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“SUCKERS” SHORN WITH “FAKE” BEER Near-Beer and Pop Sold as “Real Stuff” to Gullible Rum-Hounds. BY HARVEY ANDERSON. Special Correspondent of The Star. NEY YORK. July 6.—Prohibition has scattered and confused the old, experi enced drinkers and has brought forward A new generation of unskilled imbibers who are an easy prey to a new big-city dodge which capitalizes this lack of ex perience. This correspondent learned today of the widespread practice of trimming the guileless and bibulous adventurer by the “blank cartridge'* racket, as it is called among its practitioners. It is worked especially in tourist resorts, where there are more fledglings of this kind to be plucked. “Needle’’ Beer Fills Town. A pleasant hotel acquaintance warns that the town is full of “needle’’ beer and dangerous stuff of all kinds. There is the usual mourning over this terrible prohibition law, and finally the sympa thetic friend offers to send his visitor and his party to a sound establishment where some good stuff, right straight from the Canadian borders, may be obtained. The visitors find a basement to which they obtain entry by a complicated ceremonial of signaling and whisper ing. It is a dubious looking place, and they are admitted only after a hard scrutiny by a swarthy Individual, through a peephole. There is a cer tain exhilaration in this, of course, and once in, furitive movement and more whispering make it certain that it is an inner citadel of the illicit trade in real liquor. The boss is reluctant to serve the newcomers and does so only after a long scrutiny of the in itialed card from the hotel friend. “Beer” at 50 Cents a Glass. Beer is served at 50 cents a glass. You can get better beer in any Eastern city for 25 cents a glass now. but it is explained that this is the real stuff and that it costa money to get it over from Canada. The beer produces the usual afflatus and perhaps even a tear ful invocation of motherhood, or an outburst of discordant song. The mer rymakers depart without learning that they have been served near beer, ajid they come back the next day for more. This writer has taken the trouble to check up on some chance Information regarding this enterprise and finds there are many such establishments in Eastern cities. Today he found a young man who formerly was a part ner in a “blank cartridge'* joint in Boston. “We used to enjoy having the dicks come around and try to knock us over,” he said. "Time and again, they made tests of our stuff and, of course, they never found a trace of alcohol. “I give you my word, the suckers used to get just about as much kick out of this stuff as they would out of real beer. What’s on your mind seems to have a lot to do with this drinking busi ness. You take any party of people who aren’t used to drinking and let them think they’re getting real stuff and they’ll get hopped up every time. I have never seen one person alone get an imi tation jag out of near-beer, but I have seen it happen time and again with a party of four or five. They want to get lit up and that has a lot to do with it. Goes Over Big, Too! “One day, three men and two wom en came in. We made believe we didn't want to serve them, but finally did so and the near-beer went big. They had about live rounds and then one of the women insisted that they must all have a cocktail. I wss stump-’d. but made up my mind I’d have a try at it. I mixed up some pink pop and some amber-colored pop and made a 1 great fuss shaking it up. Then I put in a few more harmless odds and ends and topped off each glass with a coudlO of maraschino cherries. It went big. They had five rounds and went out arm in arm singing at the top of their voices. “It is mostly young people who fall for this. People who started their drink ing before prohibition came in aren't so easy to fool. When we see that we have an old-timer on our hands, we just tell him that, for certain reasons, we are afraid to serve any more that day and stick to it. We wait until he is gone before we start serving again. It’s a great way to trim college boys. “This is going big and if you hear some wise bird drop a remark about a ‘blank joint,’ you will know what it means. It's a great racket in the Sum mertime when there are a lot of suck ers out looking for excitement.” (Copyright, 1929.) MOTHEROFS~SEEKS DEATH BY POISON Children Better Off Without Her, Mrs. Elsie Gentile Believed, Police Say. Believing, police say, that her five children would be “better off” without her, Mrs. Elsie Gentile, 30 years old, swallowed a quantity of poison yester day afternoon in her home at 1443 T street and was found about 5 o’clock by her husband, J. B. Gentile, suffering from its effects. Gentile summoned the Emergency Hospital ambulance and the mother was given first aid by a staff doctor and then removed to the hospital, where physicians say she will recover. Mr. Gentile was away from home at the time his wife took poison, returning some time later. He could not be reached for a statement last night. Policeman George W. Patton of No. 8 precinct, who questioned Mrs. Gentile after she had been treated at the hos pital, reported that she told him: “My children will be better off without me.” Officers investigating the case were informed that Mrs. Gentile had been In failing health for some time. MARRIAGE PLAN VETOED BY SLAIN GIRL’S FATHER Letters Reveal Facts at Inquest Into Shooting of Missouri High School Student. By the Associated Press. KEWANEE, Mo., July 6.