gabriel-Marie
Morceau, “Night and Love" (Ludus pro
s Patria) Augusta Holmes
. Grand selection, "Les Huguenots,”
e Fox trot, “That's My Mammy’’ Baer
It Waltz intermezzo, “Ballroom Whispers"
■f Finale, “Up In the Clouds"-a- .. .Ruby
J “The Star Sparigled B^ier"
NATIONAL RADIO FORUM
TO FEATURE ADDRESSES
BY CABINET MEMBERS
(Continued From First. Page.)
ture to improve the entire economic
condition of the country.
Secretary Lamont of the Commerce
Department, one of the great engineers
of the country, the key man for Indus
try in the Cabinet whom President
Hoover kept as a surprise until the last
day before inauguration, also will
speak on April 27. He is expected to
tell how he proposes to carry out the
Hoover policies that have been so
eminently successful in keeping America
prosperous, preserving home markets,
maintaining good wages and living
standards —principally through "effi
ciency," which is to be the keynote of
the present administration and the
elimination of waste in industrial ]
Secretary James J Davis, the immi- i
grant boy who literally fought his way
, from puddler in a foundry to the post
i I of Secretary of Labor in the cabinet of
| three Presidents as champion for the
! laboring classes and to see that their
! interests are given every proper gov
j emmental safeguard and aid, is to give
, I the American people a heart-to-heart
! talk about labor problems over the Na
> tion-wdde radio hook-up also on April
t 27. Mr. Davis is also chairman of the
Federal Board for Vocational Eduea
• tion, a member of the Council of Na
i tional Defense and a member of the
t Smithsonian Institution. He is one of
. the country's greatest fratemalists. with
i membership in more than a score of the
• leading fraternal orders. He will give
t his brother members throughout the
. country a new view of the labor prob
■ lems and of the work that lies ahead of
. the Federal Department of Labor.
• Feature to Be Resumed May 4.
, The cabinet forum feature will be re
t sumed on May 4, with Postmaster Gen
' j eral Walter F. Brown as the principal
; speaker. Some seven years ago Mr.
i Brown was selected by President Hard
ing as chairman of a Joint committee
i which made a comprehensive study of
> the problem of reorganizing the admin
: istrative branch of the Government,
s President Hoover is making this reor
i ganization program one of the chief
! works of his administration. More re
' cently Mr. Brown has been Assistant
! Secretary of Commerce, so few men in
the Nation have a more direct view of
the business life of the Government and
of the entire country.
The Post Office Department, is the
biggest single business in the world. It
is the agency through which their Gov
i emment comes into most direct touch
with and benefit to all the people
> throughout the United States. On Sat
; urday night, May 4, Mr. Brown will
- speak directly to the more than 130,-
000,000 patrons whom he serves, telling
them how Uncle Sam is planning to
given them constantly improving service
and about some of the multifarious and
intricate problems involved.
The National Radio Forum sponsored ;
by The Washington Star, and trans- j
mitted through to Columbia broadcast- ;
ing chain, will be continued every Sat- j
1 urday night at 10 o'clock Washington j
I time, with the most prominent public i
: ! men discussing the vital issues with j
, which they are most intimately ac
, The National Broadcasting Co. has
, also announced that thev will present
three members of the cabinet—Secre
; tary Davis on Friday night, March 22;
I Secretary Wilbur on March 29, and At
torney General Mitchell on April 19 as
‘ “guest speakers” in connection with
I their "half hours with the Senate.”
NEW NAVAL PARLEY
i BEFORE 1931 NOW
!; (Continued From First Page.)
I tion that the United States has any
, new proposals to make.
, So for the present there exists some
, thing in the nature of a deadlock, and
it only remains to see if the forth
coming conversations at Geneva can
' break it.
, All the powers, except Germany and
Russia, seem to be pretty well agreed
that there is no use proceeding with the
discussion of land armaments until
naval limitation is a fart. The tendency
of the experts is to belittle the results
i of the Washington conference because
they applied only to capital ships. The 1
British annual "return of fleets,” just :
• issued, shows that capital ships are
i diminishing throughout the world It
- is in cruisers that interest now centers
j United States, Great Britain, France'
_ Italy, Japan, Spain and Germany are I
. all building stronger and faster cruisers I
apparently with the idea that this is
„ <he type of the future. It is precisely
regarding cruisers that the United
States and Great Britain have been 1
, unable to reach an accord.
