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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 27, 1929, Image 2

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STAR MODEL HOME
; VISITED BY 3,000
Dwelling in Kenwood Proves
Attractive to Steady Stream
of Persons.
Approximately 3,000 persons inspect
ed the Kenwood model home yesterday,
Its first day of exhibition. The house,
Mu a ret of a series oi six demonstra
tion dwelling: spe.’isored by The Star
and Operative Builders' Association, is
located on Kennedy drive in Ken
wood, Md.
A continuous stream of visitors passed
through the house, beginning at 8:30
o'clock in the morning and ending at
10:30 o'clock last night, keeping busy
throughout the entire day the staff of
six on hand to conduct those interested
in better homes through the dwelling.
House Is of Moderate Size.
The visitors saw a house of moderate
Size and of the French provincial style
of architecture, situated in the center
of a large lot overlooking a wide sweep
of rolling terrain to woods half a mile
distant. In front were blooming rhodo
dendron and in the formal garden at
the rear a number of roses had flow
ered. The interior of the house was
decorated with cut flowers.
The treatment of the walls was the
cause of much comment. These are
unpapered, but have a decorative finish
troweled on and covered with a deli
cate apricot glaze which seems to catch
the light and change its hue with the
varying intensity of the illumination.
The visitors were first conducted into
the living room, the most colorful of
any in the house. The dwelling is fur
nished by W. B. Moses & Sons' depart
ment store. Next they were taken into
the dining room with its unique illumi
nation by means of four mirror sconces
affixed to the walls. The breakfast
room was passed through to the un
usually attractive kitchen, finished in
green and modernly equipped. The floor
was covered with inlaid green linoleum.
18th Century Style Furnishing*.
Ascending the stairs, the visitors were
taken through the bedrooms, which were
finished in eighteenth century style, as
is the whole house. Particularly im
pressive to the majority of the sight
seers was the brightness of all the
rooms. There is not a single dark cham
ber in the entire house.
The feature which unfailingly caught
the eye of every person who saw the
house, however, was the automatic sys
tem for opening the doors of the large
two-car garage. These doors can be
opened either from the inside by throw
ing an electric switch or from the out
side about 15 feet along the driveway.
Here have been built two wooden
wickets, each having two keyholes. A
key inserted into the holes opens the
doors. There is duplicate apparatus on
either side, so that the driver of the
car will not have to walk around his
machine no matter from which side he
alights.
ENGLANOAWAITS
VOTING THURSDAY
Winston Churchill Declares
Election Is “Dullest” He
Can Remember. £.
■ ■ 1
By th* Associated Press.
LONDON, May 27.—Strenuous politi
cal fighting will continue until Thurs
day. when Britain’s polls will be opened
to 28,000,000 electors in the general
elections.
"This is the dullest election I can
remember,’’ says Winston Churchill,
chancellor of the exchequer.
But Premier Stanley Baldwin says:
“The nation is in earnest over this
election. They want facts and argu
ment, not rhetoric.”
Whether the election is dull or not.
the country has never before seen such
a tidal wave of oratory, real or other
wise. Such floods of propaganda, such
maneuvers and stunts to coax the hesl.
tant vote, have never before been in
dulged. Loud speakers connected by
telephone lines have relayed speeches
bv the leaders to halls in a score of
cities.
150.000 Hear Lloyd George.
Three thousand miles of trunk tele
phone wires was employed in relaying
one of David Lloyd George’s speeches
to 28 separate audiences, comprising
150,000 people.
And yet. strenuously though the party
organizations have worked, the fight,
except for the Liberal unemployment
policy, has lacked a great dominating
issue. It has been a campaign rather
of many issues, leaving the elector, as
one commentator observes, “bewildered
into silence.”
But if. as many fear, it will all end
In a parliamentary stalemate, this cam
paign will be only the beginning. The
real battle will then onen across the
floor of the house, with three parties
struggling for control, and Thursday
may well decide the destiny of both
the Liberal and Labor parties.
Liberals Predict Gains.
One view put forward is that if the
T iberals fail appreciably to increase
their representation in the House they
will almost inevitably split into two
camps, with the more advanced Lib
erals supporting the Labor party. On
the hand. if. as they predict,
the Liberals return with more than 100
members, they are likely to draw in
the future on the Labor vote.
Only about one-third of the results
will be available on election night or
early Friday morning. But as they con
tain a number of key constituencies
they will indicate which way the politi
cal wind is blowing. They will Include,
for instance. 12 Birmingham divisions,
where Labor now holds one seat and
claims it will win three more.
SALVATION ARMY FEARS
FOR EVANGELINE BOOTH
American Commander Is Injured
When Thrown From Rear Seat
of Car on Way to Depot.
By the Associated Press.
HARTSDALE, N. Y.. May 27 —Anx
iety was felt, in Salvation Army circles
today for Miss E v angclinc Booth, com
mander of the Salvation Army in Amer
ica. who was injured Friday in an auto
mobile accident.
Her physician. Dr. Walter Clark Til
den. said he still did not consider her
injuries serious and he hoped to have
X-ray photographs taken to determine
whether she had suffered a skull frac
ture.
“The concussion symptoms have
slightly improved." Dr. Tilden said, "but
there are new’ evidences of body con
tusions and increased lameness gen
erally.”