—Letters re vealing marriage plans for last June 20 and her father’s objections, were of fered at an inquest held yesterday by Coroner P. H. Chile Into the fatal shooting of Miss Irmi Hendershott, pretty 16-year-old high school student, by Honas Mayberry, 19, of Hammond, Ind., Thursday. The youth turned the weapon on himself before the girls father could send a charge from a shot gun into his body. The coroner learned Mayberry nad worked under the name of FTed A. Hurat in Hammond and Fort Wayne, Ind., but no explanation was offered why Mayberry used the assumed name. London Seen From Taxis. Visitors from America have found a hew way of seeing London that is being adopted by Londoners. It is from taxi cab windows. Those from overseas have found that taxi drivers, with their wide knowledge of the city, are most < .guide*. ■-* - —— - - - THEY’RE HAPPY NOW THAT LONG GRIND IS OVER Left to right: Mrs. Roy Mitchell and husband, Mrs. Byron Newcomb snd husband, and Eddie Stinson after break ing world endurance record at Cleveland. —P. it A. Photo. Log of Record Endurance Flight Airmen Tell Their Stories of Battles With Storm and Sleep—Lack of Water Made Them Suffer—But They Kept on Until Ground Flares Told Them It Was Over . (Continued From First Page.) shake your insides out. Lightning flashing all around, pitch darkness be tween the flashes. Once we heard a clap of thunder over the noise of the motor so you know It must have been pretty loud. Mitchell—We came out of the storm over Wadsworth. I recognized a beacon there that is on my mail route. Then we flew over Medina for a while. It looked as though It was clearing up and we started back to the airport. Then it closed in again and we couldn’t see where we were for a while, rinally we got back to the airport. We stayed near the airport all night, but It was terribly rough. It wasn't until Friday morning, though, that we began to feel the effects of our fight with the storm. Then we began to feel all in. Our re sistance was shot. We decided if we could just beat the record we’d be satis s fled and come down. We gave up the ’ notion of flying for 200 hours or more s and just wanted strength enough to r j keep going for a few hours. Challenges Cleveland. Newcomb—l want to see somebody [ also break our record in Cleveland. , They may do it In California, they may , do it in Texas, but I want to see some . body else break it in Cleveland. We , only had a clear sky one night and 1 that was the last; every other night we ran into rain and clouds and thunder , storms. Mitch flew the ship every time we refueled and I did the refueling. *We got to be pretty expert at it. Putting the gas in was easy, but grabbing those bags was the tough part. The wind whipped them back and forth and we had to refuse some of them. The only complaint I have about Mitch he was always yelling to me to light him a cigarette. The inside of the plane was drenched wi'h gasoline, j but we'd open the windows and let 1 air out before wc lit ur», j Mitchell—Then we’d do a little ex i perimental smokirg. Fortunately Our i experiments turned out all right. We had arranged with the folks on the ground to send up flares when we equaled the record. When we saw those flares We shook hands and said to each other, "Well, we’re through.” Then we began to relax. We flew around the airport a few timeis to make sure we had passed the record and then came down. Didn’t Wear Parachute*. We never put our parachutes on, al though we had them with us. The rips in the wings were caused by the refueling hose and the bags brushing against them. They weren’t serious, though, and never gave us any trouble. I think the method we devised for greasing the rocker arms In the air was original and had never been used be fore. We had a separate greaae line from the cabin to each rocker arm. This eliminated the necesaity of having a catwalk and one of us climbing out to grease the rocker arms by hand. We had an auxiliary tank rigged up so that we could change the oil completely at regular intervals. The first night we left the ground we knew there were four other endur ance planes in the air and we sort of figured we were entering an elimi nation race. It was rough the first night, al though we had a reasonably good weather outlook. It was rough almost every night as far as that goes. I flew until 10 p.m. and then Newcomb took the ship and flew until daylight. But we were both so keyed up that neither of us slept the first 24 hours. Then we both got sleepy at the same time. The toughest refueling of the flight was the one during the storm Thurs day night. The crew took off knowing that a severe thunder and electric storm was close. To dodge the storm and give us gas, they took off at 7:45 p.m., knowing they would hit rough air. They climbed to 2,000 feet, wobbling their wings to show us they were ready for contact. We knew it would be dark soon. They were flying above us. It | was very rough at 2,000 feet, but we could not go higher because of rougher air. With a high wind we were shifting in all directions. 15 Miles in Contact. They made attempt at our request to lower a bag first. Basham held his ship steady, a tough Job, and flew west into the face of the storm with rain pouring down in sheets. We flew 15 miles in contact. We could not pick up the bag on ac count of rough air. Basham, refueling pilot, ordered the bag drawn into his ship and ordered the gas hose lowered. He knew we could stay up without food, but not without gas. We lowered the hose again over Cleveland with only buildings and no field below. Both crews were worried. We made a quick contact in good shape and transferred 100 gal lons. The refueling crew knew it was taking a chance and saved the record for us at this point by giving us this 100 gallons. The storm increased. They had given us gas, and if they had wanted to quit and land right then we would have thought they were using good judgment. But in spite of this they came baok to us again in the driving rain and light ning and