The United States believes in the'
.’ right of neutrals to trade freelv in war- I
f time in non-contraband goods to all ■
l ports not effectually blockaded. The 1
United States went to war on this issue
in 1812 and in 1917, but violated its
own principles as belligerents in 1861
U. 8. Interest Quickenrd.
1 President Wilson only dropped the
freedom of the seas as one of his 14
1 points when he thought that the uni
versality of the League of Nations was
5! going to abolish neutrality altogether.
5 The interest of the United States in the
s subject has oeen greatly quickened by
the fact that the United States is not
r a member of the League: and by the
r possibility that some coalition including
" Britain might some day succeed in
1 carrying out the League’s sanctions
y against the pact breaker and interfere
iwith the trade of the United States.
3,500 AT GENEVA
FLEE TO SAFETY
Water Stands 20 Feet Deep I
in Main Streets of Small
_ (Continued From First Page.)
J Troy was made after a survey of condi- l '
tions at the camp. Authorities stated ! j
that its capacity probably would become . i
overtaxed as additional scores of home- . 1
| less persons are brought to high ground. | (
Adequate facilities for handling 3,000 .
| refugees are available at Troy.
The State Highway Department 1
rushed road-building equipment from ,
Troy toward Big Creek to repair the j
highway to Elba. The road was practi- j
! rally washed away by the torrential 1
rainfall that has caused Pea River, Big
Creek and two others to leave their i
banks and spread over the countryside.
Engineers were confident they could
complete repairs in time to start the
movement of refugees by tomorrow.
High Toll Expected.
Health Department authorities said
they had definitely established the
deaths of two persons from the floods,
although reports continued to come in |
that the casualty list would run high, i
Confirmation of these reports could not <
be obtained from any quarter.
Col. J. C. Persons of Montgomery has J
been designated the official representa
tive of the 4th Corps Area. United States
Army. here. The boat in which Col.
Persons was a passenger in rescue work I
capsized yesterday. He-spent two hours
in a tree until a relief boat arrived.
CREST NOT YET IX SIGHT.
Geneva Residents Say Present High
Water Shatters All Records.
DOTHAN, Ala., March 16 </P).—The
Dothan Eagle was advised today that
flood waters are standing at a depth of
20 feet in the business district of Gen
eva, a city of 3.300 population approxi
mately 20 miles southwest, of here.
The Information reached the Eagle
by courier, all means of wire communi
cation with Geneva being down. The
flood water is coming from Chocta
whatchee River and Tight Eye and
Corners Creeks, which converge a short
distance north of here. No casualties
w’ere reported, as residents of the cit>
had ample warning to remove to higher
ground. Three trainloads of refugees
were taken from Geneva to Samson late
yesterday by a crew of volunteer train
Geneca’s one-story post office,
located In a comparatively low section
of the city, was entirely submerged.
Some residents were paddling over the
top of the building in canofs.
Former residents of the town said the
present high water is from 8 to 15 feet
higher than previous records.
The crest of the flood Is not yet in
sight, according to unofficial informa
tion reaching here. Still higher water
Is in prospect as the Choctawhatchee
shares practically the same watershed
as streams that have overflowed and
ALABAMA RIVER 6 MILES WIDE.
Montgomery Suburb Reports Stream
19.2 Feet Above Flood Stage.
MADISON PARK. Ala., March 16 (A>).
—The Alabama River was a solid expanse
of water extending over a territory
six miles wide here today. The stream
was reported at a depth of 54.2 feet,
19.2 feet above flood stage. The water
was said to be higher by several Inches
than in the 1919 flood, which caused
serious property loss in this section.
| Madison Park is a suburb about six
miles north of Montgomery.
AIR SURVEY IS MADE.
j West Point Business Section Covered j
by Raging Streams.
! ATLANTA, Ga.. March 16 C4>).—An
i airplane survey of flooded sections of
1 Southwest Georgia by an Associated
i Press correspondent late yesterday dis
closed several towns inundated by high
waters of the Chattahoochee River,
way out of its bank from the torrential
The crest of the river apparently was
at West Point, where water covered the
entire business section. In some places
It reached to the second stories of
houses. Automobiles were marooned in
the streets, while men with horses
! pulled cars out of the deep water and
ferried pedestrians across the streets.