Miss Booth was thrown from the rear
seat of her ear on the way to a rail
road station.
- •
The Rumanian government Is en
couraging the use of tractors on the
Lawrence Bowles Not
Guilty of Possessing
Smoke Screen Device
On Mav 4, 1929. The Star
published an article including
the name of Lawrence Bowles
as one who had been arrested for
possessing a smoke-screen device.
This was an error. Its atten
tion being invited to the matter,
The Star investigated the report
received from the Police Depart
ment and satisfied itself of the
mistake made. An examination
of the records discloses that Mr.
Bowles was not among those ar
rested and The Star gladly avails
itself of this opportunity to cor
rect its mistake.
TEXTILE EMPLOYES
REFUSETO REGISTER
Peace, Established by Truce
Yesterday, Is Broken by
Workers’ Protest.
By the Associated Press.
ELIZABETHTON, Tenn.. May 27-
Employment of T. Perry. Elizabethton,
as a registrar for strikers returning to
the American Glanzstoff and American
Bemberg textile mills here today was
made the basis of a protest by the
workers, who refused to register for
re-employment. A mass meeting was
immediately called to discuss the sit
uation.
Workers in the plant who walked
out April 15 yesterday voted to return
to work, but protested the employment
of Perry. They alleged he was one of
the men who abducted Edward F. Mc-
Grady. personal representative of Wil
liam F. Green, president of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, several weeks
ago. McGrady and another labor
leader w’ere forced to leave here, but
later returned.
“I'ndesirables” Yet Barred.
McGrady charged that Communists
were responsible for the outbreak to
day, but added he had volunteered his
services to a citizens' committee to aid
in quieting the strikers.
Dr. Arthur Mothwurf, president of
the mills, went to the mass meeting
to help prevent a renewal of the strike.
McGrady declared that four Com
munists arrived here last night and:
“have been exciting” the strikers.
Their old jobs open under the terms I
of the agreement reached yesterday by
strike leaders and mill officials, strag
gling groups of former workers had come
into Elizabethton from their hillside
homes to register with E. T. Willson,
newly engaged personnel director of
the companies.
Only "undesirables” among former i
employes will be barred from their for
mer jobs. Dr. Mothw’urf. announced.
By "undesirables” he said he referred
to those strikers who had been guilty
of violence and intimidation.
Guardsmen Yet on Duty.
The continued presence of the State
guardsmen, sworn in as special officers
during the strike, was the only factor
that recalled the Tennessee of recent
weeks. Military officers said they ex
pected to be demobilized within a few
days.
The strike finally was ended late yes
terday after a meeting by dissatisfied
strikers, who objected to a statement
Saturday by Dr. Mothwurf, that he was
unwilling to deal with the union as a
union, but would mediate with all for
mer employes regardless of their mem
bership in the workers’ organization.
The dissenting factions were brought
together by Willson and Miss Anna
Weinstock, 28-year-old representative
of the United States Department of
Labor.
Dr. Mothwurf estimated that the
strike had cost the opposing factions
some $660,000.
PIEDMONT MILLS NEAR NORMAL.
South Carolina Plants Resume Opera
tions—But One Idle.
GREENVILLE. S. C.. May 27 (/P).—
With the resumption of operations this
morning at the Woodruff Mill of the
Brandon Corporation, textile activities
in the Piedmont section of South Caro
lina became nearer normal than at any
time within the last eight weeks. Only
one mill remained idle due to strikes,
about 1.000 workers being out as a re
sult of a walkout of 200 weavers at An
derson.
The Woodruff plant was the last unit
of the Brandon Corporation to resume
operations. Workers of the Brandon
unit returned to work last Monday and |
those of the Pinseot Mill Thursday. A
total of nearly 3,000 workers had been
affected by the strike, which was in
protest against the "stretch-out'’ effi
ciency system.
At one time 6.000 operatives were on
strike in the State, all protesting against
efficiency systems. Labor unions did not
figure, but the United Textile Workers’
Union entered the field after the strikes
started and now claim to have over 15,-
000 members. The union, however, had
no hand in negotiations ending the
strikes.
Strikes at Union, Pelzer and Ware
Shoals were settled some weeks ago.
ATLANTIC FLIGHTS
AGAIN ARE DELAYED
Yellow Bird's Sponsor and Navi
gator to Return to New York
to Await Weather.
By the Associated Press.
OLD ORCHARD BEACH, Me., May
27.—The proposed transatlantic flights
of thq Yellow Bird and the Green Flash
were off fer today at least.
Arrmao Lotti, sponsor and co-pilot
of the Yellow Bird, which will head
toward Paris, and his navigator, Rene
le Fevre, plan to fly to New York.
When weather reports indicate favorable
weather, the two will notify Jean Asso
lant, pilot, who will prepare the plane
for its flight. They then will return by
air.
Roger Q. Williams and Lewis A. Yan
cey, pilot and navigator, respectively, of
the Green Flash, remained here, receiv
ing weather reports by telephone and
telegraph.
They propose to fly to Rome.
HUNTER BEATS DANET
IN FRENCH TOURNEY
■ Score 6—o. 7—5, 6—3 in Severe
Driving as American Reiches
[ Third Round for Tennis Title.
• By the Associated Press.