gave us our food in another oontact. Still they stayed with us, to give us cigarettes we had asked for, but the weather was too bad and we pulled away. God knows they would- have been game enough to stick in that weather to give US cigarettes. We would not fly that far or take those chances for any cigarette. Here Is a log we kept: "Friday night at 6:38:51 o’clock there was a 30-mile ground wind'blowing. At 10 o’clock we were up in the air 2,000 feet, with Mitchell at the con trols. We sailed on nicely and had some lunch—not much, but Just enough. "At 2 Saturday morning we lost our Jett windshield. Daylight broke the TiAJC SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON, P. C„ JULY 7, 1929-PART I. monotony of the night shortly before 5 a.m. "I took the controls at 6:30, and we dropped notes, five notes all together, i to be refueled at 10 o’clock. The con ) sumption of gas in the morning was very low. “At 10:15 we took on 55 gallons of gas and 5 gallons of oil without trouble i to the refueling plane and with little i effort on our part. . "Then shortly after we greased the i rocker arm. We had 18 grease cups . sliding out to the greas* points of the , motor and connected with the dash ’ board. All we did was fill the grease 1 caps at the dash and the whole motor i was lubricated throughout. “At 8:30 in the morning we carried i five gallons of oil in each oil tank and . were doing fine. The refueling was done • in rough air and we hoped to do better ! the next time. "Our throats had become sore, due to ■ the broken windshield. There was an s overcast sky and the wind was from the > northwest. We were flying about 300 feet shortly after the refueling at 11:45. when we took on 65 gallons. We did not take on the bag with the food. ’ "The motor began to run a little rough . that Saturday noon but we greased the ’ rocker arm and the motor smoothed out - again. The afternoon seemed to drag ! on and Newcomb took the controls > at 6 p.m. "Saturday at 2 p.m. we had some sandwiches and coffee and then felt very much better. We refueled twice ! and had both gas and oil tanks filled. 1 Both were in good spirits with the motor : running perfectly. Fly Into Shower. "After 6 o’clock, the weather reports predicted a light rain and possible thundershowers, but the showers passed by to the northwest. Then it started raining abcut 10 p m., but the vlr-lbllity foj- v i “Sunday mnming at 12:CO New-orrb j relieved me at the controls. I was the j first to go to sleep wh°n Newcomb took i up the grind and kept on in deep I clumber until 4:30 a.m.. when I crawled out and took the controls from New comb. “In the dawn I saw a few clouds, but the weather was very favorable. Boon we dropped a note to be refueled. We had lots of gas, but wanted to be sure of ourselve*. "Around 5 'Bash’ flew alongside and signaled that all the competition had ‘downed.’ “We were tickled to heart. We should not have been, we know, but it was such a grand and glorious feeling that we had the race all to ourselves. It had been a race up to that time, you know. "Newcomb remarked that he would cry if anything happened to us. "The morning slipped by nicely, but It took a lot of hedge hopping to break the monotony. Hedge hopping means getting some thrills by dipping over the tops of trees. "About 7 Sunday morning there was and indication of a ground fog rolling in off the lake. The weather was good otherwise. Newcomb, who had been sleeping like a brick, took the controls at 10 a.m. “We had some more coffee and sand wiches. Both of us were hearing well. The weather was turning rough near the ground. The motor was running perfect and we greased the rocker arms again and changed oil at 11 a.m. "The windshield at noon was begin ning to fog with the oil thrown back. The befogged shield made it tough to see to refuel: it worried us for a time, because we did not know what trouble it might bring. Tried to Clean Shield. “The top windshield, through which we had to watch the refueling ship, was smeared terribly. We tied a clean rag on a stick and tried to clean off the Windshield from the side window, but the cloth did no good at all. "Shortly after a lot of visitors (peo ple in other planes) came so close we were worried, but we did not try to shoo them off. About 3 in the after noon the air was too rough to refuel. "We took two small cords and tied them around my right arm. Newcomb held the loose strings in his hand. One hard pull meant to go down fast, Two easy pulls was to go down easy. Two hard pulls was to go up fast. "At 8 p.m. we took on a bag of food. There was a light rain and fog cover ing earth below us. Our new rigged-up signals had worked perfectly. "We flew between 200 and 300 feet until 4 a.m. Tuesday. Tuesday, circling the airport, the weather was pretty rough—awfully hard to see through windshields. I woke Newcomb up and showed him the weather. “We had sandwiches and coffee and then I went to sleep. Newcomb woke me again at 6 and asked me to look up the weather reports. It was getting worse all the time. “The fog was closing in all the time and we had to drop down to 100 feet. “The leather got so bad that we dropped a note asking for a forecast. The ground crew painted on the hangar roof. *Weather improving,’ but it kept getting worse. "We circled the airport, trying to keep within the flight boundaries all the time. In the meantime, the clouds were lowering and the fog was shooting in off the lake. At 7we droppwl an other note, asking that the refueling •hip be kept warmed up at all times so that wa oould load, up. “We also asked Bash to walk out in front of the hangar if the weather was going to lift. He painted a sign on the roof, telling us that we could look for better weather in 'two hours. But the fog kept lowering, and we had to fly between 50 and 75 feet of the ground. They turned the beacon and boundary lights on to guide us. Couldn't See 1M Yards. •■« a.m.