The major portion of the residence sec
tion is located on hills and above
Railroad lines running into West
Point and LaGrange were covered with
; water for several hundred feet at manv
j points, where the roadbed dipped into
j the lowlands. Farm lands lying along
j the Chattahoochee were inundated
i and timberlnnd was covered, the water i
I extending in some places almost to the j
| tops of the trees.
Stock Climbs to Highlands,
j It w'as not known whether there was !
! any loss of life at West Point, where,
in addition to the business section, the
entire eastern half of the city was
Along one section of farm lands smith
of West Point water was up to many
farm house doors, and cattle and horses j
held to small hillocks in their pastures,,
marooned by the high waters.
Civilians Join Guardsmen.
Scores of civilian volunteers joined!,
two companies of National Guard in j
their rescue work at Elba and had
evacuated more than one hundred per
sons from the town, where many others
still were perched on house tops and
in trees. . Refugees brought stories of
horror of a night spent in waiting with
the water rising steadily as it flowed
swiftly through the town.
In addition to the towns listed above,
as inundated, a score or more others, j
while not flooded, were isolated due to j
paralyzed rail and highway communica
tion. ' .
In some of the towns flooded, food j
supplies were short and no drinking ;
water available, causing grave fears of |
SALESMAN FOUND DEAD.
Webster L. Spencer, 63, Was Em- \
j ploye of Printing Supply Firm. ,
| Webster Linsey Spencer, 63 years old. 5
| of Sykesville. Md., who was employed j
! as salesman for a printers' supply firm ;
at, 1224 H street, was found dead In j
bed in his room in Annapolis Hotel late j
j yesterday afternoon.
| It is thought he had been dead 24
j hours. An autopsy performed at the
I morgue last night showed death to have
| resulted from natural causes.
| Spencer was a member of the Mystic
! Shrine in Atlanta, Ga. He is survived
| by his wife and several children.
j RITES IN PENNSYLVANIA. ;
Funeral services for Dr. Ella D.
Mitchell, 75 years old, of 1205 K street,
who died at the home of her daughter,
Mrs. Mary* Fromm, Monmouth Beach,
N. J.. Monday, were conducted at Ta
j maqua. Pa., Wednesday.
! In addition to having a Ph. D. degree,
Dr. Mitchell studied law at the Law i
College at Lebanon, Tenn.. and at
George Washington University. She
was known here for her work in or
ganizing the Huguenot Society of Wash- '
ington. She was for many years active
in politics in Burks County, Pa., where :
she resided before coming to this city.
HORRORS OF FLOOD
BARED BY RESCUER
Reporter, With Mercy Units,
Describes Suffering, Fear
and Peril at Elba.
By the A'roclatcd Pren.
MONTGOMERY, Ala.. March 16.
A graphic description of the flood in
and about Elba was given by telephone I
this morning by Kenneth A. Miller. As
sociated Press correspondent,, on, assign-j
ment within the stricken area.
Miller's personal experiences In “cov-!
ering his story" were fraught with per- !
sonal danger. The correspondent was I
thrown from a boat and hung in a tree!
top until rescued. He waded 4 miles in
water waist deep and aided in the res
cue of many.
Miller said authorities were at wide I
variance as to the death toll. State and j
rounty officers report no casualties in j
Coffee County, while refugees contend ;
(he death list may reach 100. Thus!
far. Miller said, no bodies had been re
The correspondent accompanied a de
tachment of Alabama National Guards
men into the flooded area.
“I shall never forget my experience
of the past three days," Miller said.
"The assignment was one of adventure,
fraught with danger, yet the tasks had
to be accomplished. People were crying
for food and water from the house tops j
and the urge to reach them cost many
of the members of rescue parties a wet
ting from boats capsizing.
Serious Task Confronts Workers.
| "We left Montgomery Wednesday
night about midnight and drove steadily!
in big Army motor trucks for eight
hours before we reached Troy, 52 miles
to the south.
"Arriving In Troy, we were joined by
other Guard units. We proceeded on to
the south and it soon became apparent
' that we were in for a more serious
task than we had prepared for.