PARIS, May 27.—Francis T. Hunter,
; America’s second ranking tennis star,
“ defeated Roger Danet, twentieth rank
" ing player of France, to reach the third
" round it; the French championship
singles today. The scores were 6—-0,
r 7—5, 6—3. The match provided some
* of the most severe driving of the tour
nament.
Charles Aesehliman. ranking No. 1
. tennis player of Switzerland, defeated
» Dr. A. C. Rawlings of San Francisco by
scores of 7—5, 62, 6—2*
THE EVENING STAB, TVASHINGTOy, T). C,. MONDAY, MAY 27, 3929.
DEADLIER METHODS
OE AIR WAR SEEN
Lessons of Two-Week Ma
neuvers Point to Many
Changes.
BY J. S. EDGERTON.
BtafT Correspondent of The Star.
WILBUR WRIGHT FIELD. DAY
TON. Ohio. May 27.—Aerial warfare,
which has advanced tremendously since
the close of the World War, will take
new and even more deadly form during
the next few years. This was the out
standing lesson of the two weeks of
mimic warfare in Ohio, which was con
cluded with a critique here yesterday
attended by more than 500 of the Na
tion's military leaders in every arm of
the service.
Twin-motored three-place reconnais
sance planes of great speed and power
ful defensive equipment; small fast j
bombardment planes which will be able
to elude the attacks of pursuit planes;
heavy bombers which will work at such
tremendous altitudes as to be invisible
and unheard, and bombs which may be
dropped in great numbers around nor
mally impregnable targets such as
dams and other great structures with
out exploding until thousands upon
tbOUfWinds of pounds of high explosive
accumulated around the target and
then the whole mass set off by a single
detonation bomb—these are some of the
developments forecast at yesterday’s
critique.
The critique reached a dramatic
climax when Maj. Gen. James E
Fechet, chief of the Army Air Corps.!
reviewing the present development of
military aviation, pointed out that every
bit of this development had occurred in ]
the past 25 years, since the first flights
made by the Wright brothers, and then j
called up out of an obscure speit in the I
audience Wilbur Wright, the first man !
to fiv in an airplane. Wright was ac- j
corded a tremendous ovation, in which
hardened old campaigners of the Na
tion's wars leaped to their feet cheering.
Attack Aviation Lesson.
The power of the newest and one of !
the deadliest military weapons ever
devised—attack aviation—was demon
strated for the first time during the
two w’eeks’ maneuvers. At yesterday’s
j critique officers of all branches agreed j
I that attack aviation has introduced a j
I new and most serious problem into \
military tactics. Not only must pres- j
ent tactics be changed to meet the
menace of attack plane operations, but I
some new method of defense against j
such attacks stands today as one of
| the most important military necessities,
j it was pointed out.
"Attack aviation has presented a
great problem which must be solved.”
declared Maj. W. H. Frank, Army Air
Corps, chief air umpire during the
maneuvers and chief of the Air Corps'
Tactical School at Langley Field, Va. I
"There is grave doubt that there is
any known agency in the world today
which can stop a well organized aerial \
attack, with pursuit planes above toj
protect the attack planes below.”
The deadly character of an assault'
by attack planes was pointed out by j
Col. W. H. Waldron, commander of the
10th Infantry, Fort Thomas. Coving
ton. Ky., and leader of the Red Army 1
forces during the maneuvers. Describ
ing the attempts of Red aviation to stop
an impending assault by Blue attack
planes on an important ground con
centration point. Col. Waldron said;
“We had all our pursuit planes in the
air and made every effort ingenuity
could devise to stave off the attack,
but the attack planes sw’ept through
like a blast of flame and we didn't j
catch one of them. We must have j
something to step the attack planes."
The attack planes, as demonstrated I
during the maneuvers by the 3d Attack 1
Group, Fort Crockett, Tex., possesses
tremendous destructive power and is it
self exceedingly difficult to hit. Each
of the planes carries six machine guns,
which can hurl a total of 14,400 bullets
a minute, and in addition carries 10
25-pound fragmentation bombs which
are exceedingly effective against ground
troops. They are fast, maneuverable
ships, each carrying a pilot and ob
server. and they work just above the l
tree tops.
Trends Are Outlined.
The trends which military aviation is !
likely to take during the coming few j
years were outlined by Maj. Frank. Dur- I
ing the maneuvers, he pointed out. Blue '
bombardment planes were assigned to i
the mission of destroying Griggs Dam.
above Columbus, a reinforced concrete
! dam which backed up the waters of the
Scioto River for six miles, blocking the
advance of the Blue Army.
“There is no aerial bomb known today
which can destroy such a structure as
this dam.” he said. “The bombers got
around the difficulty by blowing out a
neck of soft earth around the end of
the dam and so releasing the impounded
waters.
“As a result of this experience the
theory of bombardment may have to be
changed. It is impracticable at pres
ent to consider the use of a bomb large
enough to destroy such a structure. We
may have to use smaller bombs which
may be dropped w ithout exploding until
great numbers of them can be accumu
lated around the target and then set off
simultaneously by a single bomb.
“We must have more speed in our
bombardment planes to prevent con- \
tinuous attack by pursuit planes. They
should be so fast that pursuit planes
cannot make more than one attack on
them before they can get out of range.
“Another development which seems to
be badly needed is delayed fuse action
for big bombs so that bombardment
planes may fly in over their targets at
a height of 50 feet or so, place the
bombs with great accuracy, and then
get aw’ay before the explosion occurs."