—The fog down to M feet. Could not see a hundred yarda ahead of us. We kept a close circle inside ! the airport to prevent hitting mat thing. We had only three hours’ sup ply of fuel. "This was a terrible grind. The short circles made us awfully tired. "At 10:30 we dropped a note asking for a forecast. No response. More worried, as our fuel was lower. We ran the motor at the least possible speed—about 1,460 —and I figure we were only using seven gallons of gas an hour. We also made the carburetor mixture leaner. "Ordinarily we used between 11 and 12 gallons an hour. "At 11 a.m. the fog was still bad. We saw an opening over the lake and headed toward It. Flying along the short line about 800 feet up, we saw we were running low on fuel and hur ried back to the airport to load up. Before we could get back, however, the fog closed In and we did not drop a note. "Newcomb took control at 11:30 a.m. We were still flying In small circles around the airport. The fog would break and then close in again. We got more worried because of our gas supply. I took the controls again at noon. "After noon the fog came and went and a driving rain started. At 1:15 we saw a light place In the sky and drop ped a note. We had to refuel right away. The refueling was successful and that relieved us a lot. "We refueled again at 4 p.m. and at 6:30 loaded up once more for the night. Newcomb took controls at 8. Both of us were feeling pretty tired. There was a light rain at 500 to 1.000 and we circled the alrpdrt all through the night sometimes we dropped down to 400 feet, but usually we kept the ship at 1,200. “Home one had sent up an alarm clock to replace the dashboard clock which had gone bad. It was set for midnight and when it went off. I'd like to have Jitm’-ed out. of the ship, I'm going to keep that clock. S’eep and Fly. "I took the stick at 3 a.m., Thursday. Every time Newcomb woke me up, he said that I asked to sleep just five min utes more. We were getting so we could sleep and fly at the same time, though, when the ship got out of line. It woke us up. "We refueled again at 7 a.m. without any trouble. Newcomb cleaned off the windshield, which had been splattered with oil, with a long stick on the end of which he had fastened a rag. He reached out through the hole in the rear of the cabin roof to do the Job. "Newcomb took control at 8 a.m. We changed the oil and greased the rocker arms. Then we settled down to try and catch a little sleep when we got a chance. I took the controls again at noon. ' "Everything was going fine, except that the ship had been banged up a bit where the bags and hose hit the wings and fuselage. “We refueled at 3 p.m.. but Bash went too fast and we dropped a note, asking him to slow up the next time. At 6 p.m. we took on more gas with out much trouble, but when we tried to take on the bags they weaved around too much in the wind. We dropped a note asking that the bags be packed in such away that there would be no open space between where the foed came and the top of the bag. We asked them to tie on an extra piece of rope at the point on the bag where the food stopped, so that we would have a ‘neck’ to grab hold of. "The next trip up. Bash did as we asked and everything worked fine. “We found out about Robey's death through reading the Plain Dealer, which the boys wrapped around the water bottle they dropped down to us. The Plain Dealer was the first paper we had seen in two days. “We dropped a note expressing our regret that Robey had died. (Walce Robey, mail flyer killed at Columbus a week ago today.) We had asked that flowers be sent. Message from Robey. “We had a message from Robey, but did not get it until after he had been killed. I knew him when he was a ca det and I an instructor at the training school. “The cold I got from the broken shield was curing itself. But no sooner was the cold cured when I got a stom ach ache. Wednesday, we refueled at 6:30 a.m. After that we got a note asking what we did in our spare time. We wrote back that we didn’t have any spare time with all the greasing of the rocking arm and changing the oil. We got quite a kick when we read that note asking what we did with our spare time. All during the trip we got along fine together and did not utter one cross word. "We read in the newspaper that was dropped to us Thursday. July 4, that we were supposed to be flying over Ak ron, but if we were we didn’t know it. There was nothing official to that re port, we assure you. "We wore our street clothing when we took off and took along an extra heavy shirt, but there was no time to change. At times when we were taking on gasoline we would be soaked with it. “Then at other times we were soaked with the rain that shot through to us. whan we were forced to open the wind shield during the refueling. After those times, there was nothing to do but throw a wet blanket over us and go to sleep and forget the rain and gas and aIL “The food was fine, but we had too much of it. There was turkey, chicken, goose, frog legs, but we could not eat half of it. So we rode out over the lake and threw it to the fishes. Flew to Akron. - “At 2 p.m. Thursday there was a sign on a ship to go to Akron tb re fuel. We went, but could not find the refueling ship and came book to Cleve land. "We sew » storm coming fast end FORUM PRESENTS NEW MONEY DATA Undersecretary Mills Urges Public to Have Patience in Talk Over Radio. (Continued From First Page.) he said, “will be strictly limited. We anticipate, of course, a curiosity de mand which, for a comparatively short period of time, will increase the de mand for currency, and we are pre- Eared