"We lost four boats in attempting to
cross Big Creek after abandoning our
trucks. Our first rescue work was among
our own number, although we were suc
cessful in each instance.
"We reached Elba at noon Friday
after rescuing approximately a score of
marooned persons along the way. Ar
riving in tha dty proper, we found from
15 to 20 feet of water coursing through
the principal streets.
"During the four hours ending at 4
p.m. approximately 250 persons were
picked from house and tree tops or were
removed from attics and upper floors.
In manv places we found from 50 to 60
persons huddled In quarters that ordi
narily would have served 10.
“Our first attempt at rescue brought
j disaster upon us. Our party was com
posed of four National Guard officers
and two civilians, including myself. We
had taken five Negroes from a tree and
were Just about to land them when our
motor failed. At the mercy of the cur
rent, the overloaded craft spun around
in the current like a top, and we were
steadily swept down stream. We crashed
into a submerged tree trunk and our
boat sank. My companions swam to
safety, including the Negroes, while I
grabbed.a branch of the tree and hung
on for an hour and a half until a
passing boat picked me up.
"As we cruised about the flooded
streets In search of the most precarious
ly situated of the refugees we saw hun
dreds of men. women and children
seated on housetops. In almost every
instance where we found a family on
a housetop they had chickens and pigs
Children Born in Attic.
"As Ip every other catastrophe, the
Elba fldod saw many children bom into
the World. Several were born in one
attic, where approximately two dozen !
"One pitiful scene was at the resi
dence of an aged Confederate veteran.
We made several attempts to rescue
him. but the current always swept us
back. I later learned that he had
perished, although this report, as well
as all others of casualties, could not be
“The Elba Consolidated School, whose
second floor has housed the 350 school
students since water first inundated the
town Wednesday, had its occupants
swelled by the scores as families poured ;
in, seeking shelter on the second floor. \
Many of the children were screaming
to be taken out or for food and water.
We gave them the latter In such quan
tities as possible, but made no atempt
to remove them from the stanch struc
"Sight of the airplanes soaring over
the stricken community, dropping pro
visions, medical supplies and clothing,
was a welcome sight to the refugees.
Many of thorn had gone 48 hours with
out nourishment and their predicament
was appalling. As the planes soared
overhead volleys of shots could be heard
in all sections of the city as persons at
tempted to attract the attention of avi
ators in their direction by firing pistols
"On the return trip I experienced my i
second boat ‘cracking up’ under me. We
struck a submerged log and our hitherto
sturdy craft sank like a rock. Fortu
nately it was one of the creeks Instead
of the river into which we found our
THESE PICTURES COST A LIFE
. / . j
■ - ' 1
*••; ' JT „ J
1 .%: ■» '
* • : ;>
'\', < , '>?' V ' » J ‘
- ■ *. * — .
Here are the photon that Charles Traub. daring Pathe News cameraman, i
sacrificed his life to get, as Lee Bible’s monster raring car. the Triplex, whir- j
ring directly at him, sped at three miles a minute to destruction on the sand at ;
Daytona Beach, Fla., on March 13. These photos were taken just a few moments
before the tragic death of Charles Traub and Lee Bible. Photo at top shows the
Triplex approaching the distance marker; in renter, Bible realises he la toe
close to surf and starts to turn bark onto beach; in the lower panel is the ear’s
sudden swerve as It heads in direction of Charles Traub, Pathe News cameraman.
__ V —P. & A, Photo, i
C. of C. Hoad Doail
IVAN C. WELD.
ELBA WOMAN GIVES
(Continued From First Page.)
I mine how many lives have been lost and 1
| what the property damage will be.
After being brought down from our j
housetop we were carried a distance of'
approximately five miles to an impro- ,
vised camp of the State militia and J
' there quartered very comfortably for |
the time being.
Scenes enacted by rescue parties
make one thank God for the brave
men, who. at the risk of their own |
lives, paddled boats and rafts up to our
homes and carried us to safety. Some
of these men. particularly the members
of the National Guard, had been on
duty for many long hours, and their
bravery and fortitude was such as to
command the highest commendation.
Relief Work Praised.
The Red Cross is also doing a won
derful work in providing for refugees.
Other organizations are also co-operat
ing so far as I can learn.