Two-seater and rnulti-seater fighting
planes also constitute a great need,
Maj. Frank said. There is need, he said,
for experienced observers in every for
mation of attack and bombardment
planes, as well as in the observation
squadrons. In the attack formations,
he stated. There should be at least one
skilled observer to each three-plane
; formation.
Two Missions Served.
The Ohio maneuvers have served two
distinct training missions, the train
ing of Air Corps pilots and command
ing officers and the training of general
officers of the Army and their tactical
staffs, it was stated by Maj. Gen. Den
nis E. Nolan, commandant of the sth
Corps Area gi commander of the air
ground forces during the maneuvers.
"Ground staffs.” Gen. Nolan said.
" | "need to have the same knowledge of
the tactics of the Air Corps that they
have of the work of their own or-
I ganizations. These maneuvers provide
j the only method of really acquainting
air and ground officers with each others
| problems.”
; Hope that the War Department will
: see fit to continue and to extend the
! scope of air-ground maneuvers of the
j Ohio type was expressed by Maj. Gen.
! Benson W. Hough, Ohio National
j Guard, commanding the Blue Army
2d Corps.
Necessity for the establishment of as
, many aerodromes as possible near the
, battle lines for the use of the various
-1 branches of the Air Corps was pointed
i out by Col 11. C. Pratt of Mitchel Field,
j N. Y„ commander of the Blue Air
i. Forces. Many fields are needed, even
e if it becomes necessary to split up the
- forces into email units, he said, to pre
vent disastrous raids by enemy planes.
1 Attention should be given to the pro-
J tection of aerodromes if they must be
y used for any great length of timp.
either by camouflage or develqpmexvt .of
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The party of European journalists invited to this country by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace photographed just before leaving the May
flower Hotel on a sightseeing trip. In the picture are Conte Leone Fumasone Biondi. Corriere della Sera, Milan. Italy; M. Georges Landoy, editor of Matin. Brussels,
Belgium- Senor Julio Camba. Madrid. Spain: Signore Salvatore Cortest. Associated Press correspondent. Rome; M. Georges Lechartier. Journal des Debats, Paris;
M Casimir Smogorzewski. Warsaw Courier. Poland; Pedro Petridis, owner of Agon. Italy; Dr. Alfred Bihlmans, chief of the press section of the Latvian ministry
of’public affairs M Rene Punux Le Temps. Paris; Signor Mirko Ardemagni. 11 Popolo dltalia. Milan; Dr. Paul Breznik, Lcvstikova L’tca, 19, Ljubljana. Jugo
slavia- M A Co’rteanu. Redarteuren-Chef. Argus, Bucharest. Rumania, and J. Edwin Young of the Carnegie Endowment. —Star Staff Photo.
FLAXSEED TARIFF !
INCREASE FAVORED;
House Ways and Means Com
mittee Will Recommend
Rate of 63 Cents.
By the Associated Press.
The House ways and means committee
today decided to recommend an amend- !
I ment to the tariff bill to increase the
I duty on flaxseed to 63 cents a bushel, j
! The measure now proposes a 56-cent ■
' rate, as egainst a present duty of 40 j
I cents.
The President recently raised this j
j rate to 56 cents under the flexible tariff, j
Another amendment approved by the j
j committee would raise the rate on un- i
j stemmed wrapper tobacco from the ;
' present rate of $2.10 a pound to $2.50.
1 and tint on stemmed WTapper to
| bacco from $2.75 to $3.15.
| A rate of $lO a ton on broom corn, ■
now on the free list, would be provided j
j under another amendment approved!
j by the committee.
The $lO-a-ton rate on broom corn j
j also would apply to rice fiber and rice
j straw.
Passage of the tariff bill by a eom
| sortable majority late tomorrow is re
; garded as a foregone conclusion, even
though some of the farm group Re
publicans have received setbacks in at
tempts to gain duties on some com
modities higher than those carried in
the bill. Concessions in other direc
tions have served to bring them into
line.
One of these concessions, in the form
of a committee amendment to levy
| a duty of 10 per cent on hides, a free
J list commodity for more than 20 years,
] will be brought to a vote tomorrow,
' along with two other amendments plac
-1 ing duties on leather and boots and
shoes, which have been on the free
list since enactment of the Underwood
law tn 1913.
The latter tw r o amendments, provid
ing for rates ranging from 12% to 30
per cent on various kinds of leather and
20 per cent on boots and shoes, were
brought out as a concession to the New
England and other Eastern represent
atives.
Contest Is Expected.
An interesting contest on the three
items is looked for since many mem
i bers from cattle growing and feeding
j States, while strongly advocating the
I hide proposal, are understood to be op
| posed to the proposed duty on shoes.
They see little relief for the farmer If
he has to pay more for his shoes. Pro
ponents of the shoe duty, however,
claim shoe prices are fairly well stand
ardized and that a duty would not af
fect the price to the retail buyer.
Os the amendments thus far adopted,
three provide for boosts In the duties
on live cattle, butter and white pota
toes, which the bill as first reported
left undisturbed. While winning their
contests on these Items, the farm group
lost tn an attempt to raise the rate
on blackstrap molasses with a view to
forcing manufacturers to go back to
corn in the making of industrial al
cohol.