to meet that curiosity demand, ut only to a limited extent. After whiat I may call the period of initial novelty interest is over, the public must expect the new currency to be Issued but gradually, and as the old currency is retired as unfit for further circula tion. "This will require a period of at least three of four months, during which time, both sizes of currency will be in circulation, but with the old size gradually disappearing. Asks Public to Be Patient. ”In the meanwhile.” said Mr. Mills, “we ask you to be patient, to be satis fied for the time being with the cur rency which has given you reasonable satisfaction for more than 60 years, and not to consider it necessary to carry nothing but new bills in your pocket.” The issue of new small size currency next Wednesday, Mr. Mills explained, will Include all kinds and all denomina tions from $1 to S2O. except national bank notes. Small size gold certificates waved to the ground to hurry up the refueling. "We took on the gas in a hurry and lightning In all directions broke around us. There was a white cloud to the south and we thought that we could get through that, but sunk into a squall. We left the ship drift and de cided to fight it out. The wind was blowing about 100 miles an hour. We lost all sight of land for 20 minutes. "We let the ship toss around and then headed northwest hoping to pick up the - air beacon at the airport Finally we saw a few lights, like street lights, they were lights we knew when we were flying the air mail and then we came closer to the port. "Next thing I knew, we must have passed over Akron at a thousand feet, but could catch no sight of it in the intense blackness. We went from Wads worth over to Medina, where they have an emergency. We circled the field until the weather lifted to some ex tent, but were in a hurry to get back to the Cleveland airport because we knew every one would be anxious to know where we were. We circled Medina for 15 minutes and headed for Cleveland. “It was a grand ceiling when we picked Cleveland up. Rain was pour ing down, lightning flashing every sec ond, but the air seemed stiller. We could hear thunder, but It did not bother us. The lightning was blind ing; we Started circling the airport and then the lights went out. “We changed controls at 1 a.m.. Newcomb now flying (Mitch flew during the storm). Newk flew until daylight. Lightning, thunder and blowing and raising hell all night. No sleep, greased, oiled and listened to motor, praying that it would not go out. Did not have magnetos covered, was afraid they'd go out. Orease on them prob ably kept them dry and working. Terrible Night. “I returned to the controls at 5 a.m. Newk seemed glad to see me; it was a terrible night. “Friday morning we both were very tired but congratulated each other on getting through the storm (later we learned that no other ship hsd ridden it outi. Reaction then set, in and we were both very tired and nervous. Wc began to doubt that we could carry on very much beyond record time, if till then. "Hoped to get enough rest to over come our exhaustion. Couldn't sleep all day although very sleepy. The mo tor of the ship came out of the storm much better than we did. The motor 6eemed a little rough at 10 a.m. We ran it wide open for five minutes, then throttled It back, after which it re gained its smoothness. At first refueling we learned of Bash's crash. We were sorry, but happy that none was hurt. “The hand pump was not working very well—the gasoline was low in the cabin tank. They brought us up a bag. Wiggled wings when ready for gas. When we didn't want gas we always kicked the rudder and swung the ship back and forth, sideways. “Refueled at 6:30 (the last refueling) and were growing more and more tired every minute, looking forward to the end. We found It difficult to keep track of time because of weariness. “Newcomb took the controls at 3:40 f».m. Friday. Believe me, it was a re ief to break the monotony by taking or leaving those controls. See Crowds Gather. “After a while we noticed the crowds approaching on the port in greater numbers and also the autos in the roads became thicker. We were thankful that we were not in that jam of autos and men. “Each second seemed an hour long. It was then we decided that we could not go on to the 200-hour mark and that as soon as we had beaten the rec ord by a few hours we would go down to earth. “We felt very bad about giving up before the 200 mark, but we could hold out very little longer. “We did not know just when we had equaled the other mark. We stayed m the air l 28 minutes after we raw the fireworks on the ground. We circled low over the field and threw out the red flare. We were surprised that we had stayed up so long. Swanns rushed under us. We were afraid the pro peller would strike those people, so we started up again. “Then we circled around and around twice for a safe landing and we smoothed down on the earth in a re markable manner, surprised again that we knew how to land. "Everybody seemed to hug us and push us. We were kissed a thousand tunes, it seemed. You couldn’t help in* 6 ? good with all the welcome. Helen got some flowers . and put them around our necks. We had to •J*®* « to h® . ln that fashion. Helen is a wonderful girl. “we went down to the Winton, but djdnt get to sleep until 5 o’clock. And then, how we did sleep." other company ■gSF gives so much value ! g||3 at so low a price” H L Quality i§f SS Building ; ff. S»SBES?SSa M«t«n«b I and Federal Reserve notes in denomi nations above S2O will be Issued at a later date. The small size national bank notes, he announced, will be printed and is sued in order of charter numbers, be ginning about July 18. The new small bills, the Undersec retary emphasised, will be more