There is one more thing I have learn
ed by this harrowing experience and
that is that people can undergo such
trying circumstances and still maintain
their good senses. Mothers with babies
in arms, clinging to what personal be
longings they could carry; whole fami
lies marooned on house tops and in
upper stories of buildings—and, with
few exceptions, not a cry was heard
from any except children.
The weather, being moderately warm,
caused less suffering than would have
ordinarily occurred. While we our
selves were marooned we witnessed
many rescues. Boats of all types were
being used in this work.
While the water was at its peak and
about the time we were rescued two
large motorboats sent to rescue some
children were overturned. Fortunately
the boats were righted and no one was
lost in that mishap.
Service Men Risk Lives.
This is just another illustration of the
fortitude of the splendid boys wearing
the colors of our Government, risking
their .own lives for the sake of hu
manity. Examples of this sort should
make one proud of our boys.
We do not know just how long we
will have to remain in this temporary
camp, and it matters not. Now that
we are above the water level, we stand I
here and rejoice every time another |
, boat comes over bearing some other i
grateful family, and at present they are 1
coming in rapidly. But no one knows
how long it will take to bring all of the |
4,000 residents from their perches. The
water is very swift, thus handicapping
the work of rescue.
We ask the prayers of all. We are
doing our best to bear our misfortune
without complaint, but the ordeal is
(Copyriaht, 1929. by North American News- I
GEN. APPLETON, RETIRED
PUBLISHER, DIES AT 77
! By the Associated Press.
| NEW YORK, March 16.—Maj. Gen.
j Daniel Appleton. 77 years old. retired
: publisher and soldier, died last night
j at a private sanitarium at White Plains.
Born in New York City, Gen. Apple
ton at the age of 19 became a clerk
in the publishing firm of D. Appleton &
Co., which was founded by his grand
father and of which his father was a
member. In the same year he joined
the New York National Guard, con
tinuing with both organizations for
more than 40 years and attaining posi
tions of responsibility in each.
He became a* partner in the publlsh
) ing firm in 1879 and later was made
vice president and general manager. He
retired in 1913 after an association of
42 years. He was given the rank of
brevet major general by the State of
New York for 45 years’ service in the
7th Regiment. He was a bachelor.
IVAN C. WELD DIES;
C. OF C. PRESIDENT
Prominent Civic Worker Suc
cumbs to Short Illness
Ivan C. Weld, president of the Wash
ington Chamber of Commerce and for
years prominently identified with civic
and business activities here, died yes
terday afternoon at the Montgomery
County Hospital aftfr an Illness of
slightly less than four days. He was
the victim of a sudden attack of in
fluenza, followed by a rapid spread of
infection which made desperate at
tempts to save his life futile.
While arrangements were not finally
completed this morning, funeral services
were planned to be held at his late
residence, at Sandy Spring. Md.. which
has been the home of the Wold family
for several years.
Mr. Weld is survived by his widow,
Mrs. Lena Rowley Weld; a son, John. 14
j years old; a daughter, Ruth. 18 years
old. and a brother, Charles Weld, all of
Mr. Weld, who was 55 years old. was
striken with influenza Tuesday evening,
1 but as the illness did not seem serious
| he remained at his home until Thurs
' day morning. With the appearance of
i evidence of serious illness he was taken
, to the hospital, where a consultation of
' specialists was called. They agreed his
j only hope seemed to be in blood trans
-1 fusion, his condition being regarded as
I too serious to attempt an operation.
Soldier Gives Blood.
A soldier from Walter Reed Hospital
j gave his blood in a transfusion yester
day morning, but the illness was too
serious. Henry C. Cole. Col. William O.
Tufts and Rev. Moses R. Lovell, pastor
of the Mount Pleasant Congregational
Church, friends of Mr. Weld, had vol
unteered to give their blood In trans
fusions and were awaiting a call to the
hospital when word came of the death
of tha chamber executive.
Mr. Weld In his work as an executive
of the Chamber of Commerce had for
a number of years been active In civic
movements. Including that for the
granting of national representation to
Washington in both houses of Congress
and the petition of Washington for the
establishment of a permanent equltabl»
fiscal relation as between the Federal
and local governments.