SAMUEL J. VIERS BURIED.
Funeral services for Samuel J. Viers,
i formerly In the retail shoe business here,
I who died at his residence, 4515 Fifth
I street, Saturday, were conducted In St.
Gabriel’s Catholic Church today at 9
o'clock.
Mr. Viers retired from the shoe busi
ness a number of years ago.
He is survived by his widow, Mrs.
Sarah B Viers; three sons. Lester E..
Garrow E. and Noble L. Viers, all of
this city; a sister, Mrs. Elizabeth R.
Offutt, and a brother, William L. Viers
of Rockville, Md.
great fire strength which will make
enemy attacks unprofitable, he said.
Among the other speakers at the
critique were: Brig. Gen. George H.
Jamerson, commandant of Fort Ben
jamin Harrison, Indianapolis, who
commanded the Blue Ist Corps: Maj. |
John E. Reynolds, Air Corps. Mitchel i
Field, N. Y.. commander of the Red Air |
Forces- Brig. Gen. Benjamin D. Foulots, j
assistant chief of the Army Air Corps,
and Lieut. Co> E. K. Sterling, who was
in charge oi ground arrangements for
the maneuvers.
The war maneuvers came to an
abrupt close at 4 o’clock yesterday
morning, when an •'armistice” was es- I
fected just before the Blue Army was
to have begun another smashing attack |
all along the Red’s crumbling line of |
defense along the Scioto River and ;
through the west outskirts of Columbus. {
The armistice prevented a decisive I
victory for the Blues, which were in
greater force than the Reds by 36 I
divisions to 27. The armistice came at
the end of a lull in fighting, while both |
armies waited for re-lnforcempnts after j
three days of heavy fighting along Big i
Darby Creek and the open country five j
miles to the east toward Columbus, cap
| ital of the mythical Red nation.
Army, corps and division staff officers j
of the Blu? army had been hard at I
work frem Friday night until late Sat- |
; urday preparing orders for the assault J
, which was to have been made on the
Red lines at dawn yesterday. During
the lull which preceded the armistice, I
the Red Armv had withdrawn to its
prepared reserve battle position along j
the east bank of the Scioto River and j
the Blue forces had brought up heavy j
artillery and moved forward ammuni
-1 tion, supplies and engineer bridge trains
with a view to forcing a crossing of the I
! SCiOIA. ' , „J
GRIFFITH SIGNS t
BEALL AS HURLER
Right-Hander, Sandlot Star
Here, Played With the
Yankees.
Walter Beall, formerly a right-hand I
pitching star of Washington sandlot
base ball and who several times was
given trials by the New York Yankees,
was signed this morning by the Wash- i
1 ington club. His contract does not be
come effective until next Saturday. !
! President Clark Griffith announced, but j
Beall will work out with the Nationals i
meanwhile.
Beall was a free agent when signed,
| having been released outright by the
Montreal club of the International
League early this year when he spurn
-1 ed its salary offer. He probably will not
I be able to do more than assist the Na
-1 tionals in batting practice for several
days as a recently ianced abscess on
i his left-hand is not yet healed.
Beall, who is in his late 20's, pitched
j for many sandlot nines here, but gained
fame principally as a member of the i
hurling staff of Mohawk Athletic Club.
His first professional experience was
in the Virginia League about seven
years ago. From that circuit he rose
to the International League, pitching
for Rochester. Tutored by the late
George Stallings, who managed Roches
ter. Beall became a clever curve-ball j
pitcher and was sold to the Yankees |
for $50,000.
Beall was too wild tn his pitching to j
be of much value to the New York j
Americans, however, and after several I
trials he was sold back to the minors.
MALLON REFUSES
TO GIVE SENATORS
SOURCE OF “LEAK”
(Continued From First Page )
inittees to hold hearings and summon
witnesses, which was adopted in the
case of the rules committee. Senator
Smoot argued, however, that when
ever a Senate committee had under
taken a specific investigation, like that
of the Teapot Dome oil leases, it had
first obtained authority for such an in
vestigation from the Senate. Other
wise. he said, any Senate committee
could start any kind of an investiga- ,
tion it desired.
Overruled by Majority.
A majority of the committee over- |
ruled the contention of Senator Smoot
and determined to go ahead with the
questioning of Mr. Mellon. The witness
before he submitted himself to ques
tioning made the following statement
to the committee:
"I am advised by counsel that I am
not obliged to appear before, be sworn
by or testify to this committee on the
ground that this committee has not
authority to subpoena me before it or
require me to answer any questions.
"The United Press, to which I am di
rectly responsible, bplleves the public
welfare can best be served by making
all news quickly and easily available
when it is in the public Interest to do
so. Therefore, and notwithstanding
any lack of authority of this committee,
I am here to answer questions if I
can do so without violating any confi
dence which I may consider has been
reposed in me, either directly or by
custom of the press.
“I am authorized to state that the
United Press desires to aid in this and
any other investigations by this com
mittee in consonance with its duties to
the public, but neither the United
Press nor I conceive it to be my duty
to reveal any confidential communica
tion made to me.
"The statement Is given with all pos- j
sible deference to this committee and -
each of its members, and I am ready j
to answer questions within the limits
which I have just stated.”
Committee Room Crowded.