difficult to counterfeit. Mr. Mills’ speech in full is as fol lows: Mr. Mills spoke as follows: On July 10, that is, next Wednesday, the United States Government will be gin the issue of new paper currency of reduaed size and improved design, our paper currency has been issued in its present size since 1861, and this step, therefore, is an Important one which is bound to arouse widespread interest. For a few days we will look with sur prise at these new, to us, strange-look lng bills and then, in the course of a few weeks, we will wonder why, for so many years, we accommodated ourselves so readily to their larger and more un wieldy brothers. You will ask, of course, what were the reasons which led the Oovernment after so many years, to make this change. After an exhaustive study and investi gation covering a number ot years the Treasury concluded that it was possible to give the public paper money of more convenient size, of longer life and bet ter quality, and of Improved design with greater protection against counterfeiting. The Treasury Department decided that the convenience of the public warranted this reform, while from the standpoint ot the Government the proposed reduc tion in size will create substantial sav ings in the expense of manufacturing as well as in the cost of handling the currency. Saving of $1,500,000 a Year. From the time the paper is delivered by the mill until the notes are put into circulation an estimated gross saving, amounting to almost $1,500,000 a year, will be derived from the change in size. Each note will require one-third less paper and ink; its shipping weight will be reduced by one-third, and 30 per cent more notes will be produced by the same operation. An additional saving, the amount of which cannot be defi nitely estimated, will undoubtedly be accomplished as a result of the ex pected increase in the life of the smaller note as compared with that of the larger one. due to the fact that they will be subjected to less creasing and folding. The normal increase in the popula tion and wealth of this country neces sarily results In a constantly increasing demand for currency. This is well illustrated by the following figures: In 19’7 the Bureau of Engraving and Printing delivered 128,672,043 sheets of currency: in 1920, 163,860,748 sheets: in 1923, 171,965.335 sheets; in 1926, 227,- 566,949 sheets, and in 1928, 236,565,232 sheets. The building now occupied by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing was completed in 1914, and at the time of its erection it was contemplated that this building would be adequate to meet the bureau’s requirements for an extended period. It appears, how ever, that within a comparatively short time ths normal Increase in the demand for currency would, were it not for the contemplated change, force the bureau to obtain additional manufacturing equipment and build a large extension to the present plant. The introduction of the new-size currency will solve the production difficulties of the bureau for the reason that the reduced size will permit the production of 12 subjects to the sheet instead of eight, resulting in an increased production of 50 per cent more notes for each printing operation. The reduced size will also have an Important effect upon the available vault space, both in the Treas ury and the Federal Reserve banks. Citizens Will Be Surprised. The present size of the currency is 7 7-16 by 3 1-8 inches. The new size is 6 5-16 by 211-16 inches. I realize, of course, that a description of size given in terms of 1-16 of an inch does not convey very much over the radio, but I think you will be pleasantly surprised next Wednesday when you see the new bills and realize how great is the im provement in appearance and in con venience from the standpoint of han dling. I have mentioned improved appear ance. For many years the matter cf | revising the designs of the outstanding currency issue or the United States has been before the department, but there was never an opportunity to undertake a general revision until the decision to revise the size of the bills made it nec essary to execute wholly new engraved stock for printing the new currency. Generally speaking, there is today a different design for the face and back of each denomination of each kind of paper currency, and there are five kinds —United States notes, silver certificates, gold certificates. Federal reserve notes and national bank notes —accompanied by a multiplicity and duplication of characteristic features. In so far as the new notes are concerned, the principle of denominational designs has been strictly followed. That is to say, the emphasis has been placed on the dollar value of the note rather than the kind. Thus, instead of having different backs varying with the kinds of currency— that is, United States currency or Fed eral reserve notes, let us say—for the new designs every back of a given de nomination will be absolutely identical. For example, take a $5 bill. The back will always bear an engraving of the Lincoln Memorial as a predominating feature. Accordingly, there will be only one $5 back instead of several for the Oovernment to print and protect and for the public to become familiar with. Os course, in so far as the faces are con cerned, sufficient variation in detail is necessary to indicate the kind for pur poses of sorting by banking institutions; that is to say, whether the bill is a United States note, a silver certificate, a gold certificate, a Federal Reserve note or a national bank note. But here again uniform denominational char acteristics have been fixed, the out standing feature of each denomination being a portrait. Thus, in the case of our $5 bill, on the face side, the portrait of Lincoln will always appear in the