In January Mr. Weld was elected by
unanimous vote to his second term as
president of the Washington Chamber
of Commerce. He previously had served
as vice president, as chairman of Its
committees on national representation
and on municipal finance and taxation
and was for some time chairman of the
chamber membership committee. Hb
was a representative of the chamber on
the citizens' joint committee on na
tional representation and the citizens'
joint committee on fiscal relations.
He devoted much time to the work
of the business organization and mad n
studies with other chamber members
of local tax and budget problems. He
also was formerly a member of the Co
lumbia Heights Citizens’ Association, Uv*
Kiwanis Club and was a member cf
i the Masonic fraternity of this juris
Active in Dairy Work.
| Mr. Weld was one of the founders
of the Chamber of Commerce, which
this year celebrated Its twenty-second
! anniversary He was an executive of
| the Chestnut Farms Dairy, with which
j he had been associated fdt about TB
; years, and was regarded as an authority
I on municipal dairy and milk problems.
For a time Mr. Weld served as a
; milk distribution expert of the Depart
ment of Agriculture.
A native of Cornish, N. H., Mr. Weld
first came Into prominence as a profes
sor at New Hampshire State College,
where he demonstrated ability as a dis
tributor of milk supplies. It was be
cause of his familiarity with this sub
j ject that he was named an expert of
I the Department of Commerce.
A special meeting of the board of
j directors of the Chamber of Commerce
; was called for noon today by Charles
j W. Darr, first vice president, when
plans were laid for attendance of a
delegation of his friends in the organi
zation at the funeral Monday. The
monthly meeting of the chamber, sched
uled to be held at the Willard Hotel
next Tuesday, was Indefinitely post
poned. Mr. Darr, as acting president
of the chamber, today issued the follow
ing statement in connection with the
death of Mr. Weld:
"The tragically sudden death of Ivan
C. Weld after only three days of illness
Is a shock to his countless friends and
to the business men of Washington
whom he served so faithfullv and effec
tively as president of the Washington
Chamber of Commerce.
"Ivan Weld was a man of highest
character, who endeared himself to all
those with whom he came in contact.
Although he had achieved international
renown as an expert on public milk
supplies and had been honored bv his
coworkers in this country and called
into consultation by foreign govern
ments, his real love’ was the City of
Washington, whose best interests he
furthered in every way within his power.
His death comes as a great blow to his
friends and In his passing Washington
has lost a great heart and a good citi
Board of Trade Statement.
The following expression of regret
rame this morning from the Board of
"It is with deep regret that the offi
cers of the Washington Board of Trade
have learned of the death of Ivan C.
Weld, president of the Washington
Chamber of Commerce. They feel that
the city has lost a valuable worker
in its behalf and one who has devoted
much of his time and energy to the
civic welfare of his fellow citizens.
"The constant expressions cf good
will evidenced by Mr. V T eld. who was
at all times ready to cc-operate with
this organization, were keenly ap
“He proved himself to be one of our
outstanding civic leaders, whose un
timely lass will be a severe blow to the
"The officers of the Washington
Board of Trade express their deep re
gret to the Washington Chamber of
Commerce and their sympathy to Mr.
Weld’s family in their bereavement.”
In a letter of sympathy this morning,
Gen. Anton Stephan, president of the
Merchants and Manufacturers’ Associa
tion, wrote the chamber:
"The officers and members of the
Merchants and Manufacturers’ Associa
tion have been greatly shocked and
deeply grieved to learn this morning
of the sudden and untimely death of
Ivan T. Weld, president of the Wash
ington Chamber of Commerce. We de
sire to express to the board of directors
of the Chamber of Commerce our
sincere sympathy on the great loss
which you and the city of Washington
at large have sustained.
"Mr. Weld has been an outstanding
leader in civic and business affairs or
Washington and a man recognized as
an authority in matters pertaining to
the dairy business, not only In thla
country but throughout the world.
"He was a man possessed with a
charming personality, who was greatly
admired by all who came in contact
with him and endeared himself to those
who wera privileged to be associated
"Under his administration of the
Chamber of Commerce there has been
a fine spirit of co-operation with this
association and other trade bodies in all
matters in which these organizations
were jointly Interested.
"In his death we feel that this asso
ciation has also lost a real friend,
whose opinion and Judgment we greatly
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