In reply to questions by the com
' mlttee. seeking in various ways to reach
1 the source of Mr. Mallon’s information
j regarding the proceedings of the Senate
I in secret session, the witness contented |
himself with saying that he would not i
reveal his confidential sources of infor
mation. He declined to answer many
of the questions on the grounds that
they went to the sources of his in
i formation. The tiny committee room
! of the rules committee was crowded
i to Us capacity when Mr. Mallon took
| the stand. The interest which has
1 been aroused in the case of the so
| called Senate "leak” was evidenced by
; the throng of spectators. Among them
were Mrs. Nicholas Longworth. wife of
the Speaker; Mrs. J. Borden Harriman
and several members of the Senate who
are not members of the committee.
Mr. Mallon testified that he had been
• employed by the United Press for 10
J years; that for 7 or 8 years he had
i represented that press association as its
I reporter in the Senate press gallery and
on the floor of the Senate.
! Chairman Moses called his attention
I specifically to the articles sent out
I under his name by the United Press,
j giving the action of the Senate in
I executive session on the Lenroot nomi
j nation.
’’Will you be good enough to Inform
, the committee where you got your
i Information?” said Senator Moses,
j "I must respectfully decline to reveal
j the source of my information,” replied
the witness. “Every day newspapermen
| obtain news from Senators which is
j given them in confidence and which
'J&cy Jiold confidential and do npt re
veal the sources from which they
obtained them.”
Declines to Answer.
“What Senators did you talk to
following the executive meeting on the
! Lenroot case?” asked Senator Overman
i of North Carolina.
“That would go to the source of my
information,” said Mr. Mallon, declining
to answer.
Senator Harrison of Mississippi
pointed out that Mr. Mallon had said in
his dispatch that his information was
“Indisputably authoritative.” He asked
the witness if he meant by that he had
obtained it from members of the Sen
ate. The witness refused to answer the
question, and Senator Harrison brought
out the fact that newspaper men, like
! lawyers or doctors, in the practice of
I their profession decline to reveal infor
mation or sources of information which
! they obtain in confidence.
"After an executive session,” said
Senator Watson of Indiana, ‘‘do you
j newspaper men ask various persons
| what transpired behind closed doors?”
| "Yes, I can go that far,” said the
witness.
"I guess we can all testify to that,”
said Senator Watson, amid a general
laughter.
The Indiana Senator suggested that
the roll call on the Lenroot nomination
was not correct.
“I believed it correct and I still be
lieve it so,” said Mr. Mallon.
His attention was called to the fact
that some mistakes in the roll call had
i been mentioned on the floor. Mr. Mal
lon replied that they were merely to
the pairs announced and not to the
recorded vote.
Says He Could Call Some Votes.
Members of the committee sought
to learn from Mr. Mallon if he or an
: otlser experienced newspaper man in
i the press gallery could not practically
I poll the Senate on a question that came
up for a vote without ever askVg them.
"I could tell how some of them would
vote,” said the witness. He admitted
that he might be able to tell how Sen
ator Moses would vote.
"A newspaper man could tell better
how the Senators would vote.” said Sen
ator Harrison, "before the White House
had cracked its whip.”
Paul Patterson, an attorney from
Cleveland. Ohio, counsel for Mr. Mal
lon. entered an objection to the char
acter of questions which were being
asked the witness on the ground that
they were merely designed to obtain
from the witness the sources of his in
formation, which he had declined to
give. The objection was overruled by
the chairman, although noted in the
record.
Senator Overman asked the witness
whether he would say he got his in
formation from a Senator or an em
ploye of the Senate. This the witness
declined to answer. Another question
| was whether he obtained his informa
tion regarding the Lenroot roll call
from the same source he obtained in
formation regarding the vote during the
last Congress on the nomination of Roy
O. West to be Interior Secretary.
The publication of the West roll call
at that time caused a stir in the Senate.
Tlie witness declined to answer that :
question.
Says Sometimes Pool Information.
Senator Watson wanted to know
whether was the practice of members
of the press gallery to get together after !
an executive session of the Senate and j
to pool such information as they had. I
The witness said that occasionally It
might be done.
“Was that done in this case?” asked ;
Senator Watson.
“I cannot answer that question." said
Mr. Mallon, “for it would run to the
source of my information.”
Senator Harrison of Mississippi want- i
ed to know if Mr. Mallon had any j
prearrangement with any Senator or j
i employe to give him the details of the !
roll call. The witness declined to j
answer.
Senator Bingham of Connecticut said
it was obvious to any student of joum- j
alism that if a newspaper man divulged
the confidential source of his inform
ation. he would be violating the ethics
of his profession. He tried to obtain
from Mr. Mallon a statement that no
Senate employe had given him Informa
; tion regarding the secret session,
j The witness declined to make any
j such statement. He said, however, that
he did not believe any Senator suspect
ed an employe.
Senator Bingham asked the witness j
how a newspaper man would go about i
finding out what had happened in an ;
executive session.
“The members of this committee al- j
real,’ know that,” replied Mr. Mallon.
Denies Any Aspersion.
Senator Bingham charged that the
witness was casting aspersions on the
committee, presuming that they would
give out information about secret ses
sions.
Mr. Mallon denied that he had any
intention of casting aspersions on any ;
! member of the committee.