center. As a Lincoln portrait will al ways indicate a $5 bill, so the portrait of Washington will always be found on the is, of Jefferson on the 2s, of Ham ilton on the 10s, of Jackson on the 20s, of Grant on the 50s, of Franklin on the 100 s, of McKinley on the 500 s, of Cleve land on the I.ooos, of Madison on the 5,000 s and of Chase on the 10,000 s. Simplification of Designs. We believe that we have succeeded in accomplishing a great simplification of currency designs and we are confident that we have made counterfeiting and the raising of the bills from one de nomination to another more difficult in the future. The denomination hence forth can always be told readily by the portrait, which is the most difficult thing to counterfeit successfully, and as the public gradually becomes accus tomed to associate a given portrait with a given denomination they will be in creasingly protected against raised bills and from'counterfeiting in general. In connection with counterfeiting, I think Z should call your attention to : another feature. Up to the present time : the use of small segments of silk fiber, : localized in rows, have formed part of the distinctive features of our cur rency. It has long been felt that the prominent silk fiber, localised in rows, was an encouragement to the counter feiter, since the public was Inclined to rely on this feature, which, as a matter of fact, was very easily imitated. In the new currency the small segments of silk fiber have been retained, but they are scattered throughout the sheet and not localized as formerly. The life of paper currency is inti mately connected with its fitness, and we all know how desirable it is to have clean, fit bills, though not necessarily brand new ones. In order that this new currency might have a longer life than that of the old extensive research work was undertaken, with the co-operation of the Bureau of Standards, the Bureau of Efficiency and the manufacturers of the paper, to develop a type of paper which would have greater endurance and folding strength and which would at ths same time meet tne manufac turing requirements of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. It is not every paper of high strength that will stand the wetting and drying operations in cident to the manufacture of currency. Our currency is printed on dampened paper. Paper when moistened expands, but does not always contract uniformly as it dries. A second wetting is neces sary between the printing of the backs ana faces. We require, therefore, a paper that will expand and contract uniformly under these conditions, in order that the faces on each sheet of 12 notes may register with reasonable accuracy against the backs previously printed. This is a somewhat severe re quirement when combined with a stipu lated thickness, structure and folding strength. We have, however, developed a paper believed to be satisfactory in all these respects and with such an in creased strength that we are confident the currency will have a longer life. Moreover, in their smaller sizes, the notes will generally fit into pocketbooks without being folded, which is not pos sible with curency in its present size, and its frequent folding and creasing eventually breaks the fiber of the paper and hastens its deterioration. Replacing Task Huge. There are at present outstanding some five billion dollars’ worth of paper currency, or nine hundred million pieces. These figures will, I think, in dicate the magnitude of the task un dertaken by the Treasury when it de termined to replace this huge volume of currency with currency of a com : pletely new design. First the engraved dies had to be made and approved in turn. From these master rolls were pepared, and then in turn a sufficient number of plates to supply hundreds of presses, each with four plates for printing. Our next problem was that of production. It was necessary to print for a complete turnover of United States and Federal Reserve cur rency approximately seventy-six mil lion sheets of twelve subjects each, or ■ nine hundred and twelve million indi vidual pieces. These have had to go through the various operations of wet ; ting, back-printing, examining, a sec : ond wetting, face-printing, examining, trimming, numbering and sealing and the final cutting into individual notes. After this they have to be assembled into packages of four thousand pieces for delivery to the Treasury. Vast as is the capacity of the Bureau of Engrav ' ing and Printing to accomplish enor mous tasks of this character, the pro ' ductlon of this new currency, in part 1 carried on during a period of substan : tlal production of the old-size cur rency to meet the needs of the past months, has strained the Bureau’s ca pacity to the utmost. The task has been completed on schedule time, but ' this is due entirely to the skill and ; ingenuity of the personnel in overcom ing all manner of mechanics and 1 technical difficulties and to the devo tion of the employes generally in their endeavor to maintain the schedule of , production that had been determined in advance. . ■ , Bank Notes a Problem. The work of production has. in large.- i measure, been completed, except in so | far as national berk notes ere ren- I cerned. which involved a sp->ci~.i prob : Icm. but they. too. ere now being pro .l duced rapidly and will be available for distribution a* an-early date. The prob lem of production is behind us. There i remains the problem of distribution. As I have stated, there are at present out l standing about nine hundred million • pieces of paper currency. Last year ‘ about nine hundred and thirty million : pieces of currency were redeemed and f about nine hundred and twenty-five < million pieces of new currency were . issued. Roughly speaking, therefore, j s the replacement of the old size cur rency with the new small size cur ' rency is the equivalent of about one ! year’s ordinary redemptions and is ! sues. This makes it entirely clear that 1 it would not be possible to undertake ! the replacing of all outstanding old : size currency at one time. I emphasize • this so that you will be prepared to be ! patient and must not expect to see the ’ new currency when Issued almost im Vacation ". . fl o/J lasting benefit ... get the money from Morris Plan . A needed rase, • change of scene, ftltiu from routine • f • ahould better your health, broaden your mind, five you pep for your job . . . and a fresh scan . toward success on your return. No argument la needed to prove the value of the right kind of vaca tion. Seeing new people; bringing away ideae that will give ut pleeture or make ut profit for the rest of our uvea ... is an experience no one ahould mist. How to meet the expense! Tell ue how much your vacation will cost. Integrity and earning power will •, aerve as the basis for advancing the cash required •. . with repayment arranged over o period of one year. MORRIS PLAN BANK Under Supervision U. S. Treasury 1408 H St. N.W. Washington, D. C. mediately substituted for the old. We must proceed gradually and carefully, Essential safeguards are necessary In handling the retirement of the old, which, In effect, la the basis for the issue of the new. The redemption of currency necessarily involves definite legal and accounting restrictions, and, of course, there are physical limita tions both at the Federal Reserve Banks and the Treasury. Therefore, instead of an Immediate redemption of all out standing currency it will be necessary for the issue of the new to be made over a certain period of time. The Treasury and the Federal Reserve Banks will do everything to make this period as short as possible. This means that at the very outset all banks ap plying for currency will be rationed, as it were, and each will be required to take a certain percentage of old-size currency assorted from the most fit for circulation. This percentage of old currency will be gradually decreased until after a period of a few months it is anticipated that all old-size cur rency presented at Federal Reserve Banks will be replaced In full with the reduced-sized currency. First Issue of All Kinds. The first issue of the new' small size currency will include all kinds, except national bank notes and all denominations from $1 to *2O. Small size gold certificates and Federal Re serve notes in denominations above *2O will be issued at a later date. The small-size national bank notes will be printed and issued in order of charter numbers, beginning about July 15. The issue of the new small-size cur rency will be made through the Fed eral Reserve banks and branches. Stocks of the new-size currency already have been placed in Federal Reserve custody in the 12 Federal Reserve banks and in certain of their branches. The Federal Reserve banks have been authorized to make available on July 10 to the commercial banking insti tutions of their respective districts limited amounts of new small-size cur rency. But let me emphasize that the amounts available for issue on July 10 will be strictly limited. We anticipate, of course, a curiosity demand, which, for a comparatively short period of time, will increase the demand for cur rency, and we are prepared to meet that curiosity demand, but only to a limited extent. After what I may call the period of initial novelty interest is over the public must expect the new currency to be issued but gradually and as the old currency is retired as unfit for further circulation. This will re quire, as I have already said, a ported of at least three or four months, during which time both sizes of currency win be in circulation, but with the old size gradually disappearing. In so far as the national bank notes are concerned. It will probably take at least six or seven months to complete the turnover. All this necessarily will involve a cer tain amount of inconvenience on the part of the public, an inconvenience wholly temporary in character and which I think the public will appre ciate is fully Justified and is very much outweighed by the advantages to be derived from the substitution of the new currency for the old. You can rest assured that the Treasury will make every endeavor to accomplish a complete turnover as rapidly as pos sible, but in the meanwhile we ask you to be patient; to be satisfied for the time being with the currency which has given you reasonable satisfaction for more than 60 years, and not to consider it necessary to carry nothing but the new bills In your pocket. With your co-operation and good will it Is probable that a year from now the old size currency bill will be & rarity and In a short time thereafter will arouse as much curiosity as our new bills will on Wednesday next. BALL PLAYER CIRCLES DIAMOND IN 13 SECONDS Eastern Carolina League Fielder Sets Unofficial World’s Record by Speed. B y the AMOCieted Prr WILMINGTON. N. C.. July 6.—O’” fielder Vance of the ROckv Mount, Eastern Carolina League, set an unoffi cial world record today for circling the bases in field events preceding a game with Wilmington. Hi* time was 13 *ec onds flat. The recognized record was set by Maurice Archdeacon at Rochester, In ternational League, In 1921, at 13 2-3 seconds Three stop watches today caught the Rocky Mount player at 13. Braddock Church to Picnio. BRAD DOCK. Va., July 6 (Special).— The Emmanuel Episcopal Church Sun day school will hold a picnic at Mar shall Hall Friday. The boat will leave Cameron street wharf In Alexandria that morning at 10:15 o'clock, and members of the Sunday school and their parents are Invited.