Senator Overman wanted to know
whether the privilege of the floor of [
the Senate gave a reporter any special
advantages and whether that privilege
was not a courtesy extended by the
Senate.
The witness replied that he consider
ed the extension of floor privileges to a
press association a convenience, both
for members of the Senate and for the •
press.
He pointed out that without floor
privileges press associations would be |
calling out Senators many times during■
the day. |
Senator Watson asked the witness |
whether he did not consider he was a j
guest of the Senate when he was on the t
floor, and that that fact made a greater j
obligation upon him not to reveal what j
happened in executive sessions, since'
the Senate had a rule forbidding its
members and employes to give out such
information.
Replies to Purpose Query.
"X will say this. Senator,” replied the 1
wwese, “no newspaper man would ac- i
DEMPSEY 10 STAGE
BOUTS IN CHICAGO
*
Severs Relations With Fugazy
but Says Plans Omit
Ring Comeback.
i By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, May 27.—Jack Demp
sey, former heavyweight champion,
1 severed relations today with Humbert J.
Fugazy, New York promoter, and an
nounced that he
would promote
boxing matches in
conjunction with
the Coliseum in
P& is ! Chicago, starting
i next Fall.
& Dempsey said
m w that his contract
I tered into March
% w—2s, automatically
expired last Satur
'’iSSSSrie % day u P° n the pro
motor's failure to
~i provide him with
I i ! an outdoor arena
-ffi. 1 r where outstanding
matches could be
Jack Dempsey. staged in New
York. In the two
months Dempsey was in partnership
with Fugazy he failed to arrange a
single bout.
The former champion said his agree
ment with the Chicago Coliseum, where
Jim Mullen is the boxing promoter,
calls for the staging of bouts there
every two weeks during the Fall and
Winter. At the same time, Dempsey
said he w T ould continue personal efforts
to acquire both indoor and outdoor
arenas in New York.
Fugazy s signing with Dempsey as a
| partner In the promotion of major
j fistic shows was builded on the belief
| that the combine could lease the Polo
i Grounds, home of the New York Giants,
for outdoor shows, Dempsey said. The
j Madison Square Garden Corporation
i headed by William F. Carey, who joined
I wlt h P«npsey i n staging the heavv
j weight match between Jack Sharkey
1 Young Stribling in Miami Beach
last Winter, not only rented the Polo
Grounds for the Summer, but tied up
the Yankee Stadium as well.
Dempsey stressed the fact that he
had no personal differences w'ith Fugazy
and was merely following out the pro
visions of his contract with the Gar
den's chief promotional rival here He
said that his new' plans did not in
; clude an y ring comeback on his part.
CRUSADE IN SHANGHAI.
Closing of Gambling Houses in
Settlement Sought.
SHANGHAI. China, May 27 OP).
. Shanghai s international settlement, in
ternationally known for the sophistica
i tlQ n and variety of its night life, is
: threatened with loss of much, if not all,
of its cosmopolitan brilliance.
I A movement is on foot in the munici
pal council of the settlement for clos
ing down many of Shanghai's better
j known gambling places and "sporting
: clubs" on the settlement territory. Grey
i hound racing parks are particularly en
( visaged.
"There is entirely too much gambling
! going on within the settlement, and
; Shanghai is gaining a bad name inter
j nationally.” declared one member of the
council today.
cept the privileges of the Senate floor if
any condition was attached that he
should not publish a story which he
considered news and of public interest.”
"Os course you did not violate any
rule of the Senate," said Senator Wat
son, “for there is no rule to prohibit
newspapers from publishing anything.”
"Would you have any objection?”
asked Senator McKellar of Tennessee,
"if any one who gave you the informa
tion appeared before the committee and
told about it?”
"No,” replied Mr. Mallon.
Senator Bingham questioned the wit
ness at length regarding the ethics of
the newspaper profession. He asked a
number of questions to obtain from the j
witness, if he could, his views on why |
newspapers should set themselves up as |
judges of tire propriety of publishing j
matter which the Senate had deter- j
: mined by a majority vote should not be
| published. The Connecticut Senator
| Anally asked whether the witness be
-1 lieved that President Hoover would be
justified in making public a roil call of
the Senate taken in secret session
merely because the President believed
it was of public interest.
Harrison Sally Brings Laughter.
The witness declined to answer these
1 hypothetical questions, and Senator
i Harrison said:
I "Is the Senator from Connecticut |
! seeking to suggest that Mr. Mallon ob
j tallied his information about the secret
! session of the Senate from the Presl
| dent?”
I Senator Harrison's sally drew a loud
? laugh from the spectators and com
mittemen.
Senator Moses asked Mr. Mallon if he
was willing to go to the source of his
Information and urge the persons he
had obtained his information from to
make a statement before the committee.
The witness would not agree to any
i such proceeding. '
i The committee then adjourned.
FOREIGN WRIIERS
ON SHOPPING FOUR
Party of Journalists, Encoun
tering Warm Weather Here, !
Seek Lighter Clothing.
Confronted by a sudden change front
cool to very warm weather, the 12
European journalists who arrived in
Washington from New York yesterday
caucused this morning and decided to
I devote this afternoon to a shopping
tour to buy lighter clothing.
Their scheduled press conference with
President Hoover today has been post
poned until tomorrow so that tney may
sit in on the regular conference of the
President with representatives of the
American press. A call on the Secre
tary of Stete and a trip to the Wash
ington Monument occupied their time
this norning.
The party will be here until Thursday
afternoon and during that period will
j make its headquarters at the May-
I flower Hotel. Their two-month tour of
this country is being made at the in
vitation of the division of intercourse
and education of the Carnegie Endow
ment for International Peace, of which
Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler is president.
Will Visit West Coast.
The purpose of the visit, as expressed
by Dr. Butler, is to “afford representa
tives of the foreign press the best pos
sible opportunity to visit the United
j States, to meet representative citizens,
groups and organizations, and to ob
serve for themselves v.hat may be the
more significant aspects of present-day
American life.”
The journalists’ tour of this country,
which is solely of a sightseeing nature,
will take them over the lower or South
ern route. After leaving Washington
they will go to Southern cities and
then across the lower portion of the
country to the West Coast, returning
to New York via the Northern route.
While in Washington they will be
escorted by J. Edwin Young of the Car
negie Endowment staff. The trip to
the Monument this afternoon will be
followed by a visit to the Capitol and
a reception at the National Press Club.
Tomorrow morning they will visit the
United States Chamber of Commerce,
the Pan-American Union and the Lin
coln Memorial. After the conference
with the President they will be guests
of the Overseas Club at a luncheon in
the Press Club.
Attend Exercises Thursday.
Wednesday morning will be devoted
to a trip to Mount Vernon and the
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. At 3
o’clock they will be received bv Right
Rev. James E. Freeman, Bishop of
Washington, at the Washington Cathe
dral. and in the evening they will be
guests of the endowment at a dinner
in the Willard Hotel. They will attend
the Memorial day services at Arlington
Amphitheater Thursday afternoon,
j leaving that evening for Richmond. Va.,
j the next city on their itinerary.
Members of the party are:
Belgium, Georges Landov, editor of
Matin: France, Georges Lechartier,
Journal des Debats, Paris: Greece,
Pedro Petridis. owner of Agon; Italy,
Conte Leone Fumasone Biondi, Milan;
Signor Mirko Ardemagni. II Popolo
d’ltalia, Milan: Signor Salvatore Cor
tesi, Associated Press, Rome; Jugoslavia,
Dr. Paul Breznik; Latvia, Dr. Alfred
Bihlmans, Riga; Poland. M. Casimir
Smogorzewskl, Warsaw Courier, Paris;
Rumania. M. A. Corteanu. Bucharest;
Spain. Julio Camba. Madrid, and repre
sentative of American Express Cc., Rob
ert S. Cauvin.
WEATHER“SUIKS”
AT BYRD AND PARTY
Winter Day to Be Reached in
Less Than Month, With
Sun Then to Aid.
BY RUSSELL OWEN.
By Radio to The Star and New York Times.
LITTLE AMERICA, Antarctica. May
26.—1 t is still overcast and gloomy as
though the Antarctic were sulking at our
comfort and trying to retaliate by
limiting looks outdoors.
There has been a full week now of
this dull weather with comparatively
mild temperatures. Last night it be
came as warm as 5 degrees above zero,
a surprising rise, as the wind was not
unusually strong.
Mercury Drops to 20 Below.
This morning it was from the south
and became a little colder, and then
shifted around to the east, where our
storms come from, and the mercury
dropped to 20 below zero again.
It is as if the weather were brooding
and trying to make up its mind what
to do, but probably it won't do any
thing at all, except get colder and
colder, for the days of great cold are
not far off.
There is a faint, discouraging moon
shining through the haze and it is too
bad, for now it should be at its bright
est and It would be pleasant to have
it light the way down the Inlet Trail,
where most of the walking is done.
Warm and Cheery In Houses.
But no matter how moody and re
pellent the frozen world may be outside,
it is warm and cheery in the houses
and the days go very rapidly. In less
than a month the Winter day will be
reached, and we can look ahead to the
return of the sun.
(Copyright. 1929. bv the New York Times
Co. and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. All
rights for publication reserved throughout
the world t
i TALKS TARIFF REPRISALS.
PRAGUE. Czechoslovakia. May 27.
OP). —The Central Bureau of Chambers
of Commerce Saturday adopted a reso
lution against obstacles imposed on. ex
ports to the United States after finding
from its study of the new American
tariff that the textile, shoe, porcelain,
i leather and glass industries of Czecho
i Slovakia would be very hard hit.
In industrial and commercial circles
1 there is talk of tariff reprisals and of
I boycott of such American goods as can
j be procured elsewhere or are dispensa
ble.
BAND CONCERT.
By the United States Marine Band,
auditorium. Marine Barracks, at 8
o’clock tonight. Taylor Branson, leader;
Arthur S. Witcomb. second lead"r.
March. “Marine Corps Institute.”
Branson
Overture. “Carneval” Glazounow
Characteristic, "Rustle of Spring.”
Sinding
j Trombone solo, “Aero Polka.”
Zimmermann
Principal Musician Robert E Giant.
Fantasie. “Le Cid” Massenet
“Dance of the Hours” from “Le Gio
. conda ’ i Ponchelll
Grand march. “Herolque"—Saint-Saens
Marines' hymn, "The Halls of Monte
zuma.”
“The Star Spangled Banner.”
Tho cost of living in Great Britain
is nain».

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